Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

SLI 2006 No. 13 Regulations as amended, taking into account amendments up to Acts and Instruments (Framework Reform) (Consequential Amendments) Regulation 2016
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications
Registered 06 Jul 2016
Start Date 05 Mar 2016
Table of contents.

National Transport Commission (Road Transport Legislation—Australian Road Rules) Regulations 2006

Select Legislative Instrument No. 13, 2006

made under the

National Transport Commission Act 2003

Compilation No. 3

Compilation date:                              5 March 2016

Includes amendments up to:            F2016L00170

Registered:                                         6 July 2016

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the National Transport Commission (Road Transport Legislation—Australian Road Rules) Regulations 2006 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 5 March 2016 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self-repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

1............ Name of Regulations..................................................................................................... 1

2............ Commencement............................................................................................................. 1

3............ Road transport legislation—Australian Road Rules...................................................... 1

Schedule 1—Text of the proposed Australian Road Rules                2

Endnotes                                                                                                                      347

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                           347

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              348

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                            349

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                          350

 


 

1  Name of Regulations

                   These Regulations are the National Transport Commission (Road Transport Legislation—Australian Road Rules) Regulations 2006.

2  Commencement

                   These Regulations commence on the day after they are registered.

3  Road transport legislation—Australian Road Rules

                   For section 7 of the National Transport Commission Act 2003 (the NTC Act), Schedule 1 sets out road transport legislation, in the form of Rules, about the rules to be followed by all road users.

Note 1:       The road transport legislation set out in Schedule 1 does not have the force of law (see paragraph 7(2)(a) of the NTC Act).

Note 2:       These Regulations must be made in accordance with the Agreement (see subparagraph 3(b)(ii) of the NTC Act).

Note 3:       These Regulations are not subject to disallowance—see regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 44(2)(b) of the Legislation Act 2003.

Note 4:       These Regulations are not subject to sunsetting—see regulations made for the purposes of paragraph 54(2)(b) of the Legislation Act 2003.

Note 5:       The proposed Australian Road Rules were prepared in the form of Regulations to be made under the Road Transport Reform (Vehicles and Traffic) Act 1993, and were approved in that form by the Ministerial Council for Road Transport on 29 January and 30 June 1999 and by the Australian Transport Council on 11 October 1999, but were never actually made as Regulations. The text set out in Schedule 1 is that of the proposed Rules as approved by the Council. It has been reformatted somewhat but is otherwise unaltered.


Schedule 1Text of the proposed Australian Road Rules

(regulation 3)

Contents

Part 1—Introductory                                                                                                   20

Division 1—General                                                                                               20

1............ Australian Road Rules................................................................................................. 20

2............ Commencement........................................................................................................... 20

3............ Object of the Australian Road Rules........................................................................... 20

Division 2—Some features of the Australian Road Rules                                     21

4............ Definitions—the dictionary etc.................................................................................... 21

5............ Diagrams..................................................................................................................... 21

6............ Examples..................................................................................................................... 21

7............ Headings..................................................................................................................... 21

8............ Notes........................................................................................................................... 21

9............ Reader’s Guide............................................................................................................ 22

10.......... Offences...................................................................................................................... 22

Part 2—Application of the Australian Road Rules                                                  23

Division 1—Roads and road‑related areas                                                           23

11.......... Australian Road Rules apply to vehicles and road users on roads and road‑related areas....... 23

12.......... What is a road.............................................................................................................. 23

13.......... What is a road‑related area........................................................................................... 24

Division 2—Road users and vehicles                                                                     25

14.......... Road users................................................................................................................... 25

15.......... What is a vehicle.......................................................................................................... 25

16.......... Who is a driver............................................................................................................ 25

17.......... Who is a rider.............................................................................................................. 25

18.......... Who is a pedestrian..................................................................................................... 26

19.......... References to driver includes rider etc......................................................................... 26

Part 3—Speed‑limits                                                                                                    27

20.......... Obeying the speed‑limit............................................................................................... 27

21.......... Speed‑limit where a speed‑limit sign applies............................................................... 27

22.......... Speed‑limit in a speed‑limited area.............................................................................. 28

23.......... Speed‑limit in a school zone........................................................................................ 29

24.......... Speed‑limit in a shared zone........................................................................................ 30

25.......... Speed‑limit elsewhere.................................................................................................. 31

Part 4—Making turns                                                                                                 32

Division 1—Left turns                                                                                            32

26.......... Application of Division to roundabouts, road‑related areas and adjacent land............. 32

27.......... Starting a left turn from a road (except a multi‑lane road)............................................ 32

28.......... Starting a left turn from a multi‑lane road [see Note 2]................................................ 33

29.......... Making a left turn as indicated by a turn line............................................................... 35

Division 2—Right turns                                                                                          37

30.......... Application of Division to certain right turns.............................................................. 37

31.......... Starting a right turn from a road (except a multi‑lane road)......................................... 37

32.......... Starting a right turn from a multi‑lane road.................................................................. 39

33.......... Making a right turn...................................................................................................... 40

Division 3—Hook turns at intersections                                                                42

34.......... Making a hook turn at a hook turn only sign............................................................... 42

35.......... Optional hook turn by the rider of a bicycle or the rider of an animal.......................... 43

36.......... Making a hook turn contrary to no hook turn by bicycles sign................................... 44

Division 4—U–turns                                                                                               45

37.......... Beginning a U–turn..................................................................................................... 45

38.......... Giving way when making a U–turn............................................................................ 45

39.......... Making a U–turn contrary to a no U–turn sign........................................................... 45

40.......... Making a U–turn at an intersection with traffic lights.................................................. 46

41.......... Making a U–turn at an intersection without traffic lights............................................. 46

42.......... Starting a U–turn at an intersection.............................................................................. 46

Part 5—Change of direction and stop signals                                                           48

Division 1—Change of direction signals                                                                48

44.......... Division does not apply to entering or leaving a roundabout....................................... 48

45.......... What is changing direction.......................................................................................... 48

46.......... Giving a left change of direction signal....................................................................... 48

47.......... How to give a left change of direction signal............................................................... 49

48.......... Giving a right change of direction signal..................................................................... 49

49.......... How to give a right change of direction signal............................................................ 50

50.......... How to give a right change of direction signal by giving a hand signal....................... 50

51.......... When use of direction indicator lights permitted.......................................................... 50

Division 2—Stop signals                                                                                         52

52.......... Division does not apply to bicycle riders or certain tram drivers................................. 52

53.......... Giving a stop signal..................................................................................................... 52

54.......... How to give a stop signal............................................................................................ 52

55.......... How to give a stop signal by giving a hand signal...................................................... 52

Part 6—Traffic lights, traffic arrows and twin red lights                                        54

Division 1—Obeying traffic lights and traffic arrows                                          54

56.......... Stopping for a red traffic light or arrow....................................................................... 54

57.......... Stopping for a yellow traffic light or arrow................................................................. 56

58.......... Exceptions to stopping for a red or yellow traffic light................................................ 57

59.......... Proceeding through a red traffic light.......................................................................... 57

60.......... Proceeding through a red traffic arrow........................................................................ 58

61.......... Proceeding when traffic lights or arrows at an intersection change to yellow or red... 58

Division 2—Giving way at traffic lights and traffic arrows                                 60

62.......... Giving way when turning at an intersection with traffic lights.................................... 60

63.......... Giving way at an intersection with traffic lights not operating or only partly operating 61

64.......... Giving way at a flashing yellow traffic arrow at an intersection.................................. 62

65.......... Giving way at a marked foot crossing (except at an intersection) with a flashing yellow traffic light.................................................................................................................................... 63

Division 3—Twin red lights (except at level crossings)                                         64

66.......... Stopping for twin red lights (except at level crossings)............................................... 64

Part 7—Giving way                                                                                                     65

Division 1—Giving way at a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver                                                                                            66

67.......... Stopping and giving way at a stop sign or stop line at an intersection without traffic lights     66

68.......... Stopping and giving way at a stop sign or stop line at other places............................. 68

69.......... Giving way at a give way sign or give way line at an intersection (except a roundabout)....... 69

70.......... Giving way at a give way sign at a bridge or length of narrow road........................... 71

71.......... Giving way at a give way sign or give way line at other places................................... 72

Division 2—Giving way at an intersection without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver                               74

72.......... Giving way at an intersection (except a T–intersection or roundabout)....................... 74

73.......... Giving way at a T–intersection.................................................................................... 77

Division 3—Entering or leaving road‑related areas and adjacent land               81

74.......... Giving way when entering a road from a road‑related area or adjacent land................ 81

75.......... Giving way when entering a road‑related area or adjacent land from a road................ 82

Division 4—Keeping clear of and giving way to particular vehicles                    84

76.......... Keeping clear of trams travelling in tram lanes etc....................................................... 84

77.......... Giving way to buses.................................................................................................... 84

78.......... Keeping clear of police and emergency vehicles.......................................................... 85

79.......... Giving way to police and emergency vehicles............................................................. 86

Division 5—Crossings and shared zones                                                               87

80.......... Stopping at a children’s crossing................................................................................. 87

81.......... Giving way at a pedestrian crossing............................................................................ 89

82.......... Overtaking or passing a vehicle at a children’s crossing or pedestrian crossing.......... 90

83.......... Giving way to pedestrians in a shared zone................................................................. 91

Division 6—Other give way rules                                                                          92

84.......... Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip..................................... 92

85.......... Giving way on a painted island................................................................................... 93

86.......... Giving way in median turning bays............................................................................. 94

87.......... Giving way when moving from a side of a road or a median strip parking area.......... 95

Part 8—Traffic signs and road markings                                                                  97

Division 1—Traffic signs and road markings at intersections and other places  98

88.......... Left turn signs............................................................................................................. 98

89.......... Right turn signs........................................................................................................... 98

90.......... No turns signs............................................................................................................. 99

91.......... No left turn and no right turn signs............................................................................. 99

92.......... Traffic lane arrows.................................................................................................... 100

Division 2—Traffic signs and road markings generally                                      102

93.......... No overtaking or passing signs................................................................................. 102

94.......... No overtaking on bridge signs.................................................................................. 102

95.......... Emergency stopping lane only signs......................................................................... 103

96.......... Keep clear markings.................................................................................................. 104

97.......... Road access signs...................................................................................................... 104

98.......... One‑way signs.......................................................................................................... 105

99.......... Keep left and keep right signs.................................................................................... 106

100........ No entry signs........................................................................................................... 107

101........ Hand‑held stop signs................................................................................................. 107

101A..... Safety ramp and arrester bed signs............................................................................ 107

Division 3—Signs for trucks, buses and other large vehicles                              109

102........ Clearance and low clearance signs............................................................................. 109

103........ Load limit signs......................................................................................................... 109

104........ No trucks signs......................................................................................................... 110

105........ Trucks must enter signs............................................................................................. 111

106........ No buses signs.......................................................................................................... 111

107........ Buses must enter signs.............................................................................................. 112

108........ Trucks and buses low gear signs............................................................................... 112

Part 9—Roundabouts                                                                                                114

109........ What is a roundabout................................................................................................. 114

110........ Meaning of halfway around a roundabout................................................................. 114

111........ Entering a roundabout from a multi‑lane road or a road with 2 or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction............................................................................................................ 114

112........ Giving a left change of direction signal when entering a roundabout........................ 118

113........ Giving a right change of direction signal when entering a roundabout...................... 119

114........ Giving way when entering or driving in a roundabout.............................................. 119

115........ Driving in a roundabout to the left of the central traffic island................................... 120

116........ Obeying traffic lane arrows when driving in or leaving a roundabout....................... 120

117........ Giving a change of direction signal when changing marked lanes or lines of traffic in a roundabout.................................................................................................................................. 121

118........ Giving a left change of direction signal when leaving a roundabout.......................... 121

119........ Giving way by the rider of a bicycle or animal to a vehicle leaving a roundabout..... 121

Part 10—Level crossings                                                                                            123

120........ What is a level crossing............................................................................................. 123

121........ Stopping and giving way at a stop sign at a level crossing........................................ 123

122........ Giving way at a give way sign or give way line at a level crossing........................... 124

123........ Entering a level crossing when a train or tram is approaching etc.............................. 124

124........ Leaving a level crossing............................................................................................ 125

Part 11—Keeping left, overtaking and other driving rules                                    126

Division 1—General                                                                                             126

125........ Unreasonably obstructing drivers or pedestrians....................................................... 126

126........ Keeping a safe distance behind vehicles.................................................................... 126

127........ Keeping a minimum distance between long vehicles................................................. 126

128........ Entering blocked intersections................................................................................... 127

128A..... Entering blocked crossings........................................................................................ 127

Division 2—Keeping to the left                                                                             128

129........ Keeping to the far left side of a road.......................................................................... 128

130........ Keeping to the left on a multi‑lane road..................................................................... 128

131........ Keeping to the left of oncoming vehicles................................................................... 129

132........ Keeping to the left of the centre of a road or the dividing line.................................... 130

133........ Exceptions to keeping to the left of the centre of a road............................................. 132

134........ Exceptions to keeping to the left of a dividing line.................................................... 133

135........ Keeping to the left of a median strip.......................................................................... 135

136........ Driving on a one‑way service road............................................................................ 136

137........ Keeping off a dividing strip....................................................................................... 136

138........ Keeping off a painted island...................................................................................... 137

139........ Exceptions for avoiding obstructions on a road......................................................... 137

Division 3—Overtaking                                                                                        139

140........ No overtaking unless safe to do so............................................................................ 139

141........ No overtaking etc to the left of a vehicle.................................................................... 139

142........ No overtaking to the right of a vehicle turning right etc............................................. 140

143........ Passing or overtaking a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.... 140

144........ Keeping a safe distance when overtaking.................................................................. 141

145........ Driver being overtaken not to increase speed............................................................ 141

Division 4—Driving in marked lanes or lines of traffic                                       142

146........ Driving within a single marked lane or line of traffic................................................ 142

147........ Moving from one marked lane to another marked lane across a continuous line separating the lanes.................................................................................................................................. 143

148........ Giving way when moving from one marked lane or line of traffic to another marked lane or line of traffic......................................................................................................................... 143

149........ Giving way when lines of traffic merge into a single line of traffic........................... 145

150........ Driving on or across a continuous white edge line.................................................... 146

151........ Riding a motor bike or bicycle alongside more than 1 other rider.............................. 147

151A..... Riding a motor bike alongside a vehicle.................................................................... 147

Division 5—Obeying overhead lane control devices applying to marked lanes 148

152........ Complying with overhead lane control devices......................................................... 148

Division 6—Driving in marked lanes designated for special purposes                149

153........ Bicycle lanes.............................................................................................................. 149

154........ Bus lanes................................................................................................................... 150

155........ Tram lanes................................................................................................................. 151

155A..... Tramways.................................................................................................................. 151

156........ Transit lanes.............................................................................................................. 153

157........ Truck lanes................................................................................................................ 154

158........ Exceptions to driving in special purpose lanes etc..................................................... 155

159........ Marked lanes required to be used by particular kinds of vehicles.............................. 156

Division 7—Passing trams and safety zones                                                        158

160........ Passing or overtaking a tram that is not at or near the left side of a road................... 158

161........ Passing or overtaking a tram at or near the left side of a road.................................... 158

162........ Driving past a safety zone......................................................................................... 158

163........ Driving past the rear of a stopped tram at a tram stop................................................ 159

164........ Stopping beside a stopped tram at a tram stop........................................................... 160

Part 12—Restrictions on stopping and parking                                                      161

Division 1—General                                                                                             161

165........ Stopping in an emergency etc or to comply with another rule................................... 161

166........ Application of Part to bicycles................................................................................... 161

Division 2—No stopping and no parking signs and road markings                    163

167........ No stopping signs..................................................................................................... 163

168........ No parking signs....................................................................................................... 163

169........ No stopping on a road with a yellow edge line.......................................................... 164

Division 3—Stopping at intersections and crossings                                            165

170........ Stopping in or near an intersection............................................................................ 165

171........ Stopping on or near a children’s crossing................................................................. 166

172........ Stopping on or near a pedestrian crossing (except at an intersection)........................ 167

173........ Stopping on or near a marked foot crossing (except at an intersection)..................... 168

174........ Stopping at or near bicycle crossing lights (except at an intersection)....................... 169

175........ Stopping on or near a level crossing.......................................................................... 170

Division 4—Stopping on clearways and freeways and in emergency stopping lanes    171

176........ Stopping on a clearway............................................................................................. 171

177........ Stopping on a freeway............................................................................................... 172

178........ Stopping in an emergency stopping lane................................................................... 172

Division 5—Stopping in zones for particular vehicles                                         174

179........ Stopping in a loading zone........................................................................................ 174

180........ Stopping in a truck zone............................................................................................ 175

181........ Stopping in a works zone.......................................................................................... 175

182........ Stopping in a taxi zone.............................................................................................. 176

183........ Stopping in a bus zone.............................................................................................. 176

184........ Stopping in a minibus zone....................................................................................... 177

185........ Stopping in a permit zone.......................................................................................... 177

186........ Stopping in a mail zone............................................................................................. 178

Division 6—Other places where stopping is restricted                                        179

187........ Stopping in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, transit lane, truck lane or on tram tracks 179

188........ Stopping in a shared zone.......................................................................................... 179

189........ Double parking.......................................................................................................... 180

190........ Stopping in or near a safety zone............................................................................... 181

191........ Stopping near an obstruction..................................................................................... 181

192........ Stopping on a bridge or in a tunnel etc...................................................................... 182

193........ Stopping on a crest or curve outside a built‑up area.................................................. 182

194........ Stopping near a fire hydrant etc................................................................................. 183

195........ Stopping at or near a bus stop................................................................................... 184

196........ Stopping at or near a tram stop.................................................................................. 184

197........ Stopping on a path, dividing strip, nature strip or painted island............................... 185

198........ Obstructing access to and from a footpath, driveway etc........................................... 185

199........ Stopping near a postbox............................................................................................ 186

200........ Stopping on roads—heavy and long vehicles............................................................ 187

201........ Stopping on a road with bicycle parking sign............................................................ 188

202........ Stopping on a road with motor bike parking sign...................................................... 188

203........ Stopping in a parking area for people with disabilities.............................................. 188

203A..... Stopping in a slip lane............................................................................................... 189

Division 7—Permissive parking signs and parking fees                                      191

204........ Meaning of certain information on or with permissive parking signs........................ 191

205........ Parking for longer than indicated............................................................................... 192

205A..... Parking outside times indicated................................................................................. 193

206........ Time extension for people with disabilities................................................................ 193

207........ Parking where fees are payable................................................................................. 194

Division 8—Parallel parking                                                                                195

208........ Parallel parking on a road (except in a median strip parking area)............................. 195

208A..... Parallel parking in a road‑related area (except in a median strip parking area)........... 197

209........ Parallel parking in a median strip parking area.......................................................... 197

Division 9—Angle parking                                                                                   198

210........ Angle parking............................................................................................................ 198

Division 10—Other parking related rules                                                            202

211........ Parking in parking bays............................................................................................. 202

212........ Entering and leaving a median strip parking area....................................................... 202

213........ Making a motor vehicle secure.................................................................................. 203

Part 13—Lights and warning devices                                                                       205

Division 1—Lights on vehicles (except bicycles, animals and animal‑drawn vehicles) 205

214........ Division does not apply to riders of bicycles, animals or animal‑drawn vehicles...... 205

215........ Using lights when driving at night or in hazardous weather conditions.................... 205

216........ Towing a vehicle at night or in hazardous weather conditions................................... 206

217........ Using fog lights......................................................................................................... 206

218........ Using headlights on high‑beam................................................................................. 207

219........ Lights not to be used to dazzle other road users........................................................ 208

220........ Using lights on vehicles that are stopped................................................................... 208

221........ Using hazard warning lights...................................................................................... 208

222........ Using warning lights on buses carrying children...................................................... 209

Division 2—Lights on animal‑drawn vehicles                                                      210

223........ Using lights when riding an animal‑drawn vehicle at night or in hazardous weather conditions.................................................................................................................................. 210

Division 3—Horns and radar detectors                                                               211

224........ Using horns and similar warning devices.................................................................. 211

225........ Using radar detectors and similar devices.................................................................. 211

Division 4—Portable warning triangles for heavy vehicles                                212

226........ Heavy vehicles to be equipped with portable warning triangles................................ 212

227........ Using portable warning triangles............................................................................... 212

Part 14—Rules for pedestrians                                                                                 214

Division 1—General                                                                                             214

228........ No pedestrians signs................................................................................................. 214

229........ Pedestrians on a road with a road access sign........................................................... 214

230........ Crossing a road—general.......................................................................................... 215

231........ Crossing a road at pedestrian lights........................................................................... 215

232........ Crossing a road at traffic lights.................................................................................. 217

233........ Crossing a road to or from a tram.............................................................................. 217

234........ Crossing a road on or near a crossing for pedestrians............................................... 218

235........ Crossing a level crossing........................................................................................... 219

236........ Pedestrians not to cause a traffic hazard or obstruction............................................. 220

237........ Getting on or into a moving vehicle........................................................................... 221

238........ Pedestrians travelling along a road (except in or on a wheeled recreational device or toy)       221

239........ Pedestrians on a bicycle path or separated footpath................................................... 222

Division 2—Rules for persons travelling in or on wheeled recreational devices and wheeled toys                                                                                                    225

240A..... No wheeled recreational devices or toys sign............................................................ 225

240........ Wheeled recreational devices and toys not to be used on certain roads...................... 225

241........ Travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or toy on a road............................ 226

242........ Travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or toy on a footpath or shared path 227

243........ Travelling on rollerblades etc on a bicycle path or separated footpath....................... 228

244........ Wheeled recreational devices or wheeled toys being towed etc................................. 228

244A..... Meanings of scooter and motorised scooter.............................................................. 229

244B..... Wearing of helmets by users of motorised scooters.................................................. 229

244C..... Motorised scooters not to be used............................................................................. 230

Part 15—Additional rules for bicycle riders                                                            231

245........ Riding a bicycle......................................................................................................... 231

246........ Carrying people on a bicycle..................................................................................... 231

247........ Riding in a bicycle lane on a road.............................................................................. 232

248........ No riding across a road on a crossing....................................................................... 232

249........ Riding on a separated footpath.................................................................................. 232

250........ Riding on a footpath or shared path........................................................................... 233

251........ Riding to the left of oncoming bicycle riders on a path.............................................. 233

252........ No bicycles signs and markings................................................................................ 233

253........ Bicycle riders not to cause a traffic hazard................................................................. 234

254........ Bicycles being towed etc........................................................................................... 235

255........ Riding too close to the rear of a motor vehicle........................................................... 235

256........ Bicycle helmets.......................................................................................................... 235

257........ Riding with a person on a bicycle trailer.................................................................... 235

258........ Equipment on a bicycle.............................................................................................. 236

259........ Riding at night........................................................................................................... 236

260........ Stopping for a red bicycle crossing light................................................................... 236

261........ Stopping for a yellow bicycle crossing light.............................................................. 237

262........ Proceeding when bicycle crossing lights change to yellow or red............................. 238

Part 16—Rules for persons travelling in or on vehicles                                          239

263........ Application of Part to persons in or on trams............................................................ 239

264........ Wearing of seatbelts by drivers................................................................................. 239

265........ Wearing of seatbelts by passengers 16 years old or older......................................... 239

266........ Wearing of seatbelts by passengers under 16 years old............................................. 240

267........ Exemptions from wearing seatbelts........................................................................... 241

268........ How persons must travel in or on a motor vehicle.................................................... 243

269........ Opening doors and getting out of a vehicle etc.......................................................... 244

270........ Wearing motor bike helmets...................................................................................... 245

271........ Riding on motor bikes............................................................................................... 245

272........ Interfering with the driver’s control of the vehicle etc............................................... 246

Part 17—Additional rules for drivers of trams, tram recovery vehicles and public buses                                                                                                                       247

Division 1—Trams                                                                                                247

273........ Division also applies to tram recovery vehicles and public buses travelling along tram tracks 247

274........ Stopping for a red T light.......................................................................................... 247

275........ Stopping for a yellow T light..................................................................................... 247

276........ Exception to stopping for a red or yellow T light...................................................... 248

277........ Proceeding after stopping for a red or yellow T light................................................ 248

278........ Proceeding when a red traffic light and a white T light or white traffic arrow is showing        248

279........ Proceeding when a white T light or white traffic arrow is no longer showing.......... 249

Division 2—Public buses                                                                                       250

280........ Application of Division............................................................................................. 250

281........ Stopping for a red B light.......................................................................................... 250

282........ Stopping for a yellow B light.................................................................................... 250

283........ Exception to stopping for a red or yellow B light...................................................... 251

284........ Proceeding after stopping for a red or yellow B light................................................ 251

285........ Proceeding when a red traffic light and a white B light or white traffic arrow is showing       251

286........ Proceeding when a white B light or white traffic arrow is no longer showing.......... 252

Part 18—Miscellaneous road rules                                                                           253

Division 1—Miscellaneous rules for drivers                                                        253

287........ Duties of a driver involved in a crash........................................................................ 253

288........ Driving on a path....................................................................................................... 254

289........ Driving on a nature strip............................................................................................ 255

290........ Driving on a traffic island.......................................................................................... 256

291........ Making unnecessary noise or smoke......................................................................... 256

292........ Insecure or overhanging load.................................................................................... 256

293........ Removing fallen etc things from the road.................................................................. 256

294........ Keeping control of a vehicle being towed.................................................................. 257

295........ Motor vehicle towing another vehicle with a towline................................................ 258

296........ Driving a vehicle in reverse....................................................................................... 258

297........ Driver to have proper control of a vehicle etc............................................................ 258

298........ Driving with a person in a trailer............................................................................... 259

299........ Television receivers and visual display units in motor vehicles................................. 259

300........ Use of mobile phones................................................................................................ 260

Division 2—Rules for people in charge of animals                                              261

301........ Leading an animal while driving a vehicle................................................................. 261

302........ Rider of an animal on a footpath or nature strip to give way to pedestrians............... 261

303........ Riding an animal alongside more than 1 other rider................................................... 261

Division 3—Obeying directions                                                                            263

304........ Direction by a police officer or authorised person..................................................... 263

Part 19—Exemptions                                                                                                 264

305........ Exemption for drivers of police vehicles................................................................... 264

306........ Exemption for drivers of emergency vehicles............................................................ 264

307........ Stopping and parking exemption for police and emergency vehicles and authorised persons  264

308........ Exemption for police officers and emergency workers on foot................................. 265

309........ Exemption for drivers of trams etc............................................................................ 265

310........ Exemption for road workers etc................................................................................ 265

311........ Exemption for oversize vehicles................................................................................ 267

312........ Exemption for tow truck drivers................................................................................ 268

313........ Exemption for postal vehicles.................................................................................... 268

313A..... Exemption for garbage truck drivers etc.................................................................... 269

313B..... Exemption for breakdown vehicles........................................................................... 269

Part 20—Traffic control devices and traffic‑related items                                     271

Division 1—General                                                                                             271

314........ Diagrams of traffic control devices, traffic‑related items and symbols...................... 271

315........ Legal effect of traffic control devices mentioned in the Australian Road Rules......... 271

316........ When do traffic control devices comply substantially with the Australian Road Rules 272

317........ Information on or with traffic control devices........................................................... 274

318........ Limited effect of certain traffic control devices.......................................................... 274

319........ Legal effect of traffic‑related items mentioned in the Australian Road Rules............. 275

320........ When do traffic‑related items comply substantially with the Australian Road Rules. 275

321........ Meaning of information on or with traffic control devices and traffic‑related items.. 276

322........ References to traffic control devices and traffic‑related items on a road etc............... 276

323........ References to lights that are traffic signals................................................................. 277

323A..... Meaning of audible line............................................................................................. 277

Division 2—Application of traffic control devices to lengths of roads and areas 279

324........ Purpose of Division.................................................................................................. 279

325........ References to traffic control devices—application to lengths of road and areas......... 279

326........ When do traffic control devices apply to a length of road or area—the basic rules.... 279

327........ Length of road to which a traffic sign (except a parking control sign) applies........... 280

328........ References to a traffic control device applying to a length of road............................. 280

329........ Traffic control devices applying to a marked lane...................................................... 280

330........ Traffic control devices applying to a slip lane............................................................ 281

331........ Traffic control devices applying to an intersection..................................................... 281

332........ Parking control signs applying to a length of road.................................................... 281

333........ Parking control signs applying to a length of road in an area to which another parking control sign applies etc.................................................................................................................. 282

334........ How parking control signs apply to a length of road................................................. 282

335........ Traffic control devices applying to an area................................................................ 283

336........ How separated footpath signs and separated footpath road markings apply.............. 285

Division 3—Application of traffic control devices to persons                             286

337........ Purpose of Division.................................................................................................. 286

338........ References to traffic control devices—application to persons.................................... 286

339........ When do traffic control devices apply to a person—the basic rules........................... 286

340........ Traffic control devices (except road markings and parking control signs)................. 286

341........ Road markings.......................................................................................................... 287

342........ Traffic signs (except parking control signs) applying to a length of road.................. 287

343........ Traffic signs (except parking control signs) applying to an area................................ 287

344........ Traffic control devices applying to a driver in a marked lane..................................... 288

345........ Traffic control devices applying to a driver in a slip lane........................................... 288

346........ Parking control signs................................................................................................. 288

Part 21—General                                                                                                       289

347........ Meaning of abbreviations and symbols..................................................................... 289

348........ References to a driver doing something etc............................................................... 289

349........ References to certain kinds of roads.......................................................................... 289

350........ References to stopping or parking on a length of road etc......................................... 289

351........ References to left and right........................................................................................ 290

352........ References to stopping as near as practicable to a place............................................. 290

Schedule 1—Abbreviations and symbols                                                                 291

Schedule 2—Standard or commonly used traffic signs                                          292

Schedule 3—Other permitted traffic signs                                                               308

Schedule 4—Symbols and traffic‑related items                                                       328

Dictionary                                                                                                                    330


Reader’s Guide

Aim of the Guide

                   The aim of this Guide is to help you to understand the Australian Road Rules (‘the Rules’) and the way they apply to different kinds of roads, vehicles and road users. The Guide also gives information on the structure of the Rules.

                   The Guide is not part of the Australian Road Rules.

The Australian Road Rules

                   The Australian Road Rules provide rules to be followed by all road users.

                   They are part of a national scheme to provide uniform road laws throughout Australia.

