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AASB 107 - Statement of Cash Flows - August 2015

Authoritative Version
AASB 107 Standards/Accounting & Auditing as amended, taking into account amendments up to AASB 2016-2 - Amendments to Australian Accounting Standards - Disclosure Initiative: Amendments to AASB 107 - March 2016
Administered by: Treasury
Registered 15 Apr 2019
Start Date 31 Dec 2018

Compiled AASB Standard

AASB 107

Statement of Cash Flows

 

This compiled Standard applies to annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019 but before 1 January 2021.  Earlier application is permitted for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2014 but before 1 January 2019.  It incorporates relevant amendments made up to and including 23 March 2016.

Prepared on 29 March 2019 by the staff of the Australian Accounting Standards Board.

Compilation no. 2

Compilation date:  31 December 2018

Title: AASB logo - Description: AASB logo with Australian crest and text identifying the Australian Government and the Australian Accounting Standards Board.
 



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COPYRIGHT

© Commonwealth of Australia 2019

This compiled AASB Standard contains IFRS Foundation copyright material.  Reproduction within Australia in unaltered form (retaining this notice) is permitted for personal and non-commercial use subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source.  Requests and enquiries concerning reproduction and rights for commercial purposes within Australia should be addressed to The National Director, Australian Accounting Standards Board, PO Box 204, Collins Street West, Victoria 8007.

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Contents

COMPARISON WITH IAS 7

ACCOUNTING STANDARD

AASB 107 STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

from paragraph

Objective

Scope                                                                                                                                                                                        1

Benefits of cash flow information                                                                                                              4

Definitions                                                                                                                                                                          6

Cash and cash equivalents                                                                                                                                                     7

Presentation of a statement of cash flows                                                                                      10

Operating activities                                                                                                                                                               13

Investing activities                                                                                                                                                                 16

Financing activities                                                                                                                                                               17

Reporting cash flows from operating activities                                                                         18

Reporting cash flows from investing and financing activities                                        21

Reporting cash flows on a net basis                                                                                                          22

Foreign currency cash flows                                                                                                                          25

Interest and dividends                                                                                                                                           31

Taxes on income                                                                                                                                                           35

Investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures                                                  37

Changes in ownership interests in subsidiaries and other businesses                          39

Non-cash transactions                                                                                                                                           43

CHANGES IN LIABILITIES ARISING FROM FINANCING ACTIVITES                                                       44A

Components of cash and cash equivalents                                                                                           45

Other disclosures                                                                                                                                                     48

Commencement of the legislative instrument                                                                    Aus52.1

Withdrawal of AASB pronouncements                                                                                           Aus52.2

Effective date                                                                                                                                                              53

AppendiX

A Australian reduced disclosure requirements

Illustrative examples

A Statement of cash flows for an entity other than a financial institution

B Statement of cash flows for a financial institution

C Reconciliation of liabilities arising from financing activities

COMPILATION DETAILS

Deleted IAS 7 text

 

available on the AASB website

Basis for Conclusions on IAS 7

 

Australian Accounting Standard AASB 107 Statement of Cash Flows (as amended) is set out in paragraphs 1 – 60 and Appendix A.  All the paragraphs have equal authority.  Paragraphs in bold type state the main principles.  AASB 107 is to be read in the context of other Australian Accounting Standards, including AASB 1048 Interpretation of Standards, which identifies the Australian Accounting Interpretations, and AASB 1057 Application of Australian Accounting Standards.  In the absence of explicit guidance, AASB 108 Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors provides a basis for selecting and applying accounting policies.


Comparison with IAS 7

AASB 107 Statement of Cash Flows as amended incorporates IAS 7 Statement of Cash Flows as issued and amended by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB).  Australian‑specific paragraphs (which are not included in IAS 7) are identified with the prefix “Aus”. Paragraphs that apply only to not-for-profit entities begin by identifying their limited applicability.

Tier 1

For-profit entities complying with AASB 107 also comply with IAS 7.

Not-for-profit entities’ compliance with IAS 7 will depend on whether any “Aus” paragraphs that specifically apply to not-for-profit entities provide additional guidance or contain applicable requirements that are inconsistent with IAS 7.

Tier 2

Entities preparing general purpose financial statements under Australian Accounting Standards – Reduced Disclosure Requirements (Tier 2) will not be in compliance with IFRS Standards.

AASB 1053 Application of Tiers of Australian Accounting Standards explains the two tiers of reporting requirements.

 


Accounting Standard AASB 107

The Australian Accounting Standards Board made Accounting Standard AASB 107 Statement of Cash Flows under section 334 of the Corporations Act 2001 on 7 August 2015.

 

This compiled version of AASB 107 applies to annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019 but before 1 January 2021.  It incorporates relevant amendments contained in other AASB Standards made by the AASB up to and including 23 March 2016 (see Compilation Details).

Accounting Standard AASB 107

Statement of Cash Flows

Objective

Information about the cash flows of an entity is useful in providing users of financial statements with a basis to assess the ability of the entity to generate cash and cash equivalents and the needs of the entity to utilise those cash flows. The economic decisions that are taken by users require an evaluation of the ability of an entity to generate cash and cash equivalents and the timing and certainty of their generation.

