Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Regulations as made
These regulations remake the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulations 1999 which are due to sunset on 1 April 2019.
Administered by: Health
Made 06 Dec 2018
Registered 07 Dec 2018
Tabled HR 12 Feb 2019
Tabled Senate 12 Feb 2019

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

 

Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulations 2018

I, the Honourable Paul de Jersey AC, Administrator of the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia, acting with the advice of the Federal Executive Council, make the following regulations.

Dated 06 December 2018

Paul de Jersey AC

Administrator of the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia

By His Excellency’s Command

Bridget McKenzie

Minister for Regional Services, Sport, Local Government and Decentralisation

 

 

 

 

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                                                        1

1............ Name............................................................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement............................................................................................................. 1

3............ Authority....................................................................................................................... 1

4............ Definitions..................................................................................................................... 1

5............ Parent nuclides and progeny nuclides included in secular equilibrium.......................... 7

Part 2—CEO’s functions                                                                                                                             8

6............ Simplified outline of this Part........................................................................................ 8

7............ CEO’s functions............................................................................................................ 8

Part 3—Controlled apparatus, controlled facilities and controlled persons                9

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                                                   9

8............ Simplified outline of this Part........................................................................................ 9

Division 2—Controlled apparatus                                                                                                 10

9............ Kinds of apparatus that are controlled apparatus.......................................................... 10

Division 3—Controlled facilities                                                                                                     11

Subdivision A—Activity levels for certain facilities to be nuclear installations                11

10.......... Activity level for radioactive waste storage facilities to be nuclear installations........... 11

11.......... Activity level for radioactive waste disposal facilities to be nuclear installations......... 11

12.......... Activity level for facilities for production of radioisotopes to be nuclear installations. 12

Subdivision B—Prescribed radiation facilities                                                                          12

13.......... Prescribed radiation facility......................................................................................... 12

Subdivision C—Prescribed legacy sites                                                                                        13

14.......... Prescribed legacy site.................................................................................................. 13

Division 4—Controlled persons                                                                                                       14

15.......... Prescribed Commonwealth place................................................................................. 14

Part 4—The Radiation Health and Safety Advisory Council and advisory committees                15

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                                                     15

16.......... Simplified outline of this Part...................................................................................... 15

17.......... Authority for this Part................................................................................................. 15

Division 2—Radiation Health and Safety Advisory Council                                           16

Subdivision A—Provisions about membership of the Council                                               16

18.......... Term of appointment................................................................................................... 16

19.......... Resignation.................................................................................................................. 16

20.......... Disclosure of interests to the Minister......................................................................... 16

21.......... Disclosure of interests to the Council.......................................................................... 16

22.......... Termination of appointment......................................................................................... 16

23.......... Leave of absence......................................................................................................... 17

Subdivision B—Provisions about Council procedure                                                               17

24.......... Council procedures generally...................................................................................... 17

25.......... Meetings...................................................................................................................... 17

26.......... Presiding at meetings................................................................................................... 18

27.......... Quorum....................................................................................................................... 18

28.......... Voting at meetings....................................................................................................... 18

29.......... Records and reports..................................................................................................... 18

Division 3Radiation Health Committee and Nuclear Safety Committee              19

Subdivision A—Provisions about membership of the Committees                                        19

30.......... Term of appointment................................................................................................... 19

31.......... Resignation.................................................................................................................. 19

32.......... Disclosure of interests to the CEO.............................................................................. 19

33.......... Disclosure of interests to the Committee..................................................................... 19

34.......... Termination of appointment......................................................................................... 19

35.......... Leave of absence......................................................................................................... 20

Subdivision B—Provisions about Committee procedure                                                         20

36.......... Committee procedures generally.................................................................................. 20

37.......... Meetings...................................................................................................................... 20

38.......... Presiding at meetings................................................................................................... 21

39.......... Quorum....................................................................................................................... 21

40.......... Voting at meetings....................................................................................................... 21

41.......... Records and reports..................................................................................................... 21

Part 5—Licences                                                                                                                                             22

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                                                 22

42.......... Simplified outline of this Part...................................................................................... 22

Division 2—Exemptions                                                                                                                       23

43.......... Exemption of controlled person from requirement for facility licence for conduct relating to controlled facility      23

44.......... Exempt dealings with controlled material or controlled apparatus............................... 24

Division 3—Applications for licences                                                                                           27

45.......... How application for facility licence or source licence for Commonwealth entity is to be made                27

46.......... Application for facility licence..................................................................................... 27

47.......... Application for source licence..................................................................................... 28

48.......... Public notice and consultation before facility licence issued........................................ 30

Division 4—Application fees for licences                                                                                   31

49.......... Application fees for facility licences relating to nuclear installations........................... 31

50.......... Application fees for facility licences relating to prescribed radiation facilities............. 33

51.......... Application fees for facility licences relating to prescribed legacy sites....................... 34

52.......... Application fees for source licences............................................................................ 35

Division 5—Deciding whether to issue licence                                                                         36

53.......... Issue of facility licence—matters to be taken into account by CEO............................. 36

54.......... Issue of source licence—matters to be taken into account by CEO............................. 36

Division 6—Licence conditions                                                                                                        38

55.......... Authority for this Division.......................................................................................... 38

56.......... Taking steps to prevent breaches of other conditions.................................................. 38

57.......... Investigating and rectifying breaches of conditions..................................................... 38

58.......... Preventing, controlling and minimising accidents........................................................ 38

59.......... Complying with Codes................................................................................................ 38

60.......... Managing safety.......................................................................................................... 39

61.......... Reviewing and updating plans and arrangements for managing safety........................ 39

62.......... Keeping accurate inventory of controlled apparatus and materials............................... 40

63.......... Obtaining CEO’s approval for certain changes........................................................... 40

64.......... Telling CEO about other changes................................................................................ 40

65.......... Telling CEO about disposal and transfer of controlled apparatus, controlled materials and controlled facilities       40

66.......... Obtaining approval for constructing safety item.......................................................... 41

67.......... Obtaining approval for loading nuclear fuel................................................................ 41

Division 7—Annual charge                                                                                                                42

68.......... Authority for this Division.......................................................................................... 42

69.......... Time for payment of annual charge............................................................................. 42

70.......... Pro‑rating of annual charge......................................................................................... 42

71.......... Refund of annual charge.............................................................................................. 42

Part 6—Practices and procedures to be followed                                                                       44

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                                                     44

72.......... Simplified outline of this Part...................................................................................... 44

73.......... Application of this Part................................................................................................ 44

74.......... Limits on the operation of this Part.............................................................................. 44

Division 2—Dose limits                                                                                                                        45

75.......... Scope of this Division................................................................................................. 45

76.......... Practices to be followed by holders of licences........................................................... 45

77.......... Effective dose limits for ionizing radiation.................................................................. 46

78.......... Effective doses............................................................................................................ 46

79.......... Annual equivalent dose limit for ionizing radiation..................................................... 46

80.......... Dealings with controlled apparatus generating non‑ionizing radiation to comply with non‑ionizing radiation exposure limits............................................................................................................................ 47

Division 3—Practices and procedures                                                                                         48

81.......... Practices and procedures to be followed by controlled persons................................... 48

Part 7—Miscellaneous                                                                                                                                 49

82.......... Simplified outline of this Part...................................................................................... 49

83.......... Inspector’s identity card.............................................................................................. 49

84.......... State and Territory laws that do not apply to activities of controlled or permitted persons       49

85.......... International agreements.............................................................................................. 49

86.......... Review of decisions by CEO...................................................................................... 51

Part 8—Application, saving and transitional provisions                                                        52

Division 1—Provisions for this instrument as originally made                                      52

87.......... Things done under the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulations 1999               52

Schedule 1—Activity concentration values and activity values for nuclides       53

Part 1—Activity concentration values and activity values for nuclides                        53

Part 2—Parent and progeny nuclides                                                                                                73

Schedule 2—Form of inspector’s identity card                                                       76

 


Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Name

                   This instrument is the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulations 2018.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this instrument specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provisions

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  The whole of this instrument

The day after this instrument is registered.

8 December 2018

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this instrument as originally made. It will not be amended to deal with any later amendments of this instrument.

             (2)  Any information in column 3 of the table is not part of this instrument. Information may be inserted in this column, or information in it may be edited, in any published version of this instrument.

3  Authority

                   This instrument is made under the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Act 1998.

4  Definitions

Note:          A number of expressions used in this instrument are defined in the Act, including the following:

(a)    controlled apparatus;

(b)    controlled facility;

(c)    controlled material;

(d)    controlled person;

(e)    deal with.

                   In this instrument:

absorbed dose means the energy absorbed per unit mass by matter from ionizing radiation that impinges upon it.

Note:          See the Planned Exposure Code.

Act means the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Act 1998.

action level means an intervention level applied to exposure to radiation.

activity concentration value steps: the activity concentration value steps for a waste package are the following steps:

                     (a)  first, divide the activity of each nuclide in the waste package by the mass of the waste package;

                     (b)  secondly, divide the result of paragraph (a) for each nuclide by the activity concentration value set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 for the nuclide;

                     (c)  thirdly, if there is more than one nuclide in the waste package, total the result of paragraph (b) for each nuclide.

Note:          Section 5 affects how the activity of a parent nuclide mentioned in Part 2 of Schedule 1 (or marked a in Part 1 of Schedule 1) is worked out, by providing for inclusion of the activity of certain progeny nuclides that are included in secular equilibrium with the parent nuclide.

activity value division steps: the activity value division steps for sources or controlled materials are the following steps:

                     (a)  first, divide the activity of each nuclide in the sources or controlled materials by the activity value set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 for the nuclide;

                     (b)  secondly, if there is more than one nuclide in the sources or controlled materials, total the result of paragraph (a) for each nuclide.

Note:          Section 5 affects how the activity of a parent nuclide mentioned in Part 2 of Schedule 1 (or marked a in Part 1 of Schedule 1) is worked out, by providing for inclusion of the activity of certain progeny nuclides that are included in secular equilibrium with the parent nuclide.

appointed member of the Council or a Committee means a member of the Council or Committee other than the CEO.

AS/NZS IEC 60825.1:2014 means the Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS IEC 60825.1:2014 Safety of laser products, Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements, published jointly by, or on behalf of, Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand, as at the commencement of this instrument.

AS/NZS IEC 60825.2:2011 means the Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS IEC 60825.2:2011 Safety of laser products, Part 2: Safety of optical fibre communication systems (OFCS), published jointly by, or on behalf of, Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand, as at the commencement of this instrument.

committed effective dose means the effective dose that a person is committed to receive from an intake of radioactive material.

Note:          See the Planned Exposure Code.

Committee means the Radiation Health Committee or the Nuclear Safety Committee.

dose includes absorbed dose, equivalent dose and effective dose.

Note:          See the Planned Exposure Code.

effective dose means a measure of dose that takes into account both the type of radiation involved and the radiological sensitivities of the organs and tissues irradiated.

Note:          See the Planned Exposure Code.

equivalent dose means a measure of dose in organs and tissues that takes into account the type of radiation involved.

Note:          See the Planned Exposure Code.

excluded exposure means the component of exposure that arises from natural background radiation, provided that:

                     (a)  any relevant action level or levels for the workplace are not exceeded; and

                     (b)  the CEO does not prohibit the exclusion of that component.

exposure means exposure to radiation.

Group 1: each controlled apparatus or controlled material described in the following table is in Group 1.

Group 1 controlled apparatus and controlled materials

 

Controlled apparatus or controlled material

1

Sealed source for calibration purposes of activity of 40 MBq or less

2

Sealed source in a fully enclosed analytical device

3

Sealed source with activity of 400 MBq or less in a fixed gauge

4

Sealed source in a blood irradiator

5

Sealed source in a bone densitometer

6

Sealed source that:

(a) is in storage and awaiting disposal; and

(b) has a nuclide with a maximum activity of not more than 109 times the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1

7

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides of one kind only with a maximum activity not more than 102 times the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1

8

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides such that, when the maximum activity of each nuclide in the source, or sources, is divided by the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1, the total of the results for all nuclides in the source, or sources, is not more than 102

9

Mammographic X‑ray unit

10

Conventional dental X‑ray unit

11

X‑ray unit used for bone densitometry

12

X‑ray unit used for veterinary radiography

13

Fully enclosed X‑ray analysis unit

14

Baggage inspection X‑ray unit

15

Mobile or portable medical X‑ray unit

16

Magnetic field non‑destructive testing device

17

Induction heater or induction furnace

18

Industrial radiofrequency heater or welder

19

Radiofrequency plasma tube

20

Microwave or radiofrequency diathermy equipment

21

Industrial microwave or radiofrequency processing system

22

Optical source, other than a laser product, emitting ultraviolet radiation, infra‑red or visible light

23

Laser product with an accessible emission that exceeds the accessible emission limits of a Class 3R laser product, as set out in AS/NZS IEC 60825.1:2014

24

Optical fibre communication system exceeding Hazard Level 3R, as defined by AS/NZS IEC 60825.2:2011

25

Sealed source not mentioned in another item of this table or in the definition of Group 2 or Group 3, dealings with which do not have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed the dose limits mentioned in sections 77 and 79

26

Controlled apparatus that produces ionizing radiation and is not mentioned in another item of this table or in the definition of Group 2 or Group 3, dealings with which do not have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed the dose limits mentioned in sections 77 and 79

Group 2: each controlled apparatus or controlled material described in the following table is in Group 2.

Group 2 controlled apparatus and controlled materials

 

Controlled apparatus or controlled material

1

Sealed source for calibration purposes of activity of more than 40 MBq

2

Sealed source in a partially enclosed analytical device

3

Sealed source of activity of more than 400 MBq in a fixed gauge

4

Sealed source in a mobile gauge

5

Sealed source for medical or veterinary diagnostic nuclear medicine use

6

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides of one kind only with a maximum activity of more than 102, but not more than 104, times the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1

7

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides such that, when the maximum activity of each nuclide in the source, or sources, is divided by the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1, the total of the results for all nuclides in the source, or sources, is more than 102 but not more than 104

8

Unsealed sources used for tracer studies in the environment

9

Industrial radiography X‑ray unit

10

Fixed medical X‑ray unit, including a unit used for fluoroscopy, tomography and chiropractic radiography

11

Partially enclosed X‑ray analysis unit

12

Medical therapy simulator

13

CT scanner

14

Sealed source not mentioned in another item of this table or in the definition of Group 1 or Group 3, dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in sections 77 and 79 but unlikely to result in acute effects

15

Controlled apparatus that produces ionizing radiation not mentioned in another item of this table or in the definition of Group 1 or Group 3, dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in sections 77 and 79 but unlikely to result in acute effects

Group 3: each controlled apparatus or controlled material described in the following table is in Group 3.

