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Fuel Standard (Petrol) Determination 2001

Authoritative Version
Determinations/Other as amended, taking into account amendments up to Fuel Standard (Petrol) Amendment Determination 2008 (No. 1)
Administered by: Environment and Energy
Registered 30 Jun 2008
Start Date 28 Jun 2008

Fuel Standard (Petrol) Determination 2001

as amended

made under section 21 of the

This compilation was prepared on 28 June 2008
taking into account amendments up to
Fuel Standard (Petrol) Amendment Determination 2008 (No. 1)

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing,
Attorney‑General’s Department, Canberra


Contents

                        1     Name of Determination [see Note 1]                                                      3

                        2     Commencement                                                                                  3

                      2A     Definitions                                                                                           3

                        3     Fuel standard for petrol                                                                        3

                      3A     Fuel standard for ethanol                                                                      4

                        4     Testing methods — petrol                                                                    5

                      4A     Testing methods — ethanol                                                                  6

                        5     Operability standards for petrol                                                             6

Notes                                                                                                                                8

 


  

  

1              Name of Determination [see Note 1]

                This Determination is the Fuel Standard (Petrol) Determination 2001.

2              Commencement

                This Determination commences on 1 January 2002.

2A           Definitions

                In this Determination:

ASTM International means the standards development organisation of that name.

CAS no., for a parameter, means the Chemicals Abstracts Service Registry number for the parameter.

LRP means lead replacement grade of petrol.

petrol does not include avgas supplied for use in aircraft.

pool average, for olefin or aromatic content of a grade of petrol, means the average amount of olefins or aromatics in all batches of petrol of that grade manufactured in Australia or imported by a supplier in each 6 months starting on 1 January 2002.

PULP means premium unleaded grade of petrol.

ULP means unleaded grade of petrol.

3              Fuel standard for petrol

         (1)   Petrol that contains a parameter mentioned in the following table must not contain more than the amount mentioned for the parameter and the grade of petrol from the date mentioned for the parameter.

 

Item

Parameter

Grade

Amount

Date

1

Sulfur

ULP, LRP

500 mg/kg

1 January 2002

2

Sulfur

PULP

150 mg/kg

1 January 2002

3

Sulfur

ULP, LRP

150 mg/kg

1 January 2005

3A

Sulfur

PULP

50 mg/kg

1 January 2008

4

Benzene

All grades

1% volume by volume

1 January 2006

5

Lead

All grades

0.005 g/L

1 January 2002

6

Oxygen

    (a)   All grades of petrol not containing ethanol

2.7% mass by mass (maximum)

1 January 2002

 

 

    (b)   All grades of petrol containing ethanol

3.9% mass by mass (maximum)

1 November 2007

6A

Ethanol

All grades

10% volume by volume (maximum)

1 July 2003

7

Phosphorus

ULP, PULP

0.0013 g/L

1 January 2002

8

DIPE Di‑isopropyl ether, CAS no. 108-20-3)

All grades

1% volume by volume

1 January 2002

9

MTBE (Methyl tertiary butyl ether, CAS no. 1634-04-4)

All grades

1% volume by volume

1 January 2004

10

TBA (Tertiary butyl alcohol, CAS no. 75-65-0)

All grades

0.5% volume by volume

1 January 2002

         (2)   From 1 January 2005, petrol must have a maximum final boiling point of 210°C.

         (3)   Petrol must have a minimum research octane number as follows:

                (a)    for ULP — of 91.0;

               (b)    for PULP — of 95.0;

                (c)    for LRP — of 96.0.

         (4)   The olefin content of petrol must be not more than:

                (a)    from 1 January 2004:

                          (i)    20% volume by volume; and

                         (ii)    18% volume by volume pool average over 6 months; and

               (b)    from 1 January 2005 — 18% by volume.

         (5)   The aromatic content of petrol must be not more than:

                (a)    from 1 January 2002:

                          (i)    48% volume by volume; and

                         (ii)    45% volume by volume pool average over 6 months; and

               (b)    from 1 January 2005:

                          (i)    45% volume by volume; and

                         (ii)    42% volume by volume pool average over 6 months.

3A           Fuel standard for ethanol

         (1)   For item 6A of the table in subsection 3 (1) this section sets out the parameters for ethanol contained in petrol.

         (2)   The ethanol content must not be less than 95.6% volume by volume.

         (3)   The ethanol must contain denaturant.

         (4)   The denaturant contained in ethanol must be ULP or PULP.

         (5)   The denaturant content of the ethanol must be no less than 1% volume by volume and no more than 1.5% volume by volume.

         (6)   The ethanol must be clear and bright in appearance, that is, it must be visibly free of suspended or precipitated contaminants.

         (7)   The pHe value of the ethanol must be no less than 6.5 and no more than 9.0.

         (8)   The ethanol must not contain more of a parameter set out in the following table, than the specification for that parameter.