How to use the Rules

1  Contents and dictionary

                   The contents at the beginning of the Rules will help you to find particular rules or groups of rules that you may be interested in. They may also be helpful in giving you an overview of the structure of the Rules.

                   The dictionary at the end of the Rules defines words and expressions that have special meanings in the Rules. It includes words and expressions that are defined elsewhere in the Rules.

2  Application of the Rules and some key concepts

                   The application of the Australian Road Rules and some key concepts are explained in Part 2 of the Rules. You will need to understand Part 2 to apply the rules properly.

Roads and road‑related areas

                   The Rules apply to vehicles, animals and persons on roads and ‘road‑related areas’. ‘Road‑related areas’ are areas like footpaths, nature strips and parking areas. The Rules generally apply to road‑related areas in the same way as they apply to roads.

                   In the Rules, a reference to a ‘road’ generally includes road‑related areas. If a particular rule does not apply to road‑related areas, or applies only to road‑related areas, this will be stated in the rule.

Drivers and riders

                   The Rules are generally expressed to apply to drivers of vehicles, since they are the largest category of road users. A driver is the person driving or otherwise in control of a vehicle. For example, a person steering and pushing a stalled motor vehicle would be in control of the vehicle and be the ‘driver’.

                   Persons riding, or otherwise in control of, motor bikes or animal‑drawn vehicles, or riding bicycles or animals, are called ‘riders’, rather than drivers. The Rules generally apply to them in the same way as they apply to drivers.

                   In the Rules, a reference to a ‘driver’ generally includes a rider. If a particular rule does not apply to riders, or applies only to particular kinds of riders, this is stated in the rule.

                   The definition of a ‘vehicle’ (also in Part 2) is very broad and is not exhaustive. It includes, for example, motorised wheelchairs that can travel over 10 kilometres per hour. However, it does not include trains, wheeled recreational devices or wheeled toys. The driving of trains is not covered by the Australian Road Rules. Riders of wheeled recreational devices and wheeled toys are treated as pedestrians.

                   Although most of the rules apply to vehicles of all kinds and to both drivers and riders, there are some rules that apply only to particular drivers or riders. For example, the rules in Part 15 apply only to bicycle riders, and the rules in Part 17 apply only to the drivers of trams and public buses.

Pedestrians

                   It is not appropriate to apply the Australian Road Rules to persons in control of some kinds of vehicles as if they were drivers of conventional motor vehicles. For this reason, some persons who might otherwise come within the definition of ‘driver’ are treated as pedestrians. For example, a person pushing a motorised wheelchair is treated as a pedestrian.

                   The rules that apply to pedestrians are in Part 14.

3  Diagrams of traffic signs

                   Diagrams of all traffic signs mentioned in the Rules are shown in alphabetical order in Schedules 2 and 3 at the end of the Rules. The traffic signs in Schedule 2 are those in the relevant Australian Standard (AS 1742) as well as some existing non‑standard signs in common use that will continue to be used and some new signs. The traffic signs in Schedule 3 are alternative signs still in use in one or more jurisdictions, but are being phased out.

                   Diagrams of signs have also been included after particular rules to help you identify the signs when reading the Rules. These diagrams may be a black and white version of the signs or may be printed in colour.

                   A number of traffic signs have 2 or more permitted versions. Notes to the diagrams of signs included in particular rules will tell you if there are other permitted versions of the signs or if the signs can have other permitted features. For example, there is more than one permitted version of a speed‑limit sign. Also, a speed‑limit sign can have a different number. Notes to the diagram of the sign in Part 3 will tell you about these things.

                   Diagrams (including diagrams that are examples) are part of the Rules.

4  Notes and examples

                   Notes are used throughout the Rules. They may tell you that certain terms are defined (and where they are defined), draw your attention to other relevant rules, or help in other ways. The notes are not part of the Rules.

                   Examples are also given throughout the Rules, sometimes by explanation and sometimes by diagrams. They are not exhaustive. Examples are part of the Rules.

5  Structure and language

                   The following points may assist you in reading and understanding the Australian Road Rules.

Arrangement of rules

                   Rules have been grouped in Parts and Divisions so that rules on the same subject are, as far as possible, together. However, some kinds of rules are relevant in many different situations. For example, in addition to the general give way rules in Part 7, giving way at traffic lights is dealt with in Part 6 (which deals with traffic lights) and giving way at roundabouts is dealt with in Part 9 (which deals with roundabouts). This arrangement gives drivers a more complete picture of their obligations at traffic lights and roundabouts.

                   Notes at the beginning of a Part, or with an application provision, will tell you where other rules on the subject can be found.

Structure of rules

                   The rules often deal with complex situations. For this reason the more complex rules set out, in order:

                        •  the rule (that is what must, or must not, be done in the situation covered by the rule)

                        •  the exceptions to the rule

                        •  any other information needed for the application of the rule (for example, particular definitions).

                   This enables the reader to see the rule set out in the simplest and clearest way.

Exemptions

                   In addition to exceptions that may be set out in a rule, there are a number of general exemptions. Trams, for example, are exempted from the operation of a number of Parts in the Rules because they run on fixed tracks. The list of exceptions for trams is in Part 19 (Exemptions). Also, in Part 19 there are, for example, a number of general exemptions for police and emergency vehicles and for other vehicles and drivers in particular situations.

                   A number of rules provide for an exemption if the driver is ‘permitted’ to do something, or is ‘authorised’ or ‘exempt’, ‘under another law of this jurisdiction’. Procedures for granting authorisations, permits and exemptions from the Australian Road Rules may vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, so the Rules leave these matters to complementary laws of each State or Territory.

Definitions included in a rule

                   Most definitions of words and expressions are given in the dictionary. However, some terms are defined in the text of a rule. This is done where the word or expression is used only in that rule and nowhere else in the Rules. In addition, some definitions, particularly of areas or lengths of road that are established by traffic signs or road markings, are complex or need diagrams to be fully understood. They are placed with the basic rule that deals with the area or length of road, so that the rule and the definition (with any accompanying diagrams) can be seen and understood together. For example, see the definitions of bicycle path and separated footpath in rule 239. This also means there is no need for diagrams of the signs to appear in the dictionary as well as at the end of the rule and in the Schedules. The definitions are, however, signposted in the dictionary at the end of the Rules. Notes are also included in relevant rules drawing attention to these definitions.

Use of the terms vehicle and road in a rule

                   Because of the way ‘driver’ is defined, it is generally not necessary to say ‘the driver of a vehicle’ or mention the driver’s vehicle in a rule.

                   In the same way, because the Australian Road Rules apply only to roads and road‑related areas, it is not generally necessary to say in a rule that something must, or must not, be done, ‘on a road’, except where the kind of road, or the place on a road, is relevant to the rule or it is necessary to exclude road‑related areas.

Use of the terms bus and public bus

                   If a rule is directed to the driver of a public bus, the term ‘public bus’ is used in the rule, and the rule applies only to public buses. For examples, see Part 17 (Additional rules for drivers of trams and public buses). However, if a rule directs a driver of any vehicle to take or not take some action in relation to a bus, the term ‘bus’ is used and the rule applies to buses of all kinds. This is because, although the rule is primarily intended to apply to public buses, a public bus may not be marked in a way that makes it distinguishable from a private bus, and it is preferable from the point of view of road safety that the driver treat any bus as a public bus. For examples see Part 11, Division 7 (Passing trams and safety zones). There are also some rules that refer specifically to the drivers of all buses.

Use of the term does not apply in relation to a rule

                   A rule may say that it does not apply to a driver of a particular kind, or in a particular situation. This does not mean, however, that another rule will not apply to the driver in the same situation. An example is rule 95 (Emergency stopping lane only signs). A bicycle rider does not commit an offence under rule 95 by riding in an emergency stopping lane, because the rule expressly states that it does not apply to bicycle riders. However, the rider may still commit an offence by riding in the emergency stopping lane if a no bicycles sign applies to the lane (see rule 252 (No bicycles signs and markings)).

Use of present tense for some actions

                   The rules may say that a driver ‘is turning’ at an intersection. The use of the present tense is intended to cover both the present and future aspects of the present tense. That is, it refers to a driver who is preparing to make the turn as well as a driver who is in the course of making the turn. The context will make this clear in the rule.

Obligation to give way

                   There are a number of rules requiring a driver to give way to another driver or a pedestrian. However, under the Rules the other driver or pedestrian does not have a ‘right’ of way. Indeed, in some situations, a number of drivers may be required to give way to each other, eg at an intersection with a stop sign or give way sign on more than 1 of the intersecting roads. Similarly, although a driver may be required to give way to a pedestrian, the pedestrian is required under rule 236(1) not to cause a traffic hazard by moving into the driver’s path.

Offences and penalties

                   If a rule (or subrule) creates an offence, this is indicated by the words ‘Offence provision.’ set out below the rule (or subrule). A person who breaches the rule (or subrule) commits an offence.

                   The penalty for an offence is set by other laws of each jurisdiction. Penalties can include a fine and, in some circumstances, disqualification from driving.

Other aids to using and understanding the Rules

                   Part 20 of the Rules explains how traffic signs, traffic signals, road markings and other traffic control devices on roads must comply with the Rules to be legally effective. The Part also explains the way traffic control devices apply to lengths of road and areas, and also to drivers and other road users. Traffic signs and signals generally apply to a person if they face the person, but there are exceptions.

                   Part 21 of the Rules contains a number of provisions to put certain legal issues beyond doubt. They enable the language and concepts in the Australian Road Rules to be expressed more simply.

Other road laws

                   The Australian Road Rules are not completely self‑contained and need to be read with the associated laws of each jurisdiction. These laws deal with administrative and legal issues that may be particular to each jurisdiction. For example, each jurisdiction defines ‘emergency worker’ and ‘police officer’ in slightly different ways for the Australian Road Rules. The definitions of these terms in the dictionary indicate that the terms are defined under other laws of the jurisdiction.

                   The Australian Road Rules do not provide all the rules to be followed by road users. Other rules applying to road users are to be found in other laws. For example, other laws deal with drink‑driving. Some of these other rules are indicated by notes in the Rules.


Part 1Introductory

Division 1General

1  Australian Road Rules

                   These rules are the Australian Road Rules.

2  Commencement

                   The Australian Road Rules commence on 1 December 1999 or, if an earlier date is fixed under another law of this jurisdiction, that earlier date.

3  Object of the Australian Road Rules

                   The object of the Australian Road Rules is to provide road rules in this jurisdiction that are uniform with road rules elsewhere in Australia.

Division 2Some features of the Australian Road Rules

4  Definitions—the dictionary etc

             (1)  The dictionary at the end of the Australian Road Rules defines certain words and expressions, and includes references to certain words and expressions defined elsewhere in the Rules (signpost definitions).

Example:    The signpost definition ‘road‑related area see rule 13’ means that the expression road‑related area is defined in rule 13 of the Australian Road Rules.

Note:          The dictionary only includes a signpost definition for a word or expression if the word or expression is used in 2 or more rules of the Australian Road Rules.

             (2)  The dictionary is part of the Australian Road Rules.

             (3)  A definition in the Australian Road Rules applies to each use of the word or expression in the Rules, unless the contrary intention appears.

5  Diagrams

                   A diagram in the Australian Road Rules is part of the Rules.

Note 1:       If a diagram of a traffic control device, traffic‑related item or symbol is in black and white in a rule of the Australian Road Rules, the diagram may be a black and white version of the device, item or symbol—see rule 314. If so, the colour version of the device, item or symbol will be in Schedule 2 or 4.

Note 2:       A diagram may be an example—see rule 6(1).

6  Examples

             (1)  An example (whether or not in the form of a diagram) in the Australian Road Rules is part of the Rules.

             (2)  If the Australian Road Rules includes an example of the operation of a provision of the Rules:

                     (a)  the example is not exhaustive; and

                     (b)  the example does not limit, but may extend, the meaning of the provision.

7  Headings

                   A heading to a Part, Division, Schedule, rule or any other provision of the Australian Road Rules is part of the Rules.

8  Notes

                   A note in the Australian Road Rules is explanatory and is not part of the Rules.

9  Reader’s Guide

                   The Reader’s Guide is not part of the Australian Road Rules.

10  Offences

             (1)  The words ‘Offence provision.’ below a rule of the Australian Road Rules (or, if the rule has 2 or more subrules, below a subrule) indicates that a contravention of the rule (or subrule) is an offence.

             (2)  The penalty for an offence is the penalty applying to the offence under another law of this jurisdiction.

Part 2Application of the Australian Road Rules

Division 1Roads and road‑related areas

11  Australian Road Rules apply to vehicles and road users on roads and road‑related areas

             (1)  The Australian Road Rules apply to vehicles and road users on roads and road‑related areas.

Note:          Road is defined in rule 12, road‑related area is defined in rule 13, road user is defined in rule 14, and vehicle is defined in rule 15.

             (2)  Each reference in the Australian Road Rules (except in this Division) to a road includes a reference to a road‑related area, unless otherwise expressly stated in the Rules.

Examples for subrule (2)

1:                A reference in rule 146 (which deals with driving within a single marked lane or line of traffic) to the road includes a reference to the road‑related area of the road.

2:                A reference in rule 200(1) (which deals with certain heavy or long vehicles stopping on roads) to a length of road includes a reference to the road‑related area of the length of road.

3:                A reference in rule 31 (which deals with starting a right turn from a road, except a multi‑lane road) to a road does not include a reference to a road‑related area, because of the definition in subrule (5) of that rule.

12  What is a road

             (1)  A road is an area that is open to or used by the public and is developed for, or has as one of its main uses, the driving or riding of motor vehicles.

Note:          Motor vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  However, a reference in the Australian Road Rules (except in this Division) to a road does not include a reference to:

                     (a)  an area so far as the area is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, not to be a road for the Australian Road Rules; or

                     (b)  any shoulder of the road.

             (3)  The shoulder of the road includes any part of the road that is not designed to be used by motor vehicles in travelling along the road, and includes:

                     (a)  for a kerbed road—any part of the kerb; and

                     (b)  for a sealed road—any unsealed part of the road, and any sealed part of the road outside an edge line on the road;

but does not include a bicycle path, footpath or shared path.

Note:          Bicycle path is defined in rule 239, edge line and footpath are defined in the dictionary, and shared path is defined in rule 242.

13  What is a road‑related area

             (1)  A road‑related area is any of the following:

                     (a)  an area that divides a road;

                     (b)  a footpath or nature strip adjacent to a road;

                     (c)  an area that is not a road and that is open to the public and designated for use by cyclists or animals;

                     (d)  an area that is not a road and that is open to or used by the public for driving, riding or parking vehicles.

Note:          Vehicle is defined in rule 15.

             (2)  However, a reference in the Australian Road Rules (except in this Division) to a road‑related area includes a reference to:

                     (a)  an area so far as the area is declared, under another law
of this jurisdiction, to be a road‑related area for the Australian Road Rules; or

                     (b)  any shoulder of a road; or

                     (c)  any other area that is a footpath or nature strip as defined in the dictionary;

but does not include a reference to an area so far as the area is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, not to be a road‑related area for the Australian Road Rules.

Note:          Shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Division 2Road users and vehicles

14  Road users

                   A road user is a driver, rider, passenger or pedestrian.

Note:          Driver is defined in rule 16, pedestrian is defined in rule 18, and rider is defined in rule 17.

15  What is a vehicle

                   A vehicle includes:

                     (a)  a motor vehicle, trailer and tram; and

                     (b)  a bicycle; and

                     (c)  an animal‑drawn vehicle, and an animal that is being ridden or drawing a vehicle; and

                     (d)  a combination; and

                     (e)  a motorised wheelchair that can travel at over 10 kilometres per hour (on level ground);

but does not include another kind of wheelchair, a train, or a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy.

Note:          Various terms mentioned in this rule are defined in the dictionary.

16  Who is a driver

             (1)  A driver is the person who is driving a vehicle (except a motor bike, bicycle, animal or animal‑drawn vehicle).

Note 1:       Bicycle and motor bike are defined in the dictionary, and vehicle is defined in rule 15.

Note 2:       Drive includes be in control of—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  However, a driver does not include a person pushing a motorised wheelchair.

Note:          Wheelchair is defined in the dictionary.

17  Who is a rider

             (1)  A rider is the person who is riding a motor bike, bicycle, animal or animal‑drawn vehicle.

Note 1:       Bicycle and motor bike are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Ride, for the rider of a motor bike or animal‑drawn vehicle, includes be in control of—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  A rider does not include:

                     (a)  a passenger; or

                     (b)  a person walking beside and pushing a bicycle.

18  Who is a pedestrian

                   A pedestrian includes:

                     (a)  a person driving a motorised wheelchair that cannot travel at over 10 kilometres per hour (on level ground); and

                     (b)  a person in a non‑motorised wheelchair; and

                     (c)  a person pushing a motorised or non‑motorised wheelchair; and

                     (d)  a person in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy.

Note:          Wheelchair, wheeled recreational device and wheeled toy are defined in the dictionary.

19  References to driver includes rider etc

                   Unless otherwise expressly stated in the Australian Road Rules, each reference in the Rules (except in this Division) to a driver includes a reference to a rider, and each reference in the Rules (except in this Division) to driving includes a reference to riding.

Part 3Speed‑limits

  

20  Obeying the speed‑limit

                   A driver must not drive at a speed over the speed‑limit applying to the driver for the length of road where the driver is driving.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       The rules about speed‑limits are as follows:

•       rule 21—speed‑limit where a speed‑limit sign applies

•       rule 22—speed‑limit in a speed‑limited area

•       rule 23—speed‑limit in a school zone

•       rule 24—speed‑limit in a shared zone

•       rule 25—speed‑limit elsewhere.

Note 2:       Road includes a road‑related area—see rule 11(2).

Note 3:       Length of road includes a marked lane, a part of a marked lane, or another part of a length of road—see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 4:       Part 20, Division 2 deals with the way in which a traffic sign applies to a length of road. Part 20, Division 3 deals with the way in which the traffic sign applies to drivers driving on the length of road.

21  Speed‑limit where a speed‑limit sign applies

             (1)  The speed‑limit applying to a driver for a length of road to which a speed‑limit sign applies is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the sign.

Note:          Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  However, if the number on the speed‑limit sign is over 100 and the driver is driving a bus with a GVM over 5 tonnes, or another vehicle with a GVM over 12 tonnes, the speed‑limit applying to the driver for the length of road is 100 kilometres per hour.

Note 1:       Bus and GVM are defined in the dictionary, and vehicle is defined in rule 15.

Note 2:       Five tonnes is specified for the definition of heavy omnibus in the Australian Design Rules issued under the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 (Cth).

Note 3:       If the vehicle is an oversize or overmass vehicle, the vehicle may be restricted to a lower speed‑limit under another law of this jurisdiction.

             (3)  A speed‑limit sign on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following:

                     (a)  a speed‑limit sign on the road with a different number on the sign;

                     (b)  an end speed‑limit sign or speed derestriction sign on the road;

                     (c)  if the road ends at a T–intersection or dead end—the end of the road.

Note 1:       Tintersection is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 322(1) and (2) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign on a road.

 

Speed‑limit signs

Speed‑limit sign
(Standard sign)

Speed‑limit sign
(Variable illuminated message sign)

Other signs

End speed‑limit sign

Speed derestriction sign

Note 1 for diagrams:      There is another permitted version of the speed‑limit sign and the end speed‑limit sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagrams:      A speed‑limit sign or end speed‑limit sign may have a different number on the sign—see rule 316(4).

22  Speed‑limit in a speed‑limited area

             (1)  The speed‑limit applying to a driver for any length of road in a speed‑limited area is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the area speed‑limit sign on a road into the area, unless another speed‑limit applies to the driver for the length of road under another rule of this Part.

Example of another speed‑limit

Although an area speed‑limit sign on a road into a speed‑limited area may indicate a speed‑limit of 60 kilometres per hour, a particular length of road in the area may have a school zone sign indicating a 40 kilometres per hour speed‑limit for that length of road.

Note:          Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A speed‑limited area is the network of roads in an area with:

                     (a)  an area speed‑limit sign on each road into the area, indicating the same number; and

                     (b)  an end area speed‑limit sign on each road out of the area.

             (3)  In subrule (2)(a) and (b):

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13.

 

Area speed‑limit sign

End area speed‑limit sign

Note 1 for diagrams:      There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagrams:      An area speed‑limit sign or end area speed‑limit sign may have a different number on the sign—see rule 316(4).

23  Speed‑limit in a school zone

             (1)  The speed‑limit applying to a driver for any length of road in a school zone is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the school zone sign on a road, or the road, into the zone.

Note 1:       Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A school zone sign may indicate that it applies only at certain times, on certain days or in certain circumstances—see rules 317 and 318.

Note 3:       This subrule applies to road‑related areas in the school zone—see rule 11(2).

             (2)  A school zone is:

                     (a)  if there is a school zone sign and an end school zone sign, or a speed‑limit sign with a different number on the sign, on a road and there is no intersection on the length of road between the signs—that length of road; or

                     (b)  if there is a school zone sign on a road that ends in a dead end and there is no intersection, nor a sign mentioned in paragraph (a), on the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the dead end—that length of road; or

                     (c)  in any other case—the network of roads in an area with:

                              (i)  a school zone sign on each road into the area, indicating the same number; and

                             (ii)  an end school zone sign, or a speed‑limit sign indicating a different number, on each road out of the area.

Note:          Intersection is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  In subrule (2)(c)(i) and (ii):

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13.

 

School zone sign

End school zone sign

Note 1 for diagrams:      There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagrams:      A school zone sign or end school zone sign may have a different number on the sign—see rule 316(4).

24  Speed‑limit in a shared zone

             (1)  The speed‑limit applying to a driver for any length of road in a shared zone is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the shared zone sign on a road into the zone.

Note:          A driver driving in a shared zone must give way to any pedestrian in the zone—see rule 83.

             (2)  A shared zone is the network of roads in an area with:

                     (a)  a shared zone sign on each road into the area, indicating the same number; and

                     (b)  an end shared zone sign on each road out of the area.

             (3)  In subrule (2)(a) and (b):

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13.

 

Shared zone sign

End shared zone sign

Note 1 for diagrams:      There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagrams:      A shared zone sign may have a different number on the sign—see rule 316(4).

25  Speed‑limit elsewhere

             (1)  If a speed‑limit sign does not apply to a length of road and the length of road is not in a speed‑limited area, school zone or shared zone, the speed‑limit applying to a driver for the length of road is the default speed‑limit.

Note:          Length of road is defined in the dictionary, school zone is defined in rule 23, shared zone is defined in rule 24, and speed‑limited area is defined in rule 22.

             (2)  The default speed‑limit applying to a driver for a length of road in a built‑up area is 50 kilometres per hour.

Note:          Built‑up area is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  The default speed‑limit applying to a driver for any other length of road is:

                     (a)  for a driver driving a bus with a GVM over 5 tonnes, or another vehicle with a GVM over 12 tonnes—100 kilometres per hour; or

                     (b)  for any other driver—100 kilometres per hour or as otherwise provided under another law of this jurisdiction.

Note 1:       Bus and GVM are defined in the dictionary, and vehicle is defined in rule 15.

Note 2:       Five tonnes is specified for the definition of heavy omnibus in the Australian Design Rules issued under the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 (Cth).

Note 3:       If the vehicle is an oversize or overmass vehicle, the vehicle may be restricted to a lower speed‑limit under another law of this jurisdiction.

Part 4Making turns

Division 1Left turns

26  Application of Division to roundabouts, road‑related areas and adjacent land

             (1)  This Division does not apply to a driver entering or leaving a roundabout.

Note 1:       Roundabout is defined in rule 109.

Note 2:       Part 9 deals with entering and leaving a roundabout.

             (2)  This Division applies to a driver turning left from a road into a road‑related area or adjacent land, or from a road‑related area into a road, as if the driver were turning left at an intersection.

Note 1:       Adjacent land and intersection are defined in the dictionary and road‑related area is defined in rule 13. Adjacent land or a road‑related area can include a driveway, service station or shopping centre—see the definitions.

Note 2:       Rule 74 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a road from a road‑related area or adjacent land, and rule 75 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a road‑related area or adjacent land from a road. Rule 212 deals with a driver entering and leaving a median strip parking area.

Note 3:       For the meaning of left, see rule 351(1).

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          A road‑related area includes the shoulder of a road—see rule 13.

27  Starting a left turn from a road (except a multi‑lane road)

             (1)  A driver turning left at an intersection from a road (except a multi‑lane road) must approach and enter the intersection from as near as practicable to the far left side of the road.

Offence provision.

             (2)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note 1:       Intersection and multi‑lane road are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Road‑related area includes any shoulder of a road—see rule 13.

Example

Starting a left turn from a road (except a multi‑lane road)

28  Starting a left turn from a multi‑lane road [see Note 2]

             (1)  A driver turning left at an intersection from a multi‑lane road must approach and enter the intersection from within the left lane unless:

                     (a)  the driver is required or permitted to approach and enter the intersection from within another marked lane under rule 88(1), 92 or 159; or

                     (b)  subrule (2) applies to the driver.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Intersection, marked lane and multi‑lane road are defined in the dictionary, and left lane is defined in subrule (3).

Note 2:       Rule 88(1) deals with left turn only signs, rule 92 deals with traffic lane arrows, and rule 159 deals with traffic signs requiring particular kinds of vehicles to drive in an indicated marked lane.

Example for subrule (1)(a)

Starting a left turn on a multi‑lane road with traffic lane arrows
as required or permitted under rule 92

          (1A)  A driver turning left at an intersection from a multi‑lane road that has a slip lane must approach and enter the intersection:

                     (a)  from within the slip lane; or

                     (b)  if there is an obstruction that prevents the driver from entering the intersection from within the slip lane—from within the left lane.

Offence provision.

Note:          Obstruction and slip lane are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver may approach and enter the intersection from the marked lane next to the left lane as well as, or instead of, the left lane if:

                     (a)  the driver’s vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and

                     (b)  the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and

                     (c)  any part of the vehicle is within 50 metres of the nearest point of the intersection; and

                     (d)  it is not practicable for the driver to turn left from within the left lane; and

                     (e)  the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely turn left at the intersection by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Vehicle includes a combination—see rule 15(d).

Note 3:       Under the law of this jurisdiction, only certain long vehicles may display a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

Example

Long vehicle turning left from the left lane and next marked lane

             (3)  In this rule:

left lane means:

                     (a)  the marked lane nearest to the far left side of the road; or

                     (b)  if there is an obstruction (for example, a parked car or roadworks) in that marked lane—the marked lane nearest to that marked lane that is not obstructed.

marked lane, for a driver, does not include a special purpose lane in which the driver is not permitted to drive.

Note 1:       Special purpose lane is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 95 deals with driving in an emergency stopping lane and Part 11, Division 6 deals with driving in other special purpose lanes.

Do not overtake turning vehicle signs

Note for diagrams:         These signs are displayed on certain long vehicles.

29  Making a left turn as indicated by a turn line

             (1)  If a driver is turning left at an intersection and there is a turn line indicating how the turn is required to be made, the driver must make the turn as indicated by the turn line unless:

                     (a)  the driver is turning, at B lights or traffic arrows, in accordance with Division 2 of Part 17; or

                     (b)  subrule (2) applies to the driver.

Offence provision.

Note:          B lights, intersection, traffic arrows and turn line are defined in the dictionary.

Example

Making a left turn as indicated by a turn line

29b

             (2)  A driver may turn left at an intersection other than as indicated by a turn line if:

                     (a)  the driver’s vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and

                     (b)  the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and

                     (c)  it is not practicable for the driver to turn left as indicated by the turn line; and

                     (d)  the driver can safely turn left other than as indicated by the turn line.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Vehicle includes a combination—see rule 15(d).

Note 3:       Under the law of this jurisdiction, only certain long vehicles may display a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

Do not overtake turning vehicle signs

Note for diagrams:         These signs are displayed on certain long vehicles.

Division 2Right turns

30  Application of Division to certain right turns

             (1)  This Division does not apply to:

                     (a)  a driver turning right at an intersection where there is a hook turn only sign; or

                     (b)  the rider of a bicycle making a hook turn under Division 3; or

                     (c)  a driver making a U‑turn; or

                     (d)  a driver entering or leaving a roundabout.

Note 1:       Bicycle, intersection and U‑turn are defined in the dictionary and roundabout is defined in rule 109.

Note 2:       Division 3 of this Part deals with hook turns, Division 4 deals with U‑turns and Part 9 deals with entering and leaving a roundabout.

Note 3:       For the meaning of right, see rule 351(2).

             (2)  This Division applies to a driver turning right from a road into a road‑related area or adjacent land, or from a road‑related area into a road, as if the driver were turning right at an intersection.

Note 1:       Adjacent land is defined in the dictionary and road‑related area is defined in rule 13. Adjacent land or a road‑related area can include a driveway, service station or shopping centre—see the definitions.

Note 2:       Rule 74 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a road from a road‑related area or adjacent land, and rule 75 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a road‑related area or adjacent land from a road. Rule 212 deals with a driver entering and leaving a median strip parking area.

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          A road‑related area includes the shoulder of a road—see rule 13.

31  Starting a right turn from a road (except a multi‑lane road)

             (1)  A driver turning right at an intersection from a road (except a multi‑lane road) must approach and enter the intersection in accordance with this rule.

Offence provision.

Note:          Intersection and multi‑lane road are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  If the road has a dividing line or median strip, the driver must approach and enter the intersection from the left of, parallel to, and as near as practicable to, the dividing line or median strip.

Note:          Dividing line and median strip are defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  If the road does not have a dividing line or median strip and is not a one‑way road, the driver must approach and enter the intersection from the left of, parallel to, and as near as practicable to, the centre of the road.

Note:          Centre of the road and one‑way road are defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  If the road is a one‑way road, the driver must approach and enter the intersection from as near as practicable to the far right side of the road.

             (5)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          Road‑related area includes any shoulder of a road—see rule 13.

Examples

Example 1

Starting a right turn from a road with a dividing line

Example 2

Starting a right turn from a one‑way road

32  Starting a right turn from a multi‑lane road

             (1)  A driver turning right at an intersection from a multi‑lane road must approach and enter the intersection from within the right lane unless:

                     (a)  the driver is required or permitted to approach and enter the intersection from within another marked lane in accordance with rule 89(1), 92 or 159; or

                     (b)  subrule (2) applies to the driver.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Intersection, marked lane and multi‑lane road are defined in the dictionary, and right lane is defined in subrule (3).

Note 2:       Rule 89(1) deals with right turn only signs, rule 92 deals with traffic lane arrows, and rule 159 deals with traffic signs requiring particular kinds of vehicles to drive in an indicated marked lane.