The objective of this Standard is to require the provision of information about the historical changes in cash and cash equivalents of an entity by means of a statement of cash flows which classifies cash flows during the period from operating, investing and financing activities.

Scope

1               An entity shall prepare a statement of cash flows in accordance with the requirements of this Standard and shall present it as an integral part of its financial statements for each period for which financial statements are presented.

2               [Deleted by the AASB]

3               Users of an entity’s financial statements are interested in how the entity generates and uses cash and cash equivalents. This is the case regardless of the nature of the entity’s activities and irrespective of whether cash can be viewed as the product of the entity, as may be the case with a financial institution. Entities need cash for essentially the same reasons however different their principal revenue-producing activities might be. They need cash to conduct their operations, to pay their obligations, and to provide returns to their investors.

Benefits of cash flow information

4               A statement of cash flows, when used in conjunction with the rest of the financial statements, provides information that enables users to evaluate the changes in net assets of an entity, its financial structure (including its liquidity and solvency) and its ability to affect the amounts and timing of cash flows in order to adapt to changing circumstances and opportunities. Cash flow information is useful in assessing the ability of the entity to generate cash and cash equivalents and enables users to develop models to assess and compare the present value of the future cash flows of different entities. It also enhances the comparability of the reporting of operating performance by different entities because it eliminates the effects of using different accounting treatments for the same transactions and events.

5               Historical cash flow information is often used as an indicator of the amount, timing and certainty of future cash flows. It is also useful in checking the accuracy of past assessments of future cash flows and in examining the relationship between profitability and net cash flow and the impact of changing prices.

Definitions

6               The following terms are used in this Standard with the meanings specified:

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits.

Cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

Cash flows are inflows and outflows of cash and cash equivalents.

Operating activities are the principal revenue-producing activities of the entity and other activities that are not investing or financing activities.

Investing activities are the acquisition and disposal of long-term assets and other investments not included in cash equivalents.

Financing activities are activities that result in changes in the size and composition of the contributed equity and borrowings of the entity.

Cash and cash equivalents

7               Cash equivalents are held for the purpose of meeting short-term cash commitments rather than for investment or other purposes. For an investment to qualify as a cash equivalent it must be readily convertible to a known amount of cash and be subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value. Therefore, an investment normally qualifies as a cash equivalent only when it has a short maturity of, say, three months or less from the date of acquisition. Equity investments are excluded from cash equivalents unless they are, in substance, cash equivalents, for example in the case of preferred shares acquired within a short period of their maturity and with a specified redemption date.

8               Bank borrowings are generally considered to be financing activities. However, in some countries, bank overdrafts which are repayable on demand form an integral part of an entity’s cash management. In these circumstances, bank overdrafts are included as a component of cash and cash equivalents. A characteristic of such banking arrangements is that the bank balance often fluctuates from being positive to overdrawn.

9               Cash flows exclude movements between items that constitute cash or cash equivalents because these components are part of the cash management of an entity rather than part of its operating, investing and financing activities. Cash management includes the investment of excess cash in cash equivalents.

Presentation of a statement of cash flows

10             The statement of cash flows shall report cash flows during the period classified by operating, investing and financing activities.

11             An entity presents its cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities in a manner which is most appropriate to its business. Classification by activity provides information that allows users to assess the impact of those activities on the financial position of the entity and the amount of its cash and cash equivalents. This information may also be used to evaluate the relationships among those activities.

12             A single transaction may include cash flows that are classified differently. For example, when the cash repayment of a loan includes both interest and capital, the interest element may be classified as an operating activity and the capital element is classified as a financing activity.

Operating activities

13             The amount of cash flows arising from operating activities is a key indicator of the extent to which the operations of the entity have generated sufficient cash flows to repay loans, maintain the operating capability of the entity, pay dividends and make new investments without recourse to external sources of financing. Information about the specific components of historical operating cash flows is useful, in conjunction with other information, in forecasting future operating cash flows.

14             Cash flows from operating activities are primarily derived from the principal revenue-producing activities of the entity. Therefore, they generally result from the transactions and other events that enter into the determination of profit or loss. Examples of cash flows from operating activities are:

(a)            cash receipts from the sale of goods and the rendering of services;

(b)            cash receipts from royalties, fees, commissions and other revenue;

(c)             cash payments to suppliers for goods and services;

(d)            cash payments to and on behalf of employees;

(e)             cash receipts and cash payments of an insurance entity for premiums and claims, annuities and other policy benefits;

(f)             cash payments or refunds of income taxes unless they can be specifically identified with financing and investing activities; and

(g)             cash receipts and payments from contracts held for dealing or trading purposes.

Some transactions, such as the sale of an item of plant, may give rise to a gain or loss that is included in recognised profit or loss. The cash flows relating to such transactions are cash flows from investing activities. However, cash payments to manufacture or acquire assets held for rental to others and subsequently held for sale as described in paragraph 68A of AASB 116 Property, Plant and Equipment are cash flows from operating activities. The cash receipts from rents and subsequent sales of such assets are also cash flows from operating activities.

