Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998

Authoritative Version
  • - F2016C00234
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
SR 1998 No. 237 Regulations as amended, taking into account amendments up to Acts and Instruments (Framework Reform) (Consequential Amendments) Regulation 2016
Principal Regulations
Administered by: Infrastructure and Regional Development
Registered 07 Mar 2016
Start Date 05 Mar 2016
End Date 19 Apr 2016
Table of contents.

Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998

Statutory Rules No. 237, 1998

made under the

Civil Aviation Act 1988

Compilation No. 67

Compilation date:                              5 March 2016

Includes amendments up to:            F2016L00170

Registered:                                         7 March 2016

This compilation is in 4 volumes

Volume 1:       regulations 1.001–42.1105

Volume 2:       regulations 45.005–92.205

Volume 3:       regulations 99.005–137.300

Volume 4:       regulations 139.005–202.900

                        Dictionary and Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 5 March 2016 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 45—Display of nationality and registration marks and aircraft registration identification plates                                                                                                                                        1

Subpart 45.A—General                                                                                                     3

45.005................... Applicability of this Part..................................................... 3

Subpart 45.B—Australian nationality and registration markings           4

Division 45.B.1—General rules                                                                               4

45.010................... Applicability of this Subpart............................................... 4

45.015................... Australian nationality mark................................................. 4

45.020................... Registration mark................................................................ 4

45.025................... Meaning of markings and set of markings......................... 4

45.030................... Meaning of character......................................................... 4

45.035................... Requirement for aircraft to bear its markings...................... 5

45.040................... Markings not to be obscured.............................................. 5

45.045................... Number and location of sets of markings—fixed‑wing aircraft               5

45.050................... Number and location of sets of markings—rotorcraft......... 6

45.055................... Number and location of sets of markings—airships........... 7

45.060................... Number and location of sets of markings—manned free balloons           7

45.065................... Minimum height of characters............................................ 7

45.070................... Minimum width of characters............................................. 9

45.075................... Size of hyphens.................................................................. 9

45.080................... Minimum spacing of characters.......................................... 9

45.085................... How markings to be marked on aircraft.............................. 9

45.090................... No confusing markings to be on aircraft........................... 10

Division 45.B.2—Exemptions from general rules                                       11

45.095................... Exhibition aircraft............................................................. 11

45.100................... Antique, experimental and ex‑military aircraft.................. 11

45.105................... Aircraft with special configuration.................................... 13

45.110................... Australian aircraft used by Defence Force........................ 13

Division 45.B.3—Removal of markings                                                            14

45.115................... Removal of markings from sold aircraft........................... 14

Subpart 45.C—Certain aircraft to bear words                                                 15

45.120................... Applicability of this Subpart............................................. 15

45.125................... Requirement to bear certain words.................................... 15

45.130................... Exemption for exhibition aircraft...................................... 16

Subpart 45.D—Aircraft registration identification plates                          18

45.135................... Applicability of this Subpart............................................. 18

45.140................... What an aircraft registration identification plate is............. 18

45.145................... Aircraft must carry aircraft registration identification plate 18

45.150................... How and where aircraft registration identification plate is to be attached to aircraft 19

45.155................... Removal or alteration of aircraft registration identification plates             19

45.160................... Attachment of aircraft registration identification plate from another aircraft             20

Subpart 45.E—Marks on foreign registered aircraft operating in Australian territory                21

45.165................... Applicability of this Subpart............................................. 21

45.170................... Marks to be on foreign registered aircraft in Australian territory             21

Part 47—Registration of aircraft and related matters                                  23

Subpart 47.A—General                                                                                                   25

47.005................... Applicability of Part 47..................................................... 25

47.010................... Definitions for Part 47...................................................... 25

47.015................... Requirement for aircraft to be registered........................... 26

47.020................... Appointment of person to act on behalf of owners........... 27

Subpart 47.B—The Australian Civil Aircraft Register                                28

47.025................... Australian Civil Aircraft Register..................................... 28

47.030................... Register to be accessible to public..................................... 28

47.035................... Correction of Register....................................................... 28

47.040................... Seeking information about Register.................................. 28

47.045................... Communicating with CASA............................................. 29

