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CASA 292/14 Directions/Civil Aviation as made
This instrument prescribes operating limitations on aircraft fitted with engines manufactured by, or under licence from or under a contract with, Jabiru Aircraft Pty Ltd to manage risks arising from a high incidence of engine loss-of-power events and other reliability issues.
Administered by: Infrastructure and Regional Development
Made 22 Dec 2014
Registered 23 Dec 2014
Tabled HR 09 Feb 2015
Tabled Senate 09 Feb 2015
Date of repeal 30 Jun 2015
Repealed by Self Repealing

Instrument number CASA 292/14

I, JONATHAN ALECK, Acting Director of Aviation Safety, on behalf of CASA, make this instrument under regulations 11.068 and 11.245 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR 1998).

[Signed Jonathan Aleck]

Jonathan Aleck
Acting Director of Aviation Safety

22 December 2014

Conditions and direction concerning certain aircraft fitted with engines manufactured by Jabiru Aircraft Pty Ltd

1          Duration

                 This instrument:

(a)   commences on the day of registration; and

(b)   expires at the end of June 2015, as if it had been repealed by another instrument.

2          Definitions

                 In this instrument:

CFI means, in relation to a flying school, the individual performing the functions of the chief flying instructor (however named) for the school.

flying school means any provider of flying training services.

Jabiru means Jabiru Aircraft Pty Ltd.

Jabiru-powered aircraft means an aircraft to which this instrument applies by operation of section 3.

manufactured by Jabiru, in relation to an engine, includes an engine that is wholly or partly manufactured by a person under licence from, or under a contract with, Jabiru.

populous area means an area that has, or is expected to have, during the period of operation of an aircraft, a sufficient density of population that the occurrence of a fault in, or failure of, the aircraft would pose an unreasonable risk to the life, safety or property of somebody who is in the area but is not connected with the operation.

student pilot means a person authorised to fly an aircraft who does not hold:

(a)   a pilot certificate issued by Recreational Aviation Australia Incorporated or a higher pilot authorisation; or

(b)   a pilot licence issued under Part 5 of the Civil Aviation Regulations 1988 (CAR 1988); or

(c)   a flight crew licence granted under Part 61 of CASR 1998.

suitable forced-landing area means an area on land that is not a populous area where, in the event of a forced landing, it is less likely that serious injuries or loss of life will result.

3          Application

        (1)     Section 4 applies to the following classes of authorisation:

(a)   experimental certificates issued under regulation 21.195A of CASR 1998 in respect of aircraft fitted with an engine manufactured by Jabiru;

(b)   special certificates of airworthiness issued under regulation 21.176 of CASR 1998, to which the applicant was entitled under regulation 21.184 of CASR 1998, in respect of aircraft fitted with an engine manufactured by Jabiru;

(c)   special certificates of airworthiness issued under regulation 21.176 of CASR 1998, to which the applicant was entitled under regulation 21.186 of CASR 1998, in respect of aircraft fitted with an engine manufactured by Jabiru;

(d)   any other type of certificate of airworthiness issued under Part 21 of CASR 1998 in respect of aircraft fitted with an engine manufactured by Jabiru;

(e)   special flight permits issued under regulation 21.200 of CASR 1998 in respect of aircraft fitted with an engine manufactured by Jabiru.

        (2)     Section 5 applies to each aircraft fitted with an engine manufactured by Jabiru to which Civil Aviation Order 95.55 (CAO 95.55) applies.

4          Condition on authorisations

                 For subregulation 11.068 (1) of CASR 1998, it is a condition that each Jabiru‑powered aircraft to which this section applies is operated in accordance with the operating limitations set out in Schedule 1.

5          Direction

                 For subregulation 11.245 (1) of CASR 1998, CASA directs each Jabiru‑powered aircraft to which this section applies to be operated in accordance with the operating limitations set out in Schedule 1.

6          Dispensation to relocate aircraft

        (1)     This section applies insofar as the limitation in paragraph 2 (a) of Schedule 1 prohibits the operation of an aircraft at the commencement of this instrument.

        (2)     Until 31 January 2015, the owner of an aircraft may arrange for the aircraft to conduct a single take-off that would otherwise contravene paragraph 2 (a) of Schedule 1 for the purpose of moving the aircraft to a location where it can be operated without contravening that clause.

        (3)     The owner of an aircraft relying on the dispensation in subsection (2) must take reasonable steps to ensure that the aircraft is moved at the time, and follows the route, that for the duration of the flight maximises the availability of suitable forced-landing areas in the event of an engine failure.

Note   This section does not permit an aircraft to take off from a prohibited location if the aircraft has landed at that location after the commencement date.

Schedule 1          Operating limitations for Jabiru-powered aircraft

        1     The pilot in command of a Jabiru-powered aircraft must operate it only:

(a)   by day and under the V.F.R.; or

(b)   in accordance with an approval by CASA.

        2     The pilot in command of a Jabiru-powered aircraft is only permitted to operate the aircraft over a populous area at a height:

(a)   from which the aircraft can glide clear of all populous areas to a suitable forced-landing area; and

(b)   that is at least 1 000 feet above ground level, except to the minimum extent necessary for the aircraft to safely climb after take-off or safely descend for a landing.

