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ADR 57/00 Standards/Australian Design Rules for Vehicles as amended, taking into account amendments up to Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 57/00 - Special Requirements for L-Group Vehicles) 2006 Amendment 1
This is a vehicle standard determined under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 providing special requirements for L-Group vehicles.
Administered by: Infrastructure and Regional Development
Registered 10 Dec 2015
Start Date 04 Dec 2015
End Date 15 Nov 2016
Table of contents.

 

 

 

 

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 57/00 – Special Requirements for L-Group Vehicles) 2006

 

 

 

Compilation:               1 (up to and including Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 57/00 – Special Requirements for L-Group Vehicles) 2006 Amendment 1)

 

Compilation Date:       9 December 2015

 

Compiled by:              Vehicle Safety Standards, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development


 

CONTENTS

 

A.              legislative provisions........................................................................ 3

B.              SCOPE................................................................................................................ 3

C.              APPLICABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION.............................................. 3

57.1.        DEFINITIONS................................................................................................... 4

57.2.        REQUIREMENTS............................................................................................. 4

57.3.        ALTERNATIVE  STANDARDS...................................................................... 9

Compilation NOTES.............................................................................................. 10

 


A.                                        legislative provisions

A.1.                                  NAME OF STANDARD

A.1.1.                            This Standard is the Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 57/00 – Special Requirements for L-Group Vehicles) 2006.

A.1.2.                            This Standard may also be cited as Australian Design Rule 57/00 – Special Requirements for L-Group Vehicles.

A.2.                                  COMMENCEMENT

A.2.1.                            This Standard commences on the day after it is registered.

A.3.                                  REPEAL

A.3.1.                            This Standard repeals each vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 57/00 — Special Requirements for L-Group Vehicles that is:

                        (a)        made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989; and

                        (b)        in force at the commencement of this Standard.

A.3.2.                            This Standard also repeals each instrument made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 that creates a vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 57/00 — Special Requirements for L-Group Vehicles, if there are no other vehicle standards created by that instrument, or amendments to vehicle standards made by that instrument, that are still in force at the commencement of this Standard.

B.                                        SCOPE

B.1.                                  The function of this national standard is to specify special requirements for the construction of L-group vehicles. 

B.2.                                  They must also comply with all requirements for L-group vehicles as set out in individual ADRs.

C.                                        APPLICABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION

C.1.                                  Applicability Summary

C.1.1.                            This national standard applies to the design and construction of vehicle as set out in the table below.


C.1.2.                            Applicability Table

 

Vehicle Category

ADR Category Code *

UNECE Category Code *

Manufactured on or After

Acceptable Prior Rules

Moped 2 wheels

LA

L1

1 July 1998

Nil

Moped 3 wheels

LB

L2

Not applicable

 

Motor cycle

LC

L3

1 July 1998

Nil

Motor cycle and sidecar

LD

L4

1 July 1998

Nil

Motor tricycle

LE

L5

Not applicable

 

Passenger car

MA

M1

Not applicable

 

Forward-control passenger vehicle

MB

M1

Not applicable

 

Off-road passenger vehicle

MC

M1

Not applicable

 

Light omnibus

MD

M2

Not applicable

 

Heavy omnibus

ME

M3

Not applicable

 

Light goods vehicle

NA

N1

Not applicable

 

Medium goods vehicle

NB

N2

Not applicable

 

Heavy goods vehicle

NC

N3

Not applicable

 

Very light trailer

TA

O1

Not applicable

 

Light trailer

TB

O2

Not applicable

 

Medium trailer

TC

O3

Not applicable

 

Heavy trailer

TD

O4

Not applicable

 

57.1.                                DEFINITIONS

57.1.1.                          Refer to Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule Definitions and Vehicle Categories) 2005.

57.2.                                REQUIREMENTS

57.2.1.                          Side-cars

57.2.1.1.                    A side-car must not be so attached to a vehicle nor must it be of such mass or dimensions as to prevent the driver from safely driving the vehicle or from having a sufficient view to the front, rear and either side of the vehicle to enable the vehicle to be driven with safety.

57.2.1.2.                    A side-car must not be attached to the right-hand side of a vehicle.

57.2.2.                          Steering Gear and Handlebars

57.2.2.1.                    Handlebars must not extend:

(a)      less than 250mm on each side of the centreline of the vehicle for all L Group vehicles;

(b)     more than 450mm on each side of the centreline of the vehicle for LA, LB and LE category vehicles; or

(c)      more than 550mm on each side of the centreline of the vehicle for all LC and LD category vehicles.

57.2.2.2.                    The height of the lowest part of the handgrip above the lowest part of the upper surface of the driver’s seat must not exceed 380 mm.

57.2.2.3.                    All steering gear and steering gear connections must be so designed to eliminate accidental detachment or over-locking.

