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Part 61 Manual of Standards Instrument 2014

Authoritative Version
Standards/Other as amended, taking into account amendments up to Part 61 Manual of Standards Amendment Instrument 2018 (No. 2)
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications
Registered 24 Sep 2018
Start Date 01 Sep 2018
Table of contents.

Schedule 4          Aeronautical examinations

The following Table of Contents and Index of Codes are for guidance only and are not part of the Schedule.

Table of Contents

INDEX OF CODES  562

Section 1            Flight crew licence and associated category ratings. 563

Appendix 1.0        Recreational Pilot Licence (RPL) 563

RPL – Aeroplane Category Rating. 563

RPL – Helicopter Category Rating. 563

RPL – Gyroplane Category Rating. 563

RPL – NAVIGATION ENDORSEMENT. 563

RPL – Powered-Lift Category Rating – Reserved. 563

RPL – Airship Category Rating – Reserved. 563

Appendix 1.1        Private Pilot Licence (PPL) 564

PPL – Aeroplane Category Rating. 564

PPL – Helicopter Category Rating. 564

PPL – Gyroplane Category Rating. 564

PPL – Powered-Lift Category Rating – Reserved. 564

PPL – Airship Category Rating – Reserved. 564

Appendix 1.2        Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL) 565

CPL – All Aircraft Category Ratings. 565

CPL – Aeroplane Category Rating. 565

CPL – Helicopter Category Rating. 565

CPL – Gyroplane Category Rating. 565

CPL – Powered-Lift Category Rating – Reserved. 565

CPL – Airship Category Rating – Reserved. 565

Appendix 1.3        Multi-Crew Pilot Licence (MPL) 566

MPL – Aeroplane Category Ratings. 566

Appendix 1.4        Air Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL) 567

ATPL – All Aircraft Category Ratings. 567

ATPL – Aeroplane Category Rating. 567

ATPL – Helicopter Category Rating. 567

ATPL – Powered-Lift Category Rating – Reserved. 567

Appendix 1.5        Flight Engineer Licence. 568

Flight Engineer Licence. 568

Appendix 2.1        Private IFR Rating. 569

Private IFR Rating  569

Appendix 2.2        Instrument Rating. 569

Instrument Rating  569

Appendix 2.3        Aerial Application Rating. 569

Aerial application – Aeroplane endorsement 569

Aerial application– Helicopter endorsement 569

Aerial application– Gyroplane endorsement 569

Appendix 2.4        Flight or Simulator Instructor Rating. 569

Section 3            Foreign Licence Conversion. 570

Appendix 3.1        Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL) Overseas Conversion Examinations. 570

All Aircraft Category Ratings. 570

Aeroplane Category Rating. 570

Helicopter Category Rating. 570

Gyroplane Category Rating. 570

Powered-Lift Category Rating – Reserved. 570

Airship Category Rating – Reserved. 570

Appendix 3.2        Air Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL) or Multi-crew Pilot Licence (MPL) Overseas Conversion Examinations. 571

All Aircraft Category Ratings. 571

Aeroplane Category Rating. 571

Helicopter Category Rating. 571

Powered-lift Category Rating – Reserved. 571

Section 4            Australian Defence Force (ADF) Conversion. 572

Appendix 4.1        Air Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL) ADF Conversion Examinations. 572

All Aircraft Category Ratings. 572

Aeroplane Category Rating. 572

Helicopter Category Rating. 572

Powered-lift Category Rating – Reserved. 572

 

INDEX OF CODES


AALW                                       566, 567, 572

AASA                                       566, 567, 572

AASH                                               567, 572

AFPA                                       566, 567, 572

AFPH                                               567, 572

AGRA                                                      569

AGRG                                                      569

AGRH                                                      569

AHUF                               566, 567, 571, 572

AMET                                       566, 567, 572

ANAV                                       566, 567, 572

AOSA                                                       571

AOSH                                                      571

APLA                                        566, 567, 572

APLH                                               567, 572

CADA                                               565, 566

CADG                                                      565

CADH                                                      565

CFPA                                               565, 566

CFPG                                                       565

CFPH                                                       565

CHUF                                       565, 566, 570

CLWA                                              565, 566

CLWG                                                      565

CLWH                                                      565

CMET                                              565, 566

CNAV                                               565, 566

COSA                                                      570

COSG                                                      570

COSH                                                      570

CSYA                                               565, 566

CSYG                                                      565

CSYH                                                       565

FENG                                                       568

IREX                        566, 567, 569, 571, 572

PIFR                                                         569

PIRC                                                        569

PPLA                                                        564

PPLG                                                       564

PPLH                                                       564

RPLA                                                       563

RPLG                                                       563

RPLH                                                       563

RPLN                                                       563

 

 

 


 

Section 1       Flight crew licence and associated category ratings

Appendix 1.0         Recreational Pilot Licence (RPL)

RPL – Aeroplane Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

RPLA

RPL – Aeroplane

70

2.0

RPL – Helicopter Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

RPLH

RPL – Helicopter

70

2.0

RPL – Gyroplane Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

RPLG

RPL – Gyroplane

70

2.0

RPL – NAVIGATION ENDORSEMENT

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

RPLN

RPL – Navigation

70

1.5

RPL – Powered-Lift Category Rating – Reserved

RPL – Airship Category Rating – Reserved

Appendix 1.1         Private Pilot Licence (PPL)

PPL – Aeroplane Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

PPLA

PPL – Aeroplane

70

3.5

PPL – Helicopter Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

PPLH

PPL – Helicopter

70

3.5

PPL – Gyroplane Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

PPLG

PPL – Gyroplane

70

3.5

PPL – Powered-Lift Category Rating – Reserved

PPL – Airship Category Rating – Reserved

Appendix 1.2         Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL)

CPL – All Aircraft Category Ratings

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

CNAV

CPL – Navigation

70

1.75

CMET

CPL – Meteorology

70

1.5

CHUF

CPL – Human Factors

70

1.25

CPL – Aeroplane Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

CLWA

CPL – Flight Rules and Air Law – Aeroplane

80

2.0

CADA

CPL – Aerodynamics – Aeroplane

70

1.5

CSYA

CPL – Aircraft General Knowledge – Aeroplane

70

1.5

CFPA

CPL – Operation, Performance and Planning – Aeroplane

70

2.5

CPL – Helicopter Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

CLWH

CPL – Flight Rules and Air Law – Helicopter

80

2.0

CADH

CPL – Aerodynamics – Helicopter

70

1.5

CSYH

CPL – Aircraft General Knowledge – Helicopter

70

1.5

CFPH

CPL – Operation, Performance and Planning – Helicopter

70

2.5

CPL – Gyroplane Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

CLWG

CPL – Flight Rules and Air Law – Gyroplane

80

2.0

CADG

CPL – Aerodynamics – Gyroplane

70

1.5

CSYG

CPL – Aircraft General Knowledge – Gyroplane

70

1.5

CFPG

CPL – Operation, Performance and Planning – Gyroplane

70

2.5

CPL – Powered-Lift Category Rating – Reserved

CPL – Airship Category Rating – Reserved

Appendix 1.3         Multi-Crew Pilot Licence (MPL)

MPL – Aeroplane Category Ratings

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

CNAV

CPL – Navigation

70

1.75

CMET

CPL – Meteorology

70

1.5

CHUF

CPL – Human Factors

70

1.25

CLWA

CPL – Flight Rules and Air Law – Aeroplane

80

2.0

CADA

CPL – Aerodynamics – Aeroplane

70

1.5

CSYA

CPL – Aircraft General Knowledge – Aeroplane

70

1.5

CFPA

CPL – Operation, Performance and Planning – Aeroplane

70

2.5

AALW

ATPL – Air Law

80

1.5

AHUF

ATPL – Human Factors

70

1.25

AMET

ATPL – Meteorology

70

1.5

ANAV

ATPL – Navigation

70

1.5

AFPA

ATPL – Flight Planning – Aeroplane

70

3.0

APLA

ATPL – Performance and loading – Aeroplane

70

2.5

AASA

ATPL – Aerodynamics and Aircraft Systems – Aeroplane

70

1.5

IREX

Instrument Rating

70

3.5

Appendix 1.4         Air Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL)

ATPL – All Aircraft Category Ratings

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AALW

ATPL – Air Law

80

1.5

AHUF

ATPL – Human Factors

70

1.25

AMET

ATPL – Meteorology

70

1.5

ANAV

ATPL – Navigation

70

1.5

ATPL – Aeroplane Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AFPA

ATPL – Flight Planning – Aeroplane

70

3.0

APLA

ATPL – Performance and Loading – Aeroplane

70

2.5

AASA

ATPL – Aerodynamics and Aircraft Systems – Aeroplane

70

1.5

IREX

Instrument Rating

70

3.5

ATPL – Helicopter Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AFPH

ATPL – Flight Planning – Helicopter

70

3.0

APLH

ATPL – Performance and Loading – Helicopter

70

2.5

AASH

ATPL – Aerodynamics and Aircraft Systems – Helicopter

70

1.5

ATPL – Powered-Lift Category Rating – Reserved

Appendix 1.5         Flight Engineer Licence

Flight Engineer Licence

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

FENG

Flight Engineer

70

2.0

Section 2  Operational Ratings

Appendix 2.1         Private IFR Rating

Private IFR Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

PIFR

Private IFR Rating

70

2.0

Appendix 2.2         Instrument Rating

Instrument Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

IREX

Instrument Rating

70

3.5

Appendix 2.3         Aerial Application Rating

Aerial application – Aeroplane endorsement

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AGRA

Aerial Application – Aeroplane

75

2.0

Aerial application– Helicopter endorsement

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AGRH

Aerial Application – Helicopter

75

2.0

Aerial application– Gyroplane endorsement

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AGRG

Aerial Application – Gyroplane

75

2.0

Appendix 2.4         Flight or Simulator Instructor Rating

 

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

PIRC

Instructor Rating

75

2.0

 

Section 3       Foreign Licence Conversion

Appendix 3.1         Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL) Overseas Conversion Examinations

All Aircraft Category Ratings

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

CHUF

CPL – Human Factors

70

1.25

Aeroplane Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

COSA

CPL Overseas Conversion – Aeroplane

80

2.0

Helicopter Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

COSH

CPL Overseas Conversion – Helicopter

80

2.0

Gyroplane Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

COSG

CPL Overseas Conversion – Gyroplane

80

2.0

Powered-Lift Category Rating – Reserved

Airship Category Rating – Reserved

Appendix 3.2         Air Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL) or Multi-crew Pilot Licence (MPL) Overseas Conversion Examinations

All Aircraft Category Ratings

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AHUF

ATPL – Human Factors

70

1.25

Aeroplane Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AOSA

ATPL Overseas Conversion – Aeroplane

Reference the following Unit codes for knowledge standards in Schedule 3

1.             AMET

2.             CLWA

3.             AALW

80

3.0

IREX

Instrument Rating

70

3.5

Helicopter Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AOSH

ATPL Overseas Conversion – Helicopter

Reference the following Unit codes for knowledge standards in Schedule 3

1.             CLWH

2.             AALW

3.             CMET

80

3.0

Powered-lift Category Rating – Reserved

Section 4       Australian Defence Force (ADF) Conversion

Appendix 4.1         Air Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL) ADF Conversion Examinations

All Aircraft Category Ratings

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AALW

ATPL – Air Law

80

1.5

AHUF

ATPL – Human Factors

70

1.25

AMET

ATPL – Meteorology

70

1.5

ANAV

ATPL – Navigation

70

1.5

Aeroplane Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AFPA

ATPL – Flight Planning – Aeroplane

70

3.0

APLA

ATPL – Performance and Loading – Aeroplane

70

2.5

AASA

ATPL – Aerodynamics and Aircraft Systems – Aeroplane

70

1.5

IREX*

Instrument Rating

70

3.5

*Only if applicant has not previously held an instrument rating.

