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Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998

Authoritative Version
  • - F2016C00544
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
SR 1998 No. 237 Regulations as amended, taking into account amendments up to Civil Aviation Legislation Amendment (Part 101) Regulation 2016
Principal Regulations
Administered by: Infrastructure and Regional Development
Registered 01 Jun 2016
Start Date 01 Jun 2016
End Date 15 Jun 2016
Table of contents.

Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998

Statutory Rules No. 237, 1998

made under the

Civil Aviation Act 1988

Compilation No. 69

Compilation date:                              1 June 2016

Includes amendments up to:            F2016L00400

Registered:                                         1 June 2016

This compilation is in 4 volumes

Volume 1:       regulations 1.001–42.1105

Volume 2:       regulations 45.005–92.205

Volume 3:       regulations 99.005–137.300

Volume 4:      regulations 139.005–202.900

                        Dictionary and Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

 

This compilation includes commenced amendments made by SLI No. 245, 2015.  Amendments made by F2016L00400 have not commenced but are noted in the endnotes.

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 June 2016 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 139—Aerodromes                                                                                                       1

Subpart 139.A—General                                                                                                   6

139.005................. Applicability of this Part..................................................... 6

139.010................. Definitions for this Part...................................................... 6

139.015................. Standards for aerodromes................................................... 6

139.025................. Access to aerodromes......................................................... 7

139.030................. Restrictions on use of terminal instrument flight procedures 7

139.035................. No effect on operation of Airports (Building Control) Regulations 1996 etc           8

Subpart 139.B—Certified aerodromes                                                                     9

Division 139.B.1—Aerodrome certificate                                                         9

139.040................. When an aerodrome certificate is required.......................... 9

139.045................. Application for aerodrome certificate.................................. 9

139.050................. Grant of aerodrome certificate............................................. 9

139.070................. Suspension or cancellation by CASA............................... 10

139.085................. Temporary aerodrome certificate....................................... 10

Division 139.B.2—Aerodrome manual                                                             12

139.090................. Preparation and location of aerodrome manual................. 12

139.095................. Information to be included in aerodrome manual.............. 12

139.100................. Form of aerodrome manual............................................... 22

139.105................. Amendments of aerodrome manual.................................. 23

139.110................. Notice of amendments...................................................... 23

139.115................. Aerodrome manual controller........................................... 23

Division 139.B.3—Operation and maintenance of a certified aerodrome           25

139.120................. Care and diligence in operation and maintenance.............. 25

139.125................. Reporting officer............................................................... 25

139.130................. Works safety officer for aerodrome works other than time‑limited works               25

139.135................. Works safety officer for time‑limited works..................... 26

139.140................. Training of aerodrome personnel...................................... 26

139.145................. Aerodrome manual procedures......................................... 26

139.150................. Notice of deviation............................................................ 27

139.155................. Notice of changes in physical condition etc of aerodrome 27

139.160................. Notice of changes in information published in AIP‑ERSA 27

139.165................. Physical characteristics of movement area........................ 28

139.170................. Aerodrome markings........................................................ 28

139.175................. Signal area........................................................................ 29

139.180................. Wind direction indicators—general................................... 29

139.185................. Wind direction indicators—requirement for certain runways 29

139.190................. Visual approach slope indicator system............................ 30

139.195................. Lighting of movement area............................................... 31

139.200................. Checking of lighting systems............................................ 31

139.205................. Aerodrome emergency committee..................................... 32

139.210................. Aerodrome emergency plan.............................................. 32

139.215................. Testing of aerodrome emergency plan.............................. 33

139.220................. Aerodrome serviceability inspections............................... 34

139.225................. When aerodrome serviceability inspections must be conducted               35

139.230................. Aerodrome technical inspections...................................... 35

139.235................. When aerodrome technical inspections must be conducted etc 36

139.240................. Who may conduct aerodrome technical inspections.......... 37

139.245................. Planning and execution of aerodrome works.................... 38

139.250................. Safety management system............................................... 38

Division 139.B.4—Aerodromes to which A‑SMGCS applies                39

139.251................. Definition for Division 139.B.4........................................ 39

139.252................. Designation of aerodromes to which A‑SMGCS applies. 39

139.254................. Vehicles at aerodromes to which A‑SMGCS applies....... 40

Subpart 139.C—Registered aerodromes                                                               42

139.255................. Definition for this Subpart................................................ 42

139.260................. Application for registration of aerodrome......................... 42

139.265................. Registration of aerodromes............................................... 45

139.270................. Notice of refusal to register aerodrome............................. 45

139.275................. Register............................................................................. 45

139.280................. Duration of registration..................................................... 46

139.285................. Cancellation of registration on request.............................. 46

139.290................. Suspension or cancellation of registration by CASA........ 46

139.295................. Applicable standards for registered aerodromes............... 47

139.300................. Reporting officer............................................................... 47

139.305................. Notice of changes in physical condition etc of aerodrome 48

139.310................. Notice of changes in information published in AIP‑ERSA 48

139.315................. Safety inspections............................................................. 48

139.320................. Approval of persons to conduct aerodrome safety inspections                50

139.325................. Duration of approval......................................................... 51

139.330................. Suspension or cancellation of approval by CASA............ 51

Subpart 139.D—Reporting officer and safety inspection requirements for certain other aerodromes                                                                                                                                      52

139.335................. Aerodromes to which this Subpart applies....................... 52

139.340................. Reporting officer............................................................... 52

139.345................. Safety inspections............................................................. 53

Subpart 139.E—Obstacles and hazards                                                                 56

139.350................. Monitoring of airspace...................................................... 56

139.355................. Establishment of obstacle limitation surfaces.................... 56

139.360................. Notice of obstacles............................................................ 56

139.365................. Structures 110 metres or more AGL................................. 57

139.370................. Hazardous objects etc....................................................... 57

Subpart 139.F—Aerodrome radio communication services                      59

Division 139.F.1—General                                                                                      59

139.375................. Aerodrome operators to collect statistics if directed.......... 59

Division 139.F.2—Frequency confirmation system                                    60

139.380................. Definitions for Division 139.F.2...................................... 60

139.385................. Aerodromes that must have a frequency confirmation system 60

Division 139.F.3—Air/ground radio service                                                  61

139.390................. Definitions for Division 139.F.3...................................... 61

139.395................. Air/ground radio service must be certified........................ 61

139.400................. Direction by CASA to provide CA/GRS......................... 62

139.405................. Voluntary provision of CA/GRS...................................... 62

139.410................. Certification of air/ground radio service............................ 62

139.415................. General obligations of aerodrome operator....................... 62

139.420................. When CA/GRS must be operating.................................... 63

139.425................. Information about operating hours to be given to NOTAM Office          63

139.430................. Certified air/ground radio operators.................................. 64

139.435................. Offences........................................................................... 64

Subpart 139.H—Aerodrome rescue and firefighting services                  65

Division 139.H.1—General                                                                                     65

139.700................. Applicability of this Subpart............................................. 65

139.705................. Definitions for this Subpart.............................................. 65

139.710................. Functions of ARFFS........................................................ 66

139.711................. Person not to provide service without approval................ 67

139.712................. Issue of Manual of Standards........................................... 67

139.715................. Effect of Manual of Standards.......................................... 68

Division 139.H.3—Requirements to be complied with by ARFFS provider        69

139.750................. Requirements in this Division........................................... 69

139.755................. Definition for Division—applicable standards and requirements          69

139.760................. Inconsistency between Manual and chapter 9 of Annex 14 70

139.765................. Knowledge, equipment and expertise to deal with aviation hazards         70

139.770................. General obligation to maintain service.............................. 71

139.771................. Response time of ARFFS................................................. 71

139.772................. Buildings and emergency facilities.................................... 71

139.773................. Officer in charge............................................................... 72

139.775................. Notice about times service is available etc......................... 72

139.780................. Agreements with other fire fighting bodies....................... 73

139.785................. Stock of fire extinguishing agents..................................... 73

139.795................. Extinguishing equipment and vehicles.............................. 73

139.800................. Other vehicles and equipment........................................... 74

139.805................. Vehicles and equipment for firefighting and rescue in difficult environments          75

139.810................. Commissioning of certain equipment................................ 75

139.815................. Protective clothing and equipment.................................... 75

139.820................. Communications............................................................... 76

139.825................. Test and maintenance equipment....................................... 76

139.830................. Commissioning of new vehicles and equipment............... 76

139.835................. Number of operating personnel........................................ 77

139.840................. Medical standard of firefighters........................................ 77

139.845................. Qualifications and training of firefighters......................... 77

139.850................. Operations manual............................................................ 78

139.855................. Amendment of operations manual.................................... 78

139.860................. Voice data recording......................................................... 78

139.865................. Record of accidents or incidents....................................... 79

139.870................. Contingency plan.............................................................. 79

139.875................. Records management........................................................ 79

139.880................. Organisation..................................................................... 80

139.885................. System for rectification of service failures........................ 80

139.890................. Quality control.................................................................. 80

139.895................. Change management......................................................... 80

139.900................. Safety management........................................................... 80

139.905................. Applicant’s organisation................................................... 80

139.910................. Telling users and CASA about changes........................... 81

Division 139.H.4—Conduct of ARFFS operations                                     82

139.915................. Powers of officer in charge or firefighter.......................... 82

Division 139.H.5—Administration                                                                      84

139.920................. Definition for Division..................................................... 84

139.925................. How to apply for approval as ARFFS provider............... 84

139.965................. When CASA must grant approval.................................... 85

139.970................. When decision must be made............................................ 86

139.995................. Application for variation of approval................................ 86

139.1005............... Suspension or continued suspension of approval by show cause notice  87

139.1010............... Grounds for cancellation of approval................................ 87

139.1015............... Notice to approved ARFFS provider to show cause........ 88

139.1020............... Cancellation of approval after show cause notice.............. 88

139.1022............... Cancellation if holder ceases to provide ARFFS.............. 88

Part 141—Recreational, private and commercial pilot flight training, other than certain integrated training courses                                                                                                  90

Subpart 141.A—General                                                                                                 93

141.005................. What Part 141 is about...................................................... 93

141.010................. Aircraft and flight simulation training devices to which Part 141 applies 93

141.015................. Definitions of Part 141 flight training, authorised Part 141 flight training, Part 141 operator and Part 141 certificate.......................................................................... 93

141.020................. Definition of key personnel for Part 141........................... 94

141.025................. Definition of significant change for Part 141.................... 95

141.030................. Definitions for Part 141.................................................... 96

141.035................. Approvals by CASA for Part 141.................................... 97

141.040................. Legislative instruments—flight training............................ 97

141.045................. Regulations 11.070 to 11.075 do not apply in relation to certain matters 98

141.050................. Part 141 flight training—requirement for Part 141 certificate or approval                98

Subpart 141.B—Part 141 certificates                                                                      99

141.055................. Part 141 certificates—application...................................... 99

141.060................. Part 141 certificate—issue.............................................. 100

141.065................. Part 141 certificate—approval of operations manual....... 102

141.070................. Part 141 certificate—conditions...................................... 102

141.075................. Part 141 certificate—compliance with conditions........... 103

Subpart 141.C—Part 141 operators—changes                                               104

141.080................. Part 141 operators—changes of name etc....................... 104

141.085................. Part 141 operators—application for approval of significant changes       104

141.090................. Part 141 operators—approval of significant changes...... 105

141.095................. Part 141 operators—process for making changes........... 106

141.100................. Part 141 operators—CASA directions relating to operations manual or key personnel           106

Subpart 141.D—Part 141 operators—organisation and personnel    108

141.105................. Part 141 operators—organisation and personnel............ 108

141.110................. Part 141 operators—key personnel cannot carry out responsibilities       108

141.115................. Part 141 operators—familiarisation training for key personnel                109

141.120................. Part 141 operators—chief executive officer: responsibilities and accountabilities    109

141.125................. Part 141 operators—head of operations: qualifications and experience    111

141.130................. Part 141 operators—head of operations: responsibilities 111

141.155................. Part 141 operators—key personnel: additional qualification and experience requirements       114

141.160................. Part 141 operators—reference library............................. 115

Subpart 141.E—Part 141 operators—instructors                                         117

141.165................. Part 141 operators—instructors must comply with Part 141 certificate    117

141.170................. Part 141 operators—instructors must comply with operations manual    117

141.175................. Part 141 operators—instructors must be authorised under Part 61          117

141.180................. Part 141 operators—instructors must have access to records.. 118

141.185................. Part 141 operators—instructors must hold valid standardisation and proficiency check for operator      118

141.190................. Part 141 operators—holding valid standardisation and proficiency check for operator            118

141.195................. Part 141 operators—standardisation and proficiency check requirements                119

141.200................. Part 141 operators—instructors—training in human factors principles and non‑technical skills              119

141.205................. Part 141 operators—instructors must be competent to conduct flight training in flight simulation training device.............................................................................. 120

141.210................. Part 141 operators—person recommended for flight test 120

Subpart 141.G—Part 141 operators—quality system                                 121

141.225................. Part 141 operators—quality system for flight simulation training devices               121

Subpart 141.H—Part 141 operators—personnel fatigue management 122

Subpart 141.I—Part 141 operators—operations manuals                       123

141.260................. Part 141 operators—content of operations manual......... 123

141.265................. Part 141 operators—compliance with operations manual by operator      126

141.270................. Part 141 operators—providing personnel with operations manual           126

Subpart 141.J—Part 141 operators—logs and records                              127

141.275................. Part 141 operators—making and keeping flight training records             127

141.280................. Part 141 operators—availability of flight training records 127

Subpart 141.K—Part 141 operators—miscellaneous offences              129

141.285................. Part 141 operators—suitable facilities, records and resources for flight test            129

141.290................. Part 141 operators—pilot in command to be authorised under Part 61    129

141.295................. Part 141 operators—carriage of passengers prohibited during abnormal operations or low‑flying flight training........................................................................................ 129

141.300................. Part 141 operators—authorisation of carriage of passengers 130

141.305................. Part 141 operators—completion of training and assessment of competency for certain solo flights        130

141.306................. Part 141 operators—appropriate briefing and capability to conduct certain solo flights etc.     132

141.310................. Part 141 operators—dealings in relation to suspended, cancelled, varied, pending or refused civil aviation authorisations: when approval required.......................... 133

141.315................. Part 141 operators—maximum period for use of foreign registered aircraft in Australian territory         135

Part 142—Integrated and multi‑crew pilot flight training, contracted recurrent training and contracted checking                                                                                                                137

Subpart 142.A—General                                                                                               141

142.005................. What Part 142 is about.................................................... 141

142.010................. Part 142 applies only to aeroplanes, rotorcraft, airships and flight simulation training devices                141

142.015................. Definitions of Part 142 activity, Part 142 flight training, Part 142 authorisation, Part 142 operator and authorised Part 142 activity for Part 142........................ 141

142.020................. Definitions of contracted checking, contracted recurrent training and contracting operator for Part 142........................................................................................ 143

142.025................. Definition of key personnel for Part 142......................... 143

142.030................. Definition of significant change for Part 142.................. 143

142.035................. Definitions for Part 142.................................................. 145

142.040................. Approvals by CASA for Part 142.................................. 147

142.045................. Legislative instruments—Part 142 operators.................. 148

142.050................. Part 142 activities—requirement for Part 142 authorisation 148

142.055................. Part 142 activities—compliance with Part 142 authorisations: offence for operators               149

142.060................. Part 142 activities—compliance with conditions of Part 142 authorisations: offence for operators         149

Subpart 142.B—Part 142 authorisations                                                             150

Division 142.B.1—AOCs for Part 142 activities that involve operation of aircraft      150

142.065................. Prescribed purpose—Part 142 activities involving the operation of aircraft             150

142.070................. Prescribed position—safety manager.............................. 150

142.075................. Required material—reference library.............................. 150

142.080................. AOC—application.......................................................... 150

142.085................. AOC—conditions for issue............................................ 151

142.095................. AOC—approval of exposition........................................ 154

142.100................. AOC—conditions........................................................... 154

Division 142.B.2—Certificates for Part 142 activities conducted in flight simulation training devices                                                                                                                    156

142.105................. Certificate—application................................................... 156

142.110................. Certificate—issue............................................................ 156

142.115................. Certificate—approval of exposition................................ 158

142.120................. Certificate—conditions................................................... 158

142.125................. Certificate holders—reference library............................. 159

142.130................. Certificate holders—regulations 11.070 to 11.075 do not apply in relation to certain matters  160

Subpart 142.C—Part 142 operators—changes                                               161

142.135................. Part 142 operators—changes of name etc....................... 161

142.140................. Part 142 operators—application for approval of significant change         161

142.145................. Part 142 operators—approval of significant changes...... 162

142.150................. Part 142 operators—process for making changes........... 163

142.155................. Part 142 operators—CASA directions relating to exposition or key personnel       163

Subpart 142.D—Part 142 operators—organisation and personnel    165

142.160................. Part 142 operators—organisation and personnel............ 165

142.165................. Part 142 operators—key personnel cannot carry out responsibilities       166

142.170................. Part 142 operators—familiarisation training for key personnel                166

142.175................. Part 142 operators—chief executive officer: experience. 166

142.180................. Part 142 operators—chief executive officer: responsibilities and accountabilities    167

142.185................. Part 142 operators—head of operations: qualifications and experience    168

142.190................. Part 142 operators—head of operations: responsibilities 170

142.195................. Part 142 operators—safety manager: experience............ 172

142.200................. Part 142 operators—safety manager: responsibilities..... 172

142.205................. Part 142 operators—quality assurance manager: experience 173

142.210................. Part 142 operators—quality assurance manager: responsibilities             173

142.215................. Part 142 operators—key personnel: additional qualifications and experience requirements     173

Subpart 142.E—Part 142 operators—instructors and examiners       175

142.220................. Part 142 activities—instructors and examiners must comply with Part 142 authorisation        175

142.225................. Part 142 activities—instructors and examiners must comply with exposition          175

142.230................. Part 142 operators—instructors and examiners must be authorised under Part 61   175

142.235................. Part 142 operators—instructors and examiners must have access to records           176

142.240................. Part 142 operators—instructors and examiners must be competent to conduct authorised Part 142 activities in flight simulation training devices.................................... 176

142.245................. Part 142 operators—person recommended for flight test 176

Subpart 142.F—Part 142 operators—training management system 178

142.250................. Part 142 operators—training management system.......... 178

142.255................. Part 142 operators—training management system requirements              178

Subpart 142.G—Part 142 operators—safety management system     179

142.260................. Part 142 operators—safety management system............. 179

142.265................. Part 142 operators—safety management system requirements 179

Subpart 142.H—Part 142 operators—quality assurance management system    183

142.270................. Part 142 operators—quality assurance management system 183

142.275................. Part 142 operators—quality assurance management system requirements               183

Subpart 142.I—Part 142 operators—personnel fatigue management 185

Subpart 142.J—Part 142 operators—internal training and checking 186

142.310................. Part 142 operators—internal training and checking system 186

142.315................. Part 142 operators—internal training and checking system requirements                186

142.320................. Part 142 operators—proficiency of instructors............... 187

142.325................. Part 142 operators—holding valid standardisation and proficiency check for operator            187

142.330................. Part 142 operators—standardisation and proficiency check requirements                188

142.335................. Part 142 operators—instructors and examiners—training in human factors principles and non‑technical skills........................................................................................ 188

Subpart 142.K—Part 142 operators—expositions                                        190

142.340................. Part 142 operators—content of exposition...................... 190

142.345................. Part 142 operators—compliance with exposition by operator  194

142.350................. Part 142 operators—providing personnel with exposition 194

Subpart 142.L—Part 142 operators—logs and records                             195

142.355................. Part 142 operators—making and keeping records.......... 195

142.360................. Part 142 operators—availability of records..................... 195

Subpart 142.M—Part 142 operators—miscellaneous offences              197

142.365................. Part 142 operators—pilot in command for training to be authorised under Part 61  197

142.370................. Part 142 operators—carriage of passengers prohibited during abnormal operations or low‑flying activity........................................................................................ 197

142.375................. Part 142 operators—authorisation of carriage of passengers 197

142.380................. Part 142 operators—integrated training courses: transfer of student from another Part 142 operator      198

142.385................. Part 142 operators—completion of training and assessment of competency for certain solo flights        199

142.386................. Part 142 operators—appropriate briefing and capability to conduct certain solo flights etc.     200

142.390................. Part 142 operators—dealings in relation to cancelled, suspended, varied, pending or refused civil aviation authorisations: when approval required.......................... 201

142.395................. Part 142 operators—maximum period for use of foreign registered aircraft in Australian territory         204

Part 143—Air Traffic Services Training Providers                                     205

Subpart 143.AGeneral                                                                                               207

143.005................. Applicability of this Part................................................. 207

143.010................. Definitions for this Part.................................................. 207

143.015................. What is an ATS training provider................................... 208

143.016................. Person not to provide service without approval.............. 208

143.017................. Issue of Manual of Standards......................................... 208

Subpart 143.BApproval as an ATS training provider                          210

143.020................. What an application must be accompanied by................. 210

143.025................. When applicant is eligible for approval........................... 210

143.027................. CASA may impose conditions on approvals.................. 211

143.050................. Variation of approvals.................................................... 211

Subpart 143.CRequirements to be complied with by ATS training providers               212

Division 143.C.1Requirements for training                                             212

143.055................. Standard for training....................................................... 212

143.060................. Training plan................................................................... 212

Division 143.C.2Personnel                                                                                213

143.065................. Personnel........................................................................ 213

143.070................. Qualifications for certain personnel................................ 213

Division 143.C.3Reference materials, documents and records     214

143.075................. Reference materials......................................................... 214

143.080................. Material to be included in reference materials................. 214

143.085................. Documents and records.................................................. 214

143.090................. Document and record control system.............................. 215

Subpart 143.DTelling CASA about changes                                               216

143.095................. Advice on organisational changes................................... 216

143.100................. Discontinuing training.................................................... 216

143.105................. Status as registered training organisation........................ 216

Subpart 143.EMiscellaneous                                                                                  217

143.110................. Unapproved training....................................................... 217

Subpart 143.F—Administration                                                                               218

Division 143.F.1Preliminary                                                                            218

143.115................. Applicability of this Subpart........................................... 218

Division 143.F.2Approvals                                                                               219

143.118................. Applying for approval.................................................... 219

143.120................. Joint applications not permitted....................................... 219

143.130................. Applications by corporations etc—what must be included 219

143.145................. CASA may require demonstrations of procedures or equipment             219

143.175................. Grant of approval............................................................ 220

143.180................. When decision must be made.......................................... 220

Division 143.F.4Suspension and cancellation of approvals             221

143.215................. Definition for this Division............................................. 221

143.220................. Suspension of approval by show cause notice................ 221

143.225................. Grounds for cancellation of approval.............................. 221

143.230................. Notice to show cause...................................................... 222

143.235................. Cancellation of approval after show cause notice............ 222

143.245................. Cancellation if cooperation or arrangement ceases.......... 223

Part 144—Distribution organisations                                                                    224

Part 145—Continuing airworthiness—Part 145 approved maintenance organisations 225

Subpart 145.A—General                                                                                               226

145.005................. Purpose of Part............................................................... 226

145.010................. Definitions for Part......................................................... 226

145.015................. Part 145 Manual of Standards........................................ 228

145.020................. Regulations 11.070 to 11.075 do not apply in relation to certain matters 229

Subpart 145.B—Approval of Part 145 organisations                                  231

145.025................. Applying for approval.................................................... 231

145.030................. Issuing approval............................................................. 231

145.035................. Approval certificate......................................................... 233

145.040................. Privileges for Part 145 organisations.............................. 233

145.045................. Approval subject to conditions....................................... 233

Subpart 145.C—Changes to Part 145 organisations                                    235

145.050................. Application for approval of significant changes to organisations             235

145.055................. Approval of significant changes..................................... 235

145.060................. Changes to Part 145 organisations that are not significant changes          236

145.065................. CASA may direct Part 145 organisations to change exposition               236

Subpart 145.D—Requirements and offences for Part 145 organisations               238

145.070................. Provision of maintenance services.................................. 238

145.075................. Provision of permitted training....................................... 238

145.080................. Providing employees with exposition............................. 239

145.085................. Complying with directions.............................................. 239

Part 147—Continuing airworthiness—maintenance training organisations         240

Subpart 147.A—General                                                                                               241

147.005................. Purpose of Part............................................................... 241

147.010................. Definitions for Part......................................................... 241

147.015................. Part 147 Manual of Standards........................................ 244

147.020................. Regulations 11.070 to 11.075 do not apply in relation to certain matters 244

Subpart 147.B—Approval of maintenance training organisations     246

147.025................. Applying for approval.................................................... 246

147.030................. Issuing approval............................................................. 247

147.035................. Approval certificate......................................................... 248

147.040................. Privileges for maintenance training organisations........... 248

147.045................. Approval subject to conditions....................................... 249

Subpart 147.C—Changes to maintenance training organisations       250

147.050................. Application for approval of significant changes to organisations             250

147.055................. Decision on application for approval of significant changes 251

147.060................. Changes to maintenance training organisations that are not significant changes       251

147.065................. CASA may direct maintenance training organisations to change exposition            251

Subpart 147.D—Requirements and offences for maintenance training organisations   253

147.070................. Provision of maintenance training and assessment......... 253

147.075................. Assessment of foreign licences....................................... 253

147.080................. Providing employees with exposition............................. 253

147.085................. Complying with directions.............................................. 254

Part 149—Recreational aviation administration organisations             255

Part 171—Aeronautical telecommunication service and radionavigation service providers       256

Subpart 171.AGeneral                                                                                               258

171.005................. Applicability of this Part................................................. 258

171.010................. Interpretation................................................................... 258

171.012................. Meaning of telecommunication service........................... 261

171.015................. Person not to provide service without approval.............. 262

171.017................. Issue of Manual of Standards......................................... 262

Subpart 171.B—Approval of service providers                                              264

171.020................. Application..................................................................... 264

171.022................. Joint applications not permitted....................................... 265

171.025................. If applicant is a corporation............................................. 265

171.026................. CASA may ask for demonstration of service................. 265

171.027................. Grant of approval............................................................ 265

171.028................. When decision must be made.......................................... 266

171.029................. Conditions...................................................................... 266

Subpart 171.CObligations and privileges of service provider           268

171.030................. Service by provider......................................................... 268

171.035................. Changes by service provider to service........................... 268

171.040................. Changes by service provider to operations manual......... 269

171.050................. Technicians..................................................................... 269

171.055................. Test transmissions.......................................................... 269

171.065................. Interruption to service..................................................... 270

171.070................. Test equipment................................................................ 270

171.075................. Documents to be maintained........................................... 270

171.080................. Records........................................................................... 271

171.085................. Security program............................................................ 272

171.086................. Safety management system............................................. 272

Subpart 171.DContents of operations manual                                           273

171.090................. Operations manual to contain or refer to information...... 273

171.095................. Organisation and management of service provider......... 273

171.100................. Way in which standards are met..................................... 273

171.105................. Functional specification and performance values of services 274

171.110................. Technical description...................................................... 274

171.115................. Safe operation................................................................. 275

171.120................. Facility operation and maintenance plan.......................... 275

171.125................. Safety management system............................................. 276

171.140................. Test equipment................................................................ 276

171.145................. Interruption to service..................................................... 276

171.150................. Document control........................................................... 277

171.155................. Security program............................................................ 277

171.160................. Changes to procedures.................................................... 277

Subpart 171.E—Suspension and cancellation of approvals, and directions to vary manuals    278

171.220................. Suspension and cancellation of approvals....................... 278

171.225................. Notice to approval holder to show cause........................ 278

171.230................. Grounds for cancellation of approval.............................. 279

171.235................. Cancellation of approval after show cause notice............ 279

171.237................. Cancellation if cooperation or arrangement ceases.......... 280

171.245................. CASA’s power to direct variation of manual.................. 280

Part 172—Air Traffic Service Providers                                                             281

Subpart 172.AGeneral                                                                                               284

172.005................. Applicability of this Part................................................. 284

172.010................. Definitions for this Part.................................................. 284

172.015................. What is an ATS provider................................................ 285

172.020................. Providing air traffic service without approval................. 285

172.022................. Issue of Manual of Standards......................................... 285

Subpart 172.BApproval as an ATS provider                                              287

172.024................. Applicant for approval as ATS provider......................... 287

172.030................. When applicant is eligible for approval........................... 287

172.055................. Variation of approvals.................................................... 287

Subpart 172.CRequirements to be complied with by ATS providers  288

Division 172.C.1Operations manual                                                            288

172.060................. Operations manual.......................................................... 288

Division 172.C.2Air traffic service                                                              289

172.065................. Standards for air traffic service....................................... 289

172.070................. Aeronautical telecommunications procedures................. 289

172.075................. ICAO Doc. 4444 and ICAO Doc. 7030......................... 289

172.080................. Compliance with provider’s operations manual.............. 290

172.085................. Priority of standards....................................................... 290

172.090................. Priority of inconsistent procedures................................. 290

Division 172.C.3Standards for facilities and equipment                   292

172.095................. Facilities and equipment.................................................. 292

Division 172.C.4Organisation and personnel                                         293

172.100................. Definition for this Division............................................. 293

172.105................. Organisation................................................................... 293

172.110................. Personnel........................................................................ 293

172.115................. Supervisory personnel.................................................... 293

172.120................. Qualifications for certain personnel................................ 293

Division 172.C.5Arrangements to maintain service                           295

172.125................. Agreements with service providers................................. 295

172.130................. Agreements with aerodrome operators........................... 295

172.135................. Arrangements for transfer of information....................... 295

Division 172.C.6Management                                                                         297

172.140................. Training and checking program...................................... 297

172.145................. Safety management system............................................. 297

172.150................. Contingency plan............................................................ 297

172.155................. Security program............................................................ 298

Division 172.C.7Reference materials, documents, records and log books      299

172.160................. Reference materials......................................................... 299

172.165................. Documents and records.................................................. 299

172.170................. Document and record control system.............................. 300

172.175................. Logbooks........................................................................ 300

Division 172.C.8Notice of air traffic service                                          301

172.180................. Availability of air traffic service...................................... 301

Subpart 172.DTelling CASA about changes                                               302

172.185................. Advice on organisational changes................................... 302

172.190................. Discontinuing air traffic service...................................... 302

Subpart 172.EMiscellaneous                                                                                  303

172.195................. ATS provider must not provide unauthorised air traffic service               303

Subpart 172.F—Administration                                                                               304

Division 172.F.1Preliminary                                                                            304

172.200................. Applicability of this Subpart........................................... 304

Division 172.F.2Approvals                                                                               305

172.202................. Applying for approval.................................................... 305

