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Nuclear Non-Proliferation (Safeguards) Regulations 1987

Authoritative Version
  • - F2017C01152
  • In force - Superseded Version
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SR 1987 No. 75 Regulations as amended, taking into account amendments up to Nuclear Non-Proliferation (Safeguards) Amendment (2017 Measures No. 1) Regulations 2017
Principal Regulations
Administered by: Foreign Affairs and Trade
Registered 07 Dec 2017
Start Date 01 Dec 2017
End Date 23 Nov 2018
Table of contents.

Commonwealth Coat of Arms of Australia

Nuclear Non‑Proliferation (Safeguards) Regulations 1987

Statutory Rules No. 75, 1987

made under the

Nuclear Non‑Proliferation (Safeguards) Act 1987

Compilation No. 21

Compilation date:                              1 December 2017

Includes amendments up to:            F2017L01567

Registered:                                         7 December 2017

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation (Safeguards) Regulations 1987 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 December 2017 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

1............ Name of regulations............................................................................ 1

2............ Interpretation....................................................................................... 1

2A......... Prescribed international agreements.................................................... 1

2AB...... Amendment to Physical Protection Convention.................................. 1

2AC...... Amendments to Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy of 5 March 1982 1

2B......... Supplementary Agency Agreements................................................... 2

3............ Nuclear material to which Part II of the Act does not apply................ 2

4............ Notification of grant, variation or revocation of permit or authority.... 3

4A......... Possession of nuclear material by carriers........................................... 4

5............ Information in relation to design for construction or modification of nuclear facility               4

6............ Charge payable by producers of uranium ore concentrates................. 4

7............ Application of the Nuclear Non‑Proliferation (Safeguards) Amendment (2017 Measures No. 1) Regulations 2017................................................................................ 4

Schedule 1—Prescribed international agreements                      5

Schedule 2—Supplementary Agency Agreements                       8

Endnotes                                                                                                                                      9

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                              9

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                                10

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                             11

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                           12

 


 

 

1  Name of regulations

                   These regulations are the Nuclear Non‑Proliferation (Safeguards) Regulations 1987.

2  Interpretation

                   In these regulations, unless the contrary intention appears:

depleted uranium means uranium in which the abundance of the isotope uranium‑235 is less than that occurring in natural uranium.

the Act means the Nuclear Non‑Proliferation (Safeguards) Act 1987.

2A  Prescribed international agreements

                   The international agreements specified in Schedule 1 are prescribed for the purposes of paragraph (b) of the definition of prescribed international agreement in subsection 4 (1) of the Act.

2AB  Amendment to Physical Protection Convention

             (1)  For paragraph 4 (3) (a) of the Act, the Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material as adopted in the Final Act of the Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency dated 8 July 2005, has effect.

             (2)  The Amendment comes into force 30 days after two thirds of all State Parties have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval with the depositary, in accordance with Article 20 of the Physical Protection Convention.

2AC  Amendments to Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy of 5 March 1982

                   For paragraph 4 (3) (a) of the Act, the following amendments have effect:

                     (a)  Exchange of Notes dated 23 November 2006 constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan to amend, by replacing the Delineated and Recorded Japanese Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, the Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy of 5 March 1982;

                     (b)  Exchange of Notes dated 1 August 2000 constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan to further amend the Exchange of Letters constituting an Agreement establishing an Implementing Arrangement pursuant to the Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy of 5 March 1982;

                     (c)  Exchange of Notes dated 10 September 1999 constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan to further amend the Exchange of Letters constituting an Agreement establishing an Implementing Arrangement pursuant to the Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy of 5 March 1982.

2B  Supplementary Agency Agreements

                   A Supplementary Agency Agreement mentioned in an item in Schedule 2 has effect, for the purposes of the Act, from the day mentioned in column 3 of the item.

