Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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Food Standards as amended, taking into account amendments up to Food Standards (Proposal P1061 – Code Revision (2023)) Variation
Administered by: Health and Aged Care
Registered 24 Aug 2023
Start Date 19 Jul 2023

Schedule 14           Technological purposes performed by substances used as food additives

Note 1        This instrument is a standard under the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 (Cth). The standards together make up the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code. See also section 1.1.1—3.

                   Substances used as food additives and substances used as processing aids are regulated by Standard 1.1.1, Standard 1.3.1 and Standard 1.3.3. This Standard lists technological purposes for paragraph 1.1.2—11(1)(b) (definition of used as a food additive) and paragraph 1.1.2—13(1)(c) and subparagraph 1.1.2—13(2)(a)(iii) (definition of used as a processing aid).

Note 2        The provisions of the Code that apply in New Zealand are incorporated in, or adopted under, the Food Act 2014 (NZ). See also section 1.1.1—3.

S14—1                Name

                            This Standard is Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code – Schedule 14 – Technological purposes performed by substances used as food additives.

                                      Note    Commencement:
This Standard commences on 1 March 2016, being the date specified as the commencement date in notices in the Gazette and the New Zealand Gazette under section 92 of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 (Cth). See also section 93 of that Act.

S14—2                Technological purposes

                            The technological purposes performed by substances used as food additives are set out in the table.

Technological purposes




Acidity regulator

acid, alkali, base, buffer, buffering agent, pH adjusting agent

alters or controls the acidity or alkalinity of a food

Anti-caking agent

anti-caking agent, anti-stick agent, drying agent, dusting powder

reduces the tendency of individual food particles to adhere or improves flow characteristics


antioxidant, antioxidant synergist

retards or prevents the oxidative deterioration of a food

Bulking agent

bulking agent, filler

contributes to the volume of a food without contributing significantly to its available energy



adds or restores colour to foods

Colour fixative

colour fixative, colour stabiliser

stabilises, retains or intensifies an existing colour of a food


emulsifier, emulsifying salt, plasticiser, dispersing agent, surface active agent, surfactant, wetting agent

facilitates the formation or maintenance of an emulsion between two or more immiscible phases

Firming agent


contributes to firmness of food or interacts with gelling agents to produce or strengthen a gel

Flavour enhancer

flavour enhancer, flavour modifier, tenderiser

enhances the existing taste or odour of a food


(excluding herbs and spices and intense sweeteners)


intense preparations which are added to foods to impart taste or odour, which are used in small amounts and are not intended to be consumed alone, but do not include herbs, spices and substances which have an exclusively sweet, sour or salt taste

Foaming agent

whipping agent, aerating agent

facilitates the formation of a homogeneous dispersion of a gaseous phase in a liquid or solid food

Gelling agent


modifies food texture through gel formation

Glazing agent

coating, sealing agent, polish

imparts a coating to the external surface of a food


moisture/water retention agent, wetting agent

retards moisture loss from food or promotes the dissolution of a solid in an aqueous medium

Intense sweetener


replaces the sweetness normally provided by sugars in foods without contributing significantly to their available energy


antimicrobial preservative, antimycotic agent, bacteriophage control agent, chemosterilant, disinfection agent

retards or prevents the deterioration of a food by micro organisms



gas, other than air, which expels a food from a container

Raising agent


liberates gas and thereby increases the volume of a food



forms chemical complexes with metallic ions


binder, firming agent, water binding agent, foam stabiliser

maintains the homogeneous dispersion of two or more immiscible substances in a food


thickening agent, texturiser, bodying agent

increases the viscosity of a food


Amendment History

The Amendment History provides information about each amendment to the Standard. The information includes commencement or cessation information for relevant amendments.


These amendments are made under section 92 of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 unless otherwise indicated. Amendments do not have a specific date for cessation unless indicated as such.


About this compilation


This is compilation No. 2 of Schedule 14 as in force on 19 July 2023 (up to Amendment No. 220). It includes any commenced amendment affecting the compilation to that date.


Prepared by Food Standards Australia New Zealand on 19 July 2023.


Uncommenced amendments or provisions ceasing to have effect


To assist stakeholders, the effect of any uncommenced amendments or provisions which will cease to have effect, may be reflected in the Standard as shaded boxed text with the relevant commencement or cessation date. These amendments will be reflected in a compilation registered on the Federal Register of Legislative Instruments including or omitting those amendments and provided in the Amendment History once the date is passed.



The following abbreviations may be used in the table below:


ad = added or inserted                                          am = amended

exp = expired or ceased to have effect                  rep = repealed

rs = repealed and substituted


Schedule 14 was published in the Food Standards Gazette No. FSC96 on 10 April 2015 as part of Amendment 154 (F2015L00436 –- 2 April 2015) and has since been amended as follows:


Section affected

A’ment No.

FRLI registration




How affected

Description of amendment

table to S14—2



1 Sept 2015


3 Sept 2015


1 March 2016



Correction of typographical errors in the table under the definitions for ‘firming agent’ and ‘raising agent’.

Table to S14—2



11 July 2023


19 July 2023

19 July 2023


Omit and substitute typographical error