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ADR 83/00 Standards/Australian Design Rules for Vehicles as amended, taking into account amendments up to Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 - External Noise) Amendment Instrument 2021 (No.1)
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications
Registered 09 Jun 2021
Start Date 08 Jun 2021

 

 

 

 

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005

Made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989

 

Compilation:               4 (up to and including Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 - External Noise) Amendment Instrument 2021 (No.1))

 

Compilation Date:       8 June 2021

 

Compiled by:              Vehicle Safety Policy and Partnerships, Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications

 


                     

CONTENTS

 

0.1         NAME OF STANDARD.. 3

1.           SCOPE.. 3

2.           APPLICABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION.. 3

3.           DEFINITIONS. 4

4.           REQUIREMENTS. 5

5.           EXEMPTIONS AND ALTERNATIVE PROCEDURES. 5

6.           ALTERNATIVE STANDARDS. 9

APPENDIX A.. 10

APPENDIX B.. 52

APPENDIX C.. 84

NOTES     115

 


0.1              NAME OF STANDARD

0.1.1                This Standard is the Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005.

0.1.2                This Standard may also be cited as ADR 83/00.

1.                                          SCOPE

1.1.                                    This vehicle standard defines limits on external noise generated by road motor vehicles in order to limit the contribution of motor traffic to community noise.

2.                                          APPLICABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION

2.1.                                    This vehicle standard applies to road vehicles of the vehicle categories and from the dates specified in the applicability table in subsection 2.2.


2.2.                                    Applicability table

 

Vehicle Category

ADR Category Code

Special Sub Category

Date of Manufacture on or After

Moped 2 wheels,

Moped 3 Wheels

Motor Cycle

Motor Cycle and Side Car

Motor Tricycle

LA

LB

LC

LD

LE

New Models

 

1 January 2005

All Vehicles

1 January 2006

Passenger car

Forward-control passenger vehicle

Off-road passenger vehicle

Light omnibus

Heavy omnibus

Light goods vehicle

Medium goods vehicle

Heavy goods vehicle

MA

 

MB

MC

MD

ME

NA

NB

NC

New Models with Petrol Engines

1 January 2005

All Vehicles with Petrol Engine

1 January 2006

New Models with LPG or NG engines and the GVM does not exceed 3.5 tonnes

1 January 2005

All Vehicles with LPG or NG engines and the GVM does not exceed 3.5 tonnes

1 January 2007

New Models with Diesel engines and the GVM does not exceed 3.5 tonnes

1 January 2006

All Vehicles with Diesel engines and the GVM does not exceed 3.5 tonnes

1 January 2007

New Models with Diesel, LPG or NG engines and the GVM exceeds 3.5 tonnes

1 January 2007

All Vehicles with Diesel, LPG or NG engines and the GVM exceeds 3.5 tonnes

29 February 2008

All other vehicles

1 January 2014

Very Light Trailer

Light Trailer

Medium Trailer

Heavy Trailer

TA

TB

TC

TD

 

Not Applicable

 

 

 

 

3.                                          DEFINITIONS

Note 1: A number of expressions used in this instrument are defined in Section 5 of the Act, including the following:

(a)    Road Motor Vehicle;

3.1.                                    In this instrument:

Act means the The Motor vehicle Standards Act 1989.

Vehicle Category means a category of vehicle defined in paragraph 4 of the Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule – Definitions and Vehicle Categories) 2005.

New Models means vehicles of a vehicle type where the earliest date of manufacture of vehicles in the type was later than the relevant applicability date in the applicability table.

LPG – Means Liquid Petroleum Gas

NG – Means Natural Gas

M Category Vehicles – means vehicles of MA, MB, MC, MD or ME vehicle categories

N Category Vehicles – means vehicles of NA, NB or NC vehicle categories

L Category Vehiclesmeans vehicles of LA, LB, LC, LD or LE vehicle categories

Rated maximum net power –Has the same meaning as set out in the Definitions Section of Appendix A.

PN – Means Rated maximum net power

(2)       A number of expressions used in this instrument are defined in Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rules Definitions and Vehicle Categories) 2005, including the following:

(a)        GVM

(b)        Date of Manufacture

(3)        Definitions set out in appendices A, B, and C are used within those appendices.

4.                                          REQUIREMENTS

4.1.                                    M and N category vehicles complying with the technical requirements of Appendix A, as varied by part 5.1 of this vehicle standard, shall be accepted as complying with this vehicle standard.

4.2.                                    LC, LD and LE category vehicles complying with the technical requirements of Appendix B, as varied by part 5.2 of this vehicle standard, shall be accepted as complying with this vehicle standard.

4.3.                                    LA and LB category vehicles complying with the technical requirements of Appendix C, as varied by part 5.3 of this vehicle standard, shall be accepted as complying with this vehicle standard.

5.                                          EXEMPTIONS AND ALTERNATIVE PROCEDURES

5.1.                                    M and N category vehicles

5.1.1.                              The following provisions of Appendix A are not applicable:

Section 3         Application for Approval

Section 4         Markings

Section 5         Approval

Section 7         Modification and Extension of Approval of a Vehicle Type

Section 8         Conformity of Production

Section 9         Penalties for Non-Conformity of Production

Section 10       Production Definitely Discontinued

Section 11       Transitional Provisions

Section 12       Names and Addresses of Technical Services Responsible for Conducting Approval Tests and of Administrative Departments

Annex 1           Communication

Annex 2           Arrangements of the Approval Mark

5.1.2.                              The sound level limit for M category vehicles with a GVM greater than 3.5 tonnes and an engine power of 150 kW or above is amended as follows:

5.1.2A                         Paragraph 6.2.2.1.2.2 of Appendix A is amended to read ‘Vehicle categories: with an engine power of 150 kW (ECE) or above but less than 320 kW (ECE) Limit values [dB(A)]: 80’.

5.1.2B                         A new paragraph 6.2.2.1.2.3 that reads ‘Vehicle categories: with an engine power of 320 kW (ECE) or above Limit values [dB(A)]: 83’ is inserted after paragraph 6.2.2.1.2.2 of Appendix A.

5.1.3.                              The sound level limit for N category vehicles with a GVM greater than 3.5 tonnes and an engine power of 150 kW or above is amended as follows:

5.1.3A                         Paragraph 6.2.2.1.4.3 of Appendix A is amended to read ‘Vehicle categories: with an engine power of 150 kW (ECE) or above but less than 320 kW (ECE) Limit values [dB(A)]:80’.

5.1.3B                         A new paragraph 6.2.2.1.4.4 that reads ‘Vehicle categories: with an engine power of 320 kW (ECE) or above Limit values [dB(A)]: 83’ is inserted after paragraph 6.2.2.1.4.3 of Appendix A.

5.1.4.                              The following site specifications for measurement of noise emitted by M and N category vehicles in motion are deemed equivalent to the specifications in paragraph 2.1.1 of Annex 3 to Appendix A and in Annex 8 to Appendix A:

5.1.4A                         The test site shall take the form of an open space of 25m radius having a central part of at least 10m radius which is practically level, consisting of concrete, asphalt or similar material and not covered with powdery snow, tall grass, loose soil, ashes or the like. The test site surface shall be dry and such as not to cause excessive tyre noise.  Whilst the test is in progress no person shall be in the measurement area except the observer and the driver.  Their presence must have no influence on the meter reading. 

5.1.5.                              The following site specifications for measurement of noise emitted by stationary M and N category vehicles are deemed equivalent to the specifications in paragraph 3.2.3 of Annex 3 to Appendix A and in Annex 8 to Appendix A:

5.1.5A                         The test site shall take the form of an open space where a rectangle with sides no closer than 3m from the extremities of the vehicle can be described.  The test site surface should be dry and practically level, consisting of concrete, asphalt or similar material and not covered with powdery snow, tall grass, loose soil, ashes or the like.  Whilst testing is in progress no person other than any occupants of the vehicle shall be within 1m of the microphone in use.  No person or object other than the person conducting the test and an observer or the objects necessary for the performance of the test shall be within 3m of the microphone in use.

5.1.6.                              The definition for ‘S’ in paragraph 3.1.2.1 of Annex 3 to Appendix A is amended to read ‘S: engine rotation speed at which maximum power is developed’.

5.1.7.                              Paragraph 3.2.5.3.2.1 of Annex 3 to Appendix A is amended to read ‘The engine is operated at a constant speed having the following value: ¾ S for both controlled ignition engines and for diesel engines.  If the vehicle cannot reach the engine speed ¾ S, the target engine speed shall be 5 per cent below the maximum possible engine speed for that stationary test’.

5.1.8.                              Paragraph 1 of Annex 5 to Appendix A is amended by inserting the words ‘of Annex 3’ after the words ‘paragraphs 3.1 and 3.2’.

5.2.                                    LC, LD and LE category vehicles

5.2.1.                              The following provisions of Appendix B are not applicable:

Section 3         Application for Approval

Section 5         Approval

Section 7         Modification and Extension of the Approval of the Motorcycle Type or of the Type of Exhaust or Silencing System(s)

Section 8         Conformity of Production

Section 9         Penalties for Non-Conformity of Production

Section 10       Production Permanently Discontinued

Section 11       Names and Addresses of Technical Services Responsible for Conducting Approval Tests and of Administrative Departments

Section 12       Transitional Provisions

Annex 1           Communication

Annex 2           Arrangements of the Approval Marks

5.2.2.                              Paragraph 4.1.3 of Appendix B is amended by inserting ‘if applicable’ before the words ‘the approval mark’.

5.2.3.                              Paragraph 4.1.4 of Appendix B is amended by omitting ‘All original silencers must be bear’ and inserting ‘All original silencers must bear, if applicable,’.

5.2.4.                              Paragraph 4.1.5 of Appendix B is amended by inserting ‘,if applicable,’ after the words ‘the ‘E’ mark’.

5.2.5.                              The following site specifications for measurement of noise emitted by LC, LD and LE category vehicles in motion are deemed equivalent to the specifications in paragraph 1.3.2 of Annex 3 to Appendix B and in Annex 4 to Appendix B:

5.2.5A                         The test site shall take the form of an open space of 50m radius having a central part of at least 10m radius which is practically level, consisting of concrete, asphalt or similar material and not covered with powdery snow, tall grass, loose soil, ashes or the like. The test site surface shall be dry and such as not to cause excessive tyre noise.  Whilst the test is in progress no person shall stand in the measurement area, except the observer and the rider.  Their presence must have no influence on the meter reading.

5.2.6.                              Subparagraph 6.1.1(b) of Appendix B is amended by inserting ‘, if applicable’ at the end of that subparagraph.

5.2.7.                              A new paragraph 6.2.1.1A that reads ‘Despite paragraph 6.2.1.1, the noise made by a motor cycle where an internal combustion engine does not operate when the motor cycle is stationary is not required to be measured for the motor cycle when stationary’ is inserted after paragraph 6.2.1.1 of Appendix B.

5.2.8.                              Paragraph 6.2.1.3 of Appendix B is amended by adding at the end of the paragraph the words ‘However, the noise level for a motor cycle where an internal combustion engine does not operate when the motor cycle is stationary shall not exceed 75 dB(A).’.

5.2.9.                              Paragraph 1.4.3 of annex 3 to Appendix B is amended by inserting the words ‘where applicable, or, if the motor cycle does not have a gearbox, at the speed obtained by applying paragraph 1.4.3.2.1.1 to the motor cycle’ after the words ‘1.4.3.1 and 1.4.3.2’.

5.2.10.                          Paragraph 1.4.3.1.2.2 of annex 3 to Appendix B is amended by omitting the word ‘and’ after the words ‘not exceeding 175 cm3’ and inserting in its place the words ‘, or motorcycles where an internal combustion engine does not operate when the motorcycle is stationary, which are fitted with’.

5.3.                                    LA and LB category vehicles

5.3.1.                              The following provisions of Appendix C are not applicable:

Section 3         Application for Approval

Section 5         Approval

Section 7         Modifications and Extension of the Approval of the Moped Type or of the Type of Exhaust or Silencing System(s)

Section 8         Conformity of Production

Section 9         Penalties for Non-Conformity of Production

Section 10       Transitional Provisions

Section 11       Production Definitely Discontinued

Section 12       Names and Addresses of Technical Services Responsible for Conducting Approval Tests, and of Administrative Departments

Annex 1           Communication

Annex 2           Arrangements of Approval Marks

5.3.2.                              The following site specifications for measurement of noise emitted by LA and LB category vehicles in motion are deemed equivalent to the specifications in paragraph 2.1 of Annex 3 to Appendix C and in Annex 5 to Appendix C:

5.3.2A                         The test site shall take the form of an open space of 50m radius having a central part of at least 10m radius which is practically level, consisting of concrete, asphalt or similar material and not covered with powdery snow, tall grass, loose soil, ashes or the like. The test site surface shall be dry and such as not to cause excessive tyre noise.  Whilst the test is in progress no person shall stand in the measurement area, except the observer and the rider. Their presence must have no influence on the meter reading. 

5.3.3.                              Paragraph 5.2.3 of Annex 3 to Appendix C is amended by inserting ‘,if applicable,’ after the words ‘the “E” mark’.

5.3.4.                              A new paragraph 6.2.1.1A that reads ‘Despite paragraph 6.2.1.1, the noise made by a moped where an internal combustion engine does not operate when the moped is stationary is not required to be measured for the moped when stationary’ is inserted after paragraph 6.2.1.1 of Appendix C.

6.                                          ALTERNATIVE STANDARDS

6.1.                                    For M and N category vehicles, the technical requirements of United Nations (UN) Regulation No. 51, uniform provisions concerning the approval of motor vehicles having at least four wheels with regard to their noise emissions, from the 02 series of amendments and including up to the 03 series of amendments, shall be deemed to be equivalent to the technical requirements of this vehicle standard.

6.2.                                    For LC, LD and LE category vehicles, the technical requirements of UN Regulation No. 41 Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of Motor Cycles with Regard to Noise, from the 03 series of amendments up to and including the 04 series of amendments, are deemed to be equivalent to the technical requirements of this vehicle standard.

6.3.                                    For LA and LB category vehicles, the technical requirements of UN Regulation No. 63 Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of Two-Wheeled Mopeds with Regard to Noise, from the 01 series of amendments, up to and including the 02 series of amendments are deemed to be equivalent to the technical requirements of this vehicle standard.

6.4.                                    For LB, LD and LE category vehicles, the technical requirements of UN Regulation No. 9 uniform provisions concerning the approval of L2, L4 and L5 with regard to noise, from the 06 series of amendments and including up to the 08 series of amendments are be deemed to be equivalent to the technical requirements of this vehicle standard.


 

APPENDIX A

 

United Nations – Economic Commission for Europe Regulation No. 51 UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF MOTOR VEHICLES HAVING AT LEAST FOUR WHEELS WITH REGARD TO THEIR NOISE EMISSIONS, incorporating the 02 series of Amendments, up to and including corrigendum 1 to supplement 3 to the 02 series


Regulation No. 51

 

UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF MOTOR VEHICLES HAVING AT LEAST FOUR WHEELSWITH REGARD TO THEIR NOISE EMISSIONS

 

Contents

REGULATION

1.         Scope

2.         Definitions

3.         Application for approval

4.         Markings

5.         Approval

6.         Specifications

7.         Modification and extension of approval of a vehicle type

8.         Conformity of production

9.         Penalties for non-conformity of production

10.       Production definitely discontinued

11.       Transitional provisions

12.       Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of administrative departments

 

ANNEXES

Annex 1 - Communication concerning the approval or extension or refusal or with-Drawal of

approval or production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type with regard to its noise emission pursuant to Regulation No. 51

Annex 2 - Arrangements of the approval mark

Annex 3 - Methods and instruments for measuring the noise made by motor vehicle

Annex 4 - Classification of vehicles

Annex 5 - Exhaust systems containing fibrous materials

Annex 6 - Compressed air noise

Annex 7 - Checks on conformity of production

Annex 8 - Specifications for the test site


 

Regulation No. 51

 

UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF MOTOR VEHICLESHAVING AT LEAST FOUR WHEELSWITH REGARD TO THEIR NOISE EMISSIONS

 

1.                                                   SCOPE

 

This Regulation contains provisions relating to the noise emitted by motor vehicles having at least four wheels.

 

2.                                                   DEFINITIONS

 

For the purposes of this Regulation,

 

2.1.                                             "Approval of a vehicle" means the approval of a vehicle type with regard to noise;

 

2.2.                                             "Vehicle type" means a category of motor vehicles which do not differ in such essential respects as:

 

2.2.1.                                       the shape or materials of the bodywork (particularly the engine compartment and its soundproofing);

 

2.2.2.                                       the length and width of the vehicle;

 

2.2.3.                                       the type of engine (positive or compression ignition, two- or four-stroke, reciprocating or rotary piston), number and capacity of cylinders, number and type of carburetors or injection system, arrangement of valves, rated maximum power and corresponding engine speed(s), or the type of electric motor;

 

2.2.4.                                       the transmission system, the number of gears and ratios;

 

2.2.5.                                       the noise reduction system as defined in the following paragraphs 2.3 and 2.4.

 

2.2.6.                                       Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 2.2.2 and 2.2.4, vehicles other than those in categories M1 and N1 [1]/ having the same type of engine and/or different overall gear ratios, may be regarded as vehicles of the same type.

However, if the above differences provide for a different test method, these differences are to be considered as a change of type.

 

2.3.                                             "Noise reduction system" means a complete set of components necessary for limiting the noise made by a motor vehicle and its exhaust;

 

2.4.                                             "Noise reduction systems of different types" means noise reduction systems which differ in such essential respects as:

 

2.4.1.                                       that their components as specified in paragraph 4.1, bear different trade names or marks;

 

2.4.2.                                       that the characteristics of the materials constituting a component are different or that the components differ in shape or size, a change in the plating procedure (galvanization, aluminium coating, etc.) is not deemed to produce a difference of type;

 

2.4.3.                                       that the operating principles of at least one component are different;

 

 

2.4.4.                                       that their components are assembled differently;

 

2.4.5.                                       that the number of the intake and/or exhaust silencers is different.

 

2.5.                                             "Noise reduction system component" means one of the individual constituent parts whose assembly constitutes the noise reduction system.

These components are, in particular: the exhaust pipings, the expansion chamber(s), the silencer(s) proper.

 

2.5.1.                                       The air filter is considered as a component only if its presence is essential to ensure observance of the prescribed sound-level limits.

 

2.5.2.                                       Manifolds are not considered components of the noise reduction system.

 

2.6.                                             "Maximum mass" means the technically permissible maximum mass declared by the vehicle manufacturer (this weight may be greater than the maximum weight authorized by the national administration).

 

2.7.                                             "Engine power" means the engine power expressed in kW (ECE) and measured by the ECE method pursuant to UN/ECE Regulation No. 85.

 

3.                         APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

 

3.1.                      The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to noise shall be submitted by its manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.

 

3.2.                      It shall be accompanied by the under-mentioned documents and the following particulars in triplicate:

 

3.2.1.                   a description of the vehicle type with regard to the items mentioned in paragraph 2.2 above. The numbers and/or symbols identifying the engine type and the vehicle type shall be specified;

 

3.2.2.                   a list of the components, duly identified, constituting the noise reduction system;

 

3.2.3.                   a drawing of the assembled noise reduction system and an indication of its position on the vehicle;

 

3.2.4.                   detailed drawings of each component to enable it to be easily located and identified, and a specification of the materials used.

 

3.3.                      In the case of paragraph 2.2.6 the single vehicle, representative of the type in question, will be selected by the technical service conducting approval tests, in accordance with the vehicle manufacturer, as that with the lowest mass in running order with the shortest length and following the specification laid down in paragraph 3.1.2.3.2.3 in annex 3.

 

3.4.                      At the request of the technical service conducting approval tests, the vehicle manufacturer shall, in addition, submit a sample of the noise reduction system and an engine of at least the same cylinder capacity and rated maximum power as that fitted to the vehicle in respect of which type-approval is sought.

 

3.5.                      The competent authority shall verify the existence of satisfactory arrangements for ensuring effective control of the conformity of production before type approval is granted.

 

4.                         MARKINGS

 

4.1.                      The components of the noise reduction system, excluding fixing hardware and piping, shall bear:

 

4.1.1.                   the trade name or mark of the manufacturer of the noise reduction system and of its components; and

 

4.1.2.                   the manufacturer's trade description;

 

4.2.                      These markings shall be clearly legible and be indelible even after fitting.

 

4.3.                      A component may carry several approval numbers if it has been approved as component of several replacement silencing systems.

 

5.                         APPROVAL

 

5.1.                      If the vehicle type submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the requirements of paragraphs 6 and 7 below, approval of that vehicle type shall be granted.

 

5.2.                      An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present 02 corresponding to the 02 series of amendments which entered into force on 18 April 1995) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party may not assign the same number to the same vehicle type equipped with another type of noise reduction system or to another vehicle type.

 

5.3.                      Notice of approval or of refusal or of extension or withdrawal of approval or of production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.

