Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998

Authoritative Version
SR 1998 No. 237 Regulations as amended, taking into account amendments up to Civil Aviation Safety Amendment (Part 90) Regulations 2017
Administered by: Infrastructure and Regional Development
Registered 15 Sep 2017
Start Date 12 Sep 2017
Table of contents.

Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998

Statutory Rules No. 237, 1998

made under the

Civil Aviation Act 1988

Compilation No. 77

Compilation date:                              12 September 2017

Includes amendments up to:            F2017L01149

Registered:                                         15 September 2017

This compilation is in 5 volumes

Volume 1:       regulations 1.001–42.1105

Volume 2:       regulations 45.005–92.205

Volume 3:       regulations 99.005–137.300

Volume 4:       regulations 139.005–175.500

Volume 5:       regulations 200.001–202.900

                        Dictionary and Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 12 September 2017 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 45—Display of nationality marks, registration marks and aircraft registration identification plates                                                                                            1

Subpart 45.A—Preliminary                                                                                             2

45.005................... Application of Part 45......................................................... 2

45.010................... Key definitions for Part 45.................................................. 2

45.015................... Meaning of markings and set of markings......................... 2

45.020................... References to aircraft operating for an exhibition................ 2

45.025................... Issue of Manual of Standards for Part 45........................... 2

45.030................... Registration holder to provide copies of approvals under this Part to registered operator............................................................................................ 3

Subpart 45.B—Aircraft markings                                                                               4

45.050................... Requirements for aircraft markings..................................... 4

45.055................... Display of aircraft markings............................................... 4

45.060................... Designs etc. not to modify, obscure or create confusion about sets of markings     5

45.065................... Approval to operate with different markings—aircraft of special configuration       6

45.070................... Approval to operate with different or no markings—aircraft operated for an exhibition............................................................................................ 6

Subpart 45.C—Requirement to display words on certain aircraft         8

45.090................... Requirements for display of words..................................... 8

45.095................... Display of words................................................................ 8

45.100................... Approval to operate with different or no words—aircraft operated for an exhibition............................................................................................ 9

Subpart 45.D—Aircraft registration identification plate                            11

45.120................... Application of Subpart 45.D............................................. 11

45.125................... Plate to be attached to aircraft............................................ 11

45.130................... Removal or alteration of plates.......................................... 12

45.135................... Approval of method of displaying markings.................... 12

45.140................... Approval for attachment of plate—aircraft of special configuration         12

Part 47—Registration of aircraft and related matters                                  14

Subpart 47.A—General                                                                                                   16

47.005................... Applicability of Part 47..................................................... 16

47.010................... Definitions for Part 47...................................................... 16

47.015................... Requirement for aircraft to be registered........................... 16

47.020................... Appointment of person to act on behalf of owners........... 17

Subpart 47.B—The Australian Civil Aircraft Register                                18

47.025................... Australian Civil Aircraft Register..................................... 18

47.030................... Register to be accessible to public..................................... 18

47.035................... Correction of Register....................................................... 18

47.040................... Seeking information about Register.................................. 18

47.045................... Communicating with CASA............................................. 19

47.050................... Accuracy of information in Register................................. 19

47.055................... Entries in Register etc not conclusive evidence of title to aircraft             19

Subpart 47.C—Registration of aircraft                                                                 20

47.060................... Applying for registration of unregistered aircraft.............. 20

47.065................... Information required for registration—general................. 20

47.070................... Confirmation of oral application....................................... 21

47.075................... CASA may ask for further information............................ 21

47.080................... Registration of aircraft...................................................... 22

47.085................... Interim certificate of registration....................................... 23

47.090................... Issue of certificate of registration...................................... 23

47.095................... Period of registration........................................................ 23

Subpart 47.D—Registered operator                                                                         24

47.100................... Identity of registered operator of aircraft........................... 24

Subpart 47.E—Transfer of ownership of aircraft                                          26

47.105................... Meaning of former owner and new owner....................... 26

47.110................... Transfer of ownership...................................................... 26

Subpart 47.F—Administration of Australian Civil Aircraft Register 28

47.115................... Notice of error in information in Register......................... 28

47.130................... Lapsing of registration...................................................... 28

47.131................... Suspension and cancellation of registration following a transfer of ownership        28

47.131A................ Suspension and cancellation of registration if registered operator is not an eligible person.......................................................................................... 29

47.131B................. Cancellation of registration at holder’s request—limitations 29

47.132................... Cancellation of registration on other grounds................... 29

Subpart 47.G—Reservation, assignment and change of registration marks         31

47.140................... Meaning of aircraft for Subpart 47.G.............................. 31

47.145................... Reservation of registration mark....................................... 31

47.150................... Assignment of registration mark....................................... 31

47.155................... Marks that must not be reserved or assigned.................... 31

47.160................... Assigning reserved registration mark to unregistered aircraft  32

47.165................... Change of registration mark.............................................. 32

Subpart 47.H—Dealer’s marks                                                                                   33

47.170................... Definitions for Subpart 47.H............................................ 33

47.175................... Assignment of dealer’s marks.......................................... 33

47.180................... What marks may be assigned to dealers............................ 33

47.185................... Record of dealer’s marks.................................................. 33

47.190................... How long assignment to dealer remains in effect.............. 34

47.195................... Certificate of assignment of dealer’s mark........................ 34

47.205................... Dealer’s plate.................................................................... 34

47.210................... Use of dealer’s marks....................................................... 34

47.215................... Aircraft taken to be registered........................................... 35

47.220................... Annual report to CASA on aircraft using dealer’s marks. 35

47.225................... Revocation of assignment of dealer’s mark etc................. 36

Part 60—Synthetic training devices                                                                          37

Subpart 60.A—Preliminary                                                                                           38

60.005................... Applicability..................................................................... 38

60.010................... Definitions for Part 60...................................................... 38

Subpart 60.B—Flight simulators and flight training devices                    39

60.015................... Definitions for Subpart 60.B............................................ 39

60.020................... Qualification levels........................................................... 39

Table 60.020‑1     Flight simulator qualification levels.................................... 39

Table 60.020‑2     Flight training device qualification levels............................ 39

60.025................... Application for flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification  40

60.030................... Initial evaluation and qualification..................................... 40

60.035................... Issue of flight simulator qualification certificate or flight training device qualification certificate........................................................................... 41

60.040................... Period of validity of flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification.......................................................................................... 41

60.045................... Recurrent evaluation of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device.......................................................................................... 41

60.050................... Variation, cancellation or suspension of flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification...................................................................... 42

60.055................... Flight simulator and flight training device approvals—persons other than Part 141 operators and Part 142 operators...................................................... 42

60.060................... Quality system—operators other than Part 141 operators and Part 142 operators   43

60.065................... Ongoing fidelity requirements.......................................... 43

60.070................... Modification of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training devices           44

60.075................... Change in qualification level of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device.......................................................................................... 45

60.080................... Deactivation, relocation or reactivation of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device................................................................................ 45

60.085................... Change of operator of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device  45

60.090................... Evaluation teams............................................................... 46

60.095................... Records............................................................................. 46

Subpart 60.C—Basic instrument flight trainers                                               47

Part 61—Flight crew licensing                                                                                     48

Subpart 61.A—Preliminary                                                                                           59

Division 61.A.1—General                                                                                        59

61.005................... What Part 61 is about........................................................ 59

61.007................... Application of Part 61....................................................... 60

61.010................... Definitions for Part 61...................................................... 60

61.015................... Definition of category of aircraft for Part 61.................... 71

61.020................... Definition of class of aircraft for Part 61.......................... 72

61.025................... Definition of aeroplane for Part 61.................................. 72

61.035................... Issue of Manual of Standards for Part 61......................... 72

61.040................... Approvals by CASA for Part 61...................................... 73

61.045................... Prescription of qualification standards for flight simulation training devices           73

61.047................... Prescription of recognised foreign States.......................... 73

61.050................... Prescription of multi‑engine aeroplanes included in single‑engine aeroplane class  73

61.055................... Prescription of type ratings and variants—multi‑crew aircraft 73

61.060................... Prescription of type ratings—single‑pilot aircraft............. 74

61.061................... Prescription of type‑rated aircraft—flight review requirements for class ratings      74

61.062................... Prescription of types of aircraft for additional limitations on class ratings               75

61.063................... Prescription of types of single engine helicopters for flight reviews        75

61.065................... Conduct of unauthorised activities—holders of flight crew licences        75

Division 61.A.2—Flight time and other aeronautical experience       76

61.070................... Flight to which Division 61.A.2 applies........................... 76

61.075................... Definition of aeronautical experience for Part 61............. 76

61.080................... Definition of flight time as pilot for Part 61...................... 76

61.085................... Definition of flight time as co‑pilot for Part 61................. 76

61.090................... Definition of flight time as pilot in command for Part 61.. 77

61.095................... Definition of flight time as pilot in command under supervision for Part 61            77

61.100................... Definition of flight time as flight engineer for Part 61....... 77

61.105................... Definition of instrument flight time for Part 61................. 77

61.110................... Definition of instrument ground time for Part 61............. 78

Division 61.A.3—Performing flight crew duties without licence, rating or endorsement                                                                                                                      79

Subdivision 61.A.3.1—Student pilots                                                                   79

61.112................... Flying as a student pilot.................................................... 79

61.113................... General requirements for student pilots............................ 80

61.114................... Solo flights—medical requirements for student pilots...... 80

61.115................... Solo flights—recent experience requirements for student pilots               81

61.116................... Student pilots authorised to taxi aircraft............................ 81

61.117................... Identity checks—student pilots......................................... 82

61.118................... Production of medical certificates etc. and identification—student pilots 82

Subdivision 61.A.3.2—Other circumstances in which flight crew duties may be performed without licence, rating or endorsement                                                83

61.119................... Flying without licence—flight engineer duties.................. 83

61.120................... Operation of aircraft radio without licence........................ 83

61.125................... Conducting flight activities without rating or endorsement 83

61.126................... Conducting flight activities without having met proficiency check or flight review 84

61.130................... Operation of helicopter using auto flight control system without licence or rating   84

61.135................... Authorisation to conduct flight training or flight test without holding type rating    84

61.140................... Authorisation to test aircraft without holding type rating.. 85

61.145................... Piloting glider without holding glider pilot licence............ 85

Subpart 61.B—Grant of flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements                87

Division 61.B.1—General                                                                                         87

61.150................... People who may grant flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements    87

61.155................... Applications for flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements              88

61.160................... Grant of flight crew licences............................................. 88

61.165................... Grant of flight crew ratings............................................... 89

61.170................... Grant of flight crew endorsements.................................... 89

61.175................... How CASA issues flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements         89

61.180................... How examiner, instructor or approval holder issues rating or endorsement             90

61.185................... New licence document if licence, rating or endorsement cancelled           90

61.190................... Licence holder to comply with limitations and requirements of Part 61   91

Division 61.B.2—Flight training and other training                                  92

61.195................... Flight training requirements.............................................. 92

61.200................... Differences training requirements..................................... 93

61.205................... When training must not be conducted in aircraft............... 93

61.210................... Other approved courses of training or professional development            94

Division 61.B.3—Aeronautical knowledge examinations                        95

61.215................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—general.............. 95

61.220................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—air transport pilot licence          95

61.225................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—pass standards... 95

61.230................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—knowledge deficiency reports   96

Division 61.B.4—Flight tests                                                                                   97

61.235................... Flight tests for flight crew licences and ratings—prerequisites                97

61.240................... Consequences of taking flight test when ineligible........... 98

61.245................... Conduct of flight tests for flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements               98

61.250................... Pass standards for flight tests........................................... 99

Division 61.B.5—English language proficiency                                          100

61.255................... Aviation English language proficiency assessments....... 100

61.260................... Duration of English language proficiency assessments.. 100

61.265................... Recreational pilot licences—general English language proficiency          100

61.270................... Approval of language proficiency assessors................... 101

Division 61.B.6—Recognition of overseas flight crew authorisations 102

61.275................... Overseas flight crew authorisations—recognition.......... 102

61.280................... Grant of flight crew licences, ratings or endorsements under bilateral agreements   103

Division 61.B.7—Recognition of Australian Defence Force qualifications          104

61.285................... Australian Defence Force qualifications—recognition.... 104

Subpart 61.C—Certificates of validation                                                            105

61.290................... Grant of certificates of validation.................................... 105

61.295................... Privileges of certificates of validation............................. 105

61.300................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—medical certificate........................................................................................ 105

61.305................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—recent experience, flight review and proficiency check.......................................... 106

61.310................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—carriage of documents........................................................................................ 106

61.315................... Conduct of unauthorised activities by holders of certificates of validation               106

61.320................... Certificates of validation—period of validity.................. 107

61.325................... Certificates of validation—renewal................................. 107

Subpart 61.D—General obligations of flight crew licence holders      108

61.335................... Identity checks................................................................ 108

61.336................... Provision of photograph................................................. 108

61.340................... Production of licence documents, medical certificates and identification  108

61.345................... Personal logbooks—pilots.............................................. 109

61.350................... Personal logbooks—flight engineers.............................. 110

61.355................... Retention of personal logbooks...................................... 111

61.360................... False entries in personal logbooks.................................. 112

61.365................... Production of personal logbooks.................................... 112

Subpart 61.E—Pilot licensing—general limitations and authorisations 114

Division 61.E.1—General limitations on exercise of pilot licence privileges      114

61.375................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—ratings                114

61.380................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—flight activity and design feature endorsements.................................................................. 116

61.385................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—general competency requirement........................................................................................ 116

61.390................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—operating requirements and limitations........................................................................................ 117

61.395................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—recent experience for certain passenger flight activities................................................ 117

61.400................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—flight review      118

61.405................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical requirements—recreational pilot licence holders........................................................ 118

61.410................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical certificates: private pilot licence holders................................................................ 119

61.415................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical certificates: commercial, multi‑crew and air transport pilot licence holders............ 120

61.420................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—carriage of documents        120

61.422................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—aviation English language proficiency........................................................................................ 121

61.425................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—unregistered aircraft           121

61.427................... Removal of certain pilot licence conditions about airspace 121

Division 61.E.2—General authorisations for pilot licences                 123

61.430................... Holders of pilot licences authorised to taxi aircraft......... 123

61.435................... When holders of pilot licences authorised to operate aircraft radio           123

Subpart 61.G—Recreational pilot licences                                                         124

Division 61.G.1—Privileges and grant of licences                                    124

61.460................... Privileges of recreational pilot licences........................... 124

61.465................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of recreational pilot licences—general            124

61.470................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of recreational pilot licences—endorsements  125

61.475................... Requirements for grant of recreational pilot licences....... 125

61.480................... Grant of recreational pilot licences in recognition of pilot certificates granted by certain organisations................................................................... 126

Division 61.G.2—Recreational pilot licence endorsements                  127

61.485................... Kinds of recreational pilot licence endorsements............. 127

61.490................... Privileges of recreational pilot licence endorsements...... 127

61.495................... Requirements for grant of recreational pilot licence endorsements           127

61.500................... Grant of endorsement in recognition of other qualifications 128

Subpart 61.H—Private pilot licences                                                                      129

Division 61.H.1—General                                                                                      129

61.505................... Privileges of private pilot licences................................... 129

61.510................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private pilot licences—multi‑crew operations........................................................................................ 129

61.515................... Requirements for grant of private pilot licences—general 129

Division 61.H.2—Aeronautical experience requirements for private pilot licences—applicants who have completed integrated training courses             131

61.520................... Application of Division 61.H.2...................................... 131

61.525................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—aeroplane category........................................................................................ 131

61.530................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—helicopter category........................................................................................ 131

61.535................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—gyroplane category........................................................................................ 132

Division 61.H.3—Aeronautical experience requirements for private pilot licences—applicants who have not completed integrated training courses     133

61.540................... Application of Division 61.H.3...................................... 133

61.545................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—aeroplane category........................................................................................ 133

61.550................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—helicopter category........................................................................................ 133

61.555................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category.......................................................................... 134

61.560................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—gyroplane category........................................................................................ 134

61.565................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—airship category........................................................................................ 135

Subpart 61.I—Commercial pilot licences                                                            136

Division 61.I.1—General                                                                                        136

61.570................... Privileges of commercial pilot licences........................... 136

61.575................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of commercial pilot licences—multi‑crew operations........................................................................................ 136

61.580................... Requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—general 136

Division 61.I.2—Aeronautical experience requirements for commercial pilot licences—applicants who have completed integrated training courses             138

61.585................... Application of Division 61.I.2........................................ 138

61.590................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—aeroplane category.......................................................................... 138

61.595................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—helicopter category.......................................................................... 138

61.600................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category.............................................................. 139

Division 61.I.3—Aeronautical experience requirements for commercial pilot licences—applicants who have not completed integrated training courses     140

61.605................... Application of Division 61.I.3........................................ 140

61.610................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—aeroplane category.......................................................................... 140

61.615................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—helicopter category.......................................................................... 140

61.620................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category.............................................................. 141

61.625................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—gyroplane category.......................................................................... 141

61.630................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—airship category.......................................................................... 142

Subpart 61.J—Multi‑crew pilot licences                                                              143

61.635................... Privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences............................ 143

61.640................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—IFR flight: general........................................................................................ 143

61.645................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—IFR flight: recent experience....................................................................... 144

61.650................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—instrument proficiency check............................................................................... 145

61.655................... Requirements for grant of multi‑crew pilot licences........ 147

61.660................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of multi‑crew pilot licences—aeroplane category.......................................................................... 148

Subpart 61.K—Air transport pilot licences                                                       149

61.665................... Privileges of air transport pilot licences.......................... 149

61.670................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—helicopter IFR flight........................................................................................ 149

61.675................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—single‑pilot IFR flight........................................................................................ 149

61.680................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—IFR flight: general........................................................................................ 149

61.685................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—IFR flight: recent experience....................................................................... 150

61.695................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—instrument proficiency check............................................................................... 151

61.700................... Requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—general                154

61.705................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—aeroplane category.......................................................................... 155

61.710................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—helicopter category.......................................................................... 155

61.715................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category.............................................................. 156

Subpart 61.L—Aircraft ratings and endorsements for pilot licences 158

Division 61.L.1—Preliminary                                                                              158

61.720................... What Subpart 61.L is about............................................ 158

Division 61.L.2—Aircraft category ratings                                                 159

61.725................... Privileges of aircraft category ratings.............................. 159

61.730................... Requirements for grant of aircraft category ratings......... 159

Division 61.L.3—Aircraft class ratings                                                          160

61.735................... Privileges of aircraft class ratings................................... 160

61.745................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of aircraft class ratings—flight review           160

61.747................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of class ratings in certain aircraft—flight review........................................................................................ 161

61.750................... Requirements for grant of aircraft class ratings............... 162

Division 61.L.4—Design feature endorsements                                          163

61.755................... Design features that require design feature endorsement 163

61.760................... Privileges of design feature endorsements...................... 163

61.765................... Requirements for grant of design feature endorsements. 164

Division 61.L.5—Pilot type ratings                                                                   165

61.770................... Privileges of pilot type ratings........................................ 165

61.775................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—flight test in flight simulator........................................................................................ 165

61.780................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—variants        166

61.785................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—single‑pilot operation and multi‑crew operation....................................................... 166

61.790................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—IFR operation              166

61.795................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—recent experience on aircraft models............................................................................ 166

61.800................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—flight review                167

61.805................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—instrument proficiency check........................................................................................ 168

61.810................... Requirements for grant of pilot type ratings.................... 171

61.815................... Person taken to meet requirements for grant of pilot type rating—multi‑crew pilot licence holder.............................................................................. 172

61.820................... Person taken to meet requirements for grant of pilot type rating—new type rating  172

61.822................... Removal of type rating condition about acting as pilot in command         173

Division 61.L.6—Cruise relief type ratings                                                  174

61.825................... Kinds of cruise relief type rating..................................... 174

61.830................... Privileges of cruise relief type ratings............................. 174

61.835................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of cruise relief type ratings—general              174

61.840................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of cruise relief type ratings—recent experience........................................................................................ 175

61.845................... Requirements for grant of cruise relief type ratings........ 176

61.850................... Person taken to meet requirements for grant of cruise relief type rating—new type rating........................................................................................ 177

Subpart 61.M—Instrument ratings                                                                        178

Division 61.M.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of instrument ratings              178

61.855................... Privileges of instrument ratings...................................... 178

61.860................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—general       178

61.865................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—endorsements             179

61.870................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—recent experience: general........................................................................................ 179

61.875................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—recent experience: single pilot........................................................................................ 180

61.880................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—instrument proficiency check........................................................................................ 180

61.885................... Requirements for grant of instrument ratings.................. 183

61.887................... Removal of instrument rating conditions about acting as pilot in command under IFR........................................................................................ 184

Division 61.M.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of instrument endorsements                                                                                                                    185

61.890................... Kinds of instrument endorsement................................... 185

61.895................... Privileges of instrument endorsements........................... 187

61.900................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument endorsements           187

61.905................... Requirements for grant of instrument endorsements....... 188

Subpart 61.N—Private instrument ratings                                                        189

Division 61.N.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of private instrument ratings                                                                                                                    189

61.910................... Privileges of private instrument ratings........................... 189

61.915................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—endorsements 189

61.920................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—recent experience........................................................................................ 189

61.925................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—flight review   190

61.930................... Requirements for grant of private instrument ratings...... 191

Division 61.N.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of private instrument endorsements                                                                                                                    193

61.935................... Kinds of private instrument endorsement........................ 193

61.940................... Privileges of private instrument endorsements................ 196

61.942................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument endorsements—visibility and cloud............................................................................... 197

61.945................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument endorsements                197

61.950................... Requirements for grant of private instrument endorsements 197

Subpart 61.O—Night VFR ratings                                                                         199

Division 61.O.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of night VFR ratings                199

61.955................... Privileges of night VFR ratings...................................... 199

61.960................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—endorsements            199

61.965................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—recent experience       199

61.970................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—flight review              199

61.975................... Requirements for grant of night VFR ratings................. 200

Division 61.O.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of night VFR endorsements 202

61.980................... Kinds of night VFR endorsement................................... 202

61.985................... Privileges of night VFR endorsements........................... 203

61.990................... Requirements for grant of night VFR endorsements...... 203

Subpart 61.P—Night vision imaging system ratings                                     205

Division 61.P.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of night vision imaging system ratings                                                                                                     205

61.995................... Privileges of night vision imaging system ratings........... 205

61.1000................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—general........................................................................................ 205

61.1005................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—endorsements........................................................................................ 205

61.1010................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—recent experience....................................................................... 205

61.1015................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—night vision imaging system proficiency check.................................. 206

61.1020................. Requirements for grant of night vision imaging system ratings               207

Division 61.P.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of night vision imaging system endorsements                                                                                      208

61.1025................. Kinds of night vision imaging system endorsement........ 208

61.1030................. Privileges of night vision imaging system endorsements 209

61.1035................. Requirements for grant of night vision imaging system endorsements    209

Subpart 61.Q—Low‑level ratings                                                                             211

Division 61.Q.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of low‑level ratings   211

61.1040................. Privileges of low‑level ratings........................................ 211

61.1045................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—general         211

61.1050................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—endorsements               211

61.1055................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—recent experience         211

61.1060................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—flight review                211

61.1070................. Requirements for grant of low‑level ratings.................... 212

Division 61.Q.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of low‑level endorsements     213

61.1075................. Kinds of low‑level endorsement..................................... 213

61.1080................. Privileges of low‑level endorsements............................. 214

61.1085................. Requirements for grant of low‑level endorsements......... 214

Subpart 61.R—Aerial application ratings                                                          216

Division 61.R.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of aerial application ratings 216

61.1090................. Privileges of aerial application ratings............................. 216

61.1100................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—endorsements   216

61.1105................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—recent experience........................................................................................ 216

61.1110................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—aerial application proficiency check............................................................ 216

61.1115................. Requirements for grant of aerial application ratings........ 218

Division 61.R.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of aerial application endorsements                                                                                                                    219

61.1120................. Kinds of aerial application endorsement.......................... 219

61.1125................. Privileges of aerial application endorsements.................. 222

61.1130................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application endorsements—supervision........................................................................................ 222

61.1135................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night aerial application endorsements         223

61.1140................. Requirements for grant of aerial application endorsements 223

Subpart 61.S—Flight activity endorsements                                                     225

61.1145................. Kinds of flight activity endorsement............................... 225

61.1150................. Privileges of flight activity endorsements....................... 226

61.1155................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight activity endorsements—medical certificates........................................................................................ 226

61.1160................. Requirements for grant of flight activity endorsements... 226

Subpart 61.T—Pilot instructor ratings                                                                 227

Division 61.T.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight instructor ratings     227

61.1165................. Privileges of flight instructor ratings............................... 227

61.1170................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—general               228

61.1172................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions..................................................... 228

61.1175................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—endorsements     228

61.1180................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—instructor proficiency check........................................................................................ 229

61.1185................. Requirements for grant of flight instructor ratings.......... 230

Division 61.T.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of simulator instructor ratings                                                                                                                    233

61.1190................. Privileges of simulator instructor ratings........................ 233

61.1195................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—general         233

61.1197................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions................................................ 234

61.1200................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—endorsements........................................................................................ 234

61.1205................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—instructor proficiency check............................................................................... 235

61.1210................. Requirements for grant of simulator instructor ratings.... 236

Division 61.T.3—Obligations of pilot instructors                                      238

61.1215................. Obligations of pilot instructors—training....................... 238

61.1220................. Obligations of pilot instructors—flight reviews.............. 238

61.1225................. Obligations of pilot instructors—student pilots.............. 239

61.1227................. Obligations of pilot instructors—approval to operate aircraft radio          240

61.1230................. Obligations of pilot instructors—records of activities conducted independently of Part 141 or 142 operator............................................................... 240

Division 61.T.4—Privileges and requirements for grant of training endorsements       242

61.1235................. Kinds of training endorsement........................................ 242

61.1240................. Privileges of training endorsements................................ 247

61.1245................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of training endorsements—general 247

61.1246................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of grade 3 training endorsements   247

61.1247................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low level training endorsements 248

61.1250................. Requirements for grant of training endorsements........... 248

Subpart 61.U—Flight examiner ratings                                                               249

Division 61.U.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight examiner ratings      249

61.1255................. Privileges of flight examiner ratings............................... 249

61.1265................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—endorsements      249

61.1270................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—professional development........................................................................................ 250

61.1275................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—recent experience........................................................................................ 250

61.1280................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—flight reviews and subject matter proficiency checks................................................ 250

61.1285................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—examiner proficiency check........................................................................................ 251

61.1290................. Requirements for grant of flight examiner ratings........... 252

Division 61.U.2—Obligations of flight examiners                                     254

61.1295................. Obligations of flight examiners—flight tests: strict liability offences       254

61.1300................. Obligations of flight examiners—flight tests: other offences 255

61.1305................. Obligations of flight examiners—proficiency checks..... 256

Division 61.U.3—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight examiner endorsements                                                                                                                    258

61.1310................. Kinds of flight examiner endorsement............................ 258

61.1315................. Privileges of flight examiner endorsements.................... 261

61.1318................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner endorsements—flight tests in aircraft........................................................................................ 261

61.1320................. Requirements for grant of flight examiner endorsements 261

Subpart 61.V—Flight engineer licences                                                               263

61.1325................. Privileges of flight engineer licences............................... 263

61.1330................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—ratings                263

61.1335................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—recent experience........................................................................................ 263

61.1340................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—flight review       264

61.1345................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—current medical certificates........................................................................................ 264

61.1350................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—carriage of documents........................................................................................ 264

61.1352................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—aviation English language proficiency...................................................................... 265

61.1355................. Certain holders of flight engineer licences authorised to operate aircraft radio         265

61.1360................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer licences.......... 265

Subpart 61.W—Flight engineer type ratings                                                    267

61.1365................. Privileges of flight engineer type ratings......................... 267

