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Order No. 11 of 2001 Orders/Marine as made
These Marine Orders, which were made for the purposes of the Navigation Act 1912, prescribe appropriate standards and generally make provision for the safe navigation and operating of Floating Production, Storage and Offtake Facilities (FPSOs) and Floating Storage Units (FSUs). This issue repeals Part 60, Issue 1 (Order No. 2 of 2000).
Administered by: Infrastructure, Transport, Cities and Regional Development
General Comments: This Marine Order was originally made under subsection 425(1AA) of the Navigation Act 1912 and has effect, for the purposes of the Navigation Act 2012, with such modifications as are specified in Marine Order 4 (Transitional modifications) 2013 (see section 343 of the Navigation Act 2012 and Schedule 36 of Marine Order 4 (Transitional modifications) 2013).
Exempt from sunsetting by the
Registered 08 May 2006
Tabling HistoryDate
Tabled HR12-Feb-2002
Tabled Senate12-Feb-2002
Gazetted 19 Dec 2001
Date of repeal 01 Nov 2019
Repealed by Marine Order 47 (Offshore industry units) 2019

MARINE ORDERS

Part 60

Floating Offshore
facilities

Issue 2

Order No 11 of 2001

Pursuant to Section 425(1AA) of the Navigation Act 1912, I hereby make this Order repealing Marine Orders, Part 60, Issue 1 and issuing the attached Marine Orders, Part 60, Issue 2, to come into operation on 1 January 2002.

 

 

Clive Davidson
Chief Executive Officer
13 November 2001

 

 


Table of Contents

1        Purpose of this Part

2        Definitions of words and phrases used in this Part

3        Interpretation

4        Application

5        Modifications & exemptions

6        Review of decisions

7        Requirements—survey & certification

8        Certificate of Compliance

9        Safe manning

10      Operational matters

Appendix     Requirements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Previous issue

Issue 1, Order No. 2 of 2000
- Amended by Order No. 2 of 2001


1  Purpose of this Part

Floating Production,  Storage and Offtake Facilities (FPSOs) and Floating Storage Units (FSUs) are “off-shore industry mobile units” under section 8 of the Navigation Act 1912.

Section 283E of the Navigation Act 1912 provides for the regulations to make provision for and in relation to:

·    the inspection and survey of off-shore industry mobile units, and the issue of survey certificates in respect of such units;

·    the construction, hull, equipment and machinery of off-shore industry mobile units;

·    the prevention, detection and extinction of fire on off-shore industry mobile units;

·    the navigation (including towing) of off-shore industry mobile units;

·    the manning of off-shore industry mobile units;

·    the transfer of persons and goods to or from off-shore industry mobile units, including the provision, maintenance and use of cranes and other lifting devices and equipment and helicopter landing facilities.

This Part of Marine Orders specifies requirements, additional to those specified in other Parts of Marine Orders, with which FPSOs and FSUs must comply and generally makes provision for the safe navigation and operation of FPSOs and FSUs.

2  Definitions of words and phrases used in this Part

AMSA means the Australian Maritime Safety Authority established by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority Act 1990;

Chief Marine Surveyor means the Manager (Ship Inspection Group) in AMSA or, in respect of any particular purpose under this Part, a suitably qualified person authorised by the Manager (Ship Inspection Group) for that purpose;

FPSO means a ship that is:

·    constructed or modified to accept petroleum, directly or indirectly, from a sub-sea well or pipeline;

·    capable of storing the petroleum and delivering it to another ship or pipeline;

·    capable of modifying the petroleum while in storage on the ship to suit it for transport or to fit it for the commercial requirements of the consignees; and

·    designed to be disconnected from its mooring during bad weather, operational emergencies, or for the purposes of maintenance or survey,

but does not include:

·    a facility that is designed to remain permanently moored for the production life of the related oil field; or

·    a ship to which Marine Orders, Part 47, applies.

