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Codes & Codes of Practice as made
This instrument applies to substances, mixtures and articles used, handled or stored at the workplace that are defined as hazardous chemicals under the WHS Regulations.
Administered by: Attorney-General's
Exempt from sunsetting by the Legislation (Exemptions and Other Matters) Regulation 2015 s12 item 68
Registered 30 Mar 2016
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR18-Apr-2016
Tabled Senate18-Apr-2016
Table of contents.

Work Health and Safety (Preparation of Safety Data Sheets for Hazardous Chemicals) Code of Practice 2015

 

made under the

 

Work Health and Safety Act 2011, section 274 (Approved Codes of Practice)

 

 

 

 

 


1 Name of instrument

 

This instrument is the Work Health and Safety (Preparation of Safety Data Sheets for Hazardous Chemicals) Code of Practice 2015.

 

2 Commencement

 

This instrument commences on the day after it is registered on the Federal Register of Legislative Instruments.

 

3 Code of Practice Approval

 

I approve the Preparation of Safety Data Sheets for Hazardous Chemicals Code of Practice. I am satisfied that this code of practice was developed by a process described in section 274(2) of the Work Health and Safety Act 2011.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michaelia Cash

Minister for Employment

 

 

18 March 2016

                                                 

Date   

 

PREPARATION OF SAFETY

DATA SHEETS FOR
HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS

Code of Practice


TABLE OF CONTENTS

FOREWORD.. 3

1.         INTRODUCTION.. 5

1.1       What is a safety data sheet?. 5

1.2       The meaning of key terms and abbreviations. 5

1.3       What are the duties in relation to the preparation of safety data sheets?. 5

1.4       When is it necessary to prepare a safety data sheet?. 6

2.         PREPARING, REVIEWING AND AMENDING SAFETY DATA SHEETS.. 8

2.1       What information is needed in an SDS?. 8

2.2       Research Chemicals, Waste Products or Samples for Analysis. 10

2.3       Can an SDS prepared overseas be used?. 10

2.4       Reviewing and amending an SDS.. 10

3.         CONTENT OF THE SAFETY DATA SHEET.. 11

3.1       Section 1 – Identification. 11

3.2       Section 2 – Hazard(s) Identification. 12

3.3       Section 3 – Composition and Information on Ingredients. 13

3.4       Section 4 – First Aid Measures. 15

3.5       Section 5 – Fire Fighting Measures. 16

3.6       Section 6 – Accidental Release Measures. 17

3.7       Section 7 – Handling and Storage. 18

3.8       Section 8 – Exposure controls and personal protection. 19

3.9       Section 9 – Physical and Chemical Properties. 21

3.10     Section 10 – Stability and Reactivity. 22

3.11     Section 11 – Toxicological Information. 23

3.12     Section 12 – Ecological Information. 26

3.13     Section 13 – Disposal considerations. 27

3.14     Section 14 – Transport Information. 27

3.15     Section 15 – Regulatory Information. 28

3.16     Section 16 – Other information. 29

APPENDIX A – DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS.. 30

APPENDIX B – HEADER CHECKLIST.. 32

APPENDIX C – GHS LABEL ELEMENTS FOR INCLUSION IN THE SDS.. 35

APPENDIX D – GUIDE FOR SELECTING GENERIC NAMES.. 86

APPENDIX E – OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION.. 95


FOREWORD

This Code of Practice on Preparation of Safety Data Sheets for Hazardous Chemicals is an approved code of practice under section 274 of the Work Health and Safety Act (the WHS Act).

An approved code of practice is a practical guide to achieving the standards of health, safety and welfare required under the WHS Act and the Work Health and Safety Regulations (the WHS Regulations).

A code of practice applies to anyone who has a duty of care in the circumstances described in the code. In most cases, following an approved code of practice would achieve compliance with the health and safety duties in the WHS Act, in relation to the subject matter of the code. Like regulations, codes of practice deal with particular issues and do not cover all hazards or risks that may arise. The health and safety duties require duty holders to consider all risks associated with work, not only those for which regulations and codes of practice exist.

Codes of practice are admissible in court proceedings under the WHS Act and Regulations. Courts may regard a code of practice as evidence of what is known about a hazard, risk or control and may rely on the code in determining what is reasonably practicable in the circumstances to which the code relates.

An inspector may refer to an approved code of practice when issuing an improvement or prohibition notice.

This Code of Practice has been developed by Safe Work Australia as a model code of practice under the Council of Australian Governments’ Inter-Governmental Agreement for Regulatory and Operational Reform in Occupational Health and Safety for adoption by the Commonwealth, state and territory governments.

A draft of this Code of Practice was released for public consultation on 7 December 2010 and was endorsed by the Workplace Relations Ministers Council on 10 August 2011.

Scope and application

This Code applies to substances, mixtures and articles used, handled or stored at the workplace that are defined as hazardous chemicals under the WHS Regulations.

This Code provides practical guidance on how to prepare a safety data sheet for any hazardous chemicals that are being manufactured or imported for use, handling or storage in Australia. It applies to a person conducting a business or undertaking involved in the manufacture or import of hazardous chemicals that will be used, or could reasonably be expected to be used, in workplaces.

How to use this Code of Practice

In providing guidance, the word ‘should’ is used in this Code to indicate a recommended course of action, while ‘may’ is used to indicate an optional course of action.

This Code also includes various references to provisions of the WHS Act and Regulations which set out the legal requirements. These references are not exhaustive. The words ‘must’, ‘requires’ or ‘mandatory’ indicate that a legal requirement exists and must be complied with.


1.1      What is a safety data sheet?

A safety data sheet (SDS), previously called a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), is a document that provides information on the properties of hazardous chemicals, how they affect health and safety in the workplace and on how to manage the hazardous chemicals in the workplace. For example it includes information on the identity, health and physicochemical hazards, safe handling and storage, emergency procedures and disposal considerations.

An SDS is an important tool for eliminating or minimising the risks associated with the use of hazardous chemicals in workplaces.

1.2     The meaning of key terms and abbreviations

ADG Code means the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail, 7th edition, approved by the Australian Transport Council. The ADG Code is accessible at the National Transport Commission website www.ntc.gov.au

Hazardous chemical means any substance, mixture or article that satisfies the criteria for a hazard class in the Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) including a classification referred to in Schedule 6 of the WHS Regulations, but does not include a substance, mixture or article that satisfies the criteria solely for one of the following hazard classes:

·        acute toxicity - oral - Category 5

·        acute toxicity - dermal - Category 5

·        acute toxicity - inhalation - Category 5

·        skin corrosion/irritation - Category 3

·        serious eye damage/eye irritation - Category 2B

·        aspiration hazard - Category 2

·        flammable gas - Category 2

·        acute hazard to the aquatic environment – Category 1, 2 or 3

·        chronic hazard to the aquatic environment - Categories 1, 2, 3 or 4, or

·        hazardous to the ozone layer.

Further definitions and abbreviations used in this Code are listed in Appendix A.

1.3     What are the duties in relation to the preparation of safety data sheets?

Manufacturers and importers of hazardous chemicals have duties under the WHS Regulations to provide current information about the hazardous chemical in the form of an SDS. These duties are summarised below.


 

Duty holder

Responsibilities

Manufacturer and importer of a hazardous chemical

·         Must prepare an SDS for the hazardous chemical before first manufacturing or importing the hazardous chemical or if that is not practicable, as soon as practicable after first manufacturing or importing the hazardous chemical.

·         Must review the SDS at least once every 5 years and amend whenever necessary to ensure it contains correct current information.

·         Must provide the current SDS to any person, if the person is likely to be affected by the chemical or asks for the SDS.

Person conducting a business or undertaking

·         May change an SDS for a hazardous chemical only if:

o   the person is an importer or manufacturer; and changes the safety data sheet in a way that is consistent with the duties of the importer or manufacturer; or

o   the change is to attach a translation of the SDS, and clearly states that the translation is not part of the original SDS.

Note: a person who packages or relabels a hazardous chemical with their own product name is considered to be a manufacturer and therefore has the same obligations as a manufacturer or importer under the WHS Regulations to prepare an SDS.

Under the WHS Regulations, manufacturers and importers of a substance, mixture or article have an obligation, before first supplying it to a workplace, to determine whether it is a hazardous chemical and, if so, to correctly classify that substance, mixture or article. The person writing the SDS should have appropriate expertise and have access to the product formulation and information on its correct hazard classification.

1.4     When is it necessary to prepare a safety data sheet?

Regulation 330: A safety data sheet must be prepared before first manufacturing or importing a hazardous chemical, or if this is not possible, as soon as practicable after first manufacturing or importing the chemical.

Preparing and providing an SDS is mandatory where a substance, mixture or article is a hazardous chemical. However, the WHS Regulations do not require an SDS to be prepared for any of the following chemicals (although the general duty of care requirements under the WHS Act still apply):

·        chemicals in batteries while they are incorporated in plant

·        fuel, oils or coolants in a container that is fitted to a vehicle, vessel or aircraft, mobile plant, appliance or other device, where the fuel, oils or coolants are intended for use in its operation

·        fuel in the fuel container of a domestic or portable fuel burning appliance where the quantity of fuel does not exceed 25 kg or 25 litres

·        hazardous chemicals in portable fire-fighting or medical equipment for use at a workplace

·        hazardous chemicals that form part of the integrated refrigeration system of refrigerated freight containers

·        potable liquids that are consumer products at retail premises.

The following things are excluded from the scope of the WHS Regulations except to the extent that the use, handling or storage of those things is related to a work activity at a workplace:

·         food and beverages within the meaning of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code that are in a package and form intended for human consumption

·         therapeutic goods at the point of intentional intake by or administration to humans

·         veterinary chemical products at the point of administration to animals

·         tobacco or products made of tobacco.

While this Code applies to hazardous chemicals as defined, an SDS should be provided for any chemical that may adversely impact the health or safety of persons or the environment, but has insufficient information to allow it to be correctly classified. The SDS should reflect what is currently known about the chemical.

Where a mixture contains an ingredient that meets the criteria for respiratory and skin sensitisation, specific target organ toxicity, reproductive toxicity, carcinogenicity and mutagenicity it is recommended that an SDS be prepared for that mixture, even if the mixture overall is not a hazardous chemical according to the WHS Regulations.

Other information on hazard properties of a chemical not already captured within the SDS should be included, for example if the chemical has ototoxic properties.[1]

Some overseas authorities may require an SDS or information on an SDS for certain chemicals that are not hazardous chemicals under the WHS Regulations, for example substances that meet the criteria for a GHS hazard class or category as noted in this section.

Products containing nanomaterials

For engineered or manufactured nanomaterials[2] or chemicals containing engineered or manufactured nanomaterials, an SDS should be provided unless there is evidence that the nanomaterials are not hazardous.


An SDS must be prepared and written to provide accurate information about the hazards of a chemical and how to handle it safely, including its storage and disposal. It must contain information about physicochemical properties, as well as potential health and emergency response measures. The SDS should also contain information relevant to environmental effects to meet other laws.

2.1      What information is needed in an SDS?

Regulation 330, Schedule 7: A safety data sheet must:

·        be in English

·        contain unit measures expressed in Australian legal units of measurement under the National Measurement Act 1960 (Commonwealth)

·        state the date it was last reviewed, or if it has not been reviewed, the date it was prepared

·        state the name, Australian address and business telephone number of the manufacturer or the importer

·        state an Australian business telephone number from which information about the chemical can be obtained in an emergency.

The language used in an SDS should be simple, clear and precise, avoiding jargon, acronyms and abbreviations. Vague and misleading expressions should not be used. Phrases such as “may be dangerous”, “no health effects”, “safe under most conditions of use” and “harmless” are also not recommended. It may be that information on certain properties is of no significance or that it is technically impossible to provide detailed information, and if so, the reasons for this should be clearly stated under each heading. If it is stated that a particular hazard does not exist, the safety data sheet should clearly differentiate between cases where no information is available to the classifier and cases where negative test results are available.

Other units of measurement, including the International System of Units (SI) or non-SI units may be used if they are in wide use in Australia. For example, mm Hg for vapour pressure or degrees Celsius (°C) rather than Kelvin (K) for temperature can be used.

An SDS should include a version number, superseded date or some other indication of what version is replaced.

There is no limit in relation to the length of the document, but it should be proportionate to the hazard level of the chemical and the available information.

All pages of an SDS should be numbered and include an indication of the end of the SDS, for example, “Page 1 of 3”. Alternatively, number each page and indicate whether there is a page following, for example, “Continued on next page” or “End of SDS”.


 

Regulation 330, Schedule 7: A safety data sheet for a hazardous chemical must state the following information about the chemical:

Section 1 - Identification: Product identifier and chemical identity

Section 2 – Hazard(s) identification

Section 3 - Composition and information on ingredients

Section 4 - First-aid measures

Section 5 - Fire-fighting measures

Section 6 - Accidental release measures

Section 7 - Handling and storage, including how the chemical may be safely used

Section 8 - Exposure controls and personal protection

Section 9 - Physical and chemical properties

Section 10 - Stability and reactivity

Section 11 - Toxicological information

Section 12 - Ecological information

Section 13 - Disposal considerations

Section 14 - Transport information

Section 15 - Regulatory information

Section 16 - Any other relevant information

Chapter 2 of this Code contains further guidance about the information that should be included in the SDS, where relevant and available.[3] A reasonable attempt should be made to obtain the information, however, when information is not available or lacking, this should be clearly stated. The SDS should not contain any blank spaces or abbreviations without a legend.