Group 3 controlled apparatus and controlled materials

 

Controlled apparatus or controlled material

1

Sealed source for industrial radiography

2

Sealed source for medical and veterinary radiotherapy

3

Sealed source in a borehole logger

4

Sealed source not mentioned in another item of this table or in the definition of Group 1 or Group 2, dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in sections 77 and 79 and likely to result in acute effects

5

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides of one kind only with a maximum activity of more than 104, but not more than 106, times the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1

6

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides such that, when the maximum activity of each nuclide in the source, or sources, is divided by the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1, the total of the results for all nuclides in the source, or sources, is more than 104 but not more than 106

7

Veterinary or medical radiotherapy unit

8

Controlled apparatus that produces ionizing radiation not mentioned in another item of this table or in the definition of Group 1 or Group 2, dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in sections 77 and 79 and likely to result in acute effects

holder of a licence means the controlled person to whom the licence is issued.

irradiator means a device that contains a controlled material and gives a controlled dose of radiation to any target material.

Licence Charges Regulations means the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety (Licence Charges) Regulations 2018.

non‑ionizing radiation exposure limits means any of the following:

                     (a)  the reference levels mentioned in the ICNIRP Guidelines For Limiting Exposure To Time‑Varying Electric And Magnetic Fields (1 Hz—100 kHz), published by the International Commission on Non‑Ionizing Radiation Protection, as at the commencement of this instrument;

                     (b)  the maximum exposure levels mentioned in the Radiation Protection Standard for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields—3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002) (Radiation Protection Series No. 3), published by the CEO, as at the commencement of this instrument;

                     (c)  the maximum permissible exposure limits mentioned in AS/NZS IEC 60825.1:2014;

                     (d)  the exposure limits mentioned in the Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS IEC 62471:2011 Photobiological safety of lamp and lamp systems, published jointly by, or on behalf of, Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand, as at the commencement of this instrument;

                     (e)  the exposure limits mentioned in the Radiation Protection Standard for Occupational Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation (2006) (Radiation Protection Series No. 12), published by the CEO, as at the commencement of this instrument;

                      (f)  the exposure limits mentioned in the ICNIRP Guidelines On Limits Of Exposure To Static Magnetic Fields, published by the International Commission on Non‑Ionizing Radiation Protection, as at the commencement of this instrument.

Note 1:       The documents mentioned in paragraphs (a), (b), (e) and (f) could in 2018 be viewed on, or accessed from, ARPANSA’s website (https://www.arpansa.gov.au).

Note 2:       For guidance on the exposure limits mentioned in paragraph (d), see the ICNIRP Guidelines On Limits Of Exposure To Incoherent Visible And Infrared Radiation, published by the International Commission on Non‑Ionizing Radiation Protection. The Guidelines could in 2018 be accessed from ARPANSA’s website (https://www.arpansa.gov.au).

occupational exposure means exposure of a person that:

                     (a)  occurs in the course of the person’s work; and

                     (b)  is not excluded exposure.

Planned Exposure Code means the Code for Radiation Protection in Planned Exposure Situations (2016) (Radiation Protection Series C‑1), published by the CEO, as at the commencement of this instrument.

Note:          The Planned Exposure Code could in 2018 be viewed on ARPANSA’s website (https://www.arpansa.gov.au).

public exposure means exposure of a person that is none of the following:

                     (a)  occupational exposure of the person;

                     (b)  exposure of the person:

                              (i)  as a patient undergoing medical diagnosis or therapy; or

                             (ii)  as a volunteer in medical research;

                     (c)  exposure, other than occupational exposure, received as a consequence of the person assisting an exposed patient.

sealed source means controlled material permanently contained in a capsule, or closely bound in a solid form, that is strong enough to be leak‑tight for:

                     (a)  the intended use of the controlled material; and

                     (b)  any reasonably foreseeable abnormal events likely to affect the controlled material.

Security Code of Practice means the Code of Practice for the Security of Radioactive Sources (2007) (Radiation Protection Series No. 11), published by the CEO, as at the commencement of this instrument.

Note:          The Security Code of Practice could in 2018 be viewed on ARPANSA’s website (https://www.arpansa.gov.au).

Transport Code means the Code for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (2014) (Radiation Protection Series C‑2), published by the CEO, as at the commencement of this instrument.

Note:          The Transport Code could in 2018 be viewed on ARPANSA’s website (https://www.arpansa.gov.au).

unsealed source means controlled material that is not a sealed source.

waste package means the waste form of controlled material and its container as prepared for handling, transport, storage or disposal.

5  Parent nuclides and progeny nuclides included in secular equilibrium

             (1)  For the purposes of this instrument, in determining the activity of a parent nuclide mentioned in an item of Part 2 of Schedule 1, include the activity of any progeny nuclide mentioned in that item that is included in secular equilibrium with the parent nuclide.

Note:          Parent nuclides are also marked a in Part 1 of Schedule 1.

             (2)  Except for the purposes of determining under subsection (1) the activity of a parent nuclide mentioned in an item of Part 2 of Schedule 1, the activity of a progeny nuclide mentioned in an item of that Part is taken to be nil when included in secular equilibrium with a parent nuclide mentioned in that item.

Part 2CEO’s functions

  

6  Simplified outline of this Part

The CEO’s functions include:

       (a)     granting permissions and approvals for other regulatory regimes; and

      (b)     making guidelines about compliance by licence holders and conducting of inspections.

7  CEO’s functions

                   For the purposes of paragraph 15(1)(i) of the Act, the following are functions of the CEO:

                     (a)  to grant permissions to export from Australia high activity radioactive sources under regulation 9AD of the Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations 1958;

                     (b)  to grant permissions to import into Australia radioactive substances under regulation 4R of the Customs (Prohibited Imports) Regulations 1956;

                     (c)  to grant approvals under the Transport Code in the CEO’s capacity as competent authority for the Commonwealth for the purposes of the Transport Code;

                     (d)  to make guidelines about:

                              (i)  how holders of licences will report their compliance with the Act, this instrument and licence conditions; and

                             (ii)  how inspection of controlled facilities, controlled apparatus and controlled materials will be conducted.

Part 3Controlled apparatus, controlled facilities and controlled persons

Division 1Simplified outline of this Part

8  Simplified outline of this Part

Under the Act, controlled apparatus includes apparatus prescribed by regulations that produces harmful non‑ionizing radiation when energised. Division 2 of this Part prescribes apparatus that is controlled apparatus.

Under the Act, controlled facilities are:

       (a)     nuclear installations, including both radioactive waste storage or disposal facilities with an activity greater than the activity level prescribed by the regulations and facilities for production of radioisotopes with an activity greater than the activity level prescribed by regulations; and

      (b)     prescribed radiation facilities, which are facilities or installations prescribed by regulations; and

       (c)     prescribed legacy sites, which are places prescribed by regulations.

Division 3 of this Part prescribes:

       (a)     activity levels for facilities to be nuclear installations; and

      (b)     facilities and installations that are prescribed radiation facilities; and

       (c)     places that are prescribed legacy sites.

Under the Act, controlled persons include persons in Commonwealth places prescribed by regulations. Division 4 of this Part prescribes such places.

Division 2Controlled apparatus

9  Kinds of apparatus that are controlled apparatus

             (1)  For the purpose of paragraph (c) of the definition of controlled apparatus in section 13 of the Act, an apparatus is prescribed if:

                     (a)  it is any of the following:

                              (i)  a magnetic field non‑destructive testing device;

                             (ii)  an induction heater or induction furnace;

                            (iii)  an industrial radiofrequency heater or welder;

                            (iv)  a radiofrequency plasma tube;

                             (v)  microwave or radiofrequency diathermy equipment;

                            (vi)  an industrial microwave or radiofrequency processing system;

                           (vii)  an optical source, other than a laser product, emitting ultraviolet radiation or infrared or visible light;

                          (viii)  a laser product with an accessible emission that exceeds the accessible emission limits of a Class 3R laser product, as set out in AS/NZS IEC 60825.1:2014;

                            (ix)  an optical fibre communication system exceeding Hazard Level 3R, as defined by AS/NZS IEC 60825.2:2011; and

                     (b)  it produces non‑ionizing radiation that could lead to a person being exposed to radiation levels exceeding the non‑ionizing radiation exposure limits; and

                     (c)  exposure to those levels is readily accessible to persons:

                              (i)  in the course of intended operations or procedures of the apparatus; or

                             (ii)  as a result of a reasonably foreseeable abnormal event involving the apparatus; or

                            (iii)  as a result of a reasonably foreseeable single element failure of the apparatus; or

                            (iv)  without the use of tools or other specialised equipment required to remove protective barriers or access panels; and

                     (d)  the apparatus is not declared under subsection (2).

             (2)  The CEO may declare, in writing, that particular apparatus is not prescribed by subsection (1).

Note:          A decision to refuse to make a declaration is reviewable under section 86.

             (3)  The CEO must not make a declaration under subsection (2) unless the CEO is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the apparatus does not pose an unacceptable hazard to the health and safety of people or to the environment; or

                     (b)  it would be inappropriate for the apparatus to be a controlled apparatus.

             (4)  The CEO must publish the declaration on ARPANSA’s website as soon as practicable after making it.

Division 3Controlled facilities

Subdivision AActivity levels for certain facilities to be nuclear installations

10  Activity level for radioactive waste storage facilities to be nuclear installations

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph (c) of the definition of nuclear installation in section 13 of the Act, this section prescribes the activity level for a radioactive waste storage facility that contains, or is designed to contain, controlled materials.

Level for facility for unsealed sources

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the facility contains, or is designed to contain, unsealed sources; and

                     (b)  the result of the activity concentration value steps for a waste package of the unsealed sources is greater than 104;

the level is that at which the result of the activity value division steps for the unsealed sources in the facility is 106.

Note:          For activity concentration value steps, activity value division steps, unsealed source and waste package, see section 4.

Level for facility for sealed sources

             (3)  If the facility contains, or is designed to contain, sealed sources, the level is that at which the result of the activity value division steps for the sealed sources in the facility is 1010.

Note:          For activity value division steps and sealed source, see section 4.

11  Activity level for radioactive waste disposal facilities to be nuclear installations

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph (c) of the definition of nuclear installation in section 13 of the Act, this section prescribes the activity level for a radioactive waste disposal facility if:

                     (a)  the facility contains, or is designed to contain, controlled materials; and

                     (b)  the result of the activity concentration value steps for a waste package of the controlled materials is greater than 102.

Note:          For activity concentration value steps and waste package, see section 4.

             (2)  The level for the facility is that at which the result of the activity value division steps for the controlled materials in the facility is 108.

Note:          For activity value division steps, see section 4.

12  Activity level for facilities for production of radioisotopes to be nuclear installations

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph (d) of the definition of nuclear installation in section 13 of the Act, this section prescribes the activity level for a facility for production of radioisotopes.

Level for facility for unsealed sources

             (2)  If the facility contains, or is designed to contain, unsealed sources, the level is that at which the result of the activity value division steps for the unsealed sources is 106.

Note:          For activity value division steps and unsealed source, see section 4.

Level for facility for sealed sources

             (3)  If the facility contains, or is designed to contain, sealed sources, the level is that at which the result of the activity value division steps for the sealed sources is 1010.

Note:          For activity value division steps and sealed source, see section 4.

Subdivision BPrescribed radiation facilities

13  Prescribed radiation facility

             (1)  For the purposes of the definition of prescribed radiation facility in section 13 of the Act, the following facilities and installations are prescribed:

                     (a)  a particle accelerator that:

                              (i)  has, or is capable of having, a beam energy greater than 1 MeV; or

                             (ii)  can produce neutrons;

                     (b)  an irradiator that contains more than 1015 Bq of a controlled material;

                     (c)  an irradiator that contains more than 1013 Bq but not more than 1015 Bq of a controlled material and:

                              (i)  does not include shielding as an integral part of its construction; or

                             (ii)  includes as an integral part of its construction shielding that does not prevent a person from being exposed to the source or does not shield a source during the operation of the irradiator;

                     (d)  a facility (other than a nuclear installation) used for the production, processing, use, storage, management or disposal of:

                              (i)  unsealed sources for which the result of the activity value division steps is greater than 106; or

                             (ii)  sealed sources for which the result of the activity value division steps is greater than 109.

Note:          For activity value division steps, sealed source and unsealed source, see section 4.

             (2)  However, the CEO may declare, in writing, that a particular facility is not a prescribed radiation facility. The declaration has effect according to its terms.

Note:          A decision to refuse to make a declaration is reviewable under section 86.

             (3)  The CEO must not make a declaration under subsection (2) unless the CEO is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the facility does not pose an unacceptable hazard to the health and safety of people or to the environment; and

                     (b)  it would be inappropriate for the facility to be a prescribed radiation facility.

             (4)  The CEO must publish the declaration on ARPANSA’s website as soon as practicable after making it.

Subdivision CPrescribed legacy sites

14  Prescribed legacy site

             (1)  For the purposes of the definition of prescribed legacy site in section 13 of the Act, the place described in subsection (2) is prescribed.

             (2)  The place is that known as the Little Forest Legacy Site, as shown labelled “LFLS” on site plan drawing No. AO SK 127039 revision G dated 1 July 2015, Little Forest Road, Lucas Heights, in the local government area of Sutherland, Parish of Holsworthy, County of Cumberland, erected on part of the land contained in Certificate of Title folio identifier 1/106967.

Note:          The Little Forest Legacy Site was previously known as the Little Forest Burial Ground.

Division 4Controlled persons

15  Prescribed Commonwealth place

             (1)  For the purposes of the definition of prescribed Commonwealth place in section 13 of the Act, the place described in subsection (2) is prescribed.

             (2)  The place is that known as Building 64, as shown on site plan drawing No. A3E 111993 dated November 1999, Lucas Heights Science and Research Centre, New Illawarra Road, Lucas Heights, in the local government area of Sutherland, Parish of Eckersley, County of Cumberland, erected on part of the land contained in Certificate of Title folio identifier 1/89876.

Part 4The Radiation Health and Safety Advisory Council and advisory committees

Division 1Introduction

16  Simplified outline of this Part

The Act establishes the Radiation Health and Safety Advisory Council, the Radiation Health Committee and the Nuclear Safety Committee and specifies their membership, but allows the regulations to provide for matters relating to those bodies, including the following:

       (a)     the term of appointment of members;

      (b)     resignation of members;

       (c)     disclosure of interests by members;

      (d)     procedural matters.

This Part deals with all those matters.

17  Authority for this Part

                   This Part has effect for the purposes of section 29 of the Act.

Division 2Radiation Health and Safety Advisory Council

Subdivision AProvisions about membership of the Council

18  Term of appointment

Appointed member of the Council

             (1)  An appointed member of the Council holds office for the period specified in the instrument of appointment. The period must not exceed 3 years.

Chair of the Council

             (2)  The Chair of the Council holds office for the period specified in the instrument of appointment.

19  Resignation

             (1)  An appointed member of the Council may resign the member’s appointment by giving the Minister a written resignation.

             (2)  The resignation takes effect on the day it is received by the Minister or, if a later day is specified in the resignation, on that later day.

20  Disclosure of interests to the Minister

                   An appointed member of the Council must give written notice to the Minister of all interests, pecuniary or otherwise, that the member has or acquires and that conflict or could conflict with the proper performance of the member’s functions.