172.205................. Joint applications not permitted....................................... 305

172.215................. Applications by corporations etc—what must be included 305

172.230................. CASA may require demonstrations of procedures or equipment             305

172.260................. When CASA must approve an applicant........................ 306

172.265................. When decision must be made.......................................... 306

172.270................. Conditions...................................................................... 307

Division 172.F.4Directions to amend provider’s operations manual 308

172.300................. CASA may direct amendments to provider’s operations manual             308

Division 172.F.5Suspension and cancellation of approvals             309

172.305................. Definition for this Division............................................. 309

172.310................. Suspension of approval by show cause notice................ 309

172.315................. Grounds for cancellation of approval.............................. 309

172.320................. Notice to show cause...................................................... 310

172.325................. Cancellation of approval after show cause notice............ 310

172.327................. Cancellation if cooperation or arrangement ceases.......... 311

Part 173—Instrument flight procedure design                                                312

Subpart 173.A—General                                                                                               315

173.005................. Applicability................................................................... 315

173.010................. Definitions for this Part.................................................. 315

173.015................. What is a certified designer............................................. 317

173.020................. What is a procedure design certificate............................ 317

173.025................. What is an authorised designer...................................... 317

173.030................. What is a procedure design authorisation...................... 317

173.035................. Design, review or amendment of terminal instrument flight procedures—requirement for procedure design certificate etc................................................................... 318

173.040................. Designing instrument flight procedures other than terminal instrument flight procedures        320

Subpart 173.B—Certified designers                                                                       321

Division 173.B.1—Certification as certified designer                             321

173.045................. Applications for procedure design certificates................ 321

173.050................. Criteria for grant of procedure design certificates........... 322

173.055................. Procedure design certificate............................................ 322

173.065................. How long procedure design certificates remain in force. 322

173.070................. Applications to vary procedure design certificates.......... 322

Division 173.B.2—Requirements to be complied with by certified designers     323

173.075................. Certified designer to maintain operations manual............ 323

173.080................. Compliance with operations manual............................... 323

173.085................. Standards for design of terminal instrument flight procedures etc            323

173.090................. Verification of terminal instrument flight procedures...... 324

173.095................. Validation of terminal instrument flight procedures........ 325

173.100................. Publication of terminal instrument flight procedures....... 325

173.105................. Radio navigation aids...................................................... 326

173.110................. Maintenance of terminal instrument flight procedures.... 326

173.115................. Certified designer to provide facilities etc....................... 327

173.120................. Certified designer to have appropriate organisation........ 328

173.125................. Certified designer to have sufficient personnel............... 328

173.130................. Supervisory personnel.................................................... 328

173.135................. Certified designer to appoint chief designer.................... 328

173.140................. Certified designer to provide training and checking program 329

173.145................. Certified designer to have safety management system.... 329

173.150................. Certified designer to maintain reference materials........... 329

173.155................. Certified designer to keep documents and records.......... 330

173.160................. Certified designer to have document and record control system               330

Division 173.B.3—Chief designer                                                                      331

173.165................. Approval for appointment of chief designer................... 331

173.170................. Approval for appointment to act as chief designer.......... 331

173.175................. Appointment likely to have adverse effect on air safety.. 331

173.180................. Chief designer’s functions and duties............................. 332

173.185................. Duration of approval....................................................... 332

173.190................. Withdrawal or suspension of approval of appointment... 333

Division 173.B.4—Miscellaneous                                                                       334

173.195................. Advice on organisational changes................................... 334

173.200................. Discontinuing design work on terminal instrument flight procedures of a particular type        334

173.205................. Notifying the AIS of a variation to a procedure design certificate            334

173.210................. Discontinuing maintenance of particular terminal instrument flight procedures       334

173.215................. Transfer of maintenance responsibility........................... 335

Subpart 173.C—Authorised designers                                                                 336

Division 173.C.1—Authorisation as authorised designer                     336

173.220................. Applications for procedure design authorisations........... 336

173.225................. Criteria for grant of procedure design authorisations...... 337

173.240................. How long procedure design authorisations remain in force 337

173.245................. Applications to vary procedure design authorisations..... 337

Division 173.C.2—Requirements to be complied with by authorised designers                338

173.250................. Operations manual.......................................................... 338

173.255................. Compliance with operations manual............................... 338

173.260................. Standards for design of terminal instrument flight procedures etc            338

173.265................. Off‑shore installations.................................................... 339

173.270................. Maintenance of terminal instrument flight procedures.... 339

173.275................. Authorised designer to have sufficient personnel........... 340

173.280................. Authorised designer to maintain reference materials....... 341

173.285................. Authorised designer to keep documents and records...... 341

173.290................. Authorised designer to have document and record control system           341

Division 173.C.3—Miscellaneous                                                                       342

173.295................. Discontinuing design work on terminal instrument flight of a particular type          342

173.300................. Discontinuing maintenance of terminal instrument flight procedures       342

173.305................. Transfer of maintenance responsibility........................... 342

Subpart 173.D—Performance of design work                                                344

173.310................. Certified designer not to exceed the limitations of the designer’s procedure design certificate 344

173.315................. Authorised designer not to exceed the limitations of authorisation           344

Subpart 173.E—Administration                                                                               345

Division 173.E.1—Grant of procedure design certificates and procedure design authorisations           345

173.330................. CASA may require demonstrations of equipment etc..... 345

173.335................. Grant of procedure design certificate or procedure design authorisation  345

173.345................. CASA may grant certificate or authorisation subject to conditions          345

173.350................. When decision must be made.......................................... 346

Division 173.E.3—Directions to amend certified designer’s or authorised designer’s operations manual                                                                                                                    347

173.375................. CASA may direct amendments to designer’s operations manual             347

Division 173.E.4—Suspension and cancellation of procedure design certificates and procedure design authorisations                                                                                     348

173.380................. Suspension or cancellation of procedure design certificate or procedure design authorisation by CASA........................................................................................ 348

Division 173.E.5—Authorised inspectors                                                      349

173.390................. CASA may appoint authorised inspectors...................... 349

173.395................. Identity card.................................................................... 349

173.400................. Powers of authorised inspector....................................... 349

Part 175—Aeronautical information management                                       351

Subpart 175.A—Aeronautical information management—general   356

175.005................. What Part 175 is about.................................................... 356

175.010................. Application of Part 175................................................... 356

175.015................. Definitions for Part 175.................................................. 357

175.020................. References in Part 175 to Annexes 3, 4 and 15.............. 357

175.025................. Issue of Manual of Standards for Part 175..................... 357

Subpart 175.B—Aeronautical information management—AIS providers            358

Division 175.B.1—AIS providers—general                                                  358

175.030................. Definitions for Subpart 175.B........................................ 358

175.035................. Provision of AIS—requirement for certificate................ 358

Division 175.B.2—AIS provider certificates                                                359

175.040................. AIS provider certificates—who may apply..................... 359

175.045................. AIS provider certificates—requirements for application. 359

175.050................. AIS provider certificates—CASA may ask for demonstration of service, facility or equipment              360

175.055................. AIS provider certificates—issue of certificate................. 360

175.060................. AIS provider certificates—approval of exposition.......... 361

175.065................. AIS provider certificates—conditions............................. 361

175.067................. AIS provider certificates—cancellation of certificate if cooperation or arrangement ceases     362

Division 175.B.3—AIS providers—changes                                                 363

175.070................. AIS providers—changes to services—matters included in certificate      363

175.075................. AIS providers—other changes....................................... 363

175.080................. AIS providers—CASA directions relating to exposition 364

175.085................. AIS providers—notifying CASA of changes in circumstances               364

Division 175.B.4—AIS providers—requirements for provision of AIS 365

175.090................. AIS providers—provision of AIS must comply with laws 365

175.095................. AIS providers—compliance with exposition.................. 365

175.100................. AIS providers—provision of AIS must comply with standards              365

175.105................. AIS providers—standards for development and publication of Integrated Aeronautical Information Package and aeronautical charts.................................................... 366

175.110................. AIS providers—standards for aeronautical data processing system         367

175.115................. AIS providers—contravention of exposition or standards 368

175.120................. AIS providers—NOTAM service.................................. 368

175.125................. AIS providers—briefing service..................................... 369

175.130................. AIS providers—post‑flight information service............. 369

175.135................. AIS providers—CASA directions about NOTAMS for a location         370

175.140................. AIS providers—aerodromes not covered by Part 139—removal of references in AIP            370

175.145................. AIS providers—publication of aeronautical charts relating to areas etc. outside authority       371

Division 175.B.5—AIS providers—requirements about aeronautical data and aeronautical information                                                                                                                    372

175.150................. AIS providers—CASA directions relating to aeronautical data or aeronautical information    372

175.155................. AIS providers—integrity of aeronautical data and aeronautical information            372

175.160................. AIS providers—giving data product specifications to aeronautical data originators 373

175.165................. AIS providers—revoking data product specifications.... 374

175.170................. AIS providers—compliance with data product specification 374

175.175................. AIS providers—correction and notification of errors and omissions in aeronautical data and aeronautical information..................................................................... 375

175.180................. AIS providers—storage and security of aeronautical data and aeronautical information          375

175.185................. AIS providers—timing of effective dates and distribution of certain documents and information           376

175.190................. AIS providers—licence agreements with data service providers for supply of data sets          376

175.195................. AIS providers—compliance with licence agreement....... 377

Division 175.B.6—AIS providers—organisational requirements     378

175.200................. AIS providers—exposition............................................. 378

175.205................. AIS providers—organisational structure........................ 381

175.210................. AIS providers—personnel—general.............................. 381

175.215................. AIS providers—personnel—accountable manager......... 381

175.220................. AIS providers—personnel—training and checking system for operational personnel             381

175.225................. AIS providers—safety management system................... 382

175.230................. AIS providers—quality management system.................. 383

175.235................. AIS providers—facilities, equipment, data and information 383

175.240................. AIS providers—contingency plan.................................. 383

175.245................. AIS providers—reference materials................................ 383

175.250................. AIS providers—annual review by accountable manager 384

175.255................. AIS providers—records................................................. 384

175.260................. AIS providers—retention period for aeronautical data, aeronautical information and records  385

Subpart 175.C—Aeronautical information management—data service providers          387

Division 175.C.1—Data service providers—general                              387

175.265................. Definitions for Subpart 175.C........................................ 387

175.270................. Conduct of data service activity—requirement for certificate 387

175.275................. CASA to publish list of data service providers............... 388

Division 175.C.2—Data service provider certificates                            389

175.280................. Data service provider certificates—who may apply........ 389

175.285................. Data service provider certificates—requirements for application              389

175.290................. Data service provider certificates—CASA may ask for demonstration of service, facility or equipment 390

175.295................. Data service provider certificates—issue of certificate.... 390

175.300................. Data service provider certificates—approval of exposition 391

175.305................. Data service provider certificates—conditions................ 391

Division 175.C.3—Data service providers—changes                             392

175.310................. Data service providers—changes to authorised data service activities—matters included in certificate    392

175.315................. Data service providers—other changes........................... 392

175.320................. Data service providers—CASA directions relating to exposition            393

175.325................. Data service providers—notifying CASA of changes in circumstances  393

175.330................. Data service providers—notifying CASA of intention to cease activities                394

Division 175.C.4—Data service providers—requirements for provision of data service           395

175.335................. Data service providers—standards for data service provision  395

175.340................. Data service providers—compliance with exposition..... 396

175.345................. Data service providers—standards for aeronautical data processing system            396

Division 175.C.5—Data service providers—requirements about aeronautical data and aeronautical information                                                                                          398

175.350................. Data service providers—CASA directions to amend aeronautical data or aeronautical information         398

175.355................. Data service providers—integrity of aeronautical data and aeronautical information                398

175.360................. Data service providers—correction and notification of errors and omissions in aeronautical data and aeronautical information.................................................. 399

175.365................. Data service providers—storage and security of aeronautical data and aeronautical information             400

175.370................. Data service providers—effective dates and validity of aeronautical data, information and charts           401

175.375................. Data service providers—compliance with licence agreement with AIS providers    402

Division 175.C.6—Data service providers—organisational requirements          403

175.380................. Data service providers—exposition................................ 403

175.385................. Data service providers—organisational structure............ 405

175.390................. Data service providers—personnel—general.................. 406

175.395................. Data service providers—personnel—accountable manager 406

175.400................. Data service providers—personnel—training and checking system for operational personnel                406

175.405................. Data service providers—safety management system...... 407

175.410................. Data service providers—quality management system..... 408

175.415................. Data service providers—facilities, equipment, data and information        408

175.420................. Data service providers—contingency plan...................... 408

175.425................. Data service providers—reference materials................... 409

175.430................. Data service providers—annual review by accountable manager             409

175.435................. Data service providers—records..................................... 410

175.440................. Data service providers—retention period for aeronautical data, aeronautical information and records     410

Subpart 175.D—Aeronautical information management—aeronautical data originators           412

Division 175.D.1—Aeronautical data originators—general               412

175.445................. Aeronautical data originators—AIP responsible person and NOTAM authorised persons     412

175.450................. Aeronautical data originators—telling AIS provider of AIP responsible person and NOTAM authorised persons........................................................................... 413

175.455................. Aeronautical data originators—requirement to provide updated aeronautical data or aeronautical information published other than in NOTAMS................................. 414

175.460................. Aeronautical data originators—requirements in relation to providing aeronautical data or aeronautical information published other than in NOTAMS.............. 414

175.465................. Aeronautical data originators—annual review of aeronautical data and aeronautical information             415

175.470................. Aeronautical data originators—requirements in relation to requests for issue of NOTAMS   416

Division 175.D.2—Aeronautical data originators—Geoscience Australia          418

175.475................. Aeronautical data originators—responsibilities of Geoscience Australia 418

Subpart 175.E—Aeronautical information management—objects and structures that affect aviation safety                                                                                                                       419

175.480................. Objects and structures that affect aviation safety—application of Subpart 175.E     419

175.485................. Objects and structures that affect aviation safety—requests for data by AA            419

175.490................. Objects and structures that affect aviation safety—requests for data from owners etc.            420

175.495................. Objects and structures that affect aviation safety—requests for data from aerodrome operators              421

175.500................. Objects and structures that affect aviation safety—requests for data from government authorities          422

Part 200—Aircraft to which CASR do not apply                                          423

Subpart 200.B—Exemption from Regulations                                                424

200.001................. Hang gliders................................................................... 424

200.002................. Privately built single‑place ultralight aeroplanes............. 424

200.003................. Gyroplanes having an empty weight not in excess of 250 kilograms       425

200.004................. Two‑place gyroplanes and single‑place gyroplanes certificated as light sport aircraft              425

200.005................. Parasails and gyrogliders................................................ 426

200.008................. Defence Force aircraft operated by civilian flight crew... 426

200.010................. Military aircraft undergoing production or acceptance flight testing         427

200.013................. Weight‑shift‑controlled aeroplanes and powered parachutes 427

200.014................. Certain ultralight aeroplanes............................................ 427

Subpart 200.C—Authorisation to fly                                                                     428

200.020................. Authorised flight without certificate of airworthiness..... 428

200.025................. Flying unregistered aircraft............................................. 428

200.030................. Flying unregistered aircraft—offence............................. 428

Part 201—Miscellaneous                                                                                                429

201.001................. Appointment of authorised persons................................ 429

201.003................. Commonwealth and CASA not liable in certain cases.... 429

201.004................. Review of decisions........................................................ 430

201.016................. Disclosure of personal information................................. 433

201.020................. Service of documents...................................................... 433

201.025................. Prescription of matters for definitions in these Regulations 434

Part 202—Transitional                                                                                                   435

Subpart 202.AB—Transitional provisions for Part 1 (Preliminary)  446

Subpart 202.AD—Transitional provisions for Part 11 (Regulatory administrative procedures)             447

202.010................. Continuation of certain existing delegations.................... 447

202.011................. Continuation of exemptions under regulation 308 of CAR 447

202.011A.............. Continuation of exemptions under subregulation 82(3) of CAR              448

202.011B............... Continuation of exemptions under subregulation 235(11) of CAR          449

202.011C............... Continuation of exemptions under regulation 92.080..... 449

202.011D.............. Continuation of exemptions under regulation 92.155..... 449

202.011E............... Continuation of exemptions under regulation 101.040... 450

202.011F............... Continuation of exemptions under regulation 139.020... 450

202.011G.............. Renewal, variation and revocation of exemptions........... 451

202.012................. Consultation on certain Manuals of Standards................ 451

202.013................. Delegations to persons other than officers...................... 451

Subpart 202.AF—Transitional provisions for Part 13 (Enforcement) 453

Subpart 202.AJ—Transitional provisions for Part 21 (Certification and airworthiness requirements for aircraft and parts)                                                                                          454

Division 202.AJ.1—Transitional provisions relating to certification of aircraft and aircraft components                                                                                                                    454

Subdivision 202.AJ.1.A—Amendments made by Civil Aviation and Civil Aviation Safety Amendment Regulations 2011 (No. 1)                                                         454

202.049A.............. Certain design standards taken to be applicable airworthiness standards for regulation 21.017               454

Subdivision 202.AJ.1.B—Amendments made by Civil Aviation Amendment Regulations 1999 (No. 5) 454

202.050................. Certificates of type approval........................................... 454

202.051................. Certificates of airworthiness........................................... 455

202.052................. Export certificate of airworthiness.................................. 455

Subdivision 202.AJ.1.C—Amendments made by Civil Aviation Legislation Amendment (Subpart 21.J) Regulation 2013                                                                        456

202.052A.............. Transitional—certificates of approval for design activities 456

Division 202.AJ.2—Transitional provisions relating to approvals of designs of modifications and repairs                                                                                                                    458

Subdivision 202.AJ.2.A—Amendments made by the Civil Aviation and Civil Aviation Safety Amendment Regulations 2011 (No. 1)                                                         458

202.053................. Approvals of systems of certification under regulation 34 of CAR         458

202.054................. Approvals of designs of modifications and repairs under regulation 35 of CAR     458

202.055................. Approvals of aircraft components for use as replacements under regulation 36 of CAR         459

202.056................. Use of aircraft material for particular purposes under regulation 36A of CAR        460

202.058................. Approval of changes to flight manuals under regulations 55 and 55A of CAR       461

Subdivision 202.AJ.2.B—Amendments made by the Civil Aviation Legislation Amendment (Part 21) Regulation 2014                                                                        462

202.058A.............. Approval of damage as permissible unserviceability under regulation 21.007         462

Division 202.AJ.3—Transitional provisions relating to authorised persons      463

Subdivision 202.AJ.3.A—Amendments made by the Civil Aviation and Civil Aviation Safety Amendment Regulations 2011 (No. 1)                                                         463

202.059................. Authorised persons for regulations 35, 36 and 36A of CAR.. 463

Subpart 202.AK—Transitional provisions for Part 22 (Airworthiness standards for sailplanes and powered sailplanes)                                                                                        464

202.060................. Approvals under airworthiness instruments in force before 1 July 2009 464

Subpart 202.AL—Transitional provisions for Part 23 (Airworthiness standards for aeroplanes in the normal, utility, acrobatic or commuter category)                       465

202.070................. Approvals under airworthiness instruments in force before 1 July 2009 465

Subpart 202.AN—Transitional provisions for Part 25 (Airworthiness standards for aeroplanes in the transport category)                                                                                        466

202.090................. Approvals under airworthiness instruments in force before 1 July 2009 466

Subpart 202.AO—Transitional provisions for Part 26 (Airworthiness standards for aircraft in the primary category or intermediate category)                                  467

Subpart 202.AP—Transitional provisions for Part 27 (Airworthiness standards for rotorcraft in the normal category)                                                                                             468

Subpart 202.AR—Transitional provisions for Part 29 (Airworthiness standards for rotorcraft in the transport category)                                                                                        469

Subpart 202.AT—Transitional provisions for Part 31 (Airworthiness standards for manned free balloons)                                                                                                                470

Subpart 202.AU—Transitional provisions for Part 32 (Airworthiness standards for engines for very light aeroplanes)                                                                                               471

202.140................. Approvals under airworthiness instruments in force before 1 July 2009 471

Subpart 202.AV—Transitional provisions for Part 33 (Airworthiness standards for aircraft engines)                                                                                                                                    472

Subpart 202.AX—Transitional provisions for Part 35 (Airworthiness standards for aircraft propellers)                                                                                                                                    473

Subpart 202.AZ—Transitional provisions for Part 39 (Airworthiness directives)            474

202.170................. Airworthiness directives................................................. 474

202.171................. Application for exemption from, or variation of, requirement of airworthiness directive         474

202.172................. Exemption from requirement of airworthiness directive. 474

Subpart 202.BA—Transitional provisions for Part 42 (Continuing airworthiness requirements for aircraft and aeronautical products)                                                    475

202.180................. Application of Part 42..................................................... 475

202.181................. Election that Part 42 is to apply to an aircraft.................. 475

202.183................. Application of subparagraph 42.030(2)(c)(ii) (airworthiness review certificates) to existing and new aircraft........................................................................................ 476

202.185................. Approved maintenance programs taken to include approved systems of maintenance             477

202.186................. Approved reliability programs taken to include reliability programs included in approved systems of maintenance.................................................................... 477

202.187................. Defects recorded in maintenance releases (regulation 42.355) 477

202.188................. References to authorised release certificates (subparagraphs 42.420(5)(a)(i) and (b)(i))          477

202.191................. Maintenance certification taken to include certification of completion of maintenance (paragraph 42.745(c))........................................................................................ 478

202.193................. Reference to maintenance carried out in accordance with Part 42 (subparagraph 42.795(c)(i))                478

202.194................. CASA may direct making of applications under regulation 42.585         479

Subpart 202.BD—Transitional provisions for Part 45 (Display of nationality and registration marks)                                                                                                                                    480

202.200................. Australian aircraft marked in accordance with CAR....... 480

Subpart 202.BF—Transitional provisions for Part 47 (Registration of aircraft and related matters)  481

Division 202.BF.1—Transitional provisions relating to the commencement of Part 47               481

202.220................. Definitions for Division 202.BF.1.................................. 481

202.221................. Continuation of Aircraft Register.................................... 481

202.222................. Reference to holder of a certificate of registration.......... 481

202.223................. Registration under CAR to continue............................... 482

202.224................. Pending applications or notices....................................... 482

202.225................. Application to register aircraft under Part 47.................. 483

Division 202.BF.2—Amendments made by the Civil Aviation Safety Amendment (Cape Town Convention) Regulation 2014                                                    485

202.226................. Definitions for Division 202.BF.2.................................. 485

202.227................. Application of regulation 47.131A................................. 485

202.228................. Application of regulation 47.165.................................... 485

Subpart 202.CA—Transitional provisions for Part 60 (Synthetic training devices)         486

202.240................. Definitions for this Subpart............................................ 486

202.241................. Transitional accreditation—flight simulators................... 486

Subpart 202.CB—Transitional provisions for Part 61 (Flight crew licensing)    488

Division 202.CB.1—Amendments made by regulations commencing 1 September 2014            488

Subdivision 202.CB.1.1—General                                                                     488

202.260................. Application of Division 202.CB.1—balloons excluded.. 488

202.261................. Definitions for Division 202.CB.1................................. 488

202.262................. Application of Division 202.CB.1 to student pilot licences 490

Subdivision 202.CB.1.2—Continued authorisations                                     490

202.263................. Continuation of old authorisations.................................. 490

202.264................. Continuation of suspended old authorisations................ 490

202.265................. Non‑finalised action to vary, suspend or cancel old authorisations          491

202.266................. Removal of conditions on certain continued authorisations 491

202.267................. Flight review and proficiency check requirements.......... 493

202.268................. Removal of limitation on exercise of privileges of private or commercial pilot licences—multi‑crew operations........................................................................................ 494

202.268A.............. Removal of limitation on exercise of privileges of class rating for aircraft prescribed under regulation 61.062........................................................................................ 494

202.269................. Personal log books under regulation 5.51 of CAR—certain continued authorisations             495

202.270................. Extended meaning of licence document in Part 61.......... 495

202.271................. Expiry of Subdivision 202.CB.1.2 at end of 31 August 2018 495

Subdivision 202.CB.1.3—New authorisations for holders of continued authorisations               496

202.272................. Grant of equivalent new authorisations........................... 496

202.273................. Expiry of Subdivision 202.CB.1.3 at end of 31 August 2018 497

Subdivision 202.CB.1.4—Other provisions                                                     497

202.274................. Non‑finalised applications for old authorisations............ 497

202.275................. Eligibility for ratings—former holders of time‑limited authorisations      497

202.276................. Flight review and proficiency check requirements for certain new authorisations    498

202.277................. Personal log books under regulation 5.51 of CAR—certain new authorisations     499

202.277A.............. Grant of private pilot licence with helicopter category rating on basis of old requirements      499

202.277B............... Grant of commercial pilot licence with helicopter category rating on basis of old requirements               500

202.277C............... English competency for certain holders of student pilot licences              500

202.278................. Grant of pilot type ratings on basis of overseas training and assessment 501

202.279................. Instrument proficiency checks partially conducted by foreign‑authorised person    501

202.281................. Expiry of Division 202.CB.1 at end of 31 August 2025 502

Subpart 202.CE—Transitional provisions for Part 64 (Authorisations for non‑licensed personnel)    503

Division 202.CE.1—Amendments made by regulations commencing 1 September 2014            503

Subdivision 202.CE.1.1—Aircraft radiotelephone operator certificate of proficiency              503

202.300................. Definitions for Subdivision 202.CE.1.1......................... 503

202.301................. Continuation of old authorisations.................................. 504

202.302................. Continuation of suspended old authorisations................ 504

202.303................. Non‑finalised action to vary, suspend or cancel old authorisations          505

202.304................. Grant of aeronautical radio operator certificates.............. 505

202.305................. Non‑finalised applications for old authorisations............ 506

Subdivision 202.CE.1.2—Approval to taxi an aeroplane                            506

202.307................. Definitions for Subdivision 202.CE.1.2......................... 506

202.308................. Continuation of old authorisations.................................. 507

202.309................. Continuation of suspended old authorisations................ 507

202.310................. Non‑finalised action to vary, suspend or cancel old authorisations          508

202.311................. Production of continued authorisation............................ 508

Subdivision 202.CE.1.3—Expiry of Division 202.CE.1                               508

202.312................. Expiry of Division 202.CE.1 at end of 31 August 2018. 508

Subpart 202.CF—Transitional provisions for Part 65 (Air traffic services licensing)    509

202.320................. Manual of Standards for Part 65..................................... 509

202.321................. Persons holding certain licences..................................... 509

Subpart 202.CG—Transitional provisions for Part 66 (Continuing airworthiness—aircraft engineer licences and ratings)                                                                                      511

202.340................. Having regard to other airworthiness authorities in granting aircraft engineer licences            511

202.341................. Category A licence holders and certification of completion of maintenance             511

202.342................. Category A licence holders and final certificates for completion of maintenance     512

202.343................. Category A licence holders and endorsing maintenance releases             513

Subpart 202.CH—Transitional provisions for Part 67 (Medical)        514

202.360................. Medical certificates issued under Civil Aviation Regulations 1988           514

202.361................. Designated aviation medical examiners appointed under Civil Aviation Regulations 1988       514

202.362................. Actions by Director of Aviation Medicine...................... 514

202.363................. Applications for issue of medical certificates pending on 3 September 2003           515

Subpart 202.DA—Transitional provisions for Part 71 (Airspace)      516

Subpart 202.EA—Transitional provisions for Part 90 (Additional airworthiness requirements)           517

Subpart 202.EB—Transitional provisions for Part 91 (General operating and flight rules)      518

Subpart 202.EC—Transitional provisions for Part 92 (Consignment and carriage of dangerous goods by air)                                                                                                                            519

202.440................. Approval of certain training courses and instructors....... 519

Subpart 202.FA—Transitional provisions for Part 101 (Unmanned aircraft and rockets)         520

202.460................. Authorisations, permissions and approvals in force immediately before 1 July 2002              520

Subpart 202.FC—Transitional provisions for Part 103 (Sport and recreational aviation operations) 521

Subpart 202.FE—Transitional provisions for Part 105 (Sport and recreational parachuting from aircraft)                                                                                                                 522

Subpart 202.FJ—Transitional provisions for Part 115 (Operations using sport aviation aircraft for non‑recreational activities)                                                                        523

Subpart 202.FL—Transitional provisions for Part 119 (Air operator certification—air transport)     524

Subpart 202.FN—Transitional provisions for Part 121A (Air transport operations—large aeroplanes)                                                                                                                                    525

Subpart 202.FO—Transitional provisions for Part 121B (Air transport operations—small aeroplanes)                                                                                                                                    526

Subpart 202.FR—Transitional provisions for Part 129 (Foreign air transport operators—certification and operating requirements)                                                                   527

Division 202.FR.1—Amendments made by the Civil Aviation Legislation Amendment (Part 129) Regulation 2015                                                                                527

202.600................. AOCs authorising charter or regular public transport operations by foreign operators—if in force immediately before 20 April 2016...................................................... 527

202.601................. AOCs authorising charter or regular public transport operations by foreign operators—if under suspension immediately before 20 April 2016.................................. 527

202.602................. Applications by foreign operators for AOCs authorising charter or regular public transport operations—if made but not finally determined before 20 April 2016.... 528

202.603................. Repeal of Division 202.FR.1 at the start of 20 April 2018 528

Subpart 202.FT—Transitional provisions for Part 133 (Air transport and aerial work operations—rotorcraft)                                                                                                            529

Subpart 202.FV—Transitional provisions for Part 136 (Aerial work operations—other than those covered by Parts 133, 137, 138, 141 and 142)                                530

Subpart 202.FW—Transitional provisions for Part 137 (Aerial agriculture operations—other than rotorcraft)                                                                                                            531

Subpart 202.FX—Transitional provisions for Part 138 (Search and rescue operations)              532

Subpart 202.FY—Transitional provisions for Part 139 (Aerodromes) 533

202.700................. Definitions for this Subpart............................................ 533

202.701................. Aerodrome licences issued under CAR.......................... 533

202.702................. Conditions of transitional aerodrome licences................. 533

202.703................. Duration of transitional aerodrome licences.................... 533

202.704................. Previous aerodrome manuals and standards for aerodromes 534

202.705................. Exemptions..................................................................... 535

Subpart 202.FYH—Transitional provisions for Subpart 139.H (Aerodrome rescue and fire fighting services)                                                                                                                 536

202.710................. Manual of Standards for Subpart 139.H......................... 536

Subpart 202.GA—Transitional provisions for Part 141 (Recreational, private and commercial pilot flight training, other than certain integrated training courses)       537

Division 202.GA.1—Amendments made by regulations commencing 1 September 2014            537