Any recommendation made by the National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS) in a relevant NICNAS assessment report relating to the information required in an SDS should be reviewed and considered for inclusion.

Information to protect the health and safety of persons in the workplace may be included on the SDS for chemicals that do not meet the GHS classification criteria, for example some miscellaneous dangerous goods (identified in the ADG Code). For example, the health and safety information for dry ice could include recommendations under Section 7 – Handling and Storage to use gloves while handling the hazardous chemical, instructions not to use it in enclosed spaces and to ensure that there is adequate ventilation.


 

2.2     Research Chemicals, Waste Products or Samples for Analysis

Regulation 331, Schedule 7: Where it is not reasonably practicable to comply with the WHS Regulations to prepare an SDS for a chemical that is a research chemical, waste product or a sample for analysis because the hazard properties are not fully known, then an acceptable SDS is one that:

·        is written in English

·        states the name, Australian address and business telephone number of the manufacturer or importer

·        states that full identification or hazard information is not available for the chemical, and in the absence of such information a precautionary approach must be taken to handling or storing the chemical

·        states the chemical identity or structure of the chemical, or chemical composition, as far as is reasonably practicable

·        states any known or suspected hazards, and

·        states any precautions that must be taken in using, handling or storing the chemical, to the extent such precautions have been identified.

It is acceptable to prepare a single SDS for a group of substances, mixtures and articles where it is reasonable to assume that the group will have similar hazardous properties, provided the SDS contains all product identifiers.

2.3     Can an SDS prepared overseas be used?

An SDS prepared by an overseas manufacturer or supplier is acceptable only if it is prepared in accordance with the WHS Regulations. If the overseas manufacturer’s SDS does not comply with the requirements of the WHS Regulations, the importer will be responsible for preparing an SDS that does comply.

An SDS prepared in accordance with national legislation of other countries implementing the GHS (for example, the EU CLP-Regulations)[4] must be checked for compliance with the WHS Regulations and amended if necessary to bring it into compliance.

2.4     Reviewing and amending an SDS

The SDS must be reviewed every five years from the date of original preparation or the last revision of the SDS. It must be amended whenever any new information about the hazardous chemical is known or received or when the formulation changes.

It is not necessary to review the SDS if the manufacturer or importer has not manufactured or imported the chemical in the last five years.

An SDS should still be made available after the hazardous chemical is withdrawn from sale as it may be required by workplaces at a later date.

It is acceptable to have a translation of the SDS attached to the original SDS, provided the appended information clearly states the translation is not part of the original SDS. The original SDS is the SDS prepared in accordance with the WHS Regulations.


This chapter describes the type of information needed for each of the sections required in an SDS. A summary of this information is provided in a checklist at Appendix B.

3.1     Section 1 – Identification

This section provides information about the identification of the hazardous chemical, recommended uses and the contact details of the Australian manufacturer or importer, including an emergency contact.

Product identifier

The SDS must include the product identifier of the hazardous chemical, exactly as found on the label. If one generic SDS is
used to cover several minor variants of a hazardous chemical,
all product identifiers must be listed on the SDS.

Other means of identification

The hazardous chemical must be identified by its product identifier or its chemical name. The SDS must include any company product codes, numbers or other unique identifiers, for example a Proper Shipping Name (as identified in the ADG Code), or a name specified in the Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons (SUSMP). Other names or synonyms by which the hazardous chemical is labelled or commonly known should also
be provided in this section.

Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

The recommended or intended use of the hazardous chemical should be provided in this section. This includes a brief description of what the chemical does, for example a flame retardant or anti-oxidant. Restrictions on use should be stated as far as known,
for example if it is a prohibited carcinogen, an illicit drug precursor, or a chemical of security concern.

Details of manufacturer or importer

The name, full street address, phone number(s) and electronic address (where available) of the Australian manufacturer or importer must be included in the SDS.

Emergency phone number

The SDS must include Australian emergency contact information. The emergency information available through this service should be available outside of working hours.

If an emergency information service or Poisons Information Centre phone number is provided in the SDS, this arrangement should be confirmed with the service beforehand and copies of the SDS should be provided to them.


3.2     Section 2 – Hazard(s) Identification

This section describes the hazards of the chemical and the appropriate warning information associated with the hazards as listed in Appendix C. The information provided here must include
a hazard classification statement explaining all the hazards of the hazardous chemical, as described below.

Classification of the hazardous chemical

If the hazardous chemical is classified in accordance with the GHS, the appropriate hazard class and category should be indicated, for example:

·        Flammable liquid - Category 1

·        Acute toxicity – oral – Category 3

Although it is not mandatory under the WHS Regulations, an SDS may provide information on environmental hazards and other GHS hazard classes and categories, for example Acute toxicity – oral – Category 5, that are outside the scope of the WHS Regulations.

Label elements, including precautionary statements

In this section the following labelling elements should be included in accordance with the hazardous chemicals classification, as listed in Appendix C:

·        Signal word

·        Hazard statement(s)

·        Precautionary statement(s)

Additionally, Appendix C lists 12 non-GHS hazard statements that should be included on the SDS, where relevant.

It is not mandatory to include pictograms (or hazard symbols) in an SDS. However, these symbols may be included in this section as graphical reproductions in black and white. This allows for the distribution of an SDS with ease via hard copy or through a database.

Persons preparing an SDS can download the GHS pictograms from www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/pictograms.html. Pictograms should meet the following size specification to avoid stretching or having oversized pictograms on the SDS:

·         >1x1 cm² and <2x2 cm

Title: Hazard pictograms - Description: This is an image of all nine GHS pictograms.

The name of the pictogram should also be provided, which are defined in the tables in Appendix C (for example, flame, skull and crossbones).

Dangerous goods class labels may also be used; however, graphical elements do not need be duplicated.


3.3     Section 3 – Composition and Information on Ingredients

The ingredient(s) of the hazardous chemical must be identified. This includes the identification of impurities and stabilising additives that contribute to the classification of the hazardous chemical.

Disclosure of ingredient names

The chemical identity of an ingredient must be disclosed on an SDS in accordance with Schedule 8 of the WHS Regulations (Disclosure of ingredients). In some cases, a generic name may be used.

Ingredients that are not classified as hazardous but have an exposure standard and which are present above 1% should be mentioned in the SDS if it is likely that they might be released under standard storage and application conditions.

Disclosure of ingredient names is not required by the WHS Regulations for those ingredients that meet only physicochemical and/or environmental hazard classifications, or for non-hazardous ingredients.

There is no requirement to disclose the identity of ingredients for the following GHS health hazard categories because they fall outside the scope of the WHS Regulations:

·        Acute toxicity – Category 5 (oral, dermal and inhalation)

·        Skin corrosion/irritation – Category 3

·        Serious eye damage/eye irritation – Category 2B

·        Aspiration hazard – Category 2

·        Aquatic toxicity (all categories)

·        Flammable gas – Category 2

·        Ozone depletion.

Use of Generic Names[5]       

Generic names may be used in an SDS if the identity of an ingredient is genuinely commercially confidential, and if:

·        the ingredient is in any of the following health hazard categories:

o   Acute toxicity - Category 4 (oral, dermal, inhalation)

o   Aspiration hazard - Category 1

o   Serious eye damage/eye irritation - Category 2A

o   Skin corrosion/irritation - Category 2

o   Specific target organ toxicity (single exposure) - Category 3;

·        the ingredient does not cause the correct classification of the hazardous chemical to include any other hazard class or category; and

·        an exposure standard for the ingredient has not been established.

A guide for selecting generic names for ingredients is included in Appendix D.

Disclosure of proportions of ingredients

Where the chemical identity or generic name of an ingredient that makes up a hazardous chemical is disclosed, the proportions of the ingredients must also be disclosed in an SDS.

For multiple ingredients, proportions should be listed in descending order by mass or volume. Ingredients not contributing to the hazard classification should also be listed, and where included, should be listed after the ingredients contributing to the hazard classification.

However, where the exact concentration of an ingredient is commercially confidential, the concentration of the ingredient can be disclosed using the following ranges:

·        <10%

·        10- <30%

·        30 – 60%

·        >60%

The proportion of an ingredient should normally be disclosed using a narrower range, for example, for an ingredient present at 35%, a range of 30 - 40% should be used instead of 30 - 60%.

Where possible, the percentage composition should add up to or indicate a total of 100%, even if an estimate of non-hazardous ingredients needs to be provided.

 


3.4     Section 4 – First Aid Measures

This section of the SDS provides information about the initial care that does not involve the use
of sophisticated equipment or access to a wide selection of medications to be given to a person affected by a hazardous chemical. It should state whether medical attention is required for a chemical, including the urgency of treatment required.

A SDS should provide information on any immediate effects of the chemical, by route of exposure, and the immediate treatment required. It should also include information on the possible delayed effects of the chemical and on specific health surveillance that may be needed.

Description of necessary first aid measures

In this section, the SDS should provide first aid instructions for each relevant route of exposure and describe expected immediate and delayed symptoms. Sub-headings to indicate the procedure for each route (for example, inhalation, skin contact, eye contact and ingestion) should be used.

Information should be provided on situations when:

·        immediate medical attention is required

·        known antidotes should be available for administration by persons trained in their use (and, where relevant, authorised by law) as part
of the recommended first aid procedure

·        delayed effects can be expected after exposure

·        movement of the exposed individual to fresh air is recommended

·        removal of clothing and shoes from the individual is recommended

·        personal protective equipment (PPE) for first aiders is recommended

·        there is a risk that first aiders may be exposed to risks from individuals who have ingested hazardous chemicals (for example, organophosphates).

Any information on specific first aid facilities, for example showers or eyewashes that are necessary in a workplace where the particular hazardous chemical is used, should also be provided.

Symptoms caused by exposure

Relevant information on the most important symptoms and effects of exposure to the chemical should be provided. Information should be provided on acute, delayed and aggravated medical conditions caused by the hazardous chemical to enable first aid to be administered.

Medical attention and special treatment

If applicable, information on clinical testing and medical monitoring for delayed effects, specific details on antidotes (where they are known)
and contraindications are recommended for inclusion in this section.


3.5     Section 5 – Fire Fighting Measures

This section of the SDS provides information on how to fight a fire caused by a hazardous chemical, or a fire arising in its vicinity.

Suitable extinguishing equipment

This SDS should describe:

·         the type of extinguishers or fire fighting agents needed for extinguishing a fire

·         whether any extinguishers are unsuitable for a particular situation involving the hazardous chemical.

Specific hazards arising from the chemical

The SDS should describe any specific hazards that may arise from a hazardous chemical relevant to its physical properties, for example explosive properties or hazardous combustion products that may be generated when the hazardous chemical burns, for example:

·         “May produce toxic fumes, e.g. carbon monoxide if burning”

·         “Produces oxides of sulphur and nitrogen on combustion”

·         “May create flammable gas when wetted”

Special protective equipment and precautions for fire fighters

Advice should be provided on any precautions to be taken during fire fighting, for example, “Keep containers cool with water spray” and advice on appropriate PPE required for fire-fighters for example specific boots, overalls, gloves, eye and face protection, and breathing apparatus.

The Hazchem Code must be included in this section for the information of emergency services. The Hazchem Code for bulk dangerous goods provides information on the fire-fighting medium to be used, for example whether water should be used as a fire-fighting agent, as this will be the first response of fire-fighters. The Hazchem Code includes information on PPE, the risk of violent reaction or explosion, spillage action and whether evacuation should be considered in the event of an incident with the material.


3.6     Section 6 – Accidental Release Measures

This section of the SDS provides information on the appropriate ways to respond to the release of chemicals, in the form of spills, leaks or other accidental release. This is so that the adverse effects on people, property and the environment at or near the workplace can be prevented or minimised. This information should distinguish between responses for large and small spills where the spill volume has a significant impact on the hazard or response.

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

The SDS should provide the following advice on a spill or release of a hazardous chemical:

·         The use of suitable equipment (including PPE) to prevent contamination of skin, eyes and personal clothing.

·         The removal of ignition sources and provision of sufficient ventilation.

·         Emergency procedures, for example the need to evacuate the danger area or to consult an expert.

Environmental precautions

Contamination of the environment can give rise to indirect human chemical exposures within and outside the workplace. The SDS should provide advice on precautions related to accidental spills and releases of the hazardous chemical into the environment, for example keeping away from drains and surface and ground water.

Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

The SDS should include advice on how to contain and clean up a spill. Appropriate containment techniques may include:

·         Bunding[6].

·         Covering of drains.

·         Capping procedures (providing a cover or protection, for example to prevent damage or spillage).

Appropriate clean up procedures may include:

·         Neutralisation techniques.

·         Decontamination techniques.

·         Adsorbent materials.

·         Cleaning techniques.

·         Vacuuming techniques.

·         Equipment required for containment/clean up (includes the use of non-sparking tools and equipment where applicable).

Recommended clean up procedures should also take into account disposal considerations under Section 13 – Disposal considerations
of the SDS.


3.7     Section 7 – Handling and Storage

This section of the SDS provides guidance on safe handling and storage practices to minimise the risks of release and exposure to the hazardous chemical. These precautions should be appropriate to the intended use of the chemical and its unique properties.

