Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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No. 86 of 2010 Determinations/Veterans' Entitlements as made
Statement of Principles concerning schistosomiasis.
Administered by: Veterans' Affairs
Registered 01 Nov 2010
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR15-Nov-2010
Tabled Senate15-Nov-2010
Date of repeal 22 Jul 2019
Repealed by Statement of Principles concerning schistosomiasis (Reasonable Hypothesis) (No. 61 of 2019)



Statement of Principles




No. 86 of 2010


for the purposes of the


Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986


Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004



1.         This Instrument may be cited as Statement of Principles concerning schistosomiasis No. 86 of 2010.



2.         The Repatriation Medical Authority under subsection 196B(2) and (8) of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986 (the VEA):

(a)       revokes Instrument No. 255 of 1995 concerning schistosomiasis; and

(b)       determines in its place this Statement of Principles.


Kind of injury, disease or death

3.         (a)        This Statement of Principles is about schistosomiasis and death from schistosomiasis.

(b)              For the purposes of this Statement of Principles, "schistosomiasis" means infection with a flatworm of the genus Schistosoma, being S. mansoni, S. haematobium, S. japonicum, S. intercalatum, S. mekongi, S. malayensis, or S. guineensis. This definition includes the acute and chronic manifestations caused by the Schistosome worms or eggs.

(c)              Schistosomiasis attracts ICD-10-AM code B65.

(d)              In the application of this Statement of Principles, the definition of "schistosomiasis" is that given at paragraph 3(b) above.


Basis for determining the factors

4.         The Repatriation Medical Authority is of the view that there is sound medical-scientific evidence that indicates that schistosomiasis and death from schistosomiasis can be related to relevant service rendered by veterans, members of Peacekeeping Forces, or members of the Forces under the VEA, or members under the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 (the MRCA).


Factors that must be related to service

5.         Subject to clause 7, at least one of the factors set out in clause 6 must be related to the relevant service rendered by the person.



6.         The factor that must as a minimum exist before it can be said that a reasonable hypothesis has been raised connecting schistosomiasis or death from schistosomiasis with the circumstances of a person’s relevant service is:


(a)               having cutaneous or mucosal contact with water containing larvae of S. mansoni, S. haematobium, S. japonicum, S. intercalatum, S. mekongi, S. malayensis, or S. guineensis within the 20 years before the clinical onset of schistosomiasis;


(b)              inability to obtain appropriate clinical management for schistosomiasis.


Factors that apply only to material contribution or aggravation

7.         Paragraph 6(b) applies only to material contribution to, or aggravation of, schistosomiasis where the person’s schistosomiasis was suffered or contracted before or during (but not arising out of) the person’s relevant service.


Inclusion of Statements of Principles

8.         In this Statement of Principles if a relevant factor applies and that factor includes an injury or disease in respect of which there is a Statement of Principles then the factors in that last mentioned Statement of Principles apply in accordance with the terms of that Statement of Principles as in force from time to time.


Other definitions

9.         For the purposes of this Statement of Principles:


"death from schistosomiasis" in relation to a person includes death from a terminal event or condition that was contributed to by the person’s schistosomiasis;


"ICD-10-AM code" means a number assigned to a particular kind of injury or disease in The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM), Seventh Edition, effective date of 1 July 2010, copyrighted by the National Centre for Classification in Health, Sydney, NSW, and having ISBN 978 1 74210 154 5;


"relevant service" means:

(a)       operational service under the VEA;

(b)       peacekeeping service under the VEA;

(c)               hazardous service under the VEA;

(d)               warlike service under the MRCA; or

(e)               non-warlike service under the MRCA;


"terminal event" means the proximate or ultimate cause of death and includes:

(a)        pneumonia;

(b)       respiratory failure;

(c)       cardiac arrest;

(d)       circulatory failure; or

(e)               cessation of brain function.



10.       This Instrument applies to all matters to which section 120A of the VEA or section 338 of the MRCA applies.


Date of effect

11.       This Instrument takes effect from 10 November 2010.


Dated this       twenty-seventh       day of              October            2010



The Common Seal of the                  )

Repatriation Medical Authority       )

was affixed to this instrument          )

in the presence of:                            )