61.1370................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—general         267

61.1375................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—recent experience on aircraft models................................................................ 267

61.1380................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—flight review 268

61.1385................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer type ratings.... 268

61.1390................. Person taken to meet requirements for grant of flight engineer type rating—new type rating........................................................................................ 269

Subpart 61.X—Flight engineer instructor ratings                                         270

Division 61.X.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight engineer instructor ratings                                                                                                                    270

61.1395................. Privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings................ 270

61.1400................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings—general 270

61.1402................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions....................................... 271

61.1405................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings—endorsements........................................................................................ 271

61.1410................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings—instructor proficiency check............................................................ 271

61.1415................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer instructor ratings 272

Division 61.X.2—Obligations of flight engineer instructors                274

61.1420................. Obligations of flight engineer instructors—training........ 274

61.1425................. Obligations of flight engineer instructors—flight review 274

61.1427................. Obligations of flight engineer instructors—approval to operate aircraft radio          275

Division 61.X.3—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight engineer training endorsements                                                                                      276

61.1430................. Kinds of flight engineer training endorsement................ 276

61.1435................. Privileges of flight engineer training endorsements........ 276

61.1440................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer training endorsements             276

Subpart 61.Y—Flight engineer examiner ratings                                          278

Division 61.Y.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight engineer examiner ratings                                                                                                                    278

61.1445................. Privileges of flight engineer examiner ratings................. 278

61.1455................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer examiner ratings—endorsements........................................................................................ 278

61.1460................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer examiner ratings—professional development.................................................................... 279

61.1465................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer examiner ratings—recent experience........................................................................................ 279

61.1470................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer examiner ratings—examiner proficiency check............................................................ 279

61.1475................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer examiner ratings 280

Division 61.Y.2—Obligations of flight engineer examiners                 282

61.1480................. Obligations of flight engineer examiners—flight tests: strict liability offences         282

61.1485................. Obligations of flight engineer examiners—flight tests: other offences     283

61.1490................. Obligations of flight engineer examiners—proficiency checks                283

Division 61.Y.3—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight engineer examiner endorsements                                                                                      285

61.1495................. Kinds of flight engineer examiner endorsement.............. 285

61.1500................. Privileges of flight engineer examiner endorsements...... 285

61.1505................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer examiner endorsements           286

Subpart 61.Z—Glider pilot licences                                                                        287

61.1510................. Privileges of glider pilot licences.................................... 287

61.1515................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of glider pilot licences—general     287

61.1520................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of glider pilot licences—recent experience     288

61.1525................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of glider pilot licences—flight review            288

61.1530................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of glider pilot licences—medical certificates   288

61.1535................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of glider pilot licences—carriage of documents........................................................................................ 288

61.1540................. Requirements for grant of glider pilot licences................ 289

Part 64—Authorisations for non‑licensed personnel                                   290

Subpart 64.A—Preliminary                                                                                         291

64.005................... What Part 64 is about...................................................... 291

64.010................... Definitions for Part 64.................................................... 291

64.012................... Approvals by CASA for Part 64.................................... 292

Subpart 64.B—Transmission on aeronautical radio frequencies         293

64.015................... Eligibility for aeronautical radio operator certificate........ 293

64.020................... Obligation of assessor to ensure training is completed... 294

64.025................... Applying for aeronautical radio operator certificate........ 294

64.030................... Grant of aeronautical radio operator certificate................ 294

64.035................... Holder of aeronautical radio operator certificate may operate radio          294

64.040................... Person undergoing training or assessment may operate radio  295

Subpart 64.C—Taxiing aeroplanes                                                                         296

64.045................... Persons who may taxi aeroplanes—general.................... 296

64.050................... Persons who may taxi aeroplanes—persons undergoing training or assessment     296

64.055................... Grant of certificate of competency to taxi aeroplanes of a class or covered by a type rating........................................................................................ 297

64.060................... Production of certificate of competency.......................... 297

Part 65—Air traffic services licensing                                                                   298

Subpart 65.AGeneral                                                                                                 300

65.005................... Applicability of this Part................................................. 300

65.010................... Definitions for this Part.................................................. 300

65.015................... Meaning of successful completion of training................ 300

65.020................... Effect of ATS provider’s failure to comply with this Part 300

65.025................... How to satisfy recency requirement................................ 300

65.030................... How to satisfy currency requirement.............................. 301

65.033................... Issue of Manual of Standards......................................... 301

Subpart 65.BAuthority to act in air traffic control and flight service  303

65.035................... Authority to carry out air traffic control function............ 303

65.040................... Rules applicable when a person performs ATC function under supervision            304

65.045................... Offences—carrying out ATC function without authority 304

65.050................... Authority to carry out flight service function.................. 304

65.055................... Rules applicable when a person performs flight service function under supervision........................................................................................ 305

65.060................... Offences—carrying out flight service function without authority            306

65.065................... Authority to use ground‑based radio equipment............. 306

Subpart 65.C—Licensing                                                                                              307

Division 65.C.1Air traffic controller licensing                                       307

65.070................... Eligibility for grant of ATC licence................................. 307

65.075................... Air traffic controller ratings............................................ 307

65.080................... Grant of rating on ATC licence....................................... 308

65.085................... Grant of endorsement on ATC licences.......................... 308

65.090................... ATS provider’s obligation to provide currency and recency training and assessment........................................................................................ 309

65.095................... Ancillary qualifications................................................... 309

65.100................... Conduct of practical training........................................... 310

65.105................... Conduct of examinations................................................ 310

65.115................... Periods of validity of ratings and endorsements............. 310

65.120................... Periods of validity of ATC qualifications....................... 311

Division 65.C.2—Flight service licensing                                                       312

65.125................... Eligibility for grant of flight service licence.................... 312

65.130................... Flight service ratings....................................................... 312

65.135................... Maintenance of ratings on flight service licence.............. 312

65.140................... Endorsements on flight service licences.......................... 313

65.145................... Ancillary qualifications................................................... 313

65.150................... Conduct of training......................................................... 314

65.155................... Conduct of examinations................................................ 314

65.165................... Periods of validity of rating and endorsement................. 314

65.170................... Period of validity of flight service qualification.............. 314

Subpart 65.EAdministrative functions                                                            316

Division 65.E.1—Grant of licences                                                                   316

65.175................... Definitions for this Subpart............................................ 316

65.180................... How to apply.................................................................. 316

65.225................... Grant of licence............................................................... 316

65.230................... When decision must be made.......................................... 316

Division 65.E.2Ongoing proficiency and medical testing                 318

65.250................... Re‑examination or re‑assessment of licence or qualification holder         318

Division 65.E.3Suspension and cancellation of licences                    319

65.255................... Provisional suspension of licence pending examination or assessment    319

65.260................... Provisional suspension of licence etc during investigation 319

65.265................... Show cause procedure.................................................... 320

65.270................... CASA’s powers in respect of licence etc........................ 320

65.275................... Choice between cancellation and suspension.................. 320

65.280................... Procedure for decision.................................................... 321

65.285................... Effect of suspension or provisional suspension of authorisation             322

Part 66—Continuing airworthiness—aircraft engineer licences and ratings        323

Subpart 66.A—General                                                                                                 325

66.005................... Purpose of Part............................................................... 325

66.010................... Definitions for Part......................................................... 325

66.015................... Part 66 Manual of Standards.......................................... 327

Subpart 66.B—Aircraft engineer licences                                                          329

66.018................... Aircraft engineer licences and kinds of aircraft............... 329

66.020................... Applications for licences................................................. 329

66.025................... Grant of licence............................................................... 330

66.026................... Grant of licence subject to exclusion............................... 331

66.030................... Recognition of foreign licences from recognised States held at time of application  332

66.035................... Recognition of foreign licences from recognised States held before time of application........................................................................................ 332

66.040................... Recognition of foreign licences not from recognised States held at time of application—assessment by maintenance training organisation........... 333

66.045................... Recognition of foreign licences not from recognised States held at time of application—assessment by CASA..................................................... 334

66.050................... Recognition of foreign licences not from recognised States held before time of application—assessment by maintenance training organisation........... 334

66.055................... Recognition of foreign licences not from recognised States held before time of application—assessment by CASA..................................................... 335

66.060................... Qualifications from excluded States not recognised........ 336

66.065................... Recognition of Defence Force aircraft authorisations held at time of application     336

66.070................... Recognition of Defence Force aircraft authorisations held before time of application........................................................................................ 337

66.071................... Endorsement on licence of licence exclusion.................. 338

66.072................... Removal of exclusion from licence................................. 338

Subpart 66.C—Ratings                                                                                                  339

66.075................... Applications for ratings.................................................. 339

66.080................... Grant of rating................................................................ 339

66.085................... Determination of equivalence of certain ratings endorsed on certain licences and authorisations held at time of application........................ 341

66.090................... Determination of equivalence of certain ratings endorsed on certain licences and authorisations held before time of application................. 341

66.095................... Grant of rating subject to exclusions............................... 342

66.100................... Training, assessment and experience for removal of exclusion from rating             342

66.105................... Endorsement of rating on licence.................................... 343

66.110................... Removal of exclusion from rating................................... 343

Subpart 66.D—Conditions of licences                                                                   344

66.115................... Conditions...................................................................... 344

66.115A................ Offence not to comply with licence conditions............... 344

66.120................... All licences—general...................................................... 344

66.125................... All licences—medically significant conditions................ 345

66.130................... Category A licences........................................................ 346

66.135................... Category B1 and B2 licences—maintenance certification on behalf of Part 145 organisation........................................................................................ 347

66.137................... Category B1 and B2 licences—maintenance certification other than on behalf of Part 145 organisation.................................................................... 348

66.138................... Category B1 and B2 licences—certificate of release to service issued on behalf of Part 145 organisation.................................................................... 348

66.139A................ Category B1 and B2 licences—certificate of release to service issued other than on behalf of Part 145 organisation...................................................... 349

66.140................... Category C licences........................................................ 349

Subpart 66.F—Administration                                                                                  350

66.175................... CASA may ask licensed aircraft maintenance engineers for information 350

66.180................... Suspension of licence for failure to provide information 350

66.185................... CASA must revoke suspension of licence if information provided         350

Part 67—Medical                                                                                                                351

Subpart 67.A—General                                                                                                 353

67.005................... Applicability................................................................... 353

67.010................... Definitions for this Part.................................................. 353

67.015................... Meaning of safety‑relevant............................................. 354

67.020................... Extended meaning of convicted of an offence.................. 355

Subpart 67.B—Designated aviation medical examiners and designated aviation ophthalmologists                                                                                              356

67.025................... Application for appointment as DAME or DAO............ 356

67.030................... More information for application.................................... 356

67.035................... Continuation of appointment until application decided.... 357

67.040................... When decision must be made.......................................... 357

67.045................... Appointment of DAMEs................................................ 358

67.055................... DAMEs—declaration about holders of position............. 358

67.060................... DAMEs—conditions...................................................... 359

67.065................... Appointment of DAOs................................................... 359

67.075................... DAOs—declaration about holders of position................ 360

67.080................... DAOs—conditions......................................................... 360

67.090................... Release of information about performance of DAMEs or DAOs            361

67.095................... DAMEs and DAOs—cancellation or surrender of appointment              362

67.100................... DAMEs and DAOs—automatic suspension and cancellation after criminal conviction........................................................................................ 362

67.105................... DAMEs—automatic cancellation on ceasing to be medical practitioner   363

67.110................... DAOs—automatic cancellation on ceasing to be medical practitioner or ophthalmologist........................................................................................ 363

67.120................... Revocation of declarations.............................................. 363

67.125................... Obligation to report......................................................... 364

67.130................... Surrender of certificate of appointment........................... 364

67.140................... Indemnification of medical reporting.............................. 364

Subpart 67.C—Medical certificates                                                                        366

67.145................... Kinds of medical certificate............................................. 366

67.150................... Who meets medical standard 1........................................ 366

67.155................... Who meets medical standard 2........................................ 370

67.160................... Who meets medical standard 3........................................ 374

67.165................... Directions about examinations for issue of medical certificates                378

67.170................... Evidence of identity........................................................ 378

67.175................... Medical certificates—application.................................... 378

67.180................... Medical certificates—issue and refusal........................... 379

67.185................... Notice of decision to refuse medical certificate............... 381

67.190................... Reconsideration of decision to refuse medical certificate 381

67.195................... Medical certificate—conditions....................................... 382

67.200................... Conditions applicable to certain medical certificates—correcting lenses   382

67.205................... Medical certificates—period in force.............................. 382

67.210................... Medical certificates—application for extension of period in force            384

67.215................... Medical certificates—extension of period in force by CASA  384

67.220................... Medical certificates—extension of period in force by DAMEs                384

67.225................... Medical certificates—new medical certificates issued by DAMEs           385

67.230................... CASA may require medical examination of certificate holders                386

67.235................... Suspension of medical certificates—pregnancy.............. 387

67.240................... Medical certificates—suspension pending examination.. 388

67.245................... Suspension of medical certificates—special arrangements for service in urgent cases........................................................................................ 388

67.250................... Medical certificates—effect of suspension...................... 389

67.255................... Medical certificates—cancellation if medical standard not met 389

67.260................... Medical certificates—cancellation and suspension in other cases             389

Subpart 67.D—Modified Austroads medical standards                            391

67.262................... Definition of meets the modified Austroads medical standards               391

67.263................... Definition of modified Austroads medical standards for Subpart 67.D  391

Subpart 67.E—Responsibilities of holders of medical certificates and recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificates                                                         393

67.265................... Obligation to tell CASA of changes in medical condition—medical certificate holders........................................................................................ 393

67.270................... Offence—doing act while efficiency impaired—licence holders              394

67.271................... Offence—doing act while efficiency impaired—student pilots                395

67.275................... Surrender of medical certificates..................................... 396

Part 71—Airspace                                                                                                              397

Part 90—Additional airworthiness requirements                                          398

Subpart 90.A—General                                                                                                 400

90.005................... Purpose of Part............................................................... 400

90.007................... Application of Part.......................................................... 400

90.008................... Definitions for Part 90.................................................... 400

90.010................... Exclusions in relation to particular provisions................ 401

90.015................... Operation of exclusions under regulation 39.004........... 402

90.020................... Issue of Manual of Standards......................................... 403

Subpart 90.B—General provisions                                                                         405

90.100................... Applicability................................................................... 405

90.105................... Flight crew restraints...................................................... 405

90.110................... Occupant restraints—small aeroplanes........................... 406

90.115................... Occupant restraints—helicopters.................................... 406

90.120................... Side‑facing seats............................................................. 407

90.125................... Cabin crew seats............................................................. 407

90.130................... External doors................................................................. 408

90.135................... Emergency exits.............................................................. 409

90.140................... Cargo and baggage compartment lighting....................... 409

90.145................... Thermal/acoustic insulation materials.............................. 410

90.150................... Fire extinguishing agents................................................ 411

Subpart 90.C—Large aeroplanes engaged in air transport operations 412

Division 90.C.1—General                                                                                      412

90.200................... Applicability................................................................... 412

Division 90.C.2—Emergency exits                                                                    413

90.205................... Escape devices................................................................ 413

90.210................... Location of emergency exits........................................... 413

90.215................... Access to emergency exits.............................................. 414

90.220................... Interior emergency exit marking..................................... 414

90.225................... Interior emergency lighting............................................. 415

90.230................... Floor proximity emergency escape path.......................... 415

90.235................... Exterior emergency exit marking.................................... 415

90.240................... Exterior emergency lighting............................................ 416

90.245................... Over‑wing escape routes................................................ 416

Division 90.C.3—Fire protection                                                                       417

90.250................... Cabin interiors—materials.............................................. 417

90.255................... Seat cushions—materials................................................ 417

90.260................... Cargo compartment liners—materials............................. 417

90.265................... Cargo compartments for aeroplanes engaged in regular public transport operations........................................................................................ 418

90.270................... Toilets............................................................................. 419

90.275................... Thermal/acoustic insulation materials.............................. 419

Division 90.C.4—Systems and equipment                                                      421

90.280................... Seats............................................................................... 421

90.285................... Pitot heat indication systems........................................... 421

90.290................... Landing gear aural warning systems............................... 422

Subpart 90.D—Small aeroplanes engaged in air transport operations 423

90.400................... Applicability................................................................... 423

90.405................... Cargo and baggage compartments.................................. 423

90.410................... Emergency exits.............................................................. 423

90.415................... Landing gear aural warning systems............................... 424

Subpart 90.E—Helicopters engaged in regular public transport operations        425

90.600................... Applicability................................................................... 425

90.605................... Emergency exits.............................................................. 425

Part 91—General operating and flight rules                                                     426

Subpart 91.A—Applicability and definitions                                                    428

91.005................... Applicability................................................................... 428

Subpart 91.D—Operational procedures                                                              429

91.830................... Reduced vertical separation minimum (RVSM) operations 429

91.850................... Required navigation performance (RNP) operations...... 429

91.865................... Basic area navigation (B‑RNAV) operations.................. 429

91.870................... Precision area navigation (P‑RNAV) operations............ 429

91.875................... Minimum navigation performance specification (MNPS) operations      429

91.880................... Australian area navigation (AUSEP) operations............. 429

91.885................... Navigation trial operations.............................................. 429

91.890................... Area navigation (RNAV) operations.............................. 429

Subpart 91.U—Navigation authorisations                                                          430

Division 91.U.1—Preliminary                                                                              430

91.5000................. Applicability................................................................... 430

91.5005................. Definition for this Subpart.............................................. 430

91.5010................. Issue of Manual of Standards......................................... 430

91.5015................. How long navigation authorisations remain in force....... 431

91.5020................. Contravention of conditions of navigation authorisations 431

91.5025................. Removal of aircraft from navigation authorisations—holder ceasing to operate aircraft........................................................................................ 431

91.5030................. Aircraft allotted new registration marks.......................... 431

Division 91.U.2—RVSM airworthiness authorisation                            432

Division 91.U.3—RVSM operational authorisation                                 433

Division 91.U.4—RNP operational authorisation                                     434

91.5150................. RNP types...................................................................... 434

91.5155................. Applications for RNP operational authorisation............. 434

91.5160................. Criteria for grant of RNP operational authorisations....... 435

91.5165................. RNP operational authorisations...................................... 435

91.5170................. Conditions on RNP operational authorisations............... 435

Division 91.U.5—B‑RNAV operational authorisation                            436

Division 91.U.6—P‑RNAV operational authorisation                            437

Division 91.U.7—MNPS operational authorisation                                 438

Division 91.U.8—AUSEP operational authorisation                               439

Division 91.U.9—Navigation trial operational authorisation             440

Division 91.U.10—RNAV operational authorisation                              441

Part 92—Consignment and carriage of dangerous goods by air          442

Subpart 92.A—General                                                                                                 444

92.005................... Applicability................................................................... 444

92.010................... Definitions for Part 92.................................................... 444

92.015................... What are dangerous goods?............................................ 445

Subpart 92.B—Conditions for carriage etc of dangerous goods          446

92.020................... Compliance with Technical Instructions generally.......... 446

92.025................... Compliance with Technical Instructions—operators....... 446

92.030................... Compliance with Technical Instructions—passengers and crew              447

92.035................... Compliance with Technical Instructions—persons who consign dangerous goods 450

92.040................... Commercial Australian aircraft operators—conditions for carriage of dangerous goods—dangerous goods manual................................................ 450

92.045................... Dangerous goods manual—Australian aircraft operators 451

92.050................... Commercial foreign aircraft operators—conditions to which carriage of dangerous goods is subject............................................................................. 451

92.055................... Dangerous goods manual—requirements applicable to all operators       452

92.065................... Commercial operators—reporting of dangerous goods incidents             453

92.070................... Dangerous goods statement (Act s 23A)........................ 453

92.075................... Dangerous goods statement in reliance on statement already made          454

Subpart 92.C—Training                                                                                                455

92.085................... Definitions for Subpart 92.C.......................................... 455

92.090................... Extended meaning of every 2 years for this Subpart....... 456

92.095................... Training—certain employees of Australian aircraft operators  457

92.100................... Training—certain employees of Australian ground handling agents        457

92.105................... Training—certain employees of Australian freight forwarders                458

92.110................... Required standard of training for regulations 92.095, 92.100 and 92.105               458

92.115................... Training—certain employees of screening authorities..... 458

92.120................... Training—certain employees of shippers of dangerous goods 459

92.125................... Training—certain employees of non‑Australian operators 459

92.130................... Training—Australian operators’ employees outside Australia 460

92.135................... Requirements for training course.................................... 460

92.140................... Who may conduct training.............................................. 462

92.145................... Records about training—Australian operators etc........... 463

Subpart 92.D—Limitations on application of Subparts 92.B and 92.C 465

92.160................... Aircraft operated by law enforcement authorities............ 465

92.165................... Helicopter‑slung loads.................................................... 465

92.170................... Cargo carried in main deck cargo compartments............. 466

92.175................... Goods carried by private operators................................. 468

92.180................... Goods carried for parachute operations.......................... 469

92.185................... Carriage of fuel in large containers................................. 469

92.190................... Goods for use in emergency services............................. 470

92.195................... Carriage of ammunition by air security officers.............. 471

Subpart 92.E—Information to passengers                                                         472

92.200................... Information in passenger terminals................................. 472

92.205................... Information with tickets.................................................. 472


Part 45Display of nationality marks, registration marks and aircraft registration identification plates

  

Table of contents

Subpart 45.A—Preliminary

45.005       Application of Part 45

45.010       Key definitions for Part 45

45.015       Meaning of markings and set of markings

45.020       References to aircraft operating for an exhibition

45.025       Issue of Manual of Standards for Part 45

45.030       Registration holder to provide copies of approvals under this Part to registered operator

Subpart 45.B—Aircraft markings

45.050       Requirements for aircraft markings

45.055       Display of aircraft markings

45.060       Designs etc. not to modify, obscure or create confusion about sets of markings

45.065       Approval to operate with different markings—aircraft of special configuration

45.070       Approval to operate with different or no markings—aircraft operated for an exhibition

Subpart 45.C—Requirement to display words on certain aircraft

45.090       Requirements for display of words

45.095       Display of words

45.100       Approval to operate with different or no words—aircraft operated for an exhibition

Subpart 45.D—Aircraft registration identification plate

45.120       Application of Subpart 45.D

45.125       Plate to be attached to aircraft

45.130       Removal or alteration of plates

45.135       Approval of method of displaying markings

45.140       Approval for attachment of plate—aircraft of special configuration


Subpart 45.APreliminary

  

45.005  Application of Part 45

                   This Part applies in relation to the operation of an Australian aircraft.

45.010  Key definitions for Part 45

                   In these Regulations:

aircraft registration identification plate, for an aircraft, means a plate displaying the aircraft’s markings.

Australian nationality mark means the capital letters “VH”.

character means a letter, a digit or a hyphen.

exhibition means an air show or a film or television production.

45.015  Meaning of markings and set of markings

             (1)  Markings, for an aircraft, are the Australian nationality mark and the aircraft’s registration mark, in that order, connected by a hyphen.

             (2)  However, if the aircraft is a registered glider or a powered sailplane operating in Australian territory, and the first letter of the aircraft’s registration mark is “G”, the aircraft’s markings need not include:

                     (a)  that first letter; or

                     (b)  the Australian nationality mark.

             (3)  A set of markings, for an aircraft, is an instance of the aircraft’s markings.

45.020  References to aircraft operating for an exhibition

                   In this Part, a reference to an aircraft operating for an exhibition includes a reference to the aircraft:

                     (a)  flying in the exhibition, or in a practice or test flight for the exhibition; or

                     (b)  flying between locations where the aircraft is participating in the exhibition or in the practice or test flight; or

                     (c)  flying between a location where the aircraft is participating in the exhibition, or in the practice or test flight, and the aircraft’s base of operations.

45.025  Issue of Manual of Standards for Part 45

                   For subsection 38(1) of the Act, CASA may issue a Manual of Standards for this Part prescribing matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by these Regulations to be prescribed by the Part 45 Manual of Standards; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Part.

Note:          The Manual of Standards is a legislative instrument: see subsection 38(1) of the Act.

45.030  Registration holder to provide copies of approvals under this Part to registered operator

             (1)  This regulation applies if:

                     (a)  the registration holder of an aircraft holds an approval under this Part for the aircraft; and

                     (b)  the registration holder is not the registered operator of the aircraft.

             (2)  The registration holder contravenes this subregulation if:

                     (a)  the aircraft is operated; and

                     (b)  the registration holder has not provided a copy of the approval to the registered operator of the aircraft.

             (3)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subregulation (2).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Subpart 45.BAircraft markings

  

45.050  Requirements for aircraft markings

             (1)  The Part 45 Manual of Standards may prescribe requirements relating to the display of markings on aircraft.

             (2)  Without limiting subregulation (1), the Part 45 Manual of Standards may prescribe requirements relating to the following:

                     (a)  when markings must be displayed;

                     (b)  the number of sets of markings that must be displayed;

                     (c)  the location of sets of markings on aircraft;

                     (d)  the characters to be used in each set of markings, including height requirements.

45.055  Display of aircraft markings

Aircraft must comply with Part 45 Manual of Standards if operated

             (1)  The registration holder and the registered operator of an aircraft each contravene this subregulation if:

                     (a)  the aircraft is operated; and

                     (b)  a requirement (the prescribed requirement) prescribed by the Part 45 Manual of Standards under regulation 45.050 applies to the aircraft; and

                     (c)  the prescribed requirement is not met.

Exception—operating with dealer’s mark

             (2)  Subregulation (1) does not apply if the aircraft is operating with a dealer’s mark in accordance with Subpart 47.H.

Exception—approvals

             (3)  Subregulation (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the registration holder of the aircraft holds an approval under regulation 45.065 to display markings other than in accordance with the prescribed requirement; and

                     (b)  the requirements specified in the approval are complied with.

             (4)  Subregulation (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the registration holder of the aircraft holds an approval under regulation 45.070:

                              (i)  to display markings other than in accordance with the prescribed requirement; or

                             (ii)  to display no markings;

                            for the purposes of an exhibition; and

                     (b)  the aircraft is operated for the exhibition during the period of the approval; and

                     (c)  the requirements specified in the approval are complied with.

Exception—certain Commonwealth and State functions

             (5)  Subregulation (1) does not apply if the aircraft is operated:

                     (a)  in relation to the performance of a function of an authority of the Commonwealth, or an authority or agency of a State; and

                     (b)  in circumstances in which knowledge of the operation may:

                              (i)  reduce the effectiveness of the performance of the function; or

                             (ii)  expose a person to the danger of physical harm or death arising from the actions of another person.

Offence

             (6)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subregulation (1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subregulation (2) to (5): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

45.060  Designs etc. not to modify, obscure or create confusion about sets of markings

             (1)  The registration holder and the registered operator of an aircraft each contravene this subregulation if:

                     (a)  the aircraft is operated; and

                     (b)  a design, mark or symbol on an aircraft modifies, obscures or creates confusion about a set of markings on the aircraft.

             (2)  Subregulation (1) does not apply in relation to:

                     (a)  a Defence Force symbol or call‑sign on an aircraft operated by the Defence Force; or

                     (b)  a design, mark or symbol on an aircraft approved in writing by CASA.

             (3)  CASA must not grant an approval under paragraph (2)(b) if granting the approval would adversely affect the safety of air navigation.

Offence

             (4)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subregulation (1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subregulation (2): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

45.065  Approval to operate with different markings—aircraft of special configuration

             (1)  The registration holder of an aircraft may apply to CASA for approval to display markings on the aircraft other than in accordance with a requirement (the prescribed requirement) prescribed by the Part 45 Manual of Standards under regulation 45.050.

             (2)  CASA must approve the application if CASA is satisfied that, because of the configuration of the aircraft, the prescribed requirement specified in the application cannot be met.

             (3)  The approval must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  specify the requirements for the display of markings on the aircraft that must be met.