Helicopter Category Rating

Examination Code

Examination Subject

Pass Standard %

Time Limit Hours

AFPH

ATPL – Flight planning – Helicopter

70

3.0

APLH

ATPL – Performance and Loading – Helicopter

70

2.5

AASH

ATPL – Aerodynamics and Aircraft Systems – Helicopter

70

1.5

Powered-lift Category Rating – Reserved



 

Schedule 5          Flight test standards

The following Table of Contents is for guidance only and is not part of the Schedule.

Table of Contents

Section G           Recreational pilot licence (RPL) 575

Appendix G.1       RPL Aeroplane category rating flight test 575

Appendix G.2       RPL Helicopter category rating flight test 577

Appendix G.3       RPL Gyroplane category rating flight test 579

Appendix G.4       RPL Airship category rating flight test 579

Section H           Private pilot licence (PPL) 580

Appendix H.1        PPL Aeroplane category rating flight test 580

Appendix H.2        PPL Helicopter category rating flight test 582

Appendix H.3        PPL Powered-lift category rating flight test 585

Appendix H.4        PPL Gyroplane category rating flight test 585

Appendix H.5        PPL Airship category rating flight test 585

Section I             Commercial pilot licence (CPL) 586

Appendix I.1          CPL Aeroplane category rating flight test 586

Appendix I.2          CPL Helicopter category rating flight test 589

Appendix I.3          CPL Powered-lift category rating flight test 592

Appendix I.4          CPL Gyroplane category rating flight test 592

Appendix I.5          CPL Airship category rating flight test 592

Section J            Multi-crew Pilot Licence (MPL) 593

Appendix J.1        MPL Aeroplane category rating flight test 593

Section K           Air transport pilot licence (ATPL) 596

Appendix K.1        ATPL Aeroplane category rating flight test 596

Appendix K.2        ATPL Helicopter category rating flight test 598

Appendix K.3        ATPL Powered-lift category rating flight test 602

Section L           Aircraft ratings. 603

Appendix L.1        Single-engine aeroplane class rating flight test 603

Appendix L.2        Single-engine helicopter class rating flight test 605

Appendix L.3        Single-engine gyroplane class rating. 607

Appendix L.4        Airship class rating flight test 607

Appendix L.5        Multi-engine aeroplane class rating flight test 608

Appendix L.6        Single-engine aeroplane type rating flight test 610

Appendix L.7        Single-engine helicopter type rating flight test 612

Appendix L.8        Multi-engine aeroplane type rating flight test 615

Appendix L.9        Multi-engine helicopter type rating flight test 617

Appendix L.10      Cruise relief co-pilot rating flight test 620

Appendix L.12      Cruise relief flight engineer rating. 622

Section M          Instrument rating.. 623

Appendix M.1       Instrument rating flight test 623

Section N           Private instrument rating.. 626

Appendix N.1        Private instrument rating flight test 626

Section O           Night VFR rating.. 630

Appendix O.1       Night VFR rating flight test 630

Section P           Night vision imaging system (NVIS) rating.. 633

Appendix P.1        Night vision imaging system rating flight test 633

Section Q           Low-level rating.. 636

Appendix Q.1       Low-level rating flight test 636

Section R           Aerial application rating.. 639

Appendix R.1        Aerial application rating and aerial application endorsement flight test 639

Section T           Pilot instructor ratings. 643

Appendix T.1        Flight instructor rating flight test 643

Appendix T.2        Simulator instructor rating flight test 646

Section U           Flight examiner rating.. 649

Appendix U.1        Flight examiner rating flight test 649

Appendix U.2        English language assessment endorsement 651

Section V           Flight engineer licence. 652

Appendix V.1        Flight engineer licence flight test 652

Section W          Flight engineer type rating.. 653

Appendix W.1       Flight engineer type rating flight test 653

Section X           Flight engineer instructor rating.. 654

Appendix X.1        Flight engineer instructor rating flight test 654

Section Y           Flight engineer examiner rating.. 655

Appendix Y.1        Flight engineer examiner rating flight test 655

Appendix Y.2        English language assessment endorsement 655


 

Section G           Recreational pilot licence (RPL)

Appendix G.1        RPL Aeroplane category rating flight test

1.           Flight test requirements

An applicant for a recreational pilot licence with aeroplane category rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the recreational pilot licence with aeroplane category rating;

               (b)     applicability of drug and alcohol regulations;

                (c)     aircraft instrument requirements for VFR operations;

               (d)     emergency equipment requirements;

                (e)     fuel planning and oil requirements for the flight;

                 (f)     managing passengers and the carriage of cargo;

               (g)     aircraft speed limitations;

                (h)     aircraft systems.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2 and C4.

                (a)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

               (b)     perform a pre-flight inspection;

                (c)     refuel an aeroplane (may be assessed by questioning).

3.2         Ground operations, take-off, departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1, A2, A3, C3 and IFF.

                (a)     complete all relevant checks and procedures;

               (b)     taxi an aeroplane;

                (c)     plan, brief and conduct take-off and departure procedures;

               (d)     conduct a cross-wind take-off;

                (e)     conduct a short-field take-off;

                 (f)     conduct climbs on a constant heading and climbing turns, including at least 2 of the following:

                          (i)   maximum rate climb;

                         (ii)   maximum angle climb;

                        (iii)   cruise climb.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code A3.

                (a)     maintain straight and level flight, and turn an aeroplane;

                (b)     navigate and transit from a circuit area to a training area and return;

                (c)     operate safely in local area airspace;

                (d)     establish and maintain cruise flight for at least 1 of the following configurations:

                          (i)   turbulence;

                         (ii)   flaps selected;

                        (iii)   high speed.

3.4         Test specific activities and manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1, A5, A6 and IFF.

                (a)     enter and recover from each of the following flight conditions, 1 of which must be in the approach configuration:

                          (i)   a fully developed stall;

                         (ii)   an incipient spin;

                (b)     conduct steep level turns of at least 45˚ angle of bank;

                (c)     perform full panel instrument flying;

                (d)     using a full instrument panel, recover from at least 2 different unusual aircraft attitudes;

                (e)     manage an engine failure after take-off;

                 (f)     manage the following malfunctions:

                          (i)   a malfunction during start or shutdown; and

                         (ii)   any 1 of the following that is not performed under subparagraph (i):

                                (A)    an aircraft system malfunction;

                                (B)    engine or cabin fire;

                                (C)    radio failure;

                (g)     perform a forced landing.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code A3.

                (a)     conduct descents maintaining a constant heading and descending turns;

                (b)     plan and conduct aerodrome arrival and circuit joining procedures.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3, A4 and A6.

                (a)     conduct a normal circuit pattern, approach and landing;

                (b)     conduct a cross-wind landing;

                (c)     conduct short-field and flapless landings;

                (d)     perform a go-around procedure;

                (e)     perform after-landing actions and procedures.

3.7         Shut down and post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1 and C2.

                (a)     park, shutdown, and secure an aeroplane;

                (b)     complete post-flight administration.

3.8         General requirements

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3, C1, C3, C4, C5, NTS1 and NTS2.

                (a)     maintain an effective lookout;

                (b)     maintain situational awareness;

                (c)     assess situations and make appropriate decisions;

                (d)     set priorities and manage tasks effectively;

                (e)     maintain effective communication and interpersonal relationships;

                 (f)     recognise and manage threats;

                (g)     recognise and manage errors;

                (h)     recognise and manage undesired aircraft states;

                 (i)     communicate effectively using appropriate procedures for the airspace being used during the test;

                 (j)     manage the aircraft systems required for the flight;

                (k)     manage the fuel system and monitor the fuel plan and fuel usage during the flight;

                 (l)     manage passengers and the carriage of cargo.

4.           Operational scope and conditions

4.1         The following operational scope applies to the flight test:

                (a)     managing an aircraft system, which is not required for the flight, is not an assessable item unless the applicant uses the system during the flight;

                (b)     simulated carriage of passengers and cargo;

                (c)     a simulated private local area operation;

                (d)     operating in Class G airspace, at a non-towered aerodrome;

                (e)     emergencies and abnormal situations relating to aircraft systems, powerplants and the airframe are simulated and limited to those described in the AFM.

4.2         The following conditions apply to the flight test:

                (a)     activities and manoeuvres are performed in accordance with published procedures;

                (b)     conducted in an aeroplane;

                (c)     conducted by day under the VFR;

                (d)     operating at a non-towered aerodrome may be simulated if the test is conducted at a controlled aerodrome;

                (e)     if the aerodrome cross-wind conditions for the runway used during the test are less than 70% of the maximum in the AFM, evidence that the applicant has demonstrated competency performing cross-wind take-off and landing manoeuvres may be taken from the applicant’s training records.

Appendix G.2        RPL Helicopter category rating flight test

1.           Flight test requirements

An applicant for a recreational pilot licence with helicopter category rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the recreational pilot licence with helicopter category rating;

                (b)     applicability of drug and alcohol regulations;

                (c)     aircraft instrument requirements for VFR operations;

                (d)     emergency equipment requirements;

                (e)     fuel planning and oil requirements for the flight;

                 (f)     managing passengers and the carriage of cargo;

                (g)     aircraft speed limitations;

                (h)     aircraft systems.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2 and C4.

                (a)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

                (b)     perform a pre-flight inspection;

                (c)     refuel a helicopter (may be assessed by questioning).

