Federal Register of Legislation - Australian Government

Primary content

ADR 43/04 Standards/Australian Design Rules for Vehicles as made
A vehicle standard determined under section 7 of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 providing requirements for road vehicle configuration and dimensions.
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Cities and Regional Development
General Comments: This Standard repeals each vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 43/04 — Vehicle Configuration and Dimensions that is: (a) made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicles Standard Act 1989; and (b) in force at the commencement of this Standard. This Standard also repeals each instrument made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicles Standard Act 1989 that creates a vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 43/04 — Vehicle Configuration and Dimensions, if there are no other vehicle standards created by that instrument, or amendments to vehicle standards made by that instrument, that are still in force at the commencement of this Standard. The Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 is wrongly cited in this instrument as the "Motor Vehicles Standard Act 1989".
Exempt from sunsetting by the Legislation (Exemptions and Other Matters) Regulation 2015 s12 item 40
Registered 11 May 2006
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR22-May-2006
Tabled Senate13-Jun-2006

 

 

 

 

Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 43/04 – Vehicle Configuration and Dimensions) 2006

I, JAMES ERIC LLOYD, Minister for Local Government, Territories and Roads, determine this vehicle standard under subsection 7 (1) of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989.

 

 

 

 

Dated               26 April 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[SIGNED]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Eric Lloyd

 

Minister for Local Government, Territories and Roads


 

CONTENTS

 

1.           legislative provisions............................................................................ 3

1.1.        NAME OF STANDARD..................................................................................... 3

1.2.        COMMENCEMENT.......................................................................................... 3

1.3.        REPEAL.............................................................................................................. 3

2.           function........................................................................................................ 3

3.           APPLICABILITY AND IMPLIMENTATION.................................................... 3

4.           DEFINITIONS.................................................................................................... 4

5.           TURNING CIRCLE............................................................................................ 4

6.           DIMENSIONS OF VEHICLES.......................................................................... 4

7.           AXLE CONFIGURATION................................................................................. 6

8.           LOAD SHARING SUSPENSION...................................................................... 7

9.           RETRACTABLE AXLE REQUIREMENTS........................................................ 7

 


1.                     legislative provisions

1.1.                  NAME OF STANDARD

1.1.1.               This Standard is the Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 43/04 – Vehicle Configuration and Dimensions) 2006.

1.1.2.               This Standard may also be cited as Australian Design Rule 43/04 — Vehicle Configuration and Dimensions.

1.2.                  COMMENCEMENT

1.2.1.               This Standard commences on the day after it is registered.

1.3.                  REPEAL

1.3.1.               This Standard repeals each vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 43/04 — Vehicle Configuration and Dimensions that is:

                        (a)        made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicles Standard Act 1989; and

                        (b)        in force at the commencement of this Standard.

1.3.2.               This Standard also repeals each instrument made under section 7 of the Motor Vehicles Standard Act 1989 that creates a vehicle standard with the name Australian Design Rule 43/04 — Vehicle Configuration and Dimensions, if there are no other vehicle standards created by that instrument, or amendments to vehicle standards made by that instrument, that are still in force at the commencement of this Standard.

2.                                          function

2.1.                                    The function of this vehicle standard is to specify requirements for vehicle configuration and dimensions.

3.                                          APPLICABILITY AND IMPLIMENTATION

3.1.                                    Applicability Summary

3.1.1.                              This vehicle standard applies to the design and construction of vehicles as set out in the table below.

