Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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SLI 2012 No. 37 Regulations as made
This regulation amends the Taxation Administration Regulations 1976 and prescribes the information that is required of businesses in the building and construction industry to report to the Commissioner the details of payments they make to contractors for the supply of building and construction services.
Administered by: Treasury
Registered 23 Mar 2012
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR08-May-2012
Tabled Senate10-May-2012
Date of repeal 09 Aug 2013
Repealed by Treasury (Spent and Redundant Instruments) Repeal Regulation 2013

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

 

Select Legislative Instrument 2012 No. 37

 

Issued by authority of the Assistant Treasurer

Taxation Administration Act 1953

Taxation Administration Amendment Regulation 2012 (No. 1)

The Taxation Administration Act 1953 (the Act) provides for the administration of the tax system.

 

Section 18 of the Act provides that the Governor-General may make regulations, not inconsistent with the Act, prescribing all matters required or permitted to be prescribed, or which are necessary or convenient to be prescribed for giving effect to the Act. 

 

Division 405 in Schedule 1 to the Act provides for certain transactions to be reported to the Commissioner of Taxation (the Commissioner) by a purchaser (entity paying for the transaction) where the payment is made for a supply that is specified in regulations made for the purposes of section 405-5 in Schedule 1 to the Act.  The regulations may specify the supply by reference to the goods or services supplied, the supplier and/or the purchaser.

 

The Taxation Administration Regulations 1976 (the Principal Regulations) prescribe information necessary for the operation of the Act.

 

Taxation Administration Amendment Regulation 2012 (No. 1) (the Regulation) amends the Principal Regulations to prescribe the information that is required of businesses in the building and construction industry to report to the Commissioner the details of payments they make to contractors for the supply of building and construction services.  

 

Details of the Regulation are set out in the Attachment

 

The Act specifies no conditions that need to be satisfied before the power to make the Regulations may be exercised.

 

The Regulation gives effect to a 2011-12 Budget initiative that arose as a result of the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) having identified significant levels of non-compliance by contractors in the building and construction industry.

 

Public consultation on a discussion paper ran from 30 May 2011 until 27 June 2011.  Following receipt of submissions, Treasury and the ATO attended consultation meetings with industry groups and members of the ATO’s building and construction consultative forum.  Feedback on the discussion paper led to the development of a bridging document.  Again, Treasury and the ATO met with industry groups and members of the ATO’s building and construction consultative forum.

 

Public consultation was also undertaken in respect to the exposure draft regulations and explanatory materials from 14 December 2011 until 20 January 2012.   

 

A compliant Regulatory Impact Statement was developed prior to the 2011-12 Budget announcement.

 

The Regulation commences on 1 July 2012.


 

ATTACHMENT

Details of the Taxation Administration Amendment Regulation 2012 (No. 1)

Section 1 – Name of Regulation

Section 1 provides that the title of the Regulation is the Taxation Administration Amendment Regulation 2012 (No. 1).

Section 2 – Commencement

Section 2 provides that the Regulation commences on 1 July 2012.

Section 3 – Amendment of Taxation Administration Regulations 1976

Section 3 provides that Schedule 1 to the Regulation amends the Taxation Administration Regulations 1976 (the Principal Regulations).

Schedule 1 – Amendments

Item 1 – Regulation 64

Subregulation 64(1) – reportable supplies in the building and construction industry

Section 405-5 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953 (the Act) requires purchasers to report supplies to the Commissioner of Taxation, which essentially means that they must report certain transactions for which they have been issued an invoice.  The type of supplies that may need to be reported must be defined by regulation.

Subregulation 64(1) provides that, for the purposes of section 405-5 of Schedule 1 to the Act, a supply is made by a supplier to a purchaser if:

                the purchaser is carrying on a business that is primarily in the building and construction industry;

                the purchaser has an Australian Business Number (ABN);

                the supplier supplies to the purchaser:

               building and construction services; or

               a supply of both goods and building and construction services, if the services are not merely incidental to the supply of goods. 

Purchaser and supplier

In the building and construction industry, it is common to use the word ‘payer’ to describe a purchaser, and ‘payee’ to describe a supplier.  Other words may also be used.  This Regulation applies to purchasers and suppliers regardless of how they are described in an invoice.

Incidental building and construction services

The supply of building and construction services will be incidental where the supply of the service is not of substance when compared to the supply of the goods.

Example – building and construction services that are incidental to the supply of goods

Kevin purchases a large volume of plumbing supplies, including a new type of tap, from Harry’s Hardware, which Harry installs because Kevin is unfamiliar with it.   Harry invoices Kevin for the tap and an additional amount for the labour to install it.  Kevin does not need to report the payment he makes to Harry’s Hardware for installing the tap because this service is merely incidental to the business of supplying goods.

