Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

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ADR 18/01 Standards/Australian Design Rules for Vehicles as made
A vehicle standard determined under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 providing requirements for instrumentation.
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Cities and Regional Development
General Comments: This Standard repeals each vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 18/01 — Instrumentation that is: (a) made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989; and (b) in force at the commencement of this Standard. This Standard also repeals each instrument made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 that creates a vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 18/01 — Instrumentation, if there are no other vehicle standards created by that instrument, or amendments to vehicle standards made by that instrument, that are still in force at the commencement of this Standard.
Exempt from sunsetting by the Legislation (Exemptions and Other Matters) Regulation 2015 s12 item 40
Registered 18 Aug 2006
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR04-Sep-2006
Tabled Senate04-Sep-2006

 

 

 

 

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 18/01 – Instrumentation) 2006

I, JAMES ERIC LLOYD, Minister for Local Government, Territories and Roads, determine this vehicle standard under subsection 7 (1) of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989.

 

 

 

 

Dated               10 August 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[SIGNED]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Eric Lloyd

 

Minister for Local Government, Territories and Roads


 

CONTENTS

 

18.0.      legislative provisions............................................................................ 3

Purpose and SCOPE.................................................................................................. 3

APPLICABILITY.............................................................................................................. 3

18.1.      DEFINITIONS.................................................................................................... 4

18.2.      ‘VISUAL INDICATORS’ FOR MA and LEP VEHICLES ONLY.................... 5

18.3.      LOCATION OF ‘VISUAL INDICATORS’ FOR MA and LEP VEHICLES ONLY          5

18.4.      VISIBILITY OF ‘VISUAL INDICATORS’ FOR MA and LEP VEHICLES ONLY           6

18.5.      SPEEDOMETERS AND ODOMETERS (ALL VEHICLES).............................. 7

 


18.0.                                legislative provisions

18.0.1.                          NAME OF STANDARD

18.0.1.1.                    This Standard is the Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 18/01 – Instrumentation) 2006.

18.0.1.2.                    This Standard may also be cited as Australian Design Rule 18/01 — Instrumentation.

18.0.2.                          COMMENCEMENT

18.0.2.1.                    This Standard commences on the day after it is registered.

18.0.3.                          REPEAL

18.0.3.1.                    This Standard repeals each vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 18/01 — Instrumentation that is:

                        (a)        made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989; and

                        (b)        in force at the commencement of this Standard.

18.0.3.2.                    This Standard also repeals each instrument made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 that creates a vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 18/01 — Instrumentation, if there are no other vehicle standards created by that instrument, or amendments to vehicle standards made by that instrument, that are still in force at the commencement of this Standard.

Purpose and SCOPE

This Australian Design Rule (ADR) is part of the Australian motor vehicle standards system and is a national standard for the purposes of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989.

The function of this Australian Design Rule is to specify requirements for the provision and location of certain ‘Visual Indicators’.

 It also specifies requirements for speedometers and odometers.

APPLICABILITY

This ADR applies to the design and construction of vehicles as set out in the table hereunder.

The /01 Rule differs from the /00 Rule in that it changes the requirements for LEP and LEG vehicles.


 


 Vehicle Category

ADR Category Code *

UNECE Category Code *

Manufactured on or After

Acceptable Prior Rules

Moped 2 wheels

LA

L1

Not Applicable

 

Moped 3 wheels

LB

L2

Not Applicable

 

Motor cycle

LC

L3

1 March 1993

Nil

Motor cycle and sidecar

LD

L4

1 March 1993

Nil

Motor tricycle

LE

L5

 

 

 

   LEM

 

1 March 1993

Nil

 

   LEP

 

1 July 1992

Nil

 

   LEG

 

1 July 1992

Nil

Passenger car

MA

M1

1 Jan 1993

Nil

Forward-control passenger vehicle

MB

M1

1 Jan 1993

Nil

Off-road passenger vehicle

MC

M1

1 Jan 1993

Nil

Light omnibus

MD

M2

 

 

 

up to 3.5 tonnes ‘GVM’ and up to 12 seats

   MD1

 

1 July 1992

Nil

 

up to 3.5 tonnes ‘GVM’ and more than 12 seats

   MD2

 

