Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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No. 2 of 1999 Orders/Marine as made
This Marine Orders amends Marine Orders - Part 32: Cargo Handling Equipment, Issue 2 (Order No. 14 of 1997) by prescribing matters in relation to the loading and unloading of cargo and the safe transfer of persons, from ships, off shore industry vessels and off-shore industry mobile units for the purposes of the Navigation Act 1912 and gives effect to certain ILO conventions, codes of practice and recommendations.
Administered by: DOTARS
Exempt from sunsetting by the Legislative Instruments Act 2003 s 54(2) item 27
Registered 13 Jun 2007
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR08-Feb-1999
Tabled Senate15-Feb-1999
Gazetted 17 Feb 1999
Date of repeal 06 Dec 2011
Repealed by Marine Order 32, issue 3


Part 32

Cargo Handling Equipment

Issue 2





Order No 2 of 1999

Pursuant to Section 425(1AA) of the Navigation Act 1912, I hereby make this Order amending Marine Orders, Part 32, Issue 2, by omitting pages (i), 13, 14, 101 to 104 and 111, and substituting the attached pages (i), 13, 14, 101 to 104 and 111 to 116, to come into operation on 1 February 1999.
                                                                                                                                           Clive Davidson
                                                                                                                                           Chief Executive
14 January 1999

Table of Contents

1       Definitions

2       Purpose

3       Application

4       Exemptions & equivalents

5       Transitional

6       Review of decisions

7       Control

8       Penal provisions

9       Person in charge

10     Loading and unloading

11     Access to a ship or compartment

12     Marking of cargo mass

13     Powers and functions of surveyors

14     Safe working load

15     Testing, thorough examination, inspection and certification

16     Register of materials handling equipment and certificates of test

17     Maintenance and repairs

Appendix 1     Protective fencing

Appendix 2     Lighting

Appendix 3     Safe atmosphere

Appendix 4     Personnel cradle

Appendix 5     Test and thorough examination procedures (materials handling equipment)

Appendix 6         Safe use of materials handling equipment

Appendix 7         Cargo spaces

Appendix 8         Motors in cargo spaces

Appendix 9         Requirements for derricks

Appendix 10       Requirements for cranes

Appendix 11       Crane and derrick
controls and brakes

Appendix 12       Operator's cabin and access

Appendix 13       Mechanical stowing appliances and other vehicles

Appendix l4        Requirements for specialised handling systems

Appendix l5        Requirements for cargo gear

Appendix l6        Unitised cargo

Appendix 17       Ladders

Appendix 18       Signalling

Appendix 19       Marking of mass

Appendix 20       Australian standards:
guide in determining

Appendix 21       Actuating force: control equipment

Appendix 22       Approved splices in wire rope

Appendix 23       Forms

Previous issue

Issue 1, Order No 12 of 1986
Amendment, Order No. 5 of 1992

Issue 2, Order No 14 of 1997

Note:  Effective measures may include fencing, flagging defective machinery, tagging switches or valves not to be used, cessation of work. 

9.2.3  If, in connection with the loading or unloading of a ship:

(a) a person receives an injury requiring referral to a hospital; or

(b) a component of materials handling equipment fails in operation, whether or not any person is thereby injured,

the person in charge must submit to a surveyor at the nearest AMSA survey office:

(a) within four hours of the incident—an initial report in accordance with Form MO-32/5 in Appendix 23; and

(b) within 72 hours of the incident—a full report in accordance with Form MO-32/6 in Appendix 23.

Note:  Two forms are available from AMSA: Form AMSA 18, which is an Incident Alert form, and AMSA 19, which is an Incident Report form.

10  Loading and Unloading

10.1  Person in charge to direct loading and unloading

A person must not, to any extent, load or unload a ship unless that person does so
under the direction of the person in charge.

10.2  Loading and unloading to comply with this Part

A person must not:

(a) to any extent, load or unload a ship;

(b) use or operate any materials handling equipment in connection with the loading or unloading of a ship;

(c)  direct or purport to authorise any other person to load or unload a ship to any extent, or operate materials handling equipment in connection with the loading or unloading of a ship; or

(d) use or direct or purport to authorise any other person to use in connection with the loading or unloading of a ship, except in the event of an emergency, any means of passage or access,

otherwise than in compliance with or as provided by this Part.

