Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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Fuel Quality Standards (Biodiesel) Determination 2019

Authoritative Version
Determinations/Other as made
This instrument sets out the parameters and testing methods for biodiesel used in Australia.
Administered by: Environment and Energy
Registered 25 Sep 2019
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR14-Oct-2019
Tabled Senate14-Oct-2019
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

 

Fuel Quality Standards (Biodiesel) Determination 2019

I, Angus Taylor, Minister for Energy and Emissions Reduction, make the following determination.

Dated   18 September 2019                             

Angus Taylor

Minister for Energy and Emissions Reduction

 

 

 


Contents

1  Name........................................................................................................................................ 1

2  Commencement........................................................................................................................ 1

3  Authority.................................................................................................................................. 1

4  Definitions................................................................................................................................ 1

5  Fuel standard for biodiesel....................................................................................................... 1

 

 


1  Name

                   This instrument is the Fuel Quality Standards (Biodiesel) Determination 2019.

2  Commencement

                   This instrument commences on 1 October 2019.

3  Authority

                   This instrument is made under section 21 of the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000.

4  Definitions

Note:          A number of expressions used in this instrument are defined in section 4 of the Act, including the following:

(a)    fuel

(b)    inspector

                   In this instrument:

Act means the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000.

ASTM followed by an alphanumeric code means the testing method developed under that code by the standards development organisation called ASTM International.

biodiesel means a diesel fuel obtained by esterification of oil derived from plants or animals.

diesel has the same meaning as in the Fuel Quality Standards (Automotive Diesel) Determination 2019.

EN followed by a numeric code means the testing method developed under that code by the European Committee for Standardization.

mg/kg means milligrams per kilogram, and is equivalent to ‘parts per million’ or ‘ppm’ by mass.

% v/v means per cent volume by volume, and is equivalent to ‘volume %’, ‘vol %’ and ‘% vol’.

% m/m means per cent mass by mass, and is equivalent to ‘mass %’, ‘% mass’ and ‘weight %’.

Fuel standard for biodiesel

             (1)  In relation to a parameter mentioned in an item of the following table, biodiesel must comply with the specification for that parameter mentioned in that item.

Item

Parameter

Specification

Testing Method

1

Acid value

0.50 mg KOH/g maximum

ASTM D664

2

Carbon residue—10% distillation residue

0.30% m/m maximum

ASTM D4530

3

Cold soak filterability

360 seconds maximum

ASTM D7501

4

Copper corrosion—3 h at 50°C

Class 1 maximum

ASTM D130

5

Density at 15°C

860900 kg/m3

ASTM D1298

6

Derived cetane number

51.0 minimum

ASTM D6890

7

Distillation—T90

360°C maximum

ASTM D1160

8

Ester content

96.5% m/m minimum

EN 14103

9

Flash point

120.0°C minimum

ASTM D93

10

Glycerides—monoglycerides

0.7% m/m maximum

ASTM D6584

11

Glycerides—diglycerides

0.2% m/m maximum

ASTM D6584

12

Glycerides—triglycerides

0.2% m/m maximum

ASTM D6584

13

Glycerol—free

0.020% m/m maximum

ASTM D6584

14

Glycerol—total

0.250% m/m maximum

ASTM D6584

15

Kinematic viscosity at 40°C

3.55.0 mm2/s

ASTM D445

16

Metals—Group I—Na, K

5 mg/kg maximum

EN 14538

17

Metals—Group II—Ca, Mg

5 mg/kg maximum

EN 14538

18

Methanol

0.20% m/m maximum

EN 14110

19

Oxidation stability at 110°C

8.0 hours minimum

EN 14112

20

Phosphorus

4.0 mg/kg maximum 

EN 14107

21

Sulfated ash

0.020% m/m maximum

ASTM D874

22

Sulfur

10 mg/kg maximum

ASTM D5453

23

Total contamination

24 mg/kg maximum

EN 12662

24

Water

500 mg/kg maximum

ASTM D6304

             (2)  For subsection (1), compliance with the specification for a parameter is determined by using the testing method for that parameter mentioned in that item of the table.

Note:          The testing methods listed in the table are the methods that will be used by inspectors and other persons authorised to conduct tests on fuel under the Act to determine whether the fuel complies with the relevant fuel standard. Subsection (2) does not prevent other persons (including persons supplying fuel) from using other test methods to ensure that the fuel complies with the relevant fuel standard.