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Determinations/Other as amended, taking into account amendments up to Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming—Domestic, Commercial and Industrial Wastewater) Methodology Determination Variation 2022
Administered by: Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water
Registered 25 Feb 2022
Start Date 21 Jan 2022

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Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Domestic, Commercial and Industrial Wastewater) Methodology Determination 2015

made under the

Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011

Compilation No. 2

Compilation date:                               21 January 2022

Includes amendments up to:               Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming—Domestic, Commercial and Industrial Wastewater) Methodology Determination Variation 2022

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Domestic, Commercial and Industrial Wastewater) Methodology Determination 2015 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 21 January 2022 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                     1

1  Name                                                                                                                                            1

3  Authority                                                                                                                                      1

4  Duration                                                                                                                                                 1

5  Definitions                                                                                                                                   1

5A  Meaning of monitoring and control system                                                                               7

6  References to factors and parameters from external sources                                                        8

Part 2—Wastewater projects                                                                                       9

7  Wastewater projects                                                                                                                     9

Part 3—Project requirements                                                                                    10

Division 1—Operation of this Part                                                                       10

8  Operation of this Part                                                                                                                 10

8A  Project activities                                                                                                                      10

Division 2—Project-specific requirements                                                           12

8B  Requirements for non-biomethane projects                                                                             12

8C  Requirements for biomethane conversion and displacement projects                                      12

8D  Requirements for biomethane displacement-only projects                                                       12

8E  Requirements for restarting biomethane conversion and displacement projects                       12

8F  Requirements for restarting biomethane displacement-only projects                                        13

8G Changing project type                                                                                                              13

Division 3—Information required to be included in section 22 and 128 applications   14

8H Applications about non-biomethane projects                                                                            14

8I  Applications about other projects                                                                                              15

Division 4—Anaerobic digesters and project treatment facilities                       17

9  Anaerobic digesters at project treatment facilities to replace lagoons                                          17

10  Project treatment facilities—biogas generation for biomethane                                                17

11  Project treatment facilities—emissions destruction                                                                   17

Division 5—Newness                                                                                             18

11A  Requirement in lieu of newness requirement—restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project     18

11B  Requirement in lieu of newness requirement—restarting biomethane displacement-only project      18

Division 6—Crediting period                                                                                19

11C  Crediting period for non-biomethane projects                                                                       19

11D  Crediting period for biomethane conversion and displacement projects                                19

11E  Crediting period for biomethane displacement-only projects                                                 19

11F  Crediting period for restarting biomethane conversion and displacement projects                 20

11G  Crediting period for restarting biomethane displacement-only projects                                 20

Part 4—Net abatement amounts                                                                               21

Division 1—Operation of this Part                                                                       21

12  Operation of this Part                                                                                                               21

12A  What can be included in calculating net abatement                                                                21

12B  Working out net abatement                                                                                                    22

Division 2 – Working out conversion abatement                                                 23

Subdivision 1—Overview                                                                                                                   23

13  Overview of gases accounted for in conversion abatement calculations                                   23

Subdivision 2—Method for calculating net conversion abatement amount                          23

14  Summary                                                                                                                                  23

15  Net conversion abatement amount                                                                                            24

Subdivision 3—Project treatment facility baseline emissions................................................. 26

16  Summary                                                                                                                                  26

17  Project treatment facility baseline emissions                                                                             26

Subdivision 4—Calculating baseline emissions using sampling from the operation of deep open anaerobic lagoons................................................................................................................................... 26

18  Calculating baseline emissions using sampling from deep open anaerobic lagoons                 26

19  Fraction of chemical oxygen demand in influent removed in effluent                                      27

20  Chemical oxygen demand in effluent leaving a deep open anaerobic lagoon                            28

21  Chemical oxygen demand in influent entering a deep open anaerobic lagoon                          29

22  Fraction of chemical oxygen demand in influent that would be in sludge                                30

23  Chemical oxygen demand in sludge in a deep open anaerobic lagoon                                      31

Subdivision 5—Calculating baseline emissions using the amount of methane sent to a combustion device or biogas upgrading system.................................................................................................. 32

25  Calculating baseline emissions using methane sent to a combustion device or biogas upgrading system            32

26  Proportion of methane that is generated by eligible wastewater                                               33

27  Methane generated by eligible wastewater                                                                               34

28  Methane generated by ineligible material                                                                                  35

29  Maximum methane producing capacities                                                                                  35

30  Methane sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system                                             36

Subdivision 6—Project treatment facility project emissions                                                    38

31  Summary                                                                                                                                  38

32  Project treatment facility project emissions                                                                               38

33  Emissions from fuel use: conversion abatement                                                                       39

34  Emissions from purchased electricity use: conversion abatement                                             39

35  Emissions from anaerobic digester leakage or venting events                                                  40

36  Volume of methane vented due to a major venting event                                                         42

37  Emissions from combustion of biogas                                                                                     42

37A  Biomethane production loss factor                                                                                        43

37B  Production and transport emissions from methane sent to biogas upgrading system            44

38  Emissions from the end management of digestate                                                                    45

39  Digestate emissions—aerobic treatment                                                                                   45

40  Digestate emissions—disposed to landfill                                                                                46

41  Digestate emissions—treated in open lagoon                                                                           47

Division 3—Working out displacement abatement                                              49

Subdivision 1—Overview of gases                                                                                                   49

41A  Overview of gases accounted for in displacement abatement calculations                             49

Subdivision 2—Method for calculating net displacement abatement amount                      49

41B  Summary                                                                                                                               49

41C  Net displacement abatement amount                                                                                      50

41D  Project biomethane facility net abatement amount                                                                 50

41E  Certain abatement must not be included in calculating net abatement amount                        51

Subdivision 3—Gross abatement amount..................................................................................... 52

41F  Summary                                                                                                                               52

41G   Gross abatement amount for a project biomethane facility                                                   52

Subdivision 4—Eligible abatement fraction................................................................................ 52

41H  Summary                                                                                                                               52

41I  Eligible abatement fraction for a project biomethane facility                                                   53

41J  Determining the quantity of eligible biogas from a biogas source (QBG, El, g)                          53

Subdivision 5—Displacement abatement project emissions..................................................... 55

41K  Summary                                                                                                                               55

41L  Project emissions: displacement abatement                                                                            55

41M  Emissions from fuel use: displacement abatement                                                                55

41N  Emissions from purchased electricity use: displacement abatement                                       56

Part 5—Reporting, record‑keeping and monitoring requirements                        58

Division 1—Offsets report requirements                                                              58

42  Operation of this Division                                                                                                        58

42A  General information that must be included in offsets report                                                  58

42B  Information about net abatement calculations that must be included in offsets report            59

42C  Details of certain changes to a project must be included in offsets report                              60

43  Determination of certain factors and parameters                                                                       60

Division 1A—Record-keeping requirements                                                        62

43A  Operation of this Division                                                                                                     62

43B  Records about biogas sent to a project                                                                                   62

43C  Records about biomethane produced                                                                                     62

Division 2—Monitoring requirements                                                                  63

44  Operation of this Division                                                                                                        63

45  Requirement to monitor certain parameters                                                                              63

46  Value of certain parameters may be estimated if project proponent fails to monitor them        76

Schedule 1—Default maximum methane‑producing capacities     79

1  Default maximum methane‑producing capacities.................................................................... 79

Endnotes                                                                                                                      81

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                            81

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                               82

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                            83

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                           84

 

 

 

 


Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Name

                   This is the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Domestic, Commercial and Industrial Wastewater) Methodology Determination 2015.

3  Authority

                   This determination is made under subsection 106(1) of the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011.

4  Duration

                   This determination remains in force for the period that:

                     (a)  begins when the determination commences; and

                     (b)  ends on the day before this determination would otherwise be repealed under subsection 50(1) of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

5  Definitions

In this determination

Act means the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011.

anaerobic digester means a system that:

(a)  is a covered lagoon or an engineered biodigester; and

(b)  consists of:

(i)   one or more closed units designed to promote anaerobic digestion; and

(ii)  a biogas collection system; and

(iii) any equipment associated with the transfer of biogas to:

(A)   a combustion device; or

(B)   a biogas upgrading system.

anaerobic digestion means a biological process in which organic matter is broken down by microorganisms in the absence of oxygen.

appropriate measuring requirements, in relation to a measurement or estimate, means requirements that are consistent with:

(a)  requirements that apply in relation to similar measurements or estimates under the NGER (Measurement) Determination; or

(b)  relevant standards and other requirements under the National Measurement Act 1960.

biogas means a mixture of gases including methane that is generated as a result of anaerobic digestion and includes landfill gas.

biogas generation for biomethane has the meaning given by subsection 8A(2).

biogas source facility, in relation to a project, means a facility that supplies biogas to be treated as part of the project so as to produce biomethane and includes:

(a)  a facility producing biogas for a project biomethane facility; and

(b)  in cases where the biogas is produced at a project biomethane facilitythat project biomethane facility.

Note:        A biomethane facility can be its own biogas source facility if the biomethane facility also produces biogas to be treated by carrying out biomethane production.

biogas upgrading means the process by which biogas is refined and stripped of impurities to produce biomethane, which may include (but is not limited to):

(a)  pre-treatment processing of biogas; or

(b)  the drying or scrubbing of biogas; or

(c)  post-treatment processing compression of the refined biomethane produced by the process.

biogas upgrading system means a system of equipment that is capable of undertaking biogas upgrading.

biogas waste means putrescible organic waste material that can be treated through anaerobic digestion to produce biogas.

biomethane means a high-methane content gas that is:

(a)  produced by biogas upgrading; and

(b)  suitable for use as a natural gas substitute.

biomethane conversion and displacement project has the meaning given by
section 8C.

biomethane displacement-only project has the meaning given by section 8D.

biomethane facility means a facility:

(a)  at which biomethane production is undertaken or intended to be undertaken; and

(b)  from which the resulting biomethane is sent, or is proposed to be sent, to an end use where it can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute.

Note 1:     If biogas upgrading occurs at the project treatment facility, the project treatment facility may also be a biomethane facility.

Note 2:     Biomethane facilities that are used in a wastewater project that involves biogas generation for biomethane or biomethane production become known as project biomethane facilities.

Note 3:     The section 22 application or section 128 application for a biomethane conversion and displacement project or a biomethane displacement-only project, and the section 22 application for a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project or a restarting biomethane displacement-only project, must include details of at least one project biomethane facility (see paragraph 8I(2)(d)).

biomethane production has the meaning given by subsection 8A(3).

chemical oxygen demand, or COD, means the total material available for chemical oxidation (both biodegradable and non-biodegradable).

combustion device means:

(a)  a boiler, or an internal combustion engine, that is operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions; or

(b)  a flare that has a monitoring and control system and is operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions; or

(c)  a device:

(i)   that combusts biogas with a destruction efficiency of at least 98%; and

(ii)  that is operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions; and

(iii) the combustion process of which is controlled using a monitoring and control system.

complete, in relation to the combustion of methane or biomethane, is combustion with a destruction efficiency of 98% or more of the methane.

conversion abatement, in relation to a project, means the carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount for a reporting period (worked out in accordance with Division 2 of Part 4) attributable to the conversion of methane (CH4) to carbon dioxide (CO2) by carrying out:

(a)  biogas generation for biomethane; or

(b)  emissions destruction.

Note:        Biogas generation for biomethane involves sending biogas to a biogas upgrading system to be turned into biomethane. This biogas is considered to have its methane component converted to carbon dioxide, as if it had been sent to a combustion device, because subsequent usage of the biomethane results in its combustion.

covered lagoon means a lagoon that:

(a)  is an existing anaerobic lagoon (the uncovered lagoon) that is covered to create a closed unit; and

(b)  does not contain any heating or stirring features that were not present in the uncovered lagoon.

deep open anaerobic lagoon means an open lagoon:

(a)  with a depth of more than 2 metres; and

(b)  in which the biological treatment of biomass or other organic matter occurs through anaerobic digestion; and

(c)  from which the resulting methane emissions are not captured and are instead vented into the atmosphere.

digestate means the residual solids or semisolids stream that:

(a)  remains in an anaerobic digester following anaerobic treatment; and

(b)  must be removed periodically.

displacement abatement, in relation to a project, means the carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount for a reporting period (worked out in accordance with Division 3 of Part 4), attributable to biomethane production.

domestic or commercial wastewater has the meaning given by subsection 5.23(2) of the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

effluent, in relation to a deep open anaerobic lagoon, means the liquid outflow from the lagoon.

eligible biogas waste means biogas waste that is:

(a)  domestic or commercial wastewater, or industrial wastewater; or

(b)  mixed solid waste within the meaning of the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Alternative Waste Treatment) Methodology Determination 2015; or

(c)  eligible organic material within the meaning of the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Source Separated Organic Waste) Methodology Determination 2016; or 

(d)  eligible animal effluent biogas waste within the meaning of the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Animal Effluent Management) Methodology Determination 2019.

Note:        The proportion of eligible waste used to generate biogas to be treated by carrying out biomethane production within the project must be able to be determined.

eligible wastewater, in relation to a wastewater project, means:

(a)  domestic or commercial wastewater; or

(b)  industrial wastewater;

from an historical source for the project.

emissions destruction has the meaning given by subsection 8A(4).

engineered biodigester means a purpose-built closed vessel that:

(a)  is for the biological treatment of organic matter through anaerobic digestion; and

(b)  has heating and stirring features; and

(c)  is not a covered lagoon.

Note:      Examples of engineered biodigesters include the following:

(a)    plug flow reactors;

(b)    continuously stirred tank reactors;

(c)    fixed film digesters;

(d)    up flow anaerobic sludge blanket digesters.

forerunner project:

(a)  in relation to a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project—has the meaning given by paragraph 8E(a); or

(b)  in relation to a restarting biomethane displacement-only project—has the meaning given by paragraph 8F(a).

historical period of sampling means, for each deep open anaerobic lagoon that is replaced as part of a wastewater project, the period during which sampling was undertaken from the operation of that lagoon for the purposes of working out baseline emissions for the project using Subdivision 4 of Division 3 of Part 4, which:

(a)  was 1 year or 10 consecutive days; and

(b)  started no earlier than 18 months before the day on which a section 22 application is made in relation to the project; and

(c)  for each deep open anaerobic lagoon that is part of the same treatment facility—is the same period of time as the historical period of sampling for each other deep open anaerobic lagoon that is part of the treatment facility.

