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SLI 2008 No. 45 Regulations as amended, taking into account amendments up to Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions—Iraq) Amendment Regulation 2015
Administered by: Foreign Affairs and Trade
Registered 23 Oct 2015
Start Date 19 Oct 2015

Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions—Iraq) Regulations 2008

Select Legislative Instrument No. 45, 2008

made under the

Charter of the United Nations Act 1945

Compilation No. 2

Compilation date:                              19 October 2015

Includes amendments up to:            SLI No. 161, 2015

Registered:                                         23 October 2015

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions—Iraq) Regulations 2008 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 19 October 2015 (the compilation date).

This compilation was prepared on 23 October 2015.

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on ComLaw (www.comlaw.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                             1

1............ Name of Regulations........................................................................... 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Repeal................................................................................................. 1

4............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 1

5............ Export sanctioned goods..................................................................... 3

6............ Sanctioned supply............................................................................... 4

Part 2—UN sanction enforcement laws                                                                   5

7............ Prohibitions relating to a sanctioned supply........................................ 5

8............ Permit to make a sanctioned supply.................................................... 6

9............ Return of illegally removed cultural property of Iraq.......................... 6

10.......... Dealing with illegally removed cultural property of Iraq..................... 7

11.......... Certain controlled assets must be transferred to Development Fund for Iraq           8

12.......... Prohibition relating to controlled assets............................................... 8

12A....... Compensation for acquisition of property........................................... 9

Part 3—Miscellaneous                                                                                                       10

13.......... Delegations by Minister.................................................................... 10

Part 4—Application and transitional provisions                                               11

14.......... Saving provision for amendments made by the Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions—Iraq) Amendment Regulation 2015................................................................................ 11

Endnotes                                                                                                                                    12

Endnote 1—About the endnotes                                                                            12

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key                                                                                13

Endnote 3—Legislation history                                                                             14

Endnote 4—Amendment history                                                                           15

 


Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Name of Regulations

                   These Regulations are the Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions—Iraq) Regulations 2008

2  Commencement

                   These Regulations commence on the day after they are registered.

3  Repeal

                   The Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions—Iraq) Regulations 2006 are repealed.

4  Definitions

                   In these Regulations:

Act means the Charter of the United Nations Act 1945.

arms or related matériel includes:

                     (a)  weapons; and

                     (b)  ammunition; and

                     (c)  military vehicles and equipment; and

                     (d)  spare parts and accessories for the things mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c); and

                     (e)  paramilitary equipment.

Arts Department means the Department administered by the Minister administering the Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act 1986.

Australian aircraft has the same meaning as in the Criminal Code.

Australian ship has the same meaning as in the Criminal Code.

Committee means the committee established under paragraph 1 of Resolution 1518.

controlled asset means the following assets:

                     (a)  an asset of the previous government of Iraq that was located in Australia on 22 May 2003;

                     (b)  an asset that has been removed from Iraq, or acquired, by a designated person or entity.

designated person or entity means a person or entity designated by the Committee or by the Security Council for paragraph 19 of Resolution 1483.

Development Fund for Iraq means the Development Fund for Iraq referred to in paragraph 12 of Resolution 1483.

export sanctioned goods has the meaning given by regulation 5.

illegally removed cultural property means an item of:

                     (a)  Iraqi cultural property; or

                     (b)  archaeological, historical, cultural, rare scientific, or religious, importance;

that has been illegally removed from Iraq on or after 6 August 1990.

multinational force means the multinational force described in Resolution 1511.

paramilitary equipment means any of the following:

                     (a)  batons, clubs, riot sticks and similar devices of a kind used for law enforcement purposes;

                     (b)  body armour, including:

                              (i)  bullet‑resistant apparel; and

                             (ii)  bullet‑resistant pads; and

                            (iii)  protective helmets;

                     (c)  handcuffs, leg irons and other devices used for restraining prisoners;

                     (d)  riot protection shields;

                     (e)  whips;

                      (f)  parts and accessories designed or adapted for use in, or with, equipment mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (e).

previous government of Iraq means:

                     (a)  the government or governments of Iraq led by former President Saddam Hussein; and

                     (b)  a state body, corporation or other body or agency in relation to that government.

Resolution 1483 means Resolution 1483 (2003) of the Security Council, adopted on 22 May 2003.

Resolution 1511 means Resolution 1511 (2003) of the Security Council, adopted on 16 October 2003.

Resolution 1518 means Resolution 1518 (2003) of the Security Council, adopted on 24 November 2003.

Resolution 1546 means Resolution 1546 (2004) of the Security Council, adopted on 8 June 2004.

sanctioned supply has the meaning given in regulation 6.

Security Council means the United Nations Security Council.