 

Item

Parameter

Specification

1

Acidity (as acetic acid CH3COOH)

0.007% mass by mass

2

Copper

0.1 mg/kg

3

Inorganic chloride

32 mg/L

4

Methanol

0.5% volume by volume

5

Solvent washed gum

5.0 mg/100 ml

6

Sulfate

4 mg/kg

7

Sulfur

30 mg/kg

8

Water

1.0% volume by volume

4              Testing methods — petrol

         (1)   Compliance with the standard set out in section 3 for a parameter is determined by application of the testing method for the parameter in the following table:

 

Item

Parameter

Testing method

1

Aromatics

ASTM D1319

1A

Benzene

ASTM D5580

2

Lead

ASTM D3237

3

Olefins

ASTM D1319

4

Oxygen

ASTM D4815

5

MTBE (Methyl tertiary‑butyl ether)

ASTM D4815

6

DIPE (Di‑isopropyl ether)

ASTM D4815

7

TBA (Tertiary butyl alcohol)

ASTM D4815

8

Sulfur

ASTM D5453

9

Phosphorus

ASTM D3231

10

Research octane number

ASTM D2699

         (2)   In the table in subsection (1), ASTM followed by an alphanumeric code means the testing method developed by ASTM International under that alphanumeric code.

4A           Testing methods — ethanol

         (1)   Compliance with the standard for a parameter set out in section 3A is determined by the testing method for the parameter mentioned in the following table:

 

Item

Parameter

Testing method

1

Acidity (as acetic acid CH3COOH)

ASTM D1613

2

Appearance

ASTM D4806

3

Copper

ASTM D1688A (as modified in ASTM D4806)

4

Denaturant

ASTM D5501

5

Ethanol

ASTM D5501

6

Inorganic chloride

ASTM D512C (as modified in ASTM D4806)

7

Methanol

ASTM D5501

8

pHe

ASTM D6423

9

Solvent washed gum

ASTM D381

10

Sulfate

ASTM D4806 Annex 1

11

Sulfur

ASTM D5453

12

Water

ASTM E203

         (2)   For subsection (1), ASTM, followed by an alphanumeric code, means the testing method, as in force on 1 January 2007, developed by ASTM International under that alphanumeric code.

5              Operability standards for petrol

         (1)   To allow the more effective operation of engines, petrol of a grade mentioned in an item of the following table must, in relation to the parameter mentioned in that item, comply with the specification for that parameter mentioned in that item.

         (2)   For subsection (1), a parameter of petrol of a grade mentioned in an item of the table complies with the specification for that item only if that is the result after the petrol has been tested, in relation to that parameter, using the ASTM International method of testing, as in force on 16 October 2002, mentioned in that item.

 

Item

Grade of petrol

Parameter

Specification

Referee test method

1

PULP

MON

85.0 minimum

ASTM D2700

2

ULP

MON

81.0 minimum

ASTM D2700

3

LRP

MON

82.0 minimum

ASTM D2700

4

All grades

Copper corrosion (3 hrs @ 50°C)

Class 1 maximum

ASTM D130

5

All grades

Existent gum (washed)

50 mg/l maximum

ASTM D381

6

All grades

Induction period

360 minutes minimum

ASTM D525

 


Notes to the Fuel Standard (Petrol) Determination 2001

Note 1

The Fuel Standard (Petrol) Determination 2001 (in force under section 21 of the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000) as shown in this compilation is amended as indicated in the Tables below.

Under the Legislative Instruments Act 2003, which came into force on 1 January 2005, it is a requirement for all non-exempt legislative instruments to be registered on the Federal Register of Legislative Instruments.

Table of Instruments

Title

Date of notification
in Gazette or FRLI registration

Date of
commencement

Application, saving or
transitional provisions

Fuel Standard (Petrol) Determination 2001

22 Aug 2001 (see Gazette 2001, No. GN33)

1 Jan 2002

 

Fuel Standard (Petrol) Amendment Determination 2001 (No. 1)

3 Oct 2001 (see Gazette 2001,
No. GN39)

1 Jan 2002

Fuel Standard (Petrol) Amendment Determination 2002 (No. 1)

24 Oct 2002 (see Gazette 2002,
No. S396)

Ss. 1–3 and Schedule 1: 24 Oct 2002
Schedule 2: 16 Oct 2002

Fuel Standard (Petrol) Amendment Determination 2003 (No. 1)

7 May 2003 (see Gazette 2003, No. GN18)

1 July 2003

Fuel Quality Standards Amendment Determination 2004 (No. 1)

11 Aug 2004 (see Gazette 2004,
No. GN32)

11 Aug 2004

Fuel Standard (Petrol) Amendment Determination 2005 (No. 1)

15 June 2005 (see F2005L01418)

16 June 2005

Fuel Standard (Petrol) Amendment Determination 2007 (No. 1)

8 Oct 2007 (see F2007L03952)

9 Oct 2007

Fuel Standard (Petrol) Amendment Determination 2008 (No. 1)

27 June 2008 (see F2008L02296)

28 June 2008

Table of Amendments

ad. = added or inserted      am. = amended      rep. = repealed      rs. = repealed and substituted

Provision affected

How affected

S. 2A.......................................

ad. 2002 No. 1

 

am. 2005 No. 1; 2008 No. 1

S. 3.........................................

am. 2001 No. 1; 2002 No. 1; 2003 No. 1; 2004 No. 1; 2007 No. 1; 2008 No. 1

S. 3A.......................................

ad. 2008 No. 1

Heading to s. 4.....................

rs. 2008 No. 1

S. 4.........................................

ad. 2001 No. 1

 

am. 2002 No. 1

 

rs. 2005 No. 1

 

am. 2007 No. 1; 2008 No. 1

S. 4A.......................................

ad. 2008 No. 1

S. 5.........................................

ad. 2002 No. 1

 

am. 2005 No. 1