Note 1:     For a particular deep open anaerobic lagoon, the period must be the same for all sampling undertaken for the purposes of using Subdivision 4 of Division 3 of Part 4.

Note 2:     Each deep open anaerobic lagoon that is part of the same treatment facility must have the same historical period of sampling.

historical source, for a wastewater project, means a source from which:

(a)  domestic or commercial wastewater; or

(b)  industrial wastewater;

entered a lagoon being replaced in the project during the 12 month period ending on the day before a section 22 application is made in relation to the project.

industrial wastewater has the meaning given by subsection 5.40(2) of the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

ineligible material, in relation to a wastewater project, means any organic material treated in an anaerobic digester installed as part of the project that is not eligible wastewater for the project.

influent, in relation to a deep open anaerobic lagoon, means:

(a)  domestic or commercial wastewater; or

(b)  industrial wastewater;

entering the lagoon.

major venting event: a major venting event occurs when biogas in the storage capacity of an anaerobic digester is released to the atmosphere in a way that does not represent the proper operation of the anaerobic digester, including:

(a)  when the biogas is released intentionally (for example, for safety or maintenance purposes); and

(b)  when the biogas is released unintentionally (for example, as the result of a system failure).

monitoring and control system has the meaning given by section 5A.

monitoring requirements means the requirements set out in section 45.

natural gas means a substance that:

(a)  is in a gaseous state at standard temperature and pressure; and

(b)  consists of naturally occurring hydrocarbons, or a naturally occurring mixture of hydrocarbons and non-hydrocarbons, the principal constituent of which is methane; and

(c)  is suitable for consumption.

NGA Factors document means the document entitled “National Greenhouse Accounts Factors”, published by the Department and as in force from time to time.

Note:        In December 2022, the NGA Factors document could be viewed on the Department’s website (http://www.industry.gov.au).

NGER (Measurement) Determination means the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008.

non-biomethane project has the meaning given by section 8B.

non-monitored period has the meaning given by subsection 46(1).

project activity means an activity of the type listed in subsection 8A(1).

project biomethane facility, in relation to a project that involves biomethane production, means a biomethane facility that is used in carrying out the project.

Note:        The section 22 application or section 128 application for a biomethane conversion and displacement project or a biomethane displacement-only project, and the section 22 application for a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project or a restarting biomethane displacement-only project, must include details of at least one project biomethane facility (see paragraph 8I(2)(d)).

project treatment facility, in relation to a project that involves emissions destruction, or biogas generation for biomethane, means a treatment facility that is used in carrying out the project.

Note:        The section 22 application or section 128 application for a biomethane conversion and displacement project or a non-biomethane project, and the section 22 application for a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project, must include details of at least one project treatment facility (see paragraphs 8H(2)(c) and 8I(2)(c)). 

project type means a project of the type listed in subsection 7(3).

restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project has the meaning given by section 8E.

restarting biomethane displacement-only project has the meaning given by section 8F.

section 22 application, in relation to an eligible offsets project, means the application under section 22 of the Act in relation to the project.

section 128 application, in relation to an eligible offsets project, means an application under section 128 of the Act to apply this determination to the project.

sludge means the solid or semisolid material that:

(a)  accumulates at the bottom of an anaerobic lagoon; and

(b)  is periodically cleaned out.

source, of wastewater, means the point of generation of the wastewater, which may be expressed as a physical location where the wastewater generation occurs or as a specific activity or facility that generates the wastewater.

treatment facility means a facility that treats eligible wastewater by carrying out emissions destruction, or biogas generation for biomethane, being a facility that includes:

(a)  one or more deep open anaerobic lagoons that are replaced as part of a wastewater project; and

(b)  one or more anaerobic digesters installed as part of the project to replace those deep open anaerobic lagoons; and

(c)  associated equipment required to treat wastewater and capture and transport biogas generated by the installed anaerobic digesters.

Note 1:     Treatment facilities that are used in a wastewater project that involves emissions destruction, or biogas generation for biomethane, become known as project treatment facilities. Division 4 of Part 3 imposes additional requirements on project treatment facilities.

Note 2:     The section 22 application or section 128 application for a biomethane conversion and displacement project or a non-biomethane project, and the section 22 application for a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project, must include details of at least one project treatment facility (see paragraphs 8G(2)(c) and 8H(2)(c)). 

wastewater project has the meaning given by subsection 7(2).

5A  Meaning of monitoring and control system   

(1)  A monitoring and control system for a flare or other device, is a system that consists of:

(a)  a monitoring system that detects combustion and monitors if the combustion is operating at the manufacturer’s specifications for the complete combustion of methane; and

(b)  an associated control system that shuts down biogas flow to the flare or other device when the flare or device is not operating at the manufacturer’s specifications for the complete combustion of methane.

Note:        An example of a monitoring and control system for a flare is a flare management system that incorporates a UV detection sensor.

(2)  A monitoring and control system, for a biogas upgrading system, is a system that:

(a)  monitors the flow rate of biogas and biomethane; and

(b)  monitors the operation and output of biogas upgrading systems; and

(c)  is capable of automatically stopping biogas flow to the biogas upgrading system if it is not operating at the manufacturer’s specification to enable biogas upgrading.

6  References to factors and parameters from external sources

             (1)  If a calculation in this determination includes a factor or parameter that is defined or calculated by reference to another instrument or writing, the factor or parameter to be used for a reporting period is the factor or parameter referred to in, or calculated by reference to, the instrument or writing as in force at the end of the reporting period.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  this determination specifies otherwise; or

                     (b)  it is not possible to define or calculate the factor or parameter by reference to the instrument or writing as in force at the end of the reporting period.

Part 2Wastewater projects

7  Wastewater projects

(1)  For paragraph 106(1)(a) of the Act, this determination applies to an offsets project in which either or both of the following occur, in a way that can reasonably be expected to result in eligible carbon abatement:

(a)  eligible wastewater, with or without other organic material, is treated in a treatment facility in a way that destroys methane emissions that would otherwise arise if the eligible wastewater was treated in a deep open anaerobic lagoon;

(b)  eligible biogas produced from the treatment of eligible wastewater, with or without biogas produced from other biogas waste, is treated by biogas upgrading at a biomethane facility to produce biomethane which is then sent to an end use where it can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute.

(2)  A project covered by subsection (1) is a wastewater project.

(3)  A wastewater project that is an eligible offsets project may be one of the   following types (which are called project types in this determination):

(a)  a non-biomethane project;

(b)  a biomethane conversion and displacement project;

(c)  a biomethane displacement-only project;

(d)  a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project;

(e)  a restarting biomethane displacement only project.

 

Part 3Project requirements

  

Division 1—Operation of this Part

8  Operation of this Part

(1)  For paragraph 106(1)(b) of the Act, this Part sets out requirements that must be met for a wastewater project to be an eligible offsets project.   

(2)  Division 2 sets out project-specific requirements for each different type of wastewater project.

(3)  Division 3 specifies the information that is required to be included in a section 22 application or section 128 application relating to a project.

(4)  Division 4 sets out requirements for anaerobic digesters and project treatment facilities that are part of a project.

(5)  Division 5 sets out requirements in lieu of the newness requirement for certain projects, for subparagraph 27(4A)(a)(ii) of the Act.

(6)  Division 6 specifies the crediting period for a project, for paragraph 69(3)(b) and subparagraph 70(3)(d)(ii) of the Act.

8A  Project activities

(1)  A wastewater project must involve one or more of the following activities (which are called project activities in this determination):

(a)  biogas generation for biomethane;

(b)  biomethane production;

(c)  emissions destruction.

(2)  Biogas generation for biomethane involves:

(a)  treating eligible wastewater by generating biogas from it; and

(b)  capturing that biogas; and

(c)  sending that biogas to a biogas upgrading system that is part of a project biomethane facility.        

Note:        Conversion abatement from biogas generation for biomethane only occurs when biomethane produced from biogas as part of the project can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute.

(3)  Biomethane production involves:

(a)  treating biogas by biogas upgrading to produce biomethane at a project biomethane facility, with or without biogas produced from other biogas waste; and

(b)  sending the biomethane to an end use where it can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute.

Note 1:     Acceptable end uses may include sale and transport to a gas retailer or gas consumer, or on-site combustion for heat or power.

Note 2:     Combustion of biomethane may occur on-site at the biomethane facility, or off-site if the biomethane is transported from the biomethane facility to an end user. This may be through injection into a gas distribution or transmission network, transport via road, or another gas transport mechanism.

(4)  Emissions destruction involves:

(a)  treating eligible wastewater at an anaerobic digester installed at a project treatment facility in accordance with section 9 by generating biogas from it; and

(b)  capturing the biogas; and

(c)  combusting the biogas in a combustion device.       


 

Division 2—Project-specific requirements

8B  Requirements for non-biomethane projects

      A non-biomethane project must involve the carrying out of emissions destruction.

Note:        A non-biomethane project will only earn credits for the conversion abatement attributable to emissions destruction (see paragraph 12A(a)).      

8C  Requirements for biomethane conversion and displacement projects

      A biomethane conversion and displacement project:

(a)  must involve the installation of one or more biogas upgrading systems at a project biomethane facility; and

(b)  must, if it involves biogas generation for biomethane, also involve biomethane production; and

(c)  may also involve emissions destruction; and

(d)  must not be a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project.

8D  Requirements for biomethane displacement-only projects

      A biomethane displacement-only project:

(a)  must involve the installation of one or more biogas upgrading systems at a project biomethane facility; and   

(b)  must involve biomethane production; and

(c)  must not be a restarting biomethane displacement-only project.      

Note:        A biomethane displacement-only project will only earn credits for the displacement abatement attributable to biomethane production (see paragraph 12A(c)). Such a project may also involve biogas generation for biomethane, or emissions destruction, but no credits will be issued in relation to those project activities.                  

8E  Requirements for restarting biomethane conversion and displacement projects

      A restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project:

(a)  must occur at one or more project treatment facilities that were part of an eligible offsets project (the forerunner project):

                              (i)  that did not involve biogas generation for biomethane or biomethane production, or both, during its crediting period or periods; and

                             (ii)  for which the applicable methodology determination was the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Domestic, Commercial and Industrial Wastewater) Methodology Determination 2015 or an earlier version of that determination applicable in accordance with section 125, 126, 127 or 130 of the Act; and

                            (iii)  the crediting period for which has expired; and

(b)  must involve the installation of one or more biogas upgrading systems at a project biomethane facility; and   

(c)  must, if it involves biogas generation for biomethane, also involve biomethane production; and             

(d)  must have a crediting period greater than zero under section 11F.

Note:        A restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project will only earn credits for the conversion abatement attributable to biogas generation for biomethane and the displacement abatement attributable to biomethane production (see paragraph 12A(d)). Such a project may also involve emissions destruction, but no credits will be issued in relation to that project activity.

8F  Requirements for restarting biomethane displacement-only projects

      A restarting biomethane displacement-only project must:

(a)  occur at a biomethane facility that was part of an eligible offsets project (the forerunner project):

                              (i)  that involved the carrying out of biomethane production; and

                             (ii)  for which the applicable methodology determination was the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Domestic, Commercial and Industrial Wastewater) Methodology Determination 2015 or an earlier version of that determination applicable in accordance with section 125, 126, 127 or 130 of the Act; and

                            (iii)  the crediting period for which has expired; and

(b)  involve biomethane production; and

(c)  have a crediting period greater than zero under section 11G.           

 Note:       A restarting biomethane displacement-only project will only earn credits for the displacement abatement attributable to biomethane production (see paragraph 12A(e)). Such a project may also involve biogas generation for biomethane, or emissions destruction, but no credits will be issued in relation to those project activities.

8G Changing project type

A project of a particular type may change to a project of a different type if it satisfies the requirements for that type immediately before the change.

Note:        See Division 1 of Part 5 for the documentation of the change required in the offsets report for the project.


 

Division 3—Information required to be included in section 22 and 128 applications

8H Applications about non-biomethane projects

(1)  This section applies to the section 22 application or section 128 application for a non-biomethane project.

(2)  An application to which this section applies must include the following information:

(a)  which project type the project will be;

(b)  which project activities will be carried out as part of the project;

(c)  a description of at least one project treatment facility that will be used in the project, and the following details about each project treatment facility that will be used in the project:

                              (i)  a brief description of the facility;

                             (ii)  the location of the facility;

                            (iii)  the capacity of the facility, in ML or m3 of eligible wastewater treated by the facility per year;

                            (iv)  the deep open anaerobic lagoons that are to be replaced by anaerobic digesters that are installed as part of the project at the facility;

                             (v)  evidence of the historical sources of wastewater for the project to be treated at the facility;

                            (vi)  the basis upon which the facility is expected to comply with the requirements of this Part and section 7;

Note:        Project treatment facilities may also be adopted later, provided that they are documented in accordance with Part 5.               

(d)  a description as to how the project can reasonably be expected to result in eligible carbon abatement. 

 

8I  Applications about other projects

(1)  This section applies to the following:

(a)  the section 22 application or section 128 application for a biomethane conversion and displacement project or biomethane displacement-only project;

(b)  the section 22 application for a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project or restarting biomethane displacement-only project.

(2)  An application to which this section applies must include the following information:

(a)  which project type the project will be;

(b)  which project activities will be carried out as part of the project;

(c)  if the application relates to a biomethane conversion and displacement project or a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project—a description of at least one project treatment facility that will be used in the project and the following details about each project treatment facility that will be used in the project:        

                              (i)  a brief description of the facility;

                             (ii)  the location of the facility;

                            (iii)  the capacity of the facility, in ML or m3 of eligible wastewater treated by the facility per year;

                            (iv)  the deep open anaerobic lagoons that are to be replaced by anaerobic digesters that are installed as part of the project at the facility;

                             (v)  evidence of the historical sources of wastewater for the project to be treated at the facility;   

                            (vi)  the basis upon which the facility is expected to comply with the requirements of this Part and section 7;

Note:        Project treatment facilities may also be adopted later, provided that they are documented in accordance with Part 5.

