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ADR 45/01 Standards/Australian Design Rules for Vehicles as made
A vehicle standard determined under subsection 7(1) of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 providing requirements for lighting and light signalling devices not covered by UNECE regulations.
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications
General Comments: This Standard repeals each vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 45/01 — Lighting and Light Signalling Devices not Covered by ECE Regulations that is: (a) made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989; and (b) in force at the commencement of this Standard. This Standard also repeals each instrument made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 that creates a vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 45/01 — Lighting and Light Signalling Devices not Covered by ECE Regulations, if there are no other vehicle standards created by that instrument, or amendments to vehicle standards made by that instrument, that are still in force at the commencement of this Standard. The Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 is incorectly cited in this Standard as the 'Motor Vehicles Standard Act'.
Exempt from sunsetting by the Legislation (Exemptions and Other Matters) Regulation 2015 s12 item 40
Registered 10 May 2006
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR22-May-2006
Tabled Senate13-Jun-2006

 

 

 

 

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 45/01 – Lighting and Light Signalling Devices not Covered by ECE Regulations) 2006

I, JAMES ERIC LLOYD, Minister for Local Government, Territories and Roads, determine this vehicle standard under subsection 7 (1) of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989.

 

 

 

 

Dated               26 April 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[SIGNED]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Eric Lloyd

 

Minister for Local Government, Territories and Roads


 

CONTENTS

 

0.           legislative provisions............................................................................ 3

0.1.        NAME OF STANDARD..................................................................................... 3

0.2.        COMMENCEMENT.......................................................................................... 3

0.3.        REPEAL.............................................................................................................. 3

purpose and SCOPE.................................................................................................. 3

APPLICABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION................................................................. 3

45.1.      DEFINITIONS.................................................................................................... 4

45.2.      GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS.......................................................................... 4

45.3.      INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS..................................................................... 5

45.4.      TEST PROCEDURES....................................................................................... 10

 


0.                     legislative provisions

0.1.                  NAME OF STANDARD

0.1.1.               This Standard is the Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 45/01 – Lighting and Light Signalling Devices not Covered by ECE Regulations) 2006.

0.1.2.               This Standard may also be cited as Australian Design Rule 45/01 — Lighting and Light Signalling Devices not Covered by ECE Regulations.

0.2.                  COMMENCEMENT

0.2.1.               This Standard commences on the day after it is registered.

0.3.                  REPEAL

0.3.1.               This Standard repeals each vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 45/01 — Lighting and Light Signalling Devices not Covered by ECE Regulations that is:

                        (a)        made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicles Standard Act 1989; and

                        (b)        in force at the commencement of this Standard.

0.3.2.               This Standard also repeals each instrument made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicles Standard Act 1989 that creates a vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 45/01 — Lighting and Light Signalling Devices not Covered by ECE Regulations, if there are no other vehicle standards created by that instrument, or amendments to vehicle standards made by that instrument, that are still in force at the commencement of this Standard.

                        purpose and SCOPE

The function of this Australian Design Rule is to specify the photometric requirements for lighting and light-signalling devices which will ensure adequate illumination for the driver of the vehicle and signal to other road users the position, orientation, intention and movement of the vehicle, without producing undue glare for other road users.

                        APPLICABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION

This ADR applies to the design and construction of vehicles as set out in the table below.

‘Side Marker Lamps’, ‘External Cabin Lamps’, ‘Passenger Car Side Marker Lamps’, ‘Search Lamps’, ‘Internal Lamps’, ‘Rear Marking Plates’, ‘Daytime Running Lamps’, cornering lamps and conspicuity lamps fitted to the vehicles specified below shall comply with the relevant requirements of this Australian Design Rule.

The circumstances under which lamps are mandatory, optional, alternative or prohibited are set out in either ADR 13/..., ADR 19/... or ADR 67/...

Vehicles certified to any of the "Acceptable Prior Rules" as shown below in the Applicability Table for a particular vehicle category shall be deemed to comply with this Rule.

