Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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CASA 02/20 Instructions as made
This instrument contains instructions for the use of the Global Navigation Satellite System in certain aircraft operations, and remakes instrument number CASA 27/16, Instructions —Use of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). The instrument has been revised to reflect the latest international requirements for aircraft operations in the North Atlantic High Level Airspace (NAT HLA), which have been imposed by the foreign aviation regulators in the various foreign jurisdictions that comprise NAT HLA, and are contained in the incorporated document titled North Atlantic Operations and Airspace Manual, issued by the International Civil Aviation Organization, a UN agency that publishes international standards for civil aviation.
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications
Exempt from sunsetting by the Legislation (Exemptions and Other Matters) Regulation 2015 s12 item 15
Registered 29 Jan 2020
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR04-Feb-2020
Tabled Senate04-Feb-2020
To be repealed 25 Mar 2021
Repealed by Self Repealing

Explanatory Statement

Civil Aviation Regulations 1988

CASA 02/20 — Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Instructions 2020

 

Purpose

The instrument contains instructions for the use of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) in certain aircraft operations and remakes instrument number CASA 27/16, Instructions — Use of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) (CASA 27/16). The instrument has been revised to reflect the latest international requirements for aircraft operations in the North Atlantic High Level Airspace (NAT HLA), which have been imposed by the foreign aviation regulators in the various foreign jurisdictions that comprise NAT HLA, and are contained in the incorporated document titled North Atlantic Operations and Airspace Manual (Nat Doc 007), issued by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a UN agency that publishes international standards for civil aviation.

 

Australian aircraft operators must demonstrate compliance with Nat Doc 007 in order to be authorised to carry out aircraft operations in NAT HLA by the foreign aviation regulators within that airspace. The instrument reproduces the requirements of Nat Doc 007 for Australian aircraft operators.

 

Legislation

Section 98 of the Civil Aviation Act 1988 (the Act) empowers the Governor-General to make regulations for the Act and in the interests of the safety of air navigation. Relevantly, the Governor-General has made the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR) and Civil Aviation Regulations 1988 (CAR).

 

Under subregulation 174D (1) of CAR, CASA may issue instructions in relation to flights under the visual flight rules (V.F.R.) specifying the method by which an aircraft is to be navigated and how a positive position fix is to be obtained. Under subregulation 179A (1) of CAR, CASA may issue instructions in relation to flights under the instrument flight rules (I.F.R.) specifying the method by which an aircraft is to be navigated and how a positive position fix is to be obtained.

 

Subsection 98 (5D) of the Act provides that a legislative instrument made under the Act or the regulations may apply, adopt or incorporate any matter contained in any instrument or other writing as in force or existing from time to time, even if the other instrument or writing does not yet exist when the legislative instrument is made.

 

Background

The instrument is largely a remake of CASA 27/16. The instrument covers 2 main topics, being the use of GNSS and aircraft operations in NAT HLA. The provisions regarding the use of GNSS are essentially a remake of the provisions in CASA 27/16.

 

The provisions regarding aircraft operations in NAT HLA, however, are different to the provisions in CASA/27/16 dealing with aircraft operations in the North Atlantic Minimum Navigation Performance Specification (NAT MNPS) region. The changes reflect recent developments in international regulation of NAT HLA, including ICAO’s redesignation of the airspace from “NAT MNPS” to “NAT HLA”, a data link mandate for navigation equipment used in NAT HLA and the introduction of performance-based communications and surveillance (PBCS) within NAT HLA. CASA 33/18 – Required Communication Performance and Required Surveillance Performance (RCP 240 and RNP 180) Capability Declarations – Direction 2018 (CASA 33/18) prescribes requirements for PBCS and as such, a number of its terms and requirements have been adopted in the instrument.

 

It is intended that the instructions in the instrument will be transposed into the Part 91 Manual of Standards that will be issued under the Civil Aviation Safety Amendment (Part 91) Regulations 2018, which are due to commence on 25 March 2021.

 

Overview of instrument

The instructions are directed to pilots in command of equipped aircraft using the GNSS, and set out the procedures to be followed when GNSS is used under different flight conditions.