(d)  a description of at least one project biomethane facility that will be used in the project and the following details about each project biomethane facility that will be used in the project:    

                              (i)  a brief description of the facility;

                             (ii)  the location of the facility;

                            (iii)  the capacity of the facility, in m3 of biomethane produced by the facility per year;

                            (iv)  any known proposal for the expansion of the facility over the course of the project; 

                             (v)  the intended recipients of biomethane produced by the project biomethane facility;

                            (vi)  the basis upon which the facility is expected to comply with the requirements of this Part and section 7;

Note:        Project biomethane facilities may also be adopted later, provided that they are documented in accordance with Part 5.

(e)  a description of at least one biogas upgrading system that will be used in the project and the following details of each biogas upgrading system that will be used in the project: 

                              (i)  a brief description of the system;

                             (ii)  the location of the system;

(f)  a declaration from the project proponent that biomethane produced by project biomethane facilities can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute;

(g)  a description as to how the project can reasonably be expected to result in eligible carbon abatement.


 

Division 4—Anaerobic digesters and project treatment facilities

9  Anaerobic digesters at project treatment facilities to replace lagoons

(1A)  At least one anaerobic digester must be installed at each project treatment facility as part of a wastewater project to replace all deep open anaerobic lagoons at the project treatment facility.

Note:        If a deep open anaerobic lagoon is not being replaced, it is not part of the project and hence not considered to be part of the project treatment facility.

(1)  A lagoon that is to be replaced as part of a project must, before 24 April 2014:

(a)  have existed; and

(b)  been treating:

                              (i)  domestic or commercial wastewater; or

                             (ii)  industrial wastewater.

(2)  The lagoon must only treat either, or both, of the following:

(a)  domestic or commercial wastewater;

(b)  industrial wastewater.

10  Project treatment facilities—biogas generation for biomethane

      A project treatment facility that treats eligible wastewater by biogas generation for biomethane must:

(a)  use one or more anaerobic digesters installed as part of the project to generate and capture the biogas; and

(b)  send that biogas to a biogas upgrading system that is part of a project biomethane facility

11  Project treatment facilities—emissions destruction

(1)  A project treatment facility that treats eligible wastewater by emissions destruction must use:

(a)  one or more anaerobic digesters installed as part of the project to generate and capture the biogas; and

(b)  one or more combustion devices to destroy the proportion of the biogas that is methane.

(2)  Each combustion device used to combust that biogas must be operated to result in the complete combustion of the proportion of the biogas that is methane.


 

Division 5—Newness

11A  Requirement in lieu of newness requirement—restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project

(1)  For subparagraph 27(4A)(a)(ii) of the Act, the requirement in subsection (2) is in lieu of the newness requirement for a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project.

(2)  The project must be a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project.

11B  Requirement in lieu of newness requirement—restarting biomethane displacement-only project

(1)  For subparagraph 27(4A)(a)(ii) of the Act, the requirement in subsection (2) is in lieu of the newness requirement for a restarting biomethane displacement-only project.

(2)  The project must be a restarting biomethane displacement-only project.


 

Division 6—Crediting period

11C  Crediting period for non-biomethane projects

      For paragraph 69(3)(b) and subparagraph 70(3)(d)(ii) of the Act, if a wastewater project is a non-biomethane project, the period of 7 years is specified.

11D  Crediting period for biomethane conversion and displacement projects

(1)  For paragraph 69(3)(b) and subparagraph 70(3)(d)(ii) of the Act, if a wastewater project is a biomethane conversion and displacement project that, during its crediting period or periods:

(a)  does not treat eligible wastewater by emissions destruction; or

(b)  does not treat eligible wastewater by emissions destruction for more than a total period of 84 calendar months;

      the period of 12 years is specified.

(2)  However, if:                    

(a)  a project was a biomethane conversion and displacement project at the start of the 8th year of its crediting period; and

(b)  before the crediting period ends under subsection (1), the total period for which eligible wastewater has been treated by emissions destruction exceeds 84 calendar months;

      the crediting period ends at the start of the 85th calendar month in which emissions destruction was carried out.

(3)  For this section and the inclusion of information in the offsets report in accordance with paragraph 42A(d):

(a)  emissions destruction is carried out in a calendar month if at any point during 3 or more days in the calendar month eligible wastewater is treated by emissions destruction; and

(b)  the total calendar months of emissions destruction do not need to be consecutive; and

(c)  a calendar month after eligible wastewater is first treated by emissions destruction is presumed to be a month during which eligible wastewater is treated by emissions destruction if there is no evidence to the contrary.

(4)  For this section, emissions destruction is not considered to have been carried out by the project during a calendar month if the project proponent chooses to exclude conversion abatement attributable to emissions destruction when working out net abatement amounts under Part 4 for that calendar month.

Note:        See subparagraph 12A(b)(ii).

11E  Crediting period for biomethane displacement-only projects

      For paragraph 69(3)(b) and subparagraph 70(3)(d)(ii) of the Act, if a wastewater project is a biomethane displacement-only project, the period of 12 years is specified.

11F  Crediting period for restarting biomethane conversion and displacement projects

      For paragraph 69(3)(b) and subparagraph 70(3)(d)(ii) of the Act, if a wastewater project is a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project, the period of 12 years minus the length of the last or only crediting period for the project’s forerunner project is specified.

Note:        Section 5 defines forerunner project for a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project as having the meaning given by paragraph 8E(a).

11G  Crediting period for restarting biomethane displacement-only projects

      For paragraph 69(3)(b) and subparagraph 70(3)(d)(ii) of the Act, if a wastewater project is a restarting biomethane displacement-only project, the period specified is 12 years minus the length of time between:

(a)  the start date of the first reporting period in which the project’s forerunner project first treated biogas by biogas upgrading to produce biomethane; and

(b)  the end date of the crediting period of that forerunner project.        

Note:        Section 5 defines forerunner project for a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project as having the meaning given by paragraph 8F(a).

Part 4Net abatement amounts

Division 1—Operation of this Part

12  Operation of this Part

(1)  For paragraph 106(1)(c) of the Act, this Part specifies the method for working out the carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount for a reporting period for a wastewater project that is an eligible offsets project.

(2)  In this Part, a reference to an anaerobic digester is a reference to an anaerobic digester that is installed as part of the project.

12A  What can be included in calculating net abatement

      For the purposes of working out the total carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount for a reporting period for a wastewater project (CO2-e):

(a)  the calculations for a non-biomethane project must include only the conversion abatement attributable to emissions destruction, worked out using the method set out in Division 2; and

(b)  the calculations for a biomethane conversion and displacement project must include only:

                              (i)  the conversion abatement attributable to biogas generation for biomethane, worked out using the method set out in Division 2; and

                             (ii)  if the project also involves emissions destruction—for each calendar month in the reporting period during which the project proponent has not chosen to exclude conversion abatement attributable to emissions destruction under subsection 11D(4), the conversion abatement attributable to that emissions destruction, worked out using the method set out in Division 2; and

                            (iii)  the displacement abatement attributable to biomethane production, worked out using the method set out in Division 3; and

(c)  the calculations for a biomethane displacement-only project must include only the displacement abatement attributable to biomethane production, worked out using the method set out in Division 3; and

(d)  the calculations for a restarting biomethane conversion and displacement project must include only;

                              (i)  the conversion abatement attributable to biogas generation for biomethane, worked out using the method set out in Division 2; and

                             (ii)  the displacement abatement attributable to biomethane production, worked out using the method set out in Division 3; and

(e)  the calculations for a restarting biomethane displacement-only project must include only the displacement abatement attributable to biomethane production, worked out using the method set out in Division 3.

12B  Working out net abatement

      Subject to section 12A, the total carbon dioxide net abatement amount for a reporting period for a wastewater project, Atot, in tonnes CO2-e, is worked out using the formula (equation 1A):

      where:

Aconversion, is the carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount attributable to the treatment of eligible wastewater by emissions destruction, or biogas generation for biomethane, at a project treatment facility for the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out using equation 1B (section 15).

Adisplacement is the carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount attributable to biogas upgrading at project biomethane facilities for the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out using equation 21 (section 41C).


 

Division 2 – Working out conversion abatement

Subdivision 1—Overview

13  Overview of gases accounted for in conversion abatement calculations

      The following table provides an overview of the greenhouse gas abatement and emissions that are relevant to working out the carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount for a wastewater project that involves biogas generation for biomethane or emissions destruction.

 

Greenhouse gases and emissions sources

Item

Relevant calculation

Emissions source

Greenhouse gas

1

Baseline emissions

Treatment of eligible wastewater for the project in deep open anaerobic lagoons at project treatment facilities

Methane (CH4)

2

Project emissions

Fuel consumption at project treatment facilities

Carbon dioxide (CO2)

Methane (CH4)

Nitrous oxide (N2O)

3

Project emissions

Electricity consumption at project treatment facilities

Carbon dioxide (CO2)

Methane (CH4)

Nitrous oxide (N2O)

4

Project emissions

Emissions from anaerobic digester leakage or venting events

Methane (CH4)

5

Project emissions

Emissions from the combustion of biogas or from the sending of biogas to a biogas upgrading system

Methane (CH4)

Nitrous oxide (N2O)

6

Project emissions

Emissions from the end management of digestate

Methane (CH4)

Nitrous oxide (N2O)

Subdivision 2—Method for calculating net conversion abatement amount

14  Summary

 

The carbon dioxide equivalent net conversion abatement amount for a reporting period is worked out separately for each project treatment facility. These amounts are then added together to give the total amount for the project.

The carbon dioxide equivalent net conversion abatement amount for a project treatment facility in a reporting period is worked out by calculating baseline emissions for the project treatment facility and then subtracting project emissions for the project treatment facility from that result.

 

15  Net conversion abatement amount

(1A)  The carbon dioxide equivalent net conversion abatement amount for a reporting period, Aconversion (in tonnes CO2-e), is worked out using the formula (equation 1B):

      where:

Aconversion is the carbon dioxide equivalent net conversion abatement amount for the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e.

t is a project treatment facility.

Aconversion,t  is the carbon dioxide equivalent net conversion abatement amount for project treatment facility t for the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out using equation 1B (section 15).

(1)  The carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount for the reporting period, Aconversion,t (in tonnes CO2-e) is worked out using the formula (equation 1):

where:

Aconversion,t is:

(a)  if the carbon dioxide equivalent net conversion abatement amount for project treatment facility t for the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, is greater than or equal to zero—that amount; or

(b)  if that amount is less than zero—zero.

t is a project treatment facility.

EB,t means the baseline emissions for project treatment facility t for the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out in accordance with section 18.

EP, conversion,t means the project emissions for project treatment facility t for the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out using equation 11 (section 32).

(2)  If, during the reporting period, a project treatment facility:

(a)  sends biogas to a biogas upgrading system; and

(b)  either:

                              (i)  the biogas is used for a purpose other than biogas upgrading to produce biomethane that can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute; or

                             (ii)  the biomethane produced from biogas upgrading cannot be reasonably expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute;

      Aconversion,t is taken to be zero.

 

Subdivision 3—Project treatment facility baseline emissions

16  Summary

The baseline emissions for a project treatment facility for a reporting period are the emissions that would have resulted if eligible wastewater for the project treated at the project treatment facility during the reporting period in anaerobic digesters had been treated in deep open anaerobic lagoons instead.

17  Project treatment facility baseline emissions

(1)  The baseline emissions for a project treatment facility for a reporting period are worked out in accordance with this section.

(2)  If sampling was undertaken from the operation of the deep open anaerobic lagoons replaced by anaerobic digesters at a project treatment facility for the purposes of working out baseline emissions for the facility, the project proponent may choose to work out baseline emissions for the project treatment facility using either Subdivision 4 or Subdivision 5.

Note:        The samples will only be used if the project proponent uses Subdivision 4.

(3)  If sampling was not undertaken from the operation of the deep open anaerobic lagoons replaced by anaerobic digesters at a project treatment facility for the purposes of working out baseline emissions for the facility, the project proponent must work out baseline emissions for the project treatment facility using Subdivision 5.

(4)  Whichever of Subdivision 4 or Subdivision 5 is used for working out baseline emissions for a project treatment facility for the first reporting period for the project, the same Subdivision must be used for working out baseline emissions for the project treatment facility for subsequent reporting periods for the project, subject to subsection 24(2).

Note:        There are consequences if certain parameters are not determined correctly: see section 24.

Subdivision 4—Calculating baseline emissions using sampling from the operation of deep open anaerobic lagoons

18  Calculating baseline emissions using sampling from deep open anaerobic lagoons

The baseline emissions for a project treatment facility for a reporting period, EB, t, in tonnes CO2-e, are worked out using the following formula (equation 2):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

CODIn, Tot, t means the amount of chemical oxygen demand in the eligible wastewater for the project entering anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in tonnes, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

l is a deep open anaerobic lagoon that is part of project treatment facility t and was replaced as part of the project.

CODIn, l means the amount of chemical oxygen demand in influent entering deep open anaerobic lagoon l in the historical period of sampling, in tonnes, worked out in accordance with section 21.

FEff, l means the fraction of CODIn, Tot, t that would have been removed in effluent and not undergone treatment in deep open anaerobic lagoon l to produce methane, worked out in accordance with section 19.

FSlu, l means the fraction of CODIn, Tot, t that would have been in sludge and not undergone treatment in deep open anaerobic lagoon l to produce methane, worked out in accordance with section 22.

UF means the conservativeness factor, which is 0.89.

MCF means the default methane correction factor for deep anaerobic lagoons, set out in Part 5.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

EF means the default methane emission factor for wastewater, in tonnes CO2-e per tonne COD, set out in Part 5.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

19  Fraction of chemical oxygen demand in influent removed in effluent

      The fraction of CODIn, Tot, t (within the meaning of section 18) that would have been removed in effluent and not undergone treatment in deep open anaerobic lagoon l to produce methane (FEff, l), is worked out using the formula (equation 3):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

l is a deep open anaerobic lagoon that is part of project treatment facility t and was replaced as part of the project.