Example for subrule (1)(a)

Starting a right turn on a multi‑lane road with traffic lane arrows
as required or permitted under rule 92

             (2)  A driver may approach and enter the intersection from the marked lane next to the right lane as well as, or instead of, the right lane if:

                     (a)  the driver’s vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and

                     (b)  the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and

                     (c)  any part of the vehicle is within 50 metres of the nearest point of the intersection; and

                     (d)  it is not practicable for the driver to turn right from within the right lane; and

                     (e)  the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely turn right at the intersection by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Vehicle includes a combination—see rule 15(d).

Note 3:       Under the law of this jurisdiction, only certain long vehicles may display a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

             (3)  In this rule:

marked lane, for a driver, does not include a special purpose lane in which the driver is not permitted to drive.

right lane means:

                     (a)  the marked lane nearest to the dividing line or median strip on the road; or

                     (b)  if there is an obstruction (for example, a parked car or roadworks) in that marked lane—the marked lane nearest to that marked lane that is not obstructed.

Note 1:       Dividing line, median strip, obstruction and special purpose lane are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 95 deals with driving in an emergency stopping lane and Part 11, Division 6 deals with driving in other special purpose lanes.

Do not overtake turning vehicle signs

Note for diagrams:         These signs are displayed on certain long vehicles.

33  Making a right turn

             (1)  A driver turning right at an intersection must make the turn in accordance with this rule unless:

                     (a)  the driver is turning, at B lights or traffic arrows, in accordance with Division 2 of Part 17; or

                     (b)  subrule (4) applies to the driver.

Offence provision.

Note:          B lights, intersection and traffic arrows are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  If there is a turn line indicating how the turn is required to be made, the driver must make the turn as indicated by the turn line.

Note:          Turn line is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  If there is no turn line indicating how the turn is required to be made, the driver must make the turn so the driver:

                     (a)  passes as near as practicable to the right of the centre of the intersection; and

                     (b)  turns into the left of the centre of the road the driver is entering, unless the driver is entering a one‑way road.

Note:          Centre of the road is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

Making a right turn as indicated by turn lines

Example 2

Making a right turn from a road with no turn lines indicating how to make the turn

 

             (4)  A driver may turn right other than as indicated by a turn line if:

                     (a)  the driver’s vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and

                     (b)  the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and

                     (c)  it is not practicable for the driver to turn right as indicated by the turn line; and

                     (d)  the driver can safely make the turn other than as indicated by the turn line.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Vehicle includes a combination—see rule 15(d).

Note 3:       Under the law of this jurisdiction, only certain long vehicles may display a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

Do not overtake turning vehicle signs

Note for diagrams:         These signs are displayed on certain long vehicles.

Division 3Hook turns at intersections

34  Making a hook turn at a hook turn only sign

             (1)  A driver turning right at an intersection with traffic lights and a hook turn only sign must turn right by making a hook turn in accordance with this rule.

Offence provision.

Note:          Intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  To make a hook turn, the driver must take, in sequence, each of the following steps:

                        1  Approach and enter the intersection from as near as practicable to the far left side of the road that the driver is leaving.

                        2  Move forward, keeping as near as practicable to the left of the intersection and clear of any marked foot crossing, until the driver is as near as practicable to the far side of the road that the driver is entering.

                        3  Remain at the position reached under step 2 until the traffic lights on the road that the driver is entering change to green.

                        4  Turn right into that road.

Note:          Marked foot crossing is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13.

 

Hook turn only sign

Example

Making a hook turn at a
hook turn only sign

35  Optional hook turn by the rider of a bicycle or the rider of an animal

             (1)  The rider of a bicycle, or the rider of an animal, turning right at an intersection without a hook turn only sign, or a no hook turn by bicycles sign, may turn right at the intersection by making a right turn under Division 2 or a hook turn under this rule.

Note:          Bicycle and intersection are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  The rider must make a hook turn under this rule in accordance with subrule (3).

Offence provision.

             (3)  To make a hook turn under this rule, the rider must take, in sequence, each of the following steps:

                        1  Approach and enter the intersection from as near as practicable to the far left side of the road that the rider is leaving.

                        2  Move forward:

                             (a)  keeping as near as practicable to the far left side of the intersection; and

                             (b)  keeping clear of any marked foot crossing; and

                             (c)  keeping clear, as far as practicable, of any driver turning left from the left of the intersection;

                            until the rider is as near as practicable to the far side of the road that the rider is entering.

                        3  If there are traffic lights at the intersection, remain at the position reached under step 2 until the traffic lights on the road that the rider is entering change to green.

                        4  If there are no traffic lights at the intersection, remain at the position reached under step 2 until the rider has given way to approaching drivers on the road that the rider is leaving.

                        5  Turn right into the road that the rider is entering.

Note:          Approaching and marked foot crossing is defined in the dictionary.

Example

Bicycle rider making a hook turn at an intersection without traffic lights

             (4)  In this rule:

animal does not include an animal drawing a vehicle.

36  Making a hook turn contrary to no hook turn by bicycles sign

                   The rider of a bicycle, or the rider of an animal, must not make a hook turn at an intersection that has a no hook turn by bicycles sign.

Offence provision.

Note:          Bicycle and intersection are defined in the dictionary.

No hook turn by bicycles sign

Division 4U–turns

Note:          U–turn is defined in the dictionary.

37  Beginning a U–turn

                   A driver must not begin a U–turn unless:

                     (a)  the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and

                     (b)  the driver can safely make the U–turn without unreasonably obstructing the free movement of traffic.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Approaching traffic means traffic approaching from any direction—see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Traffic is defined in the dictionary.

38  Giving way when making a U–turn

                   A driver making a U–turn must give way to all vehicles and pedestrians.

Offence provision.

Note:          For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary stop, to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

39  Making a U–turn contrary to a no U–turn sign

             (1)  A driver must not make a U–turn at a break in a dividing strip on a road if there is a no U–turn sign at the break in the dividing strip.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Dividing strip is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 322(5) and (6) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign at a break in a dividing strip.

             (2)  A driver must not make a U–turn on a length of road to which a no U–turn sign applies.

Offence provision.

Note:          Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  A no U–turn sign on a road (except a no U–turn sign at an intersection or at a break in a dividing strip) applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearer of the following:

                     (a)  the next intersection on the road;

                     (b)  if the road ends at a T–intersection or dead end—the end of the road.

Note 1:       Intersection and T–intersection are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 322(1) and (2) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign on a road.

No U–turn signs

 

No U–turn sign
(Standard sign)

No U–turn sign
(Variable illuminated message sign)

Note for diagrams:         There is another permitted version of each of these no U–turn signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

40  Making a U–turn at an intersection with traffic lights

                   A driver must not make a U–turn at an intersection with traffic lights unless there is a U–turn permitted sign at the intersection.

Offence provision.

Note:          Intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

U–turn permitted sign

41  Making a U–turn at an intersection without traffic lights

                   A driver must not make a U–turn at an intersection without traffic lights if there is a no U–turn sign at the intersection.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       U–turns are permitted at intersections without traffic lights unless there is a no U–turn sign, even though traffic lane arrows indicate that the driver must or may turn right—see rule 92.

42  Starting a U–turn at an intersection

                   A driver making a U–turn at an intersection must start the U‑turn:

                     (a)  if the road where the driver is turning has a dividing line or median strip—from the marked lane nearest, or as near as practicable, to the dividing line or median strip; or

                     (b)  in any other case—from the left of the centre of the road.

Offence provision.

Note:          Centre of the road, dividing line, intersection, marked lane and median strip are defined in the dictionary.

Example

Starting a U–turn on a road with a median strip

Part 5Change of direction and stop signals

Division 1Change of direction signals

44  Division does not apply to entering or leaving a roundabout

                   This Division does not apply to a driver entering, in or leaving a roundabout.

Note:          Part 9 deals with giving change of direction signals when entering or leaving a roundabout.

45  What is changing direction

             (1)  A driver changes direction if the driver changes direction to the left or the driver changes direction to the right.

             (2)  A driver changes direction to the left by doing any of the following:

                     (a)  turning left;

                     (b)  changing marked lanes to the left;

                     (c)  diverging to the left;

                     (d)  entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, to the left;

                     (e)  moving to the left from a stationary position;

                      (f)  turning left into a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from a median strip parking area.

Note 1:       Marked lane and median strip parking area are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For the meaning of left, see rule 351(1).

             (3)  A driver changes direction to the right by doing any of the following:

                     (a)  turning right;

                     (b)  changing marked lanes to the right;

                     (c)  diverging to the right;

                     (d)  entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, to the right;

                     (e)  moving to the right from a stationary position;

                      (f)  turning right into a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from a median strip parking area;

                     (g)  making a U–turn.

Note 1:       U–turn is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For the meaning of right, see rule 351(2).

46  Giving a left change of direction signal

             (1)  Before a driver changes direction to the left, the driver must give a left change of direction signal in accordance with rule 47 for long enough to comply with subrule (2) and, if subrule (3) applies to the driver, that subrule.

Offence provision.

Note:          Changes direction to the left is defined in rule 45(2).

             (2)  The driver must give the change of direction signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other drivers and pedestrians.

             (3)  If the driver is about to change direction by moving from a stationary position at the side of the road or in a median strip parking area, the driver must give the change of direction signal for at least 5 seconds before the driver changes direction.

Note:          Median strip parking area is defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  The driver must stop giving the change of direction signal as soon as the driver completes the change of direction.

Offence provision.

             (5)  This rule does not apply to a driver if the driver’s vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

47  How to give a left change of direction signal

                   The driver of a vehicle must give a left change of direction signal by operating the vehicle’s left direction indicator lights.

48  Giving a right change of direction signal

             (1)  Before a driver changes direction to the right, the driver must give a right change of direction signal in accordance with rule 49 for long enough to comply with subrule (2) and, if subrule (3) applies to the driver, that subrule.

Offence provision.

Note:          Changes direction to the right is defined in rule 45(3).

             (2)  The driver must give the change of direction signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other drivers and pedestrians.

             (3)  If the driver is about to change direction by moving from a stationary position at the side of the road or in a median strip parking area, the driver must give the change of direction signal for at least 5 seconds before the driver changes direction.

Note:          Median strip parking area is defined in the dictionary.

          (3A)  Subrule (3) does not apply to the rider of a bicycle that is stopped in traffic but not parked.

             (4)  The driver must stop giving the change of direction signal as soon as the driver completes the change of direction.

Offence provision.

             (5)  This rule does not apply to:

                     (a)  the driver of a tram that is not fitted with direction indicator lights; or

                     (b)  the rider of a bicycle making a hook turn.

Note 1:       Bicycle and tram are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rules 34 and 35 deal with bicycles making hook turns.

49  How to give a right change of direction signal

             (1)  The driver of a vehicle must give a right change of direction signal by operating the vehicle’s right direction indicator lights.

             (2)  However, if the vehicle’s direction indicator lights are not in working order or are not clearly visible, or the vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights, the driver must give the change of direction signal by giving a hand signal in accordance with rule 50, or using a mechanical signalling device fitted to the vehicle.

Note:          Mechanical signalling device is defined in the dictionary.

50  How to give a right change of direction signal by giving a hand signal

                   To give a hand signal for changing direction to the right, the driver must extend the right arm and hand horizontally and at right angles from the right side of the vehicle, with the hand open and the palm facing the direction of travel.

Example

Giving a hand signal for changing direction to the right

51  When use of direction indicator lights permitted

                   The driver of a vehicle must not operate a direction indicator light except:

                     (a)  to give a change of direction signal when the driver is required to give the signal under the Australian Road Rules; or

                     (b)  as part of the vehicle’s hazard warning lights.

Offence provision.

Note:          Rule 221 deals with the use of hazard warning lights.

Division 2Stop signals

52  Division does not apply to bicycle riders or certain tram drivers

                   This Division does not apply to the rider of a bicycle, or the driver of a tram that is not fitted with brake lights.

Note:          Bicycle and tram are defined in the dictionary.

53  Giving a stop signal

             (1)  A driver must give a stop signal in accordance with rule 54 before stopping or when suddenly slowing.

Offence provision.

             (2)  If the driver is stopping, the driver must give the stop signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other road users.

Offence provision.

             (3)  If the driver is slowing suddenly, the driver must give the stop signal while slowing.

Offence provision.

54  How to give a stop signal

             (1)  The driver of a vehicle must give a stop signal by means of the vehicle’s brake lights.

             (2)  However, if the vehicle’s brake lights are not in working order or are not clearly visible, or the vehicle is not fitted with brake lights, the driver must give the stop signal by giving a hand signal in accordance with rule 55, or using a mechanical signalling device fitted to the vehicle.

Note:          Mechanical signalling device is defined in the dictionary.

55  How to give a stop signal by giving a hand signal

             (1)  To give a hand signal for stopping or suddenly slowing, the driver must extend the right arm and hand at right angles from the right side of the vehicle, with the upper arm horizontal and the forearm and hand pointing upwards, and with the hand open and the palm facing the direction of travel.

             (2)  However, the rider of a motor bike may give the hand signal by extending the left arm and hand at right angles from the left side of the motor bike, with the upper arm horizontal and the forearm and hand pointing upwards, and with the hand open and the palm facing the direction of travel.

Note:          Motor bike is defined in the dictionary.

Example

Giving a hand signal for stopping or suddenly slowing

Part 6Traffic lights, traffic arrows and twin red lights

Division 1Obeying traffic lights and traffic arrows

Note 1:       Traffic arrows and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary. Traffic arrows are a traffic control device designed to show a traffic arrow, or 2 or more traffic arrows at different times—see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A reference in a rule of this Part to a green, yellow or red traffic light or traffic arrow is a reference to a steady green, yellow or red traffic light or traffic arrow, unless otherwise stated in the rule—see rule 323.

Note 3:       The rules dealing with T lights and B lights, which apply to drivers of trams and public buses, are in Part 17.

56  Stopping for a red traffic light or arrow

             (1)  A driver approaching or at traffic lights showing a red traffic light must stop:

                     (a)  if there is a stop line at or near the traffic lights—as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line; or

                     (b)  if there is a stop here on red signal sign at or near the traffic lights, but no stop line—as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the sign; or

                     (c)  if there is no stop line or stop here on red signal sign at or near the traffic lights—as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the nearest or only traffic lights;

and must not proceed past the stop line, stop here on red signal sign or nearest or only traffic lights (as the case may be) until the traffic lights show a green or flashing yellow traffic light or no traffic light.

Offence provision.

Note:          Red traffic light and stop line are defined in the dictionary.

Example for subrule (1)(b)

Stopping at a stop here on red signal sign on a road the driver is entering

In this example the driver may go straight ahead, or turn right or left, if there is a green traffic light showing at 1. However, the driver must not go beyond the stop here on red signal sign at 2 if there is a red traffic light showing on the road the driver is entering (see 2 and 3).

          (1A)  However, if the traffic lights are at an intersection with a left turn on red after stopping sign and the driver is turning left at the intersection, the driver may turn left after stopping.

Note:          Rule 62 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver turning left at an intersection after stopping at a left turn on red after stopping sign.

             (2)  A driver approaching or at traffic arrows showing a red traffic arrow who is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow must stop:

                     (a)  if there is a stop line at or near the traffic arrows—as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line; or

                     (b)  if there is a stop here on red arrow sign at or near the traffic arrows, but no stop line—as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the sign; or

                     (c)  if there is no stop line or stop here on red arrow sign at or near the traffic arrows—as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the nearest or only traffic arrows;

and must not proceed past the stop line, stop here on red arrow sign or nearest or only traffic arrows (as the case may be) until the traffic arrows show a green or flashing yellow traffic arrow or no traffic arrow.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Red traffic arrow is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       This rule only applies to a driver turning left using a slip lane if the red traffic light or red traffic arrow applies to the slip lane—see Part 20, Divisions 2 and 3, especially rules 330 and 345.

Note 3:       Rule 58 deals with when a driver does not have to stop for a red traffic light.

Note 4:       The driver of a tram or a public bus does not have to stop at traffic lights showing a red traffic light if a white T light (for trams) or a white B light (for public buses) is also showing, or a white traffic arrow is showing and the driver is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow—see rules 278 and 285.

 

Stop here on red signal sign

Stop here on red arrow sign

Note for diagrams:         There is another permitted version of the stop here on red signal sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

57  Stopping for a yellow traffic light or arrow

             (1)  A driver approaching or at traffic lights showing a yellow traffic light must stop:

                     (a)  if there is a stop line at or near the traffic lights and the driver can stop safely before reaching the stop line—as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line; or

                     (b)  if there is no stop line at or near the traffic lights and the driver can stop safely before reaching the traffic lights—as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the nearest or only traffic lights; or

                     (c)  if the traffic lights are at an intersection and the driver cannot stop safely in accordance with paragraph (a) or (b), but can stop safely before entering the intersection—before entering the intersection;

and must not proceed past the stop line or nearest or only traffic lights, or into the intersection (as the case may be), until the traffic lights show a green or flashing yellow traffic light or no traffic light.

Offence provision.

Note:          Enter, intersection, stop line and yellow traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver approaching or at traffic arrows showing a yellow traffic arrow who is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow must stop:

                     (a)  if there is a stop line at or near the traffic arrows and the driver can stop safely before reaching the stop line—as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line; or

                     (b)  if there is no stop line at or near the traffic arrows and the driver can stop safely before reaching the traffic arrows—as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the nearest or only traffic arrows; or

                     (c)  if the traffic arrows are at an intersection and the driver cannot stop safely in accordance with paragraph (a) or (b), but can stop safely before entering the intersection—before entering the intersection;

and must not proceed past the stop line or nearest or only traffic arrows, or into the intersection (as the case may be), until the traffic arrows show a green or flashing yellow traffic arrow or no traffic arrow.

Offence provision.

Note:          Enter, intersection, stop line and yellow traffic arrow are defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  If the traffic lights or traffic arrows (as the case may be) are at an intersection and the driver is not able to stop safely under subrule (1) or (2) (as the case may be) and enters the intersection, the driver must leave the intersection as soon as the driver can do so safely.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Intersection does not include a road‑related area—see the definition in the Dictionary.

Note 2:       This rule applies to a driver turning left using a slip lane only if the yellow traffic light or yellow traffic arrow (as the case may be) applies to the slip lane—see Part 20, Divisions 2 and 3, especially rules 330 and 345.

Note 3:       Rule 58 deals with when a driver does not have to stop at a yellow traffic light.

58  Exceptions to stopping for a red or yellow traffic light

             (1)  A driver approaching or at traffic lights showing a red or yellow traffic light does not have to stop if a green traffic arrow is also showing and the driver is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow.

Note:          Green traffic arrow, red traffic light and yellow traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver turning at an intersection with traffic lights who approaches or is at a red traffic light on the road that the driver is entering does not have to stop for that traffic light if there is no stop line or stop here on red signal sign at or near the traffic light.

Note:          Intersection and stop line are defined in the dictionary.

59  Proceeding through a red traffic light

             (1)  If traffic lights at an intersection or marked foot crossing are showing a red traffic light, a driver must not enter the intersection or marked foot crossing.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Enter, intersection, marked foot crossing and red traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rules 56 and 57 deal with stopping for a red or yellow traffic light, and proceeding while the light remains red or yellow. Rule 60 deals with proceeding through a red traffic arrow.

             (2)  However, if the traffic lights are at an intersection with a left turn on red after stopping sign and the driver is turning left at the intersection, the driver may turn left after stopping.

Note:          Rule 62 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver turning left at an intersection after stopping at a left turn on red after stopping sign.

             (3)  Also, subrule (1) does not apply to a driver if rule 58(1) applies to the driver.

Note:          Rule 58 deals with when a driver does not have to stop for a red traffic light.

Left turn on red after stopping sign

60  Proceeding through a red traffic arrow

                   If traffic arrows at an intersection or marked foot crossing are showing a red traffic arrow, and a driver is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow, the driver must not enter the intersection or marked foot crossing.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Enter, intersection, marked foot crossing and red traffic arrow are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rules 56 and 57 deal with stopping for a red or yellow traffic arrow.

61  Proceeding when traffic lights or arrows at an intersection change to yellow or red

             (1)  This rule applies to:

                     (a)  a driver at an intersection with traffic lights showing a green traffic light who has stopped after the stop line, stop here on red signal sign, or nearest or only traffic lights, at the intersection and is not making a hook turn at the intersection; or

                     (b)  a driver at an intersection with traffic arrows showing a green traffic arrow who is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow and has stopped after the stop line, stop here on red arrow sign, or nearest or only traffic arrows, at the intersection.

Example:    A driver may stop after the stop line at an intersection with traffic lights showing a green traffic light, and not proceed through the intersection, because traffic is congested.

Note 1:       Green traffic arrow, green traffic light, intersection and stop line are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Hook turns are dealt with in rules 34 and 35.

             (2)  If the traffic lights or traffic arrows (as the case may be) change to yellow or red while the driver is stopped and the driver has not entered the intersection, the driver must not enter the intersection.

Offence provision.

Note:          Enter is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  However, if the traffic lights are at an intersection with a left turn on red after stopping sign and the driver is turning left at the intersection, the driver may turn left after stopping.

Note:          Rule 62 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver turning left at an intersection after stopping at a left turn on red after stopping sign.

             (4)  Also, subrule (2) does not apply to a driver if rule 58(1) applies to the driver.

Note:          Rule 58 deals with when a driver does not have to stop for a red traffic light.

             (5)  If the traffic lights or traffic arrows (as the case may be) change to yellow or red while the driver is stopped and the driver has entered the intersection, the driver must leave the intersection as soon as the driver can do so safely.

Offence provision.

Note:          Intersection does not include a road‑related area—see the definition in the dictionary.

Division 2Giving way at traffic lights and traffic arrows

Note:          Traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

62  Giving way when turning at an intersection with traffic lights

             (1)  A driver turning at an intersection with traffic lights must give way to:

                     (a)  any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is on the road the driver is entering; and

                     (b)  if the driver is turning left at a left turn on red after stopping sign at the intersection:

                              (i)  any vehicle approaching from the right, turning right at the intersection into the road the driver is entering or making a U–turn; and

                             (ii)  any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is on the road the driver is leaving; and

                     (c)  if the driver is turning right—any oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead or turning left at the intersection (except a vehicle turning left using a slip lane).

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Intersection, oncoming vehicle, slip lane, straight ahead and U‑turn are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must remain stationary until it is safe to proceed—see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3:       Rule 322(3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign at an intersection.

Note 4:       A driver turning left at a left turn on red after stopping sign, at an intersection with traffic lights showing a red traffic light, must stop in accordance with rule 56(1) before making the turn.

             (2)  However, a driver who is turning at an intersection with traffic arrows showing a green traffic arrow need not give way to an oncoming vehicle if the driver is turning in the direction indicated by the green traffic arrow.

Note:          Green traffic arrow is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

Giving way to a pedestrian on the road the driver is entering

Example 2

Driver turning right giving way to an oncoming vehicle going straight ahead

62_EXAMP

62_EXAM1

 

 

Example 3

Driver turning right does not have to give way to an oncoming vehicle that is turning left into the road the driver is entering using a slip lane

 

62_EXAM2

 

In example 1, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.

In examples 2 and 3, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

63  Giving way at an intersection with traffic lights not operating or only partly operating

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver at an intersection if traffic lights at the intersection are not operating, or the traffic lights are showing only a flashing yellow traffic light.

Note:          Intersection and yellow traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  If there is a traffic light‑stop sign at the intersection, the driver must comply with rule 67 as if the sign were a stop sign at an intersection without traffic lights.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Rule 322(3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign at an intersection.

Note 2:       Rule 67 deals with stopping and giving way at a stop sign or stop line at an intersection without traffic lights.

Note 3:       There is no requirement under Division 1 of this Part for a driver to stop for a flashing yellow traffic light or traffic lights that are not operating.

             (3)  If there is no traffic light‑stop sign at the intersection, the driver must give way to vehicles and pedestrians at or near the intersection in accordance with rule 72 or 73 as if the intersection were an intersection without traffic lights, or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Give way line and stop line are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rules 72 and 73 deal with giving way at an intersection (except a roundabout) without traffic lights, or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver.

Traffic light‑stop sign

64  Giving way at a flashing yellow traffic arrow at an intersection

                   A driver turning in the direction indicated by a flashing yellow traffic arrow at an intersection with traffic lights must give way to:

                     (a)  any vehicle travelling on the road the driver is entering; and

                     (b)  any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is on the road the driver is entering; and

                     (c)  if the driver is turning right—any oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead or turning left at the intersection (except a vehicle turning left using a slip lane).

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Intersection, oncoming vehicle, slip lane, straight ahead and yellow traffic arrow are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3:       There is no requirement under Division 1 of this Part for a driver to stop for a flashing yellow traffic arrow.

65  Giving way at a marked foot crossing (except at an intersection) with a flashing yellow traffic light

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver approaching or at a marked foot crossing (except at or near an intersection) with a flashing yellow traffic light at the crossing.

Note:          Intersection, marked foot crossing and yellow traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  The driver must:

                     (a)  give way to any pedestrian on the crossing; and

                     (b)  not obstruct any pedestrian on the crossing; and

                     (c)  not overtake or pass a vehicle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver and is stopping, or has stopped, to give way at the crossing.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Overtake is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For subrule (2), give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (3)  If there is no pedestrian on the crossing, and no other vehicle travelling in the same direction as the driver that is stopping, or has stopped, to give way at the crossing, the driver may proceed through the crossing.

Division 3Twin red lights (except at level crossings)

66  Stopping for twin red lights (except at level crossings)

             (1)  A driver approaching or at twin red lights on a road (except at a level crossing) must stop in accordance with subrules (2) and (3).

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Level crossing is defined in rule 120, and twin red lights is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 322(1) and (2) deal with the meaning of a traffic control device on a road.

Note 3:       Twin red lights are generally erected at bridges, ambulance stations, fire stations or level crossings. The rules about stopping at level crossings are in Part 10.

             (2)  If there is a stop line at or near the lights and the driver can stop safely before reaching the stop line, the driver must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line.

Note:          Stop line is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  If there is no stop line at or near the lights and the driver can stop safely before reaching the lights, the driver must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the lights.

             (4)  If the driver stops for the lights, the driver must not proceed until the lights are not showing.

Offence provision.

Part 7Giving way

Note 1:       The rules in this Part deal with giving way in most situations. In addition, other rules requiring a driver to give way include:

•       making a U–turn—rule 38

•       turning at traffic lights at an intersection—rule 62

•       at an intersection with traffic lights that are not operating or only partly operating—rule 63

•       turning at a flashing yellow traffic arrow at an intersection—rule 64

•       at a marked foot crossing with a flashing yellow traffic light—rule 65

•       entering and driving in a roundabout—rule 114

•       by the rider of a bicycle or animal to a vehicle leaving a roundabout—rule 119

•       at a stop sign at a level crossing—rule 121

•       at a give way sign or give way line at a level crossing—rule 122

•       moving from one marked lane to another marked lane, or from one line of traffic to another line of traffic—rule 148

•       when lines of traffic merge into a single line of traffic—rule 149

•       for pedestrians crossing the road near a stopped tram—rule 164.

Note 2:       For the meaning of left and right, see rule 351(1) and (2).

Division 1Giving way at a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver

Note:          For a driver, a reference in a rule in this Division to a traffic sign or road marking is a reference to a traffic sign or road marking applying to the driver—see rules 338 to 341.

67  Stopping and giving way at a stop sign or stop line at an intersection without traffic lights

             (1)  A driver at an intersection with a stop sign or stop line, but without traffic lights, must stop and give way in accordance with this rule.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Intersection and stop line are defined in the dictionary. This rule applies also to T‑intersections—see the definition of intersection.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must remain stationary until it is safe for the driver to proceed—see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3:       Part 6 deals with stopping and giving way at an intersection with traffic lights.

Note 4:       This rule only applies to a driver turning left using a slip lane if the stop sign or stop line applies to the slip lane—see Part 20, Divisions 2 and 3, especially rules 330 and 345.

             (2)  The driver must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching:

                     (a)  the stop line; or

                     (b)  if there is no stop line—the intersection.

             (3)  The driver must give way to a vehicle in, entering or approaching the intersection except:

                     (a)  an oncoming vehicle turning right at the intersection if a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle; or

                     (b)  a vehicle turning left at the intersection using a slip lane; or

                     (c)  a vehicle making a U‑turn.

Note:          Enter, give way line, oncoming vehicle, slip lane and U‑turn are defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  If the driver is turning left or right or making a U–turn, the driver must also give way to any pedestrian at or near the intersection on the road, or part of the road, the driver is entering.

             (5)  For this rule, an oncoming vehicle travelling through a T‑intersection on the continuing road is taken not to be turning.

Stop sign

Examples

Example 1

Stop line

Example 2

Stopping and giving way at a stop sign to vehicles on the left and right

SUBRULE1

In example 2, vehicle B must stop and give way to each vehicle A.

 

Example 3

Stopping and giving way at a stop sign to an oncoming vehicle at a stop sign

Example 4

Stopping and giving way at a stop sign to an oncoming vehicle that is not at a stop sign or give way sign

Rule69(2)example1

Rule67(3)example1

In examples 3 and 4, vehicle B must stop and give way to vehicle A.

68  Stopping and giving way at a stop sign or stop line at other places

             (1)  A driver approaching or at a place with a stop sign or stop line must stop and give way in accordance with this rule, unless the place is:

                     (a)  an intersection; or

                     (b)  a children’s crossing; or

                     (c)  an area of a road that is not a children’s crossing only because it does not have:

                              (i)  children crossing flags; or

                             (ii)  children’s crossing signs and twin yellow lights; or

                     (d)  a level crossing; or

                     (e)  a place with twin red lights.

Offence provision.

Examples

1:                A stop sign at a break in a dividing strip dividing the part of the road used by the main body of moving vehicles from a service road.

2:                A stop sign on an exit from a carpark where the exit joins the road.

Note 1:       Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80, intersection, stop line and twin red lights are defined in the dictionary, and level crossing is defined in rule 120.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must remain stationary until it is safe for the driver to proceed—see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3:       For the stopping and giving way rules applying to a driver at an intersection or level crossing with a stop sign or stop line, see rule 67 (intersections) and rule 121 (level crossings). Rule 80 deals with stopping at a stop line at a children’s crossing.

             (2)  The driver must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching:

                     (a)  the stop line; or

                     (b)  if there is no stop line—the stop sign.