45.070  Approval to operate with different or no markings—aircraft operated for an exhibition

Applications for approval to display different or no markings at an exhibition

             (1)  The registration holder of an aircraft may apply to CASA for approval, for the purposes of an exhibition:

                     (a)  to display markings on the aircraft other than in accordance with a requirement (the prescribed requirement) prescribed by the Part 45 Manual of Standards under regulation 45.050; or

                     (b)  to display no markings on the aircraft.

             (2)  The application for approval must include the following:

                     (a)  the kind of exhibition, and the name (if any) of the exhibition;

                     (b)  the dates and times during which the aircraft will be operated for the exhibition;

                     (c)  the location of the exhibition, including the relevant flight paths;

                     (d)  a photograph or drawing of the aircraft showing the colour of the aircraft and any marks the applicant intends the aircraft to bear while it is operated for the exhibition.

Requirements for approvals

             (3)  CASA must approve the application if CASA is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the aircraft will be operated for an exhibition; and

                     (b)  the display of markings in accordance with the prescribed requirement would be inconsistent with the operation of the aircraft for the exhibition; and

                     (c)  if the exhibition is in a foreign country—the display of markings in accordance with an approval, or the display of no markings, would not contravene a law of that country.

             (4)  The approval must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  specify the requirements (if any) for the display of markings on the aircraft that must be met while the aircraft is operated for the exhibition; and

                     (c)  state the period of the approval.

Markings must be displayed in cockpit and visible to crew

             (5)  The registration holder and the registered operator of an aircraft each contravene this subregulation if:

                     (a)  the registration holder holds an approval under this regulation in relation to the aircraft and an exhibition; and

                     (b)  the aircraft is operated for the exhibition; and

                     (c)  the Australian nationality mark and the registration mark of the aircraft are not:

                              (i)  displayed in the cockpit; and

                             (ii)  clearly visible to the aircraft’s crew.

Offence

             (6)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subregulation (5).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Subpart 45.CRequirement to display words on certain aircraft

  

45.090  Requirements for display of words

             (1)  The Part 45 Manual of Standards may prescribe requirements relating to the display of specified words on the following kinds of aircraft:

                     (a)  aircraft for which a special airworthiness certificate of the kind mentioned in regulation 21.189 is in force;

                     (b)  aircraft for which a special airworthiness certificate of the kind mentioned in regulation 21.185 is in force;

                     (c)  provisionally certificated aircraft;

                     (d)  experimental aircraft.

             (2)  Without limiting subregulation (1), the Part 45 Manual of Standards may prescribe requirements relating to the following:

                     (a)  the words that must be displayed;

                     (b)  the location of the words;

                     (c)  the manner in which the words must be displayed, including the colour and height of the letters used.

45.095  Display of words

             (1)  The registration holder and the registered operator of an aircraft each contravene this subregulation if:

                     (a)  the aircraft is operated; and

                     (b)  a requirement (the prescribed requirement) prescribed by the Part 45 Manual of Standards under regulation 45.090 applies to the aircraft; and

                     (c)  the prescribed requirement is not met.

             (2)  Subregulation (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the registration holder of the aircraft holds an approval under regulation 45.100 to:

                              (i)  display words other than in accordance with the prescribed requirement; or

                             (ii)  to display no words;

                            for the purposes of an exhibition; and

                     (b)  the aircraft is operated for the exhibition during the period of the approval; and

                     (c)  any requirements specified in the approval are complied with.

             (3)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subregulation (1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subregulation (2): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

45.100  Approval to operate with different or no words—aircraft operated for an exhibition

Applications for approval to display different or no words at an exhibition

             (1)  The registration holder of an aircraft may apply to CASA for approval, for the purposes of an exhibition:

                     (a)  to display words on the aircraft other than in accordance with a requirement (the prescribed requirement) prescribed by the Part 45 Manual of Standards under regulation 45.090; or

                     (b)  to display no words on the aircraft.

             (2)  The application for approval must include the following:

                     (a)  the kind of exhibition, and the name (if any) of the exhibition;

                     (b)  the dates and times during which the aircraft will be operated for the exhibition;

                     (c)  the location of the exhibition, including the relevant flight paths;

                     (d)  a photograph or drawing of the aircraft showing the colour of the aircraft and any marks the applicant intends the aircraft to bear while it is operated for the exhibition.

Requirements for approvals

             (3)  CASA must approve the application if CASA is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the aircraft will be operated for an exhibition; and

                     (b)  the display of words in accordance with the prescribed requirement would be inconsistent with the operation of the aircraft for the exhibition; and

                     (c)  if the exhibition is in a foreign country—the display of words in accordance with an approval, or the display of no words, would not contravene a law of that country.

             (4)  The approval must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  specify the requirements (if any) for the display of words on the aircraft that must be met while the aircraft is operated for the exhibition; and

                     (c)  state the period of the approval.

Prescribed word must be displayed and visible

             (5)  The registration holder and the registered operator of an aircraft each contravene this subregulation if:

                     (a)  the registration holder holds an approval under this regulation in relation to the aircraft and an exhibition; and

                     (b)  the aircraft is operated for the exhibition; and

                     (c)  if a specified word for the aircraft is prescribed by the Part 45 Manual of Standards under regulation 45.090—the word is not:

                              (i)  displayed in the cockpit; and

                             (ii)  clearly visible to the aircraft’s crew.

             (6)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subregulation (5).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Subpart 45.DAircraft registration identification plate

  

45.120  Application of Subpart 45.D

                   This Subpart applies to an aircraft if:

                     (a)  the aircraft has a maximum take‑off weight of more than 5 700 kg; or

                     (b)  the aircraft is operating outside Australian territory; or

                     (c)  the aircraft does not have a manufacturer’s data plate attached in accordance with regulation 21.820.

45.125  Plate to be attached to aircraft

             (1)  The registration holder and the registered operator of the aircraft each contravene this subregulation if:

                     (a)  the aircraft is operated; and

                     (b)  a requirement mentioned in subregulation (2) is not met.

             (2)  The requirements are the following:

                     (a)  the aircraft’s markings must be displayed on the aircraft registration identification plate for the aircraft;

                     (b)  the method of displaying the aircraft’s markings must meet the requirements prescribed by the Part 45 Manual of Standards for the purposes of this paragraph;

                     (c)  the plate must be attached to the aircraft in a way that ensures that the plate is not likely to be defaced or to become detached from the aircraft;

                     (d)  the plate must be attached at the location on the aircraft prescribed by the Part 45 Manual of Standards for the purposes of this paragraph;

                     (e)  the plate must be constructed of the material prescribed by the Part 45 Manual of Standards for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (3)  Subregulation (1) does not apply in relation to the requirement mentioned in paragraph (2)(b) if:

                     (a)  the registration holder of the aircraft holds an approval under regulation 45.135 to display the aircraft’s markings using a different method; and

                     (b)  the markings are displayed using that method.

             (4)  Subregulation (1) does not apply in relation to the requirement mentioned in paragraph (2)(d) if:

                     (a)  the registration holder of the aircraft holds an approval under regulation 45.140 to operate the aircraft with the plate attached in a different place; and

                     (b)  the requirements specified in the approval are complied with.

             (5)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subregulation (1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subregulation (3) or (4): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

45.130  Removal or alteration of plates

             (1)  A person contravenes this subregulation if:

                     (a)  the person removes the aircraft registration identification plate from an aircraft; and

                     (b)  the removal is not:

                              (i)  for the purpose of ensuring compliance with this Part; or

                             (ii)  for the purpose of carrying out maintenance on the aircraft in accordance with these Regulations.

             (2)  A person contravenes this subregulation if:

                     (a)  the person alters the aircraft registration identification plate of an aircraft; and

                     (b)  the alteration is not for the purpose of ensuring compliance with this Part.

Offence

             (3)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person contravenes subregulation (1) or (2).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

45.135  Approval of method of displaying markings

             (1)  The registration holder of an aircraft may apply to CASA for approval of a method of displaying the aircraft’s markings on the aircraft registration identification plate for the aircraft.

             (2)  CASA must approve the application if CASA is satisfied that the method of displaying the aircraft’s markings is similar to marking by etching, stamping or engraving.

             (3)  The approval must be in writing.

45.140  Approval for attachment of plate—aircraft of special configuration

             (1)  The registration holder of an aircraft (other than a balloon) may apply to CASA for approval to attach the aircraft registration identification plate for the aircraft to the aircraft other than in accordance with paragraph 45.125(2)(d).

             (2)  CASA must approve the application if CASA is satisfied that, because of the configuration of the aircraft, the requirements prescribed by the Part 45 Manual of Standards for the purposes of paragraph 45.125(2)(d) cannot be met.

             (3)  The approval must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  specify the requirements for attaching the plate to the aircraft.


Part 47Registration of aircraft and related matters

  

Table of contents

Subpart 47.AGeneral

47.005       Applicability of Part 47

47.010       Definitions for Part 47

47.015       Requirement for aircraft to be registered

47.020       Appointment of person to act on behalf of owners

Subpart 47.BThe Australian Civil Aircraft Register

47.025       Australian Civil Aircraft Register

47.030       Register to be accessible to public

47.035       Correction of Register

47.040       Seeking information about Register

47.045       Communicating with CASA

47.050       Accuracy of information in Register

47.055       Entries in Register etc not conclusive evidence of title to aircraft

Subpart 47.CRegistration of aircraft

47.060       Applying for registration of unregistered aircraft

47.065       Information required for registration — general

47.070       Confirmation of oral application

47.075       CASA may ask for further information

47.080       Registration of aircraft

47.085       Interim certificate of registration

47.090       Issue of certificate of registration

47.095       Period of registration

Subpart 47.DRegistered operator

47.100       Identity of registered operator of aircraft

Subpart 47.ETransfer of ownership of aircraft

47.105       Meaning of former owner and new owner

47.110       Transfer of ownership

Subpart 47.F—Administration of Australian Civil Aircraft Register

47.115       Notice of error in information in Register

47.120       Replacement certificate of registration

47.125       Loss etc of certificate of registration

47.130       Lapsing of registration

47.131       Suspension and cancellation of registration following a transfer of ownership

47.131A    Suspension and cancellation of registration if registered operator is not an eligible person

47.131B    Cancellation of registration at holder’s request—limitations

47.132       Cancellation of registration on other grounds

47.135       Return of certificate of registration

Subpart 47.GReservation, assignment and change of registration marks

47.140       Meaning of aircraft for Subpart 47.G

47.145       Reservation of registration mark

47.150       Assignment of registration mark

47.155       Marks that must not be reserved or assigned

47.160       Assigning reserved registration mark to unregistered aircraft

47.165       Change of registration mark

Subpart 47.HDealer’s marks

47.170       Definitions for Subpart 47.H

47.175       Assignment of dealer’s marks

47.180       What marks may be assigned to dealers

47.185       Record of dealer’s marks

47.190       How long assignment to dealer remains in effect

47.195       Certificate of assignment of dealer’s mark

47.200       Loss of certificate of assignment of dealer’s mark

47.205       Dealer’s plate

47.210       Use of dealer’s marks

47.215       Aircraft taken to be registered

47.220       Annual report to CASA on aircraft using dealer’s marks

47.225       Revocation of assignment of dealer’s mark etc


Subpart 47.AGeneral

  

47.005  Applicability of Part 47

             (1)  This Part sets out:

                     (a)  how aircraft are registered; and

                     (b)  how registration marks are assigned to aircraft.

             (2)  It also sets out how dealer’s marks are assigned to manufacturers, distributors and dealers of aircraft, and regulates their use.

47.010  Definitions for Part 47

                   In this Part:

CDCL has the same meaning as in the International Interests in Mobile Equipment (Cape Town Convention) Rules 2014.

eligible person means one of the following:

                     (a)  a resident of Australia who is:

                              (i)  18 years of age or older; and

                             (ii)  an Australian citizen or the holder of a permanent visa (within the meaning of the Migration Act 1958);

                     (b)  a corporation incorporated under the Corporations Act 2001;

                     (c)  a body incorporated under a law (other than the Corporations Act 2001) in force in Australia;

                     (d)  the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory;

                     (e)  an agency of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory;

                      (f)  a foreign corporation that is lawfully carrying on business in Australia.

IDERA has the same meaning as in the International Interests in Mobile Equipment (Cape Town Convention) Rules 2014.

owner, of an aircraft, includes a part‑owner of the aircraft who is appointed under regulation 47.020.

Note:          The owner of an aircraft who becomes its registration holder must, if he or she is not eligible to be its registered operator, appoint an eligible person as the registered operator: see regulation 47.100.

registered operator has the meaning given by regulation 47.100.

47.015  Requirement for aircraft to be registered

             (1)  For paragraph 20AA(1)(b) of the Act, an aircraft is required to be registered unless it is one of the following:

                     (a)  an aircraft that is not intended to be used as an aircraft;

                     (b)  an aircraft that, under Subpart 200.B, is exempt from these Regulations;

                     (c)  an unmanned free balloon;

                     (d)  a permanently tethered balloon;

                     (e)  a kite;

                      (f)  a model aircraft;

                     (g)  a parachute;

                     (h)  a rocket;

                      (i)  a medium RPA, a small RPA, a very small RPA or a micro RPA;

                      (j)  an aircraft that is registered under the law of a foreign country referred to in subregulation (2);

                     (k)  an aircraft that satisfies all the following conditions:

                              (i)  it has been manufactured in Australia for delivery outside Australia to a foreign operator;

                             (ii)  it is registered under the law of a foreign country referred to in subregulation (2);

                            (iii)  it displays nationality and registration marks in accordance with the law of that country;

                            (iv)  it has no certificate of airworthiness issued, or rendered valid, under the law of that country;

                             (v)  it is flown within Australia only for a purpose mentioned in paragraph 21.197(1)(b) or (c).

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(j) and subparagraph (1)(k)(ii), the foreign countries are:

                     (a)  the Contracting States; and

                     (b)  any other foreign country with which Australia has an agreement that allows an aircraft registered under the law of that country to be operated in Australia.

Note:          For the definition of Contracting State see section 3 of the Act.

47.020  Appointment of person to act on behalf of owners

                   If an aircraft is owned by more than 1 person, the owners must, to register the aircraft, appoint one of them to act on their behalf.

Subpart 47.BThe Australian Civil Aircraft Register

  

47.025  Australian Civil Aircraft Register

                   CASA must keep a register called the Australian Civil Aircraft Register, or ensure that it is kept, in accordance with this Subpart.

Note:          The Australian Civil Aircraft Register is the successor to the Aircraft Register mentioned in regulation 8 of CAR: see regulation 202.221.

47.030  Register to be accessible to public

             (1)  CASA must make the Australian Civil Aircraft Register available for inspection by members of the public at reasonable times and places, and subject to reasonable conditions.

             (2)  CASA may comply with subregulation (1) by making the information in the Register accessible on the Internet or by another suitable electronic means.

47.035  Correction of Register

                   CASA must correct the information recorded in an entry in the Australian Civil Aircraft Register as soon as practicable after becoming aware that the entry is out of date or otherwise incorrect.

Note:          An aircraft registration holder who finds out that anything in the Australian Civil Aircraft Register in relation to the aircraft is not correct must tell CASA about the change that should be made to the Register: see regulation 47.115.

47.040  Seeking information about Register

             (1)  If CASA thinks that there may be an error in the Australian Civil Aircraft Register in relation to an aircraft, CASA may ask the aircraft registration holder, in writing, to give CASA information that may show the accuracy of the entry.

Note:          Information that must be given to CASA under subregulation (1) may include a copy of a relevant document.

             (2)  A request under subregulation (1) must:

                     (a)  describe the information; and

                     (b)  specify a period of at least 28 days, starting when the request is given to the registration holder, during which the registration holder must give CASA the information.

Note:          CASA may cancel the registration of an aircraft if the registration holder fails to comply with a request for information made under subregulation (1): see regulation 47.132.

             (3)  A registration holder must comply with a request made under subregulation (2).

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (4)  An offence under subregulation (3) is an offence of strict liability.

47.045  Communicating with CASA

             (1)  A notice that, under this Part, must be given to CASA may be delivered, posted, sent by fax or sent by e‑mail.

Note:          The address, fax number and e‑mail address for notices can be found in the advisory circular for this Part or on CASA’s website: www.casa.gov.au.

             (2)  CASA may refuse to accept a notice that is not legible.

47.050  Accuracy of information in Register

             (1)  CASA must give, to an aircraft registration holder, a copy of the information in the Australian Civil Aircraft Register that relates to the holder and the aircraft.

             (2)  CASA must give the copy of the information within 28 days after:

                     (a)  the end of 3 years after the day on which:

                              (i)  an aircraft is registered; or

                             (ii)  if the aircraft’s certificate of registration is transferred—the certificate is transferred; and

                     (b)  the end of each period of 3 years after that day.

             (3)  Within 28 days after the day when the registration holder is given the copy of the information, the holder must:

                     (a)  if necessary, correct the information on the copy about the aircraft and the holder; and

                     (b)  return the copy to CASA.

Maximum penalty: 10 penalty units.

             (4)  An offence against subregulation (3) is an offence of strict liability.

             (5)  Information given to CASA for subregulation (3) must not be used as evidence of an offence against regulation 47.115.

             (6)  This regulation is not intended to limit the operation of regulations 47.035 and 47.040.

47.055  Entries in Register etc not conclusive evidence of title to aircraft

             (1)  An entry in the Australian Civil Aircraft Register in relation to an aircraft is not conclusive evidence of the existence of a legal or beneficial property interest in the aircraft.

             (2)  A certificate of registration for an aircraft is not conclusive evidence of the existence of a legal or beneficial property interest in the aircraft.

Subpart 47.CRegistration of aircraft

  

47.060  Applying for registration of unregistered aircraft

             (1)  An application to register an unregistered aircraft may be made by the owner or a person who is acting on behalf of, and at the direction or request of, the owner.

             (2)  The application must be made:

                     (a)  in writing; or

                     (b)  orally (by telephone or in person).

Note:          An oral application must be confirmed in writing in accordance with regulation 47.070. If an oral application is not confirmed in writing in accordance with that regulation, the registration lapses: see regulation 47.130.

             (3)  An application for registration made in writing must:

                     (a)  be made in an approved form; and

                     (b)  include the information set out in regulation 47.065; and

                     (c)  be signed by the person making the application.

             (4)  An application for registration made in writing must also include a declaration, signed by the person making the application:

                     (a)  that the aircraft will be used as an aircraft; and

                     (b)  if the aircraft has not been registered before—that the aircraft has never been registered; and

                     (c)  if the aircraft has been registered before (whether in Australia or not)—that the aircraft is not, at the time of the application, registered on a foreign civil aircraft register.

47.065  Information required for registration—general

                   For paragraph 47.060(3)(b), and subject to regulation 47.075, the following information must be included in an application for registration of an aircraft:

                     (a)  the owner’s name and address;

                    (aa)  if the aircraft is owned by more than 1 person—the name and signature of the owner who is appointed to act on behalf of the owners; and

                     (b)  if the application is made by a person on behalf of the owner—the name and address of the person making the application;

                     (c)  if the owner proposes to appoint another person as the registered operator of the aircraft—the registered operator’s name and postal address, and:

                              (i)  if the registered operator is an individual—his or her home address; or

                             (ii)  if the registered operator is a corporation—the corporation’s registered address;

                     (d)  for an aircraft that has a type certificate, type acceptance certificate or provisional type certificate:

                              (i)  the number of the certificate (if applicable); and

                             (ii)  the production certificate number (if applicable); and

                            (iii)  the manufacturer, and the country and year of manufacture, of the aircraft; and

                            (iv)  the aircraft model; and

                             (v)  the aircraft serial number;

Note:          For paragraph (d), the aircraft’s manufacturer, model and serial number are those set out on the aircraft’s data plate.

                     (e)  for an aircraft to which paragraph (d) does not apply—the following:

                              (i)  the aircraft manufacturer (if applicable);

                             (ii)  the aircraft builder (if applicable);

                            (iii)  whether the aircraft is a manned free balloon, an airship, a glider, a power‑driven aeroplane, a rotorcraft or an ornithopter;

                            (iv)  the country and year of manufacture of the aircraft;

                             (v)  the aircraft model;

                            (vi)  the aircraft serial number;

                           (vii)  if the aircraft is power‑driven—the number of engines and whether they are piston, turbopropeller or jet turbine engines;

                          (viii)  the number of seats including seats for the crew;

                            (ix)  whether the aircraft is able to be used on land, on water, or on both;

                      (f)  if a registration mark has been reserved for the aircraft, and the reservation has not lapsed—the registration mark;

                     (g)  if the aircraft has been imported:

                              (i)  the name of the country from which the aircraft was imported; and

                             (ii)  the aircraft’s registration mark, if any, in that country; and

                            (iii)  evidence, provided by the national aviation authority of that country, that the aircraft is not on the aircraft register of that country.

Note:          If the application for registration is an oral application, CASA will ask for the information mentioned in this regulation during the oral application.

47.070  Confirmation of oral application

             (1)  A person who has applied orally for the registration of an aircraft must give to CASA a written confirmation of the application.

             (2)  The confirmation:

                     (a)  must be in an approved form; and

                     (b)  must include the information required by regulation 47.065; and

                     (c)  must be received by CASA within 14 days after the day on which the oral application was made.

47.075  CASA may ask for further information

             (1)  If CASA reasonably requires further information to enable it to consider an application for the registration of an aircraft, CASA may ask the applicant, in writing, to give CASA the information.

             (2)  CASA must describe the information in the request.

             (3)  CASA may refuse to consider, or cease considering, the application until the applicant complies with the request.

47.080  Registration of aircraft

             (1)  CASA must register an aircraft if the application for the registration of the aircraft is made in accordance with regulation 47.060.

          (1A)  However, if:

                     (a)  the aircraft has been registered before (the old registration); and

                     (b)  the old registration was cancelled; and

                     (c)  the aircraft was subject to an IDERA at the time of the cancellation;

CASA must not register the aircraft unless subregulation (1B) or (1C) applies to the aircraft.

          (1B)  This subregulation applies to the aircraft if:

                     (a)  the old registration was cancelled at the request of:

                              (i)  the authorised party under the IDERA; or

                             (ii)  if the aircraft was subject to a CDCL at the time of the cancellation—the certified designee under the CDCL; or

                     (b)  CASA is satisfied, on the basis of written evidence provided by the person who has applied for the registration of the aircraft, that the authorised party under the IDERA, or the certified designee under the CDCL, as the case may be, has consented to CASA registering the aircraft.

          (1C)  This subregulation applies to the aircraft if CASA is satisfied, after reasonable enquiries, that:

                     (a)  for an aircraft that was subject to a CDCL at the time of the cancellation of the old registration—the certified designee under the CDCL and the authorised party under the IDERA have both ceased to exist; or

                     (b)  for an aircraft that was not subject to a CDCL at the time of the cancellation of the old registration—the authorised party under the IDERA has ceased to exist.

             (2)  If CASA registers an aircraft, CASA must enter the following information about the aircraft in the Australian Civil Aircraft Register:

                     (a)  the registration mark assigned to the aircraft;

                     (b)  whether the aircraft is a manned free balloon, an airship, a glider, a power‑driven aeroplane, a rotorcraft or an ornithopter;

                     (c)  its manufacturer, model and serial number;

                     (d)  its country and year of manufacture;

                     (e)  the name and address of the owner;

                      (f)  the name and address of the registered operator;

                     (g)  the day on which it was registered.

47.085  Interim certificate of registration

             (1)  If CASA registers an aircraft on the basis of an oral application, CASA must:

                     (a)  issue an interim certificate of registration for the aircraft; and

                     (b)  tell the applicant:

                              (i)  the time and date from which the interim registration is in force; and

                             (ii)  a unique number that identifies the registration.

Note 1:       An interim certificate includes the information set out in paragraph 47.080(2)(a) and the applicable provisions in paragraphs 47.080(2)(c) to (g).

Note 2:       If the oral application is not confirmed in accordance with regulation 47.070, the registration of the aircraft lapses: see regulation 47.130.

             (2)  If CASA registers an aircraft on the basis of an oral application, the aircraft registration holder must not allow the aircraft to be taken outside Australia before CASA issues the certificate of registration for the aircraft.

Maximum penalty: 50 penalty units.

Note:          An interim certificate of registration is not covered by the provisions of Annex 7 to the Chicago Convention, so is only valid for flights within Australia.

             (3)  An offence against subregulation (2) is an offence of strict liability.

             (4)  An interim certificate of registration for an aircraft ceases to be in force on the earlier of the following:

                     (a)  the day that CASA gives the certificate of registration to the aircraft’s registration holder;

                     (b)  14 days after the day on which CASA registered the aircraft on the basis of an oral application.

47.090  Issue of certificate of registration

                   If CASA:

                     (a)  registers an aircraft because it has received a written application; or

                     (b)  receives confirmation of an oral application for the registration of an aircraft;

CASA must give a certificate of registration for the aircraft to the aircraft’s owner (the registration holder).

Note:          The certificate of registration replaces any interim certificate of registration issued under regulation 47.085.

47.095  Period of registration

                   The registration of an aircraft has effect unless, in accordance with these Regulations, it lapses, is suspended or is cancelled.

Subpart 47.DRegistered operator

  

47.100  Identity of registered operator of aircraft

             (1)  If the registration holder of an aircraft is an eligible person, the holder is the aircraft’s registered operator.

             (2)  However, the registration holder may appoint another eligible person as the registered operator.

             (3)  If the registration holder is not an eligible person, the registration holder must appoint an eligible person to be the registered operator.

Note:          If the registration holder of an aircraft is not an eligible person, and no eligible person is appointed as the registered operator, CASA must suspend the aircraft’s registration: see regulation 47.131A.

             (4)  The appointment of a registered operator has effect unless the appointment is cancelled or otherwise ceases to have effect.

Note:          Regulation 202.222 provides that a reference in CAR to the holder of a certificate of registration of an aircraft is taken to be a reference to the registered operator of the aircraft. Under CAR, the holder of the certificate of registration is responsible for the maintenance and continuing airworthiness of the aircraft.

          (4A)  Subject to this regulation, the appointment of a registered operator of an aircraft may be cancelled by:

                     (a)  the registration holder of the aircraft; or

                     (b)  the registered operator.

             (5)  If the registration holder of an aircraft:

                     (a)  appoints a person as the aircraft’s registered operator; or

                     (b)  cancels the appointment of a person as the aircraft’s registered operator;

the registration holder must, within 14 days after the appointment or cancellation, give CASA a notice in an approved form, including the aircraft’s registration mark, manufacturer, model and serial number.

       (5AA)  If a person cancels the appointment of the person as an aircraft’s registered operator as referred to in paragraph (4A)(b), the person must, within 14 days after the cancellation, give CASA a notice in an approved form, including the aircraft’s registration mark, manufacturer, model and serial number.

          (5A)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if the person fails to comply with a requirement under subregulation (5) or (5AA).

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

          (5B)  If CASA finds out, other than by a notice given in accordance with subregulation (5), that the appointment of the registered operator of an aircraft has ceased to have effect, CASA must, within 5 business days, inform the aircraft’s registration holder in writing.

             (6)  A notice of the appointment of a registered operator must also include:

                     (a)  the registered operator’s name and postal address, and:

                              (i)  if the registered operator is an individual—his or her home address; or

                             (ii)  if the registered operator is a corporation—the address of the corporation’s registered office; and

                     (b)  the date of the appointment of the registered operator; and

                     (c)  evidence that the registered operator accepts the appointment.

             (7)  A notice of the cancellation of the appointment of a registered operator given under subregulation (5) or (5AA) must include the date of the cancellation.

Note:          If the appointment of the registered operator is cancelled and another registered operator is not appointed, the registration holder becomes the aircraft’s registered operator. However, if the registration holder is not an eligible person, CASA must suspend the aircraft’s registration: see regulation 47.131A.