47.050................... Accuracy of information in Register................................. 29

47.055................... Entries in Register etc not conclusive evidence of title to aircraft             30

Subpart 47.C—Registration of aircraft                                                                 31

47.060................... Applying for registration of unregistered aircraft.............. 31

47.065................... Information required for registration—general................. 31

47.070................... Confirmation of oral application....................................... 33

47.075................... CASA may ask for further information............................ 33

47.080................... Registration of aircraft...................................................... 34

47.085................... Interim certificate of registration....................................... 35

47.090................... Issue of certificate of registration...................................... 36

47.095................... Period of registration........................................................ 36

Subpart 47.D—Registered operator                                                                         37

47.100................... Identity of registered operator of aircraft........................... 37

Subpart 47.E—Transfer of ownership of aircraft                                          39

47.105................... Meaning of former owner and new owner....................... 39

47.110................... Transfer of ownership...................................................... 39

Subpart 47.F—Administration of Australian Civil Aircraft Register 42

47.115................... Notice of error in information in Register......................... 42

47.130................... Lapsing of registration...................................................... 42

47.131................... Suspension and cancellation of registration following a transfer of ownership        42

47.131A................ Suspension and cancellation of registration if registered operator is not an eligible person      43

47.131B................. Cancellation of registration at holder’s request—limitations 44

47.132................... Cancellation of registration on other grounds................... 44

Subpart 47.G—Reservation, assignment and change of registration marks         45

47.140................... Meaning of aircraft for Subpart 47.G.............................. 45

47.145................... Reservation of registration mark....................................... 45

47.150................... Assignment of registration mark....................................... 45

47.155................... Marks that must not be reserved or assigned.................... 46

47.160................... Assigning reserved registration mark to unregistered aircraft  46

47.165................... Change of registration mark.............................................. 46

Subpart 47.H—Dealer’s marks                                                                                   48

47.170................... Definitions for Subpart 47.H............................................ 48

47.175................... Assignment of dealer’s marks.......................................... 48

47.180................... What marks may be assigned to dealers............................ 49

47.185................... Record of dealer’s marks.................................................. 49

47.190................... How long assignment to dealer remains in effect.............. 49

47.195................... Certificate of assignment of dealer’s mark........................ 49

47.205................... Dealer’s plate.................................................................... 49

47.210................... Use of dealer’s marks....................................................... 50

47.215................... Aircraft taken to be registered........................................... 51

47.220................... Annual report to CASA on aircraft using dealer’s marks. 51

47.225................... Revocation of assignment of dealer’s mark etc................. 52

Part 60—Synthetic training devices                                                                          53

Subpart 60.A—Preliminary                                                                                           54

60.005................... Applicability..................................................................... 54

60.010................... Definitions for Part 60...................................................... 54

Subpart 60.B—Flight simulators and flight training devices                    55

60.015................... Definitions for Subpart 60.B............................................ 55

60.020................... Qualification levels........................................................... 55

Table 60.020‑1       Flight simulator qualification levels.................................. 56

Table 60.020‑2       Flight training device qualification levels.......................... 56

60.025................... Application for flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification  56

60.030................... Initial evaluation and qualification..................................... 57

60.035................... Issue of flight simulator qualification certificate or flight training device qualification certificate             58

60.040................... Period of validity of flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification          58

60.045................... Recurrent evaluation of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device                59

60.050................... Variation, cancellation or suspension of flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification.......................................................................................... 59

60.055................... Flight simulator and flight training device approvals—persons other than Part 141 operators and Part 142 operators........................................................................... 59

60.060................... Quality system—operators other than Part 141 operators and Part 142 operators   61

60.065................... Ongoing fidelity requirements.......................................... 61

60.070................... Modification of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training devices           62

60.075................... Change in qualification level of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device    63

60.080................... Deactivation, relocation or reactivation of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device    63

60.085................... Change of operator of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device  64

60.090................... Evaluation teams............................................................... 65

60.095................... Records............................................................................. 65

Subpart 60.C—Basic instrument flight trainers                                               66

Part 61—Flight crew licensing                                                                                     67

Subpart 61.A—Preliminary                                                                                           83

Division 61.A.1—General                                                                                        83