FSU means a ship that is:

·    constructed or modified to accept petroleum, directly or indirectly, from a sub-sea well or pipeline;

·    capable of storing the petroleum and delivering it to another ship or pipeline, but which is not capable of modifying the petroleum while in storage on the ship; and

·    designed to be disconnected from its mooring during bad weather, operational emergencies,  or for the purposes of maintenance or survey,

but does not include:

·    a facility that is designed to remain permanently moored for the production life of the related oil field; or

·    a ship to which Marine Orders, Part 47, applies.

General Manager means the person occupying the position of General Manager, Maritime Operations, in AMSA;

IMO means the International Maritime Organization;

Manager means the person occupying the position of Manager, Ship Operations and Qualifications, in AMSA, or in respect of any particular purpose under this Part, a suitably qualified person authorised by the Manager, Ship Operations and Qualifications, for that purpose;

penal provision means a penal provision for the purposes of Regulation 4 of the Navigation (Orders) Regulations;[1]

petroleum has the same meaning as in the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967;

Safety Case, in relation to a ship, means the Safety Case approved for that ship for the purposes of the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967;

SOLAS means the Safety Convention as defined in the Navigation Act 1912.

3  Interpretation

3.1  The expression to the satisfaction of the Chief Marine Surveyor, or any similar expression appearing in this Part, means that the Chief Marine Surveyor, or a survey authority authorised by the Chief Marine Surveyor for the purpose, may require the fitting, material, appliance, apparatus or arrangement referred to, to be demonstrated to be safe and effective for its intended purpose.

3.2  In this Part:

·    headings and sub-headings are part of the Part;

·    the Appendix is part of the Part;

·    a footnote is not part of the Part.

4  Application

4.1  This Part applies to:

·    an FPSO or FSU registered in Australia; and

·    an FPSO or FSU registered in a country other than Australia that is operating as an off-shore industry mobile unit under section 8 of the Navigation Act.

4.2  Where a provision of this Part is inconsistent with a provision of another Part of Marine Orders, the provision of this Part will prevail to the extent of the inconsistency.

5  Modifications & exemptions[2]

5.1  Modification

If a provision of this Part requires a particular fitting, material, appliance or apparatus or type thereof to be fitted or carried in an FPSO or FSU, or particular provision to be made in relation to an FPSO or FSU or its equipment, the Chief Marine Surveyor may, upon written request, allow a modification or variation of that requirement if satisfied that the fitting, material, appliance or apparatus or type thereof or other provision so allowed is at least as effective as that required by this Part.

5.2  Exemption

The Chief Marine Surveyor will, upon written request, if satisfied that compliance with a requirement of a code or other provision of this Part would in a particular case be unreasonable or impracticable, allow exemption in relation to an FPSO or FSU  from compliance with such requirement or provision to such extent and subject to such conditions as that officer determines.

5.3  Modifications and exemptions not to contravene SOLAS

The Chief Marine Surveyor must not allow a modification under 5.1 or give an exemption under 5.2 if it would contravene SOLAS.

6  Review of decisions

6.1  Internal review

6.1.1  If the Chief Marine Surveyor or the Manager makes a decision under this Part, a person affected by the decision may apply to the General Manager for review of that decision.

6.1.2  An application for internal review under 6.1.1 must be made in writing to the General Manager and must be accompanied by such information as the General Manager requires to enable that officer to make a proper decision.

6.1.3  The General Manager may:

·    affirm the original decision by the Chief Marine Surveyor or the Manager; or

·    make any decision that could be made by the Chief Marine Surveyor or the Manager in accordance with this Part.

6.2  Review by the AAT

6.2.1  Application may be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of a decision by the General Manager under 6.1.3.

6.2.2  The General Manager must give his or her decision in writing within 28 days of receiving the application for internal review.  The notice must include a statement to the effect that, if the person is dissatisfied with the decision, application may, subject to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975, be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review of the decision.  The notice must also include a statement to the effect that the person may request a statement under section 28 of that Act.

