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No. 77 of 2019 Determinations/Veterans' Entitlements as made
This instrument is the Statement of Principles concerning Morton metatarsalgia (Reasonable Hypothesis).
Administered by: Veterans' Affairs
Registered 26 Aug 2019
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR09-Sep-2019
Tabled Senate09-Sep-2019
Table of contents.

RMA-Red

 

Statement of Principles

concerning

MORTON METATARSALGIA
(Reasonable Hypothesis)

(No. 77 of 2019)

The Repatriation Medical Authority determines the following Statement of Principles under subsection 196B(2) of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.

 

Dated    23 August 2019

 

 

 

 

 

The Common Seal of the
Repatriation Medical Authority
was affixed to this instrument
at the direction of:

 

 

Professor Nicholas Saunders AO

Chairperson

 

 

  

Contents

1          Name........................................................................................................................................... 3

2          Commencement........................................................................................................................ 3

3          Authority..................................................................................................................................... 3

4          Repeal......................................................................................................................................... 3

5          Application................................................................................................................................. 3

6          Definitions.................................................................................................................................. 3

7          Kind of injury, disease or death to which this Statement of Principles relates............... 3

8          Basis for determining the factors........................................................................................... 4

9          Factors that must exist............................................................................................................. 4

10        Relationship to service............................................................................................................. 5

11        Factors referring to an injury or disease covered by another Statement of Principles. 6

Schedule 1 - Dictionary............................................................................................. 7

1          Definitions.................................................................................................................................. 7

 

 


 

1               Name

This is the Statement of Principles concerning Morton metatarsalgia (Reasonable Hypothesis) (No. 77 of 2019).

2               Commencement

This instrument commences on 23 September 2019.

3               Authority

This instrument is made under subsection 196B(2) of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.

4               Repeal

The Statement of Principles concerning Morton's metatarsalgia No. 92 of 2010 (Federal Register of Legislation No. F2010L02848) made under subsection 196B(2) of the VEA is repealed.

5               Application

This instrument applies to a claim to which section 120A of the VEA or section 338 of the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 applies.

6               Definitions

The terms defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary have the meaning given when used in this instrument.

7               Kind of injury, disease or death to which this Statement of Principles relates

(1)          This Statement of Principles is about Morton metatarsalgia and death from Morton metatarsalgia.  

Meaning of Morton metatarsalgia

(2)          For the purposes of this Statement of Principles, Morton metatarsalgia:

(a)          means an entrapment or irritation of the interdigital plantar nerve between the metatarsal heads, causing an acquired neuropathy; and

(b)          excludes peripheral neuropathy.

Note 1: Morton metatarsalgia is also known as Morton neuroma.

Note 2: Signs and symptoms of Morton metatarsalgia may include, but are not limited to, pain and numbness of the forefoot, most commonly in the second or third intermetatarsal space, which may radiate to the toes.

(3)          While Morton metatarsalgia attracts ICD‑10‑AM code G57.6, in applying this Statement of Principles the meaning of Morton metatarsalgia is that given in subsection (2).

(4)          For subsection (3), a reference to an ICD-10-AM code is a reference to the code assigned to a particular kind of injury or disease in The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM), Tenth Edition, effective date of 1 July 2017, copyrighted by the Independent Hospital Pricing Authority, ISBN 978-1-76007-296-4.

Death from Morton metatarsalgia

(5)          For the purposes of this Statement of Principles, Morton metatarsalgia, in relation to a person, includes death from a terminal event or condition that was contributed to by the person's Morton metatarsalgia.

Note: terminal event is defined in the Schedule 1 – Dictionary.

8               Basis for determining the factors

The Repatriation Medical Authority is of the view that there is sound medical‑scientific evidence that indicates that Morton metatarsalgia and death from Morton metatarsalgia can be related to relevant service rendered by veterans, members of Peacekeeping Forces, or members of the Forces under the VEA, or members under the MRCA.

Note: MRCA, relevant service and VEA are defined in the Schedule 1 – Dictionary.

