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Part 61 Manual of Standards Instrument 2014

Authoritative Version
  • - F2014L01102
  • In force - Superseded Version
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Standards/Other as made
This instrument sets out matters, in particular standards, relating to flight crew licensing. It also imposes a condition on flight examiner ratings that the holder of the rating must comply with CASA’s Flight Examiners’ Handbook when conducting flight tests or proficiency checks.
Administered by: Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities
Exempt from sunsetting by the Legislation (Exemptions and Other Matters) Regulation 2015 s12 item 15
Made 13 Aug 2014
Registered 21 Aug 2014
Tabled HR 26 Aug 2014
Tabled Senate 26 Aug 2014
Table of contents.

I, terence LINDSAY farquharson, Acting Director of Aviation Safety, on behalf of CASA, make this instrument under regulations 11.068 and 61.035 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 and section 4 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

[Signed T. Farquharson]

Terry Farquharson
Acting Director of Aviation Safety

13 August 2014

Part 61 Manual of Standards Instrument 2014

1          Name of instrument

       1.1     This instrument is the Part 61 Manual of Standards for Part 61 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR 1998).

       1.2     This instrument is called the Part 61 Manual of Standards Instrument 2014.

       1.3     In this instrument, unless the contrary intention appears, a reference to “this MOS” or “the MOS” means the Part 61 Manual of Standards Instrument 2014.

2          Commencement

                 This instrument commences on 1 September 2014.

3          Scope

                 Under regulation 61.035 of CASR 1998, and for Part 61 of CASR 1998, this MOS sets out matters relating to:

(a)   flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements; and

(b)   the use of an ACAS; and

(c)   aeronautical radio operations; and

(d)   aeroplane taxiing; and

(e)   conditions on flight examiner ratings.

4          Condition on flight examiner ratings

                 For paragraph 98 (5A) (1) (a) and subsection 98 (5D) of the Civil Aviation Act 1988, and regulation 11.068 of CASR 1998, it is a condition on a flight examiner rating, issued before or after this MOS, that when conducting a flight test or a proficiency check the holder of the rating must comply with the requirements of, and take into account the recommendations in, the Flight Examiners’ Handbook as in force and published on the CASA website at the time of the flight test or proficiency check.

5          Definitions

       5.1     In this MOS, unless the contrary intention appears:

                 cell, for a column of a table in a Schedule of this instrument, means each individual, undivided unit into which the column is subdivided.

                 in accordance with published procedures, for carrying out an activity in relation to an aircraft, means carrying out the activity in accordance with the applicable requirements (if any) set out in each of the following:

(a)   the aircraft flight manual;

(b)   the aircraft operator’s operations manual;

(c)   the Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP);

(d)   another operational document applicable to the activity that is approved in writing by CASA or the operator.

       5.2     In this MOS, unless the contrary intention appears, an abbreviation has the meaning given to it by the Dictionary of abbreviations in Schedule 1A.

       5.3     Unless the contrary intention appears, if an abbreviation used in this MOS is not given a meaning under Schedule 1A, the abbreviation has the meaning that is given to it by the prevalent usage, custom and practice of the aviation industry.

       5.4     To avoid doubt, in this MOS neither a unit code nor an examination code is an abbreviation within the meaning of subsection 5.2 or 5.3.

6          Recreational pilot licences — general English language proficiency standard

       6.1     The general English language proficiency standard is as set out in Section 1 of Schedule 2.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 to find the general English language proficiency standards.

       6.2     The assessment mentioned in subclause 5.1.1 of Section 1 of Schedule 2, and the requirement specified in subclause 5.1.2, are each part of the standard.

       6.3     The general English language proficiency tests are as set out in paragraph 5.1.2 (f) of Section 1 of Schedule 2.

       6.4     For subsection 6.3, achieving the minimum grade specified for each test is part of each test.

7          Aviation English language proficiency standards and maintenance of English language proficiency

       7.1     The aviation English language proficiency standard is as set out in Section 1 of Schedule 2.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 to find the aviation English language proficiency standards.

       7.2     The ICAO level 4, level 5 and level 6 aviation English language proficiency standards (rating scales) are as set out in Section 2 of Schedule 8.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 8 to find the ICAO level 4, level 5 and level 6 aviation English language proficiency standards (rating scales).

8          Units of competency for flight training, use of ACAS, aeronautical radio operations, and taxiing

       8.1     The units of competency for each of the following matters are as set out in the Appendix of a Section in Schedule 1 that is for the particular matter:

(a)   a flight crew licence with an aircraft category rating, a flight crew rating on a licence, or an endorsement on a rating;

(b)   a design feature endorsement or a flight activity endorsement;

(c)   use of an ACAS;

(d)   an aeronautical radio operator certificate;

(e)   a certificate of competency for taxiing aeroplanes of a particular class or type rating.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 1 to find the reference to any particular matter listed in paragraphs (a) to (e) above.

       8.2     For an Appendix mentioned in subsection 8.1, each unit of competency mentioned in a cell in column 2 of the practical flight standards table in the Appendix (the unit of competency) has the unit code mentioned in the corresponding cell in column 1 (the unit code).

       8.3     For subsection 8.2, the requirements of the unit of competency are set out in the document whose unit code is mentioned in the cell in column 1 that corresponds to the unit of competency.

       8.4     For subsection 8.3, the unit coded document containing the requirements of the unit of competency is the document in Schedule 2 which has the same unit code.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 for an alphabetical list of unit codes.

       8.5     The competency required of a person by each unit of competency mentioned in Schedule 2 (the unit) is the ability to do the following:

(a)   perform each of the elements mentioned in clause 2 of the unit:

             (i)  according to the performance criteria mentioned for the element; and

            (ii)  within the range of variables mentioned in clause 3 for the unit; and

           (iii)  for practical flight — within the flight tolerances mentioned in the table in Section 1 of Schedule 8 that is for the category of aircraft (where applicable) and for the licence or rating; and

(b)   demonstrate the underpinning knowledge for each unit, as mentioned in clause 4 of the unit.

Note   A unit of competency in Schedule 2 usually comprises: (1) the unit description, (2) its elements and performance criteria, (3) the range of variables across which these criteria are to be applied, and (4) the minimum underpinning knowledge for (2) and (3).

9          Other approved courses

                 RESERVED (CASR 61.040 and 61.210)

10        Aeronautical knowledge standards

     10.1     The aeronautical knowledge standards for a flight crew licence with an aircraft category rating, a flight crew rating on a licence or an endorsement on a rating are as set out in the Appendix of a Section in Schedule 1 that is for the licence, rating or endorsement.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 1 to find any particular licence, rating or endorsement.

     10.2     For an Appendix mentioned in subsection 10.1, each unit of knowledge mentioned in a cell in column 2 of an aeronautical knowledge standards table in the Appendix (the unit of knowledge) has the unit code mentioned in the corresponding cell in column 1 (the unit code).

     10.3     For subsection 10.2, the requirements of the unit of knowledge are set out in the document whose unit code is mentioned in the cell in column 1 that corresponds to the unit of knowledge.

     10.4     For subsection 10.3, the unit coded document containing the requirements of a unit of knowledge is the document in Schedule 3 which has the same unit code.

     10.5     The standard of knowledge required of a person by each unit of knowledge mentioned in Schedule 3 is the ability to demonstrate, to the appropriate level, knowledge of the elements, topics and specific content described in each clause of the unit.

     10.6     For subsection 10.5:

(a)   an element, generally identifying a knowledge area within the unit of knowledge, is indicated in bold, underlined print, and numbered as a clause; and

(b)   a topic (if any), further defining a knowledge area within an element, is indicated in bold print and numbered as a subclause; and

(c)   specific content, describing in detail the relevant content of the topic (if any), or the element, is indicated in plain print and numbered as subclauses, paragraphs, subparagraphs and sub-subparagraphs as the case may be.

11        Aeronautical knowledge examinations, pass standards and time

     11.1     The aeronautical knowledge examinations for a flight crew licence with an aircraft category rating, a flight crew rating on a licence, or an endorsement on a rating are as set out in the table in the Section of Schedule 4 that is for the licence, rating or endorsement (the table).

     11.2     For subsection 11.1, the examination for each examination subject mentioned in a cell in column 2 of the table (the subject) has the examination code, the pass standard and the time limit mentioned in the cell in column 1, column 3 and column 4 (respectively) of the table that corresponds to the subject.