6.2.3  Failure to comply with 6.2.2 in relation to a decision does not affect the validity of that decision.

7  Requirements—survey & certification[3]

7.1  The owner of an FPSO or FSU must ensure that there is maintained in force in respect of the vessel certificates of survey and equipment appropriate to the size and class of vessel.

This is a penal provision.

7.2  The owner of an FPSO or FSU must ensure that either there is maintained in force in respect of the vessel a Certificate of Compliance issued under 8 or the Safety Case in respect of the vessel adequately provides for the matters covered by a Certificate of Compliance.

This is a penal provision.

7.3  If the Chief Marine Surveyor is satisfied that procedures and arrangements in place with the ship’s classification society provide an equivalent level of safety to that achieved by inspecting the ship’s bottom in dry dock, that officer may allow in-water surveys in lieu of dry docking.

7.4.1  If a surveyor determines that, in any respect, an FPSO or FSU does not comply with this Part or that the FPSO or FSU is not fit to be engaged in operations without danger to itself or to persons on board, the surveyor may direct the master to cease such operations.

7.4.2  The master of an FPSO or FSU must comply with a direction given under 7.4.1 [c1] .

This is a penal provision.

7.5  If the safety of the FPSO or FSU or persons on board is endangered by the occurrence of an incident referred to in section 268 of the Navigation Act 1912 or by any defect, other than in the production operations of the FPSO or FSU, the master must report the accident or defect in accordance with 12 of Marine Orders, Part 31.

This is a penal provision.

7.6  If an FPSO or FSU becomes less efficient or less seaworthy by reason of any alteration or damage or by reason of any alteration or damage to any fitting, material, appliance or apparatus of the FPSO or FSU, the master must give notice in accordance with 5 of Marine Orders, Part 31.

This is a penal provision.

8  Certificate of Compliance

8.1  A Certificate of Compliance will be issued by the Chief Marine Surveyor or a survey authority that is a full member of the International Association of Classification Societies in respect of an FPSO or FSU surveyed in accordance with the Appendix and found to be in compliance.

8.2  A Certificate of Compliance is valid for the same period as the Safety Construction Certificate or similar certificate applicable to the vessel, unless cancelled earlier by the Chief Marine Surveyor.

8.3  A Certificate of Compliance must be endorsed annually in the same manner as the Safety Construction Certificate or similar certificate applicable to the vessel.

8.4  A Certificate of Compliance ceases to be valid:

·    when it is cancelled by the Chief Marine Surveyor for failure of the FPSO or FSU to comply with the Appendix; or

·    when the registration of the FPSO or FSU is transferred from one country to another; or

·    if it is not endorsed in accordance with 8.3 within the required period.

9  Safe manning

A safe manning document for an FPSO or FSU for the purposes of Regulation V/13 of SOLAS may be obtained in the following manner:

·    The owner of the FPSO or FSU should make application to the Manager:

-     proposing the minimum safe manning level; and

-     providing such information as is necessary for the Manager to assess the proposal in accordance with the principles contained in IMO Resolution A.890(21);[4]

·    If satisfied that the proposal complies with the principles contained in IMO Resolution A.890(21), the Manager will issue a safe manning document in respect of the FPSO or FSU.

10  Operational matters

10.1 Transfer of material, appliances or personnel

10.1.1  A transfer operation, the mass of the loads to be handled and emergency procedures must be discussed and agreed between personnel on the FPSO or FSU and on attending vessels prior to commencement of the operation.

10.1.2  Throughout a transfer operation, direct communication must be maintained with the crane operator.

10.1.3  A personnel basket may be used to transfer persons between an FPSO or FSU and a vessel if:

·    regard is to be given to the experience of the personnel with the use of such a device;

·    all personnel are to be briefed on the correct means of boarding, riding and disembarking the basket, with particular attention being paid to those who may not have used it previously;

·    an experienced person must accompany novices;

·    personnel baskets are not to be used for cargo except for small items of luggage that are being carried by passengers;

·    the maximum number of 4 passengers must never be exceeded; and

·    each person must be wearing an approved life jacket or survival suit.