202.720................. Definitions for Division 202.GA.1................................. 537

202.721................. AOCs and approvals under regulation 60.055 held immediately before 1 September 2014     537

202.722................. AOCs and approvals under regulation 60.055 that were under suspension immediately before 1 September 2014................................................................................ 538

202.723................. Applications for AOCs and approvals under regulation 60.055 made but not finally determined before 1 September 2014........................................................... 539

202.724................. Application of Part 141 to certain Part 141 operators—references to operations manual         540

202.726................. Application of Part 141 to certain Part 141 operators without Part 60 quality systems            541

202.727................. Application of Part 141 to certain Part 141 operators—provisions that do not apply               541

202.727A.............. Application of subregulation 141.085(3) (about applications for approval of significant changes)          542

202.728................. References to standardisation and proficiency checks for instructors for certain Part 141 operators        542

202.729................. Expiry of Division 202.GA.1 at end of 31 August 2017 542

Subpart 202.GB—Transitional provisions for Part 142 (Integrated and multi‑crew pilot flight training, contracted recurrent training and contracted checking)       543

Division 202.GB.1—Amendments made by regulations commencing 1 September 2014            543

202.740................. Definitions for Division 202.GB.1................................. 543

202.741................. AOCs authorising flying training—if in force immediately before 1 September 2014             543

202.742................. AOCs authorising flying training—if under suspension immediately before 1 September 2014             544

202.743................. Applications for AOCs authorising flying training—if made but not finally determined before 1 September 2014................................................................................ 544

202.744................. Approvals under regulation 60.055 held immediately before 1 September 2014     544

202.745................. Approvals under regulation 60.055 that were under suspension immediately before 1 September 2014 545

202.746................. Applications for approvals under regulation 60.055 made but not finally determined before 1 September 2014........................................................................................ 546

202.747................. Application of Part 142 to certain Part 142 operators—references to exposition     547

202.748................. Application of Part 142 to certain Part 142 operators with Part 60 quality systems—safety management system and quality assurance management system......... 547

202.749................. Application of Part 142 to certain Part 142 operators without Part 60 quality systems—safety and quality assurance management systems not required.................. 548

202.750................. Application of Part 142 to certain Part 142 operators—provisions that do not apply               548

202.751................. References to standardisation and proficiency checks for instructors for certain Part 142 operators        549

202.752................. Expiry of Division 202.GB.1 at end of 31 August 2017 550

Subpart 202.GC—Transitional provisions for Part 143 (Air traffic services training providers)           551

202.760................. Manual of Standards for Part 143................................... 551

Subpart 202.GD—Transitional provisions for Part 144 (Product distribution organisations)  552

Subpart 202.GE—Transitional provisions for Part 145 (Continuing airworthiness—Part 145 approved maintenance organisations)                                                                      553

Division 202.GE.1—Amendments made by the Civil Aviation and Civil Aviation Safety Amendment Regulations 2010 (No. 1)                                                              553

202.800................. CASA may direct making of applications under regulation 145.025       553

Division 202.GE.2—Amendments made by the Civil Aviation Legislation Amendment (Maintenance and Other Matters) Regulation 2013                                              554

Subdivision 202.GE.2.1—Part 145 organisations undertaking CAR maintenance activities—general  554

202.801................. Interpretation for Division 202.GE.2—Part 145 references to maintenance services taken to include references to CAR maintenance activities........................................ 554

202.802................. Interpretation for Division 202.GE.2—Part 145 definition of approval rating        554

202.803................. Interpretation for Division 202.GE.2—Part 145 definition of significant change    555

202.804................. Part 145 Manual of Standards—additional matters for CAR maintenance activities                555

Subdivision 202.GE.2.2—Part 145 organisations undertaking CAR maintenance activities—approval of organisations                                                                             556

202.805................. Applying for approval.................................................... 556

202.806................. Issuing approval............................................................. 556

202.807................. Approval certificate......................................................... 557

202.808................. Privileges for Part 145 organisations.............................. 557

202.809................. Approval subject to conditions....................................... 557

Subdivision 202.GE.2.3—Part 145 organisations undertaking CAR maintenance activities—offence  558

202.810................. Undertaking CAR maintenance activities........................ 558

Subpart 202.GG—Transitional provisions for Part 147 (Continuing airworthiness—maintenance training organisations)                                                                                 559

202.840................. Recognised organisations taken to be maintenance training organisations               559

202.841................. Applications for approval as a recognised organisation made but not finally determined before 27 June 2011........................................................................................ 559

202.842................. CASA may direct the making of applications under regulation 147.025  559

Subpart 202.GI—Transitional provisions for Part 149 (Recreational aviation administration organisations)                                                                                                    561

Subpart 202.HA—Transitional provisions for Part 171 (Aeronautical telecommunication service and radionavigation service providers)                                                       562

202.880................. Manual of Standards for Part 171................................... 562

Subpart 202.HB—Transitional provisions for Part 172 (Air traffic service providers) 563

202.900................. Manual of Standards for Part 172................................... 563

Subpart 202.HC—Transitional provisions for Part 173 (Instrument flight procedure design) 564

Subpart 202.HD—Transitional provisions for Part 174 (Aviation meteorological services)        565

Subpart 202.HE—Transitional provisions for Part 175 (Aeronautical information management)        566

Subpart 202.HL—Transitional provisions for Part 200 (Exemptions) 567

Subpart 202.HM—Transitional provisions for Part 201 (Miscellaneous)               568

Dictionary                                                                                                                           569

Part 1—Definitions                                                                                                            569

Part 2—Interpretation of certain expressions not defined in Part 1  601

1............................ Parts and materials excluded from the definition of aeronautical product               601

3............................ Definition of air transport operation............................. 601

5............................ When an aircraft is airworthy......................................... 601

15.......................... Reference to Annexes to Chicago Convention................ 601

18.......................... Meaning of authorised release certificate....................... 602

25.......................... Extended meaning of charged with in relation to certain offences            603

35.......................... Extended meaning of convicted....................................... 603

36.......................... References to particular kinds of flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements     604

37.......................... References to flight manual............................................ 604

40.......................... References to operating an aircraft in an area.................. 605

45.......................... References to EASA certification specifications............. 606

50.......................... References to pilot‑in‑command..................................... 606

55.......................... References to populous areas etc.................................... 606

60.......................... Meaning of psychoactive substance................................ 606

65.......................... Recognised foreign training providers............................ 607

Part 3—Definitions for this Part, Parts 42, 66, 145 and 147 and Subparts 202.BA, 202.CG, 202.GE and 202.GG                                                                                                                  608

1............................ General........................................................................... 608

5............................ Definitions relating to carrying out maintenance............. 614

10.......................... Meaning of instructions for continuing airworthiness... 615

15.......................... Meaning of maintenance data........................................ 616

20.......................... Meaning of maintenance services subcontractor........... 617

21.......................... Meaning of CAR maintenance activities subcontractor.. 617

25.......................... Meaning of provides....................................................... 617

30.......................... Meaning of supervising.................................................. 618

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  619

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                          619

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                              621

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                           622

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                         629


Part 139Aerodromes

  

Table of Contents

Subpart 139.AGeneral

139.005     Applicability of this Part

139.010     Definitions for this Part

139.015     Standards for aerodromes

139.025     Access to aerodromes

139.030     Restrictions on use of terminal instrument flight procedures

139.035     No effect on operation of Airports (Building Control) Regulations 1996 etc

Subpart 139.BCertified aerodromes

Division 139.B.1Aerodrome certificate

139.040     When an aerodrome certificate is required

139.045     Application for aerodrome certificate

139.050     Grant of aerodrome certificate

139.070     Suspension or cancellation by CASA

139.085     Temporary aerodrome certificate

Division 139.B.2Aerodrome manual

139.090     Preparation and location of aerodrome manual

139.095     Information to be included in aerodrome manual

139.100     Form of aerodrome manual

139.105     Amendments of aerodrome manual

139.110     Notice of amendments

139.115     Aerodrome manual controller

Division 139.B.3Operation and maintenance of a certified aerodrome

139.120     Care and diligence in operation and maintenance

139.125     Reporting officer

139.130     Works safety officer for aerodrome works other than time‑limited works

139.135     Works safety officer for time‑limited works

139.140     Training of aerodrome personnel

139.145     Aerodrome manual procedures

139.150     Notice of deviation

139.155     Notice of changes in physical condition etc of aerodrome

139.160     Notice of changes in information published in AIP‑ERSA

139.165     Physical characteristics of movement area

139.170     Aerodrome markings

139.175     Signal area

139.180     Wind direction indicators—general

139.185     Wind direction indicators—requirement for certain runways

139.190     Visual approach slope indicator system

139.195     Lighting of movement area

139.200     Checking of lighting systems

139.205     Aerodrome emergency committee

139.210     Aerodrome emergency plan

139.215     Testing of aerodrome emergency plan

139.220     Aerodrome serviceability inspections

139.225     When aerodrome serviceability inspections must be conducted

139.230     Aerodrome technical inspections

139.235     When aerodrome technical inspections must be conducted etc

139.240     Who may conduct aerodrome technical inspections

139.245     Planning and execution of aerodrome works

139.250     Safety management system

Division 139.B.4Aerodromes to which A‑SMGCS applies

139.251     Definition for Division 139.B.4

139.252     Designation of aerodromes to which A‑SMGCS applies

139.254     Vehicles at aerodromes to which A‑SMGCS applies

Subpart 139.CRegistered aerodromes

139.255     Definition for this Subpart

139.260     Application for registration of aerodrome

139.265     Registration of aerodromes

139.270     Notice of refusal to register aerodrome

139.275     Register

139.280     Duration of registration

139.285     Cancellation of registration on request

139.290     Suspension or cancellation of registration by CASA

139.295     Applicable standards for registered aerodromes

139.300     Reporting officer

139.305     Notice of changes in physical condition etc of aerodrome

139.310     Notice of changes in information published in AIP‑ERSA

139.315     Safety inspections

139.320     Approval of persons to conduct aerodrome safety inspections

139.325     Duration of approval

139.330     Suspension or cancellation of approval by CASA

Subpart 139.DReporting officer and safety inspection requirements for certain other aerodromes

139.335     Aerodromes to which this Subpart applies

139.340     Reporting officer

139.345     Safety inspections

Subpart 139.EObstacles and hazards

139.350     Monitoring of airspace

139.355     Establishment of obstacle limitation surfaces

139.360     Notice of obstacles

139.365     Structures 110 metres or more AGL

139.370     Hazardous objects etc

Subpart 139.FAerodrome radio communication services

Division 139.F.1General

139.375     Aerodrome operators to collect statistics if directed

Division 139.F.2Frequency confirmation system

139.380     Definitions for Division 139.F.2

139.385     Aerodromes that must have a frequency confirmation system

Division 139.F.3Air/ground radio service

139.390     Definitions for Division 139.F.3

139.395     Air/ground radio service must be certified

139.400     Direction by CASA to provide CA/GRS

139.405     Voluntary provision of CA/GRS

139.410     Certification of air/ground radio service

139.415     General obligations of aerodrome operator

139.420     When CA/GRS must be operating

139.425     Information about operating hours to be given to NOTAM Office

139.430     Certified air/ground radio operators

139.435     Offences

Subpart 139.HAerodrome rescue and firefighting services

Division 139.H.1General

139.700     Applicability of this Subpart

139.705     Definitions for this Subpart

139.710     Functions of ARFFS

139.711     Person not to provide service without approval

139.712     Issue of Manual of Standards

139.715     Effect of Manual of Standards

Division 139.H.3Requirements to be complied with by ARFFS provider

139.750     Requirements in this Division

139.755     Definition for Division—applicable standards and requirements

139.760     Inconsistency between Manual and chapter 9 of Annex 14

139.765     Knowledge, equipment and expertise to deal with aviation hazards

139.770     General obligation to maintain service

139.771     Response time of ARFFS

139.772     Buildings and emergency facilities

139.773     Officer in charge

139.775     Notice about times service is available etc

139.780     Agreements with other fire fighting bodies

139.785     Stock of fire extinguishing agents

139.795     Extinguishing equipment and vehicles

139.800     Other vehicles and equipment

139.805     Vehicles and equipment for firefighting and rescue in difficult environments

139.810     Commissioning of certain equipment

139.815     Protective clothing and equipment

139.820     Communications

139.825     Test and maintenance equipment

139.830     Commissioning of new vehicles and equipment

139.835     Number of operating personnel

139.840     Medical standard of firefighters

139.845     Qualifications and training of firefighters

139.850     Operations manual

139.855     Amendment of operations manual

139.860     Voice data recording

139.865     Record of accidents or incidents

139.870     Contingency plan

139.875     Records management

139.880     Organisation

139.885     System for rectification of service failures

139.890     Quality control

139.895     Change management

139.900     Safety management

139.905     Applicant’s organisation

139.910     Telling users and CASA about changes

Division 139.H.4Conduct of ARFFS operations

139.915     Powers of officer in charge or firefighter

Division 139.H.5Administration

139.920     Definition for Division

139.925     How to apply for approval as ARFFS provider

139.970     When decision must be made

139.995     Application for variation of approval

139.1005   Suspension or continued suspension of approval by show cause notice

139.1010   Grounds for cancellation of approval

139.1015   Notice to approved ARFFS provider to show cause

139.1020   Cancellation of approval after show cause notice

139.1022   Cancellation if holder ceases to provide ARFFS

139.1025   Cancellation at request of approved ARFFS provider


Subpart 139.AGeneral

  

139.005  Applicability of this Part

                   This Part deals with the operation of aerodromes and includes rules about the following matters:

                     (a)  certification of aerodromes and the requirements that apply to operators of certified aerodromes;

                     (b)  registration of aerodromes and the requirements that apply to operators of registered aerodromes;

                     (c)  reporting officer and safety inspection requirements that apply to operators of certain other aerodromes used for regular public transport operations or charter operations;

                     (d)  obstacles and hazards at aerodromes;

                     (e)  obligations of aerodrome operators in relation to radio communication services and rescue and fire fighting services.

139.010  Definitions for this Part

                   In this Part (other than Subpart 139.H):

Manual of Standards means the document called ‘Manual of Standards (MOS) – Part 139 Aerodromes’ published by CASA, as in force from time to time.

MBZ means mandatory broadcast zone.

time‑limited works has the same meaning as in the Manual of Standards.

139.015  Standards for aerodromes

                   The standards for aerodromes are those set out in the Manual of Standards.

139.025  Access to aerodromes

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome or a registered aerodrome must allow CASA to conduct tests of aerodrome facilities, equipment or operating procedures at the aerodrome for the purpose of ensuring the safety of aircraft.

             (2)  The operator must allow CASA access to any part of the aerodrome or any aerodrome facilities, equipment or records for the purposes of subregulation (1).

             (3)  CASA:

                     (a)  must give reasonable notice of any tests to be conducted to the operator; and

                     (b)  must carry out the tests at a reasonable time.

             (4)  Subregulations (1) and (2) do not limit the operation of regulation 305 of CAR.

139.030  Restrictions on use of terminal instrument flight procedures

             (1)  The operator of an aerodrome commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the aerodrome is not a certified aerodrome or registered aerodrome; and

                     (b)  there is a terminal instrument flight procedure for the aerodrome; and

                     (c)  the terminal instrument flight procedure is not only for use in a specialised helicopter operation.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  The operator of an aerodrome commits an offence if:

                     (a)  there is a terminal instrument flight procedure for the aerodrome; and

                     (b)  the terminal instrument flight procedure is not only for use in a specialised helicopter operation; and

                     (c)  the aerodrome:

                              (i)  ceases to be a certified aerodrome and does not become a registered aerodrome; or

                             (ii)  ceases to be a registered aerodrome and does not become a certified aerodrome; and

                     (d)  the operator does not, in writing and as soon as possible after the cessation, tell each of the following of the cessation:

                              (i)  the AIS;

                             (ii)  the certified designer of the procedure.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (3)  An offence against subregulation (1) or (2) is an offence of strict liability.

             (4)  In this regulation:

certified designer has the meaning given by regulation 173.015.

139.035  No effect on operation of Airports (Building Control) Regulations 1996 etc

                   Nothing in this Part affects the operation of the Airports (Building Control) Regulations 1996, the Airports (Protection of Airspace) Regulations 1996 or the Airports (Control of On‑Airport Activities) Regulations 1997.

Subpart 139.BCertified aerodromes

Division 139.B.1Aerodrome certificate

139.040  When an aerodrome certificate is required

             (1)  A person must not operate an aerodrome to which subregulation (3) applies if the aerodrome is not a certified aerodrome.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  This subregulation applies to an aerodrome that:

                     (a)  has a runway that is suitable for use by aircraft having:

                              (i)  a maximum passenger seating capacity of more than 30 seats; or

                             (ii)  a maximum carrying capacity of more than 3 400 kilograms; and

                     (b)  is available for use in regular public transport operations or charter operations by such aircraft.

Note:          See also regulation 139.030 for restrictions on the use of terminal instrument flight procedures.

139.045  Application for aerodrome certificate

                   A person (the applicant) may apply to CASA for an aerodrome certificate authorising the person to operate an aerodrome at the place specified in the application.

139.050  Grant of aerodrome certificate

                   Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must grant an aerodrome certificate to an applicant if CASA is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the aerodrome’s facilities and equipment are in accordance with the standards specified in the Manual of Standards for a certified aerodrome; and

                     (b)  the aerodrome’s operating procedures make satisfactory provision for the safety of aircraft; and

                     (c)  an aerodrome manual, in accordance with regulation 139.095, has been prepared for the aerodrome; and

                     (d)  the applicant would, if the certificate is granted, be able properly to operate and maintain the aerodrome.

139.070  Suspension or cancellation by CASA

             (1)  CASA may, by written notice given to the holder of an aerodrome certificate, suspend or cancel the certificate if there are reasonable grounds for believing that:

                     (a)  a condition to which the certificate is subject has been breached; or

                     (b)  the aerodrome facilities, operations or maintenance are not of the standard necessary in the interests of the safety of air navigation; or

                     (c)  the holder has failed to comply with regulation 139.025.

             (2)  Before suspending or cancelling an aerodrome certificate, CASA must:

                     (a)  give to the holder a show cause notice that:

                              (i)  sets out the facts and circumstances that, in the opinion of CASA, would justify the suspension or cancellation; and

                             (ii)  invites the holder to show cause, in writing, within 30 days after the date of the notice, why the certificate should not be suspended or cancelled; and

                     (b)  take into account any written submissions that the holder makes to CASA within the time allowed under subparagraph (a)(ii).

139.085  Temporary aerodrome certificate

             (1)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must grant a temporary aerodrome certificate to an applicant under regulation 139.045 if:

                     (a)  the applicant’s application is for a certificate to operate an aerodrome for which an existing aerodrome certificate is in force; and

                     (b)  the holder of the existing aerodrome certificate has given CASA a request under regulation 11.130 for the certificate to be cancelled; and

                     (c)  the cancellation of the existing aerodrome certificate will have effect before CASA can fully consider the applicant’s application; and

                     (d)  CASA is satisfied that the applicant will be able to properly operate and maintain the aerodrome for the duration of the temporary certificate.

             (2)  A temporary aerodrome certificate must not be granted for a period of longer than 60 days.

Division 139.B.2Aerodrome manual

139.090  Preparation and location of aerodrome manual

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must have an aerodrome manual, in accordance with regulation 139.095, for the aerodrome.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  The operator must give CASA a copy of the manual and must keep another copy at the operator’s principal place of business or at the aerodrome.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (3)  The operator must make the copy of the manual kept at the operator’s principal place of business or at the aerodrome available to authorised persons during normal business hours.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (4)  Strict liability applies to the physical element of an offence against subregulation (1) that the operator is required to have an aerodrome manual for the aerodrome.

             (5)  An offence against subregulation (2) or (3) is an offence of strict liability.

139.095  Information to be included in aerodrome manual

                   For subregulation 139.090(1), the aerodrome manual must include:

                     (a)  the following information, to the extent that the information is applicable to the aerodrome:

                              (i)  the particulars of the aerodrome site mentioned in Appendix 1 to this subparagraph;

                             (ii)  the particulars of the aerodrome administration and operating procedures mentioned in Appendix 1 to this subparagraph;

                            (iii)  the particulars of the aerodrome to be notified in AIP‑ERSA, mentioned in Appendix 1 to this subparagraph;

                            (iv)  particulars of any condition to which the operator’s aerodrome certificate is subject;

                             (v)  particulars of any direction given to the operator by CASA under regulation 139.105; and

                     (b)  if particular information referred to in paragraph (a) is not included in the manual because it is not applicable to the aerodrome:

                              (i)  a statement to the effect that the information is not applicable; and

                             (ii)  the reasons why it is not applicable; and

                     (c)  if CASA grants the operator an exemption under regulation 11.160 in relation to the aerodrome:

                              (i)  any identifying number given to the exemption by CASA; and

                             (ii)  the date on which the exemption came into effect; and

                            (iii)  any condition subject to which the exemption is granted.

Appendix 1 to subparagraph 139.095(a)(i) (Particulars of the aerodrome site)

Aerodrome site

                   For subparagraph 139.095(a)(i), the particulars are as follows:

                     (a)  a plan of the aerodrome showing the main aerodrome facilities, including the wind direction indicators, for the operation of the aerodrome;

                     (b)  a plan of the aerodrome showing the aerodrome boundaries;

                     (c)  a plan showing the distance of the aerodrome from the nearest city, town or other populous area, and the location of any aerodrome facilities and equipment outside the boundaries of the aerodrome;

                     (d)  either:

                              (i)  particulars of title of the aerodrome site; or

                             (ii)  if the boundaries of the aerodrome are not defined in the documents of title—the particulars of the title to, or interests in, the property on which the aerodrome is located and a plan showing the boundaries and position of the aerodrome.

Appendix 1 to subparagraph 139.095(a)(ii) (Particulars of the aerodrome administration and operating procedures)

                   For subparagraph 139.095(a)(ii), the particulars are as follows:

Aerodrome administration

                     (a)  particulars of the aerodrome administration including the following:

                              (i)  the organisational structure;

                             (ii)  the management positions responsible for the operation and maintenance of the aerodrome;

                            (iii)  contact details of the person who is the aerodrome manual controller;

                            (iv)  contact details for the main persons responsible for aerodrome operations and safety functions;

Aerodrome emergency plan

                     (b)  particulars of the aerodrome emergency plan, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the composition of the aerodrome emergency committee and contact details for the emergency service organisations represented on the committee;

                             (ii)  a description of the role of each emergency service organisation involved in the plan;

                            (iii)  the activation, control and coordination of the emergency service organisations during an emergency;

                            (iv)  the aerodrome’s emergency facilities and arrangements for keeping them in readiness;

                             (v)  the operational response to an emergency, including arrangements for aerodrome access and assembly areas;

                            (vi)  the response to a local stand‑by call out;

                           (vii)  the response to a full emergency call out;

                          (viii)  the arrangements to return the aerodrome to operational status after an emergency;

                            (ix)  the arrangements for periodic review and testing of the aerodrome emergency plan;

Aerodrome lighting

                     (c)  particulars of the procedures for the inspection and maintenance of the aerodrome lighting (including obstacle lighting) and the supply of stand‑by power (if any), including details of the following:

                              (i)  the arrangements for carrying out inspections and the checklist for inspections;

                             (ii)  the arrangements for recording the results of inspections and for taking follow‑up action to correct deficiencies;

                            (iii)  the arrangements for switching lights on and off, including back‑up arrangements for pilot‑activated lighting;

                            (iv)  the arrangements for carrying out routine maintenance and emergency maintenance;

                             (v)  the arrangements for stand‑by power, if any, and, if applicable, particulars of any other method of dealing with partial or total system failure;

                            (vi)  the names and roles of the persons who are responsible for the inspection and maintenance of the lighting and the telephone numbers for contacting them during and after working hours;

Aerodrome reporting

                     (d)  particulars of the procedures for reporting any changes to the aerodrome information set out in AIP and procedures for requesting the issue of NOTAMS, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the arrangements for reporting any changes that may affect aircraft operations to AIS and local air traffic services and recording the reporting of changes during and outside the normal hours of aerodrome operation;

                             (ii)  the contact details for the persons and organisations to which changes are to be reported;

                            (iii)  the name of the reporting officer responsible for reporting the changes and the telephone numbers for contacting him or her during and after working hours;

                            (iv)  the arrangements for reporting changes of aerodrome information published in AIP to AIS and CASA;

                             (v)  the arrangements for keeping records of reports made;

Unauthorised entry to aerodrome

                     (e)  particulars of the procedures for preventing the unauthorised entry of persons, vehicles, equipment, plant or animals, or other things that may endanger aircraft safety, into the movement area, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the arrangements for controlling airside access;

                             (ii)  the names and roles of the persons who are responsible for controlling access to the movement area and the telephone numbers for contacting them during and after working hours;

Aerodrome serviceability inspections

                      (f)  particulars of the procedures for carrying out aerodrome serviceability inspections, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the arrangements for carrying out the inspections during and after working hours;

                             (ii)  details of the intervals at which the inspections are carried out and the times of the inspections;

                            (iii)  the arrangements for keeping an inspection logbook and the place where the logbook is kept;

                            (iv)  details of the inspection checklist;

                             (v)  the arrangements for communicating with air traffic control during the inspections;

                            (vi)  the arrangements for reporting the results of the inspections and for taking prompt follow‑up action to ensure correction of unsafe conditions;

                           (vii)  the names and roles of the persons who are responsible for carrying out the inspections and the telephone numbers for contacting them during and after working hours;

Aerodrome technical inspections

                     (g)  particulars of the procedures for carrying out aerodrome technical inspections, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the items that need to be technically inspected and when the inspections are to be carried out;

                             (ii)  the arrangements for technically qualified people to carry out the technical inspections;

                            (iii)  the arrangements for recording the results of the inspections and for taking prompt follow‑up action to ensure correction of defects;

Aerodrome works safety

                     (h)  particulars of the procedures for planning and safely carrying out aerodrome works (including works that may have to be carried out at short notice), including details of the following:

                              (i)  the preparation of a method‑of‑working plan identifying areas of the aerodrome affected during each stage of the work and steps taken to ensure safety standards are met;

                             (ii)  the distribution list for the method‑of‑working plan;

                            (iii)  the arrangements for telling aircraft operators and other aerodrome users of the method‑of‑working plan and the telephone numbers for contacting those operators and users during and after working hours;

                            (iv)  the arrangements for communicating with air traffic control and aircraft during the carrying out of the works;

                             (v)  the arrangements for carrying out time‑limited works;

                            (vi)  the names, telephone numbers and roles of the persons and organisations responsible for planning and carrying out the works, and the arrangements for contacting those persons and organisations at all times;

Aircraft parking control

                      (i)  particulars of the procedures for aircraft parking control, if established, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the arrangements between air traffic control and apron management;

                             (ii)  the arrangements for allocating aircraft parking positions;

                            (iii)  the arrangements for initiating engine start and ensuring clearances for aircraft push‑back;

                            (iv)  an inventory and description of the activation and deactivation of any visual docking guidance system used at the aerodrome;

                             (v)  the marshalling service;

                            (vi)  the leader (van) service or follow‑me service;

                           (vii)  the names, telephone numbers and roles of the persons responsible for planning and implementing aircraft parking control;

Airside vehicle control

                      (j)  if procedures have been established at the aerodrome for the control of surface vehicles operating on or near the movement area, particulars of those procedures, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the applicable traffic rules (including speed limits) and the means of enforcement of the rules;

                             (ii)  the method of instructing and testing drivers in relation to the applicable traffic rules;

                            (iii)  the names, telephone numbers and roles of the persons who are responsible for airside vehicle control;

Bird and animal hazard management

                     (k)  particulars of the procedures to deal with danger to aircraft operations caused by the presence of birds or animals on or near the aerodrome, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the arrangements for assessing any bird or animal hazard;

                             (ii)  the arrangements for the removal of any bird or animal hazard;

                            (iii)  the names and roles of the persons responsible for dealing with bird or animal hazards, and the telephone numbers for contacting them during and after working hours;

Obstacle control

                      (l)  particulars of the following:

                              (i)  the procedures for monitoring the obstacle limitation surfaces and the Type A chart take‑off surface for obstacles;

                             (ii)  the procedures for monitoring building developments (in relation to the height of buildings and other structures) within the horizontal limits of the obstacle limitation surfaces;

                            (iii)  if the aerodrome has instrument approach procedures—the procedures for monitoring for new objects or building developments in any other areas nominated by the instrument procedure designers;

                            (iv)  the arrangements between CASA, local planning authorities and other relevant organisations in relation to the approval of building developments that may infringe the obstacle limitation surfaces;

                             (v)  the names, telephone numbers and roles of the persons responsible for planning and implementing obstacle control;

Disabled aircraft removal

                    (m)  particulars of the procedures for removing an aircraft that is disabled on or near the movement area, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the roles of the aerodrome operator and the holder of the aircraft’s certificate of registration;

                             (ii)  the arrangements for telling the holder of the certificate of registration;

                            (iii)  the arrangements for liaising with air traffic control and the Australian Transport Safety Bureau;

                            (iv)  the arrangements for obtaining equipment and persons to remove the aircraft;

                             (v)  the names and roles of the persons who are responsible for arranging for the removal of an aircraft which is disabled, and the telephone numbers for contacting them during and after working hours;

Handling of hazardous materials

                     (n)  particulars of the procedures for the safe handling of hazardous materials on the aerodrome, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the names, telephone numbers and roles of the persons who are to receive and handle hazardous materials;

                             (ii)  the arrangements for special areas on the aerodrome to be set up for the storage of flammable liquids (including aviation fuels) and any other hazardous materials;

                            (iii)  the methods to be followed for the delivery, storage, dispensing and handling of these materials;

Note 1:       Hazardous materials include explosives, flammable liquids and solids, corrosive liquids, compressed gases, and magnetised or radioactive materials.

Note 2:       The arrangements to deal with an accidental spillage of hazardous materials are to be set out in the aerodrome emergency plan.

Protection of radar and navigational aids

                     (o)  particulars of the procedures for the protection of radar and navigational aids located on the aerodrome to ensure that their performance will not be degraded, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the arrangements for the control of activities near radar and navigational aid installations;

                             (ii)  the arrangements, made in consultation with the provider of the navigational aid installation, for the supply and installation of signs warning of hazardous microwave radiation;

                            (iii)  the arrangements for ground maintenance near these installations;

Low visibility operations

                     (p)  particulars of the procedures for the management of ground activities at an aerodrome where low visibility operations are conducted, including details of the following:

                              (i)  the arrangements for measuring visibility along a runway and passing the information to air traffic control, if required;

                             (ii)  the arrangements for minimising vehicular traffic within the movement area during periods of low visibility operations;

                            (iii)  the arrangements for runway inspections during periods of low visibility operations;

                            (iv)  the names and roles of the persons who are responsible for managing low visibility operations, and the telephone numbers for contacting them during and after work hours.