CODEff, l means the amount of chemical oxygen demand in effluent leaving deep open anaerobic lagoon l in the historical period of sampling, in tonnes, worked out in accordance with section 20.

CODIn, l means the amount of chemical oxygen demand in influent entering deep open anaerobic lagoon l in the historical period of sampling, in tonnes, worked out in accordance with section 21.

AF means the adjustment factor based on the historical period of sampling that is used, which is:

(a)  if the historical period of sampling is 1 year—1; or

(b)  if the historical period of sampling is 10 consecutive days—1.12.

 

20  Chemical oxygen demand in effluent leaving a deep open anaerobic lagoon

(1)  The amount of chemical oxygen demand in effluent leaving deep open anaerobic lagoon l in a historical period of sampling, CODEff, l, in tonnes, is worked out in accordance with this section.

(2)  For effluent that is domestic or commercial wastewater, the amount is equivalent to parameter CODeffz calculated under Division 5.3.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination, with the following modifications:

(a)  paragraphs 5.28(1)(c) and (2)(c) of that Determination are taken to be omitted;

(b)  if the historical period of sampling is 10 consecutive days—the reference to a monthly basis in section 5.29 of that Determination is taken to be a reference to a daily basis;

(c)  parameter CODeffz applies as if:

                              (i)  a reference to “the sub facility during the reporting year” were a reference to “deep open anaerobic lagoon l for project treatment facility t in the historical period of sampling”; and

                             (ii)  a reference to “facility operating data” were a reference to “data about the operation of lagoon l”.

(3)  For effluent that is industrial wastewater, the amount is equivalent to parameter CODeff calculated under Division 5.4.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination, with the following modifications:

(a)  paragraphs 5.45(1)(c) and (2)(c) of that Determination are taken to be omitted;

(b)  if the historical period of sampling is 10 consecutive days—the reference to a monthly basis in section 5.46 of that Determination is taken to be a reference to a daily basis;

(c)  parameter CODeff applies as if a reference to “the plant during the year” were a reference to “deep open anaerobic lagoon l for project treatment facility t in the historical period of sampling”.

 

 (4) In this section:

t is a project treatment facility.

l is a deep open anaerobic lagoon that is part of project treatment facility t and was replaced as part of the project.

 

21  Chemical oxygen demand in influent entering a deep open anaerobic lagoon

(1)  The amount of chemical oxygen demand in influent entering deep open anaerobic lagoon l in a historical period of sampling, CODIn, l (in tonnes), is worked out in accordance with this section.

(2)  For influent that is domestic or commercial wastewater, the amount is equivalent to parameter CODwz calculated under Division 5.3.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination, with the following modifications:

(a)  paragraphs 5.28(1)(c) and (2)(c) of that Determination are taken to be omitted;

(b)  if the historical period of sampling is 10 consecutive days—the reference to a monthly basis in section 5.29 of that Determination is taken to be a reference to a daily basis;

(c)  parameter CODwz applies as if:

                              (i)  a reference to “the sub facility during the year” were a reference to “deep open anaerobic lagoon l for project treatment facility t in the historical period of sampling”; and

                             (ii)  a reference to “facility operating data” were a reference to “data about the operation of lagoon l”.

(3)  For influent that is industrial wastewater, the amount is equivalent to parameter CODw,i calculated under Division 5.4.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination, with the following modifications:

(a)  paragraphs 5.45(1)(c) and (2)(c) of that Determination are taken to be omitted;

(b)  if the historical period of sampling is 10 consecutive days—the reference to a monthly basis in section 5.46 of that Determination is taken to be a reference to a daily basis;

(c)  parameter CODw,i (as described in subsection 5.43(2) of the NGER (Measurement) Determination) applies as if:

                              (i)  a reference to “the plant” were a reference to “deep open anaerobic lagoon l for project treatment facility t in the historical period of sampling”; and

                             (ii)  a reference to “facility operating data” were a reference to “data about the operation of lagoon l”.

(4)  In this section:

t is a project treatment facility.

l is a deep open anaerobic lagoon that is part of project treatment facility t and was replaced as part of the project.

 

22  Fraction of chemical oxygen demand in influent that would be in sludge

(1)  The fraction of CODIn, Tot, t (within the meaning of section 18) that would have been in sludge and not undergone treatment in deep open anaerobic lagoon l to produce methane (FSlu, l), is worked out as follows:

(a)  if the historical period of sampling is 10 consecutive days—using the default value mentioned in subsection (2);

(b)  if the historical period of sampling is 1 year—using either of the following, as chosen by the project proponent:

                              (i)  the default value mentioned in subsection (2); or

                             (ii)  equation 4.

(2)  The default value is:

(a)  for domestic or commercial wastewater only—0.6; or

(b)  for industrial wastewater only—0.17; or

(c)  for a mixture of domestic or commercial wastewater and industrial wastewater—0.6.

(3)  The following formula is equation 4:

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

l is a deep open anaerobic lagoon that is part of project treatment facility t and was replaced as part of the project.

FSlu, l means the fraction of CODIn,t that would have been in sludge and not undergone treatment in deep open anaerobic lagoon l to produce methane.

CODSlu, l means the amount of chemical oxygen demand in sludge in deep open anaerobic lagoon l in the historical period of sampling (which is 1 year), in tonnes, worked out in accordance with section 23.

CODIn, l means the amount of chemical oxygen demand in influent entering deep open anaerobic lagoon l in the historical period of sampling (which is 1 year), in tonnes, worked out in accordance with section 21.

(4)  In this section:

l is a deep open anaerobic lagoon that is part of project treatment facility t and was replaced as part of the project.

 

23  Chemical oxygen demand in sludge in a deep open anaerobic lagoon

(1)  The amount of chemical oxygen demand in sludge in deep open anaerobic lagoon l in the historical period of sampling (which is 1 year), CODSlu, l (in tonnes), is worked out in accordance with this section.

(2)  For sludge produced from the treatment of domestic or commercial wastewater, the amount is equivalent to parameter CODslz calculated under Division 5.3.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination, with the following modifications:

(a)  paragraphs 5.28(1)(c) and (2)(c) of that Determination are taken to be omitted;

(b)  parameter CODslz applies as if a reference to the quantity of COD removed as sludge (however described) from wastewater and treated in a sub facility were a reference to the quantity of COD in sludge produced in deep open anaerobic lagoon l for project treatment facility t in the historical period of sampling.

(3)  For sludge produced from the treatment of industrial wastewater, the amount is equivalent to parameter CODsl calculated under Division 5.4.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination, with the following modifications:

(a)  paragraphs 5.45(1)(c) and (2)(c) of that Determination are taken to be omitted;

(b)  parameter CODsl applies as if:

                              (i)  a reference to the quantity of COD removed as sludge from wastewater during a year were a reference to the quantity of COD in sludge produced in deep open anaerobic lagoon l for project treatment facility t in the historical period of sampling; and

                             (ii)  parameter CODw,i (as described in subsection 5.43(2) of the NGER (Measurement) Determination) applies in the same way as described in subsection 21(3).      

(4)  In this section:

t is a project treatment facility.

l is a deep open anaerobic lagoon that is part of project treatment facility t and was replaced as part of the project.

24  Consequences if certain parameters are not determined correctly

(1)  If parameter FSlu, l is not determined correctly using equation 4 (section 22), the fraction of CODIn, l (within the meaning of section 18) that would, in a deep open anaerobic lagoon, have been in sludge and not undergone treatment in the lagoon to produce methane, must be worked out using the default value mentioned in subsection 22(2).

(2)  If parameter FEff, l is not determined correctly using equation 3 (section 19):

(a)  baseline emissions for a reporting period must be worked out using Subdivision 5; or

(b)  the carbon dioxide equivalent net conversion abatement amount for project treatment facility t for the reporting period is taken to be zero.

Note:        If, under paragraph (2)(a), baseline emissions for a reporting period are worked out under Subdivision 5, Subdivision 5 must also be used for working out baseline emissions for subsequent reporting periods for the project: see subsection 17(4).

(3)  In this section:

t is a project treatment facility.

 

Subdivision 5—Calculating baseline emissions using the amount of methane sent to a combustion device or biogas upgrading system

25  Calculating baseline emissions using methane sent to a combustion device or biogas upgrading system

The baseline emissions for project treatment facility t for a reporting period are worked out using the following formula (equation 5):

where:

EB,t means the baseline emissions for project treatment facility t for the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e.

t is a project treatment facility.

g  means the factor, set out in Part 5.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination, that converts cubic metres of methane to tonnes CO2-e at standard conditions.

Note:        In 2022, γ was 6.784 x 10-4 x 28.

WEW,t means the proportion of methane generated at project treatment facility t  that is generated by eligible wastewater for the project during the reporting period, worked out in accordance with section 26.

h means:

(a)     a combustion device used at project treatment facility t; or

(b)     a biogas upgrading system of a project biomethane facility.

MSent t,h means the methane from project treatment facility t sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h during the reporting period, in cubic metres, worked out in accordance with section 30.

WDAL means the proportion of methane that is generated in anaerobic digesters that would have been generated in deep open anaerobic lagoons that are part of project treatment facility t and were replaced as part of the project, which is:

(a)  if no anaerobic digesters installed at project treatment facility t as part of the project are engineered biodigesters—1; or

(b)  otherwise—0.75.

26  Proportion of methane that is generated by eligible wastewater

(1)  The proportion of methane generated at project treatment facility t that is generated by eligible wastewater for the project during a reporting period (WEW,t) is:

(a)  if both of the conditions in subsection (2) are satisfied for the reporting period—1;

(b)  if one or both of the conditions in subsection (2) are not satisfied for the reporting period—worked out using equation 6.

(2)  The conditions are as follows:

(a)  the volume of an individual type of ineligible material for the project treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t during the reporting period (QMat,w,t) does not exceed 0.5% of the total volume of material treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t during the reporting period (QMat,t);

(b)  the volume of all ineligible material for the project treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t during the reporting period (ƩwQMat,w,t) is less than 2% of the total volume of material treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t during the reporting period (QMat,t);

where QMat,w,t and QMat,t are worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements and w is a type of ineligible material for the project treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t during the reporting period.

(3)  The following formula is equation 6:

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

WEW,t means the proportion of methane generated at project treatment facility t that is generated by eligible wastewater for the project during the reporting period.

MEW,t means methane generated by eligible wastewater at project treatment facility t for the project during the reporting period, in cubic metres, worked out using equation 7 (section 27).

MIM,t means methane generated by ineligible material at project treatment facility t for the project during the reporting period, in cubic metres, worked out using equation 8 (section 28).

 

27  Methane generated by eligible wastewater

      The methane generated by eligible wastewater for the project at project treatment facility t during a reporting period MEW,t , in cubic metres, is worked out using the formula (equation 7):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

MEW,t means the methane generated by eligible wastewater for the project at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in cubic metres.

w means a type of eligible wastewater for the project treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t during the reporting period.

VSw,t means the amount of volatile solids from material type w treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in kilograms, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

MMax,w means the maximum methane producing capacity of material type w, in cubic metres of methane per kilogram of volatile solids, worked out in accordance with section 29.

28  Methane generated by ineligible material

      The methane generated by ineligible material for the project at project treatment facility t during a reporting period, MIM,t (in cubic metres), is worked out using the formula (equation 8):

 

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

MIM,t means the methane generated by ineligible material for the project at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in cubic metres.

w means a type of ineligible material for the project treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t during the reporting period.

VSw,t means the amount of volatile solids from material type w treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in kilograms, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

MMax,w means the maximum methane producing capacity of material type w, in cubic metres of methane per kilogram of volatile solids, worked out in accordance with section 29.

 

29  Maximum methane producing capacities

(1)  The maximum methane producing capacity of material type w (which could be eligible wastewater for the project or ineligible material for the project), MMax,w, is worked out in accordance with this section.

(2)  If the table in clause 1 of Schedule 1 sets out a default value for material type w, MMax,w may be worked out:

(a)  by using the default value in the table in clause 1 of Schedule 1 for material type w; or

(b)  using the monitoring requirements.

Note:        Different options (that is, using the default value or using the monitoring requirements) may be used for different material types.

(3)  If the table in clause 1 of Schedule 1 does not set out a default value for material type w, MMax,w must be worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

(4)  If, at any time during the project;

(a)  the table in clause 1 of Schedule 1 is amended so that it sets out a default value for material type w; and

(b)  before the amendment there was no default value set out in the table for material type w;

MMax,w may be worked out, following the amendment, by using the default value.

(5)  However, if, at any time during the project:

(a)  the table in clause 1 of Schedule 1 sets out a default value for material type w; and

(b)  MMax,w is worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements;

MMax,w must be worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements for the remainder of the project.

 

30  Methane sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system

(1)  The methane from project treatment facility t sent during a reporting period to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h, MSent t, h (in cubic metres), is worked out as follows:

(a)  in the case of a combustion device that is an internal combustion engine—using equation 9 or 10;

(b)  in the case of a biogas upgrading system—using equation 9 or, subject to subsection (2B), equation 9A;

(c)  in any other case—using equation 9.

(2)  The following formula is equation 9:

where:

MSent t,h means the methane from project treatment facility t sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h during the reporting period, in cubic metres.

QBG t,h means the biogas from project treatment facility t sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h during the reporting period, in cubic metres, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

WBG, CH4, t, h means the proportion of the volume of the biogas from project treatment facility t sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h that is methane, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

(2A)  The following formula is equation 9A:

where:

MSent t,h means the methane from project treatment facility t sent to biogas upgrading system h during the reporting period, in cubic metres.

QBM, h is the total volume of biomethane sent out by biogas upgrading system h during the reporting period, in cubic metres, determined in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

WBM, CH4, h is the proportion of QBM, h that is methane, expressed as a fraction, determined in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

(2B)   For subsection (1), equation 9A cannot be used to determine MSent t,h if, in a reporting period, biogas upgrading system h receives biogas from:

(a)  more than one project treatment facility; or

(b)  a biogas source facility that is not part of the project.

