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AASB 1048 Standards/Accounting & Auditing as made
This Accounting Standard updates the list of Accounting Interpretations that entities are required to apply in preparing financial reports that are within the scope of the Standard.
Administered by: Treasury
General Comments: When applicable, this Standard supersedes AASB 1048 Interpretation and Application of Standards as issued in December 2006 (F2006L05744). AASB 1048 is amended by the Erratum "Proportionate Consolidation" which was issued in July 2007 to insert additional references to proportionate consolidation into Standards and Interpretaions which were not added via AASB 2007-4. The Erratum can be found as supporting material to AASB 2007-4 (F2007L01669).
Exempt from sunsetting by the Legislation (Exemptions and Other Matters) Regulation 2015 s12 item 18
Registered 30 Mar 2007
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR08-May-2007
Tabled Senate09-May-2007

Explanatory Statement



Accounting Standard AASB 1048 Interpretation and Application
of Standards






March 2007




Reasons for Issuing AASB 1048

Australian Accounting Standards that apply to annual reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2005 include Australian equivalents to International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs).  IFRSs comprise Accounting Standards and Interpretations.  IFRSs are issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), and their adoption in Australia is in accordance with a strategic direction made by the Financial Reporting Council (FRC).

The IASB defines IFRSs as comprising:

(a)       International Financial Reporting Standards;

(b)      International Accounting Standards (IASs); and

(c)       Interpretations originated by the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) or the former Standing Interpretations Committee (SIC).

The Australian equivalents to IFRSs are:

(a)       Accounting Standards issued by the AASB that are equivalent to Standards issued by the IASB, being AASBs 1 – 99 corresponding to the IFRS series and AASBs 101 – 199 corresponding to the IAS series; and

(b)      Australian Interpretations issued by the AASB corresponding to the Interpretations adopted by the IASB, as listed in this Standard.

This Standard clarifies that all Australian Interpretations have the same authoritative status.  Those that are equivalent to the IASB Interpretations must be applied to achieve compliance with IFRSs.  Australian Interpretations issued by the AASB comprise both AASB and UIG Interpretations.  UIG Interpretations were developed by the Urgent Issues Group, a former committee of the AASB.

Need for a Service Standard

In the Australian context, Australian Interpretations do not have the same legal status as Standards (delegated legislation) and are treated as ‘external documents’ by the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 (and also by the Legislative Instruments Act 2003).  Although references in one Standard to a second Standard are ambulatory (automatically moving forward to refer to the most recently-issued version of the second Standard), references in a Standard to external documents are stationary (being fixed in time to refer to the contents of the external document when the Standard was issued).  A simple reference to an Australian Interpretation in an AASB Standard can only refer to the Interpretation that existed when the Standard was issued.  It cannot refer to any revised version of the Interpretation that may exist at a later reporting date.  However, an AASB Standard can refer to a second AASB Standard and, when the first Standard is applied at a later reporting date, the reference will be to the then-current version of the second Standard, even if it has been re-issued since the first Standard was issued.


The service Standard approach involves issuing an AASB Standard – this Standard – that lists the Australian Interpretations, and referring to that Standard in every other AASB Standard where necessary to refer to an Interpretation.  This enables references to the Interpretations in all other AASB Standards to be updated by re-issuing the service Standard.


This approach preserves the status of Australian Interpretations as ‘external documents’ referred to in a Standard, with the contents fixed in time to that existing when the Standard takes effect.  It does not treat the Interpretations as delegated legislation or confer ambulatory status on the reference.  In each AASB Standard where there is a need to refer to an Australian equivalent of an IASB Interpretation, the reference will be to this Standard, phrased as “Interpretation [number] [title] identified in AASB 1048 as corresponding to IFRIC [or SIC] [number]”.  This reference, being to another AASB Standard, is ambulatory and will refer to the Standard, AASB 1048, that is in force from time to time.  AASB 1048 itself will contain the direct references to the external documents and will be re-issued to keep all references to Interpretations in the other Standards up to date.


This approach to clarifying the status of Australian Interpretations ensures there is no difference between the status in the hierarchy accorded to Interpretations in IAS 8 Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors compared with AASB 108 Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors.

Main Features of the Standard

The Standard (issued in March 2007) supersedes the previous version of AASB 1048, issued in December 2006.  At its meeting in February 2007, the AASB approved Interpretation 4 Determining whether an Arrangement contains a Lease [revised], Interpretation 11 AASB 2 – Group and Treasury Share Transactions, Interpretation 12 Service Concession Arrangements and Interpretation 129 Service Concession Arrangements: Disclosures [revised], which are now referred to in the Standard.

Application Date

This Standard is applicable to annual reporting periods ending on or after 31 March 2007 (see paragraph 3).  To be consistent with the position for AASB Standards equivalent to IFRSs, early adoption of this Standard is not permitted for annual reporting periods beginning before 1 January 2005.  However, early adoption is otherwise permitted as specified in paragraph 4.

Main Requirements

This Standard identifies the Australian Interpretations and classifies them into two groups:  those that correspond to an IASB Interpretation and those that do not.  Entities are required to apply each relevant Australian Interpretation in preparing financial reports that are within the scope of the Standard.  Australian Interpretations are issued by and may be purchased from the AASB.  They are also available on the AASB’s website at www.aasb.com.au.

In respect of the first group (Table 1), it is necessary for those Australian Interpretations, where relevant, to be applied in order for an entity to be able to make an explicit and unreserved statement of compliance with IFRSs.  The IASB defines IFRSs to include the IFRIC and SIC Interpretations.

In the second group (Table 2), this Standard lists the other Australian Interpretations, that do not correspond to the IASB Interpretations, to assist financial report preparers and users to identify the other authoritative pronouncements necessary for compliance in the Australian context.

The Standard will be re-issued when necessary to keep the Tables up to date.

Changes from AASB 1048 (December 2006)

The difference between AASB 1048 (as issued in December 2006) and this version issued in March 2007 is the addition of four Interpretations to Table 1 in paragraph 9 of the Standard, as set out in the following table.

Table 1 – Additions




Issue Date


Application Date (annual reporting periods)



4  [revised]

February 2007

Determining whether an Arrangement contains a Lease


1 January 2008




February 2007

AASB 2 – Group and Treasury Share Transactions


1 March 2007




February 2007

Service Concession Arrangements


1 January 2008



129  [revised]

February 2007

Service Concession Arrangements: Disclosures


1 January 2008



Consultation Prior to Issuing this Standard

Public consultation was part of the process undertaken by the Urgent Issues Group (a former committee of the AASB) in developing submissions on the Draft Interpretations D17, D12, D13 and D14 issued by the IFRIC for public comment.  IFRIC Interpretations 11 and 12 contain essentially the same requirements as were proposed in D17 and in D12, D13 and D14 respectively.  Accordingly, there appeared no need for the AASB to undertake further public consultation in respect of the updating of AASB 1048.  Revised Interpretations 4 and 129 incorporate consequential amendments as a result of the issue of Interpretation 12.


A Regulatory Impact Statement has not been prepared in connection with the issue of this Standard as the amendments made do not have a substantial direct or indirect impact on business or competition, are of a minor or machinery nature or clarify existing requirements.