 

5.4.                      There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the approval form, to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved under this Regulation an international approval mark consisting of:

 

5.4.1.                   a circle surrounding the letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country which has granted approval[2]/;

 

5.4.2.                   the number of this Regulation, followed by the letter "R", a dash and the approval number to the right of the circle prescribed in paragraph 5.4.1.

 

5.5.                      If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other Regulations annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation, the symbol prescribed in paragraph 5.4.1 need not be repeated; in such a case the regulation and approval numbers and the additional symbols of all the Regulations under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol prescribed in paragraph 5.4.1.

 

5.6.                      The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.

 

5.7.                      The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data plate affixed by the manufacturer.

 

5.8.                      Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of the approval mark.

 

6.                         SPECIFICATIONS

 

6.1.                      General specifications

 

6.1.1.                   The vehicle, its engine and its noise reduction system shall be so designed, constructed and assembled as to enable the vehicle, in normal use, despite the vibration to which it may be subjected, to comply with the provisions of this Regulation.

 

6.1.2.                   The noise reduction system shall be so designed, constructed and assembled as to be able to reasonably resist the corrosive phenomena to which it is exposed having regard to the conditions of use of the vehicle.

 

6.2.                      Specifications regarding sound levels

 

6.2.1.                   Methods of measurement

 

6.2.1.1.                The noise made by the vehicle type submitted for approval shall be measured by the two methods described in annex 3 to this Regulation for the vehicle in motion and for the vehicle when stationary [3]/; in the case of a vehicle powered by an electric motor, the emitted noise shall only be measured in motion.

                            Vehicles having a maximum permissible mass exceeding 2,800 kg must be subjected to an additional measurement of the compressed air noise with the vehicle stationary in accordance with the specifications of annex 6, if corresponding brake equipment is part of the vehicle.

 

6.2.1.2.                The two values measured in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 6.2.1.1 above shall be entered in the test report and on a form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.

The values measured as specified in paragraph 6.2.1.1 above must be recorded in a test report and a certificate corresponding to the model shown in annex 1.

 

6.2.2.                   Sound level limits

 

6.2.2.1.                Subject to the provisions of paragraph 6.2.2.2 below, the sound level of vehicle types, as measured by the method described in paragraph 3.1 of annex 3 to this Regulation, shall not exceed the following limits:

 

6.2.2.1.1.             Vehicle categories: Vehicles used for the carriage of passengers and capable of having not more than nine seats, including the driver's seat

Limit values [dB(A)]: 74

 

6.2.2.1.2.             Vehicles used for the carriage of passengers having more than nine seats, including the driver's seat, and a maximum authorized mass of more than 3.5 tonnes

 

6.2.2.1.2.1.          Vehicle categories: with an engine power less than 150 kW (ECE)

Limit values [dB(A)]: 78

 

6.2.2.1.2.2.          Vehicle categories: with an engine power of 150 kW (ECE) or above

                            Limit values [dB(A)]: 80

 

6.2.2.1.3.             Vehicles used for the carriage of passengers having more than nine seats, including the driver's seat; vehicles used for the carriage of goods

 

6.2.2.1.3.1.          Vehicle categories: with a maximum authorized mass not exceeding 2 tonnes

                            Limit values [dB(A)]: 76

 

6.2.2.1.3.2.          Vehicle categories: with a maximum authorized mass greater than 2 tonnes but not exceeding 3.5 tonnes

                            Limit values [dB(A)]: 77

 

6.2.2.1.4.             Vehicles used for the transport of goods with a maximum authorized mass exceeding 3.5 tonnes

 

6.2.2.1.4.1.          Vehicle categories: with an engine power less than 75 kW (ECE)

                            Limit values [dB(A)]: 77

 

6.2.2.1.4.2.          Vehicle categories: with an engine power of 75 kW (ECE) or above but less than 150 kW (ECE)

                            Limit values [dB(A)]: 78

 

6.2.2.1.4.3.          Vehicle categories: with an engine power of 150 kW (ECE) or above

                            Limit values [dB(A)]: 80

 

6.2.2.2.                However,

 

6.2.2.2.1.             For the vehicle types mentioned in paragraphs 6.2.2.1.1 and 6.2.2.1.3 equipped with a compression-ignition and direct-injection internal combustion engine, the limit values shall be increased by 1 dB(A);

 

6.2.2.2.2.             For vehicle types designed for off-road [4]/ use and with a maximum authorized mass above 2 tonnes, the limit values shall be increased:

 

6.2.2.2.2.1.          by 1 dB(A) if they are equipped with an engine having a power of less than 150 kW (ECE);

 

6.2.2.2.2.2.          by 2 dB(A) if they are equipped with an engine having a power of 150 kW (ECE) or above.

 

6.2.2.2.3.             For vehicle types mentioned in paragraph 6.2.2.1.1. fitted with a gear box having more than four forward gears and equipped with an engine developing a maximum power greater than 140 kW(ECE) and having a maximum-power/maximum mass ratio greater than 75 kW/t, the limit values shall be increased by 1 dB(A), if the speed at which the rear of the vehicle passes the line BB' in third gear is greater than 61 km.

6.3.                      Specifications regarding exhaust systems containing fibrous materials

 

6.3.1.                   Requirements of annex 5 shall be applied.

 

7.                         MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL OF A

VEHICLE TYPE

 

7.1.                      Every modification of the vehicle type shall be notified to the administrative department which approved the vehicle type. The department may then either:

 

7.1.1.                   Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect and that in any case the vehicle still complies with the requirements, or

 

7.1.2.                   Require a further test report from the technical service responsible for conducting the tests.

 

7.2.                      Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations shall be communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 5.3 above to the Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation.

 

7.3.                      The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number for such an extension and inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.

 

8.                         CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

 

8.1.                      Vehicles approved to this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements set forth in paragraphs 6 above.

 

8.2.                      In order to verify that the requirements of paragraph 8.1 are met, suitable controls of the production shall be carried out.

 

8.3.                      The holder of the approval shall in particular

 

8.3.1.                   ensure existence of procedures for the effective control of the quality of products;

 

8.3.2.                   have access to the control equipment necessary for checking the conformity of each approved type;

 

8.3.3.                   ensure that data of test results are recorded and that annexed documents shall remain available for a period to be determined in accordance with the administrative service;

 

8.3.4.                   analyse the results of each type of test, in order to verify and ensure the stability of the product characteristics making allowance for variation of an industrial production;

 

8.3.5.                   ensure that for each type of product at least the tests prescribed in annex 7 to this Regulation are carried out;

 

8.3.6.                   ensure that any sampling or test pieces giving evidence of non-conformity with the type of test considered shall give rise to another sampling and another test. All the necessary steps shall be taken to re-establish the conformity of the corresponding production.

 

8.4.                      The competent authority which has granted type-approval may at any time verify the conformity control method applicable to each production unit.

 

8.4.1.                   In every inspection the test books and production survey records shall be presented to the visiting inspector.

 

8.4.2.                   The inspector may take samples at random which will be tested in the manufacturer's laboratory. The minimum number of samples may be determined according to the results of the manufacturer's own verification.

 

8.4.3.                   When the quality level appears unsatisfactory or when it seems necessary to verify the validity of the tests carried out in application of paragraph 8.4.2 the inspector shall select samples to be sent to the technical service which has conducted the type approval tests.

 

8.4.4.                   The competent authority may carry out any test prescribed in this Regulation.

 

8.4.5.                   The normal frequency of inspections by the competent authority shall be one every two years. If unsatisfactory results are recorded during one of these visits, the competent authority shall ensure that, all necessary steps are taken to re-establish the conformity of production as rapidly as possible.

 

9.                         PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

 

9.1.                      The approval granted in respect of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirements set forth above are not met.

 

9.2.                      If a Contracting Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.

 

10.                       PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED

 

10.1.                    If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a vehicle type approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication that authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.

11.                       TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

 

11.1.                    As from the official date of entry into force of the 02 series of amendments, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant ECE approval under this Regulation as amended by the 02 series of amendments.

 

11.2.                    As from 1 October 1995, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant ECE approvals only if the vehicle type to be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by the 02 series of amendments.

 

11.3.                    As from 1 October 1996, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse first national registration (first entry into service) of a vehicle which does not meet the requirements of the 02 series of amendments to this Regulation.

 

12.                       NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS

 

                            The Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation shall communicate to the United Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the technical services responsible for conducting approval tests and of the administrative departments which grant

 

approval and to which forms certifying approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.


Annex 1

 

COMMUNICATION

 

(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297 mm))

issued by: Name of administration:

........................

........................

........................

[5]

concerning:[6]/APPROVAL GRANTED

              APPROVAL EXTENDED

              APPROVAL REFUSED

              APPROVAL WITHDRAWN

              PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED

of a vehicle type with regard to its noise emission pursuant to ECE Regulation No. 51.

Approval No.: ...........................                     Extension No.: ...........................

1.         Trade name or mark of the vehicle:..................................................................................................

2.         Vehicle type:.....................................................................................................................................

2.1.       Maximum permissible mass including semi-trailer (where applicable):

            ......................................................................................................................................................

3.         Manufacturer's name and address:................................................................................................

4.         If applicable, name and address of the manufacturer's representative: ........................................

5.         Engine: .........................................................................................................................................

5.1.       Manufacturer: ...............................................................................................................................

5.2.       Type: .............................................................................................................................................

5.3.       Model:...........................................................................................................................................

5.4.       Rated maximum power (ECE):...............kW at ............rev/min.

5.5.       Kind of engine: e.g. positive-ignition, compression ignition, etc.[7]/

            ......................................................................................................................................................

5.6.       Cycles; two stroke or four-stroke (if applicable)..........................................................................

5.7.       Cylinder capacity (if applicable) ..................................................................................................

6.         Transmission: non-automatic gearbox/automatic gearbox 2/.

6.1.       Number of gears: ..........................................................................................................................

7.         Equipment:

7.1.       Exhaust silencer:...........................................................................................................................

7.1.1.    Manufacturer or authorized representative (if any):.....................................................................

            ......................................................................................................................................................

7.1.2.    Model:...........................................................................................................................................

7.1.3.    Type:.............. in accordance with drawing No.:..........................................................................

7.2.       Intake silencer:..............................................................................................................................

7.2.1.    Manufacturer or authorized representative (if any) ......................................................................

            ......................................................................................................................................................

7.2.2.      Model:...........................................................................................................................................

7.2.3.      Type:.............in accordance with drawing No.:............................................................................

7.3.         Tyre size (by axle): .......................................................................................................................

8.            Measurements:

8.1.         Sound level of moving vehicle:

 

8.2.         Sound level of stationary vehicle:

Position and orientation of microphone (according to diagrams in appendix of annex 3)

 

8.3.         Sound level of compressed air noise:

 

8.4.         Ambient conditions:

8.4.1.      Test site (surface characteristics):......................................................................................................

8.4.2.      Temperatures (in degrees C):.............................................................................................................

8.4.2.1.   Temperature of ambient air: ..............................................................................................................

8.4.2.2.   Temperature of test track surface: .....................................................................................................

8.4.3.      Atmospheric pressure (kPa):..............................................................................................................

8.4.4.      Humidity (%):....................................................................................................................................

8.4.5.      Wind speed (km/h): ...........................................................................................................................


 

8.4.6.    Wind direction: ....................................................................................................................................

8.4.7.    Background noise [dB(A)]: .................................................................................................................

9.         Vehicle submitted for approval on: .....................................................................................................

10.        Technical service responsible for type-approval tests:.........................................................................

            ..............................................................................................................................................................

11.        Date of test report issued by that service: ............................................................................................

12.        Number of test report issued by that service: ......................................................................................

13.        Type-approval in respect of sound levels is hereby granted/extended/refused/withdrawn[8]2/

14.        Position of approval mark on the vehicle: ...........................................................................................

15.        Place:....................................................................................................................................................

16.        Date:......................................................................................................................................................

17.        Signature:..............................................................................................................................................

18.        The following documents, bearing the approval number shown above, are annexed to this communication:

              drawings, diagrams and plans of the engine and of the noise reduction system;

              photographs of the engine and of the noise reduction system;

              list of components, duly identified constituting the noise reduction system.

19.          Remarks:

              ............................................................................................................................................................

              ............................................................................................................................................................              ............................................................................................................................................................


Annex 2

 

ARRANGEMENTS OF THE APPROVAL MARK

 

Model A

(See paragraph 5.4 of this Regulation)

 

a = 8 mm min

 

The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type concerned has, with regard to its noise emission, been approved in the Netherlands (E 4) pursuant to Regulation No. 51 under approval No. 022439. The first two digits of the approval number indicate that Regulation No. 51 already included the 02 series of amendments when the approval was granted.

 

Model B

(See paragraph 5.5 of this Regulation)

a = 8 mm min

 

The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type concerned has been approved in the Netherlands (E 4) pursuant to Regulations Nos. 51 and 33.[9]/ The approval numbers indicate that, at the dates when the respective approvals were granted, Regulation No. 51 included the 02 series of amendments while Regulation No. 33 was in its original form.


Annex 3

 

METHODS AND INSTRUMENTS FOR MEASURING THE NOISE MADE BY MOTOR VEHICLES

 

1.                         MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

 

1.1.                                             Acoustic measurements

 

                            The sound level meter or the equivalent measuring system, including the windscreen recommended by the manufacturer shall at least meet the requirements of Type 1 instruments in accordance with IEC 651, second edition.

                            The measurements shall be made using the frequency weighting A, and the time weighting F.

                            When using a system that includes a periodic monitoring of the A-weighted sound level, a reading should be made at a time interval not greater than 30ms.

 

1.1.1.                                       Calibration

 

                            At the beginning and at the end of every measurement session the entire measurement system shall be checked by means of a sound calibrator that fulfils the requirements for sound calibrators of at least precision Class 1 according to IEC 942:1988. Without any further adjustment the difference between the readings of two consecutive checks shall be less than or equal to 0.5dB.

                            If this value is exceeded the results of the measurements obtained after the previous satisfactory check shall be discarded.

 

1.1.2.                                       Compliance with requirements

 

                            The compliance of the sound calibration device with the requirements of IEC 942:1988 shall be verified once a year and the compliance of the instrumentation system with the requirements of IEC 651, second edition shall be verified at least every two years, by a laboratory which is authorized to perform calibrations traceable to the appropriate standards.

 

1.2.                                             Speed measurements

 

                            The rotational speed of the engine and the vehicle speed shall be measured with instruments with an accuracy of +/- 2% or better.

 

1.3.                                             Meteorological instrumentation

 

                            The meteorological instrumentation used to monitor the environmental conditions shall include the following:

(i)        A temperature measuring device which shall be accurate within +/- 1 degree C;

                            (ii)   a wind speed measuring device which shall be accurate within +/- 1.0m/s.

 

2.                         CONDITIONS OF MEASUREMENT

 

2.1.                      Site

 

2.1.1.                   The test site must consist of a central acceleration section surrounded by a substantially flat test area.

                            The acceleration section must be level; the track surface must be dry and such that rolling noise remains low.

                            The test track must be such that the conditions of a free sound field between the sound source and the microphone are attained to within 1 dB. This condition shall be deemed to be met if there are no large sound-reflecting objects such as fences, rocks, bridges or buildings within 50 m of the centre of the acceleration section. The surface of the site must be in accordance with the provisions given in annex 8 to this Regulation and be free of powdery snow, tall grass, loose soil or cinders. There must be no obstacle which could affect the sound field within the vicinity of the microphone and the sound source. The observer carrying out the measurements must so position himself as not to affect the readings of the measuring instrument.

 

2.1.2.                   Measurements shall not be made under adverse weather conditions. It must be ensured that the results are not affected by gusts of wind.

                            Any sound peak which appears to be unrelated to the characteristics of the general sound level of the vehicle shall be ignored in taking the readings.

 

2.1.2.1.                The meteorological instrumentation should be positioned adjacent to the test area at a height of 1.2 +/- 0.1m.

                            The measurements shall be made when the ambient air temperature is within the range from 0 degrees C to 40 degrees C.

                            Tests shall not be carried out if the wind speed, including gusts, at microphone height exceeds 5m/s, during the sound measurement interval and shall be recorded during each test run.

                            Values representative of temperature, wind speed and direction, relative humidity, and barometric pressure shall be recorded during the sound measurement interval.

 

2.1.3.                   The A-weighted sound level of sound sources other than those of the vehicle to be tested and of wind effects must be at least 10dB(A) below the sound level produced by the vehicle.

 

2.2.                      Vehicle

 

2.2.1.                   Measurements shall be made on unladen vehicles and, except in the case of nonseparable vehicles, without trailer or semi-trailer.

 

2.2.2.                   The tyres used for the test are selected by the vehicle manufacturer and shall comply with commercial practice and be available on the market; they shall correspond to one of the tyre sizes designated for the vehicle by the vehicle manufacturer and meet the minimum tread depth of 1.6mm in the main grooves of the tread surface.

                            The tyres must be inflated to the pressure(s) appropriate to the test mass of the vehicle.

 

2.2.3.                   Before the measurements are started, the vehicle shall be brought to its normal operating conditions as regards:

 

2.2.3.1.                temperatures

 

2.2.3.2.                tuning

 

2.2.3.3.                fuel

 

2.2.3.4.                sparking plugs, carburettor(s), etc., (as appropriate).

 

2.2.4.                   If the vehicle is fitted with more than two-wheel drive, it shall be tested in the drive which is intended for normal road use.

 

2.2.5.                   If the vehicle is fitted with fan(s) having an automatic actuating mechanism, this system must not be interfered with during the measurements.

 

2.2.6.                   If the vehicle is equipped with an exhaust system containing fibrous materials, the exhaust system is to be conditioned before the test according to annex 5.

 

3.                         METHODS OF TESTING

 

3.1.                      Measurement of noise of vehicles in motion

 

3.1.1.                   General conditions of test (see appendix, fig. 1)

 

3.1.1.1.                At least two measurements shall be made on each side of the vehicle. Preliminary measurements may be made for adjustment purposes, but shall be disregarded.

 

3.1.1.2.                The microphone must be located at a distance of 7.5 +/- 0.2 m from the reference line CC' (Figure 1) of the track and 1.2 +/- 0.1 m above the ground. Its axis of maximum sensitivity must be horizontal and perpendicular to the path of the vehicle (line CC').

 

3.1.1.3.                Two lines, AA' and BB', parallel to line PP' and situated respectively 10 m forward and 10 m rearward of that line shall be marked out on the test runway.

                            The vehicle shall be driven in a straight line over the acceleration section in such a way that the longitudinal median plane of the vehicle is as close as possible to the line CC' and approach line AA' at a steady speed as specified below. When the front of the vehicle reaches the line AA', the throttle shall be fully opened as rapidly as practicable and held in the fully-opened position until the rear of the vehicle crosses line BB'; the throttle shall then be closed again as rapidly as possible.

 

3.1.1.4.                In the case of articulated vehicles consisting of two non-separable units regarded as a single vehicle, the semi-trailer shall be disregarded in determining when line BB' is crossed.

 

3.1.1.5.                The maximum sound level expressed in A-weighted decibels [dB(A)] shall be measured as the vehicle is driven between lines AA' and BB'. Such value shall constitute the result of the measurement.

 

3.1.2.                   Determination of the approach speed

 

3.1.2.1.                Symbols used

 

                            The letter symbols used in this paragraph have the following meaning:

                            S: engine rotation speed as indicated under item 9 of annex 1.

                            NA: uniform engine rotational speed at the approach of line AA'.

                            VA: uniform vehicle speed at the approach of line AA'.

                            Vmax: maximum speed declared by the vehicle manufacturer.

 

3.1.2.2.                Vehicle with no gearbox

 

                            For vehicles with no gearbox or with no transmission control, the uniform speed at the approach of line AA' will be such that:

                            eitherVA = 50 km/h;

                            orVA corresponding to NA = 3/4 S and

                            VA < 50 km/h

                            in the case of vehicles of category M1 and in the case of vehicles of categories other than M1, having an engine power not greater than 225 kW (ECE);

                            orVA corresponding to NA = 1/2 S and

                            VA < 50 km/h

                            in the case of vehicles not belonging to categoryM1 having an engine power greater than 225 kW(ECE).

 

                            or, in the case of vehicles powered by an electric motor

 

 

                            whichever is the lower.

 

3.1.2.3.                Vehicle with a manually-operated gearbox

 

3.1.2.3.1.             Approach speed

 

                            The vehicle shall approach the line AA' at a steady speed with a tolerance +/- 1km/h; except where the controlling factor is engine speed the tolerance shall be the larger of +/ - 2%or +/- 50min-1, such that:

                            either rVA = 50 km/h;

                            or VA corresponding to NA = 3/4 S and

                            VA < 50 km/h

                            in the case of vehicles of categoryM1 and in the case of vehicles of categories other than M1, having an engine power not greater than 225 kW (ECE);

                            or VA corresponding to NA = 1/2 S and

                            VA < 50 kW/h

                            in the case of vehicles not belonging to categoryM1 having an engine power greater than 225 kW (ECE).