Precautions for safe handling

Information should be provided to:

·        allow for the safe handling of the hazardous chemical, for example, avoiding spills

·        prevent inappropriate handling of incompatible hazardous chemicals

·        minimise the release of the hazardous chemical outside of the workplace.

Information on how the chemical may be safely used must be provided.

General warnings on what practices to avoid or restrict should also be included in this section.
This information is in addition to other hazard control measures in Section 8 – Exposure controls and personal protection. This section should also provide advice on general hygiene requirements, for example:

·        “Eating, drinking and smoking in work areas is prohibited”

·        “Wash hands after use”

·        “Remove contaminated clothing and protective equipment before entering eating areas”.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

This section should include advice consistent with the physical and chemical properties of a hazardous chemical referred to in Section 9 - Physical and chemical properties and Section 10 – Stability and Reactivity. Advice should be provided on specific storage requirements, including:

·        how to avoid:

o   explosive atmospheres

o   corrosive conditions

o   flammability hazards

o   incompatible substances or mixtures

o   evaporative conditions

o   potential ignition sources (including electrical equipment).

·        how to control the effects of:

o   weather conditions

o   ambient pressure

o   temperature

o   sunlight

o   humidity

o   vibration.

·        how to maintain the integrity of the hazardous chemical by the use of:

o   stabilisers

o   anti-oxidants

o   temperature control

·        other advice on:

o   ventilation requirements for storage facilities

o   specific designs for storage rooms/vessels

o   quantity limits under storage conditions

o   packaging compatibilities

o   warnings if water should not be used as a fire-fighting agent, for example: “Ensure that fire-fighting water cannot reach water-sensitive chemicals and if necessary provide protective cabinets with appropriate labelling”.

3.8     Section 8 – Exposure controls and personal protection

This section provides guidance on how to eliminate or minimise risks associated with exposure to hazardous chemicals. “Exposure control” means the full range of specific protection measures (including engineering control measures) to be taken during the use of a hazardous chemical in order to minimise personal exposure to the chemical.

Exposure control measures

The SDS should include advice on what measures should be taken to minimise exposure to hazardous chemicals and to keep exposure below the relevant exposure standard. Exposure standards represent airborne concentrations of individual substances which, according to current knowledge, should neither impair the health of, nor cause undue discomfort to, nearly all workers.

Exposure standards are generally expressed as a Time-Weighted Average (TWA) concentration
of a substance over an eight-hour working shift. Along with this, Short Term Exposure Limits (STEL) or Peak Limitations should also be specified where available.

This section should list the available exposure standards, including all notations, for each hazardous chemical ingredient. If additional air contaminants are generated when using the hazardous chemical as intended, exposure standards for these should also be listed.

If there are no Australian exposure standards or occupational exposure limits, overseas standards should be used. Examples of overseas standards or limits include those of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) in Great Britain, American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) or the German MAK.

Regardless of the exposure standard (if any) this section should describe controls to be implemented in a workplace to eliminate or minimise personal exposure.

Exposure standards are reviewed from time to time and therefore an up-to-date record of exposure standards should be consulted. Exposure standards published by Safe Work Australia are the Workplace Exposure Standards for Airborne Contaminants. A list of Australian exposure standards is also available on the Hazardous Substances Information System (HSIS), which can be accessed from www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au.

Biological monitoring

Biological monitoring can assist in the detection and estimation of absorption of the hazardous chemical, for example by skin, gastrointestinal system, or inhalation. The effects of some hazardous chemicals used in the workplace must be monitored through biological monitoring.
The SDS should detail the monitoring needed for a hazardous chemical.

It should also list known or recognised safe biological levels (in some countries these are known as biological limit values, biological exposure indices, biological exposure standards), where available, including notations for a hazardous chemical or for each ingredient of a mixture.

The source of the biological levels should be stated on the SDS. When biological levels are listed, they should use the chemical identity as specified in Section 3.3 – Composition and information
on ingredients
.

Control Banding

Control banding is a process used in some countries where a hazardous chemical is assigned to
a band, based on the chemical’s hazard classification and use. Each band may have a different control solution, for example: band 1 – good industrial hygiene practice, band 2 – use local exhaust ventilation, band 3 – enclose the process.

If the control banding approach is recommended in the SDS to provide protection in relation to specific uses of the hazardous chemical, then sufficient detail should be given to enable effective management of risks. The context and limitations of the specific control banding recommendation should be made clear.

Engineering controls

The SDS should include a description of appropriate engineering control measures relating to the intended use of the hazardous chemical. This section should indicate when special engineering controls are necessary, and specify which controls are required, for example:

·        “Maintain air concentration below occupational exposure standards, using engineering controls if necessary”

·        “Use only in a well-ventilated area”

·        “Use local exhaust ventilation”

·        “Use only in an enclosed system”

·        “Use only in spray paint booth or enclosure”

·        “Use mechanical handling to reduce human contact with materials”

·        “Use explosive dust handling controls”.

The information in this section should complement that provided in Section 7 – Handling and Storage of the SDS.

Individual protection measures, for example personal protective equipment (PPE)

Consistent with the hierarchy of controls, PPE should be used only when other control measures (for example, elimination, substitution, isolation, engineering controls) have been found to be impracticable or in conjunction with one or more control measures. This section of the SDS should include information on PPE provided that it clearly recommends other controls to minimise exposure to the hazardous chemical.

Consideration should be given to the possible reduction in effectiveness of PPE and possible detrimental effects of hazardous chemicals on some materials from which items of PPE may
be made, for example the use of synthetic clothing for protection against corrosive hazardous chemicals.

Eye and face protection

Information should be provided on eye and face protection needed for a hazardous chemical.
It is important to specify:

·        the type of eye protection required, for example safety glasses, goggles or face shields

·        the properties of the eye protection required based on the hazard of the chemical and potential for contact, for example the degree of impact protection or splash resistance.


Skin protection

Information should be included on the skin protection required for a hazardous chemical. It is important to specify:

·        the protective equipment to be worn when using or handling the hazardous chemical including the types of gloves, boots and bodysuits required

·        the properties of the protective equipment based on the hazard of the chemical and potential for contact, for example cotton, PVC or nitrile.

Respiratory protection

If respiratory protection is needed for a hazardous chemical, the SDS should include information on the appropriate types of respiratory protection based on the chemical hazard and potential for exposure, for example air-purifying respirators requiring specific respiration filters, air-line respirator or breathing apparatus. Where appropriate, a reference to a standard should be included.

Vague information – for example “use respirator” – is not acceptable, whereas “use half-face filter respirator suitable for organic vapours” is acceptable.

Thermal hazards

The SDS should include information on the PPE required for thermal hazards. Special consideration should be given to the materials of the PPE to avoid adding to the thermal load of the wearer. Information on any secondary risk should also be included here.

See also Section 5 – Fire fighting measures of the SDS for specific fire/chemical PPE advice.

3.9     Section 9 – Physical and Chemical Properties

This section of the SDS describes the physical and chemical properties of a hazardous chemical. The data should apply to the hazardous chemical as supplied. If the hazardous chemical is a mixture, the physicochemical data should describe the mixture. If that information is not available, the properties of the most relevant ingredients should be provided.

The following properties should be included in the SDS where relevant and the appropriate units
of measure and/or reference conditions should be specified:

·        Appearance (physical state, colour etc)

·        Odour

·        Odour threshold

·        pH

·        Melting point/freezing point

·        Initial boiling point and boiling range

·        Flash point

·        Evaporation rate

·        Flammability (solid, gas)

·        Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits

·        Vapour pressure

·        Vapour density

·        Relative density

·        Solubility

·        Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water

·        Auto-ignition temperature

·        Decomposition temperature

·        Viscosity

If relevant, the interpretation of the numeric value and the method of the determination should
also be provided. Where there is no information about specific characteristics or data available,
a statement should be included to that effect. It is not appropriate to leave blank spaces or use
the term ‘N/A’ in an SDS.

In addition to those listed above, other physical or chemical parameters relevant to health and safety should be included in this section of the SDS. This includes parameters which, in addition to chemistry, can significantly influence the properties of chemicals, for example size or surface area in the case of engineered nanomaterials. Examples of parameters which may be included are:

·        Specific heat value

·        Saturated vapour concentration (include reference temperatures)

·        Release of invisible flammable vapours and gases

·        Particle size (average and range)

·        Size distribution

·        Shape and aspect ratio

·        Crystallinity

·        Dustiness

·        Surface area

·        Degree of aggregation or agglomeration, and dispersibility

·        Redox potential

·        Biodurability or biopersistence

·        Surface coating or chemistry (if different to rest of particle).

3.10   Section 10 – Stability and Reactivity

This section of the SDS provides information regarding the stability and reactivity of the hazardous chemical. Information on the possibility of hazardous reactions is necessary to ensure the safe handling and storage of chemicals and to ensure effective fire fighting and spill control measures.

Reactivity

This section should describe the reactivity hazards of the chemical, including the conditions under which the hazardous reactions may occur, for example:

·        whether the hazardous chemical will react or polymerise

·        flame propagation or burning rate of solid materials

·        properties of both flammable and non-flammable materials that may initiate or add to the intensity of a fire

·        potential for dust explosion


 

·        reactions that release flammable or toxic gases or vapours

·        fast or intensely burning characteristics

·        non-flammables that could contribute to unusual hazards to a fire, for example strong oxidising and reducing agents or peroxide fumes.

Specific test data should be provided for the hazardous chemical as a whole, where available. However, the information may also be based on general data for the class or family of chemical
if such data adequately represents the anticipated hazard of the hazardous chemical.

If data for mixtures is not available, ingredient data should be provided. In determining incompatibility, the substances, containers and contaminants that the hazardous chemical might
be exposed to during transportation, storage and use should be considered.

Chemical stability

Information should be provided on the stability of the hazardous chemical under normal ambient storage and handling conditions. Consider any foreseeable changes in temperature and pressure conditions. Any stabilisers used to maintain the product should be described, as well as the safety implications of any change in the physical appearance of the product which may result if the stabiliser is compromised.

Possibility of hazardous reactions

If relevant, the SDS should state if a hazardous chemical will react or polymerise, releasing excess pressure or heat, or create other hazardous conditions. It should describe under what conditions
a hazardous reaction may occur.

Conditions to avoid

Information should include conditions – for example, temperature, pressure, shock, static discharge, vibrations or other physical stresses – that might cause a hazardous reaction.

Incompatible materials

Classes of chemicals or specific substances with which the hazardous chemical could react to produce a hazardous situation should be listed in the SDS, for example, explosion, excessive heat generation, release of toxic or flammable materials.

Hazardous decomposition products

The SDS should list any hazardous products that may be produced due to the decomposition of the chemical during use, storage or heating. The anticipated outcomes of a reaction with another material should be described, including the production of flammable, toxic or asphyxiating gases. Advice should be provided about what should be done if an unstable state is reached.

Hazardous combustion products should be included in Section 5 – Fire Fighting Measures of the SDS.

3.11        Section 11 – Toxicological Information

This section of the SDS provides toxicological information relevant to the health hazard category assigned to the chemical using the GHS. It should be based on expert toxicological advice and on the toxicological hazards information provided in the GHS classification criteria. A concise but complete and comprehensible description of the various toxicological health effects (for both acute and chronic effects) consistent with hazard classification, and the available data used to identify those effects, should be provided. The relevant hazards for which data should be provided are:

·         acute toxicity

·         skin corrosion/irritation

·         serious eye damage/irritation

·         respiratory or skin sensitisation

·         germ cell mutagenicity

·         carcinogenicity

·         reproductive toxicity

·         Specific Target Organ Toxicity (STOT) – single exposure

·         Specific Target Organ Toxicity (STOT) – repeated exposure

·         aspiration hazard.

Information on these hazards should be presented in the above order in each SDS. Other non-classifiable hazards may also be included. For example, some chemicals readily penetrate the skin and may increase skin absorption of other toxins, such as dimethyl sulfoxide. Information should also be provided on whether potential exposure to the hazardous chemical has immediate or delayed health effects.

If data for any of these hazards is not available, they should still be listed with a statement that data is not available.

The toxicological data should apply to the hazardous chemical as used in the workplace. It should be relevant to the mixture. Where information on the mixture is not available, then information on the toxicological properties of the hazardous ingredients above the concentration cut-off in the mixture should be provided. If there is no data on a mixture but sufficient data exists on the components of the mixture or similar mixtures, bridging principles can be used to provide information. The type of bridging principles used should also be stated.

The health effects included in the SDS should be consistent with those described in studies used for the classification of the hazardous chemical. General statements – for example “Toxic” – with no supporting data or “Safe if properly used” are not acceptable as they may be misleading and
do not provide a description of health effects. Phrases such as “not applicable” and “not relevant”, or leaving blank spaces in the health effects section, can lead to confusion and misunderstanding and should not be used.

For health effects where information is not available, this should be clearly stated. Health effects should be described accurately and relevant distinctions made. For example, allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis should be distinguished from each other.

Where there is a substantial amount of test data on the hazardous chemical, the results should be summarised for example, by grouping toxicological data by the route of exposure.

Information should also be provided on the relevant negative data. Information to support negative test results should be included, for example “carcinogenicity studies in the rat have shown no significant increase in the incidence of cancer”.

Information on possible routes of exposure

Information should be provided on the possible routes of exposure and the effects of the hazardous chemical via each route of exposure, that is, through ingestion (swallowing), inhalation or skin/eye exposure. A statement should be made if health effects are not known. Statements such as “Ingestion is not expected to occur” or “Ingestion should be avoided” are not acceptable.