Note:          In these Regulations:

(a)    the Department is the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade; and

(b)    the Minister is the Minister for Foreign Affairs; and

(c)    asset has the meaning given in section 2 of the Act.

5  Export sanctioned goods

                   For these Regulations, export sanctioned goods means arms or related matériel.

6  Sanctioned supply

                   A person makes a sanctioned supply if:

                     (a)  the person supplies, sells or transfers goods to another person; and

                     (b)  the goods are export sanctioned goods; and

                     (c)  as a direct or indirect result of the supply, sale or transfer the goods are transferred to Iraq.

Part 2UN sanction enforcement laws

  

7  Prohibitions relating to a sanctioned supply

             (1)  A person contravenes this regulation if:

                     (a)  the person makes a sanctioned supply; and

                     (b)  the sanctioned supply is not an authorised supply.

             (2)  Section 15.1 of the Criminal Code applies to an offence under section 27 of the Act that relates to a contravention of subregulation (1).

Note:          This has the effect that the offence has extraterritorial operation.

             (3)  A person, whether or not in Australia, and whether or not an Australian citizen, contravenes this regulation if the person uses the services of an Australian ship or an Australian aircraft to transport export sanctioned goods in the course of, or for the purpose of, making a sanctioned supply that is not an authorised supply.

             (4)  A body corporate contravenes this regulation if:

                     (a)  the body corporate has effective control over the actions of another body corporate or entity, wherever incorporated or situated; and

                     (b)  the other body corporate or entity makes a sanctioned supply; and

                     (c)  the sanctioned supply is not an authorised supply.

             (5)  For this regulation:

authorised supply means a sanctioned supply that is authorised by:

                     (a)  a permit under regulation 8; or

                     (b)  if the supply, sale or transfer takes place in or from a foreign country—a permit:

                              (i)  granted by the foreign country; and

                             (ii)  properly granted by the foreign country; and

                            (iii)  granted in a way that accords with the foreign country’s obligations under Resolution 1518.

             (6)  A defendant, to a charge under section 27 of the Act that relates to subregulation (1), (3) or (4), bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subparagraph (b) (i) of the definition of authorised supply in subregulation (5).

             (7)  For paragraph (b) of the definition of authorised supply in subregulation (5), a permit is taken not to have been properly granted if the prosecution shows that the permit was granted on the basis of false or misleading information provided by any person, or of corrupt conduct by any person.

Note:          This regulation is a UN sanction enforcement law as specified by the Minister under the Charter of the United Nations (UN Sanction Enforcement Law) Declaration 2008.

8  Permit to make a sanctioned supply

             (1)  The Minister may, on application, grant a person a permit authorising the making of a sanctioned supply.

Note:          Section 13A of the Act applies to a permit granted by the Minister under this subregulation.

             (2)  The Minister may grant a permit only if the sanctioned supply is required by the Government of Iraq or the multinational force to serve the purposes of Resolution 1546.

             (3)  A permit is subject to any conditions specified in the permit.

9  Return of illegally removed cultural property of Iraq

             (1)  A person who suspects that an item in the possession or control of a person is illegally removed cultural property must, as soon as practicable, notify any of the following:

                     (a)  the Secretary of the Department;

                     (b)  the Secretary of the Arts Department;

                     (c)  a member of the Australian Federal Police or of the police force of a State or Territory.

             (2)  If the Secretary of the Department reasonably believes that a person has possession or control of an item that might be illegally removed cultural property, the Secretary may, by written notice to the person, direct the person to comply with arrangements specified by the Secretary for storage of the item.

Note:          If notified about an item under subregulation (1), the Departments and police will work together to determine whether the item is illegally removed cultural property. If satisfied it is, the Department will arrange for its eventual safe return to an appropriate institution in Iraq.

             (3)  A person commits an offence of strict liability if:

                     (a)  the person is directed under subregulation (2) to comply with specified arrangements; and

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with the arrangements.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

             (4)  If the Secretary cannot satisfy himself or herself that an item for which arrangements are specified under subregulation (2) is an item of illegally removed cultural property, the Secretary must terminate the arrangements.

10  Dealing with illegally removed cultural property of Iraq

             (1)  A person contravenes this regulation if the person does any of the following otherwise than in accordance with a direction under subregulation 9(2):

                     (a)  gives illegally removed cultural property to another person;

                     (b)  trades in illegally removed cultural property;

                     (c)  transfers the title of illegally removed cultural property.

             (2)  Section 15.1 of the Criminal Code (extended geographical jurisdiction—category A) applies to an offence under section 27 of the Act that relates to a contravention of subregulation (1).

             (3)  A body corporate contravenes this regulation if:

                     (a)  the body corporate has effective control over another body corporate or entity (wherever incorporated or situated); and

                     (b)  the other body corporate or entity contravenes subregulation (1).