21  Disclosure of interests to the Council

             (1)  A member of the Council who has an interest, pecuniary or otherwise, that conflicts or could conflict with the proper performance of the member’s functions in a matter being considered or about to be considered by the Council must disclose the nature of the interest to a meeting of the Council.

             (2)  The disclosure must be made as soon as possible after the relevant facts have come to the member’s knowledge.

             (3)  The disclosure must be recorded in the minutes of the meeting.

22  Termination of appointment

             (1)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of an appointed member of the Council:

                     (a)  for misbehaviour; or

                     (b)  if the member is unable to perform the duties of the member’s office because of physical or mental incapacity.

             (2)  The Minister may terminate the appointment of an appointed member of the Council if:

                     (a)  the member:

                              (i)  becomes bankrupt; or

                             (ii)  applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or

                            (iii)  compounds with the member’s creditors; or

                            (iv)  makes an assignment of the member’s remuneration for the benefit of the member’s creditors; or

                     (b)  the member is absent, except on leave of absence, from 3 consecutive meetings of the Council; or

                     (c)  the member fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with section 20 or 21.

23  Leave of absence

             (1)  The Minister may grant leave of absence to the Chair of the Council.

             (2)  The Chair may grant leave of absence to any other member of the Council on the terms and conditions that the Chair determines.

Subdivision BProvisions about Council procedure

24  Council procedures generally

             (1)  In performing its functions, the Council:

                     (a)  must act according to this instrument; and

                     (b)  must act with as little formality and as quickly as the requirements of this instrument, and a proper consideration of the issues before the Council, allow; and

                     (c)  may obtain information about an issue in any way it considers appropriate.

             (2)  However, the Council must comply with any directions given, in writing, to the Council by the Minister or the CEO about the Council’s performance of its functions.

25  Meetings

             (1)  The Minister or the CEO may, by written notice to the Council, direct the Council to hold meetings at the times and places, and to deal with matters in the manner, stated in the notice.

             (2)  If the Minister or the CEO has not given written notice to the Council under subsection (1), the Council may hold the meetings at the times and places, and may deal with matters in the manner, that the Council considers necessary for the performance of its functions.

             (3)  Subject to this Division, the procedure of a meeting of the Council is as decided by the Council.

26  Presiding at meetings

             (1)  The Chair of the Council must preside at all meetings at which the Chair is present.

             (2)  If the Chair of the Council is not present at a meeting, the other members of the Council present must appoint one of themselves to preside.

27  Quorum

                   At a meeting of the Council, a quorum is constituted by a majority of members of the Council.

28  Voting at meetings

             (1)  A question arising at a meeting of the Council is to be determined by a majority of the votes of the members of the Council present and voting.

             (2)  The person presiding at a meeting of the Council has a deliberative vote and, if the votes are equal, a casting vote.

29  Records and reports

             (1)  The Council must keep minutes of its meetings.

             (2)  The Council must prepare a report for the CEO on the Council’s activities for each financial year. The Council must give the CEO the report by the first 31 July after the end of the financial year.

Division 3Radiation Health Committee and Nuclear Safety Committee

Subdivision AProvisions about membership of the Committees

30  Term of appointment

Appointed member of a Committee

             (1)  An appointed member of a Committee holds office for the period specified in the instrument of appointment. The period must not exceed 3 years.

Chair of a Committee

             (2)  The Chair of a Committee holds office for the period specified in the instrument of appointment.

31  Resignation

             (1)  An appointed member of a Committee may resign the member’s appointment by giving the CEO a written resignation.

             (2)  The resignation takes effect on the day it is received by the CEO or, if a later day is specified in the resignation, on that later day.

32  Disclosure of interests to the CEO

                   An appointed member of a Committee must give written notice to the CEO of all interests, pecuniary or otherwise, that the member has or acquires and that conflict or could conflict with the proper performance of the member’s functions.

33  Disclosure of interests to the Committee

             (1)  A member of a Committee who has an interest, pecuniary or otherwise, that conflicts or could conflict with the proper performance of the member’s functions in a matter being considered or about to be considered by the Committee must disclose the nature of the interest to a meeting of the Committee.

             (2)  The disclosure must be made as soon as possible after the relevant facts have come to the member’s knowledge.

             (3)  The disclosure must be recorded in the minutes of the meeting.

34  Termination of appointment

             (1)  The CEO may terminate the appointment of an appointed member of a Committee:

                     (a)  for misbehaviour; or

                     (b)  if the member is unable to perform the duties of the member’s office because of physical or mental incapacity.

             (2)  The CEO may terminate the appointment of an appointed member of a Committee if:

                     (a)  the member:

                              (i)  becomes bankrupt; or

                             (ii)  applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors; or

                            (iii)  compounds with the member’s creditors; or

                            (iv)  makes an assignment of the member’s remuneration for the benefit of the member’s creditors; or

                     (b)  the member is absent, except on leave of absence, from 3 consecutive meetings of the Committee; or

                     (c)  the member fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with section 32 or 33.

35  Leave of absence

             (1)  The CEO may grant leave of absence to the Chair of a Committee.

             (2)  The Chair of a Committee may grant leave of absence to any other member of the Committee on the terms and conditions that the Chair determines.

Subdivision BProvisions about Committee procedure

36  Committee procedures generally

             (1)  In performing its functions, a Committee:

                     (a)  must act according to this instrument; and

                     (b)  must act with as little formality and as quickly as the requirements of this instrument, and a proper consideration of the issues before the Committee, allow; and

                     (c)  may obtain information about an issue in any way it considers appropriate.

             (2)  However, the Committee must comply with any directions given, in writing, to the Committee by the CEO about the Committee’s performance of its functions.

37  Meetings

             (1)  The CEO may, by written notice to the Committee, direct the Committee to hold meetings at the times and places, and to deal with matters in the manner, stated in the notice.

             (2)  If the CEO has not given written notice to the Committee under subsection (1), the Committee may hold the meetings at the times and places, and may deal with matters in the manner, that the Committee considers necessary for the performance of its functions.

             (3)  Subject to this instrument, the procedure of a meeting of a Committee is as decided by the Committee.

38  Presiding at meetings

             (1)  The Chair of a Committee must preside at all meetings of the Committee at which the Chair is present.

             (2)  If the Chair of a Committee is not present at a meeting, the other members of the Committee present must appoint one of themselves to preside.

39  Quorum

                   At a meeting of a Committee, a quorum is constituted by a majority of members of the Committee.

40  Voting at meetings

             (1)  A question arising at a meeting of a Committee is to be determined by a majority of the votes of the members of the Committee present and voting.

             (2)  The person presiding at a meeting of a Committee has a deliberative vote and, if the votes are equal, a casting vote.

41  Records and reports

             (1)  A Committee must keep minutes of its meetings.

             (2)  A Committee must prepare any report that is requested by the CEO.

             (3)  If a Committee prepares a report on any matter, it must give a copy of the report to the CEO.

Part 5Licences

Division 1Simplified outline of this Part

42  Simplified outline of this Part

This Part provides for:

       (a)     exemptions from requirements to hold a licence under the Act; and

      (b)     making and deciding applications for licences; and

       (c)     fees for applications for licences; and

      (d)     conditions on licences; and

       (e)     payment, adjustment and refund of annual charges for licences.

Division 2Exemptions

43  Exemption of controlled person from requirement for facility licence for conduct relating to controlled facility

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph 30(1)(g) of the Act, a controlled person is exempted in relation to conduct of a kind mentioned in paragraph 30(1)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or (ea) of the Act in relation to a controlled facility if:

                     (a)  the controlled person, the kind of conduct and the controlled facility are specified in a declaration that is made and published under this section; and

                     (b)  the declaration is in effect at the time the conduct is undertaken.

Declaration

             (2)  The CEO may declare, in writing, that particular current or future conduct of a kind mentioned in paragraph 30(1)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or (ea) of the Act, by a particular controlled person in relation to a particular controlled facility, does not, or will not, pose an unacceptable potential hazard to the health and safety of people or to the environment.

Note:          A decision to refuse to make a declaration is reviewable under section 86.

             (3)  The CEO may also state in the declaration that:

                     (a)  the declaration has effect only if circumstances mentioned in the declaration exist; or

                     (b)  the declaration does not have effect if circumstances mentioned in the declaration exist.

Prerequisites for making declaration

             (4)  If the CEO proposes to make a declaration under subsection (2), the CEO must, as soon as practicable, publish a notice in a daily newspaper circulating nationally, and on ARPANSA’s website, stating that the CEO proposes to make the declaration.

             (5)  The notice must include:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  a copy of the proposed declaration; or

                             (ii)  a description of the controlled person, the kind of conduct and the controlled facility that are to be the subject of the declaration, and the text of any statements permitted under subsection (3); and

                     (b)  if the proposed declaration relates to a nuclear installation:

                              (i)  an invitation to people and bodies to make submissions about the proposed declaration; and

                             (ii)  information about the period for making submissions and procedures for making submissions.

Publication of declaration

             (6)  The CEO must publish the declaration on ARPANSA’s website as soon as practicable after making it.

44  Exempt dealings with controlled material or controlled apparatus

Dealings that are exempt unless declared

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph 31(1)(b) of the Act, a dealing that is described in an item of the following table is an exempt dealing unless the dealing is declared under subsection (2) of this section.

Exempt dealings

 

Description of dealing

1

The dealing is with a controlled material that has:

(a) an activity concentration less than the activity concentration value for the material set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1; or

(b) an activity less than the activity value for the material set out in that Part

2

The dealing is mixing 2 or more controlled materials, and each of the following totals is one or less:

(a) the total (for all of the materials) of the results of dividing the activity for each material by the activity value for the material set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1;

(b) the total (for all of the materials) of the results of dividing the activity for each material by the product of:

(i) the activity concentration value for the material set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1; and

(ii) the total mass of the mixture

3

The dealing:

(a) is with radon‑222 with an activity concentration of less than 1,000 Bq/m3 occurring naturally in a workplace; and

(b) either:

(i) does not involve any other controlled material; or

(ii) involves another controlled material whose use in the dealing is an exempt dealing (apart from this item)

4

The dealing:

(a) is with depleted uranium that:

(i) is being used as radiation shielding in a container for controlled materials; and

(ii) is completely contained in an appropriate metallic sheath; and

(iii) is in a container for controlled materials that complies with the requirements in the Transport Code; and

(b) is not with any other controlled material

5

The dealing:

(a) is with depleted uranium that is in solid massive form used for ballast; and

(b) is not with any other controlled material

6

The dealing:

(a) is with a smoke detector designed and made in accordance with Australian Standard AS 3786:2014: Smoke Alarms using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization, as at the commencement of this instrument; and

(b) is not repair or maintenance of the detector

7

The dealing is with any of the following items and no other controlled apparatus or controlled material:

(a) a gaseous tritium light device that:

(i) is used solely for safety purposes; and

(ii) includes less than 74 GBq of tritium;

(b) a television receiver;

(c) a visual display terminal;

(d) a cathode ray tube;

(e) an electron microscope;

(f) arc welding equipment;

(g) an electron capture detector or similar device used in gas chromatography containing:

(i) a nickel‑63 sealed source with activity not more than 750 MBq; or

(ii) a tritium source with activity not more than 20 GBq;

(h) lighting products that include krypton‑85;

(i) radar equipment used for communications;

(j) radiofrequency equipment used for communications;

(k) an artificial optical source emitting ultraviolet A radiation (315—400 nm);

(l) a completely enclosed apparatus containing an ultraviolet radiation light source (e.g. a spectrophotometer);

(m) a biological safety cabinet (laminar flow or biohazard) with a failsafe interlocking system;

(n) an embedded (enclosed) laser product with an accessible emission that is lower than the accessible emission limits of a Class 3B laser product, as set out in AS/NZS IEC 60825.1:2014, during normal operations

8

The dealing is with a sealed source used for teaching the characteristics and properties of radiation or radiation sources, and the sealed source contains one or more of the following:

(a) cobalt‑60 with an activity not greater than 200 kBq;

(b) strontium‑90 with an activity not greater than 80 kBq;

(c) caesium‑137 with an activity not greater than 200 kBq;

(d) radium‑226 with an activity not greater than 20 kBq;

(e) americium‑241 with an activity not greater than 40 kBq

9

The dealing is with a geological sample that:

(a) contains radioactive material that emits radiation at a level not exceeding 5 micrograys an hour, measured at a distance of 10 cm from its surface; and

(b) is being used as a sample in teaching or for display as a geological specimen

Exception to exemption for declared risk of excessive dose

             (2)  The CEO may declare, in writing, that a particular dealing described in the table in subsection (1) is a dealing for which:

                     (a)  the annual effective dose to an individual during normal operations is likely to be greater than 10 microsieverts; or

                     (b)  an accident, misuse or exceptional circumstance affecting the dealing is likely to produce a dose greater than the effective dose limit worked out under sections 77 and 78.

Note:          A decision to make a declaration under this subsection is reviewable under section 86.

Exemption by declaration of dealings not covered by subsection (1)

             (3)  For the purposes of paragraph 31(1)(b) of the Act, a dealing that is declared under subsection (4) or (5) of this section is an exempt dealing.

Note:          A decision to refuse to make a declaration under subsection (4) or (5) is reviewable under section 86.

Declaration of low‑dose dealing

             (4)  The CEO may declare, in writing, that a particular dealing that is not described in the table in subsection (1) is a dealing for which:

                     (a)  the annual effective dose to an individual during normal operations is likely to be not more than 10 microsieverts; or

                     (b)  an accident, misuse or exceptional circumstance affecting the dealing is not likely to produce a dose greater than the effective dose limit worked out under sections 77 and 78.

Declaration of low‑risk dealings

             (5)  The CEO may declare, in writing, that:

                     (a)  a particular dealing that is not described in an item in the table in subsection (1) is a dealing involving:

                              (i)  a radiological emergency or its after‑effects; or

                             (ii)  the after‑effects of a previous dealing; or

                            (iii)  naturally occurring materials; or

                            (iv)  bulk material with a mass of more than 1,000 kg; and

                     (b)  an assessment of the magnitude of individual doses, the number of people exposed and the likelihood that potential exposure will actually occur justifies the dealing being exempt.

Publication of declarations

             (6)  The CEO must publish a declaration under subsection (2), (4) or (5) on ARPANSA’s website as soon as practicable after making it.

Division 3Applications for licences

45  How application for facility licence or source licence for Commonwealth entity is to be made

                   An application for a facility licence, or source licence, for a Commonwealth entity (except an employee) must be made:

                     (a)  in the name of a Department or the entity; and

                     (b)  by the chief executive of the Department or entity or by a person authorised by the chief executive.