Information on all routes of exposure should be provided as it is not possible to predict how
a chemical will be used in a workplace or the most likely exposure route.


 

Early onset symptoms related to exposure

Information should be provided on early symptoms associated with exposure to the hazardous chemical, its ingredients or known by-products. It should include information on the symptoms related to the physical, chemical and toxicological characteristics of the hazardous chemical following exposure related to the intended uses. This section should describe the first symptoms at the lowest exposures through to the consequences of severe exposure, for example, “Headaches and dizziness may occur, proceeding to fainting or unconsciousness; large doses may result in coma and death”.

Delayed health effects from exposure

Information should be provided on whether delayed or immediate effects can be expected after short or long term exposure consistent with the classification of the chemical. Information should include acute and chronic health effects relating to human exposure to the hazardous chemical.

Where human data is not available, animal data should be summarised and the species clearly identified. The SDS should indicate whether toxicological data is based on human or animal data. Classifications or studies from government or international agencies may be used, for example “Has been classified as a probable human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research
on Cancer”. Where data on chronic effects is not available, it is recommended that the SDS take
a precautionary approach to health effects from exposure.

Exposure levels and health effects

The SDS should provide information on the dose, concentration or conditions of exposure that may cause adverse health effects. Where appropriate, doses should be linked to symptoms and effects, including the period of exposure likely to cause harm. For example, “10 ppm respiratory irritation, 250-300 ppm difficulty in breathing, 500 ppm unconsciousness leading to death after 30 minutes”. Where exposure levels are not known, the SDS should take a precautionary approach to exposure levels or include links to potential health effects, if available.

Interactive effects

If known, information on interactions should be included in situations where:

·        symptoms are worsened by drinking alcohol, taking medication or smoking

·        pre-existing medical conditions – for example, asthma, high blood pressure or a predisposition to allergic reactions – may increase risk.

When specific chemical data is not available

Where there is insufficient data to classify a chemical, testing may be required. However, it may not always be possible to obtain information on the hazards of a chemical. In cases where data
on the specific hazardous chemical is not available, data on the chemical functional group, if appropriate, should be used. Where generic data is used or where data is not available, this should be stated clearly in the SDS.

Mixtures of chemicals

If a mixture has not been tested for its health effects as a whole, then information must be provided on each ingredient listed under Section 3 – Composition and Information on Ingredients.

Ingredients may interact with each other in the body resulting in different rates of absorption, metabolism and excretion. As a result, the toxic actions may be altered and the overall toxicity
of the mixture may be different from its ingredients.

This section should advise whether the concentration of each ingredient is sufficient to contribute to the overall health effects of the mixture. The information on toxic effects should be presented for each ingredient, except:

·        if the information is duplicated, in which case it is not necessary to list this more than once
(for example, if two ingredients both cause vomiting and diarrhoea, the mixture should be described overall as causing vomiting and diarrhoea)

·        if it is unlikely that these effects will occur at the concentrations present (for example, when
a mild irritant is diluted in a non-irritating solution, the overall mixture would be unlikely to
cause irritation).

Predicting the interactions between ingredients is difficult where information on interactions is not available. However, assumptions should not be made. Instead, the SDS should list the health effects of each ingredient separately

Other information

It is recommended that other relevant information on adverse health effects be included for hazards even when they are outside the scope of the WHS Regulations.

3.12   Section 12 – Ecological Information

This section of the SDS provides information about the environmental and ecological hazards of hazardous chemicals. This information can assist in handling spills and evaluating waste treatment practices and should clearly indicate species, media, units, test duration and test conditions. Where information is not available, this also should be stated.

Ecological information should be given for each ingredient, where available and appropriate.[7]

Ecotoxicity

Information on ecotoxicity should be provided using data from tests performed on aquatic and/or terrestrial organisms. This should include relevant available data on both acute and chronic aquatic toxicity for fish, crustaceans, algae and other aquatic plants. In addition, toxicity data on other organisms (including soil micro and macro-organisms) for example birds, bees and plants, should be included when available. Where the hazardous chemical has inhibitory effects on the activity
on micro-organisms, the possible impact on sewage treatment plants should be mentioned.

Persistence and degradability

Persistence and degradability is the potential for the hazardous chemical (or hazardous ingredients of a mixture) to degrade in the environment, either through biodegradation or other processes, for example oxidation or hydrolysis. Test results relevant to assess persistence and degradability should be given where available. If degradation half-lives are quoted an indication of whether these half-lives refer to mineralisation or to primary degradation should be provided. The potential for the hazardous chemical (or hazardous ingredients of a mixture) to degrade in sewage treatment plants may also be mentioned.

Bioaccumulative potential

Bioaccumulation is the potential for the hazardous chemical (or hazardous ingredients of a mixture) to accumulate in biota and possibly pass through the food chain. Test results relevant to assess the bioaccumulative potential should be given. This may include reference to the octanol-water partition coefficient (Kow) and bioconcentration factor (BCF), if available.

Mobility in soil

Mobility in soil is the potential for a hazardous chemical (or hazardous ingredients of a mixture) released into the environment to move under natural forces to the groundwater or to a distance from the site of release. The potential for mobility in soil should be provided in an SDS where the information is available. Information on mobility can be determined from relevant mobility data sets, for example absorption studies or leaching studies. For example, Koc[8] values can be predicted from octanol/water partition coefficients (Kow). Leaching and mobility can be predicted from models.

Where real data on the hazardous chemical is available, this data should take precedence over models and predictions.

Other adverse effects

Information on any other adverse effects to the environment should be included where data is available, for example environmental fate (exposure), ozone depletion potential, photochemical ozone creation potential, endocrine-disrupting potential and global warming potential.

3.13   Section 13 – Disposal considerations

This section of the SDS provides information on the most effective way to dispose of a chemical safely.

Disposal Methods

Information should be provided for proper disposal, recycling or reclamation of the hazardous chemical and its container to assist in the determination of safe and environmentally-preferred waste management options. This section should include:

·        Disposal containers and methods.

·        Physical/chemical properties that may affect disposal options.

·        Effects of sewage disposal.

·        Special precautions for incineration or landfill.

The disposal advice provided on the SDS should apply to the material as manufactured.

For the safety of persons conducting disposal, recycling or reclamation activities, refer to the information in Section 8 – Exposure Controls and Personal Protection of the SDS.

The local council and /or state environment authority may be able to provide advice on the disposal of chemicals.

3.14   Section 14 – Transport Information

This section provides basic classification information for the transportation or shipment of
a hazardous chemical by road, rail, sea or air as required by relevant transport legislation.
Where information is not available or relevant this should be stated.


 

UN number

The UN number (i.e. four-digit identification number of the substance or article) as listed in the ADG Code should be provided.

Proper shipping name or Technical Name

The Proper Shipping Name or Technical Name from the ADG Code should also be included. For hazardous chemicals, the Proper Shipping Name or Technical Name should be provided in this subsection even if it has not appeared as the product identifier or national or regional identifiers.

Transport hazard class

The SDS should provide the transport class/division (and subsidiary risks) assigned to the hazardous chemical according to the most predominant hazards that the chemical presents under the ADG Code.

Packing Group

If applicable, information should be provided on the Packing Group number found in the ADG Code. The Packing Group number is assigned to certain hazardous chemicals in accordance with their degree of hazard. Packing Group I is the highest hazard and Packing Group III the lowest.

Environmental hazards for Transport Purposes

The SDS should indicate whether the hazardous chemical is a known marine pollutant according to the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code. Also it is recommended that the SDS indicate whether the substance or mixture is classified as having an acute aquatic toxicity hazard as required under the ADG Code.

Additional information for certain environmentally hazardous chemicals
may be required on the SDS to comply with maritime transport laws,
for example, for chemicals listed in Annex 1 of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).

Special Precautions for user

Information should be provided on special precautions that users should be aware of or should comply with when transporting a hazardous chemical. Any other special requirements relevant to transport of the chemical should be stated here, for example shock sensitivity, specific storage requirements during transit/warehousing and overseas regulatory transport requirements if the hazardous chemical is for export.

Additional Information

Any additional information required by overseas regulatory agencies or relevant Regulations for the transport of goods by other modes should be included here.

Hazchem or Emergency Action Code

The relevant Hazchem (or Emergency Action) Code must be provided as specified in the ADG Code.

3.15   Section 15 – Regulatory Information

This section of the SDS provides advice on other regulatory information on the hazardous chemical that is not provided elsewhere in the SDS, for example whether the hazardous chemical is subject to the following international agreements:

·         Montreal Protocol (Ozone depleting substances)[9]

·         The Stockholm Convention (Persistent Organic Pollutants)[10]

·         The Rotterdam Convention (Prior Informed Consent)[11]

·         Basel Convention (Hazardous Waste)[12]

·         International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) .

Safety, health and environmental regulations

Other regulatory information specific to the hazardous chemical may also be included here, for example whether the substance is covered by the following requirements:

·         the Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons (SUSMP) established under the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Commonwealth) (as amended). If so, list the relevant Poisons Schedule number

·         any applicable prohibition or notification/licensing requirements, including for carcinogens under Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation

·         the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1988 (Commonwealth) and/or applicable Commonwealth, State or Territory control-of-use legislation

·         the Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Act 1989 (Commonwealth), including listing on the Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS), any condition of use associated with the listing on the AICS and/or whether any chemical or a chemical in the product is being introduced under a permit. In addition, it is recommended that information
in a NICNAS assessment report be included.

3.16   Section 16 – Other information

This section of the SDS provides any other information relevant to the preparation of the SDS, including:

·        the date of preparation of the latest revision of the SDS. When revisions are made to an SDS, clearly indicate where the changes have been made to the previous version of the SDS. Suppliers should maintain an explanation of the changes and be willing to provide it upon request

·        a key/legend to abbreviations and acronyms used in the SDS.

Key literature references and sources for data used to compile the SDS should also be included.


Article means a manufactured item, other than a fluid or particle, that is formed into a particular shape or design during manufacture and has hazard properties and a function that are wholly or partly dependent on the shape or design.

Bioaccumulative potential is the potential for a chemical to accumulate in biota and possibly pass through the food chain.

Biological monitoring means the measurement and evaluation of a substance, or its metabolites, in the body tissue, fluids or exhaled air of a person exposed to that substance.

Chemical Identity means a name, in accordance with the nomenclature systems of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry or the Chemical Abstracts Service, or a technical name, that gives a chemical a unique identity.

Class of dangerous goods, means the number assigned to the goods in the ADG Code indicating the hazard, or most predominant hazard, exhibited by the goods.

Combustible liquid means a liquid, other than a flammable liquid, that has a flash point, and a fire point less than its boiling point.

Combustible substance means a substance that is combustible and includes dust, fibres, fumes, mists or vapours produced by the substance.

Container means anything in or by which a hazardous chemical is, or has been, wholly or partly covered, enclosed or packed, including anything necessary for the container to perform its function as a container.

Correct classification means the set of hazard classes and hazard categories assigned to a hazardous chemical when it is correctly classified.

Division of dangerous goods, means a number, in a class of dangerous goods, to which the dangerous goods are assigned in the ADG Code.

Exposure standard means an exposure standard published by Safe Work Australia in the Workplace Exposure Standards for Airborne Contaminants.

Note: The Workplace Exposure Standards for Airborne Contaminants will replace the Adopted National Exposure Standards for Atmospheric Contaminants in the Occupational Environment [NOSHC:1003(1995)].

Flammable Liquid means a flammable liquid within the meaning of the GHS that has a flashpoint of less than 93°C.

Flash point means the lowest temperature (corrected to a standard pressure of 101.3 kPa) at which the application of an ignition source causes the vapours of a liquid to ignite under specified test conditions.

Generic Name means a name applied to a group of chemicals having a similar structure and properties.

Genuine research means systematic investigative or experimental activities that are carried out for either acquiring new knowledge (whether or not the knowledge will have a specific practical application) or creating new or improved materials, products, devices, processes or services.

GHS means the ‘Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, 3rd Revised Edition’, published by the United Nations.

Hazard means a situation or thing that has the potential to harm people, property or the environment. The GHS covers physicochemical, health and environmental hazards for hazardous chemicals.

Hazard Category means a division of criteria within a hazard class in the GHS.

Hazard class means the nature of a physical, health or environmental hazard under the GHS.

Hazard pictogram means a graphical composition, including a symbol plus other graphical elements, that is assigned in the GHS to a hazard class or hazard category.

Hazard Statement means a statement assigned to a hazard class or hazard category describing the nature of the hazards of a hazardous chemical including, if appropriate, the degree of hazard.

Hazchem Code means ‘Hazchem Code’ under the ADG Code, also known as the Emergency Action Code.

Health Surveillance, of a person, means monitoring the person to identify changes in the person’s health status as a result of exposure to a hazardous chemical.

Import means to bring into the jurisdiction from outside Australia.

Label means written, printed or graphical information elements concerning a hazardous chemical that is affixed to, printed on or attached to the container of a hazardous chemical.

Manufacture includes the activities of packing, repacking, formulating, blending, mixing, making, remaking and synthesizing of the chemical.

Mixture means a combination of or a solution composed of two or more substances that do not react with each other.

Physicochemical means the physical properties of a chemical.

Precautionary Statement means a phrase prescribed by the GHS that describes recommended measures to be taken to prevent or minimise the adverse effects of exposure to a hazardous chemical or the improper handling of a hazardous chemical.