3.1.2.                              Vehicles certified to any of the “Acceptable Prior Rules” as shown below in the Applicability Table for a particular vehicle category are deemed to comply with this national standard:

3.1.2.1.                        provided that ‘T-Group’ vehicles meet clause 6.1.2.4 and clause 7.3.1,

3.1.2.2.                        provided that the requirements for ‘Retractable Axles’ are met (where appropriate)

 


3.2.                                    Applicability Table

 

Vehicle Category

ADR Category Code

UNECE Category Code

Manufactured on or After

Acceptable Prior Rules

Moped 2 wheels

LA

L1

1 March 1998

/01, /02, /03

Moped 3 wheels

LB

L2

1 March 1998

/01, /02, /03

Motor cycle

LC

L3

1 March 1998

/01, /02, /03

Motor cycle and sidecar

LD

L4

1 March 1998

/01, /02, /03

Motor tricycle

LE

L5

1 March 1998

/01, /02, /03

Passenger car

MA

M1

1 Jan 1998

/01, /02, /03

Forward-control passenger vehicle

MB

M1

1 Jan 1998

/01, /02, /03

Off-road passenger vehicle

MC

M1

1 Jan 1998

/01, /02, /03

Light omnibus

MD

M2

1 July 1998

/01, /02, /03

Heavy omnibus

ME

M3

1 July 1998

/01, /02, /03

Light goods vehicle

NA

N1

1 July 1998

/01, /02, /03

Medium goods vehicle

NB

N2

1 July 1998

/01, /02, /03

Heavy goods vehicle

NC

N3

1 July 1998

/01, /02, /03

Very light trailer

TA

O1

1 July 1998

/01, /02, /03

Light trailer

TB

O2

1 July 1998

/01, /02, /03

Medium trailer

TC

O3

1 July 1998

/01, /02, /03

Heavy trailer

TD

O4

1 July 1998

/01, /02, /03

4.                                          DEFINITIONS

4.1.                                    Refer to Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule Definitions and Vehicle Categories) 2005.

5.                                          TURNING CIRCLE

Every vehicle must have a turning circle in either direction, as determined by reference to the extreme outer edge of the tyre track at ground level, not exceeding 25 metres in diameter.

6.                                          DIMENSIONS OF VEHICLES

6.1.                                    ‘Total Length’, including any ‘Equipment’

6.1.1.                              Rigid vehicles

6.1.1.1.                        The ‘Total Length’ of any vehicle, other than a ‘Semi-trailer’ must not exceed 12.5 metres.

6.1.2.                              ‘Semi-trailers’

6.1.2.1.                        The distance from the ‘Point of Articulation’ to the line from which the ‘Rear Overhang’ is measured must not exceed 9.5 metres.

6.1.2.2.                        The forward projection from the ‘Point of Articulation’ of the ‘Semi-trailer’ portion of an ‘Articulated Vehicle’ must be contained within a radius of 1.9 metres.

6.1.2.3.                        The distance from the ‘Point of Articulation’ to the ‘Rear End’ must not exceed 12.3 metres.

6.1.2.4.                        The length available for the carriage of animals on a ‘Livestock Trailer’ must not be more than 12.5 metres when measured from the inside of the front wall or door of the trailer to the inside of the rear wall or door of the trailer (as the case may be), and any intervening partition must be disregarded.

6.1.3.                              Non-rigid vehicles (other than ‘Road Trains’, ‘B-Doubles’ and ‘Articulated Omnibuses’).

6.1.3.1.                        The ‘Total Length’ must not exceed 19.0 metres.

6.1.3.2.                        Drawbar Length’

6.1.3.2.1.                  for a trailer having a single ‘Axle Group’ the ‘Drawbar Length’ must not exceed 8.5 metres.

6.1.3.2.2.                  For all other trailers the ‘Drawbar Length’ must not exceed 5 metres.

6.1.4.                              ‘Articulated Omnibuses’

6.1.4.1.                        The ‘Total Length’ of an ‘Articulated Omnibus’ must not exceed 18 metres.

6.1.4.2.                        All parts of an ‘Articulated Omnibus’ except mirrors and signalling devices must be capable of moving within a circular track having an inner radius of 5.3 metres and an outer radius of 12 metres.

6.2.                                    ‘Rear Overhang’ (including any ‘Equipment’)

6.2.1.                              For a trailer (other than a ‘Semi-trailer’) having a single ‘Axle Group’ the ‘Rear Overhang’ must not exceed the length of the load space forward of the line at the rear of the vehicle from which ‘Rear Overhang’ is measured, or 3.7 metres whichever is the lesser.

