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Migration Regulations 1994

Authoritative Version
  • - F2012C00736
  • In force - Superseded Version
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SR 1994 No. 268 Regulations as amended, taking into account amendments up to Migration Amendment Regulation 2012 (No. 6)
Principal Regulations
Administered by: Immigration and Citizenship
Registered 12 Oct 2012
Start Date 12 Oct 2012
End Date 20 Nov 2012
Table of contents.
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Collapse Volume 1Volume 1
Collapse Part 1 Preliminary 
Part 1 Preliminary
Collapse Division 1.1 Introductory 
Division 1.1 Introductory
1.01 Name of Regulations [see Note 1]
1.02 Commencement
Expand Division 1.2 Interpretation 
Division 1.2 Interpretation
Expand Division 1.3 Administration 
Division 1.3 Administration
Expand Division 1.4 Sponsorship not applicable to Division 3A of Part 2 of the Act 
Division 1.4 Sponsorship not applicable to Division 3A of Part 2 of the Act
Expand Division 1.4B Limitation on certain sponsorships under Division 1.4 
Division 1.4B Limitation on certain sponsorships under Division 1.4
Expand Division 1.5 Special provisions relating to family violence 
Division 1.5 Special provisions relating to family violence
Expand Division 1.6 Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate under Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000 
Division 1.6 Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate under Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000
Expand Division 1.8 Special provisions for student visas 
Division 1.8 Special provisions for student visas
Expand Part 2 Visas 
Part 2 Visas
Expand Part 2A Sponsorship applicable to Division 3A of Part 2 of the Act 
Part 2A Sponsorship applicable to Division 3A of Part 2 of the Act
Expand Part 3 Immigration clearance and collection of information 
Part 3 Immigration clearance and collection of information
Expand Volume 2Volume 2
Expand Volume 3Volume 3
Expand Volume 4Volume 4
Expand Volume 5Volume 5
Expand Volume 6Volume 6
Expand Volume 7Volume 7

Migration Regulations 1994

Statutory Rules 1994 No. 268 as amended

made under the

This compilation was prepared on 12 October 2012
taking into account amendments up to SLI 2012 No. 237

The text of any of those amendments not in force
on that date is appended in the Notes section

[Note: Regulation 2.12A ceases to be in force at the end of
14 August 2013 — see subsection 91D (4) of the Act]

This document has been split into seven volumes
Volume 1 contains Parts 1–3 (Rr. 1.01–3.31),
Volume 2 contains Parts 4 and 5 (Rr. 4.01–5.44) and Schedule 1,
Volume 3 contains Schedule 2 (Subclasses 010–415),

Volume 4 contains Schedule 2 (Subclasses 416–801),
Volume 5 contains Schedule 2 (Subclasses 802–995),
Volume 6 contains Schedules 3–13, and
Volume 7 contains the Notes and Tables A and B
Each volume has its own Table of Contents

Prepared by the Office of Parliamentary Counsel, Canberra


Contents

Part 1                          Preliminary                                                                 

Division 1.1                 Introductory                                                                    

                    1.01      Name of Regulations [see Note 1]                                  16

                    1.02      Commencement                                                            16

Division 1.2                 Interpretation                                                                  

                    1.03      Definitions                                                                    16

                    1.04      Adoption                                                                      46

                  1.04A      AusAID recipients and AusAID students                         47

                  1.04B      Defence student                                                            49

                    1.05      Balance of family test                                                    50

                  1.05A      Dependent                                                                    51

                    1.06      References to classes of visas                                      52

                    1.07      References to subclasses of visas                                 52

                    1.08      Compelling need to work                                               53

                    1.09      Criminal detention                                                          54

                  1.09A      De facto partner and de facto relationship                      54

                    1.10      Labour market requirements                                           56

                    1.11      Main business                                                               56

                  1.11A      Ownership for the purposes of certain Parts of Schedule 2 57

                  1.11B      ETA‑eligible passport                                                     58

                  1.11C      eVisitor eligible passport                                                 58

                    1.12      Member of the family unit                                              59

               1.12AA      Member of the immediate family                                    67

                    1.13      Meaning of nominator                                                    67

                    1.14      Orphan relative                                                              67

                  1.14A      Parent and child                                                            68

                    1.15      Remaining relative                                                         68

               1.15AA      Carer                                                                            69

                  1.15A      Spouse                                                                         71

                  1.15B      Vocational English                                                        73

                  1.15C      Competent English                                                        73

                 1.15D      Proficient English                                                          73

                  1.15E      Concessional competent English                                   74

               1.15EA      Superior English                                                            74

                  1.15F      Australian study requirement                                          74

                 1.15G      Superyachts                                                                  75

                  1.15H      Migration occupation in demand                                    75

                   1.15I      Skilled occupation                                                         76

Division 1.3                 Administration                                                                

                    1.16      Delegation                                                                    76

               1.16AA      Appointment of Medical Officer of the Commonwealth    76

                  1.16A      Regional headquarters agreements                                 77

                  1.16B      Invest Australia Supported Skills agreements                  77

                    1.17      Specification of matters by Gazette Notice                     77

                    1.18      Approved forms                                                            77

Division 1.4                 Sponsorship not applicable to Division 3A of Part 2 of the Act     

                    1.20      Sponsorship undertakings                                             78

               1.20AA      Approval of sponsor — specified temporary visa applicants            81

Division 1.4B              Limitation on certain sponsorships under Division 1.4   

                  1.20J      Limitation on approval of sponsorships — spouse, partner, prospective marriage and interdependency visas                                                   81

                  1.20K      Limitation on sponsorships — remaining relative visas    83

               1.20KA      Limitation on approval of sponsorship — partner (provisional or temporary) or prospective marriage (temporary) visas                                             85

               1.20KB      Limitation on approval of sponsorship — child, partner and prospective marriage visas         86

                  1.20L      Limitation on approval of sponsorship — Subclass 679 (Sponsored Family Visitor) visas      91

1.20LAA   Limitation on sponsorships — parent, aged dependent relative, contributory parent, aged parent and contributory aged parent visas                                       93

Division 1.5                 Special provisions relating to family violence                

                    1.21      Interpretation                                                                 95

                    1.22      References to person having suffered or committed family violence 97

                    1.23      When is a person taken to have suffered or committed family violence?       97

                    1.24      Evidence                                                                     101

                    1.25      Statutory declaration by alleged victim etc                    102

                    1.26      Statutory declaration by competent person                   103

                    1.27      Statutory declaration or statement not admissible in evidence           104

Division 1.6                 Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate under Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000                                                           

                    1.30      Prescribed non‑citizen                                                  104

Division 1.8                 Special provisions for student visas                               

                    1.40      Definitions                                                                  105

                  1.40A      Courses to be specified by Minister                             106

                    1.41      Assessment levels to be specified by Minister              106

                    1.42      Assessment level of applicant                                      108

                    1.43      Notification of assessment level                                   111

                    1.44      Evidence required                                                        111

Part 2                          Visas                                                                            

Division 2.1                 Classes, criteria, conditions etc                                      

                    2.01      Classes of visas (Act, s 31)                                         112

                    2.02      Subclasses                                                                 112

                    2.03      Criteria applicable to classes of visas                           112

                  2.03A      Criteria applicable to de facto partners                         115

                  2.03B      Protection visas — international instruments                 116

                    2.04      Circumstances in which a visa may be granted (Act, s 40) 117

                    2.05      Conditions applicable to visas                                     118

                    2.06      Non‑citizens who do not require visas to travel to Australia 120

             2.06AAA      Entry to Australia — Maritime Crew (Temporary) (Class ZM) visas     121

               2.06AA      Decision periods — decisions on protection visas        122

Division 2.2                 Applications                                                                   

                  2.06A      Definition                                                                    124

                    2.07      Application for visa — general                                     124

                  2.07A      Certain applications not valid bridging visa applications 125

               2.07AA      Applications for certain visitor visas                             125

               2.07AB      Applications for Electronic Travel Authority visas          127

               2.07AC      Applications for Temporary Safe Haven and Temporary (Humanitarian Concern) visas           128

               2.07AE      Applications for Designated Parent visas                     128

                2.07AF      Certain applications for Student (Temporary) (Class TU) visas           129

               2.07AG      Applications for certain substantive visas by persons for whom condition 8503 or 8534 has been waived under subregulation 2.05 (4AA), (5) or (5A)         130

               2.07AH      Applications for certain substantive visas by persons for whom condition 8534 has been waived under subregulation 2.05 (6)                                         130

                 2.07AI      Applications for certain substantive visas by persons holding Subclass 173 or 884 visas      131

               2.07AK      Applications for Witness Protection (Trafficking) (Permanent) (Class DH) visas         131

                2.07AL      Applications for certain visas by contributory parent newborn children          133

               2.07AM      Applications for Refugee and Humanitarian (Class XB) visas            133

               2.07AO      Applications for certain substantive visas by specified persons        134

               2.07AP      Applications for Maritime Crew (Temporary) (Class ZM) visas           136

               2.07AQ      Applications for Resolution of Status (Class CD) visas 137

               2.07AR      Applications for Superyacht Crew (Temporary) (Class UW) visas       139

                    2.08      Application by newborn child                                       140

               2.08AA      Application by contributory parent newborn child          140

               2.08AB      Application for visa — prescribed circumstances          141

               2.08AC      Application for visa — personal identifiers                    141

                  2.08A      Addition of certain applicants to certain applications for permanent visas     143

                  2.08B      Addition of certain dependent children to certain applications for temporary visas     144

               2.08BA      Certain holders of Subclass 450 visas taken to have applied for Resolution of Status (Residence) (Class BL) visas                                        146

                  2.08E      Certain applicants taken to have applied for Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visas and Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visas                                       146

                 2.08G      Certain persons taken to have applied for Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visas 148

                    2.09      Oral applications for visas                                           148

                    2.10      Where application must be made                                  149

               2.10AA      Where application must be made for certain gazetted visas  150

                  2.10A      Notice of lodgment of application — person in immigration detention (Bridging E (Class WE) visa)                                                                           151

                  2.10B      Notice of lodgment of application — person in immigration detention (Bridging F (Class WF) visa)                                                                           151

                  2.10C      Time of making Internet application                              151

                    2.11      Special provisions for certain visa applications that are refused        152

                    2.12      Certain non‑citizens whose applications refused in Australia (Act, s 48)         153

               2.12AA      Refusal or cancellation of visa — prohibition on applying for other visa (Act, s 501E)            154

                  2.12A      Safe third countries and prescribed connection             154

Division 2.2AA           Special provisions relating to persons designated under regulation 2.07AO        

               2.12BB      Application of Division 2.2AA                                      155

               2.12BC      Place to which application for visa by person mentioned in paragraph 2.12BB (a), (b) or (c) is to be sent                                                                       156

               2.12BD      Visas that may be held by person mentioned in paragraph 2.12BB (a) at time of application  157

               2.12BE      Application of public interest criterion 4004 to person mentioned in regulation 2.12BB           157

                2.12BF      Application of public interest criterion 4007 to person mentioned in regulation 2.12BB           157

Division 2.2A              Visa application charge                                                  

                  2.12C      Amount of visa application charge (Act, section 45B)    159

                 2.12D      Prescribed period for payment of unpaid amount of visa application charge (Act, subsection 64 (2))                                                                         159

                  2.12E      Payment of first instalment of visa application charge not required for certain combined applications                                                                160

                  2.12F      Refund of first instalment of visa application charge     160

                 2.12G      When payment of second instalment of visa application charge not required 164

                  2.12H      Refund of second instalment of visa application charge 164

                  2.12J      Refund of first and second instalments of visa application charge for Resolution of Status (Temporary) (Class UH) visas                                       167

                2.12JA      Payment of visa application charge for Internet application 168

                  2.12K      Who is the person who pays an instalment of visa application charge           168

                  2.12L      Legal personal representative                                       169

Division 2.3                 Communication between applicant and Minister             

                    2.13      Communication with Minister                                        169

                    2.14      Where written communication must be sent                   172

                    2.15      Response to invitation to give additional information or comments — prescribed periods      172

                    2.16      Notification of decision on visa application                   174

Division 2.4                 Evidence of visas                                                           

                    2.17      Ways of giving evidence of a visa                                176

                    2.19      Evidence of visa need not be given in certain cases      177

Division 2.5                 Bridging visas                                                                

                    2.20      Eligible non‑citizen (Act, s 72)                                      178

                  2.20A      Applications for Bridging R (Class WR) visas                186

                  2.20B      Applications for Bridging F (Class WF) visas                187

                    2.21      Most beneficial bridging visas (Act, s 68 (4) (b) (ii))       188

                  2.21A      Grant of Bridging A (Class WA) visas without application 188

                  2.21B      Grant of Bridging A (Class WA), Bridging C (Class WC) and Bridging E (Class WE) visas without application                                                                  190

                    2.22      Invalid application for substantive visa                         191

                    2.23      Further application for bridging visa (Act, s 74)             192

                    2.24      Eligible non-citizen in immigration detention                  192

                    2.25      Grant of Bridging E (Class WE) visas without application 194

Division 2.5A              Special provisions relating to certain health criteria       

                  2.25A      Referral to Medical Officers of the Commonwealth        195

Division 2.6                 Prescribed qualifications — application of points system

               2.26AA      Prescribed qualifications and number of points for certain applications for General Skilled Migration visas                                                            196

               2.26AB      Prescribed qualifications and number of points for other applications for General Skilled Migration visas                                                            198

               2.26AC      Prescribed qualifications and number of points for Subclass 189, 190 and 489 visas 200

                  2.26B      Relevant assessing authorities                                     203

                  2.27C      Skilled occupation in Australia                                      203

                 2.27D      Study in Australia                                                        204

                    2.28      Notice of putting application aside                               204

Division 2.7                 Assurances of support                                                    

Subdivision 2.7.1         Assurances of support given in relation to applications lodged before 20 December 1991               

                    2.30      Interpretation                                                               205

                    2.31      Form of certain assurances of support                         205

                    2.32      Duration of assurances of support                               205

                    2.33      Effect of assurance of support                                    206

                    2.34      Earlier liabilities not affected                                        207

Subdivision 2.7.2         Assurances of support given in relation to applications lodged after 19 December 1991 and accepted by the Minister before 1 July 2004                                                    

                    2.35      Interpretation                                                               207

                    2.36      Form and duration of assurance of support                  207

                    2.37      Persons in respect of whom assurance of support may be given      208

                    2.38      Liability of person giving assurance of support             208

                    2.39      Bond (required assurances)                                          209

Division 2.8                 Special purpose visas                                                    

                    2.40      Persons having a prescribed status — special purpose visas (Act, s 33 (2) (a))         210

Division 2.9                 Cancellation or refusal to grant visas                              

Subdivision 2.9.1         Cancellation under Subdivision C of Division 3 of Part 2 of the Act           

                    2.41      Whether to cancel visa — incorrect information or bogus document (Act, s 109 (1) (c))          215

                    2.42      Notice of decision to cancel visa under s 109               215

Subdivision 2.9.2         Cancellation generally                                                                          

                    2.43      Grounds for cancellation of visa (Act, s 116)                 216

                    2.44      Invitation to comment — response                               225

                    2.45      Notification of decision (Act, s 127)                              226

                    2.46      Time to respond to notice of cancellation (Act, s 129 (1) (c)) 226

                    2.47      Notice of cancellation (Act, s 129)                                226

                    2.48      Revocation of cancellation (Act, s 131 (2))                    227

                    2.49      Notice of decision whether to revoke cancellation (Act, s 132)          227

                    2.50      Cancellation of business visas                                     227

               2.50AA      Cancellation of regional sponsored employment visas  230

Subdivision 2.9.2A      Automatic cancellation of student visas                                         

                  2.50A      Meaning of office of Immigration                                 230

Subdivision 2.9.3         Refusal or cancellation on character grounds                              

                    2.51      Notification by Administrative Appeals Tribunal (Act, s 500)  230

                    2.52      Revocation of decisions by Minister (Act, s 501C)         231

                    2.53      Submission of information or material (Act, s 501D)      233

Division 2.10              Documents relating to cancellation of visas                    

                    2.54      Definitions for Division 2.10                                         234

                    2.55      Giving of documents relating to proposed cancellation, cancellation or revocation of cancellation                                                                                  234

Part 2A                       Sponsorship applicable to Division 3A of Part 2 of the Act    

Division 2.11              Introductory                                                                    

                    2.56      Application                                                                  239

                    2.57      Interpretation                                                               239

                  2.57A      Meaning of earnings                                                    250

Division 2.12              Classes of sponsor                                                         

                    2.58      Classes of sponsor                                                     251

Division 2.13              Criteria for approval of sponsor                                      

                    2.59      Criteria for approval as a standard business sponsor    252

                    2.60      Criteria for approval as a professional development sponsor            253

                  2.60A      Criterion for approval as a temporary work sponsor      257

                  2.60B      Criterion for approval as an exchange sponsor             257

                  2.60C      Criterion for approval as a foreign government agency sponsor        258

                 2.60D      Criterion for approval as a special program sponsor     258

                  2.60E      Criterion for approval as a visiting academic sponsor    259

                  2.60F      Criterion for approval as an entertainment sponsor        259

                 2.60G      Criterion for approval as a sport sponsor                      260

                  2.60H      Criterion for approval as a domestic worker sponsor     260

                   2.60I      Criterion for approval as a religious worker sponsor      261

                  2.60J      Criterion for approval as an occupational trainee sponsor 261

                  2.60K      Criterion for approval as a superyacht crew sponsor     261

Division 2.14              Application for approval as a sponsor                            

                    2.61      Application for approval as a sponsor                          261

                    2.62      Notice of decision                                                       264

Division 2.15              Terms of approval of sponsorship                                  

                    2.63      Standard business sponsor or temporary work sponsor 264

                    2.64      Professional development sponsor                              265

                  2.64A      Special program sponsor                                             265

Division 2.16              Variation of terms of approval of sponsorship                

                    2.65      Application                                                                  266

                    2.66      Process to apply for variation of terms of approval — standard business sponsor    266

                  2.66A      Process to apply for variation of terms of approval — temporary work sponsor        267

                    2.67      Terms of approval that may be varied                           268

                    2.68      Criteria for variation of terms of approval — standard business sponsor       268

                  2.68A      Criteria for variation of terms of approval — temporary work sponsor           270

                    2.69      Notice of decision                                                       270

Division 2.17              Nominations                                                                   

                    2.70      Application                                                                  271

                    2.72      Criteria for approval of nomination — Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa       271

                  2.72A      Criteria for approval of nomination — various visas       279

                  2.72B      Criteria for approval of nomination — Subclass 411 (Exchange) visa            281

                  2.72C      Criteria for approval of nomination — Subclass 419 (Visiting Academic) visa            282

                 2.72D      Criteria for approval of nomination — Subclass 420 (Entertainment) visa       283

                  2.72E      Criteria for approval of nomination — Subclass 421 (Sport) visa       287

                  2.72F      Criteria for approval of nomination — Subclass 423 (Media and Film Staff) visa        290

                 2.72G      Criteria for approval of nomination — Subclass 427 (Domestic Worker (Temporary) — Executive) visa                                                                            292

                  2.72H      Criteria for approval of nomination — Subclass 428 (Religious Worker) visa  293

                   2.72I      Criteria for approval of nomination — Subclass 442 (Occupational Trainee) visa        294

                    2.73      Process for nomination — Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa            297

                  2.73A      Process for nomination — various visas                       300

                  2.73B      Process for nomination — Subclass 420 (Entertainment) visa and Subclass 423 (Media and Film Staff) visa                                                                   301

                  2.73C      Process for nomination — Subclass 421 (Sport) visa    302

                    2.74      Notice of decision                                                       304

                    2.75      Period of approval of nomination — Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa         304

                  2.75A      Period of approval of nomination — other visas           305

Division 2.18              Work agreements                                                            

                    2.76      Requirements                                                              306

Division 2.19              Sponsorship obligations                                                

                    2.77      Preliminary                                                                  307

                    2.78      Obligation to cooperate with inspectors                        307

                    2.79      Obligation to ensure equivalent terms and conditions of employment            309

                    2.80      Obligation to pay travel costs to enable sponsored persons to leave Australia          314

                  2.80A      Obligation to pay travel costs — domestic worker sponsor 318

                    2.81      Obligation to pay costs incurred by the Commonwealth to locate and remove unlawful non‑citizen                                                                                  321

                    2.82      Obligation to keep records                                           323

                    2.83      Obligation to provide records and information to the Minister           326

                    2.84      Obligation to provide information to Immigration when certain events occur   328

                    2.85      Obligation to secure an offer of a reasonable standard of accommodation   337

                    2.86      Obligation to ensure primary sponsored person works or participates in nominated occupation, program or activity                                                      342

                    2.87      Obligation not to recover certain costs from a primary sponsored person or secondary sponsored person                                                       347

                  2.87A      Obligation to make same or equivalent position available to Australian exchange participants                                                                                  349

Division 2.20              Circumstances in which sponsor may be barred or sponsor’s approval may be cancelled                                                                                       

                    2.88      Preliminary                                                                  349

                    2.89      Failure to satisfy sponsorship obligation                      350

                    2.90      Provision of false or misleading information                 351

                    2.91      Application or variation criteria no longer met                352

                    2.92      Contravention of law                                                    353

                    2.93      Unapproved change to professional development program or special program         354

                    2.94      Failure to pay additional security                                  355

                  2.94A      Failure to comply with certain terms of special program agreement   356

                  2.94B      Failure to pay medical and hospital expenses               357

Division 2.21              Process to bar sponsor or cancel sponsor’s approval    

                    2.95      Preliminary                                                                  358

                    2.96      Notice of intention to take action                                  358

                    2.97      Decision                                                                     358

                    2.98      Notice of decision                                                       359

Division 2.22              Waiving a bar on sponsor’s approval                             

                    2.99      Application                                                                  360

                  2.100      Circumstances in which a bar may be waived                360

                  2.101      Criteria for waiving a bar                                              360

                  2.102      Process to waive a bar                                                361

Division 2.22A           Inspectors                                                                      

                2.102A      Period of appointment                                                 361

                2.102B      Identity cards                                                              361

                2.102C      Purposes for which powers of inspectors may be exercised 361

Division 2.23              Disclosure of personal information                                 

                  2.103      Disclosure of personal information by Minister              362

                  2.104      Circumstances in which the Minister may disclose personal information         364

                  2.105      Circumstances in which a recipient may use or disclose personal information            366

                  2.106      Disclosure of personal information to Minister              366

Part 3                          Immigration clearance and collection of information   

Division 3.1                 Information to be given by arriving persons                   

                    3.01      Provision of information (general requirement)              367

                    3.02      Passenger card                                                           368

                    3.03      Evidence of identity and visa for persons entering Australia (Act s 166)        369

               3.03AA      Evidence of identity and providing information — non‑military ships (Act s 166)        372

                  3.03A      Evidence of identity and visa for persons entering Australia — personal identifiers    374

                    3.04      Place and time for giving evidence (Act, s 167)             374

                    3.05      Allowed inhabitants of the Protected Zone (Act, s 168 (2)) 374

                    3.06      Persons not required to comply with s 166 of the Act (Act, s 168 (3))            375

                  3.06A      Designated foreign dignitaries                                      375

                    3.07      Persons taken not to leave Australia (Act, s 80 (c))        376

                    3.08      Offence — failure to complete a passenger card           376

                    3.09      Evidence of identity — domestic travel on overseas vessels            376

                    3.10      Use of information                                                       378

                  3.10A      Access to movement records                                       380

                    3.11      Production of deportee or removee                              380

                    3.12      Offences by master of vessel                                      381

Division 3.2                 Information about passengers and crew on overseas vessels       

                    3.13      Interpretation                                                               381

                  3.13A      Information about passengers and crew to be given before arrival of international passenger aircraft                                                                        381

                  3.13B      Information about passengers and crew to be given before arrival of international passenger cruise ship                                                                  382

                  3.13C      Information about passengers and crew to be given before arrival of international cargo ship 383

                 3.13D      Obligation to report on passengers and crew of ships — reporting periods for journey from last port outside Australia                                                   384

                    3.14      Information about overseas passengers to be given on arrival of inbound civilian vessel       385

                    3.15      Medical certificate                                                       386

                    3.16      Information about overseas passengers — outbound civilian vessel 387

                    3.17      Information about crew                                                388

Division 3.3                 Examination, search and detention                                 

                    3.19      Periods within which evidence to be shown to officer    389

                  3.19A      Circumstances in which an officer must require personal identifiers   389

                    3.20      Information to be provided — authorised officers carrying out identification tests      390

                    3.21      Information to be provided — authorised officers not carrying out identification tests            391

Division 3.4                 Identification of immigration detainees                           

                    3.30      Immigration detainees must provide personal identifiers 392

                    3.31      Authorised officers must require and carry out identification tests     393

 


Part 1                 Preliminary

Division 1.1           Introductory

1.01        Name of Regulations [see Note 1]

                These Regulations are the Migration Regulations 1994.

1.02        Commencement

                These Regulations commence on 1 September 1994.

Division 1.2           Interpretation

Note   This Division sets out definitions that apply to the Regulations as a whole. Elsewhere in the Regulations there may be definitions that have more limited application. A term defined in section 5 of the Act has the same meaning in the Regulations, in the absence of a contrary intention.

1.03        Definitions

                In these Regulations, unless the contrary intention appears:

academic year means a period that is specified by the Minister as an academic year in an instrument in writing for this definition.

ACCESS test means the Australian Assessment of Communicative English Skills test.

adoption has the meaning set out in regulation 1.04.

Note   adopt and adopted have corresponding meanings: see Acts Interpretation Act 1901, section 18A.

adoption compliance certificate means an adoption compliance certificate within the meaning of the Family Law (Bilateral Arrangements — Intercountry Adoption) Regulations 1998 or the Family Law (Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption) Regulations 1998.

Adoption Convention means the Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption signed at The Hague on 29 May 1993.

Note   The text of the Adoption Convention is set out in Schedule 1 to the Family Law (Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption) Regulations 1998.

Adoption Convention country means a country that is a Convention country under the Family Law (Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption) Regulations 1998.

aged dependent relative, in relation to a person who is an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen, means a relative who:

                (a)    does not have a spouse or de facto partner; and

               (b)    has been dependent on that person for a reasonable period, and remains so dependent; and

                (c)    is old enough to be granted an age pension under the Social Security Act 1991.

aged parent means a parent who is old enough to be granted an age pension under the Social Security Act 1991.

agreed starting day, for a registered course, means:

                (a)    the day on which the course was scheduled to start; or

               (b)    a later day agreed between the education provider and a student.

aircraft safety inspector means a person who:

                (a)    is employed by a foreign government to inspect the safety procedures of international air carriers or the safety of aircraft; and

               (b)    travels to Australia on an aircraft in the course of that employment; and

                (c)    will depart Australia on an aircraft in the course of that employment or as a passenger.

airline crew member means:

                (a)    a person who:

                          (i)    is employed by an international air carrier as an aircrew member; and

                         (ii)    travels to Australia in the course of his or her employment as a member of the crew of an aircraft; and

                        (iii)    will depart Australia in the course of his or her employment as a member of the crew of, or a passenger on, an aircraft; or

               (b)    an aircraft safety inspector.

airline positioning crew member means a person who:

                (a)    is employed by an international air carrier as an aircrew member; and

               (b)    travels to Australia in the course of his or her employment as a passenger on an aircraft; and

                (c)    will depart Australia as a member of the crew of an aircraft.

ANZSCO means the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations:

                (a)    published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics; and

               (b)    as current on 1 July 2010.

Note   At the time this definition commenced, the standard was available at http://www.abs.gov.au.

APEC means Asia‑Pacific Economic Co‑operation.

APEC economy means each of the following:

                (a)    Australia;

               (b)    Brunei Darussalam;

                (c)    Canada;

               (d)    Chile;

                (e)    PRC;

                (f)    Hong Kong;

               (g)    Indonesia;

               (h)    Japan;

                (i)    the Republic of Korea;

                (j)    Malaysia;

               (k)    Mexico;

                (l)    New Zealand;

              (m)    Papua New Guinea;

               (n)    Peru;

               (o)    the Republic of the Philippines;

               (p)    the Russian Federation;

               (q)    Singapore;

                (r)    Taiwan;

                (s)    Thailand;

                (t)    the United States of America;

               (u)    Vietnam.

appropriate regional authority, in relation to a State or Territory and applications for visas of a particular class, means a Department or authority of that State or Territory that is specified by Gazette Notice, for the purposes of these Regulations, in relation to the grant of visas of that class.

approved appointment means a nominated position that is approved under subregulation 5.19 (1B).

approved form means a form approved by the Minister under section 495 of the Act or regulation 1.18, and a reference to an approved form by number is a reference to the form so approved and numbered.

Arts Minister means the Minister responsible for administering the National Gallery Act 1975.

ASCO means the Australian Standard Classification of Occupations, Second Edition, published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics on 31 July 1997.

Note   At the time this definition commenced, the standard was available at http://www.abs.gov.au.

Asia‑Pacific forces member means a person who:

                (a)    is a member of the armed forces of Brunei, Fiji, Malaysia, Thailand or Tonga; and

               (b)    is travelling to Australia, or is in Australia, in the course of his or her duty; and

                (c)    holds military identity documents and movement orders issued from an official source of the relevant country.

assessment level, for a student visa, means the level of assessment (being level 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5) specified for a kind of eligible passport for the student visa under regulation 1.41.

assurance of support, in relation to an application for the grant of a visa, means:

                (a)    for an assurance of support accepted by the Minister before 1 July 2004 — an assurance of support under Division 2.7; and

               (b)    in any other case — an assurance of support under Chapter 2C of the Social Security Act 1991.

AUD, in relation to an amount of money, means Australian dollars.

AusAID means the Australian Agency for International Development within Foreign Affairs.

AusAID Minister means the Minister responsible for administering AusAID.

AusAID recipient has the meaning given by subregulation 1.04A (2).

AusAID student has the meaning given by subregulation 1.04A (3).

Australian child order has the meaning given by subsection 70L (1) of the Family Law Act 1975.

Note   Subsection 70L (1) of the Family Law Act 1975 provides that an Australian child order means:

(a)   a Subdivision C parenting order; or

(b)   a State child order.

Australian International Shipping Register means the Register established by subsection 56 (2) of the Shipping Registration Act 1981.

Australian permanent resident means:

                (a)    in relation to an applicant for a Return (Residence) (Class BB) visa or a Resident Return (Temporary) (Class TP) visa — a non‑citizen who is the holder of a permanent visa; or

               (b)    in any other case (other than in the case of an applicant for registration as a migration agent under Part 3 of the Act) — a non‑citizen who, being usually resident in Australia, is the holder of a permanent visa.

Note   For paragraph 294 (1) (b) of the Act, regulation 6C of the Migration Agents Regulations 1998 specifies the persons who are Australian permanent residents for the purposes of an applicant for registration as a migration agent under Part 3 of the Act.

Australian relative, for an applicant, means a relative of the applicant who is an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen.

Australian study requirement has the meaning given by regulation 1.15F.

authorised officer means an officer authorised by the Secretary for the purposes of the provision in which it occurs.

award course means a course of education or training leading to:

                (a)    the completion of a primary or secondary education program; or

               (b)    a degree, diploma, trade certificate or other formal award.

balance of family test has the meaning set out in regulation 1.05.

bilateral adoption arrangement means an arrangement between Australia and another country that allows the adoption of a child from the other country to be recognised in Australia under the Family Law (Bilateral Arrangements — Intercountry Adoption) Regulations 1998.

bogus document has the same meaning as in section 97 of the Act.

Note   The definition is:

bogus document, in relation to a person, means a document that the Minister reasonably suspects is a document that:

(a)   purports to have been, but was not, issued in respect of the person; or

(b)   is counterfeit or has been altered by a person who does not have authority to do so; or

(c)   was obtained because of a false or misleading statement, whether or not made knowingly.

business innovation and investment points test means the test set out in Schedule 7A.