Note   The examination codes mentioned in the cells in column 1 of the table are for examination administration purposes only.

12        Flight tests — competency standards

     12.1     The competency standards for a flight test for a flight crew licence with an aircraft category rating, a flight crew rating on a licence, or an endorsement on a rating are as set out in the Appendix in Schedule 5 that is for the licence, rating or endorsement flight test.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 5 to find the reference to any particular flight test.

     12.2     For subsection 12.1, the competency standards for a flight test mentioned in an Appendix in Schedule 5 comprise the following:

(a)   the flight test requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the test;

(b)   the knowledge requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the test;

(c)   the practical flight standards mentioned in the Appendix for the test, but within the flight tolerances mentioned in the table in Section 1 of Schedule 8 that is for the category of aircraft (where applicable) and for the licence, rating or endorsement.

Note   For paragraph (c), the aircraft category is identified in the title of the relevant table in Schedule 8, and the licence, rating or endorsement is identified in the “Applicability” clause of the relevant table.

     12.3     For an Appendix mentioned in subsection 12.1, each unit of competency mentioned in a cell in column 2 of the practical flight standards table in the Appendix (the unit of competency) has the unit code mentioned in the corresponding cell in column 1 (the unit code), subject to the modification (if any) specified in column 3.

     12.4     For subsection 12.3, the requirements of the unit of competency are set out in the document whose unit code is mentioned in the cell in column 1 that corresponds to the unit of competency.

     12.5     For subsection 12.4, the unit coded document containing the requirements of the unit of competency is the document in Schedule 2 which has the same unit code.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 for an alphabetical list of unit codes.

     12.6     For a flight test, the competency required of a person by each relevant unit of competency mentioned in Schedule 2 (the unit) is the ability to perform each of the elements mentioned in clause 2 of the unit:

(a)   according to the performance criteria mentioned for the element; and

(b)   within the range of variables mentioned in clause 3 for the unit; and

(c)   subject to the modifications (if any) specified in column 3 of the practical flight standards table in Schedule 5.

Note   For a flight test, the competency required of a person by a unit of competency does not require specific testing of the underpinning knowledge in Schedule 2.

13        Proficiency checks — competency standards

     13.1     The competency standards for a proficiency check for a flight crew rating on a licence, or an endorsement on a rating are as set out in the Appendix in Schedule 6 that is for the rating proficiency check.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 6 to find the reference to any particular proficiency check.

     13.2     For subsection 13.1, the competency standards for a proficiency check mentioned in an Appendix in Schedule 6 comprise the following:

(a)   the proficiency check requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the check;

(b)   the knowledge requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the check;

(c)   the practical flight standards mentioned in the Appendix for the check, but within the flight tolerances mentioned in the table in Section 1 of Schedule 8 that is for the category of aircraft (where applicable) and for the flight crew rating.

Note   For paragraph (c), the aircraft category is identified in the title of the relevant table in Schedule 8, and the rating is identified in the “Applicability” clause of the relevant table.

     13.3     For an Appendix mentioned in subsection 13.1, each unit of competency mentioned in a cell in column 2 of the practical flight standards table in the Appendix (the unit of competency) has the unit code mentioned in the corresponding cell in column 1 (the unit code), subject to the modification (if any) specified in column 3.

     13.4     For subsection 13.3, the requirements of the unit of competency are set out in the document whose unit code is mentioned in the cell in column 1 that corresponds to the unit of competency.

     13.5     For subsection 13.4, the unit coded document containing the requirements of the unit of competency is the document in Schedule 2 which has the same unit code.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 for an alphabetical list of unit codes.

     13.6     For a proficiency check, the competency required of a person by each relevant unit of competency mentioned in Schedule 2 (the unit) is the ability to perform each of the elements mentioned in clause 2 of the unit, according to the performance criteria mentioned for the element, within the range of variables mentioned in clause 3 for the unit, but subject to the modifications (if any) specified in column 3 of the practical flight standards table in Schedule 6.

Note   For a proficiency check, the competency required of a person by a unit of competency does not require specific testing of the underpinning knowledge in Schedule 2.

14        Flight reviews — competency standards

     14.1     The competency standards for a flight review for a flight crew rating on a licence are as set out in the Appendix in Schedule 7 that is for the rating flight review.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 7 to find the reference to any particular flight review.

     14.2     For subsection 14.1, the competency standards for a flight review mentioned in an Appendix in Schedule 7 comprise the following:

(a)   the flight review requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the flight review;

(b)   the knowledge requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the flight review;

(c)   the practical flight standards mentioned in the Appendix for the flight review, but within the flight tolerances mentioned in the table in Section 1 of Schedule 8 that is for the category of aircraft (where applicable) and for the rating.

Note   For paragraph (c), the aircraft category is identified in the title of the relevant table in Schedule 8, and the rating is identified in the “Applicability” clause of the relevant table.

     14.3     For an Appendix mentioned in subsection 14.1, each unit of competency mentioned in a cell in column 2 of the practical flight standards table in the Appendix (the unit of competency) has the unit code mentioned in the corresponding cell in column 1 (the unit code), subject to the modification (if any) specified in column 3.

     14.4     For subsection 14.3, the requirements of the unit of competency are set out in the document whose unit code is mentioned in the cell in column 1 that corresponds to the unit of competency.

     14.5     For subsection 14.4, the unit coded document containing the requirements of the unit of competency is the document in Schedule 2 which has the same unit code.

Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 for an alphabetical list of unit codes.

     14.6     For a flight review, the competency required of a person by each relevant unit of competency mentioned in Schedule 2 (the unit) is the ability to perform each of the elements mentioned in clause 2 of the unit, according to the performance criteria mentioned for the element, within the range of variables mentioned in clause 3 for the unit, but subject to the modifications (if any) specified in column 3 of the practical flight standards table in Schedule 7.

Note   For a flight review, the competency required of a person by a unit of competency does not require specific testing of the underpinning knowledge in Schedule 2.


Schedule 1A       Dictionary of abbreviations

Abbreviation

Meaning

ACAS

Airborne collision avoidance system

ACN

Aircraft classification number

AD

Aerodrome

ADC

Air data computer

ADF

Automatic direction finder

ADIZ

Air defence identification zones.