                            or, in the case of vehicles powered by an electric motor

 

                            whichever is the lower.

 

3.1.2.3.2.             Choice of the gear ratio

 

3.1.2.3.2.1.          Vehicles of categories M1 and N1 [10]/ fitted with a gearbox having four or less forward gears shall be tested in second gear.

 

3.1.2.3.2.2.          Vehicles of categories M1 and of N1 1/ fitted with a gearbox having more than four forward gears shall be tested successively in second and third gear. The average value of the sound levels recorded for these two conditions shall be calculated.

                            However, vehicles of category M1 having more than four forward gears and equipped with an engine developing a maximum-power greater than 140 kW (ECE) and a permissible maximum-power/maximum-weight ratio greater than 75 kW (ECE) shall be tested only in third gear, provided that the speed at which the rear of the vehicle passes the line BB' in third gear is greater than 61 km/h.

                            If during the test in second gear, the engine speed exceeds the engine speed, S, at which the engine develops its rated maximum power, the test must be repeated with an approach speed and/or approach engine speed reduced by steps of 5%S, until the engine speed attained no longer exceeds S.

                            If the engine speed S is still attained with an approach speed corresponding to the idle speed, then the test will be performed only in third gear and the relevant results have to be evaluated.

 

3.1.2.3.2.3           Vehicles of categories other than M1 and N1, in which the total number of forward gear ratios is x (including those obtained by way of an auxiliary transmission or a multi-gear axle) will be tested sequentially, using the ratio equal to or higher than x/n.[11]/ [12]/

                            Initial testing will be carried out using the ratio which is gear (x/n) or the next higher gear ratio if (x/n) is not an integer. The testing shall continue from the gear (x/n) to the next higher gear.

                            Shifting up gear ratios from (x/n) shall be terminating when in the gear X in which the rated engine speed is reached just before the rear of the vehicle has passed the line BB'.

                            Sample Calculation for Testing: There are 16 forward ratios for drive train having a transmission with 8 gears and an auxiliary transmission with 2 gears. If the engine has 230kW then (x/n) = (8 x 2)/3 = 16/3 = 5 1/3. The initial test gear ratio is 6th (includes the gears from both the main transmission and auxiliary which is 6th out of the 16 total gear ratios), with the next gear ratio is 7th up to ratio X.

                            In the case of vehicles having different overall gear ratios the representative of the vehicle type by the test vehicle is determined as follows:

                            if the highest sound level is obtained between the ratio x/n and ratio X the vehicle shall be deemed representative of its type;

                            if the highest sound level is obtained at ratio x/n the vehicle selected shall be deemed representative of its type only for those vehicles which have a lower overall gear ratio at x/n;

                            if the highest sound level is obtained at ratio X the vehicle selected shall be deemed representative of its type only for those vehicles which have a higher overall gear ratio than the gear ratio X.

                            However the vehicle is deemed representative of its type also, if at the applicant's request the tests are extended over more ratios than foreseen, and the highest sound level is obtained between the extreme ratios tested.

 

3.1.2.4.                Automatic transmission [13]/

 

3.1.2.4.1.             Vehicles without a manual selector

 

3.1.2.4.1.1.          Approach speed

 

                            The vehicle shall approach the line AA' at various uniform speeds of 30, 40, 50 km/h or at 3/4 of the maximum on-road speed if this value is lower.

                            If the vehicle is equipped with an automatic transmission which cannot be tested with the procedure outlined in the subsequent sections, it shall be tested at different approach speeds, namely 30km/h, 40km/h, and 50km/h, or at three quarters of maximum vehicle speed as specified by the manufacturer if this value is lower. The condition giving the highest noise level shall be retained.

 

3.1.2.4.2.             Vehicles equipped with a manual selector with X positions

 

3.1.2.4.2.1.          Approach speed

 

                            The vehicle shall approach the line AA' at a steady speed corresponding to the lower of the following velocities with a tolerance +/- 1km/h; except where the controlling factor is engine speed the tolerance shall be the larger of +/- 2% or +/- 50 rpm, such that:

                            either VA = 50 km/h;

                            or VA corresponding to NA = 3/4 S and

                            VA < 50 km/h

                            in the case of vehicles of categoryM1 and in the case of vehicles of categories other than M1, having an engine power not greater than 225 kW (ECE);

or VA corresponding to NA = 1/2 S and

VA < 50 km/h

in the case of vehicles not belonging to categoryM1 having an engine power greater than 225 kW (ECE).

or, in the case of vehicles powered by an electric motor

 

                            whichever is the lower.

                            However, if during the test, in the case of vehicles having more than two separate gears, there is an automatic down-shift to first gear, this down-shift may be avoided, at the manufacturer's choice, according to paragraph 3.1.2.4.2.4.

 

3.1.2.4.2.2.          Position of the manual selector

 

                            The test shall be conducted with the selector in the position recommended by the manufacturer for 'normal' driving. External downshifting (for example kickdown) shall be excluded.

 

3.1.2.4.2.3.          Auxiliary gears

 

                            If the vehicle is fitted with an auxiliary manual transmission or a multi-gear axle, the position used for normal urban driving shall be used. In all cases, the special selector's positions for slow movements, parking, or braking shall be excluded.

 

3.1.2.4.2.4.          Prevention of downshift

 

                            Some vehicles equipped with an automatic transmission (two or more discrete ratios) may downshift to a gear ratio not normally used in urban driving, as defined by the manufacturer. A gear ratio not used for urban driving includes a gear ratio intended for slow movement, parking or braking. In these cases the operator may select any of the following modifications:

a)     increase the vehicle speed v to a maximum of 60km/h in order to avoid such a change down;

b)    maintain the vehicle speed v at 50km/h and limit the fuel supply to the engine to 95% of the supply necessary for full load; this condition is considered to be satisfied;

(i)    in the case of a spark-ignition engine, when the angle of the throttle opening is 90% of the full angle,

(ii)   in the case of a compression-ignition engine, when the fuel supply to the injection pump is limited to 90% of its maximum supply;

c)     establish and use an electronic control that will prevent a downshift to gears lower than those used in normal urban driving as defined by the manufacturer.

 

3.1.3.                   Interpretation of results

 

                            The measurement of noise emitted by the vehicle in motion shall be considered valid if the difference between the two consecutive measurements on the same side of the vehicle is not more than 2dB(A). [14]/

                            The figure recorded shall be that corresponding to the highest sound level. Should that figure exceed by more than 1dB(A) the maximum sound level authorized for the category of vehicle tested, a second series of two measurements at the corresponding microphone position shall be made. Three out of the four results so obtained in this second position must fall within the prescribed limits.

                            To allow for lack of precision in the measuring instrument the figures read from it during measurement shall each be reduced by 1dB(a).

 

3.2.                      Measurement of noise emitted by stationary vehicles

 

3.2.1.                   Sound level in the vicinity of vehicles

 

                            In order to facilitate subsequent checks on vehicles in use, the sound level must be measured close to the exhaust system outlet in accordance with the following requirements and the measurement results entered in the test report drawn up for the purpose of issuing the certificate referred to in annex 1.

 

3.2.2.                   Acoustic measurements

 

                            A precision sound level meter as defined item 1.1 must be used for the measurements.

 

3.2.3.                   Test site - local conditions (figure 2)

 

3.2.3.1.                Measurements should be made on a stationary vehicle in an area which corresponds to that for measurements of vehicles in motion and therefore corresponds to the provisions given in annex 8 to this Regulation.

 

3.2.3.2.                During the test nobody shall be in the measurement area, except the observer and the driver whose presence must have no influence on the meter reading.

 

3.2.4.                   Disturbance noise and wind interference

 

                            Readings on the measuring instruments produced by ambient noise and wind must be at least 10 dB(A) below the sound level to be measured. A suitable windscreen may be fitted to the microphone provided that account is taken of its effect on the sensitivity of the microphone.

 

3.2.5.                   Measuring method

 

3.2.5.1.                Nature and number of measurements

 

                            The maximum sound level expressed in A-weighted decibels [dB(A)] must be measured during the operating period referred to in paragraph 3.2.5.3.2.1.

                            At least three measurements must be taken at each measuring point.

 

3.2.5.2.                Positioning and preparation of the vehicle

 

                            The vehicle shall be located in the centre part of the test area with the gear lever in neutral position and the clutch engaged. If the design of the vehicle does not allow this, the vehicle shall be tested in conformity with the manufacturer's prescriptions for stationary engine testing. Before each series of measurements, the engine must be brought to its normal operating condition, as specified by the manufacturer.

                            If the vehicle is fitted with fan(s) having an automatic actuating mechanism, this system shall not be interfered with during the sound level measurements.

 

3.2.5.3.                Measuring of noise in proximity to the exhaust (see appendix, fig. 2)

 

3.2.5.3.1.             Positions of the microphone

 

3.2.5.3.1.1.          The height of the microphone above the ground should be equal to that of the outlet pipe

 

                            of the exhaust gases, but in any event shall be limited to a minimum value of 0.2 m.

 

3.2.5.3.1.2.          The microphone must be pointed towards the orifice of the gas flow and located at a distance of 0.5 m from the latter.

 

3.2.5.3.1.3.          Its axis of maximum sensitivity must be parallel to the ground and must make an angle of 45 degrees +/- 10 degrees with the vertical plane containing the direction of the gas flow. The instructions of the manufacturer of the sound level meter with regard to this axis must be respected. In relation to this plane, the microphone shall be placed in such a way as to obtain the maximum distance from the longitudinal median plane of the vehicle; in case of doubt, the position which gives the maximum distance from the contour of the vehicle shall be selected.

 

3.2.5.3.1.4.          In the case of an exhaust provided with two or more outlets spaced less than 0.3 m apart and which are connected to the same silencer, only one measurement is made; the microphone position is related to the outlet nearest to one extreme edge of the vehicle or, when such outlet does not exist, to the outlet which is the highest above the ground.

 

3.2.5.3.1.5.          For vehicles with a vertical exhaust (e.g. commercial vehicles) the microphone should be placed at the height of the exhaust outlet. Its axis should be vertical and oriented upwards. It should be placed at a distance of 0.5 m from the side of the vehicle nearest to the exhaust.

 

3.2.5.3.1.6.          For vehicles having an exhaust provided with outlets spaced more than 0.3 m apart, one measurement is made for each outlet as if it were the only one, and the highest level is noted.

 

3.2.5.3.2.             Operating conditions of the engine

 

3.2.5.3.2.1.          The engine is operated at a constant speed having the following value: 3/4 S for both controlled ignition engines and for diesel engines.

 

3.2.5.3.2.2.          When constant engine speed is reached, the throttle shall be returned swiftly to the idle position. The sound level shall be measured during a period of operation consisting of a brief maintenance of constant engine speed and throughout the entire deceleration period, the maximum sound level meter reading being taken as the test value.

 

3.2.6.                   Results

 

3.2.6.1.                Readings, rounded off to the nearest decibel, shall be taken from the measuring instrument.

                            Only those values obtained from three consecutive measurements which do not differ by more than 2 dB(A) respectively will be taken into consideration.

 

3.2.6.2.                The highest of these three values shall constitute the test result.


Annex 3 – Appendix

 

Measuring positions for vehicles in motion

 

Fig. 1.

Measuring positions for stationary vehicles

(examples)


 

Fig 2.


Annex 4

 

CLASSIFICATION OF VEHICLES[15]/

 

1.                         Category L

 

                            (Not applicable for this Regulation)

 

2.                         Category M - Power-driven vehicles having at least four wheels and used for the carriage of passengers

 

2.1.                      CategoryM1: vehicles used for the carriage of passengers and comprising not more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat.

 

2.2.                      Category M2: Vehicles used for the carriage of passengers, comprising more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat, and having a maximum mass not exceeding 5 tonnes.

 

2.3.                      Category M3: Vehicles used for the carriage of passengers, comprising more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat, and having a maximum mass exceeding 5 tonnes.

 

2.4.                      Vehicles of categories M2 and M3 belong to one of the three following classes:

 

2.4.1.                   Class I 'city-bus': a vehicle of this class has seats, and spaces for standing passengers.

 

2.4.2.                   Class II 'interurban bus or coach': a vehicle of this class may have provision for standing passengers, but only in the gangway.

 

2.4.3.                   Class III 'touring coach': a vehicle of this class has no provisions to carry standing passengers.

 

2.5.                      Remarks

 

2.5.1.                   'Articulated bus or coach' is a vehicle which consists of two or more rigid sections which articulate relative to one another; the passenger compartments of each section intercommunicate so that passengers can move freely between them; the rigid sections are permanently connected so that they can only be separated by an operation involving facilities which are normally only found in a workshop.

 

2.5.2.                   Articulated buses or coaches comprising two or more non-separable but articulated units shall be considered as single vehicles.

 

2.5.3.                   In the case of a towing vehicle designed to be coupled to a semi-trailer (tractor for semi-trailer), the mass to be considered for classifying the vehicle is the mass of the tractor vehicle in running trim, increased by the mass corresponding to the maximum static vertical load transferred to the tractor vehicle by the semi-trailer and, where applicable, by the maximum mass of the tractor vehicle's own load.

 

3.                         Category N - power-driven vehicles having at least four wheels and used for the carriage of goods.

 

3.1.                      Category N1: Vehicles used for the carriage of goods and having a maximum mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes.

 

3.2.                      Category N2: Vehicles used for the carriage of goods and having a maximum mass exceeding 3.5 tonnes but not exceeding 12 tonnes.

 

3.3.                      Category N3: Vehicles used for the carriage of goods and having a maximum mass exceeding 12 tonnes.

 

3.4.                      Remarks

 

3.4.1.                   In the case of a towing vehicle designed to be coupled to a semi-trailer (tractor for semi-trailer), the mass to be considered for classifying the vehicle is the mass of the tractor vehicle in running trim, increased by the mass corresponding to the maximum static vertical load transferred to the tractor vehicle by the semi-trailer and, where applicable, by the maximum mass of the tractor vehicle's own load.

 

3.4.2.                   The equipment and installations carried on certain special-purpose vehicles (crane vehicles, workshop vehicles, publicity vehicles, etc.) are regarded as being equivalent to goods.


Annex 5

 

EXHAUST SYSTEMS CONTAINING FIBROUS MATERIALS

 

1.                         Fibrous materials shall not be used in the construction of silencers unless suitable measures are undertaken at the design or production stages to ensure that the efficiency required to comply with the limits imposed in paragraph 6.2.2 of this Regulation is achieved on the road. Such a silencer shall be considered to be efficient on the road if the exhaust gases are not in contact with the fibrous materials or if the silencer of the prototype vehicle tested in accordance with the requirements of paragraphs 3.1 and 3.2 of this Regulation has been put into a normal state for road use before the sound-level measurements are taken. These can be achieved by using one of the three tests described in paragraphs 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3 below or by removing the fibrous materials from the silencer.

 

1.1.                      Continuous road operation for 10,000 km

 

1.1.1.                   About half this operation consists of town driving and the other half of long-distance runs at high speed; continuous road operation can be replaced by a corresponding test-track programme.

 

1.1.2.                   The two speed regimes should be alternated on several occasions.

 

1.1.3.                   The complete test programme must include a minimum of 10 breaks of at least three hours duration in order to reproduce the effects of cooling and any condensation which may occur.

 

1.2.                      Conditioning on a test bench

 

1.2.1.                   Using standard parts and observing the vehicle manufacturer's instructions, the exhaust system or components thereof must be fitted to the vehicle referred to in paragraph 3.3. of this Regulation or the engine referred to in paragraph 3.4. of this Regulation. In the former case the vehicle must be mounted on a roller dynamometer. In the second case, the engine must be coupled to a dynamometer.

 

1.2.2.                   The test must be conducted in six six-hour periods with a break of at least 12 hours between each period in order to reproduce the effects of cooling any condensation which may occur.

 

1.2.3.                   During each six-hour period, the engine shall be run, under the following conditions in turn:

                            (1)   Five minutes at idling speed;

                            (2)   One-hour sequence under 1/4 load at 3/4 of rated maximum speed (S);

                            (3)   One-hour sequence under 1/2 load at 3/4 of rated maximum speed (S);

                            (4)   10-minute sequence under full load at 3/4 of rated maximum speed (S);

                            (5)   15-minute sequence under 1/2 load at rated maximum speed (S);

                            (6)   30-minute sequence under 1/4 load at rated maximum speed (S);

                            Total duration of the six sequences: three hours.

                            Each period must comprise two sets of the six above-mentioned sequences.

 

1.2.4.                   During the test, the silencer must not be cooled by a forced draught simulating normal airflow around the vehicle. Nevertheless, at the request of the manufacturer, the silencer may be cooled in order not to exceed the temperature recorded at its inlet when the vehicle is running at maximum speed.

 

1.3.                      Conditioning by pulsation

 

1.3.1.                   The exhaust system or components thereof must be fitted to the vehicle referred to in paragraph 3.3 of this Regulation or the engine referred to in paragraph 3.4 of this Regulation. In the former case the vehicle must be mounted on a roller dynamometer. In the second case, the engine must be mounted on a dynamometer. The test apparatus, a detailed diagram of which is shown in Figure 3 of the appendix to this annex must be fitted at the outlet of the exhaust system. Any other apparatus providing equivalent results is acceptable.

 

1.3.2.                   The test apparatus must be adjusted in a such a way that the exhaust-gas flow is alternatively interrupted and re-established by the quick-action valve for 2,500 cycles.

 

1.3.3.                   The valve must open when the exhaust-gas back pressure, measured at least 100 mm downstream of the intake flange, reaches a value of between 0.35 and 0.40 bar. It must close when this pressure does not differ by more than 10 %from its stabilized value with the valve open.

 

1.3.4.                   The time-delay switch shall be set for the duration of gas exhaust resulting from the provisions laid down in paragraph 1.3.3 above.

 

1.3.5.                   Engine speed must be 75 % of the speed (S) at which the engine develops maximum power.

 

1.3.6.                   The power indicated by the dynamometer must be 50 % of the full-throttle power measured at 75 % of engine speed (S).

 

1.3.7.                   Any drainholes must be closed off during the test.

 

1.3.8.                   The entire test must be completed within 48 hours.

                            If necessary, one cooling period will be observed after each hour.


Annex 5 – Appendix

 

 

 

Figure 3. Test apparatus for conditioning by pulsation

 

1.         Inlet flange or sleeve for connection to the rear of the test exhaust system.

2.         Hand-operated regulating valve.

3.         Compensating reservoir with a maximum capacity of 40 1 and filling time of not less than one second.

4.         Pressure switch with an operating range of 0.05 to 2.5 bar.

5.         Time delay switch.

6.         Pulse counter.

7.         Quick-acting valve, such as exhaust brake valve 60 mm in diameter, operated by a pneumatic cylinder with an output of 120 N at 4 bar. The response time, both when opening and closing, must not exceed 0.5 second.

8.         Exhaust gas evacuation.

9.         Flexible pipe.

10.       Pressure gauge.


Annex 6

 

COMPRESSED AIR NOISE

 

1.                         Method of Measurement

 

                            The measurement is performed at microphone positions 2 and 6 according to Figure 1, with the vehicle stationary . The highest A-weighted noise level is registered during venting the pressure regulator and during ventilating after the use of both the service and parking brakes.

                            The noise during venting the pressure regulator is measured with the engine at idling speed. The ventilating noise is registered while operating the service and parking brakes; before each measurement, the air-compressor unit has to be brought up to the highest permissible operating pressure, and then the engine switched off.

 

2.                         Evaluation of the results

 

                            For all microphone positions two measurements are taken. In order to compensate for inaccuracies of the measuring equipment, the meter reading is reduced by 1 dB(A), and the reduced value is taken as the results of measurement. The results are taken as valid if the difference between the measurements at one microphone position does not exceed 2 dB(A). The highest value measured is taken as the results. If this value exceeds the noise limit by 1 dB(A), two additional measurements are to be taken at the corresponding microphone position. In this case, three out of the four results of measurement obtained at this position have to comply with the noise limit.

 

3.                         Limiting value

 

                            The sound level shall not exceed the limit of 72 dB(A).


Annex 6 – Appendix

 

Figure 1

Microphone positions for measurement of compressed air noise

 

The measurement is performed at the stationary vehicle according to Figure 1, using two microphone positions at a distance of 7 m from the contour of the vehicles, and at 1.2 m above ground.


Annex 7

 

CHECKS ON CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

 

1.                         General

 

                            These requirements are consistent with the test to be held to check conformity of production according to paragraphs 8.3.5 and 8.4.3 of this Regulation.

 

2.                         Testing procedure

 

                            The test site and measuring instruments shall be those as described in annex 3.

 

2.1.                      The vehicle(s) under test shall be subjected to the test for measurement of noise of vehicle in motion as described in paragraph 3.1. of annex 3.

 

2.2.                      Compressed air noise

 

                            Vehicles having maximum mass exceeding 2,800 kg and equipped with compressed air systems must be subjected to an additional test for measurement of the compressed air noise as described in paragraph 1 of annex 6.