10.3  Use of equipment

10.3.1  Subject to 10.3.2, a person who:

(a) is under 18 years of age; or

(b) does not possess the necessary aptitudes and experience,

must not:

(c)  operate any mechanical stowing appliance, crane or winch; or

(d) give directional signals to a driver of a crane, winch or other mechanical stowing appliance; or

(e)  have responsibility for attending to cargo falls on winch ends or winch drums; or

(f)  perform tasks involving hoisting, lowering or otherwise adjusting derrick gear or other materials handling equipment.

10.3.2  Provision 10.3.1 does not apply to:

(a) a member of the crew of the ship being loaded or unloaded; or

(b) a person under training while properly supervised.

10.3.3  A person must not operate power operated hatch covers unless that person is:

(a) a member of the crew of the ship being loaded or unloaded; or

(b) a person authorised to do so by the officer in charge of the loading or
unloading operation.

10.3.4  A person, other than a member of the crew of the ship, must not operate
ship's side, bow or stern doors, 'tween deck bulkhead doors, ramps, retractable car decks or similar ship equipment unless that person has been specifically authorised by the Master of the ship to do so.

10.4  Protective clothing

A person must not load or unload a ship unless that person wears protective clothing and other protective equipment appropriate for the loading or unloading operation, for the duration of the operation.

Note: It is the responsibilities of employers to define the protective clothing to be worn in any particular circumstances.

Appendix 20

Australian standards:
Guide in determining safe working load

Note: The Standards are listed by subject matter and full titles are not included.  In some cases the Standard cited may have subsidiary parts or amendments which should be consulted.

1  For guidance in determining safe working load

Blocks, cargo

AS 2089-1993

Blocks, chain

AS 1418.2-1997


AS 2321-1979

Cranes         - General

AS 1418.1-1994

                   - Serial hoists and winches

AS 1418.2-1997

                   - Bridge, gantry, portal

AS 1418.3-1997

                   - Mobile

AS 1418.5-1995

Cranes         - Safe use of, General requirements

AS 2550.1-1993


AS 2317-1984

Fibre rope    - Care & safe usage

AS 4142.1-1993

                   - 3 strand hawser laid and 8 strand plaited ropes

AS 4142.2-1993


AS 3777-1990

Industrial trucks  - General requirements

AS 2359.1-1995

                          - Operation

AS 2359.2-1985

Lifting components for chain slings

AS 3776-1990

Lifts, escalators and moving walks - General requirements

AS 1735.1-1986


AS 4068-1993

Rigging screws and turnbuckles

AS 2319-1984


AS 2741-1992

Slings          - fibre rope

AS 1380-1998

                   - synthetic-webbing

AS 1353-1997

                   - wire rope

AS 1666-1995

                   - wire coil, flat

AS 1438-1998

                   - chain - grade T

AS 3775-1990

                   - roundslingssynthetic fibre

AS 4497-1997


AS 2318-1990

Wire rope

AS 3569-1989

Wire-rope grips for non-lifting applications

AS 2076-1996

2  Other standards called up in this part

Acousticshearing protectors

AS 1270-1988

Automotive LP Gas Code

AS 1425-1989

Battery operated vehicles

AS 1915-1992

Carbon monoxide analyser equipment

AS 2094-1977

Classification of hazardous areas
- Explosive gas atmospheres
- Combustible dusts


AS 2430.1-1987

AS 2430.2-1986

Electrical equipment enclosures

AS 1939-1990


AS 1680-1990

Portable Fire Extinguishers
- General requirements
- Foam type
- Powder type
- Carbon dioxide type
- Vaporising liquid type


AS 1841.1-1997

AS 1841.4-1997

AS 1841.5-1997

AS 1841.6-1997

AS 1841.7-1997


Portable Ladders   - Metal
         - Timber

AS 1892.1-1996
AS 1892.2-1992

Safe working in a confined space

AS 2865-1995

Vehicles - pollutant test methods

AS 2095.1-1977

Wire rope - Application guide

AS 2759-1985

3  Other standards that may provide guidance

Freight containers  handling and securing

AS 3711.10-1993

Doors          clear openings for external single leaf doors

ISO 3796

* * * * * *

Appendix 21

Actuating force: control equipment

The maximum actuating force required to operate controls of materials handling equipment is to be no greater than the following:

