Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Regulations as made
These regulations amend the Transport Safety Investigation Regulations 2021 to establish a revised occurrence aviation reporting framework across four aircraft operation categories that incorporate concepts consistent with civil aviation legislation and international standards, and prescribe additional responsible persons in the aviation and marine industries who are required to provide reporting.
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development, Communications and the Arts
Registered 14 Oct 2022
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR25-Oct-2022
Tabled Senate25-Oct-2022
To be repealed 10 Feb 2023
Repealed by Division 1 of Part 3 of Chapter 3 of the Legislation Act 2003
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

 

Transport Safety Investigation Amendment (2022 Measures No. 1) Regulations 2022

I, General the Honourable David Hurley AC DSC (Retd), Governor‑General of the Commonwealth of Australia, acting with the advice of the Federal Executive Council, make the following regulations.

Dated 13 October 2022

David Hurley

Governor‑General

By His Excellency’s Command

Catherine King

Minister for Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government

 

 

 

  

  


Contents

1............ Name............................................................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement............................................................................................................. 1

3............ Authority....................................................................................................................... 1

4............ Schedules...................................................................................................................... 1

Schedule 1—Amendments                                                                                                                          2

Transport Safety Investigation Regulations 2021                                                                          2

 


1  Name

                   This instrument is the Transport Safety Investigation Amendment (2022 Measures No. 1) Regulations 2022.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this instrument specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provisions

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  The whole of this instrument

1 January 2023.

1 January 2023

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this instrument as originally made. It will not be amended to deal with any later amendments of this instrument.

             (2)  Any information in column 3 of the table is not part of this instrument. Information may be inserted in this column, or information in it may be edited, in any published version of this instrument.

3  Authority

                   This instrument is made under the Transport Safety Investigation Act 2003.

4  Schedules

                   Each instrument that is specified in a Schedule to this instrument is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this instrument has effect according to its terms.

Schedule 1Amendments

  

Transport Safety Investigation Regulations 2021

1  Section 5

Insert:

aircraft accident: see section 6.

aircraft incident: see section 6.

aircraft incident (external): see section 6.

2  Section 5

Repeal the following definitions:

                     (a)  definition of airprox;

                     (b)  definition of air transport operation;

                     (c)  definition of below minimum altitude.

3  Section 5

Insert:

Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operation: see section 8.

Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operation: see section 9.

Category C (non‑commercial) aircraft operation: see section 10.

Category D (type 2 RPA and certain uncrewed balloons) aircraft operation: see section 11.

4  Section 5 (definition of charter operation)

Repeal the definition.

5  Section 5 (definition of crew member)

Repeal the definition, substitute:

crew member:

                     (a)  in relation to an RPA—means a remote pilot of the RPA; and

                     (b)  in relation to an uncrewed balloon—means a person who has operational control of the balloon; and

                     (c)  in relation to any other transport vehicle—means a person who has operational duties on board the transport vehicle.

6  Section 5 (definition of critical rejected take‑off)

Repeal the definition.

7  Section 5

Insert:

declaration of an emergency: see section 6.

fatal aircraft‑related injury: see section 6.

8  Section 5 (definition of near‑collision)

Repeal the definition.

9  Section 5 (definition of operator)

Omit “for the purposes of travel”.

10  Section 5 (definition of regular public transport operation)

Repeal the definition.

11  Section 5

Insert:

reportable serious aircraft incident: see section 6.

serious aircraft incident: see subsection 6A(1).

serious aircraft‑related injury: see section 6.

12  Section 5 (definition of serious property damage)

Repeal the definition.

13  Section 5

Insert:

serious property damage incident (external): see section 6.

14  Section 5 (definition of traffic collision avoidance system resolution advisory)

Repeal the definition.

15  Section 6

Insert:

aircraft accident: an aircraft is involved in an aircraft accident if:

                     (a)  a person suffers a fatal aircraft‑related injury in relation to the operation of the aircraft; or

                     (b)  a person suffers a serious aircraft‑related injury in relation to the operation of the aircraft; or

                     (c)  the aircraft sustains damage or structural failure, or there are reasonable grounds for believing that the aircraft has sustained damage or structural failure, which:

                              (i)  adversely affects the structural strength, performance or flight characteristics of the aircraft; and

                             (ii)  would normally require major repair or replacement of the affected component;

                            except for any of the following:

                            (iii)  engine failure;

                            (iv)  engine damage limited to a single engine (including damage to its cowlings or accessories);

                             (v)  damage to propellers, wing tips, antennas, probes, vanes, tyres, brakes, wheels, fairings, panels, landing gear doors or windscreens;

