Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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Determinations/Other as made
This Determination amends the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008 and updates; scope 2 emissions factors; responds to feedback from stakeholders and industry groups; and clarifies methodologies improving the consistency and accuracy of emission estimates.
Administered by: Climate Change and Energy Efficiency
Registered 29 Jun 2011
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR04-Jul-2011
Tabled Senate04-Jul-2011
Date of repeal 09 Aug 2013
Repealed by Industry, Innovation, Climate Change, Science, Research and Tertiary Education (Spent and Redundant Instruments) Repeal Regulation 2013
Table of contents.

National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Amendment Determination 2011 (No. 1)

National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007

I, GREG COMBET, Minister for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, make this Determination under subsection 10 (3) of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007.

Dated 23 June 2011

GREG COMBET


Contents

                        1      Name of Determination                                                                       2

                        2      Commencement                                                                                  2

                        3      Amendment of National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008                                                                                                          2

                        4      Application                                                                                         2

Schedule 1                  Amendments commencing on 1 July 2011                                         3

Schedule 2                  Amendments commencing on 1 July 2012                                       32

 

 


1              Name of Determination

                This Determination is the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Amendment Determination 2011 (No. 1).

2              Commencement

                This Determination commences as follows:

                 (a)     on 1 July 2011 — sections 1 to 4 and Schedule 1;

                (b)     on 1 July 2012 — Schedule 2.

3              Amendment of National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008

                Schedules 1 and 2 amend the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008.

4              Application

         (1)   The amendments made by Schedule 1 apply in relation to the 2011–2012 financial year and to later financial years.

         (2)   The amendments made by Schedule 2 apply in relation to the 2012–2013 financial year and to later financial years.


Schedule 1        Amendments commencing on 1 July 2011

(section 3)

  

[1]           Section 1.8, after definition of blended fuel

insert

briquette means an agglomerate formed by compacting a particulate material in a briquette press, with or without added binder material.

[2]           Section 1.8, after definition of principal activity

insert

pyrolysis of coal means the decomposition of coal by heat.

[3]           Section 1.8, definition of uncertainty protocol

omit

Uncertainty

[4]           Paragraph 1.13 (d)

substitute

               (d)    completeness — all identifiable emission sources mentioned in section 1.10 must be accounted for.

[5]           Subsections 1.21 (5) and 1.27 (5)

omit

The

insert

If method 1 is available for the source, the

[6]           Subparagraph 2.3 (1) (a) (iii)

omit

of

[7]           Subsection 2.3 (3), except the note

substitute

         (3)   Method 1 must not be used for estimating emissions of carbon dioxide for the main fuel combusted from the operation of the facility if:

                (a)    the principal activity of the facility is electricity generation (ANZSIC industry classification and code 2611); and

               (b)    the generating unit:

                          (i)    has the capacity to produce 30 megawatts or more of electricity; and

                         (ii)    generates more than 50 megawatt hours of electricity in a reporting year.

[8]           Paragraph 2.10 (3) (b)

omit

conveyer.

insert

conveyer; or

[9]           After paragraph 2.10 (3) (b)

insert

                (c)    if it is not feasible to use one of the collection methods mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) — by using another collection method that provides representative ash sampling.

[10]         Section 2.11

substitute

2.11        Sampling for carbon in fly ash

                Fly ash must be sampled for its carbon content in accordance with:

                (a)    a procedure set out in column 2 of an item in the following table, and at a frequency set out in column 3 for that item; or

               (b)    if it is not feasible to use one of the procedures mentioned in paragraph (a) — another procedure that provides representative ash sampling, at least every two years, or after significant changes in operating conditions.

Item

Procedure

Frequency

1

At the outlet of a boiler air heater or the inlet to a flue gas cleaning plant using the isokinetic sampling method in AS 4323.1—1995 or AS 4323.2—1995, or in a standard that is equivalent to one of those standards

At least every 2 years, or after significant changes in operating conditions

2

By using standard industry ‘cegrit’ extraction equipment

At least every year, or after significant changes in operating conditions

3

By collecting fly ash from:

   (a)  the fly ash collection hoppers of a flue gas cleaning plant; or

  (b)  downstream of fly ash collection hoppers from ash silos or sluiceways

At least once a year, or after significant changes in operating conditions

4

From on‑line carbon in ash analysers using sample extraction probes and infrared analysers

At least every 2 years, or after significant changes in operating conditions

[11]         Subsection 2.19 (3)

substitute

         (3)   Method 1 must not be used for estimating emissions of carbon dioxide for the main fuel combusted from the operation of the facility if:

                (a)    the principal activity of the facility is electricity generation (ANZSIC industry classification and code 2611); and

               (b)    the generating unit:

                          (i)    has the capacity to produce 30 megawatts or more of electricity; and

                         (ii)    generates more than 50 megawatt hours of electricity in a reporting year.

[12]         Subsection 2.48A (1), definition of Qpog

omit

facility for stationary energy purposes.

insert

facility, estimated in accordance with Division 2.4.6.

[13]         Subsection 2.48A (3)

substitute

         (3)   For OFpog in paragraph (2) (b), estimate as follows:

where:

Qpog is the quantity of petroleum based oils or petroleum based greases consumed from the operation of the facility, estimated in accordance with Division 2.4.6.

Oil Transferred Offsitepog is the quantity of oils, derived from petroleum based oils or petroleum based greases, transferred outside the facility, and estimated in accordance with Division 2.4.6.

[14]         Division 2.5.2, heading

substitute

Division 2.5.2        Energy — manufacture of solid fuels

[15]         Section 2.57

omit

(coke ovens).

insert

through the pyrolysis of coal or the coal briquette process.