15             An entity may hold securities and loans for dealing or trading purposes, in which case they are similar to inventory acquired specifically for resale. Therefore, cash flows arising from the purchase and sale of dealing or trading securities are classified as operating activities. Similarly, cash advances and loans made by financial institutions are usually classified as operating activities since they relate to the main revenue-producing activity of that entity.

Investing activities

16             The separate disclosure of cash flows arising from investing activities is important because the cash flows represent the extent to which expenditures have been made for resources intended to generate future income and cash flows. Only expenditures that result in a recognised asset in the statement of financial position are eligible for classification as investing activities. Examples of cash flows arising from investing activities are:

(a)            cash payments to acquire property, plant and equipment, intangibles and other long-term assets. These payments include those relating to capitalised development costs and self-constructed property, plant and equipment;

(b)            cash receipts from sales of property, plant and equipment, intangibles and other long-term assets;

(c)             cash payments to acquire equity or debt instruments of other entities and interests in joint ventures (other than payments for those instruments considered to be cash equivalents or those held for dealing or trading purposes);

(d)            cash receipts from sales of equity or debt instruments of other entities and interests in joint ventures (other than receipts for those instruments considered to be cash equivalents and those held for dealing or trading purposes);

(e)             cash advances and loans made to other parties (other than advances and loans made by a financial institution);

(f)             cash receipts from the repayment of advances and loans made to other parties (other than advances and loans of a financial institution);

(g)             cash payments for futures contracts, forward contracts, option contracts and swap contracts except when the contracts are held for dealing or trading purposes, or the payments are classified as financing activities; and

(h)            cash receipts from futures contracts, forward contracts, option contracts and swap contracts except when the contracts are held for dealing or trading purposes, or the receipts are classified as financing activities.

When a contract is accounted for as a hedge of an identifiable position the cash flows of the contract are classified in the same manner as the cash flows of the position being hedged.

Financing activities

17             The separate disclosure of cash flows arising from financing activities is important because it is useful in predicting claims on future cash flows by providers of capital to the entity. Examples of cash flows arising from financing activities are:

(a)            cash proceeds from issuing shares or other equity instruments;

(b)            cash payments to owners to acquire or redeem the entity’s shares;

(c)             cash proceeds from issuing debentures, loans, notes, bonds, mortgages and other short-term or long-term borrowings;

(d)            cash repayments of amounts borrowed; and

(e)             cash payments by a lessee for the reduction of the outstanding liability relating to a lease.

Reporting cash flows from operating activities

18             An entity shall report cash flows from operating activities using either:

(a)            the direct method, whereby major classes of gross cash receipts and gross cash payments are disclosed; or

(b)            the indirect method, whereby profit or loss is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments, and items of income or expense associated with investing or financing cash flows.

19             Entities are encouraged to report cash flows from operating activities using the direct method. The direct method provides information which may be useful in estimating future cash flows and which is not available under the indirect method. Under the direct method, information about major classes of gross cash receipts and gross cash payments may be obtained either:

(a)            from the accounting records of the entity; or

(b)            by adjusting sales, cost of sales (interest and similar income and interest expense and similar charges for a financial institution) and other items in the statement of comprehensive income for:

(i)              changes during the period in inventories and operating receivables and payables;

(ii)             other non-cash items; and

(iii)            other items for which the cash effects are investing or financing cash flows.

20             Under the indirect method, the net cash flow from operating activities is determined by adjusting profit or loss for the effects of:

(a)            changes during the period in inventories and operating receivables and payables;

(b)            non-cash items such as depreciation, provisions, deferred taxes, unrealised foreign currency gains and losses, and undistributed profits of associates; and

(c)             all other items for which the cash effects are investing or financing cash flows.

Alternatively, the net cash flow from operating activities may be presented under the indirect method by showing the revenues and expenses disclosed in the statement of comprehensive income and the changes during the period in inventories and operating receivables and payables.

Aus20.1                    [Deleted by the AASB]

Aus20.2                    Not-for-profit entities that use the direct method and that highlight the net cost of services in their statement of comprehensive income for the reporting period shall disclose in the complete set of financial statements a reconciliation of cash flows arising from operating activities to net cost of services as reported in the statement of comprehensive income.

Reporting cash flows from investing and financing activities

21             An entity shall report separately major classes of gross cash receipts and gross cash payments arising from investing and financing activities, except to the extent that cash flows described in paragraphs 22 and 24 are reported on a net basis.

Reporting cash flows on a net basis

22             Cash flows arising from the following operating, investing or financing activities may be reported on a net basis:

(a)            cash receipts and payments on behalf of customers when the cash flows reflect the activities of the customer rather than those of the entity; and

(b)            cash receipts and payments for items in which the turnover is quick, the amounts are large, and the maturities are short.

23             Examples of cash receipts and payments referred to in paragraph 22(a) are:

(a)            the acceptance and repayment of demand deposits of a bank;

(b)            funds held for customers by an investment entity; and

(c)             rents collected on behalf of, and paid over to, the owners of properties.

23A          Examples of cash receipts and payments referred to in paragraph 22(b) are advances made for, and the repayment of:

(a)            principal amounts relating to credit card customers;

(b)            the purchase and sale of investments; and

(c)             other short-term borrowings, for example, those which have a maturity period of three months or less.