3.2         Ground operations, take-off, departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H1, H2, H3, H4 and H5.

                (a)     complete all relevant checks and procedures;

                (b)     lift-off and hover a helicopter;

                (c)     taxi a helicopter;

                (d)     air transit a helicopter;

                (e)     plan, brief and conduct take-off and departure procedures;

                 (f)     conduct climbs on a constant heading, and climbing turns, including at least 2 of the following:

                          (i)   maximum rate climb;

                         (ii)   maximum angle climb;

                        (iii)   cruise climb.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code H5.

                (a)     maintain straight and level flight, and turn a helicopter;

                (b)     navigate and transit from a circuit area to a training area and return;

                (c)     operate safely in local area airspace.

3.4         Test specific activities and manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H2, H6 and H7.

                (a)     hover a helicopter in cross-wind and tailwind conditions and perform turns around 1 of the following:

                          (i)   rotor mast;

                         (ii)   helicopter nose;

                        (iii)   helicopter tail;

                (b)     perform sidewards and backwards flight;

                (c)     conduct steep level turns of at least 45˚ angle of bank;

                (d)     perform an autorotative flight manoeuvre;

                (e)     land on and lift off from sloping ground;

                 (f)     land, manoeuvre, and take off in a confined area;

                (g)     execute a limited power take-off, approach and landing;

                (h)     perform a forced landing;

                 (i)     manage an engine failure during hover or taxi;

                 (j)     manage a control or tail rotor malfunction in flight and at the hover (simulated);

                (k)     manage at least 1 of the following:

                          (i)   an engine fire;

                         (ii)   electrical failure;

                        (iii)   hydraulic system malfunction;

                       (iv)   airframe fuel system malfunction;

                        (v)   engine governor system malfunction.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H5.

                (a)     conduct descents maintaining a constant heading and descending turns;

                (b)     plan and conduct aerodrome or helicopter landing site arrival and circuit joining procedures.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H3, H4 and H5.

                (a)     conduct a normal circuit pattern, approach and landing;

                (b)     conduct an approach to the hover;

                (c)     conduct a helicopter air transit;

                (d)     perform a go-around procedure.

3.7         Post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code C2.

                (a)     park, shutdown and secure the helicopter;

                (b)     complete post-flight administration.

3.8         General requirements

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C1, C3, C4, C5, NTS1 and NTS2.

                (a)     maintain an effective lookout;

                (b)     maintain situational awareness;

                (c)     assess situations and make appropriate decisions;

                (d)     set priorities and manage tasks effectively;

                (e)     maintain effective communication and interpersonal relationships;

                 (f)     recognise and manage threats;

                (g)     recognise and manage errors;

                (h)     recognise and manage undesired aircraft states;

                 (i)     communicate effectively using appropriate procedures for the airspace being used during the test;

                 (j)     manage the aircraft systems required for the flight;

                (k)     manage the fuel system and monitor the fuel plan and fuel usage during the flight;

                 (l)     manage passengers and the carriage of cargo.

4.           Operational scope and conditions

4.1         The following operational scope applies to the flight test:

                (a)     managing an aircraft system, which is not required for the flight, is not an assessable item unless the applicant uses the system during the flight;

                (b)     simulated carriage of passengers and cargo;

                (c)     a simulated private local area operation;

                (d)     operating in Class G airspace and at a non-towered aerodrome;

                (e)     emergencies and abnormal situations relating to aircraft systems, powerplants and the airframe are simulated and limited to those described in the AFM.

4.2         The following conditions apply to the flight test:

                (a)     activities and manoeuvres are performed in accordance with published procedures;

                (b)     conducted in a helicopter;

                (c)     conducted by day under the VFR;

                (d)     operating at a non-towered aerodrome may be simulated if the test is conducted at a controlled aerodrome;

                (e)     assessment of competency for activities and manoeuvres that require the applicant to operate the helicopter in cross-wind and tailwind conditions may be taken from the applicant’s training records if the conditions are insufficient.

Appendix G.3        RPL Gyroplane category rating flight test

RESERVED

Appendix G.4        RPL Airship category rating flight test

RESERVED

Section H           Private pilot licence (PPL)

Appendix H.1        PPL Aeroplane category rating flight test

1.           Flight test requirements

An applicant for a private pilot licence with aeroplane category rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the private pilot licence with aeroplane category rating;

                (b)     applicability of drug and alcohol regulations;

                (c)     aircraft instrument requirements for VFR operations;

                (d)     emergency equipment requirements;

                (e)     requirements for landing areas and aerodromes;

                 (f)     GNSS and its use in VFR navigation;

                (g)     fuel planning and oil requirements for the flight;

                (h)     loading and unloading fuel;

                 (i)     managing passengers and the carriage of cargo;

                 (j)     aircraft loading system;

                (k)     aircraft performance and landing calculations;

                 (l)     pilot maintenance authorisations;

               (m)     aircraft speed limitations;

                (n)     aircraft systems.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2, C4 and NAV.

                (a)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

                (b)     perform a pre-flight inspection;

                (c)     refuel an aeroplane (may be assessed by questioning).

3.2         Ground operations, take-off, departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1, A2, A3, C3, IFF and NAV.

                (a)     complete all relevant checks and procedures;

                (b)     taxi an aeroplane;

                (c)     plan, brief and conduct take-off and departure procedures;

                (d)     conduct a cross-wind take-off;

                (e)     conduct a short-field take-off;

                 (f)     conduct climbs on a constant heading and climbing turns, including at least 2 of the following:

                          (i)   maximum rate climb;

                         (ii)   maximum angle climb;

                        (iii)   cruise climb.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3, NAV and RNE.

                (a)     maintain straight and level flight, and turn aeroplane;

                (b)     navigate en route;

                (c)     establish and maintain cruise flight for at least 1 of the following conditions:

                          (i)   turbulence;

                         (ii)   holding;

                        (iii)   range;

                (d)     navigate at low level;

                (e)     perform a lost recovery procedure;

                 (f)     perform a diversion procedure;

                (g)     navigate using instrument navigation systems.

3.4         Test specific activities and manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1, A5, A6, C3 and IFF.

                (a)     enter and recover from each of the following, 1 of which must be in the approach configuration:

                          (i)   a fully developed stall;

                         (ii)   an incipient spin;

                (b)     conduct steep level turns of at least 45˚ angle of bank;

                (c)     perform full panel instrument flying;

                (d)     using a full instrument panel, recover from at least 2 different unusual aircraft attitudes;

                (e)     manage an engine failure after take-off;

                 (f)     conduct a precautionary search;

                (g)     manage the following malfunctions:

                          (i)   a malfunction during start or shutdown; and

                         (ii)   any 1 of the following that is not performed under subparagraph (i):

                                (A)    an aircraft system malfunction;

                                (B)    engine or cabin fire;

                                (C)    radio failure;

                (h)     perform a forced landing.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3 and NAV.

                (a)     conduct descents maintaining a constant heading and descending turns;

                (b)     plan and conduct aerodrome arrival and circuit joining procedures.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3, A4 and A6.

                (a)     conduct a normal circuit pattern, approach and landing;

                (b)     conduct a cross-wind landing;

                (c)     conduct short-field and flapless approaches and landings;

                (d)     perform a go-around procedure;

                (e)     perform after-landing actions and procedures.

3.7         Shut down and post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1 and C2.

                (a)     park, shutdown and secure an aeroplane;

                (b)     complete post-flight administration.

3.8         General requirements

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C1, C3, C4, C5, CTA, CTR, OGA, ONTA, NAV. NTS1 and NTS2.

                (a)     maintain an effective lookout;

                (b)     maintain situational awareness;

                (c)     assess situations and make appropriate decisions;

                (d)     set priorities and manage tasks effectively;

                (e)     maintain effective communication and interpersonal relationships;

                 (f)     recognise and manage threats;

                (g)     recognise and manage errors;

                (h)     recognise and manage undesired aircraft states;

                 (i)     operate in controlled airspace;

                 (j)     operate in Class G airspace;

                (k)     operate at a controlled aerodrome;

                 (l)     operate at a non-towered aerodrome;

               (m)     communicate effectively using appropriate procedures for the airspace being used during the test;

                (n)     manage the aircraft systems required for the flight;

                (o)     manage the fuel system and monitor the fuel plan and fuel usage during the flight;

                (p)     manage passengers and the carriage of cargo.

4.           Operational scope and conditions

4.1         The following operational scope applies to the flight test:

                (a)     managing an aircraft system, which is not required for the flight, is not an assessable item unless the applicant uses the system during the flight;

                (b)     simulated carriage of passengers and cargo;

                (c)     a simulated private cross-country operation;

                (d)     operating in Class G and controlled airspace;

                (e)     operating at a non-towered and a controlled aerodrome;

                 (f)     emergencies and abnormal situations relating to aircraft systems, powerplants and the airframe are simulated and limited to those described in the AFM.

4.2         The following conditions apply to the flight test:

                (a)     activities and manoeuvres are performed in accordance with published procedures;

                (b)     conducted in an aeroplane;

                (c)     conducted by day under the VFR;

                (d)     the flight must include:

                          (i)   operating in Class G airspace and in controlled airspace; and

                         (ii)   operating at a non-towered aerodrome and a controlled aerodrome;

                (e)     if the area where the test is conducted does not have, or have available, controlled airspace or a controlled aerodrome, operating in controlled airspace or at a controlled aerodrome may be simulated as applicable;

                 (f)     if the aerodrome cross-wind conditions for the runway used during the test are less than 70% of the maximum in the AFM, evidence that the applicant has demonstrated competency performing cross-wind take-off and landing manoeuvres may be taken from the applicant’s training records.

Appendix H.2        PPL Helicopter category rating flight test

1.           Flight test objective

An applicant for a private pilot licence with helicopter category rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the private pilot licence with helicopter category rating;

                (b)     applicability of drug and alcohol regulations;

                (c)     aircraft instrument requirements for VFR operations;

                (d)     emergency equipment requirements;

                (e)     requirements for landing areas and aerodromes;

                 (f)     GNSS and its use in VFR navigation;

                (g)     fuel planning and oil requirements for the flight;

                (h)     loading and unloading fuel;

                 (i)     managing passengers and the carriage of cargo;

                 (j)     aircraft loading system;

                (k)     aircraft performance and landing calculations;

                 (l)     pilot maintenance authorisations;

               (m)     aircraft speed limitations;

                (n)     aircraft systems.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2, C4 and NAV.

                (a)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

                (b)     perform a pre-flight inspection;

                (c)     refuel a helicopter (may be assessed by questioning).