11  Certain controlled assets must be transferred to Development Fund for Iraq

             (1)  A person who holds a controlled asset that is not subject to a judicial, administrative or arbitral lien or judgement must, as soon as practicable, inform:

                     (a)  the Secretary of the Department; or

                     (b)  the Australian Federal Police, or a police force of a State or Territory.

             (2)  If the Department confirms that the person holds a controlled asset the person must comply with any reasonable arrangements specified by the Department for the transfer of the controlled asset to the Development Fund for Iraq.

Note 1:       Claims made by individuals or non‑government entities on controlled assets transferred to the Development Fund for Iraq may be presented to the Government of Iraq.

Note 2:       Controlled assets enjoy the same privileges, immunities and protections as provided under paragraph 22 of Resolution 1483.

12  Prohibition relating to controlled assets

             (1)  A person contravenes this regulation if:

                     (a)  the person holds a controlled asset ; and

                     (b)  the person, otherwise than in accordance with arrangements under regulation 11:

                              (i)  uses or deals with the asset; or

                             (ii)  allows the asset to be used or dealt with; or

                            (iii)  facilitates the use of, or the dealing with, the asset.

             (2)  Section 15.1 of the Criminal Code applies to an offence under section 27 of the Act that relates to a contravention of subregulation (1).

Note 1:       Subregulation (2) has the effect that the offence has extraterritorial operation.

Note 2:       This regulation is a UN sanction enforcement law as specified by the Minister under the Charter of the United Nations (UN Sanction Enforcement Law) Declaration 2008.

12A  Compensation for acquisition of property

             (1)  If the operation of this Part would result in an acquisition of property (within the meaning of paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution) from a person otherwise than on just terms (within the meaning of that paragraph), the Commonwealth is liable to pay a reasonable amount of compensation to the person.

             (2)  If the Commonwealth and the person do not agree on the amount of the compensation, the person may institute proceedings in the Federal Court of Australia for the recovery from the Commonwealth of such reasonable amount of compensation as the court determines.

Part 3Miscellaneous

  

13  Delegations by Minister

             (1)  The Minister may delegate the Minister’s powers and functions under these Regulations (other than this power of delegation) to:

                     (a)  the Secretary of the Department; or

                     (b)  an SES employee, or acting SES employee, in the Department.

             (2)  The delegation must be in writing.

             (3)  The delegate must comply with any directions of the Minister in exercising powers or functions under the delegation.

Part 4Application and transitional provisions

  

14  Saving provision for amendments made by the Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions—Iraq) Amendment Regulation 2015

The amendments made by the Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions—Iraq) Amendment Regulation 2015 do not affect a person’s duty to comply with an arrangement specified by the Department for the purposes of subregulation 9(2) before the commencement of that instrument.

 


Endnotes

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1—About the endnotes

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

Endnote 3—Legislation history

Endnote 4—Amendment history

Endnotes about misdescribed amendments and other matters are included in a compilation only as necessary.

Abbreviation key—Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history—Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation “(md)” added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation “(md not incorp)” is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

Endnote 2—Abbreviation key

 

A = Act

o = order(s)

ad = added or inserted

Ord = Ordinance

am = amended

orig = original

amdt = amendment

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

c = clause(s)

    /sub‑subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

pres = present

Ch = Chapter(s)

prev = previous

def = definition(s)

(prev…) = previously

Dict = Dictionary

Pt = Part(s)

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

Div = Division(s)

Reg = Regulation/Regulations

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

reloc = relocated

    effect

renum = renumbered

F = Federal Register of Legislative Instruments

rep = repealed

gaz = gazette

rs = repealed and substituted

LI = Legislative Instrument

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

    effect

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

SR = Statutory Rules

    cannot be given effect

Sub‑Ch = Sub‑Chapter(s)

mod = modified/modification

SubPt = Subpart(s)

No. = Number(s)

underlining = whole or part not

 

    commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3—Legislation history

 

Number and year

Gazettal or FRLI registration

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

45, 2008

11 Apr 2008 (F2008L01033)

12 Apr 2008 (s 2)

 

65, 2011

17 May 2011 (F2011L00788)

18 May 2011 (s 2)

161, 2015

21 Sept 2015 (F2015L01464)

19 Oct 2015 (s 2(1) item 1)

 

 

Endnote 4—Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

Part 1

 

r 4           

am No 161, 2015

Part 2

 

r 9........................................

rs No 161, 2015

r 10......................................

rs No 161, 2015

r 12A....................................

ad No 161, 2015

Part 3

 

Part 3....................................

ad No 65, 2011

r 13......................................

ad No 65,  2011

Part 4

 

Part 4....................................

ad No 161, 2015

r 14......................................

ad No 161, 2015