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Determinations/Taxation as made
This determination provides GST registered businesses with the choice to apply a global accounting method (pooling of credits and GST) for acquisitions of second-hand goods of a specified kind. The global accounting method already applies for the acquisition of second-hand goods from unregistered persons that are divided for re-supply (Subdivision 66-B of the GST Act). The determination does not affect the operation of Subdivision 66-B in relation to those goods.
Administered by: Treasury
Registered 30 Sep 2015
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR12-Oct-2015
Tabled Senate12-Oct-2015

 

Explanatory Statement

 

General Outline of Instrument

1.    This determination is made under paragraph 66-70(1)(a) of the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999 (the GST Act).

2.    This determination replaces the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Rules for Applying Subdivision 66-B Determination (No. 1) 2000 (the previous instrument). 

3.    This determination is a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.

 

Date of effect

4.    The instrument commences on the day after registration.

5.    The instrument does not apply retrospectively.

 

What this instrument is about

6.    The determination provides GST registered businesses with the choice to apply a global accounting method (pooling of credits and GST) for acquisitions of second-hand goods of a specified kind. The global accounting method already applies for the acquisition of second-hand goods from unregistered persons that are divided for re-supply (Subdivision 66-B of the GST Act). The determination does not affect the operation of Subdivision 66-B in relation to those goods.

 

What is the effect of this instrument

7.    The instrument applies to second-hand goods that a GST registered business acquires, from both registered and unregistered suppliers, for the purposes of sale or exchange (but not for manufacture) in the ordinary course of business. The instrument does not apply to acquisitions of new goods.

8.    Compliance cost impact: minor- there will be no or minimal impacts for both implementation and ongoing compliance costs. The legislative instrument is minor or machinery in nature. 

 

Under the determination, what second-hand goods can be pooled using the global accounting method?


10. An acquisition of the following kinds of second-hand goods can be pooled provided that none of the conditions set out in paragraph 11 apply to the goods:

  • an aircraft;
  • an antique;
  • a bag, carry case, suitcase or similar item;
  • a boat, ship or other marine craft;
  • a book, newspaper, magazine, folio, manuscript or other printed material;
  • bric-a-brac;
  • building materials;
  • clothing or shoes;
  • a coin, medallion or other numismatic item;
  • a collectable;
  • a compact disc, DVD, record, video or audio cassette;
  • a cot, pram, stroller, safety seat or other item designed for infants;
  • computer hardware or software;
  • a container;
  • an electrical appliance or item of electrical equipment;
  • electronic equipment;
  • a firearm;
  • furniture;
  • furnishings;
  • a gardening tool or equipment;
  • equipment used for hobbies;
  • household ware including kitchenware or a bathroom fitting;
  • jewellery or personal accessory (including spectacles or a watch);
  • machinery, tool, implement, apparatus or equipment;
  • a medical or health aid or appliance;
  • a motor vehicle or any other form of vehicle including non-powered vehicle such as a bicycle or a horse drawn vehicle;
  • a musical instrument;
  • an ornament or decorative item;
  • an item used for outdoor recreation;
  • a personal item or appliance;
  • a print, photograph, etching, drawing, painting, sculpture or other similar work of art;
  • photographic equipment;

·      scrap materials;

·      sports equipment;

·      a trailer or caravan;

·      a stamp or label;

·      telephonic equipment including a mobile phone or answering machine;

·      a toy or game;

·      a weapon;

·      a writing implement or stationery; or

·      a part, accessory or component of any of the above.

 

When can't second-hand goods of the kind specified under paragraph 10 be pooled using the global accounting method?


11. The second-hand goods specified under paragraph 10 cannot be pooled where:

·      the supply of the goods to a business was GST-free; or

·        a business purchased the goods from an unregistered person for a consideration of    more than $1,000 and the goods are to be re-supplied by the business as a single supply of the entirety of the goods (the goods are not divided for re-supply); or

·      the supply of the goods to a business was a supply by way of hire; or

·        a business has claimed or intends to claim an input tax credit for the acquisition  under another provision of the GST Act; or

·        a business imported the goods, where the importation was not a taxable importation; or

·        the goods acquired or part of the goods acquired by a business (other than by way of a taxable supply or a taxable importation) are subsequently supplied as a supply that is not a taxable supply.