 

3.                         Sampling

 

                            One vehicle has to be chosen. If after the test of paragraph 4.1 the vehicle is not considered to conform to the requirements of this Regulation, two more vehicles have to be tested.

 

4.                         Evaluation of the results

 

4.1.                      If the sound level of the vehicle tested pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 2 does not exceed by more than 1 dB (A) the limit value prescribed in paragraph 6.2.2. of this Regulation, for measurement according to paragraph 2.1. above, and in paragraph 3 of annex 6 to this Regulation, for measurement according to paragraph 2.2. above, the vehicle type shall be considered to conform to the requirements of this Regulation.

 

4.2.                      If the vehicle tested according to paragraph 4.1 does not satisfy the requirements laid down in that paragraph, two more vehicles of the same type have to be tested pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 2.

 

4.3.                      If the sound level of the seocnd and/or third vehicle of paragraph 4.2 exceeds by more than 1 dB(A) the limit values prescribed in paragraph 6.2.2 of this Regulation, the vehicle type shall be considered not to conform to the requirements of this Regulation and the manufacturer shall take the necessary measures to re-establish to conformity.


Annex 8

 

SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE TEST SITE

 

1.                         Introduction

 

                            This annex describes the specifications relating to the physical characteristics and the laying of the test track. These specifications based on a special standard[16]/ describe the required physical characteristics as well as the test methods for these characteristics.

 

2.                         Required characteristics of the surface

 

A surface is considered to conform to this standard provided that the texture and voids content or sound absorption coefficient have been measured and found to fulfill [all] the requirements of paragraphs 2.1 to 2.4 below and provided that the design requirements (para. 3.2) have been met.

 

2.1.                      Residual voids content

 

                            The residual voids content, Vc, of the test track paving mixture shall not exceed 8%. For the measurement procedure, see paragraph 4.1.

 

2.2.                      Sound absorption coefficient

 

If the surface fails to comply with the residual voids content requirement, the surface is acceptable only if its sound absorption coefficient, a < 0.10. For the measurement procedure, see para. 4.2. The requirement of paragraphs 2.1 and 2.2 is met also if only sound absorption has been measured and found to be a < 0.10.

Note: The most relevant characteristic is the sound absorption, although the residual voids content is more familiar among road constructors. However, sound absorption needs to be measured only if the surface fails to comply with the voids requirement.
This is motivated because the latter is connected with relatively large uncertainties in terms of both measurements and relevance and some surfaces therefore erroneously may be rejected when based only on the voids measurement.

 

2.3.                      Texture depth

 

                            The texture depth (TD) measured according to the volumetric method (see paragraph 4.3 below) shall be:

                            TD > 0.4 mm

 

2.4.                      Homogeneity of the surface

 

                            Every practical effort shall be taken to ensure that the surface is made to be as homogeneous as possible within the test area. This includes the texture and voids content, but it should also be observed that if the rolling process results in more effective rolling at some places than others, the texture may be different and unevenness causing bumps may also occur.

 

2.5.                      Period of testing

 

                            In order to check whether the surface continues to conform to the texture and voids content or sound absorption requirements stipulated in this standard, periodic testing of

 

                            the surface shall be done at the following intervals:

                            (a)    For residual voids content or sound absorption:

                                    When the surface is new;

                            if the surface meets the requirements when new, no further periodical testing is required. If it does not meet the requirement when it is new, it may do later because surfaces tend to become clogged and compacted with time.

                            (b)   For texture depth (TD):

                                    When the surface is new;

                            When the noise testing starts (NB: not before four weeks after laying);

                            then every twelve months.

 

3.                         Test surface design

 

3.1.                      Area

 

                            When designing the test track layout it is important to ensure that, as a minimum requirement, the area traversed by the vehicles running through the test strip is covered with the specified test material with suitable margins for safe and practical driving. This will require that the width of the track is at least 3 m and the length of the track extends beyond lines AA and BB by at least 10 m at either end. Figure 1 shows a plan of a suitable test site and indicates the minimum area which shall be machine laid and machine compacted with the specified test surface material. According to annex 3, paragraph 3.1.1.1, measurements have to be made on each side of the vehicle. This can be made either by measuring with two microphone locations (one on each side of the track) and driving in one direction, or measuring with a microphone only on one side of the track but driving the vehicle in two directions. If the former method is used, then there are no surface requirements on that side of the track where there is no microphone.
NOTE--There shall be no large acoustically reflective objectss within this radius.

 

Figure 1.

Minimum requirement for test surface area.

The shaded part is called "Test Area."

 

3.2.                      Design and preparation of the surface

 

3.2.1.                   Basic design requirements

                            The test surface shall meet four design requirements:

 

3.2.1.1.                It shall be a dense asphaltic concrete.

 

3.2.1.2.                The maximum chipping size shall be 8 mm (tolerances allow from 6.3 to 10 mm).

 

3.2.1.3.                The thickness of the wearing course shall be > 30 mm.

 

3.2.1.4.                The binder shall be a straight penetration grade bitumen without modification.

 

3.2.2.                   Design guidelines

 

                            As a guide to the surface constructor, an aggregate grading curve which will give desired characteristics is shown in Figure 2. In addition, Table 1 gives some guidelines in order to obtain the desired texture and durability. The grading curve fits the following formula:

P (% passing) = 100(d/dmax)1/2

where:

d = square mesh sieve size, in mm

dmax = 8 mm for the mean curve

dmax = 10 mm for the lower tolerance curve

dmax = 6.3 mm for the upper tolerance curve

 

Figure 2.

Grading curve of the aggregate in the asphaltic mix with tolerances

 

In addition to the above, the following recommendations are given:

(a)    The sand fraction (0.063 mm < square mesh sieve size < 2 mm) shall include no more than 55% natural sand and at least 45% crushed sand;

(b)   The base and sub-base shall ensure a good stability and evenness, according to best road construction practice;

(c)   The chippings shall be crushed (100% crushed faces) and of a material with a high resistance to crushing;

(d)   The chippings used in the mix shall be washed;

(e)    No extra chippings shall be added onto the surface.

(f)   The binder hardness expressed as PEN value shall be 40-60, 60-80 or even 80-100 depending on the climatic conditions of the country. The rule is that as hard a binder as possible shall be used, provided this is consistent with common practice;

(g)   The temperature of the mix before rolling shall be chosen so as to achieve by subsequent rolling the required voids content. In order to increase the probability of satisfying the specifications of paragraphs 2.1 to 2.4 above, the compactness shall be studied not only by an appropriate choice of mixing temperature, but also by an appropriate number of passings and by the choice of compacting vehicle.

 

 

 

 

 

Table 1. Design guidelines

 

 

4.                         Test method

 

4.1.                      Measurement of the residual voids content

 

For the purpose of this measurement, cores have to be taken fromthe track in at least four different positions which are equally distributed in the test area between lines AA and BB (see Figure 1). In order to avoid inhomogeneity and unevenness in the wheel tracks, cores should not be taken in wheel tracks themselves, but close to them. Two cores (minimum) should be taken close to the wheel tracks and one core (minimum) should be taken approximately midway between the wheel tracks and each microphone location.

If there is a suspicion that the condition of homogeneity is not met (see paragraph 2.4), cores shall be taken from more locations within the test area. The residual voids content has to be determined for each core, then the average value from all cores shall be calculated and compared with the requirement of paragraph 2.1. In addition, no single core shall have a voids value which is higher than 10%. The test surface constructor is reminded of the problem which may arise when the test area is heated by pipes or electrical wires and cores must be taken from this area. Such installations must be carefully planned with respect to future core drilling locations. It is recommended to leave a few locations of size approximately 200 x 300 mm where there are no wires/ pipes or where the latter are located deep enough in order not to be damaged by cores taken from the surface layer.

 

4.2.                      Sound absorption coefficient

 

The sound absorption coefficient (normal incidence) shall be measured by the impedance tube method using the procedure specified in ISO 10534-1: "Acoustics - Determination of sound absorption coefficient and impedance by a tube method."2/

                            Regarding test specimens, the same requirements shall be followed as regarding the residual voids content (see paragraph 4.1). The sound absorption shall be measured in the range between 400 Hz and 800 Hz and in the range between 800 Hz and 1,600 Hz (at least at the centre frequencies of third octave bands) and the maximum values shall be identified for both of these frequency ranges. Then these values, for all test cores, shall be averaged to constitute the final result.[17]

 

4.3.                      Volumetric macrotexture measurement

 

                            For the purpose of this standard, texture depth measurements shall be made on at least 10 positions evenly spaced along the wheel tracks of the test strip and the average value taken to compare with the specified minimum texture depth. See ISO 10844:1994 for the description of the procedure.

 

5.                         Stability in time and maintenance

 

5.1.                      Age influence

 

                            In common with any other surfaces, it is expected that the tyre/road noise level measured on the test surface may increase slightly during the first 6-12 months after construction.

                            The surface will achieve its required characteristics not earlier than four weeks after construction. The influence of age on the noise from trucks is generally less than that from cars.

                            The stability over time is determined mainly by the polishing and compaction by vehicles driving on the surface. It shall be periodically checked as stated in paragraph 2.5.

 

5.2.                      Maintenance of the surface

 

                            Loose debris or dust which could significantly reduce the effective texture depth must be removed from the surface. In countries with winter climates, salt is sometimes used for de-icing. Salt may alter the surface temporarily or even permanently in such a way as to increase noise and is therefore not recommended.

 

5.3.                      Repaving the test area

 

                            If it is necessary to repave the test track, it is usually unnecessary to repave more than the test strip (of 3 m width in Figure 1) where vehicles are driving, provided the test area outside the strip met the requirement of residual voids content or sound absorption when it was measured.

 

6.                         Documentation of the test surface and of tests performed on it

 

6.1.                      Documentation of the test surface

 

                            The following data shall be given in a document describing the test surface:

6.1.1.                   The location of the test track.

 

6.1.2.                   Type of binder, binder hardness, type of aggregate, maximum theoretical density of the concrete (DR), thickness of the wearing course and grading curve determined from cores from the test track.

 

6.1.3.                   Method of compaction (e.g. type of roller, roller mass, number of passes).

 

6.1.4.                   Temperature of the mix, temperature of the ambient air and wind speed during laying of the surface.

 

6.1.5.                   Date when the surface was laid and contractor.

 

6.1.6.                   All or at least the latest test result, including:

 

6.1.6.1.                The residual voids content of each core.

 

6.1.6.2.                The locations in the test area from where the cores for voids measurements have been taken.

 

6.1.6.3.                The sound absorption coefficient of each core (if measured). Specify the results both for each core and each frequency range as well as the overall average.

 

6.1.6.4.                The locations in the test area from where the cores for absorption measurement have been taken.

 

6.1.6.5.                Texture depth, including the number of tests and standard deviation.

 

6.1.6.6.                The institution responsible for tests according to paragraphs 6.1.6.1 and 6.1.6.2 and the type of equipment used.

 

6.1.6.7.                Date of the test(s) and date when the cores were taken from the test track.

 

6.2.                      Documentation of vehicle noise tests conducted on the surface

                            In the document describing the vehicle noise test(s) it shall be stated whether all the requirements of this standard were fulfilled or not. Reference shall be given to a document according to paragraph 6.1 describing the results which verify this.


APPENDIX B

 

 

 

United Nations – Economic Commission for Europe Regulation No. 41 UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF MOTOR CYCLES WITH REGARD TO NOISE, incorporating all amendments up to and including the 03 series of Amendments.


Regulation No. 41

 

UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF MOTOR CYCLES WITH REGARD TO NOISE

 

Table of contents

REGULATION

1.         Scope

2.         Definitions

3.         Application for approval

4.         Markings

5.         Approval

6.         Specification

7.         Modification and extension of the approval of the motorcycle type or the type of exhaust or silencing system(s)

8.         Conformity of Production

9.         Penalties for non-conformity of production

10.       Production permanently discontinued

11.       Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests and of administrative departments

12.       Transitional provisions

ANNEXES

Annex 1-         Communication concerning the approval (or refusal or withdrawal of approval or Production permanently discontinued) of a motor cycle type with regard to noise emitted by motor cycles pursuant to Regulation No. 41

Annex 2-         Arrangements of approval marks

Annex 3-         Methods and instruments for measuring the noise made by motor cycles

Annex 4-         Test track specifications

Annex 5-         Exhaust system (Silencer)

Annex 6-         Maximum limits of sound level (new motor cycles)


Regulation No. 41

 

UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF MOTOR CYCLES WITH REGARD TO NOISE

 

1.                         SCOPE

 

This Regulation contains provisions relating to the noise made by two-wheeled motor cycles other than those having a maximum design speed not exceeding 50 km/h.

 

2.                         DEFINITIONS

 

For the purposes of this Regulation

 

2.1.                      "Approval of a motor cycle" means the approval of a motor cycle type with regard to noise;

 

2.2.                      "type of motorcycle as regards its sound level and exhaust system" means motorcycles which do not differ in such essential respects as the following:

 

2.2.1.                   the type of engine (two-stroke or four-stroke, reciprocating piston engine or rotary-piston engine, number and capacity of cylinders, number and type of carburettors or injection systems, arrangement of valves, net maximum power and corresponding speed).

For rotary-piston engines the cubic capacity should be taken to be double of the volume of the chamber;

 

2.2.2.                   transmission system, in particular the number and ratios of the gears;

 

2.2.3.                   number, type and arrangement of exhaust systems.

 

2.3.                      "Exhaust or silencing system" means a complete set of components necessary to limit the noise caused by a motorcycle engine and its exhaust.

 

2.3.1.                   "Original exhaust or silencing system" means a system of a type fitted to the vehicle at the time of type-approval or extension of type-approval. It may be original or a replacement.

 

2.3.2.                   "Non-original exhaust or silencing system" means a system of a type other than that fitted to the vehicle at the time of type-approval or extension of type-approval. It may be used only as a replacement exhaust or silencing system.

 

2.4.                      "Exhaust or silencing systems of differing types" means systems which are fundamentally different in one of the following ways:

 

2.4.1.                   systems comprising components bearing different factory or trade marks;

 

2.4.2.                   systems comprising any component made of materials of different characteristics or comprising components which are of a different shape or size;

 

2.4.3.                   systems in which the operating principles of at least one component are different;

 

2.4.4.                   systems comprising components in different combinations.

 

2.5.                      "Component of an exhaust system" means one of the individual components which together form the exhaust system (such as exhaust pipework, the silencer proper) and the intake system (air filter) if any.

If the engine has to be equipped with an intake system (air filter and/or intake noise absorber) in order to comply with the maximum permissible sound levels, the filter and/ or absorber must be treated as components having the same importance as the exhaust system.

 

3.                         APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

 

3.1.                      The application for approval of a motor cycle type with regard to noise made by motor cycles shall be submitted by its manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.

 

3.2.                      It shall be accompanied by the under-mentioned documents in triplicate and the following particulars:

 

3.2.1.                   a description of the motor cycle type with regard to the items mentioned in paragraph 2.2. above. The numbers and/or symbols identifying the engine type and the motor cycle type shall be specified;

 

3.2.2.                   a list of the components, duly identified, constituting the exhaust or silencing system;

 

3.2.3.                   a drawing of the assembled exhaust or silencing system and an indication of its position on the motor cycle;

 

3.2.4.                   detailed drawings of each component to enable it to be easily located and identified, and a specification of the materials used.

 

3.3.                      At the request of the technical service responsible for conducting approval tests, the motor cycle manufacturer shall, in addition, submit a sample of the exhaust or silencing system.

 

3.4.                      A motor cycle representative of the motor cycle type to be approved shall be submitted to the technical service responsible for conducting approval tests.

 

4.                         MARKINGS

 

4.1.                      The components of the exhaust or silencing system shall bear:

4.1.1.                   the trade name or mark of the manufacturer of the exhaust or silencing system and of its components; and

 

4.1.2.                   the trade description given by the manufacturer.

 

4.1.3.                   the approval mark and the ECE approval number according to annex 2 of the Regulation. The approval number must correspond to the number of the ECE type approval certificate issued for the type of exhaust or silencing system in question.

 

4.1.4.                   All original silencers must be bear the 'E' mark followed the identification of the country which granted the component type-approval.

This reference must be legible and indelible and also visible in the position at which it is to be fitted.

 

4.1.5.                   Any packing of original replacement silencer systems must be marked legibly with the words 'original part' and the make and type references integrated together with the 'E' mark and also the reference of the country of origin.

 

4.2.                      Such markings shall be clearly legible and be indelible.

 

5.                         APPROVAL

 

5.1.                      If the motor cycle type submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the requirements of paragraphs 6. and 7. below, approval of that motor cycle type shall be granted.

 

5.2.                      An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party may not assign the same number to the same motor cycle type equipped with another type of exhaust or silencing system, or to another motor cycle type.

 

5.3.                      Notice of approval or of refusal of approval of a motor cycle type pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation, by means of a form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation and of drawings of the exhaust or silencing system, supplied by the applicant for approval in a format not exceeding A 4 (210 x 297 mm) or folded to that format and on an appropriate scale.

 

5.4.                      There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the approval form, to every motor cycle conforming to a motor cycle type approved under this Regulation an international approval mark consisting of:

 

5.4.1.                   a circle surrounding the letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country which has granted approval;[18]

 

5.4.2.                   the number of this Regulation, followed by the letter "R", a dash and the approval number to the right of the circle prescribed in paragraph 5.4.1.

 

5.5.                      If the motor cycle conforms to a motor cycle type approved, under one or more other Regulations annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation, the symbol prescribed in paragraph 5.4.1. need not be repeated; in such a case the Regulation and approval numbers and the additional symbols of all the Regulations under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol prescribed in paragraph 5.4.1.

 

5.6.                      The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.

 

5.7.                      The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the motor cycle data plate affixed by the manufacturer.

 

5.8.                      Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of the approval mark.

 

6.                         SPECIFICATIONS

 

6.1.                      General specifications

 

6.1.1.                   The following information shall be provided on the motor cycle in an easily accessible but not necessarily immediately visible location:

(a)   the manufacturer's name

(b)   the value in dB(A) recorded during the stationary test required by paragraph 6.2.1.1.

(c)   the engine speed at 3/4 S if S does not exceed 5000 min-1, or at 1/2 S if S exceeds 5000 min-1

 

6.2.                      Specifications regarding sound levels

 

6.2.1.                   Methods of measurement

 

6.2.1.1.                The noise made by the motor cycle type submitted for approval shall be measured by the two methods described in annex 3 to this Regulation for the motor cycle in motion and for the motor cycle when stationary.[19]/

 

6.2.1.2.                The two values measured in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 6.2.1.1. above shall be entered in the test report and on a form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.

 

6.2.1.3.                The sound level measured by the method described in annex 3, paragraph 3.1. to this Regulation when the motor cycle is in motion shall not exceed the limits prescribed (for new motor cycles and new exhaust or silencing systems) in annex 6 to this Regulation for the category to which the motor cycle belongs.

 

6.3.                      Additional specifications regarding exhaust or silencing systems or components filled with fibrous material.

 

6.3.1.                   If the motor cycle is fitted with a device designed to reduce the exhaust noise (silencer), the requirements of annex 5 shall apply. If the inlet of the engine is fitted with an air filter and/or an intake-noise absorber which is (are) necessary in order to ensure compliance with the permissible sound level, the filter and/or absorber shall be considered to be part of the silencer, and the requirements of annex 5 shall also apply to them.

 

6.3.2.                   A diagram and a cross-sectional drawing indicating the dimensions of the exhaust system shall be appended to the certificate referred to in annex 1.

 

6.3.3.                   The silencer must be marked with a clearly legible and indelible reference to its make and type.

 

7.                         MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF THE APPROVAL OF THE MOTORCYCLE TYPE OR OF THE TYPE OF EXHAUST OR SILENCING SYSTEM(S)

 

7.1.                      Every modification of the motor cycle type or of the exhaust or silencing system shall be notified to the administrative department which approved the motor cycle type. The said department may then either:

 

7.1.1.                   consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have appreciable adverse effects,

and that in any case the motor cycle still complies with the requirements; or

 

7.1.2.                   require a further test report from the technical service responsible for conducting the tests.

 

7.2.                      Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 5.3. above to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation.

 

7.3.                      The competent authority which issued the approval extension shall assign a serial number to the extension and shall so notify the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.

 

8.                         CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

 

The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement, Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2), with the following requirements :

 

8.1.                      Any motorcycle manufactured must conform to a type of motorcycle approved pursuant to this Regulation, be equipped with the silencer with which it was type-approved and satisfy the requirements paragraph 6 above.

 

8.2.                      In order to test conformity as required above, a sample motorcycle will be taken from the production line of the type approved pursuant to this Regulation. Production will be regarded as conforming to the provisions of this Regulation if the sound level measured using the method described in annex 3 does not exceed more than 3 dB(A) the value measured at the time of type-approval, nor by more than 1 dB(A) the limits laid down in annex 6 of this Regulation.