3  Nuclear material to which Part II of the Act does not apply

             (1)  For the purposes of paragraph 9 (c) of the Act, each of the following kinds of nuclear material is nuclear material of a kind to which Part II of the Act does not apply:

                     (a)  depleted uranium that is contained in:

                              (i)  counterweights installed in aircraft, other than Australian aircraft, in transit through Australia; or

                             (ii)  the keels of ships, other than Australian ships, in transit through Australia;

                     (b)  thorium that is incorporated in:

                              (i)  an incandescent gas mantle;

                             (ii)  an electric light bulb;

                            (iii)  an electronic component;

                            (iv)  a welding rod; or

                             (v)  a finished aircraft part;

                     (c)  source material that is incorporated in:

                              (i)  the glazing of a finished ceramic product; or

                             (ii)  an alloy in the form of a finished constructional product, being an alloy the source material component of which is not more than 4% by weight of uranium or thorium;

                     (d)  source material that is contained in:

                              (i)  a chemical mixture, compound or solution, or an alloy, in which the uranium or thorium content by weight is less than 0.05% of the weight of the mixture, compound, solution or alloy;

                             (ii)  a prescribed chemical mixture, compound or solution in a quantity not exceeding 10 kilograms element weight of uranium or thorium; or

                            (iii)  a prescribed alloy in a quantity not exceeding 10 kilograms element weight of uranium or thorium;

                     (e)  uranium ore concentrates extracted in Australia and containing not more than 10 kilograms element weight of uranium;

                      (f)  thorium concentrates extracted in Australia and containing not more than 10 kilograms element weight of thorium.

             (2)  In this regulation, a reference to a prescribed chemical mixture, compound or solution shall be read as a reference to a chemical mixture, compound or solution that is not:

                     (a)  intended for use for the purposes of a nuclear activity;

                     (b)  of a composition and purity making it suitable for fuel fabrication or for isotopic enrichment; or

                     (c)  subject to the provisions of the Agency Agreement or a prescribed international agreement.

             (3)  In this regulation, a reference to a prescribed alloy shall be read as a reference to an alloy that is not:

                     (a)  intended for use for the purposes of a nuclear activity;

                     (b)  of a composition and purity making it suitable for fuel fabrication or for isotopic enrichment; or

                     (c)  subject to the provisions of the Agency Agreement or a prescribed international agreement.

4  Notification of grant, variation or revocation of permit or authority

             (1)  For the purposes of subsection 20 (2) of the Act, the following particulars are prescribed in relation to the grant of a permit or authority:

                     (a)  the name and address of the person to whom the permit or authority is granted;

                     (b)  the number of the permit or authority;

                     (c)  the nature of the permit or authority;

                     (d)  the date of grant of the permit or authority;

                     (e)  the period for which the permit or authority is to have effect.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection 20 (2) of the Act, the following particulars are prescribed in relation to the variation of a permit or authority:

                     (a)  the name and address of the person to whom the permit or authority was granted;

                     (b)  the number of the permit or authority;

                     (c)  the nature of the permit or authority;

                     (d)  the day on which the permit or authority as originally granted took effect;

                     (e)  the day on which the variation took effect.

             (3)  For the purposes of subsection 20 (2) of the Act, the following particulars are prescribed in relation to the revocation of a permit or authority:

                     (a)  the name and address of the person to whom the permit or authority was granted;

                     (b)  the number of the permit or authority;

                     (c)  the nature of the permit or authority;

                     (d)  the day on which the permit or authority as originally granted took effect;

                     (e)  the day on which any variation of the permit or authority took effect;

                      (f)  the day on which the revocation of the permit or authority took effect.

4A  Possession of nuclear material by carriers

             (1)  For the purposes of subsection 24 (1) of the Act, the following kinds of nuclear material are prescribed:

                     (a)  source material, other than source material consisting of or containing:

                              (i)  1000 or more kilograms element weight of depleted uranium;

                             (ii)  500 or more kilograms element weight of natural uranium; or

                            (iii)  1000 or more kilograms element weight of thorium;

                     (b)  special fissionable material in a quantity not exceeding one gram isotope weight of plutonium—239, uranium—233 and uranium—235.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection 24 (1) of the Act, the following kinds of associated items are prescribed:

                     (a)  deuterium or heavy water in a quantity not exceeding 200 kilograms weight of deuterium atoms;

                     (b)  nuclear grade graphite in a quantity not exceeding 30 tonnes.

             (3)  In this regulation:

heavy water means a deuterium compound in which the ratio of deuterium to hydrogen exceeds the ratio 1 to 5000.

nuclear grade graphite means graphite having a purity level better than 5 parts per million boron equivalent and a density of more than 1.5 grams per cubic centimetre.

5  Information in relation to design for construction or modification of nuclear facility

                   For the purposes of paragraph 29 (2) (b) of the Act, the prescribed period is 60 days.