3.2         Ground operations, take-off departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H1, H2, H3, H4, H5, IFF and NAV.

                (a)     complete all relevant checks and procedures;

                (b)     lift-off and hover a helicopter;

                (c)     taxi a helicopter;

                (d)     air transit a helicopter;

                (e)     plan, brief and conduct take-off and departure procedures;

                 (f)     conduct climbs on a constant heading and climbing turns, including at least 2 of the following:

                          (i)   maximum rate climb;

                         (ii)   maximum angle climb;

                        (iii)   cruise climb.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H5, NAV, RNE.

                (a)     maintain straight and level flight, and turn a helicopter;

                (b)     navigate en route;

                (c)     navigate at low-level;

                (d)     perform a lost recovery procedure;

                (e)     perform a diversion procedure;

                 (f)     navigate using instrument navigation systems.

3.4         Test specific activities and manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H2, H6, H7 and IFF.

                (a)     hover a helicopter in cross-wind and tailwind conditions and perform turns around 1 of the following:

                          (i)   rotor mast;

                         (ii)   helicopter nose;

                        (iii)   helicopter tail;

                (b)     perform sidewards and backwards flight;

                (c)     conduct steep level turns of at least 45˚ angle of bank;

                (d)     perform full panel instrument flying;

                (e)     using a full instrument panel, recover from at least 2 different unusual aircraft attitudes;

                 (f)     perform an autorotative flight manoeuvre;

                (g)     land on and lift off from sloping ground;

                (h)     land, manoeuvre, and take off in a confined area;

                 (i)     execute a limited power take-off, approach and landing;

                 (j)     perform a forced landing;

                (k)     manage an engine failure during hover or taxi;

                 (l)     manage a control or tail rotor malfunction in flight and at the hover;

               (m)     manage at least 1 of the following:

                          (i)   an engine fire;

                         (ii)   electrical failure;

                        (iii)   hydraulic system malfunction;

                       (iv)   airframe fuel system malfunction;

                        (v)   engine governor system malfunction.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H5 and NAV.

                (a)     conduct descents maintaining a constant heading and descending turns;

                (b)     plan and conduct an aerodrome or helicopter landing site arrival and circuit joining procedures.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H3, H4 and H5.

                (a)     conduct a normal circuit pattern, approach and landing;

                (b)     conduct an approach to the hover;

                (c)     conduct a helicopter air transit;

                (d)     perform a go-around procedure.

3.7         Shut down and post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code C2.

                (a)     park, shutdown and secure a helicopter;

                (b)     complete the post-flight administration.

3.8         General requirements

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H5, C1, C3, C4, C5, H5, CTA, CTR, ONTA, OGA. NAV, NTS1 and NTS2.

                (a)     maintain an effective lookout;

                (b)     maintain situational awareness;

                (c)     assess situations and make appropriate decisions;

                (d)     set priorities and manage tasks effectively;

                (e)     maintain effective communication and interpersonal relationships;

                 (f)     recognise and manage threats;

                (g)     recognise and manage errors;

                (h)     recognise and manage undesired aircraft states;

                 (i)     operate in controlled airspace;

                 (j)     operate in Class G airspace;

                (k)     operate at a controlled aerodrome;

                 (l)     operate at a non-towered aerodrome;

               (m)     communicate effectively using appropriate procedures for the airspace being used during the test;

                (n)     manage the aircraft systems required for the flight;

                (o)     manage the fuel system and monitor the fuel plan and fuel usage during the flight;

                (p)     manage passengers and the carriage of cargo.

4.           Operational scope and conditions

4.1         The following operational scope applies to the flight test:

                (a)     managing an aircraft system, which is not required for the flight, is not an assessable item unless the applicant uses the system during the flight;

                (b)     simulated carriage of passengers and cargo;

                (c)     a simulated private cross-country operation;

                (d)     operating in Class G airspace and controlled airspace;

                (e)     operating at a non-towered aerodrome and a controlled aerodrome;

                 (f)     emergencies and abnormal situations relating to aircraft systems, powerplants and the airframe are simulated and limited to those described in the AFM;

                (g)     activities and manoeuvres involving instrument flying or instrument navigation systems are only included if the aircraft is appropriately fitted and the flight examiner chooses to include them in the test.

4.2         The following conditions apply to the flight test:

                (a)     activities and manoeuvres are performed in accordance with published procedures;

                (b)     conducted in a helicopter;

                (c)     conducted by day under the VFR;

                (d)     the flight must include:

                          (i)   operating in Class G airspace and in controlled airspace; and

                         (ii)   operating at a non-towered aerodrome and a controlled aerodrome;

                (e)     if the area where the test is conducted does not have, or have available, controlled airspace or a controlled aerodrome, operating in controlled airspace or at a controlled aerodrome may be simulated as applicable;

                 (f)     assessment of competency for activities and manoeuvres that require the applicant to operate the helicopter in cross-wind and tailwind conditions may be taken from the applicant’s training records if the conditions are insufficient.

Appendix H.3        PPL Powered-lift category rating flight test

RESERVED

Appendix H.4        PPL Gyroplane category rating flight test

RESERVED

Appendix H.5        PPL Airship category rating flight test

RESERVED

Section I             Commercial pilot licence (CPL)

Appendix I.1          CPL Aeroplane category rating flight test

1.           Flight test requirements

An applicant for a commercial pilot licence with aeroplane category rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the commercial pilot licence with aeroplane category rating;

                (b)     requirements for an AOC;

                (c)     classification of operations;

                (d)     type of information contained in an operations manual;

                (e)     flight and duty time limits;

                 (f)     applicability of drug and alcohol regulations;

                (g)     aircraft instrument requirements for day VFR commercial operations;

                (h)     emergency equipment requirements;

                 (i)     requirements for landing areas and aerodromes;

                 (j)     GNSS and its use in VFR navigation;

                (k)     fuel planning and oil requirements for the flight;

                 (l)     loading and unloading fuel;

               (m)     managing passengers and the carriage of cargo;

                (n)     aircraft loading system;

                (o)     normal and non-normal operation of the propeller system fitted to the aeroplane that is being used for the test;

                (p)     aircraft performance and landing calculations;

                (q)     pilot maintenance authorisations;

                 (r)     aircraft speed limitations;

                (s)     aircraft systems.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2, C4 and NAV.

                (a)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

                (b)     perform a pre-flight inspection;

                (c)     refuel an aeroplane (may be assessed by questioning).

3.2         Ground operations, take-off, departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1, A2, A3, C3, IFF and NAV.

                (a)     complete all the relevant checks and procedures;

                (b)     taxi an aeroplane;

                (c)     plan, brief and conduct take-off and departure procedures;

                (d)     conduct a cross-wind take-off;

                (e)     conduct a short-field take-off;

                 (f)     conduct climbs on a constant heading and climbing turns, including at least 2 of the following:

                          (i)   maximum rate climb;

                         (ii)   maximum angle climb;

                        (iii)   cruise climb.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3, NAV and RNE.

                (a)     maintain straight and level flight, and turn aeroplane;

                (b)     navigate en route;

                (c)     establish and maintain cruise flight for at least 1 of the following conditions:

                          (i)   turbulence;

                         (ii)   holding;

                        (iii)   range;

                (d)     navigate at low level;

                (e)     perform a lost recovery procedure;

                 (f)     perform a diversion procedure;

                (g)     navigate using instrument navigation systems.

3.4         Test specific activities and manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1, A5, A6, C3, IFF and IFL.

                (a)     enter and recover from the following:

                          (i)   if the test is conducted in a single-engine aeroplane, each of the following, 1 of which must be in the approach configuration:

                                (A)    a fully developed stall;

                                (B)    an incipient spin;

                         (ii)   if the test is conducted in a multi-engine aeroplane, 2 stalls of which 1 must be in the approach configuration;

                (b)     conduct steep level turns of at least 45˚ angle of bank;

                (c)     perform full panel and limited panel instrument flying;

                (d)     recover from at least 2 different unusual aircraft attitudes, including the following:

                          (i)   1 recovery using a full instrument panel;

                         (ii)   1 recovery using a limited instrument panel;

                (e)     manage an engine failure after take-off;

                 (f)     conduct a precautionary search;

                (g)     manage the following malfunctions:

                          (i)   a malfunction during start or shutdown;

                         (ii)   any 1 of the following that is not performed under subparagraph (i):

                                (A)    an aircraft system malfunction;

                                (B)    engine or cabin fire;

                                (C)    radio failure;

                (h)     manage an engine failure as follows:

                          (i)   if the test is conducted in a single-engine aeroplane — perform a forced landing;

                         (ii)   if the test is conducted in a multi-engine aeroplane — manage an engine failure en route.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3 and NAV.

                (a)     conduct descents maintaining a constant heading and descending turns;

                (b)     plan and conduct aerodrome arrival and circuit joining procedures.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3, A4 and A6.

                (a)     conduct a normal circuit pattern, approach and landing;

                (b)     conduct a cross-wind landing;

                (c)     conduct short-field and flapless landings;

                (d)     perform a go-around procedure;

                (e)     perform after-landing actions and procedures.

3.7         Shut down and post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1 and C2.

                (a)     park, shutdown and secure an aeroplane;

                (b)     complete post-flight administration.

3.8         General requirements

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3, C1, C3, C4, C5, CTA, CTR, OGA, ONTA, NAV; NTS1 and NTS2.

                (a)     maintain an effective lookout;

                (b)     maintain situational awareness;

                (c)     assess situations and make appropriate decisions;

                (d)     set priorities and manage tasks effectively;

                (e)     maintain effective communication and interpersonal relationships;

                 (f)     recognise and manage threats;

                (g)     recognise and manage errors;

                (h)     recognise and manage undesired aircraft states;

                 (i)     operate in controlled airspace;

                 (j)     operate in Class G airspace;

                (k)     operate at a controlled aerodrome;

                 (l)     operate at a non-towered aerodrome;

               (m)     communicate effectively using appropriate procedures for the airspace being used during the test;

                (n)     manage the aircraft systems required for the flight;

                (o)     manage the fuel system and monitor the fuel plan and fuel usage during the flight;

                (p)     manage passengers and the carriage of cargo.

4.           Operational scope and conditions

4.1         The following operational scope applies to the flight test:

                (a)     managing an aircraft system, which is not required for the flight, is not an assessable item unless the applicant uses the system during the flight;

                (b)     simulated carriage of passengers and cargo;

                (c)     a simulated charter cross-country operation with 1 sector to a small feature turning point or remote aerodrome;

                (d)     operating in Class G and controlled airspace;

                (e)     operating at a non-towered and a controlled aerodrome;

                 (f)     emergencies and abnormal situations relating to aircraft systems, powerplants and the airframe are simulated and limited to those described in the AFM.

