Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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Fuel Quality Standards (Petrol) Determination 2019

Authoritative Version
Determinations/Other as made
This instrument sets out the parameters and testing methods for petrol used in Australia.
Administered by: Environment and Energy
Registered 28 Mar 2019
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR02-Apr-2019
Tabled Senate02-Apr-2019
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

 

Fuel Quality Standards (Petrol) Determination 2019

I, Melissa Price, Minister for the Environment, make the following determination.

Dated                           18 March 2019           

Melissa Price

Minister for the Environment

 

 

 


Contents

1  Name........................................................................................................................................ 1

2  Commencement........................................................................................................................ 1

3  Authority.................................................................................................................................. 1

4  Definitions................................................................................................................................ 1

5  Fuel standard for petrol............................................................................................................ 1

6  Fuel standard for ethanol.......................................................................................................... 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                          

                                                                                          


1  Name

                   This instrument is the Fuel Quality Standards (Petrol) Determination 2019.

2  Commencement

                   This instrument commences on 1 October 2019.

3  Authority

                   This instrument is made under section 21 of the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000.

4  Definitions

Note:          A number of expressions used in this instrument are defined in section 4 of the Act, including the following:

(a)    fuel

(b)    supply

                   In this instrument:

Act means the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000.

ASTM followed by an alphanumeric code means the testing method developed under that code by the standards development organisation called ASTM International.

CAS no., for a parameter, means the Chemical Abstracts Service Registry number for the parameter.

petrol does not include aviation gasoline (avgas) supplied for use in aircraft.

pool average for aromatic content, means the average amount of aromatics in all batches of petrol across all grades manufactured in Australia, or imported, by a supplier in each 12 months starting on 1 January.

mg/kg means milligrams per kilogram, and is equivalent to ‘parts per million’ or ‘ppm’ by mass.

% v/v means per cent volume by volume and is equivalent to ‘volume %’, ‘vol %’ and ‘% vol’.

% m/m means per cent mass by mass, and is equivalent to ‘mass %’, ‘% mass’ and ‘weight %’.

Fuel standard for petrol

             (1)  In relation to a parameter mentioned in an item of the following table, petrol must comply with the specification for that parameter mentioned in that item.

             (2)  For subsection (1), compliance with the specification for a parameter is determined by using the testing method for that parameter mentioned in that item of the table.

Item

Parameter

Specification

Testing Method

1

Aromatics

Between commencement and 31 December 2021:

45% v/v maximum with a 42% v/v maximum pool average across all grades

 

On and from 1 January 2022:

45% v/v maximum with a 35% v/v maximum pool average across all grades

ASTM D1319

2

Benzene

1.0% v/v maximum

ASTM D5580

3

Copper corrosion—3 h at 50°C

Class 1

ASTM D130

4

Diisopropyl ether (DIPE, CAS no. 108‑20‑3)

1% v/v maximum

ASTM D4815

5

Distillation—final boiling point

210°C maximum

ASTM D86

6

Ethanol

10% v/v maximum

ASTM D4815

7

Ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE, CAS no. 637‑92‑3)

1% v/v maximum

ASTM D4815

8

Existent gum—washed

5 mg/100 mL maximum

ASTM D381

9

Induction period—oxidation stability

360 minutes minimum

ASTM D525

10

Lead

5 mg/L maximum

ASTM D3237

11

Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE, CAS no. 1634-04-4)

1% v/v maximum

ASTM D4815

12

Motor octane number (MON)

91 RON grade:

81.0 minimum

95 RON grade:

85.0 minimum

ASTM D2700

13

Olefins

18% v/v maximum

ASTM D1319

14

Oxygen

Petrol without ethanol:

2.7% m/m maximum

Petrol with ethanol:

3.9% m/m maximum

ASTM D4815

15

Phosphorous

1.3 mg/L maximum

ASTM D3231

16

Research octane number (RON)

91 RON grade:

91.0 minimum

95 RON grade:

95.0 minimum

ASTM D2699

17

Sulfur

Between commencement and 30 June 2027:

91 RON grade:

150 mg/kg maximum

95 RON grade:

50 mg/kg maximum

 

On and from 1 July 2027:

All grades: 10 mg/kg maximum

ASTM D5453

18

Tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA, CAS no. 75‑65‑0)

0.5% v/v maximum

ASTM D4815

             (3)  Specifications set out in the table apply to all grades of petrol unless otherwise stated.

             (4)  Any ethanol component of petrol must comply with the fuel standard for ethanol in section 6.

             (5)  Compounds containing phosphorous must not be added to petrol.

6  Fuel standard for ethanol

             (1)  In relation to a parameter mentioned in an item of the following table, ethanol in petrol must comply with the specification for that parameter mentioned in that item.

             (2)  For subsection (1), compliance with the specification for a parameter is determined by using the testing method for that parameter mentioned in that item of the table.

Item

Parameter

Specification

Testing Method

1

Acidity—as acetic acid

0.006% m/m maximum

ASTM D7795

2

Appearance

Clear and bright and visibly free of suspended or precipitated contaminants

ASTM D4806

3

Copper

0.1 mg/kg maximum

EN 15837 (as modified in CEN/TS 15293)

4

Denaturant

1–1.5% v/v denaturant

ASTM D5501

5

Ethanol

95.6% v/v minimum

ASTM D5501

6

Inorganic chloride

10 mg/kg maximum

ASTM D7328

7

Methanol

0.5% v/v maximum

ASTM D5501

8

pHe

6.5–9.0

ASTM D6423

9

Solvent washed gum

5.0 mg/100 mL maximum

ASTM D381

10

Sulfate

4.0 mg/kg maximum

ASTM D7328

11

Sulfur

10 mg/kg maximum

ASTM D5453

12

Water

1.0% m/m maximum

ASTM E1064

             (3)  The denaturant component of ethanol must be petrol.