46  Application for facility licence

What must be included in application

             (1)  An application for a facility licence must include the following:

                     (a)  the applicant’s full name, position and business address;

                     (b)  a description of the purpose of the facility to which the licence is to relate;

                     (c)  a detailed description of the facility and the site of the facility;

                     (d)  the applicant’s plans and arrangements for managing the facility to ensure the health and safety of people and the protection of the environment, including the following:

                              (i)  arrangements for the applicant to maintain effective control of the facility;

                             (ii)  the safety management plan for the facility;

                            (iii)  the radiation protection plan for the facility;

                            (iv)  the radioactive waste management plan for the facility;

                             (v)  the security plan for the facility;

                            (vi)  the emergency plan for the facility;

                           (vii)  the environment protection plan for the facility.

Extra information CEO may ask for

             (2)  The CEO may ask an applicant for a facility licence to give the CEO either or both of the following:

                     (a)  some or all of the information and documents described (or about a matter described) in an item of the following table relevant to the licence;

                     (b)  other information about the facility concerned that is relevant to deciding whether to issue the licence.

Information and documents CEO may ask applicant for facility licence to give

 

Column 1
Act to be authorised by licence

Column 2
Information or documents CEO may ask for

1

Preparing a site for a controlled facility

(a) detailed site evaluation establishing the suitability of the site for the facility;

(b) the characteristics of the site, including the extent to which the site may be affected by natural and human events;

(c) any environmental impact statement (however described) requested or required by a Commonwealth, State, Territory or local government agency in relation to the site or the facility, and the outcome of the environmental assessment

2

Constructing a controlled facility

(a) the design of the facility, including ways in which the design deals with the physical and environmental characteristics of the site;

(b) any fundamental difficulties that will need to be resolved before any facility licence relating to the facility is issued;

(c) the construction plan and schedule;

(d) a preliminary safety analysis report that demonstrates the adequacy of the design of the facility and identifies structures, components and systems that are safety‑related items;

(e) the arrangements for testing and commissioning safety‑related items

3

Having possession or control of a controlled facility

(a) arrangements for maintaining criticality safety during loading, moving or storing nuclear fuel and other fissile materials at the facility;

(b) arrangements for safe storage of controlled material and maintaining the facility

4

Operating a controlled facility

(a) description of the structures, components, systems and equipment of the facility as they have been constructed;

(b) final safety analysis report that demonstrates the adequacy of the design of the facility, and includes the results of commissioning tests;

(c) operational limits and conditions of the facility;

(d) arrangements for commissioning the facility;

(e) arrangements for operating the facility

5

Decommissioning a controlled facility

(a) decommissioning plan for the facility;

(b) schedule for decommissioning the facility

6

Abandoning a controlled facility

(a) results of decommissioning activities at the facility;

(b) details of any environmental monitoring program proposed for the site of the facility

             (3)  The CEO may ask an applicant for a facility licence authorising dealing with controlled apparatus or controlled material to give the CEO anything described in section 47.

47  Application for source licence

What must be included in application

             (1)  An application for a source licence must include the following:

                     (a)  the applicant’s full name, position and business address;

                     (b)  a description of the purpose of the dealing to be authorised by the licence;

                     (c)  a description of the purpose of the licence;

                     (d)  the applicant’s plans and arrangements for managing the controlled material or controlled apparatus to ensure the health and safety of people and the protection of the environment, including the following:

                              (i)  arrangements for maintaining effective control of the controlled material or controlled apparatus;

                             (ii)  the safety management plan for the controlled material or controlled apparatus;

                            (iii)  the radiation protection plan for the controlled material or controlled apparatus;

                            (iv)  the radioactive waste management plan for the controlled material or controlled apparatus;

                             (v)  the plan for ultimate disposal or transfer of the controlled material or controlled apparatus;

                            (vi)  the security plan for the controlled material or controlled apparatus;

                           (vii)  the emergency plan for the controlled material or controlled apparatus.

Extra information CEO may ask for

             (2)  The CEO may ask an applicant for a source licence to give either or both of the following:

                     (a)  some or all of the information and documents described (or about a matter described) in an item of the following table relevant to the licence;

                     (b)  other information about the application that is relevant to deciding whether to issue the licence.

Information and documents CEO may ask applicant for source licence to give

 

Column 1
Dealing to be authorised by licence

Column 2
Information or documents CEO may ask for

1

A dealing with a sealed source

(a) the nuclide, activity, chemical form, encapsulation material and physical form of the sealed source;

(b) the purpose and identification details of the sealed source;

(c) the place where the sealed source is to be located;

(d) a copy of any sealed source certificate for the sealed source

2

A dealing with an unsealed source

(a) the nuclide, chemical form and physical form of the unsealed source;

(b) the purpose and identification details of the unsealed source;

(c) the maximum activity of each nuclide to be held on particular premises at any one time;

(d) the place where the unsealed source is to be located

3

A dealing with a controlled apparatus that produces ionizing radiation

(a) the purpose and identification details of the controlled apparatus;

(b) the maximum kilovoltage;

(c) the place where the controlled apparatus is used

4

A dealing with a controlled apparatus that produces non‑ionizing radiation

(a) the purpose and identification details of the controlled apparatus;

(b) the likely exposure levels including the nature of the radiation;

(c) all output parameters relevant to the likely exposure conditions;

(d) the place where the controlled apparatus is used

48  Public notice and consultation before facility licence issued

             (1)  This section applies if the CEO receives an application for a facility licence.

             (2)  As soon as practicable after receiving the application, the CEO must publish a notice in a daily newspaper circulating nationally, and on ARPANSA’s website, stating that the CEO intends to make a decision on the application.

             (3)  If the application relates to a nuclear installation, the CEO must also include in the notice:

                     (a)  an invitation to people and bodies to make submissions about the application; and

                     (b)  information about:

                              (i)  the period for making submissions; and

                             (ii)  procedures for making submissions.

Division 4Application fees for licences

49  Application fees for facility licences relating to nuclear installations

                   For the purposes of paragraph 34(b) of the Act, the fee to accompany an application for a facility licence to authorise an act described in an item of the following table is the amount set out in that item.

Application fees for facility licences relating to nuclear installations

 

Act authorised by licence

Amount ($)

1

Preparing a site for a nuclear reactor designed:

(a) for research or production of radioactive materials for industrial or medical use (including critical and subcritical assemblies); and

(b) to have maximum thermal power less than 1 megawatt

30,144

2

Constructing a nuclear reactor designed:

(a) for research or production of radioactive materials for industrial or medical use (including critical and subcritical assemblies); and

(b) to have maximum thermal power less than 1 megawatt

188,414

3

Possessing or controlling a nuclear reactor:

(a) for research or production of radioactive materials for industrial or medical use (including critical and subcritical assemblies); and

(b) with maximum thermal power less than 1 megawatt

150,732

4

Operating a nuclear reactor:

(a) for research or production of radioactive materials for industrial or medical use (including critical and subcritical assemblies); and

(b) with maximum thermal power less than 1 megawatt

75,364

5

Decommissioning, disposing of or abandoning a nuclear reactor that:

(a) was used for research or production of radioactive materials for industrial or medical use (including critical and subcritical assemblies); and

(b) had maximum thermal power less than 1 megawatt

75,364

6

Preparing a site for a nuclear reactor designed:

(a) for research or production of radioactive materials for industrial or medical use (including critical and subcritical assemblies); and

(b) to have maximum thermal power at least 1 megawatt

150,732

7

Constructing a nuclear reactor designed:

(a) for research or production of radioactive materials for industrial or medical use (including critical and subcritical assemblies); and

(b) to have maximum thermal power at least 1 megawatt

602,933

8

Possessing or controlling a nuclear reactor:

(a) for research or production of radioactive materials for industrial or medical use (including critical and subcritical assemblies); and

(b) with maximum thermal power at least 1 megawatt

150,732

9

Operating a nuclear reactor:

(a) for research or production of radioactive materials for industrial or medical use (including critical and subcritical assemblies); and

(b) with maximum thermal power at least 1 megawatt

646,002

10

Decommissioning, disposing of or abandoning a nuclear reactor that:

(a) was used for research or production of radioactive materials for industrial or medical use (including critical and subcritical assemblies); and

(b) had maximum thermal power at least 1 megawatt

150,732

11

Preparing a site for a plant for preparing or storing fuel for use in a nuclear reactor described in any of items 1 to 9

15,071

12

Constructing a plant for preparing or storing fuel for use in a nuclear reactor described in any of items 1 to 9

67,827

13

Possessing or controlling a plant for preparing or storing fuel for use in a nuclear reactor described in any of items 1 to 9

15,071

14

Operating a plant for preparing or storing fuel for use in a nuclear reactor described in any of items 1 to 9

67,827

15

Decommissioning, disposing of or abandoning a plant that was used for preparing or storing fuel for use in a nuclear reactor described in any of items 1 to 10

30,144

16

Preparing a site for:

(a) a radioactive waste storage facility designed to contain controlled materials with an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 10; or

(b) a radioactive waste disposal facility designed to contain controlled materials and have an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 11

358,890

17

Constructing:

(a) a radioactive waste storage facility designed to contain controlled materials and have an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 10; or

(b) a radioactive waste disposal facility designed to contain controlled materials and have an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 11

430,667

18

Possessing or controlling:

(a) a radioactive waste storage facility containing controlled materials that has an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 10; or

(b) a radioactive waste disposal facility containing controlled materials that has an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 11

15,071

19

Operating:

(a) a radioactive waste storage facility containing controlled materials that has an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 10; or

(b) a radioactive waste disposal facility containing controlled materials that has an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 11

226,100

20

Decommissioning, disposing of or abandoning:

(a) a radioactive waste storage facility that contained controlled materials and had an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 10; or

(b) a radioactive waste disposal facility that contained controlled materials and had an activity that was greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 11

30,144

21

Preparing a site for a facility to produce radioisotopes that is designed to contain controlled materials and have an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 12

75,364

22

Constructing a facility to produce radioisotopes that is designed to contain controlled materials and have an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 12

150,732

23

Possessing or controlling a facility producing radioisotopes and containing controlled materials that has an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 12

15,071

24

Operating a facility producing radioisotopes and containing controlled materials that has an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 12

135,659

25

Decommissioning, disposing of or abandoning a facility that formerly produced radioisotopes, contained controlled materials and had an activity greater than the applicable activity level prescribed by section 12

30,144

50  Application fees for facility licences relating to prescribed radiation facilities

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph 34(b) of the Act, the fee to accompany an application for a facility licence to authorise:

                     (a)  an act mentioned in paragraph 30(1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) of the Act relating to a prescribed radiation facility described in an item of the table in subsection (2); or

                     (b)  an act described in an item of the table in subsection (3);

is the amount set out in that item. However, the fee is the amount set out in the item of the table in subsection (3) if the act to be authorised by the licence is described in both paragraphs (a) and (b) of this subsection.

Fees for prescribed radiation facilities (except ones formerly used for weapons tests or radioactive ores)

             (2)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(a), the table is as follows:

Fees for prescribed radiation facilities not formerly used for weapons tests or radioactive ores

 

Kind of prescribed radiation facility

Amount ($)

1

Particle accelerator that:

(a) has, or is capable of having, a beam energy greater than 1 MeV; or

(b) can produce neutrons

13,563

2

Irradiator containing more than 1015 Bq of a controlled material

13,563

3

Irradiator:

(a) containing more than 1013 Bq of a controlled material; and

(b) either:

(i) not including shielding as an integral part of its construction; or

(ii) including as an integral part of its construction shielding that does not prevent a person from being exposed to the source or does not shield a source during the operation of the irradiator

13,563

4

Facility for the production, processing, use, storage, management or disposal of:

(a) unsealed sources for which the result of the activity value division steps is greater than 106; or

(b) sealed sources for which the result of the activity value division steps is greater than 109

27,130

Fees for prescribed radiation facilities formerly used for weapons tests or radioactive ores

             (3)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), the table is as follows:

Fees for prescribed radiation facilities formerly used for weapons tests or radioactive ores

 

Act authorised by licence

Amount ($)

1

Decommissioning a prescribed radiation facility formerly used as a nuclear or atomic weapon test site

45,217

2

Disposing of or abandoning a prescribed radiation facility formerly used as a nuclear or atomic weapon test site

30,144

3

Decommissioning a prescribed radiation facility formerly used for mining, processing, using, storing, managing or disposing of radioactive ores

45,217

4

Disposing of or abandoning a prescribed radiation facility formerly used for mining, processing, using, storing, managing or disposing of radioactive ores

30,144

Fee for application for one licence to authorise 2 or more acts

             (4)  Despite subsection (1), the fee to accompany an application for a facility licence to authorise 2 or more acts described in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) is the sum of the amounts of the fees under that subsection for applications for separate licences for each of those acts.

51  Application fees for facility licences relating to prescribed legacy sites

                   For the purposes of paragraph 34(b) of the Act, the fee to accompany an application for a facility licence to authorise an act relating to a controlled facility described in an item of the following table is the amount set out in that item.

Application fees for facility licences relating to prescribed legacy sites

 

Act authorised by licence

Amount ($)

1

Possessing or controlling a prescribed legacy site

14,675

2

Remediating a prescribed legacy site

220,155

3

Abandoning a prescribed legacy site

29,352

52  Application fees for source licences

                   For the purposes of paragraph 34(b) of the Act, the fee to accompany an application for a source licence for controlled apparatus or controlled materials is the total of each amount worked out using the following table for the number of those apparatus or materials that are in a Group specified in an item of the table and are within 5 kilometres of one another.

Fees for source licences

 

Column 1
Group of controlled apparatus or controlled material

Column 2
Amount for less than 4 apparatus or materials in the Group within 5 km of one another ($)

Column 3
Amount for 4 to 10 apparatus or materials in the Group within 5 km of one another ($)

Column 4
Amount for 11 or more apparatus or materials in the Group within 5 km of one another ($)

1

Group 1

751

1,955

3,767

2

Group 2

3,012

6,028

11,330

3

Group 3

9,040

18,084

33,159

Note:          For Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3, see section 4.

Example 1: For an application for a source licence for a single controlled apparatus or controlled material in Group 1, the amount of the fee is the amount in column 2 of item 1 of the table.

Example 2: For an application for a source licence for 12 controlled apparatus or controlled materials, 3 of which are in Group 1 and are within 5 kilometres of one another, and the remaining 9 of which are in Group 2 and are within 5 kilometres of one another, the amount of the fee is the total of:

(a)    the amount in column 2 of item 1 of the table; and

(b)    the amount in column 3 of item 2 of the table.

Example 3: For an application for a source licence for 16 controlled apparatus or controlled materials, all of which are in Group 3, 5 of which are within 5 kilometres of one another and 11 of which are within 5 kilometres of one another (but more than 5 kilometres from any of the first group of 5), the amount of the fee is the total of:

(a)    the amount in column 3 of item 3 of the table; and

(b)    the amount in column 4 of item 3 of the table.