Note:        MSent t,h is worked out for each combustion device or biogas upgrading system used at project treatment facility t. If a biogas upgrading system receives biogas from more than one source, equation 9A cannot be used since apportioning the proportion of methane in the produced biomethane attributable to biogas from a specific project treatment facility is not feasible – equation 9 would be more appropriate in that circumstance.

(3)  The following formula is equation 10:

where:

MSent t,h means the methane from project treatment facility t sent to combustion device h during the reporting period, in cubic metres.

QEG,h means the electricity (supplied to the electricity grid or used on site) produced by combustion device h during the reporting period, in megawatt hours, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

FMWh→GJ means the factor to convert megawatt hours to gigajoules, which is 3.6.

EEh means:

(a)  the factor for the electrical efficiency of combustion device h, determined in accordance with:

                              (i)  the manufacturer’s specifications for the combustion of biogas; and

                             (ii)  if the specifications set out a range of such efficiencies—the highest of those efficiencies; or

(b)  if the factor mentioned in paragraph (a) cannot be determined in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications—the amount set out in subsection 2.38(2) of the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

ECBG means the energy content factor for sludge biogas that is captured for combustion (methane only), in gigajoules per cubic metre, set out in Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

 

Subdivision 6—Project treatment facility project emissions

31  Summary

 

The project emissions for a project treatment facility for a reporting period are the emissions that result from operating the project treatment facility during the reporting period. Emissions from fuel and electricity use, anaerobic digester leakage and venting events, combustion of biogas or the sending of biogas to a biogas upgrading system, and digestate treatment are added together to determine the total project emissions.

32  Project treatment facility project emissions

(1)  The project emissions for project treatment facility t for a reporting period, EP, conversion, t (in in tonnes CO2-e) is worked out using the formula (equation 11):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

EP, conversion, t means the project emissions for project treatment facility t for the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e.

EF, conversion, t means the emissions from fuel used at project treatment facility t  during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out using equation 12.

EEP, conversion, t means the emissions from purchased electricity used at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out using equation 13 (section 34).

EAD, t means the emissions from anaerobic digester leakage or venting events at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out in accordance with section 35.

ECom, t means the methane combustion emissions from methane destroyed by combustion devices or taken to have been destroyed by biogas upgrading systems for project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out in accordance with section 37.

EUpgrade, t means the production and transport emissions from methane sent to biogas upgrading systems at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out in accordance with section 37B.

EDig, t means the emissions from the end management of the digestate treated at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out using equation 17 (section 38).

(2)  In determining EF, conversion, t and EPE, conversion, t, emissions associated with biogas upgrading should be disregarded, including emissions from the operation of biogas upgrading systems and any downstream transport emissions during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out using equation 26 (section 41L).

Note:        This ensures that double counting of project emissions does not occur. Project emissions from fuel and electricity used in biogas upgrading systems is accounted for when working out net displacement abatement in Division 3 of this Part.

 

33  Emissions from fuel use: conversion abatement

The emissions from fuel used at a project treatment facility during a reporting period, EF, conversion, t (in in tonnes CO2-e), is worked out using the formula (equation 12):

where:

EF, conversion, t means the emissions from fuel used at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e.

t is a project treatment facility.

i means a fuel type.

j means a greenhouse gas type.

QF,i,t means the amount of fuel type i used that is specifically attributable to emissions destruction or biogas generation during the reporting period, in tonnes, kilolitres, cubic metres, or gigajoules, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

ECi means the energy content factor for fuel type i in gigajoules per tonne, gigajoules per kilolitre or gigajoules per cubic metre, set out in Part 1, 2 or 3 of Schedule 1 to the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

Note:        If QF,i,t is measured in gigajoules, then ECi is not required (ECi=1).

EFij means the emission factor, in kilograms CO2-e per gigajoule, set out in Part 1, 2 or 3 of Schedule 1 to the NGER (Measurement) Determination for greenhouse gas type j and fuel type i.

 

34  Emissions from purchased electricity use: conversion abatement

(1)  The emissions from purchased electricity used at project treatment facility t during a reporting period, EEP, conversion, t (in tonnes CO2-e) is worked out using the formula (equation 13):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

EEP, conversion t means the emissions from purchased electricity used at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e.

QEP,t means the amount of purchased electricity used at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in kilowatt hours, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

EFEP means:

(a)  for electricity obtained from an electricity grid that is a grid in relation to which the NGA Factor document includes an emissions factor—that factor, in kilograms CO2-e per kilowatt hour; or

(b)  for electricity obtained from an electricity grid not covered by paragraph (a) or from a source other than an electricity grid:

                              (i)  if the supplier of the electricity is able to provide an emissions factor that reflects the emissions intensity of the electricity—that factor, in kilograms CO2-e per kilowatt hour; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—the emissions factor, in kilograms CO2-e per kilowatt hour, for off-grid electricity included in the NGA Factors document.

(2)  For subparagraph (b)(i) of the definition of EFEP in subsection (1), the emissions factor must be worked out:

(a)  on a sent-out basis; and

(b)  using a measurement or estimation approach that is consistent with the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

 

35  Emissions from anaerobic digester leakage or venting events

(1)  The emissions from anaerobic digester leakage or venting events at project treatment facility t during a reporting period are worked out:

(a)  if Subdivision 4 of Division 2 is used to work out baseline emissions for the project treatment facility for the reporting period—using equation 14; or

(b)  if Subdivision 5 of Division 2 is used to work out baseline emissions for the project treatment facility for the reporting period—as follows:

                              (i)  if the volume of all ineligible material treated in anaerobic digesters at the project treatment facility during the reporting period (ƩwQMat,w,t) is less than 10% of the total volume of material treated in anaerobic digesters during the reporting period (QMat,t), where QMat,w,t and QMat,t are worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements and w is a type of ineligible material for the project treated in anaerobic digesters at the project treatment facility during the reporting period—the emissions have a default value of zero;

                             (ii)  otherwise—worked out using equation 14.

(2)  The emissions from anaerobic digester leakage or venting events at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, EAD,t (in tonnes CO2-e) is worked out using the formula (equation 14):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

EAD,t means the emissions from anaerobic digester leakage or venting events at project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e.

γ means the factor, set out in Part 5.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination, that converts cubic metres of methane to tonnes CO2-e at standard conditions.

Note:        In 2022, γ was 6.784 x 10-4 x 28.

CF means the correction factor to reflect the proportion of EAD,t that is not accounted for in the calculation of baseline emissions, which is:

(a)  if Subdivision 4 of Division 2 is used to work out baseline emissions for project treatment facility t for the reporting period—1; and

(b)  if Subdivision 5 of Division 2 is used to work out baseline emissions for project treatment facility t for the reporting period—1 minus WEW,t.

CE means the biogas collection efficiency of an anaerobic digester, (that is, the percentage of biogas generated in an anaerobic digester that is sent to a combustion device), which is 0.98.

h means:

(a)  a combustion device used at project treatment facility t; or

(b)  a biogas upgrading system of a project biomethane facility.

MSent t,h means the methane from project treatment facility t sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h during the reporting period, in cubic metres,  worked out in accordance with section 30.

q means a major venting event associated with an anaerobic digester at project treatment facility t during the reporting period.

MVent,q means the volume of methane vented due to major venting event q during the reporting period, in cubic metres, worked out using equation 15 (section 36).

WEW,t means the proportion of methane generated at project treatment facility t that is generated by eligible wastewater for the project during the reporting period, worked out in accordance with section 26.

 

36  Volume of methane vented due to a major venting event

If a major venting event associated with an anaerobic digester that is part of project treatment facility t occurs during a reporting period, the volume of methane vented due to the major venting event, MVent,q (in cubic metres), is worked out using the formula (equation 15):

where:

q means a major venting event associated with an anaerobic digester at project treatment facility t during the reporting period.   

MVent,q means the volume of methane vented due to major venting event q, in cubic metres.

MSBCS means the maximum biogas storage capacity, of the anaerobic digester, in cubic metres, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

FRq means the average total daily flow of biogas, from the anaerobic digester for the 7 days before major venting event q, in cubic metres per day, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

tq means the number of days for all or part of which major venting event q is uncontrolled, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

WBG, CH4 ,t, h means the proportion of the volume of the biogas from project treatment facility t sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h that is methane, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

nt means the number of combustion devices or biogas upgrading systems h that receive biogas from project treatment facility t during the reporting period.

Note:        The final term in equation 15 calculates the average proportion of the volume of the biogas sent from project treatment facility t that is methane during a reporting period.

37  Emissions from combustion of biogas

For the purposes of section 32, the methane combustion emissions from methane destroyed by combustion devices or taken to have been destroyed by biogas upgrading systems for project treatment facility t during a reporting period, ECom,t (in tonnes CO2-e), is worked out using the formula (equation 16):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

ECom,t means the methane combustion emissions from methane destroyed by combustion devices or taken to have been destroyed by biogas upgrading systems for project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e.

h means:

(a)  a combustion device used at project treatment facility t; or

(b)  a biogas upgrading system of a project biomethane facility.

MSent t, h means the methane from project treatment facility t sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h during the reporting period, in cubic metres, worked out in accordance with section 30.

PLh is the biomethane production loss factor for biogas sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h, expressed as a fraction, worked out in accordance with section 37A.

Note:        PLh accounts for methane lost during biogas upgrading. It does not affect methane that is sent to combustion devices.  

TLh is the transport loss factor for biogas sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h, expressed as a fraction, which is:

(a)  if h is a combustion device—zero; or

(b)  if h is a biogas upgrading system and all biomethane produced by the biogas upgrading system during the reporting period is consumed at a project treatment facility or project biomethane facility—zero; or

(c)  otherwise—0.02. 

Note:        TLh accounts for methane that is not combusted due to gas lost in transport. It is only relevant when a project undertakes biomethane production and sends the gas off-site for use and combustion.

ECBG means the energy content factor for sludge biogas that is captured for combustion (methane only), in gigajoules per cubic metre, set out in Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

j means a greenhouse gas type, which is methane or nitrous oxide.

EFj means the emissions factor for greenhouse gas type j for combustion of sludge biogas that is captured for combustion (methane only), in kilograms
CO2-e per gigajoule, set out in Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

37A  Biomethane production loss factor

(1)  For the purposes of section 37, the biomethane production loss factor for biogas sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h (PLh), expressed as a fraction, is:

(a)  if h is a combustion device—0; or

(b)  if h is a biogas upgrading system—the fraction determined in accordance with subsection (2).

(2)  For paragraph (1)(b), the biomethane production loss factor for biogas upgrading system h (PLh), expressed as a fraction, must be:

(a)  determined as a fraction, in accordance with the manufacturer’s listed specifications for the biogas upgrading system; or

(b)  measured as a fraction, in accordance with the manufacturer’s specification in the technical manual for the biogas upgrading system.

(3)  For paragraph (2)(a), if the manufacturer’s listed specifications for the biomethane production loss factor sets out a range of values, the highest of those values must be selected. 

37B  Production and transport emissions from methane sent to biogas upgrading system

Note:        If a project treatment facility does not send methane to biogas upgrading systems during a reporting period, EUpgrade, t will be zero.

For the purposes of section 32, the production and transport emissions from methane sent to biogas upgrading systems for project treatment facility t during the reporting period, EUpgrade, t (in tonnes CO2-e), is worked out using the formula (equation 16A):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

EUpgrade, t means the production and transport emissions from methane sent to biogas upgrading systems for project treatment facility t during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e.

h means a biogas upgrading system of a project biomethane facility.

MSent t, h means the methane from project treatment facility t sent to biogas upgrading system h during the reporting period, in cubic metres, worked out in accordance with section 30.

PLh is the biomethane production loss factor for biogas sent to biogas upgrading system h, expressed as a fraction, worked out in accordance with section 37A.

Note:        PLh accounts for methane lost during biogas upgrading. It does not affect methane that is sent to combustion devices.  

TLh is the transport loss factor for biogas sent to biogas upgrading system h, expressed as a fraction, which is:

(a)  if h is a biogas upgrading system and all biomethane produced by the biogas upgrading system during the reporting period is consumed at a project treatment facility or project biomethane facility—zero; or

(b)  otherwise—0.02. 

Note:        TLh accounts for methane that is not combusted due to gas lost in transport. It is only relevant when a project undertakes biomethane production and sends the gas off-site for use and combustion.

γ means the factor, set out in Part 5.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination, that converts cubic metres of methane to tonnes CO2-e at standard conditions.

Note:        In 2022, γ was 6.784 x 10-4 x 28.

38  Emissions from the end management of digestate

The emissions from the end management of digestate from project treatment facility t treated during a reporting period is worked out using the formula (equation 17):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

EDig,t means the emissions from the end management of digestate from project treatment facility t removed during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e.

n means a type of digestate treatment. that is aerobic treatment, disposal to landfill or treatment in an open lagoon

EDig,t,n means the emissions EDig,t,Aer,n, EDig,t,LF and EDig,t,Lag for project treatment facility t from digestate treatment type n, in tonnes CO2-e:

(a)        worked out using equation 18, 19 or 20 (sections 39, 40 or 41, respectively), depending on the treatment type; or

(b)        for a treatment type not covered by one of those equations—with a default value of zero.

39  Digestate emissions—aerobic treatment

(1)  This section applies to the following digestate treatment types:

(a)  treatment in uncovered non-aerated static piles;

(b) treatment at an undocumented facility;

(c)  treatment in aerated systems (turned windrows or aerated static piles);

(d) treatment at a centralised composting facility;

(e)  treatment in an enclosed system (in-vessel) using a bio-filter or biogas scrubber.

(2)  The emissions from the treatment of the digestate from project treatment facility t using treatment type n, EDig,t,Aer,n (in tonnes CO2-e), is worked out using the formula (equation 18):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

EDig,t,Aer,n means the emissions from the treatment of the digestate from project treatment facility t, using treatment type n, in tonnes CO2-e.

QDig,t,n means the wet weight of digestate from project treatment facility t treated using treatment type n, in tonnes, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

EFDig,n means the emissions factor for treatment type n, in tonnes CO2-e per tonne of wet weight digestate, set out in the following table.