 

GNSS may be used as a navigation system in certain areas, flights, instrument approaches and departures and in V.F.R. aircraft operations. Instructions are given for using GNSS for these purposes. Table 1 of the instructions sets out the various GNSS equipment standards and requirements for different phases of flight.

 

There is a residue of aircraft operations using the GNSS for I.F.R. flight that are not conducted under Civil Aviation Order 20.91 (Instructions and directions for performance‑based navigation) Instrument 2014 (CAO 20.91) navigation authorisations and for which safety instructions are still required. These aircraft operations involve oceanic, remote continental area, and domestic en route flight, and the instructions in the instrument apply to these phases of flight. V.F.R. operations are also covered. The instructions also apply to certain aircraft operations in NAT HLA.

 

Documents incorporated by reference

In accordance with paragraph 15J (2) (c) of the Legislation Act 2003 (the LA), the following Table contains a description of the documents (or part thereof) incorporated by reference into the instrument, the organisation responsible for each document and how they may be obtained. The Table also states how the document is incorporated.

 

Documents that are referred to in column 1 of the Table with descriptions that include “or later version”, “in force from time to time”, or “as it exists from time to time” are incorporated as in force (or existing) from time to time. All other documents referred to in column 1 of the Table are incorporated as in force (or existing) at the time the instrument commences.

 

Table — Incorporated documents

Document

(column 1)

Description

(column 2)

Source

(column 3)

All of TSO C129/C129a

Technical Standard Order issued by the Federal Aviation Administration of the USA (FAA) that prescribes minimum performance standards for airborne supplemental area navigation equipment using GPS

Freely available from FAA at:

http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgTSO.nsf/Frameset?OpenPage

All of TSO C145/C145a or later version

Technical Standard Order issued by FAA that prescribes minimum performance standards for airborne navigation sensors using GPS augmented by the wide area augmentation system

Freely available from FAA at:

http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgTSO.nsf/Frameset?OpenPage

All of TSO C196/C196a or later version

Technical Standard Order issued by FAA that prescribes minimum performance standards for GPS sensor equipment using aircraft‑based augmentation for supplemental navigation

Freely available from FAA at:

http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgTSO.nsf/Frameset?OpenPage

All of ETSO C129a

European Technical Standard Order issued by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) that prescribes minimum performance standards for airborne supplemental area navigation equipment using GPS

Freely available from EASA at:

https://www.easa.europa.eu/easa-and-you/aircraft-products/etso-authorisations/list-of-all-etso

All of ETSO C145/C145c or later version

European Technical Standard Order issued by EASA that prescribes minimum performance standards for airborne navigation sensors using GPS augmented by the wide area augmentation system

Freely available from EASA at:

https://www.easa.europa.eu/easa-and-you/aircraft-products/etso-authorisations/list-of-all-etso

All of ETSO C146/C146c or later version

European Technical Standard Order issued by EASA that prescribes minimum performance standards for standalone airborne navigation sensors using GPS augmented by the wide area augmentation system

Freely available from EASA at:

https://www.easa.europa.eu/easa-and-you/aircraft-products/etso-authorisations/list-of-all-etso

All of ETSO C196a or later version

European Technical Standard Order issued by EASA that prescribes minimum performance standards for airborne supplemental area navigation equipment using GPS

Freely available from EASA at:

https://www.easa.europa.eu/easa-and-you/aircraft-products/etso-authorisations/list-of-all-etso

All of TSO C115

Technical Standard Order issued by FAA that prescribes minimum performance standards for required navigation performance equipment using multi-sensor inputs

Freely available from FAA at:

http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgTSO.nsf/Frameset?OpenPage

All of ETSO C115

European Technical Standard Order issued by EASA that prescribes minimum performance standards for required navigation performance equipment using multi-sensor inputs

Freely available from EASA at:

https://www.easa.europa.eu/easa-and-you/aircraft-products/etso-authorisations/list-of-all-etso

All of Nat Doc 007, as it exists from time to time

North Atlantic Operations and Airspace Manual, issued by ICAO that prescribes procedures and requirements for aircraft operations in NAT HLA

Freely available from ICAO at:

www.icao.int/EURNAT

All of CAO 20.91, as in force from time to time

Civil Aviation Order 20.91 (Instructions and directions for performance-based navigation) Instrument 2014