Note   This test relates to Business Skills (Provisional) (Class EB) visas.

business skills points test means the test set out in Schedule 7.

carer has the meaning given by regulation 1.15AA.

category A course, in relation to the holder of a visa or entry permit granted before 1 September 1994, means a course of education or training that:

                (a)    is offered by an institution or other body or person in Australia that is a registered provider, for the purposes of the Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000, of that course in the State or Territory in which that person is undertaking, or proposes to undertake, it; and

               (b)    is either:

                          (i)    a course of primary or secondary education; or

                         (ii)    a post‑secondary course (having as an entry requirement the successful completion of Year 12 studies or the equivalent) leading to the award of a degree, diploma (including an associate diploma and a graduate diploma) or graduate certificate or to an equivalent award.

category A student means a student who, immediately before 1 September 1994, held a Class 560 (student (category A)) entry permit granted under the Migration (1993) Regulations or a student (Category A) (code number 560) entry permit granted under the Migration (1989) Regulations.

category B course, in relation to the holder of a visa or entry permit granted before 1 September 1994, means a course of education or training that:

                (a)    is offered by an institution or other body or person in Australia that is a registered provider, for the purposes of the Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000, of that course in the State or Territory in which that person is undertaking, or proposes to undertake, it; and

               (b)    is not a category A course.

category B student means a student who, immediately before 1 September 1994, held a Class 561 (student (category B)) entry permit granted under the Migration (1993) Regulations or a student (category B) (code number 561) entry permit under the Migration (1989) Regulations.

certificate of enrolment, means a paper copy, sent by an education provider to an applicant for a student visa, of an electronic confirmation of enrolment relating to the applicant.

clearance officer has the meaning given by section 165 of the Act.

Note   the definition is:

clearance officer means an officer, or other person, authorised by the Minister to perform duties for the purposes of [Division 5 of Part 2 of the Act].

client number means a client identification number generated by an electronic system maintained by or on behalf of Immigration.

close relative, in relation to a person, means:

                (a)    the spouse or de facto partner of the person; or

               (b)    a child, parent, brother or sister of the person; or

                (c)    a step‑child, step‑brother or step‑sister of the person.

Commissioner means a Commissioner appointed under section 203 of the Act.

Commonwealth country means each of the following countries:

                (a)    Antigua;

               (b)    Bahamas;

                (c)    Barbados;

               (d)    Belize;

                (e)    Canada;

                (f)    Grenada;

               (g)    Jamaica;

               (h)    Mauritius;

                (j)    New Zealand;

               (k)    Papua New Guinea;

                (l)    Saint Lucia;

              (m)    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines;

               (n)    Solomon Islands;

               (p)    St Christopher and Nevis;

               (q)    Tuvalu;

                (r)    the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Commonwealth forces member means a person who:

                (a)    is a member of the armed forces of a Commonwealth country; and

               (b)    is travelling to Australia, or is in Australia, in the course of his or her duty; and

                (c)    holds military identity documents and movement orders issued from an official source of the relevant country.

Commonwealth Medical Officer means a medical practitioner employed or engaged by the Australian government.

community services includes the provision of an Australian social security benefit, allowance or pension.

compelling need to work has the meaning set out in regulation 1.08.

competent authority, in relation to an adoption (including a prospective adoption), means:

                (a)    for Australia:

                          (i)    in the case of an adoption to which the Adoption Convention applies — a State Central Authority within the meaning of the Family Law (Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption) Regulations 1998; and

                         (ii)    in the case of an adoption to which a bilateral adoption arrangement applies — a competent authority within the meaning of the Family Law (Bilateral Arrangements — Intercountry Adoption) Regulations 1998; and

                        (iii)    in any other case — the child welfare authorities of an Australian State or Territory; and

               (b)    for an Adoption Convention country — a Central Authority within the meaning of the Family Law (Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption) Regulations 1998; and

                (c)    for a prescribed overseas jurisdiction within the meaning of the Family Law (Bilateral Arrangements — Intercountry Adoption) Regulations 1998 — a competent authority within the meaning of those regulations; and

               (d)    for any other overseas country — a person, body or office in that overseas country responsible for approving the adoption of children.

competent English has the meaning given by regulation 1.15C.

concessional competent English has the meaning given by regulation 1.15E.

condition means a condition set out in a clause of Schedule 8, and a reference to a condition by number is a reference to the condition set out in the clause so numbered in that Schedule.

contact hours, for a course for a period, means the total number of hours in the period for which students enrolled in the course are scheduled to attend classes for teaching purposes, course‑related information sessions, supervised study sessions and examinations.

contributory parent newborn child means:

                (a)    a child (other than an adopted child) of a parent, born at a time when that parent holds:

                          (i)    a Subclass 173 (Contributory Parent (Temporary)) visa; or

                         (ii)    a bridging visa if the last substantive visa held by that parent was a Subclass 173 (Contributory Parent (Temporary)) visa; or

               (b)    a child (other than an adopted child) of a parent, born at a time when that parent holds:

                          (i)    a Subclass 884 (Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary)) visa; or

                         (ii)    a bridging visa if the last substantive visa held by that parent was a Subclass 884 (Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary)) visa.

criminal detention has the meaning set out in regulation 1.09.

custody, in relation to a child, means:

                (a)    the right to have the daily care and control of the child; and

               (b)    the right and responsibility to make decisions concerning the daily care and control of the child.

Defence means the Department of Defence.

Defence Minister means the Minister for Defence.

Defence student has the meaning given in regulation 1.04B.

dependent has the meaning given by regulation 1.05A.

dependent child, of a person, means the child or step‑child of the person (other than a child who is engaged to be married or has a spouse or de facto partner), being a child who:

                (a)    has not turned 18; or

               (b)    has turned 18 and:

                          (i)    is dependent on that person; or

                         (ii)    is incapacitated for work due to the total or partial loss of the child’s bodily or mental functions.

designated APEC economy means an APEC economy specified by Gazette Notice for the purposes of this definition.

designated area means an area specified as a designated area by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this definition.

designated foreign dignitary means a person to whom subregulation 3.06A (1) or (5) applies.

designated language means a language that is specified by Gazette Notice as a designated language.

domestic worker sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the domestic worker sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

Education means the Department of Education, Science and Training.

Education Minister means the Minister for Education, Science and Training.

education provider, for a registered course in a State or Territory, means each institution, body or person that is a registered provider of the course in that State or Territory, for the Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000.

electronic communication has the same meaning as in the Electronic Transactions Act 1999.

electronic confirmation of enrolment, in relation to an applicant for a student visa, means confirmation that:

                (a)    states that the applicant is enrolled in a registered course; and

               (b)    is sent by an education provider, through a computer system under the control of the Education Minister, to:

                          (i)    a diplomatic, consular or migration office maintained by or on behalf of the Commonwealth outside Australia; or

                         (ii)    an office of a visa application agency that is approved in writing by the Minister for the purpose of receiving applications for a student visa; or

                        (iii)    any office of Immigration in Australia.

ELICOS means an English Language Intensive Course for Overseas Students that is a registered course. 

eligible business has the meaning given to it in subsection 134 (10) of the Act.

eligible New Zealand citizen means a New Zealand citizen who:

                (a)    at the time of his or her last entry to Australia, would have satisfied public interest criteria 4001 to 4004 and 4007 to 4009; and

               (b)    either:

                          (i)    was in Australia on 26 February 2001 as the holder of a Subclass 444 (Special Category) visa that was in force on that date; or

                         (ii)    was in Australia as the holder of a Subclass 444 visa for a period of, or periods that total, not less than
1 year in the period of 2 years immediately before 26 February 2001; or

                        (iii)    has a certificate, issued under the Social Security Act 1991, that states that the citizen was, for the purposes of that Act, residing in Australia on a particular date.

eligible passport has the meaning given by regulation 1.40.

eligible student visa means a student visa other than:

                (a)    a Subclass 560 (Student) visa granted to:

                          (i)    the applicant as a person who satisfied the primary criteria for that visa (the primary person) in relation to undertaking:

                                   (A)     a registered English language course or an ELICOS; or

                                   (B)     a course of study:

                                                (I)     paid for wholly or in part by the Commonwealth, the government of a State or Territory, the government of a foreign country or a multilateral agency; and

                                               (II)     for which a condition of payment by that body for the course is that the student will leave Australia on the completion of the course; or

                                   (C)     a full‑time course of study or training under a scholarship scheme or training program:

                                                (I)     approved by the AusAID Minister or the Defence Minister; and

                                               (II)     for which it is a condition of that scheme or program that the student will leave Australia on the completion of the course; or

                                   (D)     a non‑award course; or

                         (ii)    the applicant as a member of the family unit of the primary person; or

               (b)    a Subclass 562 (Iranian Postgraduate Student), 563 (Iranian Postgraduate Student Dependent), 572 (Vocational Education and Training Sector), 573 (Higher Education Sector) or 574 (Postgraduate Research Sector) visa granted to:

                          (i)    the applicant as a person who satisfied the primary criteria for the visa in relation to undertaking a course mentioned in sub‑subparagraph (a) (i) (B) or (C) (the primary person); or

                         (ii)    the applicant as a member of the family unit of the primary person; or

                (c)    a Subclass 570 (Independent ELICOS Sector) visa; or

               (d)    a Subclass 571 (Schools Sector) visa; or

                (e)    a Subclass 575 (Non‑Award Sector) visa; or

                (f)    a Subclass 576 (AusAID or Defence Sector) visa.

Employment Minister means the Minister for Employment and Workplace Relations.

entertainment sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the entertainment sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

entry permit has the meaning given by subsection 4 (1) of the Act as in force immediately before 1 September 1994, and includes an entry visa operating as an entry permit.

entry visa has the meaning given by subsections 4 (1) and 17 (5) of the Act as in force immediately before 1 September 1994.

ETA‑eligible passport has the meaning given in regulation 1.11B.

eVisitor eligible passport has the meaning given by regulation 1.11C.

exchange sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the exchange sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

fiscal year, in relation to a business or investment, means:

                (a)    if there is applicable to the business or investment by law an accounting period of 12 months — that period; or

               (b)    in any other case — a period of 12 months approved by the Minister in writing for that business or investment.

Foreign Affairs means the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

foreign armed forces dependant means a person who:

                (a)    is the spouse or de facto partner of, or a dependent relative of:

                          (i)    an Asia‑Pacific forces member; or

                         (ii)    a Commonwealth forces member; or

                        (iii)    a SOFA forces member; or

                        (iv)    a SOFA forces civilian component member; and

               (b)    holds a valid national passport and a certificate that he or she is the spouse or de facto partner, or a dependent relative, of a person referred to in subparagraph (a) (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv); and

                (c)    is accompanying or joining a person of that kind.

Note   Under section 10 of the Australian Citizenship Act 1948, a child born in Australia on or after 26 January 1949 but before 20 August 1986 acquired Australian citizenship by birth. A child born in Australia on or after 20 August 1986 acquired Australian citizenship by birth only if one or both of the parents was an Australian citizen or Australian permanent resident. For details see s. 10 of that Act.

foreign government agency sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the foreign government agency sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

Foreign Minister means the Minister for Foreign Affairs.

foreign naval forces member means a person who forms part of the complement of a ship of the regular armed forces of a foreign government and is on board the ship.

formal course, in relation to the holder of a visa or entry permit granted before 1 February 1991, means:

                (a)    a course of study at a primary or secondary school approved, or within a class of schools approved, by the Education Minister in writing for the purposes of the definition of formal course in subregulation 2 (1) of the Migration (1989) Regulations; or

               (b)    a course of study approved in writing by the Education Minister as a formal course for the purposes of that definition; or

                (c)    a course of study at a technical and further education institution, or at a higher education institution, leading to a formal award such as a degree or diploma.

Gazette Notice means:

                (a)    a notice in the Gazette by the Minister that is authorised by the Act; or

               (b)    a notice under regulation 1.17.

General Skilled Migration visa means a Subclass 175, 176, 189, 190, 475, 476, 485, 487, 489, 885, 886 or 887 visa, granted at any time.

guardian, in relation to a child, means a person who:

                (a)    has responsibility for the long‑term welfare of the child; and

               (b)    has, in relation to the child, all the powers, rights and duties that are vested by law or custom in the guardian of a child, other than:

                          (i)    the right to have the daily care and control of the child; and

                         (ii)    the right and responsibility to make decisions concerning the daily care and control of the child.

guest of Government means:

                (a)    an official guest of the Australian government; or

               (b)    a member of the immediate family of the official guest of the Australian Government, who is accompanying the official guest.

highest assessment level, for an applicant for a student visa, means:

                (a)    if the applicant proposes to undertake a single course of study that is a registered course — the assessment level for that course of study; and

               (b)    if the applicant proposes to undertake 2 or more courses of study that are registered courses and that do not include an ELICOS — the assessment level for those courses which is the highest number from 1 to 5; and

                (c)    if the applicant proposes to undertake 2 or more courses of study that are registered courses and that include an ELICOS — the assessment level for those courses which is the highest number from 1 to 5, not including the ELICOS course.

home country, in relation to a person, means:

                (a)    the country of which the person is a citizen; or

               (b)    if the person is not usually resident in that country, the country of which the person is usually a resident.

Hong Kong means the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.

IASS agreement means an agreement mentioned in regulation 1.16B.

IELTS test means the International English Language Testing System test.

Immigration means the Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs.

Industry Minister means the Minister for Industry, Tourism and Resources.

international air carrier has the meaning given by subsection 504 (6) of the Act.

Internet application means an application for a visa made using a form mentioned in paragraph 1.18 (2) (b) that is sent to Immigration by electronic transmission using a facility made available at an Internet site mentioned in subparagraph 1.18 (2) (b) (ii), in a way authorised by that facility.

in Australia means in the migration zone.

labour agreement means a formal agreement entered into between:

                (a)    the Minister, or the Employment Minister; and

               (b)    a person or organisation in Australia;

under which an employer is authorised to recruit persons to be employed by that employer in Australia.

labour market requirements has the meaning set out in regulation 1.10.

long‑term partner relationship, in relation to an applicant for a visa, means a relationship between the applicant and another person, each as the spouse or de facto partner of the other, that has continued:

                (a)    if there is a dependent child (other than a step‑child) of both the applicant and the other person — for not less than 2 years; or

               (b)    in any other case — for not less than 3 years.

Macau means the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.

main business has the meaning set out in regulation 1.11.

Medical Officer of the Commonwealth means a medical practitioner appointed by the Minister in writing under regulation 1.16AA to be a Medical Officer of the Commonwealth for the purposes of these Regulations.

member of the crew, in relation to a non‑military ship or superyacht:

                (a)    means any of the following persons:

                          (i)    a person who is involved in the usual day to day routine maintenance or business of the ship or superyacht while it is at sea, including a supernumerary member of the crew;

                         (ii)    for a ship described in subparagraph (a) (ii) of the definition of non‑military ship — a person who is engaged in scientific research conducted on or from the ship;

                        whether the person works as an employee, a contractor or in another capacity; but

               (b)    does not include a person who only works on a ship or superyacht while it is in port or dry dock unless that person:

                          (i)    travelled with the ship or superyacht to reach the port or dry dock; or

                         (ii)    travels with the ship or superyacht after completing the work in port or dry dock.

member of the family unit has the meaning set out in regulation 1.12.

member of the immediate family has the meaning given by regulation 1.12AA.

member of the Royal Family means a member of the Queen’s immediate family.

member of the Royal party includes:

                (a)    a member of the personal staff of the Queen who is accompanying Her Majesty in Australia; and

               (b)    a member of the personal staff of a member of the Royal Family, being a staff member who is accompanying that member of the Royal Family in Australia; and

                (c)    a media representative accompanying the official party of the Queen or of a member of the Royal Family in Australia; and

               (d)    a person who is accompanying the Queen or a member of the Royal Family in Australia as a member of the official party of the Queen or the member of the Royal Family.

Migration (1959) Regulations means the Regulations comprising Statutory Rules 1959 No. 35 and those Regulations as amended from time to time.

Migration (1989) Regulations means the Regulations comprising Statutory Rules 1989 No. 365 and those Regulations as amended from time to time.

Migration (1993) Regulations means the Regulations comprising Statutory Rules 1992 No. 367 and those Regulations as amended from time to time.

Note   The Migration (1993) Regulations are listed in full in Part 1 of the Schedule to the Migration Reform (Transitional Provisions) Regulations. They are repealed by regulation 42 of those Regulations but continue to apply to certain matters.

migration occupation in demand has the meaning given by regulation 1.15H.

nominator has the meaning given by regulation 1.13.

non‑award course means a course of education or training that is not an award course.

non‑formal course, in relation to the holder of a visa or entry permit granted before 1 February 1991, means a course of study or training other than a formal course.

non‑formal course student, in relation to a visa or entry permit granted before 1 February 1991, means a person granted entry to Australia to attend a full‑time non‑formal course of study.

non-military ship:

                (a)    means a ship:

                          (i)    that is engaged in:

                                   (A)     commercial trade; or

                                   (B)     the carriage of passengers for reward; or

                         (ii)    that is owned and operated by a foreign government for the purposes of scientific research; or

                        (iii)    that has been accorded public vessel status by Foreign Affairs; or

                        (iv)    that:

                                   (A)     has been imported under section 49A of the Customs Act 1901; and

                                   (B)     is registered in the Australian International Shipping Register; or

                         (v)    that:

                                   (A)     has been entered for home consumption under section 71A of that Act; and

                                   (B)     is registered in the Australian International Shipping Register; and

               (b)    does not include a ship:

                          (i)    that:

                                   (A)     has been imported under section 49A of the Customs Act 1901; and

                                   (B)     is not registered in the Australian International Shipping Register; or

                         (ii)    that:

                                   (A)     has been entered for home consumption under section 71A of that Act; and

                                   (B)     is not registered in the Australian International Shipping Register.

Occupational English Test means an Occupational English Test conducted by the National Language and Literacy Institute of Australia.

Occupations Requiring English List means the list mentioned in regulation 1.19.

occupational trainee means a person who is in Australia as the holder of a Subclass 442 (Occupational Trainee) visa.

occupational trainee sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the occupational trainee sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

oral application, in relation to a visa, means an application made in accordance with regulation 2.09.

orphan relative has the meaning set out in regulation 1.14.

outside Australia means outside the migration zone.

overseas passenger means:

                (a)    in relation to a vessel arriving at a port in Australia in the course of, or at the conclusion of, an overseas voyage — a passenger:

                          (i)    who:

                                   (A)     was on board the vessel when it left a place outside Australia at the commencement of, or during the course of, the voyage; and

                                   (B)     whose journey in the vessel ends in Australia; or

                         (ii)    who:

                                   (A)     was on board the vessel when it left a place outside Australia at the commencement of, or during the course of, the voyage; and

                                   (B)     intends to journey in the vessel to a place outside Australia; and

               (b)    in relation to a vessel leaving a port in Australia and bound for or calling at a place outside Australia — a passenger on board the vessel who:

                          (i)    joined the vessel at a port in Australia; and

                         (ii)    intends to journey in the vessel to or beyond that place outside Australia.

Note   Under the Act, vessel includes an aircraft, and port includes an airport.

overseas voyage, in relation to a vessel, means a voyage that commenced at, or during which the vessel called at, a place outside Australia.

ownership interest has the meaning given to it in subsection 134 (10) of the Act.

parenting order has the meaning given by subsection 64B (1) of the Family Law Act 1975.

parent visa means a visa of a class that is specified in Schedule 1 using the word ‘parent’ in the title of the visa.

parole means conditional release from prison before the completion of a sentence of imprisonment.

passenger card means a card of the kind referred to in section 506 of the Act.

periodic detention means a system of restriction of liberty by which periods at liberty alternate with periods in prison, and includes the systems of intermittent imprisonment known as day release and weekend release.

permanent entry permit means an entry permit that had effect without limitation as to time.

permanent entry visa means an entry visa that operated as, or was capable of operating as, a permanent entry permit.

permanent humanitarian visa means:

                (a)    a Subclass 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 215, 216, 217 or 866 visa; or

              (aa)    a Resolution of Status (Class CD) visa; or

               (b)    a Group 1.3 or Group 1.5 (Permanent resident (refugee and humanitarian)) visa or entry permit within the meaning of the Migration (1993) Regulations; or

                (c)    a humanitarian visa, or equivalent entry permit, within the meaning of the Migration (1989) Regulations; or

               (d)    a transitional (permanent) visa, within the meaning of the Migration Reform (Transitional Provisions) Regulations, being:

                          (i)    such a visa granted on the basis of an application for a visa, or entry permit, of a kind specified in paragraph (b) or (c); or

                         (ii)    a visa or entry permit of a kind specified in paragraph (b) or (c) having effect under those Regulations as a transitional (permanent) visa.

personal identifier has the meaning given by section 5A of the Act.

person designated under regulation 2.07AO means a person mentioned in subregulation 2.07AO (2).

points system means the system of assessment under Subdivision B of Division 3 of Part 2 of the Act.

PRC means the People’s Republic of China.

prescribed form means a form set out in Schedule 10, and a reference to a prescribed form by number is a reference to the form so numbered in that Schedule.

primary sponsored person has the meaning given by subregulation 2.57 (1).

professional development sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the professional development sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

Note 1   Approved sponsor is defined in subsection 5 (1) of the Act. A person is no longer an approved sponsor in relation to a class of sponsor if the person’s approval to be a sponsor has been cancelled under section 140M of the Act, or has otherwise ceased to have effect under section 140G of the Act.

Note 2   Different classes of sponsor, in relation to which a person may be approved as a sponsor, are prescribed under subsection 140E (2) of the Act. See regulation 2.58.

proficient English has the meaning given by regulation 1.15D.

prohibited non‑citizen means a person who, on or before 18 December 1989, was a prohibited non‑citizen within the meaning of the Act as in force at that time.

proliferation of weapons of mass destruction includes directly or indirectly assisting in the development, production, trafficking, acquisition or stockpiling of:

                (a)    weapons that may be capable of causing mass destruction; or

               (b)    missiles or other devices that may be capable of delivering such weapons.

provider default, in relation to a registered course, means the occurrence of 1 of the following events because a sanction has been imposed on the education provider under Division 1 or 2 of Part 6 of the Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000:

                (a)    the course does not start on the agreed starting day;

               (b)    the course ceases to be provided at any time after it starts, but before it is completed;

                (c)    the course not being provided in full to a student.

provider default day, in relation to a registered course for which provider default has occurred, means:

                (a)    if the default occurred because of the event mentioned in paragraph (a) of the definition of provider default — the agreed starting day; or

               (b)    if the default occurred because of the event mentioned in paragraph (b) or (c) of the definition of provider default — the day on which the course ceased to be provided.

public interest criterion means a criterion set out in a clause of Part 1 of Schedule 4, and a reference to a public interest criterion by number is a reference to the criterion set out in the clause so numbered in that Part.

qualifying business means an enterprise that:

                (a)    is operated for the purpose of making profit through the provision of goods, services or goods and services (other than the provision of rental property) to the public; and

               (b)    is not operated primarily or substantially for the purpose of speculative or passive investment.

registered course means a course of education or training provided by an institution, body or person that is registered, under section 9 of the Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000, to provide the course to overseas students.

Note   A current list of registered courses appears in the Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students kept under section 10 of the Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000.

relative, in relation to a person, means:

                (a)    in the case of an applicant for a Subclass 200 (Refugee) visa or a Protection (Class XA) visa:

                          (i)    a close relative; or

                         (ii)    a grandparent, grandchild, aunt, uncle, niece or nephew, or a step‑grandparent, step‑grandchild, step‑aunt, step‑uncle, step‑niece or step‑nephew; or

                        (iii)    a first or second cousin; or

               (b)    in any other case:

                          (i)    a close relative; or

                         (ii)    a grandparent, grandchild, aunt, uncle, niece or nephew, or a step‑grandparent, step‑grandchild, step‑aunt, step‑uncle, step‑niece or step‑nephew.

Note   Close relative is defined in this regulation: see above.

relevant assessing authority means a person or body specified under regulation 2.26B.

relevant course of study, for a subclass of student visa, means a type of course for the subclass of student visa that the Minister has specified in a legislative instrument made under regulation 1.40A.

religious institution means a body:

                (a)    the activities of which reflect that it is a body instituted for the promotion of a religious object; and

               (b)    the beliefs and practices of the members of which constitute a religion due to those members:

                          (i)    believing in a supernatural being, thing or principle; and

                         (ii)    accepting the canons of conduct that give effect to that belief, but that do not offend against the ordinary laws; and

                (c)    that meets the requirements of section 50-50 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997; and

               (d)    the income of which is exempt from income tax under section 50-1 of that Act.

religious worker sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the religious worker sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

remaining relative has the meaning set out in regulation 1.15.

review authority:

                (a)    means the Migration Review Tribunal; and

               (b)    for Parts 010, 020, 030, 040, 041, 050 and 051 of Schedule 2 — includes the Refugee Review Tribunal.

RHQ agreement means an agreement mentioned in regulation 1.16A and made before 1 November 2003.

Schedule 3 criterion means a criterion set out in a clause of Schedule 3, and a reference to a Schedule 3 criterion by number is a reference to the criterion set out in the clause so numbered in that Schedule.

school‑age dependant, in relation to a person, means a member of the family unit of the person who has turned 5, but has not turned 18.

secondary exchange student means an overseas secondary school student participating in a secondary school student exchange program approved by:

                (a)    the State or Territory education authority that administers the program; and

               (b)    the Education Minister.

secondary sponsored person has the meaning given by subregulation 2.57 (1).

settled, in relation to an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen, means lawfully resident in Australia for a reasonable period.

skilled occupation has the meaning given by regulation 1.15I.

SOFA forces civilian component member means a person who:

                (a)    is, for the purposes of a Status of Forces Agreement between Australia and France, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, the Republic of the Philippines, Singapore, Turkey or the United States of America, a member of the civilian component of the armed forces of one of those countries; and

               (b)    holds a national passport that is in force and a certificate that he or she is a member of the civilian component of the armed forces of the relevant country.

SOFA forces member means a person who:

                (a)    is, for the purposes of a Status of Forces Agreement between Australia and France, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, the Republic of the Philippines, Singapore, Turkey or the United States of America, a member of the armed forces of one of those countries; and

               (b)    holds military identity documents and movement orders issued from an official source of the relevant country.

special program of seasonal work means arrangements for the performance of seasonal work in Australia that have been:

                (a)    made by an organisation approved by the Secretary; and

               (b)    approved, in writing, by the Secretary as a special program of seasonal work.

special program sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the special program sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

special return criterion means a criterion set out in a clause of Part 1 of Schedule 5, and a reference to a special return criterion by number is a reference to the criterion set out in the clause so numbered in that Schedule.

sponsor has the meaning given by subregulation 1.20 (1).

sponsorship means an undertaking of the kind referred to in regulation 1.20 to sponsor an applicant.

sport sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the sport sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

standard business sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the standard business sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

Note 1   Approved sponsor is defined in subsection 5 (1) of the Act. A person is no longer an approved sponsor in relation to a class of sponsor if the person’s approval to be a sponsor has been cancelled under section 140M of the Act, or has otherwise ceased to have effect under section 140G of the Act.

Note 2   Different classes of sponsor, in relation to which a person may be approved as a sponsor, are prescribed under subsection 140E (2) of the Act. See regulation 2.58.

Note 3   A person who, immediately before 14 September 2009, was a standard business sponsor or an approved sponsor (other than an approved professional development sponsor), is taken to be approved as a sponsor in relation to the standard business sponsor class under section 140E of the Act. The terms specified in the person’s approval, immediately before 14 September 2009, continue to apply. See item 45 of Schedule 1 to the Migration Legislation Amendment (Worker Protection) Act 2008.

step‑child, in relation to a parent, means:

                (a)    a person who is not the child of the parent but who is the child of the parent’s current spouse or de facto partner; or

               (b)    a person who is not the child of the parent but:

                          (i)    who is the child of the parent’s former spouse or former de facto partner; and

                         (ii)    who has not turned 18; and

                        (iii)    in relation to whom the parent has:

                                   (A)     a parenting order in force under the Family Law Act 1975 under which the parent is the person with whom a child is to live, or who is to be responsible for the child’s long‑term or day-to-day care, welfare and development; or

                                   (B)     guardianship or custody, whether jointly or otherwise, under a Commonwealth, State or Territory law or a law in force in a foreign country.

student visa means any of the following subclasses of visa:

                (a)    a Subclass 570 (Independent ELICOS Sector) visa;

               (b)    a Subclass 571 (Schools Sector) visa;

                (c)    a Subclass 572 (Vocational Education and Training Sector) visa;

               (d)    a Subclass 573 (Higher Education Sector) visa;

                (e)    a Subclass 574 (Postgraduate Research Sector) visa;

                (f)    a Subclass 575 (Non-Award Sector) visa;

               (g)    a Subclass 576 (AusAID or Defence Sector) visa.

subsidised student means a student enrolled in a course of study in respect of which the student is subsidised under the Subsidised Overseas Student Program administered by Education.

substituted Subclass 676 visa means a Subclass 676 (Tourist) visa that was granted following a decision by the Minister to substitute a more favourable decision under section 345, 351, 391, 417, 454 or 501J of the Act.

superior English has the meaning given by regulation 1.15EA.

superyacht means a sailing ship or motor vessel of a kind that is specified by the Minister under regulation 1.15G to be a superyacht.

superyacht crew sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the superyacht crew sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

suspended education provider means an education provider for which a suspension certificate is in effect under Division 2 of Part 6 of the Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000.

temporary entry permit means an entry permit whose effect was subject to a limitation as to time.

temporary work sponsor means any of the following:

                (a)    an exchange sponsor;

               (b)    a foreign government agency sponsor;

                (c)    a special program sponsor;

               (d)    a visiting academic sponsor;

                (e)    an entertainment sponsor;

                (f)    a sport sponsor;

               (g)    a domestic worker sponsor;

               (h)    a religious worker sponsor;

                (i)    an occupational trainee sponsor;

                (j)    a superyacht crew sponsor.

the Act means the Migration Act 1958.

tourism means participation in activities of a recreational nature including amateur sporting activities, informal study courses, relaxation, sightseeing and travel.

trainee, in the case of a visa or entry permit granted before 1 February 1991, means a person:

                (a)    in respect of whom the Education Minister has approved participation in occupational training in Australia; and

               (b)    who has been granted a visa or an entry permit to enable such participation.

transit passenger means a person who:

                (a)    enters Australia by aircraft; and

               (b)    holds a confirmed onward booking to leave Australia to travel to a third country on the same or another aircraft within 8 hours of the person’s arrival in Australia; and

               (d)    holds documentation necessary to enter the country of his or her destination.

visiting academic sponsor means a person who:

                (a)    is an approved sponsor; and

               (b)    is approved as a sponsor in relation to the visiting academic sponsor class by the Minister under subsection 140E (1) of the Act.

vocational English has the meaning given in regulation 1.15B.

work means an activity that, in Australia, normally attracts remuneration.

working age means:

                (a)    in the case of a female, under 60 years of age; and

               (b)    in the case of a male, under 65 years of age.

working age parent means a parent other than an aged parent.

Note 1   aged parent is defined in this regulation.

Note 2   foreign country is defined in paragraph 22 (1) (f) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 as any country (whether or not an independent sovereign state) outside Australia and the external Territories.

1.04        Adoption

         (1)   A person (in this regulation called the adoptee) is taken to have been adopted by a person (in this regulation called the adopter) if, before the adoptee attained the age of 18 years, the adopter assumed a parental role in relation to the adoptee under:

                (a)    formal adoption arrangements made in accordance with, or recognised under, the law of a State or Territory of Australia relating to the adoption of children; or

               (b)    formal adoption arrangements made in accordance with the law of another country, being arrangements under which the persons who were recognised by law as the parents of the adoptee before those arrangements took effect ceased to be so recognised and the adopter became so recognised; or

                (c)    other arrangements entered into outside Australia that, under subregulation (2), are taken to be in the nature of adoption.

         (2)   For the purposes of paragraph (1) (c), arrangements are taken to be in the nature of adoption if:

                (a)    the arrangements were made in accordance with the usual practice, or a recognised custom, in the culture or cultures of the adoptee and the adopter; and

               (b)    the child‑parent relationship between the adoptee and the adopter is significantly closer than any such relationship between the adoptee and any other person or persons, having regard to the nature and duration of the arrangements; and

                (c)    the Minister is satisfied that:

                          (i)    formal adoption of the kind referred to in paragraph (1) (b):

                                   (A)     was not available under the law of the place where the arrangements were made; or

                                   (B)     was not reasonably practicable in the circumstances; and

                         (ii)    the arrangements have not been contrived to circumvent Australian migration requirements.

1.04A      AusAID recipients and AusAID students

         (1)   In this regulation:

AIDAB means the former Australian International Development Assistance Bureau.

