Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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SLI 2007 No. 79 Regulations as made
These regulations give effect to the arrangement between the governments of the United States of America and Australia on the transfer of persons sentenced by a military commission.
Administered by: Attorney-General's
Exempt from sunsetting by the Legislation (Exemptions and Other Matters) Regulation 2015 s12 item 35
Registered 29 Mar 2007
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR08-May-2007
Tabled Senate09-May-2007

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

 

 

Select Legislative Instrument 2007 No. 79

 

Issued by the authority of the Attorney-General

 

International Transfer of Prisoners Act 1997

 

International Transfer of Prisoners (Military Commission of the United States of America) Regulations 2007

 

Section 58 of the International Transfer of Prisoners Act 1997 (the Act) provides that the Governor-General may make regulations prescribing matters required or permitted by the Act to be prescribed, or necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to the Act.

 

The Act forms the basis for the International Transfer of Prisoners scheme (the scheme) in Australia. The scheme allows Australians imprisoned overseas to apply to return to Australia to serve the remainder of their sentence in an Australian prison. The scheme also allows foreign nationals who are imprisoned in Australia to apply to serve the balance of their sentence in their home country.

 

Subsection 8(1) of the Act provides that the regulations may apply the Act to a foreign country and may declare that country to be a transfer country for the purposes of the Act. Subsection 8(2) provides that the regulations may also declare that the Act applies in relation to a foreign country subject to limitations, conditions, exceptions or qualifications referred to in the regulations.  Paragraph 8(3)(a) provides that the limitations, conditions, exceptions or qualifications can include those necessary to give effect to a treaty, a copy of which must be set out in the regulations.  Section 4 of the Act defines ‘treaty’ to include a convention, protocol, agreement or arrangement.

 

The United States of America is declared to be a transfer country by the International Transfer of Prisoners (Transfer of Sentenced Persons Convention) Regulations 2002.  These Regulations state that the Act applies to the United States of America, subject to the Council of Europe Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons (the Convention). 

 

To ensure that prisoners who are sentenced by a military commission of the United States of America have the right to apply for transfer, the Governments of Australia and the United States have entered into a separate Arrangement for the transfer of prisoners and cooperation in the enforcement of sentences. 

 

The International Transfer of Prisoners (Military Commission of the United States of America) Regulations 2007 (the Regulations) give effect to the Arrangement.  The Regulations apply the Act to the United States of America subject to the Arrangement, in the case of a transfer to Australia of a prisoner serving a sentence ordered by a United States military commission.  A copy of the Arrangement is set out in Schedule 1.

 

The Office of Regulation Review has advised that a Regulatory Impact Statement on the Regulations is not required.

 

The Regulations commenced on the day after they were registered in the Federal Register of Legislative Instruments.

 

The Regulations are a legislative instrument for the purposes of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.