24             Cash flows arising from each of the following activities of a financial institution may be reported on a net basis:

(a)            cash receipts and payments for the acceptance and repayment of deposits with a fixed maturity date;

(b)            the placement of deposits with and withdrawal of deposits from other financial institutions; and

(c)             cash advances and loans made to customers and the repayment of those advances and loans.

Foreign currency cash flows

25             Cash flows arising from transactions in a foreign currency shall be recorded in an entity’s functional currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the functional currency and the foreign currency at the date of the cash flow.

26             The cash flows of a foreign subsidiary shall be translated at the exchange rates between the functional currency and the foreign currency at the dates of the cash flows.

27             Cash flows denominated in a foreign currency are reported in a manner consistent with AASB 121 The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates. This permits the use of an exchange rate that approximates the actual rate. For example, a weighted average exchange rate for a period may be used for recording foreign currency transactions or the translation of the cash flows of a foreign subsidiary. However, AASB 121 does not permit use of the exchange rate at the end of the reporting period when translating the cash flows of a foreign subsidiary.

28             Unrealised gains and losses arising from changes in foreign currency exchange rates are not cash flows. However, the effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents held or due in a foreign currency is reported in the statement of cash flows in order to reconcile cash and cash equivalents at the beginning and the end of the period. This amount is presented separately from cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities and includes the differences, if any, had those cash flows been reported at end of period exchange rates.

29             [Deleted]

30             [Deleted]

Interest and dividends

31             Cash flows from interest and dividends received and paid shall each be disclosed separately. Each shall be classified in a consistent manner from period to period as either operating, investing or financing activities.

32             The total amount of interest paid during a period is disclosed in the statement of cash flows whether it has been recognised as an expense in profit or loss or capitalised in accordance with AASB 123 Borrowing Costs.

33             Interest paid and interest and dividends received are usually classified as operating cash flows for a financial institution. However, there is no consensus on the classification of these cash flows for other entities. Interest paid and interest and dividends received may be classified as operating cash flows because they enter into the determination of profit or loss. Alternatively, interest paid and interest and dividends received may be classified as financing cash flows and investing cash flows respectively, because they are costs of obtaining financial resources or returns on investments.

34             Dividends paid may be classified as a financing cash flow because they are a cost of obtaining financial resources. Alternatively, dividends paid may be classified as a component of cash flows from operating activities in order to assist users to determine the ability of an entity to pay dividends out of operating cash flows.

Taxes on income

35             Cash flows arising from taxes on income shall be separately disclosed and shall be classified as cash flows from operating activities unless they can be specifically identified with financing and investing activities.

36             Taxes on income arise on transactions that give rise to cash flows that are classified as operating, investing or financing activities in a statement of cash flows. While tax expense may be readily identifiable with investing or financing activities, the related tax cash flows are often impracticable to identify and may arise in a different period from the cash flows of the underlying transaction. Therefore, taxes paid are usually classified as cash flows from operating activities. However, when it is practicable to identify the tax cash flow with an individual transaction that gives rise to cash flows that are classified as investing or financing activities the tax cash flow is classified as an investing or financing activity as appropriate. When tax cash flows are allocated over more than one class of activity, the total amount of taxes paid is disclosed.

Investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures

37             When accounting for an investment in an associate, a joint venture or a subsidiary accounted for by use of the equity or cost method, an investor restricts its reporting in the statement of cash flows to the cash flows between itself and the investee, for example, to dividends and advances.

38             An entity that reports its interest in an associate or a joint venture using the equity method includes in its statement of cash flows the cash flows in respect of its investments in the associate or joint venture, and distributions and other payments or receipts between it and the associate or joint venture.

Changes in ownership interests in subsidiaries and other businesses

39             The aggregate cash flows arising from obtaining or losing control of subsidiaries or other businesses shall be presented separately and classified as investing activities.

40             An entity shall disclose, in aggregate, in respect of both obtaining and losing control of subsidiaries or other businesses during the period each of the following:

                 (a)            the total consideration paid or received;

                 (b)            the portion of the consideration consisting of cash and cash equivalents;

                 (c)             the amount of cash and cash equivalents in the subsidiaries or other businesses over which control is obtained or lost; and

                 (d)            the amount of the assets and liabilities other than cash or cash equivalents in the subsidiaries or other businesses over which control is obtained or lost, summarised by each major category.

40A          An investment entity, as defined in AASB 10 Consolidated Financial Statements, need not apply paragraphs 40(c) or 40(d) to an investment in a subsidiary that is required to be measured at fair value through profit or loss.

41             The separate presentation of the cash flow effects of obtaining or losing control of subsidiaries or other businesses as single line items, together with the separate disclosure of the amounts of assets and liabilities acquired or disposed of, helps to distinguish those cash flows from the cash flows arising from the other operating, investing and financing activities. The cash flow effects of losing control are not deducted from those of obtaining control.

42             The aggregate amount of the cash paid or received as consideration for obtaining or losing control of subsidiaries or other businesses is reported in the statement of cash flows net of cash and cash equivalents acquired or disposed of as part of such transactions, events or changes in circumstances.

42A          Cash flows arising from changes in ownership interests in a subsidiary that do not result in a loss of control shall be classified as cash flows from financing activities, unless the subsidiary is held by an investment entity, as defined in AASB 10, and is required to be measured at fair value through profit or loss.