6  Charge payable by producers of uranium ore concentrates

                   For paragraph 69A (2) (b) of the Act, the amount of charge payable in a financial year by a person referred to in subsection 69A (1) of the Act is the lesser of:

                     (a)  13.1813 cents per kilogram of uranium in the uranium ore concentrates produced by the person in the previous financial year; and

                     (b)  $500,000.

7  Application of the Nuclear Non‑Proliferation (Safeguards) Amendment (2017 Measures No. 1) Regulations 2017

                   The amendment of paragraph 6(a) made by the Nuclear Non‑Proliferation (Safeguards) Amendment (2017 Measures No. 1) Regulations 2017 applies in relation to charge payable on 1 December in the 2017‑18 financial year and later financial years.


Schedule 1Prescribed international agreements

(regulation 2A)

  

 

Column 1
Item

Column 2
Title of Agreement

Column 3
Date signed on behalf of Australia

1

Exchanges of Notes constituting Agreements between Australia and the United States concerning the application of the Agreement concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy of 5 July 1979

2 August 1985

2

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Swiss Confederation concerning the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

28 January 1986

3

Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Atomic Energy Agency

9 May 1986

4

South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty

11 December 1986

5

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt concerning Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy and the Transfer of Nuclear Material between Australia and the Arab Republic of Egypt

18 February 1988

6

Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between Australia and the United States concerning Australian Ores containing Uranium or Thorium (monazite and xenotime)

13 December 1989

7

Exchange of Notes between Australia and Singapore constituting an Agreement concerning Cooperation in the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material

15 December 1989

9

Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between Australia and Japan to amend the Exchange of Letters constituting an Agreement establishing an Implementing Arrangement pursuant to the Agreement for Co‑operation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy of 5 March 1982

27 July 1990

10

Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between Australia and Sweden concerning Arrangements applying to Certain (Nuclear) Transfers between Sweden and Third Countries

15 January 1991

11

Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between Australia and the United States to bring International Obligation Exchanges under the Coverage of the Agreement concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, and Agreed Minute, of 5 July 1979

16 December 1991

12

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United Mexican States concerning cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy and the Transfer of Nuclear Material

28 February 1992

13

Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement between Australia and Canada to amend, and to provide for International Obligation Exchanges under, the Agreement concerning the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy of 9 March 1981

10 April 1995

14

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of New Zealand concerning the Transfer of Uranium

14 September 1999

15

Agreement for Cooperation between Australia and the United States of America concerning Technology for the Separation of Isotopes of Uranium by Laser Excitation, Agreed Minute, and Exchange of Notes

28 October 1999

16

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Czech Republic on co‑operation in Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy and the Transfer of Nuclear Material

27 July 2001

17

Exchange of notes constituting an agreement between Australia and the United States of America Concerning Cooperation on the Application of Non‑Proliferation Assurances on Retransfer to Taiwan

31 July 2001

18

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Republic of Hungary on Co‑operation in Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy and the Transfer of Nuclear Material

8 August 2001

19

Agreement between Australia and the Argentine Republic concerning Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

8 August 2001

20

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on the Transfer of Nuclear Material

3 April 2006

21

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the People’s Republic of China for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

3 April 2006

22

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in the Use of Nuclear Energy for Peaceful Purposes

7 September 2007

23

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

4 May 2010

24

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the European Atomic Energy Community  (Euratom) for Co‑operation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

5 September 2011

25

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United Arab Emirates on Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

31 July 2012

26

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of India on Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

5 September 2014

27

Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Ukraine on Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

31 March 2016

Schedule 2Supplementary Agency Agreements

(regulation 2B)

  

 

Column 1
Item

Column 2
Title of Agreement

Column 3
Date of effect
 for Australia

1

Protocol Additional to the Agreement between Australia and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non‑Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, signed on behalf of Australia on 23 September 1997

10 December 1997

 


Endnotes

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

Endnote 3—Legislation history

Endnote 4—Amendment history

Abbreviation key—Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history—Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Editorial changes

The Legislation Act 2003 authorises First Parliamentary Counsel to make editorial and presentational changes to a compiled law in preparing a compilation of the law for registration. The changes must not change the effect of the law. Editorial changes take effect from the compilation registration date.