Freely available at:

https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/F2018C00889

All of FAA Notice 8110.60

Notice issued by FAA that prescribes requirements for GPS as a primary means of navigation for Oceanic/remote aircraft operations

Freely available from FAA at:

https://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/MainFrame?OpenFrameset

Appendix 1 of FAA Advisory Circular 20‑138A or later version

Notice issued by FAA that prescribes requirements for airworthiness approval of GNSS equipment

Freely available from FAA at:

https://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/MainFrame?OpenFrameset

All of TSO C146 or later version

TSO issued by FAA that prescribes minimum performance standards for standalone airborne navigation sensors using GPS augmented by the wide area augmentation system

Freely available from FAA at:

http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgTSO.nsf/Frameset?OpenPage

AIP Part 2, En Route (ENR) 1.1, General Rules, Navigation requirements

Part of an Aeronautical Information Publication published by Airservices Australia that prescribes navigation requirements

Freely available from Airservices Australia at:

https://www.airservicesaustralia.com/aip/aip.asp

AIP Part 1, General (GEN) 1.5, Aircraft Instruments, Equipment and Flight Documents, Radio Navigation Systems

Part of an Aeronautical Information Publication published by Airservices Australia that prescribes the applicable provisions relating to aircraft instruments, equipment and flight documents, and radio navigation systems

Freely available from Airservices Australia at:

https://www.airservicesaustralia.com/aip/aip.asp

All of CAAP 35-1

Civil Aviation Advisory Publication published by CASA that sets out installation guidelines for GPS

Freely available from CASA at:

https://www.casa.gov.au/

All of Advisory Circular 21-36

Advisory Circular published by CASA that sets out airworthiness guidelines for GNSS equipment

Freely available from CASA at:

https://www.casa.gov.au/

All of Advisory Circular 21-37

Advisory Circular published by FAA that prescribes certification procedures for various products and parts

Freely available from CASA at:

https://www.casa.gov.au/

All of NAT Data Link Mandate

Part of Nat Doc 007, which prescribes conditions for the use of datalink services in NAT HLA

Contained within NAT Doc 007, which is freely available from ICAO at:

www.icao.int/EURNAT

All of Advisory Circular 91-06v1.0

Advisory Circular published by CASA that sets out advice and guidelines for the use of PBCS

Freely available from CASA at:

https://www.casa.gov.au/

All of Annex 6 to the Chicago Convention

The Convention on International Civil Aviation done at Chicago on 7 December 1944. Annex 6 prescribes international standards and recommended practices for the operation of aircraft

Can be ordered from ICAO at:

sales@icao.int; or

www.icao.int

Price:  US$ 230 (Part I)

           US$ 114 (Part II)

 

Under subsection 14 (1) of the LA, unless the contrary intention appears, a legislative instrument may incorporate any matter contained in a legislative instrument, as in force from time to time. CAO 20.91 is a legislative instrument.

 

Under subsection 14 (2) of the LA, unless the contrary intention appears, a legislative instrument may not incorporate any matter contained in a legislative instrument, as in force from time to time. Under subsection 98 (5D) of the Act, an instrument made under the Act or regulations may, despite section 14 of the LA, incorporate any matter contained in any instrument or other writing as in force or existing from time to time, even if the other instrument or writing does not yet exist when the instrument is made.

 

In accordance with subsection 98 (5D) of the Act, Annex 6 to the Chicago Convention is incorporated as it exists at the time of making the instrument. The document is publicly available but subject to copyright and, therefore, not freely available. The cost of obtaining a copy of a document is a matter for the operator of the aircraft. CASA has no effective control over those costs. However, where practicable, by prior arrangement with CASA, copies of those documents can be made available for viewing free of charge at any office of CASA. CASA considers it extremely unlikely that the owner of the document would sell CASA the copyright, so that CASA could make the document freely available, at a price that would be an effective and efficient use of CASA funds. CASA has incorporated Annex 6 to the Chicago Convention because aviation safety requires the use of the information and data in the document by aircraft operators and pilots and because there are no freely-available documents serving the relevant purpose.

 

Content of instrument

The instructions are technical and various, and further details and explanations are set out in Attachment 1.