Product Identifier means the name or number used to identify a product on a label or in a safety data sheet (SDS). [13]

Proper shipping name means a proper shipping name under the ADG Code.

Research chemical means a substance or mixture that is manufactured in a laboratory for genuine research and is not for use or supply for a purpose other than analysis or genuine research.

Substance means a chemical element or compound in its natural state or obtained or generated by a process:

·        including any additive necessary to preserve the stability of the element or compound and any impurities deriving from the process; but

·        excluding any solvent that may be separated without affecting the stability of the element or compound, or changing its composition.

Supply includes selling or transferring ownership or responsibility for a chemical.

Technical name means a name that is:

·        ordinarily used in commerce, regulations and codes to identify a substance or mixture, other than an International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry or Chemical Abstracts Service name

·        recognised by the scientific community.

United Nations (UN) Number means a number assigned to dangerous goods by the United Nations Subcommittee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods. [14]

APPENDIX B – HEADER CHECKLIST

This checklist provides a summary of the information contained in Chapter 3 of this Code. It is not a comprehensive list of information required on the SDS. Refer to the relevant section for detailed instructions.

Section

Headers

1.     Product identifier & identity for the chemical

 Product Identifier

 Other means of identification

 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

 Suppliers name, address and phone number

 Emergency phone number

2.     Hazard Identification

 Classification of the hazardous chemical

 Label elements, including precautionary statements

 Other hazards which do not result in classification

3.     Composition/information on ingredients

 Identity of chemical ingredients

 CAS number and other unique identifiers

 Concentration of ingredients

4.     First Aid Measures

 Description of necessary first aid measures

 Symptoms caused by exposure

 Medical Attention and Special Treatment

5.     Fire Fighting Measures

 Suitable extinguishing media

 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

 Special protective equipment and precautions for fire fighters

6.     Accidental release measures

 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

 Environmental precautions

 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

7.     Handling and Storage

 Precautions for safe handling

 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

8.     Exposure controls/personal protection

 Control parameters – exposure standards, biological monitoring

 Appropriate engineering controls

 Personal protective equipment (PPE)

9.     Physical and chemical properties

 Appearance

 Odour

 Odour threshold

 pH

 Melting point/freezing point

 Boiling point and boiling range

 Flash point

 Evaporation rate

 Flammability

 Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits

 Vapour pressure

 Vapour density

 Relative density

 Solubility(ies)

 Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water

 Auto-ignition temperature

 Decomposition temperature

 Viscosity

 Specific heat value

 Particle size

 Volatile organic compounds content

 % volatile

 Saturated vapour concentration

 Release of invisible flammable vapours and gases

Additional parameters

 Shape and aspect ratio

 Crystallinity

 Dustiness

 Surface area

 Degree of aggregation or agglomeration

 Ionisation (redox potential)

 Biodurability or biopersistence

10.  Stability and Reactivity

 Reactivity

 Chemical stability

 Conditions to avoid

 Incompatible materials and possible hazardous reactions

 Hazardous decomposition products

11.   Toxicological information

 Information on routes of exposure

 Symptoms related to exposure

 Numerical measures of toxicity

 Immediate, delayed and chronic health effects from exposure

 Exposure Levels

 Interactive effects

 Data limitations

12.  Ecological information

 Ecotoxicity

 Persistence and degradability

 Bioaccumulative potential

 Mobility in soil

 Other adverse effects

13.  Disposal considerations

 Safe handling and disposal methods

 Disposal of any contaminated packaging

 Environmental regulations

14.  Transport information

 UN number

 Proper shipping name

 Transport hazard class(es)

 Packing group

 Environmental hazards

 Special precautions during transport

 Hazchem Code

15.  Regulatory information

 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

 Poisons Schedule number

16.  Other information

 Date of preparation or review

 Key abbreviations or acronyms used


The information in this Appendix guides the selection of appropriate GHS signal words, pictograms, hazard statements and precautionary statements that apply to each GHS hazard class and category. It includes elements for all categories of precautionary action. All specific elements relating to particular hazard classes and categories should be used. General elements not linked in particular to a certain hazard class or category should also be used, where appropriate.

The precautionary statements included in the following matrix cover general emergency response and first-aid. For some specific chemicals, supplementary first aid, treatment measures or specific antidotes or cleansing materials may be required. Poisons Centres and/or medical practitioners or specialist advice should be sought in such situations and included on labels where appropriate.

C1. Structure of hazard statement text

The text in bold should appear in the SDS, except as otherwise specified. The information in italics should also appear as part of the hazard statement in the SDS when the information is known, for example:

       “Causes damage to organs (or state all organs affected, if known) through prolonged or repeated exposure (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)”.

The hazard statement codes shown in the tables are intended to be used for reference purposes only. They are not part of the hazard statement text and should not be used to replace it in the SDS.

C2. Structure of precautionary statement text

There are five types of precautionary statements: general, prevention, response (in case of accidental spillage or exposure, emergency response and first aid), storage and disposal.

The core parts of the precautionary statements are shown in bold print. This is the text that should appear in the SDS, except as otherwise specified.

The precautionary statement codes used in the tables are intended to be used for reference purposes only. They are not part of the precautionary statement text and should not be used to replace it in the SDS.

To provide flexibility in the application of precautionary phrases, a combination of statements may be used to improve the readability of phrases. Combinations of phrases can also be useful for different types of hazard where the precautionary behaviour is similar. For example:

       “Keep away from heat, sparks and open flame and store in a cool well ventilated place”.

Where precautionary statements have been modified or combined, clear plain language is essential to convey information on precautionary behaviour.

When a backslash or diagonal mark [/] appears in a precautionary statement text, it indicates that
a choice has to be made between the phrases they separate. For example, in P280 “Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection” could read “Wear eye protection" where the hazard classification does not warrant the additional personal protective equipment.

When three full stops [] appear in a precautionary statement text, they indicate that all applicable conditions are not listed. For example, in P241 “Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../equipment.”, the use of “...” indicates that other equipment should be specified.

When text in italics is used in the precautionary statement text, this indicates specific conditions apply to the use or allocation of the precautionary statement. This may relate to conditions attaching to either the general use of a precautionary statement or its use for a particular hazard class and/or hazard category. For example, for P241 “Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../ equipment” only applies for flammable solids “if dust clouds can occur”.

C3. General precautionary measures

The general precautionary statements listed below are not aligned with any particular GHS hazard category. According to the GHS principles, these statements are required for consumer products only. However, manufacturers of hazardous chemicals may choose to include these in an SDS, particularly where it is foreseeable that the chemical may be used in a non-workplace situation.

Code

(1)

General precautionary statements

(2)

Conditions for use

(5)

P101

If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.

Consumer products

P102

Keep out of reach of children.

Consumer products

P103

Read label before use.

Consumer products

C4. Tables of label elements from the GHS

The tables below provide the following information for each hazard class and hazard category of the GHS:

·          hazard category

·          the assigned GHS symbol

·          the assigned signal word

·          the assigned hazard statement and code

·          the assigned precautionary statements, by precautionary statement type and code.



EXPLOSIVES

 

 

 

Symbol

Exploding bomb

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Explosive symbol

Unstable Explosive

Danger

H200     Unstable Explosive

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P201
Obtain special instructions before use.

P202
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P281
Use personal protective equipment as required.

P372
Explosion risk in case of fire.

P373
DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.

P380
Evacuate area.

P401
Store ...

…in accordance with local/regional/ national/international Regulations (to be specified).

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...
…in accordance with local/regional/ national/international Regulations (to be specified).

 


 

EXPLOSIVES

 

 

Symbol

Exploding bomb

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Explosive symbol

Division 1.1

Danger

H201     Explosive; mass explosion hazard

Division 1.2

Danger

H202     Explosive; severe projection hazard

 

Division 1.3

Danger

H203     Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from
heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P230
Keep wetted with...

…Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate material.

-  if drying out increases explosion hazard, except as needed for manufacturing or operating processes (e.g. nitrocellulose).

P240
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.

- if the explosive is electrostatically sensitive.

P250
Do not
subject to grinding/shock/…/friction.

…Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable rough handling.

P280
Wear face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P370 +P380
In case of fire: evacuate area.

P372
Explosion risk in case of fire.

P373
DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.

P401
Store ...

…in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).

 

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...
in accordance with local/ regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 

EXPLOSIVES

 

 

 

Symbol

Exploding bomb

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Explosive symbol

Division 1.4

Warning

H204     Fire or projection hazard

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from
heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P240
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.

- if the explosive is electrostatically sensitive.

P250
Do not subject to
grinding/shock/…/friction.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable rough handling.

P280
Wear face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P370+P380
In case of fire: Evacuate area.

P372
Explosion risk in case of fire.
- except if explosives are 1.4S AMMUNITION AND COMPONENTS THEREOF.

P373
DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.

P374
Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance.

- If explosives are 1.4S AMMUNITION AND COMPONENTS THEREOF.

 

P401
Store ...

…in accordance with local/regional/ national/international Regulations (to be specified).

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...
… in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 

EXPLOSIVES

 

 

 

Symbol*

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: 1.5 explosive symbol

Division 1.5

Danger

H205     May mass explode in fire

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from
heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P230
Keep wetted with...

…Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate material.

-  if drying out increases explosion hazard, except as needed for manufacturing or operating processes (e.g. nitrocellulose).

P240
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment

-  if the explosive is electrostatically sensitive.

P250
Do not subject to
grinding/shock/…/friction.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable rough handling.

P280
Wear face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P370 + P380
In case of fire: Evacuate area.

P372
Explosion risk in case of fire.

P373
DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.

 

P401
Store ...

…in accordance with local/regional/ national/international Regulations (to be specified).

P501
Dispose of contents/container to .

… in accordance with local/regional/ national/international Regulations (to be specified).

*Note:     This symbol is according to the ADG Code for the transport of dangerous goods


 

EXPLOSIVES

 

 

 

Symbol*

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: 1.6 explosive symbol

Division 1.6

No signal word

No hazard statement

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

No precautionary statements

No precautionary statements

No precautionary statements

No precautionary statements

*Note:     Symbol for Explosive Division 1.6 is the symbol used for the transport of dangerous goods



FLAMMABLE GASES

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Flammable symbol

1

Danger

H220     Extremely flammable gas

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. -No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P377
Leaking gas fire:
Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.

P381
Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so.

P403
Store in well-ventilated place.

 


 



FLAMMABLE AEROSOLS

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Flammable symbol

1

Danger

H222     Extremely flammable aerosol

2

Warning

H223     Flammable aerosol

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. -No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition sources(s).

P211
Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.

P251
Pressurized container: Do not pierce or burn, even after use.

 

P410 + P412
Protect from sunlight. Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50ºC/122ºF.

 

 



OXIDISING GASES

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame over circle

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Oxidising symbol

1

Danger

H270     May cause or intensify fire; oxidiser

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P220
Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.
…Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other incompatible materials.

P244
Keep reduction valves free from grease and oil.

P370 + P376
In case of fire: Stop leak if safe to do so.

P403
Store in well-ventilated place.

 

 



GASES UNDER PRESSURE

 

 

 

Symbol

Gas cylinder

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Compressed gas symbol

Compressed gas

Warning

H280     Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated

Liquefied gas

Warning

H280     Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated

 

Dissolved gas

Warning

H280     Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

 

 

P410 + P403
Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.

 

 



GASES UNDER PRESSURE

 

 

 

Symbol

Gas cylinder

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Compressed gas symbol

Refrigerated liquefied gas

Warning

H281     Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic

burns or injury

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P282
Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection.

P336
Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do not rub affected area.

P315
Get immediate medical advice/attention

P403
Store
in well-ventilated place.

 


 

 






FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Oxidising symbol

1

Danger

H224     Extremely flammable liquid and vapour

2

Danger

H225     Highly flammable liquid and vapour

 

3

Warning

H226     Flammable liquid and vapour

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces.– No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P233
Keep container
tightly closed.

P240
Ground/Bond container and receiving equipment

-   if electrostatically sensitive material is for reloading.

-   if product is volatile so as to generate hazardous atmosphere.

P241
Use
explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/
lighting/.../equipment.

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other equipment.

P242
Use only non-sparking tools.

P243
Take
precautionary measures against static discharge.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P303 + P361 + P353
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.

...Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-   if water increases risk.

P403 + P235
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

… in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).




FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS

 

 

 

Symbol

No symbol

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

 

4

Warning

H227 Combustible liquid

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from flames and hot surfaces. – No smoking.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.
... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
    if water increases risk.

P403 + P235
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

in accordance with local/regional/ national/international Regulations (to be specified).




 

FLAMMABLE SOLIDS

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Oxidising symbol

1

Danger

H228     Flammable solid

2

Warning

H228     Flammable solid

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces.
- No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P240
Ground/Bond container and receiving equipment.

-   if electrostatically sensitive material is for reloading.

P241
Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/ lighting/... /equipment.
... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other equipment.
-  
if dust clouds can occur.

P280
Wear
protective gloves/eye protection/face protection
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction

...Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
      if water increases risk.

 

 


 




SELF-REACTIVE SUBSTANCES AND MIXTURES

 

 

 

Symbol

Exploding bomb

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Explosives symbol

Type A

Danger

H240     Heating may cause an explosion

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces.
- No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P220
Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.
...
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other incompatible materials.

P234
Keep
only in original container.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-    if water increases risk.

