Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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No. 54 of 2019 Determinations/Veterans' Entitlements as made
This instrument is the Statement of Principles concerning acute rheumatic fever (Balance of Probabilities).
Administered by: Veterans' Affairs
Registered 29 Apr 2019
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR02-Jul-2019
Tabled Senate02-Jul-2019
Table of contents.

RMA-Red

 

Statement of Principles

concerning

ACUTE RHEUMATIC FEVER
 (Balance of Probabilities)

(No. 54 of 2019)

The Repatriation Medical Authority determines the following Statement of Principles under subsection 196B(3) of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.

 

Dated    26 April 2019

 

 

 

 

 

The Common Seal of the
Repatriation Medical Authority
was affixed to this instrument
at the direction of:

 

 

Professor Nicholas Saunders AO

Chairperson

 

 

  

Contents

1          Name........................................................................................................................................... 3

2          Commencement........................................................................................................................ 3

3          Authority..................................................................................................................................... 3

4          Repeal......................................................................................................................................... 3

5          Application................................................................................................................................. 3

6          Definitions.................................................................................................................................. 3

7          Kind of injury, disease or death to which this Statement of Principles relates............... 3

8          Basis for determining the factors........................................................................................... 4

9          Factors that must exist............................................................................................................. 4

10        Relationship to service............................................................................................................. 5

11        Factors referring to an injury or disease covered by another Statement of Principles. 5

Schedule 1 - Dictionary............................................................................................. 6

1          Definitions.................................................................................................................................. 6

 

 


 

1               Name

This is the Statement of Principles concerning acute rheumatic fever (Balance of Probabilities) (No. 54 of 2019).

2               Commencement

This instrument commences on 27 May 2019.

3               Authority

This instrument is made under subsection 196B(3) of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.

4               Repeal

The Statement of Principles concerning acute rheumatic fever No. 24 of 2011 (Federal Register of Legislation No. F2011L00504) made under subsection 196B(3) of the VEA is repealed.

5               Application

This instrument applies to a claim to which section 120B of the VEA or section 339 of the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 applies.

6               Definitions

The terms defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary have the meaning given when used in this instrument.

7               Kind of injury, disease or death to which this Statement of Principles relates

(1)          This Statement of Principles is about acute rheumatic fever and death from acute rheumatic fever.

Meaning of acute rheumatic fever

(2)          For the purposes of this Statement of Principles, acute rheumatic fever:

(a)          means a systemic, inflammatory autoimmune disease that follows laboratory confirmed infection with beta-haemolytic streptococcus; and

(b)          excludes post-streptococcal reactive arthritis.

Note 1:  Acute rheumatic fever may affect the heart as clinical or subclinical carditis; the joints as polyarthritis, monoarthritis or polyarthralgia; the central nervous system; and the skin or subcutaneous tissues.  It can also present as isolated Sydenham chorea or indolent subclinical carditis.

Note 2:  Laboratory confirmation of infection may occur at the time of the streptococcal infection using positive throat culture, positive rapid antigen test or positive molecular assay, or later using positive serology for streptococcus.

(3)          While acute rheumatic fever attracts ICD‑10‑AM code I00, I01 or I02, in applying this Statement of Principles the meaning of acute rheumatic fever is that given in subsection (2).

(4)          For subsection (3), a reference to an ICD-10-AM code is a reference to the code assigned to a particular kind of injury or disease in The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM), Tenth Edition, effective date of 1 July 2017, copyrighted by the Independent Hospital Pricing Authority, ISBN 978-1-76007-296-4.

Death from acute rheumatic fever

(5)          For the purposes of this Statement of Principles, acute rheumatic fever, in relation to a person, includes death from a terminal event or condition that was contributed to by the person's acute rheumatic fever.

Note: terminal event is defined in the Schedule 1 – Dictionary.

8               Basis for determining the factors

On the sound medical‑scientific evidence available, the Repatriation Medical Authority is of the view that it is more probable than not that acute rheumatic fever and death from acute rheumatic fever can be related to relevant service rendered by veterans or members of the Forces under the VEA, or members under the MRCA.

Note: MRCA, relevant service and VEA are defined in the Schedule 1 – Dictionary.

9               Factors that must exist

At least one of the following factors must exist before it can be said that, on the balance of probabilities, acute rheumatic fever or death from acute rheumatic fever is connected with the circumstances of a person's relevant service:

(1)          having a group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal infection of the pharynx within the three months before the clinical onset of acute rheumatic fever;

(2)          for acute rheumatic fever manifesting as isolated chorea or as indolent subclinical carditis only, having a group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal infection of the pharynx within the nine months before the clinical onset of acute rheumatic fever;

(3)          experiencing crowded living or working conditions within the one year before the clinical onset of acute rheumatic fever;

(4)          inability to obtain appropriate clinical management for acute rheumatic fever.

10           Relationship to service

(1)          The existence in a person of any factor referred to in section 9, must be related to the relevant service rendered by the person.

(2)          The factor set out in subsection 9(4) applies only to material contribution to, or aggravation of, acute rheumatic fever where the person's acute rheumatic fever was suffered or contracted before or during (but did not arise out of) the person's relevant service.

11           Factors referring to an injury or disease covered by another Statement of Principles

In this Statement of Principles:

(1)          if a factor referred to in section 9 applies in relation to a person; and

(2)          that factor refers to an injury or disease in respect of which a Statement of Principles has been determined under subsection 196B(3) of the VEA;

then the factors in that Statement of Principles apply in accordance with the terms of that Statement of Principles as in force from time to time.

 


 

Schedule 1 - Dictionary  

Note: See Section 6

1               Definitions

 In this instrument:

                               acute rheumatic fever—see subsection 7(2).

                             MRCA means the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004.

                             relevant service means:

(a)           eligible war service (other than operational service) under the VEA;

(b)          defence service (other than hazardous service and British nuclear test defence service) under the VEA; or

(c)           peacetime service under the MRCA.

Note: MRCA and VEA are also defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary.

                             terminal event means the proximate or ultimate cause of death and includes the following:

(a)           pneumonia;

(b)          respiratory failure;

(c)           cardiac arrest;

(d)          circulatory failure; or

(e)           cessation of brain function.

                             VEA means the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.