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No. 46 of 2019 Determinations/Veterans' Entitlements as made
This instrument is the Statement of Principles concerning rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis (Balance of Probabilities).
Administered by: Veterans' Affairs
Registered 26 Apr 2019
Table of contents.

RMA-Red

 

Statement of Principles

concerning

RAPIDLY PROGRESSIVE CRESCENTIC GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
(Balance of Probabilities)

(No. 46 of 2019)

The Repatriation Medical Authority determines the following Statement of Principles under subsection 196B(3) of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.

 

Dated    26 April 2019

 

 

 

 

 

The Common Seal of the
Repatriation Medical Authority
was affixed to this instrument
at the direction of:

 

 

Professor Nicholas Saunders AO

Chairperson

 

 

  

Contents

1          Name........................................................................................................................................... 3

2          Commencement........................................................................................................................ 3

3          Authority..................................................................................................................................... 3

4          Repeal......................................................................................................................................... 3

5          Application................................................................................................................................. 3

6          Definitions.................................................................................................................................. 3

7          Kind of injury, disease or death to which this Statement of Principles relates............... 3

8          Basis for determining the factors........................................................................................... 4

9          Factors that must exist............................................................................................................. 4

10        Relationship to service............................................................................................................. 5

11        Factors referring to an injury or disease covered by another Statement of Principles. 5

Schedule 1 - Dictionary............................................................................................. 6

1          Definitions.................................................................................................................................. 6

 

 


 

1               Name

This is the Statement of Principles concerning rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis (Balance of Probabilities) (No. 46 of 2019).

2               Commencement

This instrument commences on 27 May 2019.

3               Authority

This instrument is made under subsection 196B(3) of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.

4               Repeal

The Statement of Principles concerning rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis No. 82 of 2010 (Federal Register of Legislation No. F2010L02338) made under subsection 196B(3) of the VEA is repealed.

5               Application

This instrument applies to a claim to which section 120B of the VEA or section 339 of the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 applies.

6               Definitions

The terms defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary have the meaning given when used in this instrument.

7               Kind of injury, disease or death to which this Statement of Principles relates

(1)          This Statement of Principles is about rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis and death from rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis.

Meaning of rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis

(2)          For the purposes of this Statement of Principles, rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis means a form of glomerulonephritis where there are extensive cellular crescents on histopathology and a rapid decline in renal function over a period of weeks to months.

Death from rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis

(3)          For the purposes of this Statement of Principles, rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis, in relation to a person, includes death from a terminal event or condition that was contributed to by the person's rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis.

Note: terminal event is defined in the Schedule 1 – Dictionary.

8               Basis for determining the factors

On the sound medical‑scientific evidence available, the Repatriation Medical Authority is of the view that it is more probable than not that rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis and death from rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis can be related to relevant service rendered by veterans or members of the Forces under the VEA, or members under the MRCA.

Note: MRCA, relevant service and VEA are defined in the Schedule 1 – Dictionary.

9               Factors that must exist

At least one of the following factors must exist before it can be said that, on the balance of probabilities, rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis or death from rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis is connected with the circumstances of a person's relevant service:

(1)          having an infection from the specified list of infections within the two months before the clinical onset of rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis;

Note: specified list of infections is defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary.

(2)          having an autoimmune disorder from the specified list of autoimmune disorders at the time of the clinical onset of rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis;

Note: specified list of autoimmune disorders is defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary.

(3)          having infiltration of the kidneys due to a disorder from the specified list of infiltrative disorders at the time of the clinical onset of rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis;

Note: specified list of infiltrative disorders is defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary.

(4)          having a renal disorder from the specified list of renal disorders at the time of the clinical onset of rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis;

Note: specified list of renal disorders is defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary.

(5)          having a malignant neoplasm at the time of the clinical onset of rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis;

(6)          taking a drug from the specified list of drugs within the seven days before the clinical onset of rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis;

Note: specified list of drugs is defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary.

(7)          inability to obtain appropriate clinical management for rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis.

10           Relationship to service

(1)          The existence in a person of any factor referred to in section 9, must be related to the relevant service rendered by the person.

(2)          The factor set out in subsection 9(7) applies only to material contribution to, or aggravation of, rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis where the person's rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis was suffered or contracted before or during (but did not arise out of) the person's relevant service.

11           Factors referring to an injury or disease covered by another Statement of Principles

In this Statement of Principles:

(1)          if a factor referred to in section 9 applies in relation to a person; and

(2)          that factor refers to an injury or disease in respect of which a Statement of Principles has been determined under subsection 196B(3) of the VEA;

then the factors in that Statement of Principles apply in accordance with the terms of that Statement of Principles as in force from time to time.

 


 

Schedule 1 - Dictionary  

Note: See Section 6

1               Definitions

 In this instrument:

                             MRCA means the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004.

                             rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis—see subsection 7(2).

                             relevant service means:

(a)           eligible war service (other than operational service) under the VEA;

(b)          defence service (other than hazardous service and British nuclear test defence service) under the VEA; or

(c)           peacetime service under the MRCA.

Note: MRCA and VEA are also defined in the Schedule 1 - Dictionary.

                               specified list of autoimmune disorders means:

(a)           anti-glomerular basement membrane disease (Goodpasture disease);

(b)          antiphospholipid syndrome;

(c)           Behcet disease;

(d)          cryoglobulinaemia;

(e)           eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss syndrome);

(f)           granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener granulomatosis);

(g)          Henoch-Schonlein purpura;

(h)          inflammatory bowel disease;

(i)            microscopic polyangiitis;

(j)            mixed connective tissue disease;

(k)          relapsing polychondritis;

(l)            rheumatoid arthritis;

(m)        Sjogren syndrome;

(n)          systemic lupus erythematosus; or

(o)          systemic sclerosis.

                             specified list of drugs means:

(a)           benzylthiouracil;

(b)          carbimazole;

(c)           cocaine adulterated with levamisole;

(d)          D-penicillamine;

(e)           hydralazine;

(f)           levamisole;

(g)          propylthiouracil; or

(h)          rifampicin.

                             specified list of infections means:

(a)           bacterial infection;

(b)          hepatitis B;

(c)           hepatitis C;

(d)          human immunodeficiency virus infection; or

(e)           infective endocarditis.

                             specified list of infiltrative disorders means:

(a)           amyloidosis;

(b)          light-chain deposition disease; or

(c)           sarcoidosis.

                             specified list of renal disorders means:

(a)           fibrillary glomerulonephritis;

(b)          immunoglobulin A nephropathy (including mesangial IgA glomerulonephritis);

(c)           immunoglobulin G4-related kidney disease (including tubulointerstitial nephritis and membranous glomerulonephritis secondary to immunoglobulin G4-related disease);

(d)          membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis; or

(e)           membranous glomerulonephritis.

                             terminal event means the proximate or ultimate cause of death and includes the following:

(a)           pneumonia;

(b)          respiratory failure;

(c)           cardiac arrest;

(d)          circulatory failure; or

(e)           cessation of brain function.

                             VEA means the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.