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Rules/Other as made
This instrument amends the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Rule 2015 by detailing additional minor administrative procedures, primarily associated with a new methodology determination to credit the storage of carbon in savannas. These provisions include arrangements for project proponents wanting to transfer between savanna emissions avoidance and sequestration methodology determinations and a requirement that savanna fire management projects obtain the necessary fire permits under State and Territory bushfire legislation. It also sets out information requirements related to permanence and provides specified values for the permanence period discount number and the risk of reversal buffer for savanna sequestration projects in accordance with the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011.
Administered by: Environment and Energy
Registered 01 May 2018
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR08-May-2018
Tabled Senate08-May-2018
Date of repeal 03 May 2018
Repealed by Division 1 of Part 3 of Chapter 3 of the Legislation Act 2003
Table of contents.

 

Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Amendment Rule (No. 1) 2018

I, Josh Frydenberg, Minister for the Environment and Energy, make the following rule.

Dated

13 April 2018

Josh Frydenberg

Minister for the Environment and Energy

 

  

  


Contents

1  Name. 1

2  Commencement........................................................................................................................ 1

3  Authority.................................................................................................................................. 1

4  Schedules................................................................................................................................. 1

Schedule 1—Amendments                                                                                           2

Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Rule 2015                                                               2

9B  Permanence period discount number and risk of reversal buffer number—savanna sequestration project       3

30A  Linked applications for revocation in relation to savanna emissions avoidance project and declaration of new savanna sequestration project...................................................................................................... 5

30B  Linked applications for removal of project area from a savanna emissions avoidance project and declaration of new savanna sequestration project...................................................................................................... 7

30C  When units are taken to be issued in relation to a project..................................................... 8

66C  Limit on deferral of start of crediting period-certain savanna sequestration projects and savanna emissions avoidance projects...................................................................................................................................... 9

 

 


1  Name

                   This is the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Amendment Rule (No. 1) 2018.

2  Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this instrument specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provisions

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  Sections 1 to 4 and items 1 and 2 and 4 to 19 of Schedule 1

The day after this instrument is registered.

 

Item 3 of Schedule 1

13 December 2014

 

13 December 2014

 

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this instrument as originally made. It will not be amended to deal with any later amendments of this instrument.

             (2)  Any information in column 3 of the table is not part of this instrument. Information may be inserted in this column, or information in it may be edited, in any published version of this instrument.

3  Authority

                   This instrument is made under section 308 of the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011.

4  Schedules

                   Each instrument that is specified in a Schedule to this instrument is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this instrument has effect according to its terms.

Schedule 1Amendments

  

Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Rule 2015

1  Subsection 4(1)

Insert in the appropriate alphabetical position:

                   applicable bushfire legislation means:

                     (a)  for a project in Western Australia, the Bush Fires Act 1954 (WA);

                     (b)  for a project in the Northern Territory, the Bushfires Management Act (NT);

                     (c)  for a project in Queensland, the Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990 (Qld).

permanence obligation period, in relation to an eligible offsets project, means the period from the declaration of the project until the last day the Regulator could issue a notice to relinquish Australian carbon credit units under Division 3 of Part 7 of the Act.

                   savanna emissions avoidance project means an emissions avoidance offsets project to avoid emissions of greenhouse gases from the burning of savannas.

                   savanna sequestration project means a sequestration offsets project to:

                     (a)  remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by sequestering carbon in dead organic matter in savannas; and

                     (b)  avoid emissions of greenhouse gases from the burning of savannas.

                   soil carbon project means a sequestration offsets project that includes removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by sequestering carbon in soils.

2  After subsection 9(5)

Insert:

Requirement relating to compliance with bushfire legislation

             (6)       If an offsets project is a savanna emissions avoidance project or savanna sequestration project—it is an eligibility requirement that, throughout the reporting period, any burning of the project area that:

                     (a)                       was carried out as part of the project; and

                     (b)                       required a permit under the applicable bushfire legislation;

was carried out:

                     (c)                       during the time allowed under a relevant permit; or

                     (d)                       outside the time allowed under a relevant permit in circumstances where:

                              (i)  the Regulator is satisfied that there was a reasonable excuse why activities were carried out without a relevant permit; and

                             (ii)  no one was found by a court to have breached the applicable bushfire legislation because of the failure to obtain a permit; and

                            (iii)  there is not a history of failure to obtain permits required by the applicable bushfire legislation in relation to the project area since the declaration of the project as an eligible offsets project.

             (7)       Subsection (6) does not apply to any part of a reporting period that occurs before 1 May 2018.

3  After section 9A

Insert:

9B  Permanence period discount number and risk of reversal buffer number—savanna sequestration project

             (1)  This section applies in relation to a savanna sequestration project.

             (2)  For subparagraph (c)(ii) of the definition of “permanence period discount number” in subsection 16(2) of the Act, the permanence period discount number is zero percent.