[16]         Subsection 2.58 (1)

substitute

         (1)   One or more of the following methods must be used for estimating emissions during the year from combustion of fuels for energy in the manufacture of solid fuels:

                (a)    if a facility is constituted by the manufacture of solid fuel using coke ovens as part of an integrated metalworks — the methods provided in Part 4.4 must be used; and

               (b)    in any other case — one of the following methods must be used:

                          (i)    method 1 under subsection (3);

                         (ii)    method 2 under subsections (4) to (7);

                        (iii)    method 3 under subsections (8) to (10);

                        (iv)    method 4 under Part 1.3.

[17]         After subsection 2.58 (2)

insert

Method 1

         (3)   Method 1, based on a carbon mass balance approach, is:

Step 1

Work out the carbon content in fuel types (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all fuel types (i) or carbonaceous input material.

CCFi is the carbon content factor mentioned in Schedule 3, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each appropriate unit of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material consumed during the year from the operation of the activity.

Qi is the quantity of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year, measured in an appropriate unit and estimated in accordance with criterion A in Divisions 2.2.5, 2.3.6 and 2.4.6.

Step 2

Work out the carbon content in products (p) leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Sp means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all product types (p).

CCFp is the carbon content factor, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each tonne of product type (p) produced during the year.

Ap is the quantity of product types (p) produced leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 3

Work out the carbon content in waste by‑product types (r) leaving the activity, other than as an emission of greenhouse gas, during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Sr means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all waste by‑product types (r).

CCFr is the carbon content factor, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each tonne of waste by‑product types (r).

Yr is the quantity of waste by‑product types (r) leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 4

Work out the carbon content in the amount of the change in stocks of inputs, products and waste by‑products held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si has the same meaning as in step 1.

CCFi has the same meaning as in step 1.

ΔSqi is the change in stocks of fuel type (i) for the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sp has the same meaning as in step 2.

CCFp has the same meaning as in step 2.

ΔSap is the change in stocks of product types (p) produced by the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

 

Sr has the same meaning as in step 3.

CCFr has the same meaning as in step 3.

ΔSyr is the change in stocks of waste by‑product types (r) produced from the operation of the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 5

Work out the emissions of carbon dioxide released from the operation of the activity during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes, as follows:

   (a)  add the amounts worked out under steps 2, 3 and 4 to work out a new amount (amount A);

  (b)  subtract amount A from the amount worked out under step 1 to work out a new amount (amount B);

   (c)  multiply amount B by 3.664 to work out the amount of emissions released from the operation of the activity during the year.

Method 2

         (4)   Subject to subsections (5) to (7), method 2 is the same as method 1 under subsection (3).

         (5)   In applying method 1 as method 2, step 4 in subsection (3) is to be omitted and the following step 4 substituted.

Step 4

Work out the carbon content in the amount of the change in stocks of inputs, products and waste by-products held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si has the same meaning as in step 1.

CCFi has the same meaning as in step 1.

ΔSqi is the change in stocks of fuel type (i) for the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sp has the same meaning as in step 2.

CCFp has the same meaning as in step 2.

ΔSap is the change in stocks of product types (p) produced by the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sr has the same meaning as in step 3.

 

CCFr has the same meaning as in step 3.

 

ΔSyr is the change in stocks of waste by‑product types (r) produced from the operation of the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

 

α is the factor  for converting the mass of carbon dioxide to a mass of carbon.

 

γ is the factor 1.861 × 10‑3 for converting a quantity of carbon dioxide from cubic metres at standard conditions of pressure and temperature to CO2‑e tonnes.

RCCSCO2 is carbon dioxide captured for permanent storage, measured in cubic metres in accordance with Division 1.2.3.

         (6)   If a fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year accounts for more than 5% of total carbon input for the activity, based on a calculation using the factors specified in Schedule 3, sampling and analysis of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material must be carried out to determine its carbon content.

         (7)   The sampling and analysis is to be carried out using the sampling and analysis provided for in Divisions 2.2.3, 2.3.3 and 2.4.3 that apply to the combustion of solid, gaseous and liquid fuels.

Method 3

         (8)   Subject to subsections (9) and (10), method 3 is the same as method 2 under subsections (4) to (7).

         (9)   If a fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year accounts for more than 5% of total carbon input for the activity, based on a calculation using the factors specified in Schedule 3, sampling and analysis of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material must be carried out to determine its carbon content.

       (10)   The sampling and analysis is to be carried out using the methods set out in Divisions 2.2.4, 2.3.4 and 2.4.4 that apply to the combustion of solid, gaseous and liquid fuels.

[18]         Subsection 3.6 (1)

omit

For paragraph 3.4 (2) (b) and subsection 3.4 (3),

insert

For subsections 3.4 (2) and (3),

[19]         Sections 3.15 and 3.16

substitute

3.15        Method 2 — coal mine waste gas flared

                For subparagraph 3.4 (4) (a) (ii), method 2 is:

where:

EiCO2 is the emissions of CO2 released from coal mine waste gas (i) flared from the mine during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes.

Qj is the quantity of methane (j) within the fuel type from the mine during the year, measured in cubic metres in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

ECi is the energy content factor of coal mine waste gas (i) mentioned in item 19 of Schedule 1, measured in gigajoules per cubic metre.

EFj is the emission factor for the methane (j) within the fuel type from the mine during the year, measured in kilograms of CO2‑e per gigajoule, estimated in accordance with any of the standards in Division 2.3.3.

OFi is 0.98/0.995, which is the correction factor for the oxidation of coal mine waste gas (i) flared.

QCO2 is the quantity of carbon dioxide within the coal mine waste gas emitted from the mine during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

3.16        Method 3 — coal mine waste gas flared

         (1)   For subparagraph 3.4 (4) (a) (iii), method 3 is the same as method 2 under section 3.15.

         (2)   In applying method 2 under section 3.15, the facility specific emission factor EFh must be determined in accordance with the procedure for determining EFiCO2oxec in Division 2.3.4.

