Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Proclamations/Other as made
This proclamation amends the Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection - Historic Sites and Monuments) Proclamation 2007 to declare two additional Antarctic Historic Sites and Monuments (HSMs) and to vary the description of one existing HSM.
Administered by: Environment and Energy
Exempt from sunsetting by the Legislation (Exemptions and Other Matters) Regulation 2015 s11 item 01
Registered 14 Dec 2016
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR07-Feb-2017
Tabled Senate07-Feb-2017
Date of repeal 16 Dec 2016
Repealed by Division 1 of Part 3 of Chapter 3 of the Legislation Act 2003

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Issued by the Authority of the Minister for the Environment and Energy

 

Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection) Act 1980 (Cth)

 

Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection) Amendment (Historic Sites and Monuments) Proclamation 2016

 

Subsection 8A(1) of the Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection) Act 1980 (the Act) provides that the Governor-General may, by Proclamation, declare an historic site or monument specified in the Proclamation to be an historic site or an historic monument.  However, subsection 8A(2) of the Act provides that a site or monument may not be declared to be an historic site or an historic monument unless the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties have approved the listing of the site or monument as an historic site or an historic monument under Article 8 of the Annex V to the Madrid Protocol. 

 

Subsection 8A(3) of the Act provides that the Governor General may, by Proclamation, vary or revoke a Proclamation made under subsection 8A(1) in respect of a site or monument if the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties have amended or revoked the listing of the site or monument as an historic site or historic monument.

 

Australia is an Antarctic Treaty Consultative Party under the Antarctic Treaty and the Proclamation seeks to give effect to measures agreed to by Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties under the Antarctic Treaty in domestic law. 

 

The purpose of the Proclamation is to amend the Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection – Historic Sites and Monuments) Proclamation 2007 (the Principal Proclamation) to declare two additional Antarctic Historic Sites and Monuments (HSMs) and to vary the description of one existing HSM declared under the Principal Proclamation. The additions and variation were adopted at the 38th and 39th Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings (ATCM) in 2015 and 2016.

 

The Proclamation declares the following two new HSMs:

 

-       Lame Dog Hut at the Bulgarian Base St. Kliment Ohridski, Livingston Island (HSM No. 91); and

-       Oversnow heavy tractor “Kharkovchanka” that was used in Antarctica from 1959 to 2010 (HSM No. 92).

 


 

The Proclamation varies the description of the following existing HSM declared under the Principal Proclamation:

 

-       Wooden pole and cairn (I), and wooden plaque and cairn (II), both located at Penguins Bay, south coast of Seymour Island (Marambio), James Ross Archipelago (HSM No. 60).

                                                          

Subsection 19(1B) of the Act provides that a person is guilty of an offence if the person does an act and the action causes any damage to or in an historic site, or destroys, causes damage to or the removal of an historic monument.

 

The Office of Best Practice Regulation has indicated that a Regulatory Impact Assessment is not required for the Proclamation as it is likely to have minor impacts on business (OBPR ID: 21151).

 

Prior to the 38th and 39th ATCMs the Australian Government conducted consultations with Antarctic scientists, tourism operators and non-government organisations on proposals being taken to the ATCM, including new HSMs and variations to descriptions of HSMs. 

 

The Proclamation is a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislation Act 2003 and commences on the day after it is registered on the Federal Register of Legislation.

 

The details of the Proclamation are included in the Attachment.

 



Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights

 

Prepared in accordance with Part 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011

 

Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection) Amendment (Historic Sites and Monuments) Proclamation 2016

This Legislative Instrument is compatible with the human rights and freedoms recognised or declared in the international instruments listed in section 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011.

Overview of the Legislative Instrument

Australian legislation implements components of the Antarctic Treaty system into Australian law, including the Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection) Act 1980, giving effect to the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, which sets out environmental protection obligations. Annex V to the Protocol provides a legal framework for the establishment of historic sites and monuments within Antarctica. At each year’s Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting new historic sites and monuments may be nominated and existing descriptions for previously adopted sites and monuments may be updated. This Legislative Instrument reflects those changes that have been made in 2015 and 2016.

Human rights implications

This Legislative Instrument does not engage any of the applicable rights or freedoms.

Conclusion

This Legislative Instrument is compatible with human rights as it does not raise any human rights issues.

 

Dr. Nick Gales
Director
Australian Antarctic Division

November 2016


ATTACHMENT

 

 

Details of the Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection) Amendment (Historic Sites and Monuments) Proclamation 2016

 

Section 1 – Name

 

This section provides that the title of the instrument is the Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection) Amendment (Historic Sites and Monuments) Proclamation 2016.

 

Section 2 – Commencement

 

This section provides for the instrument to commence on the day after it is registered on the Federal Register of Legislation.

 

Section 3 – Authority

 

This section provides that the instrument is made under section 8A of the Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection) Act 1980.

 

Section 4 – Schedules

 

This section provides that that Schedule 1 amends the Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection – Historic Sites and Monuments) Proclamation 2007 (the Principal Proclamation) as set out in the Schedule.

 

Schedule 1

 

Item 1 varies the description of Historic Site and Monument No. 60, which was varied at the 39th Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM) in 2016.

 

Item 2 lists and describes two new Historic Sites and Monuments adopted at the 38th ATCM in 2015.