Note   Paragraph (a), together with the definition of populous area, has the effect of prohibiting Jabiru-powered aircraft from departing from or landing at various places, including but not limited to Archerfield, Bankstown and Moorabbin Airports.

        3     The pilot in command of a Jabiru-powered aircraft must only permit a passenger to be carried in the aircraft during a flight if:

(a)   the pilot in command has received a statement substantially in the form of the statement in clause 6, signed not more than 28 days before the flight by:

             (i)  subject to subparagraph (ii) — each passenger; and

            (ii)  if a passenger is aged under 18 or has a mental impairment — a parent or guardian of the passenger; and

(b)   the pilot in command is reasonably satisfied, including after making necessary enquiries, that each person signing a statement under this clause understands the statement; and

(c)   each signed statement is kept at a secure location that is not on-board an aircraft during flight; and

(d)   the passenger is not carried for hire or reward.

        4     The pilot in command of a Jabiru-powered aircraft, or their legal representative:

(a)   may keep a statement kept under clause 3 for use in respect of future flights in a Jabiru-powered aircraft by the same passenger; and

(b)   may dispose of a statement kept under clause 3 at any time after the safe disembarkation of each passenger (but must obtain a new statement if the passenger is carried on a future flight); and

(c)   must, as soon as practicable and by registered mail, send to CASA the statement signed by each passenger on a flight that involves a loss‑of‑engine-power event.

        5     The CFI of a flying school must not permit a student pilot of the school to undertake a solo flight in a Jabiru-powered aircraft unless the CFI has:

(a)   before the first solo flight of the student pilot at the flying school:

             (i)  confirmed that the student pilot has competently completed engine‑failure exercises at the school in the preceding 2 hours of flight time; and

            (ii)  noted the competence in subparagraph (i) in the student pilot’s record, countersigned by the student; and

           (iii)  subject to subparagraph (iv) — placed, in a secure location not on an aircraft during flight, a statement signed by the student pilot that is substantially in the form of the statement in clause 6; and

           (iv)  in relation to a student pilot who is aged under 18 — placed, in a secure location not on an aircraft during flight, a statement signed by the parent or guardian of the student that is substantially in the form of the statement in clause 6; and

            (v)  determined on reasonable grounds, including after making necessary enquiries, that a person signing a statement under this clause understands the statement; and

(b)   before subsequent solo flights by the student pilot at a flying school:

             (i)  confirmed that the student pilot has competently performed engine failure exercises at the school in either the preceding 2 hours of flight time or 7 days, whichever is the more recent, unless a more onerous recency requirement applies; and

            (ii)  noted the competence in subparagraph (i) in the student pilot’s record, countersigned by the student.

        6     The statement mentioned in clauses 3 and 5 is:

              ‘I, [insert name]                                     , PROPOSE TO TAKE A FLIGHT IN THE AIRCRAFT IDENTIFIED AS [insert registration information] (THE AIRCRAFT). I AM AWARE THAT THE CIVIL AVIATION SAFETY AUTHORITY (CASA) HAS DATA INDICATING THAT THE TYPE OF ENGINE USED IN THE AIRCRAFT HAS SUFFERED A HIGH NUMBER OF FAILURES AND RELIABILITY PROBLEMS.

              ‘I ACKNOWLEDGE THAT CASA HAS IMPOSED LIMITATIONS ON THE AIRCRAFT TO PROTECT PERSONS ON THE GROUND NOT ASSOCIATED WITH THE OPERATON OF THE AIRCRAFT, UNINFORMED PASSENGERS AND TRAINEE PILOTS. THOSE LIMITATIONS ALSO HELP PASSENGERS AND TRAINEE PILOTS TO MAKE AN INFORMED DECISION ABOUT WHETHER TO ACCEPT THE RISK OF FLIGHTS IN THE AIRCRAFT.

              ‘I NOTE CASA’S ADVICE THAT, ALTHOUGH MOST JABIRU ENGINES OPERATE NORMALLY, THERE IS AN ABNORMAL RISK THE ENGINE IN THE AIRCRAFT WILL MALFUNCTION.

              ‘I ACCEPT THE RISK OF BEING INJURED OR KILLED IN THE EVENT OF AN ENGINE MALFUNCTION DURING FLIGHT, NOTING THAT:

‘(A)  THE AIRCRAFT MUST BE FLOWN AWAY FROM PEOPLE ON THE GROUND (AND BUILDINGS), EVEN IF THAT MEANS AN EMERGENCY LANDING AT A LOCATION THAT IS LESS SAFE FOR THAT PURPOSE; AND

‘(B)   THE SAFETY OF AN EMERGENCY LANDING CANNOT BE GUARANTEED EVEN IF THERE IS A SUITABLE LANDING LOCATION.

              ‘I NOTE CASA’S ADVICE THAT I SHOULD NOT FLY IN THE AIRCRAFT IF I AM NOT PREPARED TO ACCEPT THE HEIGHTENED RISK INVOLVED.

              ‘I ACCEPT THE RISK NOTING THAT THE ENGINE MANUFACTURER IS WORKING TO IDENTIFY AND FIX THE ENGINE ISSUES AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

              ‘I AM AWARE THAT CASA REQUIRES MY SIGNATURE ON THIS STATEMENT BEFORE THE FLIGHT MAY COMMENCE.

              ‘SIGNED:                                              DATE:                                                    ’