 

Emissions factor for digestate treatment

(t CO2 e/t wet weight digestate)

Item

Treatment type n

EFDig,n

1

Treatment in uncovered non-aerated static piles

0.10

2

Treatment at an undocumented facility

0.10

3

Treatment in aerated systems (turned windrows or aerated static piles)

0.06

4

Treatment at a centralised composting facility

0.06

5

Treatment in an enclosed system (in-vessel) using a bio-filter or biogas scrubber

0.02

 

40  Digestate emissions—disposed to landfill

(1)  The emissions from digestate from project treatment facility t disposed to landfill EDig,t,LF (in tonnes CO2-e), is worked out using the formula (equation 19):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

EDig,t,LF means the emissions from digestate from project treatment facility t  disposed to landfill, in tonnes CO2-e.

QDig,t,n means the wet weight of digestate from project treatment facility t treated using treatment type n, in tonnes, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

Note:        Treatment type n is the disposal of digestate to landfill.

EFDig,n means the emissions factor for digestate disposed to landfill, in tonnes CO2-e per tonne of wet weight digestate, which is 0.015 × GWPCH4.

WLFG means the average capture rate set out in the following table for methane emissions from landfills in the State or Territory in which the project is located.

 

Average capture rate for methane emissions from landfills

Item

State or Territory

Rate (%)

1

New South Wales

37

2

Victoria

45

3

Queensland

30

4

Western Australia

30

5

South Australia

29

6

Tasmania

39

7

Australian Capital Territory

66

8

Northern Territory

18

(2)  In this section:

GWPCH4 means the global warming potential value for methane, set out in regulation 2.02 of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulations 2008.

41  Digestate emissions—treated in open lagoon

The emissions from digestate from project treatment facility t treated in an open lagoon, EDig,t,Lag (in tonnes CO2-e), is worked out using the formula (equation 20):

where:

t is a project treatment facility.

q is an open lagoon that receives volatile solids from project treatment facility t.

EDig,t,Lag means the emissions from digestate from project treatment facility t treated in open lagoon q, in tonnes CO2-e.

VSDig,t means the volatile solids discharged from an anaerobic digester at project treatment facility t into open lagoon q, in tonnes, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

Note:        Determination of VSDig,t,q requires the determination of parameter QDig,t,n for the digestate from treatment facility t where n is treatment in an open lagoon: see items 8 and 12 of the table in subsection 45(1).

MMax,Dig,t means the maximum methane producing capacity of the digestate from project treatment facility t, sent to open lagoon q, in tonnes of methane per tonne of volatile solids, worked out in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

MCFLag means the methane correction factor for open lagoon q, set out in Part 5.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

GWPCH4  means the global warming potential value for methane, set out in regulation 2.02 of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Regulation 2008.


 

Division 3—Working out displacement abatement

Subdivision 1—Overview of gases

41A  Overview of gases accounted for in displacement abatement calculations

The following table provides an overview of the greenhouse gas abatement and emissions that are relevant to working out the carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount for a wastewater project that involves biomethane production

 

Greenhouse gases and emissions sources

Item

Relevant calculation

Emissions source

Greenhouse gas

1

Gross abatement amounts

The carbon dioxide emissions avoided by displacement of natural gas combustion by biomethane produced by the project.

Carbon dioxide (CO2)

2

Project emissions

Fuel consumption attributable to biogas upgrading at project biomethane facilities.

Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Methane (CH4)

Nitrous oxide (N2O)

3

Project emissions

Consumption of purchased electricity attributable to biogas upgrading at project biomethane facilities.

Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Methane (CH4)

Nitrous oxide (N2O)

 

 

Subdivision 2—Method for calculating net displacement abatement amount

41B  Summary

The carbon dioxide equivalent net displacement abatement amount for a reporting period is worked out separately for each biomethane facility in the project. These amounts are then added together to give the total amount for the project.

For each project biomethane facility, the gross abatement amount is calculated as the natural gas combustion emissions displaced by the quantity of biomethane produced from biogas upgrading as part of the project. As biomethane and natural gas are identical from a fuel combustion standpoint, it is assumed that displacement occurs on a one-to-one basis.

The gross abatement amount is multiplied by the proportion of biogas that is eligible biogas, to prevent crediting of biomethane created from ineligible waste sources. The fraction of eligible biogas is worked out for each biogas source facility that supplies biogas during a reporting period. If a biogas source facility supplies a mixture of eligible and non-eligible biogas to a project during a reporting period, the fraction of eligible biogas from the biogas must be worked out in accordance with section 41I.

From this is deducted any emissions generated by operation of the project biomethane facility or associated with production of biomethane (for example, fuel and electricity use at a project biomethane facility, or fuel used in transporting biomethane).

41C  Net displacement abatement amount

(1)  The carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount attributable to the treatment of biogas by biomethane production for a reporting period, Adisplacement (in tonnes CO2-e), is worked out using the formula (equation 21):

where:

m is a project biomethane facility.

Adisplacement, m is:

(a)  if the project biomethane facility net abatement amount for project biomethane facility m calculated using equation 22 (section 41D) is greater than or equal to zero—that amount; and

(b)  if that amount is less than zero—zero.         

(2)  If, during the reporting period, the biomethane produced by a project biomethane facility cannot be reasonably expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute, Adisplacement, m is taken to be zero.

41D  Project biomethane facility net abatement amount

The project biomethane facility net abatement amount for project biomethane facility m for a reporting period, Adisplacement, m, tonnes CO2-e, calculated using the formula (equation 22):

where:

m is a project biomethane facility.

GAdisplacement, m is the gross abatement amount for the reporting period for project biomethane facility m, in tonnes CO2-e, calculated using equation 23 (section 41G).

EAm is the eligible abatement fraction for the reporting period for project biomethane facility m, as a fraction, calculated using equation o (section 41I).

PEdisplacement, m is the project emissions for the reporting period for project biomethane facility m, in tonnes CO2-e, calculated using equation 26 (section 41L).

41E  Certain abatement must not be included in calculating net abatement amount

(1)  For the purposes of working out the carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount attributable to biogas upgrading at project biomethane facilities for a reporting period Adisplacement (in tonnes CO2-e), using equation 22 (section 41D), the project proponent must not calculate displacement abatement attributable to biomethane production at a project biomethane facility during the reporting period if that biomethane is subsequently used as an energy source in a fuel switching emissions reduction activity at an emissions avoidance offsets project.

(2)  In this section:

fuel switching emissions reduction activity means changing the energy sources or mix of energy sources in a way that gives rise to eligible carbon abatement and includes the following:

(a)  changing the energy sources or mix of energy sources used by existing emissions-producing equipment as part of an industrial electricity and fuel efficiency project covered by the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Industrial Electricity and Fuel Efficiency) Methodology Determination 2015;

(b)  changing the energy sources or mix of energy sources used by existing emissions-producing equipment as part of an industrial and commercial emissions reduction project covered by the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Industrial and Commercial Emissions Reduction) Methodology Determination 2021;

(c)  changing energy sources (fuels and electricity) or the mix of energy sources for vehicles and land and sea transport project covered by the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Land and Sea Transport) Methodology Determination 2015;

(d)  changing the energy sources or mix of energy sources used at a facility as part of a facilities project covered by the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Facilities) Methodology Determination 2015.

Subdivision 3—Gross abatement amount

41F  Summary

 

The gross abatement for a project biomethane facility for a reporting period is the emissions avoided as the result of carrying out biomethane production during the reporting period.

41G   Gross abatement amount for a project biomethane facility

The gross abatement amount for project biomethane facility m for a reporting period, GAdisplacement, m (in tonnes CO2-e), is worked out using the formula (equation 23):

where:

h is a biogas upgrading system at project biomethane facility m used during the reporting period.

m is a project biomethane facility.

QBM, h is the total volume of biomethane sent out by biogas upgrading system h during the reporting period, in cubic metres, determined in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

ECNG is the energy content factor for natural gas distributed in a pipeline, in gigajoules per cubic metre, set out in Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

EFNG, CO2 is the carbon dioxide (CO2) combustion emissions factor for natural gas distributed in a pipeline, in kilograms CO2-e per gigajoule, set out in Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

Note:        Methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions are constant regardless of whether biomethane or natural gas is combusted, and hence do not result in displacement abatement.

Subdivision 4—Eligible abatement fraction

41H  Summary

 

The eligible abatement fraction for a reporting period is the proportion of gross abatement associated with biomethane produced from eligible biogas during a reporting period. This excludes abatement created from biogas upgrading of biogas that is not eligible biogas. Only the eligible abatement fraction of gross abatement is counted towards the net abatement to ensure biomethane produced from ineligible sources is not credited.

The eligible abatement fraction is expressed as a fraction, representing the proportion of biogas sent to a biogas upgrading system in the project that is eligible biogas. If 100% of biogas that undergoes biogas upgrading is eligible biogas, there is no deduction for ineligible abatement.

The eligible abatement fraction is worked out as the fraction of the quantity of eligible biogas supplied by all biogas source facilities during a reporting period to the total quantity of biogas treated during a reporting period. The quantity of eligible biogas sent from each biogas source facility is worked out by:

(i) direct measurement of the quantity of eligible biogas sent for biogas upgrading; or

(ii) estimation of the proportion of biogas sent for biogas upgrading that is eligible biogas.

41I  Eligible abatement fraction for a project biomethane facility

The eligible abatement fraction for project biomethane facility m during a reporting period, EAm, as a fraction, is worked out using the formula (equation 24): 

where:

g is a biogas source facility that sends biogas to project biomethane facility m during the reporting period.

QBG, El, g is the volume of eligible biogas sent to project biomethane facility m from biogas source facility g during the reporting period, in cubic metres, determined in accordance with section 41J.

QBG, g is the volume of biogas sent to project biomethane facility m from biogas source facility g during the reporting period, in cubic metres, determined in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

41J  Determining the quantity of eligible biogas from a biogas source (QBG, El, g)

(1)  The volume of eligible biogas sent to project biomethane facility m from biogas source facility g during a reporting period, QBG, El, g (in cubic metres), is worked out:

(a)  if it is possible to measure QBG, El, g in accordance with the monitoring requirements—in accordance with the monitoring requirements; or

(b)  if it is not possible to measure QBG, El, g in accordance with the monitoring requirements—in accordance with subsection (2).

Note:        Measurement of QBG, El, g is possible if all biogas from a biogas source facility is eligible, or if eligible biogas is physically apportioned in such a way that permits direct measurement in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

(2)  For paragraph (1)(b), the volume of eligible biogas sent to project biomethane facility m from biogas source facility g during a reporting period, QBG, El, g (in cubic metres) is worked out using the formula (equation 25):

where:

m is a project biomethane facility.

EBg is the proportion of biogas sent to project biomethane facility m from biogas source facility g during a reporting period that is eligible biogas, expressed as a fraction, determined in accordance with subsection (3).

QBG, g is the volume of biogas sent to project biomethane facility m from biogas source facility g during the reporting period, in cubic metres, determined in accordance with the monitoring requirements. 

(3)  For subsection (2), the proportion of biogas sent to project biomethane facility m from biogas source facility g during a reporting period that is eligible biogas, EBg, expressed as a fraction, must be:

(a)  determined using:

                              (i)  the proportion of eligible biogas waste to biogas waste treated to produce biogas from biogas source facility g for a reporting period, by methane-producing capacity; or

                             (ii)  the proportion of eligible biogas waste to biogas waste treated to produce biogas from biogas source facility g for a reporting period, by mass; or

                            (iii)  another approach that can reasonably be expected to provide a fraction that accurately reflects the proportion of eligible biogas for biogas source facility g in a reporting period; and

(b)  determined using an approach that can reasonably be expected to provide an accurate and conservative value for EBg; and

(c)  determined based on data and calculations that are auditable and verifiable.

 

 (4) If it is not possible to work out the volume of eligible biogas sent to project biomethane facility m from biogas source facility g during a reporting period, QBG, El, g (in cubic metres), in accordance with subsection (1), QBG, El, g is taken to be zero for the reporting period.

Subdivision 5—Displacement abatement project emissions

41K  Summary

 

The displacement abatement project emissions for a reporting period are the emissions that result from a project biomethane facility undertaking biomethane production during the reporting period.

41L  Project emissions: displacement abatement

(1)  The project emissions for project biomethane facility m for a reporting period, PEdisplacement, m (in tonnes CO2-e), is worked out using the formula (equation 26):

where:

EF, displacement, m is the emissions from fuel that is specifically attributable to the operation of project biomethane facility m during the reporting period (including transport), in tonnes CO2-e, worked out using equation 27 (section 41N).

EPE, displacement, m is the emissions from purchased electricity that is specifically attributable to the operation of project biomethane facility m during the reporting period, in tonnes CO2-e, worked out using equation 28 (section 41O).

(2)  In determining EF, displacement, m and EPE, displacement, m, fuel and purchased electricity used for biogas generation for biomethane and emissions destruction project activities are to be disregarded.

Note:        Examples of fuel and purchased electricity uses to be disregarded include fuel and electricity used in the operation of anaerobic digesters or transport of biogas to a biogas upgrading system. This ensures that double counting of project emissions does not occur. Project emissions from fuel and electricity used in biogas generation for biomethane and emissions destruction are accounted for when working out net displacement abatement in Division 2 of this Part.

41M  Emissions from fuel use: displacement abatement

(1)  The emissions from fuel used that is specifically attributable to the operation of project biomethane facility m, or transport of biomethane produced at project biomethane facility m to an end use where it can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute, during a reporting period, EF, displacement, m (in tonnes CO2-e) is worked out using the formula (equation 27):

where:

i is a fuel type.

j is a greenhouse gas type.

QF, displacement, m, i is the amount of fuel type i that is specifically attributable to the operation of project biomethane facility m, or transport of biomethane produced at project biomethane facility m to an end use where it can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute, during the reporting period, in tonnes, kilolitres, cubic metres, or gigajoules, determined in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

ECi is the energy content factor for fuel type i, in gigagoules per tonne, gigajoules per kilolitre or gigajoules per cubic metre, set out in the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

Note:        If QF, displacement, m, i is measured in gigajoules, then ECj is not required (ECj=1).