4.2         The following conditions apply to the flight test:

                (a)     activities and manoeuvres are performed in accordance with published procedures;

                (b)     the aeroplane used for the flight test must have the following characteristics:

                          (i)   cruise true airspeed of not less than 120 kts;

                         (ii)   a powerplant with 1 of the following:

                                (A)    turbine engine with propeller; or

                                (B)    piston engine with variable pitch propeller.

                (c)     conducted by day under the VFR;

                (d)     the flight must include:

                          (i)   operating in Class G airspace and in controlled airspace; and

                         (ii)   operating at a non-towered aerodrome and a controlled aerodrome;

                (e)     if the area where the test is conducted does not have, or have available, controlled airspace or a controlled aerodrome, operating in controlled airspace or at a controlled aerodrome may be simulated as applicable;

                 (f)     if the aerodrome cross-wind conditions for the runway used during the test are less than 70% of the maximum in the AFM, evidence that the applicant has demonstrated competency performing cross-wind take-off and landing manoeuvres may be taken from the applicant’s training records.

Appendix I.2          CPL Helicopter category rating flight test

1.           Flight test requirements

An applicant for a commercial pilot licence with helicopter category rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the commercial pilot licence with helicopter category rating;

                (b)     requirements for an AOC;

                (c)     classification of operations;

                (d)     type of information contained in an operations manual;

                (e)     flight and duty time limits;

                 (f)     applicability of drug and alcohol regulations;

                (g)     aircraft instrument requirements for day VFR commercial operations;

                (h)     emergency equipment requirements;

                 (i)     requirements for landing areas and aerodromes;

                 (j)     GNSS and its use in VFR navigation;

                (k)     fuel planning and oil requirements for the flight;

                 (l)     loading and unloading fuel;

               (m)     managing passengers and the carriage of cargo;

                (n)     aircraft loading system;

                (o)     aircraft performance and landing calculations;

                (p)     pilot maintenance authorisations;

                (q)     aircraft speed limitations;

                 (r)     aircraft systems.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2, C4 and NAV.

                (a)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

                (b)     perform a pre-flight inspection;

                (c)     refuel a helicopter (may be assessed by questioning).

3.2         Ground operations, take-off departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C3, H1, H2, H3, H4, H5, IFF and NAV.

                (a)     complete all relevant checks and procedures;

                (b)     lift-off and hover a helicopter;

                (c)     taxi a helicopter;

                (d)     air transit a helicopter;

                (e)     plan, brief and conduct take-off and departure procedures;

                 (f)     conduct climbs on a constant heading and climbing turns, including at least 2 of the following:

                          (i)   maximum rate climb;

                         (ii)   maximum angle climb;

                        (iii)   cruise climb.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H5, NAV and RNE.

                (a)     maintain straight and level flight, and turn a helicopter;

                (b)     navigate en route;

                (c)     navigate at low-level;

                (d)     perform a lost recovery procedure;

                (e)     perform a diversion procedure;

                 (f)     navigate using instrument navigation systems.

3.4         Test specific activities and manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H2, H6, H7, IFF and IFL.

                (a)     hover helicopter in cross-wind and tailwind conditions and perform turns around 1 of the following:

                          (i)   rotor mast;

                         (ii)   helicopter nose;

                        (iii)   helicopter tail;

                (b)     conduct steep level turns of at least 45˚ angle of bank;

                (c)     perform full panel and limited panel instrument flying;

                (d)     recover from at least 2 different unusual aircraft attitudes, including the following:

                          (i)   1 recovery using a full instrument panel;

                         (ii)   1 recovery using a limited instrument panel;

                (e)     perform autorotative flight manoeuvre;

                 (f)     land on and lift off from sloping ground;

                (g)     land, manoeuvre, and take off in 1 of the following situations:

                          (i)   a confined area;

                         (ii)   a pinnacle;

                        (iii)   ridge line;

                (h)     execute limited power take-off, approach and landing;

                 (i)     manage an engine failure as follows:

                          (i)   if the test is conducted in a single-engine helicopter — perform a forced landing;

                         (ii)   if the test is conducted in a multi-engine helicopter — manage an engine failure en route;

                 (j)     manage engine failure during hover or taxi;

                (k)     manage a control or tail rotor malfunction in flight and at the hover;

                 (l)     manage at least 1 of the following:

                          (i)   an engine fire;

                         (ii)   electrical failure;

                        (iii)   hydraulic system malfunction;

                       (iv)   airframe fuel system malfunction;

                        (v)   engine governor system malfunction.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H5 and NAV.

                (a)     conduct descents maintaining a constant heading and descending turns;

                (b)     plan and conduct aerodrome or helicopter landing site arrival and circuit joining procedures.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H3, H4 and H5.

                (a)     conduct a normal circuit pattern, approach and landing;

                (b)     conduct an approach to the hover;

                (c)     conduct a helicopter air transit;

                (d)     perform a go-around procedure.

3.7         Shut down and post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code C2.

                (a)     park, shutdown and secure a helicopter;

                (b)     complete post-flight administration.

3.8         General requirements

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C1, C3, C4, C5, H5, NAV, CTA, CTR, ONTA, OGA, NAV, NTS1 and NTS2.

                (a)     maintain an effective lookout;

                (b)     maintain situational awareness;

                (c)     assess situations and make appropriate decisions;

                (d)     set priorities and manage tasks effectively;

                (e)     maintain effective communication and interpersonal relationships;

                 (f)     recognise and manage threats;

                (g)     recognise and manage errors;

                (h)     recognise and manage undesired aircraft states;

                 (i)     operate in controlled airspace;

                 (j)     operate in Class G airspace;

                (k)     operate at controlled aerodromes;

                 (l)     operate at non-towered aerodromes;

               (m)     communicate effectively using appropriate procedures for the airspace being used during the test;

                (n)     manage the aircraft systems required for the flight;

                (o)     manage the fuel system and monitor the fuel plan and fuel usage during the flight;

                (p)     manage passengers and the carriage of cargo.

4.           Operational scope and conditions

4.1         The following operational scope applies to the flight test:

                (a)     managing an aircraft system, which is not required for the flight, is not an assessable item unless the applicant uses the system during the flight;

                (b)     simulated carriage of passengers and cargo;

                (c)     a simulated charter cross-country operation with 1 sector to a small feature turning point or remote aerodrome;

                (d)     operating in Class G airspace, and controlled airspace;

                (e)     operating at a non-towered aerodrome and a controlled aerodrome;

                 (f)     emergencies and abnormal situations relating to aircraft systems, powerplants and the airframe are simulated and limited to those described in the AFM;

                (g)     activities and manoeuvres involving instrument flying, or the use of instrument navigation systems, are only included if the aircraft is appropriately fitted and the flight examiner chooses to include them in the test.

4.2         The following conditions apply to the flight test:

                (a)     activities and manoeuvres are performed in accordance with published procedures;

                (b)     conducted in a helicopter;

                (c)     conducted by day under the VFR;

                (d)     the flight must include:

                          (i)   operating in Class G airspace and in controlled airspace; and

                         (ii)   operating at a non-towered aerodrome and a controlled aerodrome;

                (e)     if the area where the test is conducted does not have, or have available, controlled airspace or a controlled aerodrome, operating in controlled airspace or at a controlled aerodrome may be simulated as applicable;

                 (f)     assessment of competency for activities and manoeuvres that require the applicant to operate the helicopter in cross-wind and tailwind conditions may be taken from the applicant’s training records if the conditions are insufficient.

Appendix I.3          CPL Powered-lift category rating flight test

RESERVED

Appendix I.4          CPL Gyroplane category rating flight test

RESERVED

Appendix I.5          CPL Airship category rating flight test

RESERVED

Section J            Multi-crew Pilot Licence (MPL)

Appendix J.1        MPL Aeroplane category rating flight test

1.           Flight test requirements

An applicant for a multi-crew pilot licence with aeroplane category rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the multi-crew pilot licence with aeroplane category rating;

                (b)     requirements for an AOC;

                (c)     classification of operations;

                (d)     type of information contained in an operation manual;

                (e)     flight and duty time limits;

                 (f)     applicability of drug and alcohol regulations;

                (g)     aircraft instrument requirements;

                (h)     emergency equipment requirements;

                 (i)     requirements for landing areas and aerodromes;

                 (j)     fuel planning and oil requirements for the flight;

                (k)     managing passengers and the carriage of cargo;

                 (l)     aircraft loading system;

               (m)     aircraft performance and landing calculations;

                (n)     pilot maintenance authorisations;

                (o)     aircraft speed limitations;

                (p)     aircraft systems.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-Flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2, C4, CIR and TR-MEA.

                (a)     plan an IFR flight;

                (b)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

                (c)     perform a pre-flight inspection.

3.2         Ground operations, take-off, departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR and TR-MEA.

                (a)     complete all relevant checks and procedures;

                (b)     taxi an aeroplane;

                (c)     plan, brief and conduct take-off and departure procedures;

                (d)     conduct a cross-wind take-off;

                (e)     conduct a published instrument departure if available, otherwise in accordance with an ATC clearance (all engines);

                 (f)     conduct climb profiles and climbing turns.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR and TR-MEA.

                (a)     navigate en route using ground-based and satellite-based navigation systems;

                (b)     perform integrity checks for ground-based and satellite-based navigation systems;

                (c)     identify and avoid hazardous weather conditions;

                (d)     establish and maintain cruise flight for at least 1 of the following conditions:

                          (i)   turbulence;

                         (ii)   holding;

                        (iii)   range.

3.4         Test specific activities and manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR, IFF, IFL and TR-MEA.

                (a)     perform full and limited panel instrument flying;

                (b)     recover from at least 2 different unusual aircraft attitudes, including the following:

                          (i)   1 recovery using a full instrument panel;

                         (ii)   1 recovery using a limited instrument panel;

                (c)     manage an engine failure during take-off with IAS greater than or equal to V1;

                (d)     conduct an instrument departure with 1 engine inoperative;

Note   For clarity, this manoeuvre must be separate to the manoeuvre required in paragraph (f), namely a missed approach.

                (e)     conduct an instrument approach with 1 engine inoperative;

                 (f)     conduct a missed approach procedure with 1 engine inoperative;

                (g)     manage at least 1 of the following:

                          (i)   a system malfunction;

                         (ii)   fire;

                        (iii)   radio failure.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR, IAP2, IAP3 and TR-MEA.