61.005................... What Part 61 is about........................................................ 83

61.007................... Application of Part 61....................................................... 84

61.010................... Definitions for Part 61...................................................... 84

61.015................... Definition of category of aircraft for Part 61.................. 100

61.020................... Definition of class of aircraft for Part 61........................ 100

61.025................... Definition of aeroplane for Part 61................................ 101

61.035................... Issue of Manual of Standards for Part 61....................... 101

61.040................... Approvals by CASA for Part 61.................................... 101

61.045................... Prescription of qualification standards for flight simulation training devices           102

61.047................... Prescription of recognised foreign States........................ 102

61.050................... Prescription of multi‑engine aeroplanes included in single‑engine aeroplane class  102

61.055................... Prescription of type ratings and variants—multi‑crew aircraft 103

61.060................... Prescription of type ratings—single‑pilot aircraft........... 103

61.061................... Prescription of type‑rated aircraft—flight review requirements for class ratings      104

61.062................... Prescription of types of aircraft for additional limitations on class ratings               104

61.063................... Prescription of types of single engine helicopters for flight reviews        104

61.065................... Conduct of unauthorised activities—holders of flight crew licences        105

Division 61.A.2—Flight time and other aeronautical experience     106

61.070................... Flight to which Division 61.A.2 applies......................... 106

61.075................... Definition of aeronautical experience for Part 61........... 106

61.080................... Definition of flight time as pilot for Part 61.................... 106

61.085................... Definition of flight time as co‑pilot for Part 61............... 107

61.090................... Definition of flight time as pilot in command for Part 61 107

61.095................... Definition of flight time as pilot in command under supervision for Part 61            107

61.100................... Definition of flight time as flight engineer for Part 61..... 108

61.105................... Definition of instrument flight time for Part 61............... 108

61.110................... Definition of instrument ground time for Part 61........... 109

Division 61.A.3—Performing flight crew duties without licence, rating or endorsement            110

Subdivision 61.A.3.1—Student pilots                                                                 110

61.112................... Flying as a student pilot.................................................. 110

61.113................... General requirements for student pilots.......................... 111

61.114................... Solo flights—medical requirements for student pilots.... 111

61.115................... Solo flights—recent experience requirements for student pilots               113

61.116................... Student pilots authorised to taxi aircraft.......................... 114

61.117................... Identity checks—student pilots....................................... 114

61.118................... Production of medical certificates etc. and identification—student pilots 114

Subdivision 61.A.3.2—Other circumstances in which flight crew duties may be performed without licence, rating or endorsement                                                                               115

61.119................... Flying without licence—flight engineer duties................ 115

61.120................... Operation of aircraft radio without licence...................... 115

61.125................... Conducting flight activities without rating or endorsement 116

61.126................... Conducting flight activities without having met proficiency check or flight review 117

61.130................... Operation of helicopter using auto flight control system without licence or rating   117

61.135................... Authorisation to conduct flight training or flight test without holding type rating    117

61.140................... Authorisation to test aircraft without holding type rating 118

61.145................... Piloting glider without holding glider pilot licence.......... 118

Subpart 61.B—Grant of flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements                120

Division 61.B.1—General                                                                                       120

61.150................... People who may grant flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements    120

61.155................... Applications for flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements              121

61.160................... Grant of flight crew licences........................................... 122

61.165................... Grant of flight crew ratings............................................. 123

61.170................... Grant of flight crew endorsements.................................. 123

61.175................... How CASA issues flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements         123

61.180................... How examiner, instructor or approval holder issues rating or endorsement             124

61.185................... New licence document if licence, rating or endorsement cancelled           125

61.190................... Licence holder to comply with limitations and requirements of Part 61   126

Division 61.B.2—Flight training and other training                                127

61.195................... Flight training requirements............................................ 127

61.200................... Differences training requirements................................... 128

61.205................... When training must not be conducted in aircraft............. 129

61.210................... Other approved courses of training or professional development            129

Division 61.B.3—Aeronautical knowledge examinations                      131

61.215................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—general............ 131

61.220................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—air transport pilot licence          131

61.225................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—pass standards. 132