 

Legislation Act 2003

Under subregulations 174D (3) and 179A (3) of CAR, a V.F.R. or I.F.R. flight instruction that is not in the form of a Civil Aviation Order is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 (the AIA).

 

Under subparagraph 57A (b) (i) of the LA, an instrument is a legislative instrument for subsection 8 (5) of the LA if it is declared to be a disallowable instrument for the purposes of section 46A of the AIA under legislation in force before the commencement of the LA. Accordingly, this instruction is a legislative instrument, and is subject to tabling and disallowance in Parliament under sections 38 and 42 of the LA.

 

Consultation

There has been no consultation associated with the making of the instrument. The instrument is substantially a reissue of CASA 27/16, and will enable the continued issue of the approvals mentioned in CASA 27/16.

 

The provisions regarding the use of GNSS are substantially a remake of the equivalent provisions in CASA 27/16. The provisions regarding NAT HLA aircraft operations replicate the international requirements for NAT HLA. These requirements apply to any aircraft operator conducting aircraft operations in NAT HLA, and any change in the international requirements must be adopted in the Australian civil aviation jurisdiction, for Australian aircraft operators to continue to be authorised to conduct operations in NAT HLA.

 

Accordingly, CASA is satisfied that no consultation is appropriate, or reasonably practicable, for the instrument for section 17 of the LA.

 

Office of Best Practice Regulation (OBPR)

The instrument contains instructions, essentially similar to those in CASA 27/16 and the preceding instruments, but only for the restricted range of aircraft operations to which it applies. As mentioned in the Explanatory Statement for CASA 27/16, a Regulation Impact Statement is not required for OBPR in this case because a preliminary assessment of business compliance costs in the context of the nature of the instrument indicates that it will have only a nil to low impact on business.

 

Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights

The Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights at Attachment 2 has been prepared in accordance with Part 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011. The instrument does not engage any of the applicable rights or freedoms, and is compatible with human rights, as it does not raise any human rights issues.

 

Making and commencement

The instrument has been made by a delegate of CASA relying on the power of delegation under subregulation 11.260 (1) of CASR.

 

The instrument commences on 31 January 2020 and is repealed on the commencement of the Civil Aviation Safety Amendment (Part 91) Regulations 2018, which is 25 March 2021. The repeal date of the instrument reflects the fact that the instructions contained in the instrument will be transposed into the Part 91 Manual of Standards that will be issued under the Civil Aviation Safety Amendment (Part 91) Regulations 2018.

Attachment 1

1          Name

                 Under this section, the name of the instrument is CASA 02/20 — Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Instructions 2020.

2          Duration

                 Under this section, the instrument commences on 31 January 2020 and is repealed immediately after the commencement of the Civil Aviation Safety Amendment (Part 91) Regulations 2018, which is 25 March 2021.

3          Instructions

                 Under this section, the instructions in Schedule 1 are issued.

Schedule 1          Instructions

Schedule 1 contains details of the navigation instructions as follows.

1          Definitions

              Under this clause, various words and expressions used in Schedule 1 are defined.

2          Application

     (1)     Subclause 2 (1) provides that the instructions are not applicable to operations conducted under CAO 20.91.

     (2)     Subclause 2 (2) sets out the levels of equipment specification to which the instructions apply, namely:

(a)   TSO C129/C129a, as it exists at the commencement of the instrument;

(b)   TSO C145a/C146a or later version;

(c)   TSO C196a or later version;

(d)   ETSO C129a, as it exists at the commencement of the instrument;

(e)   ETSO C145/C145c or later version;

(f)    ETSO C146/C146c or later version;

(g)   ETSO C196a or later version;

(h)   TSO C115 or ETSO C115, as it exists at the commencement of the instrument, for multi-sensor navigation systems where the primary input sensor is GNSS meeting any of the requirements of paragraphs (a) to (h).

              Paragraph (h) is to enable the instructions to be applied to flight management systems with GNSS inputs.

3          Use of GNSS

     (1)     This subclause provides that the pilot in command may use GNSS in accordance with these instructions as a navigation system for:

(a)   an oceanic, remote continental area, or domestic en route, phase of flight; or

(b)   operations in NAT HLA in accordance with NAT Doc 007; or

(c)   V.F.R. operations.