[20]         Subsection 3.43 (1)

substitute

         (1)   Subject to section 1.18, for estimating emissions released by oil or gas flaring during the year from the operation of a facility that is constituted by oil or gas exploration:

                (a)    if estimating emissions of carbon dioxide released — one of the following methods must be used:

                          (i)    method 1 under section 3.44;

                         (ii)    method 2 under section 3.45;

                        (iii)    method 3 under section 3.46; and

               (b)    if estimating emissions of methane released — method 1 under section 3.44 must be used; and

                (c)    if estimating emissions of nitrous oxide released — method 1 under section 3.44 must be used.

Note   There is no method 4 under paragraph (a) and no method 2, 3 or 4 under paragraph (b) or (c).

[21]         Sections 3.45 and 3.46

substitute

3.45        Method 2 — oil or gas exploration

Combustion of gaseous fuels (flared) emissions

         (1)   For subparagraph 3.43 (1) (a) (ii), method 2 for combustion of gaseous fuels is:

where:

EiCO2 is the fugitive emissions of CO2 from fuel type (i) flared in oil or gas exploration during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes.

Qh is the total quantity of hydrocarbons (h) within the fuel type (i) in oil or gas exploration during the year, measured in tonnes in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

EFh is the emission factor for the total hydrocarbons (h) within the fuel type (i) in oil or gas exploration during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes per tonne of the fuel type (i) flared, estimated in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

OFi is 0.98/0.995, which is the correction factor for the oxidation of fuel type (i) flared.

QCO2 is the quantity of CO2 within fuel type (i) in oil or gas exploration during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

Combustion of liquid fuels (flared) emissions

         (2)   For subparagraph 3.43 (1) (a) (ii), method 2 for combustion of liquid fuels is the same as method 1, but the carbon dioxide emissions factor EFh must be determined in accordance with method 2 in Division 2.4.3.

3.46        Method 3 — oil or gas exploration

Combustion of gaseous fuels (flared) emissions

         (1)   For subparagraph 3.43 (1) (a) (iii), method 3 for the combustion of gaseous fuels is the same as method 2, but the carbon dioxide emissions factor EFh must be determined in accordance with method 3 in Division 2.3.4.

Combustion of liquid fuels (flared) emissions

         (2)   For subparagraph 3.43 (1) (a) (iii), method 3 for the combustion of liquid fuels is the same as method 2, but the carbon dioxide emissions factor EFh must be determined in accordance with method 3 in Division 2.4.4.

[22]         Paragraph 3.51 (1) (b)

substitute

               (b)    if estimating emissions of methane released — method 1 under section 3.55 must be used; and

[23]         Subsection 3.51 (1), note

substitute

Note   There is no method 4 under paragraph (a) and no method 2, 3 or 4 under paragraph (b) or (c).

[24]         Sections 3.53 and 3.54

substitute

3.53        Method 2 — crude oil production

Combustion of gaseous fuels (flared) emissions of carbon dioxide

         (1)   For subparagraph 3.51 (1) (a) (ii), method 2 for combustion of gaseous fuels is:

where:

EiCO2 is the fugitive emissions of CO2 from fuel type (i) flared in crude oil production during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes.

Qh is the total quantity of hydrocarbons (h) within the fuel type (i) in crude oil production during the year, measured in tonnes in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

EFh is the emission factor for the total hydrocarbons (h) within the fuel type (i) in crude oil production during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes per tonne of fuel type (i) flared, estimated in accordance with method 2 in Division 2.3.3.

OFi is 0.98/0.995, which is the correction factor for the oxidation of fuel type (i) flared.

QCO2 is the quantity of CO2 within the fuel type (i) in crude oil production during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

Combustion of liquid fuels (flared) emissions of carbon dioxide

         (2)   For subparagraph 3.51 (1) (a) (ii), method 2 for combustion of liquid fuels is the same as method 1, but the carbon dioxide emissions factor EFh must be determined in accordance with method 2 in Division 2.4.3.

3.54        Method 3 — crude oil production

Combustion of gaseous fuels (flared) emissions of carbon dioxide

         (1)   For subparagraph 3.51 (1) (a) (iii), method 3 for the combustion of gaseous fuels is the same as method 2, but the carbon dioxide emissions factor EFh must be determined in accordance with method 3 in Division 2.3.4.

Combustion of liquid fuels (flared) emissions of carbon dioxide

         (2)   For subparagraph 3.51 (1) (a) (iii), method 3 for the combustion of liquid fuels is the same as method 2, but the carbon dioxide emissions factor EFh must be determined in accordance with method 3 in Division 2.4.4.

[25]         Section 3.55

after

provided for

insert

in

[26]         Section 3.56

omit

[27]         Paragraph 3.62 (4) (b)

substitute

               (b)    method 1 under section 3.67 must be used for estimating emissions of methane released; and

[28]         Subsection 3.62 (4), note

omit the last sentence, insert

There is no method 4 for emissions of carbon dioxide and no method 2, 3 or 4 for emissions of nitrous oxide or methane.

[29]         Subsection 3.67 (2)

omit

EFijk

insert

EFij

[30]         Section 3.68

substitute

3.68        Method 2 — gas flared from crude oil refining

                For subparagraph 3.62 (4) (a) (ii), method 2 is:

where:

EiCO2 is the fugitive emissions of CO2 from fuel type (i) flared in crude oil refining during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes.

Qh is the total quantity of hydrocarbons (h) within the fuel type (i) in crude oil refining during the year, measured in tonnes in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

EFh is the emission factor for the total hydrocarbons (h) within the fuel type (i) in the crude oil refining during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes per tonne of fuel type (i) flared, estimated in accordance with method 2 in Division 2.3.3.

OFi is 0.98/0.995, which is the correction factor for the oxidation of fuel type (i) flared.