 

9.                         PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

 

9.1.                      The approval granted in respect of a motor cycle type pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirements laid down in paragraph 8.1. above are not complied with, or if the motor cycle has failed to pass the tests provided for in paragraph 8.2. above.

 

9.2.                      If a Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation, by means of a copy of the approval form bearing at the end, in large letters, the signed and dated annotation "APPROVAL WITHDRAWN".

 

10.                       PRODUCTION PERMANENTLY DISCONTINUED

 

If the holder of the approval completely ceases production of a motor cycle approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication, that authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a copy of the approval form bearing at the end, in large letters, the signed and dated annotation "PRODUCTION DISCONTINUED."

 

11.                       NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCTING APPROVAL TEST, AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS

 

The Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to the Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the technical services responsible for conducting approval tests and of the administrative departments which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or refusal or withdrawal of approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.

 

12.                       TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

 

12.1.                    As from the official date of entry into force of the 03 series of amendments, no Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant ECE approval under this Regulation as amended by the 03 series of amendments.

 

12.2.                    As from the date of entry into force of the 03 series of amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant ECE approvals only if the motorcycle type to be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by the 03 series of amendments.

 

12.3.                    Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions of approval in accordance with the preceding series of amendments to this Regulation.

 

12.4.                    Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall continue to grant approvals to those types of motorcycles which conform to the requirements of this Regulation as amended by the preceding series of amendments until the entry into force of the 03 series of amendments.

 

12.5.                    ECE approvals granted under this Regulation before the entry into force of the 03 series of amendments and all extensions of such approvals, including those granted subsequently under a preceding series of amendments to this Regulation, shall remain valid indefinitely. When the motorcycle type approved under the preceding series of amendments meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by the 03 series of amendments, the Contracting Party which granted the approval shall so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation.

 

12.6.                    No Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse national type approval of a motorcycle type approved under the 03 series of amendments to this Regulation or meeting the requirements thereof.

 

12.7.                    As from 17 June 2003 Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse first national registration (first entry into service) of a motorcycle which does not meet the requirements of the 03 series of amendments to this Regulation.


                                                                    Annex 1      

 

(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297 mm))

 

Name of administration

 

 


Communication concerning the approval (or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production permanently discontinued) of a motor cycle type with regard to noise emitted by motor cycles pursuant to Regulation No. 41

Approval No.

1.         Trade name or mark of the motor cycle........................................................................................

2.         Motor cycle type ...........................................................................................................................

3.         Manufacturer's name and address..................................................................................................

4.         If applicable, name and address of manufacturer's representative ...............................................

.....................................................................................................................................................................

5.         Kind of engine[20]/ ...........................................................................................................................

6.         Cycles: two-stroke or four-stroke (if applicable)..........................................................................

7.         Cylinder capacity..........................................................................................................................

8.         Engine power (state how measured).............................................................................................

9.         Speed at which maximum power is developed (rpm) ..................................................................

10.        Number of gears ...........................................................................................................................

11.        Gears used.....................................................................................................................................

12.        Final drive ratio(s) ........................................................................................................................

13.        Type and dimensions of tyres .......................................................................................................

14.        Maximum permissible gross weight.............................................................................................

15.        Brief description of the exhaust or silencing system ....................................................................

16.        Load conditions of motor cycle during test ..................................................................................

17.        For stationary motor cycle test: location and orientation of the

            microphone (by reference to diagrams in appendix to annex 3) ..................................................

18.        Sound levels:

            Motor cycle in motion                  dB(A) at steady speed before

            acceleration of        km/h, rotation speed of the engine        rpm.

            Motor cycle stationary          dB(A) with engine running

            at     rpm.

19.        Deviations in calibration of sound level meter .............................................................................

20.        Motor cycle submitted for approval on ........................................................................................

21.        Technical service responsible for conducting approval tests .......................................................

            ......................................................................................................................................................

22.        Date of report issued by that service.............................................................................................

23.        Number of report issued by that service .......................................................................................

24.        Approval granted/refused[21]/ ..........................................................................................................

25.        Position of approval mark on the motor cycle..............................................................................

26.        Place..............................................................................................................................................

27.        Date...............................................................................................................................................

28.        Signature .......................................................................................................................................

29.        The following documents, bearing the approval number shown above, are annexed to this


communication:

            drawings, diagrams and plans of the engine and of the noise reduction system,

            photographs of the engine and of the exhaust or silencing system;

            list of components, duly identified constituting the noise reduction system.


Annex 2

 

ARRANGEMENTS OF APPROVAL MARKS

 

Model A

(See paragraph 5.4. of this Regulation)

 

The above approval mark affixed to a motor cycle shows that the motor cycle type concerned has, with regard to noise, been approved in the Netherlands (E 4) pursuant to Regulation No. 41 under approval number 032439. The approval number indicates that the approval was granted according to the requirements of Regulation No. 41 as amended by the 03 series of amendments.

 

Model B

(See paragraph 5.5. of this Regulation)

 

The above approval mark affixed to a motor cycle shows that the motor cycle type concerned has been approved in the Netherlands (E 4) pursuant to Regulations Nos. 41 and 33.*/ The approval numbers indicate that, at the dates when the respective approvals were given, Regulation No. 41 was amended by the 03 series of amendments, but Regulation No. 33 included the 01 series of amendments.


Annex 3

 

METHODS AND INSTRUMENTS FOR MEASURING NOISE MADE BY MOTOR CYCLES

 

1.                       Noise of the motorcycle in motion (measuring conditions and method for testing of the vehicle during component type approval).

 

1.1.                    Limits: see annex 6

 

1.2.                    Measuring instruments

 

1.2.1.                 Acoustic measurements

 

The apparatus used for measuring the sound level shall be a precision sound level meter of the type described in International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) publication 179 "Precision sound-level meters", second edition.

Measurements shall be carried out using the 'fast' response of the sound-level meter and the 'A' weighting also described in that publication.

At the beginning and end of each series of measurements the sound level meter shall be calibrated in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, using an appropriate sound source (e.g. pistonphone).

 

1.2.2.                 Speed measurements

 

Engine speed and motorcycle speed on the test track shall be determined to within +/- 3

per cent.

 

1.3.                    Conditions of measurement

 

1.3.1.                 Condition of the motorcycle

 

During the measurements the motorcycle shall be in running order (including coolant, oils, fuel, tools, spare wheel and rider).

 

Before the measurements are made the motorcycle shall be brought to the normal operating temperature. If the motorcycle is fitted with fans with an automatic actuating mechanism, this system shall not be interfered with during the sound measurements. For motorcycles having more than one driven wheel, only the drive provided for normal road operation may be used. Where a motorcycle is fitted with a sidecar, this must be removed for the purposes of the test.

 

1.3.2.                 Test site

 

The test site shall consist of a central acceleration section surrounded by a substantially level test area. The acceleration section shall be level; its surface shall be dry and so designed that rolling noise remains low.

On the test site the variations in the free sound field between the sound source at the centre of the acceleration section and the microphone shall be maintained to within 1 dB. This condition will be deemed to be met if there are no large objects which reflect sound, such as fences, rocks, bridges or buildings, within 50 m of the centre of the acceleration section. The road surface covering of the test site shall conform to the requirements of annex 4.

The microphone shall not be obstructed in any way which could affect the sound field, and no person may stand between the microphone and the sound source. The observer carrying out the measurements shall take up position so as not to affect the readings of the measuring instrument.

 

1.3.3.                 Miscellaneous

 

Measurements shall not be made in poor atmospheric conditions. It shall be ensured that the results are not affected by gusts of wind.

For measurements, the A-weighted sound level of sound sources other than those of the motorcycle to be tested and of wind effects shall be at least 10 dB(A) below the sound level produced by the motorcycle. A suitable windscreen may be fitted to the microphone provided that account is taken of its effect on the sensitivity and directional characteristics of the microphone.

If the difference between the ambient noise and the measured noise is between 10 and 16 dB(A), in order to calculate the test results the appropriate correction shall be subtracted from the readings on the sound-level meter, as in the following graph:

 

1.4.                    Method of measurement

 

1.4.1.                 Nature and number of measurements

 

The maximum sound level expressed in A-weighted decibels (dB(A)) shall be measured as the motorcycle travels between lines AA' and BB' (figure 1). The measurement will be invalid if an abnormal discrepancy between the peak value and the general sound level is recorded.

At least two measurements shall be taken on each side of the motorcycle.

 

1.4.2.                 Positioning of the microphone

 

The microphone shall be located 7.5 m +/- 0.2 m from the reference line CC (see appendix-Figure 1) of the track and 1.2 m +/- 0.1 m above ground level.

 

1.4.3.                 Conditions of operation

 

The motorcycle shall approach line AA' at an initial steady speed as specified in 1.4.3.1 and 1.4.3.2.When the front of the motorcycle reaches line AA' the throttle shall be fully opened as quickly as practically possible and kept in that position until the rear of the motorcycle reaches line BB'; the throttle must then be returned as quickly as possible to the idle position.

For all measurements the motorcycle must be ridden in a straight line over the acceleration section keeping the longitudinal median plane of the motorcycle as close as possible to line CC'.

 

1.4.3.1.            Motorcycles with non-automatic gearboxes

 

1.4.3.1.1.         Approach speed

 

The motorcycle shall approach line AA' at a steady speed of:

(i)                 50 km/h

or

(ii)               speed corresponding to an engine speed equal to 75 per cent of the speed specified under item 9 of annex 1.

 

The lower of these speeds shall be selected.

 

1.4.3.1.2.         Selection of gear ratio

 

1.4.3.1.2.1.      Motorcycles fitted with a gearbox having a maximum of four ratios, whatever the cylinder capacity of their engines, shall be tested only in second gear.

 

1.4.3.1.2.2.      Motorcycles fitted with engines having a cylinder capacity not exceeding 175 cm3 and a gearbox with five ratio or more shall be tested only in third gear.

 

1.4.3.1.2.3.      Motorcycles fitted with engines having a cylinder capacity of more than 175 cm3 and a gearbox with five ratios or more shall be tested once in second gear and once in third gear. The result used must be the average of the two tests.

 

1.4.3.1.2.4.      If, during the test carried out in second gear (see paragraphs 1.4.3.1.2.1. and 1.4.3.1.2.3), the engine speed on the approach to the line marking the end of the test track exceeds 100 per cent of the speeds specified under item 9 of annex 1, the test must be carried out in third gear and the sound level measured shall be the only one recorded as the test result.

 

1.4.3.2.            Motorcycles with automatic gearboxes

 

1.4.3.2.1.         Motorcycles without a manual selector

 

1.4.3.2.1.1.      Approach speed

 

The motorcycle shall approach line AA' at steady speeds of 30, 40 and 50 km/h or 75 per cent of the maximum road speed if that value is lower. The condition giving the highest sound level is chosen.

 

1.4.3.2.2.         Motorcycles equipped with a manual selector with X forward drive positions.

 

1.4.3.2.2.1.      Approach speed

 

The motorcycle shall approach line AA' at a steady speed of:

(i)                 less than 50 km/h, the engine rotation speed being to equal to 75 per cent of the speed specified under item 9 of annex 1,

or

(ii)               50 km/h, the engine rotation speed being less than 75 per cent of the speed specified under item 9 of annex 1.

If, in the test at a steady speed of 50 km/h, the gears change down to first, the approach speed of the motorcycle may be increased to a maximum of 60 km/h to avoid the change down.

 

1.4.3.2.2.2.      Position of the manual selector

 

If the motorcycle is equipped with a manual selector with X forward drive positions, the test shall be carried out with the selector in the highest position; the voluntary device for changing down (e.g. kickdown) shall not be used. If an automatic change down takes place after line AA', the test shall be begun again using the second highest position or the third-highest position if necessary, in order to find the highest position or the selector at which the test can be performed without an automatic change down (without using the kickdown).

 

1.5.                  Results

 

1.5.1.               The communication referred to in annex 1 shall indicate any circumstances and influences affecting the results of the measurements.

 

1.5.2.               Readings taken shall be rounded off to the nearest decibel.

If the figure following the decimal point is between 0 and 4, the total is rounded down and if between 5 and 9, it is rounded up.

Only those measurements whose variation in two consecutive tests on the same side of the motorcycle is less than or equal to 2 dB(A) may be used for the purpose of issuing the communication referred to in annex 1.

 

1.5.3.               To take account of inaccuracies in the measurements, the result of each measurement shall be arrived at by deducting 1 dB(A) from the value obtained in accordance with 1.5.2.

 

1.5.4.               If the average of the four results of the measurements does not exceed the maximum permissible level for the category to which the motorcycle being tested belongs, the limit laid down in paragraph 1.1. will be deemed as being complied with. This average value will constitute the result of the test.

 

2.                     Noise from stationary motorcycle (measuring conditions and method for testing of the vehicle in use).

 

2.1.                  Sound-pressure level in the immediate vicinity of the motorcycle

 

In order to facilitate subsequent noise tests on motorcycles in use, the sound-pressure level shall also be measured in the immediate vicinity of the exhaust-system outlet in accordance with the following requirements, the result of the measurement being entered in the communication referred to in annex 1.

 

2.2.                  Measuring instruments

 

A precision sound-level meter as defined in paragraph 1.2.1. shall be used.

 

2.3.                  Conditions of measurement

 

2.3.1.               Condition of the motorcycle

 

Before the measurements are made the motorcycle engine shall be brought to the normal operating temperature.

 

 

If the motorcycle is fitted with fans with an automatic actuating mechanism, this system shall not be interfered with during the sound measurements.

During the measurements the gearbox shall be in neutral gear. If it is impossible to disconnect the transmission, the driving wheel of the motorcycle shall be allowed to rotate freely, for example by placing the vehicle on its centre stand.

 

2.3.2.               Test site (See appendix - figure 2)

 

Any area in which there are no significant acoustic disturbances may be used as a test site. Flat surfaces which are covered with concrete, asphalt or some other hard material and are highly reflective are suitable; surfaces consisting of earth which has been tamped down shall not be used. The test site must be in the form of a rectangle whose sides are at least 3 m from the outer edge of the motorcycle (handlebars excluded). There shall be no significant obstacles, e.g. no persons other than the rider and the observer may stand within this rectangle.

The motorcycle shall be positioned within the said rectangle so that the microphone used for measurement is at least 1m from any kerb.

2.3.3.               Miscellaneous

 

Readings of the measuring instrument caused by ambient noise and wind effects shall be at least 10 dB(A) lower than the sound levels to be measured. A suitable windshield may be fitted to the microphone provided that account is taken of its effect on the sensitivity of the microphone.

 

2.4.                  Method of measurement

 

2.4.1.               Nature and number of measurements

 

The maximum sound level expressed in A-weighted decibels (dB(A)) shall be measured during the period of operation laid down in paragraph 2.4.3.

At least three measurements shall be taken at each measuring point.

 

2.4.2.               Positioning of the microphone (See appendix - figure 2)

 

The microphone shall be positioned level with the exhaust outlet or 0.2 m above the surface of the track, whichever is the highest. The microphone diaphram shall face towards the exhaust outlet at a distance of 0.5 m from it. The axis of maximum sensitivity of the microphone shall be parallel to the surface of the track at an angle of 45 degrees +/- 10' to the vertical plane of the direction of the exhaust emissions.

In relation to this vertical plane, the microphone shall be located on the side which gives the maximum possible distance between the microphone and the outline of the motorcycle (handlebars excluded).

If the exhaust system has more than one outlet at centres less than 0.3 m apart, the microphone shall be faced towards the outlet which is nearest the motorcycle
(handlebars excluded) or towards the outlet which is highest above the surface of the track. If the centres of the outlets are more than 0.3 m apart, separate measurements shall be taken for each of them, the highest figure recorded being taken as the test value.

 

2.4.3.               Operating conditions

 

The engine speed shall be held steady at one of the following values:

S/2 if S is more than 5,000 rpm,

3S/4, if S is not more than 5,000 rpm

where S is the speed specified under item 9 of annex 1.

When a constant engine speed is reached, the throttle shall be returned swiftly to the idle position. The sound level shall be measured during an operating cycle consisting of a brief period of constant engine speed and throughout the deceleration period, the maximum sound-level meter reading being taken as the test value.

 

2.5.                  Results

 

2.5.1.               The Communication referred to in Annex 1 shall indicate all relevant data and
 particularly those used in measuring the noise of the stationary motorcycle.

 

2.5.2.               Values, rounded off to the nearest decibel, shall be read off the measuring instrument.

If the figure following the decimal point is between 0 and 4, the total is rounded down and if between 5 and 9, it is rounded up.

Only those measurements which vary by no more than 2 dB(A) in three consecutive tests will be used.

 

2.5.3.               The highest of the three measurements will constitute the test result.

 


Annex 3 – Appendix

 

Figure 1

Test for vehicle in motion

 

Figure 2

Test for stationary vehicle

 


Annex 4

 

SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE TEST SITE

 

1.                         Introduction

 

This annex describes the specifications relating to the physical characteristics and the laying of the test track. These specifications, based on a special standard,[22]/ describe the required physical characteristics as well as the test methods for these characteristics.

 

2.                         Required characteristics of the surface

 

A surface is considered to conform to this standard provided that the texture and voids content or sound absorption coefficient have been measured and found to fulfil [all] the requirements of paragraphs 2.1. to 2.4. below and provided that the design requirements (para. 3.2.) have been met.

 

2.1.                      Residual voids content

 

The residual voids content, Vc, of the test track paving mixture shall not exceed 8 per cent. For the measurement procedure, see paragraph 4.1.

 

2.2.                      Sound absorption coefficient

 

If the surface fails to conform to the residual voids content requirement, the surface is acceptable only if its sound absorption coefficient, alpha, < 0.10. For the measurement procedure, see paragraph 4.2. The requirement of paragraphs 2.1. and 2.2. is met also if only sound absorption has been measured and found to be alpha < 0.10.

 

Note: The most relevant characteristic is the sound absorption, although the residual voids content is more familiar among road constructors. However, sound absorption needs to be measured only if the surface fails to conform to the voids requirement. This is because the latter is connected with relatively large uncertainties in terms of both measurements and relevance and some surfaces may therefore be rejected erroneously when the voids measurement only is used as a basis.

 

2.3.                      Texture depth

 

The texture depth (TD) measured according to the volumetric method (see para. 4.3. below) shall be:

TD > 0.4 mm

 

2.4.                      Homogeneity of the surface

 

Every practical effort shall be taken to ensure that the surface is made to be as homogeneous as possible within the test area. This includes the texture and voids content, but it should also be observed that if the rolling process results in more effective rolling at some places than others, the texture may be different and unevenness causing bumps may also occur.

 

2.5.                      Period of testing

 

In order to check whether the surface continues to conform to the texture and voids content or sound absorption requirements stipulated in this standard, periodic testing of

 

the surface shall be done at the following intervals:

(a)    For residual voids content or sound absorption:
when the surface is new;

if the surface meets the requirements when new, no further periodical testing is required. If it does not meet the requirement when it is new, it may do later because surfaces tend to become clogged and compacted with time.

(b)   For texture depth (TD):

when the surface is new;

when the noise testing starts (NB: not before four weeks after laying);

then every 12 months.

 

3.                         Test surface design

 

3.1.                      Area

 

When designing the test track layout it is important to ensure that, as a minimum requirement, the area traversed by the vehicles running through the test strip is covered with the specified test material with suitable margins for safe and practical driving. This will require that the width of the track is at least 3 m and the length of the track extends beyond lines AA and BB by at least 10 m at either end. Figure 1 shows a plan of a suitable test site and indicates the minimum area which shall be machine laid and machine compacted with the specified test surface material. According to annex 3, paragraph 3.1.1.1., measurements have to be made on each side of the vehicle. This can be made either by measuring with two microphone locations (one on each side of the track) and driving in one direction, or measuring with a microphone only on one side of the track but driving the vehicle in two directions. If the former method is used, then there are no surface requirements on that side of the track where there is no microphone.

 

Note : There shall be no large acoustically reflecting products within this radius.

Figure 1: Minimum requirements for test surface area. The shaded part is called "Test Area".

 

3.2.                      Design and preparation of the surface

 

3.2.1.                   Basic design requirements

 

The test surface shall meet four design requirements:

 

3.2.1.1.                It shall be a dense asphaltic concrete.

 

3.2.1.2.                The maximum chipping size shall be 8 mm (tolerances allow from 6.3 to 10 mm).

 

3.2.1.3.                The thickness of the wearing course shall be > 30 mm.

 

3.2.1.4.                The binder shall be a straight penetration grade bitumen without modification.

 

3.2.2.                   Design guidelines

 

As a guide to the surface constructor, an aggregate grading curve which will give desired characteristics is shown in Figure 2. In addition, Table 1 gives some guidelines in order to obtain the desired texture and durability. The grading curve fits the following formula:

P (% passing) = 100 . (d/dmax)1/2

where: d = square mesh sieve size, in mm

dmax = 8 mm for the mean curve

dmax = 10 mm for the lower tolerance curve

dmax = 6.3 mm for the upper tolerance curve

Figure 2: Grading curve of the aggregate in the asphaltic mix with tolerances.