Example 3.1

Kurt is a GST registered dealer of second-hand motor vehicle parts and accessories. He purchases his second-hand goods from both registered and unregistered suppliers. All of the second-hand motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts and accessories purchased by Kurt are low value items of less than $1,000 and are supplied by Kurt as taxable supplies. Kurt can choose to apply the determination to his acquisitions of second-hand motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts and accessories as they are second-hand goods of a kind specified in the determination.

 

Does a business dealing in second-hand goods of a kind specified in the determination have to apply the determination?

 

12. A business dealing in second-hand goods of a kind specified in the determination may choose not to apply the determination. The business may also choose to apply the determination to some or all of its acquisitions of second-hand goods of a kind specified in the determination.

Example 4.1

Adele acquires second-hand books from both registered and unregistered persons for varying amounts. She also imports second-hand books that are readily distinguishable from the books she purchases in Australia. For the tax period ending 31 December all of the acquisitions of the second-hand books are eligible to be pooled using the global accounting method.

Adele chooses to apply the determination and pool the acquisitions of the second-hand books purchased in Australia. She also chooses not to apply the determination to the imported second-hand books. Adele adds 1/11 of the consideration provided for the Australian purchases to her pool and claims the GST paid on the taxable importation of the books in the tax period of importation.

 

How does the global accounting method (pooling of credits and GST) work?

13. The global accounting method allows input tax credits on acquisitions of second-hand goods to be offset against all of the GST on supplies made from this pool of acquisitions. A business may do this at the end of each tax period.

14. In any tax period, GST will only be payable if at the end of the tax period the GST in the pool is greater than the credits in the pool. The amount of GST payable is the difference between the GST in the pool and the credits in the pool. However, where the credits in the pool are greater than the GST in the pool at the end of the tax period, the difference between the GST in the pool and the credits in the pool is carried forward to the next tax period. As the credits are carried forward to the next tax period, a business cannot claim any excess credits in its business activity statement (BAS).

Example 5.1

Scott is a second-hand goods dealer who makes only acquisitions of second-hand goods of a kind specified in the determination. In accordance with the determination Scott chooses to pool all of his acquisitions of second-hand goods.

 

Scott has the following transaction details for the first tax period:

 

  •   Opening credit balance in the pool of $1,000
  •   Acquisitions of $7,700 (of which 1/11th, $700, credits are added to the pool)
  •   Supplies of $9,900 (of which 1/11th, $900, GST is added to the pool)

 

At the end of the tax period Scott works out his GST liability, if any, by offsetting his total GST in the pool of $900 against his total credits in the pool of $1,700 ($1,000 + $700). Scott does not have to pay any GST as his total credits in the pool of $1,700 are greater than his total GST in the pool of $900. However, Scott is still required to complete and lodge his BAS showing the acquisitions and supplies for the tax period.

 

Scott carries the credit balance in his pool of $800 ($1,700 - $900) over to the next tax period.

 

Scott had the following transactions in the next tax period:

 

  •   Opening credit balance in the pool of $800
  •   Acquisitions of $2,200 (of which 1/11th, $200, credits are added to the pool)
  •   Supplies of $13,200 (of which 1/11th, $1,200, GST is added to the pool)

 

At the end of the tax period Scott works out his GST liability, if any, by offsetting his total GST in the pool of $1,200 against his total credits in the pool of $1,000 ($800 + $200). Scott has to pay $200 GST as his total GST in the pool of $1,200 is greater than his total credits in the pool of $1,000. Scott is required to complete and lodge his BAS showing the acquisitions and supplies for the tax period as well as calculate the amount of GST payable.

 

The balance of the pool Scott carries over to the next tax period is zero.

 

 

How does a business fill out its business activity statement (BAS) when it uses the global accounting method?

 

15. When a business pools its credits and GST using the global accounting method the business needs to complete its BAS following the three steps below. The business is required to complete and lodge its BAS even if the business does not have to pay any GST.

 

Step 1

  

  •  At G1 (Total sales (including any GST)) write the total of the supplies that have been added to the pool for the tax period.