61.230................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—knowledge deficiency reports   132

Division 61.B.4—Flight tests                                                                                 133

61.235................... Flight tests for flight crew licences and ratings—prerequisites                133

61.240................... Consequences of taking flight test when ineligible......... 135

61.245................... Conduct of flight tests for flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements               135

61.250................... Pass standards for flight tests......................................... 136

Division 61.B.5—English language proficiency                                          137

61.255................... Aviation English language proficiency assessments....... 137

61.260................... Duration of English language proficiency assessments.. 137

61.265................... Recreational pilot licences—general English language proficiency          138

61.270................... Approval of language proficiency assessors................... 138

Division 61.B.6—Recognition of overseas flight crew authorisations 139

61.275................... Overseas flight crew authorisations—recognition.......... 139

61.280................... Grant of flight crew licences, ratings or endorsements under bilateral agreements   141

Division 61.B.7—Recognition of Australian Defence Force qualifications          142

61.285................... Australian Defence Force qualifications—recognition.... 142

Subpart 61.C—Certificates of validation                                                            143

61.290................... Grant of certificates of validation.................................... 143

61.295................... Privileges of certificates of validation............................. 143

61.300................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—medical certificate             144

61.305................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—recent experience, flight review and proficiency check............................................................ 144

61.310................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—carriage of documents       144

61.315................... Conduct of unauthorised activities by holders of certificates of validation               145

61.320................... Certificates of validation—period of validity.................. 146

61.325................... Certificates of validation—renewal................................. 146

Subpart 61.D—General obligations of flight crew licence holders      147

61.335................... Identity checks................................................................ 147

61.336................... Provision of photograph................................................. 147

61.340................... Production of licence documents, medical certificates and identification  148

61.345................... Personal logbooks—pilots.............................................. 149

61.350................... Personal logbooks—flight engineers.............................. 151

61.355................... Retention of personal logbooks...................................... 152

61.360................... False entries in personal logbooks.................................. 152

61.365................... Production of personal logbooks.................................... 153

Subpart 61.E—Pilot licensing—general limitations and authorisations 154

Division 61.E.1—General limitations on exercise of pilot licence privileges      154

61.375................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—ratings                154

61.380................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—flight activity and design feature endorsements 157

61.385................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—general competency requirement        157

61.390................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—operating requirements and limitations              158

61.395................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—recent experience for certain passenger flight activities........................................................................................ 158

61.400................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—flight review      160

61.405................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical requirements—recreational pilot licence holders............................................................................ 161

61.410................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical certificates: private pilot licence holders........................................................................................ 162

61.415................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical certificates: commercial, multi‑crew and air transport pilot licence holders......................................... 163

61.420................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—carriage of documents        163

61.422................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—aviation English language proficiency               164

61.425................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—unregistered aircraft           165

61.427................... Removal of certain pilot licence conditions about airspace 165

Division 61.E.2—General authorisations for pilot licences                 166

61.430................... Holders of pilot licences authorised to taxi aircraft......... 166

61.435................... When holders of pilot licences authorised to operate aircraft radio           166

Subpart 61.G—Recreational pilot licences                                                         167

Division 61.G.1—Privileges and grant of licences                                    167

61.460................... Privileges of recreational pilot licences........................... 167

61.465................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of recreational pilot licences—general            167

61.470................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of recreational pilot licences—endorsements  168

61.475................... Requirements for grant of recreational pilot licences....... 168

61.480................... Grant of recreational pilot licences in recognition of pilot certificates granted by certain organisations    169

Division 61.G.2—Recreational pilot licence endorsements                  171

61.485................... Kinds of recreational pilot licence endorsements............. 171

61.490................... Privileges of recreational pilot licence endorsements...... 171

61.495................... Requirements for grant of recreational pilot licence endorsements           171

61.500................... Grant of endorsement in recognition of other qualifications 172

Subpart 61.H—Private pilot licences                                                                      174

Division 61.H.1—General                                                                                      174

61.505................... Privileges of private pilot licences................................... 174

61.510................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private pilot licences—multi‑crew operations            174

61.515................... Requirements for grant of private pilot licences—general 174