AusAID student visa means:

                (a)    a Subclass 560 (Student), Subclass 562 (Iranian Postgraduate Student) or Subclass 576 (AusAID or Defence Sector) visa granted to a person who, as an applicant:

                          (i)    satisfied the primary criteria for the grant of the visa; and

                         (ii)    was a student in a full‑time course of study or training under a scholarship scheme or training program approved by the AusAID Minister; or

               (b)    an equivalent former visa or entry permit; or

                (c)    an equivalent transitional visa.

cease, in relation to a full‑time course of study or training, includes to complete, to withdraw from, or to be excluded from, that course.

equivalent former visa or entry permit means a Group 2.2 (student) visa or entry permit, within the meaning of the Migration (1993) Regulations, granted to a person who, as an applicant:

                (a)    satisfied the criteria for the grant of the visa or entry permit as a primary person; and

               (b)    was a student in a full‑time course of study or training under a scholarship scheme or training program approved by AIDAB or AusAID.

equivalent transitional visa means a transitional (temporary) visa within the meaning of the Migration Reform (Transitional Provisions) Regulations that:

                (a)    is, or was, held by a person because the person held an equivalent former visa or entry permit; or

               (b)    was granted to a person on the basis of a decision that the person satisfied the criteria for the grant of an equivalent former visa or entry permit.

         (2)   A person is an AusAID recipient if:

                (a)    either:

                          (i)    the person is the holder of an AusAID student visa and has ceased:

                                   (A)     the full‑time course of study or training to which that visa relates; or

                                   (B)     another course approved by the AusAID Minister in substitution for that course; or

                         (ii)    if the person is not the holder of an AusAID student visa — the person has in the past been the holder of an AusAID student visa and has ceased:

                                   (A)     the full‑time course of study or training to which the last AusAID student visa held by the person related; or

                                   (B)     another course approved by the AusAID Minister in substitution for that course; and

               (b)    the person has not spent at least 2 years outside Australia since ceasing the course.

         (3)   A person is an AusAID student if:

                (a)    the person has been approved by the AusAID Minister to undertake a full‑time course of study or training under a scholarship scheme or training program approved by the AusAID Minister; and

               (b)    the person is:

                          (i)    the holder of an AusAID student visa granted in circumstances where the person intended to undertake the full‑time course of study or training; or

                         (ii)    an applicant for a student visa whose application shows an intention to undertake a full‑time course of study or training; and

                (c)    in the case of a person mentioned in subparagraph (b) (i) — the person has not ceased:

                          (i)    the full‑time course of study or training to which the visa relates; or

                         (ii)    another course approved by the AusAID Minister in substitution for that course.

1.04B     Defence student

                A person is a Defence student if:

                (a)    the person has been approved by the Defence Minister to undertake a full‑time course of study or training under a scholarship scheme or training program approved by the Defence Minister; and

               (b)    the person is:

                          (i)    the holder of a Subclass 576 (AusAID or Defence Sector) visa granted in circumstances where the person intended to undertake the course of study or training; or

                         (ii)    an applicant for a student visa whose application shows an intention to undertake the course of study or training; and

                (c)    in the case of a person mentioned in subparagraph (b) (i) — the person has not ceased, completed, withdrawn from, or been excluded from:

                          (i)    the course of study or training to which the visa relates; or

                         (ii)    another course approved by the Defence Minister in substitution for that course.

1.05        Balance of family test

         (1)   For the purposes of this regulation:

                (a)    a person is a child of another person (the parent) if the person is a child or step‑child of:

                          (i)    the parent; or

                         (ii)    a current spouse or current de facto partner of the parent; and

               (b)    if the whereabouts of a child of the parent are unknown, the child is taken to be resident in the child’s last known usual country of residence.

         (2)   For this regulation:

                (a)    a child of the parent is an eligible child if the child is:

                          (i)    an Australian citizen; or

                         (ii)    an Australian permanent resident usually resident in Australia; or

                        (iii)    an eligible New Zealand citizen usually resident in Australia; and

               (b)    any other child of the parent is an ineligible child.

      (2A)   An ineligible child is taken to be resident overseas.

      (2B)   The overseas country in which an ineligible child is taken to reside is:

                (a)    the overseas country in which the child is usually resident; or

               (b)    the last overseas country in which the child was usually resident; or

                (c)    if the child no longer has a right of return to the country mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) — the child’s country of citizenship.

      (2C)   A parent satisfies the balance of family test if the number of eligible children is greater than or equal to the number of ineligible children.

      (2D)   However, if the greatest number of children who are:

                (a)    ineligible children; and

               (b)    usually resident in a particular overseas country;

is less than the number of eligible children, then the parent satisfies the balance of family test.

         (3)   In applying the balance of family test, no account is to be taken of a child of the parent:

                (a)    if the child has been removed by court order, by adoption or by operation of law (other than in consequence of marriage) from the exclusive custody of the parent; or

               (b)    if the child is resident in a country where the child suffers persecution or abuse of human rights and it is not possible to reunite the child and the parent in another country; or

                (c)    if the child:

                          (i)    is resident in a refugee camp operated by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; and

                         (ii)    is registered by the Commissioner as a refugee.

1.05A      Dependent

         (1)   Subject to subregulation (2), a person (the first person) is dependent on another person if:

                (a)    at the time when it is necessary to establish whether the first person is dependent on the other person:

                          (i)    the first person is, and has been for a substantial period immediately before that time, wholly or substantially reliant on the other person for financial support to meet the first person’s basic needs for food, clothing and shelter; and

                         (ii)    the first person’s reliance on the other person is greater than any reliance by the first person on any other person, or source of support, for financial support to meet the first person’s basic needs for food, clothing and shelter; or

               (b)    the first person is wholly or substantially reliant on the other person for financial support because the first person is incapacitated for work due to the total or partial loss of the first person’s bodily or mental functions.

         (2)   A person (the first person) is dependent on another person for the purposes of an application for:

               (d)    a Protection (Class XA) visa; or

                (e)    a Refugee and Humanitarian (Migrant) (Class BA) visa; or

              (ea)    a Refugee and Humanitarian (Class XB) visa; or

                (i)    a Temporary Safe Haven (Class UJ) visa;

if the first person is wholly or substantially reliant on the other person for financial, psychological or physical support.

1.06        References to classes of visas

                A class of visas may be referred to:

                (a)    in the case of a class of visas referred to in Schedule 1 — by the code allotted to the class in the heading of the item in Schedule 1 that relates to that class of visas; or

               (b)    in the case of a transitional visa, by the following codes:

                          (i)    transitional (permanent): BF;

                         (ii)    transitional (temporary): UA.

Note   For example, Cultural/Social (Temporary) Class may be referred to as Class TE.

1.07        References to subclasses of visas

         (1)   A reference to a visa of a particular subclass (for example, ‘a visa of Subclass 414’) is a reference to a visa granted on satisfaction of the criteria for the grant of the visa, or the grant of the visa in a stream, set out in the Part of Schedule 2 that bears the number of the subclass.

Note   The criteria for the grant of the visa may include criteria described as a ‘stream’: see subregulation 2.03 (1A).

         (2)   A reference to an applicant for a visa of a particular subclass is a reference to an applicant who applies for a visa of a class that may, under Schedule 1, be granted on satisfaction of the criteria for the grant of the visa, or the grant of the visa in a stream, set out in the Part of Schedule 2 that bears the number of the subclass.

Note   The criteria for the grant of the visa may include criteria described as a ‘stream’: see subregulation 2.03 (1A).

1.08        Compelling need to work

                For the purposes of these Regulations, a non‑citizen has a compelling need to work if and only if:

                (a)    he or she is in financial hardship; or

               (b)    he or she:

                          (i)    is nominated by an employer in respect of an approved appointment (within the meaning of regulation 5.19); and

                         (ii)    appears to the Minister, on the basis of information contained in the application, to satisfy the criterion in clause 856.213 or 857.213 of Schedule 2; or

                (c)    he or she:

                          (i)    is:

                                   (A)     an applicant for a Business (Temporary) (Class TB) visa; or

                                   (C)     an applicant for a Medical Practitioner (Temporary) (Class UE) visa; and

                         (ii)    has been sponsored by an employer in relation to that application; and

                        (iii)    appears, on the basis of that application, to satisfy the criteria for that visa; or

               (d)    he or she:

                          (i)    is an applicant for a Temporary Business Entry (Class UC) visa who seeks to satisfy the criteria for the grant of a Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa; and

                         (ii)    is identified in an approved nomination of an occupation made by:

                                   (A)     a standard business sponsor; or

                                   (B)     a former standard business sponsor; or

                                   (C)     a party to a labour agreement;

                                 who is specified in the application for that visa; and

                        (iii)    appears to the Minister, on the basis of information contained in the application, to satisfy the criteria for the grant of that visa.

1.09        Criminal detention

                For the purposes of these Regulations, a person is in criminal detention if he or she is:

                (a)    serving a term of imprisonment (including periodic detention) following conviction for an offence; or

               (b)    in prison on remand;

but not if he or she is:

                (c)    subject to a community service order; or

               (d)    on parole after serving part of a term of imprisonment; or

                (e)    on bail awaiting trial.

1.09A      De facto partner and de facto relationship

         (1)   For subsection 5CB (3) of the Act, this regulation sets out arrangements for the purpose of determining whether 1 or more of the conditions in paragraphs 5CB (2) (a), (b), (c) and (d) of the Act exist.

Note 1   See regulation 2.03A for the prescribed criteria applicable to de facto partners.

Note 2   The effect of subsection 5CB (1) of the Act is that a person is the de facto partner of another person (whether of the same sex or a different sex) if the person is in a de facto relationship with the other person.

Subsection 5CB (2) sets out conditions about whether a de facto relationship exists, and subsection 5CB (3) permits the regulations to make arrangements in relation to the determination of whether 1 or more of those conditions exist.

         (2)   If the Minister is considering an application for:

                (a)    a Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visa; or

               (b)    a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa; or

                (c)    a Partner (Residence) (Class BS) visa; or

               (d)    a Partner (Temporary) (Class UK) visa;

the Minister must consider all of the circumstances of the relationship, including the matters set out in subregulation (3).

         (3)   The matters for subregulation (2) are:

                (a)    the financial aspects of the relationship, including:

                          (i)    any joint ownership of real estate or other major assets; and

                         (ii)    any joint liabilities; and

                        (iii)    the extent of any pooling of financial resources, especially in relation to major financial commitments; and

                        (iv)    whether one person in the relationship owes any legal obligation in respect of the other; and

                         (v)    the basis of any sharing of day‑to‑day household expenses; and

               (b)    the nature of the household, including:

                          (i)    any joint responsibility for the care and support of children; and

                         (ii)    the living arrangements of the persons; and

                        (iii)    any sharing of the responsibility for housework; and

                (c)    the social aspects of the relationship, including:

                          (i)    whether the persons represent themselves to other people as being in a de facto relationship with each other; and

                         (ii)    the opinion of the persons’ friends and acquaintances about the nature of the relationship; and

                        (iii)    any basis on which the persons plan and undertake joint social activities; and

               (d)    the nature of the persons’ commitment to each other, including:

                          (i)    the duration of the relationship; and

                         (ii)    the length of time during which the persons have lived together; and

                        (iii)    the degree of companionship and emotional support that the persons draw from each other; and

                        (iv)    whether the persons see the relationship as a long‑term one.

         (4)   If the Minister is considering an application for a visa of a class other than a class mentioned in subregulation (2), the Minister may consider any of the circumstances mentioned in subregulation (3).

1.10        Labour market requirements

                An application for a visa meets labour market requirements if the Minister is satisfied that:

                (a)    the application is in accordance with a labour agreement; or

               (b)    in respect of the employment to which the application relates:

                          (i)    no Australian citizen or Australian permanent resident is readily available who has suitable qualifications and experience; and

                         (ii)    if appropriate — relevant employer and employee organisations have been consulted.

1.11        Main business

         (1)   For the purposes of these Regulations and subject to subregulation (2), a business is a main business in relation to an applicant for a visa if:

                (a)    the applicant has, or has had, an ownership interest in the business; and

               (b)    the applicant maintains, or has maintained, direct and continuous involvement in management of the business from day to day and in making decisions affecting the overall direction and performance of the business; and

                (c)    the value of the applicant’s ownership interest, or the total value of the ownership interests of the applicant and the applicant’s spouse or de facto partner, in the business is or was:

                          (i)    if the business is operated by a publicly listed company — at least 10% of the total value of the business; or

                         (ii)    if:

                                   (A)     the business is not operated by a publicly listed company; and

                                   (B)     the annual turnover of the business is at least AUD400 000;

                    at least 30% of the total value of the business; or

                        (iii)    if:

                                   (A)     the business is not operated by a publicly listed company; and

                                   (B)     the annual turnover of the business is less than AUD400 000;

                                 at least 51% of the total value of the business; and

               (d)    the business is a qualifying business.

         (2)   If an applicant has, or has had, an ownership interest in more than 1 qualifying business that would, except for this subregulation, be a main business in relation to the applicant, the applicant must not nominate more than 2 of those qualifying businesses as main businesses.

1.11A      Ownership for the purposes of certain Parts of Schedule 2

         (1)   Subject to subregulation (4), for Parts 132, 188, 888, 890, 891, 892 and 893 of Schedule 2, ownership by an applicant, or the applicant’s spouse or de facto partner, of an asset, an eligible investment or an ownership interest, includes beneficial ownership only if the beneficial ownership is evidenced in accordance with subregulation (2).

         (2)   To evidence beneficial ownership of an asset, eligible investment or ownership interest, the applicant must show to the Minister:

                (a)    a trust instrument; or

               (b)    a contract; or

                (c)    any other document capable of being used to enforce the rights of the applicant, or the applicant’s spouse or de facto partner, as the case requires, in relation to the asset, eligible investment or ownership interest;

stamped or registered by an appropriate authority under the law of the jurisdiction where the asset, eligible investment or ownership interest is located.

         (3)   A document shown under subregulation (2) does not evidence beneficial ownership, for subregulation (1), for any period earlier than the date of registration or stamping by the appropriate authority.

         (4)   Beneficial ownership is not required to be evidenced in accordance with subregulation (2) if the person who has legal ownership of the asset, eligible investment or ownership interest in relation to which the applicant, or the applicant’s spouse or de facto partner, has beneficial ownership:

                (a)    is a dependent child of the applicant; and

               (b)    made a combined application with the applicant; and

                (c)    has not reached the age at which, in the jurisdiction where the asset, eligible investment or ownership interest is located, he or she can claim the benefits of ownership of the asset, eligible investment or ownership interest.

1.11B     ETA‑eligible passport

         (1)   A passport is an ETA‑eligible passport in relation to an application for a visa if:

                (a)    it is a valid passport of a kind specified by Gazette Notice as an ETA‑eligible passport; and

               (b)    the conditions (if any) specified by Gazette Notice for passports of that kind are satisfied in relation to that application.

         (2)   A passport is an ETA‑eligible passport in relation to a visa of a particular Subclass if:

                (a)    it is an ETA‑eligible passport in accordance with subregulation (1); and

               (b)    it is specified by Gazette Notice to be an ETA‑eligible passport for that Subclass.

1.11C     eVisitor eligible passport

                A passport is an eVisitor eligible passport if:

                (a)    it is a valid passport of a kind specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this paragraph to be an eVisitor eligible passport; and

               (b)    the conditions (if any) specified in the instrument are satisfied.

1.12        Member of the family unit

         (1)   For the definition of member of the family unit in subsection 5 (1) of the Act, and subject to subregulations (2), (2A), (6) and (7), a person is a member of the family unit of another person (in this subregulation called the family head) if the person is:

                (a)    a spouse or de facto partner of the family head; or

               (b)    a dependent child of the family head or of a spouse or de facto partner of the family head; or

                (c)    a dependent child of a dependent child of the family head or of a spouse or de facto partner of the family head; or

                (e)    a relative of the family head or of a spouse or de facto partner of the family head who:

                          (i)    does not have a spouse or de facto partner; and

                         (ii)    is usually resident in the family head’s household; and

                        (iii)    is dependent on the family head.

         (2)   A person is a member of the family unit of an applicant for a Student (Temporary) (Class TU) visa if the person is:

                (a)    a spouse or de facto partner of the applicant; or

               (b)    a dependent child of the applicant, or of that spouse or de facto partner, who is unmarried and has not turned 18.

      (2A)   A person is a member of the family unit of a holder of a Student (Temporary) (Class TU) visa if the person is:

                (a)    a spouse or de facto partner of the holder; or

               (b)    a dependent child of the holder, or of that spouse or de facto partner, who is unmarried and has not turned 18.

         (3)   In addition to subregulation (1), a person is a member of the family unit of an applicant for a Contributory Parent (Migrant) (Class CA) visa, being an applicant who was the holder of a Subclass 173 (Contributory Parent (Temporary)) visa at the time of application, if:

                (a)    the person was a member of the family unit of the applicant, in accordance with subregulation (1), at the time of application for the Contributory Parent (Temporary) (Class UT) visa; and

               (b)    the person was, in accordance with subregulation (1):

                          (i)    a dependent child; or

                         (ii)    dependent on the family head; and

                (c)    since the time of application for the Contributory Parent (Temporary) (Class UT) visa, the person has ceased to be:

                          (i)    a dependent child; or

                         (ii)    dependent on the family head.

         (4)   In addition to subregulation (1), a person is a member of the family unit of an applicant for a Contributory Aged Parent (Residence) (Class DG) visa, being an applicant who was
the holder of a Subclass 884 (Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary)) visa at the time of application, if:

                (a)    the person was a member of the family unit of the applicant, in accordance with subregulation (1), at the
time of application for the Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary) (Class UU) visa; and

               (b)    the person was, in accordance with subregulation (1):

                          (i)    a dependent child; or

                         (ii)    dependent on the family head; and

                (c)    since the time of application for the Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary) (Class UU) visa, the person has ceased to be:

                          (i)    a dependent child; or

                         (ii)    dependent on the family head.

         (5)   In addition to subregulation (1), a person is a member of the family unit of an applicant for a Business Skills (Residence) (Class DF) visa if, at the time of application:

                (a)    the person holds a visa:

                          (i)    of a subclass included in Business Skills (Provisional) (Class UR); and

                         (ii)    that was granted on the basis that the person was a member of the family unit of a holder of a visa of a subclass included in Business Skills (Provisional) (Class UR); and

               (b)    the person is included in the application for the Business Skills (Residence) (Class DF) visa.

      (5A)   In addition to subregulation (1), a person is a member of the family unit of an applicant for a Business Skills (Permanent) (Class EC) visa if, at the time of application, the person:

                (a)    holds a visa of a subclass included in Business Skills (Provisional) (Class EB) that was granted on the basis that the person was a member of the family unit of a holder of a visa of a subclass included in Business Skills (Provisional) (Class EB); and

               (b)    is included in the application for the Business Skills (Permanent) (Class EC) visa.

         (6)   In addition to subregulation (1), a person is a member of the family unit of an applicant for a Distinguished Talent (Migrant) (Class AL) visa who has not turned 18 at the time of application if:

                (a)    a parent of the applicant has made a combined application with the applicant for the Distinguished Talent (Migrant) (Class AL) visa; and

               (b)    the person is:

                          (i)    that parent; or

                         (ii)    a spouse or de facto partner of that parent; or

                        (iii)    a dependent child of that parent; or

                        (iv)    a dependent child of a spouse or de facto partner of that parent; or

                         (v)    a dependent child of a dependent child of that parent; or

                        (vi)    a dependent child of a dependent child of a spouse or de facto partner of that parent; or

                        (ix)    a relative of that parent who:

                                   (A)     does not have a spouse or de facto partner; and

                                   (B)     is usually resident in that parent’s household; and

                                   (C)     is dependent on that parent; or

                         (x)    a relative of a spouse or de facto partner of that parent who:

                                   (A)     does not have a spouse or de facto partner; and

                                   (B)     is usually resident in that parent’s household; and

                                   (C)     is dependent on that parent; and

                (c)    no person is being treated as a member of the family unit of the applicant, in relation to the applicant’s application for the Distinguished Talent (Migrant) (Class AL) visa, in accordance with subregulation (1); and

               (d)    no other parent of the applicant is being treated as a member of the family unit of the applicant in accordance with this subregulation.

Note   Paragraph 1.12 (6) (c) ensures that if one person, or a group of persons, is being treated as a member or members of the family unit of the applicant under subregulation 1.12 (1), another person or group of persons cannot be treated as a member or members of the family unit of an applicant under subregulation 1.12 (6) in relation to that same application.

Paragraph 1.12 (6) (d) ensures that only one parent of the applicant, and the family unit of that one parent (which may include the other parent of the applicant), can be treated as members of the family unit of the applicant under subregulation 1.12 (6).

         (7)   In addition to subregulation (1), a person is a member of the family unit of an applicant for a Distinguished Talent (Residence) (Class BX) visa who has not turned 18 at the time of application if:

                (a)    a parent of the applicant has made a combined application with the applicant for the Distinguished Talent (Residence) (Class BX) visa; and

               (b)    the person is:

                          (i)    that parent; or

                         (ii)    a spouse or de facto partner of that parent; or

                        (iii)    a dependent child of that parent; or

                        (iv)    a dependent child of a spouse or de facto partner of that parent; or

                         (v)    a dependent child of a dependent child of that parent; or

                        (vi)    a dependent child of a dependent child of a spouse or de facto partner of that parent; or

                        (ix)    a relative of that parent who:

                                   (A)     does not have a spouse or de facto partner; and

                                   (B)     is usually resident in that parent’s household; and

                                   (C)     is dependent on that parent; or

                         (x)    a relative of a spouse or de facto partner of that parent who:

                                   (A)     does not have a spouse or de facto partner; and

                                   (B)     is usually resident in that parent’s household; and

                                   (C)     is dependent on that parent; and

                (c)    no person is being treated as a member of the family unit of the applicant, in relation to the applicant’s application for the Distinguished Talent (Residence) (Class BX) visa, in accordance with subregulation (1); and

               (d)    no other parent of the applicant is being treated as a member of the family unit of the applicant in accordance with this subregulation.

Note   Paragraph 1.12 (7) (c) ensures that if one person, or a group of persons, is being treated as a member or members of the family unit of the applicant under subregulation 1.12 (1), another person or group of persons cannot be treated as a member or members of the family unit of an applicant under subregulation 1.12 (7) in relation to that same application.

Paragraph 1.12 (7) (d) ensures that only one parent of the applicant, and the family unit of that one parent (which may include the other parent of the applicant), can be treated as members of the family unit of the applicant under subregulation 1.12 (7).

         (8)   In addition to subregulation (1), a person is a member of the family unit of:

                (a)    an applicant for an Employer Nomination (Residence) (Class BW) visa who seeks to satisfy the criteria for the grant of a Subclass 857 (Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme) visa; or

               (b)    an applicant for a Business Skills (Residence) (Class DF) visa who seeks to satisfy the criteria for the grant of a Subclass 892 (State/Territory Sponsored Business Owner) visa; or

                (c)    an applicant for a Skilled Independent (Migrant) (Class BN) visa who seeks to satisfy the criteria for the grant of a Subclass 137 (Skilled — State/Territory‑ nominated Independent) visa;

if, at time of application:

               (d)    either:

                          (i)    the person is the holder of a Skilled — Independent Regional (Provisional) (Class UX) visa; or

                         (ii)    the last substantive visa held by the person:

                                   (A)     since entering Australia; and

                                   (B)     within the period of 28 days before the application was made;

                                 was a Skilled — Independent Regional (Provisional) (Class UX) visa; and

                (e)    the Skilled — Independent Regional (Provisional) (Class UX) visa was granted on the basis that the person was a member of the family unit of the holder of a Skilled — Independent Regional (Provisional) (Class UX) visa, granted on the basis that the holder satisfied the primary criteria; and

                (f)    the person is included in the application for an Employer Nomination (Residence) (Class BW), Business Skills (Residence) (Class DF) or Skilled Independent (Migrant) (Class BN) visa.

         (9)   In addition to subregulation (1), a person is a member of the family unit of:

                (a)    an applicant for an Employer Nomination (Residence) (Class BW) visa who seeks to satisfy the primary criteria for the grant of a Subclass 857 (Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme) visa; or

               (b)    an applicant for a Skilled (Residence) (Class VB) visa who seeks to satisfy the primary criteria for the grant of a Subclass 887 (Skilled — Regional) visa; or

                (c)    an applicant for a Skilled (Provisional) (Class VC) visa who seeks to satisfy the primary criteria for the grant of a Subclass 487 (Skilled — Regional Sponsored) visa;

if, at the time of application:

               (d)    the person is the holder of:

                          (i)    a Skilled — Independent Regional (Provisional) (Class UX) visa; or

                         (ii)    a Bridging A (Class WA) visa or Bridging B (Class WB) visa granted on the basis of a valid application for:

                                   (A)     a Skilled — Independent Regional (Provisional) (Class UX) visa; or

                                   (B)     a Skilled (Provisional) (Class VC) visa; or

                                   (C)     a Skilled — Regional Sponsored (Provisional) (Class SP) visa; or

                        (iii)    a Skilled — Designated Area‑sponsored (Provisional) (Class UZ) visa; or

                        (iv)    a Subclass 475 (Skilled — Regional Sponsored) visa; or

                         (v)    a Subclass 487 (Skilled — Regional Sponsored) visa; or

                        (vi)    a Skilled — Regional Sponsored (Provisional) (Class SP) visa; and

                (e)    the visa mentioned in paragraph (d) was granted on the basis that the person was a member of the family unit of the visa holder who satisfied the primary criteria and the person is included in the application for:

                          (i)    a Skilled (Residence) (Class VB) visa; or

                         (ii)    a Skilled (Provisional) (Class VC) visa; or

                        (iii)    an Employer Nomination (Residence) (Class BW) visa.

       (10)   In addition to subregulation (1), a person is a member of the family unit of the holder of a Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa (the first visa) if:

                (a)    the first visa was granted on the basis that the holder satisfied the primary criteria for the grant of that visa; and

               (b)    the person holds a Subclass 457 visa, or the last substantive visa held by the person was a Subclass 457 visa, granted on the basis that he or she satisfied the requirements of paragraph (1) (b), (c) or (e); and

                (c)    if the person holds a Subclass 457 visa, or the last substantive visa held by the person was a Subclass 457 visa, granted on the basis that he or she was:

                          (i)    a dependent child of the spouse or de facto partner of the holder of the first visa; or

                         (ii)    a dependent child of a dependent child of the spouse or de facto partner of the holder of the first visa; or

                        (iii)    a relative of the spouse or de facto partner of the holder of the first visa;

                        the holder of the first visa is still the spouse or de facto partner of the person who was the spouse or de facto partner; and

               (d)    the person:

                          (i)    has made a valid application for a Temporary Business Entry (Class UC) visa that is current; and

                         (ii)    has not made a valid application for any other class of visa, other than an application that:

                                   (A)     has been finally determined (within the meaning of subsection 5 (9) of the Act); or

                                   (B)     has been withdrawn; and

                (e)    the person is under the age of 21; and

                (f)    the person is not the spouse or de facto partner of another person.   

       (11)   In addition to subregulation (1), a person is a member of the family unit of an applicant for an Employer Nomination (Permanent) (Class EN) visa if, at the time of application, the person:

                (a)    holds a Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa granted on the basis that the person was a member of the family unit of the holder of a Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa; and

               (b)    is included in the application for the Employer Nomination (Permanent) (Class EN) visa.

       (12)   In addition to subregulation (1), a person is a member of the family unit of an applicant for a Regional Employer Nomination (Permanent) (Class RN) visa if, at the time of application, the person:

                (a)    holds a Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa granted on the basis that the person was a member of the family unit of the holder of a Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa; and

               (b)    is included in the application for the Regional Employer Nomination (Permanent) (Class RN) visa.

1.12AA   Member of the immediate family

         (1)   For these Regulations, a person A is a member of the immediate family of another person B if:

                (a)    A is a spouse or de facto partner of B; or

               (b)    A is a dependent child of B; or

                (c)    A is a parent of B, and B is not 18 years or more.

1.13        Meaning of nominator

         (1)   The nominator of an applicant for a visa is a person who, on the relevant approved form, nominates another person as an applicant for a visa of a particular class.

         (2)   However, a person who proposes another person for entry to Australia as an applicant for a permanent humanitarian visa is not the nominator of the other person.

1.14        Orphan relative

                An applicant for a visa is an orphan relative of another person who is an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen if:

                (a)    the applicant:

                          (i)    has not turned 18; and

                         (ii)    does not have a spouse or de facto partner; and

                        (iii)    is a relative of that other person; and

               (b)    the applicant cannot be cared for by either parent because each of them is either dead, permanently incapacitated or of unknown whereabouts; and

                (c)    there is no compelling reason to believe that the grant of a visa would not be in the best interests of the applicant.

1.14A      Parent and child

         (1)   A reference in these Regulations to a parent includes a step‑parent.

         (2)   For subsection 5CA (2) of the Act, if a child has been adopted under formal adoption arrangements mentioned in paragraph 1.04 (1) (a) or (b) by a person or persons (the adoptive parent or parents):

                (a)    the child is taken to be the child of the adoptive parent or parents; and

               (b)    the child is taken not to be the child of any other person (including a person who had been the child’s parent or adoptive parent before the adoption). 

Note 1   A child cannot have more than 2 parents (other than step‑parents) unless the child has been adopted under arrangements mentioned in paragraph 1.04 (1) (c).

Note 2   Parent is defined in subsection 5 (1) of the Act, and child is defined in section 5CA of the Act.

1.15        Remaining relative

         (1)   An applicant for a visa is a remaining relative of another person who is an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen if the applicant satisfies the Minister that:

                (a)    the other person is a parent, brother, sister, step‑brother or step‑sister of the applicant; and

               (b)    the other person is usually resident in Australia; and

                (c)    the applicant, and the applicant’s spouse or de facto partner (if any), have no near relatives other than near relatives who are:

                          (i)    usually resident in Australia; and

                         (ii)    Australian citizens, Australian permanent residents or eligible New Zealand citizens; and

               (d)    if the applicant is a child who:

                          (i)    has not turned 18; and

                         (ii)    has been adopted by an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen (the adoptive parent) while overseas:

                        at the time of making the application, the adoptive parent has been residing overseas for a period of at least 12 months.

         (2)   In this regulation:

near relative, in relation to an applicant, means a person who is:

                (a)    a parent, brother, sister, step‑brother or step‑sister of the applicant or of the applicant’s spouse or de facto partner (if any); or

               (b)    a child (including a step‑child) of the applicant or of the applicant’s spouse or de facto partner (if any), being a child who:

                          (i)    has turned 18 and is not a dependent child of the applicant or the applicant’s spouse or de facto partner (if any); or

                         (ii)    has not turned 18 and is not wholly or substantially in the daily care and control of the applicant or the applicant’s spouse or de facto partner (if any).

1.15AA   Carer

         (1)   An applicant for a visa is a carer of a person who is an Australian citizen usually resident in Australia, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen (the resident) if:

                (a)    the applicant is a relative of the resident; and

               (b)    according to a certificate that meets the requirements of subregulation (2):

                          (i)    a person (being the resident or a member of the family unit of the resident) has a medical condition; and

                         (ii)    the medical condition is causing physical, intellectual or sensory impairment of the ability of that person to attend to the practical aspects of daily life; and

                        (iii)    the impairment has, under the Impairment Tables, the rating that is specified in the certificate; and

                        (iv)    because of the medical condition, the person has, and will continue for at least 2 years to have, a need for direct assistance in attending to the practical aspects of daily life; and

              (ba)    the person mentioned in subparagraph (b) (i) is an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen; and

                (c)    the rating mentioned in subparagraph (b) (iii) is equal to, or exceeds, the impairment rating specified by Gazette Notice for this paragraph; and

               (d)    if the person to whom the certificate relates is not the resident, the resident has a permanent or long‑term need for assistance in providing the direct assistance mentioned in subparagraph (b) (iv); and 

                (e)    the assistance cannot reasonably be:

                          (i)    provided by any other relative of the resident, being a relative who is an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen; or

                         (ii)    obtained from welfare, hospital, nursing or community services in Australia; and

                (f)    the applicant is willing and able to provide to the resident substantial and continuing assistance of the kind needed under subparagraph (b) (iv) or paragraph (d), as the case requires.

         (2)   A certificate meets the requirements of this subregulation if:

                (a)    it is a certificate:

                          (i)    in relation to a medical assessment carried out on behalf of a health service provider specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing; and

                         (ii)    signed by the medical adviser who carried it out; or

               (b)    it is a certificate issued by a health service provider specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing in relation to a review of an opinion in a certificate mentioned in paragraph (a), that was carried out by the health services provider in accordance with its procedures.

         (3)   The Minister is to take the opinion in a certificate that meets the requirements of subregulation (2) on a matter mentioned in paragraph (1) (b) to be correct for the purposes of deciding whether an applicant satisfies a criterion that the applicant is a carer.

         (4)   In this regulation:

Impairment Tables means the Tables for the Assessment of Work‑related Impairment for Disability Support Pension in Schedule 1B to the Social Security Act 1991.