42B          Changes in ownership interests in a subsidiary that do not result in a loss of control, such as the subsequent purchase or sale by a parent of a subsidiary’s equity instruments, are accounted for as equity transactions (see AASB 10), unless the subsidiary is held by an investment entity and is required to be measured at fair value through profit or loss. Accordingly, the resulting cash flows are classified in the same way as other transactions with owners described in paragraph 17.

Non-cash transactions

43             Investing and financing transactions that do not require the use of cash or cash equivalents shall be excluded from a statement of cash flows. Such transactions shall be disclosed elsewhere in the financial statements in a way that provides all the relevant information about these investing and financing activities.

44             Many investing and financing activities do not have a direct impact on current cash flows although they do affect the capital and asset structure of an entity. The exclusion of non-cash transactions from the statement of cash flows is consistent with the objective of a statement of cash flows as these items do not involve cash flows in the current period. Examples of non-cash transactions are:

(a)            the acquisition of assets either by assuming directly related liabilities or by means of a lease;

(b)            the acquisition of an entity by means of an equity issue; and

(c)             the conversion of debt to equity.

44A          An entity shall provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes.

44B          To the extent necessary to satisfy the requirement in paragraph 44A, an entity shall disclose the following changes in liabilities arising from financing activities:

                 (a)            changes from financing cash flows;

                 (b)            changes arising from obtaining or losing control of subsidiaries or other businesses;

                 (c)             the effect of changes in foreign exchange rates;

                 (d)            changes in fair values; and

                 (e)             other changes.

44C          Liabilities arising from financing activities are liabilities for which cash flows were, or future cash flows will be, classified in the statement of cash flows as cash flows from financing activities. In addition, the disclosure requirement in paragraph 44A also applies to changes in financial assets (for example, assets that hedge liabilities arising from financing activities) if cash flows from those financial assets were, or future cash flows will be, included in cash flows from financing activities.

44D          One way to fulfil the disclosure requirement in paragraph 44A is by providing a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the statement of financial position for liabilities arising from financing activities, including the changes identified in paragraph 44B. Where an entity discloses such a reconciliation, it shall provide sufficient information to enable users of the financial statements to link items included in the reconciliation to the statement of financial position and the statement of cash flows.

44E          If an entity provides the disclosure required by paragraph 44A in combination with disclosures of changes in other assets and liabilities, it shall disclose the changes in liabilities arising from financing activities separately from changes in those other assets and liabilities.

Components of cash and cash equivalents

45             An entity shall disclose the components of cash and cash equivalents and shall present a reconciliation of the amounts in its statement of cash flows with the equivalent items reported in the statement of financial position.

46             In view of the variety of cash management practices and banking arrangements around the world and in order to comply with AASB 101 Presentation of Financial Statements, an entity discloses the policy which it adopts in determining the composition of cash and cash equivalents.

47             The effect of any change in the policy for determining components of cash and cash equivalents, for example, a change in the classification of financial instruments previously considered to be part of an entity’s investment portfolio, is reported in accordance with AASB 108 Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors.

Other disclosures

48             An entity shall disclose, together with a commentary by management, the amount of significant cash and cash equivalent balances held by the entity that are not available for use by the group.

49             There are various circumstances in which cash and cash equivalent balances held by an entity are not available for use by the group. Examples include cash and cash equivalent balances held by a subsidiary that operates in a country where exchange controls or other legal restrictions apply when the balances are not available for general use by the parent or other subsidiaries.

50             Additional information may be relevant to users in understanding the financial position and liquidity of an entity. Disclosure of this information, together with a commentary by management, is encouraged and may include:

(a)            the amount of undrawn borrowing facilities that may be available for future operating activities and to settle capital commitments, indicating any restrictions on the use of these facilities;

(b)            [deleted]

(c)             the aggregate amount of cash flows that represent increases in operating capacity separately from those cash flows that are required to maintain operating capacity; and

(d)            the amount of the cash flows arising from the operating, investing and financing activities of each reportable segment (see AASB 8 Operating Segments).

51             The separate disclosure of cash flows that represent increases in operating capacity and cash flows that are required to maintain operating capacity is useful in enabling the user to determine whether the entity is investing adequately in the maintenance of its operating capacity. An entity that does not invest adequately in the maintenance of its operating capacity may be prejudicing future profitability for the sake of current liquidity and distributions to owners.

52             The disclosure of segmental cash flows enables users to obtain a better understanding of the relationship between the cash flows of the business as a whole and those of its component parts and the availability and variability of segmental cash flows.

Aus52.1                    For legal purposes, this legislative instrument commences on 31 December 2015.

Withdrawal of AASB pronouncements

Aus52.2                    This Standard repeals AASB 107 Statement of Cash Flows issued in July 2004.  Despite the repeal, after the time this Standard starts to apply under section 334 of the Corporations Act (either generally or in relation to an individual entity), the repealed Standard continues to apply in relation to any period ending before that time as if the repeal had not occurred.

[Note: When this Standard applies under section 334 of the Corporations Act (either generally or in relation to an individual entity), it supersedes the application of the repealed Standard.]