             (3)  For subparagraph (b)(i) of the definition of “risk of reversal buffer number” in subsection 16(2) of the Act, the risk of reversal buffer number is zero percent.

4  At the end of subsection 13(1) (before the notes)

Add:

                   ; (p)  if the project is a sequestration offsets project—an explanation of the steps intended to be undertaken to ensure carbon remains sequestered in the project area for the permanence obligation period for the project;

                     (q)  if the project is a savanna emissions avoidance project or a savanna sequestration project—an explanation of:

                              (i)  whether native title has been determined or claimed in relation to the project area for the project; and

                             (ii)  whether the project activities are, or are intended to be, covered by an indigenous land use agreement; and

                            (iii)  whether the applicant has informed the relevant State or Territory Government about the project; and

                            (iv)  when permits may be required under the applicable bushfire legislation to carry out the project.

 

5  Subparagraph 20B(7)(a)(ii) (first occurring)

Omit “(ii) more than”, substitute “(i) more than”.

 

6  Paragraph 23(1)(c)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (c)  if the declaration relates to a sequestration offsets project—that each person (other than the applicant) who holds an eligible interest in an area of land that is:

                              (i)  part of the proposed varied project area; and

                             (ii)  not part of the current project area for the project; and

                            (iii)  not part of another sequestration offsets project that is an unconditional eligible offsets project;

                            has consented, in writing, to the making of the application (see subsection (2)); and

                    (ca)  if the proposed variation would result in an area of land being moved from a 25-year permanence period project to a 100-year permanence period project—that each person (other than the applicant) who holds an eligible interest in an area of land being moved has consented, in writing, to the making of the application (see subsection (2)); and

                   (cb)  the application would not result in:

                              (i)  an area of land being moved from an area-based emissions avoidance project to:

                                        (A)  a sequestration offsets project; or

                                        (B)  an area-based emissions avoidance project whose crediting period ends after the crediting period for the former area-based emissions avoidance project; or

                             (ii)  an area of land being moved from a sequestration offsets project to an area-based emissions avoidance project; and

7  Subsection 23(2)

After “(1)(c)”, add “and (1)(ca)”.

8  At the end of subsection 23(3) (before the note)

Add:

                   ; (o)  if an area of land is to be added to the project area of a sequestration offsets project—an explanation of the steps intended to be undertaken to ensure carbon remains sequestered in the additional project area for the permanence obligation period for the project;

                     (p)  if an area of land is to be added to the project area of a savanna emissions avoidance project or a savanna sequestration project—an explanation of:

                              (i)  whether native title has been determined or claimed in relation to the additional project area for the project; and

                             (ii)  whether the project activities are, or are intended to be, covered by an indigenous land use agreement; and

                            (iii)  whether the applicant has informed the relevant State or Territory Government about inclusion of the additional project area in the project; and

                            (iv)  when permits may be required under the applicable bushfire legislation to carry out the project on the additional project area.

9  Subsection 23(8)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

When variation takes effect

             (8)  A variation to the declaration takes effect so that:

                     (a)  to the extent that effect of the variation is for an area of land to be removed from a project without becoming part of the project area, or any of the project areas, of another eligible offsets project—the declaration is taken to be varied to remove the area from the start of the current reporting period for the project; and

                     (b)  if an effect of the variation is for a project area to be subdivided into two or more project areas covering the land within the original project area—the declaration is taken to be varied to apply the subdivided project areas from the start of the current reporting period for the project; and

                     (c)  otherwise—the varied project area applies from the day on which the next reporting period for the project begins.

10  After subsection 23(8)

Insert:

Meaning of unconditional eligible offset project

             (9)       In this section:

                   unconditional eligible offsets project means an eligible offsets project that:

                     (a)  the Regulator has not specified a condition for in the declaration under subsection 28A(2) of the Act; or

                     (b)  had a condition in the declaration under subsection 28A(2) of the Act removed under subsection 25(1).

11  After section 30

Insert:

30A  Linked applications for revocation in relation to savanna emissions avoidance project and declaration of new savanna sequestration project

Note:       This provision is part of a mechanism that enables the project proponent of a savanna emissions avoidance project, in effect, to transfer the project to a determination that also provides credits for sequestration.  The section 27 declaration for the original project is revoked, and a new section 27 declaration is made for the project under the sequestration determination. 

Application of this section

             (1)  This section applies if the Regulator receives a request to act in accordance with this section, accompanied by:

                     (a)  an application in accordance with subsection (4) to revoke the section 27 declaration in relation to a savanna emissions avoidance project (the former project); and

                     (b)  an application under section 22 of the Act for a savanna sequestration project with one or more project areas that are identical to the project areas under the former project (the new project); and

                     (c)  a statement that the applicant wishes the declaration in relation to the former project to be revoked if, and only if, the new project is to be declared an eligible offsets project; and

                     (d)  evidence that all persons who hold an eligible interest in the project area of the new project have consented to the making of the application under section 22 of the Act for that new project.

