Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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Determinations/Other as made
This instrument sets out the parameters and testing methods for ethanol E85 used in Australia.
Administered by: Environment and Energy
Registered 25 Sep 2019
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR14-Oct-2019
Tabled Senate14-Oct-2019
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

 

Fuel Quality Standards (Ethanol E85) Determination 2019

I, Angus Taylor, Minister for Energy and Emissions Reduction, make the following determination.

Dated   18 September 2019                             

Angus Taylor

Minister for Energy and Emissions Reduction

 

 

 


Contents

1  Name........................................................................................................................................ 1

2  Commencement........................................................................................................................ 1

3  Authority.................................................................................................................................. 1

4  Definitions................................................................................................................................ 1

5  Fuel standard for E85............................................................................................................... 2

 

 


1  Name

                   This instrument is the Fuel Quality Standards (Ethanol E85) Determination 2019.

2  Commencement

                   This instrument commences on 1 October 2019.

3  Authority

                   This instrument is made under section 21 of the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000.

4  Definitions

Note:          A number of expressions used in this instrument are defined in section 4 of the Act, including the following:

(a)    fuel

(b)    supply

(c)    inspector

                   In this instrument:

Act means the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000.

ASTM followed by an alphanumeric code means the testing method developed under that code by the standards development organisation called ASTM International.

CEN/TS followed by a numeric code means the testing method developed under that code by the European Committee for Standardization.

DVPE means dry vapour pressure equivalent.

E85 means a mixture of petrol and ethanol that is supplied or represented as E85 fuel.

Note:          Section 5 requires the fuel to be 70–85% v/v ethanol.

EN followed by a numeric code means the testing method developed under that code by the European Committee for Standardization.

mg/kg means milligrams per kilogram, and is equivalent to ‘parts per million’ or ‘ppm’ by mass.

petrol has the same meaning as in the Fuel Quality Standards (Petrol) Determination 2019.    

% v/v means per cent volume by volume, and is equivalent to ‘volume %’, ‘vol %’ and ‘% vol’.

% m/m means per cent mass by mass, and is equivalent to ‘mass %’, ‘% mass’ and ‘weight %’.

Fuel standard for E85

             (1)  In relation to a parameter mentioned in an item of the following table, E85 must comply with the specification for that parameter mentioned in that item.

Item

Parameter

Specification

Testing Method

1

Acidity—as acetic acid   

0.006% m/m maximum

ASTM D7795

2

Benzene

0.35% v/v maximum

ASTM D5580

3

Copper

0.10 mg/kg maximum

EN 15837 (as modified in CEN/TS 15293)

4

Distillation—final boiling point

210°C maximum

ASTM D86

5

Ethanol

70–85% v/v

ASTM D6839

6

Ethers—5 or more C atoms

1.0% v/v maximum

ASTM D6839

7

Inorganic chloride

10 mg/kg maximum

ASTM D7328

8

Lead

5 mg/L maximum

ASTM D3237

9

Methanol

0.5% v/v maximum

ASTM D5501

10

Motor octane number (MON)

87 minimum

(See note)

11

Oxidation stability

360 minutes minimum

ASTM D525

12

pHe

6.5–9.0

ASTM D6423

13

Phosphorus

1.3 mg/L maximum

ASTM D3231

14

Research octane number (RON)

100 minimum

(See note)

15

Solvent washed gum

5.0 mg/100 mL maximum

ASTM D381

16

Sulfate

4.0 mg/kg maximum

ASTM D7328

17

Sulfur

From commencement
52 mg/kg maximum

From 1 July 2027
10 mg/kg maximum

ASTM D5453

18

Vapour pressure (DVPE) at 37.8°C

38–63 kPa

ASTM D5191

19

Water

1.0% m/m maximum

ASTM E1064

Note :         Testing methods for determining the MON and RON of E85 are not yet available. The minimum targets specified in the table are interim targets until a testing method is available. These minimum targets allow for engine calibration.

             (2)  For subsection (1), compliance with the specification for a parameter is determined by using the testing method for that parameter mentioned in that item of the table.

Note:          The testing methods listed in the table are the methods that will be used by inspectors and other persons authorised to conduct tests on fuel under the Act to determine whether the fuel complies with the relevant fuel standard. Subsection (2) does not prevent other persons (including persons supplying fuel) from using other test methods to ensure that the fuel complies with the relevant fuel standard.

             (3)  Any petrol component of E85 must meet the requirements of the fuel quality standard for petrol set out in the Fuel Quality Standards (Petrol) Determination 2019.

             (4)  Any ethanol component of E85 must meet the requirements of the fuel quality standard for ethanol set out in the Fuel Quality Standards (Petrol) Determination 2019.