 

In addition to the above, the following recommendations are given:

The sand fraction (0.063 mm < square mesh sieve size < 2mm) shall include no more than 55% natural sand and at least 45% crushed sand;

The base and sub-base shall ensure a good stability and evenness, according to best road construction practice;

The chippings shall be crushed (100% crushed faces) and of a material with a high resistance to crushing;

The chippings used in the mix shall be washed;

No extra chippings shall be added onto the surface;

The binder hardness expressed as PEN value shall be 40-60, 60-80 or even 80-100 depending on the climatic conditions of the country. The rule is that as hard a binder as possible shall be used, provided this is consistent with common practice;

The temperature of the mix before rolling shall be chosen so as to achieve by subsequent rolling the required voids content. In order to increase the probability of satisfying the specifications of paragraphs 2.1. to 2.4. above, the compactness shall be studied not only by an appropriate choice of mixing temperature, but also by an appropriate number of passings and by the choice of compacting vehicle.


Table 1: Design guidelines

 

 

Target values

Tolerances

By total
mass of mix

By mass of the aggregate

Mass of stones, square mesh sieve (SM) >2mm Mass of sand 0.063 < SM <2mm

Mass of filler SM < 0.063mm

Mass of binder (bitumen)

Max. chipping size

Binder hardness

Polished stone value (PSV)

Compactness, relative to Marshall compactness

47.6%               50.5%

38.0%               40.2%

8.8%                 9.3%

5.8%                 N.A.

8mm

(see para. 3.2.2. (f))

> 50

98%

+/- 5

+/- 5

+/- 2

+/- 0.5

6.3-10

 

4.                         Test method

 

4.1.                      Measurement of the residual voids content

 

For the purpose of this measurement, cores have to be taken from the track in at least four different positions which are equally distributed in the test area between lines AA and BB (see Figure 1). In order to avoid inhomogeneity and unevenness in the wheel tracks, cores should not be taken in wheel tracks themselves, but close to them. Two cores (minimum) should be taken close to the wheel tracks and one core (minimum) should be taken approximately midway between the wheel tracks and each microphone location.

If there is a suspicion that the condition of homogeneity is not met (see para. 2.4.), cores shall be taken from more locations within the test area. The residual voids content has to be determined for each core, then the average value from all cores shall be calculated and compared with the requirement of paragraph 2.1. In addition, no single core shall have a voids value which is higher than 10%. The test surface constructor is reminded of the problem which may arise when the test area is heated by pipes or electrical wires and cores must be taken from this area. Such installations must be carefully planned with respect to future core drilling locations. It is recommended to leave a few locations of size approximately 200 x 300 mm where there are no wires/pipes or where the latter are located deep enough in order not to be damaged by cores taken from the surface layer.

 

4.2.                      Sound absorption coefficient

 

The sound absorption coefficient (normal incidence) shall be measured by the impedance tube method using the procedure specified in ISO 10534:1994 - "Acoustics - Determination of sound absorption coefficient and impedance by a tube method."

Regarding test specimens, the same requirements shall be followed as regarding the residual voids content (see para. 4.1.). The sound absorption shall be measured in the range between 400 Hz and 800 Hz and in the range between 800 Hz and 1,600 Hz (at least at the centre frequencies of third octave bands) and the maximum values shall be identified for both of these frequency ranges. Then these values, for all test cores, shall be averaged to constitute the final result.

 

4.3.                      Volumetric macro texture measurement

 

For the purpose of this standard, texture depth measurements shall be made on at least 10 positions evenly spaced along the wheel tracks of the test strip and the average value taken to compare with the specified minimum texture depth. For the description of the procedure see standard ISO 10844:1994.

 

 

5.                         Stability in time and maintenance

 

5.1.                      Age influence

 

In common with any other surfaces, it is expected that the tyre/road noise level measured on the test surface may increase slightly during the first 6-12 months after construction.

The surface will achieve its required characteristics not earlier than four weeks after construction. The influence of age on the noise from trucks is generally less than that from cars.

The stability over time is determined mainly by the polishing and compaction by vehicles driving on the surface. It shall be periodically checked as stated in paragraph 2.5.

 

5.2.                      Maintenance of the surface

 

Loose debris or dust which could significantly reduce the effective texture depth must be removed from the surface. In countries with winter climates, salt is sometimes used for de-icing. Salt may alter the surface temporarily or even permanently in such a way as to increase noise and is therefore not recommended.

 

5.3.                      Repaving the test area

 

If it is necessary to repave the test track, it is usually unnecessary to repave more than the test strip (of 3 m width in Figure 1) where vehicles are driving, provided the test area outside the strip met the requirement of residual voids content or sound absorption when it was measured.

 

6.                         Documentation of the test surface and of tests performed on it

 

6.1.                      Documentation of the test surface

 

The following data shall be given in a document describing the test surface:

 

6.1.1.                   The location of the test track.

6.1.2.                   Type of binder, binder hardness, type of aggregate, maximum theoretical density of the concrete (DR), thickness of the wearing course and grading curve determined from cores from the test track.

 

6.1.3.                   Method of compaction (e.g. type of roller, roller mass, number of passes).

 

6.1.4.                   Temperature of the mix, temperature of the ambient air and wind speed during laying of the surface.

 

6.1.5.                   Date when the surface was laid and contractor.

 

6.1.6.                   All or at least the latest test results, including:

 

6.1.6.1.                The residual voids content of each core.

 

6.1.6.2.                The locations in the test area from where the cores for voids measurements have been taken.

 

6.1.6.3.                The sound absorption coefficient of each core (if measured).

Specify the results both for each core and each frequency range as well as the overall average.

 

6.1.6.4.                The locations in the test area from where the cores for absorption measurement have been taken.

 

6.1.6.5.                Texture depth, including the number of tests and standard deviation.

 

6.1.6.6.                The institution responsible for tests according to paragraphs 6.1.6.1. and 6.1.6.2. and the type of equipment used.

 

6.1.6.7.                Date of the test(s) and date when the cores were taken from the test track.

 

6.2.                      Documentation of vehicle noise tests conducted on the surface

 

In the document describing the vehicle noise test(s) it shall be stated whether all the requirements of this standard were fulfilled or not. Reference shall be given to a document according to paragraph 6.1. describing the results which verify this.


Annex 5

 

EXHAUST SYSTEM (SILENCER)

 

1.                                                   Fibrous absorbent material must be asbestos-free and may be used in the construction of silencers only if suitable devices ensure that the fibrous material is kept in place for the whole time that the silencer is being used and it meets the requirements of any one of paragraphs 1.1., 1.2. and 1.3.

 

1.1.                                             After removal of the fibrous material, the sound level must comply with the requirements of annex 3 and the sound level limits of annex 4.

 

1.2.                                             The fibrous absorbent material may not be placed in those parts of the silencer through which the exhaust gases pass and must comply with the following requirements:

 

1.2.1.                                       The material must be heated at a temperature of 650 +/- 5 degrees C for four hours in a furnace without reduction in every length, diameter or bulk density of the fibre.

 

1.2.2.                                       After heating at 650 +/- 5 degrees C for one hour in a furnace, at least 98% of the material must be retained in a sieve of nominal aperture size 250 mu m complying with ISO Standard 3310/1 : 1990 when tested in accordance with ISO Standard 2599 : 1983.

 

1.2.3.                                       The loss in weight of the material must not exceed 10.5% after soaking for 24 hours at 90 +/- 5 degrees C in a synthetic condensate of the following composition:

1 N hydrobromic acid (HBr): 10 ml

1 N sulphuric acid (H2SO4): 10 ml

Distilled water to make up to 1,000 ml.

Note: The material must be washed in distilled water and dried for one hour at 105 degrees C before weighing.

 

1.3.                                             Before the system is tested in accordance with annex 3, it must be put into a normal state for road use by one of the following condition methods:

 

1.3.1.                                       CONDITIONING BY CONTINUOUS ROAD OPERATION

 

1.3.1.1.                                 According to the classes of motor cycles, the minimum distances to be completed during conditioning are:

 

Class of motor cycle

according to cylinder capacity in cm3

Distance (km)

Class I  < 80   

Class II > 80 < 175   

Class III  > 175

4,000

6,000

8,000

1.3.1.2.                                 50 +/- 10% of this conditioning cycle consists of town driving and the remainder of long- distance runs at high speed; the continuous road cycle may be replaced by a corresponding test-track programme.

 

1.3.1.3.                                 The two speed regimes must be alternated at least six times.

 

1.3.1.4.                                 The complete test programme must include a minimum of 10 breaks of at least three hours' duration in order to reproduce the effects of cooling and condensation.

 

1.3.2.                   CONDITIONING BY PULSATION

 

1.3.2.1.                The exhaust system or components thereof must be fitted to the motor cycle or to the engine. In the former case, the motor cycle must be mounted on a test bench.

The test apparatus, a detailed diagram of which is shown in Figure 1, is fitted at the outlet of the exhaust system. Any other apparatus providing equivalent results is acceptable.

 

1.3.2.2.                The test equipment must be adjusted so that the flow of exhaust gases is alternatively interrupted and restored 2,500 times by a rapid-action valve.

 

1.3.2.3.                The valve must open when the exhaust gas back-pressure, measured at least 100 mm downstream of the intake flange, reaches a value of between 0.35 and 0.40 bar. Should such a figure be unattainable because of the engine characteristics, the valve must open when the gas back-pressure reaches a level equivalent to 90% of the maximum that can be measured before the engine stops. It must close when this pressure does not differ by more than 10% from its stabilized value with the valve open.

 

1.3.2.4.                The time-delay switch must be set for the duration of exhaust gases calculated on the basis of the requirements of paragraph 1.3.2.3.

 

1.3.2.5.                Engine speed must be 75% of the speed (S) at which the engine develops maximum power.

 

1.3.2.6.                The power indicated by the dynamometer must be 50% of the full-throttle power measured at 75% of engine speed (S).

 

1.3.2.7.                Any drainage holes must be closed off during the test.

 

1.3.2.8.                The entire test must be complete within 48 hours. If necessary, a cooling period must be allowed after each hour.

 

1.3.2.                                       CONDITIONING ON A TEST BENCH

 

1.3.3.1.                The exhaust system must be fitted to an engine representative of the type fitted to the motor cycle for which the exhaust system was designed, and mounted on a test bench.

 

1.3.3.2.                Conditioning consists of the specific number of test bench cycles for each class of motor cycle for which the exhaust system was designed. The number of cycles for each class
of motor cycle is:

 

Class of motor cycle

according to cylinder capacity in cm3

Number of

cycles

Class I  < 80

Class II  > 80 < 175

Class III  > 175

6

9

12

 

1.3.3.3.                Each test-bench cycle must be followed by a break of at least six hours in order to reproduce the effects of cooling and condensation.

 

1.3.3.4.                Each test-bench cycle consists of six phases. The engine conditions for and the duration of each phase are:

 

Phase

Conditions

Duration of phase

Engines < 175 cm3

Engines > 175 cm3

1

2

3

4

5

6

Idling

25% load at 75% S

50% load at 75% S

100% load at 75% S

50% load at 100% S

25% load at 100% S

(minutes)

6

40

40

30

12

22

(minutes)

6

50

50

10

12

22

 

Total time

2.5 hours

2.5 hours

 

1.3.3.5                 During this conditioning procedure, at the request of the manufacturer, the engine and the silencer may be cooled in order that the temperature recorded at a point not more than 100 mm from the exhaust gas outlet does not exceed that measured when the motor cycle is running at 110 km/h or 75% S in top gear. The engine and/or motor cycle speeds are determined to within +/- 3%.

 


Figure 1

TEST APPARATUS FOR CONDITIONING BY PULSATION

 

1.     Inlet flange or sleeve for connection to the rear of the test exhaust system.

2.     Hand-operated regulating valve.

3.     compensating reservoir with a maximum capacity of 40 litres.

4.     Pressure switch with an operating range of 0.05 to 2.5 bar.

5.     Time delay switch.

6.     Impulse counter.

7.     Quick response valve, such as exhaust brake valve 60 mm in diameter, operated by a pneumatic cylinder with an output of 120 N at 4 bar. The response time, both when opening and closing, must not exceed 0.5 seconds.

8.     Exhaust gas evacuation.

9.     Flexible pipe.

10.   Pressure gauge.

 


Annex 6

 

MAXIMUM LIMITS OF SOUND LEVEL (NEW MOTOR CYCLES)

 

 

Category of motorcycle

Engine cylinder capacity (cc)

Values expressed in dB(A)

First category

cc < 80cm3

75

Second category

80cm3< cc < 175cm3

77

Third category

cc > 175cm3

80

______________


APPENDIX C

 

United Nations – Economic Commission for Europe Regulation No. 63 UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF TWO-WHEELED MOPEDS WITH REGARD TO NOISE, incorporating the 01 series of Amendments, up to and including corrigendum 2 to the 01 series


Regulation No.63

 

UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF TWO-WHEELED MOPEDS WITH REGARD TO NOISE

 

CONTENTS

 

REGULATION

1.         Scope

2.         Definitions

3.         Application for approval

4.         Markings

5.         Approval

6.         Specifications

7.         Modifications of the moped type or of the type of exhaust or silencing system

8.         Conformity of production

9.         Penalties for non-conformity of production

10.       Transitional provisions

11.       Production definitely discontinued

12.       Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of administrative departments

ANNEXES

Annex 1 -        Communication concerning the approval (or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued) of a moped type with regard to noise pursuant to Regulation No. 63

Annex 2 -        Arrangements of approval marks

Annex 3 -        Methods and instruments for measuring the noise made by mopeds

Annex 4 -        Maximum sound level limits (new mopeds)

Annex 5 -        Test track specifications


Regulation No.63

 

UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF TWO-WHEELED MOPEDS WITH REGARD TO NOISE

 

1.                                              SCOPE


                         

                          This regulation applies to the noise made by two-wheeled mopeds.[23] [24]/

 

2.                                              DEFINITIONS

 

For the purposes of this Regulation

 

2.1.                                        " Approval of a moped " means the approval of a moped type with regard to noise and the original exhaust system as a technical component of a two-wheeled type of moped.

 

2.2.                                        "Moped type" means a category of mopeds which do not differ in such essential respects as:

 

2.2.1.                                  The type of engine (two-stroke or four-stroke; with reciprocating or rotary pistons; number and capacity of cylinders; number and type of carburettors or injection systems; arrangement of valves; maximum net power and corresponding engine speed) .

For rotary piston engines, the cubic capacity should be taken to be double of the volume of the chamber;

 

2.2.2.                                  number and ratios of gears;

 

2.2.3.                                   The number, type and arrangement of exhaust systems.

 

2.2.3.1.                            "Exhaust or silencing system" means a complete set of components necessary for limiting the noise made by the engine of the moped and its exhaust;

 

2.2.3.2.                            "Original exhaust or silencing system" means a system of the type fitted to the vehicle on approval or extension of approval. It may be original or a replacement.

 

2.2.3.3.                            "Non-original exhaust or silencing system" means a system of a type different from that fitted to the vehicle on approval or extension of approval. It may be used only as a replacement exhaust or silencing system.

 

2.3.                                        "exhaust or silencing system" means a complete set of components necessary for limiting the noise made by a moped and its exhaust;

 

2.4.                                        "exhaust or silencing systems ofdifferent types" means exhaust or silencing systems which differ in such essential respects as;

 

2.4.1.                                  that their components bear different trade names or marks;

 

2.4.2.                 that the characteristics of the materials constituting a component are different or that the components differ in shape or size;

 

2.4.3.                 that the operating principles of at least one component are different;

 

2.4.4.                 that their components are assembled differently;

 

2.5.                                        "Exhaust system component" means one of the individual constituent parts which, when assembled, constitute the exhaust system (e.g, exhaust pipes, silencer) and, where applicable, the intake device (air filter) .

If the engine is fitted with an intake device (air filter and/or an intake noise absorber essential in order to ensure conformity with noise-level limits), this device shall be considered to be a component of the same importance as the exhaust system proper, and be included in the list referred to in paragraph 3.2.2. and carry the markings prescribed in paragraph 4.1.

 

3.                                              APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

 

3.1.                                        The application for approval of a moped type with regard to noise made by mopeds shall be submitted by its manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.

 

3.2.                                        It shall be accompanied by the undermentioned documents in triplicate and the following particulars:

 

3.2.1.                                  a description of the moped type with regard to the items mentioned in paragraph 2.2. above. The numbers and/or symbols identifying the engine type and the moped type shall be specified;

 

3.2.2.                                  a list of the components, duly identified, constituting the exhaust or silencing

                          system ;

 

3.2.3.                                  a drawing of the assembled exhaust or silencing system and an indication of its position on the moped;

 

3.2.4.                                  detailed drawings of each component to enable it to be easily located and identified, and a specification of the materials used.

 

3.3.                                        At the request of the technical service responsible for conducting approval tests, the moped manufacturer shall, in addiiton, submit a sample of the exhaust or silencing system.

 

3.4.                                        A moped representative of the moped type to be approved shall be submitted to the technical service responsible for conducting approval tests.

 

4.                       MARKINGS

 

4.1.                    The components of the exhaust or silencing system shall bear:

 

4.1.1.                 the trade name or mark of the manufacturer of the exhaust or silencing system and of its components; and

 

4.1.2.                 the trade description given by the manufacturer.

 

4.1.3.                 All packagings of original replacements for exhaust silencing systems shall be marked "original part" and bear clearly legible make and type references.

 

4.2.                    Such marking shall be clearly legible and be indelible.

 

5.                       APPROVAL

 

5.1.                    If the moped submitted for approval pursuant to paragraph 3 of this Regulation meets the requirements of paragraphs 6. and 7. below, approval of that moped type with regard to noise shall be granted.

 

5.2.                    An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present 01 for the 01 series of amendments entering into force on 26 January 1994) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party may not assign the same number to the same moped type equipped with another type of exhaust or silencing system, or to another moped type.

 

5.3.                    Notice of approval or of refusal of approval of a moped type pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation, by means of a form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation and of drawings of the exhaust or silencing system supplied by the applicant for approval, in a format not exceeding A4 (210 x 297 mm) or folded to that format and on an appropriate scale.

 

5.4.                    There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the approval form, to every moped conforming to a moped type approved under this Regulation an international approval mark consisting of:

 

5.4.1.                 a circle surrounding the letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country which has granted approval ; 2[25]/

5.4.2.                 the number of this Regulation, followed by the letter "R", a dash and the approval number to the right of the circle prescribed in paragraph 5.4.1.

 

5.5.                    If the moped conforms to a moped type approved, under one or more Regulations annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation, the symbol prescribed in paragraph 5.4.1. need not be repeated; in such a case the Regulation and approval numbers and the additional symbols of all the Regulations under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical colums to the right of the symbol prescribed in paragraph 5.4.1.

 

5.6.                    The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.

 

5.7.                    The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the moped data plate.

 

5.8.                    Annex 2 to this Regulation gives arrangements of approval marks.

 

6.                       SPECIFICATIONS

 

6.1.                    General specifications

 

6.1.1.                 The moped, its engine and its exhaust or silencing system shall be so designed, constructed and assembled as to enable the moped, in normal use, despite the vibration to which it may be subjected, to comply with the provisions of this Regulation.

 

6.1.2.                 The exhaust or silencing system shall be so designed, constructed and assembled as to be able to resist the corrosive action to which it is exposed.

 

6.2.                    Specifications regarding sound levels

 

6.2.1.                 Methods of measurement

 

6.2.1.1.              The noise made by the moped type submitted for approval shall be measured by the two methods described in annex 3 to this Regulation for the moped in motion and for the moped when stationary. [26]/

 

6.2.1.2.              The two value measured in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 6.2.1.1. above shall be entered in the test report and on a form conforming to the model in annex 1 to thia Regulation.

 

6.2.1.3.              The sound level measured by the method described in annex 3, paragraph 3.1. to this Regulation when the moped is in motion shall not exceed the limits prescribed (for new mopeds and new exhaust or silencing systems) in annex 4 to this Regulation for the category to which the moped belongs.

7.                       MODIFICATIONS AND EXTENSION OF THE APPROVAL OF THE MOPED TYPE OR OF THE TYPE OF EXHAUST OR SILENCING SYSTEM(S)

 

7.1.                    Every modification of the moped type or of the exhaust or silencing system shall be notified to the administrative department which approved the moped type. The said department may then either:

 

7.1.1.                 consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have appreciable adverse effects; or

 

7.1.2.                 require a further test report from the technical service responsible for conductng the tests.

 

7.2.                    Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 5.3. above to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation.

 

7.3.                    The competent authority which issued the approval extension shall assign a serial number to the extension and shall so notify the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex l to this Regulation.

 

8.                       CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

 

The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement, Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2) , with the following requirements:

 

8.1.                    Every moped bearing an approval mark as prescribed under this Regulation shall conform to the moped type approved, be fitted with the exhaust or silencing system with which it was approved and satisfy the requirements of paragraph 6. above.