1.15A      Spouse

         (1)   For subsection 5F (3) of the Act, this regulation sets out arrangements for the purpose of determining whether 1 or more of the conditions in paragraphs 5F (2) (a), (b), (c) and (d) of the Act exist.

         (2)   If the Minister is considering an application for:

                (a)    a Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visa; or

               (b)    a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa; or

                (c)    a Partner (Residence) (Class BS) visa; or

               (d)    a Partner (Temporary) (Class UK) visa;

the Minister must consider all of the circumstances of the relationship, including the matters set out in subregulation (3).

         (3)   The matters for subregulation (2) are:

                (a)    the financial aspects of the relationship, including:

                          (i)    any joint ownership of real estate or other major assets; and

                         (ii)    any joint liabilities; and

                        (iii)    the extent of any pooling of financial resources, especially in relation to major financial commitments; and

                        (iv)    whether one person in the relationship owes any legal obligation in respect of the other; and

                         (v)    the basis of any sharing of day‑to‑day household expenses; and

               (b)    the nature of the household, including:

                          (i)    any joint responsibility for the care and support of children; and

                         (ii)    the living arrangements of the persons; and

                        (iii)    any sharing of the responsibility for housework; and

                (c)    the social aspects of the relationship, including:

                          (i)    whether the persons represent themselves to other people as being married to each other; and

                         (ii)    the opinion of the persons’ friends and acquaintances about the nature of the relationship; and

                        (iii)    any basis on which the persons plan and undertake joint social activities; and

               (d)    the nature of the persons’ commitment to each other, including:

                          (i)    the duration of the relationship; and

                         (ii)    the length of time during which the persons have lived together; and

                        (iii)    the degree of companionship and emotional support that the persons draw from each other; and

                        (iv)    whether the persons see the relationship as a long‑term one.

         (4)   If the Minister is considering an application for a visa of a class other than a class mentioned in subregulation (2), the Minister may consider any of the circumstances mentioned in subregulation (3).

1.15B     Vocational English

         (1)   A person has vocational English if:

                (a)    the person undertook a language test, specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this paragraph; and

               (b)    the test was conducted in the 3 years immediately before the day on which the application was made; and

                (c)    the person achieved a score specified in the instrument.

         (2)   A person has vocational English if the person holds a passport of a type specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this subregulation.

1.15C     Competent English

         (1)   A person has competent English if:

                (a)    the person undertook a language test, specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this paragraph; and

               (b)    the test was conducted in the 3 years immediately before the day on which the application was made; and

                (c)    the person achieved a score specified in the instrument.

         (2)   A person has competent English if the person holds a passport of a type specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this subregulation.

1.15D     Proficient English

                A person has proficient English if:

                (a)    the person undertook a language test, specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this paragraph; and

               (b)    the test was conducted in the 3 years immediately before the day on which the application was made; and

                (c)    the person achieved a score specified in the instrument.

1.15E      Concessional competent English

                If a person applies for a General Skilled Migration visa, the person has concessional competent English if the person satisfies the Minister that:

                (a)    the person undertook a language test, specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this paragraph; and

               (b)    the test was conducted in the 2 years immediately before the day on which the application was made; and

                (c)    the person achieved a score specified in the instrument.

1.15EA   Superior English

                A person has superior English if:

                (a)    the person undertook a language test, specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this paragraph; and

               (b)    the test was conducted in the 3 years immediately before the day on which the application was made; and

                (c)    the person achieved a score specified in the instrument.

1.15F      Australian study requirement

         (1)   A person satisfies the Australian study requirement if the person satisfies the Minister that the person has completed 1 or more degrees, diplomas or trade qualifications for award by an Australian educational institution as a result of a course or courses:

                (a)    that are registered courses; and

               (b)    that were completed in a total of at least 16 calendar months; and

                (c)    that were completed as a result of a total of at least 2 academic years study; and

               (d)    for which all instruction was conducted in English; and

                (e)    that the applicant undertook while in Australia as the holder of a visa authorising the applicant to study.

Note   Academic year is defined in regulation 1.03.

         (2)   In this regulation:

completed, in relation to a degree, diploma or trade qualification, means having met the academic requirements for its award.

Note   The academic requirements for the award of a degree, diploma or trade qualification do not include the formal conferral of the degree, diploma or trade qualification. Therefore, a person can complete a degree, diploma or trade qualification, for subregulation (2), before the award is formally conferred.

degree has the meaning given in subregulation 2.26AC (6).

diploma has the meaning given in subregulation 2.26AC (6).

trade qualification has the meaning given in subregulation 2.26AC (6).

1.15G     Superyachts

                The Minister may, by instrument in writing, specify that:

                (a)    a sailing ship of a particular kind is a superyacht for the purposes of these Regulations; or

               (b)    a motor vessel of a particular kind is a superyacht for the purposes of these Regulations.

1.15H     Migration occupation in demand

         (1)   A migration occupation in demand, in relation to a person, means a skilled occupation of a kind that:

                (a)    is specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing to be a migration occupation in demand; and

               (b)    is applicable to the person in accordance with the specification.

         (2)   The Minister may specify in the instrument that a skilled occupation is a migration occupation in demand for a class of persons.

1.15I       Skilled occupation

         (1)   A skilled occupation, in relation to a person, means an occupation of a kind:

                (a)    that is specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing to be a skilled occupation; and

               (b)    if a number of points are specified in the instrument as being available — for which the number of points are available; and

                (c)    that is applicable to the person in accordance with the specification of the occupation.

         (2)   Without limiting subregulation (1), the Minister may specify in the instrument any matter in relation to an occupation, or to a class of persons to which the instrument relates, including:

                (a)    that an occupation is a skilled occupation for a class of persons;

               (b)    that an occupation is a skilled occupation for a person who is nominated by a State or Territory government agency.

Division 1.3           Administration

1.16        Delegation

         (1)   The Minister may, by writing signed by the Minister, delegate to an officer any of the Minister’s powers under these Regulations, other than this power of delegation.

         (2)   The Secretary may, by writing signed by the Secretary, delegate to an officer any of the Secretary’s powers under these Regulations, other than this power of delegation.

1.16AA   Appointment of Medical Officer of the Commonwealth

                The Minister may, by writing signed by the Minister, appoint
a medical practitioner to be a Medical Officer of the Commonwealth for the purposes of these Regulations.

1.16A      Regional headquarters agreements

                If an organisation that has its head office outside Australia wishes to establish a regional headquarters in Australia, the Minister and the Industry Minister may enter into an agreement with the organisation to provide for the entry to, and stay in, Australia of staff members of the organisation for the purposes of the regional headquarters.

1.16B     Invest Australia Supported Skills agreements

                If an organisation that has its head office outside Australia wishes to make a significant investment in Australia, the Minister and the Industry Minister may enter into an agreement with the organisation to provide for the entry to, and stay in, Australia of staff members of the organisation for the purposes of the investment.

1.17        Specification of matters by Gazette Notice

                The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, specify matters required by individual provisions of these Regulations to be specified for the purposes of those provisions.

1.18        Approved forms

         (1)   The Minister may, in writing, approve forms for:

                (a)    use in making an application for a visa; or

               (b)    any other purpose authorised or required by these Regulations.

         (2)   Each of the following is an approved form for use in making an application for a visa:

                (a)    a paper form;

               (b)    a set of questions in an interactive computer program that is:

                          (i)    approved by the Minister for use in making an application for the visa; and

                         (ii)    made available at an Internet site operated under the authority of the Minister;

                (c)    a set of questions in a form that:

                          (i)    is stored in an electronic format; and

                         (ii)    is approved by the Minister for use in making an application for the visa.

Division 1.4           Sponsorship not applicable to Division 3A of Part 2 of the Act

1.20        Sponsorship undertakings

         (1)   The sponsor of an applicant for a visa is a person (except a person who proposes on the relevant approved form another person for entry to Australia as an applicant for a permanent humanitarian visa) who undertakes the obligations stated in subregulation (2) in relation to the applicant.

         (2)   Subject to subregulation (4), the obligations of a sponsor in relation to an applicant for a visa are the following:

                (a)    if the application is for a Skilled — Regional Sponsored (Provisional) (Class SP) visa, or a permanent visa (other than a Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) or Partner (Residence) (Class BS) visa) — the sponsor undertakes to assist the applicant, to the extent necessary, financially and in relation to accommodation:

                          (i)    if the applicant is in Australia — during the period of 2 years immediately following the grant of that visa; or

                         (ii)    if the applicant is outside Australia — during the period of 2 years immediately following the applicant’s first entry into Australia under that visa;

                        including any period of participation by the applicant in the program known as the Adult Migrant English Program administered by Immigration that falls within that period;

               (b)    if the application is for a temporary visa (other than a Resolution of Status (Temporary) (Class UH), Partner (Provisional) (Class UF), Partner (Temporary) (Class UK) or Extended Eligibility (Temporary) (Class TK) visa) — the sponsor undertakes to accept responsibility for:

                          (i)    all financial obligations to the Commonwealth incurred by the applicant arising out of the applicant’s stay in Australia; and

                         (ii)    compliance by the applicant with all relevant legislation and awards in relation to any employment entered into by the applicant in Australia; and

                        (iii)    unless the Minister otherwise decides, compliance by the applicant with the conditions under which the applicant was allowed to enter Australia;

                (c)    if the application is a concurrent application for a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) and a Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visa or a Partner (Temporary) (Class UK) and
a Partner (Residence) (Class BS) visa, the sponsor undertakes to assist the applicant, to the extent necessary, financially and in relation to accommodation:

                          (i)    if the applicant is in Australia — during the period of 2 years immediately following the grant of the provisional or temporary visa; or

                         (ii)    if the applicant is outside Australia — during the period of 2 years immediately following the applicant’s first entry into Australia after the grant of the provisional or temporary visa;

               (d)    if the application is for a Resolution of Status (Temporary) (Class UH) visa made by an applicant who is outside Australia — the sponsor undertakes to assist the applicant, to the extent necessary, financially and in respect of accommodation, during the period of 2 years immediately following the applicant’s entry into Australia as the holder of the visa;

                (e)    if the application is for an Extended Eligibility (Temporary) (Class TK) visa, the sponsor undertakes to assist the applicant, to the extent necessary, financially and in relation to accommodation:

                          (i)    if the applicant is in Australia — for the 2 years immediately after the visa is granted; or

                         (ii)    if the applicant is outside Australia — for the 2 years immediately after the applicant’s first entry into Australia after the visa is granted.

         (3)   A person (other than a person who is a sponsor of an applicant for a visa mentioned in subregulation (3A), or a Skilled — Regional Sponsored (Provisional) (Class SP) visa) who has been approved by the Minister as the sponsor of an applicant for a visa must enter into the sponsorship by completing the relevant approved form and give it to the Minister not later than a reasonable period after the Minister approves the person as a sponsor.

      (3A)   A person who is a sponsor of an applicant for:

                (a)    a Skilled (Migrant) (Class VE) visa; or

               (b)    a Skilled (Residence) (Class VB) visa; or

                (c)    a Skilled (Provisional) (Class VF) visa; or

               (d)    a Skilled (Provisional) (Class VC) visa;

must complete the relevant approved form and give it to the Minister prior to the Minister approving the person as a sponsor.

         (4)   This regulation does not apply to a visa in the following classes or subclasses:

                (a)    Business Skills (Migrant) (Class AD);

               (b)    Business Skills — Business Talent (Migrant) (Class EA);

                (c)    Business Skills — Established Business (Residence) (Class BH);

               (d)    Business Skills (Residence) (Class BH);

                (e)    Business Skills (Residence) (Class DF);

              (ea)    Cultural/Social (Temporary) (Class TE);

              (eb)    Domestic Worker (Temporary) (Class TG);

              (ec)    Educational (Temporary) (Class TH);

                (f)    Business Skills (Provisional) (Class UR);

              (fa)    Sponsored Training (Temporary) (Class UV);

              (fb)    Superyacht Crew (Temporary) (Class UW).

               (g)    Skilled — Independent Regional (Provisional) (Class UX);

               (h)    Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)).

1.20AA   Approval of sponsor — specified temporary visa applicants

         (1)   This regulation applies to a Subclass 422 (Medical Practitioner) visa.

         (2)   The Minister may approve or refuse to approve a person or an organisation (including an unincorporated association) as a sponsor of:

                (a)    an applicant for the visa; or

               (b)    multiple applicants for the same subclass of visa.

         (3)   In considering an application for approval of a proposed sponsor:

                (a)    the Minister must have regard to the capacity of the proposed sponsor to comply with the undertakings mentioned in paragraph 1.20 (2) (b); and

               (b)    the Minister may have regard to any other matter that the Minister considers relevant.

         (4)   Nothing in this regulation limits or affects in any way the matters to which the Minister may have regard in considering an application for the approval of a proposed sponsor in relation to any other kind of visa application to which regulation 1.20 applies.

Division 1.4B        Limitation on certain sponsorships under Division 1.4

1.20J      Limitation on approval of sponsorships — spouse, partner, prospective marriage and interdependency visas

   (1AA)   This regulation applies in relation to an application for:

                (a)    a Spouse (Provisional) (Class UF) visa; or

               (b)    a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa; or

                (c)    a Prospective Marriage (Temporary) (Class TO) visa; or

               (d)    an Interdependency (Provisional) (Class UG) visa; or

                (e)    an Extended Eligibility (Temporary) (Class TK) visa; or

                (f)    a Partner (Temporary) (Class UK) visa.

         (1)   Subject to subregulations (2) and (3), if a person applies for a visa mentioned in subregulation (1AA) as the spouse, de facto partner or prospective spouse of the sponsor, the Minister must not approve the sponsorship of the applicant unless the Minister is satisfied that:

                (a)    not more than 1 other person has been granted a relevant permission as:

                          (i)    the spouse, de facto partner or prospective spouse of the sponsor on the basis of a sponsorship or nomination; or

                         (ii)    a person who ceased a relationship of a kind mentioned in subparagraph (i) with the sponsor after the person, or another person mentioned in the prescribed criteria for the visa, had suffered family violence committed by the sponsor; and

               (b)    if another person has been granted a relevant permission in the circumstances referred to in paragraph (a) — not less than 5 years has passed since the date of making the application for that relevant permission; and

                (c)    if the sponsor was granted a relevant permission as the spouse, de facto partner or prospective spouse of another person on the basis of a sponsorship or nomination — not less than 5 years has passed since the date of making the application for that relevant permission.

      (1A)   In subregulation (1):

relevant permission means:

                (a)    in relation to an application for a visa referred to in subregulation (1AA) made during the period from 1 November 1996 to 30 June 1997 (inclusive) — a visa; and

               (b)    in relation to an application for a visa referred to in subregulation (1AA) made on or after 1 July 1997 — permission (other than a visa or entry permit) granted under the Act to remain indefinitely in Australia, a visa or an entry permit.

         (2)   Despite subregulation (1), the Minister may approve the sponsorship of an applicant for a visa if the Minister is satisfied that there are compelling circumstances affecting the sponsor.

         (3)   Subject to subregulation (4), this regulation applies in relation to an application for a visa made on or after 1 November 1996.

         (4)   This regulation does not apply in relation to an application by a person who:

                (a)    was the holder of a Subclass 300 visa that was granted on the basis of an application for a Prospective Marriage (Temporary) (Class TO) visa that was made before 1 November 1996; and

               (b)    has applied for an Extended Eligibility (Temporary) (Class TK) visa; and

                (c)    is seeking to remain permanently in Australia on the basis of the person’s marriage to the person who was specified as the intended spouse in the application that resulted in the grant of that Prospective Marriage (Temporary) (Class TO) visa.

1.20K     Limitation on sponsorships — remaining relative visas

         (1)   The Minister must not grant a Subclass 115 (Remaining Relative) visa or a Subclass 835 (Remaining Relative) visa to an applicant if the applicant is sponsored for the visa by a person:

                (a)    who is an Australian relative for the applicant; and

               (b)    to whom the Minister has granted any of the following:

                          (i)    a Subclass 104 visa;

                         (ii)    a Subclass 115 (Remaining Relative) visa;

                        (iii)    a Subclass 806 visa;

                        (iv)    a Subclass 835 (Remaining Relative) visa.

         (2)   The Minister must not grant a Subclass 115 (Remaining Relative) visa or a Subclass 835 (Remaining Relative) visa to an applicant if the applicant is sponsored for the visa by a person:

                (a)    who is an Australian relative for the applicant; and

               (b)    who has sponsored another applicant for any of the following:

                          (i)    a Subclass 104 visa;

                         (ii)    a Subclass 115 (Remaining Relative) visa;

                        (iii)    a Subclass 806 visa;

                        (iv)    a Subclass 835 (Remaining Relative) visa; and

                (c)    the Minister granted the visa to the other applicant.

         (3)   The Minister must not grant a Subclass 115 (Remaining Relative) visa or a Subclass 835 (Remaining Relative) visa to an applicant if:

                (a)    the applicant is sponsored for the visa by a person who is the spouse or de facto partner of an Australian relative for the applicant; and

               (b)    the Australian relative for the applicant is a person to whom the Minister has granted any of the following:

                          (i)    a Subclass 104 visa;

                         (ii)    a Subclass 115 (Remaining Relative) visa;

                        (iii)    a Subclass 806 visa;

                        (iv)    a Subclass 835 (Remaining Relative) visa.

         (4)   The Minister must not grant a Subclass 115 (Remaining Relative) visa or a Subclass 835 (Remaining Relative) visa to an applicant if:

                (a)    the applicant is sponsored for the visa by a person who is the spouse or de facto partner of an Australian relative for the applicant; and

               (b)    the Australian relative for the applicant has sponsored another applicant for any of the following:

                          (i)    a Subclass 104 visa;

                         (ii)    a Subclass 115 (Remaining Relative) visa;

                        (iii)    a Subclass 806 visa;

                        (iv)    a Subclass 835 (Remaining Relative) visa; and

                (c)    the Minister granted the visa to the other applicant.

         (5)   The Minister must not grant a Subclass 115 (Remaining Relative) visa or a Subclass 835 (Remaining Relative) visa to an applicant if:

                (a)    the applicant is sponsored for the visa by the spouse or de facto partner of an Australian relative for the applicant; and

               (b)    the spouse or de facto partner has sponsored another applicant who is a relative of the Australian relative for the applicant for any of the following:

                          (i)    a Subclass 104 visa;

                         (ii)    a Subclass 115 (Remaining Relative) visa;

                        (iii)    a Subclass 806 visa;

                        (iv)    a Subclass 835 (Remaining Relative) visa; and

                (c)    the Minister granted the visa to the other applicant.

         (6)   In this regulation:

Subclass 104 visa means a Subclass 104 (Preferential Family) visa that could have been granted by the Minister under these Regulations, as in force immediately before 1 November 1999.

Subclass 806 visa means a Subclass 806 (Family) visa that could have been granted by the Minister under these Regulations, as in force immediately before 1 November 1999.

1.20KA   Limitation on approval of sponsorship — partner (provisional or temporary) or prospective marriage (temporary) visas

         (1)   This regulation applies if:

                (a)    a person is granted a specified visa on or after 1 July 2009; and

               (b)    the person seeks approval to sponsor the relevant applicant on or after 1 July 2009; and

                (c)    the person was the spouse or de facto partner of the relevant applicant on or before the day the specified visa was granted to the person.

         (2)   The Minister must not approve sponsorship by the person of the relevant applicant within 5 years after the day when the person was granted the specified visa.

         (3)   Despite subregulation (2), the Minister may approve sponsorship by the person of the relevant applicant:

                (a)    if the relevant applicant had compelling reasons, other than reasons related to his or her financial circumstances, for not applying for a specified visa at the same time as the person applied for his or her specified visa; or

               (b)    if:

                          (i)    the relevant applicant applied for a specified visa at the same time as the sponsor; and

                         (ii)    the relevant applicant withdrew the application for the specified visa before it was granted; and

                        (iii)    the relevant applicant had compelling reasons, other than reasons related to his or her financial circumstances, for withdrawing the application for the specified visa.

         (4)   In this regulation:

relevant applicant means the applicant for:

                (a)    a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa; or

               (b)    a Partner (Temporary) (Class UK) visa; or

                (c)    a Prospective Marriage (Temporary) (Class TO) visa.

specified visa means:

                (a)    a Subclass 143 (Contributory Parent) visa; or

               (b)    a Subclass 864 (Contributory Aged Parent) visa.

1.20KB  Limitation on approval of sponsorship — child, partner and prospective marriage visas

         (1)   This regulation applies in relation to:

                (a)    an application for any of the following visas:

                          (i)    a Child (Migrant) (Class AH) visa;

                         (ii)    a Child (Residence) (Class BT) visa;

                        (iii)    an Extended Eligibility (Temporary) (Class TK) visa;

                        (iv)    a Partner (Temporary) (Class UK) visa;

                         (v)    a Prospective Marriage (Temporary) (Class TO) visa;

                        (vi)    a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa;

if the primary applicant or secondary applicant is under 18 at the time of the application; and

               (b)    an application for the approval of a sponsorship in relation to that application for a visa.

Sponsor charged with registrable offence

         (2)   If the sponsor has been charged with a registrable offence, the Minister must refuse to approve the sponsorship of all of the applicants for the visa unless:

                (a)    none of the applicants is under 18 at the time of the decision on the application for approval of the sponsorship; or

               (b)    the charge has been withdrawn, dismissed or otherwise disposed of without the recording of a conviction.

Sponsor convicted of registrable offence

         (3)   Subject to subregulations (4) and (5), if the sponsor has been convicted of a registrable offence, the Minister must refuse to approve the sponsorship of all of the applicants for the visa unless:

                (a)    none of the applicants is under 18 at the time of the decision on the application for approval of the sponsorship; or

               (b)    the conviction has been quashed or otherwise set aside.

         (4)   Despite subregulation (3), the Minister may decide to approve the sponsorship if:

                (a)    the sponsor completed the sentence imposed for the registrable offence (including any period of release under recognisance, parole, or licence) more than 5 years before the date of the application for approval of the sponsorship; and

               (b)    the sponsor has not been charged with a registrable offence since the sponsor completed that sentence; and

                (c)    there are compelling circumstances affecting the sponsor or the applicant.

         (5)   Despite subregulation (3), the Minister may decide to approve the sponsorship if:

                (a)    the sponsor completed the sentence imposed for the registrable offence (including any period of release under recognisance, parole, or licence) more than 5 years before the date of the application for approval of the sponsorship; and

               (b)    if the sponsor has been charged with a registrable offence since the sponsor completed that sentence — the charge has been withdrawn, dismissed or otherwise disposed of without the recording of a conviction; and

                (c)    there are compelling circumstances affecting the sponsor or the applicant.

         (6)   Subregulations (7) to (10) do not apply in relation to an application for any of the following visas:

                (a)    a Partner (Temporary) (Class UK) visa;

               (b)    a Prospective Marriage (Temporary) (Class TO) visa;

                (c)    a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa.

Spouse or de facto partner charged with registrable offence

         (7)   If the spouse or de facto partner of the sponsor has been charged with a registrable offence, the Minister must refuse to approve the sponsorship of all of the applicants for the visa unless:

                (a)    none of the applicants is under 18 at the time of the decision on the application for approval of the sponsorship; or

               (b)    the charge has been withdrawn, dismissed or otherwise disposed of without the recording of a conviction.

Spouse or de facto partner convicted of registrable offence

         (8)   Subject to subregulations (9) and (10), if the spouse or de facto partner of the sponsor has been convicted of a registrable offence, the Minister must refuse to approve the sponsorship of all of the applicants for the visa unless:

                (a)    none of the applicants is under 18 at the time of the decision on the application for approval of the sponsorship; or

               (b)    the conviction has been quashed or otherwise set aside.

         (9)   Despite subregulation (8), the Minister may decide to approve the sponsorship if:

                (a)    the spouse or de facto partner completed the sentence imposed for the registrable offence (including any period of release under recognisance, parole, or licence) more than 5 years before the date of the application for approval of the sponsorship; and

               (b)    the spouse or de facto partner has not been charged with a registrable offence since the sponsor completed that sentence; and

                (c)    there are compelling circumstances affecting the sponsor or the applicant.

       (10)   Despite subregulation (8), the Minister may decide to approve the sponsorship if:

                (a)    the spouse or de facto partner completed the sentence imposed for the registrable offence (including any period of release under recognisance, parole, or licence) more than 5 years before the date of the application for approval of the sponsorship; and

               (b)    if the spouse or de facto partner has been charged with a registrable offence since the spouse or de facto partner completed that sentence — the charge has been withdrawn, dismissed or otherwise disposed of without the recording of a conviction; and        

                (c)    there are compelling circumstances affecting the sponsor or the applicant.

Evidence of charge or conviction

       (11)   To determine whether a sponsor, or the spouse or de facto partner of a sponsor, has been charged with, or convicted of, a registrable offence, the Minister may request the sponsor, or the spouse or de facto partner of the sponsor, to provide a police check from:

                (a)    a jurisdiction in Australia specified in the request; or

               (b)    a country, specified in the request, in which the sponsor or the spouse or de facto partner has lived for a period, or a total period, of at least 12 months.

       (12)   In addition to other reasons set out in this regulation for refusing to approve a sponsorship, the Minister may refuse to approve the sponsorship of all applicants for a visa if:

                (a)    the Minister has requested a police check for the sponsor or the sponsor’s spouse or de facto partner; and

               (b)    the sponsor or the sponsor’s spouse or de facto partner does not provide the police check within a reasonable time.

       (13)   In this regulation:

primary applicant, for a visa, means the applicant seeking to satisfy the primary criteria for the visa.

registrable offence means any of the following:

                (a)    an offence that is a registrable offence within the meaning of any of the following Acts:

                          (i)    the Child Protection (Offenders Registration) Act 2000 (NSW);

                         (ii)    the Sex Offenders Registration Act 2004 (Vic);

                        (iii)    the Child Sex Offenders Registration Act 2006 (SA);

                        (iv)    the Crimes (Child Sex Offenders) Act 2005 (ACT);

               (b)    an offence that would be a registrable offence under paragraph (a) if it were committed in a jurisdiction mentioned in that paragraph;

                (c)    an offence that is a reportable offence within the meaning of any of the following Acts:

                          (i)    the Child Protection (Offender Reporting) Act 2004 (Qld);

                         (ii)    the Community Protection (Offender Reporting) Act 2004 (WA);

                        (iii)    the Community Protection (Offender Reporting) Act 2005 (Tas);

                        (iv)    the Child Protection (Offender Reporting and Registration) Act (NT);

               (d)    an offence that would be a reportable offence under paragraph (c) if it were committed in a jurisdiction mentioned in that paragraph.

secondary applicant, for a visa, means an applicant seeking to satisfy the secondary criteria for the visa in relation to the primary applicant.

1.20L      Limitation on approval of sponsorship — Subclass 679 (Sponsored Family Visitor) visas

         (1)   The Minister must not approve the sponsorship by a sponsor of an applicant for a Sponsored (Visitor) (Class UL) visa who appears to satisfy the criteria for the grant of a Subclass 679 (Sponsored Family Visitor) visa if:

                (a)    the sponsor has previously sponsored another applicant (the previous applicant) for:

                          (i)    a Sponsored (Visitor) (Class UL) visa; or

                         (ii)    a Short Stay Sponsored (Visitor) (Class UL) visa; and

               (b)    the previous applicant was granted a visa of that kind; and

                (c)    either:

                          (i)    subject to subregulations (2) and (3), the visa is still in effect; or

                         (ii)    subject to subregulation (4), if the visa has ceased to be in effect:

                                   (A)     the previous applicant did not comply with a condition of the visa; and

                                   (B)     a period of 5 years has not passed since the grant of the visa.

         (2)   Despite subparagraph (1) (c) (i), the Minister may approve the sponsorship by the sponsor of the applicant if:

                (a)    the previous applicant is the holder of a Subclass 459 (Sponsored Business Visitor (Short Stay)) visa; and

               (b)    the Minister is satisfied that:

                          (i)    the applicant is proposing to travel to Australia at the same time, and for the same business purposes, as the previous applicant; or

                         (ii)    the applicant:

                                   (A)     is the spouse, or de facto partner or a dependent child, of the previous applicant; and

                                   (B)     is proposing to travel to Australia at the same time as the previous applicant.

         (3)   Despite subparagraph (1) (c) (i), the Minister may approve the sponsorship by the sponsor of the applicant if:

                (a)    the previous applicant is the holder of:

                          (i)    a Subclass 679 (Sponsored Family Visitor (Short Stay)) visa; or

                         (ii)    a Subclass 679 (Sponsored Family Visitor) visa; and

               (b)    the Minister is satisfied that the applicant:

                          (i)    is a member of the family unit of the previous applicant; and

                         (ii)    is proposing to travel to Australia for the same purpose as the previous applicant.

         (4)   Despite subparagraph (1) (c) (ii), the Minister may approve the sponsorship by the sponsor of the applicant if:

                (a)    the previous applicant was the holder of:

                          (i)    a Subclass 679 (Sponsored Family Visitor (Short Stay)) visa; or

                         (ii)    a Subclass 679 (Sponsored Family Visitor) visa; and

               (b)    the Minister has, at any time, determined in writing that he or she is satisfied that:

                          (i)    the previous applicant did not comply with condition 8531; and

                         (ii)    the previous applicant exceeded the period of stay permitted by the visa due to circumstances:

                                   (A)     beyond the previous applicant’s control; and

                                   (B)     that occurred after the previous applicant entered Australia as the holder of a visa mentioned in paragraph (a).

Note   Condition 8531 provides that the holder of a visa is not permitted to remain in Australia after the end of the period of stay permitted by that visa.

1.20LAA   Limitation on sponsorships — parent, aged dependent relative, contributory parent, aged parent and contributory aged parent visas

         (1)   This regulation applies to the following visas:

                (a)    a Subclass 103 (Parent) visa;

               (b)    a Subclass 114 (Aged Dependent Relative) visa;

                (c)    a Subclass 143 (Contributory Parent) visa;

               (d)    a Subclass 173 (Contributory Parent (Temporary)) visa;

                (e)    a Subclass 804 (Aged Parent) visa;

                (f)    a Subclass 838 (Aged Dependent Relative) visa;

               (g)    a Subclass 864 (Contributory Aged Parent) visa;

               (h)    a Subclass 884 (Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary)) visa.

         (2)   The Minister must not approve a sponsorship for a subclass of visa to which this regulation applies if:

                (a)    the Minister is satisfied that the sponsor of the applicant for the visa is:

                          (i)    a holder or former holder of a Subclass 802 (Child) visa whose application for that visa was supported by a letter of support from a State or Territory government welfare authority; or

                         (ii)    a cohabitating spouse or de facto partner of that holder or former holder; or

                        (iii)    a guardian of that holder or former holder; or

                        (iv)    a guardian of a person who is a cohabitating spouse or de facto partner of that holder or former holder; or

                         (v)    a community organisation; and

               (b)    the Minister is satisfied that the applicant for the visa is or was a parent of a holder or former holder of a Subclass 802 (Child) visa whose application for that visa was supported by a letter of support from a State or Territory government welfare authority.

         (3)   Despite subregulation (2), the Minister may approve a sponsorship for a subclass of visa mentioned in subregulation (1) if the Minister is satisfied that there are compelling circumstances affecting the sponsor or the applicant to justify the approval of the sponsorship of the applicant for the visa.

         (4)   In this regulation:

letter of support means a letter of support provided by a State or Territory government welfare authority that:

                (a)    supports a child’s application for permanent residency in Australia; and

               (b)    sets out:

                          (i)    the circumstances leading to the involvement of the State or Territory government welfare authority in the welfare of the child; and

                         (ii)    the State or Territory government welfare authority’s reasons for supporting the child’s application for permanent residency in Australia; and

                (c)    describes the nature of the State or Territory government welfare authority’s continued involvement in the welfare of the child; and

               (d)    shows the letterhead of the State or Territory government welfare authority; and

                (e)    is signed by a manager or director employed by a State or Territory government welfare authority.