Effective date

53             This Standard becomes operative for financial statements covering periods beginning on or after 1 January 2016. Earlier application is permitted for periods beginning on or after 1 January 2014 but before 1 January 2016.

54–
58             [Deleted by the AASB]

59           AASB 16 Leases, issued in February 2016, amended paragraphs 17 and 44. An entity shall apply those amendments when it applies AASB 16.

60             AASB 2016-2 Amendments to Australian Accounting Standards – Disclosure Initiative: Amendments to AASB 107, issued in March 2016, added paragraphs 44A–44E. An entity shall apply those amendments for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2017. Earlier application is permitted. When the entity first applies those amendments, it is not required to provide comparative information for preceding periods.


Appendix A
Australian reduced disclosure requirements

This appendix is an integral part of the Standard and has the same authority as the other parts of the Standard.

AusA1                      Paragraphs Aus20.2, 40, 41, 44A-44E, 46, 50(d) and 52 of this Standard do not apply to entities preparing general purpose financial statements under Australian Accounting Standards – Reduced Disclosure Requirements. Entities applying Australian Accounting Standards – Reduced Disclosure Requirements may elect to comply with some or all of these excluded requirements.

AusA2                      The requirements that do not apply to entities preparing general purpose financial statements under Australian Accounting Standards – Reduced Disclosure Requirements are also identified in this Standard by shading of the relevant text.


Illustrative examples

These illustrative examples accompany, but are not part of, AASB 107.

A Statement of cash flows for an entity other than a financial institution

1               The examples show only current period amounts. Corresponding amounts for the preceding period are required to be presented in accordance with AASB 101 Presentation of Financial Statements.

2               Information from the statement of comprehensive income and statement of financial position is provided to show how the statements of cash flows under the direct method and indirect method have been derived. Neither the statement of comprehensive income nor the statement of financial position is presented in conformity with the disclosure and presentation requirements of other Standards.

3               The following additional information is also relevant for the preparation of the statements of cash flows:

•                all of the shares of a subsidiary were acquired for 590. The fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed were as follows:

 

 

Inventories

100

 

Accounts receivable

100

 

Cash

40

 

Property, plant and equipment

650

 

Trade payables

100

 

Long-term debt

200

 

•                250 was raised from the issue of share capital and a further 250 was raised from long-term borrowings.

•                interest expense was 400, of which 170 was paid during the period. Also, 100 relating to interest expense of the prior period was paid during the period.

•                dividends paid were 1,200.

•                the liability for tax at the beginning and end of the period was 1,000 and 400 respectively. During the period, a further 200 tax was provided for. Withholding tax on dividends received amounted to 100.

•                during the period, the group acquired property, plant and equipment and right-of-use assets relating to property, plant and equipment with an aggregate cost of 1,250, of which 900 related to right-of-use assets. Cash payments of 350 were made to purchase property, plant and equipment.

•                plant with original cost of 80 and accumulated depreciation of 60 was sold for 20.

•                accounts receivable as at the end of 20X2 include 100 of interest receivable.

 

Consolidated statement of comprehensive income for the period ended 20X2(a)

Sales

30,650

Cost of sales

(26,000)

Gross profit

4,650

Depreciation

(450)

Administrative and selling expenses

(910)

Interest expense

(400)

Investment income

500

Foreign exchange loss

(40)

Profit before taxation

3,350

Taxes on income

(300)

Profit

3,050

(a)            The entity did not recognise any components of other comprehensive income in the period ended 20X2

 

Consolidated statement of financial position as at end of 20X2

 

 

 

20X2

 

 

 

20X1

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

230

 

 

 

160

Accounts receivable

 

 

1,900

 

 

 

1,200

Inventory

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

1,950

Portfolio investments

 

 

2,500

 

 

 

2,500

Property, plant and equipment at cost

3,730

 

 

 

1,910

 

 

Accumulated depreciation

(1,450)

 

 

 

(1,060)

 

 

Property, plant and equipment net

 

 

2,280

 

 

 

850

Total assets

 

 

7,910

 

 

 

6,660

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade payables

 

 

250

 

 

 

1,890

Interest payable

 

 

230

 

 

 

100

Income taxes payable

 

 

400

 

 

 

1,000

Long-term debt

 

 

2,300

 

 

 

1,040

Total liabilities

 

 

3,180

 

 

 

4,030

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

 

 

1,500

 

 

 

1,250

Retained earnings

 

 

3,230

 

 

 

1,380

Total shareholders’ equity

 

 

4,730

 

 

 

2,630

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

 

7,910

 

 

 

6,660

 

Direct method statement of cash flows (paragraph 18(a))

 

 

 

20X2

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

Cash receipts from customers

30,150

 

 

Cash paid to suppliers and employees

(27,600)

 

 

Cash generated from operations

2,550

 

 

Interest paid

(270)

 

 

Income taxes paid

(900)

 

 

 

 

Net cash from operating activities

 

 

1,380

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

Acquisition of subsidiary X, net of cash acquired (Note A)

(550)

 

 

Purchase of property, plant and equipment (Note B)

(350)

 

 

Proceeds from sale of equipment

20

 

 

Interest received

200

 

 

Dividends received

200

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(480)

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

Proceeds from issue of share capital

250

 

 

Proceeds from long-term borrowings

250

 

 

Payment of lease liabilities

(90)

 

 

Dividends paid(a)

(1,200)

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(790)

 

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

110

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period (Note C)

 

 

120

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period (Note C)

 

 

230

 (a)           This could also be shown as an operating cash flow.