10.1.4  Transfer operations must be undertaken only in accordance with the operating manual.

10.1.5  The master or, if a person has been appointed by the master to be in charge of the operation concerned, that person must ensure that no transfer of material, appliances or personnel takes place without the precautions in 10.1.1 to 10.1.4 being observed.

This is a penal provision.

10.2  Helicopter arrivals and departures

During helicopter arrivals at and departures from an FPSO or FSU, the master or, if a person has been appointed by the master to be in charge of the operation concerned, that person must ensure that there is present on or near the helideck, persons who:

·    have been trained in fire-fighting procedures; and

·    are appropriately dressed and equipped for rescuing any persons aboard the helicopter and for fighting any outbreaks of fire,

and that no other person is present.

This is a penal provision.

10.3  Helicopter transfers

The master of an FPSO or FSU must not permit the transfer of persons and goods between helicopter and FPSO or FSU unless:

(a) the owner or master has provided such arrangements, equipment, instructions and training[5] as:

  (i)        are necessary and reasonable for emergency evacuation of persons from the FPSO or FSU; and

 (ii)        are appropriate and reasonable for the normal operations of the FPSO or FSU; and

(b) the master is satisfied that:

  (i)        the equipment is maintained in working order and readily available for use; and

 (ii)        the specified training has been carried out.

This is a penal provision.

10.4 Crew members' responsibility

10.4.1  Every crew member must carry out the instructions determined by the owner or master under 10.3.

This is a penal provision.

10.4.2  Every crew member must generally take such action as is reasonable to ensure that transfers are carried out safely.


Appendix

Requirements

1  Helicopter facilities

1.1  Securing helicopters

A helicopter deck on an FPSO or FSU must be provided with recessed tie-down points suitable for securing a stationary helicopter.

1.2  Helicopter deck

Where a high fire risk space is located below a helicopter deck, such space must be insulated to a standard to the satisfaction of the Chief Marine Surveyor.

1.3  Helicopter facilities

An FPSO or FSU constructed or converted on or after 1 July 2000 must comply with IMO Resolution A.855(20) Standards for on-board helicopter facilities.[6]

2  Fire detection and extinction

2.1  Fire pumps

2.1.1  At least two independently driven fire pumps should be provided, each arranged to draw directly from the sea and discharge into the fixed fire main and one of which is dedicated to fire‑fighting duty in order to be available for such duty at all times.

2.1.2  Each fire pump must at least have the capacity to:

·    deliver simultaneously a jet from each of any two fire hydrants fitted with a hose and 19 millimetre nozzle while maintaining a minimum pressure of 350 kilopascals at all hydrants; and

·    in the case of a pump supplying a foam system for the protection of a helicopter deck, maintain a pressure of 700 kilopascals at the foam installation.

2.1.3  Where a fire pump is located in a space not normally manned, the Chief Marine Surveyor may require suitable provision to be made for remote starting of the pump and remote operation of associated suction and discharge valves.

2.1.4  A centrifugal pump connected to the fire main must be fitted with a non‑return valve.

2.2  Fire main and hydrant valves

2.2.1  The fire main must, where practicable, be routed clear of hazardous areas and be arranged in such manner as to make maximum use of any thermal shielding or physical protection afforded by the structure of the FPSO or FSU.

2.2.2  The fire main must be provided with isolating valves so located as to permit optimum utilisation in the event of physical damage to any part of the main.

2.3  Firehoses

2.3.1  A fire hose must be provided for every hydrant.

2.3.2   A fire hose must be:

·    constructed of material acceptable to the Chief Marine Surveyor;

·    not more than 18 metres in length;

·    provided with a dual purpose nozzle and the necessary couplings; and

·    together with any necessary fittings and tools, kept ready for use in a conspicuous position near a hydrant or other connection.

2.4  Fire detection and alarm system

Manual fire alarm stations must be fitted at suitable locations throughout an FPSO or FSU.

