Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998

Authoritative Version
  • - F2015C00762
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
SR 1998 No. 237 Regulations as amended, taking into account amendments up to Customs and Other Legislation Amendment (Australian Border Force) Regulation 2015
Principal Regulations
Administered by: Infrastructure and Regional Development
Registered 10 Sep 2015
Start Date 01 Sep 2015
End Date 14 Dec 2015
Table of contents.

Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998

Statutory Rules No. 237, 1998

made under the

Civil Aviation Act 1988

Compilation No. 65

Compilation date:                              1 September 2015

Includes amendments up to:            SLI No. 90, 2015

Registered:                                         10 September 2015

This compilation is in 4 volumes

Volume 1:       regulations 1.001–42.1105

Volume 2:       regulations 45.005–92.205

Volume 3:       regulations 99.005–137.300

Volume 4:       regulations 139.005–202.964

                        Dictionary and Endnotes

Each volume has its own contents

 

 

This compilation includes commenced amendments made by SLI No. 204, 2014

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 September 2015 (the compilation date).

This compilation was prepared on 1 September 2015.

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on ComLaw (www.comlaw.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on ComLaw for the compiled law.

Self‑repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 45—Display of nationality and registration marks and aircraft registration identification plates                                                                                                                                        1

Subpart 45.A—General                                                                                                     3

45.005................... Applicability of this Part..................................................... 3

Subpart 45.B—Australian nationality and registration markings           4

Division 45.B.1—General rules                                                                               4

45.010................... Applicability of this Subpart............................................... 4

45.015................... Australian nationality mark................................................. 4

45.020................... Registration mark................................................................ 4

45.025................... Meaning of markings and set of markings......................... 4

45.030................... Meaning of character......................................................... 4

45.035................... Requirement for aircraft to bear its markings...................... 5

45.040................... Markings not to be obscured.............................................. 5

45.045................... Number and location of sets of markings—fixed‑wing aircraft               5

45.050................... Number and location of sets of markings—rotorcraft......... 6

45.055................... Number and location of sets of markings—airships........... 7

45.060................... Number and location of sets of markings—manned free balloons           7

45.065................... Minimum height of characters............................................ 7

45.070................... Minimum width of characters............................................. 9

45.075................... Size of hyphens.................................................................. 9

45.080................... Minimum spacing of characters.......................................... 9

45.085................... How markings to be marked on aircraft.............................. 9

45.090................... No confusing markings to be on aircraft........................... 10

Division 45.B.2—Exemptions from general rules                                       11

45.095................... Exhibition aircraft............................................................. 11

45.100................... Antique, experimental and ex‑military aircraft.................. 11

45.105................... Aircraft with special configuration.................................... 13

45.110................... Australian aircraft used by Defence Force........................ 13

Division 45.B.3—Removal of markings                                                            14

45.115................... Removal of markings from sold aircraft........................... 14

Subpart 45.C—Certain aircraft to bear words                                                 15

45.120................... Applicability of this Subpart............................................. 15

45.125................... Requirement to bear certain words.................................... 15

45.130................... Exemption for exhibition aircraft...................................... 16

Subpart 45.D—Aircraft registration identification plates                          18

45.135................... Applicability of this Subpart............................................. 18

45.140................... What an aircraft registration identification plate is............. 18

45.145................... Aircraft must carry aircraft registration identification plate 18

45.150................... How and where aircraft registration identification plate is to be attached to aircraft 19

45.155................... Removal or alteration of aircraft registration identification plates             19

45.160................... Attachment of aircraft registration identification plate from another aircraft             20

Subpart 45.E—Marks on foreign registered aircraft operating in Australian territory                21

45.165................... Applicability of this Subpart............................................. 21

45.170................... Marks to be on foreign registered aircraft in Australian territory             21

Part 47—Registration of aircraft and related matters                                  22

Subpart 47.A—General                                                                                                   24

47.005................... Applicability of Part 47..................................................... 24

47.010................... Definitions for Part 47...................................................... 24

47.015................... Requirement for aircraft to be registered........................... 25

47.020................... Appointment of person to act on behalf of owners........... 26

Subpart 47.B—The Australian Civil Aircraft Register                                27

47.025................... Australian Civil Aircraft Register..................................... 27

47.030................... Register to be accessible to public..................................... 27

47.035................... Correction of Register....................................................... 27

47.040................... Seeking information about Register.................................. 27

47.045................... Communicating with CASA............................................. 28