                            (vi)  damage such as small dents or puncture holes to the aircraft skin;

                           (vii)  minor damage to main rotor blades, tail rotor blades or landing gear;

                          (viii)  minor damage resulting from hail or bird strike (including holes in the radome); or

                     (d)  the aircraft is missing; or

                     (e)  the aircraft is completely inaccessible.

aircraft incident means any occurrence that:

                     (a)  is associated with the operation of an aircraft; and

                     (b)  affects or could affect the safety of the operation of the aircraft.

aircraft incident (external) means an aircraft incident that originates from any of the following outside the aircraft:

                     (a)  infrastructure;

                     (b)  flying and other objects;

                     (c)  animals or birds.

16  Section 6 (definition of airprox)

Repeal the definition.

17  Section 6 (definition of Airservices Australia)

Omit “the body called Airservices Australia that is established by the Air Services Act 1995”, substitute “Airservices Australia established by the Air Services Act 1995”.

18  Section 6

Repeal the following definitions:

                     (a)  definition of air transport operation;

                     (b)  definition of below minimum altitude.

19  Section 6

Insert:

Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operation: see section 8.

Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operation: see section 9.

Category C (non‑commercial) aircraft operation: see section 10.

Category D (type 2 RPA and certain uncrewed balloons) aircraft operation: see section 11.

20  Section 6

Repeal the following definitions:

                     (a)  definition of charter operation;

                     (b)  definition of critical rejected take‑off.

21  Section 6

Insert:

declaration of an emergency, in relation to an aircraft, means:

                     (a)  a declaration, by a flight crew member of the aircraft, of an alert phase (PAN PAN) or a distress phase (MAYDAY); or

                     (b)  a declaration by an air traffic service provider of a distress phase (DETRESFA) in relation to the aircraft.

fatal aircraft‑related injury: a person suffers a fatal aircraft‑related injury in relation to the operation of an aircraft if:

                     (a)  the person suffers an injury as a result of:

                              (i)  being in the aircraft during the operation; or

                             (ii)  direct contact during the operation with any part of the aircraft, including parts which have become detached from the aircraft; or

                            (iii)  direct exposure to jet blast during the operation; and

                     (b)  the person dies as a result of the injury within 30 days after the injury occurs; and

                     (c)  none of the following applies:

                              (i)  the injury results from natural causes;

                             (ii)  the injury is intentionally self‑inflicted;

                            (iii)  the injury is intentionally caused by another person;

                            (iv)  the injury is to a person who is a stowaway in a part of the aircraft that is not usually accessible to crew members or passengers after take‑off.

22  Section 6

Repeal the following definitions:

                     (a)  definition of near‑collision;

                     (b)  definition of regular public transport operation.

23  Section 6

Insert:

reportable serious aircraft incident means:

                     (a)  a serious aircraft incident; or

                     (b)  an incident that, under subsection 6A(2), is to be reported as if it were a serious aircraft incident.

24  Section 6 (definition of runway incursion)

Omit “that creates a collision hazard for the aircraft or results in a reduction of safety for the aircraft”.

25  Section 6

Insert:

serious aircraft incident: see subsection 6A(1).

serious aircraft‑related injury: a person suffers a serious aircraft‑related injury in relation to the operation of an aircraft if:

                     (a)  the person suffers an injury as a result of:

                              (i)  being in the aircraft during the operation; or

                             (ii)  direct contact during the operation with any part of the aircraft, including parts which have become detached from the aircraft; or

                            (iii)  direct exposure to jet blast during the operation; and

                     (b)  any of the following apply:

                              (i)  the injury requires, or would usually require, admission to hospital, for more than 48 hours, within 7 days after the day when the injury is suffered;

                             (ii)  the injury involves a fracture of any bone (other than a simple fracture of fingers, toes or nose);

                            (iii)  the injury involves lacerations which cause severe haemorrhage or severe nerve, muscle or tendon damage;

                            (iv)  the injury involves injury to any internal organ;

                             (v)  the injury involves second or third degree burns, or any burns affecting more than 5% of the body surface;

                            (vi)  the injury involves exposure to hazardous chemicals, infectious substances or injurious radiation; and

                     (c)  none of the following applies:

                              (i)  the injury results from natural causes;

                             (ii)  the injury is intentionally self‑inflicted;

                            (iii)  the injury is intentionally caused by another person;

                            (iv)  the injury is to a person who is a stowaway in a part of the aircraft that is not usually accessible to crew members or passengers after take‑off.

26  Section 6 (definition of serious property damage)

Repeal the definition.