Division 61.H.2—Aeronautical experience requirements for private pilot licences—applicants who have completed integrated training courses                                  176

61.520................... Application of Division 61.H.2...................................... 176

61.525................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—aeroplane category 176

61.530................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—helicopter category                177

61.535................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—gyroplane category                177

Division 61.H.3—Aeronautical experience requirements for private pilot licences—applicants who have not completed integrated training courses                          179

61.540................... Application of Division 61.H.3...................................... 179

61.545................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—aeroplane category 179

61.550................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—helicopter category                180

61.555................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category........................................................................................ 180

61.560................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—gyroplane category                181

61.565................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—airship category     182

Subpart 61.I—Commercial pilot licences                                                            183

Division 61.I.1—General                                                                                        183

61.570................... Privileges of commercial pilot licences........................... 183

61.575................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of commercial pilot licences—multi‑crew operations     183

61.580................... Requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—general 184

Division 61.I.2—Aeronautical experience requirements for commercial pilot licences—applicants who have completed integrated training courses                      185

61.585................... Application of Division 61.I.2........................................ 185

61.590................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—aeroplane category         185

61.595................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—helicopter category         186

61.600................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category........................................................................................ 186

Division 61.I.3—Aeronautical experience requirements for commercial pilot licences—applicants who have not completed integrated training courses              188

61.605................... Application of Division 61.I.3........................................ 188

61.610................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—aeroplane category         188

61.615................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—helicopter category         189

61.620................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category........................................................................................ 189

61.625................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—gyroplane category         190

61.630................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—airship category              191

Subpart 61.J—Multi‑crew pilot licences                                                              192

61.635................... Privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences............................ 192

61.640................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—IFR flight: general           192

61.645................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—IFR flight: recent experience            193

61.650................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—instrument proficiency check           195

61.655................... Requirements for grant of multi‑crew pilot licences........ 198

61.660................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of multi‑crew pilot licences—aeroplane category          198

Subpart 61.K—Air transport pilot licences                                                       200

61.665................... Privileges of air transport pilot licences.......................... 200

61.670................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—helicopter IFR flight      200

61.675................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—single‑pilot IFR flight    200

61.680................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—IFR flight: general         201

61.685................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—IFR flight: recent experience          202

61.695................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—instrument proficiency check         203

61.700................... Requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—general                207

61.705................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—aeroplane category        208

61.710................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—helicopter category        209

61.715................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category........................................................................................ 210

Subpart 61.L—Aircraft ratings and endorsements for pilot licences 212

Division 61.L.1—Preliminary                                                                              212

61.720................... What Subpart 61.L is about............................................ 212

Division 61.L.2—Aircraft category ratings                                                 213

61.725................... Privileges of aircraft category ratings.............................. 213

61.730................... Requirements for grant of aircraft category ratings......... 213

Division 61.L.3—Aircraft class ratings                                                          214

61.735................... Privileges of aircraft class ratings................................... 214

61.745................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of aircraft class ratings—flight review           214

61.747................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of class ratings in certain aircraft—flight review            216

61.750................... Requirements for grant of aircraft class ratings............... 217

Division 61.L.4—Design feature endorsements                                          218

61.755................... Design features that require design feature endorsement 218

61.760................... Privileges of design feature endorsements...................... 219

61.765................... Requirements for grant of design feature endorsements. 219

Division 61.L.5—Pilot type ratings                                                                   221

61.770................... Privileges of pilot type ratings........................................ 221

61.775................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—flight test in flight simulator         221

61.780................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—variants        222

61.785................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—single‑pilot operation and multi‑crew operation........................................................................................ 223

61.790................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—IFR operation              223

61.795................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—recent experience on aircraft models            223

61.800................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—flight review                224

61.805................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—instrument proficiency check       226

61.810................... Requirements for grant of pilot type ratings.................... 230

61.815................... Person taken to meet requirements for grant of pilot type rating—multi‑crew pilot licence holder           231

61.820................... Person taken to meet requirements for grant of pilot type rating—new type rating  231

61.822................... Removal of type rating condition about acting as pilot in command         233

Division 61.L.6—Cruise relief type ratings                                                  234

61.825................... Kinds of cruise relief type rating..................................... 234