QCO2 is the quantity of CO2 within the fuel type (i) in the crude oil refining during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

[31]         Section 3.69

omit

Method 3 is the same as method 1 under section 3.67

insert

For subparagraph 3.62 (4) (a) (iii), method 3 is the same as method 2 under section 3.68,

[32]         Subsection 3.80 (1), formula

substitute

[33]         Subsection 3.80 (1), definitions of Eij and Sp

substitute

Ejp is the fugitive emissions of gas type (j) that result from natural gas distribution through a system of pipelines with sales of gas in a State or Territory (p) during the year, measured in CO2-e tonnes.

Sp is the total sales during the year from the pipeline system in a State or Territory (p), measured in terajoules.

[34]         Subsection 3.80 (1), definition of Ci,p,j

substitute

Cjp is the natural gas composition factor for gas type (j) for the natural gas supplied from the pipeline system in a State or Territory (p), measured in CO2-e tonnes per terajoule.

[35]         Subsection 3.80 (3)

omit

Ci,p,j

insert

Cjp

[36]         Paragraph 3.83 (3) (b)

substitute

               (b)    method 1 under section 3.85 must be used for estimating emissions of methane released; and

[37]         Subsection 3.83 (3), note

omit the last sentence, insert

There is no method 4 for emissions of carbon dioxide and no method 2, 3 or 4 for emissions of nitrous oxide or methane.

[38]         Section 3.86

substitute

3.86        Method 2 — gas flared from natural gas production and processing

                For subparagraph 3.83 (3) (a) (ii), method 2 is:

where:

EiCO2 is the fugitive emissions of CO2 from fuel type (i) flared in the natural gas production and processing during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes.

Qh is the total quantity of hydrocarbons (h) within the fuel type (i) in the natural gas production and processing during the year, measured in tonnes in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

EFh is the emission factor for the total hydrocarbons (h) within the fuel type (i) in the natural gas production and processing during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes per tonne of fuel type (i) flared, estimated in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

OFi is 0.98/0.995, which is the correction factor for the oxidation of fuel type (i) flared.

QCO2 is the quantity of CO2 within the fuel type (i) in the natural gas production and processing during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes in accordance with Division 2.3.3.

[39]         Section 3.87

omit

Method 3 is the same as method 1

insert

For subparagraph 3.83 (3) (a) (iii), method 3 is the same as method 2 under section 3.86,

[40]         Sections 4.13 and 4.14

substitute

4.13        Method 1 — lime production

         (1)   Method 1 is:

where:

Eij is the emissions of carbon dioxide (j) released from the production of lime (i) during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes.

Ai is the quantity of lime produced during the year, measured in tonnes and estimated under Division 4.2.5.

Alkd is the quantity of lime kiln dust lost as a result of the production of lime during the year, measured in tonnes and estimated under Division 4.2.5.

Flkd is:

                (a)    the fraction of calcination achieved for lime kiln dust in the production of lime during the year; or

               (b)    if the data mentioned in paragraph (a) is not available — the value 1.

EFij is the carbon dioxide (j) emission factor for lime, measured in tonnes of emission of carbon dioxide per tonne of lime produced, as follows:

                (a)    for commercial lime production — 0.675;

               (b)    for non‑commercial lime production — 0.730;

                (c)    for magnesian lime and dolomitic lime production — 0.860.

         (2)   In this section:

dolomitic lime is lime formed from limestone containing more than 35% magnesium carbonate.

magnesian lime is lime formed from limestone containing 5–35% magnesium carbonate.

4.14        Method 2 — lime production

         (1)   Method 2 is:

where:

Eij is the emissions of carbon dioxide (j) released from the production of lime (i) during the year, measured in CO2-e tonnes.

Ai is the quantity of lime produced during the year, measured in tonnes and estimated under Division 4.2.5.

Alkd is the quantity of lime kiln dust lost as a result of the production of lime during the year, measured in tonnes and estimated under Division 4.2.5.

Flkd is:

                (a)    the fraction of calcination achieved for lime kiln dust in the production of lime during the year; or

               (b)    if the data in paragraph (a) is not available — the value 1.

EFij is worked out using the following formula:

where:

FCaO is the estimated fraction of lime that is calcium oxide derived from carbonate sources and produced from the operation of the facility.

FMgO is the estimated fraction of lime that is magnesium oxide derived from carbonate sources and produced from the operation of the facility.

γ is the factor 1.861 × 10‑3 for converting a quantity of carbon dioxide from cubic metres at standard conditions of pressure and temperature to CO2-e tonnes.

RCCSCO2 is carbon dioxide captured for permanent storage, measured in cubic metres in accordance with Division 1.2.3.

         (2)   Method 2 requires lime to be sampled and analysed in accordance with sections 4.15 and 4.16.

[41]         After subsection 4.15 (1)

insert

Note   Appropriate standards for sampling are:

·      ASTM C25-06, Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Limestone, Quicklime, and Hydrated Lime

·      ASTM C50-00 (2006), Standard Practice for Sampling, Sample Preparation, Packaging, and Marking of Lime and Limestone Products

·      AS 4489.0–1997 Test methods for limes and limestones — General introduction and list of methods.

[42]         Section 4.20, after example 7

insert

8   Phosphoric acid production from phosphate rock containing carbonates.

[43]         Subsection 4.33 (3)

omit

Standard Practice for Sampling, Sample Preparation, Packaging, and Marking of Lime and Limestone Products.

insert

Standard Practice for Sampling, Sample Preparation, Packaging, and Marking of Lime and Limestone Products.

[44]         Division 4.3.5, heading

substitute

Division 4.3.5        Chemical or mineral production, other than carbide production, using a carbon reductant or carbon anode

[45]         Section 4.53

substitute

4.53        Application

                This Division applies to emissions of carbon dioxide from activities producing a chemical or mineral product (other than carbide production), using a carbon reductant or carbon anode, including the following products:

                (a)    fused alumina;

               (b)    fused magnesia;

                (c)    fused zirconia;

               (d)    glass;

                (e)    synthetic rutile;

                (f)    titanium dioxide.

Note   Magnesia produced in a process that does not use an electric arc furnace must be reported under Division 4.2.3.

[46]         Sections 4.55 to 4.57

substitute

4.55        Method 1 — chemical or mineral production, other than carbide production, using a carbon reductant or carbon anode

                Method 1 is:

Step 1

Work out the carbon content in fuel types (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all fuel types (i) or carbonaceous input material.

CCFi is the carbon content factor mentioned in Schedule 3, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each appropriate unit of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material consumed during the year from the operation of the activity.

Qi is the quantity of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year, measured in an appropriate unit and estimated in accordance with criterion A in Divisions 2.2.5, 2.3.6 and 2.4.6.

Step 2

Work out the carbon content in products (p) leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Sp means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all product types (p).

CCFp is the carbon content factor, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each tonne of product type (p) produced during the year.

Ap is the quantity of product types (p) produced leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 3

Work out the carbon content in waste by‑product types (r) leaving the activity, other than as an emission of greenhouse gas, during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Sr means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all waste by‑product types (r).

CCFr is the carbon content factor, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each tonne of waste by‑product types (r).

Yr is the quantity of waste by‑product types (r) leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 4

Work out the carbon content in the amount of the change in stocks of inputs, products and waste by‑products held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si has the same meaning as in step 1.

CCFi has the same meaning as in step 1.

ΔSqi is the change in stocks of fuel type (i) for the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sp has the same meaning as in step 2.

CCFp has the same meaning as in step 2.

ΔSap is the change in stocks of product types (p) produced by the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

 

Sr has the same meaning as in step 3.

CCFr has the same meaning as in step 3.

ΔSyr is the change in stocks of waste by‑product types (r) produced from the operation of the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 5

Work out the emissions of carbon dioxide released from the operation of the activity during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes, as follows:

   (a)  add the amounts worked out under steps 2, 3 and 4 to work out a new amount (amount A);

  (b)  subtract amount A from the amount worked out under step 1 to work out a new amount (amount B);

   (c)  multiply amount B by 3.664 to work out the amount of emissions released from the operation of the activity during the year.

4.56        Method 2 — chemical or mineral production, other than carbide production, using a carbon reductant or carbon anode

         (1)   Subject to this section, method 2 is the same as method 1 under section 4.55.

         (2)   In applying method 1 as method 2, step 4 in section 4.55 is to be omitted and the following step 4 substituted.

Step 4

Work out the carbon content in the amount of the change in stocks of inputs, products and waste by-products held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si has the same meaning as in step 1.

CCFi has the same meaning as in step 1.

ΔSqi is the change in stocks of fuel type (i) for the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sp has the same meaning as in step 2.

CCFp has the same meaning as in step 2.

ΔSap is the change in stocks of product types (p) produced by the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

 

Sr has the same meaning as in step 3.

CCFr has the same meaning as in step 3.

 

ΔSyr is the change in stocks of waste by‑product types (r) produced from the operation of the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

 

α is the factor for converting the mass of carbon dioxide to a mass of carbon.

 

γ is the factor 1.861 × 10‑3 for converting a quantity of carbon dioxide from cubic metres at standard conditions of pressure and temperature to CO2‑e tonnes.

RCCSCO2 is carbon dioxide captured for permanent storage, measured in cubic metres in accordance with Division 1.2.3.

         (3)   If a fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year accounts for more than 5% of total carbon input for the activity, based on a calculation using the factors specified in Schedule 3, sampling and analysis of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material must be carried out to determine its carbon content.

         (4)   The sampling and analysis is to be carried out using the sampling and analysis provided for in Divisions 2.2.3, 2.3.3 and 2.4.3 that apply to the combustion of solid, gaseous and liquid fuels.

4.57        Method 3 — chemical or mineral production, other than carbide production, using a carbon reductant or carbon anode

         (1)   Subject to this section, method 3 is the same as method 2 under section 4.56.

         (2)   If a fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year accounts for more than 5% of total carbon input for the activity, based on a calculation using the factors specified in Schedule 3, sampling and analysis of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material must be carried out to determine its carbon content.

         (3)   The sampling and analysis is to be carried out using the methods set out in Divisions 2.2.4, 2.3.4 and 2.4.4 that apply to the combustion of solid, gaseous and liquid fuels.

[47]         Section 4.63

substitute

4.63        Application

                This Division applies to emissions from production of the following:

                (a)    iron;

               (b)    steel;

                (c)    any metals produced using integrated metalworks.

[48]         Subparagraph 5.4 (5) (b) (v)

omit

5.14).

insert

5.14);

[49]         After subparagraph 5.4 (5) (b) (v)

insert

                        (vi)    the fraction of degradable organic carbon dissimilated (DOCF) (see section 5.14A).

[50]         After section 5.14

insert

5.14A      Fraction of degradable organic carbon dissimilated (DOCF)

                For subparagraph 5.4 (5) (b) (vi), the fraction of organic carbon dissimilated (DOCF) for a waste mix type mentioned in column 2 of an item of following the table is the value mentioned in column 3 for the item.

Item

Waste mix type

DOCF value

1

Food

0.84

2

Paper and cardboard

0.49

3

Garden and green

0.47

4

Wood

0.23

5

Textiles

0.50

6

Sludge

0.50

7

Nappies

0.50

8

Rubber and leather

0.50

9

Inert waste, including concrete, metal, plastic and glass

0.00

[51]         Subsection 5.17L (2), definition of DOCF

substitute

DOCF is the fraction of degradable organic carbon dissimilated mentioned in column 3 of an item of the table in section 5.14A for a waste mix type mentioned in column 2 for the item.

[52]         Subsection 5.25 (5), formula for CH4gen

substitute

[53]         Subsection 5.25 (5), definition of Fwan, including the note

substitute

MCFww is the methane correction factor for wastewater treated at the plant during the year.

Note   IPCC default methane correction factors for various types of treatment are:

·      managed aerobic treatment: 0

·      unmanaged aerobic treatment: 0.3

·      anaerobic digester/reactor: 0.8

·      shallow anaerobic lagoon (<2 metres): 0.2

·      deep anaerobic lagoon (>2 metres): 0.8.

[54]         Subsection 5.25 (5), definition of Fslan, including the note

substitute

MCFsl is the methane correction factor for sludge treated at the plant during the year.

Note   IPCC default methane correction factors for various types of treatment are:

·      managed aerobic treatment: 0

·      unmanaged aerobic treatment: 0.3

·      anaerobic digester/reactor: 0.8

·      shallow anaerobic lagoon (<2 metres): 0.2

·      deep anaerobic lagoon (>2 metres): 0.8.

[55]         Subsection 5.25 (9), before definition of primary sludge

insert

methane correction factor is the fraction of COD anaerobically treated.

[56]         Section 5.31

substitute

5.31        Method 1 — nitrous oxide released from wastewater handling (domestic and commercial)

         (1)   For paragraph 5.24 (1) (b), method 1 is:

where:

Ej is the emissions of nitrous oxide released from human sewage treated by the plant during the year, measured in tonnes of nitrous oxide and expressed in CO2‑e tonnes.

Nin is the quantity of nitrogen entering the plant during the year, measured in tonnes of nitrogen and worked out as follows:

where:

Protein is the annual per capita protein intake of the population being served by the plant, measured in tonnes per person.

FracPr is the fraction of nitrogen in protein.

P is the population serviced by the plant during the year.

Ntrl is the quantity of nitrogen in sludge transferred out of the plant and removed to landfill during the year, measured in tonnes of nitrogen and worked out as follows:

where:

FNtrl is the fraction of nitrogen in the sludge transferred out of the plant.

Mtrl is the dry mass of sludge transferred out of the plant to landfill during the year, measured in tonnes.

Ntro is the quantity of nitrogen in sludge transferred out of the plant and removed to a site other than landfill during the year, measured in tonnes of nitrogen and worked out as follows:

where:

FNtro is the fraction of nitrogen in the sludge transferred out of the plant to a site other than landfill.

Mtro is the dry mass of sludge transferred out of the plant to a site other than landfill during the year, measured in tonnes.

Noutdisij is the quantity of nitrogen leaving the plant, differentiated by discharge environment.

EFsecij is the emission factor for wastewater treatment.

EFdisij is the emission factor for nitrogen discharge, differentiated by the discharge environment.

         (2)   For Protein in subsection (1), the annual per capita protein intake is 0.036 tonnes per year.

         (3)   For FracPr in subsection (1), the factor is 0.16 tonnes of nitrogen per tonne of protein.

         (4)   For FNtrl and FNtro in subsection (1), the factor is 0.05.

         (5)   For Noutdisij in subsection (1), discharge environments mentioned in column 2 of an item of the following table are defined in column 3 for the item.

Item

Discharge environment

Definition

1

Enclosed waters

All waters other than open coastal waters or estuarine waters

2

Estuarine waters

All waters (other than open coastal waters) that are:

   (a)  ordinarily subject to tidal influence; and

  (b)  enclosed by a straight line drawn between the low water marks of consecutive headlands

3

Open coastal waters (ocean and deep ocean)

All waters of the Pacific Ocean, Southern Ocean and Indian Ocean, except those waters enclosed by a straight line drawn between the low water marks of consecutive headlands

         (6)   For EFsecij in subsection (1), the emission factor is 4.9 tonnes of nitrous oxide, measured in CO2‑e per tonne of nitrogen produced.

         (7)   For EFdisij in subsection (1), the emission factor mentioned in column 3 of an item of the following table must be used for the discharge environment mentioned in column 2 for the item.

Item

Discharge environment

EFdisij

1

Enclosed waters

4.9

2

Estuarine waters

1.2

3

Open coastal waters (ocean and deep ocean)

0.0

[57]         Subsection 5.40 (1)

substitute

         (1)   This Part applies to emissions released from the decomposition of organic material and the flaring of sludge biogas, resulting from the handling of domestic or commercial wastewater through treatment in wastewater collection and treatment systems.

[58]         Subsection 5.42 (5), formula

substitute

[59]         Subsection 5.42 (5), after definition of CODsl

insert

CODeff is the quantity of COD effluent leaving the plant during the year, measured in tonnes.

[60]         Subsection 5.42 (5), definition of Fwan, including the note

substitute

MCFww is the methane correction factor for wastewater treated at the plant during the year.

Note   IPCC default methane correction factors for various types of treatment are:

·      managed aerobic treatment: 0

·      unmanaged aerobic treatment: 0.3

·      anaerobic digester/reactor: 0.8

·      shallow anaerobic lagoon (<2 metres): 0.2

·      deep anaerobic lagoon (>2 metres): 0.8.

[61]         Subsection 5.42 (5), definition of Fslan, including the note

substitute

MCFsl is the methane correction factor for sludge treated at the plant during the year.

Note   IPCC default methane correction factors for various types of treatment are:

·      managed aerobic treatment: 0

·      unmanaged aerobic treatment: 0.3

·      anaerobic digester/reactor: 0.8

·      shallow anaerobic lagoon (<2 metres): 0.2

·      deep anaerobic lagoon (>2 metres): 0.8.

[62]         Subsection 5.42 (8)

omit

Fwan

insert

MCFww

[63]         Subsection 5.42 (8), table, heading, column 5

substitute

MCFww

default value

[64]         After subsection 5.42 (9)

insert

       (10)   In this section:

methane correction factor is the fraction of COD anaerobically treated.

[65]         Subsection 5.52 (1), including the note

substitute

         (1)   Subject to section 1.18, one of the following methods must be used for estimating emissions of carbon dioxide released from the operation of a facility that is constituted by waste incineration (the plant):

                (a)    method 1 under section 5.53;

               (b)    method 4 under Part 1.3.

Note   There is no method 2 or 3 for this section.

[66]         Paragraph 8.7 (1) (a)

substitute

                (a)    the uncertainty level of the energy content factor is:

                          (i)    as specified in column 3 for the item; or

                         (ii)    as worked out in accordance with section 7 of the uncertainty protocol; and

[67]         Section 8.8, table, item 8

omit

vented or

[68]         Subsection 8.9 (1), table, after item 6

insert

7

Aluminium (carbon anode consumption)

5

1

8

Aluminium production (perfluoronated carbon compound emissions)

6

1

[69]         Schedule 1, Part 1, note to the table

omit

Black coal represents coal for uses other than electricity and coking.

[70]         Schedule 1, Part 4, after item 63

insert

63A

Liquefied natural gas (light duty vehicles)

25.3

51.2

5.5

0.3

63B

Liquefied natural gas (heavy duty vehicles)

25.3

51.2

2.1

0.3

[71]         Schedule 1, Part 6, table

substitute


Item

State, Territory or grid description

Emission factor
kg CO2‑e/kWh

77

New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory

0.89

78

Victoria

1.21

79

Queensland

0.88

80

South Australia

0.68

81

South West Interconnected System in Western Australia

0.80

82

Tasmania

0.30

83

Northern Territory

0.67

[72]         Further amendments

Provision

omit each mention of

insert

Subsection 1.10 (1), table, item 3J

reductant

reductant or carbon anode

Subsection 2.12 (3), table, item 4

Brown coal briquettes

Coal briquettes

Subsection 2.12 (3), table, item 5

Coke oven coke

Coal coke

Subsection 2.15 (1)

2.14 (b)

2.14 (2) (b)

Subsection 2.16 (1)

2.14 (c)

2.14 (2) (c)

Section 2.30

2.29 (1) (b)

2.29 (2) (b)

Subsection 2.31 (1)

2.29 (1) (c)

2.29 (2) (c)

Subsection 2.38 (1)

2.29 (1) (d)

2.29 (4) (b)

Subparagraph 2.66 (1) (b) (ii) and paragraph 2.67 (b)

D6866—08

D6866—10

Subparagraph 4.1 (2) (b) (v)

reductant

reductant or carbon anode

Sections 4.31, 4.32 and 4.66 and subsection 4.67 (1A)

increase in stocks

change in stocks

Subsection 5.25 (6)

Fwan

MCFww

Subsection 5.42 (9), table, item 2

tonne of paper produced

tonne of product

Subsection 8.6 (1), table, item 4

Brown coal briquettes

Coal briquettes

Subsection 8.6 (1), table, item 5

Coke oven coke

Coal coke

Schedule 1, Part 1, item 4

Brown coal briquettes

Coal briquettes

Schedule 1, Part 1, item 5

Coke oven coke

Coal coke

Schedule 2, item 4

Brown coal briquettes

Coal briquettes

Schedule 2, item 5

Coke oven coke

Coal coke

Schedule 3, Part 1, item 4

Brown coal briquettes

Coal briquettes

Schedule 3, Part 1, item 5

Coke oven coke

Coal coke

 

Schedule 2        Amendments commencing on 1 July 2012

(section 3)

  

[73]         Sections 4.71 to 4.73

substitute

4.71        Method 1 — ferroalloy metal

                Method 1, based on a carbon mass balance approach, is:

Step 1

Work out the carbon content in fuel types (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all fuel types (i) or carbonaceous input material.

CCFi is the carbon content factor mentioned in Schedule 3, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each appropriate unit of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material consumed during the year from the operation of the activity.

Qi is the quantity of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year, measured in an appropriate unit and estimated in accordance with:

   (a)  criterion A in Divisions 2.2.5, 2.3.6 and 2.4.6; or

  (b)  if the quantity of fuel or carbonaceous input material is not acquired as part of a commercial transaction — industry practice, consistent with the principles in section 1.13.

Step 2

Work out the carbon content in products (p) leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Sp means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all product types (p).

CCFp is the carbon content factor, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each tonne of product type (p) produced during the year.

Ap is the quantity of product types (p) produced leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 3

Work out the carbon content in waste by‑product types (r) leaving the activity, other than as an emission of greenhouse gas, during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Sr means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all waste by‑product types (r).

CCFr is the carbon content factor, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each tonne of waste by‑product types (r).

Yr is the quantity of waste by‑product types (r) leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 4

Work out the carbon content in the amount of the change in stocks of inputs, products and waste by‑products held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si has the same meaning as in step 1.

CCFi has the same meaning as in step 1.

ΔSqi is the change in stocks of fuel type (i) for the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sp has the same meaning as in step 2.

CCFp has the same meaning as in step 2.

ΔSap is the change in stocks of product types (p) produced by the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sr has the same meaning as in step 3.

CCFr has the same meaning as in step 3.

ΔSyr is the change in stocks of waste by‑product types (r) produced from the operation of the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 5

Work out the emissions of carbon dioxide released from the operation of the activity during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes, as follows:

   (a)  add the amounts worked out under steps 2, 3 and 4 to work out a new amount (amount A);

  (b)  subtract amount A from the amount worked out under step 1 to work out a new amount (amount B);

 

   (c)  multiply amount B by 3.664 to work out the amount of emissions released from the operation of the activity during the year.

4.72        Method 2 — ferroalloy metal

         (1)   Subject to this section, method 2 is the same as method 1 under section 4.71.

         (2)   In applying method 1 as method 2, step 4 in section 4.71 is to be omitted and the following step 4 substituted.

Step 4

Work out the carbon content in the amount of the change in stocks of inputs, products and waste by-products held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si has the same meaning as in step 1.

CCFi has the same meaning as in step 1.

ΔSqi is the change in stocks of fuel type (i) for the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sp has the same meaning as in step 2.

CCFp has the same meaning as in step 2.

ΔSap is the change in stocks of product types (p) produced by the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

 

Sr has the same meaning as in step 3.

CCFr has the same meaning as in step 3.

 

ΔSyr is the change in stocks of waste by‑product types (r) produced from the operation of the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

 

α is the factor for converting the mass of carbon dioxide to a mass of carbon.

 

γ is the factor 1.861 × 10‑3 for converting a quantity of carbon dioxide from cubic metres at standard conditions of pressure and temperature to CO2‑e tonnes.

RCCSCO2 is carbon dioxide captured for permanent storage, measured in cubic metres in accordance with Division 1.2.3.

         (3)   If a fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year accounts for more than 5% of total carbon input for the activity, based on a calculation using the factors specified in Schedule 3, sampling and analysis of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material must be carried out to determine its carbon content.

         (4)   The sampling and analysis is to be carried out using the sampling and analysis provided for in Divisions 2.2.3, 2.3.3 and 2.4.3 that apply to the combustion of solid, gaseous and liquid fuels.

4.73        Method 3 — ferroalloy metal

         (1)   Subject to this section, method 3 is the same as method 2 under section 4.72.

         (2)   If a fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year accounts for more than 5% of total carbon input for the activity, based on a calculation using the factors specified in Schedule 3, sampling and analysis of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material must be carried out to determine its carbon content.

         (3)   The sampling and analysis is to be carried out using the methods set out in Divisions 2.2.4, 2.3.4 and 2.4.4 that apply to the combustion of solid, gaseous and liquid fuels.

[74]         Sections 4.94 to 4.96

substitute

4.94        Method 1 — other metals

                Method 1, based on a carbon mass balance approach, is:

Step 1

Work out the carbon content in fuel types (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all fuel types (i) or carbonaceous input material.

CCFi is the carbon content factor mentioned in Schedule 3, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each appropriate unit of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material consumed during the year from the operation of the activity.

Qi is the quantity of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year, measured in an appropriate unit and estimated in accordance with:

   (a)  criterion A in Divisions 2.2.5, 2.3.6 and 2.4.6; or

  (b)  if the quantity of fuel or carbonaceous input material is not acquired as part of a commercial transaction — industry practice, consistent with the principles in section 1.13.

Step 2

Work out the carbon content in products (p) leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Sp means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all product types (p).

CCFp is the carbon content factor, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each tonne of product type (p) produced during the year.

Ap is the quantity of product types (p) produced leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 3

Work out the carbon content in waste by‑product types (r) leaving the activity, other than as an emission of greenhouse gas, during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Sr means the sum of the carbon content values obtained for all waste by‑product types (r).

CCFr is the carbon content factor, measured in tonnes of carbon, for each tonne of waste by‑product types (r).

Yr is the quantity of waste by‑product types (r) leaving the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 4

Work out the carbon content in the amount of the change in stocks of inputs, products and waste by‑products held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si has the same meaning as in step 1.

CCFi has the same meaning as in step 1.

ΔSqi is the change in stocks of fuel type (i) for the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sp has the same meaning as in step 2.

CCFp has the same meaning as in step 2.

ΔSap is the change in stocks of product types (p) produced by the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sr has the same meaning as in step 3.

CCFr has the same meaning as in step 3.

ΔSyr is the change in stocks of waste by‑product types (r) produced from the operation of the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Step 5

Work out the emissions of carbon dioxide released from the operation of the activity during the year, measured in CO2‑e tonnes, as follows:

   (a)  add the amounts worked out under steps 2, 3 and 4 to work out a new amount (amount A);

  (b)  subtract amount A from the amount worked out under step 1 to work out a new amount (amount B);

   (c)  multiply amount B by 3.664 to work out the amount of emissions released from the operation of the activity during the year.

4.95        Method 2 — other metals

         (1)   Subject to this section, method 2 is the same as method 1 under section 4.94.

         (2)   In applying method 1 as method 2, step 4 in section 4.94 is to be omitted and the following step 4 substituted.

Step 4

Work out the carbon content in the amount of the change in stocks of inputs, products and waste by-products held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes of carbon, as follows:

where:

Si has the same meaning as in step 1.

CCFi has the same meaning as in step 1.

ΔSqi is the change in stocks of fuel type (i) for the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sp has the same meaning as in step 2.

CCFp has the same meaning as in step 2.

ΔSap is the change in stocks of product types (p) produced by the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

Sr has the same meaning as in step 3.

CCFr has the same meaning as in step 3.

 

ΔSyr is the change in stocks of waste by‑product types (r) produced from the operation of the activity and held within the boundary of the activity during the year, measured in tonnes.

 

α is the factor for converting the mass of carbon dioxide to a mass of carbon.

 

γ is the factor 1.861 × 10‑3 for converting a quantity of carbon dioxide from cubic metres at standard conditions of pressure and temperature to CO2‑e tonnes.

 

RCCSCO2 is carbon dioxide captured for permanent storage, measured in cubic metres in accordance with Division 1.2.3.

         (3)   If a fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year accounts for more than 5% of total carbon input for the activity, based on a calculation using the factors specified in Schedule 3, sampling and analysis of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material must be carried out to determine its carbon content.

         (4)   The sampling and analysis is to be carried out using the sampling and analysis provided for in Divisions 2.2.3, 2.3.3 and 2.4.3 that apply to the combustion of solid, gaseous and liquid fuels.

4.96        Method 3 — other metals

         (1)   Subject to this section, method 3 is the same as method 2 under section 4.95.

         (2)   If a fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material delivered for the activity during the year accounts for more than 5% of total carbon input for the activity, based on a calculation using the factors specified in Schedule 3, sampling and analysis of fuel type (i) or carbonaceous input material must be carried out to determine its carbon content.

         (3)   The sampling and analysis is to be carried out using the methods set out in Divisions 2.2.4, 2.3.4 and 2.4.4 that apply to the combustion of solid, gaseous and liquid fuels.

 


Note

1.       All legislative instruments and compilations are registered on the Federal Register of Legislative Instruments kept under the Legislative Instruments Act 2003. See http://www.frli.gov.au.