6.2.2.                              For a ‘Semi-trailer’ the ‘Rear Overhang’ must not exceed 60 percent of the distance between the centreline of the ‘Fifth Wheel’ king pin and the line from which ‘Rear Overhang’ of the ‘Semi-trailer’ is measured, or 3.7 metres whichever is the lesser.

6.2.3.                              For all other motor vehicles and trailers (other than ‘Semi-trailers’) the ‘Rear Overhang’ must not exceed 60 percent of the distance from the centreline of the front ‘Axle’ (or the front ‘Axle’ of a ‘Twin Steer Axle Group’) to the line from which ‘Rear Overhang’ is measured, or 3.7 metres whichever is the lesser.

6.2.4.                              In the case of a vehicle fitted with ‘Twin Steer Axle Group, the front ‘Axle of that group must be the Axle used to determine the permitted Rear Overhang’.

6.3.                                    Height, including any ‘Equipment’

6.3.1.                              The height of any vehicle, except for a ‘Livestock Trailer’ must not exceed 4.3 m.

6.3.2.                              The height of a ‘Livestock Trailer’ must not exceed 4.6 metres.

6.4.                                    ‘Ground Clearance’  The ‘Ground Clearance’ of a vehicle, other than an L-Group vehicle, measured from a horizontal road surface to any point on the underside of the vehicle except the tyres, wheels and wheel hubs must, under the conditions of ‘Maximum Loaded Test Mass’ loading as specified in the relevant braking rule, be not less than:

6.4.1.                              for any point in the width of the vehicle which is within one metre fore and aft of any ‘Axle’, 100 mm;

6.4.2.                              for the mid-point between any 2 consecutive ‘Axles’, the dimension in millimetres obtained by multiplying the distance between those 2 ‘Axles’ in metres by 33.33; and

6.4.3.                              for any other point, ‘Ground Clearance’ is such that if the wheels of one ‘Axle’ are on one plane and the wheels on the next consecutive ‘Axle’ are on another plane which intersects the first so that the angle between them is 7 degrees 38 minutes the point will pass over the apex transverse to the vehicle formed by that intersection, as shown in Figure 1.

6.4.4.                              Where an omnibus, when fully laden and at normal ride height, does not meet the ground clearance as determined in 6.4.2, a device must be fitted to enable the chassis to be lifted sufficiently to meet the ground clearance relative to the wheelbase for manoeuvring purposes only.

6.5.                                    Overall Width’, including any ‘Equipment’

6.5.1.                              The ‘Overall Width’ of any motor vehicle (other than an L-Group vehicle) or trailer must not exceed 2,500 mm.

6.5.2.                              The ‘Overall Width’ of an L-Group vehicle must be as follows :

6.5.2.1.                        In the case of a two wheel vehicle (LA or LC), the maximum width must not exceed 1,000 mm.

6.5.2.2.                        In the case of a three wheel vehicle (LB or LE) or a motor cycle with a side car (LD), the maximum width must not exceed 1,850 mm.

7.                                          AXLE CONFIGURATION

7.1.                                    Vehicles must satisfy the following requirements:

7.2.                                    A rigid motor vehicle must be supported by 2 ‘Axle Groups’ disposed as follows:

7.2.1.                              one towards the front of the vehicle, with all wheels connected to the steering system for that part of the vehicle, either a ‘Single Axle’ or a ‘Twin Steer Axle Group’; and

7.2.2.                              one towards the rear of the vehicle.

7.3.                                    A ‘Semi-trailer’ must be supported towards the rear by an ‘Axle Group’.

7.3.1.                              Every ‘Semi-trailer’ which is extendible or fitted with a sliding ‘Axle Group’ must be so constructed that:

7.3.1.1.                        positive locking devices are utilised;

7.3.1.2.                        all locking device controls must be in a lockable enclosure when mounted on the chassis;

7.3.1.3.                        failure of the engagement of the locking device must activate a visible and/or audible warning device;

7.3.1.4.                        where the locking device is air-operated the supply must be fitted with a protection valve to prevent loss of air to the air brake supply in the event of line fracture or failure; and

7.3.1.5.                        the movable assembly must be fitted with substantial stops to prevent disconnection from the vehicle in the event of failure of the locking device.