             (3)  The driver must give way to any vehicle or pedestrian at or near the stop line or stop sign.

Examples

Example 1

Stopping and giving way at a stop sign at a break in a dividing strip

Example 2

Stopping and giving way at a
stop sign where a carpark exit joins a road

In each example, vehicle B must stop and give way to vehicle A.

69  Giving way at a give way sign or give way line at an intersection (except a roundabout)

             (1)  A driver at an intersection (except a roundabout) with a give way sign or give way line must give way in accordance with this rule.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Give way line and intersection are defined in the dictionary, and roundabout is defined in rule 109. This rule also applies to T‑intersections—see the definition of intersection.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  Unless the driver is turning left using a slip lane, the driver must give way to a vehicle in, entering or approaching the intersection except:

                     (a)  an oncoming vehicle turning right at the intersection if a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle; or

                     (b)  a vehicle turning left at the intersection using a slip lane; or

                     (c)  a vehicle making a U‑turn.

Note:          Enter, oncoming vehicle, slip lane, stop line and U–turn are defined in the dictionary.

          (2A)  If the driver is turning left using a slip lane, the driver must give way to:

                     (a)  any vehicle on the road the driver is entering, or turning right at the intersection into the road the driver is entering (except a vehicle making a U‑turn at the intersection); and

                     (b)  any other vehicle or pedestrian on the slip lane.

             (3)  If the driver is turning left or right or making a U–turn, the driver must also give way to any pedestrian at or near the intersection on the road, or part of the road, the driver is entering.

             (4)  For this rule, an oncoming vehicle travelling through a T‑intersection on the continuing road is taken not to be turning.

Give way sign

Examples

Example 1

Give way line

Example 2

Giving way at a give way sign to vehicles on the left and right

SUBRULE2

In example 2, vehicle B must give way to each vehicle A.

 

Example 3

Giving way at a give way sign to an oncoming vehicle at a give way sign

Example 4

Giving way at a give way sign to an oncoming vehicle that is not at a stop sign or give way sign

Rule69(2)example2

Rule67(3)example2

In examples 3 and 4, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

Example 5

Driver turning right at a give way line does not have to
give way to a vehicle turning left using a slip lane

In example 5, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

70  Giving way at a give way sign at a bridge or length of narrow road

                   A driver approaching a bridge or length of narrow road with a give way sign must give way to any oncoming vehicle that is on the bridge or length of road when the driver reaches the sign.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Oncoming vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

Giving way at a bridge

Example 2

Giving way at a length of narrow road

In each example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

71  Giving way at a give way sign or give way line at other places

             (1)  A driver approaching or at a place (except an intersection, bridge or length of narrow road, level crossing, or a place with twin red lights) with a give way sign or give way line must give way in accordance with this rule.

Offence provision.

Examples

1:                A give way sign at a break in a dividing strip dividing the part of the road used by the main body of moving vehicles from a service road.

2:                A give way sign on a road at a place where a bicycle path meets the road.

Note 1:       Give way line, intersection and twin red lights are defined in the dictionary, and level crossing is defined in rule 120.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3:       For the give way rules applying to a driver at an intersection, bridge or length of narrow road, or level crossing, with a give way sign or give way line, see rule 69 (intersections), rule 70 (bridges and lengths of narrow road) and rule 122 (level crossings).

             (2)  The driver must give way to any vehicle or pedestrian at or near the give way sign or give way line.

Examples

Example 1

Giving way at a give way sign at a break in a dividing strip

Example 2

Giving way at a give way sign where a bicycle path meets a road

In example 1, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

In example 2, the motor vehicle must give way to the bicycle.

Division 2Giving way at an intersection without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver

Note:          For a driver, a reference in a rule in this Division to a traffic sign or road marking is a reference to a traffic sign or road marking applying to the driver—see rules 338 to 341.

72  Giving way at an intersection (except a T–intersection or roundabout)

             (1)  A driver at an intersection (except a T‑intersection or roundabout) without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line, must give way in accordance with this rule.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Give way line, intersection, stop line, T–intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary, and roundabout is defined in rule 109.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  If the driver is going straight ahead, the driver must give way to any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle.

Examples

Example 1

Driver going straight ahead giving way to a vehicle on the right that is going straight ahead

Example 2

Driver going straight ahead giving way to a vehicle on the right that is turning right

In each example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

Note:          Straight ahead is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  If the driver is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane), the driver must give way to:

                     (a)  any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle; and

                     (b)  any pedestrian at or near the intersection on the road the driver is entering.

Examples

Example 3

Driver turning left giving way to a vehicle on the right that is going straight ahead

Example 4

Driver turning left giving way to a pedestrian on the road the driver is entering

In example 3, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

In example 4, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.

Note:          Slip lane is defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  If the driver is turning left using a slip lane, the driver must give way to:

                     (a)  any vehicle approaching from the right or turning right at the intersection into the road the driver is entering (except a vehicle making a U–turn at the intersection); and

                     (b)  any pedestrian on the slip lane.

Example

Example 5

Driver turning left using a slip lane giving way to a vehicle that is turning right into the road the driver is entering

SUBRULE3

In this example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

             (5)  If the driver is turning right, the driver must give way to:

                     (a)  any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle; and

                     (b)  any oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead or turning left at the intersection, unless:

                              (i)  a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle; or

                             (ii)  the oncoming vehicle is turning left using a slip lane; and

                     (c)  any pedestrian at or near the intersection on the road the driver is entering.

Note:          Oncoming vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 6

Driver turning right giving way to a vehicle on the right that is turning right into the road the driver is leaving

Example 7

Driver turning right giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead on the road the driver is leaving

In examples 6 and 7, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

 

Example 8

Driver turning right giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is turning left into the road the driver is entering

Example 9

Driver turning right giving way to a pedestrian on the road the driver is entering

In example 8, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

In example 9, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.

73  Giving way at a T–intersection

             (1)  A driver at a T‑intersection without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line, must give way in accordance with this rule.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Give way line, stop line, T–intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3:       Rule 75(1)(d) requires a driver at a T–intersection to give way when crossing the continuing road to enter a road‑related area or adjacent land.

             (2)  If the driver is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) or right from the terminating road into the continuing road, the driver must give way to:

                     (a)  any vehicle travelling on the continuing road; and

                     (b)  any pedestrian on the continuing road at or near the intersection.

Note:          Continuing road, slip lane and terminating road are defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

Driver turning right from the terminating road giving way to a vehicle on the continuing road

Example 2

Driver turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the terminating road giving way to a pedestrian on the continuing road

In example 1, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

In example 2, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.

             (3)  If the driver is turning left from the terminating road into the continuing road using a slip lane, the driver must give way to:

                     (a)  any vehicle travelling on the continuing right (except a vehicle making a U‑turn on the continuing road at the T‑intersection); and

                     (b)  any pedestrian on the slip lane.

             (4)  If the driver is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the continuing road into the terminating road, the driver must give way to any pedestrian on the terminating road at or near the intersection.

Example

Example 3

Driver turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the continuing road giving way to a pedestrian on the terminating road

In this example, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.

             (5)  If the driver is turning from the continuing road into the terminating road using a slip lane, the driver must give way to:

                     (a)  any vehicle approaching from the right (except a vehicle making a U‑turn from the terminating road at the T‑intersection); and

                     (b)  any pedestrian on the slip lane.

             (6)  If the driver is turning right from the continuing road into the terminating road, the driver must give way to:

                     (a)  any oncoming vehicle that is travelling through the intersection on the continuing road or turning left at the intersection; and

                     (b)  any pedestrian on the terminating road at or near the intersection.

Note:          Oncoming vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

             (7)  In this rule:

turning left from the continuing road into the terminating road, for a driver, includes, where the continuing road curves to the right at a T‑intersection, leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road.

turning right from the continuing road into the terminating road, for a driver, includes, where the continuing road curves to the left at a T‑intersection, leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road.

Note:          Straight ahead is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 4

Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to an oncoming vehicle travelling through the intersection on the
continuing road

Example 5

Driver leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead on the terminating road giving way to a vehicle travelling through the intersection on the continuing road

SUBRULE4

Example 5 shows a T–intersection where the continuing road (which is marked with broken white lines) goes around a corner. Vehicle B is leaving the continuing road to enter the terminating road. In examples 4 and 5, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

 

Example 6

Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to an oncoming vehicle turning left from the continuing road

Example 7

Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to a pedestrian on the terminating road

In example 6, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

In example 7, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.

Division 3Entering or leaving road‑related areas and adjacent land

74  Giving way when entering a road from a road‑related area or adjacent land

             (1)  A driver entering a road from a road‑related area, or adjacent land, without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line must give way to:

                     (a)  any vehicle travelling on the road or turning into the road (except a vehicle turning right into the road from a road‑related area or adjacent land); and

                     (b)  any pedestrian on the road; and

                     (c)  any vehicle or pedestrian on any road‑related area that the driver crosses to enter the road; and

                     (d)  for a driver entering the road from a road‑related area:

                              (i)  any pedestrian on the road‑related area; and

                             (ii)  any other vehicle ahead of the driver’s vehicle or approaching from the left or right.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Adjacent land, give way line, stop line and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary, and road‑related area is defined in rule 13.

Note 2:       Adjacent land or a road‑related area can include a driveway, service station or shopping centre—see the definitions of adjacent land and road‑related area. Some shopping centres may include roads—see the definition of road in rule 12.

Note 3:       Part 6 applies to the driver if there are traffic lights. Rule 68 applies to the driver if there is a stop sign or stop line, and rule 71 applies to the driver if there is a give way sign or give way line.

Note 4:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          A road‑related area includes any shoulder of a road—see rule 13.

Example

Driver entering a road from a road‑related area giving way
to a pedestrian on the footpath and a vehicle on the road

In this example, vehicle B must give way to the pedestrian on the footpath and to vehicle A.

75  Giving way when entering a road‑related area or adjacent land from a road

             (1)  A driver entering a road‑related area or adjacent land from a place on a road without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line must give way to:

                     (a)  any pedestrian on the road; and

                     (b)  any vehicle or pedestrian on any road‑related area that the driver crosses or enters; and

                     (c)  if the driver is turning right from the road—any oncoming vehicle on the road that is going straight ahead or turning left; and

                     (d)  if the road the driver is leaving ends at a T–intersection opposite the road‑related area or adjacent land and the driver is crossing the continuing road—any vehicle on the continuing road.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Adjacent land, continuing road, give way line, oncoming vehicle, stop line, straight ahead, T–intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary, and road‑related area is defined in rule 13.

Note 2:       Adjacent land or a road‑related area can include a driveway, service station or shopping centre—see the definitions of adjacent land and road‑related area. Some shopping centres may include roads—see the definition of road in rule 12.

Note 3:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 4:       Part 6 applies to the driver if there are traffic lights. Rule 68 applies to the driver if there is a stop sign or stop line, and rule 71 applies to the driver if there is a give way sign or give way line.

             (2)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          A road‑related area includes any shoulder of a road—see rule 13.

Examples

Example 1

Driver turning right from a road into a road‑related area giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead and to a pedestrian on the footpath

Example 2

Driver crossing a continuing road at a T–intersection to enter a road‑related area giving way to a vehicle on the continuing road

In each example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A. In example 1, vehicle B must also give way to the pedestrian on the footpath.

Division 4Keeping clear of and giving way to particular vehicles

76  Keeping clear of trams travelling in tram lanes etc

             (1)  A driver must not move into the path of an approaching tram travelling in a tram lane, or on tram tracks marked along the left side of the tracks by a broken or continuous yellow line parallel to the tracks.

Offence provision.

Note:          Approaching, left, tram and tram tracks are defined in the dictionary, and tram lane is defined in rule 155.

             (2)  If a driver is in the path of an approaching tram travelling in a tram lane, or on tram tracks marked along the left side of the tracks by a broken or continuous yellow line parallel to the tracks, the driver must move out of the path of the tram as soon as the driver can do so safely.

Offence provision.

             (3)  In this rule:

tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

Note:          Bus and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

77  Giving way to buses

             (1)  A driver driving on a length of road in a built‑up area, in the left lane or left line of traffic, or in a bicycle lane on the far left side of the road, must give way to a bus in front of the driver if:

                     (a)  the bus has stopped, or is moving slowly, at the far left side of the road, on a shoulder of the road, or in a bus‑stop bay; and

                     (b)  the bus displays a give way to buses sign and the right direction indicator lights of the bus are operating; and

                     (c)  the bus is about to enter or proceed in the lane or line of traffic in which the driver is driving.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Built‑up area, bus and length of road are defined in the dictionary, left lane and left line of traffic are defined in subrule (2), and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Note 3:       The driver of the bus must give the change of direction signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other drivers and pedestrians—see rule 48(2) and (3).

Note 4:       Under rule 87(1), a driver entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from the side of the road must give way to any vehicle travelling in the lane or line of traffic. However, the driver of a public bus does not have to give way to a vehicle if the vehicle is required to give way to the bus under this rule and it is safe for the bus to enter the lane, or line of traffic, in which the other vehicle is travelling—see rule 87(2).

             (2)  In this rule:

left lane, of a road, means:

                     (a)  the marked lane nearest to the far left side of the road (the first lane) or, if the first lane is a bicycle lane, the marked lane next to the first lane; or

                     (b)  if there is an obstruction in the first lane (for example, a parked car or roadworks) and the first lane is not a bicycle lane—the marked lane next to the first lane.

left line of traffic, for a road, means the line of traffic nearest to the far left side of the road.

Note:          Marked lane and obstruction are defined in the dictionary, and bicycle lane is defined in rule 153.

Give way to buses sign

Note for diagram:           This sign is displayed on buses.

78  Keeping clear of police and emergency vehicles

             (1)  A driver must not move into the path of an approaching police or emergency vehicle that is displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm.

Offence provision.

Note:          Approaching, emergency vehicle and police vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  If a driver is in the path of an approaching police or emergency vehicle that is displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm, the driver must move out of the path of the vehicle as soon as the driver can do so safely.

Offence provision.

             (3)  This rule applies to the driver despite any other rule of the Australian Road Rules.

79  Giving way to police and emergency vehicles

             (1)  A driver must give way to a police or emergency vehicle that is displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Emergency vehicle and police vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means:

(a)    if the driver is stopped—remain stationary until it is safe to proceed; or

(b)    in any other case—slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision;

—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  This rule applies to the driver despite any other rule that would otherwise require the driver of a police or emergency vehicle to give way to the driver.

Division 5Crossings and shared zones

80  Stopping at a children’s crossing

             (1)  A driver approaching a children’s crossing must drive at a speed at which the driver can, if necessary, stop safely before the crossing.

Offence provision.

Note:          Children’s crossing is defined in subrule (6).

             (2)  A driver approaching or at a children’s crossing must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line at the crossing if:

                     (a)  a hand‑held stop sign is displayed at the crossing; or

                     (b)  a pedestrian is on or entering the crossing.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Stop line is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 322(3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic control device at a place.

             (3)  If a driver stops at a children’s crossing for a hand‑held stop sign, the driver must not proceed until there is no pedestrian on or entering the crossing and the holder of the sign:

                     (a)  no longer displays the sign towards the driver; or

                     (b)  otherwise indicates that the driver may proceed.

Offence provision.

             (4)  If a driver stops at a children’s crossing for a pedestrian, the driver must not proceed until there is no pedestrian on or entering the crossing.

Offence provision.

             (5)  For this rule, if a children’s crossing extends across a road with a dividing strip, the part of the children’s crossing on each side of the dividing strip is taken to be a separate children’s crossing.

Note:          Dividing strip is defined in the dictionary.

             (6)  A children’s crossing is an area of a road:

                     (a)  at a place with stop lines marked on the road, and:

                              (i)  children crossing flags; or

                             (ii)  children’s crossing signs and twin yellow lights; and

                     (b)  indicated by:

                              (i)  2 red and white posts erected on each side of the road; or

                             (ii)  2 parallel continuous or broken lines on the road surface from one side of the road completely or partly across the road; and

                     (c)  extending across the road between the posts or lines.

Note:          Twin yellow lights is defined in the dictionary.

 

Children crossing flag

Children’s crossing sign

Hand‑held stop signs

 

Note 1 for diagrams:      There is another permitted version of the children’s crossing sign and a number of other permitted versions of the hand‑held stop signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagrams:      A children’s crossing sign may have a different number on the sign—see rule 316(4).

Examples

Example 1

Driver stopped at stop line for pedestrians on a children’s crossing with children crossing flags

Example 2

Driver stopped at stop line for pedestrians on a children’s crossing with children’s crossing signs and twin yellow lights

In each of these examples, the driver must stop at the stop line because there are pedestrians on the children’s crossing.

81  Giving way at a pedestrian crossing

             (1)  A driver approaching a pedestrian crossing must drive at a speed at which the driver can, if necessary, stop safely before the crossing.

Offence provision.

Note:          Pedestrian crossing is defined in subrule (3).

             (2)  A driver must give way to any pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing.

Offence provision.

Note:          For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (3)  A pedestrian crossing is an area of a road:

                     (a)  at a place with white stripes on the road surface that:

                              (i)  run lengthwise along the road; and

                             (ii)  are of approximately the same length; and

                            (iii)  are approximately parallel to each other; and

                            (iv)  are in a row that extends completely, or partly, across the road; and

                     (b)  with or without either or both of the following:

                              (i)  a pedestrian crossing sign;

                             (ii)  alternating flashing twin yellow lights.

Note 1:       Twin yellow lights is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 322(3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign at a place.

Pedestrian crossing sign

Examples

Example 1

Giving way to a pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing

Example 2

Giving way to a pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing at a slip lane

In each of these examples, the driver must give way to the pedestrian on the crossing.

82  Overtaking or passing a vehicle at a children’s crossing or pedestrian crossing

                   A driver approaching a children’s crossing, or pedestrian crossing, must not overtake or pass a vehicle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver and is stopping, or has stopped, to give way to a pedestrian at the crossing.

Offence provision.

Note:          Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80, overtake is defined in the dictionary, and pedestrian crossing is defined in rule 81.

Example

Driver not passing a vehicle that has stopped to give way to a pedestrian at a pedestrian crossing

NEW_FOR2

In the example, vehicle A has stopped to give way to a pedestrian on the crossing. Vehicle B must not overtake or pass vehicle A.

83  Giving way to pedestrians in a shared zone

                   A driver driving in a shared zone must give way to any pedestrian in the zone.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Shared zone is defined in rule 24.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Division 6Other give way rules

84  Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip

             (1)  If a driver drives through a break in a dividing strip that has no stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line, the driver must give way to:

                     (a)  any tram on the dividing strip; and

                     (b)  any vehicle travelling on the part of the road the driver is entering (except a vehicle to which a stop sign, stop line, give way sign, or give way line, applies).

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Dividing strip, give way line, stop line and tram are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 68 applies to the driver if there is a stop sign or stop line, and rule 71 applies to the driver if there is a give way sign or give way line.

Note 3:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  In this rule:

tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

Note:          Bus and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

Giving way when driving through a break in a median strip

Example 2

Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip to leave a service road

Example 3

Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip to enter a service road

In each of the examples, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

Note to examples:          A median strip is a particular kind of dividing strip—see the definition of median strip in the dictionary.

85  Giving way on a painted island

                   A driver entering a turning lane from a painted island must give way to:

                     (a)  any vehicle in the turning lane; or

                     (b)  if the turning lane and painted island are nearest to the far left side of the road—any vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane, or line of traffic, immediately to the right of the turning lane; or

                     (c)  if the turning lane and painted island are nearest to the dividing line or median strip on the road or the far right side of the road—any vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane, or line of traffic, immediately to the left of the turning lane.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Line of traffic, marked lane, painted island and turning lane are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rules 138 and 139(4) allow a driver to drive on a painted island in certain circumstances.

Note 3:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

Driver entering a turning lane from a painted island giving way to a vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane immediately to the right of the turning lane.

Example 2

Driver entering a turning lane from a painted island giving way to a vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane immediately to the left of the turning lane.

In the examples, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

86  Giving way in median turning bays

             (1)  A driver entering a median turning bay must give way to any oncoming vehicle already in the turning bay.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Oncoming vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  In this rule:

median turning bay means a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane:

                     (a)  to which a median turning lane sign applies; or

                     (b)  where traffic lane arrows applying to the lane indicate that vehicles travelling in opposite directions must turn right.

Note:          Marked lane and traffic lane arrows are defined in the dictionary.

Median turning lane sign

Note for diagram:           There is another permitted version of the median turning lane sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

Example

Giving way in a median turning bay

In the example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

87  Giving way when moving from a side of a road or a median strip parking area

             (1)  A driver entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from the far left or right side of a road must give way to any vehicle travelling in the lane or line of traffic.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Line of traffic and marked lane are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For subrule (1), give way means:

(a)    if the driver is stopped—remain stationary until it is safe to proceed; or

(b)    in any other case—slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision;

—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  However, the driver of a public bus does not have to give way to a vehicle if:

                     (a)  the driver of the vehicle is required to give way to the bus under rule 77; and

                     (b)  it is safe for the bus to enter the lane or line of traffic in which the vehicle is driving.

Note 1:       Public bus is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       The bus must display a give way to buses sign and the right direction indicator lights of the bus must be operating—see rule 77.

             (3)  A driver turning from a median strip parking area into a marked lane, or a line of traffic, must give way to any vehicle travelling in the lane or line of traffic.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Median strip parking area is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For subrule (3), give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (4)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13 and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Part 8Traffic signs and road markings

Note 1:       The rules in this Part cover most traffic signs and road markings. However, some traffic signs and road markings are dealt with in other Parts dealing with particular subjects. These include:

•       speed‑limits (including speed‑limits in speed‑limited areas and shared zones)—see Part 3

•       U–turns—see Part 4, Division 4

•       traffic lights—see Part 6

•       stop signs and give way signs—see Part 7, Division 1

•       roundabouts—see Part 9

•       level crossings—see Part 10

•       keeping left and lane signs—see Part 11

•       stopping and parking—see Part 12

•       pedestrians—see Part 14

•       bicycle riders—see Part 15.

Note 2:       Rule 322 deals with the meaning of traffic control devices on a road or in or at an area or place (including an intersection).

Note 3:       For a driver, a traffic sign or road marking mentioned in a rule is, unless the contrary intention appears, a sign or marking that applies to the driver. To find out how traffic signs and road markings apply to a driver, see rules 338 to 341.

Division 1Traffic signs and road markings at intersections and other places

Note:          Intersection, road marking and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

88  Left turn signs

             (1)  If there is a left turn only sign at an intersection, a driver must turn left at the intersection.

Offence provision.

Note:          For the meaning of left, see rule 351(1).

             (2)  If there is a left lane must turn left sign at an intersection, a driver who is in the left marked lane when entering the intersection must turn left at the intersection.

Offence provision.

Note:          Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

 

Left turn only sign

Left lane must turn left sign

Note for diagrams:         There is another permitted version of each of these signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

89  Right turn signs

             (1)  If there is a right turn only sign at an intersection, a driver must turn right at the intersection.

Offence provision.

Note:          For the meaning of right, see rule 351(2).

             (2)  If there is a right lane must turn right sign at an intersection, a driver who is in the right marked lane when entering the intersection must turn right at the intersection.

Offence provision.

Note:          Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  In this rule:

turn right does not include make a U–turn.

Note:          U–turn is defined in the dictionary.

 

Right turn only sign

Right lane must turn right sign

Note for diagrams:         There are a number of other permitted versions of the right turn only sign, and another permitted version of the right lane must turn right sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

90  No turns signs

                   If there is a no turns sign at an intersection, a driver must not turn left or right, or make a U–turn, at the intersection.

Offence provision.

Note:          U–turn is defined in the dictionary.

No turns sign

91  No left turn and no right turn signs

             (1)  If there is a no left turn sign at an intersection, or another place on a road, a driver must not turn left at the intersection or place.

Offence provision.

             (2)  If there is a no right turn sign at an intersection, or another place on a road, a driver must not turn right or make a U‑turn at the intersection or place.

Offence provision.

No left turn signs

 

No left turn sign
(Standard sign)

No left turn sign
(Variable illuminated message sign)

No right turn signs

 

No right turn sign
(Standard sign)

No right turn sign
(Variable illuminated message sign)

Note for diagrams:         There is another permitted version of each of the no left turn signs and a number of other permitted versions of the no right turn signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

             (3)  However, a driver may make a U‑turn at the intersection or place if there is a U‑turn permitted sign at the intersection or place.

92  Traffic lane arrows

             (1)  If a driver is driving in a marked lane at an intersection (except a roundabout) and there are traffic lane arrows applying to the lane, the driver must:

                     (a)  if the arrows indicate a single direction—drive in that direction; or

                     (b)  if the arrows indicate 2 or more directions—drive in one of those directions.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Marked lane and traffic lane arrows are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Part 9 deals with traffic lane arrows at roundabouts.

Note 3:       Rule 329 explains when a traffic control device applies to a marked lane.

             (2)  However, this rule does not apply to a driver if:

                     (a)  the arrows indicate a direction to the right (whether or not they also indicate another direction) at an intersection and the driver is making a U‑turn at the intersection; or

                     (b)  a traffic sign indicates that the driver may drive in a direction different to that indicated by the traffic lane arrows; or

                     (c)  the driver is driving in the direction indicated by traffic lane arrows that apply to 1 or more marked lanes and there is an obstruction in each of those lanes; or

                     (d)  the driver is turning at an intersection in accordance with subrule 28(2) or 32(2).

Note 1:       Obstruction and U‑turn are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rules 40 and 41 deal with making a U‑turn at an intersection. If there are traffic lights at the intersection, the driver may make a U‑turn only if there is a U‑turn permitted sign at the intersection. If there are no traffic lights at the intersection, the driver may make a U‑turn unless there is a no U‑turn sign at the intersection.

Note 3:       Subrule 28(2) deals with vehicles 7.5 metres long or longer turning left at an intersection from within the marked lane next to the left lane as well as, or instead of, the left lane on a multi‑lane road. Rule 32(2) deals with vehicles 7.5 metres long or longer turning right at an intersection from within the marked lane next to the right lane as well as, or instead of, the right lane on a multi‑lane road.

Examples

Example 1

Traffic lane arrows on the surface of marked lanes

Example 2

Traffic lane arrows on a traffic sign

Division 2Traffic signs and road markings generally

93  No overtaking or passing signs

             (1)  A driver must not:

                     (a)  drive past a no overtaking or passing sign if any oncoming vehicle is on the bridge or length of road to which the sign applies; or

                     (b)  overtake a vehicle on a bridge or length of road to which a no overtaking or passing sign applies.

Offence provision.

Note:          Oncoming vehicle and overtake are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A no overtaking or passing sign on a road applies to the length of road (including a length of road on a bridge) beginning at the sign and ending:

                     (a)  if information on or with the sign indicates a distance—at that distance past the sign; or

                     (b)  if the sign applies to a bridge—at the end of the bridge; or

                     (c)  at an end no overtaking or passing sign on the road.

Note:          With is defined in the dictionary.

 

No overtaking or passing sign

End no overtaking or passing sign

94  No overtaking on bridge signs

                   A driver on a bridge with a no overtaking on bridge sign must not overtake a vehicle between the sign and the far end of the bridge.

Offence provision.

Note:          Overtake is defined in the dictionary.

No overtaking on bridge sign

Note for diagram:           There is another permitted version of this sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

95  Emergency stopping lane only signs

             (1)  A driver must not drive in an emergency stopping lane unless:

                     (a)  the driver needs to drive in the emergency stopping lane to avoid a collision, to stop in the lane, or because the driver’s vehicle is disabled; or

                     (b)  the driver is permitted to drive in the emergency stopping lane under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 178 deals with stopping in an emergency stopping lane.

             (2)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a bicycle.

Note 1:       Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       If a no bicycles sign applies to the emergency stopping lane, the rider must not ride in the lane—see rule 252.

             (3)  In this rule:

emergency stopping lane means a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane, to which an emergency stopping lane only sign applies.

Note 1:       Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 329 explains when a traffic control device applies to a marked lane.

Emergency stopping lane only sign

Note for diagram:           The sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction—see rule 316(4).

96  Keep clear markings

             (1)  A driver must not stop on an area of a road marked with a keep clear marking.

Offence provision.

             (2)  In this rule:

keep clear marking means the words ‘keep clear’ marked across all or part of a road, with or without continuous lines marked across all or part of the road.

Examples

Example 1

Keep clear marking bounded by line road markings

Example 2

Keep clear marking with no line road markings

97  Road access signs

             (1)  A driver must not drive on a length of road to which a road access sign applies if information on or with the sign indicates that the driver or the driver’s vehicle is not permitted beyond the sign.

Offence provision.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle, length of road and with are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A road access sign on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign (including any road into which the length of road merges) and ending:

                     (a)  if the sign is on a freeway—at an end freeway sign or end road access sign on the road; or

                     (b)  if the sign is not on a freeway—at the nearer of the following:

                              (i)  if the road ends at a T–intersection or dead end—the end of the road;

                             (ii)  an end road access sign on the road.

Example:    A road access sign on an access ramp to a freeway applies to the access ramp and the freeway into which the access ramp merges.

Note 1:       Freeway is defined in rule 177, and road marking, T–intersection and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 229 applies the road access sign to pedestrians.

 

Road access sign

End freeway sign

End road access sign

Note 1 for diagrams:      There are a number of other permitted versions of the road access sign and the end freeway sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagrams:      A road access sign may indicate that it applies to different or additional vehicles or persons—see rule 316(4).

98  One‑way signs

             (1)  A driver must not drive on a length of road to which a one‑way sign applies except in the direction indicated by the arrow on the sign.

Offence provision.

Note:          Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A one‑way sign on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearer of the following:

                     (a)  a two‑way sign on the road;

                     (b)  a keep left sign on the road;

                     (c)  another sign or road marking on the road that indicates that the road is a two‑way road;

                     (d)  if the road ends at a T–intersection—the end of the road.

Note 1:       Road marking, T–intersection and two‑way road are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       There is a diagram of a keep left sign in rule 99.

             (3)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike that is a postal vehicle, the rider of a bicycle or the rider of an animal if the rider:

                     (a)  is riding on a footpath, nature strip or shared path adjacent to the length of road; and

                     (b)  is permitted to ride on the footpath, nature strip or shared path under the Australian Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction.

Note:          Bicycle, footpath, motor bike, nature strip and postal vehicle are defined in the dictionary and shared path is defined in rule 242.

