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Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Determination 2003

Authoritative Version
  • - F2006B01373
  • In force - Superseded Version
  • View Series
Determinations/Other as made
This Determination sets standards for the physical and chemical parameters which must be met before biodiesel can be supplied for use in Australia.
Administered by: Environment and Energy
Made 18 Sep 2003
Registered 01 Sep 2006
Tabled HR 07 Oct 2003
Tabled Senate 07 Oct 2003
Gazetted 19 Sep 2003

I, DAVID ALISTAIR KEMP, Minister for the Environment and Heritage, make this Determination under section 21 of the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000.

Dated 18 September 2003

DAVID KEMP


  

  

1              Name of Determination

                This Determination is the Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Determination 2003.

2              Commencement

                This Determination commences on gazettal.

3              Definitions

                In this Determination:

ASTM International means the standards development organisation of that name.

biodiesel means a diesel fuel obtained by esterification of oil derived from plants or animals.

European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) means the standards development organisation of that name.

4              Fuel standards for biodiesel

         (1)   Biodiesel that contains a substance mentioned in the following table must not contain more than the amount mentioned for the substance from the date mentioned for the substance.

 

Item

Substance

Amount

Date

1

Sulfur

50 mg/kg

18 September 2003

2

Sulfur

10 mg/kg

1 February 2006

3

Sulfated ash

0.020% mass

18 September 2003

4

Carbon residue — 10% distillation residue; or

0.30% mass

18 September 2003

 

Carbon residue — 100% distillation sample

0.050% mass

18 September 2003

5

Water and sediment

0.050% vol

18 September 2003

6

Phosphorus

10 mg/kg

18 September 2003

7

Free glycerol

0.020% mass

18 September 2004

8

Total glycerol

0.250% mass

18 September 2004

9

Metals — Group I (Na, K)

5 mg/kg

18 September 2004

10

Metals — Group II (Ca, Mg)

5 mg/kg

18 September 2004

11

Alcohol

0.20% (m/m)

18 September 2004

         (2)   A property of biodiesel mentioned in the following table must meet the specification mentioned for the property from the date mentioned for the property.

 

Item

Property

Specification

Date

1

Density at 15°C

860 to 890 kg/m3

18 September 2003

2

Distillation T90

360°C (max)

18 September 2003

3

Viscosity

3.5 to 5.0 mm2/s @ 40°C

18 September 2003

4

Flashpoint

120.0°C (min)

18 September 2003

5

Copper strip corrosion (3hrs @ 50°C)

No. 3 (max)

18 September 2003

6

Ester content

96.5% (m/m) (min)

18 September 2003

7

Acid value

0.80 mg KOH/g (max)

18 September 2003

8

Total contamination

24 mg/kg (max)

18 September 2004

9

Cetane number

51.0 (min)

18 September 2004

10

Oxidation stability

6 hours @ 110°C (min)

18 September 2004

5              Testing methods

         (1)   Compliance with the standard set out in section 4 for the substance or property is determined by the testing method for the substance or property in the following table:

 

Item

Substance or property

Testing method

1

Acid value

ASTM D664

2

Alcohol

prEN 14110

3

Carbon residue — 10% distillation residue

EN ISO 10370

4

Carbon residue — 100% distillation sample

ASTM D4530

5

Cetane number

EN ISO 5165 or ASTM D613

6

Contamination (total)

EN 12662 or ASTM D5452

7

Copper strip corrosion

ASTM D130

8

Density

ASTM D1298 or EN ISO 3675

9

Distillation T90

ASTM D1160

10

Ester content

prEN 14103

11

Flashpoint

ASTM D93

12

Glycerol (free)

ASTM D6584

13

Glycerol (total)

ASTM D6584

14

Metals — Group I (Na, K)

prEN 14108 and prEN 14109

15

Metals — Group II (Ca, Mg)

prEN 14538

16

Oxidation stability

prEN 14112 or ASTM D2274 (as relevant to biodiesel)

17

Phosphorus

ASTM D4951

18

Sulfur

ASTM D5453

19

Sulfated ash

ASTM D874

20

Viscosity

ASTM D445

21

Water and sediment

ASTM D2709

         (2)   For subsection (1):

                (a)    ASTM followed by an alphanumeric code means the testing method developed by ASTM International under the alphanumeric code; and

               (b)    prEN, EN and EN ISO followed by a number means the testing method developed by the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) under the code and number.