     (2)     Under subclause 3 (2), for these operations the obligation is on the operator to ensure that the aircraft meets the equipment requirements set out in one or more of the levels of GNSS equipment specification in subclause 2 (2), and in Table 1 at the end of the instrument.

4          Procedures for using GNSS for oceanic, remote continental area, or domestic en route, phase of flight

     (1)     Subclause 4 (1) provides that the pilot in command may use GNSS as a navigation aid for descent below the relevant lowest safe altitude (LSALT) or minimum safe altitude (MSA) only in accordance with CAO 20.91, or clause 7 or 8 of this Schedule.

     (2)     Subclause 4 (2) provides that the pilot in command may use a navigation database that is not current provided that any data used for navigation is verified against other current aeronautical information, for example, maps and charts carried in the aircraft in accordance with paragraph 233 (1) (h) of CAR. A further condition of use is that if the navigation system affected by the out-of-date navigation data has a radio updating capability, this capability must be deselected.

     (3)     Subclause 4 (3) provides that the pilot in command may use GNSS with data that has been manually entered in a database. However, there are conditions. The data entries must have been crosschecked for accuracy by at least 2 flight crew members. Alternatively, for a single-pilot operation, the data entries must have been checked independently against other current aeronautical information, such as maps and charts carried in the aircraft in accordance with paragraph 233 (1) (h) of CAR.

     (4)     Subclause 4 (4) provides that the pilot in command of an en route aircraft must ensure that GNSS-derived position and tracking information is checked:

(a)   at, or before, each compulsory reporting point designated under regulation 158 of CAR; and

(b)   at, or before, each en route waypoint; and

(c)   at hourly intervals during area navigation; and

(d)   after the insertion of new data relating to the flight, such as a new flight plan or alteration of an existing flight plan.

     (5)     Subclause 4 (5) provides that the pilot in command may use GNSS as a navigation aid for an oceanic, or remote continental area, phase of flight if the GNSS equipment has fault detection and exclusion (FDE) capability in accordance with certain FAA, TSO or ETSO standards, and pre-flight en route prediction analysis ensures that GNSS availability will provide a useable service.

5          Use of GNSS in V.F.R. operations

     (1)     Subclause 5 (1) provides that GNSS may be used under the V.F.R. to supplement map reading and other visual navigation techniques. For area navigation operations at night, GNSS may be used under the V.F.R. for: position fixing and long-range navigation; or operations on designated area navigation (RNAV or RNP) routes; or deriving distance information for en route navigation, traffic separation and ATC separation; or meeting the night V.F.R. requirements for certain radio navigation systems mentioned in the AIP.

     (2)     Subclause 5 (2) provides that if GNSS is used for night V.F.R. area navigation applications, the flight crew must be appropriately qualified.

6          Operating without RAIM on domestic en route phase of flight

              Clause 6 sets out detailed rules governing loss of Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM).

7          Use and supply of GNSS-derived distance information

     (1)     Clause 7 sets out instructions on the use and supply of GNSS-derived information by the pilot in command using GNSS.

     (2)     Under subclause 7 (2), if Air Traffic Service (ATS) asks for distance information without specifying the source of the information, the pilot in command may provide GNSS-derived distance information.

     (3)     Under subclause 7 (3), if ATS asks for a Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) distance, the pilot in command may provide GNSS-derived distance information instead if a DME distance is not available.

     (4)     Under subclause 7 (4), when supplying GNSS-derived distance information to ATS, the pilot in command must include the source and the point of reference.

     (5)     Under subclause 7 (5), the pilot in command must only supply GNSS-derived distance information by reference to waypoints and navigation aids shown in maps and charts carried in the aircraft in accordance with paragraph 233 (1) (h) of CAR and from a current approved database.

8          GNSS arrivals and DME arrivals

     (1)     Under subclause 8 (1), the pilot in command may use GNSS in a GNSS arrival, or a DME arrival but only if the coordinates of the destination VOR or NDB to which the procedure relates are obtained from a current approved database and RAIM or data integrity is available at the time of descending below the applicable LSALT or MSA.