 

Step 2

  

  •  At G11 (Non-capital purchases (including any GST)) and again at G14 (Purchases without GST in the price) write the total of the acquisitions that have been added to the pool for the tax period

 

Step 3

  

  • Calculate GST payable on pooled supplies and the amount to go at G4 (Input taxed sales) - using the following worksheet:

 

 

 

$

Write supplies of pooled items (figure at G1)

 (a) 

 

Divide (a) by 11

 (b) 

 

Write Acquisitions of pooled items (figure at G11)

 (c) 

 

Divide (c) by 11

 (d) 

 

Write balance of opening credits in the pool

 (e) 

 

Add (d) and (e)

 (f) 

 

Take (f) away from (b)

 If (g) is greater than zero, (g) is the GST payable

 If (g) is less than zero, (g) is the balance of credits in the pool to be carried over to the next tax period

 (g) 

 

Write GST payable from (g) (if zero or less than zero write zero)

 (h) 

 

Multiply (h) by 11

 (i) 

 

Take (i) away from (a)

  Write (j) at G4 (Input taxed sales)

 (j) 

 



Note: If a business also makes other supplies and acquisitions that have not been added to the pool (for example other expenses such as rent and electricity and acquisitions of new goods from registered suppliers) they have to also include these transactions in their BAS at the appropriate labels.

Example 6.1

Using the figures in Scott's first tax period from the example at question 5:

 

  • Opening credit balance in the pool of $1,000
  • Acquisitions of $7,700 (of which 1/11th, $700, credits are added to the pool)
  • Supplies of $9,900 (of which 1/11th, $900, GST is added to the pool)

 

 

 

 

Step 1

  

  • At G1 (Total sales (including any GST)) write $9,900 which is the total of the supplies that have been pooled for the tax period.

Step 2

  

  • At G11 (Non-capital purchases (including any GST)) and again at G14 (Purchases without GST in the price) write $7,700 which is the total of the acquisitions that have been pooled for the tax period

Step 3

 

  • Calculate GST payable on pooled supplies and the amount to go at G4 (Input taxed sales) - using the following worksheet:

 

 

 

$

Write supplies of pooled items (figure at G1)

 (a) 

9,900

Divide (a) by 11

 (b) 

900

Write Acquisitions of pooled items (figure at G11)

 (c) 

7,700

Divide (c) by 11

 (d) 

700

Write balance of opening credits in the pool

 (e) 

1,000

Add (d) and (e)

 (f) 

1,700

Take (f) away from (b)

  If (g) is greater than zero, (g) is the GST payable

  If (g) is less than zero, (g) is the balance of credits in the pool to be carried over to the next tax period

 (g) 

(800)

Write GST payable from (g) (if zero or less than zero write zero)

 (h) 

0

Multiply (h) by 11

 (i) 

0

Take (i) away from (a)

 Write (j) at G4 (Input taxed sales)

 (j) 

9,900

 

 

Background

16.  This instrument replaces A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Rules for Applying Subdivision 66-B Determination (No. 1) 2000. The replaced instrument is repealed on the commencement of this determination.

 

Consultation

17.  Section 18 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 specifically provides for circumstances where consultation may not be necessary or appropriate.  One of those circumstances is where the instrument is considered minor or machinery in nature, and does not substantially change the law. 

18.  Because there is no substantive change from the previous instrument therefore the instrument is considered minor or machinery in nature.

19.  As such, no further consultation has been undertaken in the development of this instrument.

 

 

 

 

James O’Halloran

Deputy Commissioner of Taxation

15 September 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights

 

Prepared in accordance with Part 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011

Goods and Services Tax: Classes of Recipient Created Tax Invoice Determination (No. 31) 2015

This Legislative Instrument is compatible with the human rights and freedoms recognised or declared in the international instruments listed in section 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011.

Overview of the Legislative Instrument

This Legislative Instrument provides GST registered businesses with the choice to apply a global accounting method (pooling of credits and GST) for acquisitions of second-hand goods of a specified kind.

 

Human rights implications

This instrument does not engage any of the applicable rights or freedoms. It is considered to be minor or machinery in nature.

 

Conclusion

This instrument is compatible with human rights as it does not raise any human rights issues.