             (8)  If CASA receives a notice that complies with this regulation, CASA must:

                     (a)  amend the Australian Civil Aircraft Register to show the name and address of the new registered operator; and

                     (b)  in writing, notify the registration holder and the new registered operator about the amendment of the Register.

Subpart 47.ETransfer of ownership of aircraft

  

47.105  Meaning of former owner and new owner

                   For this Subpart, if the ownership of an aircraft is transferred, the transferor is the former owner and the transferee is the new owner.

47.110  Transfer of ownership

             (1)  In this regulation, transfer notice means a notice in an approved form that relates to the transfer of ownership of an aircraft and:

                     (a)  shows:

                              (i)  the aircraft’s registration mark, manufacturer, model and serial number; and

                             (ii)  the date of the transfer; and

                            (iii)  the former owner’s name and address; and

                            (iv)  the new owner’s name and address; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  is signed by the former owner; or

                             (ii)  is signed by a person acting on behalf of, and at the direction or request of, the former owner.

             (2)  If a transfer notice is signed by a person acting on behalf of the former owner, it must include evidence of the person’s authority to do so.

             (3)  This regulation sets out how, if the ownership of an aircraft is transferred, the new owner becomes the aircraft’s registration holder.

             (4)  In accordance with the timetable mentioned in subregulation (4A), the former owner, or a person acting on behalf of the former owner, must:

                     (a)  give CASA a transfer notice; and

                     (b)  give the new owner:

                              (i)  a copy of the transfer notice; and

                             (ii)  the aircraft’s certificate of registration.

          (4A)  The documents mentioned in subregulation (4) must be given to CASA and the new owner:

                     (a)  as soon as practicable after the transfer; and

                     (b)  in any case, within 14 days after the transfer.

             (5)  Within 28 days after the transfer, the new owner must apply to become the registration holder.

Note:          If the aircraft’s new owner does not apply to be the new registration holder within 28 days after the day of the transfer, CASA must suspend the aircraft’s registration: see regulation 47.131.

             (6)  An application must:

                     (a)  be in an approved form; and

                     (c)  either:

                              (i)  be signed by the new owner; or

                             (ii)  if the application is made by a person on behalf of the new owner—include the name, address and signature of the person making the application.

             (7)  CASA must, if it receives a transfer notice and an application that complies with subregulation (6):

                     (a)  amend the Australian Civil Aircraft Register to show the new owner as the registration holder; and

                     (b)  give a certificate of registration to the new owner.

Note 1:       The new owner, as the registration holder, is also the registered operator of the aircraft unless the new owner appoints another person as the registered operator: see regulation 47.100.

Note 2:       If the new owner is not an eligible person, the new owner must appoint an eligible person as the registered operator: see subregulation 47.100(3).

             (8)  Subregulation (7) has effect subject to subregulation (9).

             (9)  CASA must not take any action under subregulation (7) in relation to an aircraft unless CASA is satisfied, on the basis of written evidence provided by the former owner, that:

                     (a)  in the case of an aircraft that is subject to an IDERA, and is not subject to a CDCL—the authorised party under the IDERA has consented to the action being taken; or

                     (b)  in the case of an aircraft that is subject to a CDCL—the certified designee under the CDCL has consented to the action being taken.

Subpart 47.FAdministration of Australian Civil Aircraft Register

  

47.115  Notice of error in information in Register

                   If an aircraft registration holder finds out that anything in the Australian Civil Aircraft Register in relation to the aircraft is no longer correct, the holder must tell CASA in writing, within 14 days after finding out, about the change that should be made.

Maximum penalty: 10 penalty units.

47.130  Lapsing of registration

                   If the aircraft was registered following an oral application, the registration lapses if:

                     (a)  CASA does not receive a written confirmation of the application in accordance with regulation 47.070; or

                     (b)  within 14 days after the day the oral application was made, CASA has not received a written confirmation that includes all the information mentioned in regulation 47.065; or

                     (c)  CASA receives a document purporting to be a written confirmation that includes information that differs in a significant way from the corresponding information given orally to CASA.

47.131  Suspension and cancellation of registration following a transfer of ownership

             (1)  This regulation applies if:

                     (a)  the ownership of an aircraft is transferred; and

                     (b)  the new owner does not, within 28 days after the day of the transfer, make an application that complies with subregulation 47.110(6) to be the aircraft’s registration holder.

             (2)  CASA must, by written notice given to the new owner, suspend the aircraft’s registration.

             (3)  The suspension remains in force until the first‑occurring of the following:

                     (a)  CASA issues a new certificate of registration to the new owner;

                     (b)  CASA cancels the registration.

             (4)  If the new owner does not, within 3 months after the day the aircraft’s registration was suspended, make an application that complies with subregulation 47.110(6) to be the aircraft’s registration holder, CASA must, by written notice given to the new owner, cancel the registration.

47.131A  Suspension and cancellation of registration if registered operator is not an eligible person

             (1)  If CASA becomes aware that the registered operator of an aircraft is not an eligible person, CASA must, by written notice given to the registration holder of the aircraft, suspend the aircraft’s registration.

Note:          Subregulation (1) will not apply if the registration holder of the aircraft is an eligible person: see subregulation 47.100(1).

             (2)  The suspension:

                     (a)  takes effect on the day the notice is given to the registration holder; and

                     (b)  ends at the earlier of the following times:

                              (i)  when the Australian Civil Aircraft Register is amended, in accordance with subregulation 47.100(8), to show the name and address of a new registered operator;

                             (ii)  when CASA cancels the registration.

             (3)  If the registration holder does not, within 3 months after the day the aircraft’s registration was suspended under this regulation, give a notice under subregulation 47.100(5) appointing an eligible person as the aircraft’s registered operator, CASA must, by written notice given to the registration holder, cancel the registration.

             (4)  The cancellation takes effect on the day the notice is given to the registration holder.

47.131B  Cancellation of registration at holder’s request—limitations

                   CASA must not cancel, under Subpart 11.D, the registration of an aircraft if:

                     (a)  in the case of an aircraft that is subject to an IDERA, and is not subject to a CDCL—the person who requests the cancellation is not the authorised party under the IDERA; or

                     (b)  in the case of an aircraft that is subject to a CDCL—the person who requests the cancellation is not the certified designee under the CDCL.

47.132  Cancellation of registration on other grounds

             (1)  CASA must, by written notice given to the registration holder of an aircraft, cancel the registration of the aircraft if CASA becomes aware that the aircraft:

                     (a)  is registered under the law of another country; or

                     (b)  is no longer to be used as an aircraft; or

                     (c)  has been stolen or destroyed.

             (2)  CASA may, by written notice given to the registration holder of an aircraft, cancel the registration of the aircraft if the registration holder does not comply with a request under subregulation 47.040(1).

             (3)  CASA must, by written notice given to the registration holder of an aircraft, cancel the registration of the aircraft if CASA is required, under the International Interests in Mobile Equipment (Cape Town Convention) Rules 2014, to de‑register the aircraft.

             (4)  A cancellation under this regulation takes effect on the day the notice is given to the registration holder.

Subpart 47.GReservation, assignment and change of registration marks

  

47.140  Meaning of aircraft for Subpart 47.G

                   In this Subpart:

aircraft includes an aircraft that:

                     (a)  has not yet been built; or

                     (b)  is being built.

47.145  Reservation of registration mark

             (1)  The owner of an aircraft may ask CASA, in writing, to reserve a particular registration mark for the aircraft, whether or not the aircraft is registered.

             (2)  The request must be in an approved form and identify the aircraft.

             (3)  On receiving a request, CASA must reserve the registration mark for the aircraft unless, under regulation 47.155, the mark must not be reserved for an aircraft.

Note:          About registration marks generally: see Part 45.

             (4)  The reservation lapses if, 12 months after the day on which the registration mark was reserved, the aircraft is not registered and using the reserved mark.

             (5)  In subregulation (1), owner includes a person acting on behalf of, and at the direction or request of, the owner.

47.150  Assignment of registration mark

                   If a person applies for the registration of an aircraft, and:

                     (a)  CASA has not reserved a registration mark for the aircraft under regulation 47.145; or

                     (b)  the reservation of a registration mark for the aircraft has lapsed;

CASA must assign a registration mark to the aircraft before registering the aircraft.

47.155  Marks that must not be reserved or assigned

                   The following registration marks must not be reserved for, or assigned to, an aircraft:

                     (a)  the registration mark of an Australian aircraft;

                     (b)  a registration mark that has been reserved for an aircraft under regulation 47.145;

                     (c)  a mark that has been assigned to a dealer;

                     (d)  a mark that might be confused with any 5‑letter combination used in Part II of the International Code of Signals;

                     (e)  a mark that might be confused with any 3‑letter combination beginning with Q used in the Q Code;

                      (f)  a mark that might be confused with the distress signal SOS;

                     (g)  a mark that might be confused with an urgency or safety signal.

Examples:  Of urgency or safety signals

                   XXX, PAN and TTT.

47.160  Assigning reserved registration mark to unregistered aircraft

                   If the owner of an unregistered aircraft:

                     (a)  reserves a registration mark for the aircraft; and

                     (b)  makes an application that complies with regulation 47.060 for registration of the aircraft;

CASA must, when it registers the aircraft, give the applicant a certificate of registration showing the reserved mark.

47.165  Change of registration mark

             (1)  If the registration holder of a registered aircraft has reserved a registration mark (the reserved mark) for the aircraft:

                     (a)  the holder; or

                     (b)  if the registered operator has the written consent of the registration holder—the registered operator;

may apply to CASA to change the aircraft’s existing mark to the reserved mark.

             (2)  The application must:

                     (a)  be received by CASA at least 14 days before the day on which the existing mark is proposed to be changed; and

                     (b)  be in an approved form and include the following:

                              (i)  the aircraft’s existing mark;

                             (ii)  the aircraft’s manufacturer, model and serial number;

                            (iii)  the reserved mark;

                            (iv)  the date on which the existing mark is proposed to be changed;

                             (v)  if the application is made by a person on behalf of the registration holder or registered operator—the name and address of the person making the application.

             (3)  If CASA approves the application, CASA must:

                     (a)  as soon as practicable, notify the applicant, in writing, of the approval; and

                     (b)  on the date specified in the application in accordance with subparagraph (2)(b)(iv), amend the Australian Civil Aircraft Register to show the reserved mark as the registration mark assigned to the aircraft; and

                     (c)  as soon as practicable after making the amendment, give the applicant a certificate of registration showing the reserved mark.

             (4)  The change of registration mark takes effect on the day the Australian Civil Aircraft Register is amended.

Subpart 47.HDealer’s marks

  

47.170  Definitions for Subpart 47.H

                   In this Subpart:

aircraft dealer includes a manufacturer or distributor of aircraft.

dealer’s plate means a plate made by an aircraft dealer under regulation 47.205.

47.175  Assignment of dealer’s marks

             (1)  This regulation sets out the way in which an aircraft dealer may be assigned 1 or more marks for use on aircraft manufactured, or being distributed or dealt with, by the dealer.

             (2)  An aircraft dealer may apply to be assigned a mark only if the dealer is an eligible person.

             (3)  The application must be made in an approved form and must include:

                     (a)  the dealer’s name and address; and

                     (b)  a declaration that the dealer is an eligible person; and

                     (c)  evidence that the dealer is engaged in the manufacture, sales or distribution of aircraft in Australia; and

                     (d)  a request for a particular number of marks and a statement explaining why the dealer needs that number of marks; and

                     (e)  if the application is made by a person on behalf of the dealer—the name and address of the person making the application.

             (4)  If the application complies with subregulation (3), CASA must assign to the dealer:

                     (a)  the number of marks requested by the dealer; or

                     (b)  if CASA thinks that the dealer has applied for more marks than is reasonably required to undertake the dealer’s business—a lesser number of marks.

47.180  What marks may be assigned to dealers

                   A mark that is assigned to an aircraft dealer must be a mark that could be assigned to an aircraft as a registration mark.

47.185  Record of dealer’s marks

             (1)  CASA must keep a record of dealer’s marks that have been assigned to aircraft dealers.

             (2)  The information in the record must include:

                     (a)  the mark; and

                     (b)  the aircraft dealer’s name and address.

47.190  How long assignment to dealer remains in effect

                   The assignment of a dealer’s mark to an aircraft dealer has effect unless CASA revokes the assignment.

Note:          For revocation of the assignment of a dealer’s mark: see regulation 47.225.

47.195  Certificate of assignment of dealer’s mark

             (1)  If CASA assigns a dealer’s mark to an aircraft dealer, CASA must give to the dealer a certificate stating that the mark is assigned to the dealer.

             (2)  Each such certificate must be for 1 dealer’s mark only.

47.205  Dealer’s plate

             (1)  If CASA assigns a dealer’s mark to an aircraft dealer, the dealer may make 1 dealer’s plate bearing that mark.

             (2)  The plate must:

                     (a)  be a piece of stainless steel (or similar fireproof material) at least 100 mm by 160 mm and at least 1 mm thick; and

                     (b)  be engraved with the following in sans serif capital letters:

                              (i)  ‘VH‑’ and the mark in letters at least 25 mm high;

                             (ii)  ‘CIVIL AVIATION SAFETY AUTHORITY’ and ‘DEALER’S PLATE CASR 1998’ in letters at least 8 mm high;

                            set out as shown in the following diagram, in which the letters ‘ABC’ represent the mark:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


47.210  Use of dealer’s marks

             (1)  An aircraft dealer to whom a dealer’s mark is assigned must use the mark only on an aircraft that:

                     (a)  is not currently registered in any country; and

                     (b)  was manufactured, or is being distributed or dealt with, by the dealer.

Maximum penalty: 10 penalty units.

             (2)  If title to, or possession of, an unregistered aircraft on which a dealer’s mark is being used passes to another person, the dealer must ensure that the plate is removed from the aircraft before the other person operates the aircraft.

Maximum penalty: 30 penalty units.

             (3)  The aircraft dealer must keep records showing:

                     (a)  the manufacturer, model and serial number of each aircraft on which the mark was used; and

                     (b)  the periods during which it was used on that aircraft.

Maximum penalty: 10 penalty units.

             (4)  The aircraft dealer must keep the records for 12 months after the end of the period during which the mark was used on an aircraft.

Maximum penalty: 10 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subregulation (1), (2), (3) or (4) is an offence of strict liability.

47.215  Aircraft taken to be registered

                   An unregistered aircraft on which a dealer’s mark is being used is taken to be registered during any period in which it is being operated in Australia if:

                     (a)  the aircraft carries the corresponding dealer’s plate; and

                     (b)  the possession of the aircraft remains with the dealer.

Note:          Flying an unregistered aircraft may be an offence: see subsection 20AA(1) of the Act.

47.220  Annual report to CASA on aircraft using dealer’s marks

             (1)  An aircraft dealer to whom a dealer’s mark has been assigned must, within 1 month after the end of each reporting period, give CASA a report showing the manufacturer, model and serial number of each aircraft on which the mark was used during that period.

Maximum penalty: 30 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  In subregulation (1):

reporting period means:

                     (a)  the period of 12 months beginning on the day on which the mark was assigned to the dealer; or

                     (b)  each consecutive period of 12 months at the end of which the mark is still assigned to the dealer; or

                     (c)  a period of less than 12 months beginning on the day on which the mark was assigned to the dealer, or an anniversary of that day, and ending on the day on which the assignment of the mark is revoked or otherwise ceases.

47.225  Revocation of assignment of dealer’s mark etc

             (1)  CASA must revoke the assignment of a dealer’s mark to a person if the person:

                     (b)  ceases to be an aircraft dealer, or an eligible person; or

                     (c)  fails to comply with this Subpart.

             (2)  If CASA revokes such an assignment, it must tell the person in writing that it has done so.

             (3)  The person must return the certificate of assignment of the mark to CASA within 14 days after receiving the notice of the revocation.

Maximum penalty: 10 penalty units.

             (4)  An offence against subregulation (3) is an offence of strict liability.


Part 60Synthetic training devices

  

Table of contents

Subpart 60.APreliminary

60.005       Applicability

60.010       Definitions for Part 60

Subpart 60.BFlight simulators and flight training devices

60.015       Definitions for Subpart 60.B

60.020       Qualification levels

60.025       Application for flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification

60.030       Initial evaluation and qualification

60.035       Issue of flight simulator qualification certificate or flight training device qualification certificate

60.040       Period of validity of flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification

60.045       Recurrent evaluation of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device

60.050       Variation, cancellation or suspension of flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification

60.055       Flight simulator and flight training device approvals—persons other than Part 141 operators and Part 142 operators

60.060       Quality system—operators other than Part 141 operators and Part 142 operators

60.065       Ongoing fidelity requirements

60.070       Modification of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training devices

60.075       Change in qualification level of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device

60.080       Deactivation, relocation or reactivation of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device

60.085       Change of operator of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device

60.090       Evaluation teams

60.095       Records

Subpart 60.CBasic instrument flight trainers


Subpart 60.APreliminary

  

60.005  Applicability

                   This Part applies to synthetic training devices that may be used by a person to gain aeronautical experience.

60.010  Definitions for Part 60

                   In this Part:

Manual of Standards means the document called ‘Manual of Standards (MOS) – Part 60’ published by CASA, as in force from time to time.

master QTG, for a synthetic training device, means the QTG approved for the device under this Part.

QTG (or qualification test guide), for a synthetic training device, means a document that:

                     (a)  shows that:

                              (i)  the performance and handling qualities of the synthetic training device agree, within the limits set out in the Manual of Standards, with those of the aircraft to which it relates; and

                             (ii)  all applicable requirements in these Regulations have been met; and

                     (b)  includes the following information that relates to the matters mentioned in paragraph (a):

                              (i)  data relating to the performance and handling qualities of the aircraft and synthetic training device;

                             (ii)  the validation tests, and all functions and subjective tests for the device.

user, of a flight simulator or flight training device, means the person who uses the simulator or device in a training, testing or checking program.

Subpart 60.BFlight simulators and flight training devices

  

60.015  Definitions for Subpart 60.B

                   In this Subpart:

flight simulator qualification, for a flight simulator, means a qualification of the flight simulator under regulation 60.030.

flight simulator qualification certificate, means a certificate issued under regulation 60.035 for a qualified flight simulator.

flight training device qualification, for a flight training device, means a qualification of the flight training device under regulation 60.030.

flight training device qualification certificate, means a certificate issued under regulation 60.035 for a qualified flight training device.

operator, of a flight simulator or flight training device, means the person who is responsible for the maintenance and operation of the simulator or device.

qualification level, for a flight simulator or flight training device, has the meaning given by regulation 60.020.

60.020  Qualification levels

             (1)  The qualification level of a flight simulator is the level mentioned in column 2 of an item in table 60.020‑1 met by the simulator, determined in accordance with the standards in the Manual of Standards.

Table 60.020‑1           Flight simulator qualification levels

 

Item

Levels

1

Level A

2

Level B

3

Level C

4

Level D

             (2)  The qualification level of a flight training device is the level mentioned in column 2 of an item in table 60.020‑2 met by the device, determined in accordance with the standards in the Manual of Standards.

Table 60.020‑2           Flight training device qualification levels

 

Item

Levels

1

FAA Level 4

2

FAA Level 5

3

FAA Level 6

4

FAA Level 7

5

EASA Level 1

6

EASA Level 2

7

EASA Level 3

60.025  Application for flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification

             (1)  The operator of a flight simulator or flight training device may apply to CASA, in writing, for qualification of the simulator or device.

Note 1:       An application must be in the approved form, include all the information required by these Regulations and be accompanied by every document required by these Regulations—see regulation 11.030.

Note 2:       Part 11 deals with applications and decision making.

             (2)  An application must include:

                     (a)  a QTG for the simulator or device; and

                     (b)  a document describing the quality system that the operator proposes to use to satisfy regulation 60.060.

Note:          For further guidance see Advisory Circulars 60‑1, 60‑3 and 60‑4.

60.030  Initial evaluation and qualification

             (1)  If CASA receives an application for the qualification of a flight simulator or flight training device, CASA must conduct an evaluation (an initial evaluation) of the simulator or device, including consideration of:

                     (a)  any inspection or trial of the simulator or device; and

                     (b)  the data provided in the QTG; and

                     (c)  information available from any test conducted during the initial evaluation.

Note:          CASA may arrange for an evaluation to be conducted by an evaluation team: see regulation 60.090.

             (2)  If, after the initial evaluation, CASA is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the operator’s quality system will be suitable for the simulator or device; and

                     (b)  the simulator or device meets a qualification level;

CASA must qualify the simulator or device at the qualification level.

Note:          Under regulation 201.004, an application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of:

(a)    a decision refusing to qualify, or cancelling, suspending or varying, the qualification of, a simulator or device; or

(b)    a decision imposing a condition on the qualification of a device.

             (3)  CASA may qualify a simulator or device that will simulate a new type of aircraft for which fully validated aircraft data is not available at an interim qualification level that is based on partially validated aircraft data.

             (4)  An interim qualification level applies for the period agreed between CASA and the operator of the simulator or device.

             (5)  If CASA qualifies a simulator or device, it must at the same time approve the QTG for the simulator or device.

60.035  Issue of flight simulator qualification certificate or flight training device qualification certificate

             (1)  CASA must issue a flight simulator qualification certificate to the operator of a flight simulator, or a flight training device qualification certificate to the operator of a flight training device, if CASA qualifies the simulator or device.

             (2)  The certificate must include the name of the operator and:

                     (a)  include information identifying the simulator or device; and

                     (b)  specify the aircraft that is simulated by the simulator or device; and

                     (c)  specify the qualification level for the simulator or device.

60.040  Period of validity of flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification

             (1)  A flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification is in force for:

                     (a)  12 months from the date of issue of the flight simulator qualification certificate or flight training device qualification certificate; or

                     (b)  if a shorter period is specified in the certificate—that period.

             (2)  However, a qualification ceases to be in force if:

                     (a)  it is cancelled by CASA under regulation 60.050; or

                     (b)  there is a change of operator of the simulator or device; or

                     (c)  the simulator or device is deactivated or relocated.

             (3)  A qualification is not in force for the period of any suspension imposed by CASA under regulation 60.050.

60.045  Recurrent evaluation of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device

             (1)  The operator of a qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device may, within 60 days before the expiry of the flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification, ask CASA, in writing, to conduct an evaluation (a recurrent evaluation) of the simulator or device.

Note:          CASA may arrange for an evaluation to be conducted by an evaluation team: see regulation 60.090.

             (2)  Subject to subregulation (3), regulations 60.030 and 60.035 apply in respect of a recurrent evaluation in the same way as they apply to the initial evaluation.

             (3)  During a recurrent evaluation, a qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device must be assessed against:

                     (a)  the qualification level at which the simulator or device was qualified at the initial qualification or accreditation of the simulator or device in Australia; or

                     (b)  if CASA has changed the qualification level since the initial evaluation—the qualification level as changed.

60.050  Variation, cancellation or suspension of flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification

             (1)  CASA may, by notice in writing to the operator of a qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device, vary, cancel or suspend the qualification of the simulator or device if:

                     (a)  the simulator or device no longer meets the qualification level specified in its qualification certificate; or

                     (b)  the operator has failed to comply with a requirement of this Part in relation to the simulator or device.

             (2)  If an operator receives a notice of variation or cancellation under subregulation (1), the operator must return the qualification certificate to CASA within 14 days after receiving the notice.

             (3)  If CASA varies a qualification, CASA must reissue the qualification certificate specifying the qualification as varied.

60.055  Flight simulator and flight training device approvals—persons other than Part 141 operators and Part 142 operators

             (1)  This regulation applies to a person, other than a Part 141 operator or a Part 142 operator, who proposes to be the user of a qualified flight simulator or a qualified flight training device.

       (1AA)  The person must apply to CASA, in writing, for approval to use the simulator or device.

Note 1:       See Advisory Circulars 60‑2 and 60‑4.

Note 2:       An application must be in the approved form, include all the information required by these Regulations and be accompanied by every document required by these Regulations—see regulation 11.030.

Note 3:       Part 11 deals with applications and decision making.

          (1A)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA may grant the approval.

Note:          Under regulation 201.004, an application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of:

(a)    a decision refusing to grant, or cancelling, suspending or varying, an approval; or

(b)    a decision imposing a condition on an approval.

             (2)  In considering whether to grant an approval, CASA must take into account:

                     (a)  the differences between the characteristics of the flight simulator or flight training device and the characteristics of a specific type (or a specific make, model and series) of aircraft, whether or not the user operates such an aircraft; and

                     (b)  the proposed user’s operating and training competencies.

             (3)  CASA may also take into account any other matter that affects the way the simulator or device operates or may be used.

             (5)  An approval continues in force unless the applicable flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification ceases to be in force.

             (6)  However, if CASA is satisfied that any matter that was taken into account under subregulation (2) or (3) has changed, CASA may, by notice in writing to the user, vary, suspend or cancel the approval.

60.060  Quality system—operators other than Part 141 operators and Part 142 operators

             (1)  This regulation applies to the operator of a qualified flight simulator or a qualified flight training device, other than a Part 141 operator or a Part 142 operator.

          (1A)  The operator must establish and maintain a quality system that ensures the correct operation and maintenance of the simulator or device.

             (2)  The quality system must cover at least the following matters:

                     (a)  quality policy;

                     (b)  management responsibility;

                     (c)  document control;

                     (d)  resource allocation;

                     (e)  quality procedures;

                      (f)  internal audit.

Note:          The quality system may be structured according to the size and complexity of the operator’s organisation, in accordance with the requirements set out in the following documents:

(a)    AS/NZS ISO 9001:2000 Quality Management System Requirements;

(b)    SQAP:2000 Simulator Quality Assurance Program Standard published by the FAA.

60.065  Ongoing fidelity requirements

             (1)  The operator of a qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device must, progressively during the 12 months after the issue of the applicable flight simulator qualification certificate or flight training device qualification certificate, perform:

                     (a)  all validation tests mentioned in the master QTG for the simulator or device; and

                     (b)  all functions and subjective tests within the current (and any planned) training program (or an equivalent sample approved by CASA).

             (2)  The operator must establish a configuration management system to ensure the continued integrity of the equipment and software of the simulator or device.

             (3)  The operator must maintain an on‑going modification program to ensure that the equipment, software and performance of the simulator or device accurately simulates the aircraft specified in the certificate.

             (4)  The operator must notify each user of the simulator or device, before its use, if the simulator or device is unsuitable for any training, testing or checking sequence specified in the certificate.

60.070  Modification of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training devices

             (1)  The operator of a qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device must notify CASA, in writing, if it proposes to modify the equipment or software of the simulator or device in a way that will change the characteristics of the simulator or device.

             (2)  If CASA receives a notice under subregulation (1), CASA may conduct an evaluation (a special evaluation) of the simulator or device as it is proposed to be modified.

             (3)  Subject to subregulations (4) and (5), regulations 60.030 and 60.035 apply in respect of a special evaluation in the same way as they apply to the initial evaluation.

             (4)  If CASA decides not to conduct a special evaluation:

                     (a)  the operator may make the proposed modification of the simulator or device; and

                     (b)  the flight simulator or flight training device qualification continues to be in force.

             (5)  During a special evaluation, a simulator or device must be assessed against:

                     (a)  the qualification level at which the simulator or device was qualified at the initial qualification or accreditation of the simulator or device in Australia; or

                     (b)  if CASA has changed the qualification level since the initial evaluation—the qualification level as changed.

Note:          CASA may arrange for an evaluation to be conducted by an evaluation team: see regulation 60.090.

             (6)  This regulation does not apply to the modification of a device for the purpose of a change in the qualification level of the simulator or device.

60.075  Change in qualification level of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device

             (1)  The operator of a qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device may ask CASA, in writing, to change the qualification level of the simulator or device.

Note:          For further guidance about qualification levels see the Manual of Standards.

             (2)  If CASA receives a request under subregulation (1), it must conduct a special evaluation of the simulator or device, applying the standards in the Manual of Standards.