EFij is the emission factor for greenhouse gas type j and fuel type i, in kilograms CO2-e per gigajoule, set out in the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

(2)  In determining QF, displacement, m, i, if fuel is used by the project biomethane facility or equipment used to transport biomethane in performing a function that was also performed before the implementation of the project, it is attributable to the operation of the project biomethane facility only to the extent that the project has caused an increase in fuel use.

41N  Emissions from purchased electricity use: displacement abatement

(1)  The emissions from purchased electricity that is specifically attributable to the operation of project biomethane facility m during a reporting period, EPE, displacement, m (in tonnes CO2-e) is worked out using the formula (equation 28):

where:

QPE, displacement, m is the amount of purchased electricity that is specifically attributable to the operation of project biomethane facility m during the reporting period, in kilowatt hours, determined in accordance with the monitoring requirements.

EFPE, displacement is

(a)  for electricity obtained from an electricity grid that is a grid in relation to which the NGA Factors document includes an emissions factor—that factor, in kilograms CO2-e per kilowatt hour; or

(b)  for electricity obtained from an electricity grid not covered by paragraph (a) or from a source other than an electricity grid:

                              (i)  if the supplier of the electricity is able to provide an emissions factor that reflects the emissions intensity of the electricity—that factor, in kilograms CO2-e per kilowatt hour; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—the emissions factor, in kilograms CO2-e per kilowatt hour, for off-grid electricity included in the NGA Factors document.

(2)  For subparagraph (b)(i) of the definition of EFPE, displacement in subsection (1), the emissions factor must be worked out:

(a)  on a sent-out basis; and

(b)  using a measurement or estimation approach that is consistent with the NGER (Measurement) Determination.


 

Part 5Reporting, record‑keeping and monitoring requirements

Note:       Other reporting, record‑keeping and monitoring requirements are set out in regulations and rules made under the Act.

Division 1Offsets report requirements

42  Operation of this Division

                   For paragraph 106(3)(a) of the Act, this Division sets out information that must be included in an offsets report about a wastewater project that is an eligible offsets project.

42A  General information that must be included in offsets report

An offsets report for a reporting period for a project must include the following information:

(a)  if the project type is different from the type nominated in the section 22 application or section 128 application for the project or in a previous offsets report:

                              (i)  the date on which the project type changed; and

                             (ii)  details about how the project meets the requirements of the changed project type, in accordance with sections 8B to 8F;

(b)  a list of the project activities that were carried out at each project treatment facility or project biomethane facility (as the case may be) involved in the project including:

                              (i)  details of any additional project activity that began to be carried out after the section 22 application or section 128 application was made or since an offsets report was given to the Regulator, and the date on which it commenced; and

                             (ii)  details of any project activity that had previously been carried out, that has stopped being carried out since an offsets report was given to the Regulator, and the date on which it stopped;

(c)  a description of the sources of project emissions;

(d)  if the project is a biomethane conversion and displacement project:

                              (i)  if emissions destruction has been carried out during the crediting period or crediting periods of the project—the total number of calendar months that emissions destruction has been carried out between the start of the project’s first or only crediting period and the end of the reporting period; or

Note:        Under subsection 11D(3), the carrying out of emissions destruction during 3 or more days in a calendar month means that month is counted as a month in which eligible wastewater is treated by emissions destruction. The months do not need to be consecutive. After eligible wastewater is first treated by emissions destruction, emissions destruction is presumed to continue in the absence of evidence to the contrary.

                             (ii)  if, during the reporting period, emissions destruction is not considered to have been carried out by the project during one or more calendar months in accordance with subsection 11D(4)—those calendar month

(e)  if biogas generation for biomethane has been carried out as part of the project— evidence that biogas sent to biogas upgrading systems is used to produce biomethane that can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute;        

Note:        Evidence that biomethane produced by the project can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute may include invoices or other records of commercial transactions in which biomethane is traded as a substitute for natural gas for a use that results in its combustion.

(f)  if biomethane production has been carried out as part of the project:

                              (i)  details of the source of any biogas treated during the reporting period;

                             (ii)  details of the biogas upgrading systems used for the project;

                            (iii)  details about the end use, or anticipated end use, of the biomethane produced during the reporting period;

                            (iv)  details about the measurement of the volume of biomethane sent out by biogas upgrading systems (QBM, k) in accordance with the monitoring requirements, and the point at which biomethane flow is measured;

                             (v)  a declaration from the project proponent that biomethane produced by all project biomethane facilities involved in the project during the reporting period can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute.

42B  Information about net abatement calculations that must be included in offsets report

An offsets report for a reporting period for a project must include details of the net abatement calculations for the reporting period, including the following:

(a)  the output of each equation in this determination used to calculate the net abatement amount for the reporting period;      

(b)  if biogas generation for biomethane is carried out as part of the project, details about the biomethane production loss factor used to calculate net abatement;

(c)  if biomethane production is carried out as part of the project, details of the displacement abatement calculations (that is, calculations made under Division 3 of Part 4), including the following:

                              (i)  information on volumes and methane concentrations of biomethane produced during the reporting period; 

                             (ii)  details of the volumes and eligible abatement fractions of biogas treated by each project biomethane facility during the reporting period;

                            (iii)  information on the sources and volumes of project emissions from treatment of biogas by biogas upgrading;           

                            (iv)  if QBG, El, g is determined in accordance with subsection 41J(2) for a reporting period:

(A) an explanation of how the proportion of biogas that is eligible biogas, EBg, was determined; and

(B) evidence or data supporting how EBg was calculated; and

(C) a signed declaration from the person that estimated EBg that the factor is accurate and conservative.

42C  Details of certain changes to a project must be included in offsets report

An offsets report for a reporting period for a project must include details of any of the following changes made to the project since the section 22 application or section 128 application for the project was made or since the last offsets report was given to the Regulator:

(a)  a project treatment facility being added to the project or an existing project treatment facility being changed;

(b)  a project biomethane facility being added to the project, or an existing project biomethane facility being changed, in which case, the report must also include:

                              (i)  the intended recipients of biomethane produced by the new or changed project biomethane facility; and

                             (ii)  a declaration from the project proponent that biomethane produced by the new project biomethane facility can reasonably be expected to be combusted within Australia as a natural gas substitute;

(c)  a biogas upgrading system being added to the project or an existing biogas upgrading system being changed;

(d)  any additional source of eligible wastewater being established;

(e)  any other change in the information provided in the section 22 application or section 128 application for the project, in accordance with sections 8G to 8I.

43  Determination of certain factors and parameters

             (1)  If, in the circumstances described in paragraph 6(2)(b), a factor or parameter is defined or calculated for a reporting period by reference to an instrument or writing as in force from time to time, the offsets report about the project for the reporting period must include the following information for the factor or parameter:

                     (a)  the versions of the instrument or writing used;

                     (b)  the start and end dates of each use;

                     (c)  the reasons why it was not possible to define or calculate the factor or parameter by reference to the instrument or writing as in force at the end of the reporting period.

             (2)  If a parameter is determined under section 46 for the purpose of working out the carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount for a wastewater project for a reporting period, the offsets report about the project for the reporting period must include the following information for the parameter:

                     (a)  the name of the parameter;

                     (b)  the start and end of the non‑monitored period for which the parameter was determined;

                     (c)  the reasons why the project proponent for the project failed to monitor the parameter as required by the monitoring requirements;

                     (d)  the value of the parameter and how that value was determined.


 

Division 1A—Record-keeping requirements

43A  Operation of this Division

For paragraph 106(3)(c) of the Act, this Division sets out record keeping requirements for a wastewater project that is an eligible offsets project. 

43B  Records about biogas sent to a project

The project proponent for a wastewater project must make and keep records about any biogas sent to the project for biogas upgrading, including the following:

(a)  the volume of biogas;

(b)  the composition of biogas;

(c)  the biogas source facility from which it is sourced;  

(d)  the eligible abatement fraction of biogas and how it is determined;

(e)  the intended end use of biomethane produced by the project.

43C  Records about biomethane produced

The project proponent for a wastewater project must make and keep records about the intended end use of biomethane produced by the project.   


 

Division 2Monitoring requirements

44  Operation of this Division

                   For paragraph 106(3)(d) of the Act, this Division sets out:

                     (a)  requirements to monitor a wastewater project that is an eligible offsets project (see section 45); and

                     (b)  certain consequences if the project proponent for the project fails to monitor the project as required (see section 46).

45  Requirement to monitor certain parameters

(1)  The project proponent must monitor all of the variable parameters used to calculate the carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount for a reporting period for a wastewater project, and the equipment or devices used to determine or measure those parameters, in accordance with this section`.

 

Monitored Parameters

 

Parameter

Description

Unit

Measurement procedure (including frequency as required)

Determination of parameter from measurements

1

QMat,w,t

Volume of material type w treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t

Kilolitres

Project proponent may choose from the following measurement options:

(a)   the volume of wastewater received during the reporting period as evidenced by invoices;

(b)   in accordance with appropriate measuring requirements relevant to the measurement of the material.

Frequency—daily.

Cumulative value for the reporting period.

2

QMat,t

Total volume of material treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t

Kilolitres

Project proponent may choose from the following measurement options:

(a)   the volume of material received during the reporting period as evidenced by invoices;

(b)   in accordance with appropriate measuring requirements relevant to the measurement of the amount of the material.

Frequency—daily.

Cumulative value for the reporting period.

3

QBG t, h

Biogas from project treatment facility t sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h

Cubic metres

Estimated under Division 2.3.6 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

QBG t, h must be measured at a point at which the biogas flow is entirely biogas from project treatment facility t.

Frequency—continuous.

For equation 9 (section 30), if parameter WBG,CH4 t,h is measured on a continuous basis, cumulative values for a time interval not greater than 1 minute must be paired to measurements of WBG,CH4 t,h for the same time interval.

Otherwise, cumulative measurements must be paired to measurements of WBG,CH4t,h that correspond to the same measurement interval.

4

WBG,CH4

Proportion of the volume of biogas from project treatment facility t sent to combustion device or biogas upgrading system h that is methane

Fraction

Estimated under Subdivision 2.3.3.2, or Division 2.3.6, of the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

Frequency—continuous or at least monthly.

If monitored continuously:

(a)   for equation 9 (section 30)—the average value for a time interval not greater than 1 minute must be paired to measurements of parameter QBG t, h  for the same time interval; and

(b)   for equation 15 (section 36)—the average value for the period of 7 days before a major venting event.

If not monitored continuously:

(a)   for equation 9 (section 30)—the value from the sample must be paired to the cumulative value of parameter QBG t, h that is determined in the period between when the sample is taken and immediately before the next sample is taken; and

(b)   (b) for equation 15 (section 36)—the value for the most recent sample taken before the period of 7 days before a major venting event.

5

QEG,h

Electricity (supplied to the electricity grid or used on site) produced by internal combustion engine h

Megawatt hours

Estimated under Part 6.1 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination.

Frequency—continuous.

Measure only the electricity produced from the combustion of wastewater biogas (not from the combustion of other fuel types).

Cumulative value for the reporting period.

6

QF,i,t

Amount of fuel type i used at project treatment facility t

Tonnes, kilolitres, cubic metres or gigajoules

Project proponent may choose from the following:

(a)   estimated in accordance with Division 2.2.5, 2.3.6 or 2.4.6 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination (as appropriate to the fuel type);

(b)   evidenced by invoices, contractual arrangements or industry metering records.

Measure only the fuel used to operate the project.

Frequency—continuous.

Cumulative value for the reporting period.

7

QEP

Amount of purchased electricity used

Kilowatt hours

Evidence by invoices, contractual arrangements or industry metering records.

If QEP is measured in gigajoules, the amount of kilowatt hours must be calculated by dividing the amount of gigajoules by the conversion factor of 0.0036.

Measure only the electricity used to operate the project.

Frequency—continuous.

Cumulative value for the reporting period.

 

 

 

 

 

8

QDig,t, n

Wet weight of digestate from project treatment facility t treated using treatment type n

Tonnes

 

Measurements are undertaken in accordance with appropriate measuring requirements.

Frequency—when digestate is treated using treatment type n.

Cumulative value for the reporting period.

 

9

MMax,Dig, t

Maximum methane

producing capacity of digestate from project treatment facility t

Tonnes of methane per tonne of volatile solids

The estimation must be made by a laboratory in accordance with Method 6211 (2000) or Method 2720 (1997) of the American Public Health Association Method or an equivalent Australian or international standard.

Samples from composite of amounts of digestate collected before being sent to an open lagoon.

Enough samples must be collected to produce a representative sample.

The samples of digestate used for the measurement must be delivered to a laboratory within 24 hours of collection and analysed in triplicate.

Frequency:

(a)   at least once a month; or

(b)   (b) if less frequent than once a month—on each occasion the digestate is treated in an open lagoon.

Average of all measurements made during the reporting period.

10

MMax,w

Maximum methane producing capacity of material type w treated in anaerobic digesters

Cubic metres of methane per kilogram of volatile solids

The estimation must be made by a laboratory in accordance with Method 6211 (2000) or Method 2720 (1997) of the American Public Health Association Method or an equivalent Australian or international standard.

The samples of material type w used for the measurement must be:

(a)   taken concurrently with each time material type w is being treated in an anaerobic digester; and

(b)   taken before being combined with other material types and entering an anaerobic digester; and

(c)   sufficient in number to produce a representative sample.

Frequency—at least once for each month that material type w is treated in an anaerobic digester.

Average of all measurements made during the reporting period for material type w.

11

VSw,t

Amount of volatile solids from material type w treated in anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t

Kilograms

The estimation must be made by a laboratory in accordance with Method 2540E of the American Public Health Association Method or an equivalent Australian or international standard.

The samples of material type w used for the measurement must be:

(a)   taken concurrently with each time material type w is being treated in an anaerobic digester; and

(b)   taken before being combined with other material types and entering an anaerobic digester; and

(c)   sufficient in number to produce a representative sample.

Frequency—at least once for each month that material type w is treated in an anaerobic digester.

The total amount of volatile solids of material type w treated in the reporting period must be derived by extrapolating the amount of volatile solids in the sample to the volume of material type w (see parameter QMat,w) that was treated in the time between the sample measurements.