57.2.2.4.                    The horizontal distance measured from the mid-point between the head stem bearings where the head stem is the steering pivot point,  to a point vertically above the centre of the front wheel must not exceed 550 mm.

57.2.2.5.                    The handlebars must be symmetrical on either side of the front wheel and steering head assembly.

57.2.3.                          Operation and Location of Controls

57.2.3.1.                    Column 1 of Table 1 indicates whether controls are mandatory (M) or optional (O).  The designation M+ indicates that applicability depends on the vehicle’s design.

57.2.3.1.1.              In any case where an item of equipment listed in Column 2 of Table 1 is provided, the control for such item must be located as specified in Column 3 of Table 1 and mode of  control operation must be as specified in Column 4 of Table 1.

57.2.3.1.2.              Each of the following controls located on the right handlebar must be operable throughout its full range by the driver’s right hand without removal of the hand from the throttle:

57.2.3.1.2.1.        Hand lever controlling front wheel brake;

57.2.3.1.2.2.        Direction indicator control (if fitted to right handlebar); and

57.2.3.1.2.3.        Supplemental Engine Stop.

57.2.3.1.3.              Each of the following controls located on the left handlebar must be operable throughout its full range by the driver’s left hand without removal of the hand from the handgrip:

57.2.3.1.3.1.        Hand lever controlling the clutch;

57.2.3.1.3.2.        Direction indicator control (if fitted to left handlebar);

57.2.3.1.3.3.        Horn button; and

57.2.3.1.3.4.        Headlamp main/dipped beam control.

57.2.3.1.4.              In the case where a vehicle is equipped with self-proportioning or anti-lock braking devices utilising a single control for front and rear brakes, the requirements for location and operation of the control must be as for a rear brake control.

57.2.3.2.                    Visual Indicator Display and Illumination Requirements

In any case where a visual indicator listed in Column 1 of Table 2 is provided, the information which is displayed must be visible to the seated driver under daylight conditions.  Display illumination and operation of display illumination must be as specified in Column 2 of Table 2.

57.2.3.3.                    Control and Visual Indicator Display Identification Requirements

In any case where an item of equipment or visual indicator listed in Column 1 of Table 3 is provided, the control or display for such item must be identified by the word or words shown in Column 2 of Table 3.  Control positions must be identified to signify the function performed at that control position, by at least the data specified in Column 3.  The items of equipment or visual indicators listed in Table 3, other than the Manual Fuel Shut-off Control; the Manual Choke; and the Ignition Switch must be visible to the seated driver and the control or display identification must be legible to the seated driver.

57.2.3.3.1.              In clause 57.2.3.3 above, as an alternative to using the words in columns 2 and 3 of table 3, the use of equivalent ISO symbols to identify a control and signify the function performed at the control is permissible.

57.2.3.4.                    “Clockwise” and “counter-clockwise” as specified in the following Tables refer to opposing directions of rotation around the following axes, as applicable:

57.2.3.4.1.              the operational axis of the ignition control viewed from in front of the ignition key opening; or

57.2.3.4.2.              the axis of the right handlebar on which the twist grip throttle is located, viewed from the outer end of that handlebar.


TABLE 1

CONTROL LOCATION AND OPERATION REQUIREMENTS

 

Column 1

Mandatory operation or optional

Column 2

Equipment or control

Column 3

Control location

Column 4

Control

M+

Manual clutch (handlever) or combined clutch and gear change

Left handlebar

Squeeze to disengage clutch

O

Foot-operated gear change pedal

Left foot control

Up from first gear position to select lower numerical gear ratios commonly referred to as “higher gears") and down to select higher numerical gear ratios (commonly referred to as “lower gears”)

M

Headlamp main/dipped beam control

Left handlebar

Up for main beam, down for dipped beam. In the case where the control is combined with the headlamp on-off control, means must be provided to prevent inadvertent actuation of the “off” functions.

M

Horn

Left handlebar

Push to activate.

M

Direction indicator lamps

Left or right handlebar

- - - -

O

Ignition switch

- - - - -

Off-counterclockwise from other positions.

O

Manual only fuel shut-off control

- - - - -

(1) Off-forward; On-downward. Reserve (if provided) - On-upward; or

(2) as per FMVSS 123.

M

Twist grip throttle

Right handlebar

Self-closing in a clockwise direction to idle position after release of hand.

M

Supplemental Engine Stop

Right handlebar

A thumb-operated device to stop engine.

M

Front wheel brake hand lever

Right handlebar

Squeeze to activate.

M

Rear wheel brake

- motor cycles

- motor cycles equipped with automatic transmission

 

Right foot control

As above; or Left handlebar

 

Depress to activate

Squeeze to activate.

M

Rear wheel brake

- mopeds

- mopeds equipped with automatic transmission

 

Right foot control

As above; or Left handlebar

 

Depress to activate

Squeeze to activate.