61.830................... Privileges of cruise relief type ratings............................. 234

61.835................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of cruise relief type ratings—general              234

61.840................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of cruise relief type ratings—recent experience              235

61.845................... Requirements for grant of cruise relief type ratings........ 237

61.850................... Person taken to meet requirements for grant of cruise relief type rating—new type rating       238

Subpart 61.M—Instrument ratings                                                                        240

Division 61.M.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of instrument ratings              240

61.855................... Privileges of instrument ratings...................................... 240

61.860................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—general       240

61.865................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—endorsements             241

61.870................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—recent experience: general          242

61.875................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—recent experience: single pilot    243

61.880................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—instrument proficiency check     243

61.885................... Requirements for grant of instrument ratings.................. 247

61.887................... Removal of instrument rating conditions about acting as pilot in command under IFR            248

Division 61.M.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of instrument endorsements                250

61.890................... Kinds of instrument endorsement................................... 250

61.895................... Privileges of instrument endorsements........................... 253

61.900................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument endorsements           253

61.905................... Requirements for grant of instrument endorsements....... 254

Subpart 61.N—Private instrument ratings                                                        255

Division 61.N.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of private instrument ratings              255

61.910................... Privileges of private instrument ratings........................... 255

61.915................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—endorsements 255

61.920................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—recent experience            256

61.925................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—flight review   256

61.930................... Requirements for grant of private instrument ratings...... 257

Division 61.N.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of private instrument endorsements                260

61.935................... Kinds of private instrument endorsement........................ 260

61.940................... Privileges of private instrument endorsements................ 265

61.942................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument endorsements—visibility and cloud              266

61.945................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument endorsements                266

61.950................... Requirements for grant of private instrument endorsements 267

Subpart 61.O—Night VFR ratings                                                                         268

Division 61.O.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of night VFR ratings                268

61.955................... Privileges of night VFR ratings...................................... 268

61.960................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—endorsements            268

61.965................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—recent experience       268

61.970................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—flight review              269

61.975................... Requirements for grant of night VFR ratings................. 270

Division 61.O.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of night VFR endorsements 272

61.980................... Kinds of night VFR endorsement................................... 272

61.985................... Privileges of night VFR endorsements........................... 274

61.990................... Requirements for grant of night VFR endorsements...... 274

Subpart 61.P—Night vision imaging system ratings                                     276

Division 61.P.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of night vision imaging system ratings            276

61.995................... Privileges of night vision imaging system ratings........... 276

61.1000................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—general           276

61.1005................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—endorsements 276

61.1010................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—recent experience            276

61.1015................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—night vision imaging system proficiency check............................................................ 277

61.1020................. Requirements for grant of night vision imaging system ratings               279

Division 61.P.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of night vision imaging system endorsements                                                                                                                    280

61.1025................. Kinds of night vision imaging system endorsement........ 280

61.1030................. Privileges of night vision imaging system endorsements 281

61.1035................. Requirements for grant of night vision imaging system endorsements    281

Subpart 61.Q—Low‑level ratings                                                                             284

Division 61.Q.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of low‑level ratings   284

61.1040................. Privileges of low‑level ratings........................................ 284

61.1045................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—general         284

61.1050................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—endorsements               284

61.1055................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—recent experience         284

61.1060................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—flight review                285

61.1070................. Requirements for grant of low‑level ratings.................... 286

Division 61.Q.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of low‑level endorsements     287

61.1075................. Kinds of low‑level endorsement..................................... 287

61.1080................. Privileges of low‑level endorsements............................. 288

61.1085................. Requirements for grant of low‑level endorsements......... 289

Subpart 61.R—Aerial application ratings                                                          290

Division 61.R.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of aerial application ratings 290

61.1090................. Privileges of aerial application ratings............................. 290

61.1100................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—endorsements   290

61.1105................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—recent experience              290

61.1110................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—aerial application proficiency check  291

61.1115................. Requirements for grant of aerial application ratings........ 292

Division 61.R.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of aerial application endorsements  294

61.1120................. Kinds of aerial application endorsement.......................... 294

61.1125................. Privileges of aerial application endorsements.................. 299

61.1130................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application endorsements—supervision           299