Subregulation 64(6) – determining if an entity is in the building and construction industry

Subregulation 64(6) provides that building and construction services include any of the following activities, if they are performed on or in relation to any part of a building, structure, works, surface or sub-surface:

                Alteration

                Assembly

                Construction

                Demolition

                Design

                Destruction

                Dismantling

                Erection

                Excavation

                Finishing

                Improvement

                Installation

                Maintenance

                Management of building and construction services

                Modification

                Organisation of building and construction services

                Removal

                Repair

                Site preparation

 

 

Examples of building and construction services

The following is a list of occupations and work activities that satisfy the definition of building and construction services:

                Architectural work (including drafting and design)

                Asphalt and bitumen work

                Assembly, installation or erection of pre-fabricated houses

                Block laying

                Bricklaying

                Building of room components (e.g. kitchens, bathroom components, laundry components, cupboards, etc)

                Cabinet making (including joinery and offsite fabrication for installation at a building site)

                Cable laying

                Communications construction

                Concreting (including formwork, pouring and finishing)

                Construction and sealing roads

                Construction management

                Decorating

                Demolition

                Distribution line construction

                Drainage work

                Dredging

                Earthworks

                Electrical machinery, heavy, installation (on-site assembly)

                Electrical work

                Electrical construction

                Elevator and escalator installation and work

                Engineering

                Equipment rental with operator (if there is no operator, it is just rental of a good and not a building and construction activity)

                Erection of frames

                Erection of scaffolding

                Excavation and grading

                Fencing

                Finishing

                Flood control system construction

                Flooring (e.g. tiling, laying carpet, linoleum, timber flooring, floating floors, resilient flooring, slate tiles, etc)

                Foundation work

                Gas plumbing

                Glass and glazing work

                Hanging or installing doors

                Installation of fittings

                Installation of hard-wired alarm systems (security, fire, smoke, etc)

                Installation of hot water systems

                Installation of pre-fabricated components (e.g. kitchens, bathroom components, laundry components, cupboards, etc)

                Installation of pre-fabricated temperature controlled structures

                Installation of septic tanks

                Installation of solar devices (e.g. hot water or electricity connections)

                Installation of tanks

                Installation of window frames

                Installation of windows

                Installation or work on devices for heating and cooling

                Insulation work (walls, roofs, windows, etc)

                Internet infrastructure construction

                Irrigation system construction

                Land clearing

                Landscaping construction (including paving and design)

                Levelling sites

                Painting (internal and external surfaces, including roofs)

                Pile driving

                Pipeline construction

                Plastering (or other wall and ceiling construction)

                Plumbing work

                Preparation of site

                Project management

                Rendering (or other internal or external surface finishes)

                Retaining wall construction

                River work construction

                Roofing and guttering

                Sewage or stormwater drainage system construction

                Stonework

                Surveying

                Swimming pool installation

                Swimming pool, below ground concrete or fibreglass, construction

                Tiling (walls, etc)

                Timber work

                Wallpapering

                Waterproofing interior and exterior surfaces

                Weatherboarding

                 

 

Examples of buildings, structures, works, surfaces or sub-surfaces

The following is a list of examples of things that are considered buildings, structures, works, surfaces or sub-surfaces:

                Aerodrome runways

                Apartments

                Breakwaters

                Bridges

                Canals

                Commercial buildings

                Communications, internet and electrical infrastructure

                Dams

                Duplex houses

                Electricity power plants

                Elevated highway

                Flats

                Footpath, kerb and guttering

                Furnaces

                Garages

                Golf courses

                Harbour works

                High-rise flats

                Highways

                Housing buildings (including pre-fabricated housing)

                Industrial buildings

                Jetties

                Lakes

                Mine sites

                Office buildings

                Oil refineries

                Parking lots

                Pipelines

                Power plants

                Railways

                Roads

                Semi-detached houses

                Sewage storage and treatment plants

                Sheds

                Sports fields

                Streets

                Television or radio transmission towers

                Tunnels

                Water tanks

                Waterworks

Subregulation 64(5) – determining if an entity is carrying on a business that is primarily in the building and construction industry

Subregulation 64(5) provides tests for determining if a purchaser is carrying on a business that is primarily in the building and construction industry.  The test is satisfied if:

                in the current financial year, 50% or more of the purchaser’s business activity relates to building and construction services; or

                in the current financial year, 50% or more of the purchaser’s business income is derived from providing building and construction services; or

                in the financial year immediately preceding the current financial year, 50% or more of the purchaser’s business income was derived from providing building and construction services.