Division 1.5           Special provisions relating to family violence

1.21        Interpretation

         (1)   In this Division:

competent person means:

                (a)    in relation to family violence committed against an adult:

                          (i)    a person registered as a medical practitioner under a law of a State or Territory providing for the registration of medical practitioners; or

                         (ii)    a person registered as a psychologist under a law of a State or Territory providing for the registration of psychologists; or

                        (iii)    a person who:

                                   (A)     is a registered nurse within the meaning of section 3 of the Health Insurance Act 1973; and

                                   (B)     is performing the duties of a registered nurse; or

                        (iv)    a person who:

                                   (A)     is a member of the Australian Association of Social Workers or is recognised by that Association as a person who is eligible to be a member of that Association; and

                                   (B)     is performing the duties of a social worker; or

                         (v)    a person who is a family consultant under the Family Law Act 1975; or

                        (vi)    a person holding a position of a kind described in subregulation (2); or

               (b)    in relation to family violence committed against a child:

                          (i)    a person referred to in paragraph (a); or

                         (ii)    an officer of the child welfare or child protection authorities of a State or Territory.

independent expert means a person who:

                (a)    is suitably qualified to make independent assessments of non‑judicially determined claims of family violence; and

               (b)    is employed by, or contracted to provide services to, an organisation that is specified, in a Gazette Notice for this definition, for the purpose of making independent assessments of non‑judicially determined claims of family violence.

non‑judicially determined claim of family violence has the meaning given by subregulations 1.23 (8) and (9).

relevant family violence means conduct, whether actual or threatened, towards:

                (a)    the alleged victim; or

               (b)    a member of the family unit of the alleged victim; or

                (c)    a member of the family unit of the alleged perpetrator; or

               (d)    the property of the alleged victim; or

                (e)    the property of a member of the family unit of the alleged victim; or

                (f)    the property of a member of the family unit of the alleged perpetrator;

that causes the alleged victim to reasonably fear for, or to be reasonably apprehensive about, his or her own wellbeing or safety.

statutory declaration means a statutory declaration under the Statutory Declarations Act 1959.

violence includes a threat of violence.

         (2)   The positions referred to in subparagraph (a) (vi) of the definition of competent person in subregulation (1) are:

                (a)    manager or coordinator of:

                          (i)    a women’s refuge; or

                         (ii)    a crisis and counselling service that specialises in family violence; or

               (b)    a position with:

                          (i)    decision‑making responsibility for:

                                   (A)     a women’s refuge; or

                                   (B)     a crisis and counselling service that specialises in family violence;

                                 that has a collective decision‑making structure; and

                         (ii)    responsibility for matters concerning family violence within the operations of that refuge or crisis and counselling service.

1.22        References to person having suffered or committed family violence

         (1)   A reference in these Regulations to a person having suffered family violence is a reference to a person being taken, under regulation 1.23, to have suffered family violence.

         (2)   A reference in these Regulations to a person having committed family violence in relation to a person is a reference to a person being taken, under regulation 1.23, to have committed family violence in relation to that person.

1.23        When is a person taken to have suffered or committed family violence?

         (1)   For these Regulations, this regulation explains when:

                (a)    a person (the alleged victim) is taken to have suffered family violence; and

               (b)    another person (the alleged perpetrator) is taken to have committed family violence in relation to the alleged victim.

Note   Schedule 2 sets out which visas may be granted on the basis of a person having suffered family violence. The criteria to be satisfied for the visa to be granted set out which persons may be taken to have suffered family violence, and how those persons are related to the spouse or de facto partner of the alleged perpetrator mentioned in this regulation.

Circumstances in which family violence is suffered and committed — injunction under Family Law Act 1975

         (2)   The alleged victim is taken to have suffered family violence, and the alleged perpetrator is taken to have committed family violence, if, on the application of the alleged victim, a court has granted an injunction under paragraph 114 (1) (a), (b) or (c) of the Family Law Act 1975 against the alleged perpetrator.

         (3)   For subregulation (2), the violence, or part of the violence, that led to the granting of the injunction must have occurred while the married relationship between the alleged perpetrator and the spouse of the alleged perpetrator existed.

Circumstances in which family violence is suffered and committed — court order

         (4)   The alleged victim is taken to have suffered family violence, and the alleged perpetrator is taken to have committed family violence, if:

                (a)    a court has made an order under a law of a State or Territory against the alleged perpetrator for the protection of the alleged victim from violence; and

               (b)    unless the alleged victim had, before 1 January 1998, claimed to Immigration to have suffered domestic violence committed by the alleged perpetrator — that order was made after the court had given the alleged perpetrator an opportunity to be heard, or otherwise to make submissions to the court, in relation to the matter.

         (5)   For subregulation (4), the violence, or part of the violence, that led to the granting of the order must have occurred while the married relationship or de facto relationship existed between the alleged perpetrator and the spouse or de facto partner of the alleged perpetrator.

Circumstances in which family violence is suffered and committed — conviction

         (6)   The alleged victim is taken to have suffered family violence, and the alleged perpetrator is taken to have committed family violence, if a court has:

                (a)    convicted the alleged perpetrator of an offence of violence against the alleged victim; or

               (b)    recorded a finding of guilt against the alleged perpetrator in respect of an offence of violence against the alleged victim.

         (7)   For subregulation (6), the violence, or part of the violence, that led to the conviction or recording of a finding of guilt must have occurred while the married relationship or de facto relationship existed between the alleged perpetrator and the spouse or de facto partner of the alleged perpetrator.

Circumstances in which family violence is suffered and committed — non-judicially determined claim of family violence

         (8)   For these Regulations, an application for a visa is taken to include a non‑judicially determined claim of family violence if:

                (a)    the applicant seeks to satisfy a prescribed criterion that the applicant, or another person mentioned in the criterion, has suffered family violence; and

               (b)    the alleged victim and the alleged perpetrator have made a joint undertaking to a court in relation to proceedings in which an allegation is before the court that the alleged perpetrator has committed an act of violence against the alleged victim.

         (9)   For these Regulations, an application for a visa is taken to include a non‑judicially determined claim of family violence if:

                (a)    the applicant seeks to satisfy a prescribed criterion that the applicant, or another person mentioned in the criterion, has suffered family violence; and

               (b)    the alleged victim is:

                          (i)    a spouse or de facto partner of the alleged perpetrator; or

                         (ii)    a dependent child of:

                                   (A)     the alleged perpetrator; or

                                   (B)     the spouse or de facto partner of the alleged perpetrator; or

                                   (C)     both the alleged perpetrator and his or her spouse or de facto partner; or

                        (iii)    a member of the family unit of a spouse or de facto partner of the alleged perpetrator (being a member of the family unit who has made a combined application for a visa with the spouse or de facto partner); and

                (c)    the alleged victim or another person on the alleged victim’s behalf has presented evidence in accordance with regulation 1.24 that:

                          (i)    the alleged victim has suffered relevant family violence; and

                         (ii)    the alleged perpetrator committed that relevant family violence.

       (10)   If an application for a visa includes a non‑judicially determined claim of family violence:

                (a)    the Minister must consider whether the alleged victim has suffered relevant family violence; and

               (b)    if the Minister is satisfied that the alleged victim has suffered the relevant family violence, the Minister must consider the application on that basis; and

                (c)    if the Minister is not satisfied that the alleged victim has suffered the relevant family violence:

                          (i)    the Minister must seek the opinion of an independent expert about whether the alleged victim has suffered the relevant family violence; and

                         (ii)    the Minister must take an independent expert’s opinion on the matter to be correct for the purposes of deciding whether the alleged victim satisfies a prescribed criterion for a visa that requires the applicant for the visa, or another person mentioned in the criterion, to have suffered family violence.

       (11)   The alleged victim is taken to have suffered family violence, and the alleged perpetrator is taken to have committed family violence, if:

                (a)    an application for a visa includes a non‑judicially determined claim of family violence; and

               (b)    the Minister is satisfied under paragraph (10) (b) that the alleged victim has suffered relevant family violence.

       (12)   For subregulation (11), the Minister must be satisfied that the relevant family violence, or part of the relevant family violence, occurred while the married relationship or de facto relationship existed between the alleged perpetrator and the spouse or de facto partner of the alleged perpetrator.

       (13)   The alleged victim is taken to have suffered family violence, and the alleged perpetrator is taken to have committed family violence, if:

                (a)    an application for a visa includes a non‑judicially determined claim of family violence; and

               (b)    the Minister is required by subparagraph (10) (c) (ii) to take as correct an opinion of an independent expert that the alleged victim has suffered relevant family violence.

       (14)   For subregulation (13), the violence, or part of the violence, that led to the independent expert having the opinion that the alleged victim has suffered relevant family violence must have occurred while the married relationship or de facto relationship existed between the alleged perpetrator and the spouse or de facto partner of the alleged perpetrator.

1.24        Evidence

         (1)   The evidence referred to in paragraph 1.23 (9) (c) is:

                (a)    a statutory declaration under regulation 1.25 (which deals with statutory declarations by or on behalf of alleged victims) together with:

                          (i)    a statutory declaration under regulation 1.26 (which deals with statutory declarations by competent persons); and

                         (ii)    a copy of a record of an assault, allegedly committed by the alleged perpetrator, on:

                                   (A)     the alleged victim; or

                                   (B)     a member of the family unit of the alleged victim; or

                                   (C)     a member of the family unit of the alleged perpetrator;

                                 that is a record kept by a police service of a State or Territory (other than a statement by the alleged victim or by the person allegedly assaulted); or

               (b)    a statutory declaration under regulation 1.25, together with 2 statutory declarations under regulation 1.26.

         (2)   A person must not submit, for the purposes of an application that relies on this Division, 2 statutory declarations by competent persons who both have a qualification specified in:

                (a)    the same subparagraph of paragraph (a) of the definition of competent person; or

               (b)    subparagraph (b) (ii) of that definition.

1.25        Statutory declaration by alleged victim etc

         (1)   A statutory declaration under this regulation must be made by the spouse or de facto partner of the alleged perpetrator.

         (2)   A statutory declaration under this regulation that is made by a person mentioned in subregulation 1.25 (1) who alleges that he or she is the victim of relevant family violence (within the meaning of subregulation 1.21 (1)) must:

                (a)    set out the allegation; and

               (b)    name the person alleged to have committed the relevant family violence; and

                (c)    if the conduct of the person alleged to have committed the relevant family violence was not towards the alleged victim:

                          (i)    name the person whom the conduct of the alleged perpetrator was towards; and

                         (ii)    identify the relationship between the maker of the statutory declaration and the person whom the conduct was towards.

         (3)   A statutory declaration under this regulation that is made by a person mentioned in subregulation 1.25 (1) who alleges that another person is the victim of relevant family violence (within the meaning of subregulation 1.21 (1)) must:

                (a)    name that other person; and

               (b)    set out the allegation; and

                (c)    identify the relationship of the maker of the statutory declaration to that other person; and

               (d)    name the person alleged to have committed the relevant family violence; and

                (e)    if the conduct of the person alleged to have committed the relevant family violence was not towards the alleged victim:

                          (i)    name the person whom the conduct of the alleged perpetrator was towards; and

                         (ii)    identify the relationship between the alleged victim and the person whom the conduct was towards; and

                        (iii)    identify the relationship between the maker of the statutory declaration and the person whom the conduct was towards; and

                (f)    set out the evidence on which the allegation is based.

1.26        Statutory declaration by competent person

                A statutory declaration under this regulation:

                (a)    must be made by a competent person; and

               (b)    must set out the basis of the competent person’s claim to be a competent person for the purposes of this Division; and

                (c)    must state that, in the competent person’s opinion,
relevant family violence (within the meaning of subregulation 1.21 (1)) has been suffered by a person; and

               (d)    must name the person who, in the opinion of the competent person, has suffered that relevant family violence; and

                (e)    must name the person who, in the opinion of the competent person, committed that relevant family violence; and

                (f)    if the conduct of the person alleged to have committed the relevant family violence was not towards the alleged victim:

                          (i)    must name the person whom the conduct of the alleged perpetrator was towards; and

                         (ii)    must identify the relationship between the alleged victim and the person whom the conduct was towards; and

               (g)    must set out the evidence on which the competent person’s opinion is based.

1.27        Statutory declaration or statement not admissible in evidence

                A statutory declaration made under regulation 1.25 or 1.26, or an opinion of an independent expert mentioned in subparagraph 1.23 (10) (c) (i), is not admissible in evidence before a court or tribunal otherwise than in:

                (a)    an application for judicial review or merits review of a decision to refuse to grant a visa the application for which included the non‑judicially determined claim of family violence to which the statutory declaration or opinion relates; or

               (b)    a prosecution of the maker of the statutory declaration under section 11 of the Statutory Declarations Act 1959.

Division 1.6           Immigration Minister’s suspension certificate under Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000

1.30        Prescribed non‑citizen

                For section 101 of the Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000, a non‑citizen who is an applicant for, or the holder of, a student visa is prescribed.

Division 1.8           Special provisions for student visas

1.40        Definitions

         (1)   In this Division, a passport is an eligible passport if:

                (a)    it is a valid passport of a kind specified by Gazette Notice for the purposes of this subregulation; and

               (b)    the conditions (if any) specified by Gazette Notice for passports of that kind are satisfied.

         (2)   In a provision mentioned in subregulation (4), if an applicant for a student visa proposes to undertake a course of study that is a registered course, or an applicant for a Subclass 442 (Occupational Trainee) visa has undertaken a course of study that is a registered course, the course is the principal course.

         (3)   For subregulation (2), if:

                (a)    an applicant for a student visa proposes to undertake two or more courses of study that are registered courses, or an applicant for a Subclass 442 (Occupational Trainee) visa has undertaken two or more courses of study that are registered courses; and

               (b)    either:

                          (i)    one of the courses of study (course A) is a prerequisite to another of the courses (course B); or

                         (ii)    one of the courses of study (course B) may be taken only after the completion of another of the courses (course A);

course B, not course A, is the principal course.

         (4)   Subregulation (2) applies to any of the following provisions:

                (a)    a provision of this Division;

               (b)    a provision of Part 442, 570, 571, 572, 573, 574 or 575 of Schedule 2;

                (c)    a provision of Schedule 5A.

1.40A      Courses to be specified by Minister

         (1)   The Minister must specify, by instrument in writing, the types of courses for each subclass of student visa.

         (2)   The Minister is not required to specify a course if:

                (a)    the subclass of student visa is Subclass 576 (AusAID or Defence Sector); or

               (b)    the course would be undertaken by:

                          (i)    an applicant for a Subclass 573 (Higher Education Sector) visa who would be an eligible higher degree student within the meaning of Part 573 of Schedule 2; or

                         (ii)    an applicant for a Subclass 574 (Postgraduate Research Sector) visa who would be an eligible higher degree student within the meaning of Part 574 of Schedule 2; or

                        (iii)    an applicant for a Subclass 575 (Non-Award Sector) visa who would be an eligible university exchange student within the meaning of Part 575 of Schedule 2.

1.41        Assessment levels to be specified by Minister

         (1)   The Minister must specify, by instrument in writing, an assessment level for a kind of eligible passport, in relation to each subclass of student visa, to which an applicant for a student visa who seeks to satisfy the primary criteria will be subject.

      (1A)   An assessment level does not apply in relation to an eligible passport held by:

                (a)    an applicant for a Subclass 573 (Higher Education Sector) visa who is an eligible higher degree student within the meaning of Part 573 of Schedule 2; or

               (b)    an applicant for a Subclass 574 (Postgraduate Research Sector) visa who is an eligible higher degree student within the meaning of Part 574 of Schedule 2; or

                (c)    an applicant for a Subclass 575 (Non-Award Sector) visa who is an eligible university exchange student within the meaning of Part 575 of Schedule 2.

         (2)   In specifying an assessment level, the Minister must consider the risk posed by applicants who hold a kind of eligible passport in terms of:

                (a)    their being genuine students; and

               (b)    their engaging, while in Australia, in conduct (including omissions) not contemplated by the visa. 

         (3)   In considering the risk, the Minister must have regard to:

                (a)    1 or more of the following statistics prepared by the Secretary in relation to the kind of eligible passport:

                          (i)    the number of former holders of student visas who have become unlawful non‑citizens;

                         (ii)    the number of student visas that have been cancelled;

                        (iii)    the number of applications for student visas that have been refused;

                        (iv)    the number of fraudulent documents detected by Immigration in relation to applications for student visas;

                         (v)    the number of holders of student visas who have applied for protection visas or for permanent visas other than:

                                   (A)     a Business Skills — Business Talent (Permanent) (Class EA) visa; or

                                   (B)     an Employer Nomination (Permanent) (Class EN) visa; or

                                   (C)     a Regional Employer Nomination (Permanent) (Class RN) visa; or

                                   (D)     a Skilled — Independent (Permanent) (Class SI) visa; or

                                   (E)     a Skilled — Nominated (Permanent) (Class SN) visa; and

               (b)    any other matters that the Minister considers relevant.

         (4)   The assessment level specified for a kind of eligible passport:

                (a)    must be a number from 1 to 5, with assessment level 1 specified for a passport, holders of which pose a very low risk and assessment level 5 specified for a passport, holders of which pose an extremely high risk; and

               (b)    is not required to be the same for each subclass of student visa.

1.42        Assessment level of applicant

         (1)   An applicant for a student visa who seeks to satisfy the primary criteria is subject to the highest assessment level at the time of application for the relevant course of study for the subclass of student visa.

         (2)   Despite subregulation (1), an applicant is subject to assessment level 2 if:

                (a)    the application is made in Australia before 31 December 2006; and

               (b)    the application is made on form 157A or 157A (Internet); and

                (c)    the applicant:

                          (i)    is the holder of a Subclass 560 visa as a person who satisfied the primary criteria in Subdivisions 560.21 and 560.22; or

                         (ii)    is the holder of a Subclass 562 visa; or

                        (iii)    both:

                                   (A)     is the holder of a Subclass 570, 571, 572, 573, 574, 575 or 576 visa (as a person who satisfied the primary criteria for the subclass) that is subject to condition 8105; and

                                   (B)     was, immediately before being granted the Subclass 570, 571, 572, 573, 574, 575 or 576 visa, the holder of a Subclass 560 or 562 visa that was subject to condition 8101; and

               (d)    apart from this subregulation, the applicant would be subject to assessment level 3, 4 or 5; and

                (e)    subregulation (3) or (4) applies to the applicant.

         (3)   This subregulation applies to an applicant who:

                (a)    was assessed in relation to an application for a student visa to undertake a package of courses of study; and

               (b)    was granted the student visa; and

                (c)    needs a further student visa to commence 1 or more courses in the package.

         (4)   This subregulation applies to an applicant who:

                (a)    has completed at least 50% of the principal course for which the student visa held was granted; and

               (b)    needs a further student visa to complete that course.

         (5)   Subregulation (6) applies to an applicant if:

                (a)    the application:

                          (i)    is made on form 157A or 157A (Internet); and

                         (ii)    is made in Australia on or before 31 March 2002; and

               (b)    the applicant:

                          (i)    would, but for this subregulation, be subject to assessment level 3, 4 or 5; and

                         (ii)    has, within the period beginning on 1 July 2001 and ending on 31 March 2002, successfully completed a course of study in Australia as the holder of a student visa.

         (6)   Despite subregulation (1), an applicant to whom this subregulation applies is subject to assessment level 2 if:

                (a)    the applicant is the holder of:

                          (i)    a Subclass 560 visa as a person who satisfied the primary criteria; or

                         (ii)    a Subclass 562 visa; or

               (b)    the applicant:

                          (i)    is, as a person who satisfied the primary criteria, the holder of a Subclass 570, 571, 572, 573, 574, 575 or 576 visa, the application for which was made on form 157P; and

                         (ii)    was, immediately before being granted that visa, the holder of a Subclass 560 or 562 visa; or

                (c)    the applicant:

                          (i)    is, as a person who satisfied the primary criteria, the holder of a Subclass 570, 571, 572, 573, 574, 575 or 576 visa; and

                         (ii)    was, immediately before being granted that visa, the holder of a Subclass 560 or 562 visa; or

               (d)    the applicant:

                          (i)    is, as a person who satisfied the primary criteria, the holder of a Subclass 570, 571, 572, 573, 574, 575 or 576 visa, the application for which was made on form 157P; and

                         (ii)    was:

                                   (A)     immediately before being granted that visa, the holder of a Subclass 570, 571, 572, 573, 574, 575 or 576 visa; and

                                   (B)     immediately before being granted the visa mentioned in sub‑subparagraph (A), the holder of a Subclass 560 or 562 visa; or

                (e)    the applicant:

                          (i)    is, as a person who satisfied the primary criteria, the holder of a Subclass 570, 571, 572, 573, 574, 575 or 576 visa; and

                         (ii)    was:

                                   (A)     immediately before being granted that visa, the holder of a Subclass 570, 571, 572, 573, 574, 575 or 576 visa, the application for which was made on form 157P; and

                                   (B)     immediately before being granted the visa mentioned in sub‑subparagraph (A), the holder of a Subclass 560 or 562 visa.

         (7)   Subregulations (1) to (6) do not apply to:

                (a)    an applicant for a Subclass 573 (Higher Education Sector) visa who is an eligible higher degree student within the meaning of Part 573 of Schedule 2; or

               (b)    an applicant for a Subclass 574 (Postgraduate Research Sector) visa who is an eligible higher degree student within the meaning of Part 574 of Schedule 2; or

                (c)    an applicant for a Subclass 575 (Non-Award Sector) visa who is an eligible university exchange student within the meaning of Part 575 of Schedule 2.

1.43        Notification of assessment level

         (1)   If, at the time of decision, the applicant holds 2 or more eligible passports the Minister must:

                (a)    select the passport that is to be taken as the applicant’s eligible passport for the purposes of the assessment level to which the applicant will be subject; and

               (b)    notify the applicant of the passport selected and the level of assessment of that passport.

         (2)   In selecting the passport, the Minister may have regard to the following:

                (a)    the foreign country of which the applicant is a citizen;

               (b)    the foreign country of which the applicant is usually a resident;

                (c)    any other relevant matter.

1.44        Evidence required

         (1)   An applicant for a student visa who seeks to satisfy the primary criteria must give evidence in accordance with the requirements set out in Schedule 5A for the highest assessment level for the relevant course of study for the subclass of student visa.

         (2)   For Parts 573 and 574 of Schedule 2, the Minister may specify by Gazette Notice a course of study that is not conducted in English as a course:

                (a)    in relation to which the applicant need not give evidence of his or her English language proficiency; and

               (b)    that is relevant to an application for:

                          (i)    a Subclass 573 (Higher Education Sector) visa, in circumstances in which the applicant is enrolled in a masters degree by coursework; or

                         (ii)    a Subclass 574 (Postgraduate Research Sector) visa.

Part 2                 Visas

Division 2.1           Classes, criteria, conditions etc

2.01        Classes of visas (Act, s 31)

                For the purposes of section 31 of the Act, the prescribed classes of visas are:

                (a)    such classes (other than those created by the Act) as are set out in the respective items in Schedule 1; and

               (b)    the following classes:

                          (i)    transitional (permanent); and

                         (ii)    transitional (temporary).

Note   For the classes created by the Act, see ss. 32 to 38.

2.02        Subclasses

         (1)   Schedule 2 is divided into Parts, each identified by the word “Subclass” followed by a 3‑digit number (being the number of the subclass of visa to which the Part relates) and the title of the subclass.

         (2)   For the purposes of this Part and Schedules 1 and 2, a Part of Schedule 2 is relevant to a particular class of visa if the Part of Schedule 2 is listed under the subitem “Subclasses” in the item in Schedule 1 that refers to that class of visa.

2.03        Criteria applicable to classes of visas

         (1)   For the purposes of subsection 31 (3) of the Act (which
deals with criteria for the grant of a visa) and subject to regulation 2.03A, the prescribed criteria for the grant to a person of a visa of a particular class are:

                (a)    the primary criteria set out in a relevant Part of Schedule 2; or

               (b)    if a relevant Part of Schedule 2 sets out secondary criteria, those secondary criteria.

      (1A)   However, if one or more criteria are set out in a Subdivision of a Part of Schedule 2 as a ‘stream’:

                (a)    the primary criteria mentioned in paragraph (1) (a) are taken to be:

                          (i)    the primary criteria described as that stream; and

                         (ii)    all primary criteria that are not described as a stream; and

               (b)    the secondary criteria mentioned in paragraph (1) (b) are taken to be:

                          (i)    the secondary criteria described as that stream; and

                         (ii)    all secondary criteria that are not described as a stream.

Example

Part 188 of Schedule 2 sets out the criteria for the grant of a Subclass 188 (Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional)) visa. The Part includes a Subdivision setting out common primary criteria and several Subdivisions setting out primary criteria that are described as streams, including a Business Innovation stream. The primary criteria mentioned in paragraph (1) (a) are taken to be the Business Innovation stream and all primary criteria that are not described as a stream.

      (1B)   If one or more criteria are set out in a Subdivision of a Part of Schedule 2 as a ‘stream’, the visa to which the Part relates may be described as ‘[the Subclass of the visa] in the [name of the stream]’.

Example

A visa whose criteria are set out in Part 188 of Schedule 2, and include criteria in the Business Innovation stream, may be described as a Subclass 188 visa in the Business Innovation stream.

         (2)   If a criterion in Schedule 2 refers to a criterion in Schedule 3, 4 or 5 by number, a criterion so referred to must be satisfied by an applicant as if it were set out at length in the first‑mentioned criterion.

         (3)   If a criterion in Schedule 2 specifies that a person is to be the holder of, or have held, a visa of a particular class or subclass, that criterion is taken to be satisfied:

                (a)    if:

                          (i)    before 1 September 1994, the person held a visa
or entry permit that was granted under the
Migration (1993) Regulations, the Migration
(1989) Regulations or the Act as in force before 19 December 1989; and

                         (ii)    the criteria that were applicable to, or the grounds for the grant of, that visa or entry permit are the same in effect as the criteria applicable to the new visa; and

                        (iii)    the visa or entry permit was continued in force
as a transitional visa on 1 September 1994 by
the Migration Reform (Transitional Provisions) Regulations; or

               (b)    if:

                          (i)    before 1 September 1994, the person applied for a visa or entry permit under the Migration (1993) Regulations, the Migration (1989) Regulations or the Act as in force before 19 December 1989; and

                         (ii)    the criteria that were applicable to, or the grounds for the grant of, that visa or entry permit are the same in effect as the criteria applicable to the new visa; and

                        (iii)    either:

                                   (A)     in the case of an application made before 19 December 1989 — the Minister had not made a decision on the application; or

                                   (B)     in any other case — the application had not been finally determined;

                                 before 1 September 1994; and

                        (iv)    on or after 1 September 1994 the person was granted a transitional visa under the Migration Reform (Transitional Provisions) Regulations on the basis that he or she had satisfied the criteria, or the grounds, applicable to the visa or entry permit referred to in subparagraph (i).

2.03A      Criteria applicable to de facto partners

         (1)   In addition to the criteria prescribed by regulation 2.03, if a person claims to be in a de facto relationship for the purposes of a visa application, the criteria in subregulations (2) and (3) are prescribed.

         (2)   If a person mentioned in subregulation (1) applies for a visa:

                (a)    the applicant is at least 18; and

               (b)    the person with whom the applicant claims to be in a de facto relationship is at least 18.

         (3)   Subject to subregulations (4) and (5), if:

                (a)    a person mentioned in subregulation (1) applies for:

                          (i)    a permanent visa; or

                         (ii)    a Business Skills (Provisional) (Class UR) visa; or

                       (iia)    a Business Skills (Provisional) (Class EB) visa; or

                        (iii)    a Student (Temporary) (Class TU) visa; or

                        (iv)    a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa; or

                         (v)    a Partner (Temporary) (Class UK) visa; or

                        (vi)    a General Skilled Migration visa; and

               (b)    the applicant cannot establish compelling and compassionate circumstances for the grant of the visa;

the Minister must be satisfied that the applicant has been in the de facto relationship for at least the period of 12 months ending immediately before the date of the application.

         (4)   Subregulation (3) does not apply if the applicant applies on the basis of being:

                (a)    in a de facto relationship with a person who:

                          (i)    is, or was, the holder of a permanent humanitarian visa; and

                         (ii)    before the permanent humanitarian visa was granted, was in a de facto relationship with the applicant and informed Immigration of the existence of the relationship; or

               (b)    in a de facto relationship with a person who is an applicant for a permanent humanitarian visa.

         (5)   Subregulation (3) does not apply if the de facto relationship is a relationship that is registered under a law of a State or Territory prescribed in the Acts Interpretation (Registered Relationships) Regulations 2008 as a kind of relationship prescribed in those Regulations.

2.03B     Protection visas — international instruments

                For subparagraph 36 (2C) (a) (i) of the Act, each international instrument that defines a crime against peace, a war crime or a crime against humanity is prescribed.

Examples of instruments that may define crimes against peace, war crimes or crimes against humanity

1   Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, done at Rome on 17 July 1998.

2   Agreement for the Prosecution and Punishment of the Major War Criminals of the European Axis, signed at London on 8 August 1945.

3   Charter of the International Military Tribunal, signed at London on 8 August 1945.

4   Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, approved in New York on 9 December 1948.

5   The First Convention within the meaning of the Geneva Conventions Act 1957.

6   The Second Convention within the meaning of the Geneva Conventions Act 1957.

7   The Third Convention within the meaning of the Geneva Conventions Act 1957.

8   The Fourth Convention within the meaning of the Geneva Conventions Act 1957.

9   Protocol I within the meaning of the Geneva Conventions Act 1957.

10   Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II), done at Geneva on 8 June 1977.

11   Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, adopted by the United Nations Security Council on 25 May 1993.

12   Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Genocide and Other Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of Rwanda and Rwandan Citizens Responsible for Genocide and Other Such Violations Committed in the Territory of Neighbouring States, between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994; adopted by the United Nations Security Council on 8 November 1994.

2.04        Circumstances in which a visa may be granted (Act, s 40)

         (1)   For subsection 40 (1) of the Act, and subject to these Regulations:

                (a)    a visa other than a visa of a class mentioned in subregulation (2) or (3) may be granted to a person who has satisfied the criteria in a relevant Part of Schedule 2 only if the circumstances set out in that Part of Schedule 2 exist; and

               (b)    a visa of a class mentioned in subregulation (2) or (3) may be granted to a person who has satisfied the criteria in a relevant Part of Schedule 2 only if:

                          (i)    the circumstances set out in that Part of Schedule 2 exist; and

                         (ii)    the person has complied with any requirement of an officer to provide one or more personal identifiers in relation to the application for the visa.

         (2)   For paragraph 40 (3) (a) and subsection 40 (5) of the Act, a circumstance is that a person is:

                (a)    an applicant for a Protection (Class XA) visa; or

               (b)    an applicant for a Temporary Safe Haven (Class UJ) visa who is in Australia at the time of application.

         (3)   For paragraph 40 (3) (a) and subsection 40 (5) of the Act, a circumstance is that:

                (a)    a person:

                          (i)    is an applicant for a class of visa; and

                         (ii)    is not in Australia at the time of the application; and

               (b)    the personal identifiers mentioned in subregulation (6) are provided at a place specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this paragraph.

         (4)   For paragraph 40 (3C) (a) of the Act, fingerprints of a person (including those taken using paper and ink or digital livescanning technologies) are prescribed.

         (5)   For subsection 40 (5) of the Act, the following types of personal identifier are prescribed for the circumstance mentioned in subregulation (2):

                (a)    a photograph or other image of the applicant’s face and shoulders;

               (b)    the applicant’s signature.

         (6)   For subsection 40 (5) of the Act, the following types of personal identifier are prescribed for the circumstance mentioned in subregulation (3):

                (a)    fingerprints of the applicant (including those taken using paper and ink or digital livescanning technologies);

               (b)    a photograph or other image of the applicant’s face and shoulders.

2.05        Conditions applicable to visas

         (1)   For the purposes of subsection 41 (1) of the Act (which deals with conditions that apply to a visa), the conditions to which a visa is subject are the conditions (if any) set out in, or referred to in, the Part of Schedule 2 that relates to visas of the subclass in which the visa is included.

         (2)   For the purposes of subsection 41 (3) of the Act (which deals with conditions that may be imposed on a visa), the conditions that the Minister may impose on a visa are the conditions (if any) referred to as being conditions that may be imposed in the Part of Schedule 2 that relates to visas of the subclass in which the visa is included.

         (3)   For the purposes of subsections 29 (2) and (3) of the Act (which deal with the period during which the holder of a visa may travel to, enter and remain in Australia), the limits on the period within which a person may:

                (a)    remain in Australia; or

               (b)    travel to, enter, and remain in Australia;

as the case requires, under the authority of a visa of a particular subclass are specified in the relevant Part of Schedule 2.

         (4)   For subsection 41 (2A) of the Act, the circumstances in which the Minister may waive a condition of a kind described in paragraph 41 (2) (a) of the Act are that:

                (a)    since the person was granted the visa that was subject
to the condition, compelling and compassionate circumstances have developed:

                          (i)    over which the person had no control; and

                         (ii)    that resulted in a major change to the person’s circumstances; and

               (b)    if the Minister has previously refused to waive the condition, the Minister is satisfied that the circumstances mentioned in paragraph (a) are substantially different from those considered previously; and

                (c)    if the person asks the Minister to waive the condition, the request is in writing.