AEL

Aviation English language

AFCS

Automatic flight control system

AFM

Aircraft flight manual

AFOR

Area forecast

AGL

Above ground level

AIC

Aeronautical information circular

AIP

Aeronautical information package

AIREP

Air report

AK

General aeronautical knowledge

ALA

Aerodromes and aeroplane landing areas

ALC

Approved load controlled

ALT

Altitude

AMP

Aerial application management plan

ANP

Actual navigation performance

AOA

Angle of attack

AOC

Air operator’s certificate

AOM

Aerodrome operating manual

AP

Auto pilot

APU

Auxiliary power unit

ARS

Attitude retention system

ASI

Air speed indicator

AT

Auto throttle

ATC

Air traffic control

ATIS

Aerodrome terminal information service

ATPL

Air transport pilot licence

ATS

Air traffic service

AUW

All up weight

AVADS

Auto voice activated decision system

BAK

Basic aeronautical knowledge

BHP

Brake horsepower

CAAP

Civil Aviation Advisory Publication

CAO

Civil Aviation Order

CAS

Calibrated air speed

CASA

Civil Aviation Safety Authority

CASR 1998

Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998

CAT

Clear air turbulence

CBT

Computer-based test

CDFA

Continuous descent flight angle

CDI

Course deviation indicator

CDP

Climb descent procedure

CG

Centre of gravity

CHT

Cylinder head temperature

CP

Critical point

CPL

Commercial pilot licence

CRM

Crew resource management

CSU

Constant speed unit

CTA

Controlled airspace

CTAF

Common traffic advisory frequency

CTR

Control zone

CVR

Cockpit voice recorder

DA

Density altitude

DALR

Dry adiabatic lapse rate

DAME

Designated aviation medical examiner

DAP

Departure and approach

DFDR

Digital flight data recorder

DFE

Design feature endorsement

DME

Distance measuring equipment

EAS

Equivalent air speed

EET

Estimated elapsed time

EFIS

Electronic flight instrument system

EGT

Exhaust gas temperature

EICAS

Engine indication and crew alerting system

ELR

Environmental lapse rate

EPR

Engine pressure ratio

EPT

Effective performance time

ERC

En route chart

ERSA

En route supplement Australia

ETA

Estimated time of arrival

ETD

Estimated time of departure

ETI

Estimated time interval

ETOPS

Extended range twin operations

ETP

Equi-time point

FAE

Flight activity endorsement

FAF

Final approach fix

FD

Flight director

FIA

Flight information area

FIR

Flight information region

FMS

Flight management systems

FSTD

Flight simulation training device

g

Gravitational force

GAL

Gallon

G-LOC

G-induced loss of consciousness

GNSS

Global navigation satellite system

GPU

Ground power unit

GPWS

Ground proximity warning systems

GS

Ground speed

HDG

Heading

HF

High frequency

HLS

Helicopter landing site

HPAV

Horse power available

HPREQ

Horse power required

HUMS

Health usage monitoring system

H-V

Height-velocity

IAF

Initial approach fix

IAL

Instrument approach and landing

IAP

Instrument approach procedure

IAS

Indicated air speed

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

ICTZ

Inter-tropical convergence zone

IELTS

International English language testing system

IFR

Instrument flight rules

ILS

Instrument landing system

IMC

Instrument metrological conditions

INS

Inertial navigation system

ISA

International standard atmosphere

IVSI

Instantaneous vertical speed indicator

JPT

Jet pipe temperature

KDR

Knowledge deficiency report

KG

Kilogram

KIAS

Knots indicated air speed

LA

Landing area

LB

Pound

LDA

Landing distance available

LDP

Landing decision point

LDR

Landing distance required

LG

Landing gear

LLZ

Localizer

LMT

Local mean time

LNAV

Lateral navigation

LPV

Localiser precision with vertical guidance

LRC

Long range cruise

LSALT

Lowest safe altitude

LSB

Lower side band

LTE

Loss of tail rotor effectiveness

LTR

Litre

LVC

Live, virtual and constructive (simulators)

MAC

Mean aerodynamic chord

MAPt

Missed approach point

MDA

Minimum descent altitude

MEL

Minimum equipment list

Met

Meteorology

MF

Medium frequency

MLS

Microwave landing system

MLW

Maximum landing weight

MOS

Manual of Standards

MP

Manifold pressure

MPL

Multi-crew pilot licence

MSA

Minimum sector altitude

MSL

Mean sea level

MTOW

Maximum take-off weight

MZW

Mid-zone weight

NDB

Non-directional beacon

NGT

Night

NM

Nautical mile

NOTAM

Notice to Airmen

NPA

Non precision approach

NVFR

Night visual flight rules

NVG

Night vision goggles

NVIS

Night vision imaging system

OAT

Outside air temperature

OCTA

Outside controlled airspace

OEI

One engine inoperative

OGE

Out of ground effect

OH&S

Occupational health and safety

PAL

Pilot-activated lighting

PAPI

Precision approach path indicator

PBN

Performance based navigation

PCN

Pavement classification number

PEC

Pressure error correction

PF

Pilot flying

PIF

Private instrument flight

PIFR

Private IFR rating

PIO

Pilot induced oscillation

PM

Pilot monitoring

PNR

Point of no return

POH

Pilot operating handbook

PPL

Private pilot licence

PRD

Prohibited/restricted/danger areas

PUS

Permissible unserviceability

RA

Resolution advisory

RAF

Relative air flow

RAIM

Receiver autonomous integrity monitoring

RFM

Rotorcraft flight manual

RMI

Remote magnetic indicator

RNAV

Route navigation

RNP

Required navigation performance

ROC

Rate of climb

ROD

Rate of descent

RPL

Recreational pilot licence

RPM

Revolutions per minute

RRPM

Rotor rpm

RT

Radio transmission

RVR

Runway visual range

RVSM

Reduced vertical separation minima

SALR

Saturated adiabatic lapse rate

SAR

Search and rescue

SARTIME

Search and rescue time

SARWATCH

Search and rescue watch

SAS

Stability augmentation system

SID

Standard instrument departure

SIGWX

Significant weather

SOP

Standard operating procedures

SSB

Single side band

SSR

Secondary surveillance radar

STAR

Standard arrival route

TA

Traffic advisory

TAF

Terminal area forecast

TAS

True air speed

TAT

Total air temperature

TCAS

Traffic collision avoidance system

TEM

Threat error management

TGT

Turbine gas temperature

THP

Thrust horsepower

TIT

Turbine inlet temperature

TMG

Track made good

TODA

Take-off distance available

TODR

Take-off distance required

TOEFL CBT

Test of English as a foreign language computer-based test

TOEFL IBT

Test of English as a foreign language internet-based test

TOEFL PB

Test of English as a foreign language paper-based test

TOEIC

Test of English for international communication

TR

Track

TTF

Trend type forecast

TWS

Take-off warning system

UAS

Undesired aircraft states

UHF

Ultra high frequency

USB

Upper side band

UTC

Universal time coordinate

VASI

Visual approach slope indicator

VFR

Visual flight rules

VHF

Very high frequency

VIS

Visibility

VMC

Visual metrological conditions

VMO

Velocity maximum operating

VNAV

Vertical navigation

VNE

Velocity never exceed

VNO

Velocity normal operating

VOLMET

Metrological information for aircraft in flight

VOR

Very high-frequency omni-directional range

VS

Vertical speed

VSI

Vertical speed indicator

VTC

Visual terminal chart

W/V

Wind velocity

WAAS

Wide area augmentation system

WAC

World aeronautical chart

WX

Weather

ZFW

Zero fuel weight

Schedule 1          Directory of units of competency and units of knowledge

The following Table of Contents and Index of Competency Unit codes are for guidance only and are not part of the Schedule.

Table of Contents

Index to Competency Unit Codes. 18

Section B        General 20

Appendix B.1            General English language proficiency. 20

Appendix B.2            Aviation English language proficiency. 20

Appendix B.3            Multi-crew cooperation (MCC) 20

Appendix B.4            Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS) 20

Appendix B.5            Aeronautical radio operator (CASR Part 64) 20

Section G        Recreational pilot licence (RPL) 22

Appendix G.1           Aeroplane category rating (RPL) 22

Appendix G.2           Helicopter category rating (RPL) 22

Appendix G.3           Gyroplane category rating (RPL) – Reserved. 23

Appendix G.4           Airship category rating (RPL) – Reserved. 23

Appendix G.5           Controlled aerodrome endorsement 23

Appendix G.6           Controlled airspace endorsement 23

Appendix G.7           Flight radio endorsement 23

Appendix G.8           Recreational navigation endorsement 24

Section H        Private pilot licence (PPL) 25

Appendix H.1            Aeroplane category rating (PPL) 25

Appendix H.2            Helicopter category rating (PPL) 26

Appendix H.3            Powered-lift category rating (PPL) – Reserved. 27

Appendix H.4            Gyroplane category rating (PPL) – Reserved. 27

Appendix H.5            Airship category rating (PPL) – Reserved. 27

Section I          Commercial pilot licence (CPL) 28

Appendix I.1              Aeroplane category rating (CPL) 28

Appendix I.1              Helicopter category rating (CPL) 29

Appendix I.3              Powered-lift category rating (CPL) – Reserved. 31

Appendix I.4              Gyroplane category rating (CPL) – Reserved. 31

Appendix I.5              Airship category rating (CPL) – Reserved. 31

Section J         Multi crew Pilot Licence (MPL) 32

Appendix J.1            Aeroplane category rating (MPL) 32

Section K        Air transport pilot licence (ATPL) 34

Appendix K.1            Aeroplane category rating (ATPL) 34

Appendix K.2            Helicopter category rating (ATPL) 35

Appendix K.3            Powered-lift category rating (ATPL) – Reserved. 35

Section L         Aircraft ratings and endorsements. 36

Appendix L.1            Single-engine aeroplane class rating. 36

Appendix L.2            Single-engine helicopter class rating. 36

Appendix L.3            Single-engine gyroplane class rating. 36

Appendix L.4            Multi-engine aeroplane class rating. 37

Appendix L.5            Tailwheel undercarriage endorsement 37

Appendix L.6            Retractable undercarriage endorsement 37

Appendix L.7            Manual propeller pitch control endorsement 37

Appendix L.8            Gas turbine engine endorsement 37

Appendix L.9            Multi-engine Centreline thrust endorsement 38

Appendix L.10          Pressurisation system endorsement 38

Appendix L.11          Floating hull endorsement 38

Appendix L.12          Floatplane endorsement 38

Appendix L.13          Float alighting gear endorsement 38

Appendix L.14          Single-engine aeroplane type rating. 38

Appendix L.15          Single-engine helicopter type rating. 39

Appendix L.16          Multi-engine aeroplane type rating. 39

Appendix L.17          Multi-engine helicopter type rating. 39

Appendix L.18          Cruise relief aeroplane type rating. 40

Section M        Instrument rating and endorsements. 41

Appendix M.1           Instrument rating. 41

Appendix M.2           Single-engine aeroplane instrument endorsement 41

Appendix M.3           Multi-engine aeroplane instrument endorsement 41

Appendix M.4           Single-engine helicopter instrument endorsement 42

Appendix M.5           Multi-engine helicopter instrument endorsement 42

Appendix M.6           Powered-lift aircraft instrument endorsement – Reserved. 42