27  Section 6

Insert:

serious property damage incident (external), in relation to the operation of an aircraft, means damage to property outside the aircraft that:

                     (a)  is caused by:

                              (i)  contact with any part of the aircraft, including anything that is attached to the aircraft or that has become detached from the aircraft; or

                             (ii)  direct exposure to jet blast, propeller wash or rotor downwash from the aircraft; and

                     (b)  that would cost at least $25,000 to repair or replace.

28  Section 6 (definition of traffic collision avoidance system resolution advisory)

Repeal the definition.

29  After section 6

Insert:

6A  Serious aircraft incidents and reportable serious aircraft incidents

             (1)  For the purposes of this instrument, a serious aircraft incident is an incident involving circumstances indicating that there was a high probability of an aircraft accident.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), each of the following incidents in relation to the operation of an aircraft is to be reported as if it were a serious aircraft incident:

                     (a)  a near collision requiring an avoidance manoeuvre to avoid a collision or an unsafe situation, or when an avoidance action would have been appropriate;

                     (b)  a collision with anything other than an animal or a bird;

                     (c)  where controlled flight into terrain was only marginally avoided;

                     (d)  an aborted take‑off on a closed, engaged or unassigned runway, or on a taxiway (other than an authorised operation by a helicopter);

                     (e)  a take‑off from a closed, engaged or unassigned runway, or from a taxiway (other than an authorised operation by a helicopter);

                      (f)  a landing or attempted landing on a closed, engaged or unassigned runway, on a taxiway (other than an authorised operation by a helicopter), or on an unintended landing location (such as a road);

                     (g)  the retraction of a landing gear leg during landing, or a wheels‑up landing;

                     (h)  the dragging, during landing, of a wing tip, engine pod or any other part of the aircraft;

                      (i)  a significant failure to achieve predicted performance during take‑off or initial climb;

                      (j)  fire or smoke in the cockpit, the passenger compartment or a cargo compartment, or engine fire, even if the fire was extinguished by the use of extinguishing agents;

                     (k)  an event requiring the emergency use of oxygen by a flight crew member;

                      (l)  aircraft structural failure, engine disintegration or uncontained turbine engine failure;

                    (m)  multiple malfunctions of one or more aircraft systems seriously affecting the operation of the aircraft;

                     (n)  incapacitation of a flight crew member:

                              (i)  during a single pilot operation; or

                             (ii)  during a multi‑pilot operation, if the safety of the operation is compromised because of a significant increase in workload for the remaining flight crew members;

                     (o)  fuel quantity level or distribution situations (such as insufficient fuel, fuel exhaustion, fuel starvation, or inability to use all usable fuel on board) requiring the declaration of an emergency by the pilot;

                     (p)  a runway incursion where a collision is narrowly avoided;

                     (q)  a take‑off or landing incident such as under‑shooting, overrunning or running off the side of a runway;

                      (r)  any of the following which caused, or could have caused, difficulties controlling the aircraft:

                              (i)  system failures (including loss of power or thrust);

                             (ii)  weather phenomena;

                            (iii)  operations outside the approved flight envelope;

                            (iv)  any other occurrence;

                      (s)  failure of more than one redundant system mandatory for flight guidance and navigation;

                      (t)  the unintentional or emergency release of a slung load or any other load carried external to the aircraft.

30  At the end of subsection 7(3)

Add:

                   ; (d)  a model aircraft (within the meaning of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998);

                     (e)  a small balloon (within the meaning of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998);

                      (f)  a light balloon (within the meaning of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998);

                     (g)  a tethered balloon (within the meaning of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998);

                     (h)  a kite.

Note:          A tethered balloon is an excluded aircraft under paragraph (g) so long as it remains tethered. If it ceases to be tethered, it may cease to be an excluded aircraft unless it is excluded under another paragraph of this subsection (for example, if it is a small balloon mentioned in paragraph (e)).

31  Subsection 7(5)

Omit “manned aircraft”, substitute “crewed aircraft”.

32  Subsection 7(6)

Omit “unmanned aircraft”, substitute “uncrewed aircraft”.

33  Paragraph 7(6)(b)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (b)  ending when:

                              (i)  if the aircraft has a primary propulsion system—the aircraft comes to rest at the end of the flight and the primary propulsion system is shut down; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—the aircraft comes to rest at the end of the flight.

34  Subsection 7(7)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (7)  This Part also applies in relation to:

                     (a)  a fatal aircraft‑related injury if the death, or the injury that results in the death, occurs as a result of a matter occurring during the period mentioned in subsection (5) or (6); and

                     (b)  a serious aircraft‑related injury if the injury occurs as a result of a matter occurring during the period mentioned in subsection (5) or (6).

