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Navigation Regulation 2013

Authoritative Version
  • - F2013L00897
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
SLI 2013 No. 98 Regulations as made
This regulation will primarily be concerned with the management of customs vessels under the Navigation Act 2012 but will also address matters related to liability, loss and salvage.
Administered by: Infrastructure and Regional Development
Made 30 May 2013
Registered 03 Jun 2013
Tabled HR 05 Jun 2013
Tabled Senate 17 Jun 2013

Commonwealth Coat of Arms

 

 

Navigation Regulation 2013

 

Select Legislative Instrument No. 98, 2013

I, Professor Marie Bashir AC CVO, Administrator of the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia, acting with the advice of the Federal Executive Council, make the following regulation under the Navigation Act 2012.

Dated 30 May 2013

Marie Bashir

Administrator

By Her Excellency’s Command

Anthony Albanese

Minister for Infrastructure and Transport

 

 

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                             1

1............ Name of regulation.............................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Authority............................................................................................. 1

4............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 1

Part 2—Customs vessel management plans                                                           2

Division 2.1—General                                                                                                  2

5............ Application of Part 2........................................................................... 2

Division 2.2—Application for acceptance of customs vessel management plan                3

6............ Application for acceptance of CVMP................................................. 3

7............ Review of CVMP by recognised organisation.................................... 4

8............ Acceptance of CVMP by AMSA....................................................... 5

9............ Notification that CVMP will no longer be used.................................. 5

Division 2.3—Variation of customs vessel management plan                 6

10.......... Application for acceptance of variation of CVMP.............................. 6

11.......... Acceptance of variation of CVMP by AMSA.................................... 7

Division 2.4—Ongoing review of customs vessel management plan   8

12.......... Reporting of non‑compliance with requirements of CVMP................ 8

Part 3—Safety of navigation                                                                                           9

Division 3.1—Liability for loss of life, division of liability and right of contribution     9

13.......... Application of Division 3.1................................................................. 9

14.......... Damages for personal injuries............................................................. 9

15.......... Rule as to division of loss................................................................... 9

16.......... Right of contribution......................................................................... 10

Part 4—Salvage                                                                                                                     12

17.......... Certain provisions of Salvage Convention to have force of law........ 12

Schedule 1—Salvage Convention, the Common Understanding Concerning Articles 13 and 14                                                                                                      13

 


Part 1Preliminary

  

1  Name of regulation

                   This regulation is the Navigation Regulation 2013.

2  Commencement

                   This regulation commences on 1 July 2013.

3  Authority

                   This regulation is made under the Navigation Act 2012.

4  Definitions

                   In this regulation:

Act means the Navigation Act 2012.

CVMP means a customs vessel management plan.

Note 1:       Several other words and expressions used in this regulation have the meaning given by section 14 of the Act, including:

(a)    Marine Order

(b)    recognised organisation

(c)    Salvage Convention.

Note 2:       Recognised organisations are prescribed in the Marine Orders—see subsection 342(1) of the Act.

Note 3:       Because of section 4AA of the Customs Administration Act 1985, Customs means the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service.

Part 2Customs vessel management plans

Division 2.1General

5  Application of Part 2

                   For section 11 of the Act, this Part sets out matters in relation to the preparation, review and acceptance of a CVMP for a customs vessel or a person in relation to a customs vessel.

Division 2.2Application for acceptance of customs vessel management plan

6  Application for acceptance of CVMP

             (1)  Customs may apply to AMSA for acceptance of a CVMP for a customs vessel or a person in relation to the customs vessel.

             (2)  The CVMP must include the following:

                     (a)  the vessel or the class of vessels covered by the CVMP, including:

                              (i)  the name of the vessel, or for a class of vessels, the name of each vessel in the class; and

                             (ii)  the kind of operations the vessel, or for a class of vessels, the kind of operations each vessel in the class will conduct (including the activities the vessel will undertake); and

                            (iii)  the unique identifying number for the vessel (such as the International Maritime Organization (IMO) number), or for a class of vessels, the unique identifying number for each vessel in the class;

                     (b)  for each vessel covered by the CVMP:

                              (i)  the provision or provisions of the Act that the vessel or person will not comply with; and