 

One‑way sign

Two‑way sign

Note 1 for diagrams:      There are a number of other permitted versions of the one‑way sign and another permitted version of the two‑way sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagrams:      A one‑way sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction—see rule 316(4).

99  Keep left and keep right signs

             (1)  A driver driving past a keep left sign must drive to the left of the sign.

Offence provision.

             (2)  A driver driving past a keep right sign must drive to the right of the sign.

Offence provision.

             (3)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike that is a postal vehicle, the rider of a bicycle or the rider of an animal if the rider:

                     (a)  is riding on a footpath, nature strip or shared path; and

                     (b)  is permitted to ride on the footpath, nature strip or shared path under the Australian Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction.

Note:          Bicycle, footpath, motor bike, nature strip and postal vehicle are defined in the dictionary and shared path is defined in rule 242.

 

Keep left sign

Keep right sign

Note for diagrams:         There is another permitted version of the keep right sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

100  No entry signs

                   A driver must not drive past a no entry sign.

Offence provision.

No entry sign

Note for diagram:           There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

101  Hand‑held stop signs

             (1)  A driver approaching a hand‑held stop sign must stop before reaching the sign.

Offence provision.

             (2)  The driver must not proceed until the holder of the sign:

                     (a)  no longer displays the sign towards the driver; or

                     (b)  otherwise indicates that the driver may proceed.

Offence provision.

             (3)  This rule does not apply to a driver approaching or at a hand‑held stop sign at a children’s crossing.

Note:          Rule 80 defines children’s crossing, and deals with hand‑held stop signs at children’s crossings.

Hand‑held stop signs

Note for diagrams:         There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

101A  Safety ramp and arrester bed signs

             (1)  A driver must not drive on a safety ramp or arrester bed unless:

                     (a)  it is necessary or desirable for the driver to drive on the safety ramp or arrester bed in the interests of safety; or

                     (b)  the driver is permitted to drive on the safety ramp or arrester bed under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

             (2)  In this rule:

arrester bed means an area to which an arrester bed sign applies.

safety ramp means an area to which a safety ramp sign applies.

 

Arrester bed sign

Safety ramp sign

 

Division 3Signs for trucks, buses and other large vehicles

102  Clearance and low clearance signs

             (1)  A driver must not drive past a clearance sign, or a low clearance sign, if the driver’s vehicle, or any vehicle connected to it, is higher than the height (in metres) indicated by the sign.

Offence provision.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  In this rule:

vehicle includes any load carried by the vehicle.

 

Clearance sign

Low clearance sign

103  Load limit signs

             (1)  A driver must not drive past a bridge load limit (gross mass) sign or gross load limit sign if the total of the gross mass (in tonnes) of the driver’s vehicle, and any vehicle connected to it, is more than the gross mass indicated by the sign.

Offence provision.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver must not drive past a bridge load limit (mass per axle group) sign if the mass (in tonnes) carried by an axle group of the driver’s vehicle, or any vehicle connected to it, is more than the mass indicated by the sign for the axle group.

Offence provision.

             (3)  In this rule:

vehicle includes any load carried by the vehicle.

 

Bridge load limit (gross mass) sign

Gross load limit sign

Bridge load limit (mass per axle group) sign

Note for diagrams:         There are a number of other permitted versions of the bridge load limit (mass per axle group) sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

104  No trucks signs

             (1)  A driver (except the driver of a bus) must not drive past a no trucks sign that has information on or with it indicating a mass if the GVM of the driver’s vehicle (or, if the driver is driving a combination, any vehicle in the combination) is more than that mass, unless the driver is permitted to drive the vehicle on a route passing the sign under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note:          Bus, combination, driver’s vehicle, GVM and with are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver (except the driver of a bus) must not drive past a no trucks sign that has information on or with it indicating a length if the length of the driver’s vehicle (or, if the driver is driving a combination, the length of the combination) is longer than that length, unless the driver is permitted to drive the vehicle on a route passing the sign under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

             (3)  The driver of a truck must not drive past a no trucks sign that has no information on or with it indicating a mass or length, unless the driver is permitted to drive the truck on a route passing the sign under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note:          Truck is defined in the dictionary.

No trucks sign

             (4)  This rule does not apply to a driver if the destination of the driver lies beyond a no trucks sign and:

                     (a)  there is no other route by which the driver’s vehicle could reach that destination; or

                     (b)  any other route by which the driver’s vehicle could reach that destination would require the vehicle to pass another no trucks sign.

105  Trucks must enter signs

                   If the driver of a truck drives past a trucks must enter sign, the driver must enter the area indicated by information on or with the sign.

Offence provision.

Note:          Truck and with are defined in the dictionary.

Trucks must enter sign

Note for diagram:           There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

106  No buses signs

             (1)  The driver of a bus must not drive past a no buses sign that has information on or with it indicating a mass if the GVM of the bus is more than that mass.

Offence provision.

Note:          Bus, GVM and with are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  The driver of a bus must not drive past a no buses sign that has information on or with it indicating a length if the bus is longer than that length.

Offence provision.

             (3)  The driver of a bus must not drive past a no buses sign that has no information on or with it indicating a mass or length.

Offence provision.

No buses sign

107  Buses must enter signs

                   If the driver of a bus drives past a buses must enter sign, the driver must enter the area indicated by information on or with the sign.

Offence provision.

Note:          Bus and with are defined in the dictionary.

Buses must enter sign

Note for diagram:           There is another permitted version of this sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

108  Trucks and buses low gear signs

             (1)  If the driver of a truck or bus is driving on a length of road to which a trucks and buses low gear sign applies, the driver must drive the truck or bus in a gear that is low enough to limit the speed of the truck or bus without the use of a primary brake.

Offence provision.

Note:          Bus, length of road and truck are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  Subrule (1) does not apply to the driver of a bus if information on or with the sign indicates that it applies only to trucks.

Note:          With is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  A trucks and buses low gear sign on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending:

                     (a)  if information on or with the sign indicates a distance—at that distance on the road from the sign; or

                     (b)  in any other case—at an end trucks and buses low gear sign on the road.

             (4)  In this rule:

primary brake means the footbrake, or other brake, fitted to a truck or bus that is normally used to slow or stop the vehicle.

 

Trucks and buses low gear sign

End trucks and buses low gear sign

Note for diagrams:         There are a number of other permitted versions of the trucks and buses low gear sign, and another permitted version of the end trucks and buses low gear sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Part 9Roundabouts

  

109  What is a roundabout

                   A roundabout is an intersection:

                     (a)  with either:

                              (i)  one or more marked lanes, all of which are for the use of vehicles travelling in the same direction around a central traffic island; or

                             (ii)  room for 1 or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction around a central traffic island; and

                     (b)  with or without a roundabout sign at each entrance.

Note 1:       Intersection, marked lane, traffic and traffic island are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 322(3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign at a place.

Roundabout sign

110  Meaning of halfway around a roundabout

                   A driver leaves a roundabout halfway around the roundabout if the driver leaves the roundabout on a road that is straight ahead, or substantially straight ahead, from the road on which the driver enters the roundabout.

111  Entering a roundabout from a multi‑lane road or a road with 2 or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction

             (1)  A driver entering a roundabout from a multi‑lane road, or a road with room for 2 or more lines of traffic (other than motor bikes, bicycles, motorised wheelchairs or animals) travelling in the same direction as the driver, must enter the roundabout in accordance with this rule.

Offence provision.

Note:          Multi‑lane road is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  If the driver is to leave the roundabout less than halfway around it, the driver must enter the roundabout from the left marked lane or, if the road is not a multi‑lane road, as near as practicable to the left side of the road.

Note:          Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

Example

Example 1

Leaving a roundabout less than halfway around it

Rule111_Ex1

             (3)  If the driver is to leave the roundabout more than halfway around it, the driver must enter the roundabout from the right marked lane or, if the road is not a multi‑lane road, from the left of, parallel to, and as near as practicable to, the dividing line or median strip.

Example

Example 2

Leaving a roundabout more than halfway around it

Rule111_Ex2

             (4)  If the driver is to leave the roundabout halfway around it, the driver may enter the roundabout from any marked lane or, if the road is not a multi‑lane road, anywhere on the part of the road on which vehicles travelling in the same direction as the driver may travel.

Example

Example 3

Leaving a roundabout halfway around it

Rule%20111_Ex3

             (5)  Despite subrules (2) to (4), if the driver is entering the roundabout from a marked lane and there are traffic lane arrows applying to the lane, the driver must:

                     (a)  if the arrows indicate a single direction—drive in that direction after entering the roundabout; or

                     (b)  if the arrows indicate 2 or more directions—drive in one of those directions after entering the roundabout.

Note:          Traffic lane arrows is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 4

Roundabout with 3 entry points

Rule111_Ex4

Example 5

Roundabout with 5 entry points

Note 1 for examples 4 and 5:         Rule 116 requires a driver to obey traffic lane arrows when driving in or leaving a roundabout.

Note 2 for examples 4 and 5:         The rules in Part 11 about driving in marked lanes, and moving from one marked lane or line of traffic to another marked lane or line of traffic, apply to a driver driving in a roundabout—see rules 146 to 148.

             (6)  Subrule (3) does not apply to the rider of a bicycle or animal.

Note:          Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

             (7)  Subrule (5) does not apply to the rider of a bicycle or animal if the rider is to leave the roundabout more than halfway around it.

             (8)  Despite subrule (2), a driver may approach and enter the roundabout from the marked lane next to the left lane as well as, or instead of, the left lane if:

                     (a)  the driver’s vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and

                     (b)  the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and

                     (c)  any part of the vehicle is within 50 metres of the nearest point of the roundabout; and

                     (d)  it is not practicable for the driver to leave the roundabout less than halfway around it from within the left lane; and

                     (e)  the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely leave the roundabout less than halfway around it by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.

             (9)  Despite subrule (3), a driver may approach and enter the roundabout from the marked lane next to the right lane as well as, or instead of, the right lane if:

                     (a)  the driver’s vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and

                     (b)  the vehicle displays a do not overtake turning vehicle sign; and

                     (c)  any part of the vehicle is within 50 metres of the nearest point of the roundabout; and

                     (d)  it is not practicable for the driver to leave the roundabout more than halfway around it from within the right lane; and

                     (e)  the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely leave the roundabout more than halfway around it by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.

           (10)  In this rule:

left lane means:

                     (a)  the marked lane nearest to the far left side of the road; or

                     (b)  if there is an obstruction (for example, a parked car or roadworks) in that marked lane—the marked lane nearest to that marked lane that is not obstructed.

marked lane, for a driver, does not include a special purpose lane in which the driver is not permitted to drive.

right lane means:

                     (a)  the marked lane nearest to the dividing line or median strip on the road; or

                     (b)  if there is an obstruction (for example, a parked car or roadworks) in that marked lane—the marked lane nearest to that marked lane that is not obstructed.

112  Giving a left change of direction signal when entering a roundabout

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver entering a roundabout if:

                     (a)  the driver is to leave the roundabout at the first exit after entering the roundabout; and

                     (b)  the exit is less than halfway around the roundabout.

             (2)  The driver must give a left change of direction signal when the driver is entering the roundabout.

Offence provision.

Note:          Left change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  The driver must continue to give the change of direction signal until the driver has left the roundabout.

Offence provision.

             (4)  This rule does not apply to a driver if the driver’s vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

113  Giving a right change of direction signal when entering a roundabout

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver entering a roundabout if the driver is to leave the roundabout more than halfway around it.

             (2)  The driver must give a right change of direction signal when the driver is entering the roundabout.

Offence provision.

Note:          Right change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  The driver must continue to give the change of direction signal while the driver is driving in the roundabout, unless:

                     (a)  the driver is changing marked lanes, or entering another line of traffic; or

                     (b)  the driver’s vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle and marked lane are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 117 deals with giving change of direction signals before changing marked lanes, or entering another line of traffic, in a roundabout.

114  Giving way when entering or driving in a roundabout

             (1)  A driver entering a roundabout must give way to:

                     (a)  any vehicle in the roundabout; and

                     (b)  a tram that is entering or approaching the roundabout.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Tram is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver driving in a roundabout must give way to a tram that is in, entering or approaching the roundabout.

Offence provision.

             (3)  In this rule:

tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

Note 1:       Bus and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For the give way rules applying to a driver moving from one marked lane or line of traffic to another marked lane or line of traffic, see rule 148.

115  Driving in a roundabout to the left of the central traffic island

             (1)  A driver driving in a roundabout must drive:

                     (a)  to the left of the central traffic island in the roundabout; or

                     (b)  if subrule (2) applies to the driver—on the edge of the central traffic island, to the left of the centre of the island; or

                     (c)  if subrule (3) applies to the driver—over the central traffic island, to the left of the centre of the island.

Offence provision.

Note:          Traffic island is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  This subrule applies to a driver if:

                     (a)  the driver’s vehicle is too large to drive in the roundabout without driving on the edge of the central traffic island; and

                     (b)  the driver can safely drive on the edge of the central traffic island.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  This subrule applies to a driver if:

                     (a)  the driver’s vehicle is too large to drive in the roundabout without driving over the central traffic island; and

                     (b)  the central traffic island is designed to allow a vehicle of that kind to be driven over it.

116  Obeying traffic lane arrows when driving in or leaving a roundabout

                   If a driver is driving in a marked lane in a roundabout and there are traffic lane arrows applying to the lane, the driver must:

                     (a)  if the arrows indicate a single direction—drive in or leave the roundabout in that direction; or

                     (b)  if the arrows indicate 2 or more directions—drive in or leave the roundabout in one of those directions.

Offence provision.

Note:          Marked lane and traffic lane arrows are defined in the dictionary.

117  Giving a change of direction signal when changing marked lanes or lines of traffic in a roundabout

             (1)  A driver driving in a roundabout must give a left change of direction signal before the driver changes marked lanes to the left, or enters a part of the roundabout where there is room for another line of traffic to the left, in the roundabout, unless the driver’s vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights.

Offence provision.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle and left change of direction signal are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver driving in a roundabout must give a right change of direction signal before the driver changes marked lanes to the right, or enters a part of the roundabout where there is room for another line of traffic to the right, in the roundabout.

Offence provision.

Note:          Right change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

118  Giving a left change of direction signal when leaving a roundabout

             (1)  If practicable, a driver driving in a roundabout must give a left change of direction signal when leaving the roundabout.

Offence provision.

Note:          Left change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  The driver must stop giving the change of direction signal as soon as the driver has left the roundabout.

Offence provision.

             (3)  This rule does not apply to a driver if the driver’s vehicle is not fitted with direction indicator lights.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       The rules in Part 11 about driving in marked lanes and moving from one marked lane or line of traffic to another marked lane or line of traffic apply to a driver leaving a roundabout—see rules 146 to 148.

119  Giving way by the rider of a bicycle or animal to a vehicle leaving a roundabout

                   The rider of a bicycle or animal who is riding in the far left marked lane of a roundabout with 2 or more marked lanes, or the far left line of traffic in a roundabout with room for 2 or more lines of traffic (other than motor bikes, bicycles, motorised wheelchairs or animals), must give way to any vehicle leaving the roundabout.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Bicycle and marked lane are defined in the dictionary, and vehicle is defined in rule 15.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the rider must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Part 10Level crossings

  

120  What is a level crossing

             (1)  A level crossing is:

                     (a)  an area where a road and a railway meet at substantially the same level, whether or not there is a level crossing sign on the road at all or any of the entrances to the area; or

                     (b)  an area where a road and tram tracks meet at substantially the same level and that has a level crossing sign on the road at each entrance to the area.

Note:          Tram tracks is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13.

Level crossing signs

 

121  Stopping and giving way at a stop sign at a level crossing

                   A driver at a level crossing with a stop sign must:

                     (a)  stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line or, if there is no stop line, as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop sign; and

                     (b)  give way to any train or tram on, approaching or entering the crossing.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Approaching, enter, stop line and tram are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must remain stationary until it is safe for the driver to proceed—see the definition in the dictionary.

Stop sign

122  Giving way at a give way sign or give way line at a level crossing

                   A driver at a level crossing with a give way sign or give way line must give way to any train or tram on, approaching or entering the crossing.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Approaching, enter, give way line and tram are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Give way sign

123  Entering a level crossing when a train or tram is approaching etc

                   A driver must not enter a level crossing if:

                     (a)  warning lights (for example, twin red lights or rotating red lights) are operating or warning bells are ringing; or

                     (b)  a gate, boom or barrier at the crossing is closed or is opening or closing; or

                     (c)  a train or tram is on or entering the crossing; or

                     (d)  a train or tram approaching the crossing can be seen from the crossing, or is sounding a warning, and there would be a danger of a collision with the train or tram if the driver entered the crossing; or

                     (e)  the driver cannot drive through the crossing because the crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, is blocked.

Offence provision.

Examples for paragraph (e)

The crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by stock on the road.

Note:          Approaching, enter, tram and twin red lights are defined in the dictionary.

124  Leaving a level crossing

                   A driver who enters a level crossing must leave the level crossing as soon as the driver can do so safely.

Offence provision.

Note:          Enter is defined in the dictionary.

Part 11Keeping left, overtaking and other driving rules

Division 1General

125  Unreasonably obstructing drivers or pedestrians

             (1)  A driver must not unreasonably obstruct the path of another driver or a pedestrian.

Offence provision.

Note:          Driver includes a person in control of a vehicle—see the definition of drive in the dictionary.

             (2)  For this rule, a driver does not unreasonably obstruct the path of another driver or a pedestrian only because:

                     (a)  the driver is stopped in traffic; or

                     (b)  the driver is driving more slowly than other vehicles (unless the driver is driving abnormally slowly in the circumstances).

Example of a driver driving abnormally slowly

A driver driving at a speed of 20 kilometres per hour on a length of road to which a speed‑limit of 80 kilometres per hour applies when there is no reason for the driver to drive at that speed on the length of road.

126  Keeping a safe distance behind vehicles

                   A driver must drive a sufficient distance behind a vehicle travelling in front of the driver so the driver can, if necessary, stop safely to avoid a collision with the vehicle.

Offence provision.

127  Keeping a minimum distance between long vehicles

             (1)  The driver of a long vehicle must drive at least the required minimum distance behind another long vehicle travelling in front of the driver, unless the driver is:

                     (a)  driving on a multi‑lane road or any length of road in a built‑up area; or

                     (b)  overtaking.

Offence provision.

Note:          Built‑up area, length of road, multi‑lane road and overtake are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  In this rule:

long vehicle means a vehicle that, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer.

Note:          Vehicle includes a combination—see rule 15(d).

required minimum distance means:

                     (a)  for a long vehicle in a road train area—200 metres or, if another law of this jurisdiction provides another distance for the area, that distance; or

                     (b)  for a long vehicle in another area—60 metres or, if another law of this jurisdiction provides another distance for the area, that distance.

road train means a combination that is a road train for the Australian Road Rules under another law of this jurisdiction.

Note:          Combination is defined in the dictionary.

road train area means an area where, under another law of this jurisdiction, road trains may be driven.

128  Entering blocked intersections

                   A driver must not enter an intersection if the driver cannot drive through the intersection because the intersection, or a road beyond the intersection, is blocked.

Offence provision.

Examples:  The intersection, or a road beyond the intersection, may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by a fallen load on the road.

Note:          Enter and intersection are defined in the dictionary.

128A  Entering blocked crossings

                   A driver must not enter a children’s crossing, marked foot crossing or pedestrian crossing if the driver cannot drive through the crossing because the crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, is blocked.

Offence provision.

Examples:  The crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by a fallen load on the road.

Note:          Children’s crossing, enter, marked foot crossing and pedestrian crossing are defined in the dictionary.

Division 2Keeping to the left

129  Keeping to the far left side of a road

             (1)  A driver on a road (except a multi‑lane road) must drive as near as practicable to the far left side of the road.

Offence provision.

Note:          Multi‑lane road is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike.

Note:          Motor bike is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          Road‑related area includes the shoulder of a road—see rule 13.

130  Keeping to the left on a multi‑lane road

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver driving on a multi‑lane road if:

                     (a)  the speed‑limit applying to the driver for the length of road where the driver is driving is over 80 kilometres per hour; or

                     (b)  a keep left unless overtaking sign applies to the length of road where the driver is driving.

Note 1:       Length of road and multi‑lane road are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Part 3 deals with speed‑limits.

             (2)  The driver must not drive in the right lane unless:

                     (a)  the driver is turning right, or making a U–turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal; or

                     (b)  the driver is overtaking; or

                     (c)  a left lane must turn left sign or left traffic lane arrows apply to any other lane and the driver is not turning left; or

                     (d)  the driver is required to drive in the right lane under rule 159; or

                     (e)  the driver is avoiding an obstruction; or

                      (f)  the traffic in each other lane is congested; or

                     (g)  the traffic in every lane is congested; or

                     (h)  the right lane is a special purpose lane in which the driver, under another provision of the Australian Road Rules, is permitted to drive; or

                      (i)  there are only 2 marked lanes and the left lane is a slow vehicle turn out lane.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Centre of the road, left traffic lane arrows, obstruction, overtake, right change of direction signal, special purpose lane, traffic, and U‑turn are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 159 deals with traffic signs that require a particular kind of vehicle to drive in the marked lane indicated by the signs.

Note 3:       Rule 329 deals with when a traffic control device applies to a marked lane.

             (3)  A keep left unless overtaking sign on a multi‑lane road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following:

                     (a)  an end keep left unless overtaking sign on the road;

                     (b)  a traffic sign or road marking on the road that indicates that the road is no longer a multi‑lane road;

                     (c)  if the road ends at a T–intersection or dead end—the end of the road.

Note:          Road marking, T–intersection and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  In this rule:

lane, for a driver, means a marked lane for vehicles travelling in the same direction as the driver, but does not include a special purpose lane in which the driver is not permitted to drive.

Note 1:       Marked lane and special purpose lane are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 95 deals with driving in emergency stopping lanes, and Division 6 of this Part deals with driving in other special purpose lanes.

slow vehicle turn out lane means a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane, to which a slow vehicle turn out lane sign applies.

Note:          A slow vehicle turn out lane is designed for slow‑moving vehicles to move into to allow faster vehicles to pass in an adjacent marked lane.

 

End keep left unless overtaking sign

Slow vehicle turn out lane sign

Note for diagrams:         There is another permitted version of the End keep left unless overtaking sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

131  Keeping to the left of oncoming vehicles

             (1)  A driver  must drive to the left of any oncoming vehicle unless:

                     (a)  the driver is turning right at an intersection; and

                     (b)  the driver is passing an oncoming vehicle turning right at the intersection; and

                     (c)  there is no traffic sign or road marking indicating that the driver must pass to the left of the oncoming vehicle.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Intersection, oncoming vehicle, road marking and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Part 4, Division 2 deals with making right turns.

             (2)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike that is a postal vehicle, the rider of a bicycle or the rider of an animal if:

                     (a)  the rider is riding on a footpath, nature strip or shared path; and

                     (b)  the rider is permitted to ride on the footpath, nature strip or shared path under the Australian Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction; and

                     (c)  either:

                              (i)  the oncoming vehicle is not on the footpath, nature strip or shared path; or

                             (ii)  the oncoming vehicle is not permitted, under the Australian Road Rules or under another law of this jurisdiction, to be on the footpath, nature strip or shared path.

Note:          Bicycle, footpath, motor bike, nature strip and postal vehicle are defined in the dictionary and shared path is defined in rule 242.

Examples

Example 1

Driving to the left of an oncoming vehicle

Example 2

Oncoming vehicles turning right passing to the right of each other

132  Keeping to the left of the centre of a road or the dividing line

             (1)  A driver on a two‑way road without a dividing line or median strip must drive to the left of the centre of the road, except as permitted under rule 133 or 139(1).

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Centre of the road, dividing line, median strip and two‑way road are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For the meaning of driving to the left of something, see rule 351(3).

Note 3:       Rule 133 deals with driving to the right of the centre of the road to overtake another vehicle, to enter or leave a road, to move from one part of the road to another, or because of the width or condition of the road. Rule 139(1) deals with driving to the right of the centre of the road to avoid an obstruction.

             (2)  A driver on a road with a dividing line must drive to the left of the dividing line, except as permitted under rule 134 or 139(2).

Offence provision.

Note:          Rule 134 deals with driving to the right of the dividing line to overtake another vehicle, to enter or leave a road, or to move from one part of the road to another. Rule 139(2) deals with driving to the right of the dividing line to avoid an obstruction.

          (2A)  A driver on a road with 2 parallel continuous dividing lines must not drive across the dividing lines to perform a U‑turn.

Offence provision.

Note :         A driver may drive across a dividing line that is a broken dividing line only, or a broken dividing line to the left of a single continuous dividing line, or a single continuous dividing line only, to perform a U‑turn—see rules 134(2) and (2A).

             (3)  This rule, and rules 133, 134 and 139(1) and (2), apply to a service road to which a two‑way sign applies as if it were a separate road, but do not apply to any other service road.

Note 1:       Service road is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 136 deals with driving on a service road without a two‑way sign.

             (4)  In this rule:

road does not include a footpath, nature strip or shared path.

Note:          Footpath and nature strip are defined in the dictionary and shared path is defined in rule 242.

Two‑way sign

Note for diagram:           There is another permitted version of the two‑way sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

Examples for subrule (2)

Example 1

Driving to the left of a single continuous dividing line only

Example 2

Driving to the left of a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line

Example 3

Driving to the left of 2 parallel continuous dividing lines

133  Exceptions to keeping to the left of the centre of a road

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver on a two‑way road without a dividing line or median strip.

Note:          Dividing line, median strip and two‑way road are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  The driver may drive to the right of the centre of the road:

                     (a)  to overtake another driver; or

                     (b)  to enter or leave the road; or

                     (c)  to enter a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road or emergency stopping lane).

Note:          Centre of the road, overtake and service road are defined in the dictionary, and emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95.

             (3)  The driver may also drive to the right of the centre of the road if:

                     (a)  because of the width or condition of the road, it is not practicable to drive to the left of the centre of the road; and

                     (b)  the driver can do so safely.

134  Exceptions to keeping to the left of a dividing line

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver on a road with a dividing line.

Note:          Dividing line is defined the dictionary.

             (2)  If the dividing line is a broken dividing line only, or a broken dividing line to the left of a single continuous dividing line, the driver may drive to the right of the dividing line:

                     (a)  to overtake another driver; or

                     (b)  to perform a U‑turn, unless another rule would prohibit the driver performing the U‑turn.

Note 1:       Overtake is defined the dictionary.

Note 2:       A driver must not overtake another driver unless the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic, and it is safe to overtake the other driver—see rule 140.

             (3)  If the dividing line is not 2 parallel continuous dividing lines, the driver may drive to the right of the dividing line:

                     (a)  to enter or leave the road; or

                     (b)  to enter a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road or emergency stopping lane).

Note:          Emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95, and service road is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

 

Example 1

Driving to the right of the centre of the road permitted—overtaking on a road with a broken dividing line only

Example 2

Driving to the right of the centre of the road permitted—overtaking on a road with a broken dividing line to the left of a single continuous dividing line

 

 

 

 

 

 

Example 3

Driving to the right of the centre of the road not permitted—overtaking on a road with a single continuous dividing line only

Example 4

Driving to the right of the centre of the road not permitted—overtaking on a road with a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line

Example 5

Driving to the right of the centre of the road not permitted—overtaking on a road with 2 parallel continuous dividing lines

 

 

135  Keeping to the left of a median strip

             (1)  A driver on a road with a median strip must drive to the left of the median strip, unless the driver is:

                     (a)  entering or driving in a median strip parking area; or

                     (b)  required to drive to the right of the median strip by a keep right sign.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Median strip and median strip parking area are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For the meaning of driving to the left of something, see rule 351(3).

             (2)  In this rule:

median strip does not include a painted island.

Note 1:       Painted island is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 138 deals with keeping off painted islands.

Keep right sign

136  Driving on a one‑way service road

                   A driver on the part of the road that is a service road (except a service road to which a two‑way sign applies) must drive in the same direction as a vehicle travelling on the part of the road closest to the service road is required to travel.

Offence provision.

Note:          Service road is defined in the dictionary.

Two‑way sign

Note for diagram:           There is another permitted version of the two‑way sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

137  Keeping off a dividing strip

             (1)  A driver must not drive on a dividing strip, except as permitted under this rule or rule 139(4).

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Dividing strip is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 139 deals with avoiding obstructions on a road.

             (2)  A driver may drive on a dividing strip that is at the same level as the road, and marked at each side by a continuous line:

                     (a)  to enter or leave the road; or

                     (b)  to enter or leave an area on the dividing strip to which a parking control sign applies if the driver is permitted to park in the area.

Note 1:       Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Part 12 deals with restrictions on stopping and parking.

             (3)  In this rule:

dividing strip does not include a painted island.

Note 1:       Painted island is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 138 deals with keeping off painted islands.

138  Keeping off a painted island

             (1)  A driver must not drive on or over a single continuous line, or 2 parallel continuous lines, along a side of or surrounding a painted island, except as permitted under this rule or rule 139(4).

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Painted island is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 139 deals with avoiding obstructions on a road.

Example

Painted island surrounded by 2 parallel continuous lines

In this example, vehicle B is contravening the rule.

             (2)  A driver may drive on or over a single continuous line along the side of or surrounding a painted island for up to 50 metres:

                     (a)  to enter or leave the road; or

                     (b)  to enter a turning lane that begins immediately after the painted island.

Note 1:       Turning lane is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 85 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a turning lane from a painted island and rule 197 deals with stopping on painted islands.

139  Exceptions for avoiding obstructions on a road

             (1)  A driver on a two‑way road without a dividing line or median strip may drive to the right of the centre of the road to avoid an obstruction if:

                     (a)  the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and

                     (b)  it is necessary and reasonable, in all the circumstances, for the driver to drive to the right of the centre of the road to avoid the obstruction; and

                     (c)  the driver can do so safely.

Note:          Approaching, centre of the road, dividing line, median strip, obstruction, traffic and two‑way road are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver on a road with a dividing line may drive to the right of the dividing line to avoid an obstruction if:

                     (a)  the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and

                     (b)  it is necessary and reasonable, in all the circumstances, for the driver to drive to the right of the dividing line to avoid the obstruction; and

                     (c)  the driver can do so safely.

             (3)  For subrule (2), if the dividing line is a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line, a single continuous dividing line only or 2 parallel continuous dividing lines, the hazard in driving to the right of such a dividing line must be taken into account in deciding whether it is reasonable to drive to the right of the dividing line.