Appendix 1 to subparagraph 139.095(a)(iii) (Particulars of the aerodrome to be notified in AIP‑ERSA)

                   For subparagraph 139.095(a)(iii), the particulars are:

General information

                     (a)  the following general information about the aerodrome:

                              (i)  the name of the aerodrome;

                             (ii)  the State or Territory where the aerodrome is located;

                            (iii)  the geographic coordinates of the aerodrome reference point;

                            (iv)  the elevation of the aerodrome, based on the Australian Height Datum;

                             (v)  details of the aerodrome beacon;

                            (vi)  the name of the aerodrome operator and the address and telephone numbers at which the aerodrome operator may be contacted at all times; and

Information for runways

                     (b)  the following information for each runway at the aerodrome:

                              (i)  the magnetic bearing of the runway and the runway number;

                             (ii)  the runway reference code number for the approach and take‑off areas that have been surveyed;

                            (iii)  the length, width and slopes of the runway;

                            (iv)  the length and width of the graded and overall runway strip;

                             (v)  the pavement surface type and its strength rating;

                            (vi)  the runway declared distances and take‑off gradient;

                           (vii)  the supplementary take‑off distances;

                          (viii)  the Aerodrome Obstacle Chart Type A, if applicable; and

Information about visual aid systems

                     (c)  the following information about visual aid systems at the aerodrome:

                              (i)  the type of runway lighting and the stand‑by power, if any, for that lighting;

                             (ii)  the type of approach lighting;

                            (iii)  the visual approach slope indicator system, if any;

                            (iv)  a description of the visual docking guidance systems at any aprons used by aircraft conducting international operations, and the aircraft parking positions where the systems are installed; and

Local information

                     (d)  the following local information about the aerodrome:

                              (i)  the hours of operation, if applicable;

                             (ii)  the available ground services;

                            (iii)  any special procedures;

                            (iv)  any local precautions.

139.100  Form of aerodrome manual

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must keep the copies of the aerodrome manual for the aerodrome in a printed form.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  Other copies of the manual may be kept in an electronic form.

             (3)  If CASA approves, the manual may consist of more than 1 document.

             (4)  The operator must keep the manual in a way that tells a person reading the manual:

                     (a)  when changes have been made to the information in the manual; and

                     (b)  whether the manual is up‑to‑date.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subregulation (1) or (4) is an offence of strict liability.

139.105  Amendments of aerodrome manual

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must amend the aerodrome manual for the aerodrome, whenever it is necessary to do so, to maintain the accuracy of the manual.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  To maintain the accuracy of the aerodrome manual, CASA may give written directions to the operator requiring the operator to amend the manual in accordance with the direction.

             (3)  An operator must comply with a direction given to the operator under subregulation (2).

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.110  Notice of amendments

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must tell CASA, in writing, of any amendment that the operator makes to the aerodrome manual for the aerodrome within 30 days after the amendment is made.

Penalty:  5 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

139.115  Aerodrome manual controller

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must appoint a person to be the aerodrome manual controller for the aerodrome’s aerodrome manual.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  The functions of the aerodrome manual controller are to ensure that:

                     (a)  a record is kept of the persons who hold copies of the whole or a part of the aerodrome manual; and

                     (b)  updates of information for the manual are distributed to those persons.

Division 139.B.3Operation and maintenance of a certified aerodrome

139.120  Care and diligence in operation and maintenance

                   The operator of a certified aerodrome must ensure that the aerodrome is operated and maintained with a reasonable degree of care and diligence.

Penalty:  20 penalty units.

139.125  Reporting officer

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must appoint 1 or more reporting officers for the aerodrome.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  The functions of a reporting officer are:

                     (a)  to monitor the serviceability of the aerodrome; and

                     (b)  to report to the NOTAM Office and air traffic control any changes in conditions, or any other occurrences, at the aerodrome that must be reported under subregulation 139.155(1).

             (4)  The operator must not appoint a person as a reporting officer if the person has not been trained, in accordance with the Manual of Standards, to perform the reporting officer’s functions.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.130  Works safety officer for aerodrome works other than time‑limited works

             (1)  If aerodrome works (other than time‑limited works) are being carried out at a certified aerodrome, the operator of the aerodrome must appoint 1 or more persons as works safety officers for the aerodrome works.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  The function of a works safety officer is to ensure aerodrome safety while the aerodrome works are being carried out.

             (4)  The operator must not appoint a person as a works safety officer for the aerodrome works if the person has not been trained, in accordance with the Manual of Standards, to perform the works safety officer’s function.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.135  Works safety officer for time‑limited works

                   If time‑limited works are being carried out at a certified aerodrome, the operator of the aerodrome must ensure that a person who has been trained, in accordance with the Manual of Standards, to perform the function of a works safety officer performs that function for those works.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.140  Training of aerodrome personnel

                   The operator of a certified aerodrome must ensure that all personnel of the operator are trained in accordance with the standards for training aerodrome personnel set out in the Manual of Standards.

Penalty:  20 penalty units.

139.145  Aerodrome manual procedures

             (1)  Subject to any directions issued under subregulation (2), the operator of a certified aerodrome must operate and maintain the aerodrome in accordance with the procedures set out in the aerodrome manual for the aerodrome.

Penalty:  25 penalty units.

             (2)  CASA may direct the operator of a certified aerodrome to change the procedures set out in the aerodrome manual, if CASA considers it necessary in the interests of the safety of aircraft.

             (3)  An operator must comply with a direction given to the operator under subregulation (2).

Penalty:  25 penalty units.

139.150  Notice of deviation

             (1)  This regulation applies if a deviation from a procedure set out in the aerodrome manual for a certified aerodrome is made to ensure the safety of aircraft.

             (2)  The operator of the aerodrome must tell CASA, in writing, of the deviation within 30 days after the deviation was made.

Penalty:  5 penalty units.

             (3)  An offence against subregulation (2) is an offence of strict liability.

139.155  Notice of changes in physical condition etc of aerodrome

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must, in accordance with the Manual of Standards, give notice to the NOTAM Office of:

                     (a)  any temporary or permanent change in the physical condition of the aerodrome that may affect the safety of aircraft; and

                     (b)  any other occurrence relating to the operation or maintenance of the aerodrome that may affect the safety of aircraft.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  If the aerodrome is a controlled aerodrome, the notice must also be given to air traffic control.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.160  Notice of changes in information published in AIP‑ERSA

             (1)  To maintain the accuracy of the information published in AIP‑ERSA in relation to a certified aerodrome, the operator of the aerodrome must tell AIS, in writing, as soon as practicable of any change required to that information (other than a change that is published in NOTAMS).

Penalty:  5 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

139.165  Physical characteristics of movement area

                   The operator of a certified aerodrome must ensure that the physical characteristics of the movement area comply with the standards set out in the Manual of Standards.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.170  Aerodrome markings

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must mark the following areas of the aerodrome in accordance with the standards set out in the Manual of Standards:

                     (a)  the movement area;

                     (b)  any unserviceable area;

                     (c)  any works area on or near the movement area.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  The operator must ensure that all aerodrome markings are maintained in accordance with the standards set out in the Manual of Standards.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (3)  In this regulation:

unserviceable area means a part of the movement area that is unavailable for use by aircraft.

works area means a part of the aerodrome in which maintenance or construction works are in progress that may endanger the safety of aircraft.

139.175  Signal area

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome that does not have a continuous air traffic service provided by air traffic control during the day must provide a signal area in accordance with the standards set out in the Manual of Standards.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  The operator must display an appropriate signal in the signal area in any circumstances set out in the Manual of Standards that require such a signal to be displayed.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (3)  The operator must ensure that the signal area and any signal displayed in it are clearly visible to any aircraft intending to use the aerodrome.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.180  Wind direction indicators—general

                   The operator of a certified aerodrome must, in accordance with the standards for wind direction indicators set out in the Manual of Standards, install and maintain at least 1 wind direction indicator at the aerodrome.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.185  Wind direction indicators—requirement for certain runways

             (1)  If a runway at a certified aerodrome is used in non‑precision approach operations, the operator of the aerodrome must ensure that there is a wind direction indicator near the end or ends of the runway at which instrument non‑precision approach operations can be conducted.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  CASA may grant an exemption to the operator under regulation 11.160 from compliance with subregulation (1) only if CASA is satisfied that surface wind information is passed to the pilots of aircraft approaching the runway by:

                     (a)  an automatic weather observing system that:

                              (i)  is compatible with the Bureau of Meteorology’s weather observing system; and

                             (ii)  provides surface wind information through an aerodrome weather information broadcast; or

                     (b)  an approved observer having a communication link with pilots through which timely information about surface wind can be clearly passed to pilots; or

                     (c)  any other approved means of providing surface wind information.

139.190  Visual approach slope indicator system

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must, in accordance with the standards for visual approach slope indicator systems set out in the Manual of Standards, provide an approved visual approach slope indicator system for the end of a runway at the aerodrome if that end is regularly used as the approach end for jet‑propelled aircraft conducting regular public transport operations or charter operations.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

Note:          On 2 May 2003, the visual approach slope indicator systems approved by CASA are the systems known as T‑VASIS, AT‑VASIS and PAPI.

             (2)  CASA may direct the operator to provide an approved visual approach slope indicator system for the approach end or ends of a runway to which subregulation (1) does not apply, if CASA considers it necessary in the interests of the safety of aircraft.

             (3)  The operator must comply with a direction given to the operator under subregulation (2).

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.195  Lighting of movement area

             (1)  If a certified aerodrome is available for an aircraft to land or take‑off at night, or in less than VMC during the day, the operator of the aerodrome must provide and maintain a lighting system for the movement area of the aerodrome that is in accordance with subregulations (2) and (3).

Penalty:  20 penalty units.

             (2)  The lighting system must include:

                     (a)  lighting of runways, taxiways and aprons intended for use at night or in less than VMC during the day; and

                     (b)  lighting of at least 1 wind direction indicator; and

                     (c)  lighting of obstacles within the movement area; and

                     (d)  if the aerodrome has a runway intended to serve Category I, II or III precision approach operations—approach, runway and taxiway lighting for the runway and taxiway.

             (3)  The lighting system must:

                     (a)  if the lighting system is of a kind for which standards are specified in the Manual of Standards—meet those standards; or

                     (b)  in any other case—be, or be of a kind, approved by CASA.

139.200  Checking of lighting systems

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must not put a new lighting system of a kind mentioned in subregulation (3) into service at the aerodrome if both of the following requirements are not met:

                     (a)  an approved pilot has conducted a flight check of the system;

                     (b)  an electrical engineer or a licensed electrician has checked the system for compliance with any applicable electrical specifications and technical standards set out in the Manual of Standards.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  If checking compliance with a specification requires the use of survey instruments, the operator must ensure that the checking is done by:

                     (a)  a person with a degree, diploma or certificate in surveying or civil engineering; or

                     (b)  a person with experience and competence in surveying that is acceptable to CASA.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (3)  For subregulation (1), the kinds of lighting systems are as follows:

                     (a)  an approach lighting system;

                     (b)  a runway lighting system for instrument approach runways;

                     (c)  a visual approach slope indicator system for jet‑propelled aircraft (other than a system intended for use on a temporary basis for a period not longer than 30 days);

                     (d)  a pilot‑activated lighting system.

139.205  Aerodrome emergency committee

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must establish an aerodrome emergency committee.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  The committee must include a representative from any fire, police or other emergency service that, having regard to the location of the aerodrome, would be likely to be asked to assist if there were an emergency at the aerodrome.

139.210  Aerodrome emergency plan

             (1)  The aerodrome emergency committee for a certified aerodrome must prepare an aerodrome emergency plan.

             (2)  The plan must include:

                     (a)  procedures for coordinating the responses of all emergency service organisations referred to in the plan; and

                     (b)  any other matters that are required to be included in the emergency plan by the Manual of Standards.

             (3)  The committee must review the emergency plan at least once a year and make any changes to the plan that are necessary to ensure that it operates properly.

             (4)  The review must be carried out in consultation with the emergency service organisations referred to in the emergency plan.

             (5)  As soon as practicable after an emergency exercise has been carried out at the aerodrome, or if an emergency has occurred at the aerodrome, as soon as practicable after the emergency, the operator of the aerodrome must arrange for the committee to:

                     (a)  review the effectiveness of the responses to the exercise or the emergency; and

                     (b)  assess the adequacy of the emergency plan to deal with emergencies at the aerodrome; and

                     (c)  take such corrective action as is necessary to ensure that the plan operates properly.

             (6)  The operator must ensure that:

                     (a)  records of each review of the emergency plan carried out under this regulation are kept; and

                     (b)  each record is retained for at least 3 years after the review to which the record relates was carried out.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (7)  An offence against subregulation (6) is an offence of strict liability.

139.215  Testing of aerodrome emergency plan

             (1)  Subject to this regulation, the operator of a certified aerodrome must conduct an emergency exercise at least once every 2 years to test:

                     (a)  the coordination of the emergency service organisations referred to in the aerodrome’s emergency plan; and

                     (b)  the adequacy of the procedures and facilities provided for in the plan.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  If a real emergency occurs at the aerodrome within 6 months before an emergency exercise is due, the operator may ask CASA to extend the period within which the next emergency exercise must be conducted.

             (3)  CASA must grant the request if it is satisfied that:

                     (a)  all emergency service organisations referred to in the plan responded to the real emergency; and

                     (b)  the real emergency adequately tested the plan.

             (4)  In granting the request, CASA may extend the period until the end of 2 years after the real emergency occurred.

139.220  Aerodrome serviceability inspections

             (1)  An aerodrome serviceability inspection is an inspection of the aerodrome to ensure that it is safe for aircraft operations.

             (2)  The inspection must include the following:

                     (a)  an inspection of the movement area to check its surface condition (including for the presence of foreign objects);

                     (b)  an inspection of aerodrome markings, lighting, wind direction indicators and ground signals;

                     (c)  an inspection for any obstacles infringing the take‑off, approach and transitional surfaces;

                     (d)  an inspection for any birds or animals on or near the movement area;

                     (e)  an inspection of any measures to control the inadvertent entry of persons or animals into the movement area (including aerodrome fencing);

                      (f)  an empirical assessment of the bearing strength of unrated runway pavements;

                     (g)  an empirical assessment of the runway strip or each runway strip where the runway concerned is not marked and the whole runway strip may be used for aircraft operations;

                     (h)  an inspection of the aerodrome’s frequency confirmation system (if any);

                      (i)  a check of whether any NOTAMS for the aerodrome are current and accurate.

             (3)  The inspection must comply with all applicable standards for aerodrome serviceability inspections set out in the Manual of Standards.

139.225  When aerodrome serviceability inspections must be conducted

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must conduct an aerodrome serviceability inspection:

                     (a)  on each day on which an airline service operates at the aerodrome; or

                     (b)  in any other case—at least twice a week.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must also conduct an aerodrome serviceability inspection:

                     (a)  after a gale, storm or other severe weather; and

                     (b)  at any time that air traffic control or CASA requires the inspection.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.230  Aerodrome technical inspections

             (1)  An aerodrome technical inspection is an inspection of aerodrome facilities for an aerodrome to ensure that any deterioration that could make a facility unsafe for aircraft operations is detected.

             (2)  The inspection must include the following:

                     (a)  an instrument survey of the approach, take‑off and transitional surfaces;

                     (b)  an inspection and testing of the aerodrome lighting and electrical reticulation systems, including the visual approach slope indicator;

                     (c)  an electrical testing of any earthing points at the aerodrome;

                     (d)  an inspection and assessment of the movement area pavements and drainage;

                     (e)  an inspection of signs on the movement area;

                      (f)  an inspection of facilities at the aerodrome used for any of the following:

                              (i)  aerodrome emergencies;

                             (ii)  the handling of hazardous materials;

                            (iii)  bird and animal hazard management;

                            (iv)  stand‑by and emergency aerodrome lighting;

                     (g)  an inspection of airside vehicle control arrangements (if any);

                     (h)  a check of the currency and accuracy of:

                              (i)  aerodrome information published in AIP; and

                             (ii)  aerodrome operating procedures specified in the aerodrome manual for the aerodrome.

             (3)  The inspection must comply with all applicable standards for aerodrome technical inspections set out in the Manual of Standards.

139.235  When aerodrome technical inspections must be conducted etc

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must ensure that:

                     (a)  an aerodrome technical inspection is conducted at intervals of not more than 12 months; or

                     (b)  if the operator has elected to have a part or parts of the inspection conducted at different times under subregulation (2), each facility for the aerodrome to be inspected is inspected at intervals of not more than 12 months.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  The operator may elect to have a part or parts of an aerodrome technical inspection conducted at different times from the other parts.

             (3)  If it appears from an aerodrome serviceability inspection that a particular facility at the aerodrome requires an aerodrome technical inspection, the operator must ensure that the necessary technical inspection of the facility is conducted as soon as practicable.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (4)  The operator:

                     (a)  must, if the operator has elected to have a part or parts of an aerodrome technical inspection conducted at different times under subregulation (2):

                              (i)  keep records of each part of each inspection; and

                             (ii)  retain each record for at least 3 years after the part of the inspection to which the record relates was conducted; or

                     (b)  must, in any other case:

                              (i)  keep records of each inspection; and

                             (ii)  retain each record for at least 3 years after the inspection to which the record relates was conducted.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against subregulation (1) or (4) is an offence of strict liability.

139.240  Who may conduct aerodrome technical inspections

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must ensure that an aerodrome technical inspection is conducted by a person or persons with appropriate technical qualifications and experience.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  In particular:

                     (a)  the movement area, other pavements and drainage must be inspected by a person who has a recognised degree, diploma or certificate in civil engineering or appropriate technical experience; and

                     (b)  the lighting and electrical facilities must be inspected by an electrical engineer or a licensed electrician; and

                     (c)  the obstacle limitation surfaces must be inspected by a person who:

                              (i)  is technically qualified or experienced in surveying; and

                             (ii)  has a sound knowledge and understanding of the standards and survey procedures for obstacle limitation surfaces.

139.245  Planning and execution of aerodrome works

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome must ensure that any aerodrome works at the aerodrome are carried out in a way that does not create a hazard to aircraft, or confusion to pilots.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  The operator must comply with the standards set out in the Manual of Standards in relation to planning and notice requirements that must be satisfied before aerodrome works may be carried out.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.250  Safety management system

             (1)  This regulation applies:

                     (a)  to an aerodrome used by aircraft engaged in international operations—on and after 1 November 2005; and

                     (b)  to any other certified aerodrome—on and after 1 January 2007.

             (2)  The operator of a certified aerodrome to which this regulation applies must ensure that the aerodrome has a safety management system that complies with the standards set out in the Manual of Standards.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

Note:          This regulation is based on an ICAO requirement that is to come into effect in November 2005.

Division 139.B.4Aerodromes to which A‑SMGCS applies

139.251  Definition for Division 139.B.4

                   In this Division:

A‑SMGCS means Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control System, as defined in ICAO Document 9830 (Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems (A‑SMGCS) Manual) approved and published by decision of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization, as in force from time to time.

139.252  Designation of aerodromes to which A‑SMGCS applies

             (1)  CASA may designate a certified aerodrome as an aerodrome to which A‑SMGCS applies.

             (2)  However, CASA may designate the aerodrome as an aerodrome to which A‑SMGCS applies only if:

                     (a)  an ATS provider for the aerodrome:

                              (i)  asks CASA to designate the aerodrome as an aerodrome to which A‑SMGCS applies; and

                             (ii)  gives CASA a safety assessment demonstrating that the use of A‑SMGCS is necessary to ensure the safe control of aircraft and vehicles operating on the aerodrome’s manoeuvring area; and

                     (b)  CASA is satisfied, on the basis of the safety assessment, that the use of A‑SMGCS is necessary to ensure the safe control of aircraft and vehicles operating on the aerodrome’s manoeuvring area.

             (3)  The designation must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  set out the date it takes effect, which must be not less than 6 months after the day it is made.

             (4)  CASA must give a copy of the designation to:

                     (a)  the operator of the aerodrome; and

                     (b)  the ATS provider who made the request under paragraph (2)(a).

             (5)  If CASA:

                     (a)  receives a request and safety assessment under paragraph (2)(a) for a certified aerodrome from an ATS provider for the aerodrome; and

                     (b)  decides not to designate the aerodrome as an aerodrome to which A‑SMGCS applies;

CASA must tell the ATS provider, in writing, as soon as practicable, of the decision and the reasons for it.

139.254  Vehicles at aerodromes to which A‑SMGCS applies

             (1)  This regulation applies to an aerodrome that is designated as an aerodrome to which A‑SMGCS applies.

             (2)  The operator of the aerodrome commits an offence if the operator does not, before the designation takes effect:

                     (a)  establish the procedures mentioned in subregulations (3) and (4); and

                     (b)  publish the procedures in its aerodrome manual.

Penalty:  25 penalty units.

             (3)  The procedures must require any vehicle that enters, or moves on, the aerodrome’s manoeuvring area:

                     (a)  to be fitted with:

                              (i)  serviceable electronic surveillance equipment that meets the technical standards for the equipment published in the Manual of Standards; and

                             (ii)  serviceable radiocommunications equipment capable of maintaining two‑way radio communication with air traffic control; or

                     (b)  to be accompanied by another vehicle that meets the requirements mentioned in paragraph (a).

             (4)  The procedures must require the driver of a vehicle that is fitted with the equipment mentioned in paragraph (3)(a):

                     (a)  to monitor the air traffic control radio frequency for surface traffic at all times that the vehicle is on the aerodrome’s manoeuvring area; and

                     (b)  to communicate with air traffic control as necessary to ensure the safety of persons, vehicles and aircraft on the manoeuvring area.

             (5)  The operator commits an offence if, after the designation takes effect:

                     (a)  the operator does not comply with the procedures mentioned in subregulations (3) and (4); or

                     (b)  the operator does not ensure that a person who operates a vehicle on the aerodrome’s manoeuvring area complies with the procedures; or

                     (c)  the operator does not ensure that a driver of a vehicle on the aerodrome’s manoeuvring area complies with the procedures.

Penalty:  25 penalty units.

             (6)  An offence against subregulation (2) or (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Subpart 139.CRegistered aerodromes

  

139.255  Definition for this Subpart

                   In this Subpart:

aerodrome register means the register established and maintained under regulation 139.275.

139.260  Application for registration of aerodrome

             (1)  The operator of an aerodrome (other than a aerodrome to which regulation 139.040 applies) may apply to CASA for registration of the aerodrome.

Note:          See also regulation 139.030 for restrictions on the use of terminal instrument flight procedures.

             (2)  An application must be in the approved form and must be accompanied by:

                     (a)  the information about the aerodrome required by Appendix 1 to this paragraph, including a diagram of the aerodrome in accordance with that Appendix; and

                     (b)  a written statement, signed by a person approved under regulation 139.320, to the effect that:

                              (i)  the person has conducted a safety inspection of the aerodrome; and

                             (ii)  the aerodrome meets the applicable standards referred to in regulation 139.295 for registered aerodromes and is safe for operation; and

                     (c)  the name or names of the person or persons who are to be the reporting officers for the aerodrome.

             (3)  Despite paragraph (2)(b), until the end of 1 May 2006, the statement mentioned in that paragraph may be given by a person who is not approved by CASA under regulation 139.320 but is a person CASA is satisfied meets the requirements of subregulation 139.320(2).

Appendix 1 to paragraph 139.260(2)(a) (Diagram and information for application for registration of aerodrome)

             (1)  The diagram of the aerodrome must show the following:

                     (a)  the layout of runways, their designations (runway numbers) and length in metres;

                     (b)  the layout of taxiways and aprons;

                     (c)  the location of the aerodrome reference point;

                     (d)  the location of all wind direction indicators;

                     (e)  the elevation of the aerodrome at the highest point of the landing surface;

                      (f)  the magnetic bearing and distance to the nearest population centre, and what that centre is.

             (2)  The information about the aerodrome must include:

Aerodrome administration

                     (a)  the following information about the aerodrome and its administration:

                              (i)  the name of the aerodrome;

                             (ii)  the name of the aerodrome operator and the address and telephone numbers at which the aerodrome operator may be contacted at all times;

                            (iii)  the State or Territory in which the aerodrome is located and the latitude and longitude for the location;

                            (iv)  whether the aerodrome is a public or private aerodrome;

                             (v)  the charges for use of the aerodrome;

                            (vi)  the name and contact details for the persons who are to be the reporting officers for the aerodrome; and

Runways

                     (b)  the following information for each runway at the aerodrome:

                              (i)  the runway reference code number for the approach and take‑off areas that have been surveyed;

                             (ii)  runway width and slope;

                            (iii)  runway strip width (grade and overall);

                            (iv)  declared distances and supplementary take‑off distances;

                             (v)  pavement strength rating; and

Aerodrome lighting

                     (c)  for each runway at the aerodrome that may be used at night—the following information:

                              (i)  whether the runway edge lights are low, medium or high intensity lights;

                             (ii)  whether approach lighting is provided;

                            (iii)  whether pilot‑activated lighting is provided and, if pilot‑activated lighting is provided, its frequency;

                            (iv)  whether T‑VASIS or PAPI lighting systems are provided;

                             (v)  whether there is an aerodrome beacon;

                            (vi)  whether there is stand‑by power or portable lighting;

                           (vii)  information about any other lighting provided; and

Ground services

                     (d)  the following information about ground services available to visiting pilots:

                              (i)  the types of aviation fuel available and contact details for fuel suppliers;

                             (ii)  contact details for local weather information;

                            (iii)  details of the universal communication system; and

Special procedures

                     (e)  information about any special procedures that pilots need to observe or follow; and

Notices

                      (f)  the following local safety information:

                              (i)  the presence of obstacles or other hazards (including animals or birds);

                             (ii)  restrictions on the use of taxiways or aprons;

                            (iii)  other activities at the aerodrome (for example, sport aviation activities).

139.265  Registration of aerodromes

                   CASA must, if the operator of an aerodrome has applied for registration of the aerodrome in accordance with regulation 139.260:

                     (a)  register the aerodrome by entering the following information about the aerodrome in the aerodrome register:

                              (i)  the name of the aerodrome;

                             (ii)  the details of the location of the aerodrome;

                            (iii)  the name and address of the operator; and

                     (b)  tell the operator, in writing, that the aerodrome is registered; and

                     (c)  direct AIS to publish in AIP‑ERSA details of the registration and the information about the aerodrome required by Appendix 1 to paragraph 139.260(2)(a).

139.270  Notice of refusal to register aerodrome

                   If CASA refuses to register an aerodrome, CASA must, no later than 14 days after it refuses to register the aerodrome, give the operator of the aerodrome written notice of the refusal and the reasons for it.

139.275  Register

             (1)  CASA must establish and keep, in the approved form, a register of aerodromes registered under this Subpart.

             (2)  CASA must make the aerodrome register available for inspection by members of the public at reasonable times and places, and subject to reasonable conditions.

             (3)  CASA may comply with subregulation (2) by making the information recorded in the aerodrome register accessible on the Internet.

             (4)  CASA must alter the information recorded in the aerodrome register if that information is not up to date.

             (5)  CASA must correct the information in the aerodrome register if there is an error in that information.

139.280  Duration of registration

             (1)  The registration of an aerodrome remains in force unless it is cancelled.

             (2)  However, the registration is not in force during any period in which it is suspended.

139.285  Cancellation of registration on request

             (1)  If the operator of a registered aerodrome wishes the registration of the aerodrome to be cancelled, the operator must give CASA not less than 30 days’ written notice of the date on which the operator wishes the registration to be cancelled.

             (2)  CASA must cancel the registration on the date specified in the notice and arrange for:

                     (a)  the cancellation to be notified in NOTAMS; and

                     (b)  details of the registration and any other information about the aerodrome to be removed from AIP‑ERSA.

139.290  Suspension or cancellation of registration by CASA

             (1)  CASA may, by written notice given to the operator of a registered aerodrome, suspend or cancel the registration of the aerodrome if there are reasonable grounds for believing that:

                     (a)  the aerodrome fails to meet any of the standards applicable to the aerodrome under regulation 139.295; or

                     (b)  the operator of the aerodrome has failed to comply with regulation 139.025, 139.300, 139.305, 139.310 or 139.315.

             (2)  Before suspending or cancelling the registration of an aerodrome, CASA must:

                     (a)  give to the operator a show cause notice that:

                              (i)  sets out the facts and circumstances that, in the opinion of CASA, would justify the suspension or cancellation; and

                             (ii)  invites the operator to show cause, in writing, within 30 days after the date of the notice, why the registration should not be suspended or cancelled; and

                     (b)  take into account any written submissions that the operator makes to CASA within the time allowed under subparagraph (a)(ii).

139.295  Applicable standards for registered aerodromes

                   The standards applicable to registered aerodromes are:

                     (a)  the standards applicable to certified aerodromes in relation to the following matters:

                              (i)  physical characteristics of the movement area;

                             (ii)  obstacle limitation surfaces;

                            (iii)  aerodrome markings;

                            (iv)  lighting;

                             (v)  wind direction indicators;

                            (vi)  signal circle and ground signals; and

                     (b)  any other standards set out in the Manual of Standards that are applicable to registered aerodromes.

139.300  Reporting officer

             (1)  The operator of a registered aerodrome must appoint 1 or more reporting officers for the aerodrome.

             (2)  The functions of a reporting officer are:

                     (a)  to monitor the serviceability of the aerodrome in accordance with the Manual of Standards; and

                     (b)  to report to the NOTAM Office and air traffic control any changes in conditions, or any other occurrences, at the aerodrome that must be reported under regulation 139.305.

             (3)  The operator must not appoint a person as a reporting officer if the person has not been trained, in accordance with the Manual of Standards, to perform the reporting officer’s functions.

139.305  Notice of changes in physical condition etc of aerodrome

             (1)  The operator of a registered aerodrome must, in accordance with the Manual of Standards, give notice to the NOTAM Office of:

                     (a)  any temporary or permanent change in the physical condition of the aerodrome that may affect the safety of aircraft; or

                     (b)  any other occurrence relating to the operation or maintenance of the aerodrome that may affect the safety of aircraft.

             (2)  If the aerodrome is a controlled aerodrome, the notice must also be given to air traffic control.

139.310  Notice of changes in information published in AIP‑ERSA

                   To maintain the accuracy of the information published in AIP‑ERSA in relation to a registered aerodrome, the operator of the aerodrome must tell AIS, in writing, as soon as practicable of any change required to that information (other than a change that is published in NOTAMS).

