Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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No. 35 of 2016 Determinations/Veterans' Entitlements as made
Amendment Statement of Principles determined by the Repatriation Medical Authority concerning myelodysplastic syndrome (Reasonable Hypothesis).
Administered by: Veterans' Affairs
Registered 08 Mar 2016
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR15-Mar-2016
Tabled Senate15-Mar-2016
Date of repeal 28 May 2018
Repealed by Veterans' Entitlements (Repeal of Expired Amendment Statements of Principles) Determination 2018 (No. 52 of 2018)

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EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

 

Amendment Statement of Principles concerning myelodysplastic syndrome

(Reasonable Hypothesis) (NO. 35 OF 2016)

 

VETERANS’ ENTITLEMENTS ACT 1986

MILITARY REHABILITATION AND COMPENSATION ACT 2004

 

1.             This is the Explanatory Statement to the Amendment Statement of Principles concerning myelodysplastic syndrome (Reasonable Hypothesis) (No. 35 of 2016).

Background

2.             The Repatriation Medical Authority (the Authority) has determined, under subsections 196B(2) and (8) of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986 (the VEA) Amendment Statement of Principles concerning myelodysplastic syndrome (Reasonable Hypothesis) (No. 35 of 2016).

3.             This Instrument amends Statement of Principles concerning myelodysplastic syndrome (No. 73 of 2015) by:

·         replacing the existing factor in subsection 9(6) concerning 'being exposed to benzene'; and

·         replacing the definition of 'being exposed to benzene' with the definition of 'being exposed to benzene as specified' in Schedule 1 – Dictionary.

Day of Commencement

4.             This Instrument also specifies a day of commencement for the amendment in accordance with subsection 12(1)(a) of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

Consultation

5.             Prior to determining this Instrument, the Authority advertised its intention to undertake an investigation in relation to benzene as a factor in myelodysplastic syndrome in the Government Notices Gazette of 9 December 2015, and circulated a copy of the notice of intention to investigate to a wide range of organisations representing veterans, service personnel and their dependants.  The Authority invited submissions from the Repatriation Commission, organisations and persons referred to in section 196E of the VEA, and any person having expertise in the field.  Three submissions were received for consideration by the Authority during the investigation.

Human Rights

6.             This instrument is compatible with the Human Rights and Freedoms recognised or declared in the International Instruments listed in Section 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011. A Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights follows.

Finalisation of Investigation

7.             The determining of this Instrument finalises the investigation in relation to myelodysplastic syndrome as advertised in the Government Notices Gazette of 9 December 2015.

References

8.             A list of references relating to the above condition is available to any person or organisation referred to in subsection 196E(1)(a) to (c) of the VEA.  Any such request must be made in writing to the Repatriation Medical Authority at the following address:

The Registrar

Repatriation Medical Authority

GPO Box 1014

BRISBANE    QLD    4001

 


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Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights

(Prepared in accordance with Part 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011)

 

Instrument No.:                                 Amendment Statement of Principles No. 35 of 2016

Kind of Injury, Disease or Death:   Myelodysplastic syndrome

 

This Legislative Instrument is compatible with the human rights and freedoms recognised or declared in the international instruments listed in section 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011.

Overview of the Legislative Instrument

1.         This Legislative Instrument is determined pursuant to subsection 196B(8) of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986 (the VEA) for the purposes of the VEA and the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 (the MRCA).  Part XIA of the VEA requires the determination of these instruments outlining the factors linking particular kinds of injury, disease or death with service such being determined solely on the available sound medical-scientific evidence.

2.         This Legislative Instrument:-

§     facilitates claimants in making, and the Repatriation Commission in assessing, claims under the VEA and the MRCA respectively, by specifying the circumstances in which medical treatment and compensation can be extended to eligible persons who have myelodysplastic syndrome;

§     facilitates the review of such decisions by the Veterans' Review Board and the Administrative Appeals Tribunal;

§     includes a revised factor which the current sound medical-scientific evidence indicates must as a minimum exist, before it can be said that a reasonable hypothesis has been raised, connecting myelodysplastic syndrome with the circumstances of eligible service rendered by a person;

§     amends Instrument No. 73 of 2015; and

§     reflects developments in the available sound medical-scientific evidence concerning myelodysplastic syndrome which have occurred since that earlier instrument was determined. 

3.         The Instrument is assessed as being a technical instrument which improves the medico-scientific quality of outcomes under the VEA and the MRCA. 

Human Rights Implications

4.         This Legislative Instrument does not derogate from any human rights. It promotes the human rights of veterans, current and former Defence Force members as well as other persons such as their dependents, including:

§     the right to social security (Art 9, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Art 26, Convention on the Rights of the Child and Art 28, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities) by helping to ensure that the qualifying conditions for the benefit are 'reasonable, proportionate and transparent'[1];

§     the right to an adequate standard of living (Art 11, ICSECR; Art 27, CRC and Art 28, CRPD) by facilitating the assessment and determination of social security benefits;

§     the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health (Art 12, ICSECR and Art 25, CRPD), by facilitating the assessment and determination of compensation and benefits in relation to the treatment and rehabilitation of veterans and Defence Force members;

§     the rights of persons with disabilities by facilitating the determination of claims relating to treatment and rehabilitation (Art 26, CRPD); and

§     ensuring that those rights "will be exercised without discrimination of any kind as to race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status" (Art 2, ICESCR).

Conclusion

This Legislative Instrument is compatible with human rights as it does not derogate from and promotes a number of human rights.

 

Repatriation Medical Authority

 

 

 

 

 

 



[1] In General Comment No. 19 (The right to social security), the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights said (at paragraph 24) this to be one of the elements of ensuring accessibility to social security.