Division 5Deciding whether to issue licence

53  Issue of facility licence—matters to be taken into account by CEO

                   For the purposes of subsection 32(3) of the Act, matters (to be taken into account by the CEO in deciding whether to issue a facility licence) include the following:

                     (a)  whether the application for the licence complies with subsection 46(1) of this instrument;

                     (b)  whether the applicant for the licence has given the information asked for by the CEO;

                     (c)  whether the application, together with the information (if any) given as described in paragraph (b), establishes that the conduct proposed to be authorised by the licence can be carried out without undue risk to the health and safety of people, and to the environment;

                     (d)  whether the applicant has shown that there is a net benefit from carrying out the conduct proposed to be authorised by the licence;

                     (e)  whether the applicant has shown that the magnitude of individual doses, the number of people exposed and the likelihood that exposure will happen are as low as reasonably achievable, having regard to economic and societal factors;

                      (f)  whether the applicant has shown a capacity for complying with this instrument and the licence conditions that would be imposed under section 35 of the Act;

                     (g)  whether the application has been signed by an office holder of the applicant, a person authorised by an office holder of the applicant or, if the licence is for a Commonwealth entity mentioned in section 45 of this instrument, someone described in paragraph (b) of that section;

                     (h)  if the application is for a facility licence for a nuclear installation—the content of any submissions made by members of the public about the application.

Note:          Subsection 32(3) of the Act requires the CEO to take international best practice in relation to radiation protection and nuclear safety into account too.

54  Issue of source licence—matters to be taken into account by CEO

                   For the purposes of subsection 33(3) of the Act, matters (to be taken into account by the CEO in deciding whether to issue a source licence to deal with controlled apparatus or controlled material) include the following:

                     (a)  whether the application for the licence complies with subsection 47(1) of this instrument;

                     (b)  whether the applicant for the licence has given the information asked for by the CEO;

                     (c)  whether the application, together with the information (if any) given as described in paragraph (b), establishes that the controlled apparatus or material can be dealt with without undue risk to the health and safety of people, and to the environment;

                     (d)  whether the applicant has shown that there is a net benefit from dealing with the controlled apparatus or material;

                     (e)  whether the applicant has shown that the magnitude of individual doses, the number of people exposed and the likelihood that exposure will happen are as low as reasonably achievable, having regard to economic and societal factors;

                      (f)  whether the applicant has shown a capacity for complying with this instrument and the licence conditions that would be imposed under section 35 of the Act;

                     (g)  whether the application has been signed by an office holder of the applicant, a person authorised by an office holder of the applicant or, if the licence is for a Commonwealth entity mentioned in section 45 of this instrument, someone described in paragraph (b) of that section.

Note:          Subsection 33(3) of the Act requires the CEO to take international best practice in relation to radiation protection and nuclear safety into account too.

Division 6Licence conditions

55  Authority for this Division

                   This Division has effect for the purposes of paragraph 35(1)(b) of the Act (which provides that a licence is subject to conditions prescribed by regulations).

56  Taking steps to prevent breaches of other conditions

                   The holder of a licence must take all reasonably practicable steps to prevent breaches of licence conditions (except the condition prescribed by this section).

57  Investigating and rectifying breaches of conditions

             (1)  The holder of a licence must investigate suspected breaches of licence conditions.

             (2)  If the holder of a licence identifies a breach, the holder must rectify the breach and any consequences of the breach as soon as reasonably practicable.

             (3)  If the holder of a licence identifies a breach, the holder must also tell the CEO as soon as reasonably practicable.

58  Preventing, controlling and minimising accidents

             (1)  The holder of a licence must take all reasonably practicable steps to prevent accidents involving controlled materials, controlled apparatus or controlled facilities described in the licence.

             (2)  If an accident mentioned in subsection (1) happens, the holder of a licence must:

                     (a)  take all reasonably practicable steps to control the accident; and

                     (b)  take all reasonably practicable steps to minimise the consequences of the accident, including injury to any person and damage or harm to the environment; and

                     (c)  tell the CEO about the accident within 24 hours of it happening; and

                     (d)  give the CEO a written report about the accident within 14 days of it happening.

59  Complying with Codes

Facility licences

             (1)  The holder of a facility licence must ensure that the following are complied with in relation to activities relating to the controlled facilities to which the licence relates:

                     (a)  the Planned Exposure Code;

                     (b)  the Security Code of Practice;

                     (c)  the Transport Code.

             (2)  If a facility licence authorises persons to deal with a controlled apparatus or a controlled material, the holder of the licence must ensure that the following are complied with in relation to dealings with the controlled apparatus or controlled material:

                     (a)  the Planned Exposure Code;

                     (b)  the Security Code of Practice;

                     (c)  the Transport Code.

Source licences

             (3)  The holder of a source licence must ensure that the following are complied with in relation to dealings with the controlled apparatus or controlled material to which the licence relates:

                     (a)  the Planned Exposure Code;

                     (b)  the Security Code of Practice;

                     (c)  the Transport Code.

Application of subsections (2) and (3)

             (4)  Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply in relation to dealings with an apparatus covered by paragraph (c) of the definition of controlled apparatus in section 13 of the Act.

Note:          Section 9 of this instrument identifies such apparatus.

60  Managing safety

             (1)  The holder of a facility licence must take all reasonably practicable steps to manage the safety of the facility described in the licence, including:

                     (a)  having in place plans and arrangements described in paragraph 46(1)(d); and

                     (b)  ensuring that such plans and arrangements are implemented to the extent reasonably practicable.

             (2)  The holder of a source licence, or a facility licence authorising dealing with a source, must take all reasonably practicable steps to manage the safety of the source, including:

                     (a)  having in place plans and arrangements described in paragraph 47(1)(d); and

                     (b)  ensuring that such plans and arrangements are implemented to the extent reasonably practicable.

61  Reviewing and updating plans and arrangements for managing safety

             (1)  The holder of a licence must, at least once every 3 years, review and update the plans and arrangements mentioned in section 60 in relation to the licence.

             (2)  The holder of a licence must keep records of any changes made to the plans and arrangements.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the extent that the licence makes other arrangements for a matter mentioned in that subsection.

62  Keeping accurate inventory of controlled apparatus and materials

                   The holder of a licence must keep an accurate inventory of the controlled apparatus and controlled materials that the holder deals with.

63  Obtaining CEO’s approval for certain changes

                   Before doing either of the following, the holder of a licence must obtain the CEO’s approval to do it if it will have significant implications for safety:

                     (a)  changing anything described in the application for the licence;

                     (b)  modifying the controlled apparatus, controlled material or controlled facility described in the licence.

64  Telling CEO about other changes

             (1)  The holder of a licence must, within 3 months after doing a thing mentioned in paragraph 63(a) or (b) that is unlikely to have significant implications for safety, tell the CEO about the thing.

             (2)  However, subsection (1) does not apply to the extent that the licence makes other arrangements for a matter mentioned in that subsection.

65  Telling CEO about disposal and transfer of controlled apparatus, controlled materials and controlled facilities

             (1)  The holder of a licence may dispose of controlled apparatus or controlled materials only with the approval of the CEO.

             (2)  However, the holder of a licence may transfer controlled apparatus or controlled materials described in the licence to another person (the transferee) only:

                     (a)  with the approval of the CEO; or

                     (b)  if both of the following apply:

                              (i)  the transferee is the holder of a facility licence or a source licence;

                             (ii)  the transferee’s licence authorises the transferee to deal with the controlled apparatus or controlled materials.

             (3)  If the holder of a licence (the transferor) transfers controlled apparatus or controlled materials described in the licence to another person (the transferee) under paragraph (2)(b), the transferor must, within 7 days of the transfer, tell the CEO:

                     (a)  that the transfer has happened; and

                     (b)  the name of the transferee; and

                     (c)  the number of the licence held by the transferee; and

                     (d)  the location of the controlled apparatus or controlled materials after the transfer.

             (4)  The holder of a licence must not dispose of, or transfer to the possession of another person, a controlled facility described in the licence without the CEO’s approval.

Exception

             (5)  However, subsections (1), (2), (3) and (4) do not apply to the extent that the licence makes other arrangements for a matter mentioned in the subsections.

66  Obtaining approval for constructing safety item

                   The holder of a licence, or a person covered by a licence, must not construct an item that is important for safety, and that is identified in a safety analysis report, as part of the construction of a controlled facility, unless the CEO has given the holder, or the person, approval to construct the item.

67  Obtaining approval for loading nuclear fuel

                   The holder of a licence, or a person covered by a licence, must not load nuclear fuel into a controlled facility described in the licence, as part of the construction of the facility, unless the CEO has given the holder, or the person, approval to load the fuel.

Division 7Annual charge

68  Authority for this Division

                   This Division has effect for the purposes of paragraph 85(2)(e) of the Act.

69  Time for payment of annual charge

                   The annual charge for a facility licence or a source licence held during a financial year must be paid on or before the later of:

                     (a)  31 July in that financial year; and

                     (b)  30 days after the day the licence was issued.

70  Pro‑rating of annual charge

             (1)  If a facility licence or source licence is to be held for only part of a financial year, the CEO may decide to make a pro‑rata adjustment of the amount of the annual charge for the licence for the year.

             (2)  If the CEO decides to make a pro‑rata adjustment, the amount of the annual charge is:

71  Refund of annual charge

             (1)  This section applies to the annual charge for a facility licence or a source licence for a financial year if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  the whole of the annual charge for the licence for the year has been paid; or

                             (ii)  if section 70 applies in relation to the licence—the whole of the annual charge for the licence for the year, as adjusted under that section, has been paid; and

                     (b)  the licence is suspended, cancelled or surrendered before the end of the year.

             (2)  The CEO may decide to refund to the holder of the licence part of the amount of the annual charge that has been paid for the licence for the year.

             (3)  If the CEO decides to refund part of the amount of the annual charge, the amount of the refund is:

Part 6Practices and procedures to be followed

Division 1Introduction

72  Simplified outline of this Part

The holders of licences must ensure that exposure of people to radiation is limited.

Controlled persons must comply with various codes of practice.

73  Application of this Part

                   For the purposes of paragraph 85(2)(a) of the Act, this Part requires practices and procedures to be followed and measures to be taken by controlled persons in relation to:

                     (a)  activities relating to controlled facilities; and

                     (b)  dealings with controlled apparatus or controlled material.

74  Limits on the operation of this Part

                   This Part operates in relation to a controlled person who is the holder of a licence, or a person covered by a licence, only so far as:

                     (a)  the person can comply with the conditions of the licence without discriminating unlawfully under the Sex Discrimination Act 1984; or

                     (b)  if the person cannot comply with the conditions of the licence without discriminating unlawfully under a provision of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984—the person is exempted, under section 44 of that Act, from the operation of that provision.

Division 2Dose limits

75  Scope of this Division

                   This Division sets out practices and procedures that must be followed, and measures that must be taken, in relation to dose limits.

76  Practices to be followed by holders of licences

By holder of a facility licence

             (1)  The holder of a facility licence for a controlled facility must ensure that the doses to which a person is exposed, inside or in connection with the facility, do not exceed the effective dose limits mentioned in section 77, and the equivalent dose limits mentioned in section 79.

By holder of licence authorising dealing with controlled apparatus or controlled material

             (2)  The holder of a source licence, or a facility licence, authorising dealing with controlled apparatus or controlled material must ensure that the doses to which a person is exposed while the source in the apparatus or material is under the holder’s control do not exceed the effective dose limits mentioned in section 77, and the equivalent dose limits mentioned in section 79.

By holders of licences generally

             (3)  The holder of a licence must ensure that radiation protection and safety of the following relating to the licence are optimised in order to achieve the outcome mentioned in subsection (4):

                     (a)  controlled material;

                     (b)  controlled apparatus (other than apparatus prescribed by section 9 that produce harmful non‑ionizing radiation when energised);

                     (c)  a controlled facility.

             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (3), the outcome is that the following are as low as reasonably achievable after taking into account economic and societal factors:

                     (a)  the magnitude of individual doses;

                     (b)  the number of people who are exposed;

                     (c)  the likelihood of incurring exposures to radiation.

             (5)  The optimisation of radiation protection and safety mentioned in subsection (3) must be in accordance with source‑related dose constraints established in accordance with the Planned Exposure Code and agreed by the CEO with the holder of the licence.

             (6)  The holder of a licence that authorises dealing with apparatus prescribed by this instrument that produce harmful non‑ionizing radiation when energised must ensure that exposure of people to such radiation produced by the apparatus is kept to the lowest level that can be achieved, consistent with best practice.

77  Effective dose limits for ionizing radiation

Limit for occupational exposure

             (1)  The limit on effective dose for occupational exposure is 20 mSv annually, averaged over 5 consecutive years.

             (2)  However, the effective dose for a person subject to occupational exposure must not, in a year, be greater than 50 mSv.

Limit for public exposure

             (3)  The limit on effective dose for public exposure is 1 mSv annually.

             (4)  The limit on effective dose for an unborn child is to be consistent with the effective dose limit for public exposure.

Note:          See also the Planned Exposure Code for the obligation to consider additional controls in relation to female employees who are pregnant.

78  Effective doses

             (1)  For the purposes of section 77, a person’s effective dose for a period that is relevant to the person under subsection (2) of this section is the sum of:

                     (a)  the effective dose that the person receives, from a source outside the person’s body, during the relevant period; and

                     (b)  the person’s committed effective dose, received from intakes during the relevant period, for the next 50 years.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), a period that is relevant to a person is:

                     (a)  if the person is a controlled person—5 years; or

                     (b)  if the person is a member of the public—1 year.

             (3)  Despite paragraph (1)(b), if the person is under 18, the committed effective dose must be worked out on the basis of the number of years calculated by subtracting the person’s age, at the time of the calculation, from 70.

79  Annual equivalent dose limit for ionizing radiation

Limit for occupational exposure of the lens of the eye

             (1)  For occupational exposure, the equivalent dose limit to the lens of the eye is 20 mSv annually, averaged over 5 consecutive years.

             (2)  However, the equivalent dose to the lens of the eye for a person subject to occupational exposure must not, in a year, be greater than 50 mSv.

Limit for public exposure of the lens of the eye

             (3)  The equivalent dose to the lens of the eye for a person subject to public exposure must not, in a year, be greater than 15 mSv.

Limit for occupational exposure of hands and feet

             (4)  For occupational exposure, the annual equivalent dose limit to the hands and feet is 500 mSv.

Limits for occupational exposure and public exposure of skin

             (5)  The annual equivalent dose limit to the skin is:

                     (a)  for occupational exposure—500 mSv; and

                     (b)  for public exposure—50 mSv.

             (6)  The annual equivalent dose limit to the skin applies to the average dose received by any 1 cm2 of skin.

80  Dealings with controlled apparatus generating non‑ionizing radiation to comply with non‑ionizing radiation exposure limits

                   The holder of a source licence or a facility licence must ensure that all dealings with controlled apparatus generating non‑ionizing radiation (that are authorised by the licence) comply with the appropriate non‑ionizing radiation exposure limits.

Division 3Practices and procedures

81  Practices and procedures to be followed by controlled persons

                   Controlled persons must follow the practices and procedures described in the following:

                     (a)  the Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection and Radioactive Waste Management in Mining and Mineral Processing (2005) (Radiation Protection Series No. 9), published by the CEO, as at the commencement of this instrument;

                     (b)  the Security Code of Practice;

                     (c)  the Transport Code.