   (4AA)   For subsection 41 (2A) of the Act, and subject to subregulation (4A), a further circumstance in which the Minister may waive condition 8503 in relation to a visa is that the holder of the visa has a genuine intention to apply for:

                (a)    a General Skilled Migration visa; or

               (b)    a Subclass 132 (Business Talent) visa; or

                (c)    a Subclass 186 (Employer Nomination Scheme) visa; or

               (d)    a Subclass 187 (Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme) visa; or

                (e)    a Subclass 188 (Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional)) visa.

      (4A)   However, the Minister must not waive:

                (a)    in relation to a Subclass 020 Bridging B visa granted to a person who is an applicant for a Subclass 462 (Work and Holiday) visa — condition 8540; and

               (b)    in relation to a Subclass 462 (Work and Holiday) visa — conditions 8503 and 8540.

         (5)   For subsection 41 (2A) of the Act, further circumstances in which the Minister may waive condition 8534 in relation to a visa are that the holder of the visa:

                (a)    has, after holding a student visa to which condition 8534 applies, been granted:

                          (i)    a Subclass 497 (Graduate — Skilled) visa; or

                         (ii)    a Subclass 010 (Bridging A) visa or a Subclass 020 (Bridging B) visa associated with the Subclass 497 (Graduate — Skilled) visa application; and

               (b)    has not, after holding a student visa to which condition 8534 applies, been granted a protection visa.

      (5A)   For subsection 41 (2A) of the Act, further circumstances in which the Minister may waive condition 8534 in relation to a visa are that the holder of the visa:

                (a)    has completed the course for which the visa was granted; and

               (b)    has a genuine intention to apply for:

                          (i)    a General Skilled Migration visa; or

                         (ii)    a Subclass 132 (Business Talent) visa; or

                        (iii)    a Subclass 186 (Employer Nomination Scheme) visa; or

                        (iv)    a Subclass 187 (Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme) visa; or

                         (v)    a Subclass 188 (Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional)) visa.

         (6)   For subsection 41 (2A) of the Act, further circumstances in which the Minister may waive condition 8534 in relation to a visa are that the holder of the visa is a registered nurse, or satisfies the requirements for registration as a registered nurse, in Australia.

Note   Regulation 2.07AH deals with applications for visas by persons for whom condition 8534 has been waived under subregulation 2.05 (6).

2.06        Non‑citizens who do not require visas to travel to Australia

                For the purposes of subsection 42 (3) of the Act (which deals with the classes of person who may travel to Australia without a visa that is in effect), the following classes of non‑citizens are prescribed:

                (a)    New Zealand citizens who hold and produce New Zealand passports that are in force;

               (b)    non‑citizens who hold and produce passports that are in force and are endorsed with an authority to reside indefinitely on Norfolk Island.

2.06AAA    Entry to Australia — Maritime Crew (Temporary) (Class ZM) visas

         (1)   For subsection 43 (1A) of the Act, a maritime crew visa that is in effect is permission for the holder to enter Australia on a non‑military ship at a proclaimed port, other than at an excised offshore place.

         (2)   For subsection 43 (1A) of the Act, a maritime crew visa that is in effect is permission for the holder to enter Australia if:

                (a)    the holder is on a non‑military ship; and

               (b)    the ship enters Australia at an excised offshore place that is:

                          (i)    a proclaimed port; or

                         (ii)    a place for which permission has been given, in advance under section 58 of the Customs Act 1901, for the ship to be brought to that place; and

                (c)    before the holder enters Australia, the operator of the ship has complied with the reporting requirements in sections 64, 64ACA and 64ACB of the Customs Act 1901 in accordance with those sections and the Customs Regulations 1926.

Note   The reporting requirements in sections 64, 64ACA and 64ACB of the Customs Act 1901 provide, in general, that an operator of a ship that is due to arrive at a port must:

(a)   report the impending arrival of the ship; and

(b)   report to Customs on the passengers who will be on board the ship at the time of its arrival in port; and

(c)   report to Customs on the crew who will be on board the ship at the time of its arrival in port.

The Customs Act and the Customs Regulations 1926 specify time limits within which the reporting is to be done.

         (3)   For subsection 43 (1A) of the Act, a maritime crew visa that is in effect is permission for the holder to enter Australia in a way other than those described in subregulations (1) and (2) if:

                (a)    health or safety reasons require entry in that way; and

               (b)    the holder of the visa does not enter Australia at an excised offshore place.

         (4)   For subsection 43 (1A) of the Act, a maritime crew visa that is in effect is permission for the holder to enter Australia in a way other than those described in subregulations (1), (2) and (3) if an authorised officer authorises the holder to enter Australia in that way.

2.06AA   Decision periods — decisions on protection visas

                For paragraph 65A (1) (d) of the Act, and for paragraph (b) of the definition of decision period in subsection 91Y (10) of the Act, the table sets out:

                (a)    prescribed circumstances; and

               (b)    in the prescribed circumstances — the day on which the 90 day period, to which paragraph 65A (1) (d) or paragraph (b) of the definition relates, starts.

Note   Under section 65A of the Act, the Minister must make a decision under section 65 of the Act, in relation to a protection visa, within a period of 90 days. In circumstances prescribed by the regulations, the period of 90 days starts on a day prescribed by the regulations.

Under paragraph (b) of the definition of decision period in subsection 91Y (10) of the Act, the Secretary must give a report to the Minister about decisions, in relation to protection visas, not made within a period of 90 days. In circumstances prescribed by the regulations, the period of 90 days starts on a day prescribed by the regulations.

 

Item

Prescribed circumstance

Day on which the 90 day period starts

1

Both:

   (a)  an applicant for a Protection (Class XA) visa is the holder of a Subclass 785 (Temporary Protection) visa at the time of decision on the application for the Protection (Class XA) visa; and

  (b)  the applicant applied for the Protection (Class XA) visa during a continuous period of 30 months during which the applicant has held:

         (i)   a Subclass 785 (Temporary Protection) visa; or

        (ii)   that visa and another Subclass 785 (Temporary Protection) visa.

If the Minister has specified a shorter period for paragraph 866.228 (b) of Schedule 2 — the first day after the end of the shorter period.

If the Minister has not specified a shorter period for paragraph 866.228 (b) of Schedule 2 — the first day after the day on which the applicant has held:

   (a)  the Subclass 785 (Temporary Protection) visa; or

  (b)  that visa and another Subclass 785 (Temporary Protection) visa;

for a continuous period of 30 months.


2

Both:

   (a)  an applicant for a Protection (Class XA) visa is the holder of a Subclass 451 (Secondary Movement Relocation (Temporary)) visa at the time of decision on the application for the Protection (Class XA) visa; and

If the Minister has specified a shorter period for paragraph 866.228A (b) of Schedule 2 — the first day after the end of the shorter period.

If the Minister has not specified a shorter period for paragraph 866.228A (b) of Schedule 2 — the first day after the day on which the applicant has held the Subclass 451 (Secondary Movement Relocation (Temporary)) visa for a continuous period of 54 months.

 

  (b)  the applicant applied for the Protection (Class XA) visa during a continuous period of 54 months during which the applicant has held that Subclass 451 (Secondary Movement Relocation (Temporary)) visa.

 

3

Both:

   (a)  an applicant for a Protection (Class XA) visa, or a member of the family unit of an applicant for a Protection (Class XA) visa, has been offered a temporary stay in Australia by the Australian Government for the purpose of an application for a Temporary (Humanitarian Concern) (Class UO) visa, as provided for by regulation 2.07AC; and

If the Minister has specified a shorter period for paragraph 866.229 (b) of Schedule 2 — the first day after the end of the shorter period.

If the Minister has not specified a shorter period for paragraph 866.229 (b) of Schedule 2 — the first day after the end of the period of 30 months starting on the date on which the offer was made.

 

  (b)  the applicant applied for the Protection (Class XA) visa not later than 30 months after the date on which the offer was made.

 

Division 2.2           Applications

2.06A      Definition

                In this Division:

a diplomatic, consular or migration office maintained by or on behalf of the Commonwealth outside Australia means a diplomatic office, consular office (other than a consular office headed by an honorary consul) or migration office maintained by or on behalf of the Commonwealth outside Australia.

2.07        Application for visa — general

         (1)   For the purposes of sections 45 and 46 of the Act (dealing with application for a visa), if an application is required for a particular class of visa, the following matters are set out in the relevant Part of Schedule 1:

                (a)    the approved form (if any) to be completed by an applicant;

               (b)    the visa application charge (if any) payable in relation to an application;

                (c)    other matters relating to the application.

         (3)   An applicant must complete an approved form in accordance with any directions on it.

         (4)   An application for a visa that is made using an approved form is not a valid application if the applicant does not set out his or her residential address:

                (a)    in the form; or

               (b)    in a separate document that accompanies the application.

2.07A      Certain applications not valid bridging visa applications

                An application for a substantive visa made on a form mentioned in subitem 1301 (1), 1303 (1) or 1305 (1) is not a valid application for a Bridging A (Class WA), Bridging C (Class WC) or Bridging E (Class WE) visa in either of the following circumstances:

                (a)    the applicant was not in Australia when the application for the substantive visa was made;

               (b)    the substantive visa is a visa of a kind that can only be granted if the applicant is outside Australia.

Note   Other provisions relating to the making of applications for bridging visas are regulations 2.10A, 2.10B and 2.20A.

2.07AA   Applications for certain visitor visas

         (2)   Despite anything in regulation 2.07, for sections 45 and 46 of the Act, an application for a Temporary Business Entry (Class UC) visa is taken to have been validly made if:

                (a)    the applicant is:

                          (i)    the holder of a valid passport issued by a designated APEC economy; or

                         (ii)    in the case of an applicant who is a permanent resident of Hong Kong — the holder of any valid passport; and

               (b)    the applicant:

                          (i)    has applied to the Government of the designated APEC economy for an APEC Business Travel Card under arrangements in force between Australia and designated APEC economies; or

                         (ii)    in the case of an applicant who is a permanent resident of Hong Kong — has applied to the Government of Hong Kong for an APEC Business Travel Card under arrangements in force between Australia and designated APEC economies; and

                (c)    that Government has sent to an office of Immigration that is approved in writing by the Minister as an office to which an application for a Temporary Business Entry (Class UC) visa may be made:

                          (i)    that application, or a copy of that application,
by written communication (including facsimile message); or

                         (ii)    the information contained in that application by electronic transmission using a computer; or

                        (iii)    that application, or a copy of that application, in any other manner approved in writing by the Minister.

         (3)   If:

                (a)    an applicant for a Temporary Business Entry (Class UC) visa is described in paragraphs (2) (a) and (b); and

               (b)    the Government of the designated APEC economy or the Government of Hong Kong has sent the material required under paragraph (2) (c) to an office of Immigration that is approved in writing by the Minister as an office to which an application for a Temporary Business Entry (Class UC) visa may be made;

the application for the visa is taken to have been made at that office of Immigration.

2.07AB   Applications for Electronic Travel Authority visas

         (1)   For the purposes of sections 45 and 46 of the Act, an application for an Electronic Travel Authority (Class UD) visa that is made in Australia (except in immigration clearance), or outside Australia, is taken to have been validly made if the applicant, when seeking the grant of the visa, whether:

                (a)    in person; or

               (b)    by telephone; or

                (c)    by written communication (including facsimile message or email); or

               (d)    by electronic transmission using a computer; or

                (e)    in any other manner approved in writing by the Minister;

provides his or her passport details to:

                (f)    a diplomatic, consular or migration office maintained by or on behalf of the Commonwealth outside Australia; or

               (g)    an office of an agent mentioned in paragraph (3) (b).

         (2)   For the purposes of sections 45 and 46 of the Act, an application for an Electronic Travel Authority (Class UD) visa that is made by the applicant, in person, while in immigration clearance, is taken to have been validly made if:

                (a)    the applicant presents to an officer an ETA‑eligible passport;

               (b)    the passport is not endorsed with an authority to reside indefinitely on Norfolk Island; and

                (c)    after reasonable enquiries, the officer does not find that the applicant is the holder of a visa that is in effect; and

               (d)    the applicant asks an officer for an Electronic Travel Authority (Class UD) visa.

         (3)   If a person makes an application for an Electronic Travel Authority (Class UD) to:

                (a)    a diplomatic, consular or migration office maintained by or on behalf of the Commonwealth outside Australia; or

               (b)    an office of an agent who is approved in writing by the Minister as an agent with whom an application for an Electronic Travel Authority (Class UD) visa may be made;

by telephone, in writing (including by fax), by electronic transmission using a computer or in any other manner approved in writing by the Minister for this subregulation, the person is taken to have made the application at that office.

         (4)   For sections 45 and 46 of the Act, and despite paragraph (1) (d), an application for an Electronic Travel Authority (Class UD) visa made by an eVisitor eligible passport holder is taken not to have been made validly if it is made by electronic transmission using a computer.

2.07AC   Applications for Temporary Safe Haven and Temporary (Humanitarian Concern) visas

         (1)   For subsection 46 (2) of the Act, each of the following classes of visa is a prescribed class of visa:

                (a)    the Temporary Safe Haven (Class UJ) visa class;

               (b)    the Temporary (Humanitarian Concern) (Class UO) visa class.

         (2)   An application for a visa of a class mentioned in subregulation (1) is taken to have been validly made by a person (the interviewee) if:

                (a)    the interviewee indicates to an authorised officer that he or she accepts the Australian Government’s offer of a temporary stay in Australia; and

               (b)    the authorised officer endorses, in writing, the interviewee’s acceptance of the offer.

         (3)   An application for a visa of a class mentioned in subregulation (1) is also taken to have been validly made by a person if an interviewee identifies the person as being a member of his or her family unit.

2.07AE   Applications for Designated Parent visas

                For section 45 and subsection 46 (1) of the Act, and in addition to regulation 2.07, an application for a Designated Parent (Migrant) (Class BY) or Designated Parent (Residence) (Class BZ) visa is validly made if the applicant:

                (a)    is invited in writing by the Minister to apply for the visa; and

               (b)    indicates in writing to Immigration that he or she accepts that invitation.

2.07AF   Certain applications for Student (Temporary) (Class TU) visas

         (1)   Despite anything in regulation 2.07, an application for a student visa that, under paragraph 1222 (1) (a), may be made on form 157E may be made on behalf of an applicant. 

         (2)   An application that is made on form 157E is taken to have been made outside Australia. 

         (3)   An application made on form 157A, 157A (Internet), 157E or 157G by a person who seeks to satisfy the primary criteria (the primary applicant) must include:

                (a)    the name, date of birth and citizenship of each person who is a member of the family unit of the applicant at the time of the application; and

               (b)    the relationship between the person and the applicant.

         (4)   If a person becomes a member of the family unit of the primary applicant after the time of application and before the time of decision, the primary applicant must inform the Minister, in writing, of:

                (a)    the name, date of birth and citizenship of the person and

               (b)    the relationship between the person and the primary applicant. 

         (5)   Subregulations (3) and (4) apply:

                (a)    whether or not the member of the family unit is an applicant for a Student (Temporary) (Class TU) visa; and

               (b)    if the member of the family unit is not an applicant for a Student (Temporary) (Class TU) visa — whether or not the member of the family unit intends to become an applicant for a Student (Temporary) (Class TU) visa.

Note   member of the family unit of an applicant for a Student (Temporary) (Class TU) visa is defined in subregulation 1.12 (2). 

         (6)   An application made under paragraph 1222 (3) (aa) of Schedule 1 is taken to have been made outside Australia.

2.07AG   Applications for certain substantive visas by persons for whom condition 8503 or 8534 has been waived under subregulation 2.05 (4AA), (5) or (5A)

         (1)   For section 46 of the Act, an application for a substantive visa by a person for whom condition 8503 has been waived under subregulation 2.05 (4AA) is a valid application only if the application is for:

                (a)    a General Skilled Migration visa; or

               (b)    a Subclass 132 (Business Talent) visa; or

                (c)    a Subclass 186 (Employer Nomination Scheme) visa; or

               (d)    a Subclass 187 (Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme) visa; or

                (e)    a Subclass 188 (Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional)) visa.

         (2)   For section 46 of the Act, an application for a substantive visa by a person for whom condition 8534 has been waived under subregulation 2.05 (5) or (5A) is a valid application only if the application is for:

                (a)    a General Skilled Migration visa; or

               (b)    a Subclass 132 (Business Talent) visa; or

                (c)    a Subclass 186 (Employer Nomination Scheme) visa; or

               (d)    a Subclass 187 (Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme) visa; or

                (e)    a Subclass 188 (Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional)) visa.

2.07AH   Applications for certain substantive visas by persons for whom condition 8534 has been waived under subregulation 2.05 (6)

                For section 46 of the Act, if:

                (a)    condition 8534 has been waived under subregulation 2.05 (6) in relation to a visa held by a person; and

               (b)    the first application for a substantive visa that the person makes after the waiver of the condition is made in Australia;

the application is taken to have been validly made only if it is an application for a Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa.

2.07AI     Applications for certain substantive visas by persons holding Subclass 173 or 884 visas

         (1)   For section 46 of the Act, an application for a substantive visa by a person in Australia who has, at any time since last entering Australia, held a Subclass 173 (Contributory Parent (Temporary)) visa is a valid application only if the application is for:

                (a)    a Contributory Parent (Migrant) (Class CA) visa; or

               (b)    a Medical Treatment (Visitor) (Class UB) visa; or

                (c)    a protection visa.

         (2)   For section 46 of the Act, an application for a substantive visa by a person in Australia who has, at any time since last entering Australia, held a Subclass 884 (Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary)) visa is a valid application only if the application is for:

                (a)    a Contributory Aged Parent (Residence) (Class DG) visa; or

               (b)    a Medical Treatment (Visitor) (Class UB) visa; or

                (c)    a protection visa.

2.07AK   Applications for Witness Protection (Trafficking) (Permanent) (Class DH) visas

         (1)   For subsection 46 (2) of the Act, a Witness Protection (Trafficking) (Permanent) (Class DH) visa is a prescribed class of visa.

Note   Section 46 of the Act sets out the circumstances in which an application for a visa is valid. Under subsection 46 (2) of the Act, an application for a visa is valid if:

·      it is an application for a class of visa that is prescribed for that subsection; and

·      under the regulations, the application is taken to have been validly made.

         (2)   An application for a visa of a class mentioned in subregulation (1) is taken to have been validly made by a person only if the requirements of subregulation (3) or (4) are met.

         (3)   The requirements of this subregulation are met for a person if:

                (a)    the person is in Australia; and

                (c)    the Attorney‑General (or a person authorised by the Attorney-General) has issued a certificate in relation to the person to the effect that:

                          (i)    the person made a contribution to, and cooperated closely with, the prosecution of a person who was alleged to have trafficked a person or who was alleged to have forced a person into exploitative conditions (whether or not the person was convicted); or

                         (ii)    the person made a contribution to, and cooperated closely with, an investigation in relation to which the Director of Public Prosecutions has decided not to prosecute a person who was alleged to have trafficked a person or who was alleged to have forced a person into exploitative conditions; and

               (d)    the Attorney‑General’s certificate is in force; and

                (e)    the person is not the subject of a prosecution for an offence that is directly connected to the prosecution mentioned in the Attorney‑General’s certificate; and

                (f)    the Minister is satisfied that the person would be in danger if he or she returned to his or her home country; and

               (g)    an offer of stay in Australia is made to the person by an authorised officer; and

               (h)    the person indicates in writing that he or she accepts the offer, not later than:

                          (i)    28 days after the person is taken to have received the offer; or

                         (ii)    a later date determined by an authorised officer.

Note   See section 494C of the Act for when a person is taken to have received a document given by one of the methods specified in section 494B of the Act.

         (4)   The requirements of this subregulation are met for a person (the first person) if:

                (a)    a person (the second person) is taken to have validly made an application for a visa of a class mentioned in subregulation (1) in accordance with subregulation (3); and

               (b)    the second person identifies the first person as being
a member of the immediate family of the second person
in the second person’s written acceptance under paragraph (3) (h).

         (5)   For subregulation (4), the first person may be in or outside Australia.

2.07AL   Applications for certain visas by contributory parent newborn children

         (1)   For section 46 of the Act, an application by a contributory parent newborn child for a Subclass 173 (Contributory Parent (Temporary)) visa is a valid application only if the parent holds or held:

                (a)    a Subclass 173 (Contributory Parent (Temporary)) visa; or

               (b)    a bridging visa, and the last substantive visa held by
that parent was a Subclass 173 (Contributory Parent (Temporary)) visa.

         (2)   For section 46 of the Act, an application by a contributory parent newborn child for a Subclass 884 (Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary)) visa is a valid application only if the parent holds or held:

                (a)    a Subclass 884 (Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary)) visa; or

               (b)    a bridging visa, and the last substantive visa held by that parent was a Subclass 884 (Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary)) visa.

2.07AM  Applications for Refugee and Humanitarian (Class XB) visas

         (1)   For subsection 46 (2) of the Act, a Refugee and Humanitarian (Class XB) visa is a prescribed class of visa.

         (2)   An application for a Refugee and Humanitarian (XB) visa is taken to have been validly made by a person only if the requirements in subregulation (3) or item 1402 of Schedule 1 have been met.

         (3)   The requirements are that:

                (a)    the person is an irregular maritime arrival; and

               (b)    the Minister has invited the person to make an application for a Refugee and Humanitarian (Class XB) visa; and

                (c)    the person indicates to an authorised officer that he or she accepts the invitation; and

               (d)    the authorised officer endorses, in writing, the person’s acceptance of the invitation.

         (4)   An application made under paragraph 1402 (3) (a) of Schedule 1 is taken to have been made outside Australia.

         (5)   In this regulation:

irregular maritime arrival means a person who, on or after 13 August 2012:

                (a)    became an offshore entry person; or

               (b)    was taken to a place outside Australia under paragraph 245F (9) (b) of the Act.

2.07AO   Applications for certain substantive visas by specified persons

         (1)   For subsection 46 (2) of the Act, an application by a person mentioned in subregulation (2) for a visa of a kind mentioned in subregulation (3) is a valid application.

Note   Further provisions about applications and criteria for the visas are set out in Division 2.2AA.

         (2)   The person is a person:

                (a)    who, on the day on which this regulation commences, is in Australia and holds, or has held:

                          (i)    a Subclass 447 (Secondary Movement Offshore Entry (Temporary)) visa; or

                         (ii)    a Subclass 451 (Secondary Movement Relocation (Temporary)) visa; or

                        (iii)    a Subclass 785 (Temporary Protection) visa; and

               (b)    whose visa mentioned in paragraph (a) has not been cancelled; and

                (c)    who has not left Australia between first holding the visa mentioned in paragraph (a) and the time of first applying for a visa mentioned in subregulation (3); and

               (d)    to whom the Minister has not refused to grant a Protection (Class XA) visa on the grounds set out in section 501 of the Act; and

                (e)    who, at the time of first making an application for a visa of a kind mentioned in subregulation (3), holds:

                          (i)    a Subclass 447 (Secondary Movement Offshore Entry (Temporary)) visa; or

                         (ii)    a Subclass 451 (Secondary Movement Relocation (Temporary)) visa; or

                        (iii)    a Subclass 785 (Temporary Protection) visa; or

                        (iv)    a Return Pending (Temporary) (Class VA) visa; and

                (f)    who:

                          (i)    has not been refused a visa; and

                         (ii)    has not had a visa cancelled;

                        on grounds relying on 1 or more of Articles 1F, 32 or 33 (2) of the Refugees Convention.

         (3)   The visas are:

                (a)    a Subclass 415 (Foreign Government Agency) visa; and

               (b)    a Subclass 418 (Educational) visa; and

                (c)    a Subclass 419 (Visiting Academic) visa; and

               (d)    a Subclass 420 (Entertainment) visa; and

                (e)    a Subclass 421 (Sport) visa; and

                (f)    a Subclass 422 (Medical Practitioner) visa; and

               (g)    a Subclass 423 (Media and Film Staff) visa; and

                (i)    a Subclass 427 (Domestic Worker (Temporary) — Executive) visa; and

                (j)    a Subclass 428 (Religious Worker) visa; and

               (k)    a Subclass 442 (Occupational Trainee) visa; and

                (l)    a Subclass 445 (Dependent Child) visa; and

              (m)    a Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa; and

              (ra)    a Subclass 676 (Tourist) visa; and

                (s)    a Subclass 685 (Medical Treatment (Long Stay)) visa; and

                (t)    a Subclass 686 (Tourist (Long Stay)) visa; and

               (u)    a Subclass 801 (Partner) visa; and

               (v)    a Subclass 802 (Child) visa; and

              (w)    a Subclass 804 (Aged Parent) visa; and

               (y)    a Subclass 820 (Partner) visa; and

              (za)    a Subclass 837 (Orphan Relative) visa; and

              (zb)    a Subclass 838 (Aged Dependant Relative) visa; and

              (zc)    a Subclass 855 (Labour Agreement) visa; and

             (zd)    a Subclass 856 (Employer Nomination Scheme) visa; and

              (ze)    a Subclass 857 (Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme) visa; and

              (zf)    a Subclass 858 (Distinguished Talent) visa; and

              (zg)    a Subclass 864 (Contributory Aged Parent) visa; and

              (zh)    a Subclass 884 (Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary)) visa; and

               (zi)    a Subclass 890 (Business Owner) visa; and

               (zj)    a Subclass 892 (State/Territory Sponsored Business Owner) visa.

2.07AP   Applications for Maritime Crew (Temporary) (Class ZM) visas

                Despite anything in regulation 2.07, an application for a Maritime Crew (Temporary) (Class ZM) visa may be made on behalf of an applicant.

Example

For convenience, an application for a Maritime Crew (Temporary) (Class ZM) visa could be completed and lodged by a third party such as a shipping agent or a manning agent, on behalf of a member of crew of a non‑military ship or the spouse, de facto partner or dependent child of a member of the crew.

2.07AQ   Applications for Resolution of Status (Class CD) visas

         (1)   For subsection 46 (2) of the Act, a Resolution of Status (Class CD) visa is a prescribed class of visa.

         (2)   An application for a Resolution of Status (Class CD) visa is taken to have been validly made by a person only if the requirements of subregulation (3) or item 1127AA of Schedule 1 have been met.

         (3)   The requirements of this subregulation are met for a person if the criteria set out in at least 1 of the items of the table are satisfied.

 

Item

Criterion 1

Criterion 2

Criterion 3

Criterion 4

1

The person makes a valid application for a Protection (Class XA) visa

The person holds:

    (a)   a Subclass 447 (Secondary Movement Offshore Entry (Temporary)) visa; or

    (b)   a Subclass 451 (Secondary Movement Relocation (Temporary)) visa; or

    (c)   a Subclass 695 (Return Pending) visa; or

    (d)   a Subclass 785 (Temporary Protection) visa

Nil

Nil

2

The person makes a valid application for a Protection (Class XA) visa

The person held, but no longer holds, a visa of a kind mentioned in criterion 2 of item 1, and the visa was not cancelled

The person:

    (a)   has not left Australia; or

    (b)   while holding a visa that permits re‑entry to Australia, has left and re‑entered Australia

The person does not hold a permanent visa

3

The person holds:

    (a)   a Temporary Safe Haven (Class UJ) visa; or

    (b)   a Temporary (Humanitarian Concern) (Class UO) visa

An offer of a permanent stay in Australia is made to the person by the Australian Government

The person indicates to an authorised officer that he or she accepts the offer of a permanent stay in Australia

The authorised officer endorses, in writing, the person’s acceptance of the offer

4

The person is a member of the family unit of a person who is taken to have made a valid application as a result of satisfying the criteria in item 3

An offer of a permanent stay in Australia is made to the person by the Australian Government

The person indicates to an authorised officer that he or she accepts the offer of a permanent stay in Australia

The authorised officer endorses, in writing, the person’s acceptance of the offer

         (4)   If:

                (a)    the application for the Resolution of Status (Class CD) visa is taken to have been validly made because the criteria in item 1 or 2 of the table in subregulation (3) have been satisfied; and

               (b)    the application for the Protection (Class XA) visa mentioned in the item was made before 9 August  2008;

the application is taken to have been made on 9 August 2008.

         (5)   If:

                (a)    the application for the Resolution of Status (Class CD) visa is taken to have been validly made because the criteria in item 1 or 2 of the table in subregulation (3) have been satisfied; and

               (b)    the application for the Protection (Class XA) visa mentioned in the item is made on or after 9 August  2008;

the application is taken to have been made when the application for the Protection (Class XA) visa is made.

         (6)   If the application for the Resolution of Status (Class CD) visa is taken to have been validly made because the criteria in item 3 or 4 of the table in subregulation (3) have been satisfied, the application is taken to have been made when the authorised officer endorses the person’s acceptance of the offer as described in the item.

         (7)   Subregulation (2) applies whether or not the applicant holds, or held, a Subclass 447 (Secondary Movement Offshore Entry (Temporary)) visa, a Subclass 451 (Secondary Movement Relocation (Temporary)) visa, a Subclass 695 (Return Pending) visa or a Subclass 785 (Temporary Protection) visa that is, or was, subject to a condition mentioned in paragraph 41 (2) (a) of the Act relating to the making of applications for other visas.

2.07AR   Applications for Superyacht Crew (Temporary) (Class UW) visas

                Despite anything in regulation 2.07, an application for a Superyacht Crew (Temporary) (Class UW) visa may be made on behalf of an applicant.

2.08        Application by newborn child

         (1)   If:

                (a)    a non‑citizen applies for a visa; and

               (b)    after the application is made, but before it is decided, a child, other than a contributory parent newborn child, is born to the non‑citizen;

then:

                (c)    the child is taken to have applied for a visa of the same class at the time he or she was born; and

               (d)    the child’s application is taken to be combined with the non‑citizen’s application.

         (2)   Despite any provision in Schedule 2, a child referred to in subregulation (1):

                (a)    must satisfy the criteria to be satisfied at the time of decision; and

               (b)    at the time of decision must satisfy a criterion (if any) applicable at the time of application that an applicant must be sponsored, nominated or proposed.

Note   Regulations 2.07AL and 2.08AA apply in relation to an application by a contributory parent newborn child.

2.08AA   Application by contributory parent newborn child

         (1)   Despite any provision in Schedule 2, a contributory parent newborn child who applies for a Contributory Parent (Temporary) (Class UT) visa or a Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary) (Class UU) visa:

                (a)    does not have to satisfy the secondary criteria in Schedule 2 that would, but for this subregulation, need to be satisfied at the time of application; and

               (b)    must satisfy the applicable secondary criteria to be satisfied at the time of decision.

         (2)   Despite any provision in Schedule 1, a contributory parent newborn child:

                (a)    who is the holder of a Subclass 173 (Contributory Parent (Temporary)) visa or a Subclass 884 (Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary)) visa; and

               (b)    whose parent has applied for a Contributory Parent (Migrant) (Class CA) visa or a Contributory Aged Parent (Residence) (Class DG) visa, and either:

                          (i)    that application has not been finally determined; or

                         (ii)    the parent has been granted the permanent visa;

is taken to have made a combined application for the permanent visa, mentioned in paragraph (b), with the parent.

         (3)   For subregulation (2), the contributory parent newborn child is taken to have made the application:

                (a)    if the child was in Australia when the temporary visa was granted — on the grant of the temporary visa to the child; or

               (b)    if the child was outside Australia when the temporary visa was granted — immediately after the child is immigration cleared.

2.08AB   Application for visa — prescribed circumstances

                For paragraph 46 (2A) (a) of the Act, the circumstance is that the application is for a visa that is not:

                (a)    a bridging visa; or

               (b)    a Witness Protection (Trafficking) (Permanent) (Class DH)  visa.

Note   Section 46 of the Act sets out the conditions for a valid visa application. Subsection 46 (2A) provides that a visa application is invalid in prescribed circumstances, if the other conditions mentioned in that subsection also apply.

2.08AC   Application for visa — personal identifiers

         (1)   For paragraph 46 (2AC) (a) of the Act, fingerprints of a person (including those taken using paper and ink or digital livescanning technologies) are prescribed.

         (2)   For paragraph 46 (2AC) (b) of the Act, a personal identifier must not be required if:

                (a)    the personal identifier is:

                          (i)    fingerprints of the applicant (including those taken using paper and ink or digital livescanning technologies); or

                         (ii)    a photograph or other image of the applicant’s face and shoulders; and

               (b)    the circumstance is that:

                          (i)    the application is for a bridging visa or a Witness Protection (Trafficking) (Permanent) (Class DH) visa; and

                         (ii)    the applicant is outside Australia at the time of application.

