Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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Determinations/Other as made
This determination covers the Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standard (GEMS) requirements for single output external power supply units with a maximum output power of 250 watts or 250 volt-amperes (VA).
Administered by: Industry
Registered 31 Oct 2012
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR01-Nov-2012
Tabled Senate01-Nov-2012
Date of repeal 26 Nov 2014
Repealed by Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards (External Power Supplies) Determination 2014

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

 

Issued by the authority of the Parliamentary Secretary for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency

 

Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards Act 2012

 

Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards (External Power Supplies) Determination 2012

Purpose

The Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards (External Power Supplies) Determination 2012 (Determination) establishes minimum energy use and energy labelling requirements, and associated requirements for conducting tests, for single output external power supplies (external power supplies).

The Determination is one of an initial suite of 19 determinations by which responsibility for the regulation of energy efficiency and energy labelling has been transitioned from the States and Territories to the Commonwealth.

Background

The Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards Act 2012 (Act) establishes a national framework for regulating the energy efficiency of products supplied or used within Australia, implementing Australian Government and the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) commitments to establish national legislation to regulate energy efficiency and labelling standards for appliances and other products. The national legislation permits the Australian Government to set mandatory minimum efficiency requirements for products, to drive greater energy efficiency for regulated products. The Act also allows the Australian Government to set nationally-consistent labelling requirements, to increase Australians’ awareness of options to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy consumption, energy costs and greenhouse gas emissions. The national framework replaced seven state and territory legislative frameworks, harmonising the regulation of equipment energy efficiency.

Under the previous state and territory legislative frameworks, Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) and energy labelling requirements were set out in Australian or Australian/New Zealand Standards and incorporated by reference in regulations, which were usually made under the relevant state or territory electrical safety legislation. It was intended that the transition to Commonwealth regulation would, to the greatest extent possible, simply reproduce the regulatory requirements that existed under state and territory law. As a result, the practice of setting the requirements by reference to the relevant Australian or Australian/New Zealand Standards has been continued in this initial suite of determinations made under the Act, albeit with some departures in order to enshrine in the law various rulings made over time by state regulators, and certain administrative practices that had developed over time in the COAG Equipment Energy Efficiency Program (E3 Program), to provide certainty to the regulated community.

Selected definitions and text are extracted in the GEMS Determinations from the relevant Australian or Australian/New Zealand Standards. This is done with the intention of making it possible to determine if a product is covered (or excluded) by the GEMS Determination without having to refer to the relevant standard.

Energy labelling requirements primarily relate to requirements for the display of energy rating labels, such as those commonly seen on products including refrigerators, dishwashers and televisions, amongst others. Energy rating labels allow consumers to compare the energy consumption of similar products, and factor potential cost savings into their purchasing decision. For some products labelling requirements also relate to specific information that must be marked on the product itself or the box in which it is supplied.

Other regulatory requirements include requirements relating to high efficiency levels, product performance, and the impact of the product on the environment or the health of human beings:

    • High efficiency level requirements allow suppliers or manufacturers to differentiate more efficient products in the market where the product does not carry an energy rating label, provided they meet a specified efficiency benchmark over and above the nominated GEMS level requirements.
    • Product performance requirements are intended to ensure that minimum efficiency requirements or a higher number of stars on an energy rating label are not achieved by reducing the effectiveness of the product in its primary function. An example of this is the setting of minimum requirements for soil removal for clothes washers.
    • Requirements in relation to the impact of a product on the environment or the health of human beings are intended to ensure that greater energy efficiency does not come at the expense of the environment or human health. An example of this is the setting of a maximum limit for the amount of mercury that may be contained in a compact fluorescent or linear fluorescent lamp. Some level of mercury is necessary for these energy efficient lamps to operate so limits are set to keep mercury content within safe levels for human health and the environment.

Legislative basis

Under subsection 23(1) of the Act the Minister may, by legislative instrument, make a determination (a GEMS determination) that specifies one or more classes of products if the products in those classes use energy or affect the amount of energy used by other products. A GEMS determination is the vehicle by which energy efficiency requirements (GEMS level requirements), energy labelling requirements (GEMS labelling requirements) for classes of products and other requirements for a product class are established.

Under section 25 of the Act the GEMS level requirements specified in a GEMS determination may be:

  • requirements relating to one or more of the following:
    • the amount of energy used in operating products in relevant product classes;
    • the amount of greenhouse gases resulting from operating products in the relevant product class;
    • the effect of those products on the amount of energy used by operating other products; and
  • requirements for conducting tests in relation to products in the relevant product class in order to determine whether the products meet the specified requirements.