Note:          The Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection and Radioactive Waste Management in Mining and Mineral Processing (2005) (Radiation Protection Series No. 9) could in 2018 be viewed on ARPANSA’s website (https://www.arpansa.gov.au).

Part 7Miscellaneous

  

82  Simplified outline of this Part

The Act requires inspectors’ identity cards to be in a particular form, which this Part and Schedule 2 prescribe.

The Act prevents State and Territory laws identified in this Part from applying to an activity of a controlled person or permitted person relating to controlled apparatus, controlled material or a controlled facility.

The Act requires powers, discretions, duties and functions to be exercised and performed in accordance with the international agreements identified in this Part.

Controlled persons affected by certain decisions of the CEO under this instrument may request the Minister to reconsider them. If dissatisfied with the Minister’s decision on reconsideration, those persons may apply to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of the Minister’s decision.

83  Inspector’s identity card

                   For the purposes of subsection 62(3) of the Act, the form in Schedule 2 is prescribed.

84  State and Territory laws that do not apply to activities of controlled or permitted persons

                   For the purposes of section 83 of the Act, the following laws of a State or Territory are prescribed:

                     (a)  the Radiation Control Act 1990 (NSW);

                     (b)  the Radiation Act 2005 (Vic.);

                     (c)  the Radiation Safety Act 1999 (Qld);

                     (d)  the Radiation Safety Act 1975 (WA);

                     (e)  the Radiation Protection and Control Act 1982 (SA);

                      (f)  the Radiation Protection Act 2005 (Tas.);

                     (g)  the Radiation Protection Act 2006 (ACT);

                     (h)  the Radiation Protection Act (NT).

85  International agreements

                   For the purposes of subsection 84(3) of the Act, the following international agreements, as in force for Australia at the commencement of this instrument, are prescribed:

                     (a)  the Treaty on the Non‑Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, done at London, Moscow and Washington on 1 July 1968;

                     (b)  the Agreement between Australia and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non‑Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, done at Vienna on 10 July 1974;

                     (c)  the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, done at Vienna on 3 March 1980;

                     (d)  the Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency, done at Vienna on 26 September 1986;

                     (e)  the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident, done at Vienna on 26 September 1986;

                      (f)  the Convention on Nuclear Safety, done at Vienna on 20 September 1994;

                     (g)  the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management, done at Vienna on 5 September 1997;

                     (h)  the Agreement for Cooperation between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America concerning Technology for the Separation of Isotopes of Uranium by Laser Excitation, with annexes, agreed minute and exchange of notes, done at Washington on 28 October 1999;

                      (i)  the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, done at New York on 13 April 2005.

Note 1:       The Treaty on the Non‑Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is in Australian Treaty Series 1973 No. 3 ([1973] ATS 3) and could in 2018 be viewed in the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (http://www.austlii.edu.au).

Note 2:       The Agreement between Australia and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non‑Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is in Australian Treaty Series 1974 No. 16 ([1974] ATS 16) and could in 2018 be viewed in the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (http://www.austlii.edu.au).

Note 3:       The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material is in Australian Treaty Series 1987 No. 16 ([1987] ATS 16) and could in 2018 be viewed in the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (http://www.austlii.edu.au).

Note 4:       The Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency is in Australian Treaty Series 1987 No. 15 ([1987] ATS 15) and could in 2018 be viewed in the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (http://www.austlii.edu.au).

Note 5:       The Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident is in Australian Treaty Series 1987 No. 14 ([1987] ATS 14) and could in 2018 be viewed in the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (http://www.austlii.edu.au).

Note 6:       The Convention on Nuclear Safety is in Australian Treaty Series 1997 No. 5 ([1997] ATS 5) and could in 2018 be viewed in the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (http://www.austlii.edu.au).

Note 7:       The Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management is in Australian Treaty Series 2003 No. 21 ([2003] ATS 21) and could in 2018 be viewed in the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (http://www.austlii.edu.au).

Note 8:       The Agreement for Cooperation between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America concerning Technology for the Separation of Isotopes of Uranium by Laser Excitation, with annexes, agreed minute and exchange of notes, is in Australian Treaty Series 2000 No. 19 ([2000] ATS 19) and could in 2018 be viewed in the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (http://www.austlii.edu.au).

Note 9:       The International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism is in Australian Treaty Series 2012 No. 13 ([2012] ATS 13) and could in 2018 be viewed in the Australian Treaties Library on the AustLII website (http://www.austlii.edu.au).

86  Review of decisions by CEO

             (1)  A controlled person who is affected by a decision of the CEO:

                     (a)  to refuse to make a declaration under subsection 9(2), 13(2), 43(2) or 44(4) or (5); or

                     (b)  to make a declaration under subsection 44(2);

may request that the Minister reconsider the CEO’s decision.

             (2)  The request must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be given to the Minister within 28 days after the decision is made.

             (3)  The Minister must reconsider the CEO’s decision and confirm, vary or set aside the decision.

Note:          Under section 27A of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, the Minister must give anyone whose interests are affected by the decision notice of the Minister’s decision and of the right to have the decision reviewed. In doing so, the Minister must have regard to the Code of Practice determined under section 27B of that Act.

             (4)  The Minister is taken to have confirmed under subsection (3) the CEO’s decision if the Minister does not give written notice of the Minister’s decision under that subsection within 60 days after receiving the request.

             (5)  Applications may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of decisions of the Minister under subsection (3).

Part 8Application, saving and transitional provisions

Division 1Provisions for this instrument as originally made

87  Things done under the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulations 1999

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a thing was done for a particular purpose under the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulations 1999 as in force immediately before those Regulations were repealed; and

                     (b)  the thing could be done for that purpose under this instrument;

the thing has effect for the purposes of this instrument as if it had been done for that purpose under this instrument.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection (1), a reference in that subsection to a thing being done includes a reference to a notice, application or other instrument being given or made.


Schedule 1Activity concentration values and activity values for nuclides

Note:       See the definitions of activity concentration value steps, activity value division steps, Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3 in section 4, and sections 5 and 44.

Part 1Activity concentration values and activity values for nuclides

  

Activity concentration values and activity values for nuclides

 

Nuclide

Activity concentration value (Bq/g)

Activity value (Bq)