     (2)     Under subclause 8 (2), during a GNSS arrival, or DME arrival, the pilot in command must use the destination VOR or NDB to provide the primary track guidance and, if there is a significant disparity between the track guidance provided by the destination VOR or NDB and the GNSS track indication, discontinue the arrival procedure.

     (3)     Under subclause 8 (3) if, at any time during the approach, there is doubt as to the validity of the GNSS information (e.g. RAIM warning) or if GNSS integrity is lost (e.g. RAIM not available), the pilot must conduct a missed approach.

     (4)     Under subclause 8 (4), for this clause a significant disparity is defined as:

(a)   for an NDB — a divergence of more than 6.9°; and

(b)   for a VOR — a divergence of more than 5.2°.

9          GNSS navigation equipment standards

     (1)     Under subclause 9 (1), depending on the date of fitment and nature of the system, a GNSS receiver must be installed in an Australian aircraft in accordance with specified standards in certain CAAPs, Advisory Circulars, or CASA-approved designs.

     (2)     Subclause 9 (2) provides that the automatic barometric aiding options as specified in standards TSO C129a, C145a, C146a or C196a or later versions, if provided in the GNSS unit, must be connected.

10        NAT HLA operations

     (1)     Under subclause 10 (1), all operations in the NAT HLA must be approved in writing by CASA for NAT HLA operations.

     (2)     Under subclause 10 (2), approval to operate in NAT HLA airspace is conditional on an operator demonstrating compliance with all relevant requirements in NAT Doc 007, and that the aircraft is approved (either by CASA, or by another entity under an approval that is recognised by CASA) for reduced vertical separation minimum, and for RNP 10 or RNP 4.

              Also, an operator must demonstrate that: the aircraft is equipped with a compliant navigation system; that the navigation database validity-monitoring and updating are performed properly; that flight crew training for, and competency in conducting, NAT HLA operations, pre-departure procedures, en route procedures, and post-flight procedures, are all adequate; that records of airworthiness of onboard equipment have been kept up-to-date; and that any relevant information about onboard equipment is included in the minimum equipment list.

     (3)     Under subclause 10 (3), approval for operations in NAT HLA, for which PBCS is prescribed, is conditional on additional requirements being met, which are: that the aircraft is approved for RNP 4, either by CASA, or by another entity under an approval that is recognised by CASA; and that the aircraft’s operator is authorised to declare RCP 240 and RSP 180 capabilities under section 6 of CASA 33/18.

Table 1

Table 1 sets out the equipment and related requirements for the aircraft operations to which the instructions apply in the following phases of flight: visual navigation; night V.F.R. RNAV; Oceanic RNAV; NAT HLA. (Some of the material in the Table is expressed in the form of recommendations only.)

Attachment 2

Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights

Prepared in accordance with Part 3 of the
Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011

 

CASA 02/20 — Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Instructions 2020

The legislative instrument is compatible with the human rights and freedoms
recognised or declared in the international instruments listed in section 3 of the
Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011.

 

Overview of the legislative instrument

The legislative instrument contains instructions for the use of the Global Navigation Satellite System in certain aircraft operations, and remakes instrument number CASA 27/16, Instructions —Use of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). The instrument has been revised to reflect the latest international requirements for aircraft operations in the North Atlantic High Level Airspace (NAT HLA), which have been imposed by the foreign aviation regulators in the various foreign jurisdictions that comprise NAT HLA, and are contained in the incorporated document titled North Atlantic Operations and Airspace Manual (Nat Doc 007), issued by the International Civil Aviation Organization, a UN agency that publishes international standards for civil aviation.

 

Australian aircraft operators must demonstrate compliance with Nat Doc 007 in order to be authorised to carry out aircraft operations in NAT HLA by the foreign aviation regulators within that airspace. The instrument reproduces the requirements of Nat Doc 007 for Australian aircraft operators.

 

Human rights implications

The legislative instrument is beneficial in purpose and content, and is compatible with the human rights and freedoms recognised or declared in the international instruments listed in section 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011. The instrument does not engage any of the applicable rights or freedoms.

 

Conclusion

This legislative instrument is compatible with human rights as it does not raise any human rights issues.

 

 

Civil Aviation Safety Authority