P370 + P380 + P375
In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

P403 + P235
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P411
Store at temperatures not exceeding …°C/…°F.
... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify temperature.

P420
Store away from other materials.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

… in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 

 

 




SELF-REACTIVE SUBSTANCES AND MIXTURES

 

 

 

Symbol

Exploding bomb and flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Explosives symbol

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Flammable symbol

Type B

Danger

H241     Heating may cause a fire or explosion

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces.
- No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P220
Keep/Store away from clothing/.../combustible materials.

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other incompatible materials.

P234
Keep
only in original container.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-   if water increases risk

P370 + P380 + P375
In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

 

P403 + P235
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P411
Store at temperatures not exceeding …°C/…°F.
... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify temperature.

P420
Store away from other materials.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to
...
…in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




SELF-REACTIVE SUBSTANCES AND MIXTURES

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Flammable symbol

Type C

Danger

H242     Heating may cause a fire

Type D

Danger

H242     Heating may cause a fire

Type E

Warning

H242     Heating may cause a fire

 

Type F

Warning

H242     Heating may cause a fire

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces.
- No smoking.

Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P220
Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.

 …Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other incompatible materials.

P234
Keep
only in original container.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-   if water increases risk.

 

P403 + P235
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P411
Store at temperatures not exceeding …°C/…°F.
...Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify temperature.

P420
Store away from other materials.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

…in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).

Note: Hazard category Type G: There are no label elements allocated to this hazard category


 




PYROPHORIC LIQUIDS

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Flammable symbol

1

Danger

H250     Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition sources(s).

P222
Do not allow contact with air.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P302 + P334
IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water/wrap with wet bandages

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-   if water increases risk.

P422
Store contents under .
... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate liquid or inert gas.

 


 

 




PYROPHORIC SOLIDS

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Flammable symbol

1

Danger

H250     Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P222
Do not allow contact with air.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P335 + P334
Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-   if water increases risk.

 

P422
Store contents under .

…Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate liquid or inert gas.

 


 

 




SELF-HEATING SUBSTANCES AND MIXTURES

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Flammable symbol

1

Danger

H251     Self-heating; may catch fire

2

Warning

H252     Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P235 + P410
Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

 

P407
Maintain air gap between stacks/pallets.

P413
Store bulk masses greater than … kg/…lbs at temperatures not exceeding …°C/…°F.
... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify mass and temperature.

P420
Store away from other materials.

 


 




SUBSTANCES AND MIXTURES WHICH, IN CONTACT WITH WATER, EMIT FLAMMABLE GASES

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Flammable symbol

1

Danger

H260     In contact with water releases flammable gases, which may ignite spontaneously

2

Danger

H261     In contact with water releases flammable gases

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P223
Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire.

P231 + P232
Handle under inert gas.
Protect from moisture.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
 Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P335 + P334
Brush off loose particles from skin and immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-   if water increases risk.

P402 + P404
Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

…in accordance with local/regional/national/ international Regulations (to be specified).


 




SUBSTANCES AND MIXTURES WHICH, IN CONTACT WITH WATER, EMIT FLAMMABLE GASES

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Flammable symbol

3

Warning

H261     In contact with water releases flammable gases 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P231 + P232
Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.

...Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-   if water increases risk.

P402 + P404
Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 

 




OXIDISING LIQUIDS

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame over circle

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Oxidizing symbol

1

Danger

H271     May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidiser

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat.

P220
Keep/Store away from clothing and other combustible materials.

P221
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/...

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other incompatible materials.

P280
Wear protective gloves /eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P283
Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing.

P306 + P360
IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.

P371 + P380 + P375
In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-   if water increases risk.

 

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

…in accordance with local/regional/ national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




OXIDISING LIQUIDS

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame over circle

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Oxidizing symbol

2

Danger

H272     May intensify fire; oxidiser

3

Warning

H272     May intensify fire; oxidiser

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat.

P220
Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other incompatible materials.

P221
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/...

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other incompatible materials.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-   if water increases risk.

 

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

…in accordance with local/regional/ national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




OXIDISING SOLIDS

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame over circle

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Oxidizing symbol

1

Danger

H271     May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidiser

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat.

P220
Keep away from clothing and other combustible materials.

P221
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/...
…Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other incompatible materials.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P283
Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing.

P306 + P360
IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.

P371 + P380 + P375
In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-   if water increases risk.

 

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

…in accordance with local/regional/ national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




OXIDISING SOLIDS

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame over circle

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Oxidising symbol

2

Danger

H272     May intensify fire; oxidiser

3

Warning

H272     May intensify fire; oxidiser

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat.

P220
Keep/Store away from clothing/…/ combustible materials.
… Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify incompatible materials.

P221
Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/...

…Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other incompatible materials.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
 Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify appropriate media.
-   if water increases risk.

 

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




ORGANIC PEROXIDES

 

 

 

Symbol

Exploding bomb

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Explosives symbol

Type A

Danger

H240     Heating may cause an explosion

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces.
- No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P220
Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify incompatible materials.

P234
Keep only in original container.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

 

P411 + P235
Store at temperatures not exceeding …°C/…°F. Keep cool.
... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify temperature.

P410
Protect from sunlight.

P420
Store away from other materials.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




ORGANIC PEROXIDES

 

 

 

Symbol

Exploding bomb and flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Explosives symbol

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Flammable symbol

Type B

Danger

H241     Heating may cause a fire or explosion

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces.
- No smoking.
 Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P220
Keep /Store away from clothing/.../combustible materials.

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify incompatible materials.

P234
Keep
only in original container.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

 

P411 + P235
Store at temperatures not exceeding …°C/…°F.  Keep cool.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify temperature.

P410
Protect from sunlight.

P420
Store away from other materials.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




ORGANIC PEROXIDES

 

 

 

Symbol

Flame

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Flammable symbol

Type C

Danger

H242     Heating may cause a fire

Type D

Danger

H242     Heating may cause a fire

Type E

Warning

H242     Heating may cause a fire

 

Type F

Warning

H242     Heating may cause a fire

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces.
- No smoking.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable ignition source(s).

P220
Keep/Store away from clothing/.../ combustible materials

... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify incompatible materials.

P234
Keep
only in original container.

P280
Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

 

P411 + P235
Store at temperatures not exceeding …°C/…°F. Keep cool.
... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify temperature.

P410
Protect from sunlight.

P420
Store away from other materials.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).

Note: Hazard category Type G: There are no label elements allocated to this hazard category


 




CORROSIVE TO METALS

 

 

 

Symbol

Corrosion

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Corrosive symbol

1

Warning

H290     May be corrosive to metals

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P234
Keep
only in original container.

P390
Absorb
spillage to prevent material damage.

P406
Store in corrosive resistant/... container with a resistant inner liner.
... Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify other compatible materials.

 

 

ACUTE TOXICITY - ORAL

 

 

 

Symbol

Skull and crossbones

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Acutely toxic symbol

1

Danger

H300     Fatal if swallowed

2

Danger

H300     Fatal if swallowed

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P264
Wash …thoroughly after handling.
… Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

P270
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

 

P301 + P310
IF SWALLOWED:
Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P321
Specific treatment (see ... on this label)

... Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.
-   if immediate administration of antidote is required.

P330
Rinse mouth.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




ACUTE TOXICITY – ORAL

 

 

 

Symbol

Skull and crossbones

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Haazrd pictogram - Description: Acutely toxic symbol

3

Danger

H301     Toxic if swallowed

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P264
Wash … thoroughly after handling.
… Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

P270
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

 

P301 + P310
IF SWALLOWED:
Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P321
Specific treatment (see ... on this label)

... Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.
-   if immediate administration of antidote is required.

P330
Rinse mouth.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).

 




ACUTE TOXICITY – ORAL

 

 

 

Symbol

Exclamation mark

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Harmful / irritant symbol

4

Warning

H302     Harmful if swallowed

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P264
Wash … thoroughly after handling.
…Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

P270
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P301 + P312
IF SWALLOWED:
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

P330
Rinse mouth.

 

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).

 




ACUTE TOXICITY - DERMAL

 

 

 

Symbol

Skull and crossbones

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Acutely toxic symbol

1

Danger

H310     Fatal in contact with skin

2

Danger

H310     Fatal in contact with skin

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P262
Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.

P264
Wash … thoroughly after handling.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

P270
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P280
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P302 + P350
IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water
.

P310
Immediately call a POISON CENTRE or doctor/physician.

P322
Specific measures (see ... on this label)

... Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.
-   if immediate measures such as specific cleansing agent is advised.

P361
Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.

P363
Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




ACUTE TOXICITY - DERMAL

 

 

 

Symbol

Skull and crossbones

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Acutely toxic symbol

3

Danger

H311     Toxic in contact with skin

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P280
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing.
 Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P302 + P352
IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.

P312
Call a POISON CENTRE or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

P322
Specific measures (see ... on this label)

... Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.
- if measures such as specific cleansing agent is advised.

P361
Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.

P363
Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




ACUTE TOXICITY – DERMAL

 

 

 

Symbol

Exclamation mark

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Harmful / irritant symbol

4

Warning

H312     Harmful in contact with skin

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P280
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P302 + P352
IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.

P312
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

P322
Specific measures (see ... on this label)

... Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.
-   if measures such as specific cleansing     agent is advised.

P363
Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

 

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 

 




ACUTE TOXICITY - INHALATION

 

 

 

Symbol

Skull and crossbones

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Acutely toxic symbol

1

Danger

H330     Fatal if inhaled

2

Danger

H330     Fatal if inhaled

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P260
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/ vapours/spray.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable conditions.

P271
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P284
Wear respiratory protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify equipment.

P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P310
I
mmediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P320
Specific treatment is urgent (see ... on this label)

... Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.
-   if immediate administration of antidote is required.

P403 + P233
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

-   if product is volatile as to generate hazardous atmosphere.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




ACUTE TOXICITY - INHALATION

 

 

 

Symbol

Skull and crossbones

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Acutely toxic symbol

3

Danger

H331     Toxic if inhaled

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P261
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/ vapours/spray.

Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable conditions.

P271
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P311
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P321
Specific treatment (see ... on this label)

... Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.
-   if immediate specific measures are required.

P403 + P233
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

 - if product is volatile so as to generate hazardous atmosphere.

P405
Store locked up.

 

P501
Dispose of content/container to…
… in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).

 




ACUTE TOXICITY - INHALATION

 

 

 

Symbol

Exclamation mark

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Harmful / irritant symbol

4

Warning

H332     Harmful if inhaled

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P261
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/ vapours/spray.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable conditions.

P271
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P312
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

 

 


 

 




SKIN CORROSION/IRRITATION

 

 

 

Symbol

Corrosion

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Corrosive symbol

1A to 1C

Danger

H314     Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P260
Do not breathe dusts or mists.
 - if inhalable particles of dusts or mists may occur during use.

P264
Wash …thoroughly after handling.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

P280
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P301 + P330 + P331
IF SWALLOWED:
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

P303 + P361 + P353
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.

P363
Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P310
Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P321
Specific treatment (see ... on this label)

... Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.
- Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority may specify a cleansing agent if appropriate.

P305 + P351 + P338
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).

 

 

SKIN CORROSION/IRRITATION

 

 

 

Symbol

Exclamation mark

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Harmful / irritant symbol

2

Warning

H315     Causes skin irritation

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P264
Wash … thoroughly after handling.
… Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

P280
Wear protective gloves.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

 

P302 + P352
IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water
.

P321
Specific treatment (see ... on this label)

... Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.
- Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority may specify a cleansing agent if appropriate.

P332 + P313
If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P362
Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.

 

 


 




SERIOUS EYE DAMAGE/IRRITATION

 

 

 

Symbol

Corrosion

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Corrosive symbol

1

Danger

H318     Causes serious eye damage

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P280
Wear eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P305 + P351 + P338
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P310
Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

 

 

 


 

 




SERIOUS EYE DAMAGE/IRRITATION

 

 

 

Symbol

Exclamation mark

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Harmful / irritant symbol

2A

Warning

H319     Causes serious eye irritation

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P264
Wash … thoroughly after handling.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

P280
Wear eye protection/face protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P305 + P351 + P338
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P337 + P313
If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

 

 


 

 




SENSITISATION – RESPIRATORY

 

 

 

Symbol

Health hazard

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Health hazard symbol

1, 1A, 1B

Danger

H334     May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P261
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/ vapours/spray.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable conditions.

P285
In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify equipment

P304 + P341
IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P342 + P311
If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

 

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 

 




SENSITISATION – SKIN

 

 

 

Symbol

Exclamation mark

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Harmful / irritant symbol

1, 1A, 1B

Warning

H317     May cause an allergic skin reaction

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P261
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/ vapours/spray.

Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable conditions.

P272
Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P280
Wear protective gloves.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify type of equipment.

P302 + P352
IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water
.

P333 + P313
If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P321
Specific treatment (see ... on this label)

... Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.
- Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority may specify a cleansing agent if appropriate.

P363
Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

 

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




GERM CELL MUTAGENICITY

 

 

 

Symbol

Health hazard

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Health hazard symbol

1A, 1B

Danger

H340     May cause genetic defects <...>

2

Warning

H341     Suspected of causing genetic defects <...>

 

 

<...>  (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P201
Obtain special instructions before use.

P202
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P281
Use personal protective equipment as required.

P308 + P313
IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 

CARCINOGENICITY

 

 

 

Symbol

Health hazard

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Health hazard symbol

1A, 1B

Danger

H350     May cause cancer <...>

2

Warning

H351     Suspected of causing cancer <...>

 

 

<...>  (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard).