Example – a mixed business that satisfies the income test

Scott’s Cabinet Makers is a business that makes and installs custom-made kitchen cabinets, which is a type of activity that constitutes building and construction services.  It also makes and sells ornamental wooden carvings.  From the 2012-13 income year, the ratio of income that Scott’s Cabinet Makers earns from its business activities is as follows:

Financial year

Type of income earned

Year ended 30 June 2013

30% cabinet-making; 70% carvings sales

Year ended 30 June 2014

60% cabinet-making; 40% carvings sales

Year ended 30 June 2015

40% cabinet-making; 60% carvings sales

As Scott’s Cabinet Makers earned 50 per cent or more of its income from building and construction services in the 2013-14 financial year, it will need to report on payments made to contractors in that year.  Although it did not earn 50% of its income from building and construction services in the 2014-15 financial year, it will need to report on payments made to contractors in that year because of its 2013-14 earnings. 

Example – a mixed business that does not satisfy the income test

Bert’s Building Supplies is a business that makes 95% of its income from selling building equipment to builders and homeowners.  The other 5% of its income arises from arranging the installation of certain products, such as skylights (which constitutes building and construction services).  Bert’s Building Supplies will not be required to report payments it makes to contractors because most of its income is derived from retail activities and not from providing building and construction services.

Example – business with separate entity for building and construction services

Continuing with the preceding example, Bert’s Building Supplies decides to set up a separate entity, Ingrid’s Installations, to install the products it sells.  From that point on, Bert’s Building Supplies derives all of its income from retail sales and will therefore have no reporting obligation.  Ingrid’s Installations, on the other hand, derives all of its income from performing building and construction services.  It will therefore need to report any payments that it makes to subcontractors. 

Example – miner or builder?

Black Coal establishes a new mining facility that requires the construction of a range of infrastructure.  Black Coal contracts Earl’s Earthworks to carry out the work; Earl’s Earthworks in turn subcontracts the work.  Black Coal will not be required to report payments it makes to Earl’s Earthworks because all of its income is derived from coal mining.  Earl’s Earthworks, which is carrying on a business primarily in the building and construction industry, will need to report payments it makes to subcontractors.  

Example – home-builder

Kristyn, who has an ABN for the purposes of running a bookkeeping business, manages the construction of her new home and in doing so makes payments directly to contractors.  As Kristyn does not derive income from building and construction services, and is merely acting in her domestic capacity, she will not be required to report on the payments made to contractors.

Example – activities test

Red Rocks, an iron ore miner, incurs significant capital costs such that 50% of its expenditure is on capital works in the 2014-15 tax year.  However, 70% of its employees and contractors are engaged in mining activities.  Therefore, Red Rocks is not primarily engaged in the building and construction industry and as such does not need to report payments made for building and construction services.

Subregulation 64(2) – exclusion for consolidated groups and multiple entry consolidated groups

Subregulation 64(2) ensures that transactions need not be reported if both the supplier and the purchaser are members of the same consolidated group or MEC group.

The reason for this rule is that members of a consolidated group or MEC group are effectively taxed as a single entity.

Example

Brick Co and Paint Co are both members of the Big Co consolidated group.  Brick Co provides building services.  Brick Co makes a payment to Paint Co for painting its building project.  As Paint Co and Brick Co are in the same consolidated group, Brick Co will not have to report on the payment made to Paint Co for the provision of painting services.  Brick Co will, however, have to report on payments made to entities outside the consolidated group for the supply of building and construction services.

Subregulation 64(3) – exclusion for withholding payments

Subregulation 64(3) ensures that transactions need not be reported if the payment is a withholding payment as defined by section 995-1 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

This means that payments made to individuals and entities that are subject to the Pay As You Go (PAYG) withholding rules (for example, employees and contractors that do not have ABNs) will be excluded from the Regulation. 

Example

Big Builder subcontracts Colin to perform carpentry work.  When Colin invoices Big Builder, he does not quote an ABN.  Big Builder in turn withholds tax from the payment it makes to Colin, and then reports and remits this to the Commissioner of Taxation.  Big Builder does not have to do anything to comply with this Regulation.

Subregulation 64(4)

Subregulation 64(4) ensures that certain phrases used in the Regulation have the same meaning as they do in the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.

 

 

 

 

Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights

Prepared in accordance with Part 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011

 

Taxation Administration Amendment Regulation 2012 (No. 1)

 

This Legislative Instrument is compatible with the human rights and freedoms recognised or declared in the international instruments listed in section 3 of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011.

 

Overview of the Legislative Instrument

The Regulation gives effect to a 2010-11 Budget initiative that arose as a result of the Australian Taxation Office having identified significant levels of non-compliance by contractors in the building and construction industry.

 

Human rights implications

This Legislative Instrument does not engage any of the applicable rights or freedoms.

 

Conclusion

This Legislative Instrument is compatible with human rights as it does not raise any human rights issues.