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CASA 84/18 Directions/Civil Aviation as amended, taking into account amendments up to CASA 98/21 — Parachute Descents (CASA 84/18) (Australian Parachute Federation Ltd) Amendment Instrument 2021
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development, Communications and the Arts
Registered 06 Jan 2022
Start Date 27 Nov 2021
To be repealed 01 Dec 2023
Repealed by Self Repealing

CASA 84/18 — Conduct of Parachute Training Operations Directions 2018

(as amended)

made under regulation 11.245 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998.

This compilation was prepared on 27 November 2021 taking into account amendments up to CASA 98/21 — Parachute Descents (CASA 84/18) (Australian Parachute Federation Ltd) Amendment Instrument 2021. It is a compilation of CASA 84/18 — Conduct of Parachute Training Operations Directions 2018, as amended and in force on 27 November 2021.

Prepared by the Advisory and Drafting Branch, Legal, International & Regulatory Affairs Division, Civil Aviation Safety Authority, Canberra.

Compilation No. 1.

CASA 84/18 — Conduct of Parachute Training Operations Directions 2018

1          Name

This instrument is CASA 84/18 — Conduct of Parachute Training Operations Directions 2018.

2          Duration

                 This instrument:

(a)   commences on 1 December 2018; and

(b)   is repealed at the end of 1 December 2023.

3          Definitions

Note   In this instrument, certain terms and expressions have the same meaning as they have in the Civil Aviation Act 1988 and the regulations. These include: ATS provider, regular public transport aircraft, flight level as defined in the CASR Dictionary, AIS, approved system of maintenance and maintenance release as defined in regulation 2 of CAR, and maintenance release inspection as defined in subregulation 47 (6) of CAR.

In this instrument:

AD/ENG/4 means CASA Airworthiness Directive 1/2009, Piston Engine Continuing Airworthiness Requirements, as in force from time to time.

AD/ENG/5 means CASA Airworthiness Directive 10/2004, Turbine Engine Continuing Airworthiness Requirements, as in force from time to time.

aerodrome requiring radio carriage means a non-controlled aerodrome mentioned in paragraph 166E (1) (a) of CAR.

AMSL means above mean sea level.

APF means the Australian Parachute Federation Ltd.

APF Jump Pilot authorisation means an authorisation that:

(a)    is issued to a pilot by the APF, in accordance with the APF Operational Regulations and APF Regulatory Schedule 56; and

(b)   certifies that the pilot is qualified to conduct flights for parachute training operations.

APF Jump Pilot Manual means the Australian Parachute Federation Ltd Jump Pilot Manual, as approved by CASA and existing from time to time.

Note   The APF Jump Pilot Manual sets out rules and procedures for pilots in command of jump aircraft used for parachute training operations and as at commencement of this instrument is available for free from the APF website at https://www.apf.com.au.

APF Operational Regulations means the Australian Parachute Federation Ltd Operational Regulations, as approved by CASA and existing from time to time.

APF Regulatory Schedules means the Australian Parachute Federation Ltd Regulatory Schedules, as approved by CASA and existing from time to time.

Note   As at commencement of this instrument, the latest versions of the APF Operational Regulations and APF Regulatory Schedules are available for free from the APF website at https://www.apf.com.au.

APF Regulatory Schedule 50 means Regulatory Schedule 50 of the APF Regulatory Schedules.

APF Regulatory Schedule 56 means Regulatory Schedule 56 of the APF Regulatory Schedules.

APF Regulatory Schedule 60 means Regulatory Schedule 60 of the APF Regulatory Schedules.

APF Training Operations Manual means the Australian Parachute Federation Ltd Industry Standard Training Operations Manual (TOM), as existing from time to time.

Note   As at commencement of this instrument, the latest versions of the APF Training Operations Manual is available for free from the APF website at https://www.apf.com.au.

approved by CASA means approved in writing by CASA.

ATC frequency means a radio frequency used by an ATS provider.

Chief Instructor means an instructor “A” approved by the APF in accordance with the APF Operational Regulations to supervise parachute training operations for a training organisation.

controlled airspace means Class A, C, D or E airspace.

Note   Airspace is determined from time to time to have an airspace classification in a legislative instrument made under regulation 5 of the Airspace Regulations 2007. At the date this instrument is signed, the legislative instrument is CASA OAR 027/18 — Determination of Airspace and Controlled Aerodromes Etc. (Designated Airspace Handbook) Instrument 2018.

CTAF means a common traffic advisory frequency.

drop zone means the area within which parachutists taking part in a parachute training operation are required to land.

Drop Zone Safety Officer has the same meaning as in APF Regulatory Schedule 50.

in the vicinity of, for an aerodrome requiring radio carriage, has the meaning given to in the vicinity of, in relation to a non-controlled aerodrome, in subregulation 166 (1) of CAR, as in force on 1 December 2021.

jump aircraft means:

(a)    an aircraft engaged in the dropping of parachutists in parachute training operations; and

(b)   for a jump pilot — the aircraft of which the jump pilot is the pilot in command.

jump pilot means the pilot in command of a jump aircraft.

member organisation means an organisation that is a member of the APF.

novice parachutist has the same meaning as novice in APF Regulatory Schedule 50.

parachute training operation means an aircraft operation:

(a)   conducted by a training organisation; and

(b)   involving a descent by a student parachutist or a novice parachutist from a jump aircraft.