                             (ii)  an explanation of why the vessel or person will not be able to comply with the provision or provisions;

                     (c)  for each provision of the Act that the vessel or person will not comply with:

                              (i)  the requirements that the vessel or person will instead comply with; and

                             (ii)  an assessment of any risk that may arise from the non‑compliance, and how that risk will be averted or mitigated by compliance with the alternative requirements;

                     (d)  the process (agreed by Customs and the recognised organisation) of how the CVMP will be reviewed by Customs and the recognised organisation, including:

                              (i)  the frequency of reviews; and

                             (ii)  the nature of reviews; and

                            (iii)  how the reviews will be reported and acted upon;

                     (e)  the process by which compliance with the CVMP will be reviewed by a recognised organisation, including the frequency of the reviews and the manner in which the reviews will be reported.

             (3)  Customs may only apply to AMSA for acceptance of the CVMP if a recognised organisation has declared that it has reviewed the CVMP and is satisfied of the matters set out in section 7.

             (4)  The application for acceptance of the CVMP must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  include:

                              (i)  the applicant’s name, address and contact details; and

                             (ii)  the name, position, address and contact details of a contact person for the CVMP; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by the CVMP; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by the declaration of a recognised organisation mentioned in subsection (3).

7  Review of CVMP by recognised organisation

                   For subsection 6(3), the recognised organisation must be satisfied, for each provision of the Act that the vessel or person will not comply with, of the following matters:

                     (a)  the risk of the non‑compliance is adequately assessed;

                     (b)  the requirements to be met in place of the provision are adequately described and appropriately mitigate the identified risks.

8  Acceptance of CVMP by AMSA

             (1)  AMSA must accept the CVMP in writing, within 28 days of receiving an application, if AMSA is satisfied that the requirements of subsection 6(4) have been met.

             (2)  If AMSA requires further information in order to assess the application:

                     (a)  AMSA must request the information; and

                     (b)  the 28 day period for making a decision on the application does not commence until AMSA receives the further information.

             (3)  An acceptance of a CVMP expires:

                     (a)  on the date of expiry specified in the acceptance; or

                     (b)  if no date of expiry is specified in the acceptance, 5 years from the date the written acceptance is given.

Note:          An acceptance of a CVMP also expires on the date that AMSA receives notification that Customs will not use the CVMP—see subsection 9(2).

             (4)  For paragraph (3)(a), AMSA may specify a later date of expiry for the acceptance.

9  Notification that CVMP will no longer be used

             (1)  If Customs decides to not use a CVMP for a customs vessel or a person in relation to a customs vessel, Customs must notify AMSA, in writing, of the decision.

             (2)  The acceptance of the CVMP expires on the date that AMSA receives the notification.

Division 2.3Variation of customs vessel management plan

10  Application for acceptance of variation of CVMP

             (1)  Customs must apply to AMSA for an acceptance of a variation of a CVMP for a customs vessel or a person in relation to a customs vessel if:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  there is a significant change to the vessel; or

                             (ii)  there is a significant change to the operation of the vessel; and

                     (b)  the significant change requires the undertaking of a new risk assessment in relation to a provision of the Act identified in the CVMP as a provision that cannot be complied with.

             (2)  Customs may only apply to AMSA for acceptance of a variation of a CVMP if the recognised organisation for the CVMP has declared that it has reviewed the variation and is satisfied of the matters set out in section 7.

             (3)  The application for acceptance of a variation of a CVMP must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  set out the variation; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by a copy of the part of the CVMP affected by the variation, clearly identifying the variation; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by the declaration of a recognised organisation mentioned in subsection (2).

             (4)  In this regulation:

significant change:

                     (a)  for a vessel—means:

                              (i)  a variation to a certificate issued for the vessel under the Act; or

                             (ii)  a change to the vessel by a repair, alteration or modification that substantially alters the dimensions of the vessel or the passenger accommodation spaces, or substantially increases the vessel’s service life; and

                     (b)  for the operation of a vessel—means a change to the kind of operations, described in the CVMP for the vessel or the class of vessels to which the vessel belongs, that the vessel will conduct (including a change to the activities the vessel will undertake).