 

8.2.                    In order to verify conformity as prescribed in paragraph 8.1. above, a moped, bearing the approval mark required by this Regulation, shall be taken from the series. Production shall be deemed to conform to the requirements of this Regulation if the level measured by the method described in annex 3, paragraph 3.1. does not exceed by more than 3 dB(A) the value measured during type approval nor by more than l dB(A) the limits prescribed in annex 4 to this Regulation.

 

9.                       PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

 

9.1.                    The approval granted in respect of a moped type pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirements laid down in paragraph 8.1. above are not complied with, or if the moped has failed to pass the tests provided for in paragraph 8.2. above.

 

9.2.                    If a Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in annex 1 of this Regulation.

 

10.                     TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

 

10.1.                  As from the official date of entry into force of the 01 series of amendments, no Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant ECE approval under this Regulation as amended by the 01 series of amendments.

 

10.2.                  As from the date of entry into force of the 01 series of amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant ECE approvals only if the moped type to be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by the 01 series of amendments.

 

10.3.                  Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions of approval in accordance with the preceding series of amendments to this Regulation.

 

10.4.                  Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall continue to grant approvals to those types of mopeds which conform to the requirements of this Regulation as amended by the preceding series of amendments until the entry into force of the 01 series of amendments.

 

10.5.                  ECE approvals granted under this Regulation before the entry into force of the 01 series of amendments and all extensions of such approvals, including those granted subsequently under a preceding series of amendments to this Regulation, shall remain valid indefinitely. When the moped type approved under the preceding series of amendments meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by the 01 series of amendments, the Contracting Party which granted the approval shall so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation.

 

10.6.                  No Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse national type approval of a moped type approved under the 01 series of amendments to this Regulation or meeting the requirements thereof.

 

10.7.                  As from 17 June 2003 Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse first national registration (first entry into service) of a moped which does not meet the requirements of the 01 series of amendments to this Regulation.

 

11.                     PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED

 

If the holder of the approval completely ceases production of a type of moped approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which granted the approval, which in turn shall notify the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a copy of the communication form conforming to the model in annex 1 to this Regulation.

 

12.                     NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS, AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS

 

The Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to the United Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the technical services responsible for conducting approval tests and of the administrative departments which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or refusal or withdrawal of approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.


Annex 1

 

COMMUNICATION

 

(maximum format : A4 (210 x 297 mm))

issued by : Name of administration:

..........................................................

..........................................................

..........................................................

 

concerning: 2/   APPROVAL GRANTED

                        APPROVAL EXTENDED

                        APPROVAL REFUSED

                        APPROVAL WITHDRAWN

                        PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED

of a moped type with regard to noise pursuant to Regulation No. 63.

Approval No. : ........................ Extension No. : .....................

l. Trade name or mark of the moped ......................................................................................................

2. Moped type .........................................................................................................................................

3. Variant (s) (if applicable ) : .................................................................................................................

4. Version (s) (if applicable ) : ................................................................................................................

5. Name and address of manufacturer : ..................................................................................................

6. Name and address of manufacturer ' s representative (if applicable) : ....................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

7. Type (s) of original exhaust system(s) : .............................................................................................

8. Type(s) of intake device (s) (if required in order to ensure conformity with noise-level limits ) :

9. Kind of engine 3/ .................................................................................................................................

10. Cycles : 2-stroke or 4-stroke (if applicable) 2/ ...................................................................................

11. Cylinder capacity .............................................................................................................................

11.1. Bore ........................................................................................................................................mm

11.2. Stroke .....................................................................................................................................mm

12. Engine power (state how measured)..................................................................................................

13 Engine speed at which maximum power is developed ................................................................min-[27]

14. Number of gears ...............................................................................................................................

14.1. gears used .....................................................................................................................................

14.2. final drive ratio(s) ...........................................................................................................................

15. Type and dimensions of tyres ..........................................................................................................

16. Maximum permissible gross weight .............................................................................................kg

17. Maximum design speed (as indicated by the manufacturer) .....................................................km/h

18. For stationary moped test: location and orientation of the microphone (by reference to diagrams in

appendix to annex 3) ....................................................................................................................................

 

19. Sound levels:

Moped in motion ........................................................................................... dB(A) at approach speed

(Line A-A') of.....................................km/h, rotation speed of the engine ...................................... rpm

Moped stationary.................................dB(A) with engine running at ............................................. rpm.

20. Deviations in calibration of sound level meter .................................................................................

21. Moped submitted for approval on ...................................................................................................

22. Technical service responsible for conducting approval tests ...........................................................

23. Date of report issued by that service ................................................................................................

24. Number of report issued by that service ..........................................................................................

25. Approval granted/refused/extended/withdrawn 2/

26. Position of approval mark on the moped .........................................................................................

27. Place ................................................................................................................................................

28. Date ..................................................................................................................................................

29. Signature ..........................................................................................................................................

30. The following documents, bearing the approval number shown above, are annexed to this

communication

...........drawings, diagrams and plans of the engine and of the exhaust or silencing system;

...........photographs of the engine and of the exhaust or silencing system;

...........list of duly identified components constituting the exhaust or silencing system.


Annex 2

 

ARRANGEMENTS OF APPROVAL MARKS

 

Model A

(See paragraph 5.4 of this Regulation)

 

The above approval mark affixed to a moped shows that the moped type concerned has, with regard to noise, been approved in the Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Regulation No. 63 under approval number 012439. The approval number indicates that the approval was granted in accordance with the reqirements of Regulation No. 63 already included the 01 series amendments.

 

Model B

(See paragraph 5.5 of this Regulation)

 

The above approval mark affixed to a moped shows that the moped type concerned has been approved in the Netherlands (E 4) pursuant to Regulations Nos. 63 and 33.1/ The approval numbers indicate that, at the dates when the respective approvals were given, Regulation No. 63 already included the 01 series of amendments and Regulation No. 33 [28]/ has also been amended by the 01 series of amendments.

__________________


Annex 3

 

METHODS AND INSTRUMENTS FOR MEASURING THE NOISE MADE BY MOPEDS

 

1.                       MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

 

1.1.                                        Acoustic measurements

 

1.1.1.                                  The apparatus used for measuring the sound level shall be a precision sound-level meter of the type described in International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) publication No. 179 "Precision sound-level meters", second edition.

 

1.1.2.                                  Measurements shall be carried out using the "fast" response of the sound - level meter and the "A" weighting also described in that publication .

 

1.1.3.                                  At the beginning and end of each series of measurements the sound-level meter shall be calibrated in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, using an appropriate sound source (e.g. pistonphone).

 

1.1.4.                                  If the errors of the sound level meter obtained from these calibrations change by more than 1 dB during a series of measurements, the test shall be considered invalid.

 

1.2.                                        Speed measurements

 

Engine revolution and the speed of the moped on the test track shall be determined to within +/- 3%.

 

2.                                              CONDITIONS OF MEASUREMENT

 

2.1.                                        Site

 

2.1.1.                                  The test site shall consist of a central acceleration track surrounded by a substantially level test area. The test track shall be level ; the track surface shall be dry and so designed that rolling noise remains low.

On the test site, free sound field conditions shall be maintained to within 1 dB between the sound source placed in the middle of the acceleration section and the microphone. This condition shall be deemed to be met if there are no large sound reflecting objects such as hedges, rocks, bridges or buildings within 50 m of the centre of the acceleration section.

No obstacle likely to affect the sound field shall be close to the microphone and no one shall come between the microphone and the sound source. The observer taking the measurements shall take up position so as to avoid influencing the metre readings.

 

2.1.2.                                  The surface of the test track shall conform to the requirements of annex 5 .

 

2.1.3.                                  Miscellaneous

 

Measurements shall not be made in poor weather conditions. Precautions shall be taken to ensure that readings are not influenced by wind gusts.

For measurement purposes, the weighted sound-level (A) of sound sources on the test vehicle and the sound-level produced by the effect of the wind shall be at least 10 dB(A) below the noise-level produced by the vehicle. The microphone may be fitted with a suitable wind guard, provided that its influence on the sensitivity and directional characteristics of the microphone are taken into account .

If the difference between ambient and measured noise-levels is between 10 and 16 dB(A), the appropriate figure shall be subtracted from the value recorded by the sound-level metre, in accordance with the following graph:

2.2.                    Moped

 

2.2.1.                 The combined mass of the driver and test equipment used on the moped shall not be

more than 90 kg, or less than 70 kg.

Weights shall be placed on the moped if the 70 kg minimum is not reached.

While measurements are being taken, the moped shall be equipped as for normal road

use (with coolant, lubricants, fuel, tool kit, spare wheel and driver) .

 

2.2.2.                 The tyres of the moped shall be of the correct size and shall be inflated to the prescribed pressure(s) for the moped in its unladen condition.

 

2.2.3.                 Before the measurements are started, the engine shall be brought to its normal operating conditions as regards:

 

2.2.3.1.              temperatures

 

2.2.3.2.              tuning

 

2.2.3.3.              fuel

 

2.2.3.4.              sparking plugs, carburettor (s), etc., (as appropriate).

 

2.2.4.                 If the moped is equipped with devices which are not necessary for its propulsion, but which are used whilst the moped is in normal service on the road, those devices shall be in operation in accordance with the specifications of the manufacturer.

 

3.                                              METHODS OF TESTING

 

3.1.                                        Measurement of noise of mopeds in motion

 

3.1.1.                                  General conditions of test

 

3.1.1.1.                            At least two measurements shall be made on each side of the moped. Preliminary measurements may be made for adjustment purposes, but shall be disregarded.

3.1.1.2.                            The microphone shall be situated 1.2 m +/- 0.1 m above ground level at a distance of 7.5 m +/- 0.2 m from the path of the moped's centre line, measured along the perpendicular PP' to that line (see appendix, fig. l).

 

3.1.1.3.                            Two lines, AA' and BB', parallel to the microphone line PP' and situated respectively 10 m forward and 10 m rearward of that line shall be marked out on the test track. The moped shall approach line AA' at an initial steady speed as specified below. When the front of the moped reaches line AA' the throttle shall be fully opened as quickly as practically possible and kept in that position until the rear of the moped reaches line BB' ; the throttle must then be returned as quickly as possible to the idle position.

For all measurements, the moped shall be driven in a straight line along the test track in such a way that the track of the median longitudinal plane of the moped is as close as possible to the line CC'.

 

3.1.1.4.                            The maximum sound value recorded at each measurement shall constitute the result of the measurement. The measurements shall be considered valid if the difference between the two consecutive measurements on the same side of the moped is not more than 2dB(A).

 

3.1.2.                                  Determination of the approach speed

 

3.1.2.1.                            Approach speed

 

The moped shall approach the line AA' at steady speed equal to its maximum speed if the latter is below or equal to 30 km/h. If the maximum speed is above 30 km/h, the vehicle shall approach AA' at a steady speed of 30 km/h.

 

3.1.2.2.                            If the moped is fitted with a manually-operated gearbox, the highest gear shall be selected which enables it to pass over the line AA' with an engine speed above or equal to one half the engine speed at which the engine produces its maximum power.

 

3.1.2.3.                            If the moped is fitted with automatic transmission, it shall be driven at the speeds indicated in 3.1.2.1.

 

3.2.                                        MEASUREMENT OF NOISE EMITTED BY STATIONARY MOPEDS (conditions and method of measurement for testing vehicles in service) .

 

In addition, in order to facilitate subsequent testing of mopeds in service, the sound pressure level shall be measured close to the outlet of the exhaust (silencing) system, in accordance with the following requirements, and the reading shall be recorded in the test report prepared for the issue of the document referred to in annex l.

The measurements shall be made using a precision sound-level metre conforming to the requirements of paragraph l.

 

3.2.1.                                  Test site - local conditions (see appendix, fig. 2)

 

3.2.1.1.                            Measurements shall be made on a stationary moped in an area which does not present a great deal of disturbance to the sound field.

 

3.2.1.2.                            Every open space shall be considered as a suitable test site if it consists of a flat area covered with concrete, asphalt or some other hard material having a high reflective capacity, excluding compressed or other earth surfaces, in which one can trace a rectangle whose sides are at least three metres from the extremities of the moped and inside which there is no noticeable obstacle; in particular, the moped shall not be positioned at a distance of less than 1 m from a pavement edge when the exhaust noise is measured.

 

3.2.1.3.                            Nobody shall be in the measurement area, except the observer and the driver, whose presence must have no influence on the meter reading.

 

3.2.2.                                  Disturbance noise and wind interference

 

The ambient noise levels at each measuring point shall be at least 10 dB(A) below the levels measured during the tests at the same points.

 

3.2.3.                                  Measuring method

 

3.2.3.1.                            Nature and number of measurements

 

The maximum sound level expressed in A-weighted decibels (dB(A)) shall be measured during the period of operation laid down in paragraph 3.2.3.3.2.1. below.

At least three measurements shall be taken at each measuring point.

 

3.2.3.2.                            Position and preparation of the moped

 

Before the measurements are started, the moped engine shall be brought to its normal operating temperature. If the moped is equipped with automatic fans, no adjustment shall be made to them during the measurement of the noise level.

While measurements are being made, the gear lever shall be in neutral. If the transmission cannot be disconnected, the drive wheel of the moped should be allowed
to run under no-load conditions by, for example, placing the moped on its stand.

 

3.2.3.3.                            Measuring of noise in proximity to the exhaust (see appendix, fig.2)

 

3.2.3.3.1.                      Position of the microphone

 

3.2.3.3.1.1.                The height of the microphone above the ground must be equal to that of the outlet pipe pf the exhaust gases, but in any event shall be limited to a minimum value of 0.2 m.

 

3.2.3.3.1.2.                The microphone must be pointed towards the orifice of gas flow and located at a distance of 0.5 m from the orifice.

 

3.2.3.3.1.3.                Its axis of maximum sensitivity must be parallel to the ground and must make an angle of 45 degrees +/- 10 degrees with the vertical plane containing the direction of the gas flow. The instructions of the manufacturer of the sound level meter with regard to this axis must be respected. In relation to this plane, the microphone shall be placed in such a way as to obtain the maximum distance from the longitudinal median plane of the moped; in case of doubt, the position which gives the maximum distance from the contour of the moped shall be selected.

 

3.2.3.3.1.4.                In the case of an exhaust provided with two or more outlets spaced less than 0.3 m apart, only one measurement is made; the microphone position is related to the outlet nearest to the external side of the moped or, when such outlet does not exist, to the outlet which is the highest above the ground.

 

3.2.3.3.1.5.                For moped having an exhaust provided with outlet spaced more than 0.3 m apart, one measurement is made for each outlet as if it were the only one, and the highest level is noted.

 

3.2.3.3.2.                      Operating conditions of the engine

 

3.2.3.3.2.1.                Engine speed shall be held steady at one of the following values :

1/2 S, if S exceeds 5,000 rpm,

 

3/4 S, if S does not exceed 5,000 rpm,

where S is the engine speed at which the engine produces its maximum power.

 

3.2.3.3.2.2.                When the constant engine speed is reached, the throttle shall be returned swiftly to the idle position. The sound level shall be measured during a period of operation consisting of a brief maintenance of the constant engine speed and throughout the deceleration period.

 

3.2.3.3.3.                      The values rounded off to the nearest whole decibel, shall be read from the measuring apparatus. If the figure following the decimal point is between 0 and 4, the total is rounded down and if between 5 and 9, it is rounded up.

Only values which are obtained from three consecutive measurements which do not differ by more than 2 dB(A) shall be accepted.

The highest of the three measurements will constitute the test result.

 

4.                                              INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS FOR VEHICLES IN MOTION

 

The values taken shall be rounded off to the nearest whole decibel. If the figure following the decimal point is between 0 and 4, the total is rounded down and if between 5 an 9, it is rounded up.

Only the values of readings obtained from two consecutive measurements made on the same side of the vehicle and not differing by more than 2 dB(A) shall be accepted.

To allow for lack of precision in the readings, the result of each measurement shall be taken as equal to the value obtained, less l dB(A) .

If the average of the four readings does not exceed the maximum permissible level for the category to which the tested vehicle belongs, the limit specified in paragraph 6.2.1.3. shall be deemed as being complied with. This average value shall constitute the test result.

 

5.                                              ORIGINAL EXHAUST (SILENCING) SYSTEM

 

5.1.                                        Requirements for silencers containing absorbent fibrous materials.

 

5.1.1.                                  Fibrous absorbent material must be asbestos-free and may be used in the construction of silencers only if suitable devices ensure that the fibrous absorbent material is kept in place for the whole time that the silencer is being used and it meets the requirements of any one of sections 5.1.2., 5.1.3. or 5.1.4.

 

5.1.2.                                  After removal of the fibrous material, the sound level must conform to the requirements of annex 4.

 

5.1.3.                                  The fibrous absorbent material may not be placed in those parts of silencer through which the exhaust gases pass and must conform to the following requirements:

 

5.1.3.1.                            The material shall be heated at a temperature of 650 +/- 5 degrees C for four hours in a furnace without reduction in the average length, diameter or bulk density of the fibre ;

 

5.1.3.2.                            After heating at 650 +/- 5 degrees C for one hour in a furnace, at least 98% of the material must be retained in a sieve of nominal aperture size 250 micrometers conforming to ISO standard 3310/1 when tested in accordance with ISO standard 2599 ;

 

5.1.3.3.                            The loss in weight of the material must not exceed 10.5% after soaking for 24 hours at 90 +/- 5 degrees C in a synthetic condensate of the following composition :

1 N hydrobromic acid (HBr) 10 ml

1 N sulphuric acid (H2SO4) 10ml

Distilled water to make up to l,000 ml

 

Note: The material must be washed in distilled water and dried for one hour at 105 degrees C before weighing.

 

5.1.4.                                  Before the system is tested in accordance with paragraph 3.1., it must be put into a normal state for road use by one of the following methods :

 

5.1.4.1.                            Conditioning by continuous road operation .

 

5.1.4.1.1.                      The minimum distance to be completed during conditioning shall be 2,000 km.

 

5.1.4.1.2.                      50% +/- 10% of this conditioning cycle shall consist of town driving and the remainder of long-distance runs; the continuous road cycle may be replaced by a corresponding test-track programme.

 

5.1.4.1.3.                      The two speed regimes must be alternated at least six times.

 

5.1.4.1.4.                      The complete test programme must include a minimum of 10 breaks of at least three hours' duration in order to reproduce the effects of cooling and condensation.

 

5.1.4.2.                            Conditioning by pulsation .

 

5.1.4.2.1.                      The exhaust system or components thereof must be fitted to the moped or to the engine. In the former case, the moped must be mounted on a roller dynamometer. In the second case, the engine must be mounted on a test bench.

The test apparatus, a detailed diagram of which is shown in figure 3, shall be fitted at the outlet of the exhaust system. Any other apparatus providing equivalent results shall be acceptable.

 

5.1.4.2.2.                      The test equipment must be adjusted so that the flow of exhaust gases is alternately interrupted and restored 2,500 times by a rapid-action valve.

 

5.1.4.2.3.                      The valve must open when the exhaust gas back-pressure, measured at least 100 mm downstream of the intake flange, reaches a value of between 0.35 and 0.40 bar. Should such a figure be unattainable because of the engine characteristics, the valve must open when the gas back-pressure reaches a level equivalent to 90% of the maximum that can be measured before the engine stops. It must close when this pressure does not differ by more than 10% from its stabilized value with the valve open.

 

5.1.4.2.4.                      The time-delay switch must be set for the duration of exhaust gases calculated on the basis of the requirements of paragraph 5.1.4.2.3. above .

 

5.1.4.2.5.                      Engine speed must be 75% of the speed (S) at which the engine develops maximum power .

 

5.1.4.2.6.                      The power indicated by the dynamometer must be 50% of the full-throttle power measured at 75% of engine speed (S) .

 

5.1.4.2.7.                      Any drainage holes must be closed off during the test.

 

5.1.4.2.8.                      The entire test must be completed within 48 hours. If necessary, a cooling period must be allowed after each hour.

 

5.1.4.3.                            Conditioning on a test bench

 

5.1.4.3.l.            The exhaust system must be fitted to an engine representative of the type fitted to the moped for which the system is designed, and mounted on a test bench.

 

5.1.4.3.2.           Conditioning shall consist of three cycles.

 

5.1.4.3.3.           Each test-bench cycle must be followed by a break of at least six hours in order to reproduce the effects of cooling and condensation .

 

5.1.4.3.4.           Each test-bench cycle shall consist of six phases. The engine conditions for and the duration of each phase shall be:

 

Phase

Conditions

Duration of each phase (in minutes)

l
2
3
4
5
6

Idling
25% load at 75% of S
50% load at 75% of S
100% load at 75% of S
50% load at 100% of S
25% load at 100% of S

6
40
40
30
12
22

 

Total time

2 hrs 30 mins

 

5.1.4.3.5.           During this conditioning procedure, at the request of the manufacturer, the engine and the silencer may be cooled in order that the temperature recorded at a point not more than 100 mm from the exhaust gas outlet does not exceed that measured when the moped is running at 75% of S in top gear. The engine and/or moped speeds shall be determined to within +/- 3%.