12

VSDig,t,q

Volatile solids discharged from an anaerobic digester at project treatment facility t into open lagoon q

Tonnes

Volatile solids must be measured under Method 2540E of the American Public Health Association Method or an equivalent Australian or international standard.

Samples from composite of amounts of digestate collected before being sent to an open lagoon.

Enough samples must be collected to produce a representative sample.

Frequency:

(a)   at least once a month; or

(b)   if less frequent than once a month—on each occasion the digestate is treated in an open lagoon.

The total amount of volatile solids of digestate treated in the reporting period must be derived by extrapolating the amount of volatile solids in the sample to the wet weight of digestate material (see parameter QDig,t,n) that was treated in the lagoon in the time between the sample measurements.

13

FRq

Average total daily flow of biogas from an anaerobic digester for the 7 days before major venting event q

Cubic metres per day

Calculated from QBG t, h, as monitored in accordance with item 3.

Cumulative value of biogas sent to combustion devices in the 7 days before each major venting event, divided by 7

14

MSBCS

Maximum biogas storage capacity of an anaerobic digester

Cubic meters

 

Either:

(a)   measured directly; or

(b)   calculated using the manufacturer’s specifications for the anaerobic digester.

At the following times:

(a)   when the anaerobic digester is installed;

(b)   when the anaerobic digester is upgraded in a way that changes the storage capacity.

15

tq

Number of days for all or part of which major venting event q is uncontrolled

Whole days

Frequency—for each major venting event.

 

16

CODIn,Tot,l

Total amount of chemical oxygen demand in eligible wastewater for the project entering anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t

Tonnes

For domestic or commercial wastewater—estimated consistently with determining parameter CODwz under Division 5.3.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination, with the following modifications:

(a)   paragraphs 5.28(1)(c) and (2)(c) of that Determination are taken to be omitted;

(b)   parameter CODwz applies as if:

(i)    a reference to “the sub facility during the year” were a reference to “the anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t in the reporting period”; and

(ii)   a reference to “facility operating data” were a reference to “data about the operation of the anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t”.

For industrial wastewater—estimated consistently with determining parameter CODw,i under Division 5.4.3 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination, with the following modifications:

(a)   paragraphs 5.45(1)(c) and (2)(c) of that Determination are taken to be omitted;

(b)   parameter CODw,i (as described in subsection 5.43(2) of the NGER (Measurement) Determination) applies as if:

(i)    a reference to “the plant” were a reference to “the anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t in the reporting period”; and

(ii)   a reference to “facility operating data” were a reference to “data about the operation of the anaerobic digesters at project treatment facility t”.

 

17

QBM, h

Volume of biomethane sent out by biogas upgrading system h

m3

Estimated under Division 2.3.6 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination using measurement criteria AAA.

Frequency—continuously.

Cumulative value for the reporting period.

QBM, h is to be measured at a point that is after the biomethane leaves the biogas upgrading system and at which the biomethane is suitable for combustion as a natural gas substitute.

18

WBM, CH4, h

Proportion of the volume of biomethane from biogas upgrading system k, WBM, h, that is methane

Fraction

Measured:

(a)   using an inline gas analyser that analyses gas composition at a point after biogas upgrading is complete; and

(b)   to an accuracy of +/ 3% absolute; and

(c)   in accordance with the instrument manufacturer’s instructions and the relevant Australian and New Zealand standards.

The measurements must be paired to measurements of QBM, h for the same measurement interval.

19

QBG, g

Volume of biogas sent to a project biomethane facility from biogas source facility g

m3

Estimated under Division 2.3.6 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination using measurement criteria AAA.

Frequency—continuously.

Cumulative value for the reporting period.

 

20

QBG, El, g

Volume of eligible biogas sent to a project biomethane facility from biogas source facility g

m3

Estimated under Division 2.3.6 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination using measurement criteria AAA.

Frequency—continuously.

QBG, El, g must only be measured in accordance with this item if it is possible to directly measure the volume of eligible biogas sent to a project biomethane facility from biogas source facility g.

Cumulative value for the reporting period.

21

QF, displacement, m, i

Quantity of each fuel type used by project biomethane facility m

Either:

(a)   t (for solid fuel); or

(b)   m3(for gas fuel); or

(c)   kL (for liquid fuel); or

(d)   GJ

(a)   monitored in accordance with section 2.25, 2.36 or Division 2.4.6 of the NGER (Measurement) Determination (as applicable to the fuel type); or

(b)   evidenced by invoices, contractual arrangements or industry metering records.

Frequency—continuous.

Cumulative value for the reporting period.

22

QPE, displacement, m

Quantity of electricity purchased by project biomethane facility m

kWh or GJ

Evidenced by invoices, contractual arrangements or industry metering records.

If QPE, displacement, m is measured in gigajoules, the quantity of kilowatt hours must be calculated by dividing the amount of gigajoules by the conversion factor of 0.0036.

Frequency—continuous.

Cumulative value for the reporting period.

 

Note:        The American Public Health Association Method is also known as the Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater.

(2)  Any equipment or device used to monitor a parameter must be calibrated by an accredited third party technician at intervals, and using methods, that are in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications.

(2A)  The measurement of biogas and biomethane pressures must be carried out using equipment that complies with the following accuracy and transmitter requirements:

(a)  pressure <±0.5%; and

(b)  differential pressure <±0.5%.           

(3)  In this section:

i means a fuel type.

l is a deep open anaerobic lagoon that is part of project treatment facility t and was replaced as part of the project.

t is a project treatment facility.     

46  Value of certain parameters may be estimated if project proponent fails to monitor them

(1)  This section applies if, in any period in a reporting period, the project proponent is unable or fails to monitor a parameter specified in the table to this section as required by the monitoring requirements. In this determination this period is called the non-monitored period.

(1A) In that case, the value of the parameter for the purpose of working out the carbon dioxide equivalent net abatement amount for the reporting period is to be determined for the non-monitored period in accordance with the table.

 

Consequence of not meeting requirement to monitor certain parameters

Item

Parameter

Determination of parameter for non-monitored period

1

MMax,w (if w is mentioned in Schedule 1)

Where w is a type of ineligible material for the project, the parameter is:

(a)   for any cumulative period of up to 3 months in any 12 months of a crediting period for the project—the amount set out in Schedule 1 multiplied by 1.1; and

(b)   for any period in excess of that 3 months—the amount set out in Schedule 1 multiplied by 1.5.

Where w is eligible wastewater for the project, the parameter is:

(a)   for any cumulative period of up to 3 months in any 12 months of a crediting period for the project—the amount set out in Schedule 1 multiplied by 0.9; and

(b)   for any period in excess of that 3 months—the amount set out in Schedule 1 multiplied by 0.5.

2

Each of the following:

(a) QMat,w,t;

(b) QMat,t;

(c) QBG t, h;

(d) WBG,CH4t,h;

(e) QEG,h;

(f) QF,i,t;

(g) QEP;

(h) QDig,t, n;

(i) MMax,Dig;

(j) MMax,w;

(k) VSw,t;

(l) VSDig,t;

(m) FRq;

(n) MSBCS;

(o) tq;

(p) CODIn,Tot,l;

(q) QMat,w;

(r) QMat;

(s) QEG,h;

(t) QF,i;

(u) QEP;

(v) QDig,n;

(w) MMax,Dig;

(x) MMax,w (if w is not mentioned in Schedule 1).

The project proponent must make a conservative estimate of the parameter having regard to:

(a)   any relevant measurement or estimation approaches or requirements that apply to the parameter under the NGER (Measurement) Determination; and

(b)   any relevant historical data for the project; and

(c)   any other data for the project that relates to the parameter; and

(d)   any other matter the project proponent considers relevant.

(1B)   The project proponent must make all practicable efforts to minimise the non-monitored period during a reporting period.

(2)  To avoid doubt, this section does not prevent the Regulator from taking action under the Act, the regulations or the legislative rules in relation to the project proponent’s failure to monitor a parameter as required by the monitoring requirements.

Note:        Examples of action that may be taken include the following:

(a)    if the failure constitutes a breach of a civil penalty provision in section 194 of the Act (which deals with project monitoring requirements), the Regulator may apply for a civil penalty order in respect of the breach;

(b)   if false or misleading information was given to the Regulator in relation to the failure, the Regulator may revoke the project’s section 27 declaration under regulations or legislative rules made for the purposes of section 38 of the Act;

(c)    if the giving of false or misleading information in relation to the failure led to the issue of Australian carbon credit units, the Regulator may require all or some of those units to be relinquished under section 88 of the Act.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                             

                                                                             


Schedule 1Default maximum methane‑producing capacities

Note:       See paragraph 29(2)(a).

  

  

1  Default maximum methane‑producing capacities

                   The following table sets out default values for the maximum methane‑producing capacity for types of material (which could be eligible wastewater for the project or ineligible material for the project).

 

Default maximum methane‑producing capacities

Item

Material type

Cubic metres of methane per kilogram of volatile solids (m3 CH4/kg VS)

1

Sheep manure

0.25

2

Rabbit manure

0.17

3

Feeder cattle liquid manure

0.22

4

Cow dung fresh

0.25

5

Horse dung

0.17

6

Poultry excrement, dry

0.28

7

Poultry excrement

0.33

8

Slaughterhouse waste

0.61

9

Press mud

0.22

10

Freshly wilted grass

0.30

11

Grass silage

0.32

12

Green pruning (DM content very variable)

0.34

13

Food waste, low fat

0.50

14

Food waste, high fat and grease trap waste

0.70

15

Ulva sp. Macroalgae (saltwater)

0.10

16

Oedogonium sp. Macroalgae (freshwater)

0.16

17

Cladophora sp. Macroalgae (freshwater)

0.23

18

Microalgae polyculture (freshwater)

0.20

19

Cabbage leaves

0.33

20

Maize silage

0.30

21

Bakery waste

0.40

22

Cheese waste

0.61

23

Spent grains fresh (brewery)

0.33

24

Vegetable matter

0.34

25

Barley (cereal/corn)

0.39

26

Barley straw

0.30

27

Glycerine

0.37

28

Rye silage barley/wheat (low grain)

0.27

29

Wheat (cereals)

0.39

30

Wheat bran

0.29

31

Wheat chaff

0.30

32

Wheat straw

0.30

33

Winter peas (whole plant silage, mid‑flowering)

0.27

34

Blood

0.48


 


Endnotes

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

Endnote 3—Legislation history

Endnote 4—Amendment history

Endnotes about misdescribed amendments and other matters are included in a compilation only as necessary.

Abbreviation key—Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history—Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation “(md)” added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation “(md not incorp)” is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

 

ad = added or inserted

Ord = Ordinance

am = amended

orig = original

amdt = amendment

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

c = clause(s)

    /sub‑subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

pres = present

Ch = Chapter(s)

prev = previous

def = definition(s)

(prev…) = previously

Dict = Dictionary

Pt = Part(s)

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

Div = Division(s)

reloc = relocated

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

renum = renumbered

    effect

rep = repealed

F = Federal Register of Legislation

rs = repealed and substituted

gaz = gazette

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LA = Legislation Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

    effect

SR = Statutory Rules

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

Sub‑Ch = Sub‑Chapter(s)

    cannot be given effect

SubPt = Subpart(s)

mod = modified/modification

underlining = whole or part not

No. = Number(s)

    commenced or to be commenced

o = order(s)

 

 

Endnote 3—Legislation history

 

Name

FRLI registration

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Domestic, Commercial and Industrial Wastewater) Methodology Determination 2015

27 March 2015 (F2015L00352)

28 March 2013 (s 2)

 

Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative—Emissions Reduction Fund) Methodology Determination Variation 2015

26 June 2015

(F2015L00954)

1 July 2015 (s 2)

Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011, s 126

Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming—Domestic, Commercial and Industrial Wastewater) Methodology Determination Variation 2022

20 January 2022

(F2022L00055)

21 January 2022  (s 2)

 

 

Endnote 4—Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

 

 

Part 1

 

 

s 2

rep LA s 48D

 

s 5........................................

am F2015L00954; rs F2022L00055

 

s 5A.....................................

ad F2022L00055

Part 2  

 

 

s 7........................................

rs F2022L00055

 

Part 3  

 

Part 3...................................

rs F2022L00055

Division 1

 

s 8........................................

rs F2022L00055

s 8A.....................................

ad F2022L00055

Division 2

 

s 8B.....................................

ad F2022L00055

s 8C.....................................

ad F2022L00055

s 8D.....................................

ad F2022L00055

s 8E.....................................

ad F2022L00055

s 8F......................................

ad F2022L00055

s 8G.....................................

ad F2022L00055

Division 3

 

s 8H.....................................

ad F2022L00055

s 8I......................................

ad F2022L00055

Division 4

 

s 9........................................

rs F2022L00055

s 10......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 11......................................

rs F2022L00055

Division 5

 

s 11A...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 11B...................................

ad F2022L00055

Division 6

 

11C......................................

ad F2022L00055

s 11D...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 11E...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 11F....................................

ad F2022L00055

s 11G...................................

ad F2022L00055

Part 4

 

Division 1

 

Division 1............................

rs F2022L00055

s 12......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 12A...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 12B...................................

ad F2022L00055

Division 2

 

Division 2............................

rs F2022L00055

s 13......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 14......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 15......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 16......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 17......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 18......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 19......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 20......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 21......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 22......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 23......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 24......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 25......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 26......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 27......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 28......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 29......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 30......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 31......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 32......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 33......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 34......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 35......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 36......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 37......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 37A...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 37B...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 38......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 39......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 40......................................

am F2015L00954; rs F2022L00055

s 41......................................

am F2015L00954; rs F2022L00055

Division 3

 

Division 3............................

rs F2015L00954

s 41A...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41B...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41C...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41D...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41E...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41F....................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41G...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41H...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41I....................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41J....................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41K...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41L...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41M..................................

ad F2022L00055

s 41N...................................

ad F2022L00055

Part 5

 

Division 1

 

s 42A...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 42B...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 42C...................................

ad F2022L00055

Division 1A

 

Division 1A.........................

 ad F2022L00055

s 43A...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 43B...................................

ad F2022L00055

s 43C...................................

ad F2022L00055

Division 2

 

s 45......................................

rs F2022L00055

s 46......................................

rs F2022L00055