Note   A descent may be a tandem descent.

person in charge, for a parachute operation, means the Chief Instructor or Drop Zone Safety Officer who is in charge of the parachute operation.

RPT aircraft means a regular public transport aircraft.

student parachutist has the same meaning as in Regulatory Schedule 50 of the APF Regulatory Schedules.

training organisation means a member organisation authorised by the APF to conduct parachute training operations.

4          Directions

The directions in sections 5 to 15 of this instrument are issued under regulation 11.245 of CASR.

Note   For regulation 11.250 of CASR, the directions cease to be in force on the day this instrument is repealed.

5          Qualifications and parachute descents — jump pilot

        (1)     A jump pilot of a jump aircraft must:

(a)   hold an APF Jump Pilot authorisation; and

(b)   operate the jump aircraft in accordance with the APF Jump Pilot Manual; and

(c)   ensure before operating the jump aircraft that it has a maintenance release.

Note   The maintenance release must be in force — see definition of maintenance release in regulation 2 of CAR.

        (2)     The jump pilot must take all reasonable measures to ensure that:

(a)   parachutists exit the jump aircraft only if there is no risk of any part of the aircraft being fouled by parachutists or their equipment when they exit; and

(b)   the operation does not impose any adverse stress on any part of the aircraft structure; and

(c)   loose objects, that if dropped could create a hazard to persons or property on ground or water, are not carried by parachutists exiting the aircraft.

        (3)     The jump pilot must ensure that:

(a)   a parachute descent is made in meteorological conditions in which the target is clearly visible; and

(b)   a parachutist does not enter cloud.

        (4)     The direction in subsection (3) does not apply in relation to a descent in cloud, or a parachutist making a descent in cloud, in accordance with APF Regulatory Schedule 60.

Note   Section 13 sets out additional radio procedure requirements for jump pilots.

        (5)     Unless otherwise agreed with the ATS provider for the designated drop zone, the jump pilot of a jump aircraft in controlled airspace must keep the jump aircraft within 3 nautical miles of the centre of the designated drop zone.

        (6)     Unless otherwise agreed with the ATS provider for the designated drop zone, the jump pilot of a jump aircraft in controlled airspace must drop the parachutists with the reasonable expectation that they will remain within 1 nautical mile of the centre of the drop zone.

6          Maintenance of aircraft — operator and jump pilot

        (1)     The operator and jump pilot must ensure that the jump aircraft, if it is not a Class A aircraft, is maintained in accordance with:

(a)   an approved system of maintenance; or

(b)   the requirements in subsection (2).

        (2)     For subsection (2), the requirements are:

(a)   the aircraft must undergo a maintenance release inspection immediately after the earlier of the following:

             (i)  the completion of 100 flight hours after the most recent maintenance release inspection;

            (ii)  12 months after the most recent maintenance release inspection; and

(b)   any piston engines of the aircraft must be maintained in accordance with requirement 2 of AD/ENG/4; and

(c)   any turbine engines of the aircraft must be maintained in accordance with requirement 1 of AD/ENG/5.

        (3)     For subparagraph (2) (a) (i), the 100 flight hours after the most recent maintenance release inspection are taken to be completed at the end of the last of the flights during which the 100 flight hours were flown.

7          Notification of Jump Pilot Manual changes — APF

                 The APF must notify CASA of any changes it proposes to make to the Jump Pilot Manual before making any changes to the Manual.

8          Parachute descents — person in charge of parachute operations and parachutist

        (1)     The person in charge of a parachute operation and the parachutist must ensure that:

(a)   each parachute descent is made in meteorological conditions in which the target is clearly visible; and

(b)   the parachutist does not enter cloud.

Note   A parachute descent must also be authorised in writing by CASA and conducted in accordance with the written specifications of CASA — see regulation 152 of CAR.

        (2)     The direction in subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a descent in cloud made in accordance with APF Regulatory Schedule 60.

9          Conduct of parachute training operations

                 A training organisation that conducts a parachute training operation must conduct the parachute training operation in accordance with the APF Operational Regulations and APF Regulatory Schedules.

12        Radio equipment — operator

                 The operator of a jump aircraft must ensure that the jump aircraft is equipped with:

(a)   2 VHF radio transceivers; or

(b)   if operating in Class G airspace — 1 VHF radio transceiver.

Note   Also, the supplemental oxygen requirements of section 26.43 of the Part 91 Manual of Standards apply to aircraft under regulation 91.810 of CASR. An aircraft operated above flight level 125 must be fitted with supplemental oxygen equipment and must carry sufficient supplemental oxygen to meet the requirements of Table 26.43 (2) of the Part 91 Manual of Standards.

13        Radio procedures — jump pilot

        (1)     The jump pilot must make a broadcast advising the intention to drop parachutists from the jump aircraft at least 2 minutes before the parachutists are to exit the aircraft.