1

H‑3

1 x 106

1 x 109

2

Be‑7

1 x 103

1 x 107

3

Be‑10

1 x 104

1 x 106

4

C‑11

1 x 101

1 x 106

5

C‑14

1 x 104

1 x 107

6

N‑13

1 x 102

1 x 109

7

Ne‑19

1 x 102

1 x 109

8

O‑15

1 x 102

1 x 109

9

F‑18

1 x 101

1 x 106

10

Na‑22

1 x 101

1 x 106

11

Na‑24

1 x 101

1 x 105

12

Mg‑28

1 x 101

1 x 105

13

Al‑26

1 x 101

1 x 105

14

Si‑31

1 x 103

1 x 106

15

Si‑32

1 x 103

1 x 106

16

P‑32

1 x 103

1 x 105

17

P‑33

1 x 105

1 x 108

18

S‑35

1 x 105

1 x 108

19

Cl‑36

1 x 104

1 x 106

20

Cl‑38

1 x 101

1 x 105

21

Cl‑39

1 x 101

1 x 105

22

Ar‑37

1 x 106

1 x 108

23

Ar‑39

1 x 107

1 x 104

24

Ar‑41

1 x 102

1 x 109

25

K‑40

1 x 102

1 x 106

26

K‑42

1 x 102

1 x 106

27

K‑43

1 x 101

1 x 106

28

K‑44

1 x 101

1 x 105

29

K‑45

1 x 101

1 x 105

30

Ca‑41

1 x 105

1 x 107

31

Ca‑45

1 x 104

1 x 107

32

Ca‑47

1 x 101

1 x 106

33

Sc‑43

1 x 101

1 x 106

34

Sc‑44

1 x 101

1 x 105

35

Sc‑45

1 x 102

1 x 107

36

Sc‑46

1 x 101

1 x 106

37

Sc‑47

1 x 102

1 x 106

38

Sc‑48

1 x 101

1 x 105

39

Sc‑49

1 x 103

1 x 105

40

Ti‑44

1 x 101

1 x 105

41

Ti‑45

1 x 101

1 x 106

42

V‑47

1 x 101

1 x 105

43

V‑48

1 x 101

1 x 105

44

V‑49

1 x 104

1 x 107

45

Cr‑48

1 x 102

1 x 106

46

Cr‑49

1 x 101

1 x 106

47

Cr‑51

1 x 103

1 x 107

48

Mn‑51

1 x 101

1 x 105

49

Mn‑52

1 x 101

1 x 105

50

Mn‑52m

1 x 101

1 x 105

51

Mn‑53

1 x 104

1 x 109

52

Mn‑54

1 x 101

1 x 106

53

Mn‑56

1 x 101

1 x 105

54

Fe‑52

1 x 101

1 x 106

55

Fe‑55

1 x 104

1 x 106

56

Fe‑59

1 x 101

1 x 106

57

Fe‑60

1 x 102

1 x 105

58

Co‑55

1 x 101

1 x 106

59

Co‑56

1 x 101

1 x 105

60

Co‑57

1 x 102

1 x 106

61

Co‑58

1 x 101

1 x 106

62

Co‑58m

1 x 104

1 x 107

63

Co‑60

1 x 101

1 x 105

64

Co‑60m

1 x 103

1 x 106

65

Co‑61

1 x 102

1 x 106

66

Co‑62m

1 x 101

1 x 105

67

Ni‑56

1 x 101

1 x 106

68

Ni‑57

1 x 101

1 x 106

69

Ni‑59

1 x 104

1 x 108

70

Ni‑63

1 x 105

1 x 108

71

Ni‑65

1 x 101

1 x 106

72

Ni‑66

1 x 104

1 x 107

73

Cu‑60

1 x 101

1 x 105

74

Cu‑61

1 x 101

1 x 106

75

Cu‑64

1 x 102

1 x 106

76

Cu‑67

1 x 102

1 x 106

77

Zn‑62

1 x 102

1 x 106

78

Zn‑63

1 x 101

1 x 105

79

Zn‑65

1 x 101

1 x 106

80

Zn‑69

1 x 104

1 x 106

81

Zn‑69m

1 x 102

1 x 106

82

Zn‑71m

1 x 101

1 x 106

83

Zn‑72

1 x 102

1 x 106

84

Ga‑65

1 x 101

1 x 105

85

Ga‑66

1 x 101

1 x 105

86

Ga‑67

1 x 102

1 x 106

87

Ga‑68

1 x 101

1 x 105

88

Ga‑70

1 x 102

1 x 106

89

Ga‑72

1 x 101

1 x 105

90

Ga‑73

1 x 102

1 x 106

91

Ge‑66

1 x 101

1 x 106

92

Ge‑67

1 x 101

1 x 105

93

Ge‑68a

1 x 101

1 x 105

94

Ge‑69

1 x 101

1 x 106

95

Ge‑71

1 x 104

1 x 108

96

Ge‑75

1 x 103

1 x 106

97

Ge‑77

1 x 101

1 x 105

98

Ge‑78

1 x 102

1 x 106

99

As‑69

1 x 101

1 x 105

100

As‑70

1 x 101

1 x 105

101

As‑71

1 x 101

1 x 106

102

As‑72

1 x 101

1 x 105

103

As‑73

1 x 103

1 x 107

104

As‑74

1 x 101

1 x 106

105

As‑76

1 x 102

1 x 105

106

As‑77

1 x 103

1 x 106

107

As‑78

1 x 101

1 x 105

108

Se‑70

1 x 101

1 x 106

109

Se‑73

1 x 101

1 x 106

110

Se‑73m

1 x 102

1 x 106

111

Se‑75

1 x 102

1 x 106

112

Se‑79

1 x 104

1 x 107

113

Se‑81

1 x 103

1 x 106

114

Se‑81m

1 x 103

1 x 107

115

Se‑83

1 x 101

1 x 105

116

Br‑74

1 x 101

1 x 105

117

Br‑74m

1 x 101

1 x 105

118

Br‑75

1 x 101

1 x 106

119

Br‑76

1 x 101

1 x 105

120

Br‑77

1 x 102

1 x 106

121

Br‑80

1 x 102

1 x 105

122

Br‑80m

1 x 103

1 x 107

123

Br‑82

1 x 101

1 x 106

124

Br‑83

1 x 103

1 x 106

125

Br‑84

1 x 101

1 x 105

126

Kr‑74

1 x 102

1 x 109

127

Kr‑76

1 x 102

1 x 109

128

Kr‑77

1 x 102

1 x 109

129

Kr‑79

1 x 103

1 x 105

130

Kr‑81

1 x 104

1 x 107

131

Kr‑81m

1 x 103

1 x 1010

132

Kr‑83m

1 x 105

1 x 1012

133

Kr‑85

1 x 105

1 x 104

134

Kr‑85m

1 x 103

1 x 1010

135

Kr‑87

1 x 102

1 x 109

136

Kr‑88

1 x 102

1 x 109

137

Rb‑79

1 x 101

1 x 105

138

Rb‑81

1 x 101

1 x 106

139

Rb‑81m

1 x 103

1 x 107

140

Rb‑82m

1 x 101

1 x 106

141

Rb‑83a

1 x 102

1 x 106

142

Rb‑84

1 x 101

1 x 106

143

Rb‑86

1 x 102

1 x 105

144

Rb‑87

1 x 103

1 x 107

145

Rb‑88

1 x 102

1 x 105

146

Rb‑89

1 x 102

1 x 105

147

Sr‑80

1 x 103

1 x 107

148

Sr‑81

1 x 101

1 x 105

149

Sr‑82a

1 x 101

1 x 105

150

Sr‑83

1 x 101

1 x 106

151

Sr‑85

1 x 102

1 x 106

152

Sr‑85m

1 x 102

1 x 107

153

Sr‑87m

1 x 102

1 x 106

154

Sr‑89

1 x 103

1 x 106

155

Sr‑90a

1 x 102

1 x 104

156

Sr‑91

1 x 101

1 x 105

157

Sr‑92

1 x 101

1 x 106

158

Y‑86

1 x 101

1 x 105

159

Y‑86m

1 x 102

1 x 107

160

Y‑87a

1 x 101

1 x 106

161

Y‑88

1 x 101

1 x 106

162

Y‑90

1 x 103

1 x 105

163

Y‑90m

1 x 101

1 x 106

164

Y‑91

1 x 103

1 x 106

165

Y‑91m

1 x 102

1 x 106

166

Y‑92

1 x 102

1 x 105

167

Y‑93

1 x 102

1 x 105

168

Y‑94

1 x 101

1 x 105

169

Y‑95

1 x 101

1 x 105

170

Zr‑86

1 x 102

1 x 107

171

Zr‑88

1 x 102

1 x 106

172

Zr‑89

1 x 101

1 x 106

173

Zr‑93a

1 x 103

1 x 107

174

Zr‑95

1 x 101

1 x 106

175

Zr‑97a

1 x 101

1 x 105

176

Nb‑88

1 x 101

1 x 105

177

Nb‑89

1 x 101

1 x 105

178

Nb‑89m

1 x 101

1 x 105

179

Nb‑90

1 x 101

1 x 105

180

Nb‑93m

1 x 104

1 x 107

181

Nb‑94

1 x 101

1 x 106

182

Nb‑95

1 x 101

1 x 106

183

Nb‑95m

1 x 102

1 x 107

184

Nb‑96

1 x 101

1 x 105

185

Nb‑97

1 x 101

1 x 106

186

Nb‑98

1 x 101

1 x 105

187

Mo‑90

1 x 101

1 x 106

188

Mo‑93

1 x 103

1 x 108

189

Mo‑93m

1 x 101

1 x 106

190

Mo‑99

1 x 102

1 x 106

191

Mo‑101

1 x 101

1 x 106

192

Tc‑93

1 x 101

1 x 106

193

Tc‑93m

1 x 101

1 x 106

194

Tc‑94

1 x 101

1 x 106

195

Tc‑94m

1 x 101

1 x 105

196

Tc‑95

1 x 101

1 x 106

197

Tc‑95m

1 x 101

1 x 106

198

Tc‑96

1 x 101

1 x 106

199

Tc‑96m

1 x 103

1 x 107

200

Tc‑97

1 x 103

1 x 108

201

Tc‑97m

1 x 103

1 x 107

202

Tc‑98

1 x 101

1 x 106

203

Tc‑99

1 x 104

1 x 107

204

Tc‑99m

1 x 102

1 x 107

205

Tc‑101

1 x 102

1 x 106

206

Tc‑104

1 x 101

1 x 105

207

Ru‑94

1 x 102

1 x 106

208

Ru‑97

1 x 102

1 x 107

209

Ru‑103

1 x 102

1 x 106

210

Ru‑105

1 x 101

1 x 106

211

Ru‑106a

1 x 102

1 x 105

212

Rh‑99

1 x 101

1 x 106

213

Rh‑99m

1 x 101

1 x 106

214

Rh‑100

1 x 101

1 x 106

215

Rh‑101

1 x 102

1 x 107

216

Rh‑101m

1 x 102

1 x 107

217

Rh‑102

1 x 101

1 x 106

218

Rh‑102m

1 x 102

1 x 106

219

Rh‑103m

1 x 104

1 x 108

220

Rh‑105

1 x 102

1 x 107

221

Rh‑106m

1 x 101

1 x 105

222

Rh‑107

1 x 102

1 x 106

223

Pd‑100

1 x 102

1 x 107

224

Pd‑101

1 x 102

1 x 106

225

Pd‑103

1 x 103

1 x 108

226

Pd‑107

1 x 105

1 x 108

227

Pd‑109

1 x 103

1 x 106

228

Ag‑102

1 x 101

1 x 105

229

Ag‑103

1 x 101

1 x 106

230

Ag‑104

1 x 101

1 x 106

231

Ag‑104m

1 x 101

1 x 106

232

Ag‑105

1 x 102

1 x 106

233

Ag‑106

1 x 101

1 x 106

234

Ag‑106m

1 x 101

1 x 106

235

Ag‑108ma

1 x 101

1 x 106

236

Ag‑110m

1 x 101

1 x 106

237

Ag‑111

1 x 103

1 x 106

238

Ag‑112

1 x 101

1 x 105

239

Ag‑115

1 x 101

1 x 105

240

Cd‑104

1 x 102

1 x 107

241

Cd‑107

1 x 103

1 x 107

242

Cd‑109

1 x 104

1 x 106

243

Cd‑113

1 x 103

1 x 106

244

Cd‑113m

1 x 103

1 x 106

245

Cd‑115

1 x 102

1 x 106

246

Cd‑115m

1 x 103

1 x 106

247

Cd‑117

1 x 101

1 x 106

248

Cd‑117m

1 x 101

1 x 106

249

In‑109

1 x 101

1 x 106

250

In‑110

1 x 101

1 x 106

251

In‑110m

1 x 101

1 x 105

252

In‑111

1 x 102

1 x 106

253

In‑112

1 x 102

1 x 106

254

In‑113m

1 x 102

1 x 106

255

In‑114

1 x 103

1 x 105

256

In‑114m

1 x 102

1 x 106

257

In‑115

1 x 103

1 x 105

258

In‑115m

1 x 102

1 x 106

259

In‑116m

1 x 101

1 x 105

260

In‑117

1 x 101

1 x 106

261

In‑117m

1 x 102

1 x 106

262

In‑119m

1 x 102

1 x 105

263

Sn‑110

1 x 102

1 x 107

264

Sn‑111

1 x 102

1 x 106

265

Sn‑113

1 x 103

1 x 107

266

Sn‑117m

1 x 102

1 x 106

267

Sn‑119m

1 x 103

1 x 107

268

Sn‑121

1 x 105

1 x 107

269

Sn‑121ma

1 x 103

1 x 107

270

Sn‑123

1 x 103

1 x 106

271

Sn‑123m

1 x 102

1 x 106

272

Sn‑125

1 x 102

1 x 105

273

Sn‑126a

1 x 101

1 x 105

274

Sn‑127

1 x 101

1 x 106

275

Sn‑128

1 x 101

1 x 106

276

Sb‑115

1 x 101

1 x 106

277

Sb‑116

1 x 101

1 x 106

278

Sb‑116m

1 x 101

1 x 105

279

Sb‑117

1 x 102

1 x 107

280

Sb‑118m

1 x 101

1 x 106

281

Sb‑119

1 x 103

1 x 107

282

Sb‑120

1 x 102

1 x 106

283

Sb‑120m

1 x 101

1 x 106

284

Sb‑122

1 x 102

1 x 104

285

Sb‑124

1 x 101

1 x 106

286

Sb‑124m

1 x 102

1 x 106

287

Sb‑125

1 x 102

1 x 106

288

Sb‑126

1 x 101

1 x 105

289

Sb‑126m

1 x 101

1 x 105

290

Sb‑127

1 x 101

1 x 106

291

Sb‑128

1 x 101

1 x 105

292

Sb‑128m

1 x 101

1 x 105

293

Sb‑129

1 x 101

1 x 106

294

Sb‑130

1 x 101

1 x 105

295

Sb‑131

1 x 101

1 x 106

296

Te‑116

1 x 102

1 x 107

297

Te‑121

1 x 101

1 x 106

298

Te‑121m

1 x 102

1 x 106

299

Te‑123

1 x 103

1 x 106

300

Te‑123m

1 x 102

1 x 107

301

Te‑125m

1 x 103

1 x 107

302

Te‑127

1 x 103

1 x 106

303

Te‑127m

1 x 103

1 x 107

304

Te‑129

1 x 102

1 x 106

305

Te‑129m

1 x 103

1 x 106

306

Te‑131

1 x 102

1 x 105

307

Te‑131m

1 x 101

1 x 106

308

Te‑132

1 x 102

1 x 107

309

Te‑133

1 x 101

1 x 105

310

Te‑133m

1 x 101

1 x 105

311

Te‑134

1 x 101

1 x 106

312

I‑120

1 x 101

1 x 105

313

I‑120m

1 x 101

1 x 105

314

I‑121

1 x 102

1 x 106

315

I‑123

1 x 102

1 x 107

316

I‑124

1 x 101

1 x 106

317

I‑125

1 x 103

1 x 106

318

I‑126

1 x 102

1 x 106

319

I‑128

1 x 102

1 x 105

320

I‑129

1 x 102

1 x 105

321

I‑130

1 x 101

1 x 106

322

I‑131

1 x 102

1 x 106

323

I‑132

1 x 101

1 x 105

324

I‑132m

1 x 102

1 x 106

325

I‑133

1 x 101

1 x 106

326

I‑134

1 x 101

1 x 105

327

I‑135

1 x 101

1 x 106

328

Xe‑120

1 x 102

1 x 109

329

Xe‑121

1 x 102

1 x 109

330

Xe‑122a

1 x 102

1 x 109

331

Xe‑123

1 x 102

1 x 109

332

Xe‑125

1 x 103

1 x 109

333

Xe‑127

1 x 103

1 x 105

334

Xe‑129m

1 x 103

1 x 104

335

Xe‑131m

1 x 104

1 x 104

336

Xe‑133m

1 x 103

1 x 104

337

Xe‑133

1 x 103

1 x 104

338

Xe‑135

1 x 103

1 x 1010

339

Xe‑135m

1 x 102

1 x 109

340

Xe‑138

1 x 102

1 x 109

341

Cs‑125

1 x 101

1 x 104

342

Cs‑127

1 x 102

1 x 105

343

Cs‑129

1 x 102

1 x 105

344

Cs‑130

1 x 102

1 x 106

345

Cs‑131

1 x 103

1 x 106

346

Cs‑132

1 x 101

1 x 105

347

Cs‑134m

1 x 103

1 x 105

348

Cs‑134

1 x 101

1 x 104

349

Cs‑135

1 x 104

1 x 107

350

Cs‑135m

1 x 101

1 x 106

351

Cs‑136

1 x 101

1 x 105

352

Cs‑137a

1 x 101

1 x 104

353

Cs‑138

1 x 101

1 x 104

354

Ba‑126

1 x 102

1 x 107

355

Ba‑128

1 x 102

1 x 107

356

Ba‑131

1 x 102

1 x 106

357

Ba‑131m

1 x 102

1 x 107

358

Ba‑133

1 x 102

1 x 106

359

Ba‑133m

1 x 102

1 x 106

360

Ba‑135m

1 x 102

1 x 106

361

Ba‑137m

1 x 101

1 x 106

362

Ba‑139

1 x 102

1 x 105

363

Ba‑140a

1 x 101

1 x 105

364

Ba‑141

1 x 102

1 x 105

365

Ba‑142

1 x 102

1 x 106

366

La‑131

1 x 101

1 x 106

367

La‑132

1 x 101

1 x 106

368

La‑135

1 x 103

1 x 107

369

La‑137

1 x 103

1 x 107

370

La‑138

1 x 101

1 x 106

371

La‑140

1 x 101

1 x 105

372

La‑141

1 x 102

1 x 105

373

La‑142

1 x 101

1 x 105

374

La‑143

1 x 102

1 x 105

375

Ce‑134

1 x 103

1 x 107

376

Ce‑135

1 x 101

1 x 106

377

Ce‑137

1 x 103

1 x 107

378

Ce‑137m

1 x 103

1 x 106

379

Ce‑139

1 x 102

1 x 106

380

Ce‑141

1 x 102

1 x 107

381

Ce‑143

1 x 102

1 x 106

382

Ce‑144a

1 x 102

1 x 105

383

Pr‑136

1 x 101

1 x 105

384

Pr‑137

1 x 102

1 x 106

385

Pr‑138m

1 x 101

1 x 106

386

Pr‑139

1 x 102

1 x 107

387

Pr‑142

1 x 102

1 x 105

388

Pr‑142m

1 x 107

1 x 109

389

Pr‑143

1 x 104

1 x 106

390

Pr‑144

1 x 102

1 x 105

391

Pr‑145

1 x 103

1 x 105

392

Pr‑147

1 x 101

1 x 105

393

Nd‑136

1 x 102

1 x 106

394

Nd‑138

1 x 103

1 x 107

395

Nd‑139

1 x 102

1 x 106

396

Nd‑139m

1 x 101

1 x 106

397

Nd‑141

1 x 102

1 x 107

398

Nd‑147

1 x 102

1 x 106

399

Nd‑149

1 x 102

1 x 106

400

Nd‑151

1 x 101

1 x 105

401

Pm‑141

1 x 101

1 x 105

402

Pm‑143

1 x 102

1 x 106

403

Pm‑144

1 x 101

1 x 106

404

Pm‑145

1 x 103

1 x 107

405

Pm‑146

1 x 101

1 x 106

406

Pm‑147

1 x 104

1 x 107

407

Pm‑148

1 x 101

1 x 105

408

Pm‑148m

1 x 101

1 x 106

409

Pm‑149

1 x 103

1 x 106

410

Pm‑150

1 x 101

1 x 105

411

Pm‑151

1 x 102

1 x 106

412

Sm‑141

1 x 101

1 x 105

413

Sm‑141m

1 x 101

1 x 106

414

Sm‑142

1 x 102

1 x 107

415

Sm‑145

1 x 102

1 x 107

416

Sm‑146

1 x 101

1 x 105

417

Sm‑147

1 x 101

1 x 104

418

Sm‑151

1 x 104

1 x 108

419

Sm‑153

1 x 102

1 x 106

420

Sm‑155

1 x 102

1 x 106

421

Sm‑156

1 x 102

1 x 106

422

Eu‑145

1 x 101

1 x 106

423

Eu‑146

1 x 101

1 x 106

424

Eu‑147

1 x 102

1 x 106

425

Eu‑148

1 x 101

1 x 106

426

Eu‑149

1 x 102

1 x 107

427

Eu‑150

1 x 101

1 x 106

428

Eu‑150m

1 x 103

1 x 106

429

Eu‑152

1 x 101

1 x 106

430

Eu‑152m

1 x 102

1 x 106

431

Eu‑154

1 x 101

1 x 106

432

Eu‑155

1 x 102

1 x 107

433

Eu‑156

1 x 101

1 x 106

434

Eu‑157

1 x 102

1 x 106

435

Eu‑158

1 x 101

1 x 105

436

Gd‑145

1 x 101

1 x 105

437

Gd‑146a

1 x 101

1 x 106

438

Gd‑147

1 x 101

1 x 106

439

Gd‑148

1 x 101

1 x 104

440

Gd‑149

1 x 102

1 x 106

441

Gd‑151

1 x 102

1 x 107

442

Gd‑152

1 x 101

1 x 104

443

Gd‑153

1 x 102

1 x 107

444

Gd‑159

1 x 103

1 x 106

445

Tb‑147

1 x 101

1 x 106

446

Tb‑149

1 x 101

1 x 106

447

Tb‑150

1 x 101

1 x 106

448

Tb‑151

1 x 101

1 x 106

449

Tb‑153

1 x 102

1 x 107

450

Tb‑154

1 x 101

1 x 106

451

Tb‑155

1 x 102

1 x 107

452

Tb‑156

1 x 101

1 x 106

453

Tb‑156 (24.4 h)

1 x 103

1 x 107

454

Tb‑156m’ (5 h)