Appendix M.7           Gyroplane instrument endorsement – Reserved. 42

Appendix M.8           Airship instrument endorsement – Reserved. 42

Appendix M.9           IAP 2D instrument endorsement 43

Appendix M.10         IAP 3D instrument endorsement 43

Section N        Private instrument ratings and endorsements. 44

Appendix N.1            Private instrument ratings (PIFR) 44

Appendix N.2            Single-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement 44

Appendix N.3            Multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement 44

Appendix N.4            Single-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement 44

Appendix N.5            Multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement 45

Appendix N.6            Navigation – NDB private instrument endorsement 45

Appendix N.7            Navigation – VOR/LLZ private instrument endorsement 45

Appendix N.8            Navigation – GNSS private instrument endorsement 45

Appendix N.9            Departure – Single-engine aircraft private instrument endorsement 45

Appendix N.10          Departure – Multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement 45

Appendix N.11          Departure – Multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement 46

Appendix N.12          Standard instrument departure private instrument endorsement 46

Appendix N.13          STAR private instrument endorsement 46

Appendix N.14          Approach – NDB private instrument endorsement 46

Appendix N.15          Approach – VOR/LLZ private instrument endorsement 46

Appendix N.16          Approach – DME or GNSS Arrival private instrument endorsement 46

Appendix N.17          Approach – RNP APCH 2D private instrument endorsement 46

Appendix N.18          Approach – RNP APCH 3D private instrument endorsement 47

Appendix N.19          Approach – ILS private instrument endorsement 47

Appendix N.20          Approach and landing – multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement 47

Appendix N.21          Approach and landing – multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement 47

Appendix N.22          Night private instrument endorsement 47

Section O        Night VFR (NVFR) rating and endorsements. 48

Appendix O.1           NVFR rating. 48

Appendix O.2           Single-engine aeroplane NVFR endorsement 48

Appendix O.3           Multi-engine aeroplane NVFR endorsement 48

Appendix O.4           Helicopter NVFR endorsement 48

Appendix O.5           Powered-lift aircraft NVFR endorsement – Reserved. 48

Appendix O.6           Gyroplane NVFR endorsement 49

Appendix O.7           Airship NVFR endorsement – Reserved. 49

Section P        Night vision imaging system (NVIS) rating and endorsements. 50

Appendix P.1            NVIS rating. 50

Appendix P.2            Grade 1 NVIS endorsement 50

Appendix P.3            Grade 2 NVIS endorsement 50

Section Q        Low-level rating and endorsements. 51

Appendix Q.0           Low-level rating. 51

Appendix Q.1           Aeroplane low-level endorsement 51

Appendix Q.2           Helicopter low-level endorsement 51

Appendix Q.3           Powered-lift aircraft low-level endorsement – Reserved. 51

Appendix Q.4           Gyroplane low-level endorsement 51

Appendix Q.5           Aerial mustering – aeroplane endorsement 51

Appendix Q.6           Aerial mustering – helicopter endorsement 52

Appendix Q.7           Aerial mustering – gyroplane endorsement – Reserved. 52

Appendix Q.8           Sling operations endorsement 52

Appendix Q.9           Winch and rappelling operations endorsement 52

Section R        Aerial application rating and endorsements. 53

Appendix R.0            Aerial application rating. 53

Appendix R.1            Aeroplane aerial application endorsement 53

Appendix R.2            Helicopter aerial application endorsement 53

Appendix R.3            Gyroplane aerial application endorsement 53

Appendix R.4            Aeroplane firefighting endorsement 54

Appendix R.5            Helicopter firefighting endorsement 54

Appendix R.6            Night aeroplane aerial application endorsement 54

Appendix R.7            Night helicopter aerial application endorsement 54

Appendix R.8            Night gyroplane aerial application endorsement 55

Section S        Flight activity endorsements. 56

Appendix S.1            Aerobatics flight activity endorsement 56

Appendix S.2            Aerobatics (1,500) flight activity endorsement 56

Appendix S.3            Aerobatics (1,000) flight activity endorsement 56

Appendix S.4            Aerobatics (500) flight activity endorsement 56

Appendix S.5            Aerobatics (unlimited) flight activity endorsement 56

Appendix S.6            Formation flying (aeroplane) flight activity endorsement 57

Appendix S.7            Formation aerobatics flight activity endorsement 57

Appendix S.8            Spinning flight activity endorsement 57

Appendix S.9            Formation flying (helicopter) flight activity endorsement 57

Section T         Pilot instructor rating and endorsements. 58

Appendix T.01          Flight instructor ratings. 58

Appendix T.02          Simulator instructor rating. 58

Appendix T.1            Grade 1 training endorsement 58

Appendix T.2            Grade 2 training endorsement 59

Appendix T.3            Grade 3 training endorsement 59

Appendix T.3A          Grade 3 training endorsement (aeroplane) 59

Appendix T.4            Multi-crew pilot training endorsement 59

Appendix T.5            Type rating training endorsement (type specific) 60

Appendix T.6            Multi-engine aeroplane training endorsement 60

Appendix T.7            Design feature endorsement training endorsement 60

Appendix T.8            Instrument rating training endorsement 60

Appendix T.9            Night VFR rating training endorsement 61

Appendix T.10          NVIS rating training endorsement 61

Appendix T.11          Low-level rating training endorsement 61

Appendix T.12          Aerial application rating (day) training endorsement 61

Appendix T.13          Aerial application rating (night) training endorsement 62

Appendix T.14          Instructor rating training endorsement 62

Appendix T.15          Multi-engine aeroplane class rating instructor training endorsement 62

Appendix T.16          Sling operations training endorsement 63

Appendix T.17          Winch and rappelling operations training endorsement 63

Appendix T.18          Spinning training endorsement 63

Appendix T.19          Aerobatics training endorsement 64

Appendix T.20          Formation (aeroplane) training endorsement 64

Appendix T.21          Formation (helicopter) training endorsement 64

Appendix T.22          Formation aerobatics training endorsement 64

Appendix T.23          Glider towing training endorsement 65

Section U        Flight examiner rating and endorsements. 66

Appendix U.0            Flight Examiner Rating. 66

Appendix U.1            Private pilot licence flight test endorsement (category-specific) 66

Appendix U.2            Commercial pilot licence flight test endorsement (category- specific) 66

Appendix U.3            Air transport pilot flight test endorsement (category-specific) 66

Appendix U.4            Multi-engine aeroplane class rating flight test endorsement 66

Appendix U.5            Type rating flight test endorsement (type-specific) 67

Appendix U.6            Instrument rating flight test endorsement (category-specific) 67

Appendix U.7            Night VFR rating flight test endorsement (category-specific) 67

Appendix U.8            NVIS flight test endorsement 67

Appendix U.9            Low-level rating flight test endorsement (category-specific) 67

Appendix U.10          Aerial application rating flight test endorsement (category‑specific) 68

Appendix U.11          Flight instructor rating flight test endorsement (category-specific) 68

Appendix U.12          English language assessment endorsement – reserved. 68

Section V        Flight engineer licence, ratings and endorsements. 69

Appendix V.1            Flight engineer licence. 69

Section W       Flight engineer type rating. 70

Appendix V.2            Flight engineer type rating. 70

Section X        Flight engineer instructor rating. 71

Appendix X.0            Flight engineer instructor rating. 71

Appendix X.1            Flight engineer type rating training endorsement 71

Appendix X.2            Flight engineer instructor rating training endorsement 71