35  Sections 8 to 12

Repeal the sections, substitute:

8  Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operations

                   An operation of an aircraft is a Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operation if the operation is:

                     (a)  a passenger transport operation (within the meaning of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998); or

                     (b)  a medical transport operation (within the meaning of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998); or

                     (c)  an operation for the purpose of repositioning the aircraft to a place where a Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operation (including an operation that is a Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operation because of this paragraph) is to commence.

9  Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operations

                   An operation of an aircraft is a Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operation if:

                     (a)  any of the following applies:

                              (i)  the operation is conducted for a commercial purpose;

                             (ii)  the operation is a cargo transport operation (within the meaning of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998);

                            (iii)  the aircraft is a type 1 RPA;

                            (iv)  the operation is conducted for the purpose of repositioning the aircraft to a place where a Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operation (including an operation that is a Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operation because of this subparagraph) is to commence; and

                     (b)  the operation is not:

                              (i)  a Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operation; or

                             (ii)  a Category D (type 2 RPA and certain uncrewed balloons) aircraft operation.

Note:          For example, the following may be Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operations if they are conducted for a commercial purpose:

(a)    aerial work operations such as surveying, spotting, surveillance, agricultural operations, photography, and advertising;

(b)    search and rescue operations (other than medical transport operations that are Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operations);

(c)    flying training activities.

10  Category C (non‑commercial) aircraft operations

                   An operation of an aircraft is a Category C (non‑commercial) aircraft operation if the operation is not:

                     (a)  a Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operation; or

                     (b)  a Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operation; or

                     (c)  a Category D (type 2 RPA and certain uncrewed balloons) aircraft operation.

Note:          Generally, an operation of an aircraft that is not conducted for a commercial purpose will be a Category C (non‑commercial) aircraft operation (unless the aircraft is an RPA).

11  Category D (type 2 RPA and certain uncrewed balloons) aircraft operations

                   An operation of an aircraft is a Category D (type 2 RPA and certain uncrewed balloons) aircraft operation if the aircraft is:

                     (a)  a type 2 RPA; or

                     (b)  a medium balloon (within the meaning of Part 101 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998); or

                     (c)  a heavy balloon (within the meaning of Part 101 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998).

11A  Reportable matters—Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operations

             (1)  For the purposes of the definition of immediately reportable matter in subsection 3(1) of the Act, the following investigable matters involving an aircraft engaged in a Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operation are prescribed:

                     (a)  an aircraft accident;

                     (b)  a reportable serious aircraft incident;

                     (c)  a loss of a separation standard between aircraft;

                     (d)  a declaration of an emergency in relation to the aircraft;

                     (e)  a serious property damage incident (external).

             (2)  For the purposes of the definition of routine reportable matter in subsection 3(1) of the Act, the following investigable matters involving an aircraft engaged in a Category A (passenger transport) aircraft operation are prescribed:

                     (a)  an aircraft incident;

                     (b)  an aircraft incident (external).

11B  Reportable matters—Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operations

             (1)  For the purposes of the definition of immediately reportable matter in subsection 3(1) of the Act, the following investigable matters involving an aircraft engaged in a Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operation are prescribed:

                     (a)  an aircraft accident;

                     (b)  a loss of a separation standard between aircraft;

                     (c)  a serious property damage incident (external).

             (2)  For the purposes of the definition of routine reportable matter in subsection 3(1) of the Act, the following investigable matters involving an aircraft engaged in a Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operation are prescribed:

                     (a)  a reportable serious aircraft incident;

                     (b)  a declaration of an emergency in relation to the aircraft;

                     (c)  an aircraft incident (external).

11C  Reportable matters—Category C (non‑commercial) aircraft operations

             (1)  For the purposes of the definition of immediately reportable matter in subsection 3(1) of the Act, the following investigable matters involving an aircraft engaged in a Category C (non‑commercial) aircraft operation are prescribed:

                     (a)  an aircraft accident mentioned in paragraph (a) (fatal aircraft‑related injuries), (b) (serious aircraft‑related injuries) or (d) (missing aircraft) of the definition of aircraft accident in section 6 of this instrument;

                     (b)  a loss of a separation standard between aircraft;

                     (c)  a serious property damage incident (external).

             (2)  For the purposes of the definition of routine reportable matter in subsection 3(1) of the Act, the following investigable matters involving an aircraft engaged in a Category C (non‑commercial) aircraft operation are prescribed:

                     (a)  an aircraft accident, other than an aircraft accident of a kind mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) of this section;

                     (b)  a reportable serious aircraft incident;

                     (c)  a declaration of an emergency in relation to the aircraft;

                     (d)  an aircraft incident (external).