If the compilation includes editorial changes, the endnotes include a brief outline of the changes in general terms. Full details of any changes can be obtained from the Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation “(md)” added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation “(md not incorp)” is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

 

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

 

ad = added or inserted

o = order(s)

am = amended

Ord = Ordinance

amdt = amendment

orig = original

c = clause(s)

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

    /sub‑subparagraph(s)

Ch = Chapter(s)

pres = present

def = definition(s)

prev = previous

Dict = Dictionary

(prev…) = previously

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

Pt = Part(s)

Div = Division(s)

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

ed = editorial change

reloc = relocated

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

renum = renumbered

    effect

rep = repealed

F = Federal Register of Legislation

rs = repealed and substituted

gaz = gazette

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LA = Legislation Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

    effect

SR = Statutory Rules

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

Sub‑Ch = Sub‑Chapter(s)

    cannot be given effect

SubPt = Subpart(s)

mod = modified/modification

underlining = whole or part not

No. = Number(s)

    commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3—Legislation history

 

Number and year

FRLI registration or gazettal

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

1987 No. 75

13 May 1987

13 May 1987

 

1987 No. 258

6 Nov 1987

6 Nov 1987

1987 No. 260

6 Nov 1987

31 Mar 1988 (see Gazette 1988, No. S68)

1990 No. 298

21 Sept 1990

21 Sept 1990

1994 No. 178

16 June 1994

1 Nov 1993

1997 No. 351

15 Dec 1997

15 Dec 1997

1998 No. 173

30 June 1998

30 June 1998

1998 No. 318

1 Dec 1998

1 Dec 1998

1999 No. 278

26 Nov 1999

26 Nov 1999

2000 No. 22

15 Mar 2000

15 Mar 2000

2000 No. 69

12 May 2000

12 May 2000

2000 No. 305

16 Nov 2000

16 Nov 2000

2001 No. 311

15 Oct 2001

15 Oct 2001

2002 No. 227

26 Sept 2002

26 Sept 2002

2002 No. 252

31 Oct 2002

31 Oct 2002

2003 No. 267

28 Oct 2003

28 Oct 2003

2004 No. 323

25 Nov 2004

25 Nov 2004

2005 No. 270

24 Nov 2005 (F2005L03693)

25 Nov 2005

2006 No. 284

2 Nov 2006 (F2006L03560)

3 Nov 2006

2007 No. 97

30 Apr 2007 (F2007L01119)

1 May 2007

2009 No. 338

26 Nov 2009 (F2009L04342)

27 Nov 2009

2010 No. 276

18 Nov 2010 (F2010L03016)

19 Nov 2010

2011 No. 211

25 Nov 2011 (F2011L02446)

26 Nov 2011

2012 No. 292

20 Dec 2012 (F2012L02423)

21 Dec 2012

No 208, 2015

30 Nov 2015 (F2015L01870)

1 Dec 2015 (s 2(1) item 1)

 

Name

Registration

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Nuclear Non‑Proliferation (Safeguards) Amendment (2017 Measures No. 1) Regulations 2017

4 Dec 2017 (F2017L01567)

1 Dec 2017 (s 2(1) item 1)

Endnote 4—Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

r 1.............................................

rs. 1998 No. 318

r 2A..........................................

ad. 1990 No. 298

 

am. 1997 No. 351

r 2AB........................................

ad. 2007 No. 97

r 2AC........................................

ad. 2007 No. 97

r 2B...........................................

ad. 1997 No. 351

r 3.............................................

am. 1987 No. 258; 1990 No. 298; 1997 No. 351; 2002 No. 252; 2003 No. 267

r 4A..........................................

ad. 1987 No. 260

r 6.............................................

ad. 1994 No. 178

 

rs. 1998 No. 318

 

am. 1999 No. 278; 2000 No. 305; 2001 No. 311; 2002 No. 252; 2003 No. 267; 2004 No. 323, 2005 No. 270; 2006 No. 284; 2009 No. 338; 2010 No. 276; 2011 No. 211; No 208, 2015; F2017L01567

r 7.............................................

ad No 208, 2015

 

rs F2017L01567

Heading to Schedule..................

rep. 1997 No. 351

Schedule...................................

ad. 1990 No. 298

Schedule 1

 

Heading to Schedule 1...............

ad. 1997 No. 351

Schedule 1................................

am. 1997 No. 351

 

rs. 1998 No. 173

 

am. 2000 Nos. 22 and 69; 2002 No. 227; 2007 No. 97; 2012 No. 292; F2017L01567

Schedule 2

 

Schedule 2................................

ad. 1997 No. 351