                (a)     perform a descent or published arrival procedure to an aerodrome;

                (b)     track to the holding fix position and conduct a holding pattern or sector 3 entry procedure;

                (c)     prepare for conducting a 2D instrument approach operation;

                (d)     conduct a 2D instrument approach operation;

                (e)     prepare for conducting a 3D instrument approach operation;

                 (f)     conduct a 3D instrument approach operation;

                (g)     conduct a missed approach procedure for at least 1 instrument approach operation.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR and TR-MEA.

                (a)     conduct a visual circling approach involving a change of heading to the runway of at least 90˚, if required;

                (b)     conduct a cross-wind approach and landing;

                (c)     land and perform after landing actions and procedures.

3.7         Shut down and post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code C2.

                (a)     park, shutdown and secure an aeroplane;

                (b)     complete post-flight administration.

3.8         General requirements

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C3, C5, CTA, CTR, MCO, NAV, NTS1, NTS2, ONTA and OGA.

                (a)     maintain an effective lookout;

                (b)     maintain situational awareness;

                (c)     assess situations and make appropriate decisions;

                (d)     set priorities and manage tasks effectively;

                (e)     maintain effective communication and interpersonal relationships;

                 (f)     recognise and manage threats;

                (g)     recognise and manage errors;

                (h)     recognise and manage undesired aircraft states;

                 (i)     operate effectively as a crew member;

                 (j)     demonstrate effective leadership and authority;

                (k)     maintain multi-crew situational awareness;

                 (l)     make effective decisions;

               (m)     operate in controlled airspace;

                (n)     operate in Class G airspace;

                (o)     operate at a controlled aerodrome;

                (p)     operate at a non-towered aerodrome;

                (q)     communicate effectively using appropriate procedures for the airspace being used during the flight;

                 (r)     manage the aircraft systems required for the flight;

                (s)     manage the fuel system and monitor the fuel plan and fuel usage during the flight;

                 (t)     manage passengers and the carriage of cargo.

4.           Operational scope and conditions

4.1         The following operational scope applies to the flight test:

                (a)     operate and monitor all aircraft systems that are available from the control seat the applicant occupies;

                (b)     perform the functions of co-pilot in the pilot flying and pilot monitoring roles using checks and procedures applicable to a multi-crew operation;

                (c)     conduct the operation as an IFR simulated commercial operation;

                (d)     emergencies and abnormal situations relating to aircraft systems, powerplants and the airframe are simulated and limited to those described in the AFM.

4.2         The following conditions apply to the flight test:

                (a)     activities and manoeuvres are performed in accordance with published procedures;

                (b)     conducted in a multi-engine turbine aeroplane, or a flight simulator approved for the purpose, which is configured and equipped for multi-crew operations;

                (c)     operated using multi-crew standard operating procedures;

                (d)     conducted under the IFR including the following:

                          (i)   an instrument departure;

                         (ii)   at least 2 different kinds of instrument approach procedure;

                        (iii)   at least one 2D instrument approach operation;

                       (iv)   an ILS or GLS instrument approach operation;

                        (v)   at least 1 missed approach procedure commencing at the MDA or DA as applicable or a higher altitude if appropriate for safety or operational reasons;

                       (vi)   if the applicant is not the holder of a multi-engine aeroplane instrument endorsement, a visual circling approach involving a change of heading to the runway of at least 90˚;

                (e)     the flight must include:

                          (i)   operating in Class G airspace and in controlled airspace; and

                         (ii)   operating at a non-towered aerodrome and at a controlled aerodrome;

                 (f)     if the area where the test is conducted does not have, or have available, controlled airspace or a towered aerodrome, operating in controlled airspace or at a controlled aerodrome may be simulated as applicable.

4.3         If the flight test is conducted in a flight simulator, the following activities may be assessed by oral questioning:

                (a)     paragraph 3.1 (c) — perform a pre-flight inspection;

                (b)     subclause 3.7 — Shut down and post-flight.

Section K           Air transport pilot licence (ATPL)

Appendix K.1        ATPL Aeroplane category rating flight test

1.           Flight test requirements

An applicant for an air transport pilot licence with aeroplane category rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the air transport pilot licence with aeroplane category rating;

                (b)     requirements for an AOC;

                (c)     classification of operations;

                (d)     type of information contained in an operations manual;

                (e)     flight and duty time limits;

                 (f)     applicability of drug and alcohol regulations;

                (g)     aircraft instrument requirements;

                (h)     emergency equipment requirements;

                 (i)     requirements for landing areas and aerodromes;

                 (j)     fuel planning and oil requirements for the flight;

                (k)     managing passengers and the carriage of cargo;

                 (l)     aircraft loading system;

               (m)     aircraft performance and landing calculations;

                (n)     pilot maintenance authorisations;

                (o)     aircraft speed limitations;

                (p)     aircraft systems.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-Flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2, C4, CIR and TR-MEA.

                (a)     plan an IFR flight;

                (b)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

                (c)     perform a pre-flight inspection.

3.2         Ground operations, take-off, departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes TR-MEA and CIR.

                (a)     complete all relevant checks and procedures;

                (b)     taxi an aeroplane;

                (c)     plan, brief and conduct take-off and departure procedures;

                (d)     conduct a published instrument departure if available, otherwise in accordance with an ATC clearance (all engines);

                (e)     conduct climb profiles and climbing turns.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR and TR-MEA.

                (a)     navigate en route using ground-based and satellite-based navigation systems;

                (b)     perform integrity checks for ground-based and satellite-based navigation systems;

                (c)     identify and avoid hazardous weather conditions;

                (d)     establish and maintain cruise flight for at least 1 of the following conditions:

                          (i)   turbulence;

                         (ii)   holding;

                        (iii)   range.

3.4         Test specific activities and manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR, IFF, IFL and TR-MEA.

                (a)     perform instrument flying using normal and stand-by instrument displays;

                (b)     recover from at least 2 different unusual aircraft attitudes, including the following:

                          (i)   1 recovery using a normal display;

                         (ii)   1 recovery using a stand-by instrument display;

                (c)     manage an engine failure during take-off with IAS greater than or equal to V1;

                (d)     conduct an instrument departure procedure with 1 engine inoperative;

Note   For clarity, this manoeuvre must be separate to the manoeuvre required in paragraph (f), namely a missed approach.

                (e)     conduct an instrument approach procedure with 1 engine inoperative;

                 (f)     conduct a missed approach procedure with 1 engine inoperative;

                (g)     manage at least 1 of the following that is not included in another item in subclause 3.4:

                          (i)   a system malfunction;

                         (ii)   fire;

                        (iii)   radio failure.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR, IAP2, IAP3 and TR-MEA.

                (a)     perform a descent or published arrival procedure to an aerodrome;

                (b)     track to the holding fix position and conduct a holding pattern or sector 3 entry procedure;

                (c)     prepare for conducting a 2D instrument approach operation;

                (d)     conduct a 2D approach operation;

                (e)     prepare for conducting a 3D instrument approach operation;

                 (f)     conduct a 3D instrument approach operation;

                (g)     conduct a missed approach procedure for at least 1 instrument approach operation.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR and TR-MEA.

                (a)     if applicable, conduct a visual circling approach;

                (b)     land and perform after landing actions and procedures.

3.7         Shut down and post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code C2.

                (a)     park, shutdown and secure an aeroplane;

                (b)     complete post-flight administration.

3.8         General requirements

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C3, C5, CTA, CTR, MCO, NTS1, NTS2, OGA, ONTA and TR‑MEA.

                (a)     maintain an effective lookout;

                (b)     maintain situational awareness;

                (c)     assess situations and make appropriate decisions;

                (d)     set priorities and manage tasks effectively;

                (e)     maintain effective communication and interpersonal relationships;

                 (f)     recognise and manage threats;

                (g)     recognise and manage errors;

                (h)     recognise and manage undesired aircraft states;

                 (i)     operate effectively as a crew member;

                 (j)     as pilot in command, demonstrate effective leadership and authority;

                (k)     maintain multi-crew situational awareness;

                 (l)     make effective decisions as the pilot in command;

               (m)     operate in controlled airspace;

                (n)     operate in Class G airspace (only if the flight test involves operating in Class G airspace);

                (o)     operate at a controlled aerodrome;

                (p)     operate at a non-towered aerodrome (only if the flight test involves operating at a non-towered aerodrome);

                (q)     communicate effectively using appropriate procedures for the airspace being used during the flight;

                 (r)     manage the aircraft systems required for the flight;

                (s)     manage the fuel system and monitor the fuel plan and fuel usage during the flight;

                 (t)     manage passengers and the carriage of cargo.

4.           Operational scope and conditions

4.1         The following operational scope applies to the flight test:

                (a)     operate and monitor all aircraft systems that are available from the control seat the applicant occupies;

                (b)     perform the functions of pilot in command in the pilot flying and pilot monitoring roles using checks and procedures applicable to a multi-crew operation;

                (c)     conduct a multi-crew operation as an IFR simulated commercial operation;

                (d)     operate in controlled airspace;

                (e)     operate at a controlled aerodrome;

                 (f)     emergencies and abnormal situations relating to aircraft systems, powerplants and the airframe are simulated and limited to those described in the AFM.

4.2         The following conditions apply to the flight test:

                (a)     activities and manoeuvres are performed in accordance with published procedures;

                (b)     conducted in a multi-engine turbine aeroplane, or a flight simulator approved for the purpose, which is configured and equipped for multi-crew operations;

                (c)     for paragraph 3.1 (a), the applicant may use a system-generated flight plan;

                (d)     operated using multi-crew standard operating procedures;

                (e)     conducted under the IFR, including the following:

                          (i)   an instrument departure;

                         (ii)   at least 2 different kinds of instrument approach procedure;

                        (iii)   at least one 2D instrument approach operation;

                       (iv)   an ILS or GLS instrument approach operation;

                        (v)   at least 1 missed approach procedure commencing at the MDA or DA as applicable or a higher altitude if appropriate for safety or operational reasons;

                       (vi)   at least 1 instrument approach operation without the autopilot or flight director being used;

                      (vii)   if the applicant is not the holder of a multi-engine aeroplane instrument endorsement, a visual circling approach involving a change of heading to the runway of at least 90˚;

                 (f)     the flight must include sectors in controlled airspace and at a controlled aerodrome, and may include operations in Class G airspace and at a non‑towered aerodrome;

                (g)     if the flight test is conducted in a flight simulator, the following activities may be assessed by oral questioning:

                          (i)   paragraph 3.1 (c) — perform a pre-flight inspection;

                         (ii)   subclause 3.7 — Shut down and post-flight.