Note:          CASA may arrange for an evaluation to be conducted by an evaluation team: see regulation 60.090.

             (3)  If CASA changes the qualification level, it must:

                     (a)  approve any resulting amendments to the master QTG of the simulator or device; and

                     (b)  issue a revised flight simulator qualification certificate or flight training device qualification certificate.

60.080  Deactivation, relocation or reactivation of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device

             (1)  The operator of a qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device must notify CASA, in writing, if the simulator or device is deactivated.

             (2)  An operator must notify CASA, in writing, before the operator reactivates or relocates a simulator or device, and CASA may then conduct a special evaluation of the simulator or device.

Note 1:       A flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification ceases to be in force if the simulator or device is deactivated or relocated: see paragraph 60.040(2)(c).

Note 2:       CASA may arrange for an evaluation to be conducted by an evaluation team: see regulation 60.090.

             (3)  During a special evaluation, a flight simulator or flight training device must be assessed against:

                     (a)  the qualification level at which the simulator or device was qualified at the initial qualification or accreditation of the simulator or device in Australia; or

                     (b)  if CASA has changed the qualification level since the initial evaluation—the qualification level as changed.

60.085  Change of operator of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device

             (1)  The operator of a qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device must notify CASA, in writing, of any proposed change of operator of the simulator or device.

             (2)  If there is a change of operator of a simulator or device:

                     (a)  the former operator must give to the new operator the records mentioned in regulation 60.095 that apply to the simulator or device; and

                     (b)  the new operator may apply to CASA, in writing, for qualification of the simulator or device.

             (3)  An application under paragraph (2)(b) must be accompanied by a plan of transfer setting out in detail how the new operator will comply with the requirements of this Subpart.

             (4)  If CASA is satisfied that the new operator is able to comply with the requirements of this Subpart, CASA must:

                     (a)  approve the plan; and

                     (b)  issue a new flight simulator qualification certificate or flight training device qualification certificate.

Note:          A flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification ceases to be in force if there is a change of operator: see paragraph 60.040(2)(b).

60.090  Evaluation teams

                   CASA may:

                     (a)  arrange for an evaluation mentioned in this Subpart to be conducted by an evaluation team; and

                     (b)  appoint a person to be an evaluation team leader, having regard to the skills, qualifications and experience necessary to undertake the evaluation.

Note:          See Advisory Circulars 60‑1 and 60‑4.

60.095  Records

             (1)  The operator of a qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device must keep the following records relating to the simulator or device for at least 3 years after the simulator or device is decommissioned:

                     (a)  the master QTG;

                     (b)  modification records;

                     (c)  quality system records.

             (2)  The operator must also keep the results of each test carried out under subregulation 60.065(1) for the simulator or device for at least 3 years after the test.

             (3)  If there is a change of operator of a simulator or device, the new operator must keep the records and test results relating to the simulator or device that were kept by the former operator.


Subpart 60.CBasic instrument flight trainers

Note:          This Subpart heading is reserved for future use.

  


Part 61Flight crew licensing

  

Table of contents

Subpart 61.APreliminary

Division 61.A.1General

61.005       What Part 61 is about

61.007       Application of Part 61

61.010       Definitions for Part 61

61.015       Definition of category of aircraft for Part 61

61.020       Definition of class of aircraft for Part 61

61.025       Definition of aeroplane for Part 61

61.035       Issue of Manual of Standards for Part 61

61.040       Approvals by CASA for Part 61

61.045       Prescription of qualification standards for flight simulation training devices

61.047       Prescription of recognised foreign States

61.050       Prescription of multi‑engine aeroplanes included in single‑engine aeroplane class

61.055       Prescription of type ratings and variants—multi‑crew aircraft

61.060       Prescription of type ratings—single‑pilot aircraft

61.061       Prescription of type‑rated aircraft—flight review requirements for class ratings

61.062       Prescription of types of aircraft for additional limitations on class ratings

61.063       Prescription of types of single engine helicopters for flight reviews

61.065       Conduct of unauthorised activities—holders of flight crew licences

Division 61.A.2Flight time and other aeronautical experience

61.070       Flight to which Division 61.A.2 applies

61.075       Definition of aeronautical experience for Part 61

61.080       Definition of flight time as pilot for Part 61

61.085       Definition of flight time as co‑pilot for Part 61

61.090       Definition of flight time as pilot in command for Part 61

61.095       Definition of flight time as pilot in command under supervision for Part 61

61.100       Definition of flight time as flight engineer for Part 61

61.105       Definition of instrument flight time for Part 61

61.110       Definition of instrument ground time for Part 61

Division 61.A.3Performing flight crew duties without licence, rating or endorsement

Subdivision 61.A.3.1Student pilots

61.112       Flying as a student pilot

61.113       General requirements for student pilots

61.114       Solo flights—medical requirements for student pilots

61.115       Solo flights—recent experience requirements for student pilots

61.116       Student pilots authorised to taxi aircraft

61.117       Identity checks—student pilots

61.118       Production of medical certificates etc. and identification—student pilots

Subdivision 61.A.3.2Other circumstances in which flight crew duties may be performed without licence, rating or endorsement

61.119       Flying without licence—flight engineer duties

61.120       Operation of aircraft radio without licence

61.125       Conducting flight activities without rating or endorsement

61.126       Conducting flight activities without having met proficiency check or flight review

61.130       Operation of helicopter using auto flight control system without licence or rating

61.135       Authorisation to conduct flight training or flight test without holding type rating

61.140       Authorisation to test aircraft without holding type rating

61.145       Piloting glider without holding glider pilot licence

Subpart 61.BGrant of flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements

Division 61.B.1General

61.150       People who may grant flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements

61.155       Applications for flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements

61.160       Grant of flight crew licences

61.165       Grant of flight crew ratings

61.170       Grant of flight crew endorsements

61.175       How CASA issues flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements

61.180       How examiner, instructor or approval holder issues rating or endorsement

61.185       New licence document if licence, rating or endorsement cancelled

61.190       Licence holder to comply with limitations and requirements of Part 61

Division 61.B.2Flight training and other training

61.195       Flight training requirements

61.200       Differences training requirements

61.205       When training must not be conducted in aircraft

61.210       Other approved courses of training or professional development

Division 61.B.3Aeronautical knowledge examinations

61.215       Aeronautical knowledge examinations—general

61.220       Aeronautical knowledge examinations—air transport pilot licence

61.225       Aeronautical knowledge examinations—pass standards

61.230       Aeronautical knowledge examinations—knowledge deficiency reports

Division 61.B.4Flight tests

61.235       Flight tests for flight crew licences and ratings—prerequisites

61.240       Consequences of taking flight test when ineligible

61.245       Conduct of flight tests for flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements

61.250       Pass standards for flight tests

Division 61.B.5English language proficiency

61.255       Aviation English language proficiency assessments

61.260       Duration of English language proficiency assessments

61.265       Recreational pilot licences—general English language proficiency

61.270       Approval of language proficiency assessors

Division 61.B.6Recognition of overseas flight crew authorisations

61.275       Overseas flight crew authorisations—recognition

61.280       Grant of flight crew licences, ratings or endorsements under bilateral agreements

Division 61.B.7Recognition of Australian Defence Force qualifications

61.285       Australian Defence Force qualifications—recognition

Subpart 61.CCertificates of validation

61.290       Grant of certificates of validation

61.295       Privileges of certificates of validation

61.300       Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—medical certificate

61.305       Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—recent experience, flight review and proficiency check

61.310       Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—carriage of documents

61.315       Conduct of unauthorised activities by holders of certificates of validation

61.320       Certificates of validation—period of validity

61.325       Certificates of validation—renewal

Subpart 61.DGeneral obligations of flight crew licence holders

61.335       Identity checks

61.336       Provision of photograph

61.340       Production of licence documents, medical certificates and identification

61.345       Personal logbooks—pilots

61.350       Personal logbooks—flight engineers

61.355       Retention of personal logbooks

61.360       False entries in personal logbooks

61.365       Production of personal logbooks

Subpart 61.EPilot licensing—general limitations and authorisations

Division 61.E.1General limitations on exercise of pilot licence privileges

61.375       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—ratings

61.380       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—flight activity and design feature endorsements

61.385       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—general competency requirement

61.390       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—operating requirements and limitations

61.395       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—recent experience for certain passenger flight activities

61.400       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—flight review

61.405       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical requirements—recreational pilot licence holders

61.410       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical certificates: private pilot licence holders

61.415       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical certificates: commercial, multi‑crew and air transport pilot licence holders

61.420       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—carriage of documents

61.422       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—aviation English language proficiency

61.425       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—unregistered aircraft

61.427       Removal of certain pilot licence conditions about airspace

Division 61.E.2General authorisations for pilot licences

61.430       Holders of pilot licences authorised to taxi aircraft

61.435       When holders of pilot licences authorised to operate aircraft radio

Subpart 61.GRecreational pilot licences

Division 61.G.1Privileges and grant of licences

61.460       Privileges of recreational pilot licences

61.465       Limitations on exercise of privileges of recreational pilot licences—general

61.470       Limitations on exercise of privileges of recreational pilot licences—endorsements

61.475       Requirements for grant of recreational pilot licences

61.480       Grant of recreational pilot licences in recognition of pilot certificates granted by certain organisations

Division 61.G.2Recreational pilot licence endorsements

61.485       Kinds of recreational pilot licence endorsements

61.490       Privileges of recreational pilot licence endorsements

61.495       Requirements for grant of recreational pilot licence endorsements

61.500       Grant of endorsement in recognition of other qualifications

Subpart 61.HPrivate pilot licences

Division 61.H.1General

61.505       Privileges of private pilot licences

61.510       Limitations on exercise of privileges of private pilot licences—multi‑crew operations

61.515       Requirements for grant of private pilot licences—general

Division 61.H.2Aeronautical experience requirements for private pilot licences—applicants who have completed integrated training courses

61.520       Application of Division 61.H.2

61.525       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—aeroplane category

61.530       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—helicopter category

61.535       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—gyroplane category

Division 61.H.3Aeronautical experience requirements for private pilot licences—applicants who have not completed integrated training courses

61.540       Application of Division 61.H.3

61.545       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—aeroplane category

61.550       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—helicopter category

61.555       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category

61.560       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—gyroplane category

61.565       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—airship category

Subpart 61.ICommercial pilot licences

Division 61.I.1General

61.570       Privileges of commercial pilot licences

61.575       Limitations on exercise of privileges of commercial pilot licences—multi‑crew operations

61.580       Requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—general

Division 61.I.2Aeronautical experience requirements for commercial pilot licences—applicants who have completed integrated training courses

61.585       Application of Division 61.I.2

61.590       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—aeroplane category

61.595       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—helicopter category

61.600       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category

Division 61.I.3Aeronautical experience requirements for commercial pilot licences—applicants who have not completed integrated training courses

61.605       Application of Division 61.I.3

61.610       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—aeroplane category

61.615       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—helicopter category

61.620       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category

61.625       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—gyroplane category

61.630       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—airship category

Subpart 61.JMulti‑crew pilot licences

61.635       Privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences

61.640       Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—IFR flight: general

61.645       Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—IFR flight: recent experience

61.650       Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—instrument proficiency check

61.655       Requirements for grant of multi‑crew pilot licences

61.660       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of multi‑crew pilot licences—aeroplane category

Subpart 61.KAir transport pilot licences

61.665       Privileges of air transport pilot licences

61.670       Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—helicopter IFR flight

61.675       Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—single‑pilot IFR flight

61.680       Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—IFR flight: general

61.685       Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—IFR flight: recent experience

61.695       Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—instrument proficiency check

61.700       Requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—general

61.705       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—aeroplane category

61.710       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—helicopter category

61.715       Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category

Subpart 61.LAircraft ratings and endorsements for pilot licences

Division 61.L.1Preliminary

61.720       What Subpart 61.L is about

Division 61.L.2Aircraft category ratings

61.725       Privileges of aircraft category ratings

61.730       Requirements for grant of aircraft category ratings

Division 61.L.3Aircraft class ratings

61.735       Privileges of aircraft class ratings

61.745       Limitations on exercise of privileges of aircraft class ratings—flight review

61.747       Limitations on exercise of privileges of class ratings in certain aircraft—flight review

61.750       Requirements for grant of aircraft class ratings

Division 61.L.4Design feature endorsements

61.755       Design features that require design feature endorsement

61.760       Privileges of design feature endorsements

61.765       Requirements for grant of design feature endorsements

Division 61.L.5Pilot type ratings

61.770       Privileges of pilot type ratings

61.775       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—flight test in flight simulator

61.780       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—variants

61.785       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—single‑pilot operation and multi‑crew operation

61.790       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—IFR operation

61.795       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—recent experience on aircraft models

61.800       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—flight review

61.805       Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—instrument proficiency check

61.810       Requirements for grant of pilot type ratings

61.815       Person taken to meet requirements for grant of pilot type rating—multi‑crew pilot licence holder

61.820       Person taken to meet requirements for grant of pilot type rating—new type rating

61.822       Removal of type rating condition about acting as pilot in command

Division 61.L.6Cruise relief type ratings

61.825       Kinds of cruise relief type rating

61.830       Privileges of cruise relief type ratings

61.835       Limitations on exercise of privileges of cruise relief type ratings—general

61.840       Limitations on exercise of privileges of cruise relief type ratings—recent experience

61.845       Requirements for grant of cruise relief type ratings

61.850       Person taken to meet requirements for grant of cruise relief type rating—new type rating

Subpart 61.MInstrument ratings

Division 61.M.1Privileges and requirements for grant of instrument ratings

61.855       Privileges of instrument ratings

61.860       Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—general

61.865       Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—endorsements

61.870       Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—recent experience: general

61.875       Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—recent experience: single pilot

61.880       Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—instrument proficiency check

61.885       Requirements for grant of instrument ratings

61.887       Removal of instrument rating conditions about acting as pilot in command under IFR

Division 61.M.2Privileges and requirements for grant of instrument endorsements

61.890       Kinds of instrument endorsement

61.895       Privileges of instrument endorsements

61.900       Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument endorsements

61.905       Requirements for grant of instrument endorsements

Subpart 61.NPrivate instrument ratings

Division 61.N.1Privileges and requirements for grant of private instrument ratings

61.910       Privileges of private instrument ratings

61.915       Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—endorsements

61.920       Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—recent experience

61.925       Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—flight review

61.930       Requirements for grant of private instrument ratings

Division 61.N.2Privileges and requirements for grant of private instrument endorsements

61.935       Kinds of private instrument endorsement

61.940       Privileges of private instrument endorsements

61.942       Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument endorsements—visibility and cloud

61.945       Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument endorsements

61.950       Requirements for grant of private instrument endorsements

Subpart 61.ONight VFR ratings

Division 61.O.1Privileges and requirements for grant of night VFR ratings

61.955       Privileges of night VFR ratings

61.960       Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—endorsements

61.965       Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—recent experience

61.970       Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—flight review

61.975       Requirements for grant of night VFR ratings

Division 61.O.2Privileges and requirements for grant of night VFR endorsements

61.980       Kinds of night VFR endorsement

61.985       Privileges of night VFR endorsements

61.990       Requirements for grant of night VFR endorsements

Subpart 61.PNight vision imaging system ratings

Division 61.P.1Privileges and requirements for grant of night vision imaging system ratings

61.995       Privileges of night vision imaging system ratings

61.1000     Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—general

61.1005     Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—endorsements

61.1010     Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—recent experience

61.1015     Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—night vision imaging system proficiency check

61.1020     Requirements for grant of night vision imaging system ratings

Division 61.P.2Privileges and requirements for grant of night vision imaging system endorsements

61.1025     Kinds of night vision imaging system endorsement

61.1030     Privileges of night vision imaging system endorsements

61.1035     Requirements for grant of night vision imaging system endorsements

Subpart 61.QLow‑level ratings

Division 61.Q.1Privileges and requirements for grant of low‑level ratings

61.1040     Privileges of low‑level ratings

61.1045     Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—general

61.1050     Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—endorsements

61.1055     Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—recent experience

61.1060     Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—flight review

61.1070     Requirements for grant of low‑level ratings

Division 61.Q.2Privileges and requirements for grant of low‑level endorsements

61.1075     Kinds of low‑level endorsement

61.1080     Privileges of low‑level endorsements

61.1085     Requirements for grant of low‑level endorsements

Subpart 61.RAerial application ratings

Division 61.R.1Privileges and requirements for grant of aerial application ratings

61.1090     Privileges of aerial application ratings

61.1100     Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—endorsements

61.1105     Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—recent experience

61.1110     Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—aerial application proficiency check

61.1115     Requirements for grant of aerial application ratings

Division 61.R.2Privileges and requirements for grant of aerial application endorsements

61.1120     Kinds of aerial application endorsement

61.1125     Privileges of aerial application endorsements

61.1130     Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application endorsements—supervision

61.1135     Limitations on exercise of privileges of night aerial application endorsements

61.1140     Requirements for grant of aerial application endorsements

Subpart 61.SFlight activity endorsements

61.1145     Kinds of flight activity endorsement

61.1150     Privileges of flight activity endorsements

61.1155     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight activity endorsements—medical certificates

61.1160     Requirements for grant of flight activity endorsements

Subpart 61.TPilot instructor ratings

Division 61.T.1Privileges and requirements for grant of flight instructor ratings

61.1165     Privileges of flight instructor ratings

61.1170     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—general

61.1172     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions

61.1175     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—endorsements

61.1180     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—instructor proficiency check

61.1185     Requirements for grant of flight instructor ratings

Division 61.T.2Privileges and requirements for grant of simulator instructor ratings

61.1190     Privileges of simulator instructor ratings

61.1195     Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—general

61.1197     Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions

61.1200     Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—endorsements

61.1205     Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—instructor proficiency check

61.1210     Requirements for grant of simulator instructor ratings

Division 61.T.3Obligations of pilot instructors

61.1215     Obligations of pilot instructors—training

61.1220     Obligations of pilot instructors—flight reviews

61.1225     Obligations of pilot instructors—student pilots

61.1227     Obligations of pilot instructors—approval to operate aircraft radio

61.1230     Obligations of pilot instructors—records of activities conducted independently of Part 141 or 142 operator

Division 61.T.4Privileges and requirements for grant of training endorsements

61.1235     Kinds of training endorsement

61.1240     Privileges of training endorsements

61.1245     Limitations on exercise of privileges of training endorsements—general

61.1246     Limitations on exercise of privileges of grade 3 training endorsements

61.1247     Limitations on exercise of privileges of low level training endorsements

61.1250     Requirements for grant of training endorsements

Subpart 61.UFlight examiner ratings

Division 61.U.1Privileges and requirements for grant of flight examiner ratings

61.1255     Privileges of flight examiner ratings

61.1265     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—endorsements

61.1270     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—professional development

61.1275     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—recent experience

61.1280     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—flight reviews and subject matter proficiency checks

61.1285     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—examiner proficiency check

61.1290     Requirements for grant of flight examiner ratings

Division 61.U.2Obligations of flight examiners

61.1295     Obligations of flight examiners—flight tests: strict liability offences

61.1300     Obligations of flight examiners—flight tests: other offences

61.1305     Obligations of flight examiners—proficiency checks

Division 61.U.3Privileges and requirements for grant of flight examiner endorsements

61.1310     Kinds of flight examiner endorsement

61.1315     Privileges of flight examiner endorsements

61.1318     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner endorsements—flight tests in aircraft

61.1320     Requirements for grant of flight examiner endorsements

Subpart 61.VFlight engineer licences

61.1325     Privileges of flight engineer licences

61.1330     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—ratings

61.1335     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—recent experience

61.1340     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—flight review

61.1345     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—current medical certificates

61.1350     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—carriage of documents

61.1352     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—aviation English language proficiency

61.1355     Certain holders of flight engineer licences authorised to operate aircraft radio

61.1360     Requirements for grant of flight engineer licences

Subpart 61.WFlight engineer type ratings

61.1365     Privileges of flight engineer type ratings

61.1370     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—general

61.1375     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—recent experience on aircraft models

61.1380     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—flight review

61.1385     Requirements for grant of flight engineer type ratings

61.1390     Person taken to meet requirements for grant of flight engineer type rating—new type rating

Subpart 61.XFlight engineer instructor ratings

Division 61.X.1Privileges and requirements for grant of flight engineer instructor ratings

61.1395     Privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings

61.1400     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings—general

61.1402     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions

61.1405     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings—endorsements

61.1410     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings—instructor proficiency check

61.1415     Requirements for grant of flight engineer instructor ratings

Division 61.X.2Obligations of flight engineer instructors

61.1420     Obligations of flight engineer instructors—training

61.1425     Obligations of flight engineer instructors—flight review

61.1427     Obligations of flight engineer instructors—approval to operate aircraft radio

Division 61.X.3Privileges and requirements for grant of flight engineer training endorsements

61.1430     Kinds of flight engineer training endorsement

61.1435     Privileges of flight engineer training endorsements

61.1440     Requirements for grant of flight engineer training endorsements

Subpart 61.YFlight engineer examiner ratings

Division 61.Y.1Privileges and requirements for grant of flight engineer examiner ratings

61.1445     Privileges of flight engineer examiner ratings

61.1455     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer examiner ratings—endorsements

61.1460     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer examiner ratings—professional development

61.1465     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer examiner ratings—recent experience

61.1470     Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer examiner ratings—examiner proficiency check

61.1475     Requirements for grant of flight engineer examiner ratings

Division 61.Y.2Obligations of flight engineer examiners

61.1480     Obligations of flight engineer examiners—flight tests: strict liability offences

61.1485     Obligations of flight engineer examiners—flight tests: other offences

61.1490     Obligations of flight engineer examiners—proficiency checks

Division 61.Y.3Privileges and requirements for grant of flight engineer examiner endorsements

61.1495     Kinds of flight engineer examiner endorsement

61.1500     Privileges of flight engineer examiner endorsements

61.1505     Requirements for grant of flight engineer examiner endorsements

Subpart 61.ZGlider pilot licences

61.1510     Privileges of glider pilot licences

61.1515     Limitations on exercise of privileges of glider pilot licences—general

61.1520     Limitations on exercise of privileges of glider pilot licences—recent experience

61.1525     Limitations on exercise of privileges of glider pilot licences—flight review

61.1530     Limitations on exercise of privileges of glider pilot licences—medical certificates

61.1535     Limitations on exercise of privileges of glider pilot licences—carriage of documents

61.1540     Requirements for grant of glider pilot licences


Subpart 61.APreliminary

Division 61.A.1General

61.005  What Part 61 is about

             (1)  This Part sets out the licensing scheme for pilots and flight engineers of registered aircraft.

             (2)  Subpart 61.A sets out:

                     (a)  preliminary matters; and

                     (b)  when a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement is not required.

             (3)  Subpart 61.B sets out:

                     (a)  the general requirements for the grant of a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement; and

                     (b)  the requirements for the grant of a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement in recognition of an overseas or military qualification.

Note:          A reference to a flight crew licence includes a glider pilot licence: see the definition of flight crew licence in regulation 61.010.

             (4)  Subpart 61.C sets out rules relating to a certificate of validation of an overseas qualification, including:

                     (a)  requirements for the grant of a certificate of validation; and

                     (b)  the effect of a certificate of validation.

             (5)  Subpart 61.D sets out obligations that apply to all holders of flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements.

             (6)  Subpart 61.E:

                     (a)  sets out limitations that apply to the exercise of the privileges of all pilot licences; and

                     (b)  provides for the authorisations to taxi an aircraft and to operate an aircraft radio.

Note:          A reference to a pilot licence does not include a glider pilot licence: see the definition of pilot licence in regulation 61.010.

             (7)  Subparts 61.G to 61.K make particular provision for each kind of pilot licence, including:

                     (a)  the privileges of the licence; and

                     (b)  limitations on the exercise of the privileges; and

                     (c)  the requirements for the grant of the licence.

             (8)  Subparts 61.L to 61.U provide for ratings and endorsements on pilot licences, setting out:

                     (a)  the privileges of each rating or endorsement; and

                     (b)  limitations on the exercise of the privileges of the rating or endorsement; and

                     (c)  the requirements for the grant of the rating or endorsement; and

                     (d)  for the flight instructor, simulator instructor and flight examiner ratings—obligations that apply to the holder of the rating.

             (9)  Subparts 61.V to 61.Y provide for flight engineer licences, and ratings and endorsements on flight engineer licences.

           (10)  Subpart 61.Z makes particular provision for glider pilot licences.

61.007  Application of Part 61

             (1)  This Part applies to flight in a registered aircraft of any of the following categories:

                     (a)  aeroplane;

                     (b)  helicopter;

                     (c)  powered‑lift aircraft;

                     (d)  gyroplane;

                     (e)  airship.

             (2)  The Part applies also to flight in a registered glider.

61.010  Definitions for Part 61

                   In this Part:

aerial application endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of table 61.1120.

aerial application operation means a flight that is carried out by an aircraft to apply application material.

aerial application proficiency check means an assessment, against the standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards, of a pilot’s competency to exercise the privileges of an aerial application rating.

aeronautical experience: see regulation 61.075.

aeronautical knowledge examination, for a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement, means an examination set under regulation 61.215 for the grant of the licence, rating or endorsement.

aeroplane: see regulation 61.025.

approved course of professional development, for a provision of this Part, means a course of professional development for which the provider holds an approval under regulation 61.040 for the provision.

approved course of training, for a provision of this Part, means a course of training:

                     (a)  for which the provider holds an approval under regulation 61.040 for the provision; or

                     (b)  that a Part 141 or 142 operator is authorised to conduct; or

                     (c)  that a person holds an approval under regulation 141.035 or 142.040 to conduct.

approved flight simulation training device: a flight simulation training device is an approved flight simulation training device for a purpose if:

                     (a)  a Part 141 operator’s operations manual, or a Part 142 operator’s exposition, states that the device may be used for the purpose; or

                     (b)  the operator of the device holds an approval under regulation 60.055 or 61.040 to use the device for the purpose; or

                     (c)  the device is:

                              (i)  qualified (however described) by the national aviation authority of a recognised foreign State; and

                             (ii)  approved for the purpose by the national aviation authority.

approved flight simulator: a flight simulator is an approved flight simulator for a purpose if:

                     (a)  a Part 141 operator’s operations manual, or a Part 142 operator’s exposition, states that the simulator may be used for the purpose; or

                     (b)  the operator of the simulator holds an approval under regulation 60.055 to use the simulator for the purpose; or

                     (c)  the simulator is:

                              (i)  qualified (however described) by the national aviation authority of a recognised foreign State; and

                             (ii)  approved for the purpose by the national aviation authority.

associated: an aircraft category rating is associated with a pilot licence if:

                     (a)  for an application for the pilot licence—the application includes an application for the rating; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the rating was granted on the basis of the applicant having met the requirements for the grant of the pilot licence with the rating.

Note:          An aircraft category rating has effect only for the pilot licence with which it is associated: see regulation 61.725.

aviation English language proficiency assessment means an aviation English language proficiency assessment conducted under regulation 61.255.

aviation English language proficiency assessor means the holder of an approval under regulation 61.270 to conduct an aviation English language proficiency assessment.

azimuth guidance operation means an instrument approach operation using azimuth bearings for lateral navigation guidance.

basic instrument flight training means flight training in the units of competency for instrument flight mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the grant of a private pilot licence or commercial pilot licence.

category of aircraft: see regulation 61.015.

category specific: a rating or endorsement is category specific if the rating or endorsement applies only to an aircraft category that is specified on the rating or endorsement.

Certificate IV in Training and Assessment means a Certificate IV in Training and Assessment issued by a registered training organisation under the Australian Qualifications Framework.

