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Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Determination 2003

Authoritative Version
Determinations/Other as amended, taking into account amendments up to Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Amendment Determination 2009 (No. 1)
Administered by: Environment and Energy
Registered 23 Feb 2009
Start Date 21 Feb 2009
To be repealed 01 Oct 2019
Repealed by Legislative Instruments (Fuel Standards Instruments) Sunset-altering Declaration 2016

Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Determination 2003

as amended

made under section 21 of the

This compilation was prepared on 21 February 2009
taking into account amendments up to
Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Amendment Determination 2009 (No. 1)

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing,
Attorney‑General’s Department, Canberra


Contents

                        1     Name of Determination [see Note 1]                                                      3

                        2     Commencement [see Note 1]                                                               3

                        3     Definitions                                                                                           3

                        4     Fuel standards for biodiesel                                                                  3

                        5     Testing methods                                                                                  4

Notes                                                                                                                                6

 


  

  

1              Name of Determination [see Note 1]

                This Determination is the Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Determination 2003.

2              Commencement [see Note 1]

                This Determination commences on gazettal.

3              Definitions

                In this Determination:

ASTM International means the standards development organisation of that name.

biodiesel means a diesel fuel obtained by esterification of oil derived from plants or animals.

European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) means the standards development organisation of that name.

4              Fuel standards for biodiesel

         (1)   Biodiesel that contains a substance mentioned in the following table must not contain more than the amount mentioned for the substance from the date mentioned for the substance.

 

Item

Substance

Amount

Date

1

Sulfur

50 mg/kg

18 September 2003

2

Sulfur

10 mg/kg

1 February 2006

3

Sulfated ash

0.020% mass

18 September 2003

4

Carbon residue — 10% distillation residue

0.30% mass

18 September 2003

5

Water and sediment

0.050% vol

18 September 2003

6

Phosphorus

10 mg/kg

18 September 2003

7

Free glycerol

0.020% mass

18 September 2004

8

Total glycerol

0.250% mass

18 September 2004

9

Metals — Group I (Na, K)

5 mg/kg

18 September 2004

10

Metals — Group II (Ca, Mg)

5 mg/kg

18 September 2004

11

Methanol

0.20% (m/m)

18 December 2004

         (2)   A property of biodiesel mentioned in the following table must meet the specification mentioned for the property from the date mentioned for the property.

 

Item

Property

Specification

Date

1

Density at 15°C

860 to 890 kg/m3

18 September 2003

2

Distillation T90

360°C (max)

18 September 2003

3

Viscosity

3.5 to 5.0 mm2/s @ 40°C

18 September 2003

4

Flashpoint

120.0°C (min)

18 September 2003

5

Copper strip corrosion (3hrs @ 50°C) 

   (a)  if the biodiesel contains no more than 10 mg/kg of sulfur — Class 1 (max)

   (b)  if paragraph (a) does not apply — No. 3 (max)

18 December 2004

6

Ester content

96.5% (m/m) (min)

18 September 2003

7

Acid value

0.80 mg KOH/g (max)

18 September 2003

8

Total contamination

24 mg/kg (max)

18 September 2004

9

Cetane number; or

Derived cetane number

51.0 (min)

51.0 (min)

18 September 2005

1 March 2009

10

Oxidation stability

6 hours @ 110°C (min)

18 September 2004

5              Testing methods

         (1)   Compliance with the standard set out in section 4 for the substance or property is determined by the testing method, as existing on the commencement of the Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Amendment Determination 2009 (No. 1), for the substance or property in the following table.

 

Item

Substance or property

Testing method

1

Acid value

ASTM D664

2

Methanol

EN 14110

3

Carbon residue — 10% distillation residue

ASTM D4530

4

Cetane number

ASTM D613

5

Derived cetane number

ASTM D6890

6

Contamination (total)

EN 12662

7

Copper strip corrosion

(a)     for specification Class 1 (max) — EN ISO 2160 or ASTM D130

(b)     for specification No. 3 (max) — ASTM D130

8

Density

ASTM D1298

9

Distillation T90

ASTM D1160

10

Ester content

EN 14103

11

Flashpoint

ASTM D93

12

Glycerol (free)

ASTM D6584

13

Glycerol (total)

ASTM D6584

14

Metals — Group I (Na, K)

EN 14538

15

Metals — Group II (Ca, Mg)

EN 14538

16

Oxidation stability

prEN 15751 or EN 14112

17

Phosphorus

EN 14107

18

Sulfur

ASTM D5453

19

Sulfated ash

ASTM D874

20

Viscosity

ASTM D445

21

Water and sediment

ASTM D2709

         (2)   For subsection (1):

                (a)    ASTM followed by an alphanumeric code means the testing method developed by ASTM International under the alphanumeric code; and

               (b)    prEN, EN and EN ISO followed by a number means the testing method developed by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) under the code and number.

         (3)   For item 10 of the table in subsection (1), if biodiesel contains C‑17‑methyl esters, the ester content may be measured by using the modified procedure set out in S. Schober, I. Seidl and M. Mittelbach, ‘Ester content evaluation in biodiesel from animal fats and lauric oils’, European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, vol 108, issue 4, 2006, pp 309–314.


Notes to the Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Determination 2003

Note 1

The Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Determination 2003 (in force under section 21 of the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000) as shown in this compilation is amended as indicated in the Tables below.

Table of Instruments

Title

Date of notification
in Gazette or FRLI registration

Date of
commencement

Application, saving or
transitional provisions

Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Determination 2003

19 Sept 2003 (see Gazette 2003, No. S360)

19 Sept 2003

 

Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Amendment Determination 2004 (No. 1)

8 Dec 2004 (see Gazette 2004, No. GN 49)

Ss. 1–3 and Schedule 1: 8 Dec 2004
Schedule 2: 18 Dec 2004

Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Amendment Determination 2009 (No. 1)

20 Feb 2009 (see F2009L00693)

21 Feb 2009

Table of Amendments

ad. = added or inserted      am. = amended      rep. = repealed      rs. = repealed and substituted

Provision affected

How affected

S. 3.........................................

am. 2004 No. 1; 2009 No. 1

S. 4.........................................

am. 2004 No. 1; 2009 No. 1

S. 5.........................................

am. 2004 No. 1

 

rs. 2009 No. 1