Section Y        Flight engineer examiner rating and endorsements. 72

Appendix Y.0            Flight engineer examiner rating. 72

Appendix Y.1            Flight engineer type rating flight test endorsement 72

Appendix Y.2            Flight engineer instructor rating flight test endorsement 72

Appendix Y.3            Flight engineer examiner rating flight test endorsement 72

Appendix Y.4            English language assessment endorsement – Reserved. 73

Section Z         Glider pilot licence. 74

Appendix Z.1            Glider pilot licence. 74

 

Index to Competency Unit Codes


A1               22, 25, 29, 36, 37

A2               22, 25, 29, 36, 37

A3               22, 25, 29, 36, 37

A4               22, 25, 29, 36, 37

A5               22, 25, 29, 36, 37

A6               22, 25, 29, 36

AA1            53

AA2            53

AA3            53

AA4            54

AA5            54

AA6            54, 55

AAGA         32, 34, 53

AAGC        32, 34, 35

AAGH        35, 53

AAGR        53

ACAS         20

AEL            20, 69

AFPA         33, 34

AFPC         33, 34, 35

AFPH         35

AFRA         32, 34

AFRC         32, 34, 35

AFRH         35

AHFC         20, 32, 34, 35, 69

AME           37, 39

AMTA         33

AMTC        33, 34, 35

ANVA         32

ANVC         32, 34, 35

APLA          33, 34

APLC         33, 34, 35

APLH         35

BAKC         22, 25, 26, 28, 29, 32

C1              22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30, 33

C2              22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 30, 33, 36, 37, 69

C3              21, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30, 33, 34, 35, 69

C4              22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 30, 36

C5              22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 30, 33

CADA         28, 32

CADC        28, 29, 32

CADH        30

CAKA         28, 32, 69

CAKC         28, 29, 32

CAKH         30

CAS           20

CFRA         28, 32

CFRC         28, 29, 32

CFRH         30

CHFC         28, 30, 32

CIR             33, 34, 41, 42

CMTC        28, 30, 32, 69

CNVC        28, 30, 32

COPA        28, 32

COPC        28, 30, 32

COPH        30

CRT           40

CTA            23, 26, 27, 29, 30

CTR           23

DFE1          37

DFE2          37

DFE3          37

DFE4          37

DFE5          38

DFE6          38

DFE7          38

DFE8          38

DFE9          38

FAE-2         56, 57

FAE-3         56

FAE-4         56

FAE-5         56

FAE-6         57

FAE-7         57

FAE-8         56, 57

FAE-9         57

FAGC         69

FER            66, 67, 68, 72, 73

FERC         66, 72

FFRC         69

FIR1           58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 71, 72

FIR2           58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 71, 72

FIR3           58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 71, 72

FIR7           58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63

FIR9           59, 60

FIRC          58, 71

FTM           70

G1              74

G2              74

G3              74

G4              74

G5              74

G6              74

G7              74

GEL            20

GNSS        41, 44

GSE           36

H1              23, 26, 30, 36

H2              23, 26, 30, 36

H3              23, 26, 30, 36

H4              23, 26, 30, 36

H5              23, 27, 30, 36

H6              23, 27, 30, 36

H7              23, 27, 30, 36

HME           35

HSE           35

IAP2           33, 34, 41, 42, 43, 46

IAP3           33, 34, 43, 47

IFF              22, 25, 27, 29, 30, 33, 34, 35, 37, 41, 42, 44, 45, 48, 49

IFL              29, 30, 33, 34, 35, 41, 42, 44, 45, 48, 49

IREX          33, 34, 41

LL-A           51, 53

LL-G           51

LL-H           51, 52, 53, 54

LLLR          51

LLM            52

LL-M           51

LL-SO        52

LL-WR        52

MCO          20, 33, 34, 35

NAV           24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 33, 35

NTS1          22, 23, 25, 26, 29, 30, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74

NTS2          22, 23, 25, 26, 29, 30, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74

NVI             50

NVIS          50

NVR1         41, 42, 47, 48, 49

NVR2         41, 42, 47, 48, 49, 54, 55

NVR3         41, 42, 47, 48

OCA           26, 27, 29, 30

OGA           24, 26, 27, 29, 30

ONTA         24, 26, 27, 29, 30

PAC           34, 35

PAKA         25, 28, 32

PAKC         25, 26, 28, 29, 32

PAKH         26, 29

PFRA         25, 28, 32

PFRC         25, 26, 28, 29, 32

PFRH         26, 29

PHFC         22, 25, 26, 28, 29, 32

PIF             44, 45, 46, 47

PIFR           44

PMTC        25, 26, 28, 29, 32

PNVC         25, 26, 28, 29, 32

POPA         25, 28, 32

POPC        25, 26, 28, 29, 32

POPH        26, 29

PPF            34, 35

PPF-G        74

RARO        20, 23, 69

RBKA         22, 25, 28, 32

RBKH         22, 26, 29

RFRC         22, 25, 26, 28, 29, 32

RMTC        22, 25, 28, 32

RNE           25, 27, 29, 30, 33, 34, 35

SIR             58, 71, 72, 73

TR-MEA     33, 34, 39

TR-MEH    39

TR-SEA     38

TR-SEH     39

TYPA         38, 39, 40

TYPH         39


 

Section B          General

Language proficiency

Appendix B.1   General English language proficiency

Standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

GEL

General English language proficiency

Appendix B.2   Aviation English language proficiency

Standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

AEL

Aviation English language proficiency

Multi-crew cooperation

Appendix B.3   Multi-crew cooperation (MCC)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

AHFC

ATPL Human factors

See relevant underpinning knowledge in the Unit of competency

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

MCO

Manage flight during multi-crew operations

Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS)

Appendix B.4   Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS)

Aeronautical knowledge standards – reserved

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

CAS

Operate Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS)

Aeronautical radio operator (CASR Part 64)

Appendix B.5   Aeronautical radio operator (CASR Part 64)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

RARO

Aeronautical radio operation

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C3

Operate aeronautical radio

Section G          Recreational pilot licence (RPL)

Appendix G.1   Aeroplane category rating (RPL)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

BAKC

Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC

RPL Flight rules and air law

RMTC

RPL Meteorology

PHFC

PPL Human factors

RBKA

Basic aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

Practical flight standards – aeroplane category rating

Unit code

Unit of competency

C1

Communicating in the aviation environment

C2 

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C4

Manage fuel

C5

Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

A1

Control aeroplane on the ground

A2

Take-off aeroplane

A3

Control aeroplane in normal flight

A4

Land an aeroplane

A5

Aeroplane advanced manoeuvres

A6

Manage abnormal situations – single-engine aeroplanes

IFF

Instrument flight full panel

Appendix G.2   Helicopter category rating (RPL)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

BAKC

Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC

RPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC

PPL Human factors

RBKH

Basic aeronautical knowledge – helicopter

Practical flight standards – helicopter category

Unit code

Unit of competency

C1

Communicating in the aviation environment

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C4

Manage fuel

C5

Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

H1

Control helicopter on the ground – stationary

H2

Control helicopter in lift-off, hover and landing

H3

Taxi helicopter

H4

Take-off helicopter and approach to hover

H5

Control helicopter in normal flight

H6

Control helicopter during advanced manoeuvres

H7

Manage abnormal situations and emergencies – helicopter

Appendix G.3   Gyroplane category rating (RPL) – Reserved

 

Appendix G.4   Airship category rating (RPL) – Reserved

 

Appendix G.5   Controlled aerodrome endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

CTR

Operate at a controlled aerodrome

Appendix G.6   Controlled airspace endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

CTA

Operate in controlled airspace

Appendix G.7   Flight radio endorsement

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

RARO

Aeronautical radio operation

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C1

Communicating in the aviation environment

C3

Operate aeronautical radio

Appendix G.8   Recreational navigation endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C1

Communicating in the aviation environment

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

NAV

Navigate aircraft

ONTA

Operate at non-towered aerodrome

OGA

Operate in Class G airspace

 

Section H          Private pilot licence (PPL)

Appendix H.1   Aeroplane category rating (PPL)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