         (3)   For subsection 46 (2C) of the Act:

                (a)    a circumstance is that the application is for a visa other than a bridging visa or a Witness Protection (Trafficking) (Permanent) (Class DH) visa; and

               (b)    a personal identifier is:

                          (i)    a photograph or other image of the applicant’s face and shoulders; or

                         (ii)    the applicant’s signature.

         (4)   For subsection 46 (2C) of the Act:

                (a)    a circumstance is that:

                          (i)    the application:

                                   (A)     is not an application for a bridging visa that is made by an applicant who is outside Australia at the time of the application; and

                                   (B)     is not an application for a Witness Protection (Trafficking) (Permanent) (Class DH) visa that is made by an applicant who is outside Australia at the time of application; and

                         (ii)    the personal identifier mentioned in paragraph (b) is to be provided at a place specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this subparagraph; and

               (b)    a personal identifier is:

                          (i)    fingerprints of a person (including those taken using paper and ink or digital livescanning technologies); or

                         (ii)    a photograph or other image of the applicant’s face and shoulders.

Note   Section 46 of the Act sets out the conditions for a valid visa application. Subsection 46 (2C) provides that, in prescribed circumstances, prescribed types of personal identifiers may be provided by an applicant otherwise than by way of an identification test carried out by an authorised officer (in accordance with subsection 46 (2B)), if the applicant complies with any requirements that are prescribed relating to the provision of the personal identifier.

2.08A      Addition of certain applicants to certain applications for permanent visas

         (1)   If:

                (a)    a person (in this regulation called the original applicant) applies for a permanent visa of a class for which Schedule 1 permits combined applications; and

               (b)    after the application is made, but before it is decided, the Minister receives, in writing and in accordance with Division 2.3, a request from the original applicant to have:

                          (i)    the spouse or de facto partner; or

                         (ii)    a dependent child;

                        of the original applicant (the additional applicant) added to the original applicant’s application; and

                (c)    the request includes a statement that the original applicant claims that the additional applicant is:

                          (i)    the spouse or de facto partner; or

                         (ii)    a dependent child;

                        as the case requires, of the original applicant; and

               (d)    at the time when the Minister receives the request, the additional applicant satisfies the provisions of Schedule 1 that relate to the whereabouts of an applicant at the time of application and apply to a visa of the same class;

then:

                (e)    the additional applicant is taken to have applied for a visa of the same class; and

                (f)    the application of the additional applicant:

                          (i)    is taken to have been made at the time when the Minister receives the request; and

                         (ii)    is taken to be combined with the application of the original applicant; and

                        (iii)    is taken to have been made at the same place as, and on the same form as, the application of the original applicant.

         (2)   Despite any provision in Schedule 2, the additional applicant:

                (a)    must be, at the time when the application is taken to be made under subparagraph (1) (f) (i), a person who satisfies the applicable secondary criteria to be satisfied at the time of application; and

               (b)    must satisfy the applicable secondary criteria to be satisfied at the time of decision.

      (2A)   Subregulations (1) and (2) do not apply to an applicant for a Skilled (Residence) (Class VB) visa.

Note   Regulations 2.07AL and 2.08AA apply in relation to an application by a contributory parent newborn child.

2.08B     Addition of certain dependent children to certain applications for temporary visas

         (1)   If:

                (a)    a person (the original applicant) applies for:

                          (i)    an Extended Eligibility (Temporary) (Class TK) visa; or

                         (ii)    an Interdependency (Provisional) (Class UG) visa; or

                        (iii)    a Prospective Marriage (Temporary) (Class TO) visa; or

                        (iv)    a Resolution of Status (Temporary) (Class UH) visa; or

                         (v)    a Spouse (Provisional) (Class UF) visa; or

                        (vi)    a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa; or

                       (vii)    a Partner (Temporary) (Class UK) visa; or

                      (viii)    a Business Skills (Provisional) (Class UR) visa; or

                    (viiia)    a Business Skills (Provisional) (Class EB) visa; or

                        (ix)    a Skilled — Independent Regional (Provisional) (Class UX) visa; or

                         (x)    a Skilled (Provisional) (Class VC) visa; or

                        (xi)    a Skilled (Provisional) (Class VF) visa; or

                       (xii)    a Skilled — Designated Area-sponsored (Provisional) (Class UZ) visa; or

                      (xiii)    a Skilled — Regional Sponsored (Provisional) (Class SP) visa; and

               (b)    the Minister receives, in writing and in accordance with Division 2.3, a request from the original applicant to have a dependent child of the original applicant added to the original applicant’s application; and

              (ba)    the request is received:

                          (i)    for a request in relation to an application other
than an application for a Resolution of Status (Temporary) (Class UH) visa — after the application is made but before it is decided; or

                         (ii)    for a request in relation to an application for a Resolution of Status (Temporary) (Class UH) visa:

                                   (A)     after the application is made but before it is decided; or

                                   (B)     after a decision to grant the visa is made; and

                (c)    the request includes a statement that the original applicant claims that the dependent child is the dependent child of the original applicant; and

               (d)    at the time when the Minister receives the request, the dependent child satisfies the provisions of Schedule 1 that relate to the whereabouts of an applicant at the time of application and apply to a visa of the same class; and

             (da)    where the visa applied for by the original applicant is a Resolution of Status (Temporary) (Class UH) visa, the Minister is satisfied that compelling and compassionate circumstances exist for the dependent child to be added to the applicant’s application;

then:

                (e)    the dependent child is taken to have applied for a visa of the same class; and

                (f)    the application of the dependent child:

                          (i)    is taken to have been made at the time when the Minister receives the request; and

                         (ii)    is taken to be combined with the application of the original applicant; and

                        (iii)    is taken to have been made at the same place as, and on the same form as, the application of the original applicant.

         (2)   Despite any provision in Schedule 2, the dependent child:

                (a)    must be, at the time when the application is taken to be made under subparagraph (1) (f) (i), a person who satisfies the applicable secondary criteria to be satisfied at the time of application; and

               (b)    must satisfy the applicable secondary criteria to be satisfied at the time of decision.

2.08BA   Certain holders of Subclass 450 visas taken to have applied for Resolution of Status (Residence) (Class BL) visas

                Despite any provision in Schedule 1, a person who is the holder of a Subclass 450 (Resolution of Status — Family Member (Temporary)) visa is taken to have made a valid application
for a Resolution of Status (Residence) (Class BL) visa immediately after the person is immigration cleared in relation to the person’s first entry into Australia as the holder of a Subclass 450 visa.

2.08E      Certain applicants taken to have applied for Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visas and Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visas

         (1)   For subsection 46 (2) of the Act, the Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visa and the Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa are prescribed classes of visa.

         (2)   If:

                (a)    a person (the applicant) applies for a Prospective Marriage (Temporary) (Class TO) visa; and

               (b)    after the application is made, but before it is decided, the applicant marries the person who was specified as the applicant’s prospective spouse in the application for that visa; and

                (c)    the marriage is recognised as valid for the purposes of the Act;

then:

               (d)    the applicant is taken also to have applied for a Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visa and a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa on the day Immigration receives notice of the marriage; and

                (e)    the applications are taken to be validly made.

      (2A)   Subregulation (2B) applies if:

                (a)    a person (the applicant) applies for a Prospective Marriage (Temporary) (Class TO) visa (the visa application); and

               (b)    the Minister refuses to grant the visa; and

                (c)    the applicant or the sponsor of the applicant makes an application for review of the Minister’s decision to the Migration Review Tribunal (the review application); and

               (d)    the review application is made in accordance with the Act; and

                (e)    in the period after the Minister’s decision is made and before the review application is finally determined, the applicant marries the person who was specified, in the application for the visa, as the applicant’s prospective spouse; and

                (f)    the applicant notifies the Migration Review Tribunal of the marriage; and

               (g)    the marriage is recognised as valid for the purposes of the Act.

      (2B)   For paragraph 349 (2) (c) of the Act, the Migration Review Tribunal must remit the visa application to the Minister for reconsideration, with the direction that the application be taken also to be an application:

                (a)    for:

                          (i)    a Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visa; and

                         (ii)    for a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa; and

               (b)    that is made on the day that the visa application is remitted to the Minister.

         (3)   The amount paid by the applicant as the first instalment of the visa application charge for the Prospective Marriage (Temporary) (Class TO) visa application is taken to be payment of the first instalment of the visa application charge for the Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visa application.

2.08G     Certain persons taken to have applied for Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visas

         (1)   This regulation applies if:

                (a)    a person held, before 9 December 2002:

                          (i)    a Subclass 309 (Spouse (Provisional)) visa; or

                         (ii)    a Subclass 310 (Interdependency (Provisional)) visa;

                        which the Minister decided, under section 345, 351, 391, 417, 454 or 501J of the Act, to grant to the person; and

               (b)    the person lodged form 47SP in Australia, after the Minister’s decision mentioned in paragraph (a) and before 9 December 2002; and

                (c)    the first instalment of the visa application charge in relation to the lodgment of the form was paid before 9 December 2002.

         (2)   On and after 9 December 2002, the lodgment of the form is taken to be a valid application by the person for a Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visa.

         (3)   This regulation applies in addition to regulation 2.08E.

2.09        Oral applications for visas

         (1)   Subject to subregulation (2), if an item in Schedule 1 authorises oral application for a class of visa by a person in a specified class of persons, a person in that class may apply for a visa of that class by telephone to, or attendance at, an office of Immigration in Australia specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing as an office at which an oral application may be made, but only at a time, or during a period, specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing as a time at which, or period during which, an oral application may be made at that office.

         (2)   An oral application for a Return (Residence) (Class BB) visa may be made in person at an office of Immigration in Australia (whether or not the office has been specified in an instrument in writing for subregulation (1)).

         (3)   An oral application for a Return (Residence) (Class BB) visa may be made:

                (a)    using a telephone number specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this subregulation; and

               (b)    during the times specified in the instrument.

Note   In accordance with item 1128 of Schedule 1, the applicant must be in Australia when making this application.

2.10        Where application must be made

         (1)   For section 46 of the Act, an application for a visa (not being an Internet application) must be made in accordance with this regulation.

         (2)   If an application for a visa is made outside Australia, the application must be made:

                (a)    in accordance with any requirements in:

                          (i)    this Division; or

                         (ii)    the item in Schedule 1 that relates to the visa;

                        about where to make the application; or

               (b)    if there are no requirements of that kind — at a diplomatic, consular or migration office maintained by or on behalf of the Commonwealth outside Australia.

Note 1   Schedule 1 explains whether applications for particular visas may be made in Australia, outside Australia, or in or outside Australia.

Note 2   A provision in this Division or in Schedule 1 may also state that an application is taken to have been made at a particular place if specified requirements are met.

      (2A)   If an application for a visa is made in Australia, the application must be made:

                (a)    in accordance with any requirements in:

                          (i)    this Division; or

                         (ii)    the item in Schedule 1 that relates to the visa;

                        about where to make the application; or

               (b)    if there are no requirements of that kind — at an office of Immigration in Australia.

Note 1   Schedule 1 explains whether applications for particular visas may be made in Australia, outside Australia, or in or outside Australia.

Note 2   A provision in this Division or in Schedule 1 may also state that an application is taken to have been made at a particular place if specified requirements are met.

         (3)   An unlawful non‑citizen who is located by an officer of Immigration may apply for a bridging visa directly to that officer.

         (4)   For Division 2.2 (not including regulation 2.09) and Schedule 1, an office occupied by an officer of Immigration at an airport or a detention centre is an office of Immigration.

Note   Requirements about where the applicant must be when making an Internet application are in Schedule 1.

2.10AA   Where application must be made for certain gazetted visas

         (1)   This regulation applies to:

                (a)    a person who is:

                          (i)    outside Australia; and

                         (ii)    a citizen of, or residing in, a foreign country specified by Gazette Notice for the purposes of this subparagraph; and

                        (iii)    in that foreign country; and

               (b)    an application (other than an Internet application) made by the person for a visa that is specified by Gazette Notice for the purposes of this paragraph.

         (2)   The application must be made by:

                (a)    posting the application (with the correct pre‑paid postage) to a post office box address specified for the visa by Gazette Notice for the purposes of this paragraph; or

               (b)    having the application delivered by a courier service to an address specified for the visa by Gazette Notice for the purposes of this paragraph.

         (3)   The application is taken to have been made outside Australia.

2.10A      Notice of lodgment of application — person in immigration detention (Bridging E (Class WE) visa)

         (1)   This regulation applies in the case of an application for a Bridging E (Class WE) visa that is made by a person who is in immigration detention (the applicant).

         (2)   The person lodging the application (whether or not the person is the applicant) must give written notice of the application to an officer of Immigration appointed by the Secretary to be a detention review officer in the State or Territory in which the applicant is detained.

2.10B     Notice of lodgment of application — person in immigration detention (Bridging F (Class WF) visa)

         (1)   This regulation applies in the case of an application for a Bridging F (Class WF) visa that is made by a person who is in immigration detention (the applicant).

         (2)   The person lodging the application (whether or not the person is the applicant) must give written notice of the application to an officer of Immigration appointed by the Secretary to be an authorised officer for this regulation.

2.10C     Time of making Internet application

                For these Regulations, an Internet application is taken to have been made:

                (a)    if Australian Eastern Standard Time is in effect in Australia — at the time, identified using Australian Eastern Standard Time, that corresponds to the time at which the Internet application is made; or

               (b)    if Australian Eastern Standard Time incorporating Daylight Saving Time in the Australian Capital Territory is in effect in Australia — at the time, identified using Australian Eastern Standard Time incorporating Daylight Saving Time in the Australian Capital Territory, that corresponds to the time at which the Internet application is made.

2.11        Special provisions for certain visa applications that are refused

         (1)   If:

                (a)    an application for a visa by a non‑citizen made outside Australia (a first application) has been made: and

               (b)    the first application has been refused; and

                (c)    it appears to the Minister, on the basis of the information available to the Minister, that, if the non‑citizen had applied for a visa of a different class, the visa would be likely to have been granted;

the Minister may invite the non‑citizen to make an application (a further application) for a visa of the different class.

         (2)   An invitation made under subregulation (1) is to be an invitation:

                (a)    if subparagraph (a) (i) applies, and the first application was for a permanent visa — to make an application for a permanent visa; or

               (b)    if subparagraph (a) (i) applies, and the first application was for a temporary visa — to make an application for a temporary visa; or

                (c)    if subparagraph (a) (ii) applies — to make an application for a visa of a class mentioned in that subparagraph.

      (2A)   However:

                (a)    if the first application was for a Prospective Marriage (Temporary) (Class TO) visa, the Minister may invite the applicant to make a further application for both:

                          (i)    a Spouse (Provisional) (Class UF) visa or a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa; and

                         (ii)    a Spouse (Migrant) (Class BC) visa or a Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visa; and

               (b)    if the first application was for both:

                          (i)    a Spouse (Provisional) (Class UF) visa or a Partner (Provisional) (Class UF) visa; and

                         (ii)    a Spouse (Migrant) (Class BC) visa or a Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visa;

        the Minister may invite the applicant to make a further         application for a Prospective Marriage (Temporary)            (Class TO) visa; and

                (c)    if the first application was for a Return (Residence) (Class BB) visa, the Minister may invite the applicant to make a further application for a Resident Return (Temporary) (Class TP) visa.

         (3)   A review authority is not to invite a further application under subregulation (1).

         (4)   The non‑citizen must make the further application within 28 days (or, if the Minister in the circumstances of the case so decides, 70 days) after the day on which the non‑citizen is notified of the invitation to make that application.

         (5)   The actual amount that is payable by the applicant by way of the visa application charge in relation to the further application is the amount (if any) by which liability for the visa application charge in relation to the further application exceeds the actual amount of the visa application charge paid on the first application.

         (6)   If the first instalment of the visa application charge payable in relation to the further application is less than the actual amount paid in relation to the first application, no refund is payable in respect of the difference.

2.12        Certain non‑citizens whose applications refused in Australia (Act, s 48)

         (1)   For section 48 of the Act the following classes of visas are prescribed:

                (a)    Partner (Temporary) (Class UK);

               (b)    Partner (Residence) (Class BS);

                (c)    Protection (Class XA);

              (ca)    subject to subregulation (3), Medical Treatment (Visitor) (Class UB);

                (e)    Territorial Asylum (Residence) (Class BE);

                (f)    Border (Temporary) (Class TA);

               (g)    Special Category (Temporary) (Class TY);

               (h)    Bridging A (Class WA);

                (j)    Bridging B (Class WB);

               (k)    Bridging C (Class WC);

                (l)    Bridging D (Class WD);

              (m)    Bridging E (Class WE);

             (ma)    Bridging F (Class WF);

            (mb)    Bridging R (Class WR);

               (n)    Resolution of Status (Temporary) (Class UH);

               (o)    Resolution of Status (Class CD);

               (p)    Child (Residence) (Class BT).

Note    Section 48 of the Act limits further applications by a person whose visa has been cancelled, or whose application for a visa has been refused.

         (3)   Paragraph (1) (ca) applies to a person if and only if he or she meets the requirements of subclause 685.212 (6) or (7) of Schedule 2.

2.12AA   Refusal or cancellation of visa — prohibition on applying for other visa (Act, s 501E)

                For paragraph 501E (2) (b) of the Act, a Bridging R (Class WR) visa is specified.

2.12A      Safe third countries and prescribed connection

         (1)   For paragraph 91D (1) (a) of the Act, PRC is a safe third country in relation to a person who:

                (a)    entered Australia without lawful authority on or after 1 January 1996; and

               (b)    meets any of the following criteria, as covered by the agreement between Australia and PRC:

                          (i)    the person is a Vietnamese refugee settled in PRC;

                         (ii)    the person has been a Vietnamese refugee settled in PRC;

                        (iii)    the person is a close relative of a person mentioned in subparagraph (i) or (ii);

                        (iv)    the person is dependent on a person mentioned in subparagraph (i) or (ii).

         (2)   For paragraph 91D (1) (b) of the Act, a person mentioned in subregulation (1) has a prescribed connection with PRC if, at any time before the person entered Australia:

                (a)    the person resided in PRC; or

               (b)    a parent of the person resided in PRC.

         (3)   In this regulation:

                (a)    agreement between Australia and PRC means the agreement constituted by the Memorandum of Understanding, the English text of which is set out in Schedule 11, together with the exchange of letters between representatives of Australia and PRC dated 19 October 2010 and 6 May 2011, the text of which is set out in Schedule 12; and

               (b)    the use of the word Vietnamese is a reference to nationality or country of origin, and is not an ethnic description.

Note 1   PRC is defined in regulation 1.03.

Note 2   By force of subsection 91D (4) of the Act, this regulation will cease to be in force at the end of 14 August 2013.

Division 2.2AA     Special provisions relating to persons designated under regulation 2.07AO

2.12BB  Application of Division 2.2AA

                This Division applies to:

                (a)    an application made by a person designated under regulation 2.07AO for a visa of any of the subclasses mentioned in subregulation 2.07AO (3); or

               (b)    an application made by a member of the family unit of a person designated under regulation 2.07AO, who applies in Australia for a visa of the same subclass as the visa applied for by the person designated under regulation 2.07AO on the basis of satisfying the secondary criteria for the grant of that visa; or

                (c)    an application made by a member of the family unit of a person designated under regulation 2.07AO, who applies outside Australia for a visa of the same subclass as the visa applied for by the person designated under regulation 2.07AO on the basis of satisfying the secondary criteria for the grant of that visa; or

               (d)    a person:

                          (i)    who is not an applicant for a visa; and

                         (ii)    who is a member of the family unit of a person designated under regulation 2.07AO; and

                        (iii)    who is the subject of a criterion in Schedule 2 that applies to all members of the family unit of the person designated under regulation 2.07AO, whether or not those members are applicants for a visa.

2.12BC  Place to which application for visa by person mentioned in paragraph 2.12BB (a), (b) or (c) is to be sent

                Despite anything in regulation 2.10, or paragraphs 1113
(3) (aa), 1205 (3) (ca) and 1211 (3) (ab) of Schedule 1, relating to the place at which an application for the visa is to be made, an application by a person mentioned in paragraph 2.12BB (a), (b) or (c) for a visa mentioned in subregulation 2.07AO (3) must be made by:

                (a)    posting the application (with the correct pre‑paid postage) to the post office box address specified in a Gazette Notice for this paragraph; or

               (b)    having the application delivered by a courier service to the address specified in a Gazette Notice for this paragraph.

2.12BD  Visas that may be held by person mentioned in paragraph 2.12BB (a) at time of application

                Despite anything in Schedule 2 relating to the visas that an applicant for a visa mentioned in subregulation 2.07AO (3) is required to hold at the time of application, a person mentioned in paragraph 2.12BB (a) may meet the requirement by holding any of the following visas at the time of application for a visa mentioned in subregulation 2.07AO (3):

                (a)    a Subclass 447 (Secondary Movement Offshore Entry (Temporary)) visa;

               (b)    a Subclass 451 (Secondary Movement Relocation (Temporary)) visa;

                (c)    a Subclass 785 (Temporary Protection) visa;

               (d)    a Subclass 695 (Return Pending) visa.

2.12BE   Application of public interest criterion 4004 to person mentioned in regulation 2.12BB 

                Despite anything in Schedule 2 or 4 relating to whether a person is required to satisfy public interest criterion 4004, a person mentioned in regulation 2.12BB is not required to satisfy that criterion in relation to an application for a visa mentioned in subregulation 2.07AO (3).

2.12BF   Application of public interest criterion 4007 to person mentioned in regulation 2.12BB 

         (1)   Subregulation (2) applies if a person mentioned in paragraph 2.12BB (a), (b) or (c) applies for a visa of any of the following subclasses:

                (a)    a Subclass 415 (Foreign Government Agency) visa;

               (b)    a Subclass 418 (Educational) visa;

                (c)    a Subclass 419 (Visiting Academic) visa;

               (d)    a Subclass 420 (Entertainment) visa;

                (e)    a Subclass 421 (Sport) visa;

                (f)    a Subclass 422 (Medical Practitioner) visa;

               (g)    a Subclass 423 (Media and Film Staff) visa;

                (i)    a Subclass 427 (Domestic Worker (Temporary) — Executive) visa;

                (j)    a Subclass 428 (Religious Worker) visa;

               (k)    a Subclass 442 (Occupational Trainee) visa;

                (l)    a Subclass 457 (Business (Long Stay)) visa;

              (qa)    a Subclass 676 (Tourist) visa;

                (r)    a Subclass 686 (Tourist (Long Stay)) visa;

                (s)    a Subclass 804 (Aged Parent) visa;

                (t)    a Subclass 837 (Orphan Relative) visa;

               (u)    a Subclass 838 (Aged Dependant Relative) visa;

               (v)    a Subclass 855 (Labour Agreement) visa;

              (w)    a Subclass 856 (Employer Nomination Scheme) visa;

               (x)    a Subclass 857 (Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme) visa;

               (y)    a Subclass 858 (Distinguished Talent) visa;

                (z)    a Subclass 864 (Contributory Aged Parent) visa;

              (za)    a Subclass 884 (Contributory Aged Parent (Temporary)) visa.

         (2)   Despite anything in Schedule 2 or 4 relating to whether an applicant for a visa is required to satisfy public interest criterion 4005 or 4006A:

                (a)    a person mentioned in paragraph 2.12BB (a), (b) or (c) must satisfy public interest criterion 4007, instead of public interest criterion 4005, in relation to an application for a visa mentioned in subregulation (1); and

               (b)    a person mentioned in paragraph 2.12BB (a), (b) or (c) must satisfy public interest criterion 4007, instead of public interest criterion 4006A, in relation to an application for a visa mentioned in subregulation (1).

         (3)   Despite anything in Schedule 2 or 4 relating to whether a person who is the subject of a criterion in Schedule 2 that applies to all members of the family unit of a person designated under regulation 2.07AO, whether or not those members are applicants for a visa, is required to satisfy public interest criterion 4005 or 4006A:

                (a)    the person who is the subject of the criterion must satisfy public interest criterion 4007, instead of public interest criterion 4005, in relation to the application for that visa; and

               (b)    the person who is the subject of the criterion must satisfy public interest criterion 4007, instead of public interest criterion 4006A, in relation to the application for that visa.

Division 2.2A        Visa application charge

2.12C     Amount of visa application charge (Act, section 45B)

                The visa application charge (if any) in relation to an application for a visa of a class to which an item of Schedule 1 relates is the sum of:

                (a)    the amount (if any) specified in subitem (2) of that item as the first instalment (which is payable when the application is made); and

               (b)    the amount (if any) specified in that subitem as the second instalment (which is payable before the grant of the visa).

Note   See regulation 5.36 in relation to the countries and currencies in which payment of an instalment of the visa application charge may be made.

2.12D     Prescribed period for payment of unpaid amount of visa application charge (Act, subsection 64 (2))

                For the purposes of paragraphs 64 (2) (a) and (c) of the Act, the following periods are prescribed as the periods within which an applicant must pay the second instalment of the visa application charge:

                (a)    if the notice given by the Minister under subsection 64 (2) is sent from a place in Australia to an address in Australia — the period beginning on the day on which the applicant is taken to have received notice and ending at the end of the 28th day after that day;

               (b)    if the notice given by the Minister under subsection 64 (2) is sent from:

                          (i)    a place outside Australia to an address in Australia; or

                         (ii)    a place in Australia to an address outside Australia; or

                        (iii)    a place outside Australia to an address outside Australia;

                        the period beginning on the day on which the applicant is taken to have received notice and ending at the end of the 70th day after that day.

Note   If the Minister gives a person a document by a method specified in section 494B of the Act, the person is taken to have received the document at the time specified in section 494C of the Act in respect of the method.

2.12E      Payment of first instalment of visa application charge not required for certain combined applications

                In spite of any other provision of these Regulations, an applicant is not liable to pay the first instalment of the visa application charge in relation to an application for a visa if:

                (a)    the application is combined with another application in a way permitted by the relevant item in Schedule 1, or by regulation 2.08, 2.08A or 2.08B; and

               (b)    the first instalment (if any) of the visa application charge in relation to that other application has been paid.

2.12F      Refund of first instalment of visa application charge

         (1)   The Minister must refund the amount paid by way of the first instalment of the visa application charge in relation to an application for a visa if:

                (a)    either of the following circumstances exists:

                          (i)    a circumstance mentioned in subregulation (2);

                         (ii)    a circumstance specified by the Minister in an instrument in writing for this subparagraph; and

               (b)    the Minister:

                          (i)    receives a written request for a refund from a person mentioned in subregulation (2A); or

                         (ii)    considers it is reasonable in the circumstances to refund the amount to a person mentioned in subregulation (2A) without receiving a written request for a refund.

         (2)   For subparagraph (1) (a) (i), the circumstances are as follows:

                (a)    the application is unnecessary at the time that it is made;

               (b)    the application is made because of a mistake made by Immigration;

                (c)    the applicant dies before a decision is made on the application;

               (d)    the application is an application made in Australia for a Tourist (Class TR) visa or a Medical Treatment (Visitor) (Class UB) visa by an applicant who:

                          (i)    satisfies the Minister that the applicant meets the requirements of subclause 675.221 (4), 676.221 (3) or 685.221 (6) of Schedule 2; and

                         (ii)    is granted the further visa referred to in that subclause;

                (e)    the application is an application for a Subclass 471 (Trade Skills Training) visa that was made, but not finally determined (within the meaning of subsection 5 (9) of the Act), before the date of commencement of this paragraph;

                (f)    the applicant’s application for a class of visa mentioned in subregulation (2B) was refused because there was not an approved nomination that identified the applicant;

               (g)    in relation to an application for a class of visa mentioned in subregulation (2B), the applicant’s application was refused because the applicant:

                          (i)    was not required to be identified in an approved nomination; and

                         (ii)    did not have an approved sponsor.

      (2A)   For subparagraph (1) (b) (i), the written request must be from:

                (a)    the person who paid the amount (the payer); or

               (b)    if the payer has died, or the payer has a serious physical
or mental incapacity, the payer’s legal personal representative; or

                (c)    if the payer is a bankrupt within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Act 1966, the trustee of the estate of the payer.

Note   See regulation 2.12K in relation to who is the person who pays an amount by way of an instalment of visa application charge.

      (2B)   For paragraphs (2) (f) and (g), the classes or subclasses of visa are as follows:

                (a)    1205 Cultural/Social (Temporary) (Class TE);

               (b)    1208 Educational (Temporary) (Class TH);

                (c)    1214AA Medical Practitioner (Temporary) (Class UE);

               (d)    1223A Temporary Business Entry (Class UC);

                (e)    1227A Superyacht Crew (Temporary) (Class UW);

                (f)    Subclass 427 Domestic Worker (Temporary) – Executive.

         (3)   The Minister may refund the amount paid by way of the first instalment of the visa application charge in relation to an application for a visa if:

                (a)    the application was made because of a mistake by the applicant; and

               (b)    the applicant withdraws the application in writing; and

                (c)    after the withdrawal, the Minister receives a written request for a refund from:

                          (i)    the person who paid the amount (the payer); or

                         (ii)    if the payer has died, or the payer has a serious physical or mental incapacity, the payer’s legal personal representative; or

                        (iii)    if the payer is a bankrupt within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Act 1966, the trustee of the estate of the payer.

      (3A)   The Minister may refund the amount paid by way of the first instalment of the visa application charge in relation to an application for a visa if:

                (a)    the application is for a Temporary Business Entry (Class UC) visa; and

               (b)    the applicant withdraws the application because the criterion in paragraph 457.223 (4) (aa) of Schedule 2 cannot be satisfied; and

                (c)    the applicant withdraws the application in writing; and

               (d)    after the withdrawal, the Minister receives a written request for a refund from:

                          (i)    the person who paid the amount (the payer); or

                         (ii)    if the payer has died, or the payer has a serious physical or mental incapacity, the payer’s legal personal representative; or

                        (iii)    if the payer is a bankrupt within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Act 1966, the trustee of the estate of the payer.

         (4)   The Minister must not make a refund on the basis that the applicant has died unless the request for the refund is accompanied by satisfactory evidence of the applicant’s death.

         (5)   The Minister must not make a refund to the legal personal representative of a payer who has died unless the request for the refund is accompanied by satisfactory evidence of the payer’s death.

         (6)   A refund under this regulation must be:

                (a)    paid to the person who made the request for the refund; or:

               (b)    if the refund is to be paid under subparagraph (1) (b) (ii) — paid to a person mentioned in subregulation (2A); or

                (c)    provided to a person mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) for payment to the applicant’s deceased estate.

         (7)   If:

                (a)    in the opinion of the Minister, there is no doubt about the identity of the payer; and

               (b)    the Minister pays the amount of the refund to:

                          (i)    the payer; or

                         (ii)    a person mentioned in paragraph (2A) (b) or (c); or

                        (iii)    a person mentioned in subparagraph (3) (c) (ii) or (iii); or

                        (iv)    a person mentioned in subparagraph (3A) (d) (ii) or (iii);

a receipt that is given by the person to whom the refund is paid is, for all purposes, a valid discharge of any liability of the Commonwealth in relation to the payment of the amount of the refund.

         (8)   A refund under this regulation may be paid:

                (a)    in Australian currency; or

               (b)    if the amount of the instalment in respect of which the refund is being paid was paid in another currency, in that other currency.

2.12G     When payment of second instalment of visa application charge not required

         (1)   In spite of any other provision of these Regulations, an applicant is not liable to pay the second instalment of the visa application charge in relation to an application for a visa if:

                (a)    the applicant withdraws the application before the second instalment is paid; or

               (b)    the application, having been finally determined within the meaning of subsection 5 (9) of the Act, is refused.

         (2)   For the purpose of this regulation, an application is taken not to have been finally determined if, for any reason, a court remits the application to the Minister to be decided.

2.12H     Refund of second instalment of visa application charge

         (1)   The Minister must refund the amount paid by way of the second instalment of the visa application charge in relation to an application for a visa if:

                (a)    any of the circumstances mentioned in subregulation (2) exists; and

               (b)    the Minister receives a written request for a refund from:

                          (i)    the person who paid the amount (the payer); or

                         (ii)    if the payer has died, or the payer has a serious physical or mental incapacity, the payer’s legal personal representative; or

                        (iii)    if the payer is a bankrupt within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Act 1966, the trustee of the estate of the payer.

Note   See regulation 2.12K in relation to who is the person who pays an amount by way of an instalment of visa application charge.