         Finger-operated lever                                         10 N (either direction) 

         Push button                                                      25 N

         Hand-operated lever-

               console mounted                                     50 N (either direction)

               floor mounted                                         400 N

         Pedal                                                               600 N

         Steering wheel-

                 manually powered                               250 N  

                 power assisted operating                      250 N

                 power assistance not operating             600 N


Form MO 32/5




Ship's name


IMO number


Call sign

Satcom number



Gross tonnage

No. of persons on board

Class society



IOPP certificate date of issue

Ship type

















Bulk Carrier




















Operator's name and address


Responsible Officer (ISM designated person)

Contact number

Agents and P&I Club








Ship's location
(eg port, at sea, lat, long)


Location on ship where
incident occurred


Date & time
of incident                      /                  /                                                       am/pm

No.of persons



Nature of incident







MARPOL Ship Defects










Serious Personal Injury


















Structural Failure




















Machinery Breakdown


Presumed Lost








Cargo Gear


Close Quarters Situation


















Dangerous Goods


Other (specify)






Note: If incident occurred under pilotage, include name of pilot




















































































































Form MO 32/6




Ship's name


IMO number


Call sign

Satcom number



Gross tonnage


Class society


Operator's name and address


Agents and P&I Club


Date & time of incident

Ship's location (eg port, at sea, lat, long)

Part 1 - To be completed if reporting under Marine Orders Part 32



Employer of person-in-charge








If injury, complete parts 4 - 8








Gear failure


If gear failure, complete parts 5 - 8








Dangerous Goods


If dangerous goods, complete parts 5 - 8








Part 2 - To be completed if reporting under sections 268, 269 or 417 of the Navigation Act 1912 (other than births) or regulation 4 of the Navigation (Marine Casualty) Regulations





Incident description




































Machinery failure










Structural failure


Close Quarters














Presumed lost














Dangerous occurrence












Other (specify)












Place of incident




Machinery spaces


Accommodation block












Deck/cargo spaces


Gangway/pilot ladder












Other (specify)












Crew numbers

Passenger numbers


Part 3 - To be completed if reporting under section 417 of the Navigation Act 1912 (Births)

Child's name


Date of birth


Mother's full name


Town & country of birth

Australian resident

Father's full name


Town & country of birth

Australian resident



Part 4 - To be completed if reporting under section 107 of the Occupational Health & Safety (Maritime Industry) Act 1993

Name of affected person

Date of birth



Home address

Australian resident
Yes / No

Town & country of birth














Waterside worker
















Other (specify) ……………………………………………………………………………..











show watch period:    from ……………..to ………………..      Time since last rest period ……………………….…

entry date


Hours of duty
               Time on:

Time off:

Hours before duty

Affected area









Head (1)


Eyes (1)


Trunk (3)


Arms (4)












Hands (4)


Legs (5)


Internal (7)


Back (3)












Neck (2)


Fingers (4)


Feet (5)


Toes (5)












Other (specify)










Type of injury







Drowning (150)


Crushing (100)


Laceration (060/080)










Burns & scalds (120)


Hernia (450)


Fracture (020/010)










Electric shock (150)


Amputation (070)


Foreign Body (110/090)










Abrasion (090)


Bruising (100)


Asphyxia (110/150/140)










Strain & sprain (040)


Other (specify)








Result of incident









Serious injury


Minor injury










Near miss


Temporary disability


Partial disability










Permanent disability




Time off work










Other (specify)








Place of incident







Machinery spaces


Accommodation block












Deck/cargo spaces


Gangway/pilot ladder












Other (specify)









Incident factors



Machinery and (mainly) fixed plant (1)


Materials and substances (6)






Mobile plant and transport (2)


Environmental agencies (7)






Powered equipment, tools and appliances (3)


Animal, human and biological agencies (8)






Non-powered hand tools, appliances and other equipment (4)






Chemicals and chemical products (5)


Other and unspecified agencies (9)




Cause of injury/illness

Date left ship

Expected period
of incapacity

Treatment given on board ship


Part 5 - Explanation and Description
State Cause and give names and addresses of any witnesses


Part 6 - Incident narrative


Part 7 - Action taken to prevent similar occurrences


Part 8 - Details of person completing report



Contact number


Date         /     /