             (4)  A driver may drive on a dividing strip, or on or over a single continuous line, or 2 parallel continuous lines, along a side of or surrounding a painted island, to avoid an obstruction if:

                     (a)  the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and

                     (b)  it is necessary and reasonable to drive on the dividing strip or painted island to avoid the obstruction; and

                     (c)  the driver can do so safely.

Note:          Dividing strip and painted island are defined in the dictionary.

Division 3Overtaking

140  No overtaking unless safe to do so

                   A driver must not overtake a vehicle unless:

                     (a)  the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and

                     (b)  the driver can safely overtake the vehicle.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Approaching, overtake and traffic are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A driver is not permitted to overtake another vehicle by crossing a single continuous dividing line only, a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line or 2 parallel continuous dividing lines—see rules 134(2) and 132(2).

141  No overtaking etc to the left of a vehicle

             (1)  A driver (except the rider of a bicycle) must not overtake a vehicle to the left of the vehicle unless:

                     (a)  the driver is driving on a multi‑lane road and the vehicle can be safely overtaken in a marked lane to the left of the vehicle; or

                     (b)  the vehicle is turning right, or making a U–turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle; or

                     (c)  the vehicle is stationary and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Bicycle, centre of the road, marked lane, multi‑lane road, overtake, right change of direction signal and U‑turn are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       The rider of a motor bike is not permitted to ride in a marked lane past the left or right of a vehicle (except another motor bike or a bicycle) that is travelling, or is stationary but not parked, in the marked lane—see rule 151A.

             (2)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride past, or overtake, to the left of a vehicle that is turning left and is giving a left change of direction signal.

Offence provision.

Note:          Left change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  In this rule:

turning right does not include making a hook turn.

vehicle does not include a tram, a bus travelling along tram tracks, or any vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

Note 1:       Bus, tram and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Part 4, Division 3 deals with making hook turns.

Note 3:       Division 7 of this Part deals with overtaking and passing trams (and buses travelling along tram tracks). Rule 143 deals with overtaking or passing a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

142  No overtaking to the right of a vehicle turning right etc

             (1)  A driver must not overtake to the right of a vehicle if the vehicle is turning right, or making a U–turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal.

Offence provision.

Note:          Centre of the road, overtake, right change of direction signal and U‑turn are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  In this rule:

turning right does not include making a hook turn.

vehicle does not include a tram, a bus travelling along tram tracks, or any vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

Note 1:       Bus, tram and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Part 4, Division 3 deals with making hook turns.

Note 3:       Division 7 of this Part deals with overtaking and passing trams (and buses travelling along tram tracks). Rule 143 deals with overtaking or passing a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.

143  Passing or overtaking a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign

             (1)  A driver must not drive past, or overtake, to the left of a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign if the vehicle is turning left and is giving a left change of direction signal, unless it is safe to do so.

Offence provision.

Note:          Left change of direction signal and overtake are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver must not drive past, or overtake, to the right of a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign if the vehicle is turning right, or making a U–turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal, unless it is safe to do so.

Offence provision.

Example:    A driver driving on a multi‑lane road who is turning right at an intersection to which a right turn only sign applies may drive past a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign that is turning right from another marked lane, and giving a right change of direction signal, if it is safe to do so.

Note:          Centre of the road, right change of direction signal and U–turn are defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  In this rule:

turning right does not include making a hook turn.

Note:          Part 4, Division 3 deals with making hook turns.

Do not overtake turning vehicle signs

Note for diagrams:         These signs are displayed on certain long vehicles.

144  Keeping a safe distance when overtaking

                   A driver overtaking a vehicle:

                     (a)  must pass the vehicle at a sufficient distance to avoid a collision with the vehicle or obstructing the path of the vehicle; and

                     (b)  must not return to the marked lane or line of traffic where the vehicle is travelling until the driver is a sufficient distance past the vehicle to avoid a collision with the vehicle or obstructing the path of the vehicle.

Offence provision.

Note:          Marked lane and overtake are defined in the dictionary.

145  Driver being overtaken not to increase speed

                   If a driver is overtaking another driver on a two‑way road by crossing a dividing line, or crossing to the right of the centre of the road, the other driver must not increase the speed at which the driver is driving until the first driver:

                     (a)  has passed the other driver; and

                     (b)  has returned to the marked lane or line of traffic where the other driver is driving; and

                     (c)  is a sufficient distance in front of the other driver to avoid a collision.

Offence provision.

Note:          Centre of the road, dividing line, marked lane, overtake and two‑way road are defined in the dictionary.

Division 4Driving in marked lanes or lines of traffic

146  Driving within a single marked lane or line of traffic

             (1)  A driver on a multi‑lane road must drive so the driver’s vehicle is completely in a marked lane, unless the driver is:

                     (a)  entering a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road or a shoulder of the road); or

                     (b)  entering or leaving the road; or

                     (c)  moving from one marked lane to another marked lane; or

                     (d)  avoiding an obstruction; or

                     (e)  obeying a traffic control device applying to the marked lane; or

                      (f)  permitted to drive in more than one marked lane under another provision of the Australian Road Rules or under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle, marked lane, multi‑lane road, obstruction, service road and traffic control device are defined in the dictionary and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Note 2:       A driver is generally not permitted to move from one marked lane to another marked lane across a continuous line separating the lanes—see rule 147.

Note 3:       Rule 148 deals with giving way when moving from one marked lane to another marked lane.

Note 4:       An overhead lane control device may require a driver to leave a marked lane—see rule 152.

Note 5:       Drivers of certain long vehicles are permitted to use 2 marked lanes when turning at an intersection—see rule 28 (left turns) and rule 32 (right turns).

             (2)  A driver on a road with 2 or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction as the driver, but without marked lanes, must drive so the driver’s vehicle is completely in a single line of traffic unless:

                     (a)  it is not practicable to drive completely in a single line of traffic; or

                     (b)  the driver is entering a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road or a shoulder of the road); or

                     (c)  the driver is entering or leaving the road; or

                     (d)  the driver is moving from one line of traffic to another line of traffic; or

                     (e)  the driver is avoiding an obstruction.

Offence provision.

Note:          Rule 148 deals with giving way when moving from one line of traffic to another line of traffic.

             (3)  If a driver diverges to the left or right within a marked lane, the driver must give way to any vehicle that is in the same marked lane.

Offence provision.

147  Moving from one marked lane to another marked lane across a continuous line separating the lanes

                   A driver on a multi‑lane road must not move from one marked lane to another marked lane by crossing a continuous line separating the lanes unless:

                     (a)  the driver is avoiding an obstruction; or

                     (b)  the driver is obeying a traffic control device applying to the first marked lane; or

                     (c)  the driver is permitted to drive in both marked lanes under another provision of the Australian Road Rules or under another law of this jurisdiction; or

                     (d)  either of the marked lanes is a special purpose lane in which the driver is permitted to drive under the Australian Road Rules and the driver is moving to or from the special purpose lane.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Marked lane, multi‑lane road, obstruction, special purpose lane and traffic control device are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       An overhead lane control device may require a driver to leave a marked lane—see rule 152.

Note 3:       Drivers of certain long vehicles are permitted to use 2 marked lanes when turning at an intersection—see rule 28 (left turns) and rule 32 (right turns).

Note 4:       Rule 95 deals with driving in emergency stopping lanes, and Division 6 of this Part deals with driving in other special purpose lanes.

148  Giving way when moving from one marked lane or line of traffic to another marked lane or line of traffic

             (1)  A driver who is moving from one marked lane (whether or not the lane is ending) to another marked lane must give way to any vehicle travelling in the same direction as the driver in the marked lane to which the driver is moving.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Marked lane and multi‑lane road are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Examples:  Giving way when moving from one marked lane to another marked lane

 

Example 1

Example 2

Rule148_Ex1

In these examples, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

             (2)  A driver on a road with 2 or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction as the driver, and who is moving from one line of traffic to another line of traffic, must give way to any vehicle travelling in the same direction as the driver in the line of traffic to which the driver is moving.

Offence provision.

             (3)  Subrule (2) does not apply to a driver if the line of traffic in which the driver is driving is merging with the line of traffic to which the driver is moving.

Note:          Rule 149 deals with giving way when lines of traffic merge.

Example

Giving way when moving from one line of traffic to another line of traffic when the lines are not merging

In this example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A

149  Giving way when lines of traffic merge into a single line of traffic

                   A driver in a line of traffic that is merging with one or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction as the driver must give way to a vehicle in another line of traffic if any part of the vehicle is ahead of the driver’s vehicle.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the dictionary.

Example

Giving way when lines of traffic merge into a single line of traffic

In this example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

150  Driving on or across a continuous white edge line

             (1)  A driver must not drive on or over a continuous white edge line on a road unless subrule (1A) or (1B) applies to the driver.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Edge line is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A driver must not stop at the side of a road marked with a continuous yellow edge line—see rule 169.

          (1A)  A driver may drive on or over a continuous white edge line on a road if the driver is:

                     (a)  overtaking a vehicle that is turning right, or making a U‑turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal; or

                     (b)  driving a slow‑moving vehicle, and it is necessary for the driver to drive on or over the edge line to allow the vehicle to be overtaken or passed by another vehicle; or

                     (c)  driving a vehicle that is too wide, or too long, to drive on the road without driving on or over the edge line; or

                     (d)  permitted to drive on or over the edge line under another law of this jurisdiction; or

                     (e)  avoiding an obstruction.

Note:          Centre of the road, obstruction, overtake, right change of direction signal and U‑turn are defined in the dictionary.

          (1B)  A driver may drive on or over a continuous white edge line on a road for up to 100 metres if the driver is:

                     (a)  turning at an intersection; or

                     (b)  entering or leaving the road; or

                     (c)  entering a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road, a shoulder of the road or an emergency stopping lane); or

                     (d)  stopping at the side of the road (including any shoulder of the road).

Note:          Intersection and service road are defined in the dictionary, emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

             (2)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a bicycle or animal.

Note:          Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  For this rule, a driver drives over a continuous white edge line on a road if:

                     (a)  for a line on the far left side of the road—the driver’s vehicle is wholly or partly to the left of the line; or

                     (b)  for a line on the far right side of the road—the driver’s vehicle is wholly or partly to the right of the line.

151  Riding a motor bike or bicycle alongside more than 1 other rider

             (1)  The rider of a motor bike or bicycle must not ride on a road that is not a multi‑lane road alongside more than 1 other rider, unless subrule (3) applies to the rider.

Offence provision.

Note:          Bicycle, motor bike and multi‑lane road are defined in the dictionary, and rider is defined in rule 17.

             (2)  The rider of a motor bike or bicycle must not ride in a marked lane alongside more than 1 other rider in the marked lane, unless subrule (3) applies to the rider.

Offence provision.

Note:          Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  The rider of a motor bike or bicycle may ride alongside more than 1 other rider if the rider is:

                     (a)  overtaking the other riders; or

                     (b)  permitted to do so under another law of this jurisdiction.

Note:          Overtake is defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  If the rider of a motor bike or bicycle is riding on a road that is not a multi‑lane road alongside another rider, or in a marked lane alongside another rider in the marked lane, the rider must ride not over 1.5 metres from the other rider.

Offence provision.

             (5)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes a bicycle path, shared path and any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Bicycle path is defined in rule 239, road‑related area is defined in rule 13, shared path is defined in rule 242, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

151A  Riding a motor bike alongside a vehicle

                   The rider of a motor bike must not ride in a marked lane past the left or right of a vehicle (except another motor bike or a bicycle) that is travelling, or is stationary but not parked, in the marked lane.

Offence provision.

Note:          Bicycle, marked lane and motor bike are defined in the dictionary.

Division 5Obeying overhead lane control devices applying to marked lanes

152  Complying with overhead lane control devices

             (1)  A driver in a marked lane to which an overhead lane control device applies must comply with this rule.

Offence provision.

Note:          Marked lane and overhead lane control device are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  If the device displays an illuminated red diagonal cross or is a traffic sign displaying a red diagonal cross, the driver must not drive in the marked lane past the device.

             (3)  If the device displays a flashing illuminated red diagonal cross, the driver must leave the marked lane as soon as it is safe to do so.

             (4)  If the device displays an illuminated white, green or yellow arrow pointing downwards or indicating one or more directions, the driver may drive in the marked lane past the device.

Example

Overhead lane control device applying to marked lanes

Note for diagram:           If the device displays an arrow indicating one or more directions, the device operates also as traffic lane arrows—see the definition of traffic lane arrows in the dictionary. Rule 92 deals with traffic lane arrows.

Division 6Driving in marked lanes designated for special purposes

153  Bicycle lanes

             (1)  A driver (except the rider of a bicycle) must not drive in a bicycle lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the bicycle lane under this rule or rule 158.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.

             (2)  If stopping or parking is permitted at a place in a bicycle lane under another law of this jurisdiction, a driver may drive for up to 50 metres in the bicycle lane to stop or park at that place.

Note:          Part 12 deals with parking and restricted stopping areas.

             (3)  A driver may drive for up to 50 metres in a bicycle lane if:

                     (a)  the driver is driving a public bus, public minibus or taxi, and is dropping off or picking up, passengers; and

                     (b)  there is not another law of this jurisdiction prohibiting the driver from driving in the bicycle lane.

Note:          Public bus, public minibus and taxi are defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  A bicycle lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane:

                     (a)  beginning at a bicycle lane sign applying to the lane; and

                     (b)  ending at the nearest of the following:

                              (i)  an end bicycle lane sign applying to the lane;

                             (ii)  an intersection (unless the lane is at the unbroken side of the continuing road at a T–intersection or continued across the intersection by broken lines);

                            (iii)  if the road ends at a dead end—the end of the road.

Note:          Continuing road, intersection, marked lane and T–intersection are defined in the dictionary.

 

Bicycle lane sign

End bicycle lane sign

Note for diagrams:         There are a number of other permitted versions of the bicycle lane sign, and another permitted version of the end bicycle lane sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

154  Bus lanes

             (1)  A driver (except the driver of a public bus) must not drive in a bus lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the bus lane under rule 158.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Public bus is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.

             (2)  A bus lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane:

                     (a)  beginning at a bus lane sign (whether or not there is also a bus lane road marking) and ending at the nearest of the following:

                              (i)  an end bus lane sign;

                             (ii)  a traffic sign that indicates the beginning of another special purpose lane; or

                     (b)  beginning at a bus lane road marking (if there is no bus lane sign) and ending at the next intersection.

Note:          Intersection, marked lane, special purpose lane and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  In this rule:

bus lane road marking means a road marking consisting of:

                     (a)  the letters ‘BL’; or

                     (b)  the words ‘bus lane’; or

                     (c)  the words ‘bus only’.

Note:          Road marking is defined in the dictionary.

 

Bus lane sign

End bus lane sign

Note for diagrams:         There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

155  Tram lanes

             (1)  A driver (except the driver of a tram, tram recovery vehicle or public bus) must not drive in a tram lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the tram lane under this rule or rule 158.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Public bus, tram and tram recovery vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.

             (2)  A driver may drive in a tram lane if the driver is driving a truck and it is necessary for the driver to drive in the tram lane to reach a place to drop off, or pick up, passengers or goods.

             (3)  A tram lane is a part of a road with tram tracks that:

                     (a)  is marked along the left side of the tracks (when facing the direction of travel of a tram on the tracks) by a continuous yellow line parallel to the tracks; and

                     (b)  begins at a tram lane sign; and

                     (c)  ends at an end tram lane sign.

Note:          Tram tracks is defined in the dictionary.

 

Tram lane sign

End tram lane sign

155A  Tramways

             (1)  A driver (except the driver of a tram, tram recovery vehicle or public bus) must not drive in a tramway, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the tramway under subrule (2).

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Public bus, tram and tram recovery vehicle are defined in the dictionary. 

Note 2:       The exceptions and defence provided in rule 158 do not apply to tramways.

             (2)  A driver may drive in a tramway if:

                     (a)  it is necessary for the driver to drive in the tramway to avoid an obstruction; and

                     (b)  when driving in the tramway, the driver does not move into the path of an approaching tram or public bus travelling in the tramway.

Note:          Obstruction is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  A tramway is a part of a road with tram tracks that is:

                     (a)  between a tramway sign and an end tramway sign; and

                     (b)  marked along the left side of the tracks (when facing the direction of travel of a tram on the tracks) by either:

                              (i)  2 continuous yellow lines parallel to the tracks; or

                             (ii)  a structure (for example, a dividing strip, pedestrian refuge, traffic island, row of bollards or separation kerb), whether or not the structure is also being used to indicate a safety zone.

Note:          Dividing strip, traffic island and tram tracks are defined in the dictionary and safety zone is defined in rule 162.

 

Tramway sign

End tramway sign

Examples

 

Tramway with double yellow line

Tramway with separation kerb

156  Transit lanes

             (1)  A driver must not drive in a transit lane unless:

                     (a)  the driver is driving:

                              (i)  a public bus, public minibus, motor bike, taxi or tram; or

                             (ii)  if the transit lane sign applying to the transit lane is a transit lane (T2) sign—a vehicle carrying at least 1 other person; or

                            (iii)  if the transit lane sign applying to the transit lane is a transit lane (T3) sign—a vehicle carrying at least 2 other people; or

                     (b)  the driver is permitted to drive in the transit lane under rule 158.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Motor bike, public bus, public minibus, taxi and tram are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.

             (2)  A transit lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane:

                     (a)  beginning at a transit lane sign; and

                     (b)  ending at an end transit lane sign.

Note:          Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

Transit lane signs

Transit lane (T2) sign

Transit lane (T3) sign

End transit lane signs

End transit lane (T2) sign

End transit lane (T3) sign

Note for diagrams:         There are a number of other permitted versions of the transit lane sign and another permitted version of the end transit lane sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

157  Truck lanes

             (1)  A driver (except the driver of a truck) must not drive in a truck lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the truck lane under rule 158.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Truck is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.

             (2)  A truck lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane:

                     (a)  beginning at a truck lane sign; and

                     (b)  ending at an end truck lane sign.

Note:          Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

 

Truck lane sign

End truck lane sign

Note for diagrams:         There is another permitted version of the end truck lane sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

158  Exceptions to driving in special purpose lanes etc

             (1)  The driver of any vehicle may drive for up to the permitted distance in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, transit lane or truck lane if it is necessary for the driver to drive in the lane:

                     (a)  to enter or leave the road; or

                     (b)  to enter a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road, the shoulder of the road or an emergency stopping lane); or

                     (c)  to overtake a vehicle that is turning right, or making a U‑turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal; or

                     (d)  to enter a marked lane, or part of the road where there is room for a line of traffic (other than motor bikes, bicycles, motorised wheelchairs or animals), from the side of the road.

Note 1:       Permitted distance is defined in subrule (4).

Note 2:       Bicycle lane is defined in rule 153, bus lane is defined in rule 154, emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95, centre of the road, marked lane, overtake, right change of direction signal, service road and U–turn are defined in the dictionary, shoulder is defined in rule 12, tram lane is defined in rule 155, transit lane is defined in rule 156, and truck lane is defined in rule 157.

Note 3:       A driver must keep clear of a tram travelling in a tram lane—see rule 76.

             (2)  The driver of any vehicle may drive in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, transit lane or truck lane if:

                     (a)  it is necessary for the driver to drive in the lane to avoid an obstruction; or

                     (b)  information on or with a traffic sign applying to the lane indicates that the driver may drive in the lane; or

                     (c)  the driver is permitted to drive in the lane under another law of this jurisdiction.

Note:          Obstruction, traffic sign and with are defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  It is a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division for driving in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, transit lane or truck lane if:

                     (a)  it is necessary for the driver to drive in the lane to stop at a place in the lane; and

                     (b)  the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction, or it is a defence under rule 165 for the driver to stop at that place; and

                     (c)  if the lane is a bicycle lane—the driver drives in the lane for no more than the permitted distance.

Note:          Rule 165 provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of Part 12 (Restrictions on stopping and parking). The defence is available, for example, if the driver needs to stop to deal with a medical or other emergency.

             (4)  In this rule:

permitted distance means:

                     (a)  for a bicycle lane—50 metres; or

                     (b)  for any other lane—100 metres.

159  Marked lanes required to be used by particular kinds of vehicles

             (1)  If information on or with a traffic sign applying to a length of road indicates that a vehicle of a particular kind must drive in a particular marked lane, a driver driving a vehicle of that kind on the length of road must drive in the indicated lane, unless the driver is:

                     (a)  avoiding an obstruction; or

                     (b)  obeying a traffic control device applying to the indicated lane; or

                     (c)  permitted to drive in the indicated lane and also another marked lane under another provision of the Australian Road Rules or under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Length of road, marked lane, obstruction, traffic control device, traffic sign and with are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       An overhead lane control device may require a driver to leave a marked lane—see rule 152.

Note 3:       Drivers of certain long vehicles are permitted to use 2 marked lanes when turning at an intersection—see rule 28 (left turns) and rule 32 (right turns).

             (2)  A traffic sign mentioned in this rule that is on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following:

                     (a)  a traffic sign or road marking on the road that indicates that the first traffic sign no longer applies;

                     (b)  the next intersection on the road;

                     (c)  if the road ends at a T–intersection or dead end—the end of the road.

Note 1:       Intersection, road marking, T–intersection and traffic sign are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 322(1) and (2) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign on a road.

Examples of a traffic sign mentioned in the rule and a traffic sign indicating that the first traffic sign no longer applies

 

Trucks use left lane sign

End trucks use left lane sign

Note for diagrams:         There is another permitted version of the trucks use left lane sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Division 7Passing trams and safety zones

Note:          Bus, tram, tram tracks and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

160  Passing or overtaking a tram that is not at or near the left side of a road

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver driving on a road with tram tracks that are not at or near the far left side of the road.

             (2)  The driver must not drive past, or overtake, a tram to the right of the tram, unless the driver is permitted to do so by a traffic sign or road marking.

Offence provision.

Note:          Overtake is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  The driver must not drive past, or overtake, a tram if the tram is turning left or is giving a left change of direction signal, unless the driver is turning left and there is no danger of a collision with the tram.

Offence provision.

Note:          Left change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  In this rule:

tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

161  Passing or overtaking a tram at or near the left side of a road

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver driving on a road with tram tracks at or near the far left side of the road.

             (2)  The driver must not drive past, or overtake, a tram to the left of the tram unless the driver is turning left and there is no danger of a collision with the tram.

Offence provision.

             (3)  The driver must not drive past, or overtake, a tram if the tram is turning right or is giving a right change of direction signal.

Offence provision.

Note:          Right change of direction signal is defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  In this rule:

tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

162  Driving past a safety zone

             (1)  A driver driving past a safety zone:

                     (a)  must not drive on the safety zone; and

                     (b)  must drive to the left of the safety zone at a speed that does not put at risk the safety of any pedestrian crossing the road to or from the safety zone.

Offence provision.

             (2)  A safety zone is an area of a road:

                     (a)  at a place with safety zone signs at or near a tram stop; and

                     (b)  indicated by a structure on the road (for example, a dividing strip, pedestrian refuge or traffic island).

Note:          Dividing strip and traffic island are defined in the dictionary.

Safety zone sign

163  Driving past the rear of a stopped tram at a tram stop

             (1)  A driver must comply with this rule if:

                     (a)  the driver is driving behind the rear of a tram travelling in the same direction as the driver; and

                     (b)  the tram stops at a tram stop, except at the far left side of the road; and

                     (c)  there is no safety zone, dividing strip or traffic island between the tram and the part of the road where the driver is driving.

Offence provision.

Note:          Dividing strip, traffic island and tram stop are defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162.

             (2)  The driver must stop before passing the rear of the tram.

             (3)  After stopping in accordance with subrule (2), the driver must not proceed if:

                     (a)  the tram doors are open; or

                     (b)  a pedestrian is entering or crossing the road between the tram tracks and the far left side of the road.

             (4)  After stopping in accordance with subrule (2), if the tram remains at the tram stop and subrules (3)(a) and (b) do not apply, the driver must not proceed past the tram at a speed greater than 10 kilometres per hour.

             (5)  However, subrules (2), (3) and (4) do not apply if the driver is directed to drive past the tram by an authorised person.

             (6)  In this rule:

tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

164  Stopping beside a stopped tram at a tram stop

             (1)  A driver must comply with this rule if:

                     (a)  the driver is driving alongside, or overtaking, a tram travelling in the same direction as the driver; and

                     (b)  the tram stops at a tram stop, except at the far left side of the road; and

                     (c)  there is no safety zone, dividing strip or traffic island between the tram and the part of the road where the driver is driving.

Offence provision.

Note:          Dividing strip, traffic island and tram stop are defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162.

             (2)  The driver must stop.

             (3)  After stopping in accordance with subrule (2), the driver must not proceed if:

                     (a)  the tram doors are open; or

                     (b)  a pedestrian is entering or crossing the road between the tram tracks and the far left side of the road.

             (4)  After stopping in accordance with subrule (2), if the tram remains at the tram stop and subrules (3)(a) and (b) do not apply, the driver must not proceed past the tram at a speed greater than 10 kilometres per hour.

             (5)  However, subrules (2), (3) and (4) do not apply if the driver is directed to drive past the tram by an authorised person.

             (6)  In this rule:

tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

Part 12Restrictions on stopping and parking

Division 1General

Note 1:       For the general rules about the application of traffic signs (including parking control signs), see Part 20, Divisions 2 and 3 especially rules 332 to 335 and 346. Parking control signs often include information about the times they apply and the types of vehicles to which they do not apply—see rules 317 and 318. For the meaning of abbreviations and symbols on parking control signs, see rule 347 and Schedule 1.

Note 2:       Park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

165  Stopping in an emergency etc or to comply with another rule

                   It is a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Part if:

                     (a)  the driver stops at a particular place, or in a particular way, to avoid a collision, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary to avoid the collision; or

                     (b)  the driver stops at a particular place, or in a particular way, because the driver’s vehicle is disabled, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary for the vehicle to be moved safely to a place where the driver is permitted to park the vehicle under the Australian Road Rules; or

                     (c)  the driver stops at a particular place, or in a particular way, to deal with a medical or other emergency, or to assist a disabled vehicle, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary in the circumstances; or

                     (d)  the driver stops at a particular place, or in a particular way, because the condition of the driver, a passenger, or the driver’s vehicle makes it necessary for the driver to stop in the interests of safety, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary in the circumstances; or

                     (e)  the driver stops at a particular place, or in a particular way, to comply with another provision of the Australian Road Rules or a provision of another law, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary to comply with the other provision.

Example for paragraph (e)

If a driver stops at an intersection at a stop line, stop sign, or traffic lights, or to give way to a vehicle, in accordance with the Australian Road Rules, the driver does not contravene rule 170 (stopping in or near an intersection).

Note 1:       See rule 125 (in Part 11) for the offence of unreasonably obstructing the path of another vehicle or a pedestrian.

Note 2:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

166  Application of Part to bicycles

                   This Part does not apply to a bicycle that is parked at a bicycle rail or in a bicycle rack.

Note:          Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

Division 2No stopping and no parking signs and road markings

Note 1:       Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

167  No stopping signs

                   A driver must not stop on a length of road or in an area to which a no stopping sign applies.

Offence provision.

Note:          Another law of this jurisdiction may provide transitional arrangements dealing with no standing signs.

No stopping signs

 

No stopping sign
(for a length of road)

No stopping sign
(for an area)

Note 1 for diagrams:      There are a number of other permitted versions of these signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagrams:      A no stopping sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

168  No parking signs

             (1)  The driver of a vehicle must not stop on a length of road or in an area to which a no parking sign applies, unless the driver:

                     (a)  is dropping off, or picking up, passengers or goods; and

                     (b)  does not leave the vehicle unattended; and

                     (c)  completes the dropping off, or picking up, of the passengers or goods, and drives on, as soon as possible and, in any case, within the required time after stopping.

Offence provision.

             (2)  For this rule, a driver leaves a vehicle unattended if the driver leaves the vehicle so the driver is over 3 metres from the closest point of the vehicle.

             (3)  In this rule:

required time means:

                     (a)  if information on or with the sign indicates a time—the indicated time; or

                     (b)  if there is no indicated time—2 minutes; or

                     (c)  if there is no indicated time, or the indicated time is less than 5 minutes, and rule 206 applies to the driver—5 minutes.

Note 1:       With is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 206 applies to a driver if the driver’s vehicle displays a current parking permit for people with disabilities and the driver complies with the conditions of use of the permit—see rule 206(1).

No parking signs

 

No parking sign
(for a length of road)

No parking sign
(for an area)

Note 1 for diagrams:      There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagrams:      A no parking sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

169  No stopping on a road with a yellow edge line

                   A driver must not stop at the side of a road marked with a continuous yellow edge line.

Offence provision.

Note:          Edge line is defined in the dictionary.

Division 3Stopping at intersections and crossings

Note 1:       Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

170  Stopping in or near an intersection

             (1)  A driver must not stop in an intersection unless:

                     (a)  the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules; or

                     (b)  the intersection is a T‑intersection without traffic lights and the driver stops along the continuous side of the continuing road at the intersection.

Offence provision.

Note:          Continuing road, intersection and T‑intersection are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver must not stop on a road within 20 metres from the nearest point of an intersecting road at an intersection with traffic lights, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Parking control sign and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A driver stops within a particular distance from an intersection if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance—see rule 350(2).

             (3)  A driver must not stop on a road within 10 metres from the nearest point of an intersecting road at an intersection without traffic lights, unless the driver stops:

                     (a)  at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules; or

                     (b)  if the intersection is a T–intersection—along the continuous side of the continuing road at the intersection.

Offence provision.

Note:          Continuing road and T–intersection are defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  For this rule, distances are measured in the direction in which the driver is driving, and:

                     (a)  for subrule (2)—as shown in example 1; or

                     (b)  for subrule (3)—as shown in example 2.

             (5)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Examples

Example 1

Measurement of distance—intersection with traffic lights

Example 2

Measurement of distance—T–intersection without traffic lights

171  Stopping on or near a children’s crossing

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a children’s crossing, or on the road within 20 metres before the crossing and 10 metres after the crossing, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80, and parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A driver stops within a particular distance from a children’s crossing if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance—see rule 350(2).

             (2)  For this rule, distances are measured:

                     (a)  in the direction in which the driver is driving; and

                     (b)  as shown in example 1 or 2.