139.315  Safety inspections

             (1)  This regulation applies to a registered aerodrome that is used by an aircraft that:

                     (a)  is engaged in regular public transport operations or charter operations; and

                     (b)  has a maximum passenger seating capacity of more than 9 seats.

             (2)  The operator of the aerodrome must arrange for a safety inspection of the aerodrome to be conducted at least once each year.

             (3)  The safety inspection must be conducted by a person approved under regulation 139.320.

             (4)  The approved person must give the operator a written report that:

                     (a)  deals with the matters set out in Appendix 1 to this paragraph; and

                     (b)  specifies any remedial work that is necessary for the aerodrome to comply with the applicable standards.

             (5)  Within 30 days after receiving the report, the operator must give to CASA:

                     (a)  a copy of the report; and

                     (b)  if the report specifies any remedial work as being necessary—a statement as to when and how the operator intends to do the remedial work.

             (6)  Despite subregulation (3), until the end of 1 May 2006, the safety inspection may be conducted by a person who is not approved by CASA under regulation 139.320 but met the requirements of Part 1 of Schedule 11 of CAR as in force immediately before that commencement.

Appendix 1 to paragraph 139.315(4)(a) (Matters to be dealt with in safety inspections)

Details of aerodrome

             (1)  Check that the following details relating to the aerodrome, published in AIP‑ERSA or given to air transport operators, are correct:

                     (a)  details of the location of the aerodrome;

                     (b)  the name and address of the aerodrome operator;

                     (c)  details of the movement area;

                     (d)  details of runway distances available;

                     (e)  details of the aerodrome lighting;

                      (f)  details of ground services;

                     (g)  notice of special conditions and procedures, if any.

Aerodrome operating procedures

             (2)  Check aerodrome operating procedures to ensure that the following matters are dealt with:

                     (a)  recording of aerodrome inspections;

                     (b)  recording of notices given to the NOTAM Office and AIS or to air transport operators;

                     (c)  recording of aerodrome works.

Reporting officer

             (3)  Check that each person appointed as a reporting officer is competent to carry out the reporting officer’s functions.

Details relating to movement area etc

             (4)  Check the following:

                     (a)  dimensions and surface conditions of runways, taxiways and aprons;

                     (b)  aerodrome lighting, including back‑up lighting and obstacle lighting;

                     (c)  wind direction indicators and their illumination;

                     (d)  aerodrome markings and signs;

                     (e)  obstacle limitation surfaces applicable to the aerodrome;

                      (f)  two‑way radios (whether hand‑held or installed in vehicles) used by the aerodrome operator on the movement area;

                     (g)  equipment used for dispersing birds;

                     (h)  aerodrome fencing.

139.320  Approval of persons to conduct aerodrome safety inspections

             (1)  A person may apply to CASA for approval to conduct aerodrome safety inspections for this Subpart.

Note 1:       An application must be in the approved form, include all the information required by these Regulations and be accompanied by every document required by these Regulations—see regulation 11.030.

Note 2:       Part 11 deals with applications and decision making.

             (2)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must approve the person if CASA is satisfied that the person:

                     (a)  has:

                              (i)  a recognised degree, diploma or certificate in civil engineering, surveying or a related field and a sound knowledge of the parts of these Regulations and the standards, practices and procedures that are applicable to the operation and maintenance of aerodromes; or

                             (ii)  other qualifications, knowledge and experience that CASA considers suitable for conducting an aerodrome safety inspection; and

                     (b)  would, if the approval is given, be able to perform properly the aerodrome safety inspection function.

Note:          Under regulation 201.004, an application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of:

(a)    a decision refusing to issue, or cancelling, suspending or varying, an approval; or

(b)    a decision imposing a condition on an approval.

139.325  Duration of approval

             (1)  Unless sooner cancelled, an approval under regulation 139.320 remains in force until the end of 5 years after it is given.

             (2)  An approval is not in force during any period in which it is suspended, but the period of suspension counts as part of the 5 year approval period.

139.330  Suspension or cancellation of approval by CASA

             (1)  CASA may suspend or cancel an approval of a person under regulation 139.320, by written notice given to the person, if the person has not properly carried out, or is no longer properly carrying out, the aerodrome safety inspection function.

             (2)  Before cancelling or suspending the approval, CASA must:

                     (a)  give the person written notice:

                              (i)  stating the reasons that, in the opinion of CASA, would justify the cancellation or suspension; and

                             (ii)  advising the person that he or she may, within 30 days after the date of the notice, give CASA written reasons why the approval should not be suspended or cancelled; and

                     (b)  take into account any written reasons given to it by the person within the time allowed under subparagraph (a)(ii).

Subpart 139.DReporting officer and safety inspection requirements for certain other aerodromes

  

139.335  Aerodromes to which this Subpart applies

             (1)  This Subpart applies to an aerodrome that:

                     (a)  is not a certified aerodrome or a registered aerodrome; and

                     (b)  is used at least once a week by an aircraft that:

                              (i)  is engaged in regular public transport operations or charter operations; and

                             (ii)  has a maximum passenger seating capacity of more than 9 seats but not more than 30 seats.

             (2)  To establish the applicability of this Subpart to an aerodrome, CASA may direct the operator of the aerodrome to give to CASA statistics about the number of movements at the aerodrome, in a specified period, of aircraft to which subparagraphs (1)(b)(i) and (ii) apply.

             (3)  An aerodrome operator must comply with a direction given to the operator under subregulation (2).

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.340  Reporting officer

             (1)  The operator of an aerodrome to which this Subpart applies must appoint 1 or more reporting officers for the aerodrome.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  The functions of a reporting officer are:

                     (a)  to monitor the serviceability of the aerodrome in accordance with the Manual of Standards; and

                     (b)  to report to the operators that use the aerodrome any changes in conditions, or any other occurrences, at the aerodrome that may affect the safety of aircraft operations.

             (4)  The operator must not appoint a person as a reporting officer if the person has not been trained, in accordance with the Manual of Standards, to perform the reporting officer’s functions.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.345  Safety inspections

             (1)  The operator of an aerodrome to which this Subpart applies must arrange for a safety inspection of the aerodrome to be conducted at least once each year.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  The safety inspection must be conducted by a person approved, under regulation 139.320, to conduct safety inspections for Subpart 139.C.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (4)  The approved person must give the operator a written report that:

                     (a)  deals with the matters set out in Appendix 1 to this paragraph; and

                     (b)  specifies any remedial work that is necessary for the aerodrome to comply with the applicable standards.

             (5)  Within 30 days after receiving the report, the operator must give to CASA:

                     (a)  a copy of the report; and

                     (b)  if the report specifies any remedial work as being necessary—a statement as to when and how the operator intends to do the remedial work.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (6)  Despite subregulation (3), until the end of 1 May 2006, the safety inspection may be conducted by a person who is not approved by CASA under regulation 139.320 but is a person CASA is satisfied meets the requirements of subregulation 139.320(2).

Appendix 1 to paragraph 139.345(4)(a) (Matters to be dealt with in safety inspections)

Details of aerodrome

             (1)  Check that the following details relating to the aerodrome, published in AIP‑ERSA or given to air transport operators, are correct:

                     (a)  details of the location of the aerodrome;

                     (b)  the name and address of the aerodrome operator;

                     (c)  details of the movement area;

                     (d)  details of runway distances available;

                     (e)  details of the aerodrome lighting;

                      (f)  details of ground services;

                     (g)  notice of special conditions and procedures, if any.

Aerodrome operating procedures

             (2)  Check aerodrome operating procedures to ensure that the following matters are dealt with:

                     (a)  recording of aerodrome inspections;

                     (b)  recording of notices given to the NOTAM Office and AIS or to air transport operators;

                     (c)  recording of aerodrome works.

Reporting officer

             (3)  Check that each person appointed as a reporting officer is competent to carry out the reporting officer’s functions.

Details relating to movement area etc

             (4)  Check the following:

                     (a)  dimensions and surface conditions of runways, taxiways and aprons;

                     (b)  aerodrome lighting, including back‑up lighting and obstacle lighting;

                     (c)  wind direction indicators and their illumination;

                     (d)  aerodrome markings and signs;

                     (e)  obstacle limitation surfaces applicable to the aerodrome;

                      (f)  two‑way radios whether hand‑held or installed in vehicles used by the aerodrome operator on the movement area;

                     (g)  equipment used for dispersing birds;

                     (h)  aerodrome fencing.

Subpart 139.EObstacles and hazards

  

139.350  Monitoring of airspace

             (1)  The operator of a certified aerodrome or a registered aerodrome must monitor the airspace around the aerodrome for infringement of the obstacle limitation surfaces by:

                     (a)  any object, building or structure; or

                     (b)  any gaseous efflux having a velocity exceeding 4.3 metres per second.

             (2)  The monitoring must be in accordance with the standards set out in the Manual of Standards.

139.355  Establishment of obstacle limitation surfaces

                   An aerodrome operator must ensure that obstacle limitation surfaces are established for the aerodrome in accordance with the standards set out in the Manual of Standards.

139.360  Notice of obstacles

             (1)  An aerodrome operator must take all reasonable measures to ensure that obstacles at, or within the vicinity of, the aerodrome are detected as quickly as possible.

             (2)  If the operator becomes aware of the presence of an obstacle, the operator must:

                     (a)  tell the NOTAM Office immediately; and

                     (b)  give the NOTAM Office details of:

                              (i)  the height and location of the obstacle; and

                             (ii)  amended declared distances and gradients, if applicable.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (3)  If the operator becomes aware of any development or proposed construction near the aerodrome that is likely to create an obstacle, the operator must:

                     (a)  tell CASA as soon as practicable; and

                     (b)  give to CASA details of the likely obstacle.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.365  Structures 110 metres or more AGL

                   A person who proposes to construct a building or structure the top of which will be 110 metres or more AGL must inform CASA of that intention and the proposed height and location of the building or structure.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.370  Hazardous objects etc

             (1)  CASA may determine, in writing, that:

                     (a)  an obstacle, or any proposed development or other proposed construction that is likely to create an obstacle; or

                     (b)  a building or structure the top of which is 110 metres or more AGL; or

                     (c)  a proposed building or structure the top of which will be 110 metres or more AGL;

is, or will be, a hazardous object because of its location, height or lack of marking or lighting.

             (2)  CASA may determine, in writing, that a gaseous efflux having a velocity exceeding 4.3 metres per second is, or will be, a hazard to aircraft operations because of the velocity or location of the efflux.

             (3)  If CASA makes a determination under subregulation (1) or (2), it must:

                     (a)  publish in AIP or NOTAMS particulars of the hazardous object or gaseous efflux to which the determination relates; and

                     (b)  give written notice of the determination in accordance with subregulation (4).

             (4)  CASA must give a copy of the notice:

                     (a)  in the case of a hazardous object that is a proposed building or structure:

                              (i)  to the person proposing to construct the building or structure; and

                             (ii)  to the authority or, if applicable, one or more of the authorities whose approval is required for the construction; and

                     (b)  in any other case, if a person who owns or is in occupation or control of the hazardous object, or owns or is in control of the installation that produces the gaseous efflux, can reasonably be identified—to that person.

Subpart 139.FAerodrome radio communication services

Division 139.F.1General

139.375  Aerodrome operators to collect statistics if directed

             (1)  If CASA considers it necessary in the interests of the safety of air navigation, CASA may, in writing, give directions to an aerodrome operator about collecting:

                     (a)  statistics about:

                              (i)  the types of aircraft using the aerodrome; and

                             (ii)  the times of aircraft movements at the aerodrome; and

                     (b)  other information, specified by CASA in the direction, that is relevant to deciding what radio communication services or air traffic services should be provided at the aerodrome.

             (2)  An aerodrome operator must comply with a direction given to the operator under subregulation (1).

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

Division 139.F.2Frequency confirmation system

139.380  Definitions for Division 139.F.2

                   In this Division:

frequency confirmation system means a ground radio system at an aerodrome that, if it receives a transmission from an aircraft on the radio frequency for the aerodrome, sends a signal or message to the aircraft confirming that the transmission has been received.

non‑controlled aerodrome means an aerodrome at which an air traffic control service is not operating.

139.385  Aerodromes that must have a frequency confirmation system

             (1)  The operator of a non‑controlled aerodrome must ensure that there is a frequency confirmation system for the aerodrome in accordance with subregulation (2) if:

                     (a)  the aerodrome is located in an MBZ; or

                     (b)  the aerodrome is used at least 5 times a week by aircraft that:

                              (i)  are engaged in regular public transport operations or charter operations; and

                             (ii)  have a maximum passenger seating capacity of more than 9 seats.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  The frequency confirmation system must comply with the standards for frequency confirmation systems set out in the Manual of Standards.

Division 139.F.3Air/ground radio service

139.390  Definitions for Division 139.F.3

                   In this Division:

AAIS (automatic aerodrome information service) means the service that provides current, routine information for aircraft arriving at or departing from an aerodrome by means of repetitive broadcasts on a discrete frequency.

air/ground radio service means an aerodrome radio information service that provides aircraft operating in the MBZ of an aerodrome with the services and information specified in section 14.2 of the Manual of Standards.

certified air/ground radio operator, or CA/GRO, means a person who is certified as a CA/GRO under regulation 139.430.

certified air/ground radio service, or CA/GRS, in relation to an aerodrome, means an air/ground radio service for the aerodrome certified in accordance with regulation 139.410.

139.395  Air/ground radio service must be certified

             (1)  The operator of an aerodrome must not operate, or permit to be operated, at the aerodrome an air/ground radio service that is not a CA/GRS.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  Subregulation (1) does not apply if the operator has CASA’s written approval to operate the service for the purpose of conducting tests necessary to determine whether the service meets the standards for a CA/GRS set out in the Manual of Standards.

139.400  Direction by CASA to provide CA/GRS

             (1)  CASA may direct the operator of an aerodrome to provide a CA/GRS at the aerodrome.

             (2)  CASA must not give a direction under subregulation (1) unless an aeronautical study for the aerodrome has found that a CA/GRS is required at the aerodrome for the safety of air navigation.

             (3)  An operator must comply with a direction given to the operator under subregulation (1).

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.405  Voluntary provision of CA/GRS

                   An aerodrome operator who has not been given a direction under regulation 139.400 may provide a CA/GRS at the aerodrome.

139.410  Certification of air/ground radio service

             (1)  The operator of an aerodrome may ask CASA to certify an air/ground radio service for the aerodrome as meeting the standards for a CA/GRS set out in the Manual of Standards.

             (2)  A request must be made to CASA in accordance with the Manual of Standards.

             (3)  If the operator asks CASA to certify an air/ground radio service under this regulation, or because of a direction under regulation 139.400, CASA must certify the service if it meets the standards for a CA/GRS set out in the Manual of Standards.

139.415  General obligations of aerodrome operator

                   The operator of an aerodrome that has a CA/GRS must ensure that:

                     (a)  the CA/GRS is provided with the facilities required for a CA/GRS by the Manual of Standards; and

                     (b)  only a CA/GRO operates the CA/GRS; and

                     (c)  if the aerodrome is a certified aerodrome—the aerodrome manual for the aerodrome includes the operational procedures for the CA/GRS; and

                     (d)  the CA/GRS is operated in accordance with regulation 139.420.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.420  When CA/GRS must be operating

             (1)  The CA/GRS must be operating for the arrival and departure of an aircraft that:

                     (a)  is engaged in regular public transport operations or charter operations; and

                     (b)  has a maximum passenger seating capacity of more than 30 seats.

             (2)  Subregulation (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  an air traffic control service is operating at the aerodrome; or

                     (b)  an exemption from the requirement is in effect under regulation 11.160.

             (3)  Also, subregulation (1) does not apply for the limited period mentioned in subregulation (4) if:

                     (a)  the CA/GRO is absent from duty because of sickness or injury; or

                     (b)  the CA/GRS is unserviceable.

             (4)  The limited period is the lesser of:

                     (a)  7 days; and

                     (b)  the period of the absence from duty or the unserviceability.

139.425  Information about operating hours to be given to NOTAM Office

             (1)  The operator of an aerodrome that has a CA/GRS must give the NOTAM Office the following information, in writing:

                     (a)  the hours of operation of the CA/GRS;

                     (b)  the radio frequency and the call‑sign of the CA/GRS;

                     (c)  the radio frequency of the AAIS for the aerodrome.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

             (3)  If the CA/GRS becomes unavailable at the hours of operation notified under paragraph (1)(a), the operator must tell the NOTAM Office as soon as practicable.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

139.430  Certified air/ground radio operators

             (1)  A person may apply to CASA for certification as a CA/GRO.

             (2)  The application must be made to CASA in accordance with the Manual of Standards.

             (3)  Subject to regulation 11.055, on receiving an application under this regulation, CASA must grant the application if the applicant meets the standards for a CA/GRO set out in the Manual of Standards.

139.435  Offences

             (1)  When a CA/GRO is providing a CA/GRS, he or she must not perform any other duties that are unrelated to the provision of the CA/GRS.

Penalty:  5 penalty units.

             (2)  The operator of an aerodrome must not allow a CA/GRO to provide a CA/GRS at the aerodrome if:

                     (a)  the CA/GRO:

                              (i)  has consumed any alcohol in the 8 hours before the service is to be provided; or

                             (ii)  is suffering from an incapacity that is likely to impair his or her efficiency in providing the service; and

                     (b)  the operator knows of that fact.

Penalty:  5 penalty units.

Subpart 139.HAerodrome rescue and firefighting services

Note:          As a signatory to the Chicago Convention, Australia is obliged to require, as part of its domestic law, that certain classes of airport provide rescue and firefighting services of an adequate standard. (See generally section 9.2 of chapter 9 of Annex 14 to the Chicago Convention.) To satisfy that obligation, this Subpart requires operators of aerodromes that have scheduled international traffic, or specified levels of domestic passenger traffic, to provide those services, and sets out the standards that apply to such services. Aerodromes that are not obliged to provide an ARFFS may choose to do so, and this Subpart will apply to a service so provided until the operator gives reasonable notice that it will no longer provide such a service.

Division 139.H.1General

139.700  Applicability of this Subpart

             (1)  This Subpart applies to aerodrome rescue and firefighting services.

             (2)  This Subpart sets out:

                     (a)  how a person receives approval as a provider of an aerodrome rescue and firefighting service; and

                     (b)  the operating and technical standards applicable to such a service.

Note:          In addition to the provisions of this Subpart, Part 11 contains provisions relating to an application for approval as a provider of an aerodrome rescue and firefighting service.

             (3)  This Subpart does not apply to:

                     (a)  a person who is providing an aerodrome rescue and firefighting service in the course of his or her duties for the Defence Force; or

                     (b)  any aerodrome rescue and firefighting service provided by the Defence Force.

139.705  Definitions for this Subpart

             (1)  In this Subpart:

airside of an aerodrome has the same meaning as airside of an airport in the Airports Act 1996.

ARFFS means aerodrome rescue and fire‑fighting service.

ARFFS operation means an operation undertaken in carrying out a function mentioned in paragraph 139.710(1)(a) or (b).

ARFFS provider for an aerodrome means the person or organisation that provides ARFFS for the aerodrome.

category of an aerodrome means its category worked out by the method set out in section 9.2 of chapter 9 of Annex 14 to the Chicago Convention.

ERSA means the part of AIP known as En Route Supplement Australia.

Manual of Standards means the document called ‘Manual of Standards (MOS) – Subpart 139.H’ issued by CASA under regulation 139.712, as in force from time to time.

             (2)  A reference in this Subpart to an AFC certificate of a particular level is a reference to:

                     (a)  a certificate of that level issued under the Australian Fire Competencies Scheme (that is, the training scheme administered by the Australian Fire Authorities Council); or

                     (b)  a certificate accepted by CASA as indicating that the certificate holder has successfully completed a training program of a standard equivalent to that required for the issue of an AFC certificate of that level.

139.710  Functions of ARFFS

             (1)  The functions of an ARFFS for an aerodrome are:

                     (a)  to rescue persons and property from an aircraft that has crashed or caught fire during landing or take‑off; and

                     (b)  to control and extinguish, and to protect persons and property threatened by, a fire on the aerodrome, whether or not in an aircraft.

             (2)  Nothing in subregulation (1) prevents the ARFFS provider for an aerodrome from performing fire control services or rescue services elsewhere than on an aerodrome, but the provider must give priority to operations mentioned in subregulation (1).

139.711  Person not to provide service without approval

             (1)  A person must not provide an ARFFS at an aerodrome unless the person is approved, under Division 139.H.5, to provide the ARFFS.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against subregulation (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

139.712  Issue of Manual of Standards

             (1)  CASA may issue a Manual of Standards for this Subpart that provides for the following matters:

                     (a)  standards and criteria for the establishment and disestablishment of an ARFFS;

                     (b)  standards relating to the procedures, systems and documents required for the provision of an ARFFS;

                     (c)  standards for facilities and equipment used to provide an ARFFS;

                     (d)  standards, including competency standards, minimum qualifications and training standards, for persons engaged in an ARFFS;

                     (e)  any matter required or permitted by these Regulations to be provided for by the Manual of Standards;

                      (f)  any matter necessary or convenient to be provided for the effective operation of this Subpart.

Note:          A Manual of Standards is a legislative instrument—see subsections 98(5A) and (5B) of the Act. It must be registered in accordance with the Legislation Act 2003 and must be tabled in both Houses of the Parliament within 6 sitting days after its making.

             (2)  CASA must give a copy of a notice about a Manual of Standards for this Subpart (being a notice referred to in subregulation 11.275(3) or regulation 11.280) to each ARFFS provider.

Note:          Subpart 11.J (including regulations 11.275 and 11.280) sets out procedures for the issue, amendment and revocation of a MOS.

139.715  Effect of Manual of Standards

             (1)  If CASA sets out, in the Manual of Standards, a way of complying with a requirement of this Subpart, an ARFFS provider who uses that way is taken to have complied with the requirement unless the contrary is shown.

             (2)  CASA may take the extent to which an ARFFS provider complies with the Manual into account in deciding whether the service provided by the provider is adequate.

Division 139.H.3Requirements to be complied with by ARFFS provider

139.750  Requirements in this Division

                   A requirement in this Division for there to be a system or procedure to do something is a requirement that the system or procedure:

                     (a)  must exist; and

                     (b)  must be in use.

139.755  Definition for Division—applicable standards and requirements

             (1)  In this Division:

applicable standards and requirements, for an aerodrome of a particular category, means:

                     (a)  for an aerodrome to which subregulation (2) applies—the standards and requirements for an aerodrome of its category set out in:

                              (i)  Chapter 9 of Annex 14 to the Chicago Convention; and

                             (ii)  the Manual of Standards; or

                     (b)  for any other aerodrome—the standards and requirements for an aerodrome of its category set out in the Manual of Standards.

             (2)  This subregulation applies to:

                     (a)  an aerodrome from or to which an international passenger air service operates; and

                     (b)  any other aerodrome through which more than 350 000 passengers passed on air transport flights during the previous financial year.

             (3)  In paragraph (2)(a):

international passenger air service means:

                     (a)  an international air service (within the meaning given by subsection 3(1) of the Air Navigation Act 1920) that carries passengers, other than a non‑scheduled service (within the meaning given by that subsection); or

                     (b)  a non‑scheduled passenger‑carrying flight, or program of non‑scheduled passenger‑carrying flights, carried out under a permission granted under section 15D of the Air Navigation Act 1920; or

                     (c)  a non‑scheduled passenger‑carrying flight, or program of non‑scheduled passenger‑carrying flights, in a category in respect of which the Secretary to the Department has determined, under subsection 15A(3) of that Act, that such a permission is not required.

             (4)  For paragraph (2)(b), the number of passengers that pass through an aerodrome is to be determined according to statistics published by the Department.

Note:          Department means the Department administered by the Minister who administers these Regulations (see section 19A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 as it applies because of section 13 of the Legislation Act 2003).

139.760  Inconsistency between Manual and chapter 9 of Annex 14

                   If a requirement of the Manual of Standards, as it applies to a particular aerodrome, is inconsistent with a requirement of chapter 9 of Annex 14 to the Chicago Convention, as it applies to that aerodrome, the requirement of the Manual prevails to the extent of the inconsistency.

139.765  Knowledge, equipment and expertise to deal with aviation hazards

                   An ARFFS provider must have the knowledge, equipment and expertise to deal with any hazard likely to arise during an aviation accident or incident, including any hazard mentioned in the Manual of Standards.

139.770  General obligation to maintain service

             (1)  An ARFFS provider must ensure that the service is available during the period or periods published in ERSA as the period or periods of its availability.

             (2)  Subregulation (1) does not prevent the level of protection provided during predictable periods of reduced activity at the aerodrome from being reduced, within the limit allowed by Chapter 9 of Annex 14 to the Chicago Convention.

139.771  Response time of ARFFS

             (1)  An ARFFS must be able to meet the criteria for response time set out in Chapter 9 of Annex 14 to the Chicago Convention.

             (2)  Subregulation (1) applies to an ARFFS whether or not Annex 14 to the Chicago Convention applies to the ARFFS.

139.772  Buildings and emergency facilities

             (1)  An ARFFS provider for an aerodrome to which subregulation 139.755(2) applies must ensure that the necessary buildings and facilities for the service, including the following, are at the aerodrome:

                     (a)  a fire station;

                     (b)  communications facilities;

                     (c)  facilities for the maintenance of vehicles and equipment;

                     (d)  training facilities;

                     (e)  storage facilities;

                      (f)  if there is a body of water within 1 000 metres of a runway threshold—a boat ramp and boat launching facilities.

             (2)  The ARFFS provider must ensure that those buildings and facilities comply with any applicable requirements (including requirements as to location) in the Manual of Standards.

             (3)  The ARFFS provider must ensure that there is a facility, in accordance with the requirements of the Manual of Standards, for replenishing the water supply of a fire fighting vehicle.

             (4)  The ARFFS provider must ensure that there are the appropriate emergency roads on the aerodrome in accordance with the requirements of the Manual of Standards.

             (5)  An ARFFS provider must ensure that there are, at an aerodrome other than one to which subregulation 139.755(2) applies, the following facilities:

                     (a)  a standby point for an emergency vehicle that will allow the vehicle to achieve the response time required by the Manual of Standards;

                     (b)  storage for a reserve stock of extinguishing agents.

139.773  Officer in charge

             (1)  An ARFFS provider must appoint, as officer in charge of ARFFS operations for an aerodrome, a person who is based at the aerodrome and who holds:

                     (a)  for an aerodrome categorised as Category 6 or above—an AFC Advanced Diploma that meets the standards in the Manual of Standards; or

                     (b)  for an aerodrome categorised as Category 5 or below—an AFC Diploma that meets the standards in the Manual of Standards.

             (2)  In paragraphs (1)(a) and (b):

AFC means Australian Fire Competencies.

139.775  Notice about times service is available etc

             (1)  An ARFFS provider must ensure that notice is published in ERSA of the hours during which the service is available.

             (2)  If for some reason (such as an emergency on the aerodrome) it becomes temporarily impossible to provide an ARFFS to the standard required by this Subpart, the provider must tell the Australian NOTAM Office:

                     (a)  of the reduction in the service; and

                     (b)  how long it is likely to be before the full service is restored.

             (3)  The provider must tell CASA in writing of any proposed reduction in the standard of service that:

                     (a)  will last longer than 24 hours; or

                     (b)  reduces the standard of ARFFS provided at the airport concerned to a greater extent than is permissible under Chapter 9 of Annex 14 to the Chicago Convention.

139.780  Agreements with other fire fighting bodies

             (1)  An ARFFS provider may make an arrangement:

                     (a)  for an aerodrome that is a joint user airport (within the meaning of the Airports Act 1996)—with the Defence Force for the provision of the ARFFS provider’s services to the Defence Force for the part of the aerodrome under the control of the Force; or

                     (b)  with a State or Territory, or another person or body, for the services of the provider for firefighting or rescue in the State or Territory beyond the airside of the aerodrome concerned.

             (2)  If a provider makes such an arrangement, the provider must ensure that it is recorded in writing.

139.785  Stock of fire extinguishing agents

             (1)  There must be, on the aerodrome, a stock of fire‑extinguishing agents of the kind or kinds, and meeting the performance standards, required by the applicable standards and requirements.

             (2)  The fire‑extinguishing agents must be held in at least the quantities required by those standards and requirements.

139.795  Extinguishing equipment and vehicles

             (1)  There must be, on the aerodrome, vehicles and equipment for delivering extinguishing agent onto a fire.

             (2)  There must be at least as many vehicles, and at least as much equipment, as required by the applicable standards and requirements.

             (3)  Each vehicle or piece of equipment:

                     (a)  must be capable of delivering extinguishing agent onto a fire at at least the rate required by the applicable standards and requirements; and

                     (b)  must have at least the performance (in other respects) required by those standards and requirements.

             (4)  The vehicles must carry ancillary equipment in accordance with the applicable standards and requirements.

             (5)  Each vehicle and piece of equipment must be in good working order.

             (6)  The vehicles must be of a colour permitted by the applicable standards and requirements.

             (7)  The provider must keep maintenance instructions for each vehicle and each piece of the equipment, including all the information necessary to permit an appropriately qualified and technically competent person to carry out maintenance, performance monitoring, defect reporting, fault reporting and record‑keeping on or for the vehicle or equipment.

139.800  Other vehicles and equipment

             (1)  There must be, at the aerodrome, enough vehicles and equipment (other than vehicles and equipment for delivering extinguishing agent onto a fire) to provide the service, in accordance with the applicable standards and requirements.

             (2)  The performance of the vehicles and equipment must be in accordance with the applicable standards and requirements.

             (3)  The vehicles must carry ancillary equipment in accordance with the applicable standards and requirements.

             (4)  The provider must keep maintenance instructions for each piece of the provider’s equipment, including all the information necessary to permit a technically competent person to carry out maintenance, performance monitoring, defect reporting, fault reporting and record‑keeping on or for the equipment.

139.805  Vehicles and equipment for firefighting and rescue in difficult environments

             (1)  If a significant proportion of aircraft movements at the aerodrome take place over water, swamp or another difficult environment, there must be appropriate vehicles, boats and equipment for firefighting and rescue in that environment within 1 000 metres of the threshold of each runway.

             (2)  The vehicles, boats and equipment must be in at least the numbers and quantity required by the applicable standards and requirements.

             (3)  The vehicles and boats must be of a colour required or permitted by the applicable standards and requirements.

139.810  Commissioning of certain equipment

                   An ARFFS provider must not begin to use a piece of operational equipment for the purpose of an ARFFS unless the equipment has been approved by CASA as conforming to specifications and any applicable standards, in accordance with the operator’s aerodrome manual, and any applicable standards or requirements in the Manual of Standards.

139.815  Protective clothing and equipment

                   At the aerodrome there must be, for the firefighters and rescue personnel:

                     (a)  protective clothing that complies with:

                              (i)  if there is a relevant Australian Standard (as in force immediately before this regulation commences)—that Standard; or

                             (ii)  if there is no such Australian Standard—any relevant internationally recognised standard;

                            in at least the quantity required by the applicable standards and requirements; and

                     (b)  other protective equipment in the quantity required by, and of a kind in accordance with, those standards and requirements.

139.820  Communications

             (1)  There must be, on the aerodrome, sufficient communications equipment available to provide communication during an ARFFS operation.

             (2)  The vehicles used for the service must carry suitable communications equipment.

             (3)  A person who is required to operate the equipment must hold an aeronautical radio operator certificate.

             (4)  The equipment must not interfere, when in use, with communications equipment used by the air traffic service at the aerodrome.

139.825  Test and maintenance equipment

             (1)  The provider must have the necessary equipment and tools, in accordance with the applicable standards and requirements, to test and maintain the equipment used to provide the service.

             (2)  If the applicable standards and requirements require particular test or maintenance equipment, particular kinds of test or maintenance equipment, or particular numbers or quantities of a particular type of test or maintenance equipment, the provider must have that equipment or that number or quantity of that type of equipment.

139.830  Commissioning of new vehicles and equipment

                   The provider must not put a new vehicle, or a new item of equipment that affects the quality or rate of discharge of extinguishing agent, into service unless:

                     (a)  the vehicle or equipment has been approved by CASA, for conformity to specification and the applicable standards and requirements, in accordance with the provider’s operations manual; and

                     (b)  CASA has acknowledged that the vehicle or equipment meets the applicable standards and requirements; and

                     (c)  any necessary personnel training has been completed.

139.835  Number of operating personnel

             (1)  During any period announced in ERSA as a period during which ARFFS is available at an aerodrome, there must be enough trained personnel available at the aerodrome to operate the equipment and vehicles required to provide the service at full capacity.

             (2)  Those personnel must be stationed at places that allow the ARFFS to respond to an emergency at least as quickly as required by the applicable standards and requirements.

139.840  Medical standard of firefighters

             (1)  The people employed as firefighters must meet the medical standard for firefighters set out in the Manual of Standards.

             (2)  There must be a system of continuing medical checks for the people employed as firefighters that ensures that the ARFFS provider knows whether or not those people continue to meet that standard.

139.845  Qualifications and training of firefighters

             (1)  The people employed as firefighters must already be trained to at least AFC Certificate 2 standard, or, if for a particular position the Manual of Standards specifies a higher standard, that higher standard.

             (2)  Before being used in any operational capacity, those people must also receive, or have received, appropriate training in dealing with hazards specific to aviation accidents and incidents, to the extent that such training is not part of the training required for an AFC Certificate 2.

             (3)  The people employed as firefighters must receive appropriate training to familiarise them with local conditions.

             (4)  There must be ongoing training for the people employed as firefighters to ensure that they continue to meet that standard.

             (5)  If a significant proportion of aircraft movements at the aerodrome take place over water, swamp or another difficult environment, the firefighters must be appropriately trained to carry out their functions in that environment.

139.850  Operations manual

             (1)  There must be an operations manual for the service that complies with the standards set out in the Manual of Standards.

             (2)  The operations manual must include a chart showing the organisations that provide services to the provider, setting out the roles and responsibilities of those organisations and how those roles and responsibilities affect the Aerodrome Emergency Procedures for the aerodrome concerned.

             (3)  The operations manual must be kept up to date.

             (4)  Each of the provider’s employees must have ready access to an up‑to‑date copy of the operations manual.

             (5)  The provider must give CASA a copy of the operations manual, and of any changes to it.

             (6)  There must be an up‑to‑date copy of the operations manual at each operational station.

             (7)  The provider must comply with the requirements of the operations manual.

139.855  Amendment of operations manual

             (1)  An ARFFS provider may amend its operations manual, but an amendment is of no effect until approved in writing by CASA.

             (2)  CASA may direct an ARFFS provider to amend its operations manual is a way specified in the direction.

             (3)  The provider must comply with the direction.

139.860  Voice data recording

                   There must be a system to record electronically, in accordance with the standards or requirements set out in the Manual of Standards, any voice communication by radio or telephone in the course of an ARFFS operation.

139.865  Record of accidents or incidents

                   There must be a system, in accordance with the standards or requirements set out in the Manual of Standards, to record the details of any aircraft accident or incident, or building fire, in relation to which the service is required to take any action.

139.870  Contingency plan

             (1)  There must be a plan, in accordance with the standards or requirements set out in the Manual of Standards, of the procedures to be used in the event of an emergency that results, or may result, in the service being interrupted.

             (2)  The plan must include at least the following:

                     (a)  actions to be taken by firefighters and rescue personnel;

                     (b)  possible alternative arrangements for providing the service (including arrangements for procuring any necessary replacement vehicles or spare parts, or supplies of extinguishing materials);

                     (c)  notification procedures;

                     (d)  procedures for re‑establishing normal services.

139.875  Records management

             (1)  There must be a system, in accordance with the standards or requirements set out in the Manual of Standards, to collect, index, store and maintain the records relating to the service.

             (2)  The records must include:

                     (a)  voice records made under regulation 139.860; and

                     (b)  records of accidents or incidents made under regulation 139.865.

             (3)  A record must be kept for 5 years (or a shorter period specified for the particular kind of record in the Manual) after the date to which it relates.

139.880  Organisation

                   The provider must, at all times, maintain an appropriate organisation with a sound and effective management structure, having regard to the nature of the service it provides.

139.885  System for rectification of service failures

                   There must be a system, in accordance with the standards or requirements in the Manual of Standards, to rectify any failure that results or may result in an interruption in the service or a reduction in the standard of the service.

139.890  Quality control

                   There must be a system, in accordance with the standards or requirements set out in the Manual of Standards, to ensure that the service complies with the requirements of this Subpart.

139.895  Change management

                   There must be a system, in accordance with the Manual of Standards, to manage changes in:

                     (a)  equipment and procedures; and

                     (b)  what the service does; and

                     (c)  the level or kinds of service provided; and

                     (d)  the way the service is provided.

139.900  Safety management

                   There must be a safety management system for the service, in accordance with the standards or requirements in the Manual of Standards, including the policies, procedures and practices necessary to provide the service safely.

139.905  Applicant’s organisation

             (1)  The provider must tell CASA in writing:

                     (a)  who its managers are; and

                     (b)  its organisational structure; and

                     (c)  how many staff of each class it uses to provide the service.

             (2)  The provider must tell CASA in writing about any change in a matter mentioned in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) within 14 days after the change.

139.910  Telling users and CASA about changes

             (1)  There must be a procedure, in accordance with the standards and requirements in the Manual of Standards, for an ARFFS provider to give, to aerodrome users, safety‑related information about changes, faults or interruptions to the service.

             (2)  The procedure must comply with CASA’s requirements for reporting information to the Aeronautical Information and Data Service and the Australian NOTAM Office.

             (3)  If the provider fails, for a period of 24 hours or longer, to provide the service at the standard required by Division 139.H.3, the ARFFS provider for the aerodrome must tell CASA in writing as soon as practicable:

                     (a)  why the service is not being provided at that standard; and

                     (b)  how long it is likely to be before the service can be resumed; and

                     (c)  what action the service provider has taken and will take to resume the service at that standard.

Division 139.H.4Conduct of ARFFS operations

139.915  Powers of officer in charge or firefighter

             (1)  In this regulation:

firefighter, in relation to an ARFFS operation for an aerodrome, means:

                     (a)  somebody employed as a firefighter by the ARFFS provider for the aerodrome; or

                     (b)  a member of a fire brigade, or of a rescue or fire fighting service, who is taking part in the operation in accordance with an arrangement made with such a brigade or service.

officer in charge, in relation to an ARFFS operation for an aerodrome, means:

                     (a)  the person appointed under regulation 139.773 as officer in charge of ARFFS operations at the aerodrome; or

                     (b)  if, in accordance with an arrangement made with a fire brigade, or a rescue or fire fighting service, the person in control of the operation is a member of such a brigade or service—that person.

volunteer, in relation to an ARFFS operation, means somebody who has volunteered to help in the operation under the direction of the officer in charge.

             (2)  For an ARFFS operation for an aerodrome under this Subpart, the officer in charge may:

                     (a)  give directions that he or she thinks proper to firefighters and volunteers under his or her control; and

                     (b)  take measures that he or she thinks proper.

             (3)  Without limiting paragraph (2)(b), the officer in charge may do the following things for the purpose of the ARFFS operation:

                     (a)  enter (by force, if necessary), take possession of and deal with in any appropriate way, premises, an aircraft or other property;

                     (b)  close a road or other thoroughfare to traffic;

                     (c)  use a convenient water supply (including shutting off water supply from a main or pipe to obtain greater pressure or supply);

                     (d)  disconnect electricity supply to premises;

                     (e)  remove flammable, explosive or other dangerous material from premises, an aircraft or other property;

                      (f)  order a person to leave premises, an aircraft or other property;

                     (g)  remove from the vicinity of the operation a person or thing the presence of whom or which is interfering, or is likely to interfere, significantly with the operation;

                     (h)  take a fire engine or other fire appliance onto land or premises;

                      (i)  shore up or destroy a wall or building that is insecure or may be dangerous to persons or property;

                      (j)  direct or authorise a firefighter or a volunteer to do something that, under this regulation, the officer may do.

             (4)  For an ARFFS operation, a firefighter may do something mentioned in paragraph (3)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f) or (h) without authorisation under paragraph (3)(j) if there are reasonable grounds for believing that, for the operation:

                     (a)  it is necessary or desirable to do the thing; and

                     (b)  it is not practicable for him or her to get authorisation to do so.

             (5)  A person is guilty of an offence punishable by a fine of 10 penalty units if he or she fails to comply with:

                     (a)  a direction of the officer in charge under paragraph (3)(f); or

                     (b)  a direction of the kind mentioned in that paragraph, given by a firefighter or volunteer, if:

                              (i)  the firefighter or volunteer has been authorised under paragraph (3)(j) by the officer in charge to give it; or

                             (ii)  the conditions in paragraphs (4)(a) and (b) are satisfied in relation to the direction.

Division 139.H.5Administration

139.920  Definition for Division

                   In this Division:

show cause notice means a notice under regulation 139.1015.

139.925  How to apply for approval as ARFFS provider

          (1A)  An eligible person may apply to CASA for approval as an ARFFS provider.

             (1)  A person is eligible to apply for approval as an ARFFS provider if:

                     (a)  the person is mentioned in column 2 of an item in table 139.925; and

                     (b)  the application relates to an aerodrome mentioned in column 3 of that item.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

             (3)  The application:

                     (a)  must set out the applicant’s name and address; and

                     (b)  if the applicant is a corporation (within the meaning given by the Corporations Act 2001)—must set out the applicant’s registered address and ACN and the names and addresses of its officers.

             (4)  In paragraph (3)(b):

officer has the meaning given by section 9 of the Corporations Act 2001.

             (5)  The applicant must include with the application:

                     (a)  a copy of the applicant’s operations manual, prepared as if the applicant were an approved provider; and

                     (b)  information that will enable CASA to decide whether or not the applicant is of sound financial standing; and

                     (c)  a statement of the intended location and category of the service to be provided.

Note:          An application must be in the approved form, include all the information required by these Regulations and be accompanied by every document required by these Regulations—see regulation 11.030.

Table 139.925

Item

Applicant

Aerodrome

1

the Commonwealth

any aerodrome

2

AA

any aerodrome

2A

Delta Fire Service Pty. Ltd.

Townsville Airport

3

Broome Airport Services Pty Ltd

Broome International Airport

4

Administration of Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island International Airport

5

a person who is to provide an ARFFS at a particular aerodrome:

(a) in cooperation with AA, in accordance with paragraph 11(3)(b) of the Air Services Act 1995; or

(b) by arrangement with AA, in accordance with paragraph 11(3)(c) of the Air Services Act 1995

the aerodrome mentioned in column 2

6

a person who is to provide an ARFFS in accordance with an arrangement mentioned in paragraph 216(1)(e) of the Airports Act 1996

the aerodrome specified in the arrangement mentioned in column 2

139.965  When CASA must grant approval

             (1)  Subject to regulation 11.055 and subregulation (3), if a person has applied for approval as an ARFFS provider under this Subpart, CASA must grant the approval.

Note:          Under regulation 201.004, an application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of:

(a)    a decision refusing to issue, or cancelling, suspending or varying, an approval; or

(b)    a decision imposing a condition on an approval.

             (3)  CASA may approve an application only if CASA approves the applicant’s draft operations manual.

             (4)  CASA must not approve the draft operations manual unless the draft manual complies with the relevant requirements in the Manual of Standards.

             (6)  Without limiting regulations 11.056 and 11.067, if the application is made by a person mentioned in column 2 of item 1, 2, 5 or 6 of Table 139.925 in relation to an ARFFS at the corresponding aerodrome, CASA may impose any condition necessary to give effect to an arrangement mentioned in subsection 11(3) of the Air Services Act 1995.

139.970  When decision must be made

             (1)  If CASA does not make a decision about an application within 21 days after receiving it, CASA is taken to have refused the application.

             (2)  However, if CASA makes a request under regulation 11.035 or 11.040, the time between when CASA makes the request, and when the applicant’s officer or officers participates or participate in the interview, or gives CASA the information or copy requested, does not count towards the period.

             (3)  Also, if CASA asks an applicant to make a statutory declaration under regulation 11.047 or subregulation 11.050(3A), the time between when CASA asks the applicant to do so and when the applicant gives CASA the statutory declaration does not count towards the period.

             (4)  Also, if CASA invites an applicant to make a written submission under subregulation 11.050(2), the time between when CASA gives the invitation and when the applicant makes the written submission does not count towards the period.

139.995  Application for variation of approval

             (1)  An approved ARFFS provider may apply to vary its approval.

             (2)  Regulations 139.965 and 139.970 apply to the application.

Note:          Part 11 also contains provisions relating to an application for variation of approval.

139.1005  Suspension or continued suspension of approval by show cause notice

             (1)  CASA may state, in a show cause notice, that the approval as an approved ARFFS provider of the ARFFS provider concerned is suspended if CASA reasonably considers that not suspending the approval would be likely to have an adverse effect on the safety of air navigation.

Note:          Regulation 201.004 provides for review of certain decisions by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

             (2)  If a show cause notice states that the approval is suspended:

                     (a)  if the approval is already suspended when the show cause notice is given to the holder—the approval continues to be suspended until CASA revokes the suspension, or the suspension lapses under subregulation (4); or

                     (b)  the approval is suspended from when the notice is given to the approved ARFFS provider concerned.

             (3)  CASA may revoke the suspension at any time.

             (4)  If CASA has not cancelled the approval within 90 days after the day the show cause notice is given to the provider, the suspension lapses at the end of that period.

139.1010  Grounds for cancellation of approval

                   It is grounds for the cancellation of the approval of an approved ARFFS provider if the provider:

                     (a)  has breached a condition of the approval; or

                     (b)  has contravened the Act or these Regulations; or

                     (c)  has otherwise been guilty of conduct that renders the holder’s continued holding of the approval likely to have an adverse effect on the safety of air navigation.

Note:          Regulation 201.004 provides for review of certain decisions by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.

139.1015  Notice to approved ARFFS provider to show cause

             (1)  CASA may give an approved ARFFS provider a show cause notice if there are reasonable grounds for believing that there are facts or circumstances that amount to grounds for the cancellation of the approval.

             (2)  A show cause notice must:

                     (a)  tell the provider of the facts and circumstances that justify the cancellation of the approval; and

                     (b)  invite the holder to show in writing, within a reasonable period stated in the notice, why the approval should not be cancelled.

             (3)  For paragraph (2)(b), the period must not be less than 7 days.

139.1020  Cancellation of approval after show cause notice

             (1)  CASA may cancel an approval only if:

                     (a)  there exist facts or circumstances that amount to grounds for the cancellation of the approval; and

                     (b)  CASA has given the holder a show cause notice in relation to the grounds for the proposed cancellation; and

                     (c)  CASA has taken into account any written representations made, within the period stated in the notice, by or on behalf of the holder; and

                     (d)  not cancelling the approval would be likely to have an adverse effect on the safety of air navigation.

             (2)  If CASA has given a show cause notice to an approved ARFFS provider, and it decides not to cancel the approval, it:

                     (a)  must tell the provider in writing of the decision; and

                     (b)  must, if the approval is suspended, revoke the suspension.

139.1022  Cancellation if holder ceases to provide ARFFS

             (1)  CASA must cancel the approval of a person mentioned in column 2 of item 3 or 4 of Table 139.925 if the person ceases to be an ARFFS provider for the aerodrome mentioned in column 3 of the item.

             (2)  CASA must cancel the approval of a person mentioned in column 2 of item 5 of Table 139.925 if the cooperation or arrangement mentioned in that item ceases.

             (3)  CASA must cancel the approval of a person mentioned in column 2 of item 6 of Table 139.925 if the arrangement mentioned in that item ceases.


Part 141Recreational, private and commercial pilot flight training, other than certain integrated training courses

  

Table of contents

Subpart 141.AGeneral

141.005     What Part 141 is about

141.010     Aircraft and flight simulation training devices to which Part 141 applies

141.015     Definitions of Part 141 flight training, authorised Part 141 flight training, Part 141 operator and Part 141 certificate

141.020     Definition of key personnel for Part 141

141.025     Definition of significant change for Part 141

141.030     Definitions for Part 141

141.035     Approvals by CASA for Part 141

141.040     Legislative instruments—flight training

141.045     Regulations 11.070 to 11.075 do not apply in relation to certain matters

141.050     Part 141 flight training—requirement for Part 141 certificate or approval

Subpart 141.BPart 141 certificates

141.055     Part 141 certificates—application

141.060     Part 141 certificate—issue

141.065     Part 141 certificate—approval of operations manual

141.070     Part 141 certificate—conditions

141.075     Part 141 certificate—compliance with conditions

Subpart 141.CPart 141 operators—changes

141.080     Part 141 operators—changes of name etc

141.085     Part 141 operators—application for approval of significant changes

141.090     Part 141 operators—approval of significant changes

141.095     Part 141 operators—process for making changes

141.100     Part 141 operators—CASA directions relating to operations manual or key personnel

Subpart 141.DPart 141 operators—organisation and personnel

141.105     Part 141 operators—organisation and personnel

141.110     Part 141 operators—key personnel cannot carry out responsibilities

141.115     Part 141 operators—familiarisation training for key personnel

141.120     Part 141 operators—chief executive officer: responsibilities and accountabilities

141.125     Part 141 operators—head of operations: qualifications and experience

141.130     Part 141 operators—head of operations: responsibilities

141.155     Part 141 operators—key personnel: additional qualification and experience requirements

141.160     Part 141 operators—reference library

Subpart 141.EPart 141 operators—instructors

141.165     Part 141 operators—instructors must comply with Part 141 certificate

141.170     Part 141 operators—instructors must comply with operations manual

141.175     Part 141 operators—instructors must be authorised under Part 61

141.180     Part 141 operators—instructors must have access to records

141.185     Part 141 operators—instructors must hold valid standardisation and proficiency check for operator

141.190     Part 141 operators—holding valid standardisation and proficiency check for operator

141.195     Part 141 operators—standardisation and proficiency check requirements

141.200     Part 141 operators—instructors—training in human factors principles and non‑technical skills

141.205     Part 141 operators—instructors must be competent to conduct flight training in flight simulation training device

141.210     Part 141 operators—person recommended for flight test

Subpart 141.GPart 141 operators—quality system

141.225     Part 141 operators—quality system for flight simulation training devices

Subpart 141.HPart 141 operators—personnel fatigue management

Subpart 141.IPart 141 operators—operations manuals

141.260     Part 141 operators—content of operations manual

141.265     Part 141 operators—compliance with operations manual by operator

141.270     Part 141 operators—providing personnel with operations manual

Subpart 141.JPart 141 operators—logs and records

141.275     Part 141 operators—making and keeping flight training records

141.280     Part 141 operators—availability of flight training records

Subpart 141.KPart 141 operators—miscellaneous offences

141.285     Part 141 operators—suitable facilities, records and resources for flight test

141.290     Part 141 operators—pilot in command to be authorised under Part 61

141.295     Part 141 operators—carriage of passengers prohibited during abnormal operations or low‑flying flight training

141.300     Part 141 operators—authorisation of carriage of passengers

141.305     Part 141 operators—completion of training and assessment of competency for certain solo flights

141.306     Part 141 operators—appropriate briefing and capability to conduct certain solo flights etc.

141.310     Part 141 operators—dealings in relation to suspended, cancelled, varied, pending or refused civil aviation authorisations: when approval required

141.315     Part 141 operators—maximum period for use of foreign registered aircraft in Australian territory


Subpart 141.AGeneral

  

141.005  What Part 141 is about

                   This Part:

                     (a)  deals with the conduct of recreational, private and commercial pilot flight training, other than certain integrated training courses; and

                     (b)  makes provision for applicants for, and holders of, Part 141 certificates.

141.010  Aircraft and flight simulation training devices to which Part 141 applies

             (1)  This Part applies only to the following:

                     (a)  an aeroplane, rotorcraft or airship that is permitted by its flight manual to be flown by one pilot;

                     (b)  an aeroplane, rotorcraft or airship covered by a type rating mentioned in a legislative instrument under regulation 142.045;

                     (c)  a flight simulation training device for an aircraft mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b).

             (2)  Accordingly, a reference in this Part to an aircraft is a reference to an aeroplane, rotorcraft or airship mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) or (b).

141.015  Definitions of Part 141 flight training, authorised Part 141 flight training, Part 141 operator and Part 141 certificate

             (1)  Part 141 flight training is any of the following that is conducted in an aircraft or flight simulation training device:

                     (a)  training for the grant under Part 61 of a private pilot licence or commercial pilot licence that is not an integrated training course;

                     (b)  training for the grant under Part 61 of a recreational pilot licence;

                     (c)  training, other than training conducted as a multi‑crew operation, for the grant under Part 61 of a flight crew rating other than a type rating;

                     (d)  training for the grant under Part 61 of a type rating mentioned in a legislative instrument under regulation 142.045;

                     (e)  training, other than training conducted as a multi‑crew operation, for the grant under Part 61 of a flight crew endorsement other than:

                              (i)  a design feature endorsement; or

                             (ii)  a flight activity endorsement;

                      (f)  training, other than training conducted as a multi‑crew operation, that is given as part of a flight review;

                     (g)  differences training:

                              (i)  that is required as mentioned in regulation 61.780 or 61.835 for a variant covered by a type rating mentioned in a legislative instrument under regulation 142.045; and

                             (ii)  that is not conducted by a training and checking organisation approved under regulation 217 of CAR.

             (2)  Authorised Part 141 flight training, for a Part 141 operator, is Part 141 flight training mentioned in the operator’s Part 141 certificate.

             (3)  A Part 141 operator is the holder of a Part 141 certificate.

             (4)  A Part 141 certificate is a certificate issued under regulation 141.060.

141.020  Definition of key personnel for Part 141

                   In this Part:

key personnel, for a Part 141 operator, means the people (however described) that hold, or carry out the responsibilities of, the following positions in the operator’s organisation:

                     (a)  chief executive officer;

                     (b)  head of operations.

141.025  Definition of significant change for Part 141

                   In this Part:

significant change, for a Part 141 operator, means:

                     (a)  a change in relation to any of the following:

                              (i)  the location and operation of any of the operator’s training bases, including the opening or closing of training bases;

                             (ii)  the operator’s key personnel;

                            (iii)  a person authorised to carry out the responsibilities of any of the key personnel;

                            (iv)  the formal reporting line for a managerial or operational position reporting directly to any of the key personnel;

                             (v)  the qualifications, experience and responsibilities required by the operator for any of the key personnel;

                            (vi)  the familiarisation training mentioned in regulation 141.115 for any of the key personnel;

                           (vii)  the operator’s process for making changes:

                                        (A)  that are significant changes; and

                                        (B)  that are not significant changes;

                          (viii)  the authorised Part 141 flight training conducted by the operator;

                            (ix)  if the operator conducts the training in aircraft—the kinds of aircraft used to conduct the training;

                             (x)  if the operator conducts the training in flight simulation training devices:

                                        (A)  the ownership arrangements for a device; or

                                        (B)  the types of devices; or

                     (b)  if the operator conducts the training in foreign registered aircraft:

                              (i)  a change in the foreign registered aircraft used in the training; or

                             (ii)  a change in relation to a foreign registered aircraft used in the training, including a change to its nationality or registration mark; or

                     (c)  a change in relation to any of the following that does not maintain or improve, or is not likely to maintain or improve, aviation safety:

                              (i)  the procedures by which the operator conducts and manages the training;

                             (ii)  training and checking conducted by the operator;

                            (iii)  the operator’s dangerous goods manual (if any);

                            (iv)  the way the operator manages the risk of fatigue in its personnel;

                             (v)  the operator’s safety policy;

                            (vi)  the operator’s quality system; or

                     (d)  a change required to be approved by CASA under these Regulations, other than a change that results in the reissue or replacement of an instrument previously issued by CASA in which the conditions or other substantive content of the instrument are unchanged.

141.030  Definitions for Part 141

                   In this Part:

aircraft: see regulation 141.010.

authorised Part 141 flight training, for a Part 141 operator: see subregulation 141.015(2).

conducts: a Part 141 operator conducts Part 141 flight training if an instructor for the operator conducts the training on behalf of the operator.

instructor, for a Part 141 operator, means a person engaged by the operator to conduct authorised Part 141 flight training on behalf of the operator.

key personnel, for a Part 141 operator: see regulation 141.020.

low‑flying flight training means flight training that is conducted below 500 feet AGL.

operations manual, for a Part 141 operator, means:

                     (a)  the set of documents approved by CASA under regulation 141.065 in relation to the operator; or

                     (b)  if the set of documents is changed under regulation 141.080, 141.090 or 141.100 or the process mentioned in regulation 141.095—the set of documents as changed.

Part 141 certificate: see subregulation 141.015(4).

Part 141 flight training: see subregulation 141.015(1).

personnel, for a Part 141 operator, includes any of the following persons who have duties or responsibilities that relate to the safe conduct of the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training:

                     (a)  an employee of the operator;

                     (b)  a person engaged by the operator (whether by contract or other arrangement) to provide services to the operator;

                     (c)  an employee of a person mentioned in paragraph (b).

significant change, for a Part 141 operator: see regulation 141.025.

training and checking, for a Part 141 operator, means the training and assessment of proficiency that the operator conducts to ensure that its personnel are competent to perform their duties.

training base, for a Part 141 operator, means a facility from which the operator conducts flight training.

141.035  Approvals by CASA for Part 141

             (1)  If a provision of this Part refers to a person holding an approval under this regulation, the person may apply to CASA, in writing, for the approval.

             (2)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must grant the approval.

             (3)  Subregulation 11.055(1B) applies to the granting of an approval under this regulation.

141.040  Legislative instruments—flight training

                   For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, CASA may issue a legislative instrument to prescribe matters for paragraph 141.260(1)(u).

141.045  Regulations 11.070 to 11.075 do not apply in relation to certain matters

                   Regulations 11.070 to 11.075 do not apply to the following for a Part 141 operator:

                     (a)  a change of which CASA is notified under regulation 141.080;

                     (b)  a significant change that is approved by CASA under regulation 141.090;

                     (c)  a change made under the process mentioned in regulation 141.095;

                     (d)  a change that is made as a consequence of a change made to the operator’s operations manual in accordance with a direction given by CASA under regulation 141.100.

141.050  Part 141 flight training—requirement for Part 141 certificate or approval

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person conducts Part 141 flight training; and

                     (b)  the person does not meet the requirement mentioned in subregulation (2).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(b), the requirement is that the person must hold:

                     (a)  a Part 141 certificate that authorises the person to conduct the training; or

                     (b)  an approval under regulation 141.035 to conduct the training.

             (3)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Subpart 141.BPart 141 certificates

  

141.055  Part 141 certificates—application

             (1)  A person may apply to CASA, in writing, for a Part 141 certificate.

             (2)  The application must include the following:

                     (a)  the applicant’s name (including any operating or trading name), contact details and ABN (if any);

                    (aa)  if the address of the applicant’s operational headquarters is different from its mailing address—the address of its operational headquarters;

                     (b)  if the applicant is an individual—a statement that the individual is, or proposes to be, the applicant’s chief executive officer;

                     (c)  if the applicant is a corporation registered in Australia that has an ACN—its ACN and the address of its registered office;

                     (d)  if the applicant is a corporation not registered in Australia—the place it was incorporated or formed;

                     (e)  the Part 141 flight training that the applicant proposes to conduct;

                      (f)  a written undertaking from the person appointed, or proposed to be appointed, as the applicant’s chief executive officer that, if CASA issues the certificate, the applicant will:

                              (i)  be capable of operating in accordance with its operations manual and civil aviation legislation; and

                             (ii)  operate in accordance with its operations manual and civil aviation legislation.

             (3)  The application must be:

                     (a)  accompanied by a copy of the applicant’s proposed operations manual; and

                     (b)  signed by the person appointed, or proposed to be appointed, as the applicant’s chief executive officer.

141.060  Part 141 certificate—issue

             (1)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must issue the certificate if satisfied of each of the following:

                     (a)  the applicant’s proposed operations manual complies with regulation 141.260;

                     (b)  the applicant can conduct the proposed Part 141 flight training safely and in accordance with its operations manual and civil aviation legislation;

                     (c)  the applicant’s organisation is suitable to ensure that the training can be conducted safely, having regard to the nature of the training;

                     (d)  the chain of command of the applicant’s organisation is appropriate to ensure that the training can be conducted safely;

                     (e)  the applicant’s organisation has a sufficient number of suitably qualified and competent personnel to conduct the training safely;

                      (f)  the facilities of the applicant’s organisation are sufficient to enable the training to be conducted safely;

                     (g)  the applicant’s organisation has suitable procedures and practices to control the organisation and ensure the training can be conducted safely;

                     (h)  if the applicant is an individual—the applicant is, or proposes to be, the applicant’s chief executive officer;

                      (i)  each of the applicant’s proposed key personnel:

                              (i)  is a fit and proper person to be appointed to the position; and

                             (ii)  has the qualifications and experience required by Subpart 141.D for the position; and

                            (iii)  has the qualifications and experience required by the applicant under subparagraph 141.260(1)(e)(i) for the position (if any); and

                            (iv)  has the additional qualifications and experience required by CASA under regulation 141.155 for the position (if any).