11D  Reportable matters—Category D (type 2 RPA and certain uncrewed balloons) aircraft operations

             (1)  For the purposes of the definition of immediately reportable matter in subsection 3(1) of the Act, the following investigable matters involving an aircraft engaged in a Category D (type 2 RPA and certain uncrewed balloons) aircraft operation are prescribed:

                     (a)  an aircraft accident mentioned in paragraph (a) (fatal aircraft‑related injuries) or (b) (serious aircraft‑related injuries) of the definition of aircraft accident in section 6 of this instrument;

                     (b)  a serious property damage incident (external).

             (2)  For the purposes of the definition of routine reportable matter in subsection 3(1) of the Act, the following investigable matters involving an aircraft engaged in a Category D (type 2 RPA and certain uncrewed balloons) aircraft operation are prescribed:

                     (a)  an aircraft accident, other than an aircraft accident of a kind mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) of this section;

                     (b)  a loss of a separation standard between aircraft.

12  Occurrences that are prescribed as both immediately reportable matters and routine reportable matters

                   To avoid doubt:

                     (a)  none of the descriptions of, or references to, kinds of investigable matters in this Part limit each other; and

                     (b)  if a particular occurrence that is an investigable matter involving an aircraft is prescribed, by a provision of this Part, for the purposes of both:

                              (i)  the definition of immediately reportable matter in subsection 3(1) of the Act; and

                             (ii)  the definition of routine reportable matter in subsection 3(1) of the Act;

                            the occurrence is to be treated as an immediately reportable matter in relation to the aircraft.

Note:          For example, if a collision involving an aircraft engaged in a Category B (commercial non‑passenger) aircraft operation is covered by each of the definitions of aircraft accident, reportable serious aircraft incident and aircraft incident in section 6, the collision is to be treated as an immediately reportable matter under paragraph 11B(1)(a) (aircraft accidents) in relation to the aircraft.

36  At the end of section 13

Add:

                    ; (i)  a sport aviation body (within the meaning of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998) that administers aviation activities in relation to the aircraft.

37  Subsection 14(1)

Omit “section 11 of this instrument”, substitute “subsection 11A(1), 11B(1), 11C(1) or 11D(1) of this instrument”.

38  Subsection 15(1)

Omit “an immediately reportable matter of a kind referred to in section 11 of this instrument or a routine reportable matter of a kind referred to in section 12 of this instrument”, substitute “an immediately reportable matter or a routine reportable matter of a kind referred to in section 11A, 11B, 11C or 11D of this instrument”.

39  Subsection 15(1) (after table item 8)

Insert:

8A

The Aviation Reference Number (within the meaning of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998) of each person mentioned in item 7 or 8 of this table (if the person has an Aviation Reference Number)

40  Subsection 15(1) (table item 13, column headed “Particular”, paragraph (h))

Omit “animal, including a bird”, substitute “animal or a bird”.

41  Subsection 15(1) (table items 19 to 21)

Repeal the items, substitute:

 

19

If any crew members have died or been seriously injured as a result of the reportable matter:

(a) how many; and

(b) their names and nationalities; and

(c) descriptions of their injuries

20

If any passengers have died or been seriously injured as a result of the reportable matter:

(a) how many; and

(b) their names and nationalities; and

(c) descriptions of their injuries

21

If any other persons have died or been seriously injured as a result of the reportable matter:

(a) how many; and

(b) their names and nationalities; and

(c) descriptions of their injuries

 

42  Subsection 15(2)

Omit “a matter mentioned in item 15 of the table in subsection 12(1) of this instrument or item 9 of the table in subsection 12(2) of this instrument (a collision with an animal, including a bird)”, substitute “an aircraft incident (external) involving a collision with an animal or a bird”.

43  At the end of section 21

Add:

                   ; (e)  a pilotage provider (within the meaning of the Navigation Act 2012) responsible for assigning or allocating a pilot to the ship;

                      (f)  a vessel traffic service authority (within the meaning of the Navigation Act 2012) that provides a vessel traffic service to the ship.

44  Section 41 (at the end of the heading)

Add “required by Chief Commissioner”.

45  At the end of the instrument

Add:

Part 6Application, transitional and saving provisions

  

48  Amendments made by the Transport Safety Investigation Amendment (2022 Measures No. 1) Regulations 2022

                   The amendments of this instrument made by the Transport Safety Investigation Amendment (2022 Measures No. 1) Regulations 2022 apply in relation to investigable matters that occur on and after 1 January 2023.