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Examples

Example 1

Measurement of distance—children’s crossing with red and white posts

Example 2

Measurement of distance—children’s crossing with
2 parallel continuous or broken lines

172  Stopping on or near a pedestrian crossing (except at an intersection)

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a pedestrian crossing that is not at an intersection, or on the road within 20 metres before the crossing and 10 metres after the crossing, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Intersection and parking control sign are defined in the dictionary, and pedestrian crossing is defined in rule 81.

Note 2:       A driver stops within a particular distance from a crossing if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance—see rule 350(2).

             (2)  For this rule, distances are measured:

                     (a)  in the direction in which the driver is driving; and

                     (b)  as shown in the example.

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Example

Measurement of distance—pedestrian crossing

173  Stopping on or near a marked foot crossing (except at an intersection)

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a marked foot crossing that is not at an intersection, or on the road within 10 metres before the traffic lights pole nearest to the driver at the crossing and 3 metres after the crossing, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Intersection, marked foot crossing, parking control sign and traffic lights pole are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A driver stops within a particular distance from a traffic lights pole or a crossing if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance—see rule 350(2).

             (2)  For this rule, distances are measured:

                     (a)  in the direction in which the driver is driving; and

                     (b)  as shown in the example.

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Example

Measurement of distance—marked foot crossing

174  Stopping at or near bicycle crossing lights (except at an intersection)

             (1)  This rule applies to a place on a road:

                     (a)  with bicycle crossing lights facing bicycle riders crossing the road; and

                     (b)  with traffic lights facing traffic travelling on the road; and

                     (c)  that is not at an intersection.

Note:          Bicycle crossing lights, intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver must not stop within 10 metres before the traffic lights nearest to the driver at the place, and 3 metres after the traffic lights, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A driver stops within a particular distance from traffic lights if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance—see rule 350(2).

             (3)  For this rule, distances are measured:

                     (a)  in the direction in which the driver is driving; and

                     (b)  as shown in the example.

             (4)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Example

Measurement of distance—bicycle crossing lights

175  Stopping on or near a level crossing

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a level crossing, or on a road within 20 metres before the nearest rail or track to the driver approaching the crossing and 20 metres after the nearest rail or track to the driver leaving the crossing, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Level crossing is defined in rule 120, and parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A driver stops within a particular distance from a level crossing if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance—see rule 350(2).

             (2)  For this rule, distances are measured as shown in the example.

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Example

Measurement of distance—level crossing

Division 4Stopping on clearways and freeways and in emergency stopping lanes

Note 1:       Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

176  Stopping on a clearway

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a length of road to which a clearway sign applies, unless subrule (2) or (3) applies to the driver.

Offence provision.

          (1A)  In subrule (1):

road does not include a road‑related area.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13.

             (2)  The driver of a public bus or public minibus may stop on the length of road if the driver is dropping off, or picking up, passengers.

Note:          Public bus and public minibus are defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  The driver of a taxi may stop on the length of road if:

                     (a)  the driver is dropping off, or picking up, passengers; and

                     (b)  there is not another law of this jurisdiction prohibiting the driver of a taxi from stopping on a length of road to which a clearway sign applies.

Note:          Taxi is defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  A clearway sign applies, for the days or times indicated on the sign, to a length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following:

                     (a)  a clearway sign on the road that indicates different days or times;

                     (b)  an end clearway sign on the road;

                     (c)  the end of the road.

 

Clearway sign

End clearway sign

Note for diagrams:         Anything on these signs may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

177  Stopping on a freeway

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a freeway unless:

                     (a)  the driver stops in an emergency stopping lane; or

                     (b)  the driver’s vehicle is permitted to stop on the freeway under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary, and emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95.

Note 2:       Rule 178 sets out when a driver can stop in an emergency stopping lane.

             (2)  A freeway is a length of road to which a freeway sign applies.

             (3)  A freeway sign on a road applies to a length of road beginning at the sign (including any road into which the length of road merges) and ending at the next end freeway sign on the road.

Freeway signs

 

End freeway sign

Note for diagrams:         There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

178  Stopping in an emergency stopping lane

                   A driver (except the rider of a bicycle) must not stop in an emergency stopping lane unless:

                     (a)  the condition of the driver, a passenger or the driver’s vehicle, or any other factor, makes it necessary or desirable for the driver to stop in the emergency stopping lane in the interests of safety, and the driver stops for no longer than is necessary in the circumstances; or

                     (b)  the driver is permitted to stop in the emergency stopping lane under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note:          Bicycle and driver’s vehicle are defined in the dictionary, and emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95.

Division 5Stopping in zones for particular vehicles

Note 1:       Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

Note 3:        The signs mentioned in this Division are particular types of parking control sign (defined in the dictionary) to which the general rules about the application of parking control signs apply—see rules 332 to 335.

179  Stopping in a loading zone

             (1)  A driver must not stop in a loading zone unless the driver is driving:

                     (a)  a public bus that is dropping off, or picking up, passengers; or

                     (b)  a truck that is dropping off, or picking up, goods; or

                     (c)  a vehicle that is permitted to stop in the loading zone under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note:          Public bus and truck are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver who is permitted to stop in a loading zone must not stay continuously in the zone for longer than:

                     (a)  30 minutes; or

                     (b)  if information on or with the loading zone signs applying to the loading zone indicates another time—the indicated time; or

                     (c)  for a driver who is permitted to stop in the loading zone under another law of this jurisdiction that provides for a shorter period—that period.

Offence provision.

Note:          With is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  A loading zone is a length of a road to which a loading zone sign applies.

Loading zone sign

Note 1 for diagram:        There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagram:        A loading zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

180  Stopping in a truck zone

             (1)  A driver must not stop in a truck zone unless the driver is driving:

                     (a)  a truck that is dropping off, or picking up, goods; or

                     (b)  a vehicle that is permitted to stop in the truck zone under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note:          Truck is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A truck zone is a length of a road to which a truck zone sign applies.

Truck zone sign

Note 1 for diagram:        There is another permitted version of this sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagram:        A truck zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

181  Stopping in a works zone

             (1)  A driver must not stop in a works zone unless the driver is driving a vehicle that is:

                     (a)  engaged in construction work in or near the zone; or

                     (b)  permitted to stop in the works zone under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

             (2)  A works zone is a length of a road to which a works zone sign applies.

Works zone sign

Note 1 for diagram:        There is another permitted version of this sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagram:        A works zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

182  Stopping in a taxi zone

             (1)  A driver must not stop in a taxi zone, unless the driver is driving a taxi.

Offence provision.

Note:          Taxi is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A taxi zone is a length of a road to which a taxi zone sign applies.

Taxi zone sign

Note 1 for diagram:        There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagram:        A taxi zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

183  Stopping in a bus zone

             (1)  A driver must not stop in a bus zone unless the driver is driving a public bus (except a public bus of a kind that is not permitted to stop in the bus zone by information on or with the bus zone sign applying to the bus zone).

Offence provision.

Note:          Public bus and with are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A bus zone is a length of a road to which a bus zone sign applies.

Bus zone sign

Note 1 for diagram:        There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagram:        A bus zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

184  Stopping in a minibus zone

             (1)  A driver (except the driver of a public minibus) must not stop in a minibus zone.

Offence provision.

Note:          Public minibus is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A minibus zone is a length of road to which a minibus zone sign applies.

Minibus zone sign

Note for diagram:           A minibus zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

185  Stopping in a permit zone

             (1)  A driver must not stop in a permit zone unless the driver’s vehicle displays a current permit issued under another law of this jurisdiction that permits the vehicle to stop in the zone.

Offence provision.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A permit zone is a length of a road to which a permit zone sign applies.

Permit zone sign

Note 1 for diagram:        There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagram:        A permit zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

186  Stopping in a mail zone

             (1)  A driver must not stop in a mail zone.

Offence provision.

             (2)  A mail zone is a length of a road to which a mail zone sign applies.

Note:          Exemptions for drivers of postal vehicles may be provided under rule 313.

Mail zone sign

Note for diagram:           A mail zone sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

Division 6Other places where stopping is restricted

Note 1:       Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

187  Stopping in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, transit lane, truck lane or on tram tracks

             (1)  A driver must not stop in a bus lane, transit lane or truck lane unless the driver:

                     (a)  is driving a public bus, public minibus or taxi, and is dropping off or picking up, passengers; and

                     (b)  is permitted to drive in the lane under the Australian Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

             (2)  A driver must not stop in a bicycle lane unless:

                     (a)  the driver:

                              (i)  is driving a public bus, public minibus or taxi, and is dropping off or picking up, passengers; and

                             (ii)  is permitted to drive in the lane under the Australian Road Rules or another law of this jurisdiction; or

                     (b)  the driver is permitted to stop or park in the bicycle lane under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

             (3)  A driver (except the driver of a tram or a public bus) must not stop in a tram lane, or on tram tracks.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Bicycle lane is defined in rule 153, bus lane is defined in rule 154, tram lane is defined in rule 155, transit lane is defined in rule 156, truck lane is defined in rule 157, and public bus, public minibus, taxi, tram and tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 76 deals with drivers keeping clear of trams travelling in tram lanes or on tram tracks marked on each side by a yellow line.

Note 3:       Part 11, Division 6 deals with driving in bicycle lanes, bus lanes, tram lanes, transit lanes and truck lanes.

188  Stopping in a shared zone

                   A driver must not stop in a shared zone unless:

                     (a)  the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules; or

                     (b)  the driver stops in a parking bay and the driver is permitted to stop in the parking bay under the Australian Road Rules; or

                     (c)  the driver is dropping off, or picking up, passengers or goods; or

                     (d)  the driver is engaged in the door‑to‑door delivery or collection of goods, or in the collection of waste or garbage.

Offence provision.

Note:          Parking bay and parking control sign are defined in the dictionary, and shared zone is defined in rule 24.

189  Double parking

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a road:

                     (a)  if the road is a two‑way road—between the centre of the road and another vehicle that is parked at the side of the road; or

                     (b)  if the road is a one‑way road—between the far side of the road and another vehicle that is parked at the side of the road.

Offence provision.

Note:          One‑way road and two‑way road are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver does not contravene this rule by parking on the side of the road, or in a median strip parking area, in accordance with rule 210.

Note:          Median strip parking area is defined in the dictionary.

Examples

 

Example 1

Example 2

NEW_FOR_

Rule 189

In example 1, the vehicle marked with an ‘X’ is stopped in contravention of this rule.

In example 2, the angle parked vehicles are not stopped in contravention of this rule.

190  Stopping in or near a safety zone

             (1)  A driver must not stop in a safety zone, or on a road within 10 metres before or after a safety zone, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162.

Note 2:       A driver stops within a particular distance before or after something if the driver stops so any part of the vehicle is within that distance—see rule 350(2).

             (2)  For this rule, distances are measured:

                     (a)  in the direction in which the driver is driving; and

                     (b)  from the end of the structure; and

                     (c)  as shown in the example.

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Safety zone sign

Example

Measurement of distance—safety zone

In the example, the vehicles marked with an ‘X’ are stopped in contravention of this rule.

191  Stopping near an obstruction

                   A driver must not stop on a road near an obstruction on the road in a position that obstructs traffic on the road.

Offence provision.

Note:          Obstruction is defined in the dictionary.

192  Stopping on a bridge or in a tunnel etc

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a bridge, causeway, ramp or similar structure unless:

                     (a)  the road is at least as wide on the structure as it is on each of the approaches; or

                     (b)  the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note:          Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver must not stop in a tunnel or underpass unless:

                     (a)  the road is at least as wide in the tunnel or underpass as it is on each of the approaches; or

                     (b)  the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Example

Stopping on a bridge where the road on the bridge is
narrower than on an approach

In the example, the vehicle is stopped in contravention of subrule(1).

193  Stopping on a crest or curve outside a built‑up area

             (1)  A driver must not stop on or near a crest or curve on a length of road that is not in a built‑up area unless:

                     (a)  the driver’s vehicle is visible for 100 metres to drivers approaching the vehicle and travelling in the direction of travel of traffic on the same side of the road as the vehicle; or

                     (b)  the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note:          Built‑up area, driver’s vehicle and parking control sign are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

194  Stopping near a fire hydrant etc

             (1)  A driver must not stop within 1 metre of a fire hydrant, fire hydrant indicator, or fire plug indicator, unless:

                     (a)  the driver is driving a public bus, and the driver stops at a bus stop or in a bus zone and does not leave the bus unattended; or

                     (b)  the driver is driving a taxi, and the driver stops in a taxi zone and does not leave the taxi unattended; or

                     (c)  the driver is driving a public minibus, and the driver stops in a minibus zone and does not leave the minibus unattended.

Offence provision.

Note:          Bus zone is defined in rule 183, public bus, public minibus and taxi are defined in the dictionary, minibus zone is defined in rule 184, and taxi zone is defined in rule 182.

             (2)  For this rule, a driver leaves a vehicle unattended if the driver leaves the vehicle so the driver is over 3 metres from the closest point of the vehicle.

             (3)  In this rule:

fire hydrant means an upright pipe with a spout, nozzle or other outlet for drawing water from a main or service pipe in case of fire or other emergency.

Examples

Fire hydrant indicators

Fire plug indicator

195  Stopping at or near a bus stop

             (1)  A driver (except the driver of a public bus) must not stop at a bus stop, or on the road, within 20 metres before a sign on the road that indicates the bus stop, and 10 metres after the sign, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Parking control sign and public bus are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A driver stops within a particular distance before or after a sign indicating a bus stop if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance—see rule 350(2).

             (2)  For this rule, distances are measured in the direction in which the driver is driving.

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

196  Stopping at or near a tram stop

             (1)  A driver (except the driver of a tram, a tram recovery vehicle or a public bus travelling along tram tracks) must not stop at a tram stop or on the road within 20 metres before a sign that indicates a tram stop, unless:

                     (a)  the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies; and

                     (b)  the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Parking control sign, public bus, tram and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A driver stops within a particular distance before a sign indicating a tram stop if the driver stops so any part of the driver’s vehicle is within that distance—see rule 350(2).

             (2)  For this rule, the distance is measured in the direction in which the driver is driving.

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

197  Stopping on a path, dividing strip, nature strip or painted island

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a bicycle path, footpath, shared path or dividing strip, or a nature strip adjacent to a length of road in a built‑up area, unless:

                     (a)  the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules; or

                     (b)  the driver is permitted to stop under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Bicycle path is defined in rule 239, built‑up area, dividing strip, footpath, nature strip and parking control sign are defined in the dictionary, and shared path is defined in rule 242.

Note 2:       A separated footpath is a particular kind of footpath—see rule 239.

          (1A)  A driver must not stop on a painted island.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Painted island is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 85 deals with the give way rules applying to a driver entering a turning lane from a painted island and rule 138 deals with keeping off painted islands.

             (2)  Subrule (1) does not apply to the rider of a bicycle or animal.

Note:          Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

198  Obstructing access to and from a footpath, driveway etc

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a road in a position that obstructs access by vehicles or pedestrians to or from a footpath ramp or a similar way of access to a footpath, or a bicycle path or passageway unless:

                     (a)  the driver is driving a public bus that is dropping off, or picking up, passengers; or

                     (b)  the driver stops in a parking bay and the driver is permitted to stop in the parking bay under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note:          Bicycle path is defined in rule 239, and footpath, parking bay and public bus are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A driver must not stop on or across a driveway or other way of access for vehicles travelling to or from adjacent land unless:

                     (a)  the driver:

                              (i)  is dropping off, or picking up, passengers; and

                             (ii)  does not leave the vehicle unattended; and

                            (iii)  completes the dropping off, or picking up, of the passengers, and drives on, as soon as possible and, in any case, within 2 minutes after stopping; or

                     (b)  the driver stops in a parking bay and the driver is permitted to stop in the parking bay under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Adjacent land is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A driver stops on or across a driveway or way of access if any part of the vehicle is on or across the driveway or way of access—see rule 350.

Example

Blocking a driveway

In the example, the vehicle marked with an ‘X’ is stopped in contravention of subrule (2).

             (3)  For this rule, a driver leaves a vehicle unattended if the driver leaves the vehicle so that the driver is over 3 metres from the closest point of the vehicle.

199  Stopping near a postbox

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a road within 3 metres of a public postbox, unless the driver:

                     (a)  is dropping off, or picking up, passengers or mail; or

                     (b)  stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note:          Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  In this rule:

public postbox means a structure that is declared to be a public postbox, for the Australian Road Rules, under another law of this jurisdiction.

200  Stopping on roads—heavy and long vehicles

             (1)  The driver of a heavy vehicle, or long vehicle, must not stop on a length of road that is not in a built‑up area, except on the shoulder of the road.

Offence provision.

Note:          Built‑up area is defined in the dictionary, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

             (2)  The driver of a heavy vehicle, or long vehicle, must not stop on a length of road in a built‑up area for longer than 1 hour, unless the driver is permitted to stop on the length of road for longer than 1 hour by information on or with a traffic control device, or under subrule (2A) or another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note:          Traffic control device and with are defined in the dictionary.

          (2A)  The driver of a heavy vehicle, or long vehicle, other than a bus, is permitted to stop on a length of road in a built up area for longer than 1 hour if, throughout the period when the vehicle is stopped on the length of road, the driver is engaged in dropping off, or picking up, goods.

             (3)  In this rule:

heavy vehicle means a vehicle with a GVM of 4.5 tonnes or more.

long vehicle means a vehicle that, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer.

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note 1:       GVM is defined in the dictionary, road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Note 2:       Vehicle includes a combination—see rule 15(d).

201  Stopping on a road with bicycle parking sign

                   A driver (except the rider of a bicycle) must not stop on a length of road to which a bicycle parking sign applies, unless the driver is dropping off, or picking up, passengers.

Offence provision.

Note:          Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

Bicycle parking sign

Note for diagram:           Anything on this sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

202  Stopping on a road with motor bike parking sign

                   A driver (except the rider of a motor bike) must not stop on a length of road to which a motor bike parking sign applies, unless the driver is dropping off, or picking up, passengers.

Offence provision.

Note:          Motor bike is defined in the dictionary.

Motor bike parking sign

Note for diagram:           Anything on this sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

203  Stopping in a parking area for people with disabilities

             (1)  A driver must not stop in a parking area for people with disabilities unless:

                     (a)  the driver’s vehicle displays a current parking permit for people with disabilities; and

                     (b)  the driver complies with the conditions of use of the permit.

Offence provision.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle and parking permit for people with disabilities are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A parking area for people with disabilities is a length or area of a road:

                     (a)  to which a permissive parking sign displaying a people with disabilities symbol applies; or

                     (b)  to which a people with disabilities parking sign applies; or

                     (c)  indicated by a road marking (a people with disabilities road marking) that consists of, or includes, a people with disabilities symbol.

People with disabilities symbols

 

Permissive parking sign displaying a people with disabilities symbol
(for a length of road)

Permissive parking sign displaying a people with disabilities symbol
(for an area)

 

People with disabilities parking sign

Note for diagrams:         Anything on these signs may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

203A  Stopping in a slip lane

                   A driver must not stop in a slip lane unless:

                     (a)  a parking control sign applies to the place where the driver stops; and

                     (b)  the driver is permitted to stop at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Offence provision.

Note:          Parking control sign and slip lane are defined in the dictionary.

Division 7Permissive parking signs and parking fees

Note 1:       Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

204  Meaning of certain information on or with permissive parking signs

             (1)  This rule explains the meaning of certain information on or with a permissive parking sign applying to a length of road or an area.

Note:          With is defined in the dictionary.

 

Permissive parking sign
(for a length of road)

Permissive parking sign
(for an area)

Permissive parking sign
(for a length of road)

Note 1 for diagrams:      There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagrams:      A permissive parking sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged—see rule 316(4).

Note:          Rule 318(1) and (2) deal with the effect of information on or with a traffic control device (including a permissive parking sign) that limits the application of the device to particular times or days. Under rule 318(3), if the information indicates that the device applies on a particular day, for example Friday, the sign does not have effect on a Friday that is a public holiday unless otherwise stated.

             (2)  A whole number, fraction, or whole number and fraction, immediately to the left of the letter ‘P’ indicates that a driver must not park on the length of road, or in the area, continuously for longer than the period of hours, or fraction of an hour, equal to the number, fraction, or number and fraction, shown.

Examples of permissive parking signs showing permitted parking periods and times of operation

 

Example 1

Permissive parking sign
applying to a length of road with a whole number to the left of P

Example 2

Permissive parking sign
applying to an area with a whole number to the left of P

In example 1, the sign indicates that a driver must not park continuously for longer than 1 hour on Saturdays between 9 am and 12 noon.

In example 2, the sign indicates that a driver must not park in the area for longer than 2 hours on Mondays to Fridays between 8.30 am and 5 pm, and on Saturdays between 8.30 am and 12 noon, unless permitted by information on or with another traffic control device.

             (3)  A number, together with the word ‘minute’, immediately to the right of the letter ‘P’ indicate that a driver must not park on the length of road, or in the area, continuously for longer than the number of minutes shown.

Example

Example 3

Permissive parking sign with a number of minutes to the right of P

In this example, the sign indicates that a driver must not park continuously for longer than 5 minutes on Mondays to Fridays between 9 am and 4 pm.

             (4)  The word ‘parking’, together with words indicating a number of hours or minutes, indicate that a driver must not park on the length of road, or in the area, continuously for longer than the number of hours or minutes shown.

205  Parking for longer than indicated

             (1)  A driver must not park continuously on a length of road, or in an area, to which a permissive parking sign applies for longer than the period indicated by information on or with the sign or, if rule 206 applies to the driver, the period allowed under that rule.

Offence provision.

Note:          With is defined in the dictionary.

          (1A)  If a permissive parking sign does not indicate a period and does not indicate that it applies at particular times, or at particular times on particular days, a driver may, at any time, park continuously on a length of road, or in an area, to which the sign applies, unless:

                     (a)  another parking control sign applies to the length of road or area; and

                     (b)  the driver is prohibited from parking on the length of road, or in the area, under the Australia Road Rules.

Note:          Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  For subrule (1), a driver parks continuously on a length of road, or in an area, to which a permissive parking sign applies, from the time when the driver parks on the length of road, or in the area, until the driver, or another driver, moves the vehicle off the length of road, or out of the area, to which the permissive parking sign applies.

205A  Parking outside times indicated

                   If a permissive parking sign indicates that it applies at particular times, or at particular times on particular days, a driver may park on the length of road, or in an area, to which the sign applies at a time, or at a time on a day, when the sign does not apply, unless:

                     (a)  another parking control sign applies to the length of road or area; and

                     (b)  the driver is prohibited from parking on the length of road, or in the area, at that time, or at that time on that day, under the Australia Road Rules.

Note 1:       Parking control sign is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rules 318(1) and (2) deal with the effect of information on or with a traffic control device (including a permissive parking sign) that limits the application of the device to particular times or days. Under rule 318(3), if the information indicates that the device applies on a particular day, for example Friday, the sign does not have effect on a Friday that is a public holiday at the place where the device is located, unless otherwise stated.

206  Time extension for people with disabilities

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver:

                     (a)  if the driver’s vehicle displays a current parking permit for people with disabilities; and

                     (b)  the driver complies with the conditions of use of the permit.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle and parking permit for people with disabilities are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  The driver may park continuously on a length of road, or in an area, to which a permissive parking sign applies (except in a parking area for people with disabilities) for:

                     (a)  twice the period indicated on the sign; or

                     (b)  if another law of this jurisdiction permits the driver to park for a longer period—the longer period; or

                     (c)  if another law of this jurisdiction permits the driver to park for an unlimited period—an unlimited period.

Note:          Parking area for people with disabilities is defined in rule 203.

207  Parking where fees are payable

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver who parks on a length of road, or in an area, to which a permissive parking sign applies if information on or with the sign indicates that a fee is payable for parking by buying a ticket or putting money into a parking meter.

Note:          With is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  The driver must:

                     (a)  pay the fee (if any) payable under the law of this jurisdiction; and

                     (b)  obey any instructions on or with the sign, meter, ticket or ticket‑vending machine.

Offence provision.

Division 8Parallel parking

Note 1:       Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

208  Parallel parking on a road (except in a median strip parking area)

             (1)  A driver who parks on a road (except in a median strip parking area) must position the driver’s vehicle in accordance with subrules (2) to (8).

Offence provision.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle and median strip parking area are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  The driver must position the vehicle to face:

                     (a)  in the direction of travel of vehicles in the marked lane or line of traffic on, or next to, the part of the road where the driver parks; or

                     (b)  if there is no traffic on, or next to, that part of the road—in the direction in which vehicles could lawfully travel on that part of the road.

Note:          Marked lane is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  If the road is a two‑way road, the driver must position the vehicle parallel, and as near as practicable, to the far left side of the road.

Note:          Two‑way road is defined in the dictionary.

             (4)  If the road is a one‑way road, the driver must position the vehicle parallel, and as near as practicable, to the far left or far right side of the road, unless otherwise indicated by information on or with a parking control sign.

Note:          One‑way road, parking control sign and with are defined in the dictionary.

             (5)  If the driver does not park in a parking bay, the driver must position the vehicle at least 1 metre from the closest point of any vehicle in front of it and any vehicle behind it.

Note:          Parking bay is defined in the dictionary.

             (6)  If the road has a continuous dividing line or a dividing strip, the driver must position the vehicle at least 3 metres from the continuous dividing line or dividing strip, unless otherwise indicated by information on or with a parking control sign.

Note:          Dividing line and dividing strip are defined in the dictionary.

             (7)  If the road does not have a continuous dividing line or a dividing strip, the driver must position the vehicle so there is at least 3 metres of the road alongside the vehicle that is clear for other vehicles to pass, unless otherwise indicated by information on or with a parking control sign.

             (8)  The driver must position the vehicle so the vehicle does not unreasonably obstruct the path of other vehicles or pedestrians.

             (9)  This rule does not apply to:

                     (a)  a driver if the driver parks on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign or road marking applies, and information on or with the sign or road marking includes the words ‘angle parking’ or ‘angle’; or

                     (b)  the rider of a motor bike if the rider parks the motor bike on a length of road, or in an area, to which a permissive parking sign applies and the sign indicates that the length of road or area is for parking motor bikes.

Note 1:       Motor bike and road marking are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Division 9 deals with angle parking.

           (10)  Subrules (3) and (4) do not apply to the rider of a motor bike if the rider positions the motor bike so at least 1 wheel is as near as practicable to the far left or far right side of the road.

           (11)  If a road has one or more service roads, the part of the road used by the main body of moving vehicles, and each service road, is taken to be a separate road for this rule.

Note:          Part of the road used by the main body of moving vehicles and service road are defined in the dictionary.

           (12)  In this rule:

continuous dividing line means:

                     (a)  a single continuous dividing line only; or

                     (b)  a single continuous dividing line to the left or right of a broken dividing line; or

                     (c)  2 parallel continuous dividing lines.

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Example

Parallel parking—minimum distance from other vehicles and dividing strip

In the example, the vehicles marked with an ‘X’ are parked in contravention of this rule.

208A  Parallel parking in a road‑related area (except in a median strip parking area)

                   A driver who parks in a road‑related area (except in a median strip parking area) must position the driver’s vehicle to face:

                     (a)  in the direction of travel of vehicles in the marked lane or line of traffic next to the part of the road‑related area where the driver parks; or

                     (b)  if there is no traffic next to that part of the road‑related area—in the direction in which vehicles could lawfully travel in the road‑related area; or

                     (c)  if the road‑related area is an area that divides a road—either:

                              (i)  in the direction of travel of vehicles in the marked lane or line of traffic to the left of the driver; or

                             (ii)  if there is no traffic to the left of the driver—in the direction in which vehicles could lawfully travel on that part of the road.

Offence provision.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle, line of traffic, marked lane and median strip parking area are defined in the dictionary and road‑related area is defined in rule 13.

209  Parallel parking in a median strip parking area

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver who parks in a median strip parking area if a parking control sign or road marking applies to the area, and information on or with the sign or road marking indicates that the driver’s vehicle must be positioned parallel to the median strip.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle, median strip, median strip parking area, parking control sign, road marking and with are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  The driver must position the driver’s vehicle:

                     (a)  to face:

                              (i)  in the direction of travel of vehicles in the marked lane or line of traffic to the left of the driver; or

                             (ii)  if there is no traffic to the left of the driver—in the direction in which vehicles could lawfully travel on that part of the road; and

                     (b)  parallel, and as near as practicable, to the centre of the median strip; and

                     (c)  if the driver does not park in a parking bay—at least 1 metre from the closest point of any vehicle in front of it and any vehicle behind it.

Offence provision.

Note:          Marked lane and parking bay are defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike.

Note:          Motor bike is defined in the dictionary.

Division 9Angle parking

Note 1:       Park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

210  Angle parking

             (1)  If a driver parks in a parking area on the side of a road, or in a median strip parking area:

                     (a)  to which a parking control sign with the words ‘angle parking’ or ‘angle’ applies; or

                     (b)  to which a road marking indicating an angle applies;

the driver must position the driver’s vehicle in accordance with subrules (2) to (4).

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle, median strip parking area, parking area, parking control sign, road marking and with are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 212 deals with whether a driver enters a median strip parking area forwards or in reverse.

             (2)  If the parking control sign or road marking indicates that the vehicle must be positioned at a specified angle (other than 90°), the driver must position the vehicle:

                     (a)  so that the vehicle is at an angle as near as practicable to the specified angle; and

                     (b)  if the vehicle is parked on the side of the road—with the rear of the vehicle nearest to the centre of the road.

          (2A)  If the parking control sign or road marking does not indicate the angle at which the vehicle must be positioned, the driver must position the vehicle:

                     (a)  so that the vehicle is at an angle as near as practicable to 45°, as shown in example 1 or 2; and

                     (b)  if the vehicle is parked on the side of the road—with the rear of the vehicle nearest to the centre of the road.

 

Examples

 

Example 1

Parking at 45°
at the side of a two‑way road

Example 2

Parking at 45°
at the right side of a one‑way road

          (2B)  Subrules (2) and (2A) do not apply if the road marking, or information on the parking control sign, includes the words ‘rear in’ or similar words.

             (3)  If the parking control sign or road marking indicates that the vehicle must be positioned at an angle of 90°, the driver:

                     (a)  must position the driver’s vehicle so the vehicle is at an angle as near as practicable to 90°, as shown in example 3 or 4; and

                     (b)  if the vehicle is parked on the side of the road:

                              (i)  if the road marking, or information on the parking control sign, includes the words ‘rear in’ or ‘front in’, or similar words—must position the vehicle so that the front of the vehicle is nearest the centre of the road, or the rear of the vehicle is nearest the centre of the road, in accordance with the road marking or sign; or

                             (ii)  otherwise—may position the vehicle either way around.

