Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Regulations as made
This instrument repeals the Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Regulations 1991 and prescribes liability limits, insurance requirements and other matters in accordance with the Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Act 1959.
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Cities and Regional Development
Registered 10 Sep 2019
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR11-Sep-2019
Tabled Senate12-Sep-2019

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

 

Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Regulations 2019

I, General the Honourable David Hurley AC DSC (Retd), Governor‑General of the Commonwealth of Australia, acting with the advice of the Federal Executive Council, make the following regulations.

Dated 05 September 2019

David Hurley

Governor‑General

By His Excellency’s Command

Michael McCormack

Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Development

 

 

 

 

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                                                        1

1............ Name............................................................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement............................................................................................................. 1

3............ Authority....................................................................................................................... 1

4............ Schedules...................................................................................................................... 1

5............ Definitions..................................................................................................................... 1

Part 2—Liability limits                                                                                                                                  2

6............ Liability limits relating to passengers............................................................................. 2

7............ Liability limits relating to baggage................................................................................. 2

Part 3—Insurance requirements and permitted liability exclusions                                 3

8............ Requirements in relation to a contract of insurance........................................................ 3

9............ Permitted exclusions of insurer’s liability...................................................................... 3

Part 4—Auditing                                                                                                                                               5

10.......... Notices under section 41JA of the Act.......................................................................... 5

11.......... Form in which evidence to be produced under section 41JA of the Act........................ 5

12.......... Notice of cancellation etc of contract of insurance......................................................... 5

13.......... Effect of failure to give notice under section 12............................................................. 6

Part 5—Application, saving and transitional provisions                                                          8

Division 1—Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Regulations 2019                                8

14.......... Application—Notices under section 41JA of the Act.................................................... 8

15.......... Application—Notice of cancellation etc of contract of insurance entered into on or after 1 October 2019               8

16.......... Savings—Notice of cancellation etc of contract of insurance entered into before 1 October 2019           8

Schedule 1—Repeals                                                                                                                                       9

Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Regulations 1991                                                                   9

 


Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Name

                   This instrument is the Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Regulations 2019.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this instrument specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provisions

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  The whole of this instrument

1 October 2019.

1 October 2019

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this instrument as originally made. It will not be amended to deal with any later amendments of this instrument.

             (2)  Any information in column 3 of the table is not part of this instrument. Information may be inserted in this column, or information in it may be edited, in any published version of this instrument.

3  Authority

                   This instrument is made under the Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Act 1959.

4  Schedules

                   Each instrument that is specified in a Schedule to this instrument is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this instrument has effect according to its terms.

5  Definitions

Note:          A number of expressions used in this instrument are defined in the Act, including the following:

(a)    acceptable contract of insurance (see section 41B of the Act);

(b)    contract of insurance (see section 41B of the Act);

(c)    SDR.

                   In this instrument:

Act means the Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Act 1959.

terminating event: see subsection 12(6).

Part 2Liability limits

  

6  Liability limits relating to passengers

             (1)  For the purposes of subsection 31(1) of the Act, the amount prescribed is $925,000.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection 31(1A) of the Act, the number of SDRs prescribed is 480,000.

7  Liability limits relating to baggage

             (1)  For the purposes of subsection 31(2) of the Act, the amount prescribed is $3,000.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection 31(3) of the Act, the amount prescribed is $300.

Part 3Insurance requirements and permitted liability exclusions

  

8  Requirements in relation to a contract of insurance

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph 41C(2)(b) of the Act, it is a prescribed requirement in relation to a contract of insurance:

                     (a)  that the insurer is authorised under section 12 of the Insurance Act 1973 to carry on insurance business in Australia; or

                     (b)  that:

                              (i)  the insurer is permitted or authorised under the law of a foreign country to carry on insurance business; and

                             (ii)  CASA is satisfied that the requirements imposed on the insurer under that law are similar to or consistent with requirements under that Act.

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph 41C(3)(aa) of the Act, the number of SDRs prescribed is 480,000.

9  Permitted exclusions of insurer’s liability

             (1)  This section is made for the purposes of section 41D of the Act.

Standard exclusion clauses

             (2)  A contract of insurance that indemnifies the insured carrier against personal injury liability may exclude liability by adopting:

                     (a)  a standard exclusion clause covered by subsection (3); or

                     (b)  a clause that has similar effect to a standard exclusion clause covered by subsection (3).

             (3)  This subsection covers the following standard exclusion clauses, as accessible on the International Underwriting Association of London website (http://www.iuaclauses.co.uk) on 1 October 2019:

                     (a)  the Aviation Radioactive Contamination Exclusion Clause (General) (also called AVN 38A);

                     (b)  the Nuclear Risks Exclusion Clause (also called AVN 38B);

                     (c)  the Noise and Pollution and Other Perils Exclusion Clause (also called AVN 46B);

                     (d)  the War, Hijacking and Other Perils Exclusion Clause (Aviation) (also called AVN 48B).

Exclusion of liability for employees

             (4)  A contract of insurance that indemnifies the insured carrier against personal injury liability may exclude liability in respect of an employee of the carrier who is travelling in the course of the employee’s duties as an employee.

Exclusion of liability for aircraft that are not notified

             (5)  A contract of insurance that indemnifies an insured carrier against personal injury liability may exclude liability in respect of a passenger who travels on an aircraft operated by the carrier that is not notified in relation to the contract of insurance.