1 July 1992

Nil

 

over 3.5 tonnes and up to 4.5 tonnes ‘GVM’

   MD3

 

1 July 1992

Nil

 

over 4.5 tonnes and up to 5 tonnes ‘GVM’

   MD4

 

1 July 1992

Nil

Heavy omnibus

ME

M3

1 July 1992

Nil

Light goods vehicle

NA

N1

1 July 1992

Nil

Medium goods vehicle

NB

N2

 

 

 

over 3.5 tonnes up to 4.5 tonnes ‘GVM’

   NB1

 

1 July 1992

Nil

 

over 4.5 tonnes up to 12 tonnes ‘GVM’

   NB2

 

1 July 1992

Nil

Heavy goods vehicle

NC

N3

1 July 1992

Nil

Very light trailer

TA

O1

Not Applicable

 

Light trailer

TB

O2

Not Applicable

 

Medium trailer

TC

O3

Not Applicable

 

Heavy trailer

TD

O4

Not Applicable

 

18.1.                                DEFINITIONS

18.1.1.                          Refer to Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule Definitions and Vehicle Categories) 2005.

18.1.2.                          Visual Indicator’ - that part of an instrument or device intended to display information for the driver and includes any specified label.

18.1.3.                          Totally Visible’ - means that the sum of the view from each of the 2 eyes includes all the ‘Visual Indicators’.

18.2.                                ‘VISUAL INDICATORS’ FOR MA and LEP VEHICLES ONLY

18.2.1.                          The display of information presented by the following ‘Visual Indicators’, if fitted, shall be subject to control under this Rule:

Group I

(a)        Speedometer

(b)        Direction indicator "tell-tale" lamp or lamps

(c)        High beam indicator

Group II

(d)        Tachometer

(e)        Odometer

(f)         Service brake failure indicator lamp

(g)        Parking brake indicator lamp

(h)        Stop lamp failure indicator

(i)         Oil temperature indicator

(j)         Pressure indicator

(k)        Water temperature indicator

(l)         Battery charge failure indicator

(m)       Fuel level indicator.

18.2.2.                          In cases where more than one ‘Visual Indicator’ are provided for any one of the functions covered by (h) to (m) above, and are not located as specified in clause 18.3.2 a common indicator which could be either visual or an audible signal may be used to draw attention to the need to refer to a group of indicators located elsewhere.

18.2.2.1.                    In such cases the common indicator, if visual, shall be totally located within the area specified in clause 18.3.2.

18.3.                                LOCATION OF ‘VISUAL INDICATORS’ FOR MA and LEP VEHICLES ONLY

18.3.1.                          All ‘Visual Indicators’ specified as Group I in clause 18.2 shall be totally located between 2 vertical planes inclined at 20° left and 20° right of the longitudinal axis of the vehicle and passing through the foremost points of the left and right ‘95th Percentile Eye Ellipses’ respectively. Such indicators shall be totally located above a plane inclined downwards at 35° from the horizontal and including a horizontal transverse line through the foremost points of each of the ‘95th Percentile Eye Ellipses’ and below a plane tangential to the bottom of the ‘95th Percentile Eye Ellipses’ which includes a line at ground level transverse to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle 11 m forward of the rearmost eye ellipse point.

18.3.2.                          All ‘Visual Indicators’ specified as Group II in clause 18.2 shall be totally located between 2 vertical planes inclined at 40° left and 25° right of the longitudinal axis of the vehicle and passing through the foremost points of the left and right ‘95th Percentile Eye Ellipses’ respectively. Such indicators shall be totally located above a plane inclined downwards at 35° from the horizontal and including a horizontal transverse line through the foremost points of each of the ‘95th Percentile Eye Ellipses’ and below a plane tangential to the bottom of the ‘95th Percentile Eye Ellipses’ which includes a line at ground level transverse to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle 11 m forward of the rearmost eye ellipse point.