                        Applicability Table

 

Vehicle Category

ADR Category Code

UNECE Category Code

Manufactured on or After

Acceptable Prior Rules

Moped 2 wheels

LA

L1

N/A

 

Moped 3 wheels

LB

L2

1 Mar 1992

/00

Motor cycle

LC

L3

1 Mar 1992

Nil

Motor cycle and sidecar

LD

L4

1 Mar 1992

Nil

Motor tricycle

LE

L5

1 Mar 1992

/00

Passenger car

MA

M1

1 Jan 1992

/00

Forward-control passenger vehicle

MB

M1

1 Jan 1992

/00

Off-road passenger vehicle

MC

M1

1 Jan 1992

/00

Light omnibus

MD

M2

1 July 1992

/00

Heavy omnibus

ME

M3

1 July 1992

/00

Light goods vehicle

NA

N1

1 July 1992

/00

Medium goods vehicle

NB

N2

1 July 1992

/00

Heavy goods vehicle

NC

N3

1 July 1992

/00

Very light trailer

TA

O1

1 July 1992

/00

Light trailer

TB

O2

1 July 1992

/00

Medium trailer

TC

O3

1 July 1992

/00

Heavy trailer

TD

O4

1 July 1992

/00

45.1.                                DEFINITIONS

45.1.1.                          Refer to Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule Definitions and Vehicle Categories) 2005.

45.2.                                GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

45.2.1.                          Lamps shall be so designed and constructed that in normal use, despite the vibrations to which they may then be subjected, they continue to function satisfactorily and retain the characteristics prescribed by this Rule.

45.2.2.                          The colour of the light emitted shall be within the limits of the co-ordinates prescribed in clause 45.2.2.1 for the colour in question.


45.2.2.1.                    Colours of Lamps:                    Trichromatic Co-ordinates

Red:

         limit towards yellow:         y < 0.335

         limit towards purple:          z < 0.008

 

White:

         limit towards blue:             x > 0.310

         limit towards yellow:         x < 0.500

{

 
         limit towards green:          y < 0.150 + 0.640x

                                                                         y < 0.440

         limit towards purple:         y > 0.050 + 0.750x

         limit towards red:             y > 0.382

 

Amber:

         limit towards yellow:        y < 0.429

         limit towards red:             y > 0.398

         limit towards white:          z < 0.007

45.2.2.2.                    For verifying the limits above, a source of light at a colour temperature of 2,856 K (illuminant A of the International Commission on Illumination (CIE)), in combination with appropriate filters, may be used.

45.3.                                INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS

45.3.1.                          ‘SIDE MARKER LAMP’

45.3.1.1.                    Colour of light emitted Amber/red (see Figure 1).

45.3.1.2.                    Intensity of light emitted

45.3.1.2.1.              Minimum:  0.3 cd within the angles of light distribution of clause 45.3.1.3.

45.3.1.2.2.              Maximum:  12 cd in any direction. However, for ‘Side Marker Lamps’ combined with front position (side) lamps,  luminous intensity of 60 cd shall be permitted within a forward angle from 45° inboard to 80° outboard.

45.3.1.3.                    Angles of light distribution

45.3.1.3.1.              Vertical:  from 10° above to 10° below the horizontal.

45.3.1.3.2.              Horizontal:  See Figure 1.

45.3.1.4.                    Other requirements  None.


45.3.2.                          ‘EXTERNAL CABIN LAMP’

45.3.2.1.                    Colour of light emitted  Amber.

45.3.2.2.                    Intensity of light emitted

45.3.2.2.1.              Minimum:  0.3 cd within the angles of light distribution of clause 45.3.2.3.

45.3.2.2.2.              Maximum:  12 cd in any direction.

45.3.2.3.                    Angles of light distribution:

Vertical: from 5° above to 15° below the horizontal.

Horizontal: forward from 45° to the left to 45° to the right.

45.3.2.4.                    Other requirements  None.

45.3.3.                          ‘PASSENGER CAR SIDE MARKER LAMP’

45.3.3.1.                    Colour of light emitted

45.3.3.1.1.              Front:  amber.

45.3.3.1.2.              Rear:  red.

45.3.3.2.                    Intensity of light emitted

45.3.3.2.1.              Minimum:  0.25 cd within the angles of light distribution of clause 45.3.3.3.

45.3.3.2.2.              Maximum:  15 cd in any direction.

45.3.3.3.                    Angles of light distribution

45.3.3.3.1.              Vertical:  from 10° above to 10° below the horizontal.

45.3.3.3.2.              Horizontal:  from 45° forwards to 45° rearwards.

45.3.3.4.                    Other requirements  None.

45.3.4.                          ‘SEARCH LAMP’

45.3.4.1.                    Colour of light emitted  White.

45.3.4.2.                    Intensity of light emitted  No requirement.

45.3.4.3.                    Angles of light distribution  No requirement.

45.3.4.4.                    Other requirements  None.

45.3.5.                          ‘INTERNAL LAMP’

45.3.5.1.                    Colour of light emitted  No requirement.

45.3.5.2.                    Intensity of light emitted  No requirement.

45.3.5.3.                    Angles of light distribution  No requirement.

45.3.5.4.                    Other requirements  None.

45.3.6.                          ‘REAR MARKING PLATE’

45.3.6.1.                    Colours of light reflected  Red and yellow.

45.3.6.2.                    Photometric properties

Not less than that required by AS 1906 - 1976 - "Retroreflective Materials and Devices for Road Traffic Control Purposes Part 1 - Retroreflective Materials" - for Class 2 material.

45.3.6.3.                    Physical properties

45.3.6.3.1.              Material:  Retroreflective surface.

45.3.6.3.2.              Durability:  Not less than that required by the AS document referred to in clause 45.3.6.2.

45.3.6.4.                    Dimensions  See Figure 2.  The dimensions shown are in mm, with a general tolerance of  + 5 mm or + 5° .

45.3.6.5.                    Other requirements

45.3.6.5.1.              Each plate shall bear the name of the manufacturer and a statement identifying the class of material used and the standard to which it is manufactured.

45.3.6.5.2.              The combined area for a vehicle set shall be 0.32 square metres.

45.3.6.5.3.              A yellow margin of up to 5 mm width is allowed on the outside edges of the red (if required for ease of manufacture).

45.3.6.5.4.              The warning sign "DO NOT OVERTAKE TURNING VEHICLE" may, where applicable, be printed in black lettering 50 mm high on the yellow portion of one of the "Category 1" plates.

Figure 2

45.3.7.                          ‘DAYTIME RUNNING LAMP’

45.3.7.1.                    Colour of light emitted  White.

45.3.7.2.                    Intensity of light emitted

45.3.7.2.1.              Minimum:  130 cd on the axis of reference; 0.3 cd within the angles of light distribution of clause 45.3.7.3.

45.3.7.2.2.              Maximum:  520 cd in any direction.

45.3.7.2.3.              In each direction corresponding to the points in the light distribution table reproduced in Table 1, be not less than the product of 130 cd by the percentage specified in the said Table for the direction in question.

45.3.7.3.                    Angles of light distribution

Vertical:  from 15° above to 15° below the horizontal.

Horizontal:  from 45° inwards to 80° outwards.

45.3.7.4.                    Other requirements  None.

Table 1

45.3.8.                          CORNERING LAMP

(a cornering lamp is a steady-burning lamp at the front of a vehicle, used in conjunction with the direction-indicator system, to supplement the headlamps by providing additional illumination in the direction of turn).

45.3.8.1.                    Colour of light emitted  White or amber.

45.3.8.2.                    Intensity of light emitted

Maximum 5,000 cd in any direction.  The maximum intensity of light emitted above the horizontal shall not exceed the values of maximum light intensity for the passing beam of headlamps when measured above the horizontal in accordance with the requirements of ADR 46/... "Headlamps for vehicles other than L-group vehicles".

45.3.8.3.                    Angles of light distribution  No requirement.

45.3.8.4.                    Other requirements  None.

45.3.8.5.                    Alternative standards

Lamps to SAE J852b February, 1965 "Cornering Lamps" shall be deemed to be equivalent to the technical requirements of this clause.

45.3.9.                          CONSPICUITY LAMP

45.3.9.1.                    Colour of light emitted White.

45.3.9.2.                    Intensity of light emitted

45.3.9.2.1.              Minimum 600 cd in the axis of reference.

45.3.9.2.2.              Maximum 1,200 cd in any direction.

45.3.9.2.3.              In any direction corresponding to the points of light distribution table reproduced in Table 2, not less than the product of 600 cd by the percentage specified in the said Table for the direction in question.

Table 2

45.3.9.3.                    Angles of light distribution:

Vertical:  from 15° above to 15° below the horizontal.

Horizontal:  from 80° inwards to 80° outwards.

45.3.9.4.                    Other requirements None.

45.4.                                TEST PROCEDURES

45.4.1.                          All measurements shall be made with a standard filament globe of the category prescribed for the device, the supply voltage being so regulated as to produce the normal luminous flux prescribed.

45.4.2.                          Photometric measurements

45.4.2.1.                    Measurement methods

45.4.2.1.1.              During photometric measurements, stray reflections shall be avoided by appropriate masking.

45.4.2.1.2.              Measurements shall be carried out in such a way as to meet the following requirements:

45.4.2.1.2.1.        The distance of measurement shall be such that the law of the inverse of the square of the distance is applicable;

45.4.2.1.2.2.        The measuring equipment shall be such that the angular aperture of the receiver viewed from the reference centre of the light is comprised between 10’ and one degree;

45.4.2.1.2.3.        The intensity requirement for a particular direction of observation shall be deemed to be satisfied if that requirement is met in a direction deviating by not more than one-quarter of a degree from the direction of observation.