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Fuel Standard (Ethanol E85) Determination 2012

Authoritative Version
Determinations/Other as made
This instrument sets technical parameters and their specifications for E85 automotive fuel, and testing methods for determining compliance, for the supply of E85 in Australia.
Administered by: Environment and Energy
Made 16 Aug 2012
Registered 27 Aug 2012
Tabled HR 10 Sep 2012
Tabled Senate 10 Sep 2012
To be repealed 01 Oct 2019
Repealed by Legislative Instruments (Fuel Standards Instruments) Sunset-altering Declaration 2016

Commonwealth Coat of Arms

Fuel Standard (Ethanol E85) Determination 20121

Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000

I, Don Farrell, Parliamentary Secretary for Sustainability and Urban Water, make the following determination under section 21 of the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000.

Dated 16th August                     2012

Don Farrell


1              Name of determination

                This determination is the Fuel Standard (Ethanol E85) Determination 2012.

2              Commencement

                This determination commences on 1 November 2012.

3              Definitions

                In this determination:

ASTM followed by an alphanumeric code means the testing method developed under that alphanumeric code by the standards development organisation called ASTM International.

CEN/TS followed by a number means the testing method developed under that code and number by the standards development organisation called the European Committee for Standardization.

E85 means a fuel blend consisting of:

                (a)    70–85% ethanol; and

               (b)    petrol that meets the requirements of the Fuel Standard (Petrol) Determination 2001.

EN followed by a number means the testing method developed under that code and number by the standards development organisation called the European Committee for Standardization.

4              Fuel standard for E85

                E85 must comply with the specification for the parameters mentioned in the following table.

Item

Parameter

Specification

1

Acidity (as acetic acid)

0.006% m/m maximum

2

Benzene

0.35% v/v maximum

3

Copper

0.10 mg/kg maximum

4

Ethanol

70–85% v/v

5

Ethers (5 or more C atoms)

1.0% v/v maximum

6

Final boiling point (distillation)

210°C maximum

7

Higher alcohols (C3-C8)

2.0% v/v maximum

8

Inorganic chloride

1 mg/kg maximum

9

Lead content

5 mg/L maximum

10

Methanol

0.5% v/v maximum

11

Motor Octane Number

87 minimum

12

Oxidation stability

360 minutes minimum

13

pHe

6.5–9.0

14

Phosphorus

1.3 mg/L maximum

15

Research Octane Number

100 minimum

16

Solvent washed gum

5 mg/100mL maximum

17

Sulfate

4.0 mg/kg maximum

18

Sulfur

70 mg/kg  maximum

19

Vapour Pressure (DVPE)

38–65 kPa at 37.8°C

20

Water

1.0% m/m maximum

5              Testing methods

         (1)   Compliance with the standard for a parameter set out in section 4 is determined by applying the testing method for the parameter in the following table.

Item

Parameter

Testing method

1

Acidity (as acetic acid)

ASTM D1613

2

Benzene

ASTM D5580

3

Copper

EN 15837 (as modified in CEN/TS 15293)

4

Ethanol

ASTM D5501

5

Ethers (5 or more C atoms)

ASTM D4815 (See Note 1)

6

Final boiling point (distillation)

ASTM D86

7

Higher alcohols (C3-C8)

ASTM D4815 (See Note 1)

8

Inorganic chloride

ASTM D7328

9

Lead content

ASTM D3237

10

Methanol

ASTM D5501

11

Motor Octane Number

(See Note 2)

12

Oxidation stability

ASTM D525

13

pHe

ASTM D6423

14

Phosphorus

ASTM D3231

15

Research Octane Number

(See Note 2)

16

Solvent washed gum

ASTM D381

17

Sulfate

ASTM D7319

18

Sulfur

ASTM D5453

19

Vapour Pressure (DVPE)

ASTM D5191

20

Water

ASTM E1064

Note 1   Testing method ASTM D4815–09 has been validated for use in the analysis of oxygenates (ethers (5 or more C atoms) and higher alcohols (C3-C8)) in ethanol/unleaded petrol blended fuels containing 70 to 85% ethanol, providing standards are prepared in 80% ethanol blended with unleaded petrol.

Note 2   Testing methods for Motor Octane Number and Research Octane Number in E85 are not yet available. The minimum targets specified in section 4 are interim targets until a testing method is available. These minimum targets allow for engine calibration.

         (2)   A testing method mentioned in subsection (1) is one that is in force on the day on which this determination commences.


Note

1.       All legislative instruments and compilations are registered on the Federal Register of Legislative Instruments kept under the Legislative Instruments Act 2003. See www.comlaw.gov.au.