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(b), without limiting the matters that CASA may consider, CASA must consider the following:

                     (a)  the applicant’s proposed operations manual;

                     (b)  whether the applicant can comply with the proposed operations manual;

                     (c)  the content of the undertaking mentioned in paragraph 141.055(2)(f);

                     (d)  details of, and reasons for, any suspension or cancellation of:

                              (i)  a civil aviation authorisation issued to the applicant; or

                             (ii)  an equivalent authorisation issued to the applicant:

                                        (A)  under the law of a foreign country; or

                                        (B)  by a multinational aviation authority;

                     (e)  the suitability of the applicant’s corporate and organisational structures for the training;

                      (f)  any other information:

                              (i)  accompanying the application; or

                             (ii)  in any other document given to CASA by the applicant for the application, including any document requested by CASA in relation to the application.

             (3)  For subparagraph (1)(i)(i), the matters CASA may consider in deciding whether a person is a fit and proper person include the matters mentioned in subregulation 11.055(4).

             (4)  If CASA decides to issue the certificate, CASA must determine the Part 141 flight training the applicant is authorised to conduct, including any limitations or conditions in relation to the flight training.

             (5)  The certificate must include:

                     (a)  the matters mentioned in subregulation (4); and

                     (b)  a certificate reference number determined by CASA.

             (6)  If CASA approves a significant change to a Part 141 operator under regulation 141.090, CASA may issue a new Part 141 certificate to the operator.

141.065  Part 141 certificate—approval of operations manual

                   If CASA issues the certificate to the applicant, CASA is taken to have also approved the applicant’s proposed operations manual.

141.070  Part 141 certificate—conditions

                   Each of the following is a condition of a Part 141 certificate issued to an operator:

                     (a)  the operator must comply with:

                              (i)  each provision of this Part that applies to the operator; and

                             (ii)  each direction given to the operator, or obligation imposed on the operator, by CASA under a provision of these Regulations; and

                            (iii)  each other provision of civil aviation legislation that applies to the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training;

                     (b)  each of the operator’s key personnel must comply with:

                              (i)  each provision of this Part that applies to the person; and

                             (ii)  each direction given to the person, or obligation imposed on the person, by CASA under a provision of these Regulations; and

                            (iii)  each other provision of civil aviation legislation that applies to the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training;

                     (c)  each of the positions of the operator’s key personnel must be filled;

                     (d)  each of the operator’s personnel must comply with each provision of civil aviation legislation that applies to the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training;

                     (e)  if the operator is an individual—the individual must be the operator’s chief executive officer.

141.075  Part 141 certificate—compliance with conditions

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if the operator contravenes a condition of its Part 141 certificate.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Subpart 141.CPart 141 operators—changes

  

141.080  Part 141 operators—changes of name etc

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if the operator:

                     (a)  makes a change mentioned in subregulation (2); and

                     (b)  does not, before making the change:

                              (i)  amend its operations manual to reflect the change; and

                             (ii)  give CASA written notice of the change and a copy of the amended part of the operations manual clearly identifying the change.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(a), the changes are the following:

                     (a)  a change to its name (including any operating or trading name) or contact details;

                     (b)  if the address of its operational headquarters is different from its mailing address—a change to the address of its operational headquarters.

             (3)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.085  Part 141 operators—application for approval of significant changes

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator makes a significant change other than a significant change mentioned in subregulation (2) or (3); and

                     (b)  CASA has not approved the significant change.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator makes a significant change that is the permanent appointment as any of the operator’s key personnel of a person previously authorised to carry out the responsibilities of the position in a circumstance mentioned in subparagraph 141.260(1)(e)(iv); and

                     (b)  the operator does not apply to CASA for approval of the change, in accordance with subregulation (4), within 7 days after the change is made.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator makes a significant change that is the permanent appointment as any of the operator’s key personnel of a person not previously authorised to carry out the responsibilities of the position in a circumstance mentioned in subparagraph 141.260(1)(e)(iv); and

                     (b)  the operator does not apply to CASA for approval of the change, in accordance with subregulation (4), within 3 days after the change is made.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (4)  An application for approval of a significant change must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  set out the change; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by a copy of the part of the operator’s operations manual affected by the change, clearly identifying the change.

             (5)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.090  Part 141 operators—approval of significant changes

             (1)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must approve a significant change for a Part 141 operator if satisfied that the requirements mentioned in subregulation 141.060(1) will continue to be met.

             (2)  If CASA approves the significant change, CASA is taken to have also approved the changes to the operator’s operations manual covered by the application.

141.095  Part 141 operators—process for making changes

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator makes a change; and

                     (b)  the change is not made in accordance with the process described in the operator’s operations manual for making changes.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.100  Part 141 operators—CASA directions relating to operations manual or key personnel

             (1)  If satisfied that it is necessary in the interests of aviation safety, CASA may direct a Part 141 operator to change its operations manual:

                     (a)  to remove particular information, procedures or instructions from the operations manual; or

                     (b)  to include particular information, procedures or instructions in the operations manual; or

                     (c)  to revise or vary the information, procedures or instructions in the operations manual.

             (2)  CASA may direct a Part 141 operator to remove any of the operator’s key personnel from the person’s position if satisfied that the person is not:

                     (a)  carrying out the responsibilities of the position; or

                     (b)  if the person is the chief executive officer—properly managing matters for which the person is accountable.

             (3)  A direction under this regulation must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  state the time within which the direction must be complied with.

             (4)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  CASA gives the operator a direction under this regulation; and

                     (b)  the operator does not comply with the direction within the time stated in the direction.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Subpart 141.DPart 141 operators—organisation and personnel

  

141.105  Part 141 operators—organisation and personnel

             (1)  A Part 141 operator must maintain an organisational structure that effectively manages its authorised Part 141 flight training, taking into account the following:

                     (a)  the nature and complexity of the training;

                     (b)  the number and kinds of aircraft or flight simulation training devices used to conduct the training;

                     (c)  the number and location of training bases used by the operator;

                     (d)  the number of the operator’s personnel;

                     (e)  the number of course participants undertaking the training.

             (2)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if any of the operator’s key personnel carries out a responsibility of the person’s position otherwise than in accordance with the operator’s operations manual or this Subpart.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

141.110  Part 141 operators—key personnel cannot carry out responsibilities

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator becomes aware that any of its key personnel cannot carry out, or is likely to be unable to carry out, the person’s responsibilities for a period of longer than 30 days; and

                     (b)  the operator does not tell CASA of the matter mentioned in paragraph (a) within the time mentioned in subregulation (2).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(b), the time is:

                     (a)  if there is not another person authorised to carry out the responsibilities for all or part of the period—24 hours after the operator becomes aware of the matter; or

                     (b)  if there is another person authorised to carry out the responsibilities for all or part of the period—3 days after the operator becomes aware of the matter.

141.115  Part 141 operators—familiarisation training for key personnel

                   A Part 141 operator must ensure that before a person appointed as any of the operator’s key personnel begins to carry out the responsibilities of the position, the person has completed any training that is necessary to familiarise the person with the responsibilities.

141.120  Part 141 operators—chief executive officer: responsibilities and accountabilities

             (1)  The chief executive officer of a Part 141 operator is responsible for the following:

                     (a)  ensuring that, for the safe conduct of the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training in accordance with the operator’s Part 141 certificate, operations manual and civil aviation legislation, the operator:

                              (i)  has sufficient suitably experienced, qualified and competent personnel; and

                             (ii)  has a suitable management structure; and

                            (iii)  is adequately financed and resourced;

                     (b)  ensuring that the operator:

                              (i)  sets and maintains standards for the training in accordance with the operator’s operations manual; and

                             (ii)  complies with civil aviation legislation;

                     (c)  if the operator conducts the training in aircraft—ensuring that the operator:

                              (i)  tells CASA if the operator enters into a leasing, financing or other arrangement for the supply of a turbine‑engined aircraft for use in the training; and

                             (ii)  tells CASA if the operator becomes aware that any arrangement mentioned in subparagraph (i) may:

                                        (A)  affect the operator’s safe conduct of the training; or

                                        (B)  contravene a provision of civil aviation legislation or the law of the country in which the aircraft is registered; and

                            (iii)  complies with the aviation safety laws of each foreign country (if any) where the operator conducts the training; and

                            (iv)  for each foreign registered aircraft (if any) used in the training—maintains the aircraft in accordance with the law of the country in which the aircraft is registered;

                    (ca)  ensuring that the operator has procedures that ensure that all of the operator’s personnel understand the operator’s safety policy;

                   (cb)  ensuring that the operator has processes for identifying and addressing deficiencies in the operator’s authorised Part 141 training;

                     (d)  if the operator conducts the training in a flight simulation training device—ensuring that the operator implements and manages the operator’s quality system;

                     (e)  establishing and regularly reviewing the operator’s safety performance indicators and targets;

                      (f)  ensuring that the operator’s operations manual is monitored and managed for continuous improvement;

                     (g)  ensuring that key personnel satisfactorily carry out the responsibilities of their positions in accordance with:

                              (i)  the operator’s operations manual; and

                             (ii)  civil aviation legislation.

             (2)  The chief executive officer of a Part 141 operator is accountable to the operator and CASA for ensuring the responsibilities mentioned in subregulation (1) are carried out effectively.

141.125  Part 141 operators—head of operations: qualifications and experience

             (1)  The head of operations of a Part 141 operator must hold:

                     (a)  an instructor rating and either:

                              (i)  a grade 1 training endorsement under Part 61; or

                             (ii)  the required training endorsements for all the Part 141 flight training the operator proposes to conduct; or

                     (b)  an approval under regulation 141.035 to be the head of operations of the operator.

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(b), the matters CASA may consider in deciding whether to approve a person as the head of operations of a Part 141 operator include the following:

                     (a)  the operator’s current and proposed authorised Part 141 flight training;

                     (b)  the person’s:

                              (i)  management experience; and

                             (ii)  formal educational qualifications; and

                            (iii)  experience as a trainer or educator; and

                            (iv)  operational experience; and

                             (v)  flight crew qualifications.

             (3)  CASA may, by written notice given to a head of operations, or proposed head of operations, of a Part 141 operator, direct the person to undertake an assessment mentioned in subregulation (4).

             (4)  For subregulation (3), the assessment:

                     (a)  is an assessment conducted by CASA or a person nominated by CASA to demonstrate suitability as head of operations for the operator; and

                     (b)  may include assessment in an aeroplane, rotorcraft, airship or flight simulation training device.

141.130  Part 141 operators—head of operations: responsibilities

             (1)  The head of operations of a Part 141 operator must safely manage the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training.

             (2)  Without limiting subregulation (1), the responsibilities of the head of operations include the following:

                     (a)  ensuring that the operator conducts the training in accordance with principles of competency‑based training in a consistent and systematic manner;

                     (b)  monitoring and maintaining, and reporting to the chief executive officer on, the operator’s compliance with the provisions of civil aviation legislation and the operator’s operations manual that apply to the training;

                     (c)  setting and maintaining the operator’s standards for the training in accordance with the operator’s operations manual;

                     (d)  developing, managing and maintaining the operator’s dangerous goods manual (if any);

                     (e)  ensuring the proper allocation and deployment of aircraft and personnel for use in the training;

                      (f)  ensuring that the operator’s personnel are provided with the information and documentation necessary to properly carry out their responsibilities;

                     (g)  ensuring that the operator has procedures that include the information mentioned in subregulation (3);

                     (h)  ensuring that the requirements mentioned in subregulation (4) are complied with for the training;

                      (i)  if the operator conducts the training in a flight simulation training device:

                              (i)  ensuring the correct operation and maintenance of the device; and

                             (ii)  ensuring that the device is used only in accordance with the operator’s operations manual;

                      (j)  if the operator conducts the training in a flight simulator or flight training device—ensuring that the simulator or device is qualified under Part 60;

                     (k)  if the operator conducts the training in a synthetic trainer—ensuring that the trainer is approved under Civil Aviation Order 45.0;

                      (l)  if the operator conducts the training in any other device—ensuring that the device:

                              (i)  meets the qualification standards prescribed by a legislative instrument under regulation 61.045; or

                             (ii)  is qualified (however described) by the national aviation authority of a recognised foreign State (within the meaning of regulation 61.010);

                    (m)  managing the maintenance and continuous improvement of the operator’s fatigue risk management system (if any);

                     (n)  ensuring the operator’s personnel understand the operator’s safety policy;

                     (o)  implementing and managing the operator’s processes for identifying and addressing deficiencies in training outcomes for the operator’s authorised Part 141 training, including the processes mentioned in subregulation (5).

Note:          For the definition of civil aviation legislation, see section 3 of the Act.

             (3)  For paragraph (2)(g), the information is the following:

                     (a)  a training plan and syllabus for each kind of training;

                     (b)  a description of the operator’s process to determine the competency of course participants;

                     (c)  a description of the operator’s process to manage underperformance of course participants;

                     (d)  a description of how the operator ensures supervision of course participants when they are receiving training;

                     (e)  information about how the operator:

                              (i)  plans, delivers and reviews the training; and

                             (ii)  monitors the progress of course participants to clearly defined knowledge and flight standards; and

                            (iii)  maintains records of the results achieved by course participants in training activities and assessments; and

                            (iv)  ensures that it has the training facilities and resources to provide the training; and

                             (v)  maintains its training facilities and resources.

             (4)  For paragraph (2)(h), the requirements are the following:

                     (a)  the conduct of the training must be monitored effectively;

                     (b)  each instructor who conducts the training must:

                              (i)  be authorised under Part 61 to conduct the training; and

                             (ii)  meet the requirements in the operator’s operations manual about training in human factors principles and non‑technical skills; and

                            (iii)  have an understanding of the operator’s training syllabus for the training; and

                            (iv)  hold a valid standardisation and proficiency check for the operator under regulation 141.190; and

                             (v)  be supervised effectively; and

                            (vi)  comply with the operator’s operations manual.

             (5)  For paragraph (2)(o), the processes are the following:

                     (a)  a process for auditing the training;

                     (b)  a process for promoting the continual improvement of the training;

                     (c)  a process for evaluating the training outcomes from pre‑flight test assessments and post‑flight test feedback from flight examiners;

                     (d)  a process for regularly assessing the suitability of the operator’s facilities and resources for conducting the training;

                     (e)  a process for recommending changes to a process mentioned in paragraphs (a), (b), (c) or (d).

141.155  Part 141 operators—key personnel: additional qualification and experience requirements

             (1)  This regulation applies to:

                     (a)  an applicant for a Part 141 certificate; or

                     (b)  a Part 141 operator.

             (2)  CASA may, by written notice given to the applicant or operator, direct that any of the key personnel of the applicant or operator must have stated additional qualifications or experience to those otherwise required under this Subpart.

             (3)  If satisfied that it is necessary in the interests of aviation safety, CASA may, by written notice given to a person who is, or is proposed to be, any of the key personnel of the applicant or operator, direct the person:

                     (a)  to undertake a stated examination; or

                     (b)  to be interviewed by CASA; or

                     (c)  to complete a stated training course.

             (4)  In deciding whether to give a direction under this regulation, CASA must have regard to, but is not limited to considering, the following:

                     (a)  the need to ensure that the applicant or operator can conduct safe authorised Part 141 flight training in accordance with its operations manual and civil aviation legislation;

                     (b)  the nature and complexity of the training;

                     (c)  the leadership, management and standards‑setting skills required by the person for the training;

                     (d)  how recently the person has used his or her aviation skills;

                     (e)  whether the person is able to exercise the privileges of each civil aviation authorisation held by the person.

141.160  Part 141 operators—reference library

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if the operator does not maintain a reference library that complies with subregulation (2).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  For subregulation (1), the reference library must:

                     (a)  include the following documents:

                              (i)  all operational documents and material;

                             (ii)  the civil aviation legislation that is relevant to the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training;

                            (iii)  the parts of the AIP that are relevant to the training;

                            (iv)  documents that include information about the flight operations of each kind of aircraft operated by the operator to conduct the training that is necessary to ensure the safe conduct of the training;

                             (v)  documents that include information about the operation or maintenance of each kind of flight simulation training device operated by the operator to conduct the training;

                            (vi)  any other publications, information or data required for the reference library by the operator’s operations manual; and

                     (b)  be readily available to all members of the operator’s personnel; and

                     (c)  be up‑to‑date and in a readily accessible form.

             (3)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if the operator does not keep up‑to‑date records of the distribution of operational documents to members of the operator’s personnel.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (4)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Subpart 141.EPart 141 operators—instructors

  

141.165  Part 141 operators—instructors must comply with Part 141 certificate

             (1)  An instructor for a Part 141 operator commits an offence if the instructor conducts Part 141 flight training otherwise than in accordance with the operator’s Part 141 certificate.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.170  Part 141 operators—instructors must comply with operations manual

             (1)  An instructor for a Part 141 operator commits an offence if the instructor conducts authorised Part 141 flight training for the operator otherwise than in accordance with the operator’s operations manual.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.175  Part 141 operators—instructors must be authorised under Part 61

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  an instructor for the operator conducts authorised Part 141 flight training for the operator; and

                     (b)  the instructor is not authorised under Part 61 to conduct the training.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.180  Part 141 operators—instructors must have access to records

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  an instructor for the operator conducts authorised Part 141 flight training for the operator; and

                     (b)  the instructor does not have access to the operator’s training records for course participants.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.185  Part 141 operators—instructors must hold valid standardisation and proficiency check for operator

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  an instructor for the operator conducts authorised Part 141 flight training for the operator; and

                     (b)  the instructor does not hold a valid standardisation and proficiency check for the operator under regulation 141.190.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.190  Part 141 operators—holding valid standardisation and proficiency check for operator

             (1)  An instructor for a Part 141 operator holds a valid standardisation and proficiency check for the operator if:

                     (a)  the instructor has successfully completed the operator’s standardisation and proficiency check; and

                     (b)  the check complies with regulation 141.195; and

                     (c)  under subregulation (2) or (3), the check is valid.

             (2)  A standardisation and proficiency check is valid for the period comprising:

                     (a)  the period beginning on the day on which the check is completed, and ending at the end of the month in which the check is completed; and

                     (b)  the period of 12 months immediately following the month in which the check was completed.

             (3)  If:

                     (a)  an instructor holds a standardisation and proficiency check that is valid under subregulation (2) (the existing check); and

                     (b)  the instructor successfully completes a new standardisation and proficiency check on a day that is less than 3 months before the day on which the existing check is due to expire;

the new check is valid for 12 months beginning at the end of the day on which the existing check expires.

141.195  Part 141 operators—standardisation and proficiency check requirements

             (1)  A Part 141 operator’s standardisation and proficiency check for an instructor must, for the flight training that the operator has engaged the instructor to conduct, check the competency of the instructor to:

                     (a)  deliver ground briefings in accordance with the operator’s training syllabus; and

                     (b)  deliver flight training in an aircraft or flight simulation training device in accordance with the operator’s training syllabus.

             (2)  The check must be carried out by:

                     (a)  the operator’s head of operations; or

                     (b)  a person authorised to conduct the check by the operator’s head of operations.

141.200  Part 141 operators—instructors—training in human factors principles and non‑technical skills

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  an instructor for the operator conducts authorised Part 141 flight training for the operator; and

                     (b)  the instructor does not meet the requirements in the operator’s operations manual about training in human factors principles and non‑technical skills.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.205  Part 141 operators—instructors must be competent to conduct flight training in flight simulation training device

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  an instructor for the operator conducts authorised Part 141 flight training for the operator in a flight simulation training device; and

                     (b)  the instructor has not been assessed by the operator as competent to conduct the training in the device.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.210  Part 141 operators—person recommended for flight test

             (1)  A Part 141 operator and the operator’s head of operations each commit an offence if:

                     (a)  a person is recommended for a flight test by:

                              (i)  the head of operations; or

                             (ii)  a person named in the operator’s operations manual as responsible for the authorised Part 141 flight training to which the flight test relates; and

                     (b)  the person is not eligible under regulation 61.235 to undertake the test.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Subpart 141.GPart 141 operators—quality system

  

141.225  Part 141 operators—quality system for flight simulation training devices

             (1)  A Part 141 operator that conducts authorised Part 141 flight training in a flight simulation training device must have a quality system that ensures the correct operation and maintenance of the device.

             (2)  The quality system must cover at least the following matters:

                     (a)  quality policy;

                     (b)  management responsibility;

                     (c)  document control;

                     (d)  resource allocation;

                     (e)  quality procedures;

                      (f)  internal audit.


Subpart 141.HPart 141 operators—personnel fatigue management

Note:          This Subpart is reserved for future use.

  


Subpart 141.IPart 141 operators—operations manuals

  

141.260  Part 141 operators—content of operations manual

             (1)  An operations manual for a Part 141 operator must include the following:

                     (a)  the operator’s name (including any operating or trading name), contact details and ABN (if any);

                     (b)  the address of:

                              (i)  the operator’s operational headquarters; and

                             (ii)  each of the operator’s training bases;

                     (c)  a description and diagram of the operator’s organisational structure showing formal reporting lines including the formal reporting lines for each of the key personnel;

                     (d)  if the operator is a corporation—a description of the operator’s corporate structure;

                     (e)  for each of the key personnel, the following information:

                              (i)  the qualifications and experience (if any) required by the operator for the position in addition to the qualifications and experience required under Subpart 141.D for the position;

                             (ii)  each matter (if any) for which the holder of the position is responsible in addition to the responsibilities mentioned in Subpart 141.D for the position;

                            (iii)  the name of the person appointed to the position;

                            (iv)  the name of each person authorised to carry out the responsibilities of the position when the position holder:

                                        (A)  is absent from the position; or

                                        (B)  cannot carry out the responsibilities;

                             (v)  a description of how the operator will manage the responsibilities of the position during a circumstance mentioned in subparagraph (iv);

                      (f)  each matter (if any) for which the chief executive officer is accountable in addition to the matters mentioned in regulation 141.120;

                     (g)  the name of each instructor appointed by the operator’s head of operations to have responsibility for particular authorised Part 141 flight training;

                     (h)  a description of the operator’s program for training and assessing personnel in human factors principles and non‑technical skills;

                      (i)  details of the responsibilities of the operator’s personnel (other than key personnel) under these Regulations;

                      (j)  a description of the authorised Part 141 flight training conducted by the operator including the training plans and syllabuses for the training;

                     (k)  a description of the procedures by which the operator conducts and manages the training, including the supervision of instructors and course participants;

                      (l)  if the operator conducts the training in aircraft:

                              (i)  for each registered aircraft—the kind of aircraft and its registration mark; and

                             (ii)  for each foreign registered aircraft—the kind of aircraft and its nationality and registration marks; and

                            (iii)  a description of any leasing or other arrangements for the supply of any turbine‑engined aircraft; and

                            (iv)  a description of the way any turbine‑engined aircraft are managed and maintained, and the way continuing airworthiness of the aircraft is assured; and

                             (v)  a description of each flight training area;

                    (m)  if the training includes training for a flight crew licence or rating of a kind for which low‑flying flight training is required—a description of how the operator will determine a suitable flight training area for the training;

                  (ma)  a description of the operator’s safety policy;

                  (mb)  a description of how the operator will identify and address deficiencies in training outcomes of its authorised Part 141 flight training, including the operator’s processes for:

                              (i)  auditing the training; and

                             (ii)  promoting the continual improvement of the training; and

                            (iii)  evaluating the training outcomes from pre‑flight test assessments and post‑flight test feedback from flight examiners; and

                            (iv)  regularly assessing the suitability of the operator’s facilities and resources for conducting the training; and

                             (v)  recommending changes to a process mentioned in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv);

                     (n)  if the operator conducts the training in flight simulation training devices:

                            (ia)  a description of the operator’s quality system;

                              (i)  a description of the devices used by the operator in conducting the training; and

                             (ii)  for each device—each purpose mentioned in Part 61 that the device may be used for; and

                            (iii)  for flight simulators and flight training devices—a description of the procedures by which the operator ensures the qualification of the simulators and devices under Part 60; and

                            (iv)  for synthetic trainers—a description of the procedures by which the operator ensures the approval of the trainers under Civil Aviation Order 45.0; and

                             (v)  for any other device—a description of the procedures by which the operator ensures that the device:

                                        (A)  meets the qualification standards prescribed by a legislative instrument under regulation 61.045; or

                                        (B)  is qualified (however described) by the national aviation authority of a recognised foreign State (within the meaning of regulation 61.010);

                     (o)  a description of the way the operator manages the risk of fatigue in its personnel, including the operator’s fatigue risk management system manual (if any);

                     (p)  the facilities used by the operator for the activities;

                     (q)  a description of any operations, other than the training, conducted by the operator;

                      (r)  a dangerous goods manual (if any);

                      (s)  a description of the operator’s process for making changes including:

                              (i)  identifying changes that are significant changes; and

                             (ii)  identifying changes that are not significant changes; and

                            (iii)  telling CASA of the changes;

                      (t)  a description of any other matter required to be approved by CASA under these Regulations in relation to the training;

                     (u)  a matter prescribed by a legislative instrument under regulation 141.040 for this paragraph.

             (2)  An operations manual for a Part 141 operator may include a list of material required for the operator’s reference library.

141.265  Part 141 operators—compliance with operations manual by operator

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if the operator contravenes a provision of its operations manual.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.270  Part 141 operators—providing personnel with operations manual

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator’s operations manual relates to a duty or responsibility of a person who is a member of the operator’s personnel; and

                     (b)  the operator does not make the part of the operations manual that relates to the duty or responsibility available to the person before the person first begins carrying out the duty or responsibility.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Subpart 141.JPart 141 operators—logs and records

  

141.275  Part 141 operators—making and keeping flight training records

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a person completes a session of the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training; and

                     (b)  a record of the training is not made within 7 days after the session.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if the operator does not retain a record made under subregulation (1) for at least 7 years after the record is made.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.280  Part 141 operators—availability of flight training records

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a record is made under regulation 141.275; and

                     (b)  the operator does not give a copy of the record to the person to whom it relates within 7 days after the record is made.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a record is made under regulation 141.275; and

                     (b)  the operator receives a request from another Part 141 operator for a copy of the record; and

                     (c)  the operator holds a written authority from the person to whom the record relates to provide a copy of the person’s records to another Part 141 operator if requested; and

                     (d)  the operator does not give a copy of the record to the other Part 141 operator within 7 days after receiving the request.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Subpart 141.KPart 141 operators—miscellaneous offences

  

141.285  Part 141 operators—suitable facilities, records and resources for flight test

             (1)  This regulation applies if a Part 141 operator arranges with a flight examiner for the examiner to conduct a flight test.

             (2)  The Part 141 operator commits an offence if suitable facilities, records and resources are not available to the flight examiner for the flight test.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

141.290  Part 141 operators—pilot in command to be authorised under Part 61

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a person flies an aircraft used in the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training as pilot in command; and

                     (b)  the person is not authorised under Part 61 to fly the aircraft as pilot in command.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          See also subsection 20AB(1) of the Act.

141.295  Part 141 operators—carriage of passengers prohibited during abnormal operations or low‑flying flight training

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  during a flight of an aircraft for authorised Part 141 flight training for the operator:

                              (i)  a simulated engine or system failure that affects the aircraft’s performance or handling characteristics is conducted; or

                             (ii)  low‑flying flight training is conducted; and

                     (b)  a passenger is carried on the flight.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.300  Part 141 operators—authorisation of carriage of passengers

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a person flies an aircraft used in the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training as pilot in command; and

                     (b)  the operator authorises the carriage of a passenger on the flight; and

                     (c)  the person is not authorised under Part 61 to fly the aircraft as pilot in command with a passenger on board.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

141.305  Part 141 operators—completion of training and assessment of competency for certain solo flights

Student pilots

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a student pilot who is undertaking authorised Part 141 flight training with the operator conducts a solo flight of a kind mentioned in subregulation (2) for the first time; and

                     (b)  the student pilot does not meet the requirements mentioned in subregulation (3).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(a), the kinds of solo flight are the following:

                     (a)  a circuit training flight;

                     (b)  a flight between an aerodrome and the flight training area for the aerodrome;

                     (c)  a cross‑country flight;

                     (d)  a flight at night.

             (3)  For paragraph (1)(b), the requirements are the following:

                     (a)  the student pilot must have completed the training mentioned in the operator’s operations manual that relates to the conduct of a solo flight of that kind by a student pilot;

                     (b)  the student pilot must have been assessed by the operator as competent to conduct the solo flight;

                     (c)  if the flight is a flight of a kind mentioned in paragraph (2)(c) or (d)—the student pilot must have completed at least 2 hours of dual instrument time, 1 hour of which is conducted during dual instrument flight time.

Holders of pilot licences

             (4)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the holder of a pilot licence who is receiving flight training from the operator for a rating or endorsement on the pilot’s licence conducts a solo flight at night for the first time; and

                     (b)  the flight training is authorised Part 141 training for the operator; and

                     (c)  the holder does not meet the requirements mentioned in subregulation (5).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (5)  For paragraph (4)(c), the requirements are the following:

                     (a)  the holder must have completed the training mentioned in the operator’s operations manual that relates to the conduct of a solo flight for flight training for the rating or endorsement;

                     (b)  the holder must have been assessed by the operator as competent to conduct the solo flight.

             (6)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the holder of a pilot licence who is receiving flight training from the operator for a recreational navigation endorsement conducts a solo cross‑country flight or a flight at night for the first time; and

                     (b)  the holder has not completed at least 2 hours of dual instrument time, 1 hour of which is conducted during dual instrument flight time.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (7)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          See also Subdivision 61.A.3.1 and regulation 61.1225.

141.306  Part 141 operators—appropriate briefing and capability to conduct certain solo flights etc.

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a person who is undertaking authorised Part 141 flight training with the operator conducts a solo flight for the first time; and

                     (b)  the person does not meet the requirements mentioned in subregulation (2).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(b), the requirements are the following:

                     (a)  the person must have been briefed appropriately for the flight;

                     (b)  the person must be capable of conducting the flight safely;

                     (c)  if the person is a student pilot—the person must:

                              (i)  have been assessed by CASA or an examiner as meeting the general English language proficiency standard mentioned in the Part 61 Manual of Standards; or

                             (ii)  have completed an approved course of training in English language proficiency;

                     (d)  the person must have an ARN.

             (3)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (1)(a).

Note:          See also Subdivision 61.A.3.1 and regulation 61.1225.