Note:          See www.aqf.edu.au/.

certificate of validation means a certificate of validation granted under Subpart 61.C.

circling approach means an extension of an instrument approach operation that includes a visual circling manoeuvre to position an aircraft for a landing.

class of aircraft: see regulation 61.020.

conduct, as a verb, means:

                     (a)  in relation to a flight operation—to occupy a flight control seat in an aircraft while the operation takes place; or

                     (b)  in relation to a simulated flight operation—to occupy a flight control seat in a flight simulation training device while the simulated operation takes place; or

                     (c)  in relation to an operation of a tethered helicopter—to occupy a flight control seat in the tethered helicopter while the operation takes place.

course deviation indicator operation means an instrument approach operation using a course deviation indicator for lateral navigation guidance.

cross‑country flight means a flight along a pre‑planned route during which the pilot uses geometry, topography or radio navigation aids to determine the aircraft’s position and course.

cross‑country flight time means flight time accrued during a cross‑country flight.

cruise relief type rating means:

                     (a)  a cruise relief co‑pilot type rating; or

                     (b)  a cruise relief flight engineer type rating.

current:

                     (a)  for an aviation English language proficiency assessment—see regulation 61.260; and

                     (b)  for a recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate held by:

                              (i)  a student pilot—see subregulation 61.114(6); and

                             (ii)  a recreational pilot licence holder—see subregulation 61.405(3); and

                     (c)  for a certificate of validation or medical certificate—means a certificate that is in force.

differences training, for a variant, means the training mentioned in regulation 61.200 for the variant.

dual cross‑country flight time means cross‑country flight time that is conducted in dual flight.

dual flight means flight conducted while receiving training from a pilot instructor occupying a flight control seat in an aircraft that is fitted with fully functional dual controls.

dual flight check means an in‑flight assessment by a flight instructor of the competency of a student pilot to conduct a solo training flight.

dual instrument flight time means instrument flight time that is conducted in dual flight.

dual instrument ground time means instrument ground time that is conducted in dual simulated flight.

dual instrument time means:

                     (a)  dual instrument flight time; or

                     (b)  dual instrument ground time.

dual simulated flight means simulated flight conducted while receiving training from a pilot instructor occupying a flight control seat in a flight simulation training device that is fitted with fully functional dual controls.

duration, of a flight, means:

                     (a)  for a flight in an aeroplane or gyroplane—the time from the moment the aircraft begins moving, whether or not under its own power, in preparation for flight until the moment it comes to rest at the end of the flight; or

                     (b)  for a flight in a helicopter or powered‑lift aircraft—the time from the moment the aircraft’s rotor blades start turning until the moment the rotor blades stop turning after the aircraft comes to rest at the end of the flight; or

                     (c)  for a flight in an airship—the time from the moment the airship is released from its mooring until the moment it is tethered at the end of the flight; or

                     (d)  for a flight in a glider—the time from the moment the glider first begins moving in preparation for flight, whether being towed or not, until the moment it comes to rest at the end of the flight.

endorsement means a flight crew endorsement.

equivalent, for an overseas flight crew licence, rating or endorsement: an overseas flight crew licence, rating or endorsement (however described) is equivalent to a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement granted under this Part (an Australian authorisation) if it allows the holder to conduct substantially the same activities as the Australian authorisation.

examiner means:

                     (a)  a flight examiner; or

                     (b)  a flight engineer examiner.

examiner rating means:

                     (a)  a flight examiner rating; or

                     (b)  a flight engineer examiner rating.

flight means flight in:

                     (a)  an aeroplane; or

                     (b)  a helicopter; or

                     (c)  an airship; or

                     (d)  a glider, other than a hang glider; or

                     (e)  a gyroplane; or

                      (f)  a powered‑lift aircraft.

flight activity endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of table 61.1145.

flight crew endorsement means an endorsement granted under this Part on a flight crew licence.

flight crew licence means:

                     (a)  a pilot licence; or

                     (b)  a flight engineer licence; or

                     (c)  a glider pilot licence.

flight crew rating means a rating granted under this Part on a flight crew licence.

flight engineer examiner means the holder of a flight engineer examiner rating.

flight engineer examiner endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of table 61.1495.

flight engineer flight test endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of Part 1 of table 61.1495.

flight engineer instructor means the holder of a flight engineer instructor rating.

flight engineer training endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of table 61.1430.

flight examiner means the holder of a flight examiner rating.

flight examiner endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of table 61.1310.

flight instructor means the holder of a flight instructor rating.

flight review means an assessment of the competency of a flight crew member to perform:

                     (a)  for the holder of a pilot licence or flight engineer licence—an activity authorised by a flight crew rating that the crew member holds; or

                     (b)  for the holder of a glider pilot licence—an activity authorised by the licence.

flight simulation training device means:

                     (a)  a qualified flight simulator; or

                     (b)  a qualified flight training device; or

                     (c)  a synthetic trainer that is approved under Civil Aviation Order 45.0; or

                     (d)  a device that meets the qualification standards prescribed by a legislative instrument under regulation 61.045; or

                     (e)  a device that is qualified (however described) by the national aviation authority of a recognised foreign State.

flight test, for a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement, means a test conducted under regulation 61.245 for the licence, rating or endorsement.

flight test endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of Part 1 of table 61.1310.

flight time as:

                     (a)  a pilot: see regulation 61.080; and

                     (b)  a co‑pilot: see regulation 61.085; and

                     (c)  a pilot in command: see regulation 61.090; and

                     (d)  a pilot in command under supervision: see regulation 61.095; and

                     (e)  a flight engineer: see regulation 61.100.

flight training, for a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement, means the training mentioned in regulation 61.195 for the licence, rating or endorsement.

initial flight training means dual flight conducted for training in the units of competency mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the grant of a recreational pilot licence.

instructor means:

                     (a)  a flight instructor; or

                     (b)  a simulator instructor; or

                     (c)  a flight engineer instructor.

instructor proficiency check means an assessment, against the standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards, of an instructor’s competency to conduct flight training.

instructor rating means:

                     (a)  a flight instructor rating; or

                     (b)  a simulator instructor rating; or

                     (c)  a flight engineer instructor rating.

instrument endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of table 61.890.

instrument flight time: see regulation 61.105.

instrument ground time: see regulation 61.110.

instrument proficiency check means an assessment, against the standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards, of a pilot’s competency to pilot an aircraft under the IFR.

instrument time means:

                     (a)  instrument flight time; or

                     (b)  instrument ground time.

knowledge deficiency report means a report prepared, and given to a person, under regulation 61.230.

licence means a flight crew licence.

licence document: see regulation 61.175.

low‑level endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of table 61.1075.

low‑level operation means an operation below 500 ft AGL, other than the following:

                     (a)  climbing from take‑off;

                     (b)  descending for the purpose of landing;

                     (c)  an aerial application operation.

maximum certificated passenger seating capacity, for an aircraft, means the maximum passenger seating capacity stated in the aircraft’s type certificate, foreign type certificate, supplemental type certificate or foreign supplemental type certificate.

maximum certificated take‑off weight, for an aircraft, means the maximum take‑off weight stated in the aircraft’s type certificate, foreign type certificate, supplemental type certificate or foreign supplemental type certificate.

medical exemption means:

                     (a)  for the conduct of a solo flight by a student pilot—an approval under regulation 61.040 to conduct the solo flight without holding a current medical certificate or recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate; and

                     (b)  for the exercise of the privileges of a flight crew licence or rating—an approval under regulation 61.040 to exercise the privileges of the licence or rating without holding a current medical certificate or recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate.

medical practitioner means a person entitled to practise as a medical practitioner under a law of a State or Territory.

multi‑crew, in relation to an aircraft, means that the aircraft is certificated for operation by a crew of at least 2 pilots.

multi‑crew operation means an operation that requires at least 2 pilots in:

                     (a)  a multi‑crew aircraft; or

                     (b)  an aircraft that is equipped, and required by these Regulations, to be operated by a crew of at least 2 pilots.

multi‑crew pilot licence training course means a course of training for the grant of a multi‑crew pilot licence conducted by a Part 142 operator.

multi‑crew type rating means a pilot type rating authorising its holder to pilot an aircraft of the type covered by the rating in a multi‑crew operation.

multi‑engine aeroplane means an aeroplane that has 2 or more engines, other than:

                     (a)  a multi‑engine centre‑line thrust aeroplane; or

                     (b)  an aeroplane that is prescribed by a legislative instrument under regulation 61.050 as an aeroplane that is included in the single‑engine aeroplane class.

multi‑engine centre‑line thrust aeroplane means an aeroplane with 2 or more engines that:

                     (a)  has the thrust line along the longitudinal axis of the aeroplane; and

                     (b)  has no asymmetric handling effect about the normal axis in the event of an engine failure.

night VFR endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of table 61.980.

night vision goggles means a self‑contained binocular night vision enhancement device that:

                     (a)  is helmet‑mounted or otherwise worn by a person; and

                     (b)  can detect and amplify light in both the visual and near infra‑red bands of the electromagnetic spectrum.

night vision imaging system endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of table 61.1025.

night vision imaging system proficiency check means an assessment, against the standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards, of a pilot’s competency to pilot a helicopter using a night vision imaging system.

operational endorsement means any of the following endorsements:

                     (a)  an aerial application endorsement;

                     (b)  a flight activity endorsement;

                     (c)  a flight examiner endorsement;

                     (d)  an instrument endorsement;

                     (e)  a low‑level endorsement;

                      (f)  a night VFR endorsement;

                     (g)  a night vision imaging system endorsement;

                     (h)  a private instrument endorsement;

                      (i)  a training endorsement;

                      (j)  a flight engineer examiner endorsement;

                     (k)  a flight engineer training endorsement.

operational rating means any of the following ratings:

                     (a)  an aerial application rating;

                     (b)  an examiner rating;

                     (c)  an instructor rating;

                     (d)  an instrument rating;

                     (e)  a low‑level rating;

                      (f)  a night VFR rating;

                     (g)  a night vision imaging system rating;

                     (h)  a private instrument rating.

operator proficiency check means an assessment conducted by an operator in accordance with its training and checking responsibilities under these Regulations of whether a person has the aeronautical skills and knowledge required by the operator.

overseas endorsement means an authorisation (however described) granted by the national aviation authority of a Contracting State, in accordance with Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention, that is equivalent to a flight crew endorsement.

overseas flight crew licence means an authorisation (however described) granted by the national aviation authority of a Contracting State, in accordance with Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention, that is equivalent to a flight crew licence.

overseas medical certificate means a medical certificate (however described) granted by the national aviation authority of a Contracting State, in accordance with Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention, that is equivalent to a medical certificate.

overseas rating means an authorisation (however described) granted by the national aviation authority of a Contracting State, in accordance with Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention, that is equivalent to a flight crew rating.

pilot, used as a noun, means a person authorised under this Part to manipulate the flight controls of an aircraft during flight.

pilot, used as a verb, means:

                     (a)  to manipulate the flight controls of an aircraft during flight; or

                     (b)  to occupy a flight control seat in an aircraft during flight.

pilot in command under supervision means a pilot, other than a student pilot, who performs the duties and functions of the pilot in command of an aircraft under the supervision of a pilot who is authorised by the operator of the aircraft to conduct the supervision.

pilot instructor means:

                     (a)  a flight instructor; or

                     (b)  a simulator instructor.

pilot licence means any of the following licences:

                     (a)  an air transport pilot licence;

                     (b)  a commercial pilot licence;

                     (c)  a multi‑crew pilot licence;

                     (d)  a private pilot licence;

                     (e)  a recreational pilot licence.

private instrument endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of table 61.935.

privilege, in relation to a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement, means an activity that the holder of the licence, rating or endorsement is authorised, under this Part, to conduct.

published lowest safe altitude has the meaning given by subregulation 178(7) of CAR.

rating means a flight crew rating.

recent photograph, at a particular time, means a photograph taken within 6 months before that time.

recognised aeroplane means an aeroplane:

                     (a)  that is on the register of aircraft kept by a Contracting State; or

                     (b)  that is a State aircraft.

recognised foreign State means any of the following:

                     (a)  Canada;

                     (b)  Hong Kong;

                     (c)  New Zealand;

                     (d)  United States of America;

                     (e)  the following EASA member States:

                              (i)  Belgium;

                             (ii)  Czech Republic;

                            (iii)  Denmark;

                            (iv)  Finland;

                             (v)  France;

                            (vi)  Germany;

                           (vii)  Ireland;

                          (viii)  Italy;

                            (ix)  Netherlands;

                             (x)  Norway;

                            (xi)  Portugal;

                           (xii)  Spain;

                          (xiii)  Sweden;

                          (xiv)  Switzerland;

                           (xv)  United Kingdom;

                      (f)  any other foreign country prescribed by a legislative instrument under regulation 61.047.

recognised gyroplane means a gyroplane:

                     (a)  that is on the register of aircraft kept by a Contracting State; or

                     (b)  that is a State aircraft.

recognised helicopter means a helicopter:

                     (a)  that is on the register of aircraft kept by a Contracting State; or

                     (b)  that is a State aircraft.

recognised powered‑lift aircraft means a powered‑lift aircraft:

                     (a)  that is on the register of aircraft kept by a Contracting State; or

                     (b)  that is a State aircraft.

recreational aircraft means a single‑engine aircraft that:

                     (a)  is certificated for single‑pilot operation; and

                     (b)  has a maximum certificated take‑off weight of less than 1 500 kg; and

                     (c)  is not rocket‑powered or turbine‑powered.

recreational aviation administration organisation means:

                     (a)  Recreational Aviation Australia Incorporated; or

                     (b)  Australian Sport Rotorcraft Association Incorporated; or

                     (c)  The Gliding Federation of Australia Incorporated.

recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate means a certificate from a medical practitioner to the effect that the holder meets the modified Austroads medical standards.

recreational pilot licence endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in regulation 61.485.

simulated flight engineer time means time spent in a flight simulation training device during which a flight engineer is performing the duties of a flight engineer.

simulated flight time means time spent in a flight simulation training device during which a pilot is performing the duties of a pilot.

simulated IMC means flight in an aircraft or flight simulation training device during which the pilot is prevented from viewing the external horizon.

simulator instructor means the holder of a simulator instructor rating.

single‑pilot operation means an operation in an aircraft, other than a multi‑crew operation.

single‑pilot type rating means a pilot type rating authorising its holder to pilot an aircraft of the type covered by the rating in a single‑pilot operation.

solo, in relation to a flight of an aircraft, means a flight in which the pilot is the sole occupant of the aircraft.

standard instrument departure means a departure under the IFR in accordance with an instrument departure procedure.

successfully participating: a person is successfully participating in an operator’s training and checking system for an operation if:

                     (a)  the person is employed by the operator; and

                     (b)  the operator’s training and checking system covers the operation; and

                     (c)  the person has met the requirements under the system for entry into the system; and

                     (d)  the person is permitted under the system to be assigned by the operator for duty for the operation.

tethered flight time means the duration of a flight in a tethered helicopter.

tethered helicopter means a helicopter tethered to a base that allows hovering but not free flight.

training endorsement means an endorsement mentioned in column 1 of table 61.1235.

training provider, for a person undertaking flight training, means:

                     (a)  the Part 141 or 142 operator conducting the training; or

                     (b)  the person conducting the training who holds an approval under regulation 141.035 or 142.040 to conduct the training.

type rating means:

                     (a)  a pilot type rating; or

                     (b)  a flight engineer type rating; or

                     (c)  a cruise relief type rating.

type specific: a rating or endorsement is type specific if the rating or endorsement applies only to an aircraft type that is specified on the rating or endorsement.

variant, in relation to an aircraft model (the first model), means another aircraft model that CASA has prescribed by a legislative instrument under regulation 61.055 as a variant of the first model.

61.015  Definition of category of aircraft for Part 61

                   Each of the following is a category of aircraft:

                     (a)  aeroplane;

                     (b)  helicopter;

                     (c)  powered‑lift aircraft;

                     (d)  gyroplane;

                     (e)  airship.

61.020  Definition of class of aircraft for Part 61

             (1)  Each of the following is a class of aircraft:

                     (a)  single‑engine aeroplane;

                     (b)  multi‑engine aeroplane;

                     (c)  single‑engine helicopter;

                     (d)  single‑engine gyroplane;

                     (e)  airship.

             (2)  For this Part, the single‑engine aeroplane class includes:

                     (a)  multi‑engine centre‑line thrust aeroplanes; and

                     (b)  multi‑engine aeroplanes that are prescribed by a legislative instrument under regulation 61.050 (Prescription of multi‑engine aeroplanes included in single‑engine aeroplane class).

61.025  Definition of aeroplane for Part 61

                   Aeroplane means an aeroplane that has flight controls providing control of the aeroplane in 3 axes.

61.035  Issue of Manual of Standards for Part 61

             (1)  For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, CASA may issue a Manual of Standards for this Part that sets out matters relating to flight crew licences.

             (2)  In particular, the Manual of Standards may set out standards for the following:

                     (a)  approvals under regulation 61.040;

                     (b)  aeronautical and other knowledge required by this Part for the grant of a licence, rating or endorsement;

                     (c)  flight training;

                     (d)  other training and development requirements;

                     (e)  flight tests;

                      (f)  aviation and general English language proficiency;

                     (g)  general operating competencies for:

                              (i)  aircraft of a particular class or type; and

                             (ii)  activities authorised by operational ratings and endorsements;

                     (h)  competency in the use of an airborne collision avoidance system;

                      (i)  flight reviews;

                     (k)  instrument proficiency checks;

                      (l)  night vision imaging system proficiency checks;

                    (m)  aerial application proficiency checks;

                     (n)  instructor proficiency checks;

                     (o)  competencies for glider pilot licences.

61.040  Approvals by CASA for Part 61

             (1)  If a provision of this Part refers to a person or organisation holding an approval under this regulation, the person or organisation may apply to CASA for the approval.

             (2)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must grant the approval if the following requirements are met:

                     (a)  if the approval relates to a course or program:

                              (i)  the course or program covers all the units of competency mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the course or program; and

                             (ii)  the course or program meets the standards (if any) mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the course or program;

                     (b)  if the approval relates to any other thing for which there are standards in the Part 61 Manual of Standards—the thing meets the standards;

                     (c)  for any other approval—the applicant meets the requirements (if any) for the approval mentioned in the provision.

             (3)  Subregulation 11.055(1B) applies to the granting of an approval mentioned in paragraph 61.1515(1)(b) (Limitations on exercise of privileges of glider pilot licences—general).

61.045  Prescription of qualification standards for flight simulation training devices

                   For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, CASA may, by legislative instrument, prescribe qualification standards for flight simulation training devices.

61.047  Prescription of recognised foreign States

                   For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, CASA may, by legislative instrument, prescribe foreign countries as recognised foreign States.

61.050  Prescription of multiengine aeroplanes included in single‑engine aeroplane class

                   For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, CASA may, by legislative instrument, prescribe aeroplanes that are included in the single‑engine aeroplane class.

61.055  Prescription of type ratings and variants—multicrew aircraft

             (1)  For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, CASA may, by legislative instrument, prescribe, for multi‑crew aircraft:

                     (a)  the type ratings that may be granted for multi‑crew operation; and

                     (b)  the aircraft models that are variants of each other; and

                     (c)  in relation to each variant—the variants for which differences training is required; and

                     (d)  the type ratings for which the flight review or instrument proficiency check requirements may be met by completion of a single flight review; and

                     (e)  the type ratings for which the instrument proficiency check requirements may be met by completion of a single instrument proficiency check.

             (2)  For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, if 2 or more aircraft models are variants of each other, CASA may, by legislative instrument, prescribe that the models are no longer variants of each other only if satisfied that:

                     (a)  the complexity of one of the models’ systems; or

                     (b)  a difference in their performance or handling characteristics;

requires the provision of additional flight training to enable a person to pilot an aircraft of that model safely.

61.060  Prescription of type ratings—single‑pilot aircraft

             (1)  For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, CASA may, by legislative instrument, prescribe:

                     (a)  for a type of aircraft that is certificated for single‑pilot operation—whether a single‑pilot type rating is required; and

                     (b)  for aircraft for which single‑pilot type ratings are required:

                              (i)  the type ratings that may be granted for single‑pilot operation; and

                             (ii)  the aircraft models that are variants of each other; and

                            (iii)  in relation to each variant—the variants for which differences training is required; and

                     (c)  the type ratings for which the flight review or instrument proficiency check requirements may be met by completion of a single flight review; and

                     (d)  the type ratings for which the instrument proficiency check requirements may be met by completion of a single instrument proficiency check.

             (2)  However, CASA may prescribe that a single‑pilot type rating is required for an aircraft only if satisfied that:

                     (a)  the complexity of the aircraft’s systems; or

                     (b)  its performance or handling characteristics;

requires the provision of additional flight training to enable a person to pilot an aircraft of that type safely.

61.061  Prescription of type‑rated aircraft—flight review requirements for class ratings

                   For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, CASA may, by instrument, prescribe types of aircraft in which the conduct of a flight review or instrument proficiency check for a pilot type rating meets the flight review requirements for a class rating.

61.062  Prescription of types of aircraft for additional limitations on class ratings

                   For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, CASA may, by instrument, prescribe types of aircraft in which the privileges of a class rating may not be exercised unless the holder of the rating has completed flight training and a flight review in an aircraft of the type.

61.063  Prescription of types of single engine helicopters for flight reviews

                   For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, CASA may, by instrument, prescribe types of single‑engine helicopters that may be used to conduct flight reviews for other types of single‑engine helicopters.

61.065  Conduct of unauthorised activities—holders of flight crew licences

             (1)  The holder of a flight crew licence commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the holder conducts an activity mentioned in this Part while:

                              (i)  piloting a registered aircraft; or

                             (ii)  acting as flight engineer of a registered aircraft; or

                            (iii)  acting as an instructor or examiner; and

                     (b)  the holder is not authorised under this Part to conduct the activity.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation, other than an offence for a contravention of regulation 61.385 (Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—general competency requirement), is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          See also subsection 20AB(1) of the Act for an offence of performing any duty that is essential to the operation of an Australian aircraft during flight time without holding a relevant civil aviation authorisation or being otherwise authorised by or under these Regulations to perform the duty.

Division 61.A.2Flight time and other aeronautical experience

61.070  Flight to which Division 61.A.2 applies

                   For this Division:

flight means flight in:

                     (a)  an aeroplane; or

                     (b)  a helicopter, other than a tethered helicopter; or

                     (c)  an airship; or

                     (d)  a glider, other than a hang glider; or

                     (e)  a gyroplane; or

                      (f)  a powered‑lift aircraft.

61.075  Definition of aeronautical experience for Part 61

                   A person’s aeronautical experience is as follows:

                     (a)  for a pilot—the total of:

                              (i)  the person’s flight time as a pilot; and

                             (ii)  the person’s simulated flight time; and

                            (iii)  the person’s tethered flight time;

                     (b)  for a flight engineer—the total of:

                              (i)  the person’s flight time as a flight engineer; and

                             (ii)  the person’s simulated flight engineer time.

61.080  Definition of flight time as pilot for Part 61

                   A person’s flight time as a pilot is:

                     (a)  the duration of the following flights:

                              (i)  a solo flight by the person;

                             (ii)  a flight in which the person receives flight training;

                            (iii)  if the person is a flight instructor—a flight during which the person exercises the privileges of his or her flight instructor rating;

                            (iv)  if the person is a flight examiner—a flight during which the person exercises the privileges of his or her flight examiner rating; and

                     (b)  the person’s flight time as pilot in command; and

                     (c)  the person’s flight time as pilot in command under supervision; and

                     (d)  the person’s flight time as a co‑pilot.

61.085  Definition of flight time as co‑pilot for Part 61

                   A person’s flight time as a co‑pilot is any period, during flight in an aircraft that, under these Regulations, must be flown with a flight crew of at least 2 pilots, in which the person is performing co‑pilot duties other than as pilot in command under supervision.

Note:          A co‑pilot is a pilot on board an aircraft in a piloting capacity other than the pilot in command or a pilot who is on board the aircraft for the sole purpose of receiving flight training: see the definition of co‑pilot in Part 1 of the Dictionary.

61.090  Definition of flight time as pilot in command for Part 61

                   A person’s flight time as pilot in command of an aircraft is the duration of a flight for which the person is the pilot in command of the aircraft.

61.095  Definition of flight time as pilot in command under supervision for Part 61

             (1)  A person’s flight time as pilot in command under supervision is the duration of a flight if:

                     (a)  the person holds a pilot licence; and

                     (b)  the person performs all the duties of the pilot in command for the flight; and

                     (c)  subregulation (2) or (3) applies to the flight.

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(c), this subregulation applies to the flight if:

                     (a)  the flight is conducted by an operator that has training and checking responsibilities; and

                     (b)  the pilot in command of the flight is authorised by the operator or the operator’s Part 142 operator to conduct the supervision of the person.

             (3)  For paragraph (1)(c), this subregulation applies to the flight if:

                     (a)  the person is supervised by a flight instructor or flight examiner; and

                     (b)  the person is not receiving flight training.

61.100  Definition of flight time as flight engineer for Part 61

                   A person’s flight time as a flight engineer is:

                     (a)  if the person is a flight engineer—the duration of a flight during which the person performs the duties of a flight engineer; and

                     (b)  if the person is a flight engineer instructor—the duration of a flight during which the person exercises the privileges of his or her flight engineer instructor rating; and

                     (c)  if the person is a flight engineer examiner—the duration of a flight during which the person exercises the privileges of his or her flight engineer examiner rating; and

                     (d)  if the person is the holder of a cruise relief flight engineer type rating—any time spent performing the duties of a flight engineer during flight.

61.105  Definition of instrument flight time for Part 61

             (1)  A person’s instrument flight time is:

                     (a)  for the holder of an authorisation mentioned in subregulation (2) other than a flight instructor or flight examiner—any time spent piloting an aircraft solely by reference to instruments and without external visual reference points in IMC or simulated IMC; and

                     (b)  for a person who does not hold an authorisation mentioned in subregulation (2)—any dual instrument flight time; and

                     (c)  for a flight instructor—any time spent conducting training mentioned in regulation 61.1165, or a flight review, during dual instrument flight time in IMC; and

                     (d)  for a flight examiner—any time spent conducting a flight test or proficiency check during instrument flight time in IMC.

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(a), the authorisations are as follows:

                     (a)  an instrument rating;

                     (b)  a private instrument rating;

                     (c)  for flight in an aeroplane or powered‑lift aircraft—an air transport pilot licence;

                     (d)  for flight in an aeroplane—a multi‑crew pilot licence.

61.110  Definition of instrument ground time for Part 61

                   A person’s instrument ground time is:

                     (a)  for the holder of an authorisation mentioned in subregulation 61.105(2) other than a simulator instructor or flight examiner—any time spent conducting simulated flight in a flight simulation training device solely by reference to instruments and without simulated external visual reference points; and

                     (b)  for a person who does not hold an authorisation mentioned in subregulation 61.105(2)—any dual instrument ground time.

Division 61.A.3Performing flight crew duties without licence, rating or endorsement

Subdivision 61.A.3.1Student pilots

61.112  Flying as a student pilot

             (1)  Subject to regulations 61.113 to 61.115, a person who does not hold a pilot licence is authorised to pilot an aircraft if:

                     (a)  the pilot in command of the aircraft is a flight instructor and the flight is for the purpose of the person receiving flight training; or

                     (b)  the flight is for a flight test for a pilot licence, or a rating or endorsement on a pilot licence, for the person; or

                     (c)  the flight is:

                              (i)  approved by, and conducted under the supervision of, a flight instructor authorised by a Part 141 or 142 operator to conduct the supervision; and

                             (ii)  conducted under the VFR; and

                            (iii)  conducted in accordance with the flight instructor’s approval.

             (2)  Subject to regulations 61.113 to 61.115, the holder of a recreational pilot licence is authorised to pilot a recreational aircraft under the VFR at night, or a non‑recreational aircraft, if:

                     (a)  the pilot in command of the aircraft is a flight instructor and the flight is for the purpose of receiving flight training; or

                     (b)  the flight is for a flight test for another pilot licence or a rating or endorsement on a pilot licence; or

                     (c)  the flight is:

                              (i)  approved by, and conducted under the supervision of, a flight instructor authorised by a Part 141 or 142 operator to conduct the supervision; and

                             (ii)  conducted under the VFR; and

                            (iii)  conducted in accordance with the flight instructor’s approval.