 

Indirect method statement of cash flows (paragraph 18(b))

 

 

 

 

20X2

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

Profit before taxation

3,350

 

 

Adjustments for:

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

450

 

 

 

Foreign exchange loss

40

 

 

 

Investment income

(500)

 

 

 

Interest expense

400

 

 

 

 

3,740

 

 

 

Increase in trade and other receivables

(500)

 

 

 

Decrease in inventories

1,050

 

 

 

Decrease in trade payables

(1,740)

 

 

Cash generated from operations

2,550

 

 

Interest paid

(270)

 

 

Income taxes paid

(900)

 

 

Net cash from operating activities

 

 

1,380

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

Acquisition of subsidiary X net of cash acquired (Note A)

(550)

 

 

Purchase of property, plant and equipment (Note B)

(350)

 

 

Proceeds from sale of equipment

20

 

 

Interest received

200

 

 

Dividends received

200

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(480)

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

Proceeds from issue of share capital

250

 

 

Proceeds from long-term borrowings

250

 

 

Payment of lease liabilities

(90)

 

 

Dividends paid(a)

(1,200)

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(790)

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

110

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period (Note C)

 

 

120

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period (Note C)

 

 

230

(a)            This could also be shown as an operating cash flow.

Notes to the statement of cash flows (direct method and indirect method)

A. Obtaining control of subsidiary

During the period the Group obtained control of subsidiary X. The fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed were as follows:

 

Cash

40

Inventories

100

Accounts receivable

100

Property, plant and equipment

650

Trade payables

(100)

Long-term debt

(200)

Total purchase price paid in cash

590

Less: Cash of subsidiary X acquired

(40)

Cash paid to obtain control net of cash acquired

550

B. Property, plant and equipment

During the period, the Group acquired property, plant and equipment and right-of-use assets relating to property, plant and equipment with an aggregate cost of 1,250, of which 900 related to right-of-use assets. Cash payments of 350 were made to purchase property, plant and equipment.

C. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash on hand and balances with banks, and investments in money market instruments. Cash and cash equivalents included in the statement of cash flows comprise the following amounts in the statement of financial position:

 

 

20X2

 

20X1

Cash on hand and balances with banks

40

 

25

Short-term investments

190

 

135

Cash and cash equivalents as previously reported

230

 

160

Effect of exchange rate changes

 

(40)

Cash and cash equivalents as restated

230

 

120

 

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period include deposits with banks of 100 held by a subsidiary which are not freely remissible to the holding company because of currency exchange restrictions.

The Group has undrawn borrowing facilities of 2,000 of which 700 may be used only for future expansion.

D. Segment information

 

 

Segment A

Segment B

Total

Cash flows from:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating activities

 

1,520

 

(140)

 

1,380

 

Investing activities

 

(640)

 

160

 

(480)

 

Financing activities

 

(570)

 

(220)

 

(790)

 

 

 

310

 

(200)

 

110

E. Reconciliation of liabilities arising from financing activities

 

20X1

 

Cash flows

 

Non-cash changes

 

20X2

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition

 

New leases

 

 

Long-term borrowings

1,040

 

250

 

200

 

 

1,490

Lease liabilities

 

(90)

 

 

900

 

810

Long-term debt

1,040

 

160

 

200

 

900

 

2,300

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alternative presentation (indirect method)

As an alternative, in an indirect method statement of cash flows, operating profit before working capital changes is sometimes presented as follows:

 

Revenues excluding investment income

30,650

 

 

Operating expense excluding depreciation

(26,910)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit before working capital changes

 

 

3,740

B Statement of cash flows for a financial institution

1               The example shows only current period amounts. Comparative amounts for the preceding period are required to be presented in accordance with AASB 101 Presentation of Financial Statements.

2               The example is presented using the direct method.

 

 

 

 

20X2

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

Interest and commission receipts

28,447

 

 

Interest payments

(23,463)

 

 

Recoveries on loans previously written off

237

 

 

Cash payments to employees and suppliers

(997)

 

 

 

4,224

 

 

 

 

(Increase) decrease in operating assets:

 

 

 

Short-term funds

(650)

 

 

Deposits held for regulatory or monetary control purposes

234

 

 

Funds advanced to customers

(288)

 

 

Net increase in credit card receivables

(360)

 

 

Other short-term negotiable securities

(120)

 

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities:

 

 

 

Deposits from customers

600

 

 

Negotiable certificates of deposit

(200)

 

 

Net cash from operating activities before income tax

3,440

 

 

Income taxes paid

(100)

 

 

Net cash from operating activities

 

 

3,340

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

Disposal of subsidiary Y

50

 

 

Dividends received

200

 

 

Interest received

300

 

 

Proceeds from sales of non-dealing securities

1,200

 

 

Purchase of non-dealing securities

(600)

 

 

Purchase of property, plant and equipment

(500)

 

 

Net cash from investing activities

 

 

650

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

Issue of loan capital

1,000

 

 

Issue of preference shares by subsidiary undertaking

800

 

 

Repayment of long-term borrowings

(200)

 

 

Net decrease in other borrowings

(1,000)

 

 

Dividends paid

(400)

 

 

Net cash from financing activities

 

 

200

Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

 

600

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

4,790

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

4,050

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

 

8,840

C Reconciliation of liabilities arising from financing activities

1               This example illustrates one possible way of providing the disclosures required by paragraphs 44A–44E.

2               The example shows only current period amounts. Corresponding amounts for the preceding period are required to be presented in accordance with AASB 101 Presentation of Financial Statements.