141.310  Part 141 operators—dealings in relation to suspended, cancelled, varied, pending or refused civil aviation authorisations: when approval required

Requirement for approval

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator does an act mentioned in subregulation (2), (4), (6) or (8); and

                     (b)  the operator does not hold an approval under regulation 141.035 to do the act.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Acts in relation to cancelled authorisations

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(a), the acts are the following:

                     (a)  to use, in any of the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training, an aircraft the operation of which was authorised by a cancelled authorisation;

                     (b)  to employ, in connection with any of the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training, a person who was, at the time of the cancellation, employed in connection with an operation the conduct of which was authorised by a cancelled authorisation;

                     (c)  to conduct an operation, or part of an operation, the conduct of which was authorised by a cancelled authorisation.

Acts in relation to suspended or varied authorisations

             (3)  Subregulation (4) applies in relation to a suspended or varied authorisation.

             (4)  For paragraph (1)(a), the acts are the following:

                     (a)  to use, in any of the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training, an aircraft the operation of which:

                              (i)  was, immediately before the suspension or variation, authorised by the authorisation; but

                             (ii)  is no longer authorised by the authorisation as suspended or varied;

                     (b)  to employ, in connection with any of the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training, a person who was, at the time of the suspension or variation, employed in connection with an operation the conduct of which:

                              (i)  was, immediately before the suspension or variation, authorised by the authorisation; but

                             (ii)  is no longer authorised by the authorisation as suspended or varied;

                     (c)  to conduct an operation, or part of an operation, the conduct of which:

                              (i)  was, immediately before the suspension or variation, authorised by the authorisation; but

                             (ii)  is no longer authorised by the authorisation as suspended or varied.

Note:          See section 28BB of the Act in relation to varying AOC conditions.

Pending applications for authorisations

             (5)  Subregulation (6) applies in relation to an application for a civil aviation authorisation that has not been finally determined by CASA.

             (6)  For paragraph (1)(a), the acts are the following:

                     (a)  to use, in any of the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training, an aircraft the operation of which would be authorised by the authorisation;

                     (b)  to employ, in connection with any of the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training, a person employed, or proposed to be employed, in connection with an operation the conduct of which would be authorised by the authorisation;

                     (c)  to conduct an operation, or part of an operation, the conduct of which would be authorised by the authorisation.

Application for authorisation refused

             (7)  Subregulation (8) applies in relation to an application for a civil aviation authorisation that has been refused by CASA.

             (8)  For paragraph (1)(a), the acts are the following:

                     (a)  to use, in any of the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training, an aircraft the use of which would have been authorised by the authorisation;

                     (b)  to employ, in connection with any of the operator’s authorised Part 141 flight training, a person employed, or proposed to be employed, in connection with an operation the conduct of which would have been authorised by the authorisation;

                     (c)  to conduct an operation, or part of an operation, the conduct of which would have been authorised by the authorisation.

             (9)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

           (10)  In this regulation:

cancelled authorisation means a civil aviation authorisation that has been cancelled otherwise than on application by the holder of the authorisation.

employ includes engage, whether by contract or other arrangement.

suspended authorisation means a civil aviation authorisation that has been suspended otherwise than on application by the holder of the authorisation.

varied authorisation means a civil aviation authorisation that has been varied otherwise than on application by the holder of the authorisation.

141.315  Part 141 operators—maximum period for use of foreign registered aircraft in Australian territory

             (1)  A Part 141 operator commits an offence if, in any 12 month period, the operator uses a foreign registered aircraft to conduct authorised activities in Australian territory for a total of more than the number of days mentioned in subregulation (2).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  For subregulation (1), the number of days is:

                     (a)  90; or

                     (b)  if the operator holds an approval under regulation 141.035 for this regulation in relation to the aircraft—the number mentioned in the approval for the aircraft.

             (3)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

             (4)  In this regulation:

authorised activity, for a Part 141 operator, means an activity authorised by a civil aviation authorisation held by the operator.


Part 142Integrated and multi‑crew pilot flight training, contracted recurrent training and contracted checking

  

Table of contents

Subpart 142.AGeneral

142.005     What Part 142 is about

142.010     Part 142 applies only to aeroplanes, rotorcraft, airships and flight simulation training devices

142.015     Definitions of Part 142 activity, Part 142 flight training, Part 142 authorisation, Part 142 operator and authorised Part 142 activity for Part 142

142.020     Definitions of contracted checking, contracted recurrent training and contracting operator for Part 142

142.025     Definition of key personnel for Part 142

142.030     Definition of significant change for Part 142

142.035     Definitions for Part 142

142.040     Approvals by CASA for Part 142

142.045     Legislative instruments—Part 142 operators

142.050     Part 142 activities—requirement for Part 142 authorisation

142.055     Part 142 activities—compliance with Part 142 authorisations: offence for operators

142.060     Part 142 activities—compliance with conditions of Part 142 authorisations: offence for operators

Subpart 142.BPart 142 authorisations

Division 142.B.1AOCs for Part 142 activities that involve operation of aircraft

142.065     Prescribed purpose—Part 142 activities involving the operation of aircraft

142.070     Prescribed position—safety manager

142.075     Required material—reference library

142.080     AOC—application

142.085     AOC—conditions for issue

142.095     AOC—approval of exposition

142.100     AOC—conditions

Division 142.B.2Certificates for Part 142 activities conducted in flight simulation training devices

142.105     Certificate—application

142.110     Certificate—issue

142.115     Certificate—approval of exposition

142.120     Certificate—conditions

142.125     Certificate holders—reference library

142.130     Certificate holders—regulations 11.070 to 11.075 do not apply in relation to certain matters

Subpart 142.CPart 142 operators—changes

142.135     Part 142 operators—changes of name etc

142.140     Part 142 operators—application for approval of significant change

142.145     Part 142 operators—approval of significant changes

142.150     Part 142 operators—process for making changes

142.155     Part 142 operators—CASA directions relating to exposition or key personnel

Subpart 142.DPart 142 operators—organisation and personnel

142.160     Part 142 operators—organisation and personnel

142.165     Part 142 operators—key personnel cannot carry out responsibilities

142.170     Part 142 operators—familiarisation training for key personnel

142.175     Part 142 operators—chief executive officer: experience

142.180     Part 142 operators—chief executive officer: responsibilities and accountabilities

142.185     Part 142 operators—head of operations: qualifications and experience

142.190     Part 142 operators—head of operations: responsibilities

142.195     Part 142 operators—safety manager: experience

142.200     Part 142 operators—safety manager: responsibilities

142.205     Part 142 operators—quality assurance manager: experience

142.210     Part 142 operators—quality assurance manager: responsibilities

142.215     Part 142 operators—key personnel: additional qualifications and experience requirements

Subpart 142.EPart 142 operators—instructors and examiners

142.220     Part 142 activities—instructors and examiners must comply with Part 142 authorisation

142.225     Part 142 activities—instructors and examiners must comply with exposition

142.230     Part 142 operators—instructors and examiners must be authorised under Part 61

142.235     Part 142 operators—instructors and examiners must have access to records

142.240     Part 142 operators—instructors and examiners must be competent to conduct authorised Part 142 activities in flight simulation training devices

142.245     Part 142 operators—person recommended for flight test

Subpart 142.FPart 142 operators—training management system

142.250     Part 142 operators—training management system

142.255     Part 142 operators—training management system requirements

Subpart 142.GPart 142 operators—safety management system

142.260     Part 142 operators—safety management system

142.265     Part 142 operators—safety management system requirements

Subpart 142.HPart 142 operators—quality assurance management system

142.270     Part 142 operators—quality assurance management system

142.275     Part 142 operators—quality assurance management system requirements

Subpart 142.IPart 142 operators—personnel fatigue management

Subpart 142.JPart 142 operators—internal training and checking

142.310     Part 142 operators—internal training and checking system

142.315     Part 142 operators—internal training and checking system requirements

142.320     Part 142 operators—proficiency of instructors

142.325     Part 142 operators—holding valid standardisation and proficiency check for operator

142.330     Part 142 operators—standardisation and proficiency check requirements

142.335     Part 142 operators—instructors and examiners—training in human factors principles and non‑technical skills

Subpart 142.KPart 142 operators—expositions

142.340     Part 142 operators—content of exposition

142.345     Part 142 operators—compliance with exposition by operator

142.350     Part 142 operators—providing personnel with exposition

Subpart 142.LPart 142 operators—logs and records

142.355     Part 142 operators—making and keeping records

142.360     Part 142 operators—availability of records

Subpart 142.MPart 142 operators—miscellaneous offences

142.365     Part 142 operators—pilot in command for training to be authorised under Part 61

142.370     Part 142 operators—carriage of passengers prohibited during abnormal operations or low‑flying activity

142.375     Part 142 operators—authorisation of carriage of passengers

142.380     Part 142 operators—integrated training courses: transfer of student from another Part 142 operator

142.385     Part 142 operators—completion of training and assessment of competency for certain solo flights

142.386     Part 142 operators—appropriate briefing and capability to conduct certain solo flights etc.

142.390     Part 142 operators—dealings in relation to cancelled, suspended, varied, pending or refused civil aviation authorisations: when approval required

142.395     Part 142 operators—maximum period for use of foreign registered aircraft in Australian territory


Subpart 142.AGeneral

  

142.005  What Part 142 is about

                   This Part:

                     (a)  deals with the conduct of integrated and multi‑crew pilot flight training, contracted recurrent training and contracted checking; and

                     (b)  makes provision for applicants for, and holders of, Part 142 authorisations (which are AOCs or other certificates that deal with the training and checking mentioned in paragraph (a)).

Note:          See also Division 2 of Part III of the Act in relation to AOCs generally.

142.010  Part 142 applies only to aeroplanes, rotorcraft, airships and flight simulation training devices

             (1)  This Part applies only to:

                     (a)  an aeroplane, rotorcraft or airship; or

                     (b)  a flight simulation training device for an aircraft mentioned in paragraph (a).

             (2)  Accordingly, a reference in this Part to an aircraft is a reference to an aeroplane, rotorcraft or airship.

142.015  Definitions of Part 142 activity, Part 142 flight training, Part 142 authorisation, Part 142 operator and authorised Part 142 activity for Part 142

             (1)  A Part 142 activity is any of the following conducted in an aircraft or a flight simulation training device:

                     (a)  Part 142 flight training;

                     (b)  contracted recurrent training;

                     (c)  contracted checking.

             (2)  Part 142 flight training is any of the following:

                     (a)  an integrated training course for the grant under Part 61 of a private pilot licence or commercial pilot licence;

                     (b)  training for the grant under Part 61 of a multi‑crew pilot licence, air transport pilot licence or flight engineer licence;

                     (c)  multi‑crew cooperation training;

                     (d)  training for the grant under Part 61 of a type rating other than a type rating mentioned in an instrument under regulation 142.045;

                   (da)  training, conducted as a multi‑crew operation, for the grant under Part 61 of a flight crew rating other than a type rating;

                     (e)  training, conducted as a multi‑crew operation, for the grant under Part 61 of a flight crew endorsement other than:

                              (i)  a design feature endorsement; or

                             (ii)  a flight activity endorsement;

                      (f)  training that is given as part of a flight review that is conducted as a multi‑crew operation;

                     (g)  differences training:

                              (i)  that is required as mentioned in regulation 61.780, 61.835 or 61.1370 for a variant covered by a type rating that is not a type rating mentioned in a legislative instrument under regulation 142.045; and

                             (ii)  that is not conducted by a training and checking organisation approved under regulation 217 of CAR.

             (3)  An authorised Part 142 activity, for a Part 142 operator, is a Part 142 activity mentioned in the operator’s Part 142 authorisation.

             (4)  A Part 142 operator is the holder of a Part 142 authorisation.

             (5)  A Part 142 authorisation is:

                     (a)  an AOC that authorises the conduct of a Part 142 activity in an aircraft; or

                     (b)  a certificate under Division 142.B.2 that authorises the conduct of a Part 142 activity in a flight simulation training device.

142.020  Definitions of contracted checking, contracted recurrent training and contracting operator for Part 142

                   In this Part:

contracted checking means checking conducted by a Part 142 operator for a contracting operator.

contracted recurrent training means recurrent training conducted by a Part 142 operator for a contracting operator.

contracting operator means an aircraft operator who enters into a contract with a Part 142 operator for the Part 142 operator to conduct:

                     (a)  recurrent training for the aircraft operator; or

                     (b)  checking for the aircraft operator.

142.025  Definition of key personnel for Part 142

                   In this Part:

key personnel, for a Part 142 operator, means the people (however described) that hold, or carry out the responsibilities of, the following positions in the operator’s organisation:

                     (a)  chief executive officer;

                     (b)  head of operations;

                     (c)  if the operator conducts authorised Part 142 activities only in aircraft, or aircraft and flight simulation training devices—safety manager;

                     (d)  if the operator conducts authorised Part 142 activities only in flight simulation training devices—quality assurance manager.

142.030  Definition of significant change for Part 142

                   In this Part:

significant change, for a Part 142 operator, means:

                     (a)  a change in relation to any of the following:

                              (i)  the location and operation of any of the operator’s training bases, including the opening or closing of training bases;

                             (ii)  the operator’s corporate structure;

                            (iii)  the operator’s organisational structure;

                            (iv)  the operator’s key personnel;

                             (v)  a person authorised to carry out the responsibilities of any of the key personnel;

                            (vi)  the formal reporting line for a managerial or operational position reporting directly to any of the key personnel;

                           (vii)  the qualifications, experience and responsibilities required by the operator for any of the key personnel;

                          (viii)  the familiarisation training mentioned in regulation 142.170 for any of the key personnel;

                            (ix)  the operator’s process for making changes:

                                        (A)  that are significant changes; and

                                        (B)  that are not significant changes;

                             (x)  the authorised Part 142 activities conducted by the operator;

                            (xi)  if the operator conducts the activities in aircraft—the kinds of aircraft used to conduct the activities;

                           (xii)  if the operator conducts the activities in turbine‑engined aircraft—any leasing or other arrangements for the supply of a turbine‑engined aircraft;

                          (xiii)  if the operator conducts the activities in flight simulation training devices:

                                        (A)  the ownership arrangements for a device; or

                                        (B)  the types of devices; or

                     (b)  if the operator conducts the activities in foreign registered aircraft:

                              (i)  a change in the foreign registered aircraft used in the activities; or

                             (ii)  a change in relation to a foreign registered aircraft used in the activities, including a change to its nationality or registration mark; or

                     (c)  a change in relation to any of the following that does not maintain or improve, or is not likely to maintain or improve, aviation safety:

                              (i)  the procedures by which the operator conducts and manages the activities;

                             (ii)  the operator’s operations manual;

                            (iii)  the operator’s dangerous goods manual (if any);

                            (iv)  the operator’s training management system manual;

                             (v)  the way that the operator manages the risk of fatigue in its personnel;

                            (vi)  the operator’s internal training and checking system manual;

                           (vii)  if the operator conducts the activities only in aircraft, or in aircraft and flight simulation training devices—the operator’s safety management system manual;

                          (viii)  if the operator conducts the activities only in flight simulation training devices—the operator’s quality assurance management system manual;

                            (ix)  if the operator conducts the activities in aircraft:

                                        (A)  the way the aircraft are managed or maintained; or

                                        (B)  the way the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft is assured; or

                     (d)  a change required to be approved by CASA under these Regulations, other than a change that results in the reissue or replacement of an instrument previously issued by CASA in which the conditions or other substantive content of the instrument are unchanged.

142.035  Definitions for Part 142

                   In this Part:

aircraft: see regulation 142.010.

authorised Part 142 activity, for a Part 142 operator: see subregulation 142.015(3).

checking means the assessment of proficiency of the personnel of an aircraft operator or the operator of a flight simulation training device that is conducted to ensure that the personnel are competent to carry out their responsibilities.

conducts: a Part 142 operator conducts a Part 142 activity if an instructor or examiner for the operator conducts the activity on behalf of the operator.

contracted checking: see regulation 142.020.

contracted recurrent training: see regulation 142.020.

contracting operator: see regulation 142.020.

corporation: see regulation 11.015.

examiner, for a Part 142 operator, means a flight examiner or flight engineer examiner engaged by the operator:

                     (a)  to conduct flight tests for the grant of a licence, rating or endorsement under Part 61 on behalf of the operator; or

                     (b)  to conduct contracted checking on behalf of the operator.

exposition, for a Part 142 operator, means:

                     (a)  the set of documents approved by CASA under regulation 142.095 or 142.115 in relation to the operator; and

                     (b)  if the set of documents is changed under regulation 142.135, 142.145 or 142.155, or the process mentioned in regulation 142.150—the set of documents as changed.

instructor, for a Part 142 operator, means a person engaged by the operator to conduct Part 142 flight training or contracted recurrent training on behalf of the operator.

key personnel, for a Part 142 operator: see regulation 142.025.

low‑flying activity means a flight that is conducted below 500 feet AGL, other than:

                     (a)  climbing from take‑off; and

                     (b)  descending for the purpose of landing.

officer, of a corporation, means:

                     (a)  for a corporation that is a company (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001)—a director, secretary or executive officer of the corporation; or

                     (b)  for a corporation of any other kind—a person exercising responsibility, in relation to the corporation, as nearly as possible the same as that of a director, secretary or executive officer of a company (within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001).

Part 142 activity: see subregulation 142.015(1).

Part 142 authorisation: see subregulation 142.015(5).

Part 142 flight training: see subregulation 142.015(2).

personnel, for a Part 142 operator, includes any of the following persons who have duties or responsibilities that relate to the safe conduct of the operator’s authorised Part 142 activities:

                     (a)  an employee of the operator;

                     (b)  a person engaged by the operator (whether by contract or other arrangement) to provide services to the operator;

                     (c)  an employee of a person mentioned in paragraph (b).

significant change, for a Part 142 operator: see regulation 142.030.

recurrent training means the training of the personnel of an aircraft operator or the operator of a flight simulation training device that is conducted to ensure that the personnel are competent to carry out their responsibilities.

training base, for a Part 142 operator, means a facility from which the operator conducts flight training, recurrent training or checking.

142.040  Approvals by CASA for Part 142

             (1)  If a provision of this Part refers to a person holding an approval under this regulation, the person may apply to CASA, in writing, for the approval.

             (2)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must grant the approval.

             (3)  Subregulation 11.055(1B) applies to the granting of an approval under this regulation for the following provisions:

                     (a)  paragraph 142.050(3)(b);

                     (b)  paragraph 142.185(1)(b);

                     (c)  paragraph 142.185(4)(a).

142.045  Legislative instruments—Part 142 operators

                   For paragraph 98(5A)(a) of the Act, CASA may issue a legislative instrument to prescribe the following:

                     (a)  type ratings for paragraph (d) and subparagraph (g)(i) of the definition of Part 142 flight training in subregulation 142.015(2);

                     (b)  matters for paragraph 142.340(1)(v).

142.050  Part 142 activities—requirement for Part 142 authorisation

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person conducts a Part 142 activity in an aircraft; and

                     (b)  the person does not hold an AOC that authorises the person to conduct the activity.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person conducts a Part 142 activity in a flight simulation training device; and

                     (b)  the person does not meet the requirement mentioned in subregulation (3).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (3)  For paragraph (2)(b), the requirement is that the person must hold:

                     (a)  a certificate under Division 142.B.2 that authorises the person to conduct the activity; or

                     (b)  an approval under regulation 142.040 to conduct the activity.

             (4)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

142.055  Part 142 activities—compliance with Part 142 authorisations: offence for operators

             (1)  A Part 142 operator commits an offence if the operator conducts an authorised Part 142 activity for the operator otherwise than in accordance with its Part 142 authorisation.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

142.060  Part 142 activities—compliance with conditions of Part 142 authorisations: offence for operators

             (1)  A Part 142 operator commits an offence if the operator contravenes a condition of its Part 142 authorisation.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (2)  An offence against this regulation is an offence of strict liability.

Subpart 142.BPart 142 authorisations

Division 142.B.1AOCs for Part 142 activities that involve operation of aircraft

142.065  Prescribed purpose—Part 142 activities involving the operation of aircraft

                   For subsection 27(9) of the Act, conducting a Part 142 activity that involves the operation of an aircraft is a prescribed purpose.

142.070  Prescribed position—safety manager

                   For paragraph (e) of the definition of key personnel in subsection 28(3) of the Act, the position of safety manager is prescribed for this Part.

142.075  Required material—reference library

                   For paragraph 28BH(2)(b) of the Act, the following material is required for a Part 142 operator that holds an AOC that authorises the conduct of Part 142 activities that involve the operation of aircraft:

                     (a)  the civil aviation legislation that is relevant to the activities;

                     (b)  the parts of the AIP that are relevant to the activities;

                     (c)  all information about the flight operations of each kind of aircraft that is necessary to ensure the safe conduct of the activities;

                     (d)  any other publications, information or data required for the reference library by the operator’s exposition.

142.080  AOC—application

             (1)  A person may apply to CASA for the issue of an AOC that authorises the person to conduct a Part 142 activity that involves the operation of an aircraft.

             (2)  The application must include the following:

                     (a)  the applicant’s name (including any operating or trading name), contact details and ABN (if any);

                    (aa)  if the address of the applicant’s operational headquarters is different from its mailing address—the address of its operational headquarters;

                     (b)  if the applicant is an individual—a statement that the individual is, or proposes to be, the applicant’s chief executive officer;

                     (c)  if the applicant is a corporation—the name of each of the officers of the corporation;

                     (d)  if the applicant is a corporation registered in Australia that has an ACN—its ACN and the address of its registered office;

                     (e)  if the applicant is a corporation not registered in Australia—the place at which it was incorporated or formed;

                      (f)  the Part 142 activities that the applicant proposes to conduct;

                     (g)  a written undertaking from the person appointed, or proposed to be appointed, as the applicant’s chief executive officer that, if CASA issues the AOC, the applicant will:

                              (i)  be capable of operating in accordance with its exposition and civil aviation legislation; and

                             (ii)  operate in accordance with its exposition and civil aviation legislation.

Note:          See also sections 27AB and 27AC of the Act.

             (3)  The application must be:

                     (a)  accompanied by a copy of the applicant’s proposed exposition; and

                     (b)  signed by the person appointed, or proposed to be appointed, as the applicant’s chief executive officer.

142.085  AOC—conditions for issue

             (1)  It is a condition for the issue to the applicant of an AOC that authorises the applicant to conduct Part 142 activities that CASA is satisfied of each of the following:

                     (a)  the applicant’s proposed exposition complies with regulation 142.340;

                     (b)  the applicant can conduct the activities safely and in accordance with its exposition and civil aviation legislation;

                     (c)  if the applicant is an individual—the applicant:

                              (i)  is a fit and proper person to be issued an AOC that authorises the conduct of the activities; and

                             (ii)  is, or proposes to be, the applicant’s chief executive officer;

                     (d)  if the applicant is a corporation—each officer of the corporation is a fit and proper person to be an officer of a corporation that is issued an AOC that authorises the conduct of the activities;

                     (e)  each of the applicant’s proposed key personnel;

                              (i)  is a fit and proper person to be appointed to the position; and

                             (ii)  has the qualifications and experience required by Subpart 142.D for the position; and

                            (iii)  has the qualifications and experience required by the applicant under subparagraph 142.340(1)(e)(i) for the position (if any); and

                            (iv)  has the additional qualifications and experience required by CASA under regulation 142.215 for the position (if any).

Note:          These matters are in addition to the matters specified in section 28 of the Act.

             (2)  For paragraph (1)(b), without limiting the matters that CASA may consider, CASA must consider the following:

                     (a)  the applicant’s proposed exposition;

                     (b)  whether the applicant can comply with the proposed exposition;

                     (c)  the content of the undertaking mentioned in paragraph 142.080(2)(g);

                     (d)  details of, and the reasons for, any suspension or cancellation of:

                              (i)  a civil aviation authorisation issued to the applicant; or

                             (ii)  an equivalent authorisation issued to the applicant:

                                        (A)  under the law of a foreign country; or

                                        (B)  by a multinational aviation authority;

                     (e)  the suitability of the applicant’s corporate and organisational structures for the activities;

                      (f)  any other information:

                              (i)  accompanying the application; or

                             (ii)  in any other document submitted to CASA by the applicant for the application, including any document requested by CASA in relation to the application.

             (3)  For paragraphs (1)(c) to (e), the matters CASA may consider in deciding whether a person is a fit and proper person include the following:

                     (a)  the person’s criminal record (if any), whether in Australia or a foreign country;

                     (b)  the person’s bankruptcy (if any), whether in Australia or a foreign country;

                     (c)  the person’s history (if any) of serious behavioural problems;

                     (d)  any evidence held by CASA that the person has contravened:

                              (i)  civil aviation legislation; or

                             (ii)  another law relating to transport (including aviation) safety, whether in Australia or a foreign country;

                     (e)  the person’s demonstrated attitude towards compliance with regulatory requirements, in Australia or a foreign country, relating to transport (including aviation) safety;

                      (f)  the record of compliance with regulatory requirements relating to transport (including aviation) safety of any corporation in Australia or a foreign country in which the person:

                              (i)  is or was an officer or partner (however described); or

                             (ii)  holds or held a position equivalent to any of the applicant’s key personnel;

                     (g)  for any corporation in which the person is or was an officer, or holds or held a position equivalent to any of the applicant’s key personnel, in Australia or a foreign country, the following records:

                              (i)  the corporation’s criminal record (if any);

                             (ii)  the corporation’s record of insolvency, bankruptcy, receivership or winding up (if any);

                            (iii)  the corporation’s record (if any) as a body subject to investigation or comment by any statutory authority established to regulate the share dealings or financial affairs of corporations;

                     (h)  any other matter relating to the fitness of the person to:

                              (i)  for an applicant—hold an AOC that authorises the conduct of the activities; or

                             (ii)  for an officer or proposed officer—be an officer of a corporation that holds an AOC that authorises the conduct of the activities.

142.095  AOC—approval of exposition

                   If CASA issues an AOC to the applicant that authorises the conduct of the proposed Part 142 activities, CASA is taken to have also approved the applicant’s proposed exposition.

142.100  AOC—conditions

             (1)  For paragraph 28BA(1)(b) of the Act, each of the following is a condition of an AOC issued to an operator that authorises the conduct of Part 142 activities:

                     (a)  the operator must comply with each direction given to the operator, or obligation imposed on the operator, by CASA under a provision of these Regulations;

                     (b)  each of the operator’s key personnel must comply with:

                              (i)  each provision of this Part that applies to the person; and

                             (ii)  each direction given to the person, or obligation imposed on the person, by CASA under a provision of these Regulations; and

                            (iii)  each other provision of civil aviation legislation that applies to the activities;

                     (c)  each of the positions of the operator’s key personnel must be filled;

                     (d)  each of the operator’s personnel must comply with each provision of civil aviation legislation that applies to the activities;

                     (e)  if the operator is an individual—the individual must be the operator’s chief executive officer;

                      (f)  the positions of chief executive officer and safety manager may be occupied by the same person only:

                              (i)  in an unforeseen circumstance; and

                             (ii)  for the period mentioned in subregulation (2);

                     (g)  the positions of head of operations and safety manager may be occupied by the same person only:

                              (i)  in an unforeseen circumstance; and

                             (ii)  for the period mentioned in subregulation (2).

             (2)  For subparagraphs (1)(f)(ii) and (g)(ii), the period is:

                     (a)  no more than 7 consecutive days for each unforeseen circumstance; or

                     (b)  if the operator holds an approval under regulation 142.040 for this paragraph in relation to an unforeseen circumstance—the period mentioned in the approval for the unforeseen circumstance.

Division 142.B.2Certificates for Part 142 activities conducted in flight simulation training devices

142.105  Certificate—application

             (1)  A person may apply to CASA, in writing, for a certificate authorising the person to conduct Part 142 activities in flight simulation training devices.

             (2)  The application must include the following:

                     (a)  the information and documents mentioned in paragraphs 142.080(2)(a) to (f);

                     (b)  a written undertaking from the person appointed, or proposed to be appointed, as the applicant’s chief executive officer that, if CASA issues the certificate, the applicant will:

                              (i)  be capable of operating in accordance with its exposition and civil aviation legislation; and

                             (ii)  operate in accordance with its exposition and civil aviation legislation.

             (3)  The application must be:

                     (a)  accompanied by a copy of the applicant’s proposed exposition; and

                     (b)  signed by the person appointed, or proposed to be appointed, as the applicant’s chief executive officer.

142.110  Certificate—issue

             (1)  Subject to regulation 11.055, CASA must issue the certificate if satisfied of each of the following:

                     (a)  the matters mentioned in subregulation 142.085(1);

                     (b)  the applicant’s organisation is suitable to ensure that the activities can be conducted safely, having regard to the nature of the activities;

                     (c)  the chain of command of the applicant’s organisation is appropriate to ensure that the activities can be conducted safely;

                     (d)  the applicant’s organisation has a sufficient number of suitably qualified and competent personnel to conduct the activities safely;

                     (e)  the facilities of the applicant’s organisation are sufficient to enable the activities to be conducted safely;

                      (f)  the applicant’s organisation has suitable procedures and practices to control the organisation and ensure the activities can be conducted safely.

             (2)  For subregulation (1), in deciding whether an applicant is capable of conducting the activities safely and in accordance with its exposition and civil aviation legislation, CASA must consider:

                     (a)  the matters set out in paragraphs 142.085(2)(a), (b) and (d) to (f); and

                     (b)  the content of the undertaking mentioned in paragraph 142.105(2)(b).

             (3)  For subregulation (1), the matters CASA may consider in deciding whether a person is a fit and proper person include the matters mentioned in subregulation 142.085(3).

             (4)  For this regulation, regulation 142.085 applies to an application for a certificate as if:

                     (a)  a reference to an AOC were a reference to a certificate; and

                     (b)  any other necessary changes had been made.

             (5)  If CASA decides to issue the certificate, CASA must determine the Part 142 activities the applicant is authorised to conduct in flight simulation training devices, including any limitations or conditions in relation to the activities.

             (6)  The certificate must include:

                     (a)  the matters mentioned in subregulation (5); and

                     (b)  a certificate reference number determined by CASA.

             (7)  If, under regulation 142.145, CASA approves a significant change to a Part 142 operator that holds a certificate under this Division, CASA may issue a new certificate to the operator.

142.115  Certificate—approval of exposition

                   If CASA issues the certificate to the applicant, CASA is taken to have also approved the applicant’s proposed exposition.

142.120  Certificate—conditions

             (1)  Each of the following is a condition of a certificate issued to an operator under this Division:

                     (a)  the operator must comply with:

                              (i)  each provision of this Part that applies to the operator; and

                             (ii)  each direction given to the operator, or obligation imposed on the operator, by CASA under a provision of these Regulations; and

                            (iii)  each other provision of civil aviation legislation that applies to the operator’s authorised Part 142 activities covered by the certificate;