7.4.                                    A trailer other than a ‘Semi-trailer’ must be supported by either:

7.4.1.                              one ‘Axle Group’; or

7.4.2.                              an ‘Axle Group’ towards both the front and rear of the trailer provided that all wheels in the front ‘Axle Group’ are connected to the steering mechanism for that part of the vehicle.

8.                                          LOAD SHARING SUSPENSION

8.1.                                    All the ‘Axles’ in an ‘Axle Group’ other than a ‘Twin Steer Axle Group’ must be related to each other through a ‘Load Sharing Suspension’ except :

8.1.1.                              this requirement must not apply to a ‘Close Coupled Axle Group’ on any motor vehicle or trailer (including a ‘Semi-trailer’) with a ‘GVM’ or ‘ATM’ less than 4.5 tonne provided that the load carrying capacity of each of the ‘Axles’ and the wheel and tyres fitted to each ‘Axle’ is at least 120% of the nominal load imposed on that ‘Axle’ with the vehicle or trailer at its ‘GVM’ or ‘ATM’; and

8.1.2.                              this requirement must not apply to a ‘Close Coupled Axle Group’ fitted with a ‘Retractable Axle’ on any motor vehicle or trailer (including a ‘Semi-trailer’) with a ‘GVM’ or ‘ATM’ less than 4.5 tonne provided that the load carrying capacity of each other ‘Axle’ and the wheels and tyres fitted to it is at least equal to the load imposed on that ‘Axle’ with the motor vehicle or trailer at its ‘GVM’ or ‘ATM’ and with the ‘Retractable Axle’ retracted.

9.                                          RETRACTABLE AXLE REQUIREMENTS

9.1.                                    The ‘Retractable Axle’ must automatically lower to the ‘Fully-down’ position no later than when the ‘Prescribed Transition Mass’ shown in Table 1 is reached.

9.2.                                    The ‘Retractable Axle’ must remain in the ‘Fully-down’ position when the ‘Prescribed Transition Mass’ shown in Table 1 is exceeded.

 


TABLE 1

Transition mass ratings for Axle Configurations and Tyre types.

 

Axle Configuration

 

 

Tyres

Prescribed Transition mass (tonnes)

from

to

S

4.0

1

2

D

6.5

 

 

W1

6.5

 

 

W2

6.5

2

3

SS

10

 

 

W1 W1

13

 

 

DD

13

 

 

W2 W2

13

Example: If a tri-axle suspension fitted with dual tyres has two retractable axles, when running only on the nonretractable axle, the first ‘Retractable Axle’ must come down no later than when the load imposed on the ground reaches 6.5 tonnes. The second ‘Retractable Axle’ must come down no later than when the load imposed on the ground reaches 13.0 tonnes.

Tyre type codes

S          Single tyre per wheel

D         Dual tyres per wheel

W1       Wide Single Tyre (375 to 450 mm width)

W2       Wide Single Tyre (over 450 mm width)

9.3.                                    The ‘Retractable Axle’ must remain fixed, in either the raised or ‘Fully-down’ position, when the vehicle is in motion.  This requirement does not require speed sensing. It must be demonstrated however, that in the intended service of the vehicle, road shock or other influences will not cause the ‘Retractable Axle’ to raise or lower.  Compliance with this requirement must be demonstrated by providing evidence that the designed response of the control system prevents the inadvertent raising or lowering of the ‘Retractable Axle’.

9.4.                                    A vehicle fitted with a ‘Retractable Axle’ must, in all ‘Configurations’, comply with all relevant requirements of clause 6.1.

9.5.                                    A vehicle fitted with a ‘Retractable Axle’ must, in all ‘Configurations’, comply with all relevant requirements of clause 6.2.