47.050................... Accuracy of information in Register................................. 28

47.055................... Entries in Register etc not conclusive evidence of title to aircraft             29

Subpart 47.C—Registration of aircraft                                                                 30

47.060................... Applying for registration of unregistered aircraft.............. 30

47.065................... Information required for registration—general................. 30

47.070................... Confirmation of oral application....................................... 32

47.075................... CASA may ask for further information............................ 32

47.080................... Registration of aircraft...................................................... 33

47.085................... Interim certificate of registration....................................... 34

47.090................... Issue of certificate of registration...................................... 35

47.095................... Period of registration........................................................ 35

Subpart 47.D—Registered operator                                                                         36

47.100................... Identity of registered operator of aircraft........................... 36

Subpart 47.E—Transfer of ownership of aircraft                                          38

47.105................... Meaning of former owner and new owner....................... 38

47.110................... Transfer of ownership...................................................... 38

Subpart 47.F—Administration of Australian Civil Aircraft Register 41

47.115................... Notice of error in information in Register......................... 41

47.130................... Lapsing of registration...................................................... 41

47.131................... Suspension and cancellation of registration following a transfer of ownership        41

47.131A................ Suspension and cancellation of registration if registered operator is not an eligible person      42

47.131B................. Cancellation of registration at holder’s request—limitations 43

47.132................... Cancellation of registration on other grounds................... 43

Subpart 47.G—Reservation, assignment and change of registration marks         44

47.140................... Meaning of aircraft for Subpart 47.G.............................. 44

47.145................... Reservation of registration mark....................................... 44

47.150................... Assignment of registration mark....................................... 44

47.155................... Marks that must not be reserved or assigned.................... 45

47.160................... Assigning reserved registration mark to unregistered aircraft  45

47.165................... Change of registration mark.............................................. 45

Subpart 47.H—Dealer’s marks                                                                                   47

47.170................... Definitions for Subpart 47.H............................................ 47

47.175................... Assignment of dealer’s marks.......................................... 47

47.180................... What marks may be assigned to dealers............................ 48

47.185................... Record of dealer’s marks.................................................. 48

47.190................... How long assignment to dealer remains in effect.............. 48

47.195................... Certificate of assignment of dealer’s mark........................ 48

47.205................... Dealer’s plate.................................................................... 48

47.210................... Use of dealer’s marks....................................................... 49

47.215................... Aircraft taken to be registered........................................... 50

47.220................... Annual report to CASA on aircraft using dealer’s marks. 50

47.225................... Revocation of assignment of dealer’s mark etc................. 51

Part 60—Synthetic training devices                                                                          52

Subpart 60.A—Preliminary                                                                                           53

60.005................... Applicability..................................................................... 53

60.010................... Definitions for Part 60...................................................... 53

Subpart 60.B—Flight simulators and flight training devices                    54

60.015................... Definitions for Subpart 60.B............................................ 54

60.020................... Qualification levels........................................................... 54

Table 60.020‑1       Flight simulator qualification levels.................................. 55

Table 60.020‑2       Flight training device qualification levels.......................... 55

60.025................... Application for flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification  55

60.030................... Initial evaluation and qualification..................................... 56

60.035................... Issue of flight simulator qualification certificate or flight training device qualification certificate             57

60.040................... Period of validity of flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification          57

60.045................... Recurrent evaluation of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device                57

60.050................... Variation, cancellation or suspension of flight simulator qualification or flight training device qualification.......................................................................................... 58

60.055................... Flight simulator and flight training device approvals—persons other than Part 141 operators and Part 142 operators........................................................................... 58

60.060................... Quality system—operators other than Part 141 operators and Part 142 operators   59

60.065................... Ongoing fidelity requirements.......................................... 60

60.070................... Modification of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training devices           61

60.075................... Change in qualification level of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device    62

60.080................... Deactivation, relocation or reactivation of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device    62

60.085................... Change of operator of qualified flight simulator or qualified flight training device  63

60.090................... Evaluation teams............................................................... 63

60.095................... Records............................................................................. 64

Subpart 60.C—Basic instrument flight trainers                                               65

Part 61—Flight crew licensing                                                                                     66

Subpart 61.A—Preliminary                                                                                           82

Division 61.A.1—General                                                                                        82

61.005................... What Part 61 is about........................................................ 82

61.007................... Application of Part 61....................................................... 83

61.010................... Definitions for Part 61...................................................... 83