2.5  Gas detection and alarm system

2.5.1  A fixed automatic gas detection and alarm system must be provided to the satisfaction of the Chief Marine Surveyor, so arranged as to:

·    monitor continuously all enclosed areas of an FPSO or FSU in which an accumulation of flammable gas may occur; and

·    indicate at the main control point by aural and visual means, the presence and location of an accumulation of flammable gas.

2.5.2  An FPSO or FSU must be provided with at least two portable gas monitoring devices, capable of accurately measuring a concentration of flammable gas.

2.6  Firemen's outfits

2.6.1  Each breathing apparatus provided must be self-contained.

2.6.2  Firemen's outfits must be so stored as to be easily accessible and ready for use, one such outfit being located within easy access of the helicopter deck.

2.7  Storage of gas cylinders

2.7.1  A cylinder of breathing medium for use in diving operations must be stowed separately from other gas cylinders.

2.7.2  Fire‑extinguishing arrangements for the protection of areas or spaces where gas cylinders are stored, must be to the satisfaction of the Chief Marine Surveyor.

3  Radiocommunication installations

In addition to the equipment required by Marine Orders, Part 27, an FPSO or FSU must be fitted with radio equipment suitable for communicating with helicopters and, if in range, with the helicopter base station.

4  Operating manual

The ship's Safety Management System required under the International Safety Management Code must include an operating manual to cover the ship's operation as an FPSO or FSU.

* * * * * *

 



[1]     Regulation 4 of the Navigation (Orders) Regulations provides that a person who contravenes a provision of an order made under subsection 425(1AA) of the Navigation Act 1912 that is expressed to be a penal provision is guilty of an offence and is punishable, upon conviction:
(a)  if the offender is a natural person—by a fine not exceeding $2,000; or
(b) if the offender is a body corporate—by a fine not exceeding $5,000.
By virtue of sections 4AB and 4AA of the Crimes Act 1914, these penalties are now $2,200 and $5,500 respectively.

[2]     Applications for modifications or exemptions should be made to the Chief Marine Surveyor and should be accompanied by relevant information.  The Chief Marine Surveyor may seek additional information to assist in reaching a decision.

[3]     A vessel that is not self-propelled and is not intended to be attached permanently to the well riser should have certificates of survey appropriate for a ship of its size, and should comply with all requirements for issue of the certificates other than those relating to propelling machinery.
In accordance with internationally agreed interpretations, an FPSO or FSU is required to comply with MARPOL Annex I, except regulations 13G(4), (5) and (6). 13G(7) will only apply if a commercial voyage is undertaken.
FPSOs and FSUs are to be subjected to enhanced programme of inspections in accordance with IMO Resolution A.744(18) as amended.  The operator of an FPSO or FSU may apply to the Chief Marine Surveyor in accordance with 7.3 for exemption from mandatory dry-docking as required by paragraph 2.2 of Resolution A.744(18), subject to such dry dockings being replaced by in-water surveys in accordance with classification society requirements.

[4]     In applying these principles, the following operational modes may be considered for an FPSO or FSU:

      ·    planned voyages for the purposes of dry-docking (international voyages);

      ·    planned voyages for maintenance purposes (Australian coastal);

      ·    emergency disconnection voyages (due to approaching cyclones or operational emergencies such as hydrocarbon leakage) of limited distance and duration (maximum 7 days).

[5]     Arrangements, equipment, instructions and training that comply with:

      (a)  the Australian Code of Safe Practice for Ship-Helicopter Transfers, published by AMSA and available at any AMSA office; or

      (b) the International Chamber of Shipping Guide to Helicopter/Ship Operations, to the extent that it is not inconsistent with (a),

      will be regarded as meeting the requirements of 10.3.

[6]     Attention is drawn to the booklet Ship-Helicopter Transfers—Australian Code of Safe Practice, published by AMSA.  So far as possible, masters of FPSOs and FSUs should follow the guidelines in this booklet.


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