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P201
Obtain special instructions before use.

P202
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P281
Use personal protective equipment as required.

P308 + P313
IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




TOXIC TO REPRODUCTION

 

 

 

Symbol

Health hazard

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Health hazard symbol

1A, 1B

Danger

H360     May damage fertility or the unborn child <...> <<...>>

2

Warning

H361     Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child <...> <<...>>

 

 

<...>  (state specific effect if known)

 

 

 

<<...>> (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P201
Obtain special instructions before use.

P202
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P281
Use personal protective equipment as required.

P308 + P313
IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




TOXIC TO REPRODUCTION

(effects on or via lactation)

 

 

 

Symbol

No symbol

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

 

(additional)

No signal word

H362     May cause harm to breast-fed children

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P201
Obtain special instructions before use.

P260
Do not breathe dusts or mists.
-   if inhalable particles of dusts or mists may     occur during use.

P263
Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing.

P264
Wash … thoroughly after handling.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

P270
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P308 + P313
IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

 

 


 




SPECIFIC TARGET ORGAN TOXICITY (Single Exposure)

 

 

 

Symbol

Health hazard

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Health hazard symbol

1

Danger

H370     Causes damage to organs <...> <<...>>

 

 

<...>  (or state all organs affected if known)

 

 

<<...>> (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P260
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/ vapours/spray.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable conditions.

P264
Wash …thoroughly after handling.
… Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

P270
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P307 + P311
IF exposed: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P321
Specific treatment (see ... on this label)

... Reference to supplemental first aid instruction.
if immediate measures are required.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




SPECIFIC TARGET ORGAN TOXICITY (Single Exposure)

 

 

 

Symbol

Health hazard

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Health hazard symbol

2

Warning

H371     May cause damage to organs <...> <<...>>

 

 

<...>  (or state all organs affected, if known)

 

 

<<...>> (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P260
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/ vapours/spray.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable conditions.

P264
Wash … thoroughly after handling.
… Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

P270
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P309 + P311
IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




SPECIFIC TARGET ORGAN TOXICITY (Single Exposure)

 

 

 

Symbol

Exclamation mark

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Harmful / irritant symbol

3

Warning

H335     May cause respiratory irritation; or

 

 

H336     May cause drowsiness or dizziness

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P261
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/ vapours/spray.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable conditions.

P271
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P312
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

P403 + P233
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
-
if product is volatile so as to generate hazardous atmosphere.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




SPECIFIC TARGET ORGAN TOXICITY (Repeated Exposure)

 

 

 

Symbol

Health hazard

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Health hazard symbol

1

Danger

H372     Causes damage to organs <...> through prolonged or repeated exposure <<...>>

 

 

<...>  (state all organs affected, if known)

 

 

<<...>> (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P260
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/ vapours/spray.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable conditions.

P264
Wash … thoroughly after handling.
…Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify parts of the body to be washed after handling.

P270
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P314
Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.

 

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


 




SPECIFIC TARGET ORGAN TOXICITY (Repeated Exposure)

 

 

 

Symbol

Health hazard

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Health hazard symbol

2

Warning

H373     May cause damage to organs <...> through prolonged or repeated exposure <<...>>

 

 

<...> (state all organs affected, if known)

 

 

 

<<...>> (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard)

 

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

P260
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/ vapours/spray.
Manufacturer/supplier or the competent authority to specify applicable conditions.

P314
Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.

 

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).

 




ASPIRATION HAZARD

 

 

 

Symbol

Health hazard

Hazard category

Signal word

Hazard statement

Title: Hazard pictogram - Description: Health hazard symbol

1

Danger

H304     May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways

Precautionary statements

Prevention

Response

Storage

Disposal

 

P301 + P310
IF SWALLOWED:
Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P331
Do NOT induce vomiting.

P405
Store locked up.

P501
Dispose of contents/container to...

... in accordance with local/regional/national/international Regulations (to be specified).


ADDITIONAL NON-GHS HAZARD STATEMENTS

Regulation 335, Schedule 9: A label must include any information about the hazards, first aid and emergency procedures relevant to the chemical, not otherwise included in the hazard statement and precautionary statements.

The following twelve non-GHS hazard statements should be used on labels of hazardous chemicals, where applicable.

Physical hazard statements

AUH001: Explosive when dry

For explosive substances and mixtures placed on the market wetted with water or alcohols or diluted with other chemicals to suppress their explosives properties.

AUH006: Explosive with or without contact with air

For substances and mixtures that are unstable at ambient temperatures, for example acetylene.

AUH014: Reacts violently with water

For substances and mixtures that react violently with water, for example acetyl chloride, alkali metals and titanium tetrachloride.

AUH018: In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture

For substances and mixtures not classified as flammable themselves but which may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixtures. For substances this might be the case for halogenated hydrocarbons and for mixtures this might be the case due to a volatile flammable component or due to the loss of a volatile non-flammable component.

AUH019: May form explosive peroxides

For substances and mixtures that may form explosive peroxides during storage, for example diethyl ether, 1,4-dioxan.

AUH044: Risk of explosion if heated under confinement

For substances and mixtures not classified as explosive but which may nevertheless display explosive properties in practice if heated under sufficient confinement. In particular, substances and mixtures that decompose explosively if heated in a steel drum do not show this effect if heated in less-strong containers.

Human health hazard statements

AUH029: Contact with water liberates toxic gas

For substances and mixtures, when in contact with water or damp air, evolve gases classified for acute toxicity in Category 1, 2 or 3 in potentially dangerous amounts, for example aluminium phosphide, phosphorus pentasulphide.

AUH031: Contact with acids liberates toxic gas

For substances and mixtures that react with acids to evolve gases classified for acute toxicity in Category 3 in dangerous amounts, for example sodium hypochlorite and barium polysulphide.


 

AUH032: Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas

For substances and mixtures that react with acids to evolve gases classified for acute toxicity in Category 1 or 2 in dangerous amounts, for example salts of hydrogen cyanide, sodium azide.

AUH066: Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking

For substances and mixtures which may cause concern as a result of skin dryness, flaking or cracking but which do not meet the criteria for skin irritancy.

AUH070: Toxic by eye contact

For substances or mixtures where an eye irritation test has resulted in overt signs of systemic toxicity or mortality among the animals tested, which is likely to be attributed to absorption of the substance or mixture through the mucous membranes of the eye. The statement should also be applied if there is evidence in humans for systemic toxicity after eye contact.

The statement should also be applied where a substance or a mixture contains another substance labelled for this effect, if the concentration of this substance is equal to, or greater than 0.1 %.

AUH071: Corrosive to the respiratory tract

For substances and mixtures in addition to classification for inhalation toxicity, if data is available that indicates the mechanism of toxicity was corrosivity.

In addition to an appropriate acute toxicity symbol, a ‘corrosion’ symbol (similar to the ‘corrosion’ symbol used for skin and eye corrosivity) is added along with the hazard statement AUH071: Corrosive to the respiratory tract.

For substances and mixtures in addition to classification for skin corrosivity, if no acute inhalation test data is available and which may be inhaled.


This guide describes a procedure for naming hazardous chemicals and the division of substances into families, which is described in subsection D1.3. Generic names are not permitted for hazardous chemicals with health hazards above the concentration cut-off.

The families are defined in the following manner:

·        inorganic or organic substances whose properties are identified by having a common chemical element as their chief characteristic. The family name is derived from the name of the chemical element. These families are identified in subsection D1.3 by the atomic number of the chemical element (Family No. 001 to 103)

·        organic substances whose properties are identified by having a common functional group as their chief characteristic.

o        the family name is derived from the functional group name

o        these families are identified by the number convention found in subsection D1.3 (Family No. 601 to 650).

·        sub-families bringing together substances with a common specific character have been added in certain cases.

Establishing the Generic Name

D1.1      General Principles

In selecting a generic name, the following approach is adopted:

·        the most specific generic name must be chosen

·        identity of the functional groups and chemical elements present in the molecule

·        determine the most important functional groups and chemical elements, which contribute to its properties.

The identified functional groups and elements taken into account are the names of the families and sub-families set out in subsection 3 in the form of a (non-restrictive) list.

D1.2      Practical application

After having conducted a search to see if the substance belongs to one or more families or sub-families on the list, the generic name can be established in the following way:

·        If the name of a family or sub-family is sufficient to characterise the chemical elements or important functional groups, this name will be chosen as the generic name. For example:



Name

Family

       Sub-family

Generic Name

1,4-dihydoxybenzene

604: Phenols and derivatives

Phenol derivative

Butanols

603: Alcohols and derivatives

       Aliphatic alcohols

Aliphatic alcohol

2-isopropoxyethanol

603: Alcohols and derivatives

Glycolethers

Glycolether

Methacrylate

607: Organic acids and derivatives

       Methacrylate

Methacrylate

·        If the name of a family or sub-family is not sufficient to characterise the chemical elements of important functional groups, the generic name should be a combination of the corresponding different family or sub-family names. For example:

Name

Family

       sub-family

Generic Name

Lead hexafluorosilicate

009: Fluorine compounds

       Inorganic fluorides

082: Lead compounds

Inorganic lead fluoride

Chlorobenzene

602: Halogenated hydrocarbons

Halogenated aromatic

hydrocarbons

017: Chlorine compounds

Chlorinated aromatic hyrdrocarbon

2,3,6-Trichlorophenylacetic acid

607: Organic acids and derivatives

       Halogenated aromatic acids

017: Chlorine compounds

Chlorinated aromatic acid

1-Chloro-1-nitropropane

610: Chloronitrated compounds

601: Hydrocarbons

       Aliphatic hydrocarbons

Chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbon

Tetrapropyl dithiopyrophosphate

015: Phosphorus compounds

       Phosphoric esters

016: Sulphur compounds

Thiophosphoric ester

Note: In the case of certain elements, notably metals, the name of the family or sub-family may be indicated by the words 'organic' or 'inorganic'. For example:

Name

Family

       sub-family

Generic Name

Dimercury dichloride

080: Mercury compounds

Inorganic mercury compound

Barium acetate

056: Barium compounds

Organic barium compound

Ethyl nitrite

007: Nitrogen compounds

       Nitrites

Organic nitrite

Sodium hydrosulphite

016: Sulphur compounds

Inorganic sulphur compound


 

D1.3      Division of substances into families and sub-families

Family

No

Families

       Sub-Families

001

Hydrogen compounds

       Hydrides

003

Lithium compounds

004

Beryllium compounds

005

Boron compounds

       Boranes

       Borates

006

Carbon compounds

       Carbamates

       Inorganic carbon compounds

       Salts of hydrogen cyanide

       Urea and derivatives

007

Nitrogen compounds

       Quaternary ammonium compounds

       Acid nitrogen compounds

       Nitrates

       Nitrites

008

Oxygen compounds

009

Fluorine compounds

       Inorganic fluorides

011

Sodium compounds

012

Magnesium compounds

       Organometallic magnesium derivatives

013

Aluminium compounds

       Organometallic aluminium derivatives

014

Silicon compounds

       Silicones

       Silicates

015

Phosphorus compounds

       Acid phosphorus compounds

       Phosphonium compounds

       Phosphoric esters

Phosphates

       Phosphites

Phosphoramides and derivatives

016

Sulphur compounds

       Acid sulphur compounds

Mercaptans

       Sulphates

       Sulphites

017

Chlorine compounds

       Chlorates

       Perchlorates

018

Argon compounds

019

Potassium compounds

020

Calcium compounds

021

Scandium compounds

022

Titanium compounds

023

Vanadium compounds

024

Chromium compounds

       Chromium VI compounds

025

Manganese compounds

026

Iron compounds

027

Cobalt compounds

028

Nickel compounds

029

Copper compounds

030

Zinc compounds

       Organometallic zinc derivatives

031

Gallium compounds

032

Germanium compounds

033

Arsenic compounds

034

Selenium compounds

035

Bromine compounds

036

Krypton compounds

037

Rubidium compounds

038

Strontium compounds

039

Yttrium compounds

040

Zirconium compounds

041

Niobium compounds

042

Molybdenum compounds

043

Technetium compounds

044

Ruthenium compounds

045

Rhodium compounds

046

Palladium compounds

047

Silver compounds

048

Cadmium compounds

049

Indium compounds

050

Tin compounds

       Organometallic tin derivates

051

Antimony compounds

052

Tellurium compounds

053

Iodine compounds

054

Xenon compounds

055

Caesium compounds

056

Barium compounds

057

Lanthanum

058

Cerium compounds

059

Praseodymium compounds

060

Neodymium compounds

061

Promethium compounds

062

Samarium compounds

063

Europium compounds

064

Gandolinium compounds

065

Terbium compounds

066

Dysprosium compounds

067

Holmium compounds

068

Erbium compounds

069

Thulium compounds

070

Ytterbium compounds

071

Lutetium compounds

072

Hafnium compounds

073

Tantalum compounds

074

Tungsten compounds

075

Rhenium compounds

076

Osmium compounds

077

Iridium compounds

078

Platinum compounds

079

Gold compounds

080

Mercury compounds

       Organometallic mercury derivatives

081

Thallium compounds

082

Lead compounds

       Organometallic lead derivatives

083

Bismuth compounds

084

Polonium compounds

085

Astate compounds

086

Radon compounds

087

Francium compounds

088

Radium compounds

089

Actinium compounds

090

Thorium compounds

091

Protactinium compounds

092

Uranium compounds

093

Neptunium compounds

094

Plutonium compounds

095

Americium compounds

096

Curium compounds

097

Berkelium compounds

098

Californium compounds

099

Einsteinium compounds

100

Fermium compounds

101

Mendelevium compounds

102

Nobelium compounds

103

Lawrencium compounds

601

Hydrocarbons

       Aliphatic hydrocarbons

       Aromatic hydrocarbons

       Alicyclic hydrocarbons

       Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)

602

Halogenated hydrocarbons*

       Halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons*

       Halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons*

       Halogenated alicyclic hydrocarbons*

* Specify according to family corresponding to halogen.