9               Factors that must exist

At least one of the following factors must as a minimum exist before it can be said that a reasonable hypothesis has been raised connecting Morton metatarsalgia or death from Morton metatarsalgia with the circumstances of a person's relevant service:

(1)          wearing footwear which compresses the affected forefoot or increases the pressure on the ball of the affected foot, or has a high heel, for at least four hours per day on more days than not, for at least the one year before the clinical onset of Morton metatarsalgia;

(2)          having an injury to the foot which damages or compresses the interdigital plantar nerve within the affected intermetatarsal space, within the one year before the clinical onset of Morton metatarsalgia;

(3)          undergoing surgery to the foot which damages or compresses the interdigital plantar nerve within the affected intermetatarsal space, within the one year before the clinical onset of Morton metatarsalgia;

(4)          having a deformity of the affected foot from the specified list of deformities of the foot, which damages or compresses the interdigital plantar nerve within the affected intermetatarsal space, at the time of the clinical onset of Morton metatarsalgia;

Note: specified list of deformities of the foot is defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary.

(5)          having an inflammatory arthritis which damages or compresses the interdigital plantar nerve within the affected intermetatarsal space, at the time of the clinical onset of Morton metatarsalgia;

(6)          wearing footwear which compresses the affected forefoot or increases the pressure on the ball of the affected foot, or has a high heel, for at least four hours per day on more days than not, for at least the one year before the clinical worsening of Morton metatarsalgia;

(7)          having an injury to the foot which damages or compresses the interdigital plantar nerve within the affected intermetatarsal space, within the one year before the clinical worsening of Morton metatarsalgia;

(8)          undergoing surgery to the foot which damages or compresses the interdigital plantar nerve within the affected intermetatarsal space, within the one year before the clinical worsening of Morton metatarsalgia;

(9)          having a deformity of the affected foot from the specified list of deformities of the foot, which damages or compresses the interdigital plantar nerve within the affected intermetatarsal space, at the time of the clinical worsening of Morton metatarsalgia;

Note: specified list of deformities of the foot is defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary.

(10)      having an inflammatory arthritis which damages or compresses the interdigital plantar nerve within the affected intermetatarsal space, at the time of the clinical worsening of Morton metatarsalgia;

(11)      inability to obtain appropriate clinical management for Morton metatarsalgia.

10           Relationship to service

(1)          The existence in a person of any factor referred to in section 9, must be related to the relevant service rendered by the person.

(2)          The factors set out in subsections 9(6) to (11) apply only to material contribution to, or aggravation of, Morton metatarsalgia where the person's Morton metatarsalgia was suffered or contracted before or during (but did not arise out of) the person's relevant service.

11           Factors referring to an injury or disease covered by another Statement of Principles

In this Statement of Principles:

(1)          if a factor referred to in section 9 applies in relation to a person; and

(2)          that factor refers to an injury or disease in respect of which a Statement of Principles has been determined under subsection 196B(2) of the VEA;

then the factors in that Statement of Principles apply in accordance with the terms of that Statement of Principles as in force from time to time.

 


 

Schedule 1 - Dictionary  

Note: See Section 6

1               Definitions

 In this instrument:

  Morton metatarsalgia—see subsection 7(2).

 MRCA means the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004.

 relevant service means:

(a)           operational service under the VEA;

(b)          peacekeeping service under the VEA;

(c)           hazardous service under the VEA;

(d)          British nuclear test defence service under the VEA;

(e)           warlike service under the MRCA; or

(f)           non-warlike service under the MRCA.

Note: MRCA and VEA are also defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary.

                               specified list of deformities of the foot means:

(a)           claw toes;

(b)          deformity caused by fracture of the metatarsal;

(c)           equinus deformity;

(d)          hallux rigidus;

(e)           hallux valgus;

(f)           hammer toes;

(g)          pes cavus; or

(h)          pes planus.

                               terminal event means the proximate or ultimate cause of death and includes the following:

(a)           pneumonia;

(b)          respiratory failure;

(c)           cardiac arrest;

(d)          circulatory failure; or

(e)           cessation of brain function.

 VEA means the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.