 

5.2.                                        Diagram and markings

 

5.2.1.                                  The diagram and a dimensioned cross section of the silencer shall be annexed to the document mentioned in Annex 1.

 

5.2.2.                                  All original silencing systems shall be marked with clearly legible and indelible make and type references.

5.2.3.                                  Any packaging of original replacements for exhaust or silencing systems shall be marked legibly with the words "original part" and the make and type reference integrated together with the "E" mark and also the reference of the country of origin.

 

5.3.                                        Intake silencers

 

If the engine intake has to be fitted with an air filter and/or intake silencer in order to comply with the permissible sound level, the filter and/or silencer shall be regarded as part of the silencer and the requirements of paragraphs 5.1. and 5.2. shall also be applicable to them.


Annex 3 – Appendix

 

MEASURING POSITIONS FOR MOPEDS IN MOTION

 

Fig. 1

MEASURING POSITIONS FOR STATIONARY MOPEDS

 

Fig. 2


TEST APPARATUS FOR CONDITIONING BY PULSATION

Figure 3

 

1.                       Inlet flange or sleeve for connection to the rear of the test exhaust system.

 

2.                       Hand-operated regulating valve.

 

3.                       Compensating reservoir with a maximum capacity of 40 liters and a filling time of not less than one second.

 

4.                       Pressure switch with an operating range of 0.05 to 2.5 bar.

 

5.                       Time delay switch.

 

6.                                              Pulse counter.

 

7.                                              Quick-acting valve, such as exhaust brake valve 60 mm in diameter, operated by a pneumatic cylinder with an output of 120 N at 4 bar. The response time, both when opening and closing, must not exceed 0.5 seconds.

 

8.                                              Exhaust gas evacuation.

 

9.                                              Flexible pipe.

 

10.                                          Pressure gauge.

 


Annex 4

 

MAXIMUM SOUND LEVEL LIMITS (NEW MOPEDS)

 

 

Category of two-wheeled mopeds

Maximum noise-level values in
dB (A)

< 25 km/h

>25 km/h

66

71


Annex 5

 

SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE TEST SITE

 

l.                        Introduction

 

This annex describes the specifications relating to the physical characteristics and the laying of the test track. These specifications, based on a special standard,[29] describe the required physical characteristics as well as the test methods for these characteristics.

 

2.                       Required characteristics of the surface

 

A surface is considered to conform to this standard provided that the texture and voids content or sound absorption coefficient have been measured and found to fulfil [all] the requirements of paragraphs 2.1. to 2.4. below and provided that the design requirements (para. 3.2. ) have been met.

 

2.1.                    Residual voids content

 

The residual voids content, Vc, of the test track paving mixture shall not exceed 8%. For the measurement procedure, see paragraph 4.1.

 

2.2.                    Sound absorption coefficient

 

If the surface fails to conform to the residual voids content requirement, the surface is acceptable only if its sound absorption coefficient, alpha , < 0.10. For the measurement procedure, see paragraph 4.2. The requirement of paragraphs 2.1. and 2.2. is met also if only sound absorption has been measured and found to be alpha < 0.10.

Note: The most relevant characteristic is the sound absorption, although the residual voids content is more familiar among road constructors. However, sound absorption needs to be measured only if the surface fails to conform to the voids requirement. This is because the latter is connected with relatively large uncertainties in terms of both measurements and relevance and some surfaces may therefore be rejected erroneously when the voids measurement only is used as a basis.

 

2.3.                    Texture depth

 

The texture depth (TD) measured according to the volumetric method (see para. 4.3. below) shall be:

TD > 0.4 mm

 

2.4.                    Homogeneity of the surface

 

Every practical effort shall be taken to ensure that the surface is made to be as homogeneous as possible within the test area. This includes the texture and voids content, but it should also be observed that if the rolling process results in more effective rolling at some places than others, the texture may be different and unevenness causing bumps may also occur.

 

2.5.                    Period of testing

 

In order to check whether the surface continues to conform to the texture and voids content or sound absorption requirements stipulated in this standard, periodic testing of the surface shall be done at the following intervals:

 

(a)      For residual voids content or sound absorption:

when the surface is new;

if the surface meets the requirements when new, no further periodical testing is required. If it does not meet the requirement when it is new, it may do later because surfaces tend to become clogged and compacted with time.

(b)     For texture depth (TD) :

when the surface is new;

when the noise testing starts (NB: not before four weeks after laying) ;

then every 12 months.

 

3.                       Test surface design

 

3.1.                    Area

 

When designing the test track layout it is important to ensure that, as a minimum requirement, the area traversed by the vehicles running through the test strip is covered with the specified test material with suitable margins for safe and practical driving. This will require that the width of the track is at least 3 m and the length of the track extends beyond lines AA and BB by at least 10 m at either end. Figure 1 shows a plan of a suitable test site and indicates the minimum area which shall be machine laid and machine compacted with the specified test surface material. According to annex 3, paragraph 3.1.1.1., measurements have to be made on each side of the vehicle. This can be made either by measuring with two microphone locations (one on each side of the track) and driving in one direction, or measuring with a microphone only on one side of the track but driving the vehicle in two directions. If the former method is used, then there are no surface requirements on that side of the track where there is no microphone.

 

NOTE - There shall be no large acoustica1ly reflective objects within this radius.

Figure l: Minimum requirements for test surface area. The shaded part is called "Test Area".

 

3.2.                    Design and preparation of the surface

 

3.2.1.                 Basic design requirements

 

The test surface shall meet four design requirements:

 

3.2.1.1.              It shall be a dense asphaltic concrete.

 

3.2.1.2.              The maximum chipping size shall be 8 mm (tolerances allow from 6.3 to 10 mm).

 

3.2.1.3.              The thickness of the wearing course shall be > 30 mm.

 

3.2.1.4.              The binder shall be a straight penetration grade bitumen without modification.

 

3.2.2.                 Design guidelines

 

As a guide to the surface constructor, an aggregate grading curve which will give desired characteristics is shown in Figure 2. In addition, Table 1 gives some guidelines in order to obtain the desired texture and durability. The grading curve fits the following formula:

 

P (% passing) = 100 . (d/d max)1/2

 

where : d = square mesh sieve size, in mm

d max = 8 mm for the mean curve

d max = 10 mm for the lower tolerance curve

d max = 6.3 mm for the upper tolerance curve

 

 

Figure 2: Grading curve of the aggregate in the asphaltic mix with tolerances .

 

In addition to the above, the following recommendations are given:

The sand fraction (0.063 mm < square mesh sieve size < 2 mm) shall include no more than 55% natural sand and at least 45% crushed sand;

The base and sub-base shall ensure a good stability and evenness, according to best road construction practice;

The chippings shall be crushed (100% crushed faces) and of a material with a high resistance to crushing;

The chippings used in the mix shall be washed;

No extra chippings shall be added onto the surface;

The binder hardness expressed as PEN value shall be 40-60, 60-80 or even 80-100 depending on the climatic conditions of the country. The rule is that as hard a binder as possible shall be used, provided this is consistent with common practice;

The temperature of the mix before rolling shall be chosen so as to achieve by subsequent rolling the required voids content. In order to increase the probability of satisfying the specifications of paragraphs 2.1. to 2.4. above, the compactness shall be studied not only by an appropriate choice of mixing temperature, but also by an appropriate number of passings and by the choice of compacting vehicle.

 


Table l: Design guidelines

 

 

Target values

 

Tolerances

By total mass

By mass of the

of mix

aggregate

Mass of stones, square mesh sieve (SM) > 2 mm

47.6%

50.5%

+/-5

Mass of sand 0.063 < SM < 2 mm

38.0%

40.2%

+/-5

Mass of filler SM < 0.063 mm

8.8%

9.3%

+/-2

Mass of binder (bitumen)

5.8%

N.A.

+/-0.5

Max. chipping size

8 mm

6.3 - 10

Binder hardness

(see para. 3.2.2. (f))

 

Polished stone value (PSV)

> 50

 

Compactness, relative to Marshall compactness

98%

 

 

4.                                              Test method

 

4.1.                                        Measurement of the residual voids content

 

For the purpose of this measurement, cores have to be taken from the track in at least four different positions which are equally distributed in the test area between lines AA and BB (see Figure 1). In order to avoid inhomogeneity and unevenness in the wheel tracks, cores should not be taken in wheel tracks themselves, but close to them. Two cores (minimum) should be taken close to the wheel tracks and one core (minimum) should be taken approximately midway between the wheel tracks and each microphone location.

If there is a suspicion that the condition of homogeneity is not met (see para. 2.4.), cores shall be taken from more locations within the test area. The residual voids content has to be determined for each core, then the average value from all cores shall be calculated and compared with the requirement of paragraph 2.1. In addition, no single core shall have a voids value which is higher than 10%. The test surface constructor is reminded of the problem which may arise when the test area is heated by pipes or electrical wires and cores must be taken from this area. Such installations must be carefully planned with respect to future core drilling locations. It is recommended to leave a few locations of size approximately 200 x 300 mm where there are no wires/pipes or where the latter are located deep enough in order not to be damaged by cores taken from the surface layer.

 

4.2.                                        Sound absorption coefficient

 

The sound absorption coefficient (normal incidence) shall be measured by the impedance tube method using the procedure specified in ISO/DIS 10 534: "Acoustics - Determination of sound absorption coefficient and impedance by a tube method."

Regarding test specimens, the same requirements shall be followed as regarding the residual voids content (see para. 4.1.). The sound absorption shall be measured in the range between 400 Hz and 800 Hz and in the range between 800 Hz and 1,600 Hz (at least at the centre frequencies of third octave bands) and the maximum values shall be identified for both of these frequency ranges. Then these values, for all test cores, shall be averaged to constitute the final result.

 

4.3.                                        volumetric macrotexture measurement

 

For the purpose of this standard, texture depth measurements shall be made on at least 10 positions evenly spaced along the wheel tracks of the test strip and the average value taken to compare with the specified minimum texture depth. For the description of the procedure see standard ISO 10844:1994.

 

5.                                              Stability in time and maintenance

 

5.1.                                        Age influence

 

In common with any other surfaces, it is expected that the tyre/road noise level measured on the test surface may increase slightly during the first 6-12 months after construction.

The surface will achieve its required characteristics not earlier than four weeks after construction. The influence of age on the noise from trucks is generally less than that from cars.

The stability over time is determined mainly by the polishing and compaction by vehicles driving on the surface. It shall be periodically checked as stated in paragraph 2.5.

 

5.2.                                        Maintenance of the surface

 

Loose debris or dust which could significantly reduce the effective texture depth must be removed from the surface. In countries with winter climates, salt is sometimes used for de-icing. Salt may alter the surface temporarily or even permanently in such a way as to increase noise and is therefore not recommended.

 

5.3.                                        Repaving the test area

 

If it is necessary to repave the test track, it is usually unnecessary to repave more than the test strip (of 3 m width in Figure 1) where vehicles are driving, provided the test area outside the strip met the requirement of residual voids content or sound absorption when it was measured.

 

6.                       Documentation of the test surface and of tests performed on it

 

6.1.                    Documentation of the test surface

 

The following data shall be given in a document describing the test surface:

6.1.1.                 The location of the test track.

 

6.1.2.                 Type of binder, binder hardness, type of aggregate, maximum theoretical density of the concrete (DR), thickness of the wearing course and grading curve determined from cores from the test track.

 

6.1.3.                 Method of compaction (e.g. type of roller, roller mass, number of passes).

 

6.1.4.                 Temperature of the mix, temperature of the ambient air and wind speed during laying of the surface.

 

6.1.5.                 Date when the surface was laid and contractor.

 

6.1.6.                 All or at least the latest test results, including:

 

6.1.6.1.              The residual voids content of each core.

 

6.1.6 2.              The locations in the test area from where the cores for voids measurements have been taken.

 

6.1.6.3.              The sound absorption coefficient of each core (if measured) . Specify the results both for each core and each frequency range as well as the overall average .

 

6.1.6.4.              The locations in the test area from where the cores for absorption measurement have been taken.

 

6.1.6.5.              Texture depth, including the number of tests and standard deviation.

 

6.1.6.6.              The institution responsible for tests according to paragraphs 6.1.6.1. and 6.1.6.2. and the type of equipment used.

 

6.1.6.7.              Date of the test (s) and date when the cores were taken from the test track.

 

6.2.                    Documentation of vehicle noise tests conducted on the surface

 

In the document describing the vehicle noise test(s) it shall be stated whether all the requirements of this standard were fulfilled or not. Reference shall be given to a document according to paragraph 6.1. describing the results which verify this.

 

 


NOTES

This compilation of Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 includes all the instruments set out in the Table of Instruments.  The Table of Amendments provides a history of clauses that have been amended, inserted or deleted.

 

Table of Instruments

Name of Instrument

Registration Date

Commencement Date

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005

15/12/2005 (see F2005L03523)

12/12/2005

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 1

21/02/2008 (see F2008L00571)

22/02/2008

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 2

02/12/2009 (see F2009L04340)

03/12/2009

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 3

05/12/2013 (see F2013L01881)

06/12/2013

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 — External Noise) Amendment Instrument 2021 (No.1)

07/06/2021

08/06/2021

 

Table of Amendments

Clause affected

How affected

Amending instrument

0.2.

del

Legislation Act 2003 – section 48D

0.3.

del

Legislation Act 2003 – section 48C

1.

am

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 — External Noise) Amendment Instrument 2021 (No.1)

2.

am

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 3

2.

rr

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 — External Noise) Amendment Instrument 2021 (No.1)

2.2.4.

rr

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 1

2.2.4.

rr

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 3

2.2.5.

ad

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 3

3.

rr

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 — External Noise) Amendment Instrument 2021 (No.1)

5.2.6.

ad

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 3

5.2.7.

ad

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 3

 

5.2.8.

ad

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 3

5.2.9.

ad

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 3

5.2.10.

ad

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 3

5.3.4.

ad

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 3

6.1.

rr

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 – External Noise) 2005 Amendment 2

6.1.

rr

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 — External Noise) Amendment Instrument 2021 (No.1)

6.2.

rr

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 — External Noise) Amendment Instrument 2021 (No.1)

6.3.

rr

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 — External Noise) Amendment Instrument 2021 (No.1)

6.4.

ad

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 83/00 — External Noise) Amendment Instrument 2021 (No.1)

 

ad = added or inserted

am = amended

del = deleted or removed

rr = removed and replaced

à = clause renumbered.  This takes the format of old no. à new no.

 

 

 



[1]/ In conformity with the definitions given in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) (TRANS/SC1/WP29/78/Amend.3, annex 7) (also reproduced in annex 4 to this Regulation).

[2]/ 1 for Germany, 2 for France, 3 for Italy, 4 for the Netherlands, 5 for Sweden, 6 for Belgium, 7 for Hungary, 8
for the Czech Republic, 9 for Spain, 10 for Yugoslavia, 11 for the United Kingdom, 12 for Austria, 13 for Luxembourg, 14 for Switzerland, 15 (vacant), 16 for Norway, 17 for Finland, 18 for Denmark, 19 for Romania, 20 for Poland, 21 for Portugal, 22 for the Russian Federation, 23 for Greece, 24 for Ireland, 25 for Croatia, 26 for Slovenia, 27 for Slovakia, 28 for Belarus, 29 for Estonia, 30 (vacant), 31 for Bosnia and Herzegovina, 32 for Latvia, 33 (vacant), 34 for Bulgaria, 35-36 (vacant), 37 for Turkey, 38-39 (vacant), 40 for The former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia, 41 (vacant), 42 for the European Community (Approvals are granted by its Member States using
their respective ECE symbol), 43 for Japan, 44 (vacant), 45 for Australia, 46 for Ukraine and 47 for South Africa. Subsequent numbers shall be assigned to other countries in the chronological order in which they ratify or accede
to the Agreement Concerning the Adoption of Uniform Technical Prescriptions for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts which can be Fitted and/or be Used on Wheeled Vehicles and the Conditions for Reciprocal Recognition of Approvals Granted on the Basis of these Prescriptions, and the numbers thus assigned shall be communicated
by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to the Contracting Parties to the Agreement.

[3]/ A test is made on a stationary vehicle in order to provide a reference value for administrations which use this mathod to check vehicles in use.

[4]/ In conformity with the definitions given in the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) (TRANS/WP. 29/78/Rev. 1/Amend.2, annex 7/Rev.2).

[5]/ Distinguishing number of the country which has granted/extended/ refused/withdrawn approval (see approval provisions in the Regulations).

[6]/ Strike out what does not apply.

[7]/ If a non-conventional engine is used, this should be stated.

[8] 2/ Strike out what does not apply.

[9]/ The latter number is given as an example only.

[10]/ As defined in annex 4 to this Regulation.

[11]/Where:n = 2 for vehicles having an engine power not greater than 225 kW (ECE):n = 3 for vehicles having an engine power greater than 225 kW (ECE)

[12]/ If x/n does not correspond to a whole number, the nearest higher ratio must be used.

[13]/ All vehicles equipped with automatic transmission.

[14]/ The spread of results between runs may be reduced if there is a 1min. wait between runs, at idle in neutral, which stabilizes the vehicle operating temperature.

[15]/ In conformity with the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) (TRANS/SC1/WP29/

78/Amend.3, annex 7).

[16]/ ISO 10844:1994

[17]/ To be published.

[18] 1 Germany, 2 for France, 3 for Italy, 4 for the Netherlands, 5 for Sweden, 6 for Belgium, 7 for Hungary, 8 for

the Czech Repubic, 9 for Spain, 10 for Yugoslavia, 11 for the United Kingdom, 12 for Austria, 13 for Luxembourg, 14 for Switzerland, 15 (vacant), 16 for Norway, 17 for Finland, 18 for Denmark, 19 for Romania, 20 for Poland, 21 for Portugal, 22 for the Russian Federation, 23 for Greece, 24 for Ireland, 27 for Slovakia, 28 for Belarus, 29 for Estonia, 30 (vacant), 31 for Bosnia and Herzegovina, 32 for Latvia, 33-36 (vacant), 37 for Turkey, 38-39 (vacant) 40 for the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, 41 (vacant), 42 for the European Community (Approvals are granted by its Member States using their respective ECE symbol) and 43 for Japan. Subsequent numbers shall be assigned to other countries in the chronological order in which they ratify the Agreement Concerning the Adoption for Uniform Technical Prescriptions for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts which can be fitted and/or be Used on Wheeled Vehicles, and the Conditions for Reciprocal Recognition of Approval Granted on the Basis of these Prescriptions, and the numbers thus assigned shall be communicated by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to the Contracting Parties to the Agreement.

[19]/ A test is made on a stationary motor cycle in order to provide a reference value for administrations which use this method to check motor cycles in use.

[20]/ If a non-conventional engine is used, this should be stated

[21]/ Strike out whatever does not apply.

*/ The latter number is given as an example only.

[22]/ ISO 10844: 1994

 

[24]/ In conformity with the definition of mopeds in the 1968 Vienna Convention (document E/CONF.56/16/Rev. 1).

[25]/ 1 for Germany, 2 for France, 3 for Italy, 4 for the Netherlands, 5 for Sweden, 6 for Belgium, 7 for Hungary, 8
for the Czech Republic, 9 for Spain, 10 for Yugoslavia, 11 for the United Kingdom, 12 for Austria, 13 for Luxembourg, 14 for Switzerland, 15 (vacant), 16 for Norway, 17 for Finland, 18 for Denmark, 19 for Romania, 20
for Poland, 21 for Portugal, 22 for the Russian Federation, 23 for Greece, 24 for Ireland, 25 for Croatia, 26 for Slovenia, 27 for Slovakia, 28 for Belarus, 29 for Estonia, 30 (vacant), 31 for Bosnia and Herzegovina, 32 for Latvia, 33 (vacant), 34 for Bulgaria, 35-36 (vacant), 37 for Turkey, 38-39 (vacant), 40 for The former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia, 41 (vacant), 42 for the European Community (Approvals are granted by its Member States using
their respective ECE symbol), 43 for Japan, 44 (vacant), 45 for Australia, 46 for Ukraine and 47 for South Africa. Subsequent numbers shall be assigned to other countries in the chronological order in which they ratify or accede
to the Agreement Concerning the Adoption of Uniform Technical Prescriptions for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts which can be Fitted and/or be Used on Wheeled Vehicles and the Conditions for Reciprocal Recognition
of Approvals Granted on the Basis of these Prescriptions, and the numbers thus assigned shall be communicated by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to the Contracting Parties to the Agreement.

[26]/ A test is made on a stationary moped in order to provide a reference value for administrations which use this method to check mopeds in use.

1/ Distinguishing number of the country which has granted/extended/refused/withdrawn approval (see approval conditions in the Regulation ) .

2/ Strike out what does not apply.

3/ If a non-conventional engine is used, this should be stated.

[28]/ The latter number is given as an example only.

[29] ISO l0844 : 1994