             (3)  For subparagraphs (1)(c)(i) and (2)(c)(i), a flight is conducted under the supervision of a flight instructor if the instructor:

                     (a)  provides guidance to the person in relation to the flight; and

                     (b)  during the flight:

                              (i)  is on board the aircraft; or

                             (ii)  is at the aerodrome from which the flight began; or

                            (iii)  is flying within 15 nautical miles of the aerodrome reference point for the aerodrome from which the flight began; and

                     (c)  can be contacted during the flight by radio or other electronic means.

             (4)  For regulations 61.405 to 61.415 (which are about medical requirements), piloting an aircraft in accordance with subregulation (3) does not constitute the exercise of the privileges of a pilot licence.

Note:          A person authorised to pilot an aircraft by this regulation is a student pilot: see Part 1 of the Dictionary.

61.113  General requirements for student pilots

             (1)  A student pilot is authorised to conduct a solo flight in an aircraft only if the student pilot:

                     (a)  has an ARN; and

                     (b)  is at least 15.

             (2)  A student pilot is not authorised to pilot an aircraft carrying passengers.

             (3)  A student pilot is authorised to pilot an aircraft on a solo flight in another Contracting State’s airspace only if the student pilot has the permission (however described) of the Contracting State.

             (4)  A student pilot is not authorised to pilot an aircraft other than a registered aircraft.

61.114  Solo flights—medical requirements for student pilots

             (1)  Subregulation (2) applies to:

                     (a)  the conduct of a solo flight in an aircraft other than a recreational aircraft; or

                     (b)  the conduct of a solo flight in a recreational aircraft under the VFR at night.

             (2)  A student pilot is authorised to conduct the flight only if:

                     (a)  the student pilot:

                              (i)  holds a class 1 or 2 medical certificate; and

                             (ii)  carries the medical certificate on the flight; or

                     (b)  the student pilot:

                              (i)  holds a medical exemption for the flight; and

                             (ii)  carries a copy of the exemption on the flight.

             (3)  Subregulation (4) applies to the conduct of a solo flight in a recreational aircraft by day, other than by the holder of a recreational pilot licence.

             (4)  A student pilot is authorised to conduct the flight only if:

                     (a)  the student pilot:

                              (i)  holds a class 1 or 2 medical certificate; and

                             (ii)  carries the medical certificate on the flight; or

                     (b)  the student pilot:

                              (i)  holds a current recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate; and

                             (ii)  meets the requirements mentioned in subregulation (5); or

                     (c)  the student pilot:

                              (i)  holds a medical exemption for the flight; and

                             (ii)  carries a copy of the exemption on the flight.

             (5)  For subparagraph (4)(b)(ii), the requirements are as follows:

                     (a)  the student pilot must have:

                              (i)  given CASA a copy of his or her recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate; and

                             (ii)  received from CASA a written acknowledgement of the receipt of the copy;

                     (b)  the student pilot must carry both of the following on the flight:

                              (i)  a copy of the certificate;

                             (ii)  a copy of the acknowledgement mentioned in subparagraph (a)(ii);

                     (c)  the student pilot must comply with any limitations or conditions stated on the certificate;

                     (d)  the student pilot must meet the modified Austroads medical standards.

Note:          For when a person meets the modified Austroads medical standards, see regulation 67.262.

             (6)  In this regulation:

current: a recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate for a student pilot is current for the shortest of the following periods:

                     (a)  the period beginning on the day the certificate is signed by the medical practitioner and ending 24 months after that day;

                     (b)  if, when the student pilot conducts a solo flight the student pilot is at least 65—the period beginning on the day the certificate is signed by the medical practitioner and ending 12 months after that day;

                     (c)  if the certificate states the period for which it applies—the period beginning on the day the certificate is signed by the medical practitioner and ending at the end of the stated period.

61.115  Solo flights—recent experience requirements for student pilots

             (1)  A student pilot is authorised to conduct a solo flight in an aircraft only if:

                     (a)  the student pilot has, within the previous 14 days and in the same type of aircraft, successfully completed a dual flight check; and

                     (b)  as a result of the flight, his or her solo flight time since he or she last successfully completed a dual flight check would not exceed 3 hours.

             (2)  However, paragraph (1)(b) does not apply to the student pilot if the student pilot is enrolled in an integrated training course.

61.116  Student pilots authorised to taxi aircraft

                   A student pilot is authorised to taxi an aircraft if the student pilot is approved to taxi the aircraft by a flight instructor.

Note:          See regulation 229 of CAR for an offence relating to taxiing aircraft without being authorised to do so.

61.117  Identity checks—student pilots

             (1)  CASA may, by written notice given to a student pilot, require the student pilot to provide evidence of his or her identity in accordance with paragraph 6.57(1)(a) of the Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005.

             (2)  The student pilot commits an offence if:

                     (a)  CASA has not told the student pilot, in writing, that he or she has complied with the requirement; and

                     (b)  the student pilots an aircraft.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

61.118  Production of medical certificates etc. and identification—student pilots

             (1)  CASA may direct a student pilot to produce any or all of the following documents for inspection by CASA:

                     (a)  unless the student pilot holds a medical exemption to conduct a solo flight—the student pilot’s medical certificate or recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate;

                     (b)  a document that includes a photograph of the student pilot showing the student’s full face and his or her head and shoulders:

                              (i)  that was issued within the previous 10 years by the government, or a government authority, of:

                                        (A)  the Commonwealth or a State or Territory; or

                                        (B)  a foreign country, or a state or province (however described) of a foreign country; and

                             (ii)  that has not expired or been cancelled.

             (2)  The student pilot commits an offence if:

                     (a)  CASA directs the student pilot to produce a document under subregulation (1); and

                     (b)  the student pilot does not produce the document before the earlier of the following:

                              (i)  when the student pilot next conducts a solo flight;

                             (ii)  within 7 days after the direction is given.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Subdivision 61.A.3.2Other circumstances in which flight crew duties may be performed without licence, rating or endorsement

61.119  Flying without licence—flight engineer duties

                   A person who does not hold a flight engineer licence is authorised to perform the duties of a flight engineer in a registered aircraft while:

                     (a)  receiving flight training from a flight engineer instructor; or

                     (b)  taking a flight test for a flight engineer licence or a flight crew rating or endorsement on a flight engineer licence.

61.120  Operation of aircraft radio without licence

                   A person who does not hold a flight crew licence, or who holds a recreational pilot licence but does not hold a flight radio endorsement, is authorised to transmit on a radio frequency of a kind used for the purpose of ensuring the safety of air navigation if:

                     (a)  the transmission is made while receiving training for a flight crew licence or flight radio endorsement; and

                     (b)  the transmission is approved by an instructor; and

                     (c)  the transmission is for the purpose of:

                              (i)  safely conducting a flight that is approved by a flight instructor; or

                             (ii)  receiving training in the use of an aircraft radio.

Note:          A person is prohibited from transmitting on a radio frequency of a kind used for the purpose of ensuring the safety of air navigation unless the person is qualified to do so: see regulation 83 of CAR.

61.125  Conducting flight activities without rating or endorsement

             (1)  A person who holds a pilot licence, but does not hold a rating or endorsement for the conduct of an activity for which a rating or endorsement is required under this Part, is authorised to conduct the activity if:

                     (a)  the activity is conducted while:

                              (i)  receiving flight training for the rating or endorsement; or

                             (ii)  taking a flight test for the rating or endorsement; or

                            (iii)  meeting the aeronautical experience requirements for the rating or endorsement; and

                     (b)  the activity is approved by, and conducted under the supervision of, a flight instructor.

             (2)  A person who holds a flight engineer licence, but does not hold a rating or endorsement for the conduct of an activity for which a rating or endorsement is required under this Part, is authorised to conduct the activity if:

                     (a)  the activity is conducted while:

                              (i)  receiving flight training for the rating or endorsement; or

                             (ii)  taking a flight test for the rating or endorsement; or

                            (iii)  meeting the aeronautical experience requirements for the rating or endorsement; and

                     (b)  the activity is approved by, and conducted under the supervision of, a flight engineer instructor.

61.126  Conducting flight activities without having met proficiency check or flight review

             (1)  A person who holds a flight crew licence, but has not met the proficiency check requirements for the conduct of an activity for which a proficiency check is required under this Part, is authorised to conduct the activity while the person undertakes the proficiency check.

             (2)  A person who holds a flight crew licence, but has not met the flight review requirements for the conduct of an activity for which a flight review is required under this Part, is authorised to conduct the activity while the person undertakes the flight review.

61.130  Operation of helicopter using auto flight control system without licence or rating

             (1)  This regulation applies to a person who, apart from this regulation, would not be authorised under this Part to pilot a helicopter.

             (2)  The person is authorised to pilot the helicopter using the helicopter’s auto flight control system if:

                     (a)  the person is approved to do so by the helicopter’s:

                              (i)  operator; and

                             (ii)  pilot in command; and

                     (b)  the person does so under the supervision of the pilot in command.

61.135  Authorisation to conduct flight training or flight test without holding type rating

             (1)  An instructor may apply to CASA, in writing, for authorisation to conduct training for the grant of a pilot type rating or flight engineer type rating in an aircraft for which the instructor does not hold the rating.

             (2)  An examiner may apply to CASA, in writing, for authorisation to conduct a flight test required for the grant of a pilot type rating or flight engineer type rating for an aircraft for which the examiner does not hold:

                     (a)  the pilot type rating or flight engineer type rating; or

                     (b)  a training endorsement; or

                     (c)  a flight test endorsement.

             (3)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must grant the authorisation.

             (4)  Subject to regulations 141.050 and 142.050, if CASA grants the authorisation, the person is authorised to conduct the training or flight test in accordance with the authorisation.

61.140  Authorisation to test aircraft without holding type rating

             (1)  The holder of a flight crew licence may apply to CASA, in writing, for authorisation to act as a flight crew member of an aircraft for which the person does not hold a pilot type rating or flight engineer type rating during a flight conducted for the purpose of:

                     (a)  testing the aircraft; or

                     (b)  conducting an experiment in relation to the aircraft.

             (2)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must grant the authorisation.

             (3)  If CASA grants the authorisation, the person is authorised to act as a flight crew member during the flight in accordance with the authorisation.

61.145  Piloting glider without holding glider pilot licence

             (1)  A person is authorised to pilot a glider without holding a glider pilot licence if the person:

                     (a)  holds an authorisation, granted by a glider organisation, that permits the holder to pilot a glider or motorised glider as pilot in command; and

                     (b)  operates the glider in accordance with the organisation’s operations manual.

             (2)  A person (a student pilot) is authorised to pilot a glider without holding a glider pilot licence if:

                     (a)  the pilot in command of the glider holds an authorisation from a glider organisation that permits the holder to conduct training and assessment in a glider; and

                     (b)  the flight is for the purpose of training, or assessing the competency of, the student pilot to pilot a glider; and

                     (c)  the student pilot meets the requirements (if any) set out in the glider organisation’s operations manual for a student pilot conducting a flight.

             (3)  A person (a student pilot) is authorised to pilot a glider without holding a glider pilot licence if:

                     (a)  the flight is:

                              (i)  approved by, and conducted under the supervision of, a pilot who holds an authorisation from a glider organisation that permits the holder to conduct training and assessment in a glider (the glider instructor); and

                             (ii)  conducted under the VFR; and

                            (iii)  conducted in accordance with the glider instructor’s approval; and

                     (b)  the student pilot meets the requirements (if any) set out in the glider organisation’s operations manual for a student pilot conducting a flight.

             (4)  In this regulation:

glider organisation means a recreational aviation administration organisation that administers glider activities.

Subpart 61.BGrant of flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements

Division 61.B.1General

61.150  People who may grant flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements

             (1)  CASA may grant any flight crew licence, rating or endorsement.

             (2)  Subject to subregulation (8) and regulation 61.1265, a flight examiner may grant the following:

                     (a)  a rating on a pilot licence, other than:

                              (i)  an aircraft category rating; or

                             (ii)  a flight examiner rating; or

                            (iii)  a cruise relief flight engineer type rating;

                     (b)  an endorsement on a pilot licence, other than a flight test endorsement.

             (3)  Subject to subregulation (8) and regulations 61.1175 and 61.1200, a pilot instructor may grant an endorsement on a pilot licence, other than:

                     (a)  a flight examiner endorsement; or

                     (b)  a training endorsement mentioned in Part 1 or 2 of table 61.1235; or

                     (c)  an endorsement for which a flight test is required under this Part.

             (4)  Subject to subregulation (8) and regulation 61.1455, a flight engineer examiner may grant the following:

                     (a)  a rating on a flight engineer licence, other than a flight engineer examiner rating;

                     (b)  an endorsement on a flight engineer licence, other than a flight engineer flight test endorsement;

                     (c)  a cruise relief flight engineer type rating.

             (5)  Subject to subregulation (8) and regulation 61.1405, a flight engineer instructor may grant a flight engineer training endorsement.

             (6)  Subject to subregulation (8) and the limitations (if any) of the person’s approval, the holder of an approval under regulation 141.035 or 142.040 (an approval holder) may grant a flight crew endorsement for which the holder is approved to conduct flight training.

             (7)  Subject to subregulation (8) and the limitations (if any) of the person’s approval, the holder of an approval under regulation 61.040 (also an approval holder) may grant the following:

                     (a)  a flight crew rating, other than an examiner rating;

                     (b)  a flight crew endorsement, other than a flight test endorsement or a flight engineer flight test endorsement.

             (8)  An examiner, instructor or approval holder cannot grant a flight crew rating or endorsement to a person if the person is taken to meet the requirements for the rating or endorsement under:

                     (a)  regulation 61.275 (Overseas flight crew authorisations—recognition); or

                     (b)  regulation 61.285 (Australian Defence Force qualifications—recognition).

Note:          A flight crew licence, rating or endorsement granted under a bilateral agreement may only be granted by CASA: see regulation 61.280.

61.155  Applications for flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements

             (1)  An application for a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement must be made to a person who may grant the licence, rating or endorsement.

Note:          See Subpart 11.B, in particular, regulation 11.030, about applications for authorisations.

             (2)  The application must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  if the application is for a pilot licence—include an application for an aircraft category rating.

          (2A)  Subregulation (2B) applies if the application is for a flight crew licence and the applicant has not:

                     (a)  applied to CASA for another flight crew licence in the previous 10 years and submitted with the application a photograph of the applicant; or

                     (b)  given to CASA, within the previous 10 years, a photograph of the applicant in response to a direction or request in writing by CASA to the applicant.

          (2B)  The applicant must also submit to CASA a recent photograph of the applicant, showing the applicant’s full face and his or her head and shoulders.

             (3)  If the requirements for the grant of a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement (the second authorisation) include a requirement that the applicant hold, or be eligible for, another flight crew licence, rating or endorsement (the first authorisation), a person may:

                     (a)  apply for the first and second authorisations at the same time; or

                     (b)  apply for the second authorisation at any time after applying for the first authorisation, whether or not the first authorisation has been granted before the person applies for the second authorisation.

61.160  Grant of flight crew licences

                   Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must grant a flight crew licence to an applicant for the licence if:

                     (a)  the application complies with regulation 61.155; and

                     (b)  the applicant:

                              (i)  meets the requirements mentioned in this Part for the grant of the licence; and

                             (ii)  for a flight crew licence other than a recreational pilot licence—has a current aviation English language proficiency assessment; and

                            (iii)  for a recreational pilot licence—meets the general English language proficiency requirements mentioned in regulation 61.265.

Note:          Despite anything in these Regulations, CASA is not to issue a flight crew licence to an applicant unless certain requirements are met: see regulation 6.57 of the Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005.

61.165  Grant of flight crew ratings

                   Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA, or an examiner or an approval holder within the meaning of regulation 61.150, must grant a flight crew rating to an applicant for the rating if:

                     (a)  the application complies with regulation 61.155; and

                     (b)  for an application to an examiner or approval holder—the examiner or approval holder may, under regulation 61.150, grant the rating; and

                     (c)  the applicant meets the requirements mentioned in this Part for the grant of the rating.

61.170  Grant of flight crew endorsements

                   Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA, or an examiner, instructor or an approval holder within the meaning of regulation 61.150, must grant a flight crew endorsement to an applicant for the endorsement if:

                     (a)  the application complies with regulation 61.155; and

                     (b)  for an application to an examiner, instructor or approval holder—the examiner, instructor or approval holder may, under regulation 61.150, grant the endorsement; and

                     (c)  the applicant meets the requirements mentioned in this Part for the grant of the endorsement.

61.175  How CASA issues flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements

             (1)  Subregulation (2) applies if:

                     (a)  CASA grants a flight crew licence to a person under regulation 61.160; and

                     (b)  the person does not already hold a flight crew licence.

             (2)  For subregulation (1), CASA must issue to the person a document (the licence document) indicating that the person is authorised to exercise the privileges of:

                     (a)  the flight crew licence; and

                     (b)  if, at the same time, CASA also grants a flight crew rating or endorsement to the person under regulation 61.165 or 61.170—the rating or endorsement.

             (3)  Subregulation (4) applies if:

                     (a)  CASA grants a flight crew licence (the new licence) to a person under regulation 61.160; and

                     (b)  the person already holds a flight crew licence (the existing licence).

             (4)  For subregulation (3), CASA must issue to the person a new licence document indicating that the person is authorised to exercise the privileges of:

                     (a)  the new licence; and

                     (b)  the existing licence; and

                     (c)  any flight crew ratings and endorsements that the person already holds or that CASA grants at the same time as the new licence.

             (5)  Subregulation (6) applies if:

                     (a)  CASA grants a flight crew rating or endorsement to a person under regulation 61.165 or 61.170, other than a rating or endorsement granted at the same time as a flight crew licence; and

                     (b)  the person already holds a flight crew licence.

             (6)  For subregulation (5), CASA must endorse the person’s licence document to the effect that the person is authorised to exercise the privileges of the rating or endorsement.

61.180  How examiner, instructor or approval holder issues rating or endorsement

             (1)  If an examiner or approval holder grants a flight crew rating to a person under regulation 61.165, the examiner or approval holder must:

                     (a)  endorse the person’s licence document to the effect that the person is authorised to exercise the privileges of the rating; and

                     (b)  give CASA a written notice that the person has met the requirements mentioned in this Part for the grant of the rating.

             (2)  If an examiner, instructor or approval holder grants a flight crew endorsement to a person under regulation 61.170, the examiner, instructor or approval holder must:

                     (a)  endorse the person’s licence document to the effect that the person is authorised to exercise the privileges of the endorsement; and

                     (b)  give CASA a written notice that the person has met the requirements mentioned in this Part for the grant of the endorsement.

             (3)  An examiner, instructor or approval holder commits an offence if he or she contravenes subregulation (1) or (2).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (4)  If CASA is satisfied that the rating or endorsement was issued in error, CASA must cancel the rating or endorsement.

             (5)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

61.185  New licence document if licence, rating or endorsement cancelled

             (1)  This regulation applies if:

                     (a)  a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement is cancelled under Part 16 of CAR or Subpart 11.D; and

                     (b)  the holder of the licence, rating or endorsement holds a licence that is not cancelled (the continuing licence).

             (2)  CASA must issue to the holder a new licence document indicating that the holder is authorised to exercise the privileges of:

                     (a)  the continuing licence; and

                     (b)  any ratings or endorsements that the holder continues to hold.

61.190  Licence holder to comply with limitations and requirements of Part 61

                   It is a condition of a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement that the holder must comply with:

                     (a)  the limitations on the exercise of the privileges of the licence, rating or endorsement set out in this Part; and

                     (b)  the requirements set out in this Part that apply to the holder.

Division 61.B.2Flight training and other training

61.195  Flight training requirements

             (1)  Subregulation (2) applies to flight training for:

                     (a)  a flight crew licence; or

                     (b)  a flight crew rating; or

                     (c)  a flight crew endorsement, other than a design feature endorsement or a flight activity endorsement.

Note:          For training, other than flight training, see regulation 61.210.

             (2)  For subregulation (1), a requirement in this Part for an applicant for a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement to have completed flight training for the licence, rating or endorsement is met only if:

                     (a)  the applicant has received training in all the units of competency mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the licence, rating or endorsement; and

                     (b)  the training is conducted by:

                              (i)  an instructor for a Part 141 or 142 operator that is authorised to conduct flight training for the licence, rating or endorsement; or

                             (ii)  the holder of an approval under regulation 141.035 or 142.040 to conduct the training; and

                     (c)  the applicant has been assessed as competent in each unit of competency by the instructor or approval holder; and

                     (d)  for flight training for the grant of an aircraft class rating or type rating—the training is conducted in accordance with regulation 61.205; and

                     (e)  the applicant’s training provider has given the applicant a course completion certificate indicating that the requirements of paragraphs (a) and (c) have been met.

             (3)  Subregulation (4) applies to flight training for a design feature endorsement or a flight activity endorsement.

             (4)  For subregulation (3), a requirement in this Part for an applicant for a flight crew endorsement to have completed flight training for the endorsement is met only if:

                     (a)  the applicant has received training in all the units of competency mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the endorsement; and

                     (b)  the training is conducted by:

                              (i)  an instructor; or

                             (ii)  the holder of an approval under regulation 61.040 to conduct the training; and

                     (c)  the applicant has been assessed as competent in each unit of competency by the instructor or approval holder.

             (5)  For paragraphs (2)(c) and (4)(c), the assessment must be conducted against the standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the licence, rating or endorsement.

61.200  Differences training requirements

                   A requirement in this Part for the holder of a type rating to have completed differences training for a variant of the aircraft type covered by the rating is met only if:

                     (a)  the holder has received training in all the units of competency mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the rating that are necessary to ensure that the holder is able to exercise the privileges of the rating as safely as the holder would have been able to, had the holder undertaken the flight training for the rating in the variant; and

                     (b)  the training is conducted by:

                              (i)  an instructor for a Part 141 or 142 operator that is authorised to conduct differences training for the variant; or

                             (ii)  the holder of an approval under regulation 141.035 or 142.040 to conduct the training; and

                     (c)  the holder has been assessed by the instructor or approval holder as competent to exercise the privileges of the rating as safely as the holder would have been able to, had the holder undertaken the flight training for the rating in the variant; and

                     (d)  the training is conducted in accordance with regulation 61.205; and

                     (e)  the applicant’s training provider has given the applicant a course completion certificate indicating that the requirements of paragraphs (a) and (c) have been met.

61.205  When training must not be conducted in aircraft

             (1)  For paragraphs 61.195(2)(d), 61.200(d) and 61.747(3)(c), the training must not be conducted in an aircraft with a maximum certificated passenger seating capacity of more than 9 if:

                     (a)  there is an approved flight simulator for the training available in Australia; or

                     (b)  for a rating that applies only to an aircraft with a maximum certificated passenger seating capacity of more than 19 or a maximum certificated take‑off weight of more than 8 618 kg—there is an approved flight simulator for the training available outside Australia.

             (2)  In this regulation:

available, for training, means able to be used for the training.

61.210  Other approved courses of training or professional development

             (1)  A requirement in this Part for a student pilot or an applicant for a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement to have completed an approved course of training or professional development is met only if:

                     (a)  for a course that is approved under regulation 61.040—the student or applicant:

                              (i)  has received training in all the units of competency mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the course; and

                             (ii)  has been assessed as competent by the person conducting the course against the standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the course; or

                     (b)  for a course that is conducted by a Part 141 or 142 operator—the student or applicant:

                              (i)  has received training in all the units of competency mentioned in the course’s syllabus; and

                             (ii)  has been assessed by a person mentioned in subregulation (2) as competent against the standards mentioned in the course’s syllabus.

             (2)  For subparagraph (1)(b)(ii), the persons are as follows:

                     (a)  the head of operations of the Part 141 or 142 operator that conducted the training;

                     (b)  an instructor who is authorised by the head of operations to conduct the assessment;

                     (c)  the holder of an approval under regulation 141.035 or 142.040 to conduct the training.

Division 61.B.3Aeronautical knowledge examinations

61.215  Aeronautical knowledge examinations—general

             (1)  CASA may set aeronautical knowledge examinations for the grant of a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement in accordance with the aeronautical knowledge standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the licence, rating or endorsement.

             (2)  A Part 141 or 142 operator may set aeronautical knowledge examinations for the grant of:

                     (a)  a recreational pilot licence; or

                     (b)  a flight crew rating other than an instrument rating; or

                     (c)  a flight crew endorsement.

             (3)  However, a Part 141 or 142 operator may set an aeronautical knowledge examination only if:

                     (a)  the examination is set in accordance with the aeronautical knowledge standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the licence, rating or endorsement; and

                     (b)  the operator holds an approval under regulation 61.040 for the examination.

             (4)  The examinations may be conducted at the times and places, and in accordance with arrangements, decided by the body setting the examination.

61.220  Aeronautical knowledge examinations—air transport pilot licence

                   To be eligible to sit the aeronautical knowledge examination for an air transport pilot licence with a particular aircraft category rating, an applicant must:

                     (a)  hold a commercial pilot licence with that rating; or

                     (b)  have passed the aeronautical knowledge examination for a commercial pilot licence with that rating; or

                     (c)  hold an approval under regulation 61.040 to sit the examination.

61.225  Aeronautical knowledge examinations—pass standards

             (1)  A requirement in this Part for a person to have passed an aeronautical examination for a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement is met if the person meets the standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the examination.

             (2)  However, a person is taken to have passed an aeronautical knowledge examination only if the person passes all parts of the examination within a period of 2 years.

             (3)  If on 3 occasions a person attempts, but fails to pass, an aeronautical knowledge examination, or a part of an examination, the person is not permitted to attempt the examination or part again within 3 months beginning on the day the person attempts the examination or part for the third time.

             (4)  If on 4 occasions a person attempts, but fails to pass, an aeronautical knowledge examination, or a part of an examination, the person is not permitted to attempt the examination or part again until CASA is satisfied that the person has completed appropriate training.

61.230  Aeronautical knowledge examinations—knowledge deficiency reports

             (1)  This regulation applies if a candidate for an aeronautical knowledge examination:

                     (a)  passes the examination with a score of less than 100%; or

                     (b)  fails the examination with a score of at least 51%.

             (2)  The body that conducts the examination must:

                     (a)  prepare a report about the competency standards in which the candidate’s knowledge is deficient; and

                     (b)  give a copy of the report to the candidate; and

                     (c)  if the examination was not conducted by the candidate’s training provider—give a copy of the report to the candidate’s training provider.

Division 61.B.4Flight tests

61.235  Flight tests for flight crew licences and ratings—prerequisites

Flight crew licence prerequisites

             (1)  Subregulation (2) applies to an applicant for a flight crew licence, other than an applicant who is eligible for the licence under subregulation 61.275(1) (Overseas flight crew authorisations—recognition).

             (2)  For subregulation (1), the applicant is eligible to take a flight test for the licence only if:

                     (a)  the applicant:

                              (i)  is at least the minimum age to hold the licence; and

                             (ii)  has passed the aeronautical knowledge examination for the licence; and

                            (iii)  has met the flight training requirements for the grant of the licence; and

                            (iv)  has met the aeronautical experience requirements for the grant of the licence; and

                             (v)  for a flight crew licence other than a recreational pilot licence—has a current aviation English language proficiency assessment; and

                            (vi)  for a recreational pilot licence—meets the general English language proficiency requirements mentioned in regulation 61.265; and

                    (aa)  for a flight crew licence other than an air transport pilot licence—a person mentioned in subregulation (5), (6) or (7) has certified in writing that the applicant has met the requirements mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                     (b)  if the applicant passed the aeronautical knowledge examination for the licence with a score of less than 100%:

                              (i)  the applicant’s training provider has given the examiner who is to conduct the applicant’s flight test a copy of the applicant’s knowledge deficiency report; and

                             (ii)  the applicant satisfies the examiner that the applicant has sufficient knowledge in any competency standard mentioned in the knowledge deficiency report to safely exercise the privileges of the licence; and

                     (c)  if the flight test is to be conducted in an aircraft:

                              (i)  the applicant holds a current medical certificate of the class required for the exercise of the privileges of the licence; or

                             (ii)  if the test is for a recreational pilot licence—the applicant holds a current recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate; or

                            (iii)  the applicant holds a medical exemption for the exercise of the privileges of the licence.