61.015................... Definition of category of aircraft for Part 61.................... 99

61.020................... Definition of class of aircraft for Part 61.......................... 99

61.025................... Definition of aeroplane for Part 61................................ 100

61.035................... Issue of Manual of Standards for Part 61....................... 100

61.040................... Approvals by CASA for Part 61.................................... 100

61.045................... Prescription of qualification standards for flight simulation training devices           101

61.047................... Prescription of recognised foreign States........................ 101

61.050................... Prescription of multi‑engine aeroplanes included in single‑engine aeroplane class  101

61.055................... Prescription of type ratings and variants—multi‑crew aircraft 102

61.060................... Prescription of type ratings—single‑pilot aircraft........... 102

61.061................... Prescription of type‑rated aircraft—flight review requirements for class ratings      103

61.062................... Prescription of types of aircraft for additional limitations on class ratings               103

61.063................... Prescription of types of single engine helicopters for flight reviews        103

61.065................... Conduct of unauthorised activities—holders of flight crew licences        104

Division 61.A.2—Flight time and other aeronautical experience     105

61.070................... Flight to which Division 61.A.2 applies......................... 105

61.075................... Definition of aeronautical experience for Part 61........... 105

61.080................... Definition of flight time as pilot for Part 61.................... 105

61.085................... Definition of flight time as co‑pilot for Part 61............... 106

61.090................... Definition of flight time as pilot in command for Part 61 106

61.095................... Definition of flight time as pilot in command under supervision for Part 61            106

61.100................... Definition of flight time as flight engineer for Part 61..... 107

61.105................... Definition of instrument flight time for Part 61............... 107

61.110................... Definition of instrument ground time for Part 61........... 108

Division 61.A.3—Performing flight crew duties without licence, rating or endorsement            109

Subdivision 61.A.3.1—Student pilots                                                                 109

61.112................... Flying as a student pilot.................................................. 109

61.113................... General requirements for student pilots.......................... 110

61.114................... Solo flights—medical requirements for student pilots.... 110

61.115................... Solo flights—recent experience requirements for student pilots               112

61.116................... Student pilots authorised to taxi aircraft.......................... 113

61.117................... Identity checks—student pilots....................................... 113

61.118................... Production of medical certificates etc. and identification—student pilots 113

Subdivision 61.A.3.2—Other circumstances in which flight crew duties may be performed without licence, rating or endorsement                                                                               114

61.119................... Flying without licence—flight engineer duties................ 114

61.120................... Operation of aircraft radio without licence...................... 114

61.125................... Conducting flight activities without rating or endorsement 115

61.126................... Conducting flight activities without having met proficiency check or flight review 116

61.130................... Operation of helicopter using auto flight control system without licence or rating   116

61.135................... Authorisation to conduct flight training or flight test without holding type rating    116

61.140................... Authorisation to test aircraft without holding type rating 117

61.145................... Piloting glider without holding glider pilot licence.......... 117

Subpart 61.B—Grant of flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements                119

Division 61.B.1—General                                                                                       119

61.150................... People who may grant flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements    119

61.155................... Applications for flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements              120

61.160................... Grant of flight crew licences........................................... 121

61.165................... Grant of flight crew ratings............................................. 122

61.170................... Grant of flight crew endorsements.................................. 122

61.175................... How CASA issues flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements         122

61.180................... How examiner, instructor or approval holder issues rating or endorsement             123

61.185................... New licence document if licence, rating or endorsement cancelled           124

61.190................... Licence holder to comply with limitations and requirements of Part 61   125

Division 61.B.2—Flight training and other training                                126

61.195................... Flight training requirements............................................ 126

61.200................... Differences training requirements................................... 127

61.205................... When training must not be conducted in aircraft............. 128

61.210................... Other approved courses of training or professional development            128

Division 61.B.3—Aeronautical knowledge examinations                      130

61.215................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—general............ 130

61.220................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—air transport pilot licence          130

61.225................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—pass standards. 131

61.230................... Aeronautical knowledge examinations—knowledge deficiency reports   131

Division 61.B.4—Flight tests                                                                                 132

61.235................... Flight tests for flight crew licences and ratings—prerequisites                132

61.240................... Consequences of taking flight test when ineligible......... 134

61.245................... Conduct of flight tests for flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements               134

61.250................... Pass standards for flight tests......................................... 135

Division 61.B.5—English language proficiency                                          136