Under section 26 of the Act the GEMS labelling requirements specified in a GEMS determination may be:

  • requirements relating to the information that must be communicated in connection with supplying or offering to supply products in the relevant product class;
  • requirements relating to the manner in which that information must be communicated; and
  • requirements for conducting tests in relation to products in the relevant product class in order to determine whether the products meet the specified requirements.

Under section 27 of the Act other requirements that may be specified in a GEMS determination are:

  • requirements for products in the relevant product class to meet a specified level (the high efficiency level);
  • requirements relating to the performance of products in the relevant product class;
  • requirements relating to the impact of products in that product class on the environment or on the health of human beings;
  • requirements for conducting tests in relation to products in the relevant product class in order to determine whether the products meet the specified requirements; and
  • requirements of a kind specified in the regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.

 


Consultation

The Australian Government conducted extensive consultation with Australian businesses throughout the development of the Act. In the development of this Determination, Australian businesses were further consulted on ‘family of models’ circumstances in the Determinations (discussed below). Australian businesses were not consulted on the other provisions of this Determination (or the other Determinations in the initial suite of 19) as those provisions reproduce the requirements that existed under state and territory legislation.

Industry stakeholders representing all regulated product types were consulted in June and July 2012 on a proposed approach to the circumstances in which two or more models of products could be in a family of models. The aim of the consultation was to develop a streamlined and consistent approach to families of models across all product types. The consultation raised some general issues and some specific issues that are unique to particular product classes. It was decided that these issues could only be addressed with a detailed review of each of the family of models circumstances for each product type. A commitment was made to review the family of models treatment under GEMS for each product type over time. Lighting products have already been reviewed, and the results of the review were incorporated into the relevant determinations in the initial suite of 19. For products that have not had a review it was decided that the family of models treatment in previous state and territory regulation and practice would be carried over in the GEMS Determinations.

Extensive consultation was undertaken with state and territory government policy officers, state regulators, and technical consultants to ensure that the requirements established in the Determinations did not go beyond the scope of the previously existing state and territory requirements. The draft determinations were amended to reflect the outcome of the consultations.

Regulatory Impact

A comprehensive COAG Regulatory Impact Statement (the GEMS RIS) was prepared as part of the process of developing the Act.  The regulatory proposals encapsulated by the Determinations fall within the scope of the GEMS RIS, and only reproduce regulatory requirements for business that already existed under state and territory legislation.  Consequently, no further regulatory impact analysis was considered neccesary in relation to the regulatory proposal.

Detailed description of the Determination

Details of the Determination are set out at Attachment A.

Statement of compatibility with human rights

A statement of compatibility with human rights for the purposes of Part 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011 is set out at Attachment B.


Attachment A

Details of the Determination

 

Section 1 – Name of Determination

This section sets out the title of the Determination.

 

Section 2 – Commencement

This section provides that the Determination commences the day after it is registered on the Federal Register of Legislative Instruments. The default 12 month period that otherwise applies to the commencement of a GEMS determination, as provided for by paragraph 34(a) of the Act, is not necessary with respect to this Determination because it reproduces in Commonwealth law the energy efficiency and energy labelling requirements that previously existed in state and territory legislation.

 

Section 3 – Definitions

This section sets out definitions for key terms used in the Determination. The definitions include:

 

  • definitions relating to the various Australian/New Zealand Standards by which the requirements of the Determination are specified;
  • a definition of “single output external power supply”, which reflects the meaning in AS/NZS 4655.1:2005;
  • a definition of “extra low voltage (ELV)”, which is given the same meaning as in AS/NZS 4655.1:2005;
  • a definition of “end-use product”, which means the product powered by the external power supply;
  • a definition of “IEC Standard”, which is a standard published by, or on behalf of, the International Electrotechnical Commission; and
  • a definition of “standard”, which means an Australian Standard, an Australian/New Zealand Standard, an IEC Standard or any other equivalent document.

 

Section 4 – Interpretation

Section 4 provides guidance for interpreting certain aspects of the Determination.

 

Subsection 4(1)

 

The purpose of this subsection is to avoid any inconsistency in terminology between the Determination (and other elements of the GEMS legislation) and the standards referenced in section 3 of the Determination. It indicates that where a term used in the Determination is not defined in any part of the GEMS legislation, but is defined in a standard referenced in section 3, for the purposes of the Determination the term has the meaning set out in the applicable standard.