603

Alcohols and derivates

       Aliphatic alcohols

       Aromatic alcohols

       Alicyclic alcohols

       Alcanolamines

       Epoxy derivatives

       Ethers

       Glycolethers

       Glycols and polyols

604

Phenols and derivatives

       Halogenated phenol derivatives*

* Specify according to the family corresponding to halogen.

605

Aldehydes and derivates

       Aliphatic aldehydes

       Aromatic aldehydes

       Alicyclic aldehydes

       Aliphatic acetals

       Aromatic acetals

       Alicyclic acetals

606

Ketones and derivatives

       Aliphatic Ketones

       Aromatic Ketones*

       Alicyclic Ketones

* Quinones included

607

Organic acids and derivatives

       Aliphatic acids

       Halogenated aliphatic acids*

       Aromatic acids

Halogenated aromatic acids*

       Alicyclic acids

       Halogenated alicyclic acids*

       Aliphatic acid anhydrides

       Halogenated aliphatic acid anhydrides*

       Aromatic acid anhydrides

       Halogenated aromatic acid anhydrides*

       Alicyclic acid anhydrides

       Halogenated alicyclic acid anhydrides*

       Salts of aliphatic acid

       Salts of halogenated aliphatic acid*

       Salts of aromatic acid

       Salts of halogenated aromatic acid*

       Salts of alicyclic acid

       Salts of halogenated alicyclic acid*

       Esters of aliphatic acid

       Esters of halogenated alicyclic acid*

       Esters of aromatic acid

       Esters of halogenated aromatic acid*

       Esters of alicyclic acid

       Esters of halogenated alicyclic acid*

       Esters of glycol ether

       Acrylates

       Methacrylates

       Lactones

       Acyl halogenides

* Specify according to the family corresponding to halogen.

608

Nitriles and derivatives

609

Nitro compounds

610

Chloronitrated compounds

611

Azoxy and azo compounds

612

Amine compounds

       Aliphatic amines and derivatives

       Alicyclic amines and derivatives

       Aromatic amines and derivatives

       Aniline and derivatives

       Benzidine and derivatives

613

Heterocyclic basis and derivatives

       Benzimidazole and derivatives

       Imidazol and derivatives

Pyrethrinoids

       Quinoline and derivatives

       Triazine and derivatives

       Triazole and derivatives

614

Glycosides and alkaloids

       Alkaloid and derivatives

       Glycosides and derivatives

615

Cyanates and isocyanates

       Cyanates

       Isocyanates

616

Amides and derivatives

       Acetamide and derivatives

       Anilides

617

Organic Peroxides

650

Various substances

Do not use this family. Instead, use the families or sub-families mentioned above.


Other relevant codes of practice

·        Labelling of Workplace Hazardous Chemicals Code of Practice

Hazard Classification

·                     Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS) (NICNAS) www.nicnas.gov.au/regulation-and-compliance/aics

·                     Chemical Assessment Reports (NICNAS) www.nicnas.gov.au/chemical-information

·                     Exposure Standards (Workplace Exposure Standards for Airborne Contaminants)

·                     Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) (United Nations) http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/ghs_welcome_e.html

·                     Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances (OECD[15]) www.echemportal.org

·                     HSIS database http://hsis.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/

·                     Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) (ECHA[16]) http://echa.europa.eu/reach_en.asp

Standards, applicable to all, or several, classes of hazardous substances

AS 1319:1994

Safety Signs for the Occupational Environment

AS 1345:1995

Rules for the identification of piping, conduits and ducts

AS/NZS 3833:2007

The storage and handling of mixed classes of dangerous goods in packages and intermediate bulk containers

AS 4745:2004

Code of practice for handling combustible dusts

AS 4897:2008

The design, installation and operation of underground petroleum storage systems

AS 4976:2008

The removal and disposal of underground petroleum storage tanks

AS 4977:2008

Petroleum products – Pipeline, road tanker compartment and underground tank identification

AS/NZS 60079.10.1:2009

Classification of areas – Explosive gas atmospheres (IEC 6007-10-1, Ed. 1.1 (2008) MOD)

AS/NZS 61241.10:2005

Electrical apparatus for use in the presence of combustible dust - Classification of areas where combustible dusts are or may be present

HB 76:201

Dangerous goods – Initial emergency response guide


 

 

Dangerous goods or specific types of dangerous goods within a class

Gases (in particular DG class 2.1, 2.2 and 2.3)

AS 1375:1985

Industrial fuel fire appliances

AS/NZS 1596:2008

Storage and handling of LP Gas

AS/NZS 4645.2:2008

Gas distribution networks - Steel pipe systems

AS 1894:1997

The storage and handling of non-flammable cryogenic and refrigerated liquids

AS/NZS 2022:2003

Anhydrous Ammonia – Storage and handling

AS 2030.1:2009

Gas cylinders – General requirements

AS 2030.2:1996

The verification, filling, inspection, testing and maintenance of cylinders for storage and transport of compressed gases – Cylinders for dissolved acetylene

AS 2030.4:1985

The verification, filling, inspection, testing and maintenance of cylinders for storage and transport of compressed gases – Welded steel cylinders, insulated

AS 2337.1:2004

Gas cylinder test stations - General requirements, inspection and tests - Gas cylinders

AS 2658:2008

LP gas – portable and mobile appliances

AS 2896:2011

Medical gas systems – Installation and testing of non-flammable medical gas pipeline systems

AS/NZS 2927:2001

The storage and handling of liquefied chlorine gas

AS 3814:2009

Industrial and commercial gas fired appliances

AS 3961:2005

Liquefied natural gas – storage and handling

AS 4289:1995

Oxygen and acetylene gas reticulation systems

AS 4332:2004

The storage and handling of gases in cylinders

AS 5601.1:2010

Gas installations

Flammable liquids (in particular DG class 3)

AS 1940:2004

The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids

AS 1692:2006

Steel tanks for flammable and combustible liquids

AS/NZS 2106 set

Methods for the determination of the flashpoint of flammable liquids (closed cup)

AS/NZS 2906:2001

Fuel Containers – Portable – plastics and metal

Flammable solids, self-reactive substances, pyrophoric liquids and solids, self-heating substances and substances which in contact with water emit flammable gases (in particular DG class 4.1, 4.2, and 4.3)

AS/NZS 4745:2004

Code of practice for handling combustible dusts

Oxidising liquids and solids, organic peroxides (in particular DG class 5.1 and 5.2)

AS 2714:2008

The storage and handling of hazardous chemical materials – Class 5.2 substances (organic peroxides)

AS 4326:2008

The storage and handling of oxidising substances

Toxic substances (in particular DG class 6.1)

AS/NZS 4081:2001

The storage, handling and transport of liquid and liquefied polyfunctional isocyanates

AS/NZS 4452:1997

The storage and handling of toxic substances

Corrosive substances (in particular DG class 8)

AS 3780:2008

The storage and handling of corrosive substances

Miscellaneous substances (in particular DG class 9)

AS/NZS 4681:2000

The storage and handling of class 9 (miscellaneous) dangerous goods

 

Design requirements

AS 1530.4:2005

Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures – Fire resistance tests of elements of building construction

AS 1668.2:2001

The use of ventilation and air-conditioning in buildings - Ventilation design for indoor air contaminant control

AS/NZS 1680 set

Interior lighting

AS 2809: 2008 set

Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods

AS/NZS 2885 set

Pipelines – gas and liquid petroleum

AS 3788: 2006

Pressure equipment – In-service inspection

AS 3873:2001

Pressure equipment – Operation and maintenance

AS 3892:2001

Pressure equipment – Installation

 

Fire protection

General

AS/NZS 1221:1997

Fire hose reels

AS 1603 part 1-17

Automatic fire detection and alarm systems

AS 1670 part 1-6

Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems – System design, installation and commissioning

AS 1851 Set:2005

Maintenance of fire protection equipment

AS 2118 part 1-9

Automatic fire sprinkler installations

AS 2419 part 1-3

Fire hydrant installations

AS 2441:2005

Installation of fire hose reels

AS 2941:2008

Fixed fire protection installations – Pump set systems

Fire prevention

AS/NZS 1020:1995

Control of undesirable static electricity

AS/NZS 1768:2007

Lightning protection

AS 2359.12:1996

Powered industrial trucks – Hazardous areas

Fire Extinguishers

AS/NZS 1841 Set: 2007

Portable fire extinguishers

AS/NZS 1850:2009

Portable fire extinguishers – Classification, rating and performance testing

AS 2444:2001

Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets – Selection and location

AS 4265:1995

Wheeled fire extinguishers

 

Industry or particular situation

AS 2243 part 1-10

Safety in laboratories

AS 2507:1998

The storage and handling of agricultural and veterinary chemicals

AS/NZS 2865:2009

Safe working in a confined space

AS/NZS 2982: 2010

Laboratory design and construction

AS 3846:2005

The handling and transport of dangerous cargoes in port areas

AS 4041:2006

Pressure piping

AS/NZS 4114.1 2003

Spray painting booths – design, construction and testing

 

Personal protective equipment (PPE)

AS/NZS 1336:1997

Recommended practices for occupational eye protection

AS/NZS 1337 part 1-6

Eye protectors for industrial applications

AS/NZS 1715:2009

Selection, use and maintenance of respiratory protective devices

AS/NZS 1716:2003

Respiratory protective devices

AS/NZS 2161 Set: 2008

Occupational protective gloves

AS/NZS 2210.1:2010

Safety, protective and occupational footwear - Guide to selection, care and use

AS/NZS 2210.2:2009

Occupational protective footwear - Test methods

AS/NZS 4503 part 1-3

Protective clothing - Protection against liquid chemicals - Test method: Resistance of materials to permeation by liquids

 

Airborne contaminants - sampling and analysis

AS 2985:2009

Workplace atmospheres – Method for sampling and gravimetric determination of respirable dust

AS 2986.1:2003

Workplace air quality – Sampling and analysis of volatile organic compounds by solvent desorption/gas chromatography – Pumped sampling method

AS 2986.2:2003

Workplace air quality – Sampling and analysis of volatile organic compounds by solvent desorption/gas chromatography – Diffusive sampling method

AS 3640:2009

Workplace atmospheres – Method for sampling and gravimetric determination of inhalable dust

AS 3853.1:2006

Health and safety in welding and allied processes – Sampling of airborne particles and gases in the operator’s breathing zone – Sampling of airborne particles

AS 3853.2:2006

Health and safety in welding and allied processed – Sampling of airborne particles and gases in the operator’s breathing zone – Sampling of gases

Health and Safety Executive (UK)

Monitoring strategies for toxic substances, Environmental Hygiene, No.42 Methods for the determination of hazardous chemicals, MDHS Series

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (USA)

NIOSH manual of analytical methods Occupational exposure sampling strategy manual

 



[1] Ototoxicity is the potential damage to the ears, specifically to the cochlea or auditory nerve, by a toxin.  A list of ototoxic substances is included in Appendix A of the Code of Practice: Managing Noise and Preventing Hearing Loss at Work.

[2] ISO TS 80004-1:2010 Nanotechnologies- Vocabulary-Part 1: Core Terms provides the following definitions:

·         Nanomaterial – material with any external dimension in the nanoscale or having internal structure or surface structure in the nanoscale

·         Engineered nanomaterial – nanomaterial designed for a specific purpose or function

·         Manufactured nanomaterial – intentionally produced for commercial purposes to have specific properties or specific composition

·         Nanoscale – size range from approximately 1 nm to 100 nm.

[3] ‘Available’ means where the information is available to the manufacturer or importer.

[4] CLP-Regulation (European Commission) No 1272/2008 came into force on 20 January 2009 and aligns existing European Union legislation to the United Nations Globally Harmonized System (GHS)

[5] This section is an Australian specific requirement not necessarily applicable in other countries. SDSs prepared for export products must comply with relevant legislation of the export country.

 

[6] A bund is a provision of liquid collection facilities which, in the event of any leak or spillage from tanks or pipe work, will capture well in excess of the volume of liquids held, for example, an embankment.  Bunded areas should drain to a capture tank which should have facilities for water/oil separation.

[7] Further ecological information, such as ecotoxicity, persistence, degradability and mobility, may be available from chemical assessments undertaken by the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), the National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS) or the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA).

 

[8] Soil organic carbon partition coefficient

[9] Montreal Protocol means the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, as adjusted and/or amended.

[10] Stockholm Convention means the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.

[11] Rotterdam Convention means the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade.

[12] Basel Convention means the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal. 

[13] The term ‘product name’ has previously been used for ‘product identifier’.

[13] UN Numbers are published in the UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods – Model Regulation, and in the ADG Code.

 

[15] OECD means the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

[16] ECHA means European Chemicals Agency