Appendix K.2        ATPL Helicopter category rating flight test

1.           Flight test requirements

1.1         An applicant for an air transport pilot licence with helicopter category rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

1.2         Provision is made in clauses 3 and 4 for the test to be conducted under the VFR or IFR. For the test to be conducted under the IFR, the applicant must hold an instrument rating with the relevant aircraft category/class endorsement and instrument approach endorsements.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the air transport pilot licence with helicopter category rating;

                (b)     requirements for an AOC;

                (c)     classification of operations;

                (d)     type of information contained in an operations manual;

                (e)     flight and duty time limits;

                 (f)     applicability of drug and alcohol regulations;

                (g)     aircraft instrument requirements;

                (h)     emergency equipment requirements;

                 (i)     requirements for landing areas and aerodromes;

                 (j)     fuel planning and oil requirements for the flight;

                (k)     managing passengers and the carriage of cargo;

                 (l)     aircraft loading system;

               (m)     aircraft performance and landing calculations;

                (n)     pilot maintenance authorisations;

                (o)     aircraft speed limitations;

                (p)     aircraft systems.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-Flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2, C4, CIR (if applicable) and TR‑SEH or TR-MEH (as applicable).

                (a)     plan an IFR flight (if applicable);

                (b)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

                (c)     perform a pre-flight inspection.

3.2         Ground operations, take-off departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR (if applicable) and TR-SEH or TR-MEH (as applicable).

                (a)     complete all relevant checks and procedures;

                (b)     plan, brief and conduct the take-off and departure procedures;

                (c)     if the test is an IFR operation, conduct an instrument departure procedure (normal operations);

                (d)     conduct climb profiles and climbing turns.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR (if applicable) and TR-SEH or TR-MEH (as applicable).

                (a)     navigate en route;

                (b)     perform a diversion procedure;

                (c)     navigate using instrument navigation systems;

                (d)     perform navigation systems integrity checks.

3.4         Test specific activities and manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes IFF, IFL and TR-SEH or TR-MEH (as applicable).

                (a)     perform full and limited panel instrument flying;

                (b)     recover from at least 2 different unusual aircraft attitudes, including the following:

                          (i)   1 recovery using a full instrument panel;

                         (ii)   1 recovery using a limited instrument panel;

                (c)     land on and lift off from sloping ground;

                (d)     execute a limited power take-off, approach and landing;

                (e)     land, manoeuvre, and take off from 1 of the following:

                          (i)   a confined area;

                         (ii)   a pinnacle;

                        (iii)   ridge line;

                 (f)     manage an engine failure as follows:

                          (i)   for a test in a single-engine helicopter — in 1 of the following:

                                (A)    after take-off;

                                (B)    cruise flight;

                                (C)    approach and landing;

                         (ii)   for a flight test in a multi-engine helicopter, 1 engine inoperative in 1 of the following situations:

                                (A)    after take-off;

                                (B)    cruise flight;

                                (C)    approach and landing;

                (g)     manage a control or tail rotor malfunction in flight and at the hover;

                (h)     manage at least 1 of the following:

                          (i)   an engine fire;

                         (ii)   an electrical failure;

                        (iii)   an hydraulic system malfunction;

                       (iv)   an airframe fuel system malfunction;

                        (v)   an engine governor system malfunction.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR, IAP2 and IAP3 (if applicable), and TR-SEH or TR-MEH (as applicable).

                (a)     plan and conduct arrival and circuit joining procedures;

                (b)     for a flight test conducted under the IFR, do the following:

                          (i)   perform a descent or published arrival procedure to an aerodrome;

                         (ii)   track to the holding fix position and conduct a holding pattern or sector 3 entry procedure;

                        (iii)   prepare for conducting a 2D instrument approach operation;

                       (iv)   conduct a 2D instrument approach operation;

                        (v)   prepare for conducting a 3D instrument approach operation;

                       (vi)   conduct a 3D instrument approach operation;

                      (vii)   conduct a missed approach procedure for at least 1 instrument approach operation.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes CIR (if applicable) and TR-SEH or TR-MEH (as applicable).

                (a)     conduct a circling approach, if required;

                (b)     conduct a normal circuit pattern, approach and landing.

3.7         Shut down and post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code C2.

                (a)     park, shutdown and secure a helicopter;

                (b)     complete post-flight administration.

3.8         General requirements

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes, C1, C3, C4, C5, CTA, CTR, MCO, NAV, NTS1, NTS2, ONTA, OGA and TR-SEH or TR-MEH (as applicable).

                (a)     maintain an effective lookout;

                (b)     maintain situational awareness;

                (c)     assess situations and make appropriate decisions;

                (d)     set priorities and manage tasks;

                (e)     maintain effective communication and interpersonal relationships;

                 (f)     recognise and manage threats;

                (g)     recognise and manage errors;

                (h)     recognise and manage undesired aircraft states;

                 (i)     operate effectively as a crew member;

                 (j)     as pilot in command, demonstrate effective leadership and authority;

                (k)     maintain multi-crew situational awareness;

                 (l)     as pilot in command, make effective decisions;

               (m)     operate in controlled airspace;

                (n)     operate in Class G airspace;

                (o)     operate at a controlled aerodrome;

                (p)     operate at a non-towered aerodrome;

                (q)     communicate effectively using appropriate procedures for the airspace being used during the flight;

                 (r)     manage the aircraft systems required for the flight;

                (s)     manage the fuel system and monitor the fuel plan and fuel usage during the flight;

                 (t)     manage passengers and the carriage of cargo.

4.           Operational scope and conditions

4.1         The following operational scope applies to the flight test:

                (a)     operate and monitor all aircraft systems;

                (b)     perform the functions of pilot in command in the pilot flying and pilot monitoring roles using checks and procedures applicable to a multi-crew operation;

                (c)     conduct the operation as a simulated commercial VFR or IFR operation;

                (d)     operate in controlled airspace;

                (e)     operate at a controlled aerodrome;

                 (f)     emergencies and abnormal situations relating to aircraft systems, powerplants and the airframe are simulated and limited to those described in the AFM.

4.2         The following conditions apply to the flight test:

                (a)     activities and manoeuvres are performed in accordance with published procedures;

                (b)     conducted in a sufficiently complex multi-engine or single-engine turbine helicopter, or a flight simulator approved for the purpose, which is configured and equipped for multi-crew operations;

                (c)     operated using multi-crew standard operating procedures;

                (d)     except as provided in paragraph (f), conducted by day under the VFR;

                (e)     the flight must include the following:

                          (i)   operating in Class G airspace and in controlled airspace;

                         (ii)   operating at a non-towered and a controlled aerodrome;

                 (f)     if the applicant is the holder of an instrument rating and chooses to perform the test under the IFR, then he or she must demonstrate competency by performing the following:

                          (i)   at least 2 different kinds of instrument approach procedures;

                         (ii)   at least one 2D instrument approach operation;

                        (iii)   an ILS or GLS instrument approach procedure;

                       (iv)   at least 1 missed approach procedure commencing at the MDA or DA as applicable, or a higher altitude if appropriate for safety or operational reasons;

                        (v)   at least 1 instrument approach operation without the autopilot or flight director being used;

                (g)     if the flight test is conducted in an area that does not have, or have available, controlled airspace or a controlled aerodrome, operating in controlled airspace or at a controlled aerodrome may be simulated as applicable;

                (h)     if the flight test is conducted in a flight simulator, the following activities may be assessed by oral questioning:

                          (i)   paragraph 3.1 (c) — perform a pre-flight inspection;

                         (ii)   subclause 3.7 — Shut down and post-flight.

Appendix K.3        ATPL Powered-lift category rating flight test

RESERVED

Section L           Aircraft ratings

Appendix L.1        Single-engine aeroplane class rating flight test

1.           Flight test requirements

1.1         An applicant for a single-engine aeroplane class rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

1.2         An applicant who completes a flight test in an aeroplane covered by the single‑engine aeroplane class rating and meets the flight test standard for the grant of a pilot licence with aeroplane category rating is taken to meet these flight test requirements.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the class rating;

                (b)     flight review requirements;

                (c)     navigation and operating systems;

                (d)     normal, abnormal and emergency flight procedures;

                (e)     operating limitations;

                 (f)     weight and balance limitations;

                (g)     aircraft performance data, including take-off and landing performance data;

                (h)     flight planning.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2 and C4.

                (a)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

                (b)     perform a pre-flight inspection;

                (c)     refuel an aeroplane (may be assessed by questioning).

3.2         Ground operations, take-off, departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1, A2, A3 and IFF.

                (a)     complete all relevant checks and procedures;

                (b)     taxi an aeroplane;

                (c)     plan, brief and conduct take-off and departure procedures;

                (d)     conduct a cross-wind take-off;

                (e)     conduct a short-field take-off;

                 (f)     conduct climbs on a constant heading and climbing turns in at least 2 of the following performance configurations:

                          (i)   cruise climb;

                         (ii)   maximum rate climb;

                        (iii)   maximum angle climb.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code A3.

                (a)     maintain straight and level flight, and turn an aeroplane;

                (b)     navigate and transit from an aerodrome circuit area to a training area and return;

                (c)     operate safely in local area airspace;

                (d)     establish and maintain cruise flight for at least 1 of the following conditions:

                          (i)   turbulence;

                         (ii)   flaps selected;

                        (iii)   high speed.

3.4         Test specific activities and manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1, A5, A6 and IFF.

                (a)     enter and recover from each of the following, 1 of which must be in the approach configuration:

                          (i)   a fully developed stall;

                         (ii)   an incipient spin;

                (b)     conduct steep level turns of at least 45˚ angle of bank;

                (c)     perform full panel instrument flying;

                (d)     using a full instrument panel, recover from at least 2 different unusual aircraft attitudes;

                (e)     manage an engine failure after take-off;

                 (f)     manage the following malfunctions:

                          (i)   a malfunction during start or shutdown;

                         (ii)   any 1 of the following that is not performed under subparagraph (i):

                                (A)    an aircraft system malfunction;

                                (B)    engine or cabin fire;

                                (C)    radio failure;

                (g)     perform a forced landing.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code A3.

                (a)     conduct descents and descending turns;

                (b)     plan and conduct aerodrome arrival and circuit joining procedures.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3, A4 and A6.

                (a)     conduct a normal circuit pattern, approach and landing;

                (b)     conduct a cross-wind landing;

                (c)     conduct short-field and flapless landings;

                (d)     perform a go-around procedure;

                (e)     perform after-landing actions and procedures.

3.7         Shut down and post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1 and C2.

                (a)     park, shutdown and secure an aeroplane;

                (b)     complete post-flight administration.

3.8         General requirements

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3, C1, C4, C5, NTS1 and NTS2.

                (a)     maintain an effective lookout;

                (b)     maintain situational awareness;

                (c)     assess situations and make appropriate decisions;

                (d)     set priorities and manage tasks effectively;

                (e)     maintain effective communication and interpersonal relationships;

                 (f)     recognise and manage threats;

                (g)     recognise and manage errors;

                (h)     recognise and manage undesired aircraft states;

                 (i)     communicate effectively using appropriate procedures for airspace being used during the test;

                 (j)     manage the aircraft systems required for the flight;

                (k)     manage the fuel system and monitor the fuel plan and fuel usage during the test;

                 (l)     manage passengers and the carriage of cargo.

4.           Operational scope and conditions

4.1         The following operational scope applies to the flight test:

                (a)     managing an aircraft system, which is not required for the flight, is not an assessable item unless the applicant uses the system during the flight;

                (b)     simulated carriage of passengers and cargo;

                (c)     emergencies and abnormal situations relating to aircraft systems, powerplants and the airframe are simulated and limited to those described in the AFM.

4.2         The following conditions apply to the flight test:

                (a)     activities and manoeuvres are performed in accordance with published procedures;

                (b)     conducted in:

                          (i)   an aeroplane that is covered by the single-engine aeroplane class rating, except where the flight test must be conducted in an approved flight simulator in accordance with subregulation 61.245 (2); or

                         (ii)   a flight simulator approved for the purpose;

                (c)     conducted by day under the VFR;

                (d)     if the aerodrome cross-wind conditions for the runway used during the test are less than 70% of the maximum in the AFM, evidence that the applicant has demonstrated competency performing cross-wind take-off and landing manoeuvres may be taken from the applicant’s training records;

                (e)     if the flight test is conducted in an FSTD, the following activities may be assessed by oral questioning:

                          (i)   paragraph 3.1 (a) — perform a pre-flight inspection;

                         (ii)   subclause 3.7 — Shut down and post-flight.

Appendix L.2        Single-engine helicopter class rating flight test

1.           Flight test requirements

1.1         An applicant for a single-engine helicopter class rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

1.2         An applicant who completes a flight test in a helicopter covered by the single‑engine helicopter class rating and meets the flight test standard for the grant of a pilot licence with helicopter category rating is taken to meet these flight test requirements.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following topics:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the class rating;

                (b)     flight review requirements;

                (c)     navigation and operating systems;

                (d)     normal, abnormal and emergency flight procedures;

                (e)     operating limitations;

                 (f)     weight and balance limitations;

                (g)     aircraft performance data, including take-off and landing performance data;

                (h)     flight planning.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2 and C4.

                (a)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

                (b)     perform a pre-flight inspection;

                (c)     refuel a helicopter (may be assessed by questioning).

3.2         Ground operations, take-off, departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H1, H2, H3, H4, H5.

                (a)     complete all relevant checks and procedures;

                (b)     lift-off and hover a helicopter;

                (c)     taxi a helicopter;

                (d)     air transit a helicopter;

                (e)     plan, brief and conduct take-off and departure procedures;

                 (f)     conduct climbs on a constant heading and climbing turns, including at least 2 of the following:

                          (i)   maximum rate climb;

                         (ii)   maximum (best) angle climb;

                        (iii)   cruise climb.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code H5.

                (a)     maintain straight and level flight, and turn a helicopter;

                (b)     navigate and transit from a circuit area to a training area and return;

                (c)     operate safely in local area airspace.

3.4         Test specific manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H2, H6 and H7.

                (a)     hover a helicopter in cross-wind and tailwind conditions and perform turns around 1 of the following:

                          (i)   rotor mast;

                         (ii)   helicopter nose;

                        (iii)   helicopter tail;

                (b)     perform sidewards and backwards flight;

                (c)     conduct steep level turns of at least 45˚ angle of bank;

                (d)     perform an autorotative flight manoeuvre;

                (e)     land on and lift off from sloping ground;

                 (f)     land, manoeuvre, and take off in a confined area;

                (g)     execute a limited power take-off, approach and landing;

                (h)     perform a forced landing;

                 (i)     manage an engine failure during hover or taxi;

                 (j)     manage a control or tail rotor malfunction in flight and at the hover;

                (k)     manage at least 1 of the following:

                          (i)   an engine fire;

                         (ii)   electrical failure;

                        (iii)   hydraulic system malfunction;

                       (iv)   airframe fuel system malfunction;

                        (v)   engine governor system malfunction.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code H5.

                (a)     conduct descents and descending turns;

                (b)     plan and conduct an aerodrome or helicopter landing site arrival and circuit joining procedures.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes H3, H4 and H5.

                (a)     conduct a normal circuit pattern, approach and landing;

                (b)     conduct an approach to the hover;

                (c)     conduct a helicopter air transit;

                (d)     perform a go-around procedure;

                (e)     perform after-landing actions and procedures.

3.7         Shut down and post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2 and H1.

                (a)     park, shutdown and secure a helicopter;

                (b)     complete post-flight administration.

3.8         General requirements

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C1, C3, C4, C5, NTS1 and NTS2.

                (a)     maintain an effective lookout;

                (b)     maintain situational awareness;

                (c)     assess situations and make appropriate decisions;

                (d)     set priorities and manage tasks effectively;

                (e)     maintain effective communication and interpersonal relationships;

                 (f)     recognise and manage threats;

                (g)     recognise and manage errors;

                (h)     recognise and manage undesired aircraft states;

                 (i)     communicate effectively using appropriate procedures for the airspace being used during the flight;

                 (j)     manage the aircraft systems required for the flight;

                (k)     manage the fuel system and monitor the fuel plan and fuel usage during the flight;

                 (l)     manage passengers and the carriage of cargo.

4.           Operational scope and conditions

4.1         The following operational scope applies to the flight test:

                (a)     managing an aircraft system that is not required for the flight is not an assessable item unless it is used by the applicant;

                (b)     simulated carriage of passengers and cargo;

                (c)     emergencies and abnormal situations relating to aircraft systems, powerplants and the airframe are simulated and limited to those described in the AFM.

4.2         The following conditions apply to the flight test:

                (a)     activities and manoeuvres are performed in accordance with published procedures;

                (b)     conducted in a helicopter that is covered by the single-engine helicopter class rating;

                (c)     conducted in:

                          (i)   a helicopter that is covered by the single-engine helicopter class rating, except where the flight test must be conducted in an approved flight simulator in accordance with subregulation 61.245 (2); or

                         (ii)   a flight simulator approved for the purpose;

                (d)     conducted by day under the VFR;

                (e)     assessment of competency for activities and manoeuvres that require the applicant to operate the helicopter in cross-wind and tailwind conditions may be taken from the applicant’s training records if the conditions are insufficient.

Appendix L.3        Single-engine gyroplane class rating

RESERVED

Appendix L.4        Airship class rating flight test

RESERVED

Appendix L.5        Multi-engine aeroplane class rating flight test

1.           Flight test requirements

An applicant for a multi-engine aeroplane class rating flight test must demonstrate the following:

                (a)     knowledge of the topics listed in clause 2;

                (b)     ability to conduct the activities and manoeuvres mentioned in clause 3, within the operational scope and under the conditions mentioned in clause 4, to the competency standards required under section 12 of this MOS which are relevant to the flight test.

2.           Knowledge requirements

For paragraph 1 (a), the topics are the following:

                (a)     privileges and limitations of the class rating;

                (b)     flight review requirements;

                (c)     navigation and operating systems;

                (d)     normal, abnormal and emergency flight procedures;

                (e)     operating limitations;

                 (f)     weight and balance limitations;

                (g)     aircraft performance data, including take-off and landing performance data;

                (h)     flight planning.

3.           Activities and manoeuvres

Note   For paragraph 1 (b), the flight test includes all of the following activities and manoeuvres. The sequence set out here is not necessarily intended to direct the order of activities and manoeuvres.

3.1         Pre-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes C2 and AME.

                (a)     perform pre-flight actions and procedures;

                (b)     perform a pre-flight inspection;

                (c)     refuel an aeroplane (may be assessed by questioning).

3.2         Ground operations, take-off, departure and climb

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1, A2, A3, AME and IFF.

                (a)     complete all relevant checks and procedures;

                (b)     taxi an aeroplane;

                (c)     plan, brief and conduct take-off and departure procedures;

                (d)     conduct a cross-wind take-off;

                (e)     conduct a short-field take-off;

                 (f)     conduct climbs on a constant heading and climbing turns in at least 2 of the following performance configurations:

                          (i)   cruise climb;

                         (ii)   maximum rate climb;

                        (iii)   maximum angle climb.

3.3         En route cruise

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code A3.

                (a)     maintain straight and level flight, and turn aeroplane;

                (b)     operate the aeroplane in the cruise configuration for 1 of the following conditions:

                          (i)   turbulence;

                         (ii)   holding;

                        (iii)   range;

                (c)     navigate using instrument navigation systems.

3.4         Test specific activities and manoeuvres

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1, A4, A5, AME and IFF.

                (a)     enter and recover from a stall in the approach configuration and at least 1 other configuration;

                (b)     conduct steep level turns of at least 45˚ angle of bank;

                (c)     perform full panel instrument flying;

                (d)     using a full instrument panel, recover from at least 2 different unusual aircraft attitudes;

                (e)     manage an engine failure after take-off;

                 (f)     manage an engine failure in the cruise configuration;

                (g)     conduct an approach and landing with 1 engine inoperative;

                (h)     conduct a missed approach with 1 engine inoperative;

                 (i)     manage the following malfunctions:

                          (i)   a malfunction during start or shutdown;

                         (ii)   any 1 of the following that is not performed under subparagraph (i):

                                (A)    an aircraft system malfunction;

                                (B)    engine or cabin fire;

                                (C)    radio failure.

3.5         Descent and arrival

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit code A3.

                (a)     conduct descents and descending turns;

                (b)     plan and conduct aerodrome arrival and circuit joining procedures.

3.6         Circuit, approach and landing

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A3, A4 and AME.

                (a)     conduct a normal circuit pattern, approach and landing;

                (b)     conduct a cross-wind landing;

                (c)     conduct short-field and flapless landings;

                (d)     perform a go-around procedure with all engines operating;

                (e)     perform after-landing actions and procedures.

3.7         Shut down and post-flight

Note   The relevant competency standards are in unit codes A1 and C2.