 

Subsection 4(2)

 

Unless otherwise specified, the applicable version of a document incorporated by reference in a legislative instrument is the version that existed on the date the instrument came into force. This is made clear for standards specifically referenced in section 3 of the Determination. However, often these standards refer to other standards or documents which also contain requirements that must be applied to give effect to the Determination or a standard referred to in the Determination. The purpose of this subsection is to make clear that the applicable version of these further documents is also the version that existed on the day the Determination came into force.

 

Section 5 – Specified product classes covered by the Determination

Section 5 sets out the scope of the Determination with respect to the class of products that it covers.

 

Subsection 5(1)

 

Subsection 5(1) provides that the Determination covers single output external power supplies, as defined in section 3, with a maximum output power of 250 watts or 250 volt-amperes, in the product classes specified in subsection 5(2). This reflects the scope of the regulations for this product type under the previous state and territory legislation, as it was set out in the Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 4655.2:2005 (Performance of external power supplies Part 2: Minimum energy performance standard (MEPS) requirements).

 

Subsection 5(2)

 

Subsection 5(2) specifies the product classes that are covered by the Determination. This subsection specifies that there are four product classes for external power supplies covered by the Determination, based on whether the output voltage is user selectable or not, and whether the output is alternating current or direct current.

 

Subsection 5(3)

 

This subsection sets out product classes that are not covered by the Determination. These are:

·       external power supplies with simultaneous multiple output voltages;

·       direct current to direct current (d.c. to d.c.) voltage conversion equipment;

·       single output external power supplies for transformers and electronic step-down converters for extra low voltage (ELV) lamps;

·       therapeutic devices on the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods;

·       direct current (d.c.) or battery powered equipment; and

·       until 1 December 2013, a single output external power supply that is made available by a manufacturer directly to a consumer or to a service or repair facility, after and separate from the original sale of the end-use product.

 

This reflects the product classes excluded under the previous state and territory legislation.

 

Subsection 5(4)

 

This subsection defines the term “user selectable output voltage” for the purposes of section 5 as a means by which a user can select one of multiple output voltages.

 

Section 6 – GEMS level requirements

Section 6 specifies GEMS level requirements for energy use for external power supplies covered by the Determination, including requirements for conducting tests in order to demonstrate compliance with the energy use requirements, under section 25 of the Act.

 

Subsection 6(1)

 

This subsection provides that the GEMS level requirements in relation to energy use are those set out in:

 

·       clause 2.1 of AS/NZS 4655.2:2005 (No Load Power Consumption and Average Active Mode Efficiency) for products in product classes 1 and 2; and

·       clause 2.2 of AS/NZS 4655.2:2005 (Average Active Mode Efficiency) for products in product classes 3 and 4.

 

Subsection 6(2)

 

This subsection specifies that the requirements for conducting tests for products in product classes 2 and 4 (products with a user selectable output voltage) are those set out in:

 

  • section 2 of AS/NZS 4665.1:2005 (General Conditions for Measurement);
  • section 3 of AS/NZS 4665.1:2005 (Measurement Approach);
  • clause 4.2 of AS/NZS 4665.2:2005 (Input Test Voltage); and
  • clause 4.3 of AS/NZS 4665.2:2005 (Output Test Voltages at Highest and Lowest Voltage only).

 

Subsection 6(3)

 

This subsection specifies that the requirements for conducting tests for products in product classes 1 and 3 (products with a non-user selectable output voltage) are those set out in:

 

  • section 2 of AS/NZS 4665.1:2005 (General Conditions for Measurement);
  • section 3 of AS/NZS 4665.1:2005 (Measurement Approach); and
  • clause 4.2 of AS/NZS 4665.2:2005 (Input Test Voltage).

 

Subsection 6(4)

 

This subsection specifies, for subsection 6(3), that if a product in product class 1 or 3 is part of a family of models, the testing requirements in clause 4.3 of AS/NZS 4665.2:2005 (Output Test Voltages at Highest and Lowest Voltage only) also apply.

 

Models of external power supplies in product class 1 and 3 that are part of a family models may have different output voltages. Clause 4.3 of AS/NZS 4665.2:2005 requires that only the models with the highest and lowest output voltage in the family of models be tested.

 

Section 7 – GEMS labelling requirements

Section 7 specifies GEMS labelling requirements for external power supplies covered by the Determination, including requirements for conducting tests in order to demonstrate compliance with the energy labelling requirements, under section 26 of the Act.