61.255................... Aviation English language proficiency assessments....... 136

61.260................... Duration of English language proficiency assessments.. 136

61.265................... Recreational pilot licences—general English language proficiency          137

61.270................... Approval of language proficiency assessors................... 137

Division 61.B.6—Recognition of overseas flight crew authorisations 138

61.275................... Overseas flight crew authorisations—recognition.......... 138

61.280................... Grant of flight crew licences, ratings or endorsements under bilateral agreements   140

Division 61.B.7—Recognition of Australian Defence Force qualifications          141

61.285................... Australian Defence Force qualifications—recognition.... 141

Subpart 61.C—Certificates of validation                                                            142

61.290................... Grant of certificates of validation.................................... 142

61.295................... Privileges of certificates of validation............................. 142

61.300................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—medical certificate             143

61.305................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—recent experience, flight review and proficiency check............................................................ 143

61.310................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of certificates of validation—carriage of documents       143

61.315................... Conduct of unauthorised activities by holders of certificates of validation               144

61.320................... Certificates of validation—period of validity.................. 145

61.325................... Certificates of validation—renewal................................. 145

Subpart 61.D—General obligations of flight crew licence holders      146

61.335................... Identity checks................................................................ 146

61.336................... Provision of photograph................................................. 146

61.340................... Production of licence documents, medical certificates and identification  147

61.345................... Personal logbooks—pilots.............................................. 148

61.350................... Personal logbooks—flight engineers.............................. 150

61.355................... Retention of personal logbooks...................................... 151

61.360................... False entries in personal logbooks.................................. 151

61.365................... Production of personal logbooks.................................... 152

Subpart 61.E—Pilot licensing—general limitations and authorisations 153

Division 61.E.1—General limitations on exercise of pilot licence privileges      153

61.375................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—ratings                153

61.380................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—flight activity and design feature endorsements 156

61.385................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—general competency requirement        156

61.390................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—operating requirements and limitations              157

61.395................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—recent experience for certain passenger flight activities........................................................................................ 157

61.400................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—flight review      159

61.405................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical requirements—recreational pilot licence holders............................................................................ 160

61.410................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical certificates: private pilot licence holders........................................................................................ 161

61.415................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—medical certificates: commercial, multi‑crew and air transport pilot licence holders......................................... 162

61.420................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—carriage of documents        162

61.422................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—aviation English language proficiency               163

61.425................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot licences—unregistered aircraft           164

61.427................... Removal of certain pilot licence conditions about airspace 164

Division 61.E.2—General authorisations for pilot licences                 165

61.430................... Holders of pilot licences authorised to taxi aircraft......... 165

61.435................... When holders of pilot licences authorised to operate aircraft radio           165

Subpart 61.G—Recreational pilot licences                                                         166

Division 61.G.1—Privileges and grant of licences                                    166

61.460................... Privileges of recreational pilot licences........................... 166

61.465................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of recreational pilot licences—general            166

61.470................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of recreational pilot licences—endorsements  167

61.475................... Requirements for grant of recreational pilot licences....... 167

61.480................... Grant of recreational pilot licences in recognition of pilot certificates granted by certain organisations    168

Division 61.G.2—Recreational pilot licence endorsements                  170

61.485................... Kinds of recreational pilot licence endorsements............. 170

61.490................... Privileges of recreational pilot licence endorsements...... 170

61.495................... Requirements for grant of recreational pilot licence endorsements           170

61.500................... Grant of endorsement in recognition of other qualifications 171

Subpart 61.H—Private pilot licences                                                                      173

Division 61.H.1—General                                                                                      173

61.505................... Privileges of private pilot licences................................... 173

61.510................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private pilot licences—multi‑crew operations            173

61.515................... Requirements for grant of private pilot licences—general 173

Division 61.H.2—Aeronautical experience requirements for private pilot licences—applicants who have completed integrated training courses                                  175

61.520................... Application of Division 61.H.2...................................... 175

61.525................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—aeroplane category 175

61.530................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—helicopter category                176

61.535................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—gyroplane category                176

Division 61.H.3—Aeronautical experience requirements for private pilot licences—applicants who have not completed integrated training courses                          178

61.540................... Application of Division 61.H.3...................................... 178

61.545................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—aeroplane category 178

61.550................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—helicopter category                179

61.555................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category........................................................................................ 179

61.560................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—gyroplane category                180

61.565................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of private pilot licences—airship category     181

Subpart 61.I—Commercial pilot licences                                                            182

Division 61.I.1—General                                                                                        182

61.570................... Privileges of commercial pilot licences........................... 182

61.575................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of commercial pilot licences—multi‑crew operations     182

61.580................... Requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—general 183

Division 61.I.2—Aeronautical experience requirements for commercial pilot licences—applicants who have completed integrated training courses                      184

61.585................... Application of Division 61.I.2........................................ 184

61.590................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—aeroplane category         184

61.595................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—helicopter category         185

61.600................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category........................................................................................ 185

Division 61.I.3—Aeronautical experience requirements for commercial pilot licences—applicants who have not completed integrated training courses              187

61.605................... Application of Division 61.I.3........................................ 187

61.610................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—aeroplane category         187

61.615................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—helicopter category         188

61.620................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category........................................................................................ 188

61.625................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—gyroplane category         189

61.630................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of commercial pilot licences—airship category              190

Subpart 61.J—Multi‑crew pilot licences                                                              191

61.635................... Privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences............................ 191

61.640................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—IFR flight: general           191

61.645................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—IFR flight: recent experience            192

61.650................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of multi‑crew pilot licences—instrument proficiency check           194

61.655................... Requirements for grant of multi‑crew pilot licences........ 197

61.660................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of multi‑crew pilot licences—aeroplane category          197

Subpart 61.K—Air transport pilot licences                                                       199

61.665................... Privileges of air transport pilot licences.......................... 199

61.670................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—helicopter IFR flight      199

61.675................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—single‑pilot IFR flight    199

61.680................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—IFR flight: general         200

61.685................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—IFR flight: recent experience          201

61.695................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of air transport pilot licences—instrument proficiency check         202

61.700................... Requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—general                206

61.705................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—aeroplane category        207

61.710................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—helicopter category        208

61.715................... Aeronautical experience requirements for grant of air transport pilot licences—powered‑lift aircraft category........................................................................................ 209

Subpart 61.L—Aircraft ratings and endorsements for pilot licences 211

Division 61.L.1—Preliminary                                                                              211

61.720................... What Subpart 61.L is about............................................ 211

Division 61.L.2—Aircraft category ratings                                                 212

61.725................... Privileges of aircraft category ratings.............................. 212

61.730................... Requirements for grant of aircraft category ratings......... 212

Division 61.L.3—Aircraft class ratings                                                          213

61.735................... Privileges of aircraft class ratings................................... 213

61.745................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of aircraft class ratings—flight review           213

61.747................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of class ratings in certain aircraft—flight review            215

61.750................... Requirements for grant of aircraft class ratings............... 216

Division 61.L.4—Design feature endorsements                                          217

61.755................... Design features that require design feature endorsement 217

61.760................... Privileges of design feature endorsements...................... 218

61.765................... Requirements for grant of design feature endorsements. 218

Division 61.L.5—Pilot type ratings                                                                   220

61.770................... Privileges of pilot type ratings........................................ 220

61.775................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—flight test in flight simulator         220

61.780................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—variants        221

61.785................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—single‑pilot operation and multi‑crew operation........................................................................................ 222

61.790................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—IFR operation              222

61.795................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—recent experience on aircraft models            222

61.800................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—flight review                223

61.805................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of pilot type ratings—instrument proficiency check       225

61.810................... Requirements for grant of pilot type ratings.................... 229

61.815................... Person taken to meet requirements for grant of pilot type rating—multi‑crew pilot licence holder           230

61.820................... Person taken to meet requirements for grant of pilot type rating—new type rating  230

61.822................... Removal of type rating condition about acting as pilot in command         232

Division 61.L.6—Cruise relief type ratings                                                  233

61.825................... Kinds of cruise relief type rating..................................... 233

61.830................... Privileges of cruise relief type ratings............................. 233

61.835................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of cruise relief type ratings—general              233

61.840................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of cruise relief type ratings—recent experience              234

61.845................... Requirements for grant of cruise relief type ratings........ 236

61.850................... Person taken to meet requirements for grant of cruise relief type rating—new type rating       237

Subpart 61.M—Instrument ratings                                                                        239

Division 61.M.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of instrument ratings              239

61.855................... Privileges of instrument ratings...................................... 239

61.860................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—general       239

61.865................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—endorsements             240

61.870................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—recent experience: general          241

61.875................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—recent experience: single pilot    242

61.880................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument ratings—instrument proficiency check     242

61.885................... Requirements for grant of instrument ratings.................. 246

61.887................... Removal of instrument rating conditions about acting as pilot in command under IFR            247

Division 61.M.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of instrument endorsements                249

61.890................... Kinds of instrument endorsement................................... 249

61.895................... Privileges of instrument endorsements........................... 252

61.900................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of instrument endorsements           252

61.905................... Requirements for grant of instrument endorsements....... 253

Subpart 61.N—Private instrument ratings                                                        254

Division 61.N.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of private instrument ratings              254

61.910................... Privileges of private instrument ratings........................... 254

61.915................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—endorsements 254

61.920................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—recent experience            255

61.925................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument ratings—flight review   255

61.930................... Requirements for grant of private instrument ratings...... 256

Division 61.N.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of private instrument endorsements                259

61.935................... Kinds of private instrument endorsement........................ 259

61.940................... Privileges of private instrument endorsements................ 264

61.942................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument endorsements—visibility and cloud              265

61.945................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of private instrument endorsements                265

61.950................... Requirements for grant of private instrument endorsements 266

Subpart 61.O—Night VFR ratings                                                                         267

Division 61.O.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of night VFR ratings                267

61.955................... Privileges of night VFR ratings...................................... 267

61.960................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—endorsements            267

61.965................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—recent experience       267

61.970................... Limitations on exercise of privileges of night VFR ratings—flight review              268

61.975................... Requirements for grant of night VFR ratings................. 269

Division 61.O.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of night VFR endorsements 271

61.980................... Kinds of night VFR endorsement................................... 271

61.985................... Privileges of night VFR endorsements........................... 273

61.990................... Requirements for grant of night VFR endorsements...... 273

Subpart 61.P—Night vision imaging system ratings                                     275

Division 61.P.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of night vision imaging system ratings            275

61.995................... Privileges of night vision imaging system ratings........... 275

61.1000................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—general           275

61.1005................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—endorsements 275

61.1010................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—recent experience            275

61.1015................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night vision imaging system ratings—night vision imaging system proficiency check............................................................ 276

61.1020................. Requirements for grant of night vision imaging system ratings               278

Division 61.P.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of night vision imaging system endorsements                                                                                                                    279

61.1025................. Kinds of night vision imaging system endorsement........ 279

61.1030................. Privileges of night vision imaging system endorsements 280

61.1035................. Requirements for grant of night vision imaging system endorsements    280

Subpart 61.Q—Low‑level ratings                                                                             283

Division 61.Q.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of low‑level ratings   283

61.1040................. Privileges of low‑level ratings........................................ 283

61.1045................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—general         283

61.1050................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—endorsements               283

61.1055................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—recent experience         283

61.1060................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low‑level ratings—flight review                284

61.1070................. Requirements for grant of low‑level ratings.................... 285

Division 61.Q.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of low‑level endorsements     286

61.1075................. Kinds of low‑level endorsement..................................... 286

61.1080................. Privileges of low‑level endorsements............................. 287

61.1085................. Requirements for grant of low‑level endorsements......... 288

Subpart 61.R—Aerial application ratings                                                          289

Division 61.R.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of aerial application ratings 289

61.1090................. Privileges of aerial application ratings............................. 289

61.1100................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—endorsements   289

61.1105................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—recent experience              289

61.1110................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application ratings—aerial application proficiency check  290

61.1115................. Requirements for grant of aerial application ratings........ 291

Division 61.R.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of aerial application endorsements  293

61.1120................. Kinds of aerial application endorsement.......................... 293

61.1125................. Privileges of aerial application endorsements.................. 298

61.1130................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of aerial application endorsements—supervision           298

61.1135................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of night aerial application endorsements         299

61.1140................. Requirements for grant of aerial application endorsements 300

Subpart 61.S—Flight activity endorsements                                                     302

61.1145................. Kinds of flight activity endorsement............................... 302

61.1150................. Privileges of flight activity endorsements....................... 303

61.1155................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight activity endorsements—medical certificates      303

61.1160................. Requirements for grant of flight activity endorsements... 304

Subpart 61.T—Pilot instructor ratings                                                                 305

Division 61.T.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight instructor ratings     305

61.1165................. Privileges of flight instructor ratings............................... 305

61.1170................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—general               306

61.1172................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions....................................................................... 307

61.1175................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—endorsements     307

61.1180................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight instructor ratings—instructor proficiency check               308