11  Acceptance of variation of CVMP by AMSA

             (1)  AMSA must accept a variation of a CVMP, within 28 days of receiving an application, if AMSA is satisfied of the matters mentioned in subsection 10(3).

             (2)  If AMSA requires further information in order to assess the application:

                     (a)  AMSA must request the information; and

                     (b)  the 28 day period for making a decision on the application does not commence until AMSA receives the further information.

Division 2.4Ongoing review of customs vessel management plan

12  Reporting of non‑compliance with requirements of CVMP

                   If a recognised organisation becomes aware that a customs vessel or person has not complied with a requirement of the CVMP related to the vessel or person, the recognised organisation must, as soon as practicable:

                     (a)  notify AMSA of the non‑compliance; and

                     (b)  provide any relevant documentation about the non‑compliance to AMSA.

Part 3Safety of navigation

Division 3.1Liability for loss of life, division of liability and right of contribution

13  Application of Division 3.1

                   This Division is made for subsection 176(3) of the Act.

14  Damages for personal injuries

             (1)  If a person on board a vessel suffers a personal injury or dies because of the fault of the vessel and of another vessel, the liability of the owners of the vessels is joint and several.

             (2)  This section does not:

                     (a)  deprive a person of a right of defence on which, independently of this section, the person might have relied in an action brought against him or her by:

                              (i)  the person injured; or

                             (ii)  a person entitled to sue in respect of the death; or

                     (b)  affect the right of a person to limit his or her liability in a case to which this section relates in the manner provided by law.

15  Rule as to division of loss

             (1)  If, because of 2 or more vessels, damage or loss is caused to:

                     (a)  those vessels or one or more other vessels; or

                     (b)  the cargo or freight of those vessels or one or more other vessels; or

                     (c)  property on board those vessels or one or more other vessels;

the liability to make good the damage or loss must be in proportion to the degree in which each vessel was in fault.

             (2)  However, if, having regard to all the circumstances of the case, it is not possible to establish different degrees of fault, the liability is apportioned equally.

             (3)  This section does not make a ship liable for loss or damage if it was not at fault.

             (4)  This section does not:

                     (a)  affect the liability of a person under a contract, including a contract of carriage; or

                     (b)  impose a liability on a person from which the person is exempted by a contract or by a provision of law; or

                     (c)  affect the right of a person to limit his or her liability in the manner provided by law.

             (5)  In this section:

damage or loss, caused by the fault of a vessel, includes salvage or other expenses arising from that fault, recoverable at law by way of damages.

freight includes passage money and hire.

16  Right of contribution

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person suffers personal injury or dies on board a vessel because of the fault of the vessel and another vessel; and

                     (b)  a proportion of the damages is recovered against the owner of one of the vessels which exceeds the proportion in which it was in fault;

the owner may recover by way of contribution the amount of the excess from the owner of the other vessel to the extent to which that vessel was at fault.

             (2)  This section does not allow an amount to be recovered by a person entitled to sue for damages which the person could not otherwise recover.

             (3)  In addition to any other remedy provided by law, a person entitled to a contribution in accordance with subsection (1), for the purpose of recovering the contribution, has the same rights and powers as a person entitled to sue for damages.

Part 4Salvage

  

17  Certain provisions of Salvage Convention to have force of law

                   For paragraph 241(1)(a) of the Act, the following provisions of the Salvage Convention have the force of law in Australia:

                     (a)  Articles 6 to 8, 12 to 19, 21 to 23, 26 and 30;

                     (b)  the common understanding concerning Articles 13 and 14, as set out in Schedule 1.

Note:          For the definition and location of the Salvage Convention, see section 14 of the Act.


Schedule 1Salvage Convention, the Common Understanding Concerning Articles 13 and 14

Note:       See section 17.

  

COMMON UNDERSTANDING CONCERNING ARTICLES 13 AND 14 OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON SALVAGE, 1989

It is the common understanding of the Conference that, in fixing a reward under article 13 and assessing special compensation under article 14 of the International Convention on Salvage, 1989 the tribunal is under no duty to fix a reward under article 13 up to the maximum salved value of the vessel and other property before assessing the special compensation to be paid under article 14.