18.4.                                VISIBILITY OF ‘VISUAL INDICATORS’ FOR MA and LEP VEHICLES ONLY

18.4.1.                          The requirements of clauses 18.4.1.1 and 18.4.1.2 shall be met when:

(a)     the steering wheel is in the straight ahead position;

(b)     the direction indicator lever is in the "Neutral" position;

(c)     in the case of column change automatic transmission vehicles the gear selector is in the "Drive" position;

(d)     in the case of column change manual transmission vehicles with 2 or 3 forward gear ratios, the gear selector is in "Top" gear position;

(e)     in the case of column change manual transmission vehicles with more than 3 forward gear ratios, the gear selector is in "Top" gear position or the next lower gear position whichever is the more critical in terms of obscuration of ‘Visual Indicators’.

18.4.1.1.                    All ‘Visual Indicators’ other than indicator lamps shall be ‘Totally Visible’ when viewed from each pair of eye positions located by the ‘95th Percentile Eye Ellipses’ except that:

18.4.1.1.1.              in the case of Group I ‘Visual Indicators’, the portion of the steering wheel rim including its supporting arms that is below a plane tangential to the top of the ‘95th Percentile Eye Ellipses’ and the underside of the highest rim cross-section cut normal to the rim, shall not constitute an obstruction;

18.4.1.1.2.              in the case of Group II ‘Visual Indicators’ the steering wheel rim and its supporting arms and attachments thereto shall not constitute obstructions.

18.4.1.2.                    Any object which represents an obstruction to any single eye position within the terms of clause 18.4.1.1 shall have no surfaces, in the line of sight to the ‘Visual Indicator’, which present a metal finish with a ‘Specular Gloss’ exceeding 40 units when measured by the 20 degree geometry method of ASTM Standard D523-62T-"Specular Gloss" June 1962 or ASTM Standard D523-85T-"Specular Gloss", September 1985.

18.4.1.3.                    All indicator lamp ‘Visual Indicators’ shall either be ‘Totally Visible’, or an area of not less than 18 square millimetres with dimensions such that a 2 mm diameter circle is totally enclosed within the area, shall be ‘Totally Visible’ when viewed from each single eye position located by the ‘95th Percentile Eye Ellipses’. The obstruction exemptions provided for in clause 18.4.1.1 shall also be applicable to this clause.

18.4.1.4.                    In the case of a motor vehicle provided with a steering wheel capable of axial and vertical adjustments, it shall be demonstrated that for any eye position located by the ‘95th Percentile Eye Ellipses’, there is at least one steering wheel position where the requirements of clauses 18.4.1.1 to 18.4.1.3 are complied with.

18.4.2.                          The vehicle speed indicating element shall be of such colour or contrast as to differentiate it from the viewed background.

18.4.3.                          All ‘Visual Indicators’ other than indicator lamps shall be provided with variable intensity when illuminated.

Note: A switch which provides a means of varying the illumination to ‘Visual Indicators’, but is not integral with the on/off control for the illumination of ‘Visual Indicators’ is acceptable as a means of providing variable intensity illumination to ‘Visual Indicators’. It shall be acceptable for the intensity control to have not less than 2 levels of adjustment other than an "off" position provided that each position results in a substantially different level of illumination to ‘Visual Indicators’.

18.5.                                SPEEDOMETERS AND ODOMETERS (ALL VEHICLES)

18.5.1.                          Speedometers

18.5.1.1.                    Unless otherwise ‘Approved’, every vehicle shall be fitted with a speedometer which shall:

18.5.1.1.1.              indicate vehicle speed only in kilometres per hour; and

18.5.1.1.2.              indicate the actual vehicle speed, for all speeds above 40 km/h, to an accuracy of + 10 per cent.

18.5.1.2.                    The speedometer shall be installed so that its indication is readily visible to the driver when seated in the normal driving position.

18.5.2.                          Odometers

18.5.2.1.                    Every vehicle other than LA; LB and LEM group vehicles shall be fitted with an odometer which shall:

18.5.2.1.1.              indicate distance travelled in one kilometre units (or less) from 1 to 999,999 kilometres; and

18.5.2.1.2.              indicate the actual distance travelled by the vehicle to an accuracy of + 4 per cent.

18.5.2.2.                    Every vehicle of category LC, LD and LEM shall be fitted with an odometer which shall:

18.5.2.2.1.              indicate distance travelled in one kilometre units from 1 to 99,999 kilometres; and

18.5.2.2.2.              indicate the actual distance travelled by the vehicle to an accuracy of + 4 per cent

 



* The category code may also be in the format L1, LA etc.