61.1185................. Requirements for grant of flight instructor ratings.......... 310

Division 61.T.2—Privileges and requirements for grant of simulator instructor ratings           313

61.1190................. Privileges of simulator instructor ratings........................ 313

61.1195................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—general         314

61.1197................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions....................................................................... 314

61.1200................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—endorsements               315

61.1205................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of simulator instructor ratings—instructor proficiency check         315

61.1210................. Requirements for grant of simulator instructor ratings.... 317

Division 61.T.3—Obligations of pilot instructors                                      319

61.1215................. Obligations of pilot instructors—training....................... 319

61.1220................. Obligations of pilot instructors—flight reviews.............. 319

61.1225................. Obligations of pilot instructors—student pilots.............. 320

61.1227................. Obligations of pilot instructors—approval to operate aircraft radio          322

61.1230................. Obligations of pilot instructors—records of activities conducted independently of Part 141 or 142 operator........................................................................................ 322

Division 61.T.4—Privileges and requirements for grant of training endorsements       324

61.1235................. Kinds of training endorsement........................................ 324

61.1240................. Privileges of training endorsements................................ 333

61.1245................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of training endorsements—general 333

61.1246................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of grade 3 training endorsements   334

61.1247................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of low level training endorsements 334

61.1250................. Requirements for grant of training endorsements........... 334

Subpart 61.U—Flight examiner ratings                                                               336

Division 61.U.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight examiner ratings      336

61.1255................. Privileges of flight examiner ratings............................... 336

61.1265................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—endorsements      336

61.1270................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—professional development   337

61.1275................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—recent experience                338

61.1280................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—flight reviews and subject matter proficiency checks............................................................................. 338

61.1285................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner ratings—examiner proficiency check                339

61.1290................. Requirements for grant of flight examiner ratings........... 341

Division 61.U.2—Obligations of flight examiners                                     342

61.1295................. Obligations of flight examiners—flight tests: strict liability offences       342

61.1300................. Obligations of flight examiners—flight tests: other offences 343

61.1305................. Obligations of flight examiners—proficiency checks..... 345

Division 61.U.3—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight examiner endorsements       348

61.1310................. Kinds of flight examiner endorsement............................ 348

61.1315................. Privileges of flight examiner endorsements.................... 352

61.1318................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight examiner endorsements—flight tests in aircraft                352

61.1320................. Requirements for grant of flight examiner endorsements 352

Subpart 61.V—Flight engineer licences                                                               354

61.1325................. Privileges of flight engineer licences............................... 354

61.1330................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—ratings                354

61.1335................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—recent experience                354

61.1340................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—flight review       355

61.1345................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—current medical certificates 356

61.1350................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—carriage of documents        356

61.1352................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer licences—aviation English language proficiency........................................................................................ 357

61.1355................. Certain holders of flight engineer licences authorised to operate aircraft radio         357

61.1360................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer licences.......... 357

Subpart 61.W—Flight engineer type ratings                                                    359

61.1365................. Privileges of flight engineer type ratings......................... 359

61.1370................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—general         359

61.1375................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—recent experience on aircraft models........................................................................................ 359

61.1380................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer type ratings—flight review 360

61.1385................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer type ratings.... 361

61.1390................. Person taken to meet requirements for grant of flight engineer type rating—new type rating  362

Subpart 61.X—Flight engineer instructor ratings                                         364

Division 61.X.1—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight engineer instructor ratings                364

61.1395................. Privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings................ 364

61.1400................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings—general 365

61.1402................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor rating—rating granted on basis of transitional provisions....................................................................... 365

61.1405................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings—endorsements       365

61.1410................. Limitations on exercise of privileges of flight engineer instructor ratings—instructor proficiency check 366

61.1415................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer instructor ratings 368

Division 61.X.2—Obligations of flight engineer instructors                369

61.1420................. Obligations of flight engineer instructors—training........ 369

61.1425................. Obligations of flight engineer instructors—flight review 369

61.1427................. Obligations of flight engineer instructors—approval to operate aircraft radio          370

Division 61.X.3—Privileges and requirements for grant of flight engineer training endorsements      371

61.1430................. Kinds of flight engineer training endorsement................ 371

61.1435................. Privileges of flight engineer training endorsements........ 371

61.1440................. Requirements for grant of flight engineer training endorsements             372

Subpart 61.Y—Flight engineer examiner ratings