BAKC

Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC

RPL Flight rules and air law

RMTC

RPL Meteorology

PHFC

PPL Human factors

RBKA

Basic aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PAKC

PPL Aeronautical knowledge

PFRC

PPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC

PPL Human factors

PNVC

PPL Navigation

PMTC

PPL Meteorology

POPC

PPL Ops, performance and planning

PAKA

PPL Aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PFRA

PPL Flight rules and air law – aeroplane 

POPA

PPL Ops, performance and planning – aeroplane

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C1

Communicating in the aviation environment

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3

Operate aeronautical radio

C4

Manage fuel

C5

Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

NAV

Navigate aircraft

A1

Control aeroplane on the ground

A2

Take off

A3

Control aeroplane in normal flight

A4

Land an aeroplane

A5

Aeroplane advanced manoeuvres

A6

Manage abnormal situations – single-engine aeroplanes

IFF

Instrument flight full panel

RNE

Radio navigation – en route

ONTA

Operate at non-towered aerodrome

OGA

Operate in Class G airspace

OCA

Operate at a controlled aerodrome

CTA

Operate in controlled airspace

Appendix H.2   Helicopter category rating (PPL)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

 

BAKC

Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC

RPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC

PPL Human factors

RBKH

Basic aeronautical knowledge – helicopter

PAKC

PPL Aeronautical knowledge

 

PFRC

PPL Flight rules and air law

 

PHFC

PPL Human factors

 

PNVC

PPL Navigation

 

PMTC

PPL Meteorology

 

POPC

PPL Ops performance and planning

 

PAKH

PPL Aeronautical knowledge – helicopter

 

PFRH

PPL Flight rules and air law – helicopter

 

POPH

PPL Ops, performance and planning – helicopter

 

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C1

Communicating in aviation environment

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3

Operate aeronautical radio

C4

Manage fuel

C5

Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

NAV

Navigate aircraft

H1

Control helicopter on the ground – stationary

H2

Control helicopter in lift-off, hover and landing

H3

Taxi helicopter

H4

Take-off helicopter and approach to hover

H5

Control helicopter in normal flight

H6

Control helicopter during advanced manoeuvres

H7

Manage abnormal situations and emergencies – helicopter

IFF

Instrument flight full panel

RNE

Radio navigation – en route

ONTA

Operate at non-towered aerodrome

OGA

Operate in Class G airspace

OCA

Operate at a controlled aerodrome

CTA

Operate in controlled airspace

Appendix H.3   Powered-lift category rating (PPL) – Reserved

 

Appendix H.4   Gyroplane category rating (PPL) – Reserved

 

Appendix H.5   Airship category rating (PPL) – Reserved

 

Section I            Commercial pilot licence (CPL)

Appendix I.1     Aeroplane category rating (CPL)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

 

BAKC

Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC

RPL Flight rules and air law

RMTC

RPL Meteorology

PHFC

PPL Human factors

RBKA

Basic aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PAKC

PPL Aeronautical knowledge

PFRC

PPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC

PPL Human factors

PNVC

PPL Navigation

PMTC

PPL Meteorology

POPC

PPL Ops, performance and planning

PAKA

PPL Aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PFRA

PPL Flight rules and air law – aeroplane 

POPA

PPL Ops, performance and planning – aeroplane

CAKC

CPL Aeronautical knowledge

 

CADC

CPL Aerodynamics

 

CFRC

CPL Flight rules and air law

 

CHFC

CPL Human factors

 

CNVC

CPL Navigation

 

CMTC

CPL Meteorology

 

COPC

CPL Ops, performance and planning

 

CAKA

CPL Aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

 

CADA

CPL Aerodynamics – aeroplane

 

CFRA

CPL Flight rules and air law – aeroplane

 

COPA

CPL Ops, performance and planning – aeroplane

 

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C1

Communicating in the aviation environment

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3

Operate aeronautical radio

C4

Manage fuel

C5

Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

NAV

Navigate aircraft

A1

Control aeroplane on the ground

A2

Take-off aeroplane

A3

Control aeroplane in normal flight

A4

Land aeroplane

A5

Aeroplane advanced manoeuvres

A6

Manage abnormal situations – single-engine aeroplanes

IFF

Instrument flight full panel

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

RNE

Radio navigation – en route

ONTA

Operate at non-towered aerodrome

OGA

Operate in Class G airspace

OCA

Operate at a controlled aerodrome

CTA

Operate in controlled airspace

Appendix I.1     Helicopter category rating (CPL)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

 

BAKC

Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC

RPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC

PPL Human factors

RBKH

Basic aeronautical knowledge – helicopter

PAKC

PPL Aeronautical knowledge

 

PFRC

PPL Flight rules and air law

 

PHFC

PPL Human factors

 

PNVC

PPL Navigation

 

PMTC

PPL Meteorology

 

POPC

PPL Ops performance and planning

 

PAKH

PPL Aeronautical knowledge – helicopter

 

PFRH

PPL Flight rules and air law – helicopter

 

POPH

PPL Ops, performance and planning – helicopter

 

CAKC

CPL Aeronautical knowledge

 

CADC

CPL Aerodynamics

 

CFRC

CPL Flight rules and air law

 

CHFC

CPL Human factors

 

CNVC

CPL Navigation

 

CMTC

CPL Meteorology

 

COPC

CPL Ops, performance and planning

 

CAKH

CPL Aeronautical knowledge – helicopter

 

CADH

CPL Aerodynamics – helicopter

 

CFRH

CPL Flight rules and air law – helicopter

 

COPH

CPL Ops, performance and planning – helicopter

 

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C1

Communicating in the aviation environment

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3

Operate aeronautical radio

C4

Manage fuel

C5

Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

NAV

Navigate aircraft

H1

Control helicopter on the ground – stationary

H2

Control helicopter in lift-off, hover and landing

H3

Taxi helicopter

H4

Take-off helicopter and approach to hover

H5

Control helicopter in normal flight

H6

Control helicopter during advanced manoeuvres

H7

Manage abnormal situations and emergencies – helicopter

IFF

Instrument flight full panel

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

RNE

Radio navigation – en route

ONTA

Operate at non-towered aerodrome

OGA

Operate in Class G airspace

OCA

Operate at a controlled aerodrome

CTA

Operate in controlled airspace

Appendix I.3     Powered-lift category rating (CPL) – Reserved

 

Appendix I.4     Gyroplane category rating (CPL) – Reserved

 

Appendix I.5     Airship category rating (CPL) – Reserved

 

Section J           Multi crew Pilot Licence (MPL)

Appendix J.1    Aeroplane category rating (MPL)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

 

BAKC

Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC

RPL Flight rules and air law

RMTC

RPL Meteorology

PHFC

PPL Human factors

RBKA

Basic aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PAKC

PPL Aeronautical knowledge

PFRC

PPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC

PPL Human factors

PNVC

PPL Navigation

PMTC

PPL Meteorology

POPC

PPL Ops, performance and planning

PAKA

PPL Aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PFRA

PPL Flight rules and air law – aeroplane 

POPA

PPL Ops, performance and planning – aeroplane

CAKC

CPL Aeronautical knowledge

 

CADC

CPL Aerodynamics

 

CFRC

CPL Flight rules and air law

 

CHFC

CPL Human factors

 

CNVC

CPL Navigation

 

CMTC

CPL Meteorology

 

COPC

CPL Ops, performance and planning

 

CAKA

CPL Aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

 

CADA

CPL Aerodynamics – aeroplane

 

CFRA

CPL Flight rules and air law – aeroplane

 

COPA

CPL Ops, performance and planning – aeroplane

 

AAGC

ATP Aircraft general knowledge – common

 

AAGA

ATP Aircraft general knowledge – aeroplane

 

AFRC

ATP Flight rules and air law – common

 

AFRA

ATP Flight rules and air law – aeroplane

 

AHFC

ATP Human factors

 

ANVC

ATP Navigation – common

 

ANVA

ATP Navigation – aeroplane

 

AMTC

ATP Meteorology – common

 

AMTA

ATP Meteorology – aeroplane

 

AFPC

ATP Flight planning – common

 

AFPA

ATP Flight planning – aeroplane

 

APLC

ATP Performance and loading – common

 

APLA

ATP Performance and loading – aeroplane

 

IREX

Instrument rating

 

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C1

Communicating in the aviation environment

C3

Operate aeronautical radio

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

C5

Manage passengers and cargo

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NAV

Navigate aircraft

RNE

Radio navigation – en route

MCO

Manage flight during multi-crew operations

CIR

Conduct an IFR flight

TR-MEA

Type rating multi-engine aeroplane

IAP2

Conduct an instrument approach 2D

IAP3

Conduct an instrument approach 3D

Section K          Air transport pilot licence (ATPL)

Appendix K.1   Aeroplane category rating (ATPL)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