 

 

20X1

 

Cash flows

 

Non-cash changes

 

20X2

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition

 

Foreign exchange movement

 

Fair value changes

 

 

Long-term borrowings

22,000

 

(1,000)

 

 

 

 

21,000

Short-term borrowings

10,000

 

(500)

 

 

200

 

 

9,700

Lease liabilities

4,000

 

(800)

 

300

 

 

 

3,500

Assets held to hedge long-term borrowings

(675)

 

150

 

 

 

(25)

 

(550)

Total liabilities from financing activities

35,325

 

(2,150)

 

300

 

200

 

(25)

 

33,650

 

 


Compilation details
Accounting Standard AASB
107 Statement of Cash Flows (as amended)

Compilation details are not part of AASB 107.

This compiled Standard applies to annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019 but before 1 January 2021.  It takes into account amendments up to and including 23 March 2016 and was prepared on 29 March 2019 by the staff of the Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB).

This compilation is not a separate Accounting Standard made by the AASB.  Instead, it is a representation of AASB 107 (August 2015) as amended by other Accounting Standards, which are listed in the Table below.

Table of Standards

Standard

Date made

FRL identifier

Commence-ment date

Effective date
(annual periods
… on or after …)

Application, saving or transitional provisions

AASB 107

7 Aug 2015

F2015L01538

31 Dec 2015

(beginning) 1 Jan 2016

see (a) below

AASB 16

23 Feb 2016

F2016L00233

31 Dec 2018

(beginning) 1 Jan 2019

see (b) below

AASB 2016-2

23 Mar 2016

F2016L00395

31 Dec 2016

(beginning) 1 Jan 2017

see (c) below

AASB 17

19 Jul 2017

F2017L01184

31 Dec 2020

(beginning) 1 Jan 2021

not compiled*

*         The amendments made by this Standard are not included in this compilation, which presents the principal Standard as applicable to annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019 but before 1 January 2021.

(a)           Entities may elect to apply this Standard to periods beginning on or after 1 January 2014 but before 1 January 2016.

(b)          Entities may elect to apply this Standard to periods beginning before 1 January 2019, provided that AASB 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers is also applied to the same period.

(c)           Entities may elect to apply this Standard to annual periods beginning before 1 January 2017.

Table of amendments

Paragraph affected

How affected

By … [paragraph/page]

17

amended

AASB 16 [page 47]

44

amended

AASB 16 [page 47]

44A-44E (and preceding heading)

added

AASB 2016-2 [page 5]

Aus58.1

renumbered

AASB 16 [page 47]

Aus58.2

renumbered

AASB 16 [page 47]

59

added

AASB 16 [page 47]

60

added

AASB 2016-2 [page 6]

AusA1

amended

AASB 2016-2 [page 6]

Illustrative example A

amended

amended

AASB 2016-2 [page 6]

AASB 16 [page 47]

Illustrative example C

added

AASB 2016-2 [page 7]

 


Deleted IAS 7 text

Deleted IAS 7 text is not part of AASB 107.

2               This Standard supersedes IAS 7 Statement of Changes in Financial Position, approved in July 1977.

3               … Accordingly, this Standard requires all entities to present a statement of cash flows.
[the last sentence of the paragraph]

54             IAS 27 (as amended in 2008) amended paragraphs 39–42 and added paragraphs 42A and 42B. An entity shall apply those amendments for annual periods beginning on or after 1 July 2009. If an entity applies IAS 27 (amended 2008) for an earlier period, the amendments shall be applied for that earlier period. The amendments shall be applied retrospectively.

55             Paragraph 14 was amended by Improvements to IFRSs issued in May 2008. An entity shall apply that amendment for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2009. Earlier application is permitted. If an entity applies the amendment for an earlier period it shall disclose that fact and apply paragraph 68A of IAS 16.

56             Paragraph 16 was amended by Improvements to IFRSs issued in April 2009. An entity shall apply that amendment for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2010. Earlier application is permitted. If an entity applies the amendment for an earlier period it shall disclose that fact.

57             IFRS 10 and IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements, issued in May 2011, amended paragraphs 37, 38 and 42B and deleted paragraph 50(b). An entity shall apply those amendments when it applies IFRS 10 and IFRS 11.

58             Investment Entities (Amendments to IFRS 10, IFRS 12 and IAS 27), issued in October 2012, amended paragraphs 42A and 42B and added paragraph 40A. An entity shall apply those amendments for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2014. Earlier application of Investment Entities is permitted. If an entity applies those amendments earlier it shall also apply all amendments included in Investment Entities at the same time.