How the Regulator is to act

             (2)  The Regulator must proceed sequentially as follows:

                     (a)  wait until a time when all the following conditions are fulfilled:

                              (i)  the project proponent has submitted an offsets report for the former project that covers the most recent full calendar year and all project areas for the project;

                             (ii)  any certificates of entitlement arising from that report have been issued;

                            (iii)  the relevant Australian carbon credit units have been issued to the holder of the certificate of entitlement (if any);

                            (iv)  there is sufficient time remaining in the calendar year for the new project to be declared an eligible offsets project before 1 December of that year and the crediting period for the new project to begin;

Note:           If, by the time the carbon credits have been issued in relation to an offsets report, there is not sufficient time for the new project to be declared eligible before 1 December of a calendar year, the Regulator must wait until the calendar year has been completed and an offsets report in relation to it submitted before reconsidering whether the conditions are fulfilled. It is not possible for such new projects to defer the start of their crediting period past the calendar year in which they are declared.

                     (b)  decide whether the new project should be declared an eligible offsets project;

                     (c)  if the decision is to declare the new project an eligible offsets project:

                              (i)  revoke the section 27 declaration for the former project; and

                             (ii)  immediately afterwards, make the section 27 declaration for the new project.

             (3)  If the Regulator:

                     (a)  for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b), decides that the new project should not be declared an eligible offsets project; or

                     (b)  cannot proceed sequentially under subsection (2) within 12 months;

                            the application for revocation in relation to the former project is taken to be withdrawn.

Application to revoke declaration in relation to former project

             (4)  The application for revocation in relation to the former project must be in the approved form and must be accompanied by the following information or documents:

                     (a)  the name and contact details of the applicant and whether the applicant is:

                              (i)  the project proponent; or

                             (ii)  the nominee of multiple project proponents;

                     (b)  the unique project identifier for the former project;

                     (c)  a signed declaration by the applicant that the information included in, and the information and any documents accompanying, the application:

                              (i)  meets the requirements in this subsection; and

                             (ii)  is accurate.

When the revocation takes effect

             (5)  A revocation under subparagraph (2)(c)(i) takes effect when it is made.

Notification                                                                                                    

             (6)  If the Regulator makes such a revocation, the Regulator must give a copy of the revocation to the applicant with the section 27 declaration in relation to the new project.

30B  Linked applications for removal of project area from a savanna emissions avoidance project and declaration of new savanna sequestration project

Note:       This provision is part of a mechanism that enables the project proponent of a savanna emissions avoidance project, in effect, to transfer a project area for the project to a determination that also provides credits for sequestration.  The section 27 declaration for the original project is varied to remove the project area, and a new section 27 declaration is made for the project area under the sequestration determination. 

Application of this section

             (1)  This section applies if the Regulator receives a request to act in accordance with this section, accompanied by:

                     (a)  an application in accordance with subsection (5) to vary the section 27 declaration in relation to a savanna emissions avoidance project (the original project) to remove one or more project areas from that project; and

                     (b)  an application under section 22 of the Act for a savanna sequestration project with one or more project areas that are identical to the project area or areas to be removed from the original project (the new project) assuming the project areas are varied in accordance with any request under subsection (2); and

                     (c)  a statement that the applicant wishes the declaration in relation to the original project to be varied if, and only if, the new project is to be declared an eligible offsets project; and

                     (d)  evidence that all persons who hold an eligible interest in the project area of the new project have consented to the making of the application under section 22 of the Act for that new project.

             (2)  The application in accordance with subsection (5) to vary the section 27 declaration may include a request to subdivide project areas of the original project or remove part of a project area from the project if such a request is consistent with the applicable methodology determination for the original project.

How the Regulator is to act

             (3)  The Regulator must proceed sequentially as follows:

                     (a)  wait until a time when all the following conditions are fulfilled:

                              (i)  the project proponent has submitted an offsets report for the original project that covers the most recent full calendar year and the project areas proposed to be removed from the project;

                             (ii)  any certificates of entitlement arising from that report have been issued;

                            (iii)  the relevant Australian carbon credit units have been issued to the holder of the certificate of entitlement (if any);

                            (iv)  there is sufficient time remaining in the calendar year for the new project to be declared an eligible offsets project before 1 December of that year and the crediting period for the new project to begin;

Note:           If, by the time the carbon credits have been issued in relation to an offsets report, there is not sufficient time for the new project to be declared eligible before 1 December of a calendar year, the Regulator must wait until the calendar year has been completed and an offsets report in relation to it submitted before reconsidering whether the conditions are fulfilled. It is not possible for such new projects to defer the start of their crediting period past the calendar year in which they are declared.