AAGC

ATP Aircraft general knowledge – common

AAGA

ATP Aircraft general knowledge – aeroplane

AFRC

ATP Flight rules and air law – common

AFRA

ATP Flight rules and air law – aeroplane

AHFC

ATP Human factors

ANVC

ATP Navigation – common

AMTC

ATP Meteorology – common

AFPC

ATP Flight planning – common

AFPA

ATP Flight planning – aeroplane

APLC

ATP Performance and loading – common

APLA

ATP Performance and loading – aeroplane

IREX

Instrument rating

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3

Operate aeronautical radio

C5

Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

RNE

Radio navigation – en route

MCO

Manage flight during multi-crew operations

CIR

Conduct an IFR flight

IAP2

Conduct an instrument approach 2D

IAP3

Conduct an instrument approach 3D

TR-MEA

Type rating multi-engine aeroplane

Appendix K.2   Helicopter category rating (ATPL)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

AAGC

ATP Aircraft general knowledge – common

AAGH

ATP Aircraft general knowledge – helicopter

AFRC

ATP Flight rules and air law – common

AFRH

ATP Flight rules and air law – helicopter

AHFC

ATP Human factors

ANVC

ATP Navigation – common

AMTC

ATP Meteorology – common

AFPC

ATP Flight planning – common

AFPH

ATP Flight planning – helicopter

APLC

ATP Performance and loading – common

APLH

ATP Performance and loading – helicopter

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3

Operate aeronautical radio

C5

Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NAV

Navigate aircraft

RNE

Radio navigation – en route

MCO

Manage flight during multi-crew operations

HSE

Helicopter single-engine class/type rating

HME

Helicopter multi-engine type rating

Appendix K.3   Powered-lift category rating (ATPL) – Reserved

 

Section L          Aircraft ratings and endorsements

Pilot class ratings and design feature endorsements

Appendix L.1   Single-engine aeroplane class rating

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C4

Manage fuel

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

A1

Control aeroplane on the ground

A2

Take-off aeroplane

A3

Control aeroplane in normal flight

A4

Land aeroplane

A5

Aeroplane advanced manoeuvres

A6

Manage abnormal situations – single-engine aeroplanes

Appendix L.2   Single-engine helicopter class rating

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C4

Manage fuel

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

H1

Control helicopter on the ground – stationary

H2

Control helicopter in lift-off, hover and landing

H3

Taxi helicopter

H4

Take-off helicopter and approach to hover

H5

Control helicopter in normal flight

H6

Control helicopter during advanced manoeuvres

H7

Manage abnormal situations and emergencies – helicopter

Appendix L.3   Single-engine gyroplane class rating

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

GSE

Gyroplane single engine

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

Appendix L.4   Multi-engine aeroplane class rating

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

A1

Control aeroplane on the ground

A2

Take off

A3

Control aeroplane in normal flight

A4

Land aeroplane

A5

Aeroplane advanced manoeuvres

IFF

Instrument flight full panel

AME

Operate multi-engine aeroplane

Design feature endorsements

Appendix L.5   Tailwheel undercarriage endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

DFE1

Tailwheel aeroplane

Appendix L.6   Retractable undercarriage endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

DFE2

Retractable undercarriage

Appendix L.7   Manual propeller pitch control endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

DFE3

Manual propeller pitch control

Appendix L.8   Gas turbine engine endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

DFE4

Gas turbine engine

Appendix L.9   Multi-engine Centreline thrust endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

DFE5

Multi-engine centreline thrust aeroplane

Appendix L.10 Pressurisation system endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

DFE6

Pressurisation system

Appendix L.11 Floating hull endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

DFE7

Floating hull

Appendix L.12 Floatplane endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

DFE8

Floatplane and amphibious aircraft

Appendix L.13 Float alighting gear endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

DFE9

Helicopter float alighting gear

Pilot type ratings

Appendix L.14 Single-engine aeroplane type rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

TYPA

Type rating – single-engine aeroplane

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

TR-SEA

Type rating – single-engine aeroplane

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

Appendix L.15 Single-engine helicopter type rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

TYPH

Type rating – helicopter

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

TR-SEH

Type rating single-engine helicopter

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

Appendix L.16 Multi-engine aeroplane type rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

TYPA

Type rating – aeroplane

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

AME

Operate multi-engine aeroplane

TR-MEA

Type rating – multi-engine aeroplane

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

Appendix L.17 Multi-engine helicopter type rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

TYPH

Type rating – helicopter

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

TR-MEH

Type rating multi-engine helicopter

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

Appendix L.18 Cruise relief aeroplane type rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

TYPA

Type rating – aircraft

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

CRT

Cruise relief type rating

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

Section M          Instrument rating and endorsements

Appendix M.1   Instrument rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

IREX

Instrument rating

GNSS

Basic GNSS and en route GNSS navigation principles

Appendix M.2   Single-engine aeroplane instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

CIR

Conduct an IFR flight

NVR1

Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2

Night VFR – single-engine aircraft

IAP2

Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix M.3   Multi-engine aeroplane instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

CIR

Conduct an IFR flight

NVR1

Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR3

Night VFR – multi-engine aircraft

IAP2

Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix M.4   Single-engine helicopter instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

CIR

Conduct an IFR flight

NVR1

Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2

Night VFR – single-engine aircraft

IAP2

Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix M.5   Multi-engine helicopter instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

CIR

Conduct an IFR flight

NVR1

Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR3

Night VFR – multi-engine aircraft

IAP2

Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix M.6   Powered-lift aircraft instrument endorsement – Reserved

 

Appendix M.7   Gyroplane instrument endorsement – Reserved

 

Appendix M.8   Airship instrument endorsement – Reserved

 

Appendix M.9   IAP 2D instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

IAP2

Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix M.10        IAP 3D instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

IAP3

Conduct an instrument approach 3D

 

Section N          Private instrument ratings and endorsements

Appendix N.1   Private instrument ratings (PIFR)

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

PIFR

Private IFR rating

GNSS

Basic GNSS and en route GNSS navigation principles

Appendix N.2   Single-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.3   Multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.4   Single-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.5   Multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.6   Navigation – NDB private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.7   Navigation – VOR/LLZ private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.8   Navigation – GNSS private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.9   Departure – Single-engine aircraft private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.10 Departure – Multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.11 Departure – Multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.12 Standard instrument departure private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.13 STAR private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.14 Approach – NDB private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

IAP2

Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix N.15 Approach – VOR/LLZ private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

IAP2

Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix N.16 Approach – DME or GNSS Arrival private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

IAP2

Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix N.17 Approach – RNP APCH 2D private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

IAP2

Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix N.18 Approach – RNP APCH 3D private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

IAP3

Conduct an instrument approach 3D

Appendix N.19 Approach – ILS private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

IAP3

Conduct an instrument approach 3D

Appendix N.20 Approach and landing – multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

PIF

Conduct a private IFR Flight

Appendix N.21 Approach and landing – multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.22 Night private instrument endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

PIF

Conduct a private IFR flight

NVR1

Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2

Night VFR — single-engine aircraft

NVR3

Night VFR — multi-engine aircraft

 

Section O          Night VFR (NVFR) rating and endorsements

Appendix O.1   NVFR rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards – Reserved

Appendix O.2   Single-engine aeroplane NVFR endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NVR1

Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2

Night VFR — single-engine aircraft

Appendix O.3   Multi-engine aeroplane NVFR endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NVR1

Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR3

Night VFR — multi-engine aircraft

Appendix O.4   Helicopter NVFR endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NVR1

Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2

Night VFR – single-engine aircraft

Appendix O.5   Powered-lift aircraft NVFR endorsement – Reserved

 

Appendix O.6   Gyroplane NVFR endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

IFF

Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL

Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NVR1

Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2

Night VFR — single-engine aircraft

Appendix O.7   Airship NVFR endorsement – Reserved

Section P          Night vision imaging system (NVIS) rating and endorsements

Appendix P.1   NVIS rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

NVIS

NVIS rating

Appendix P.2   Grade 1 NVIS endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

NVI

NVIS operation

Appendix P.3   Grade 2 NVIS endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

NVI

NVIS operation

 

Section Q          Low-level rating and endorsements

Appendix Q.0   Low-level rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

LLLR

Low-level rating

Appendix Q.1   Aeroplane low-level endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

LL-A

Aeroplane low-level operations

Appendix Q.2   Helicopter low-level endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