 

Subsection 7(1)

 

This subsection provides that the GEMS labelling requirements are those set out in clause 5.1 of AS/NZS 4665.2:2005 and Appendix A of AS/NZS 4665.1:2005 in relation to the energy performance mark to be shown on the product.

 

Subsection 7(2)

 

This subsection specifies that the requirements for conducting tests are the same as those set out in subsections 6(2) to 6(4) of the Determination.

 

Section 8 – Other GEMS requirements

Section 8 specifies other GEMS requirements in relation to the high efficiency level for external power supplies covered by the Determination, including requirements for conducting tests in order to demonstrate compliance with high efficiency level requirements, under section 27 of the Act.

 

A high efficiency level is a concept that will help to distinguish the most efficient product models in each product class, assisting businesses to promote highly efficient products. Products need not meet the high efficiency level but those which do will be entitled to use the more distinctive high efficiency claim and a higher energy performance mark – for as long as they meet the high efficiency level (which may change over time to encourage greater efficiency).

 

Subsection 8(1)

 

This subsection provides that the high efficiency level requirements are those set out in section 8 of the Determination. Requirements are set for two different high efficiency levels – high efficiency level IV (HE IV) and high efficiency level V, which correspond to the requirements for energy performance mark IV and energy performance mark V, respectively, in AS/NZS 4655.2:2005 and AS/NZS 4655.1:2005.

 


Subsection 8(2)

 

This subsection provides that the requirements for high efficiency level IV are those set out in:

 

  • subclause 3.1.1 of AS/NZS 4655.2:2005 (No Load Power Consumption and Average Active Mode Efficiency) for products in product classes 1 and 2; and
  • subclause 3.1.2 of AS/NZS 4655.2:2005 (Average Active Mode Efficiency) for products in product classes 3 and 4.

 

Subsection 8(3)

 

This subsection provides that the requirements for high efficiency level V are those set out in:

 

  • subclause 3.2.1 of AS/NZS 4655.2:2005 (No Load Power Consumption and Average Active Mode Efficiency) for products in product classes 1 and 2; and
  • subclause 3.2.2 of AS/NZS 4655.2:2005 (Average Active Mode Efficiency) for products in product classes 3 and 4.

 

Subsection 8(4)

 

This subsection specifies that the requirements for conducting tests are the same as those set out in subsections 6(2) to 6(4) of the Determination.

 

Section 9 – Family of models

Section 28 of the Act provides that a GEMS determination must specify, for each product class covered by the determination, the circumstances in which two or more models in that product class are in the same family of models. 

 

For external power supplies, different circumstances are specified depending on whether the product has a non-user selectable output voltage (product classes 1 and 3) or a user selectable output voltage (product classes 2 and 4). Unlike the majority of other products regulated under the E3 Program, external power supplies sold under different brand names may be part of the same family of models, provided all other requirements for a family registration are met.

 

Subsection 9(1)

 

This subsection specifies that the family of models circumstances for external power supplies in product classes 1 and 3 covered by this Determination are those set out in clause 1.3.8 of AS/NZS 4665.1:2005.

 

Subsection 9(2)

 

This subsection specifies that the family of models circumstances for external power supplies in product classes 2 and 4 covered by this Determination are those set out in clause 1.3.9 of AS/NZS 4665.1:2005.

 

Section 10 – Product categories

Section 29 of the Act requires that a GEMS determination specify whether the products it covers are category A or category B products. Category B products are subject to higher penalties than category A products for certain offences under the Act, on the basis that category B products have a high impact on energy use or greenhouse gas production.

 

Section 10 specifies that external power supplies covered by the Determination are category A products.

 


Attachment B

 

Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights

Prepared in accordance with Part 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011

 

Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards (External Power Supplies) Determination 2012

 

This Legislative Instrument is compatible with the human rights and freedoms recognised or declared in the international instruments listed in section 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011.

 

Overview of the Legislative Instrument

The Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards (External Power Supplies) Determination 2012 prescribes matters relating to minimum energy efficiency and energy labelling requirements for external power supplies under the Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards Act 2012. The Determination establishes requirements for energy use, energy labelling and high efficiency levels, including requirements for conducting tests in order to demonstrate compliance with those requirements. The Determination also sets out the circumstances in which two or more models in a product class may be a family of models, and establishes the applicable product category for the purposes of calculating certain penalties under the Act.

Human rights implications

This Legislative Instrument does not engage any of the applicable rights or freedoms.

Conclusion

This Legislative Instrument is compatible with human rights as it does not raise any human rights issues.

 

The Hon Mark Dreyfus QC MP
Parliamentary Secretary for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency