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Standard 2.9.4 Food Standards as amended, taking into account amendments up to Food Standards (Proposal P1013 – Code Maintenance IX) Variation
This Standard defines and regulates the composition and labelling of foods specially formulated to assist sports people in achieving specific nutritional or performance goals.
Administered by: Health
Registered 28 Jul 2011
Start Date 11 Jul 2011
End Date 17 Jan 2013
Date of repeal 01 Mar 2016
Repealed by Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code - Standard 5.1.1 - Revocation and Transitional Provisions - 2014 revision

Standard 2.9.4

 

Formulated Supplementary Sports Foods

 

 

Purpose

 

This Standard defines and regulates the composition and labelling of foods specially formulated to assist sports people in achieving specific nutritional or performance goals.  Such foods are intended as supplements to a diet rather than for use as the sole or principal source of nutrition.

 

Due to the particular physiological demands of sports people, this Standard provides for the addition to formulated supplementary sports foods of certain micronutrients and other ingredients which are not permitted to be added to other foods.  This means that such products are not suitable for consumption by children.

 

Table of Provisions

 

Division 1 – Formulated Supplementary Sports Foods Generally

1             Interpretation

2             Composition

3             Required labelling statements

4             Ingredient claims

5             Vitamin and mineral claims

6             Prohibition on representations

 

Division 2 – Particular Formulated Supplementary Sports Foods

7             High carbohydrate supplement

8             Protein energy supplement

9             Energy supplement

 

Schedule Additional permitted forms and intake amounts for vitamins and minerals in Formulated Supplementary Sports Foods and Formulated Meal Replacements

 

Division 1 – Formulated Supplementary Sports Foods Generally

 

1             Interpretation

 

In this Code –

 

formulated supplementary sports food means a food or mixture of foods specifically formulated to assist sports people in achieving specific nutritional or performance goals.

 

one-day quantity in relation to formulated supplementary sports food, means the amount of that food which is to be consumed in one day in accordance with directions specified in the label.

 

2             Composition

 

A formulated supplementary sports food –

 

(a)          may contain the vitamins and minerals specified in the Table to this paragraph provided that –

 

(i)            the vitamin or mineral is added in a form listed in the Schedule to Standard 1.1.1 or in column 2 of the Schedule to this Standard; and

(ii)           the amount of the vitamin or mineral in the food is no more than the amount, if any, specified in column 3 of the Table; and

Table to Paragraph 2(a)

 

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Micronutrient

Maximum claimed amount per one-day quantity

Maximum amount per one-day quantity

Vitamin A

375 mg

375 mg

Thiamin

2.2 mg

 

Riboflavin

3.4 mg

 

Niacin

20 mg

 

Folate

400 mg

 

Vitamin B6

3.2 mg

 

Vitamin B12

4.0 mg

 

Vitamin C

80 mg

 

Vitamin D

2.5 mg

2.5 mg

Vitamin E

20 mg

 

Biotin

50 mg

 

Pantothenic acid

3.5 mg

 

Calcium

1600 mg

 

Chromium :    inorganic forms

                         organic forms

100 mg

50 mg

100 mg

50 mg

Copper:           inorganic forms

                         organic forms

1.5 mg

750 mg

1.5 mg

750 mg

Iodine

75 mg

75 mg

Iron

12 mg

 

Magnesium

640 mg

 

Manganese:   inorganic forms

                         organic forms

2.5 mg

1.25 mg

 

Molybdenum:             inorganic forms

                         organic forms

125 mg

62.5 mg

 

Phosphorus

1000 mg

 

Selenium:       inorganic forms

                         organic forms

52 mg

26 mg

52 mg

26 mg

Zinc

12 mg

 

 

(b)          must not contain added amino acids as such, except for those specified in the Table to this paragraph, provided that the amount of the amino acid added to the food is no more than the amount specified in column 2 of the Table; and

 

Table to Paragraph 2(b)

 

Column 1

Column 2

Amino Acid

Maximum amount added per one-day quantity

Alanine

1200 mg

Arginine

1100 mg

Aspartic acid

600 mg

Cysteine

440 mg

Glutamine

1900 mg

Glutamic acid

1600 mg

Glycine

1500 mg

Histidine

420 mg

Isoleucine

350 mg

Leucine

490 mg

Lysine

420 mg

Methionine

180 mg

Ornithine

360 mg

Phenylalanine

490 mg

Proline

1100 mg

Serine

1400 mg

Table to Paragraph 2(b) (continued)

 

Column 1

Column 2

Amino Acid

Maximum amount added per one-day quantity

Taurine

60 mg

Threonine

245 mg

Tyrosine

400 mg

Tryptophan

100 mg

Valine

350 mg

 

(c)          may contain the ingredients listed in the Table to this paragraph added as such, provided that the amount of each ingredient added is no more than the amount specified in relation to that ingredient in column 2 of the Table;  and

 

Table to Paragraph 2(c)

 

Column 1

Column 2

Ingredient

Maximum amount added per one-day quantity

L-carnitine

100 mg

Choline

10 mg

Inosine

10 mg

Ubiquinones

15 mg

Creatine

3 g

Gamma-oryzinol

25 mg

 

(d)          must not contain, in a one-day quantity, more than –

 

(i)            70 mmol sodium; or

(ii)           95 mmol potassium.

 

3             Required labelling statements

 

(1)           The label on a package of formulated supplementary sports food must include statements to the effect that –

 

(a)          the food is not a sole source of nutrition and should be consumed in conjunction with a nutritious diet; and

(b)          the food should be used in conjunction with an appropriate physical training or exercise program.

 

(2)           The label on a package of formulated supplementary sports food must include –

 

(a)          directions stating the recommended quantity and frequency of intake of the food; and

(b)          a statement of the recommended consumption in one day; and

(c)          a nutrition information panel in accordance with Standard 1.2.8.

 

(3)           The label on a package of formulated supplementary sports food must include, the statement –

 

‘Not suitable for children under 15 years of age or pregnant women:  Should only be used under medical or dietetic supervision’.

 

(4)           If a formulated supplementary sports food contains added phenylalanine then the label must include, the statement –

 

‘Phenylketonurics: Contains phenylalanine’.

(5)           Formulated supplementary sports food is a prescribed name.

 

4             Ingredient claims

 

(1)           If the label on a package of formulated supplementary sports food refers to the presence of a particular ingredient, other than –

 

(a)          vitamins or minerals; or

(b)          in a statement required elsewhere in this Code;

 

the label must also include a statement of the amount by weight (expressed per 100g food or as a percentage) of the ingredient in that food either –

 

(c)          immediately after the statement referring to the presence of the ingredient; or

(d)          immediately following the name of that ingredient in the statement of ingredients.

 

(2)           Subclause (1) does not apply if the nutrition information panel lists the particular ingredient and the average quantity by weight of the ingredient in –

 

(a)          a serving of the food; and

(b)          per 100g or 100mL of the food.

 

5             Vitamin and mineral claims

 

(1)           The label on a package of formulated supplementary sports food must not claim the presence of a vitamin or mineral unless –

 

(a)          the reference is required elsewhere in this Code; or

(b)          the reference is specifically permitted by this clause.

 

(2)           The label on a package of formulated supplementary sports food may only claim the presence of a vitamin or mineral in the food if –

 

(a)          the food contains –

 

(i)            at least 10% of the recommended dietary intake for that vitamin or mineral in a serving of that food or, in relation to a food which requires dilution or preparation according to directions, the quantity of the food which when diluted or prepared produces a normal serving; or

(ii)           at least 10% of the amount specified in column 3 of the Schedule to this Standard for that vitamin or mineral in a normal serving of that food, or in relation to a food which requires dilution or preparation according to directions, the quantity of the food which when diluted or prepared produces a normal serving; and

 

(b)          the amount claimed is no more than the amount specified in column 2 of the Table to paragraph 2(a); and

(c)          the label on the package of the food includes a statement in accordance with clause 9 of Standard 1.3.2.

 

6             Prohibition on representations

 

Unless specific permission is given in this Part, the label on a package of formulated supplementary sports food must not include an express or implied representation that relates to any property or proposed use of the food to enhanced athletic performance or beneficial physiological effects. 

 


 

Division 2 – Particular Formulated Supplementary Sports Foods

 

7             High carbohydrate supplement

 

(1)           A high carbohydrate supplement is a formulated supplementary sports food for which –

 

(a)          not less than 90% of the energy yield of the product is derived from carbohydrate; and

(b)          more than 15% of the product by weight is carbohydrate when prepared as directed.

 

(2)           The label on a package of high carbohydrate supplement must include statements to the effect that –

 

(a)          if used during exercise, the food should be consumed in accordance with directions, to avoid the possibility of gastro-intestinal upset; and

(b)          the food must be consumed with an appropriate fluid intake.

 

(3)           The label on a package of a high carbohydrate supplement may include statements to the effect that –

 

(a)          the product is useful  before, during, or after sustained strenuous exercise; and

(b)          appropriate usage may assist in the provision of energy in the form of carbohydrates.

 

8             Protein energy supplement

 

(1)           A protein energy supplement is a formulated supplementary sports food for which –

 

(a)          not more than 30 % and not less than 15% of the energy yield of the product is derived from protein; and

(b)          not more than 25 % of the energy yield of the product is derived from fat; and

(c)          not more than 70 % of the energy yield of the product is derived from carbohydrate.

 

(2)           The label on a package of protein energy supplement must include a statement to the effect that the food must be consumed with an appropriate fluid intake.

 

(3)           The label on a package of protein energy supplement may include statements to the effect that –

 

(a)          the product may assist in providing a low-bulk diet as may be required during training; and

(b)          the product may assist in supplementing the diet with a high energy source as may be required during training; and

(c)          usage as directed may assist in the development of muscle bulk; and

(d)          the product is useful before, during, or after sustained strenuous exercise.

 

9             Energy supplement

 

(1)           An energy supplement is a formulated supplementary sports food for which not more than 20 % of the energy yield of the product is derived from protein.

 

(2)           The label on a package of energy supplement must include statements to the effect that –

 

(a)          if used during exercise, the food should be consumed in accordance with directions, to avoid the possibility of gastro-intestinal upset; and

(b)          the food must be consumed with an appropriate fluid intake.


 

(3)           If more than 30% of the energy yield of the energy supplement is derived from fat, the label on the energy supplement must include a statement to the effect that the product is a high fat food and should be used for special fat loading strategies rather than everyday use.

 

(4)           The label on a package of energy supplement may include statements to the effect that –

 

(a)          the product may assist in supplementing the diet with an energy source as may be required during training; and

(b)          the product is useful before, during or after sustained strenuous exercise.

 


SCHEDULE

 

Additional permitted forms and intake amounts for vitamins and minerals in Formulated Supplementary Sports Foods and in Formulated Meal Replacements

 

Column 1

Vitamin or Mineral

Column 2

Permitted forms

Column 3

Amount1

Biotin

d-biotin

100 mg

Pantothenic acid

d-calcium pantothenate

Dexpanthenol

d-sodium pantothenate

7 mg

Calcium

Calcium hydroxide

Calcium oxide

Calcium sulphate

800 mg

Chromium

Inorganic forms:

Chromic chloride

 

Organic forms:

High chromium yeast

Chromium picolinate

Chromium nicotinate

Chromium aspartate

200 mg

Copper

Inorganic forms:

Cupric carbonate

Cupric sulphate

 

Organic forms:

Copper gluconate

Copper-lysine complex

Cupric citrate

3.0 mg

Magnesium

Magnesium citrate

Magnesium hydroxide

320 mg

Manganese

Inorganic forms:

Manganese carbonate

Manganese chloride

Manganese sulphate

 

Organic forms:

Manganese citrate

5.0 mg

Molybdenum

Inorganic forms:

Sodium molybdate

 

Organic forms:

High molybdenum yeast

250 mg

Phosphorus

Magnesium phosphate, monobasic

Phosphoric acid

Potassium phosphate, dibasic

Potassium phosphate, tribasic

Sodium phosphate, dibasic

Sodium phosphate, monobasic

Sodium phosphate, tribasic

1000 mg

Selenium

Inorganic forms:

Sodium selenate

Sodium selenite

 

Organic forms:

Selenomethionine

70 mg

1 The amount represents the recommended dietary intake for the permitted forms of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and selenium and the estimated safe and adequate daily dietary intake for the remaining minerals listed in column 1 of the Schedule.


 

 

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