61.1135................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night aerial application endorsements         300

61.1140................. Requirements for grant of aerial application endorsements 301

Subpart 61.S—Flight activity endorsements                                                     303

61.1145................. Kinds of flight activity endorsement............................... 303

61.1150................. Privileges of flight activity endorsements....................... 304

61.1155................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight activity endorsements—medical certificates      304

61.1160................. Requirements for grant of flight activity endorsements... 305

Subpart 61.T—Pilot instructor ratings                                                                 306

Division 61.T.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight instructor ratings     306

61.1165................. Privileges of flight instructor ratings............................... 306

61.1170................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—general               307

61.1172................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions....................................................................... 308

61.1175................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—endorsements     308

61.1180................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—instructor proficiency check               309

61.1185................. Requirements for grant of flight instructor ratings.......... 311

Division 61.T.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of simulator instructor ratings           314

61.1190................. Privileges of simulator instructor ratings........................ 314

61.1195................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—general         315

61.1197................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions....................................................................... 315

61.1200................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—endorsements               316

61.1205................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—instructor proficiency check         316

61.1210................. Requirements for grant of simulator instructor ratings.... 318

Division 61.T.3—Obligations of pilot instructors                                      320

61.1215................. Obligations of pilot instructors—training....................... 320

61.1220................. Obligations of pilot instructors—flight reviews.............. 320

61.1225................. Obligations of pilot instructors—student pilots.............. 321

61.1227................. Obligations of pilot instructors—approval to operate aircraft radio          323

61.1230................. Obligations of pilot instructors—records of activities conducted independently of Part 141 or 142 operator........................................................................................ 323

Division 61.T.4—Privileges and requirements for grant of training endorsements       325

61.1235................. Kinds of training endorsement........................................ 325

61.1240................. Privileges of training endorsements................................ 334

61.1245................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of training endorsements—general 334

61.1246................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of grade 3 training endorsements   335

61.1247................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low level training endorsements 335

61.1250................. Requirements for grant of training endorsements........... 335

Subpart 61.U—Flight examiner ratings                                                               337

Division 61.U.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight examiner ratings      337

61.1255................. Privileges of flight examiner ratings............................... 337

61.1265................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—endorsements      337

61.1270................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—professional development   338

61.1275................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—recent experience                339

61.1280................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—flight reviews and subject matter proficiency checks............................................................................. 339

61.1285................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—examiner proficiency check                340

61.1290................. Requirements for grant of flight examiner ratings........... 342

Division 61.U.2—Obligations of flight examiners                                     343

61.1295................. Obligations of flight examiners—flight tests: strict liability offences       343

61.1300................. Obligations of flight examiners—flight tests: other offences 344

61.1305................. Obligations of flight examiners—proficiency checks..... 346

Division 61.U.3—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight examiner endorsements       349

61.1310................. Kinds of flight examiner endorsement............................ 349

61.1315................. Privileges of flight examiner endorsements.................... 353

61.1318................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner endorsements—flight tests in aircraft                353

61.1320................. Requirements for grant of flight examiner endorsements 353

Subpart 61.V—Flight engineer licences                                                               355

61.1325................. Privileges of flight engineer licences............................... 355

61.1330................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—ratings                355

61.1335................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—recent experience                355

61.1340................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—flight review       356

61.1345................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—current medical certificates 357

61.1350................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—carriage of documents        357

61.1352................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—aviation English language proficiency........................................................................................ 358

61.1355................. Certain holders of flight engineer licences authorised to operate aircraft radio         358

61.1360................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer licences.......... 358

Subpart 61.W—Flight engineer type ratings                                                    360

61.1365................. Privileges of flight engineer type ratings......................... 360

61.1370................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—general         360

61.1375................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—recent experience on aircraft models........................................................................................ 360

61.1380................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—flight review 361

61.1385................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer type ratings.... 362

61.1390................. Person taken to meet requirements for grant of flight engineer type rating—new type rating  363

Subpart 61.X—Flight engineer instructor ratings                                         365

Division 61.X.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight engineer instructor ratings                365

61.1395................. Privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings................ 365

61.1400................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings—general 366

61.1402................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions......................................................