Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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Determinations/Other as made
This instrument sets out the parameters and testing methods for automotive diesel used in Australia.
Administered by: Environment and Energy
Registered 28 Mar 2019
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR02-Apr-2019
Tabled Senate02-Apr-2019
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

 

Fuel Quality Standards (Automotive Diesel) Determination 2019

I, Melissa Price, Minister for the Environment, make the following determination.

Dated                           18 March 2019           

Melissa Price

Minister for the Environment

 

 

 


Contents

1  Name........................................................................................................................................ 1

2  Commencement........................................................................................................................ 1

3  Authority.................................................................................................................................. 1

4  Definitions................................................................................................................................ 1

5  Fuel standard for diesel............................................................................................................ 2

 

 


1  Name

                   This instrument is the Fuel Quality Standards (Automotive Diesel) Determination 2019.

2  Commencement

                   This instrument commences on 1 October 2019.

3  Authority

                   This instrument is made under section 21 of the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000.

4  Definitions

Note:          A number of expressions used in this instrument are defined in section 4 of the Act, including the following:

(a)    fuel

(b)    supply

                   In this instrument:

Act means the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000.

ASTM followed by an alphanumeric code means the testing method developed under that code by the standards development organisation called ASTM International.

biodiesel has the same meaning as in the Fuel Quality Standards (Biodiesel) Determination 2019.

diesel means all fuel supplied or represented as automotive diesel, including renewable diesel and synthetic diesel and any combination of these.

EN followed by a numeric code means the testing method developed under that code by the European Committee for Standardization.

IP followed by a numeric code means the testing method developed under that code by the chartered professional body called the Energy Institute.

renewable diesel means liquid fuel that is manufactured by chemically altering and hydrotreating (or equivalent) vegetable oils, animal fats, organic waste and other biomass, but also includes non-organic waste that cannot be reasonably recycled. It is not directly made from any fossil fuel.

synthetic diesel means paraffinic diesel manufactured by chemically altering any feedstock.

mg/kg means milligrams per kilogram, and is equivalent to ‘parts per million’ or ‘ppm’ by mass.

% v/v means per cent volume by volume, and is equivalent to ‘volume %’, ‘vol %’ and ‘% vol’.

% m/m means per cent mass by mass, and is equivalent to ‘mass %’, ‘% mass’ and ‘weight %’.

Fuel standard for diesel

             (1)  In relation to a parameter mentioned in an item of the following table, diesel must comply with the specification for that parameter mentioned in that item.

             (2)  For subsection (1), compliance with the specification for a parameter is determined by using the testing method for that parameter mentioned in that item of the table.

Item

Parameter

Specification

Testing Method

1

Ash

0.01% m/m maximum

ASTM D482

2

Biodiesel

5.0% v/v maximum

EN 14078

3

Carbon residue—10% distillation residue

0.2% m/m maximum

ASTM D4530

4

Cetane index

46 minimum

ASTM D4737 Procedure A

5

Conductivity at ambient temperature

Diesel held by a terminal or refinery for sale or distribution:

50 pS/m minimum at ambient temperature

ASTM D2624

6

Copper corrosion—3 h at 50°C

Class 1

ASTM D130

7

Density at 15°C

820–850 kg/m3

ASTM D1298

8

Derived cetane number

Diesel containing biodiesel:

51 minimum

 

ASTM D6890

9

Distillation—T95

360°C maximum

ASTM D86

10

Flash point

61.5°C minimum

ASTM D93

11

Filter blocking tendency

2.0 maximum

IP 387

12

Kinematic viscosity

2.0–4.5 mm2/s at 40°C

ASTM D445

13

Lubricity

460 µm maximum

IP 450

14

Oxidation stability

2.5 mg/100 mL maximum

ASTM D2274

15

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)

11% m/m maximum

IP 391

16

Sulfur

10 mg/kg maximum

ASTM D5453

17

Water and sediment

0.05% v/v maximum

ASTM D2709

18

Water

Diesel containing biodiesel:

200 mg/kg maximum

ASTM D6304

             (3)  Specifications set out in the table apply to all kinds of diesel unless otherwise stated.

             (4)  Any biodiesel component of diesel must meet the requirements of the fuel quality standard for biodiesel set out in the Fuel Quality Standards (Biodiesel) Determination 2019.