        (2)     The broadcast mentioned in subsection (1) must:

(a)   be made on all relevant frequencies for the airspace through which the parachutists descend and in which the jump aircraft operates; and

(b)   give notice of:

             (i)  the location of the drop zone; and

            (ii)  the altitude at which the parachutists are to exit the aircraft.

        (3)     For paragraph (2) (a), relevant frequencies are the following:

(a)   any ATC frequency for airspace used by the jump aircraft;

(b)   any other frequency used in airspace through which the parachutists may descend after exiting the aircraft;

(c)   if the landing area for the parachutists is located in the vicinity of an aerodrome without an ATS provider — the CTAF for the surrounding airspace.

        (4)     The direction in subsection (1) does not apply if an ATS provider makes a broadcast, on an ATC frequency for the airspace through which the parachutists descend and in which the jump aircraft operates, that:

(a)   advises of the time that parachutists will be dropped; and

(c)   gives notice of the matters mentioned in paragraph (2) (b).

   (5)     The jump pilot must ensure that no parachutists exit a jump aircraft in controlled airspace until he or she has received from an ATS provider:

(a)   the clearance “[Aircraft call-sign] clear to drop”; or

(b)   clearance in some other form allowing parachutists to exit the aircraft.

        (6)     The jump pilot of a jump aircraft in controlled airspace must use a VHF radio transceiver to communicate with ATS providers and to monitor and advise air traffic outside the controlled airspace.

14        Broadcasts at aerodromes requiring radio carriage — jump pilot

        (1)     Before dropping parachutists at, or in the vicinity of an aerodrome requiring radio carriage, the jump pilot must advise air traffic in the vicinity of the aerodrome of the proposed operation, using the relevant CTAF and any other relevant frequencies.

        (2)     The jump pilot must make a broadcast advising of the intention to drop parachutists at a location specified in the broadcast:

(a)   on the relevant frequencies mentioned in subsection 13 (3); and

(b)   at least 4 minutes before the parachutists exit the aircraft.

Note   This broadcast is in addition to the broadcast required under subsection 13 (1).

        (3)     The jump pilot must ensure that parachutists do not exit a jump aircraft at, or in the vicinity of, an aerodrome requiring radio carriage, if the descent would take place within the 15 minutes before the estimated time of arrival of an RPT aircraft.

        (4)     The direction in subsection (3) does not apply if:

(a)   the 2 aircraft are in direct radiocommunication with each other; and

(b)   all parachutists are able to exit the aircraft and land before the RPT aircraft arrives within the circuit area of the aerodrome.

        (5)     After an RPT aircraft arrives at an aerodrome requiring radio carriage, the jump pilot must ensure that parachutists do not exit the aircraft at, or in the vicinity of, the aerodrome until the RPT aircraft has landed and taxied clear of the runway.

        (6)     After the crew of an RPT aircraft have broadcast that it is taxiing for departure from an aerodrome requiring radio carriage, the jump pilot must ensure that parachutists do not exit the aircraft at, or in the vicinity of, the aerodrome until the RPT aircraft is clear of the circuit area of the aerodrome.

15        Parachute operations at certified or registered aerodromes — jump pilot

        (1)     The jump pilot must ensure that parachutists only exit a jump aircraft at a certified or registered aerodrome if:

(a)   the operation is carried out in accordance with a written agreement between a training organisation and the aerodrome operator; and

(b)   the APF has approved the written agreement as being in accordance with:

             (i)  the APF Operational Regulations; and

            (ii)  the APF Regulatory Schedules; and

           (iii)  the APF Training Operations Manual or a training operations manual, as existing from time to time, developed by the training organisation for parachute training operations conducted by the organisation, and approved by the APF.

        (2)     The direction in subsection (1) does not apply to an operation at a certified or registered aerodrome if written specifications issued by CASA under regulation 152 of CAR require or allow those descents to be conducted differently.

        (3)     The jump pilot must ensure that parachutists do not exit a jump aircraft at a certified or registered aerodrome if the pilot in command of another aircraft is carrying out an instrument approach procedure at the aerodrome.

CASA 84/18 — Conduct of Parachute Training Operations Directions 2018

Note 1

CASA 84/18 — Conduct of Parachute Training Operations Directions 2018 (in force under regulation 11.245 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998) as shown in this compilation is amended as indicated in the tables below.

Table of instruments

Title

Date of FRLI registration

Date of
commencement

Application, saving or
transitional provisions

CASA 84/18
Conduct of Parachute Training Operations Directions 2018

30 November 2018
(F2018L01650)

1 December 2018 (see s. 2)

CASA 98/21
Parachute Descents (CASA 84/18) (Australian Parachute Federation Ltd) Amendment Instrument 2021

26 November 2021
(F2021L01619)

27 November 2021 (see s. 2)

 


Table of Amendments

ad. = added or inserted     am. = amended     rep. = repealed     rs. = repealed and substituted

Provision affected

How affected

s. 2

am. 2021L01619

s. 3

am. 2021L01619

s.10

rep. 2021L01619

s. 12

am. 2021L01619