Examples

Example 3

Parking at 90°
at the side of a two‑way road

Example 4

Parking at 90°
at the right side of a one‑way road

             (4)  If the road marking, or information on the parking control sign, includes the words ‘rear in’, or similar words, the driver must position the driver’s vehicle:

                     (a)  so that the vehicle is at an angle as near as practicable to:

                              (i)  the angle indicated by the road marking or parking control sign; or

                             (ii)  if the road marking or parking control sign does not indicate an angle—45°; and

                     (b)  if the vehicle is parked on the side of the road—with the front of the vehicle nearest to the centre of the road.

          (4A)  Subrule (4) does not apply if the parking control sign or road marking indicates that the vehicle must be positioned at an angle of 90º.

 

Examples for subrule (4)

 

Example 5

Parking ‘rear in’ at 30° at the side of a road

Example 6

Parking ‘rear in’ at 30° in a median strip parking area

Example 7

Parking ‘rear in’ at 45° at the side of a road

Example 8

Parking ‘rear in’ at 45° in a median strip parking area

Example 9

Parking ‘rear in’ at 60° at the side of a road

Example 10

Parking ‘rear in’ at 60° in a median strip parking area

             (5)  This rule does not apply to the rider of a motor bike.

Note:          Motor bike is defined in the dictionary.

Division 10Other parking related rules

Note 1:       Area, length of road, park and stop are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 165 provides defences to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division.

211  Parking in parking bays

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver who parks on a length of road, or in an area, that has parking bays (whether or not a park in bays only sign applies to the length of road or area).

Offence provision.

Note:          Parking bay is defined in the dictionary.

Park in bays only sign

96_1

             (2)  The driver must position the driver’s vehicle completely within a single parking bay, unless the vehicle is too wide or long to fit completely within the bay.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Vehicle includes a combination—see rule 15(d).

             (3)  If the vehicle is too wide or long to fit completely within a single parking bay, the driver must park the driver’s vehicle within the minimum number of parking bays needed to park the vehicle.

Offence provision.

212  Entering and leaving a median strip parking area

             (1)  If information on or with a traffic control device indicates that a driver must enter or leave a median strip parking area in a particular direction, the driver must enter or leave the area in that direction.

Offence provision.

Note:          Median strip parking area, traffic control device and with are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  If there is no information on or with a traffic control device that indicates that a driver must enter or leave a median strip parking area in a particular direction, the driver must enter or leave the area by driving forward.

Offence provision.

Example

Leaving median strip parking area by driving forward

213  Making a motor vehicle secure

             (1)  This rule applies to the driver of a motor vehicle who stops and leaves the vehicle on a road, except so far as the driver is exempt from this rule under another law of this jurisdiction.

Note:          Motor vehicle is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  Before leaving the vehicle, the driver must apply the parking brake effectively or, if weather conditions (for example, snow) would prevent the effective operation of the parking brake, effectively restrain the motor vehicle’s movement in another way.

Offence provision.

             (3)  If the driver will be over 3 metres from the closest part of the vehicle, the driver must switch off the engine before leaving the vehicle.

Offence provision.

             (4)  If the driver will be over 3 metres from the closest part of the vehicle, and:

                              (i)  there is no‑one left in the vehicle; or

                             (ii)  there is only a child or children under 16 years old left in the vehicle;

the driver must remove the ignition key before leaving the vehicle.

Offence provision.

             (5)  If the driver will be over 3 metres from the closest part of the vehicle and there is no‑one left in the vehicle, the driver must:

                     (a)  if the windows of the vehicle can be secured—secure the windows immediately before leaving the vehicle; and

                     (b)  if the doors of the vehicle can be locked—lock the doors immediately after leaving the vehicle.

Offence provision.

Note:          Window is defined in the dictionary.

Part 13Lights and warning devices

Division 1Lights on vehicles (except bicycles, animals and animal‑drawn vehicles)

214  Division does not apply to riders of bicycles, animals or animal‑drawn vehicles

                   This Division does not apply to the rider of a bicycle, animal or animal‑drawn vehicle.

Note 1:       Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       The rules for using lights when riding a bicycle or an animal‑drawn vehicle at night, or in hazardous weather conditions, are:

                   •   for riders of bicycles—rule 259

                   •   for riders of animal‑drawn vehicles—rule 223.

215  Using lights when driving at night or in hazardous weather conditions

             (1)  A driver must not drive at night, or in hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility unless:

                     (a)  the headlights, tail lights and number plate light fitted to the driver’s vehicle are operating effectively and are clearly visible; and

                     (b)  if the vehicle is fitted with clearance lights or side marker lights—those lights are operating effectively and are clearly visible.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle and night are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Drive includes be in control of—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  However, this rule does not apply to a driver if the driver’s vehicle is stopped or parked at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop or park at that place under the Australian Road Rules.

Note:          Length of road and parking control sign are defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  Also, a driver driving during the day in fog, or other hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility, may drive without the headlights of the driver’s vehicle operating if the vehicle is fitted with front fog lights and those lights are operating effectively and are clearly visible.

             (4)  In subrule (1), a reference to a kind of light fitted to a vehicle is a reference to a light of that kind required to be fitted to the vehicle under another law of this jurisdiction.

216  Towing a vehicle at night or in hazardous weather conditions

             (1)  A driver must not tow a vehicle at night, or in hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility unless:

                     (a)  if the towed vehicle is being towed from the front of the vehicle:

                              (i)  the tail lights of the vehicle are operating effectively and are clearly visible; or

                             (ii)  the vehicle has portable rear lights that are operating; or

                     (b)  if the towed vehicle is being towed from the rear of the vehicle—the vehicle has portable rear lights that are operating.

Offence provision.

Note:          Night is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  However, this rule does not apply to the driver of a tow truck if:

                     (a)  the driver is towing a disabled vehicle carrying a placard load of dangerous goods to a place that is safely off the road; and

                     (b)  a vehicle carrying a warning to other traffic is following immediately behind the disabled vehicle.

             (3)  In this rule:

dangerous goods has the meaning given, for the Australian Road Rules, under another law of this jurisdiction.

placard load has the meaning given, for the Australian Road Rules, under another law of this jurisdiction.

portable rear lights means:

                     (a)  for a vehicle being towed from the front of the vehicle—a pair of lights attached to the rear of the vehicle that, when operating, show a red light that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the rear of the vehicle; and

                     (b)  for a vehicle being towed from the rear of the vehicle—a pair of lights attached to the front of the vehicle that, when operating, show a red light that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the front of the vehicle.

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

217  Using fog lights

             (1)  The driver of a vehicle fitted with front or rear fog lights must not operate the fog lights unless the driver is driving in fog or other hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility.

Offence provision.

             (2)  In this rule:

front fog light means a light (other than a headlight) fitted to the front of a vehicle to improve illumination of the road in fog, snowfall, heavy rain or dust clouds.

rear fog light means a light (other than a tail light) fitted to the rear of a vehicle to make the vehicle more easily visible from the rear in fog, snowfall, heavy rain or dust clouds.

218  Using headlights on high‑beam

             (1)  The driver of a vehicle must not use the vehicle’s headlights on high‑beam, or allow the vehicle’s headlights to be used on high‑beam, if the driver is driving:

                     (a)  less than 200 metres behind a vehicle travelling in the same direction as the driver; or

                     (b)  less than 200 metres from an oncoming vehicle.

Offence provision.

Note:          High‑beam and oncoming vehicle are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  However, if the driver is overtaking a vehicle, the driver may briefly switch the headlights from low‑beam to high‑beam immediately before the driver begins to overtake the vehicle.

Note:          Low‑beam and overtake are defined in the dictionary.

Examples

Example 1

Using headlights on low‑beam when travelling less
than 200 metres behind another vehicle travelling in
the same direction

Example 2

Using headlights on low‑beam when travelling within
200 metres of an oncoming vehicle

219  Lights not to be used to dazzle other road users

                   A driver must not use, or allow to be used, any light fitted to or in the driver’s vehicle to dazzle, or in a way that is likely to dazzle, another road user.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary, and road user is defined in rule 14.

Note 2:       Driver includes a person in control of a vehicle—see the definition of drive in the dictionary.

220  Using lights on vehicles that are stopped

             (1)  A driver must not stop on a road at night unless:

                     (a)  if the driver’s vehicle is 2.2 metres wide, or wider—the clearance and side marker lights fitted to the vehicle are operating effectively and are clearly visible; or

                     (b)  in any other case—the parking lights fitted to the driver’s vehicle are operating effectively and are clearly visible.

Offence provision.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle and night are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  This rule does not apply to a driver if the driver stops on a length of road, or in an area, with street lighting and the driver’s vehicle is visible for at least 200 metres in all directions from the vehicle.

Note:          Length of road is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  In subrule (1), a reference to a kind of light fitted to a vehicle is a reference to a light of that kind required to be fitted to the vehicle under another law of this jurisdiction.

             (4)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

221  Using hazard warning lights

                   The driver of a vehicle fitted with hazard warning lights must not use the hazard warning lights, or allow them to be used, unless:

                     (a)  the vehicle is stopped and is obstructing, or is likely to obstruct, the path of other vehicles or pedestrians; or

                     (b)  the vehicle is a slow‑moving vehicle and is obstructing, or is likely to obstruct, the path of other vehicles or pedestrians; or

                     (c)  the vehicle is stopped in an emergency stopping lane; or

                     (d)  the driver stops the vehicle to sell a product (for example, ice creams) that may attract children onto the road; or

                     (e)  the driver is driving in hazardous weather conditions (for example, fog or smoke); or

                      (f)  the vehicle is a bus carrying children, and the driver stops the vehicle to drop off or pick up a child and is required or permitted to operate the hazard warning lights under another law of this jurisdiction; or

                     (g)  the hazard warning lights are operating as part of an anti‑theft device, or an alcohol ignition interlock system, fitted to the vehicle.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Bus and hazard warning lights are defined in the dictionary, and emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95.

Note 2:       Driver includes a person in control of a vehicle—see the definition of drive in the dictionary.

Note 3:       A vehicle does not obstruct another vehicle only because the vehicle is stopped in traffic or is travelling more slowly than other vehicles—see the definition of obstruction in the dictionary.

222  Using warning lights on buses carrying children

             (1)  This rule applies to the driver of a bus carrying children if the bus is required to be fitted with warning lights under another law of this jurisdiction.

Note:          Bus is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  The driver must not stop the bus to drop off or pick up a child unless the warning lights are operating as required under the law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Division 2Lights on animal‑drawn vehicles

223  Using lights when riding an animal‑drawn vehicle at night or in hazardous weather conditions

                   A person must not ride an animal‑drawn vehicle at night, or in hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility, unless the vehicle is fitted with, and displays:

                     (a)  a white light fitted at or towards the front of each side of the vehicle that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the front of the vehicle; and

                     (b)  a red light fitted at or towards the rear of each side of the vehicle that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the rear of the vehicle; and

                     (c)  a red reflector fitted at or towards the rear of each side of the vehicle that is:

                              (i)  not over 1.5 metres above ground level; and

                             (ii)  clearly visible for at least 50 metres from the rear of the vehicle when light is projected onto it by another vehicle’s headlight on low‑beam.

Offence provision.

Note:          Low‑beam and night are defined in the dictionary.

Division 3Horns and radar detectors

224  Using horns and similar warning devices

                   A driver must not use, or allow to be used, a horn, or similar warning device, fitted to or in the driver’s vehicle unless:

                     (a)  it is necessary to use the horn, or warning device, to warn other road users or animals of the approach or position of the vehicle; or

                     (b)  the horn, or warning device, is being used as part of an anti‑theft device, or an alcohol ignition interlock system, fitted to the vehicle.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Driver’s vehicle is defined in the dictionary, and road user is defined in rule 14.

Note 2:       Driver includes a person in control of a vehicle—see the definition of drive in the dictionary.

225  Using radar detectors and similar devices

             (1)  A person must not drive a vehicle if the vehicle, or a trailer being towed by the vehicle, has in or on it a device for preventing the effective use of a speed measuring device, or a device for detecting the use of a speed measuring device, unless the person is exempt from this rule under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

Note:          Drive includes be in control of—see the definition in the dictionary.

             (2)  A person who is travelling in or on a vehicle or trailer must not have in his or her possession a device for preventing the effective use of a speed measuring device, or a device for detecting the use of a speed measuring device, unless the person is exempt from this rule under another law of this jurisdiction.

Offence provision.

             (3)  Subrules (1) and (2) apply whether or not the device is operating or in working order.

Note:          Under the law of this jurisdiction, radar detectors and similar devices may be subject to confiscation.

Division 4Portable warning triangles for heavy vehicles

226  Heavy vehicles to be equipped with portable warning triangles

             (1)  A person must not drive a vehicle with a GVM over 12 tonnes unless the vehicle is equipped with at least 3 portable warning triangles.

Offence provision.

Note:          GVM and portable warning triangle are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  The person must produce the portable warning triangles for inspection if the person is directed to do so by a police officer or an authorised person.

Offence provision.

Note:          Authorised person and police officer are defined in the dictionary.

227  Using portable warning triangles

             (1)  This rule applies to a driver if the GVM of the driver’s vehicle is over 12 tonnes.

Note:          Driver’s vehicle and GVM are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  If the driver stops on a road and the vehicle is not visible at any time for at least 200 metres in all directions from the vehicle, the driver must use at least 3 portable warning triangles, positioned in accordance with subrule (4), to warn other road users of the vehicle.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Portable warning triangle is defined in the dictionary, and road user is defined in rule 14.

Note 2:       See rule 220 for the requirement to operate certain lights on vehicles that are stopped.

             (3)  If some or all of any load being carried by the vehicle falls onto a road and is not clearly visible at any time for at least 200 metres in all directions from the fallen load, the driver must use at least 3 portable warning triangles, positioned in accordance with subrule (4), to warn other road users of the fallen load.

Offence provision.

             (4)  The driver must position the portable warning triangles so:

                     (a)  1 triangle is at least 50 metres, but not over 150 metres, in front of the vehicle or fallen load; and

                     (b)  1 triangle is at least 50 metres, but not over 150 metres, behind the vehicle or fallen load; and

                     (c)  1 triangle is at the side of the vehicle, or fallen load, in a position that gives sufficient warning to other road users of the position of the vehicle or fallen load.

             (5)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Part 14Rules for pedestrians

Division 1General

Note 1:       For the Australian Road Rules, a pedestrian includes:

                   •   a person driving a motorised wheelchair that cannot travel at over 10 kilometres per             hour (on level ground)

                   •   a person in a non‑motorised wheelchair

                   •   a person pushing a motorised or non‑motorised wheelchair

                   •   a person in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy (see rule 18).

Note 2:       Wheelchair, wheeled recreational device and wheeled toy are defined in the dictionary.

228  No pedestrians signs

                   A pedestrian must not travel past a no pedestrians sign.

Offence provision.

No pedestrians sign

229  Pedestrians on a road with a road access sign

                   A pedestrian must not be on a length of road to which a road access sign applies if information on or with the sign indicates that pedestrians are not permitted beyond the sign.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Length of road and with are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       For the way in which a road access sign applies, see rule 97. The sign is usually used on a freeway.

Road access sign

Note 1 for diagram:        There are a number of other permitted versions of the road access sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagram:        The sign may indicate that it applies to different or additional vehicles or persons—see rule 316(4).

230  Crossing a road—general

             (1)  A pedestrian crossing a road:

                     (a)  must cross by the shortest safe route; and

                     (b)  must not stay on the road longer than necessary to cross the road safely.

Offence provision.

             (2)  However, if the pedestrian is crossing the road at an intersection with traffic lights and a pedestrians may cross diagonally sign, the pedestrian may cross the road diagonally at the intersection.

Note:          Intersection and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Pedestrians may cross diagonally sign

Note for diagram:           There is another permitted version of this sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

231  Crossing a road at pedestrian lights

             (1)  A pedestrian approaching or at an intersection, or another place on a road, with pedestrian lights and traffic lights must comply with this rule.

Offence provision.

Note:          Intersection, pedestrian lights and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  If the pedestrian lights show a red pedestrian light and the pedestrian has not already started crossing the intersection or road, the pedestrian must not start to cross until the pedestrian lights change to green.

Note 1:       Green pedestrian light and red pedestrian light are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       A traffic control device (including pedestrian lights) generally only applies to a person if the device faces the person—see Part 20, Division 3, especially rule 340.

             (3)  If, while the pedestrian is crossing the road, the pedestrian lights change to flashing red or red, the pedestrian must not stay on the road for longer than necessary to cross safely to the nearer (in the direction of travel of the pedestrian) of the following:

                     (a)  a dividing strip, safety zone, or traffic island, forming part of the area set aside or used by pedestrians to cross the road at the intersection or place (the safety area);

                     (b)  the nearest side of the road.

Note:          Dividing strip and traffic island are defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162.

             (4)  If, under subrule (3), the pedestrian crosses to the safety area, the pedestrian must remain in the safety area until the pedestrian lights change to green.

             (5)  However, if the pedestrian cannot operate the pedestrian lights from the safety area, the pedestrian may cross to the far side of the road when:

                     (a)  the traffic lights change to green or flashing yellow, or there is no red traffic light showing; and

                     (b)  it is safe to do so.

Note:          Red traffic light is defined in the dictionary.

             (6)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

 

Red pedestrian light showing
red pedestrian symbol

Green pedestrian light showing green pedestrian symbol

232  Crossing a road at traffic lights

             (1)  A pedestrian approaching or at an intersection, or another place on a road, with traffic lights, but without pedestrian lights, must comply with this rule.

Offence provision.

Note:          Intersection, pedestrian lights and traffic lights are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  If the traffic lights show a red or yellow traffic light and the pedestrian has not already started crossing the intersection or road, the pedestrian must not start to cross until the traffic lights change to green or flashing yellow, or there is no red traffic light showing.

Note:          Green traffic light, red traffic light and yellow traffic light are defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  If, while the pedestrian is crossing the road, the traffic lights change to yellow or red, the pedestrian must not stay on the road for longer than necessary to cross safely to the nearer (in the direction of travel of the pedestrian) of the following:

                     (a)  a dividing strip, safety zone, or traffic island, forming part of the area set aside or used by pedestrians to cross the road at the intersection or place (the safety area);

                     (b)  the nearest side of the road.

Offence provision.

Note:          Dividing strip and traffic island are defined in the dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162.

             (4)  If, under subrule (3), the pedestrian crosses to the safety area, the pedestrian must remain in the safety area until the traffic lights change to green or flashing yellow, or there is no red traffic light showing.

Offence provision.

             (5)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

233  Crossing a road to or from a tram

             (1)  A pedestrian must not cross a road to get on a tram at a tram stop until the tram has stopped at the tram stop.

Offence provision.

Note:          Tram is defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A pedestrian crossing a road after getting off a tram:

                     (a)  must cross to the nearest footpath by the shortest safe route or, if there is no footpath, cross the road by the shortest safe route; and

                     (b)  must not stay on the road for longer than necessary to cross the road safely.

Offence provision.

Note:          Footpath is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  This rule does not apply to a pedestrian:

                     (a)  on a safety zone; or

                     (b)  crossing a road to or from a safety zone.

Note:          Safety zone is defined in rule 162.

             (4)  Subrule (2) does not apply to:

                     (a)  a pedestrian in a shared zone; or

                     (b)  an employee of a public transport operator who is in uniform and engaged in carrying out his or her duties.

Note:          Shared zone is defined in rule 24.

             (5)  In this rule:

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.

Note 1:       Bus and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the dictionary, road‑related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

Note 2:       For the duties of drivers where there are pedestrians getting on or off trams or buses, or in safety zones, see rules 162 to 164.

234  Crossing a road on or near a crossing for pedestrians

             (1)  A pedestrian must not cross a road, or part of a road, within 20 metres of a crossing on the road, except at the crossing or another crossing, unless the pedestrian is:

                     (a)  crossing, or helping another pedestrian to cross, an area of the road between tram tracks and the far left side of the road to get on, or after getting off, a tram or public bus; or

                     (b)  crossing to or from a safety zone; or

                     (c)  crossing at an intersection with traffic lights and a pedestrians may cross diagonally sign; or

                     (d)  crossing in a shared zone; or

                     (e)  crossing a road, or a part of a road, from which vehicles are excluded, either permanently or temporarily.

Offence provision.

Note:          Intersection, public bus, traffic lights, tram and tram tracks are defined in the dictionary, safety zone is defined in rule 162, and shared zone is defined in rule 24.

             (2)  A pedestrian must not stay on a crossing on a road for longer than necessary to cross the road safely.

Offence provision.

             (3)  Subrule (2) does not apply to a person who is helping pedestrians cross a road at a crossing if the person is permitted to do so under another law of this jurisdiction.

             (4)  In this rule:

crossing means a children’s crossing, marked foot crossing or pedestrian crossing.

Note:          Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80, marked foot crossing is defined in the dictionary, and pedestrian crossing is defined in rule 81.

Pedestrians may cross diagonally sign

Note for diagram:           There is another permitted version of this sign—see the diagram in Schedule 3.

235  Crossing a level crossing

             (1)  A pedestrian must not cross a railway line, or tram tracks, at a level crossing unless:

                     (a)  there is a pedestrian facility at the crossing and the pedestrian uses the facility; or

                     (b)  there is no pedestrian facility at, or within 20 metres of, the crossing.

Offence provision.

Note:          Level crossing is defined in rule 120.

             (2)  A pedestrian must not cross a railway line, or tram tracks, at a level crossing if:

                     (a)  warning lights (for example, twin red lights or rotating red lights) are flashing or warning bells are ringing; or

                     (b)  a gate, boom or barrier at the crossing is closed or is opening or closing; or

                     (c)  a train or tram is on or entering the crossing; or

                     (d)  a train or tram approaching the crossing can be seen from the crossing or is sounding a warning, and there would be a danger of the pedestrian being struck by the train or tram if the pedestrian entered the crossing; or

                     (e)  the crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, is blocked.

Offence provision.

Example for paragraph (2)(e)

The crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by stock on the road.

Note:          Enter and twin red lights are defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  In this rule:

pedestrian facility means a footpath, bridge or other structure designed for the use of pedestrians.

Note:          Footpath is defined in the dictionary.

236  Pedestrians not to cause a traffic hazard or obstruction

             (1)  A pedestrian must not cause a traffic hazard by moving into the path of a driver.

Offence provision.

             (2)  A pedestrian must not unreasonably obstruct the path of any driver or another pedestrian.

Offence provision.

             (3)  For subrule (2), a pedestrian does not unreasonably obstruct the path of another pedestrian only by travelling more slowly than other pedestrians.

             (4)  A pedestrian must not stand on, or move onto, a road to:

                     (a)  solicit contributions, employment or business from an occupant of a vehicle; or

                     (b)  hitchhike; or

                     (c)  display an advertisement; or

                     (d)  sell or offer articles for sale; or

                     (e)  wash or clean, or offer to wash or clean, the windscreen of a vehicle.

Offence provision.

             (5)  A driver, or a passenger, in or on a vehicle must not buy, or offer to buy, an article or service from a person standing on a road.

Offence provision.

             (6)  Subrules (4) and (5) do not apply to the carrying on of an activity permitted by another law of this jurisdiction.

             (7)  In this rule:

road includes any shoulder of the road, and any median strip, painted island or traffic island, but does not include any other road‑related area.

Note:          Median strip, painted island and traffic island are defined in the dictionary, shoulder is defined in rule 12, and road‑related area is defined in rule 13.

237  Getting on or into a moving vehicle

             (1)  A person must not get on, or into, a moving vehicle unless:

                     (a)  the person is engaged in the door‑to‑door delivery or collection of goods, or in the collection of waste or garbage, and is required to get in or out of the vehicle, or on or off the vehicle, at frequent intervals; and

                     (b)  the vehicle is not travelling at a speed over 5 kilometres per hour.

Offence provision.

             (2)  This rule does not apply to a person who is getting on or off a bicycle or animal.

Note 1:       Bicycle is defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 269(1) prohibits a person getting off, or out of, a moving vehicle.

238  Pedestrians travelling along a road (except in or on a wheeled recreational device or toy)

             (1)  A pedestrian must not travel along a road if there is a footpath or nature strip adjacent to the road, unless it is impracticable to travel on the footpath or nature strip.

Offence provision.

Note:          Footpath and nature strip are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A pedestrian travelling along a road:

                     (a)  must keep as far to the left or right side of the road as is practicable; and

                   (ab)  must, when moving forward, face approaching traffic that is moving in the direction opposite to which the pedestrian is travelling, unless it is impracticable to do so; and

                     (b)  must not travel on the road alongside more than 1 other pedestrian or vehicle travelling on the road in the same direction as the pedestrian, unless the pedestrian is overtaking other pedestrians.

Offence provision.

             (3)  In this rule:

pedestrian does not include a person travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy.

road does not include a road‑related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note 1:       Road‑related area is defined in rule 13, shoulder is defined in rule 12, and wheeled recreational device and wheeled toy are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Persons travelling on roads in or on wheeled recreational devices or wheeled toys are dealt with in rule 241.

239  Pedestrians on a bicycle path or separated footpath

             (1)  A pedestrian must not be on a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, unless the pedestrian:

                     (a)  is crossing the bicycle path or separated footpath by the shortest safe route; and

                     (b)  does not stay on the bicycle path or separated footpath for longer than necessary to cross the bicycle path or separated footpath safely.

Offence provision.

Note 1:       Bicycle is defined in the dictionary, and bicycle path and separated footpath are defined in subrule (4).

Note 2:       Rule 336 deals with how parts of a separated footpath are designated for bicycle riders and pedestrians.

             (2)  However, a pedestrian may be on a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, if:

                     (a)  the pedestrian is:

                              (i)  in or pushing a wheelchair; or

                             (ii)  on rollerblades, rollerskates or a similar wheeled recreational device; and

                     (b)  there is no traffic control device, or information on or with a traffic control device, applying to the bicycle path or separated footpath that indicates that the pedestrian is not permitted to be on the bicycle path or the part of the separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles.

Note 1:       Traffic control device, wheelchair, wheeled recreational device and with are defined in the dictionary.

Note 2:       Rule 243(2) provides that a person travelling on rollerblades, rollerskates, or a similar wheeled recreational device, on a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, must keep out of the path of any bicycle.

             (3)  A pedestrian who is crossing a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, must keep out of the path of any bicycle, or any pedestrian who is permitted under subrule (2) to be on the bicycle path, or the part of the separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles.

Offence provision.

             (4)  In the Australian Road Rules:

bicycle path means a length of path beginning at a bicycle path sign or bicycle path road marking, and ending at the nearest of the following:

                     (a)  an end bicycle path sign or end bicycle path road marking;

                     (b)  a separated footpath sign or separated footpath road marking;

                     (c)  a road (except a road‑related area);

                     (d)  the end of the path.

Note:          Road‑related area is defined in rule 13.

bicycle path road marking means a road marking on a path, consisting of a bicycle symbol, the words ‘bicycles only’, or both the bicycle symbol and the word ‘only’.

Note:          Bicycle symbol is defined in the dictionary.

end bicycle path road marking means a bicycle path road marking with the word ‘end’.

end separated footpath road marking means a separated footpath road marking with the word ‘end’.

separated footpath means a length of footpath beginning at a separated footpath sign or separated footpath road marking, and ending at the nearest of the following:

                     (a)  an end separated footpath sign or end separated footpath road marking;

                     (b)  a bicycle path sign or bicycle path road marking;

                     (c)  a no bicycles sign or no bicycles road marking;

                     (d)  a road (except a road‑related area);

                     (e)  the end of the footpath.

Note:          Footpath and no bicycles road marking are defined in the dictionary.

separated footpath road marking means a road marking on a footpath consisting of a pedestrian symbol and a bicycle symbol side by side, with or without the word ‘only’.

Note:          Pedestrian symbol is defined in the dictionary.

 

Bicycle path sign

End bicycle path sign

Separated footpath sign

End separated footpath sign

No bicycles sign

Note 1 for diagrams:      There are a number of other permitted versions of the bicycle path sign and the end bicycle path sign, and another permitted version of each of the other signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.

Note 2 for diagrams:      A separated footpath sign may have the pedestrian symbol and the bicycle symbol reversed—see rule 316(4).

Division 2Rules for persons travelling in or on wheeled recreational devices and wheeled toys

Note 1:       For the Australian Road Rules, a person in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy is a pedestrian, not a rider—see rule 18(d). This Division contains rules that apply only to persons travelling in or on wheeled recreational devices and wheeled toys.

Note 2:       Wheeled recreational device and wheeled toy are defined in the dictionary.

Note 3:       Rules that apply to users of wheeled recreational devices also apply to users of motorised scooters—see the definitions of wheeled recreational device and motorised scooter in the dictionary.

240A  No wheeled recreational devices or toys sign

                   A person travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy must not travel past a no wheeled recreational devices or toys sign.

Offence provision.

No wheeled recreational devices or toys sign

 

240  Wheeled recreational devices and toys not to be used on certain roads

             (1)  A person must not travel in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy on:

                     (a)  a road with a dividing line or median strip; or

                     (b)  a road on which the speed‑limit is greater than 50 kilometres per hour; or

                     (c)  a one‑way road with more than 1 marked lane.

Offence provision.

Note:          Dividing line, marked lane, median strip and one‑way road are defined in the dictionary.

             (2)  A person must not travel in or on a wheeled recreational device:

                     (a)  on a road that is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, to be a road on which wheeled recreational devices are prohibited; or

                     (b)  on a road at night; or

                     (c)  on a road at any other time if another law of this jurisdiction prohibits wheeled recreational devices from being on all roads, or that road, at that time.

Offence provision.

Note:          Night is defined in the dictionary.

             (3)  A person must not travel in or on a wheeled toy:

                     (a)  on a road that is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, to be a road on which wheeled toys are prohibited; or

                     (b)  on a road at a particular time if another law of this jurisdiction prohibits wheeled toys on all roads, or that road, at that time.

Offence provision.

          (3A)  Subrules (1) and (2) do not apply to a person who is crossing a road in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy, if the person:

                     (a)  crosses the road by the shortest safe route; and

                     (b)  does not stay on the road longer than necessary to cross the road safely; and

                     (c)  is not prohibited, under another law of this jurisdiction, from crossing the road in or on the wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy.

             (4)  In subrules (1) and (2)(b), road does not include a road‑related area but includes any shoulder of the road.