LL-H

Helicopter low-level operations

Appendix Q.3   Powered-lift aircraft low-level endorsement – Reserved

 

Appendix Q.4   Gyroplane low-level endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

LL-G

Gyroplane low-level operations

Appendix Q.5   Aerial mustering – aeroplane endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

LL-A

Aeroplane low-level operations

LL-M

Aerial mustering operations

Appendix Q.6   Aerial mustering – helicopter endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

LL-H

Helicopter low-level operations

LL-M

Aerial mustering operations

Appendix Q.7   Aerial mustering – gyroplane endorsement – Reserved

 

Appendix Q.8   Sling operations endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

LL-H

Helicopter low-level operations

LL-SO

Sling operations

Appendix Q.9   Winch and rappelling operations endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

LL-H

Helicopter low-level operations

LL-WR

Winch and rappelling operations

Section R          Aerial application rating and endorsements

Appendix R.0   Aerial application rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

AAGR

Aerial application rating

Appendix R.1   Aeroplane aerial application endorsement

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

AAGA

Aerial application rating — aeroplane

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

LL-A

Aeroplane low-level operations

AA1

Aeroplane aerial application operation

Appendix R.2   Helicopter aerial application endorsement

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

AAGH

Aerial application rating — helicopter

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

LL-H

Helicopter low-level operations

AA2

Helicopter aerial application operation

Appendix R.3   Gyroplane aerial application endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

AA3

Gyroplane aerial application operation

Appendix R.4   Aeroplane firefighting endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

LL-A

Aeroplane low-level operations

AA4

Aeroplane firefighting operation

Appendix R.5   Helicopter firefighting endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

LL-H

Helicopter low-level operations

AA5

Helicopter firefighting operation

Appendix R.6   Night aeroplane aerial application endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

NVR2

Night VFR – single-engine aircraft

AA6

Night aerial application operation

Appendix R.7   Night helicopter aerial application endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

NVR2

Night VFR – single-engine aircraft

AA6

Night aerial application operation

Appendix R.8   Night gyroplane aerial application endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

NVR2

Night VFR — single-engine aircraft

AA6

Night aerial application operation

Section S          Flight activity endorsements

Appendix S.1   Aerobatics flight activity endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

FAE-2

Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL

FAE-8

Spinning

Appendix S.2   Aerobatics (1,500) flight activity endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

FAE-2

Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL

FAE-3

Aerobatics — 1,500 ft AGL

FAE-8

Spinning

Appendix S.3   Aerobatics (1,000) flight activity endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

FAE-2

Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL

FAE-3

Aerobatics — 1,500 ft AGL

FAE-4

Aerobatics — 500 ft AGL

FAE-8

Spinning

Appendix S.4   Aerobatics (500) flight activity endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

FAE-2

Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL

FAE-3

Aerobatics — 1,500 ft AGL

FAE-4

Aerobatics — 500 ft AGL

FAE-8

Spinning

Appendix S.5   Aerobatics (unlimited) flight activity endorsement

Practical flight standards

FAE-2

Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL

 

FAE-3

Aerobatics 1,500 ft AGL

 

FAE-4

Aerobatics — 500 ft AGL

 

FAE-5

Aerobatics – Unlimited

FAE-8

Spinning

Appendix S.6   Formation flying (aeroplane) flight activity endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

FAE-6

Formation flying aeroplane

Appendix S.7   Formation aerobatics flight activity endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

FAE-2

Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL

FAE-6

Formation flying aeroplane

FAE-7

Aerobatics (formation)

FAE-8

Spinning

Appendix S.8   Spinning flight activity endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

FAE-8

Spinning

Appendix S.9   Formation flying (helicopter) flight activity endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

FAE-9

Formation flying helicopter

Section T          Pilot instructor rating and endorsements

Flight instructor rating

Appendix T.01 Flight instructor ratings

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

FIRC

Instructor rating — common

Simulator instructor rating

Appendix T.02 Simulator instructor rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

FIRC

Instructor rating — common

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

SIR

Conduct training in a synthetic training device

FIR7

Conduct flight review

Training endorsements

Appendix T.1   Grade 1 training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FIR7

Conduct flight review

Appendix T.2   Grade 2 training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FIR7

Conduct a flight review

Appendix T.3   Grade 3 training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.3A        Grade 3 training endorsement (aeroplane)

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.4   Multi-crew pilot training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR9

Multi-crew training endorsement

Appendix T.5   Type rating training endorsement (type specific)

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FIR9

Multi-crew training endorsement

Appendix T.6   Multi-engine aeroplane training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FIR7

Conduct flight review

Appendix T.7   Design feature endorsement training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.8   Instrument rating training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.9   Night VFR rating training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FIR7

Conduct flight review

Appendix T.10 NVIS rating training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.11 Low-level rating training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FIR7

Conduct  flight review

Appendix T.12 Aerial application rating (day) training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.13 Aerial application rating (night) training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.14 Instructor rating training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.15 Multi-engine aeroplane class rating instructor training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FIR7

Conduct flight review

Appendix T.16 Sling operations training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FIR7

Conduct flight review

Appendix T.17 Winch and rappelling operations training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FIR7

Conduct  flight review

Appendix T.18 Spinning training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.19 Aerobatics training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.20 Formation (aeroplane) training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.21 Formation (helicopter) training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.22 Formation aerobatics training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Appendix T.23 Glider towing training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

Section U          Flight examiner rating and endorsements

Appendix U.0   Flight Examiner Rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

FERC

Flight examiner rating – common

Appendix U.1   Private pilot licence flight test endorsement (category-specific)

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FER

Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.2   Commercial pilot licence flight test endorsement (category- specific)

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FER

Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.3   Air transport pilot flight test endorsement (category-specific)

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FER

Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.4   Multi-engine aeroplane class rating flight test endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FER

Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.5   Type rating flight test endorsement (type-specific)

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FER

Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.6   Instrument rating flight test endorsement (category-specific)

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FER

Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.7   Night VFR rating flight test endorsement (category-specific)

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FER

Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.8   NVIS flight test endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FER

Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.9   Low-level rating flight test endorsement (category-specific)

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FER

Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.10 Aerial application rating flight test endorsement (category‑specific)

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FER

Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.11 Flight instructor rating flight test endorsement (category-specific)

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FER

Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.12 English language assessment endorsement — Reserved

Section V          Flight engineer licence, ratings and endorsements

Appendix V.1   Flight engineer licence

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

FFRC

FE Flight rules and air law — all aircraft categories

FAGC

FE Aircraft general knowledge — all aircraft categories

AHFC

ATPL Human factors

RARO

RPL Aeronautical radio operator

CAKA

CPL Aeronautical knowledge — aeroplane

CMTC

CPL Meteorology — all aircraft categories

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

AEL

Aviation English language proficiency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

C2

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3

Operate aeronautical radio

Section W         Flight engineer type rating

Appendix V.2   Flight engineer type rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

TYPA

Type rating

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FTM

Flight engineer type rating — all categories

Section X          Flight engineer instructor rating

Appendix X.0   Flight engineer instructor rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

FIRC

Instructor rating — common

Appendix X.1   Flight engineer type rating training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

SIR

Conduct training in a synthetic training device

Appendix X.2   Flight engineer instructor rating training endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

SIR

Conduct training in a synthetic training device

Section Y          Flight engineer examiner rating and endorsements

Appendix Y.0   Flight engineer examiner rating

Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code

Unit of knowledge

FERC

Flight examiner rating — common

Appendix Y.1   Flight engineer type rating flight test endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FER

Conduct a flight test

SIR

Conduct training in a synthetic training device

Appendix Y.2   Flight engineer instructor rating flight test endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FER

Conduct a flight test

SIR

Conduct training in a synthetic training device

Appendix Y.3   Flight engineer examiner rating flight test endorsement

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

FIR1

Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2

Assess competence

FIR3

Conduct flight training

FER

Conduct a flight test

SIR

Conduct training in a synthetic training device

Appendix Y.4   English language assessment endorsement — Reserved

Section Z          Glider pilot licence

Appendix Z.1   Glider pilot licence

Practical flight standards

Unit code

Unit of competency

G1

Control glider on the ground

G2

Take-off glider

G3

Control glider in normal flight

G4

Land glider

G5

Glider advanced manoeuvres

G6

Manage abnormal situations and emergencies — gliders

G7

Navigation — gliders

NTS1

Non-technical skills 1

NTS2

Non-technical skills 2

PPF-G

Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures — gliders