         (2)   For paragraph (1) (a), the circumstances are as follows:

                (a)    the applicant withdraws the application in writing before the application is decided;

               (b)    the applicant dies before first entering Australia as the holder of the visa;

                (c)    the application has been finally determined within the meaning of subsection 5 (9) of the Act and the visa is not granted;

               (d)    the visa is granted, and later cancelled, before the applicant first enters Australia as the holder of the visa;

                (e)    the visa is granted, and otherwise ceases, before the applicant first enters Australia as the holder of the visa;

                (f)    the amount was paid under a provision of Schedule 1 specified in an instrument in writing made by the Minister for this paragraph and:

                          (i)    the applicant died before commencing a course of English language tuition to which the applicant was entitled under section 4C of the Immigration (Education) Act 1971; or

                         (ii)    the visa was granted, and later cancelled, before the applicant commenced a course of English language tuition to which the applicant was entitled under section 4C of the Immigration (Education) Act 1971; or

                        (iii)    the visa was granted, and ceased to have effect, before the applicant commenced a course of English language tuition to which the applicant was entitled under section 4C of the Immigration (Education) Act 1971; or

                        (iv)    the obligation of the Commonwealth to the applicant under section 4C of the Immigration (Education) Act 1971 has ceased, by operation of paragraph 4D (1) (a) of that Act, without the applicant receiving any English language tuition in an approved English course provided under that Act.

      (2A)   Subparagraph (2) (f) (iii) does not apply if, before the visa ceases to have effect, the Commonwealth’s obligation under section 4C of the Immigration (Education) Act 1971, in relation to the applicant, has ceased by operation of paragraph 4D (1) (b) or (c) or subsection 4D (2) of that Act.

         (3)   For this regulation, an application is taken not to have been finally determined if, for any reason, a court remits the application to the Minister to be decided.

         (4)   If the request for a refund is made on the basis that:

                (a)    the applicant died before first entering Australia as the holder of the visa; or

               (b)    the applicant died before commencing a course of English language tuition to which the applicant was entitled under section 4C of the Immigration (Education) Act 1971;

the request must be accompanied by satisfactory evidence of the applicant’s death.

         (5)   If the request for the refund is made by the legal personal representative of a payer who has died, the request must be accompanied by satisfactory evidence of the payer’s death.

         (7)   If:

                (a)    in the opinion of the Minister, there is no doubt about the identity of the payer; and

               (b)    the Minister pays the amount of the refund to the payer or to a person mentioned in subparagraph (1) (b) (ii) or (iii);

a receipt that is given by the person to whom the refund is paid is, for all purposes, a valid discharge of any liability of the Commonwealth in relation to the payment of the amount of the refund.

         (8)   A refund under this regulation may be paid:

                (a)    in Australian currency; or

               (b)    if the amount of the instalment in respect of which the refund is being paid was paid in another currency, in that other currency.

2.12J      Refund of first and second instalments of visa application charge for Resolution of Status (Temporary) (Class UH) visas

         (1)   Without limiting regulation 2.12F or 2.12H, the Minister must refund the amount paid by way of the first and second instalments of the visa application charge in relation to an application for a Resolution of Status (Temporary) (Class UH) visa if:

                (a)    the applicant is the holder of a permanent visa other than a Resolution of Status (Residence) (Class BL) visa; and

               (b)    at the time of the grant of the permanent visa, the person was the holder of a Subclass 450 (Resolution of Status — Family Member (Temporary)) visa, or a Subclass 850 (Resolution of Status (Temporary)) visa, that was granted on the basis of an application made after the application for that permanent visa; and

                (c)    the Minister receives a written request for a refund from:

                          (i)    the person who paid the amount (the payer); or

                         (ii)    if the payer has died, or the payer has a serious physical or mental incapacity, the payer’s legal personal representative; or

                        (iii)    if the payer is a bankrupt within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Act 1966, the trustee of the estate of the payer.

Note   See regulation 2.12K in relation to who is the person who pays an amount by way of an instalment of visa application charge.

         (2)   If the request for the refund is made by the legal personal representative of a payer who has died, the request must be accompanied by satisfactory evidence of the payer’s death.

         (3)   A refund under this regulation must be paid to the person who made the request for the refund.

         (4)   If:

                (a)    in the opinion of the Minister, there is no doubt about the identity of the payer; and

               (b)    the Minister pays the amount of the refund to the payer or to a person mentioned in subparagraph (1) (c) (ii) or (iii);

a receipt that is given by the person to whom the refund is paid is, for all purposes, a valid discharge of any liability of the Commonwealth in relation to the payment of the amount of the refund.

         (5)   A refund under this regulation of the amount of the second instalment of the visa application charge may be paid:

                (a)    in Australian currency; or

               (b)    if the amount of the instalment was paid in another currency, in that other currency.

2.12JA   Payment of visa application charge for Internet application

         (1)   The visa application charge in relation to an Internet application must be paid by:

                (a)    credit card, in accordance with the instructions given to the applicant as part of making the Internet application; or

               (b)    funds transfer, in accordance with the instructions given to the applicant as part of making the Internet application.

         (2)   If the visa application charge is paid in accordance with paragraph (1) (a), the charge is taken not to have been received until the payment has been confirmed by the issuer of the credit card.

         (3)   If the visa application charge is paid in accordance with paragraph (1) (b), the charge is taken not to have been received until the payment is electronically matched to the applicant’s Internet application form.

2.12K     Who is the person who pays an instalment of visa application charge

                For regulations 2.12F, 2.12H and 2.12J, the person who pays an amount by way of an instalment of visa application charge in relation to an application for a visa is:

                (a)    if the payment is made by an agent (whether or not a registered agent within the meaning of Part 3 of the Act) on behalf of the applicant — the applicant; and

               (b)    in any other case:

                          (i)    if the payment is made by cheque — the drawer of the cheque; and

                         (ii)    if the payment is made by a credit or debit card — the person named on the card; and

                        (iii)    if the payment is made in cash — the person presenting the cash; and

                        (iv)    if the payment is made by bank cheque, bank draft, money order, or other similar instrument:

                                   (A)     the person presenting the instrument; or

                                   (B)     if that person is not the person named on the instrument as the purchaser of the instrument (the purchaser), the purchaser.

2.12L      Legal personal representative

                For regulations 2.12F, 2.12H and 2.12J, a person is taken to be the legal personal representative of a payer if:

                (a)    the person provides satisfactory evidence to the Minister that the person is the legal personal representative of the payer; and

               (b)    the Minister is satisfied, on the basis of the evidence provided by the person, that the person is the legal personal representative of the payer.

Division 2.3           Communication between applicant and Minister

2.13        Communication with Minister

         (1)   For the purposes of section 52 of the Act (which deals with the way in which an applicant or interested person must communicate with the Minister), an applicant or interested person must communicate with the Minister about a visa application in the way provided by this regulation.

         (2)   Except as provided by subregulation (3), the communication must be in writing.

         (3)   The communication may be oral if it is:

                (a)    a communication about an application for a bridging visa; or

               (b)    an enquiry about the stage reached in the consideration of a visa application; or

                (c)    an oral application; or

               (d)    a communication about an application for an Electronic Travel Authority (Class UD) visa.

         (4)   A written communication must include:

                (a)    the applicant’s full name, as set out in the application; and

               (b)    the applicant’s date of birth; and

                (c)    one of the following:

                          (i)    the applicant’s client number;

                         (ii)    the Immigration file number;

                        (iii)    the number of the receipt issued by Immigration when the visa application was made; and

               (d)    if the application was made outside Australia, the name
of the office at which the application was given to the Minister.

         (5)   Subject to subregulation (6), a document accompanying a written communication must be:

                (a)    the original; or

               (b)    a copy of the original certified in writing to be a true copy by:

                          (i)    a Justice of the Peace; or

                         (ii)    a Commissioner for Declarations; or

                        (iii)    a person before whom a statutory declaration may be made under the Statutory Declarations Act 1959; or

                        (iv)    a registered migration agent whose registration is not:

                                   (A)     suspended; or

                                   (B)     subject to a caution; or

                         (v)    if the copy is certified in a place outside Australia:

                                   (A)     a registered migration agent mentioned in subparagraph (iv); or

                                   (B)     a person who is the equivalent of a Justice of the Peace or Commissioner for Declarations in that place.

Note   Section 303 of the Act provides that the Migration Agents Registration Authority may suspend the registration of a registered migration agent or caution him or her. If a registered migration agent is subject to a suspension of his or her registration, or a caution, particulars of the suspension or caution are shown on the Register of Migration Agents: subsection 287 (2) of the Act. These particulars must be removed once the suspension or caution is no longer in effect: subsection 287 (5) of the Act.

         (6)   If an applicant (other than an applicant for a Visitor (Class TV) visa) or interested person is required or permitted to produce a document in connection with the visa application, the document and the written communication that accompanies it may be in the form of an electronic communication only if:

                (a)    the document is in a class of documents specified by Gazette Notice as documents that may be sent by electronic communication; or

               (b)    the Minister has permitted the applicant or interested person to send the document by electronic communication.

         (7)   For subregulation (6), if the Minister requires an applicant or interested person to give the Minister the original of a document that has already been given by electronic communication:

                (a)    the giving of the original, otherwise than by electronic communication, is a prescribed way of communication; and

               (b)    subregulation (5) applies to the original of the document.

         (8)   An applicant for a Visitor (Class TV) visa must communicate with the Minister about the application:

                (a)    by electronic communication; or

               (b)    in another form permitted by the Minister.

Note   This regulation is subject to sections 56 and 58 of the Act, which provide that the Minister may specify the way in which additional information or comments about an application may be given by an applicant. If the Minister specifies a way in which further information or comments must be given for the purposes of either of those sections, the information or comments must be given in that way. Regulation 2.13 then does not apply.

2.14        Where written communication must be sent

                For the purposes of section 52 of the Act (which deals with the way in which an applicant or interested person must communicate with the Minister), a written communication to the Minister about an application must be sent to or left at:

                (a)    the office at which the application was given to the Minister; or

               (b)    if the Minister has notified the applicant in writing of another office in substitution for that office — that other office.

2.15        Response to invitation to give additional information or comments — prescribed periods

         (1)   For the purposes of subsection 58 (2) of the Act (which deals with invitations to give additional information or comments), and subject to subregulation (2), the prescribed period for giving additional information or comments in response to an invitation is:

                (a)    in the case of an application for a substantive visa that was made by an applicant who is in immigration detention — 3 working days after the applicant is notified of the invitation; or

               (b)    in the case of an application made by a person who is in Australia, other than a person referred to in paragraph (a):

                          (i)    if the invitation is given at an interview — 7 days after the interview; or

                        (ia)    if the invitation is given in a telephone conversation — 7 days after the invitation is given; or

                         (ii)    if the invitation is given otherwise than in a way mentioned in paragraph (i) or (ia):

                                   (A)     in the case of an application for a Tourist (Class TR) visa or a Medical Treatment (Visitor) (Class UB) visa — 7 days after the applicant is notified of the invitation; or

                                   (C)     in any other case — 28 days after the applicant is notified of the invitation; or

                (c)    in the case of an application made by an applicant (other than an applicant for a Visitor (Class TV) visa) who is not in Australia:

                          (i)    28 days after the applicant is notified of the invitation; or

                         (ii)    if the Minister so decides in the circumstances of the case — 70 days after the applicant is notified of the invitation; or

               (d)    in the case of an application made by an applicant for a Visitor (Class TV) visa:

                          (i)    7 days after the applicant is notified of the invitation; or

                         (ii)    if the Minister so decides in the circumstances of the case — 70 days after the applicant is notified of the invitation.

         (2)   Subregulation (1) does not apply to a request for information or comments to be obtained from a third party regarding the following matters:

                (a)    the applicant’s health;

               (b)    the satisfaction by the applicant of public interest criteria;

                (c)    the satisfaction of criteria relating to the applicant’s capacity to communicate in English;

               (d)    assessment of the applicant’s skills or qualifications.

         (3)   For the purposes of paragraph 58 (3) (b) of the Act (which deals with the time in which an interview is to take place), the prescribed period is:

                (a)    in the case of an application for a substantive visa that was made by an applicant who is in immigration detention — 3 working days after the applicant is notified of the invitation; or

               (b)    in the case of an application made by an applicant who
is in Australia, other than a person referred to in paragraph (a):

                          (i)    in the case of an application for a Tourist (Class TR) visa or a Medical Treatment (Visitor) (Class UB) visa — 7 days after the applicant is notified of the invitation; or

                        (iii)    in any other case — 28 days after the applicant is notified of the invitation; or

                (c)    in the case of an application made by an applicant who is not in Australia:

                          (i)    28 days; or

                         (ii)    if the Minister so decides in the circumstances of the case — 70 days;

                        after the applicant is notified of the invitation.

         (4)   For the purposes of subsection 58 (4) or (5) of the Act (dealing with extending the period to respond to an invitation or attend for interview), the prescribed further period is:

                (a)    if the applicant is in immigration detention — 2 working days; or

               (b)    if the applicant is in Australia but is not in immigration detention — 7 days; or

                (c)    if the applicant is not in Australia:

                          (i)    7 days; or

                         (ii)    if the Minister so decides in the circumstances of the case — 28 days;

after the applicant is notified of the invitation.

Note   If the Minister gives a person a document by a method specified in section 494B of the Act, the person is taken to have received the document at the time specified in section 494C of the Act in respect of the method.

2.16        Notification of decision on visa application

         (1)   For subsections 66 (1) and 501G (3) of the Act (which deal with giving notice of decisions), this regulation sets out the way of notifying a person of a decision to grant or refuse to grant a visa.

Grant of visa

         (2)   The Minister must notify the applicant of the grant of the visa in one of the following ways:

                (a)    if the visa is a bridging visa granted at the same time as a substantive visa — by:

                          (i)    notifying the applicant of the grant of the substantive visa; or

                         (ii)    giving the applicant evidence of the substantive visa;

              (aa)    if the visa:

                          (i)    is a special category visa; and

                         (ii)    has been granted using an authorised system in accordance with an arrangement made under subsection 495A (1) of the Act — by a general notice in immigration clearance.

               (b)    in any other case — by:

                          (i)    telling the applicant orally that the visa has been granted; or

                         (ii)    notifying the applicant by one of the methods specified in section 494B of the Act; or

                        (iii)    giving the applicant evidence of the visa.

Note   If the Minister gives a person a document by a method specified in section 494B of the Act, the person is taken to have received the document at the time specified in section 494C of the Act in respect of the method.

Refusal to grant visa

         (3)   The Minister must notify an applicant of a decision to refuse to grant a visa by one of the methods specified in section 494B of the Act.

Note   If the Minister gives a person a document by a method specified in section 494B of the Act, the person is taken to have received the document at the time specified in section 494C of the Act in respect of the method.

Division 2.4           Evidence of visas

2.17        Ways of giving evidence of a visa

         (1)   For the purposes of subsection 71 (1) of the Act (which deals with giving evidence of the grant of a visa), evidence of a visa that has been granted to a non‑citizen may be given:

                (a)    in the way (if any) specified in the relevant Part of Schedule 2 for a visa of that subclass; or

               (b)    if the relevant Part of Schedule 2 does not specify a way of giving evidence — by:

                          (i)    a label that is affixed to the non‑citizen’s passport by an officer; or

                         (ii)    an imprint that is stamped in the non‑citizen’s passport by an officer; or

                        (iii)    a document that is given to the non‑citizen by an officer.

         (2)   Evidence of the grant of a substantive visa (other than a transitional visa) that is given by means of a visa label must include:

                (a)    a statement of the period for which the visa is in effect; and

               (b)    a statement of the class and the subclass to which the visa belongs; and

                (c)    if the visa allows the holder to travel to and enter Australia — a statement of that fact.

         (3)   In a statement for the purposes of paragraph (2) (b):

                (a)    the class to which a visa belongs may be identified by the 2‑letter code specified in the heading of the relevant item of Schedule 1; and

               (b)    the subclass to which a visa belongs may be identified by the 3‑digit code of the relevant Part of Schedule 2.

         (4)   Every document of the kind referred to in subparagraph (1) (b) (iii) must be uniquely identified (for example, by a distinctive number).

         (5)   If the Minister has given to a non‑citizen to whom a visa has been granted a written statement of the conditions (if any) to which the grant of the visa is subject, it is not necessary for the evidence of the visa to set out those conditions.

         (6)   If:

                (a)    evidence of the grant of a visa (other than a transitional visa or a visa of a class referred to in regulation 2.18) to a non‑citizen has been given to the non‑citizen; and

               (b)    either:

                          (i)    the evidence, or the passport or document in which it was given, has been damaged, defaced, lost, stolen or destroyed, or otherwise cannot, for good reason, be presented for travel purposes; or

                         (ii)    the passport or document has expired, or has been cancelled, or is no longer applicable to that person;

                        replacement evidence may be given to the non‑citizen in any way mentioned in the Part of Schedule 2 that relates to visas of the same subclass as the visa that was granted.

         (7)   In the case of a substantive visa, the replacement evidence must include:

                (a)    a statement of the period for which the visa is in effect; and

               (b)    a statement of the class and the subclass to which the visa belongs; and

                (c)    if the visa allows the holder to travel to and enter Australia, a statement of that fact.

2.19        Evidence of visa need not be given in certain cases

                No evidence of the grant of a visa need be given:

                (a)    if the relevant Part of Schedule 2 so provides; or

               (b)    if the relevant Part of Schedule 2 requires the evidence to be placed in a passport, and the holder of the visa:

                          (i)    does not produce a passport to an officer; or

                         (ii)    produces to an officer a document that the Minister has directed, under subsection 71 (3) of the Act, is not to be taken to be a passport for the purposes of the clause of Schedule 2 under which evidence is to be given of the visa;

                        until the holder produces a passport to an officer; or

                (c)    if the visa:

                          (i)    is not a Return (Residence) (Class BB) visa; and

                         (ii)    is granted on the basis of an oral application.

Note   Under subsection 71 (3) of the Act, the Minister may declare that a specified document is not to be taken to be a passport for the purposes of a provision of the Regulations that provides that evidence of a visa may be given by endorsing a valid passport or other valid travel document.

Division 2.5           Bridging visas

2.20        Eligible non‑citizen (Act, s 72)

         (1)   For the purposes of the definition of eligible non‑citizen in section 72 of the Act (which deals with persons eligible to be granted a bridging visa), the classes of persons described in subregulations (2) to (12) and (14) to (17) are prescribed.

         (2)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen who, before 1 September 1994:

                (a)    was in custody under Division 4B of Part 2 of the Act as in force immediately before 1 September 1994; and

               (b)    was released from custody on expiry of a period referred to in subsection 54Q (1) or (2) of that Act (which deals with the release of designated persons from custody); and

                (c)    has not departed Australia since being released from custody; and

               (d)    has not subsequently been granted a visa or entry permit.

         (3)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen:

                (a)    who is, or has been, in immigration detention under Division 6 of Part 2 of the Act (which deals with the immigration detention of designated persons); and

               (b)    in respect of whom the period mentioned in subsection 182 (1) or (2) of the Act expires on or after 1 September 1994;

from the day 2 working days before the expiry of the period mentioned in whichever of those subsections applies to the non‑citizen.

         (4)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen:

                (a)    who is:

                          (i)    in immigration detention under Division 6 of Part 2 of the Act; and

                         (ii)    the spouse or de facto partner of an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen, if the Minister is satisfied that the relationship is genuine and continuing; and

                        (iii)    nominated by the Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen referred to in subparagraph (ii); or

               (b)    who is a member of the family unit of a person referred to in paragraph (a).

         (5)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen:

                (a)    who is in immigration detention under Division 6 of Part 2 of the Act; and

               (b)    who has not turned 18; and

                (c)    in respect of whom a child welfare authority of a State or Territory has certified that release from detention is in the best interests of the non‑citizen; and

               (d)    in respect of whom the Minister is satisfied that:

                          (i)    arrangements have been made between the non‑citizen and an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen for the care and welfare of the non‑citizen; and

                         (ii)    those arrangements are in the best interests of the non‑citizen; and

                        (iii)    the grant of a visa to the non‑citizen would not prejudice the rights and interests of any person who has, or may reasonably be expected to have, custody or guardianship of, or access to, the non‑citizen.

         (6)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen who:

                (a)    either:

                          (i)    bypassed immigration clearance on or after 1 September 1994 and has not subsequently been granted a substantive visa; or

                         (ii)    entered Australia without authority before 1 September 1994 and has not subsequently been granted a substantive visa or entry permit; and

               (d)    has not come to the notice of Immigration as an illegal entrant or an unlawful non‑citizen within 45 days of entering Australia.

      (6A)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen who:

                (a)    last held a student visa that was cancelled under section 137J of the Act; and

               (b)    has been refused immigration clearance.

         (7)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen:

                (a)    who, on or after 1 September 1994:

                          (i)    was refused immigration clearance; or

                         (ii)    bypassed immigration clearance and came to the notice of Immigration as an unlawful non‑citizen within 45 days of entering Australia; and

               (b)    if:

                          (i)    on or after 1 September 1994:

                                   (A)     the non‑citizen made a Protection (Class
AZ) visa application that is not finally determined; or

                                   (B)     the non‑citizen applied for judicial review of a decision to refuse a Protection (Class AZ) visa; or

                                   (C)     the Minister has applied for judicial review of a decision in relation to the non‑citizen’s Protection (Class AZ) visa application; or

                         (ii)    on or after 20 October 1999:

                                   (A)     the non‑citizen made a Protection (Class
XA) visa application that is not finally determined; or

                                   (B)     the non‑citizen applied for judicial review of a decision to refuse a Protection (Class XA) visa; or

                                   (C)     the Minister has applied for judicial review of a decision in relation to the non‑citizen’s Protection (Class XA) visa application; and

                (c)    who has not turned 18; and

               (d)    in respect of whom a child welfare authority of a State or Territory has certified that release from detention is in the best interests of the non‑citizen; and

                (e)    in respect of whom the Minister is satisfied that:

                          (i)    arrangements have been made between the non‑citizen and an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen for the care and welfare of the non‑citizen; and

                         (ii)    those arrangements are in the best interests of the non‑citizen; and

                        (iii)    the grant of a visa to the non‑citizen would not prejudice the rights and interests of any person who has, or may reasonably be expected to have, custody or guardianship of, or access to, the non‑citizen.

         (8)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen:

                (a)    who, on or after 1 September 1994:

                          (i)    was refused immigration clearance; or

                         (ii)    bypassed immigration clearance and came to the notice of Immigration as an unlawful non‑citizen within 45 days of entering Australia; and

               (b)    if:

                          (i)    on or after 1 September 1994:

                                   (A)     the non‑citizen made a Protection (Class
AZ) visa application that is not finally determined; or

                                   (B)     the non‑citizen applied for judicial review of a decision to refuse a Protection (Class AZ) visa; or

                                   (C)     the Minister has applied for judicial review of a decision in relation to the non‑citizen’s Protection (Class AZ) visa application; or

                         (ii)    on or after 20 October 1999:

                                   (A)     the non‑citizen made a Protection (Class
XA) visa application that is not finally determined; or

                                   (B)     the non‑citizen applied for judicial review of a decision to refuse a Protection (Class XA) visa; or

                                   (C)     the Minister has applied for judicial review of a decision in relation to the non‑citizen’s Protection (Class XA) visa application; and

                (c)    who has turned 75; and

               (d)    in respect of whom the Minister is satisfied that adequate arrangements have been made for his or her support in the community.

         (9)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen:

                (a)    who, on or after 1 September 1994:

                          (i)    was refused immigration clearance; or

                         (ii)    bypassed immigration clearance and came to the notice of Immigration as an unlawful non‑citizen within 45 days of entering Australia; and

               (b)    if:

                          (i)    on or after 1 September 1994:

                                   (A)     the non‑citizen made a Protection (Class
AZ) visa application that is not finally determined; or

                                   (B)     the non‑citizen applied for judicial review of a decision to refuse a Protection (Class AZ) visa; or

                                   (C)     the Minister has applied for judicial review of a decision in relation to the non‑citizen’s Protection (Class AZ) visa application; or

                         (ii)    on or after 20 October 1999:

                                   (A)     the non‑citizen made a Protection (Class
XA) visa application that is not finally determined; or

                                   (B)     the non‑citizen applied for judicial review of a decision to refuse a Protection (Class XA) visa; or

                                   (C)     the Minister has applied for judicial review of a decision in relation to the non‑citizen’s Protection (Class XA) visa application; and

                (c)    who has a special need (based on health or previous experience of torture or trauma) in respect of which a medical specialist appointed by Immigration has certified that the non‑citizen cannot properly be cared for in a detention environment; and

               (d)    in respect of whom the Minister is satisfied that adequate arrangements have been made for his or her support in the community.

       (10)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen:

                (a)    who, on or after 1 September 1994:

                          (i)    was refused immigration clearance; or

                         (ii)    bypassed immigration clearance and came to the notice of Immigration as an unlawful non‑citizen within 45 days of entering Australia; and

               (b)    if:

                          (i)    on or after 1 September 1994:

                                   (A)     the non‑citizen made a Protection (Class
AZ) visa application that is not finally determined; or

                                   (B)     the non‑citizen applied for judicial review of a decision to refuse a Protection (Class AZ) visa; or

                                   (C)     the Minister has applied for judicial review of a decision in relation to the non‑citizen’s Protection (Class AZ) visa application; or

                         (ii)    on or after 20 October 1999:

                                   (A)     the non‑citizen made a Protection (Class
XA) visa application that is not finally determined; or

                                   (B)     the non‑citizen applied for judicial review of a decision to refuse a Protection (Class XA) visa; or

                                   (C)     the Minister has applied for judicial review of a decision in relation to the non‑citizen’s substantive visa application; and

                (c)    who is the spouse or de facto partner of an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen; and

               (d)    in relation to whom the Minister is satisfied that the non‑citizen’s relationship with that Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen is genuine and continuing; and

                (e)    who is nominated by that Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen.

       (11)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen who is a member of the family unit of a non‑citizen to whom subregulation (10) applies.

       (12)   This subregulation applies to a non‑citizen if:

                (a)    the non‑citizen is in immigration detention; and

               (b)    the Minister is satisfied that the non‑citizen’s removal from Australia is not reasonably practicable at that time; and

                (c)    the Minister is satisfied that the non‑citizen will do everything possible to facilitate the non‑citizen’s removal from Australia; and

                (e)    any visa applications made by the non‑citizen, other than an application made following the exercise of the Minister’s power under section 48B of the Act, have been finally determined.

       (13)   For paragraph (12) (b), a non‑citizen’s removal from Australia is not to be taken to be not reasonably practicable only because the non‑citizen is a party to proceedings in a court or tribunal related to an issue in connection with a visa.

       (14)   This subregulation applies to:

                (a)    a non‑citizen:

                          (i)    who is outside Australia; and

                         (ii)    in relation to whom an officer of:

                                   (A)     the Australian Federal Police; or

                                   (B)     a police force of a State or Territory; or

                                   (C)     the office of the Director of Public Prosecutions of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                                   (D)     a body of the Commonwealth, a State
or a Territory that has functions similar to those of an office of a Director of Public Prosecutions;

                                 has told Immigration in writing that:

                                   (E)     the non-citizen has been identified as a suspected victim of human trafficking; and

                                    (F)     suitable arrangements have been made for the care, safety and welfare of the non‑citizen in Australia for the proposed period of the bridging visa; and

               (b)    a non‑citizen (a family member):

                          (i)    who is outside Australia; and

                         (ii)    who is a member of the immediate family of a non‑citizen mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                        (iii)    in relation to whom the Minister has been told in writing, by an officer of the authority that told Immigration for the purposes of paragraph (a), that suitable arrangements have been made for the care, safety and welfare of the family member in Australia for the proposed period of the bridging visa.

       (15)   This subregulation applies to:

                (a)    a non‑citizen:

                          (i)    who is in Australia; and

                         (ii)    is the subject of a valid criminal justice stay certificate under Division 4 of Part 2 of the Act; and

                        (iii)    whom the Minister is satisfied needs to travel outside Australia for compelling and compassionate reasons; and

                        (iv)    in relation to whom an officer of:

                                   (A)     the Australian Federal Police; or

                                   (B)     a police force of a State or Territory; or

                                   (C)     the office of the Director of Public Prosecutions of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                                   (D)     a body of the Commonwealth, a State or
a Territory that has functions similar to
those of an office of a Director of Public Prosecutions;

                                 has told Immigration in writing that suitable arrangements have been made for the care, safety and welfare of the non‑citizen in Australia for the proposed period of the bridging visa; and

               (b)    a non‑citizen (a family member):

                          (i)    who is a member of the immediate family of a non‑citizen mentioned in paragraph (a); and

                         (ii)    in relation to whom the Minister has been told in writing, by an officer of the authority that told Immigration for the purposes of subparagraph (a) (iv), that suitable arrangements have been made for the care, safety and welfare of the family member in Australia for the proposed period of the bridging visa.

       (16)   This subregulation applies to a non-citizen:

                (a)    who held an enforcement visa that has ceased to be in effect; and

               (b)    who is an unlawful non-citizen; and

               (d)    who is in criminal detention.

       (17)   This regulation applies to a non-citizen who:

                (a)    when he or she last entered Australia was not immigration cleared; and

               (b)    after entering Australia, was granted a Bridging E (Class WE) visa under section 195A of the Act.

2.20A      Applications for Bridging R (Class WR) visas

         (1)   For subsection 46 (2) of the Act, a Bridging R (Class WR) visa is a prescribed class of visa.

         (2)   An application for a Bridging R (Class WR) visa is taken to have been validly made by a person if:

                (a)    the person has been given an invitation in writing by the Minister, by one of the methods specified in section 494B of the Act, to apply for the visa; and

               (b)    the person indicates in writing to Immigration, not later than 7 days after the person is taken to have received that invitation, that he or she accepts the invitation.

Note   See section 494C of the Act for when a person is taken to have received a document given by one of the methods specified in section 494B of the Act.

2.20B     Applications for Bridging F (Class WF) visas

         (1)   For subsection 46 (2) of the Act, a Bridging F (Class WF) visa is a prescribed class of visa.

         (2)   Despite regulation 2.07 and Schedule 1, and as an alternative
to item 1306 of Schedule 1, an application for a Bridging F (Class WF) visa is taken to have been validly made
by a non‑citizen to whom subregulation 2.20 (14) applies, or a non-citizen to whom subregulation 2.20 (15) applies regardless of whether the non-citizen has been immigration cleared, if:

                (a)    the non‑citizen has been given an invitation in writing by the Minister, by one of the methods specified in section 494B of the Act, to apply for the visa; and

               (b)    the non‑citizen indicates in writing to Immigration, not later than 7 days after the non‑citizen is taken to have received that invitation, that he or she accepts the invitation.

Note   See section 494C of the Act for when a person is taken to have received a document given by one of the methods specified in section 494B of the Act.

2.21        Most beneficial bridging visas (Act, s 68 (4) (b) (ii))

         (1)   For the purposes of subparagraph 68 (4) (b) (ii) of the Act (which deals with the order in which bridging visas are reactivated), if a non‑citizen holds more than 1 bridging visa, the bridging visa that is the most beneficial is to be determined as set out in this regulation.

         (2)   The order of classes from most beneficial to least beneficial is:

                (a)    Bridging B (Class WB) visa;

               (b)    Bridging A (Class WA) visa;

                (c)    Bridging C (Class WC) visa;

               (d)    Bridging D (Class WD) visa;

             (da)    Bridging R (Class WR) visa;

                (e)    Bridging E (Class WE) visa;

                (f)    Bridging F (Class WF) visa.

         (3)   A bridging visa of Class WA, WB or WC that confers an unlimited right to work is taken to be more beneficial than another bridging visa of the same class that confers a limited right to work, and a bridging visa of one of those classes that confers a limited right to work is taken to be more beneficial than one of the same class that confers no right to work.

         (4)   A bridging visa of Class WA, WB or WC is taken to be more beneficial than another bridging visa of the same class that is subject to the same work conditions if the first‑mentioned visa was granted before the second‑mentioned visa.

         (5)   If a non‑citizen holds 2 or more Bridging E visas, the one that is granted later or latest is taken to be the more or most beneficial.

2.21A      Grant of Bridging A (Class WA) visas without application

         (1)   This regulation applies to a person:

                (a)    who is in Australia, but not in immigration clearance; and

               (b)    whose application for a Spouse (Migrant) (Class BC) visa, a Partner (Migrant) (Class BC) visa or an Interdependency (Migrant) (Class BI) visa was withdrawn, or refused (except under section 501, 501A or 501B of the Act), when the person was in Australia; and

                (c)    who was, immediately before that withdrawal or refusal, the holder of a Subclass 309 (Spouse (Provisional)) visa,
a Subclass 309 (Partner (Provisional)) visa or a Subclass