Flight crew rating prerequisites

             (3)  Subregulation (4) applies to an applicant for a flight crew rating, other than an applicant who is eligible for the rating under subregulation 61.275(2) or (3).

             (4)  For subregulation (3), the applicant is eligible to take a flight test for the rating only if:

                     (a)  a person mentioned in subregulation (5), (6) or (7) has certified in writing that the applicant:

                              (i)  if the application is for an operational rating—has passed the aeronautical knowledge examination for the rating; and

                             (ii)  has met the flight training requirements for the grant of the rating; and

                            (iii)  has met the aeronautical experience requirements for the rating; and

                     (b)  if the test is to be conducted in an aircraft:

                              (i)  the applicant holds a current class 1 or 2 medical certificate or recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate; or

                             (ii)  the applicant holds a medical exemption for the exercise of the privileges of the licence.

             (5)  For paragraphs (2)(aa) and (4)(a), if the applicant’s training provider is a Part 141 operator, the person is:

                     (a)  the operator’s head of operations; or

                     (b)  a person named in the operator’s operations manual as responsible for the flight training to which the flight test relates.

             (6)  For paragraphs (2)(aa) and (4)(a), if the applicant’s training provider is a Part 142 operator, the person is:

                     (a)  the operator’s head of operations; or

                     (b)  a person named in the operator’s exposition as responsible for the flight training to which the flight test relates.

             (7)  For paragraphs (2)(aa) and (4)(a), if the applicant’s training provider is the holder of an approval under regulation 141.035 or 142.040 to conduct the training, the person is the approval holder.

61.240  Consequences of taking flight test when ineligible

                   An applicant for a flight crew licence or rating is taken not to have passed a flight test if, when the applicant took the flight test, the applicant was not eligible under regulation 61.235 to take the flight test.

61.245  Conduct of flight tests for flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements

             (1)  The flight test for a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement must be conducted in:

                     (a)  an aircraft or an approved flight simulator for the purpose; and

                     (b)  if the flight test is for a rating or endorsement that is limited to a particular category, class or type of aircraft:

                              (i)  an aircraft of that category, class or type; or

                             (ii)  an approved flight simulator for that category, class or type of aircraft that is appropriate for the flight test.

             (2)  However, the flight test for an aircraft class rating or type rating must not be conducted in an aircraft with a maximum certificated passenger seating capacity of more than 9 if:

                     (a)  there is an approved flight simulator for the flight test available in Australia; or

                     (b)  for a rating that applies only to an aircraft with a maximum certificated passenger seating capacity of more than 19 or a maximum certificated take‑off weight of more than 8 618 kg—there is an approved flight simulator for the flight test available outside Australia.

             (3)  The flight test must be conducted by an examiner or the holder of an approval under regulation 61.040 to conduct the flight test (the Part 61 approval holder) who:

                     (a)  is nominated by the applicant’s training provider; and

                     (b)  for a flight test for a flight crew licence other than a recreational or private pilot licence—is not the person who provided the certification under paragraph 61.235(2)(aa) (Flight tests for flight crew licences and ratings—prerequisites) for the applicant.

             (4)  However, at any time before the test begins, CASA may, by written notice to the training provider and, if the training provider has nominated an examiner or Part 61 approval holder to conduct the flight test, the examiner or Part 61 approval holder:

                     (a)  nominate a different examiner or Part 61 approval holder to conduct the flight test; or

                     (b)  require that CASA will conduct the flight test.

             (5)  In this regulation:

available, for a flight test, means able to be used for the flight test.

61.250  Pass standards for flight tests

                   An applicant for a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement passes the flight test for the licence, rating or endorsement if the examiner assesses the applicant’s performance in the flight test as meeting the competency standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the flight test.

Division 61.B.5English language proficiency

61.255  Aviation English language proficiency assessments

             (1)  A person may apply, in writing, to CASA or an examiner for an assessment of the person’s aviation English language proficiency.

             (2)  The applicant passes the assessment if CASA or the examiner is satisfied that the applicant meets the ICAO level 6 aviation English language proficiency standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards.

             (3)  If CASA or the examiner is not satisfied that the applicant meets the ICAO level 6 aviation English language proficiency standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards, CASA or the examiner must refer the application to an aviation English language proficiency assessor.

             (4)  The applicant passes the assessment if the assessor is satisfied that the applicant meets the ICAO level 4, 5 or 6 aviation English language proficiency standards mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards.

61.260  Duration of English language proficiency assessments

                   A person’s aviation English language proficiency assessment is current as follows:

                     (a)  if the person was assessed as meeting the ICAO level 6 aviation English language proficiency standards—indefinitely;

                     (b)  if the person was assessed as meeting the ICAO level 5 aviation English language proficiency standards—for 6 years beginning on the day the assessment is conducted;

                     (c)  if the person was assessed as meeting the ICAO level 4 aviation English language proficiency standards—for 3 years beginning on the day the assessment is conducted.

61.265  Recreational pilot licences—general English language proficiency

             (1)  For subparagraph 61.160(b)(iii), an applicant for a recreational pilot licence must:

                     (a)  have been assessed by CASA or an examiner as meeting the general English language proficiency standard mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards; or

                     (b)  satisfy a person mentioned in subregulation (2) that the applicant:

                              (i)  has successfully completed one of the general English language proficiency tests mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards; and

                             (ii)  has sufficient general English language proficiency to safely exercise the privileges of the licence.

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(b), the persons are as follows:

                     (a)  the head of operations of a Part 141 or 142 operator;

                     (b)  an instructor who is authorised by the head of operations to assess the applicant’s English language proficiency.

61.270  Approval of language proficiency assessors

             (1)  A person may apply to CASA, in writing, for approval to conduct aviation English language proficiency assessments.

             (2)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must grant the approval if CASA is satisfied that the person has successfully completed an approved course of training in assessment of aviation English language.

Division 61.B.6Recognition of overseas flight crew authorisations

61.275  Overseas flight crew authorisations—recognition

             (1)  Despite anything else in this Part, the holder of an overseas flight crew licence (the applicant) is taken to meet the requirements under this Part for the grant of a flight crew licence (an Australian licence) with an aircraft category rating if:

                     (a)  CASA is satisfied that the overseas flight crew licence and any ratings on that licence are at least equivalent to the Australian licence with that aircraft category rating; and

                     (b)  the applicant is at least the minimum age for the grant of the Australian licence; and

                     (c)  the applicant holds an authorisation to operate an aircraft radio granted by the national aviation authority of a Contracting State; and

                     (d)  either:

                              (i)  the applicant’s overseas licence states that the applicant meets the ICAO level 4, 5 or 6 aviation English language proficiency standards; or

                             (ii)  the applicant has a current aviation English language proficiency assessment; and

                     (e)  for an application for a commercial pilot licence, multi‑crew pilot licence or air transport pilot licence:

                              (i)  a person mentioned in subregulation (5) certifies in writing that the applicant is competent in each unit of competency mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the Australian licence; and

                             (ii)  the applicant passes the flight test mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the Australian licence; and

                      (f)  the applicant has passed the overseas conversion aeronautical knowledge examination mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the Australian licence and aircraft category rating.

Note:          Despite anything in these Regulations, CASA is not to issue a flight crew licence to an applicant unless certain requirements are met: see regulation 6.57 of the Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005.

             (2)  Despite anything else in this Part, the holder of an overseas flight crew licence (the applicant) is taken to meet the requirements under this Part for the grant of an aircraft class rating, pilot type rating or flight engineer type rating (an Australian rating) if:

                     (a)  the applicant holds, or has held, an overseas rating; and

                     (b)  CASA is satisfied that the overseas rating is at least equivalent to the Australian rating.

             (3)  Despite anything else in this Part, the holder of an overseas flight crew licence (the applicant) is taken to meet the requirements under this Part for the grant of an operational rating (an Australian rating) if:

                     (a)  the applicant holds, or has held, an overseas rating; and

                     (b)  CASA is satisfied that the overseas rating is at least equivalent to the Australian rating; and

                     (c)  a person mentioned in subregulation (5) certifies in writing that the applicant is competent in each unit of competency mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the Australian rating; and

                     (d)  the applicant passes the aeronautical knowledge examination for the Australian rating; and

                     (e)  CASA is satisfied that the applicant has completed the aeronautical experience required for the grant of the Australian rating; and

                      (f)  the applicant passes the flight test mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the Australian rating.

             (4)  Despite anything else in this Part, the holder of an overseas flight crew licence (the applicant) is taken to meet the requirements under this Part for the grant of a flight crew endorsement (an Australian endorsement) if:

                     (a)  the applicant holds, or has held, an overseas endorsement; and

                     (b)  CASA is satisfied that the overseas endorsement is at least equivalent to the Australian endorsement; and

                     (c)  if the requirements for the grant of the endorsement include passing a flight test—the applicant passes the flight test.

             (5)  For subparagraph (1)(e)(i) and paragraph (3)(c), the persons are as follows:

                     (a)  the head of operations of a Part 141 or 142 operator that is authorised to conduct flight training for the Australian licence or rating;

                     (b)  a person named in the Part 141 operator’s operations manual, or the Part 142 operator’s exposition, as responsible for flight training for the licence or rating.

61.280  Grant of flight crew licences, ratings or endorsements under bilateral agreements

                   CASA may grant a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement to the holder of an overseas flight crew licence in accordance with a bilateral agreement between Australia and the Contracting State whose licensing authority granted the overseas licence.

Note:          The holder of a commercial pilot licence or an airline transport pilot licence granted by the Civil Aviation Authority of New Zealand is eligible for an equivalent Australian licence and equivalent ratings and other endorsements: see the Trans‑Tasman Mutual Recognition Act 1997.

Division 61.B.7Recognition of Australian Defence Force qualifications

61.285  Australian Defence Force qualifications—recognition

                   Despite anything else in this Part, a member or former member of the Australian Defence Force is taken to meet the requirements under this Part for the grant of a flight crew licence, rating or endorsement, other than an examiner rating, if the member:

                     (a)  holds, or has held, a flight crew qualification granted by the Australian Defence Force that CASA is satisfied is at least equivalent to the licence, rating or endorsement; and

                     (b)  for a flight crew licence:

                              (i)  is at least the minimum age for the grant of the licence; and

                             (ii)  has a current aviation English language proficiency assessment; and

                     (c)  meets the aeronautical experience requirements for the licence, rating or endorsement; and

                      (f)  for an air transport pilot licence:

                              (i)  passes the Australian Defence Force conversion aeronautical knowledge examination for the air transport pilot licence mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards; and

                             (ii)  completes an approved course of training in multi‑crew cooperation; and

                            (iii)  passes the flight test mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the air transport pilot licence; and

                     (g)  for an instrument rating—passes:

                              (i)  the aeronautical knowledge examination for the rating; and

                             (ii)  the flight test mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the rating; and

                     (h)  for an instructor rating—passes the flight test mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards for the rating.

Subpart 61.CCertificates of validation

  

61.290  Grant of certificates of validation

             (1)  The holder of an overseas flight crew licence may apply to CASA for the grant of a certificate of validation of the licence and any overseas rating or endorsement attached to the licence.

             (2)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must grant the certificate of validation if:

                     (a)  the applicant is authorised (however described) to exercise the privileges of the overseas flight crew licence and any rating or endorsement attached to the licence; and

                     (b)  the applicant has passed any examination or flight test that CASA has, under subregulation (4), determined is required for the applicant.

             (3)  For paragraph (2)(a), if the overseas flight crew licence is equivalent to a commercial pilot licence, multi‑crew pilot licence or air transport pilot licence, CASA must verify with the issuing authority for the licence that the licence holder is authorised (however described) to exercise the privileges of the licence and any rating or endorsement attached to the licence.

             (4)  For paragraph (2)(b), if it is necessary for an applicant to pass an examination or flight test to satisfy CASA that the applicant can safely exercise the privileges of the certificate of validation, CASA may determine that the examination or flight test is required for the applicant.

61.295  Privileges of certificates of validation

                   Subject to regulations 61.300 and 61.305, the holder of a certificate of validation of an overseas flight crew licence, rating or endorsement that is equivalent to an Australian flight crew licence, rating or endorsement is authorised to conduct any activity that the holder of the equivalent Australian flight crew licence, rating or endorsement is authorised to conduct.

61.300  Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—medical certificate

             (1)  The holder of a certificate of validation of an overseas flight crew licence is authorised to conduct an activity mentioned in regulation 61.295 only if the holder also holds an overseas medical certificate mentioned in subregulation (2).

             (2)  For subregulation (1), the medical certificate must be of at least the class required for the exercise of the privileges of the overseas flight crew licence by the Contracting State whose national aviation authority granted the licence to the holder.

61.305  Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—recent experience, flight review and proficiency check

             (1)  The holder of a certificate of validation for an overseas flight crew licence that is equivalent to an Australian pilot licence is authorised to pilot an aircraft only if the holder has complied with the recent experience requirements mentioned in regulation 61.395 for the exercise of the privileges of the Australian pilot licence.

             (2)  The holder of a certificate of validation for an overseas rating that is equivalent to an Australian rating is authorised to pilot an aircraft only if the holder has complied with the recent experience requirements mentioned in this Part for the exercise of the privileges of the Australian rating.

61.310  Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—carriage of documents

                   The holder of a certificate of validation is authorised to exercise the privileges of the certificate on a flight only if the holder carries the following documents on the flight:

                     (a)  his or her certificate of validation;

                     (b)  his or her overseas flight crew licence;

                     (c)  his or her overseas medical certificate;

                     (d)  a document that:

                              (i)  includes a photograph of the holder showing the holder’s full face and his or her head and shoulders; and

                             (ii)  was issued within the previous 10 years by the government, or a government authority, of any of the following:

                                        (A)  the Commonwealth or a State or Territory;

                                        (B)  a foreign country, or a state or province (however described) of a foreign country; and

                            (iii)  has not expired or been cancelled.

61.315  Conduct of unauthorised activities by holders of certificates of validation

             (1)  The holder of a certificate of validation commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the holder conducts an activity while:

                              (i)  piloting an aircraft; or

                             (ii)  acting as flight engineer of an aircraft; or

                            (iii)  operating a flight simulation training device; and

                     (b)  the holder is not authorised under this Part to conduct the activity.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation, other than an offence relating to a contravention of regulation 61.385 (Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—general competency requirement), is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          See also subsection 20AB(1) of the Act for an offence of performing any duty that is essential to the operation of an Australian aircraft during flight time without holding a relevant civil aviation authorisation or being otherwise authorised by or under these Regulations to perform the duty.

             (3)  It is a condition of a certificate of validation that the holder must comply with:

                     (a)  the limitations on the exercise of the privileges of the certificate of validation set out in this Subpart; and

                     (b)  the requirements set out in this Part that apply to the holder.

61.320  Certificates of validation—period of validity

             (1)  A certificate of validation must:

                     (a)  not be granted for a period of more than one year; and

                     (b)  state the date on which it expires.

             (2)  However, a certificate of validation ends on the earliest of the following events:

                     (a)  the end of the day stated in the certificate as the date on which it expires;

                     (b)  when the holder ceases to be authorised (however described) to exercise the privileges of the overseas flight crew licence, or any rating or endorsement on the licence, to which the certificate relates;

                     (c)  when the holder’s overseas medical certificate expires.

61.325  Certificates of validation—renewal

             (1)  CASA may renew a certificate of validation only if:

                     (a)  the person has passed the aeronautical knowledge examination for a flight crew licence under this Part that is equivalent to the overseas flight crew licence to which the certificate relates; or

                     (b)  CASA is satisfied that exceptional circumstances justify the renewal.

             (2)  In this regulation:

renew, a certificate of validation, includes grant a new certificate of validation to the holder of:

                     (a)  a current certificate of validation; or

                     (b)  a certificate of validation that has expired within the previous 3 months;

in respect of the same overseas flight crew licence, rating or endorsement.

Subpart 61.DGeneral obligations of flight crew licence holders

  

61.335  Identity checks

             (1)  CASA may, by written notice given to the holder of a flight crew licence or certificate of validation, require the holder to provide evidence of his or her identity in accordance with paragraph 6.57(1)(a) of the Aviation Transport Security Regulations 2005.

             (2)  The holder commits an offence if:

                     (a)  CASA has not told the holder, in writing, that he or she has complied with the requirement; and

                     (b)  the holder exercises the privileges of the licence or certificate.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  For subregulation (2), CASA is taken to have told the holder that he or she has complied with the requirement if CASA issues a new licence document or certificate of validation to the holder after giving the holder the notice.

             (4)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

61.336  Provision of photograph

             (1)  CASA may, by written notice given to the holder of a flight crew licence or certificate of validation, require the holder to give CASA, within 30 days of receiving the notice, a photograph of the holder:

                     (a)  showing the holder’s full face and his or her head and shoulders; and

                     (b)  taken not earlier than 6 months before the date of the notice.

             (2)  The holder commits an offence if the holder:

                     (a)  has not complied with the requirement; and

                     (b)  exercises the privileges of the licence or certificate of validation.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

61.340  Production of licence documents, medical certificates and identification

             (1)  CASA may direct the holder of a flight crew licence to produce any or all of the following documents for inspection by CASA:

                     (a)  the holder’s licence document;

                     (b)  unless the holder also holds a medical exemption for the exercise of the privileges of the licence—the holder’s medical certificate or recreational aviation medical practitioner’s certificate;

                     (c)  a document that includes a photograph of the holder showing the holder’s full face and his or her head and shoulders:

                              (i)  that was issued within the previous 10 years by the government, or a government authority, of:

                                        (A)  the Commonwealth or a State or Territory; or

                                        (B)  a foreign country, or a state or province (however described) of a foreign country; and

                             (ii)  that has not expired or been cancelled.

             (2)  CASA may direct the holder of a certificate of validation to produce any or all of the following documents for inspection by CASA:

                     (a)  the holder’s certificate of validation;

                     (b)  the holder’s overseas medical certificate;

                     (c)  the holder’s overseas flight crew licence;

                     (d)  a document that includes a photograph of the holder showing the holder’s full face and his or her head and shoulders:

                              (i)  that was issued within the previous 10 years by the government, or a government authority, of:

                                        (A)  the Commonwealth or a State or Territory; or

                                        (B)  a foreign country, or a state or province (however described) of a foreign country; and

                             (ii)  that has not expired or been cancelled.

             (3)  The holder of a flight crew licence or certificate of validation commits an offence if:

                     (a)  CASA directs the holder to produce a document under subregulation (1) or (2); and

                     (b)  the holder does not produce the document within the period mentioned in subregulation (4).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (4)  For paragraph (3)(b), the period is as follows:

                     (a)  if, when the direction was given, the holder was exercising, had just finished exercising, or was about to exercise, the privileges of the licence or certificate of validation—immediately;

                     (b)  in any other case—7 days after the day the direction is given.

             (5)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

61.345  Personal logbooks—pilots

             (1)  A person who holds a pilot licence, or a certificate of validation of an overseas flight crew licence that is equivalent to a pilot licence, commits an offence if the person does not keep a personal logbook in accordance with this regulation.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  The person must record his or her full name and date of birth in the person’s logbook.

             (3)  The person must, as soon as practicable after completing each flight, record the following information in the person’s logbook for the flight:

                     (a)  the date the flight began;

                     (b)  the type of aircraft;

                     (c)  whether it was a single‑engine or multi‑engine aircraft;

                     (d)  the aircraft’s nationality and registration marks;

                     (e)  the take‑off and landing points for the flight, and for each segment of the flight;

                      (f)  the flight time (if any) flown in each of the following capacities:

                              (i)  pilot in command;

                             (ii)  co‑pilot;

                            (iii)  pilot in command under supervision;

                            (iv)  pilot receiving flight training;

                     (g)  if the person is a flight instructor—any flight time spent exercising the privileges of his or her flight instructor rating;

                     (h)  if the person is a flight examiner—any flight time spent exercising the privileges of his or her flight examiner rating;

                      (i)  whether the flight was by day or night, or both;

                      (j)  any instrument flight time;

                     (k)  whether the person conducted an instrument approach operation and, if so, the type of instrument approach procedure.

             (4)  The person must, as soon as practicable after completing each simulated flight in a flight simulation training device, record the following information in the person’s logbook for the simulated flight:

                     (a)  the date the simulated flight began;

                     (b)  the type of aircraft represented by the device;

                     (c)  the simulated flight time (if any) performed in each of the following capacities:

                              (i)  pilot in command;

                             (ii)  co‑pilot;

                            (iii)  pilot in command under supervision;

                            (iv)  pilot receiving flight training;

                     (d)  if the person is a flight instructor or simulator instructor—any time spent exercising the privileges of his or her instructor rating;

                     (e)  whether the flight was conducted in simulated day or night conditions, or both;

                      (f)  a description of the simulated flight activity.

61.350  Personal logbooks—flight engineers

             (1)  A person who holds a flight engineer licence, or a certificate of validation of an overseas flight crew licence that is equivalent to a flight engineer licence, commits an offence if the person does not keep a personal logbook in accordance with this regulation.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  The person must record his or her full name and date of birth in the person’s logbook.

             (3)  The person must, as soon as practicable after completing each flight, record the following information in the person’s logbook for the flight:

                     (a)  the date the flight began;

                     (b)  the type of aircraft;

                     (c)  the aircraft’s nationality and registration marks;

                     (d)  the name of the pilot in command;

                     (e)  the take‑off and landing points for the flight;

                      (f)  whether the holder was operating under training or supervision, or was conducting training or supervision;

                     (g)  the amount of flight time for which the holder performed the duties of a flight engineer;

                     (h)  if the person is a flight engineer instructor—any flight time spent exercising the privileges of his or her flight engineer instructor rating.

             (4)  The person must, as soon as practicable after completing each simulated flight in a flight simulation training device, record the following information in his or her personal logbook for the simulated flight:

                     (a)  the date the simulated flight began;

                     (b)  the type of aircraft represented by the device;

                     (c)  if a person acted as pilot in command for the simulated flight—that person’s name;

                     (d)  a description of the activities conducted during the simulated flight;

                     (e)  whether the holder was operating under training or supervision, or was conducting training or supervision;

                      (f)  the amount of time for which the holder performed the duties of flight engineer;

                     (g)  if the person is a flight engineer instructor—any flight time spent exercising the privileges of his or her flight engineer instructor rating.

61.355  Retention of personal logbooks

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is required to keep a personal logbook under regulation 61.345 or 61.350; and

                     (b)  the person does not retain the logbook for 7 years after the day the last entry is made in it.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is required to keep a personal logbook under regulation 61.345 or 61.350; and

                     (b)  the person does not ensure that each entry in the logbook is retained unaltered throughout the period mentioned in subregulation (1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

61.360  False entries in personal logbooks

             (1)  The holder of a flight crew licence or certificate of validation commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the holder makes an entry in his or her personal logbook; and

                     (b)  the entry is false or misleading.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  Paragraph (1)(b) does not apply if the entry is not false or misleading in a material particular.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter mentioned in subregulation (2): see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

             (3)  CASA may give the holder of a flight crew licence or certificate of validation a written direction to correct an entry in his or her personal logbook in accordance with the direction.

             (4)  The holder commits an offence if the holder does not comply with the direction within 14 days after the day the direction is given to the person.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

61.365  Production of personal logbooks

             (1)  CASA may direct the holder of a flight crew licence or certificate of validation to produce the holder’s personal logbook for inspection by CASA.

             (2)  The holder of a flight crew licence or certificate of validation commits an offence if:

                     (a)  CASA directs the holder to produce his or her personal logbook under subregulation (1); and

                     (b)  the holder does not produce an up to date version of the personal logbook within 7 days after the day the direction is given.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  If the holder’s personal logbook is kept in electronic form, a requirement to produce the logbook is met if:

                     (a)  the holder produces a printed copy of the logbook; and

                     (b)  each page is certified by the holder as a true copy of the logbook records set out on the page.

             (4)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Subpart 61.EPilot licensing—general limitations and authorisations

Note:          Subpart 61.E does not apply to glider pilot licences: see the definition of pilot licence in regulation 61.010. Subpart 61.Z deals with glider pilot licences.

Division 61.E.1General limitations on exercise of pilot licence privileges

61.375  Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—ratings

             (1)  This regulation applies to the holder of a pilot licence.

             (2)  The holder is authorised to exercise the privileges of the licence in an aircraft of a particular category only if the holder also holds, as the associated aircraft category rating for the licence, the aircraft category rating for that category of aircraft.

Note:          An aircraft category rating has effect only in conjunction with the licence for which it is granted. It does not authorise the exercise, in the aircraft category covered by the rating, of the privileges of any other licence held by the holder of the rating: see the definition of associated in regulation 61.010.

             (3)  The holder is authorised to exercise the privileges of the licence in an aircraft, other than an aircraft mentioned in subregulation (5), only if the holder also holds an appropriate aircraft class rating for the aircraft.

             (4)  For subregulation (3), either of the following is an appropriate aircraft class rating for an aeroplane in the single‑engine aeroplane class:

                     (a)  the single‑engine aeroplane class rating;

                     (b)  the multi‑engine aeroplane class rating.

             (5)  The holder is authorised to exercise the privileges of the licence in:

                     (a)  a multi‑crew aircraft; or

                     (b)  an aircraft:

                              (i)  that is certificated for single‑pilot operation; and

                             (ii)  for which a single‑pilot type rating is required by a legislative instrument under regulation 61.060;

only if the holder also holds the appropriate pilot type rating for the aircraft type.

             (6)  However, the holder is not required to hold the pilot type rating for the aircraft if:

                     (a)  the person is acting as a cruise relief co‑pilot for the aircraft; and

                     (b)  the person holds a cruise relief co‑pilot type rating for the aircraft type.

             (7)  The holder is authorised to conduct an activity mentioned in column 1 of an item in table 61.375 in the exercise of the privileges of the licence only if the holder also holds the rating mentioned in column 2 of the item.

             (8)  However:

                     (a)  the holder of a multi‑crew pilot licence with an aeroplane category rating is authorised, without holding an instrument rating, to pilot an aeroplane in a multi‑crew operation:

                              (i)  under the IFR; or

                             (ii)  at night under the VFR; and

                     (b)  the holder of an air transport pilot licence with an aeroplane category rating is authorised, without holding an instrument rating, to pilot an aeroplane:

                              (i)  under the IFR; or

                             (ii)  at night under the VFR; and

                     (c)  the holder of an air transport pilot licence with a powered‑lift category rating is authorised, without holding an instrument rating, to pilot a powered‑lift aircraft:

                              (i)  under the IFR; or

                             (ii)  at night under the VFR.

 

Table 61.375       Activities for which ratings are required


Item

Column 1
Activity

Column 2
Rating

1

An operation under the IFR, other than an operation mentioned in item 2

Instrument rating

2

A private operation under the IFR

Either:

(a) instrument rating; or

(b) private instrument rating

3

An operation at night under the VFR, other than:

(a) an operation using a night vision imaging system; or

(b) a night aerial application operation below 500 ft AGL

Either:

(a) night VFR rating; or

(b) instrument rating

4

An operation at night under the VFR using a night vision imaging system

Night vision imaging system rating

5

A low‑level operation

Either:

(a) low‑level rating; or

(b) aerial application rating

6

An aerial application operation below 500 ft AGL

Aerial