 


TABLE 2

VISUAL INDICATOR DISPLAY ILLUMINATION REQUIREMENTS

 

Column 1

Visual Indicator Display

Column 2

Illumination

Speedometer

Illuminated whenever the head lamp is illuminated.

Neutral indicator

Green display lamp illuminated when the gear selector is in the neutral position.

Main beam indicator - LC, LD only (LA - Dipped Beam Only)

Blue display lamp illuminated whenever the headlamp is illuminated and the headlamp main/dipped beam control is in the main beam mode.

 

TABLE 3

CONTROL AND VISUAL INDICATORS

DISPLAY IDENTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS

 

Column 1

Control or Display Appropriate or Display

Column 2

Identification of Control or Display

Column 3

Identification at Position of Control

Ignition Switch

——-

Off

Supplemental Engine Stop

Engine stop

Off, Run

Manual Choke

Choke

- - - - - - -

Electric Starter

- - - - -

Start

Headlamp Main/Dipped Beam Control

Lights

Hi, Lo

Horn

Horn

- - - - -

Direction Indicator

Turn

L,R

Main Beam or High Beam Indicator

Main Beam or High beam

- - - - - -

Tachometer

r/min; rpm; RPM; or min-1

- - - - -

Fuel Tank Shut-Off Control

Fuel

Off, On, Res.

Neutral Indicator

Neutral

- - - - - -

Speedometer

km/h

Major gradations marked at 10 km/h intervals

 

57.2.4.                          Transmission Requirement

All vehicles equipped with manual transmission which are powered by an internal combustion engine, must be so designed to allow the transmission to be disengaged by the driver at any engine speed.

57.2.5.                          Electrical Generator

All vehicles must be fitted with a generator capable of maintaining a continuous supply of electrical energy  required for continuous operation of the ignition and lighting systems when stationary with the engine operating at idle. The supply of electrical energy must be not less than that required for continuous operation of all  lamps installed, except front/rear fog lamp(s), reversing lamp, ‘Internal Lamp’ and ‘Search Lamp’.


57.2.6.                          Foot Rests

Every vehicle must be fitted with foot rests for the driver and also for the passenger if a seating position for passenger is provided.

57.2.7.                          Stands

57.2.7.1.                    All LA and LC group vehicles must be equipped with a stand capable of holding the vehicle in a substantially upright stable position.  The stand may be of the side or centre type and must be equipped with a spring or other device capable of holding it clear of the road under normal operating conditions.

57.2.7.2.                    In the case of vehicles so equipped with a side stand, the side stand must either:

57.2.7.2.1.              automatically fold back into the closed or riding  position,

57.2.7.2.1.1.        when  the vehicle is returned  to the normal vertical position for riding; or

57.2.7.2.1.2.        as a result of the vehicle being moved forward  by a deliberate  action  of the rider; or

57.2.7.2.1.3.        without disturbing the equilibrium of the vehicle, if the side stand comes into contact  with the road while the vehicle is moving; or

57.2.7.2.2.              be connected to the ignition  system in such  a manner that the ignition system can only be activated  when  the side stand is in the closed or riding position; or

57.2.7.2.3.              be connected to an audible signal  and a warning lamp, visible to the rider in the normal riding position, which are activated if the ignition is switched on and the side stand is not in the closed or riding position; or

57.2.7.2.4.              be connected in such a manner so that the vehicle cannot  be operated under its own power unless it is retracted.

57.2.8.                          Chain Guards

Every vehicle, where the chain transmits engine power must, if the frame or any other equipment does not provide such protection, be fitted with a chain guard which must provide protection from the front sprocket and at least the upper free-run of the drive chain to a point not less than 300 mm to the rear of the rearmost footrest or to a point vertically above the centre of the rear drive sprocket.

57.3.                                ALTERNATIVE  STANDARDS

The technical requirements of ECE R 60/00 “Motorcycle/moped controls” are be deemed to be equivalent to the technical requirements for:

Operation & Location of Controls ;

Visual Indicator Display & Illumination Requirements; and

Control & Visual Indicator Display Identification requirements, of this rule.


 

Compilation NOTES

This compilation of Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 57/00 – Special Requirements for L-Group Vehicles) 2006 includes all the instruments set out in the Table of Instruments.  The Table of Amendments provides a history of clauses that have been amended, inserted or deleted.

 

Table of Instruments

Name of Instrument

Registration Date

Commencement Date

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 57/00 – Special Requirements for L-Group Vehicles) 2006

21/07/2006

22/07/2006

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 57/00 – Special Requirements for L-Group Vehicles) 2006 Amendment 1

3/12/2015

4/12/2015

 

Table of Amendments

Clause affected

How affected

Amending instrument

57.2.2.1

am

Amendment 1

 

ad = added or inserted

am = amended

del = deleted or removed

rr = removed and replaced

à = clause renumbered.  This takes the format of old no. à new no.

 



* The category code may also be in the format L1, LA etc.

+ Note: Indicates dependent on vehicle design