             (6)  For the purposes of subsection (5), an aircraft is notified in relation to a contract of insurance if the insurer has given CASA a notice in writing to the effect that the insurer is prepared to indemnify the insured carrier in relation to personal injury liability arising out of the operation by the insured carrier of:

                     (a)  aircraft of that type, being a type identified in the contract of insurance; or

                     (b)  that aircraft, as identified in the contract of insurance by make, model and registration mark.

Part 4Auditing

  

10  Notices under section 41JA of the Act

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph 41K(b) of the Act, the period that may be set out in a notice given to a carrier under section 41JA of the Act is 14 days from the day the carrier receives the notice.

             (2)  However, if CASA has received a notice from an insurer in relation to a carrier under section 12 of these Regulations or regulation 10 of the Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Regulations 1991 as it continues to apply under section 16 of these Regulations:

                     (a)  the period that may be set out in a notice given to the carrier under section 41JA of the Act is 3 days from the day the carrier receives the notice; and

                     (b)  the notice must state that CASA has received the notice from the insurer under the relevant section or regulation.

             (3)  Also, if CASA reasonably believes that a contract of insurance may have ceased to be in force, or may no longer meet a prescribed requirement mentioned in subsection 41C(2) of the Act:

                     (a)  the period that may be set out in a notice given to a carrier under section 41JA of the Act in relation to the contract of insurance is 3 days from the day the carrier receives the notice; and

                     (b)  the notice must include a statement to the effect that CASA believes that the contract of insurance may have ceased to be in force or may no longer meet the prescribed requirement.

11  Form in which evidence to be produced under section 41JA of the Act

             (1)  This section is made for the purposes of paragraph 41K(c) of the Act.

             (2)  Evidence that an acceptable contract of insurance is in force that a carrier is to produce under section 41JA of the Act must be in one of the following forms:

                     (a)  a certificate by the insurer that the contract is in force;

                     (b)  the contract;

                     (c)  a written receipt for payment of a premium for the contract;

                     (d)  a form mentioned in the notice given to the carrier under section 41JA of the Act.

12  Notice of cancellation etc of contract of insurance

             (1)  This section is made for the purposes of paragraph 41K(d) of the Act.

             (2)  The insurer under an acceptable contract of insurance must give CASA written notice of either of the following events:

                     (a)  a modification of the contract that will result in the contract no longer meeting a prescribed requirement mentioned in subsection 41C(2) of the Act;

                     (b)  the cancellation of the contract by the insurer.

             (3)  The insurer must give the notice under subsection (2):

                     (a)  no later than the end of the third business day before the day the event is expected to happen; or

                     (b)  if the insurer had no reasonable expectation of the event at any time before the end of the third business day before the day the event happens—no later than the end of the first business day after the day the event happens.

             (4)  The insurer under an acceptable contract of insurance that is not renewed must give CASA written notice of the non‑renewal within 3 business days after the contract expires.

             (5)  The insurer under an acceptable contract of insurance must give CASA written notice of a terminating event within 3 business days after the insurer becomes aware, or ought reasonably to have become aware, of the event.

             (6)  A terminating event means an act of the carrier that would, apart from subsection 13(4), have as a result the contract ceasing to be in force before the end of the term set out in the contract.

13  Effect of failure to give notice under section 12

             (1)  This section is made for the purposes of paragraph 41K(e) of the Act.

             (2)  If, in relation to a contract of insurance, an event described in subsection 12(2) occurs, but the insurer does not give CASA notice of the event as required by subsections 12(2) and (3), then, despite anything in the contract of insurance, the contract remains in force until the earliest of the following:

                     (a)  the time when the carrier obtains from the same or another insurer an acceptable contract of insurance;

                     (b)  if the insurer subsequently gives the notice—3 business days after CASA receives the notice;

                     (c)  if the insurer does not give the notice before the end of 3 months after the day the event happens—the end of that period.

             (3)  If, in relation to a contract of insurance, the contract is not renewed, and the insurer does not give CASA notice of the non‑renewal as required by subsection 12(4), then, despite anything in the contract of insurance, the contract remains in force until the earliest of the following:

                     (a)  the time when the carrier obtains from the same or another insurer an acceptable contract of insurance;

                     (b)  if the insurer subsequently gives the notice—3 business days after CASA receives the notice;

                     (c)  if the insurer does not give the notice before the end of 3 months after the day the contract expires—the end of that period.

             (4)  If, in relation to a contract of insurance, a terminating event occurs, but the insurer does not give CASA notice as required by subsection 12(5), then, despite anything in the contract of insurance, the contract continues in force until the earliest of the following:

                     (a)  the time when the insured carrier obtains from the same or another insurer an acceptable contract of insurance;

                     (b)  if the insurer subsequently gives the notice—3 business days after CASA receives the notice;

                     (c)  if the insurer does not give the notice before the end of 3 months after the day the event happens—the end of that period.

Part 5Application, saving and transitional provisions

Division 1Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Regulations 2019

14  Application—Notices under section 41JA of the Act

                   Sections 10 and 11 of this instrument apply in relation to notices given under section 41JA of the Act on or after 1 October 2019.

15  Application—Notice of cancellation etc of contract of insurance entered into on or after 1 October 2019

                   Sections 12 and 13 of this instrument apply in relation to a contract of insurance entered into on or after 1 October 2019.

16  Savings—Notice of cancellation etc of contract of insurance entered into before 1 October 2019

                   Despite the repeal of the Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Regulations 1991 by Schedule 1 to this instrument, regulations 10 and 11 of the Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Regulations 1991 continue to apply on and after 1 October 2019 in relation to a contract of insurance entered into before 1 October 2019.


Schedule 1Repeals

   

Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Regulations 1991

1  The whole of the instrument

Repeal the instrument.