1 x 104

1 x 107

455

Tb‑157

1 x 104

1 x 107

456

Tb‑158

1 x 101

1 x 106

457

Tb‑160

1 x 101

1 x 106

458

Tb‑161

1 x 103

1 x 106

459

Dy‑155

1 x 101

1 x 106

460

Dy‑157

1 x 102

1 x 106

461

Dy‑159

1 x 103

1 x 107

462

Dy‑165

1 x 103

1 x 106

463

Dy‑166

1 x 103

1 x 106

464

Ho‑155

1 x 102

1 x 106

465

Ho‑157

1 x 102

1 x 106

466

Ho‑159

1 x 102

1 x 106

467

Ho‑161

1 x 102

1 x 107

468

Ho‑162

1 x 102

1 x 107

469

Ho‑162m

1 x 101

1 x 106

470

Ho‑164

1 x 103

1 x 106

471

Ho‑164m

1 x 103

1 x 107

472

Ho‑166

1 x 103

1 x 105

473

Ho‑166m

1 x 101

1 x 106

474

Ho‑167

1 x 102

1 x 106

475

Er‑161

1 x 101

1 x 106

476

Er‑165

1 x 103

1 x 107

477

Er‑169

1 x 104

1 x 107

478

Er‑171

1 x 102

1 x 106

479

Er‑172

1 x 102

1 x 106

480

Tm‑162

1 x 101

1 x 106

481

Tm‑166

1 x 101

1 x 106

482

Tm‑167

1 x 102

1 x 106

483

Tm‑170

1 x 103

1 x 106

484

Tm‑171

1 x 104

1 x 108

485

Tm‑172

1 x 102

1 x 106

486

Tm‑173

1 x 102

1 x 106

487

Tm‑175

1 x 101

1 x 106

488

Yb‑162

1 x 102

1 x 107

489

Yb‑166

1 x 102

1 x 107

490

Yb‑167

1 x 102

1 x 106

491

Yb‑169

1 x 102

1 x 107

492

Yb‑175

1 x 103

1 x 107

493

Yb‑177

1 x 102

1 x 106

494

Yb‑178

1 x 103

1 x 106

495

Lu‑169

1 x 101

1 x 106

496

Lu‑170

1 x 101

1 x 106

497

Lu‑171

1 x 101

1 x 106

498

Lu‑172

1 x 101

1 x 106

499

Lu‑173

1 x 102

1 x 107

500

Lu‑174

1 x 102

1 x 107

501

Lu‑174m

1 x 102

1 x 107

502

Lu‑176

1 x 102

1 x 106

503

Lu‑176m

1 x 103

1 x 106

504

Lu‑177

1 x 103

1 x 107

505

Lu‑177m

1 x 101

1 x 106

506

Lu‑178

1 x 102

1 x 105

507

Lu‑178m

1 x 101

1 x 105

508

Lu‑179

1 x 103

1 x 106

509

Hf‑170

1 x 102

1 x 106

510

Hf‑172a

1 x 101

1 x 106

511

Hf‑173

1 x 102

1 x 106

512

Hf‑175

1 x 102

1 x 106

513

Hf‑177m

1 x 101

1 x 105

514

Hf‑178m

1 x 101

1 x 106

515

Hf‑179m

1 x 101

1 x 106

516

Hf‑180m

1 x 101

1 x 106

517

Hf‑181

1 x 101

1 x 106

518

Hf‑182

1 x 102

1 x 106

519

Hf‑182m

1 x 101

1 x 106

520

Hf‑183

1 x 101

1 x 106

521

Hf‑184

1 x 102

1 x 106

522

Ta‑172

1 x 101

1 x 106

523

Ta‑173

1 x 101

1 x 106

524

Ta‑174

1 x 101

1 x 106

525

Ta‑175

1 x 101

1 x 106

526

Ta‑176

1 x 101

1 x 106

527

Ta‑177

1 x 102

1 x 107

528

Ta‑178

1 x 101

1 x 106

529

Ta‑179

1 x 103

1 x 107

530

Ta‑180

1 x 101

1 x 106

531

Ta‑180m

1 x 103

1 x 107

532

Ta‑182

1 x 101

1 x 104

533

Ta‑182m

1 x 102

1 x 106

534

Ta‑183

1 x 102

1 x 106

535

Ta‑184

1 x 101

1 x 106

536

Ta‑185

1 x 102

1 x 105

537

Ta‑186

1 x 101

1 x 105

538

W‑176

1 x 102

1 x 106

539

W‑177

1 x 101

1 x 106

540

W‑178a

1 x 101

1 x 106

541

W‑179

1 x 102

1 x 107

542

W‑181

1 x 103

1 x 107

543

W‑185

1 x 104

1 x 107

544

W‑187

1 x 102

1 x 106

545

W‑188a

1 x 102

1 x 105

546

Re‑177

1 x 101

1 x 106

547

Re‑178

1 x 101

1 x 106

548

Re‑181

1 x 101

1 x 106

549

Re‑182

1 x 101

1 x 106

550

Re‑182m

1 x 101

1 x 106

551

Re‑184

1 x 101

1 x 106

552

Re‑184m

1 x 102

1 x 106

553

Re‑186

1 x 103

1 x 106

554

Re‑186m

1 x 103

1 x 107

555

Re‑187

1 x 106

1 x 109

556

Re‑188

1 x 102

1 x 105

557

Re‑188m

1 x 102

1 x 107

558

Re‑189a

1 x 102

1 x 106

559

Os‑180

1 x 102

1 x 107

560

Os‑181

1 x 101

1 x 106

561

Os‑182

1 x 102

1 x 106

562

Os‑185

1 x 101

1 x 106

563

Os‑189m

1 x 104

1 x 107

564

Os‑191

1 x 102

1 x 107

565

Os‑191m

1 x 103

1 x 107

566

Os‑193

1 x 102

1 x 106

567

Os‑194a

1 x 102

1 x 105

568

Ir‑182

1 x 101

1 x 105

569

Ir‑184

1 x 101

1 x 106

570

Ir‑185

1 x 101

1 x 106

571

Ir‑186

1 x 101

1 x 106

572

Ir‑186m

1 x 101

1 x 106

573

Ir‑187

1 x 102

1 x 106

574

Ir‑188

1 x 101

1 x 106

575

Ir‑189a

1 x 102

1 x 107

576

Ir‑190

1 x 101

1 x 106

577

Ir‑190m (3.1 h)

1 x 101

1 x 106

578

Ir‑190m’ (1.2 h)

1 x 104

1 x 107

579

Ir‑192

1 x 101

1 x 104

580

Ir‑192m

1 x 102

1 x 107

581

Ir‑193m

1 x 104

1 x 107

582

Ir‑194

1 x 102

1 x 105

583

Ir‑194m

1 x 101

1 x 106

584

Ir‑195

1 x 102

1 x 106

585

Ir‑195m

1 x 102

1 x 106

586

Pt‑186

1 x 101

1 x 106

587

Pt‑188a

1 x 101

1 x 106

588

Pt‑189

1 x 102

1 x 106

589

Pt‑191

1 x 102

1 x 106

590

Pt‑193

1 x 104

1 x 107

591

Pt‑193m

1 x 103

1 x 107

592

Pt‑195m

1 x 102

1 x 106

593

Pt‑197

1 x 103

1 x 106

594

Pt‑197m

1 x 102

1 x 106

595

Pt‑199

1 x 102

1 x 106

596

Pt‑200

1 x 102

1 x 106

597

Au‑193

1 x 102

1 x 107

598

Au‑194

1 x 101

1 x 106

599

Au‑195

1 x 102

1 x 107

600

Au‑198

1 x 102

1 x 106

601

Au‑198m

1 x 101

1 x 106

602

Au‑199

1 x 102

1 x 106

603

Au‑200

1 x 102

1 x 105

604

Au‑200m

1 x 101

1 x 106

605

Au‑201

1 x 102

1 x 106

606

Hg‑193

1 x 102

1 x 106

607

Hg‑193m

1 x 101

1 x 106

608

Hg‑194a

1 x 101

1 x 106

609

Hg‑195

1 x 102

1 x 106

610

Hg‑195ma

1 x 102

1 x 106

611

Hg‑197

1 x 102

1 x 107

612

Hg‑197m

1 x 102

1 x 106

613

Hg‑199m

1 x 102

1 x 106

614

Hg‑203

1 x 102

1 x 105

615

Tl‑194

1 x 101

1 x 106

616

Tl‑194m

1 x 101

1 x 106

617

Tl‑195

1 x 101

1 x 106

618

Tl‑197

1 x 102

1 x 106

619

Tl‑198

1 x 101

1 x 106

620

Tl‑198m

1 x 101

1 x 106

621

Tl‑199

1 x 102

1 x 106

622

Tl‑200

1 x 101

1 x 106

623

Tl‑201

1 x 102

1 x 106

624

Tl‑202

1 x 102

1 x 106

625

Tl‑204

1 x 104

1 x 104

626

Pb‑195m

1 x 101

1 x 106

627

Pb‑198

1 x 102

1 x 106

628

Pb‑199

1 x 101

1 x 106

629

Pb‑200

1 x 102

1 x 106

630

Pb‑201

1 x 101

1 x 106

631

Pb‑202

1 x 103

1 x 106

632

Pb‑202m

1 x 101

1 x 106

633

Pb‑203

1 x 102

1 x 106

634

Pb‑205

1 x 104

1 x 107

635

Pb‑209

1 x 105

1 x 106

636

Pb‑210a

1 x 101

1 x 104

637

Pb‑211

1 x 102

1 x 106

638

Pb‑212a

1 x 101

1 x 105

639

Pb‑214

1 x 102

1 x 106

640

Bi‑200

1 x 101

1 x 106

641

Bi‑201

1 x 101

1 x 106

642

Bi‑202

1 x 101

1 x 106

643

Bi‑203

1 x 101

1 x 106

644

Bi‑205

1 x 101

1 x 106

645

Bi‑206

1 x 101

1 x 105

646

Bi‑207

1 x 101

1 x 106

647

Bi‑210

1 x 103

1 x 106

648

Bi‑210ma

1 x 101

1 x 105

649

Bi‑212a

1 x 101

1 x 105

650

Bi‑213

1 x 102

1 x 106

651

Bi‑214

1 x 101

1 x 105

652

Po‑203

1 x 101

1 x 106

653

Po‑205

1 x 101

1 x 106

654

Po‑206

1 x 101

1 x 106

655

Po‑207

1 x 101

1 x 106

656

Po‑208

1 x 101

1 x 104

657

Po‑209

1 x 101

1 x 104

658

Po‑210

1 x 101

1 x 104

659

At‑207

1 x 101

1 x 106

660

At‑211

1 x 103

1 x 107

661

Fr‑222

1 x 103

1 x 105

662

Fr‑223

1 x 102

1 x 106

663

Rn‑220a

1 x 104

1 x 107

664

Rn‑222a

1 x 101

1 x 108

665

Ra‑223a

1 x 102

1 x 105

666

Ra‑224a

1 x 101

1 x 105

667

Ra‑225

1 x 102

1 x 105

668

Ra‑226a

1 x 101

1 x 104

669

Ra‑227

1 x 102

1 x 106

670

Ra‑228a

1 x 101

1 x 105

671

Ac‑224

1 x 102

1 x 106

672

Ac‑225a

1 x 101

1 x 104

673

Ac‑226

1 x 102

1 x 105

674

Ac‑227a

1 x 10‑1

1 x 103

675

Ac‑228

1 x 101

1 x 106

676

Th‑226a

1 x 103

1 x 107

677

Th‑227

1 x 101

1 x 104

678

Th‑228a

1 x 100

1 x 104

679

Th‑229a

1 x 100

1 x 103

680

Th‑230

1 x 100

1 x 104

681

Th‑231

1 x 103

1 x 107

682

Th‑232

1 x 101

1 x 104

683

Th‑nata

1 x 100

1 x 103

684

Th‑234a

1 x 103

1 x 105

685

Pa‑227

1 x 101

1 x 106

686

Pa228

1 x 101

1 x 106

687

Pa‑230

1 x 101

1 x 106

688

Pa‑231

1 x 100

1 x 103

689

Pa‑232

1 x 101

1 x 106

690

Pa‑233

1 x 102

1 x 107

691

Pa‑234

1 x 101

1 x 106

692

U‑230a

1 x 101

1 x 105

693

U‑231

1 x 102

1 x 107

694

U‑232a

1 x 100

1 x 103

695

U‑233

1 x 101

1 x 104

696

U‑234

1 x 101

1 x 104

697

U‑235a

1 x 101

1 x 104

698

U‑236

1 x 101

1 x 104

699

U‑237

1 x 102

1 x 106

700

U‑238a

1 x 101

1 x 104

701

U‑nata

1 x 100

1 x 103

702

U‑239

1 x 102

1 x 106

703

U‑240

1 x 103

1 x 107

704

U‑240a

1 x 101

1 x 106

705

Np‑232

1 x 101

1 x 106

706

Np‑233

1 x 102

1 x 107

707

Np‑234

1 x 101

1 x 106

708

Np‑235

1 x 103

1 x 107

709

Np‑236

1 x 102

1 x 105

710

Np‑236m

1 x 103

1 x 107

711

Np‑237a

1 x 100

1 x 103

712

Np‑238

1 x 102

1 x 106

713

Np‑239

1 x 102

1 x 107

714

Np‑240

1 x 101

1 x 106

715

Pu‑234

1 x 102

1 x 107

716

Pu‑235

1 x 102

1 x 107

717

Pu‑236

1 x 101

1 x 104

718

Pu‑237

1 x 103

1 x 107

719

Pu‑238

1 x 100

1 x 104

720

Pu‑239

1 x 100

1 x 104

721

Pu‑240

1 x 100

1 x 103

722

Pu‑241

1 x 102

1 x 105

723

Pu‑242

1 x 100

1 x 104

724

Pu‑243

1 x 103

1 x 107

725

Pu‑244

1 x 100

1 x 104

726

Pu‑245

1 x 102

1 x 106

727

Pu‑246

1 x 102

1 x 106

728

Am‑237

1 x 102

1 x 106

729

Am‑238

1 x 101

1 x 106

730

Am‑239

1 x 102

1 x 106

731

Am‑240

1 x 101

1 x 106

732

Am‑241

1 x 100

1 x 104

733

Am‑242

1 x 103

1 x 106

734

Am‑242ma

1 x 100

1 x 104

735

Am‑243a

1 x 100

1 x 103

736

Am‑244

1 x 101

1 x 106

737

Am‑244m

1 x 104

1 x 107

738

Am‑245

1 x 103

1 x 106

739

Am‑246

1 x 101

1 x 105

740

Am‑246m

1 x 101

1 x 106

741

Cm‑238

1 x 102

1 x 107

742

Cm‑240

1 x 102

1 x 105

743

Cm‑241

1 x 102

1 x 106

744

Cm‑242

1 x 102

1 x 105

745

Cm‑243

1 x 100

1 x 104

746

Cm‑244

1 x 101

1 x 104

747

Cm‑245

1 x 100

1 x 103

748

Cm‑246

1 x 100

1 x 103

749

Cm‑247

1 x 100

1 x 104

750

Cm‑248

1 x 100

1 x 103

751

Cm‑249

1 x 103

1 x 106

752

Cm‑250

1 x 10‑1

1 x 103

753

Bk‑245

1 x 102

1 x 106

754

Bk‑246

1 x 101

1 x 106

755

Bk‑247

1 x 100

1 x 104

756

Bk‑249

1 x 103

1 x 106

757

Bk‑250

1 x 101

1 x 106

758

Cf‑244

1 x 104

1 x 107

759

Cf‑246

1 x 103

1 x 106

760

Cf‑248

1 x 101

1 x 104

761

Cf‑249

1 x 100

1 x 103

762

Cf‑250