                     (b)  decide whether the new project should be declared an eligible offsets project;

                     (c)  if the decision is to declare the new project an eligible offsets project:

                              (i)  vary the section 27 declaration for the original project in accordance with any requests under subsection (2) that are consistent with the applicable methodology determination for the original project; and

                             (ii)  vary the section 27 declaration for the original project to remove the project areas the subject of the application under subsection (5); and

                            (iii)  immediately afterwards, make the section 27 declaration for the new project.

             (4)  If the Regulator:

                     (a)  for the purposes of paragraph (3)(b), decides that the new project should not be declared an eligible offsets project; or

                     (b)  cannot proceed sequentially under subsection (3) within 12 months;

                            the application for variation of the project area in relation to the original project is taken to be withdrawn.

Application to revoke declaration in relation to original project

             (5)  The application to vary the declaration of the original project to remove one or more project areas must be in the approved form and must be accompanied by the following information or documents:

                     (a)  the name and contact details of the applicant and whether the applicant is:

                              (i)  the project proponent; or

                             (ii)  the nominee of multiple project proponents;

                     (b)  the unique project identifier for the original project;

                     (c)  a geospatial map of the amended project areas for the original project and project areas for the new project in accordance with the CFI Mapping Guidelines;

                     (d)  an explanation of how any requests under subsection (2) are consistent with the applicable methodology determination for the original project;

                     (c)  a signed declaration by the applicant that the information included in, and the information and any documents accompanying, the application:

                              (i)  meets the requirements in this subsection; and

                             (ii)  is accurate.

When the revocation takes effect

             (6)  A variation under subparagraph (3)(c)(i) or (ii) takes effect when it is made.

Notification                                                                                                    

             (7)  If the Regulator makes such a variation, the Regulator must give a copy of the varied declaration to the applicant with the section 27 declaration in relation to the new project.

30C  When units are taken to be issued in relation to a project

                   For subsections 29(1) and 30(1), a project for which one or more Australian carbon credit units have been issued in accordance with Part 2 of the Act includes an eligible offsets project that has a net abatement amount greater than zero.

12  Subsection 31(1)

Omit “29 or 30 for the revocation of a declaration”, substitute “29, 30 or 30A for the revocation of a declaration, or section 30B for the variation of a declaration,”.

 

13  Paragraph 53(a) and (b)

Omit “transferors”, substitute “transferor”.

 

14  After section 66B

Insert:

66C  Limit on deferral of start of crediting period-certain savanna sequestration projects and savanna emissions avoidance projects

             (1)  For an eligible offsets projects that is a savanna sequestration project to which section 30A or 30B applied—1 month is specified.

             (2)  For eligible offsets projects that is a savanna emissions avoidance project commencing after a revoked savanna sequestration project—1 month is specified.

15  At the end of paragraph 70(2)(k)

Add:

                    ; (l)  if the project is a savanna emissions avoidance project or savanna sequestration project—evidence that the requirements of subsection 9(6) were satisfied throughout the reporting period.

16  After subsection 70(4)

Insert:

Information relating to permanence

          (4A)  If:

                     (a)  the offsets report is the first offsets report to be submitted after the start of the 8th year of a sequestration offsets project’s last or only crediting period; or

                     (b)  the offsets report is the first offsets report to be submitted after the start of the 24th year of a sequestration offsets project’s last or only crediting period;

the offsets report must also set out an explanation of the steps undertaken, and intended to be undertaken, to ensure carbon remains sequestered in the project area for the permanence obligation period for the project.

17  At the end of paragraph 80A(1)(c)

Add:

            ; and (d)  if the project is a savanna sequestration project or soil carbon project—the permanence obligation period for the project has ended.

18  Subsection 112(1)

Repeal subsection (1), substitute:

             (1)  Subject to this section, at a meeting of the Emissions Reduction Assurance Committee, a quorum is constituted by 4 members of the Committee.

          (1A)  The quorum under subsection (1) must include the Chair of the Committee unless:

                     (a)  subsection (2) applies in the circumstance where section 262 of the Act has prevented the Chair from participating in the deliberations or decisions of the Committee with respect to a particular matter; or

                     (b)  there is no Chair appointed; or

                     (c)  the Chair is incapacitated; or

                     (d)  the Chair informs the Committee that their presence is not necessary for quorum at a particular meeting.

19  Subsection 113(2)

Repeal subsection (2), substitute:

             (2)  However:

                     (a)  if section 262 of the Act prevents the Chair from participating in the deliberations or decisions of the Committee with respect to a particular matter, the Committee may appoint an acting Chair from the members present to preside at the meeting concerned during any deliberation or decision with respect to that matter; and

                     (b)  if there is not Chair appointed or the Chair is absent from the meeting, the Committee may appoint an acting Chair from the members present to preside at the meeting concerned.